Resumen Introducción: Los tumores periampulares se definen como lesiones ubicadas en un radio de 2 cm alrededor de la ampolla de Vater, constituidos por 4 tipos de neoplasias con una alta tasa de malignidad que pueden originarse en páncreas, ampolla, vía biliar distal o duodeno. El manejo quirúrgico a través de la pancreatoduodenectomía sigue siendo la mejor elección en términos de resección curativa. Objetivo: Caracterizar los tumores peri-ampulares tratados en nuestra institución y que fueron llevados a pancreatoduodenectomía, asociando la relación entre tipo de tumor y complicaciones posoperatorias. Material y Método: Estudio transversal, retrospectivo y observacional con seguimiento a 45 pacientes sometidos a pancreatoduodenectomía en el Hospital Internacional de Colombia - Fundación Cardiovascular entre enero de 2011 y marzo de 2020 con diagnostico histopatológico de tumor peri-ampular. Resultados: Se realizaron 75 pancreatoduodenectomía de las cuales 45 pacientes presentaron tumor peri-ampular, siendo de origen pancreático en un 44%, seguido de ampolla 40%, vía biliar distal 8,8% y duodenal 6,6%. Las complicaciones posoperatorias más frecuentes fueron fístula pancreática y vaciamiento gástrico retardado. Falleció 1 paciente. Conclusión: La pancreatoduodenectomía es un procedimiento con alta morbilidad. Gracias al avance tecnológico, el diagnóstico de patología peri ampular es cada vez más exacto. El tipo de tumor peri-ampular puede influir no solo en su pronóstico, sino también en su morbilidad posquirúrgica.
Introduction: Periampullary tumors are defined as lesions that are located in a radius of 2 centimeters around the ampulla of Vater, constituted by 4 types of neoplasms with a high rate of malignancy originated in the pancreas, ampulla, distal bile duct or duodenum. Surgical management through the pancreatoduodenectomy remains the best choice in terms of curative resection. Objetive: To characterize periampullary tumors treated in our institution with pancreatoduodenectomy, associating the relationship between tumor type and postoperative complications. Material and Method: Cross-sectional, retrospective, observational study with a follow-up of 45 patients underwent pancreatoduodenectomy in the Hospital Internacional de Colombia - Fundación Cardiovascular between January 2011 and March 2020 with histopathological diagnosis of periampullary tumor. Results: Were performed 75 pancreatoduodenectomies, 45 patients presented with Periampullary tumor, 44% being of pancreatic origin, followed by ampulla 40%, distal bile duct 8.8% and duodenal 6.6%. Most frequent postoperative complications were pancreatic fistula and delayed gastric emptying. Mortality was of 1 patient. Conclusión: Pancreatoduodenectomy is a procedure with a high morbidity rate. Thanks to technological advances, the diagnosis of periampullary pathology is increasingly accurate. The type of periampullary tumor may influence not only in its prognosis, but also in its post-surgical morbidity.
Subject(s)Humans , Male , Female , Pancreatic Neoplasms/surgery , Laparoscopy , Abdominal Neoplasms/surgery , Pancreatectomy/adverse effects , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Postoperative Complications/prevention & control , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Pancreaticoduodenectomy/adverse effects
Subject(s)Humans , Female , Adult , Postoperative Complications/prevention & control , Thyroid Neoplasms/surgery , Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve Injuries/prevention & control , Intraoperative Neurophysiological Monitoring/methods , Thyroid Neoplasms/complications , Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve Injuries/etiology
Subject(s)Humans , Female , Gynecologic Surgical Procedures/methods , Enhanced Recovery After Surgery/standards , Perioperative Medicine/methods , Perioperative Medicine/standards , Pain, Postoperative/prevention & control , Postoperative Complications/prevention & control , Body Temperature Regulation , Drainage/standards , Fasting , Practice Guideline , Evidence-Based Medicine/methods , Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting/prevention & control , Dehydration/prevention & control , Diet Therapy , Ileal Diseases/prevention & control , Anesthesia/standards
OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effectiveness and feasibility of dexamethasone combined with oxybuprocaine hydrochloride gel on the prevention of postoperative sore throat after nasal endoscopy.@*METHODS@#In the study, 60 patients with American Society of Anesthesiologist (ASA) physical statuses Ⅰ to Ⅱ, aged 18 to 72 years, scheduled for elective nasal endoscope surgery under general anesthesia requiring endotracheal intubation were randomly divided into dexamethasone combined with oxybuprocaine hydrochloride gel group (G group, n=30) and control group (C group, n=30). The patients in the G group received dexamethasone 0.1 mg/kg before induction and the oxybuprocaine gel was applied to the endotracheal catheter cuff and the front end within 15 cm. The patients in the C group received the same dose of saline and the saline was applied to the endotracheal catheter cuff and the front end within 15 cm. Then, all the patients in the two groups received the same induction and anesthesia maintainance. The operation time, anesthesia time, emergence time, extubation time and departure time were recorded. The intraoperative infusion volume, blood loss volume, propofol, remifentanil, rocuronium dosage were also recorded. The adverse reactions such as intraoperative hypotension, bradycardia and postoperative agitation were recorded. The postoperative sore throat score was recorded at the end of operation and 4 h, 8 h, 12 h, and 24 h after operation.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the C group, the emergence time [(8.4±3.9) min vs. (10.8±4.7) min], extubation time [(8.8±3.7) min vs. (11.9±4.8) min], and departure time [(20.0±5.3) min vs. (23.0±5.8) min] were significantly shorter, and the propofol dosage [(11.8±1.8) mg/kg vs. (15.9±4.6) mg/kg], remifentanil dosage [(10.9±4.7) μg/kg vs. (14.1±3.6) μg/kg] were significantly less in the G group, and there was no difference of rocuronium dosage in the two groups. Compared with the C group the incidence of intraoperative hypotension [10%(3/30) vs. 30%(9/30)], bradycardia [16.7%(5/30) vs. 20%(6/30)] and postoperative agitation [6.7%(2/30) vs. 23.3%(7/30)] were significantly lower in the C group. The postoperative sore throat score at the end of operation, 4 h, 8 h, 12 h and 24 h after operation in the G group were significantly lower than in the C group respectively [0 (0, 1) vs. 1 (1, 2), 0 (0, 0) vs. 1 (1, 2), 0 (0, 0) vs. 1 (1, 2), 0 (0, 0) vs. 1 (0.75, 1), 0 (0, 0) vs. 1 (0, 1)].@*CONCLUSION@#Dexamethasone combined with oxybuprocaine hydrochloride gel was effective and feasible on the prevention of postoperative sore throat after nasal endoscopy.
Subject(s)Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Bradycardia/drug therapy , Dexamethasone/therapeutic use , Endoscopy/adverse effects , Humans , Hypotension/drug therapy , Intubation, Intratracheal/adverse effects , Middle Aged , Pain/drug therapy , Pharyngitis/prevention & control , Postoperative Complications/prevention & control , Procaine/analogs & derivatives , Propofol , Remifentanil , Rocuronium , Young Adult
ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Hypoxemia and pulmonary complications are common after upper abdominal surgery (UAS). OBJECTIVE: To examine whether inclusion of autogenic drainage (AD) in chest physiotherapy after UAS confers additional benefits in improving blood gases and reducing postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs). DESIGN AND SETTING: Randomized controlled study conducted at Kasr Al-Ainy teaching hospital, Egypt. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was conducted on 48 subjects undergoing elective UAS with high risk of developing PPCs. The study group received AD plus routine chest physiotherapy (deep diaphragmatic breathing, localized breathing and splinted coughing) and the control group received routine chest physiotherapy only. The outcomes included arterial blood gases measured at the first and seventh postoperative days, incidence of PPCs within the first seven days and length of hospital stay. RESULTS: Baseline characteristics were similar between groups. In the AD group, SaO2, PaO2, PaCO2 and HCO3 significantly improved (P < 0.05) while in the physiotherapy group, only SaO2 and PaO2 significantly improved (P < 0.05). Nonetheless, significant differences in post-treatment SaO2 and PaO2 between the groups were observed. The overall incidence of PPCs was 16.66% (12.5% in the AD group and 20.8% in the physiotherapy group) (absolute risk reduction -8.3%; 95% confidence interval, CI, -13.5 to 29.6%), with no significant difference between the groups. The AD group had a significantly shorter hospital stay (P = 0.0001). CONCLUSION: Adding AD to routine chest physiotherapy after UAS provided a favorable blood gas outcome and reduced the length of hospital stay. It tended to reduce the incidence of PPCs. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT04446520.
Subject(s)Humans , Physical Therapy Modalities , Elective Surgical Procedures , Postoperative Complications/prevention & control , Drainage , Gases , Length of Stay
INTRODUCCIÓN. La evaluación preoperatoria determina el estado de salud del paciente que será sometido a una intervención quirúrgica, minimiza su riesgo y optimiza los recursos humanos y materiales del escenario perioperatorio. OBJETIVO. Determinar el proceso de evaluación preoperatorio y su capacidad para prevenir eventos clínicos adversos durante el postoperatorio inmediato de pacientes adultos sometidos a un procedimiento quirúrgico no cardiaco. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS. Estudio retrospectivo de corte transversal. Población de 6 250 adultos y muestra de 912 Historias Clínicas electrónicas de pacientes atendidos en el Hospital de Especialidades Carlos Andrade Marín, en el año 2017. Criterios de inclusión: pacientes mayores de 18 años, que se sometieron a una evaluación preoperatoria de manera ambulatoria y fueron operados de intervenciones no cardiacas hasta el mes de enero del 2019, o suspensión de cirugía por contraindicaciones determinadas en la cita médica. Criterios de exclusión: pacientes menores a 18 años, no intervenidos quirúrgicamente, hospitalizados por cualquier motivo entre la revisión y la cirugía, embarazadas e individuos con consulta preoperatoria fuera del hospital. Los programas informáticos utilizados para el registro de datos y su análisis fueron Microsoft Excel e International Business Machines Statistical Package for the Social Sciences. RESULTADOS. El 82,68% (754; 912) presentó un antecedente clínico y el 82,13% (749; 912) uno de tipo quirúrgico. Se reportó un 2,00% (18; 912) de complicaciones postoperatorias, y un caso de muerte pasadas las 72 horas postquirúrgicas. No se encontró correlación estadísticamente significativa p>0,05 entre las conclusiones clínicas del control preoperatorio y la ocurrencia de complicaciones en el postoperatorio. CONCLUSIÓN. Se evidenció que el proceso de evaluación preoperatoria fue realizado de manera sistemática a pacientes con características sociodemográficas y clínicas heterogéneas y no existió correlación estadística entre sus resultados y la presencia de complicaciones perioperatorias.
INTRODUCTION. The preoperative evaluation determines the health status of a patient that will undergo a surgical intervention, minimizes its risk, and optimizes the human and material resources of the perioperative scenario. OBJECTIVE. To determine the preoperative evaluation process and its ability to prevent adverse clinical events during the immediate postoperative period in adult patients undergoing a noncardiac surgical procedure. MATERIALS AND METHODS. This is a retrospective cross-sectional study. The sample of 912 medical records was calculated upon a population of 6 250 adults treated at the Carlos Andrade Marín Specialties Hospital in 2017. Inclusion criteria: patients over 18 years of age, who underwent a preoperative evaluation on an outpatient basis, and were operated on for non-cardiac interventions until January 2019, or suspension of surgery due to contraindications determined in the medical appointment. Exclusion criteria: patients under 18 years of age, not undergoing surgery, hospitalized for any reason between revision and surgery, pregnant women, and individuals with preoperative consultation outside the hospital. The computer programs used for data collection and analysis were Microsoft Excel and the International Business Machines Statistical Package for the Social Sciences. RESULTS. 82,68% (754; 912) had a previous clinical condition and 82,13% (749; 912) had a previous surgical intervention. 2,00% (18; 912) of postoperative complications were reported, and one case of death after 72 postoperative hours. No statistically significant correlation p>0,05 was found between the clinical conclusions of the preoperative control and the occurrence of postoperative complications. CONCLUSION. It was evidenced that the preoperative evaluation process was carried out systematically to patients with heterogeneous sociodemographic and clinical characteristics and there was no statistical correlation between its results and the presence of perioperative complications.
Subject(s)Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Postoperative Complications/prevention & control , Preoperative Period , Surgical Clearance , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Risk Assessment
El trasplante renal es considerado como la mejor alternativa de tratamiento sustitutivo para la enfermedad renal crónica terminal (ERCT)1, es el procedimiento quirúrgico que consiste en reemplazar un riñón sano de un donante vivo o cadavérico a una persona con diagnóstico de ERCT, que ayuda a mejorar su calidad de vida, la reinserción a sus actividades sociales, físicas, emocionales, laborales y sexuales. La Organización Nacional de Trasplantes de España (ONT) en el año 2018, reportó que en la Unión Europea se realizaron 21 102 y en Latinoamérica 12 806 trasplantes renales2, en Ecuador el Ministerio de Salud Pública (MSP) en los años 2007-2020 reportó un total de 1 6153, le correspondió al Hospital de Especialidades Carlos Andrade Marín (HECAM) el 32% del total de trasplantes renales realizados entre el periodo 2007-20184. La evaluación del potencial receptor es realizada por un equipo multidisciplinario con formación académica, experiencia certificada en los diferentes procesos y acreditados por el Instituto Nacional de Donación y Trasplantes (INDOT)5. Los cuidados de enfermería enmarcados en esta ruta, son especializados e integrales, que incluyen los períodos pre operatorio, pos trasplante inmediato y temprano al incorporar además un proceso educativo entre enfermera, paciente y familia/ cuidador, con el fin de preservar la sobrevida del injerto.
Renal transplantation is considered the best alternative replacement treatment for end-stage chronic kidney disease (ESRD)1, it is the surgical procedure that consists of replacing a healthy kidney from a living or cadaveric donor to a person diagnosed with ESRD, which helps to improve their quality of life, reintegration to their social, physical, emotional, work and sexual activities. The National Transplant Organization of Spain (ONT) in 2018, reported that In the European Union 21 102 and in Latin America 12 806 renal transplants were performed2, in Ecuador the Ministry of Public Health (MSP) in the years 2007-2020 reported a total of 1 6153, corresponded to the Carlos Andrade Marín Specialties Hospital (HECAM) 32% of the total number of renal transplants performed between 2007-20184. The evaluation of the potential recipient is performed by a multidisciplinary team with academic training, certified experience in the different processes and accredited by the National Institute of Donation and Transplantation (INDOT)5. The nursing care framed in this route is specialized and comprehensive, including the pre-operative, immediate post-transplant and early post-transplant periods, incorporating an educational process between nurse, patient and family/caregiver, in order to preserve graft survival.
Subject(s)Humans , Postoperative Care/nursing , Perioperative Nursing , Preoperative Care/nursing , Kidney Transplantation/nursing , Graft Survival , Nursing Care , Postoperative Complications/prevention & control , Nursing Records , Patient-Centered Care , Nurse's Role , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/surgery
ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Vesicourethral anastomotic stenosis (VUAS) following retropubic radical prostatectomy (RRP) significantly worsens quality of life. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the relationship between proliferative hypertrophic scar formation and VUAS, and predict more appropriate surgical intervention for preventing recurrent VUAS. DESIGN AND SETTING: Retrospective cross-sectional single-center study on data covering January 2009 to December 2019. METHODS: Among 573 male patients who underwent RRP due to prostate cancer, 80 with VUAS were included. They were divided into two groups according to VUAS treatment method: dilatation using Amplatz renal dilators (39 patients); or endoscopic bladder neck incision/resection (41 patients). The Vancouver scar scale (VSS) was used to evaluate the characteristics of scars that occurred for any reason before development of VUAS. RESULTS: Over a median follow-up of 72 months (range 12-105) after RRP, 17 patients (21.3%) had recurrence of VUAS. Although the treatment success rates were similar (79.5% versus 78.0%; P = 0.875), receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis indicated that dilatation using Amplatz dilators rather than endoscopic bladder neck incision/resection in patients with VSS scores 4, 5 and 6 may significantly reduce VUAS recurrence. A strong positive relationship was observed between VSS and total number of VUAS occurrences (r: 0.689; P < 0.001). VSS score (odds ratio, OR: 5.380; P < 0.001) and time until occurrence of VUAS (OR: 1.628; P = 0.008) were the most significant predictors for VUAS recurrence. CONCLUSIONS: VSS score can be used as a prediction tool for choosing more appropriate surgical intervention, for preventing recurrent VUAS.
Subject(s)Humans , Male , Urethral Stricture/surgery , Urethral Stricture/etiology , Urethral Stricture/prevention & control , Cicatrix, Hypertrophic , Postoperative Complications/prevention & control , Prostatectomy/adverse effects , Quality of Life , Urethra/surgery , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Constriction, Pathologic , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/prevention & control
Introducción: La fractura de cadera es un grave problema de salud, es la de mayor mortalidad y disminuye la esperanza de vida en casi dos años. Objetivo: Determinar las características clínico-epidemiológicas de los pacientes con fracturas de cadera. Método: Se realizó un estudio observacional y descriptivo en 69 pacientes intervenidos quirúrgicamente por fractura de cadera. Se analizaron sexo, edad, mecanismo de producción de la fractura de cadera, tipo de fractura, evolución preoperatoria, técnica quirúrgica, complicaciones, estadía postoperatoria y estado al egreso. Resultados: El grupo de edad más afectado fue el de 80 y más años, con el 37 por ciento del total. Hubo predominio del sexo femenino para un 68,1 por ciento. Predominó la caída desde sus propios pies para un 76,8 por ciento. El método quirúrgico de láminas anguladas de 1300, del sistema AO, es el más utilizado para un 60,9 por ciento, así como la intervención quirúrgica se realizó en las primeras 24 horas paras un 76,8 por ciento. Conclusiones: La fractura de cadera predomina en pacientes de la octava década de la vida, principalmente, del sexo femenino. Las variedades de fracturas más observadas son las extracapsulares. La osteosíntesis con lámina angulada de 130 º es el tratamiento quirúrgico más empleado. Se realiza la intervención en las primeras 24 - 48 horas, y en quienes no son operados en ese plazo, ocurren altos porcentajes de complicaciones. La mortalidad intrahospitalaria fue baja(AU)
Introduction: Hip fracture is a serious health problem; it is the one with the highest mortality and decreases life expectancy by almost two years. Objective: To determine the clinical-epidemiological characteristics of patients with hip fractures. Method: An observational, descriptive study was carried out in 69 patients operated on for hip fracture. Sex, age, hip fracture production mechanism, type of fracture, preoperative evolution, surgical technique, complications, postoperative stay and discharge status were analyzed. Results: The most affected age group was 80 and over, with 37 percent of the total. There was a predominance of the female sex for 68,1 percent. The fall from his own feet predominated for 76, 8 percent. The surgical method of angled blades of 130 0, of the AO system, is the most used for 60,9 percent, as well as the surgical intervention was performed in the first 24 hours for 76,8 percent. Conclusions: Hip fracture predominates in patients of the eighth decade of life, mainly female. The most commonly observed varieties of fractures are the extracapsular ones. Osteosynthesis with a 130º angled blade is the most widely used surgical treatment. The intervention is performed in the first 24 - 48 hours, and in those who are not operated on within that period, high percentages of complications occur. In-hospital mortality was low(AU)
Subject(s)Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Postoperative Complications/prevention & control , Life Expectancy , Hospital Mortality , Hip Fractures/surgery , Surgical Procedures, Operative/methods , Hip Fractures/mortality , Age Groups
ABSTRACT Background: Gastro-omentopexy promotes the reconnection of the stomach to the gastroesplenic and gastrocolic ligaments and constitutes an alternative for the prevention of complications in laparoscopic vertical gastrectomy. Aim: To demonstrate the benefits of the gastro-omentopexy technique in patients undergoing sleeve gastrectomy, with possible reduction in postoperative complications. Methods: Prospective, non-randomized, case series type study, consisting of a clinical population of 179 patients who underwent the technique in 2018, with follow-up between 6-12 months in the postoperative period. Results: From the participants 71.5% were women, aged between 30-40 years (36.3%). As for the prevalence of complications in the postoperative period, the low prevalence was evident, with emphasis on readmission (1.1%); reoperation (1.1%); wound infection (1.1%); bleeding hemorrhage (0.5%); and stricture (1.1%). However, temporary symptoms were present such as nausea/vomiting, food intolerance, epigastric pain and feeling of fullness, right after surgery. Conclusion: The technique promoted a significant improvement in quality of life and control of comorbidities. In addition, it was associated with a low prevalence of stenosis, and with no fistula, making the method safer.
RESUMO Racional: A gastro-omentopexia promove a reconexão do estômago aos ligamentos gastroesplênico e gastrocólico e pode constituir alternativa para prevenção de complicações na gastrectomia vertical laparoscópica. Objetivo: Demonstrar os benefícios da gastro-omentopexia em pacientes submetidos à gastrectomia vertical laparoscópica com redução de complicações. Métodos: Estudo prospectivo, não randomizado, do tipo série de casos, constituído por população de 179 pacientes que realizaram a técnica, com acompanhamento entre 6-12 meses no pós-operatório. Resultados: Dos participantes 71,5% eram mulheres, com faixa etária entre 30-40 anos (36,3%). Quanto às complicações no pós-operatório evidenciou-se baixa prevalência delas com destaque para reinternação (1,1%); reoperação (1,1%); infecção de ferida (1,1%); sangramento/hemorragia (0,5%); e estenose gástrica (1,1%). Entretanto, surgiram sintomas temporários como náusea/vômito, intolerância alimentar, dor epigástrica e sensação de plenitude, logo após a operação. Houve melhora nas variáveis de qualidade de vida analisadas. Conclusão: A técnica promoveu melhora na qualidade de vida e no controle das comorbidades. Além disso, esteve associada à baixa prevalência de estenose, e sem ocorrência de fístula, tornando o método mais seguro.
Subject(s)Humans , Female , Adult , Obesity, Morbid/surgery , Laparoscopy , Postoperative Complications/surgery , Postoperative Complications/prevention & control , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Quality of Life , Stomach , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Gastrectomy
Resumo A ponte de tirofiban é uma alternativa à suspensão da terapia antiplaquetária dupla no perioperatório de pacientes com alto risco de trombose de stent e de sangramento. Objetivamos avaliar a eficácia e a segurança deste protocolo em pacientes submetidos à cirurgia em até 12 meses após intervenção coronária percutânea com stent. Realizamos uma revisão sistemática por meio de pesquisa nas bases PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane, EMBASE, LILACS e SciELO e nas referências de artigos relevantes ao tema. Dos 107 trabalhos encontrados, cinco foram incluídos após análise dos critérios de elegibilidade e da qualidade metodológica, totalizando 422 pacientes, sendo 227 do grupo controle. Apesar das limitações reportadas, quatro dos cinco estudos incluídos indicam que a ponte de tirofiban é eficaz em reduzir eventos cardíacos adversos e segura ao não interferir no risco de eventos hemorrágicos ou sangramentos. Todavia, são necessários ensaios clínicos randomizados para evidências robustas.
Abstract Use of a tirofiban bridge is an alternative to simply withdrawing dual antiplatelet therapy prior to operating on patients at high risk of stent thrombosis and bleeding. We aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of this protocol in patients undergoing surgery within 12 months of a percutaneous coronary intervention involving stenting. We performed a systematic review based on searches of the PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane, Embase, Lilacs, and Scielo databases and of the references of relevant articles on the topic. Five of the 107 studies identified were included after application of eligibility criteria and analysis of methodological quality, totaling 422 patients, 227 in control groups. Notwithstanding the limitations reported, four of the five studies included indicate that the tirofiban bridge technique is effective for reducing adverse cardiac events and is safe in terms of not interfering with the risk of hemorrhagic events or bleeding. However, randomized clinical trials are needed to provide robust evidence.
Subject(s)Stents , Perioperative Period/adverse effects , Tirofiban/therapeutic use , Dual Anti-Platelet Therapy , Postoperative Complications/prevention & control , Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors/therapeutic use
INTRODUCTION@#Prehabilitation may benefit older patients undergoing major surgeries. Currently, its efficacy has not been conclusively proven. This is a retrospective review of a multimodal prehabilitation programme.@*METHODS@#Patients aged 65 years and above undergoing major abdominal surgery between May 2015 and December 2019 in the National University Hospital were included in our institutional programme that incorporated aspects of multimodal prehabilitation and Enhanced Recovery After Surgery concepts as 1 holistic perioperative pathway to deal with issues specific to older patients. Physical therapy, nutritional advice and psychosocial support were provided as part of prehabilitation.@*RESULTS@#There were 335 patients in the prehabilitation cohort and 256 patients whose records were reviewed as control. No difference in postoperative length of stay (@*CONCLUSION@#The current study found no differences in traditional surgical outcome measures with and without prehabilitation. An increase in patient mobility in the immediate postoperative period was noted with prehabilitation, as well as an association between prehabilitation and increased adherence to postoperative adjuvant therapy. Larger prospective studies will be needed to validate the findings of this retrospective review.
Subject(s)Humans , Postoperative Complications/prevention & control , Preoperative Care , Preoperative Exercise , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies
Objective: To explore the efficacy and feasibility of transanal hand-sewn reinforcement of low stapled anastomosis in preventing anastomotic leak after transanal total mesorectal excision (taTME). Methods: A descriptive cohort study was conducted. Clinical data of 51 patients with rectal cancer who underwent taTME with transanal hand-sewn reinforcement of low stapled anastomosis at Department of Colorectal Surgery, the Sixth Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University from January 2019 to December 2020 were retrospectively collected. Inclusion criteria: (1) age >18 years old; (2) rectal cancer confirmed by preoperative pathology; (3) distance from tumor to anal verge ≤ 8 cm according to pelvic MR; (4) the lesion was evaluated to be resectable before operation; (5) with or without neoadjuvant chemotherapy and radiotherapy; (6) taTME, end-to-end stapled anastomosis, and reinforcement in the anastomosis with absorbable thread intermittently were performed, and the distance between anastomosis and anal verge was ≤ 5 cm. Exclusion criteria: (1) previous history of colorectal cancer surgery; (2) emergency surgery due to intestinal obstruction, bleeding or perforation; (3) patients with local recurrence or distant metastasis; (4) the period of postoperative follow-up less than 3 months. The procedure of transanal hand-sewn reinforcement was as follows: firstly, no sign of bleeding was confirmed after checking the anastomosis. Then, the anastomosis was reinforced by suturing the muscle layer of rectum intermittently in a figure-of-eight manner using 3-0 single Vicryl. The entry site of the next suture was close next to the exit site of the last one. Any weak point of the anastomosis could also be reinforced according to the specimen from the circular stapler. The primary outcome were the incidence of anastomotic leak, methods of the secondary operation, anastomotic infection, anastomotic stricture, and conditions of Intraoperative and postoperative. Results: All the 51 enrolled patients completed surgery successfully without any conversion to open surgery. The median operative time was 169 (109-337) minutes, and the median intraoperative blood loss was 50 (10-600) ml. The median postoperative hospital stay was 8 (5-16) days. The mssorectum was complete and distal resection margin was negative in all patients. Postive circumferential resection margin was observed in 1 patients (2.0%). Twelve (23.5%) patients underwent prophylactic ileostomy. One patient developed anastomosis stricture which was cured by digital dilatation of the anastomosis. ISREC grade C anastomotic leak was observed in 3 (5.9%) male patients, of whom 2 cases did not received prophylactic ileostomy during the operation, and were cured by a second operation with the ileostomy and anastomotic repair. The other one healed by transanal repair of the anastomosis and anti-infection therapy. One (2.0%) patient suffered from perianal infection and healed by sitz bath and anti-infection therapy. No death was reported within 30 days after operation. Conclusion: Transanal hand-sewn reinforcement in low rectal stapled anastomosis in preventing anastomotic leak after taTME is safe and feasible.
Subject(s)Adolescent , Anal Canal/surgery , Anastomosis, Surgical , Anastomotic Leak/prevention & control , Cohort Studies , Humans , Laparoscopy , Male , Postoperative Complications/prevention & control , Rectal Neoplasms/surgery , Rectum/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
Objective: To understand the current status of diagnosis and treatment regarding the protection of defecation function in Chinese surgeons performing sphincter-preserving resections (SPR) for rectal cancer in order to discover the problems existing in the function protection during SPR and provide support and reference for the standardized clinical management of rectal cancer. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was performed. Colorectal surgeons who obtained the medical qualifications and volunteered to participate in this study were included, and respondents with incomplete information were excluded. From October 18 to 22, 2020, randomized sampling was conducted among Chinese colorectal surgeons from Chinese Association of Colorectal Surgeons, Chinese Colorectal Cancer Committee, Chinese Sexology Association Anal functional Surgery Committee and National Health Commission Capacity Building and Continuing Education Committee. The questionnaire included basic information of the respondents, assessment of defecation function before SPR, intraoperative details, postoperative follow-up, evaluation and intervention of patients with low anterior resection syndrome (LARS). Observation indicator: results of the questionnaire survey. Result: A total of 231 questionnaires were collected, and 230 were effective, with an effective rate of 99.6%. Among these participants, 217 (94.3%) were males; 107 (46.5%) had medical doctor degrees; 129 (56.1%) were national commission members in colorectal surgery; 137 (59.6%) performed more than 50 SPR operations per year; 211 (91.7%) assessed defection function by auxiliary examinations before SPR. Rigid sigmoidoscopy (n=116, 55.0%) and anorectal manometer (n=81, 38.4%) were the most commonly used method. Among the 230 respondents, 64.8% (n=149) of surgeons used 2D laparoscopy for SPR surgery most commonly, and 51.3% (n=118) of surgeons performed direct colorectal anastomosis for reconstruction, and 98.3% (n=226) used staplers during anastomosis. All the surgeons indicated that they would follow up patients after SPR, and outpatient clinic was the most common method (84.4%, 184/230). When LARS occurred, 50.0% (115/230) of surgeons chose defecation function scale and 78.7% (181/230) actively provided guidance and intervention for patients. Conclusions: Chinese colorectal surgeons still have shortcomings in the protection of defecation function during SPR for rectal cancer. They do not make enough preoperative functional evaluation and postoperative functional recovery estimate for patients. The knowledge and use of defecation function scales and interventions on LARS are expected to be standardized.
Subject(s)Anal Canal/surgery , China , Cross-Sectional Studies , Defecation , Humans , Male , Postoperative Complications/prevention & control , Rectal Neoplasms/surgery , Surgeons , Surveys and Questionnaires , Syndrome
Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) has deeply influenced the clinical practice of surgery, anesthesia and nursing since its inception in 1997. The successful implementation of perioperative ERAS in gastric cancer depends on continually boosting the awareness and acceptance of ERAS among medical staff, carrying out multidisciplinary collaboration, improving patients' compliance and combining key items to the clinical pathways. Future efforts should be made to explore the most appropriate implementation strategy of perioperative ERAS in gastric cancer.
Subject(s)Critical Pathways , Enhanced Recovery After Surgery , Humans , Perioperative Care , Postoperative Complications/prevention & control , Stomach Neoplasms/therapy
Introducción: El aumento de la expectativa de vida determina un incremento en la incidencia de enfermedades con indicación quirúrgica. El avance en las técnicas quirúrgicas, los cuidados intensivos y el conocimiento más profundo del proceso de envejecimiento tiende a favorecer la disminución de la morbimortalidad perioperatoria del paciente geriátrico. Objetivo: Determinar la incidencia de complicaciones intra y posoperatorias en pacientes geriátricos durante la cirugía abdominal mayor electiva. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional descriptivo, de corte transversal a 373 pacientes geriátricos programados para intervención quirúrgica abdominal mayor desde enero de 2017 hasta diciembre de 2019 en el Hospital Clínico Quirúrgico Dr. Miguel Enríquez. Se registró la incidencia de complicaciones perioperatorias relacionándolas con las variables de estudio. Resultados: Las complicaciones más frecuentes fueron las cardiovasculares. La mortalidad fue escasa. Conclusiones: Las complicaciones perioperatorias detectadas en los pacientes geriátricos estudiados, se relacionan con las enfermedades previas, el tipo y la envergadura de la cirugía y con el tiempo quirúrgico(AU)
Introduction: The increase in life expectancy determines an increase in the incidence of diseases with surgical indication. Advances in surgical techniques, intensive care and deeper understanding of the aging process tend to favor the reduction of perioperative morbidity and mortality among geriatric patients. Objective: To determine the incidence of intraoperative and postoperative complications among geriatric patients during elective major abdominal surgery. Methods: A descriptive, cross-sectional and observational study was carried out with 373 geriatric patients scheduled for major abdominal surgery from January 2017 to December 2019 at Dr. Miguel Enríquez Clinical-Surgical Hospital. The incidence of perioperative complications was recorded, relating them to the study variables. Results: The most frequent complications were the cardiovascular ones. Mortality was low. Conclusions: The perioperative complications identified among the geriatric patients studied are related with previous diseases, with the type and extent of surgery, and with the surgical time(AU)
Subject(s)Humans , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Postoperative Complications/prevention & control , Indicators of Morbidity and Mortality , Perioperative Care/methods , Abdomen/surgery , Intraoperative Care/methods , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Aging , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Observational Study
Background: Acute appendicitis is one of the most frequent surgical emergencies and is a common cause of non-traumatic acute abdominal emergencies that require surgical intervention. Most complicated appendicitis started de novo as simple appendicitis raising the notion that it is a disease in evolution that has become of clinical importance due to delayed or missed diagnosis. Complicated appendicitis has been associated with a significant risk of postoperative septic complications, including wound infections and intra-abdominal abscess formation. This study aimed to evaluate the types of complicated appendicitis and their relationship to patient's demographic data, postoperative course and the length of hospital stay in Al-Basra Teaching Hospital. Methods: This was a prospective clinical study involving patients with acute appendicitis admitted to Al-Basra Teaching Hospital from January 2017 to October 2019. The demographic data, types of complicated appendicitis, hospitalization duration, and postoperative complications were evaluated. The patients were divided into six groups according to age. All data were recorded and analyzed. Results: A total of 1210 patients, age from 6 to 69 years, mean age of patients was 23.45, males out-numbered females. Perforated appendicitis represents the main type of complicated appendicitis, and it was reported mostly among elderly patients. Patients with complicated appendicitis had a longer hospitalization and more postoperative complications than patients with non-complicated appendicitis. Conclusion: we concluded that nearly one third of the patients with acute appendicitis had complicated appendicitis, so they need a special pre and postoperative care and old age had non classical clinical picture with poor outcome.
Subject(s)Humans , Appendicitis/complications , Postoperative Care , Postoperative Complications/prevention & control , General Surgery , Wound Infection/prevention & control , Prospective Studies , Statistical Data , Abdominal Abscess/prevention & control , Delayed Diagnosis , Length of Stay
Introducción: Durante las cirugías ocurren complicaciones y muertes, las que pueden ser prevenibles. Esta circunstancia hizo que la Organización Mundial de la Salud estableciera una lista de verificación de cirugía segura, que debe aplicarse para aminorar posibles riesgos y favorecer la seguridad del paciente durante la cirugía. Objetivo: Identificar la relación entre la aplicación de la lista de verificación de cirugía segura y utilidad según la opinión de las enfermeras. Métodos: Estudio cuantitativo, diseño correlacional y trasversal, realizado en sala de operaciones del Instituto Nacional de Enfermedades Neoplásicas, Lima - Perú, desde setiembre hasta octubre de 2018. La población de estudio quedó conformada por 46 enfermeras, las técnicas utilizadas fueron la encuesta y la observación. Los instrumentos fueron el cuestionario y la lista de observación, el cuestionario fue validado por 8 expertos y prueba piloto, tuvo un alfa de Crombach de 0,731. La lista de observación fue elaborada por la Organización Mundial de la Salud. Los datos fueron procesados a través del programa Excel, a fin de realizar el análisis de frecuencias y porcentajes, se aplicó la prueba chi cuadrado para identificar la relación entre las variables de estudio. Resultados: Al aplicar la prueba estadística Chi cuadrado se evidenció que no existe relación entre ambas variables (p > 0,06); el 66 por ciento de los profesionales de enfermería consideraron que es útil y el 56,5 por ciento aplican la lista de verificación de cirugía segura. Conclusiones: No se encontró relación entre la aplicación de la lista de verificación de cirugía segura y la utilidad según la opinión de las enfermeras(AU)
ABSTRACT Introduction: During surgeries complications and deaths occur, which can be preventable, this circumstance led the World Health Organization to establish a safe surgery checklist, which must be applied to reduce possible risks and promote patient safety during surgery. Objective: To identify the relationship between the application of the safe surgery checklist and its usefulness according to the opinion of the nurses. Methods: Quantitative study, correlational and cross-sectional design, carried out in the operating room of the National Institute of Neoplastic Diseases, Lima - Peru, from September to October 2018, the study population made up of 46 nurses, the techniques used were observation and poll; the instruments the questionnaire and observation list, the questionnaire was validated by 8 experts and a pilot test, had a Crombach alpha of 0.731. The watchlist was developed by the World Health Organization. The data were processed through the Excel program, in order to carry out the analysis of frequencies and percentages, the chi square test was applied to identify the relationship between the study variables. Results: When applying the Chi square statistical test, it was evident that there is no relationship between both variables (p > 0.06); 66.00 percent of nursing professionals consider it to be useful and 56.50 percent apply the safe surgery checklist. Conclusions: No relationship was found between the application of the safe surgery checklist and its usefulness according to the nurses' opinion(AU)
Subject(s)Humans , Operating Rooms , Postoperative Complications/prevention & control , World Health Organization , Checklist/methods , Patient Safety , Cross-Sectional Studies
Abstract The development of protocols to prevent perioperative Venous Thromboembolism (VTE) and the introduction of increasingly potent antithrombotic drugs have resulted in concerns of increased risk of neuraxial bleeding. Since the Brazilian Society of Anesthesiology 2014 guideline, new oral anticoagulant drugs were approved by international regulating agencies, and by ANVISA. Societies and organizations that try to approach concerns through guidelines have presented conflicting perioperative management recommendations. As a response to these issues and to the need for a more rational approach, managements were updated in the present narrative review, and guideline statements made. They were projected to encourage safe and quality patient care, but cannot assure specific results. Like any clinical guide recommendation, they are subject to review as knowledge grows, on specific complications, for example. The objective was to assess safety aspects of regional analgesia and anesthesia in patients using antithrombotic drugs, such as: possible technique-associated complications; spinal hematoma-associated risk factors, prevention strategies, diagnosis and treatment; safe interval for discontinuing and reinitiating medication after regional blockade.
Resumo Os padrões evolutivos para a prevenção do tromboembolismo venoso perioperatório e a introdução de medicações antitrombóticas cada vez mais potentes resultaram em preocupações com o aumento do risco de sangramento neuroaxial. Após o consenso da Sociedade Brasileira de Anestesiologia em 2014, novos medicamentos anticoagulantes orais foram aprovados pelas instituições reguladoras internacionais, assim como pela ANVISA. As sociedades que buscam abordar o manejo perioperatório desses fármacos apresentam recomendações conflitantes. Em resposta a essas questões e à necessidade de uma abordagem mais racional, as condutas foram atualizadas nesta revisão narrativa e feitas declarações de consenso. Elas foram projetadas para encorajar a assistência ao paciente de forma segura e de qualidade, mas não podem garantir um resultado específico. Tal como acontece com qualquer recomendação de orientação clínica, estas estão sujeitas a revisão com o conhecimento de avanços específicos de complicações. O objetivo foi avaliar aspectos da segurança em anestesia e analgesia regional em pacientes em uso de medicações antitrombóticas, tais como: possíveis complicações decorrentes da técnica; fatores de risco associados ao hematoma espinhal, estratégias de prevenção, diagnóstico e tratamento; intervalo seguro para suspensão e reinício da medicação após o bloqueio regional.