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1.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(9): 690-698, Sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351773

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective Infection and exposure of the implant are some of the most common and concerning complications after implant-based breast reconstruction. Currently, there is no consensus on the management of these complications. The aim of the present study was to review our cases and to present a clinical protocol. Methods We conducted a retrospective review of consecutive patients submitted to implant-based breast reconstruction between 2014 and 2016. All patients were managed according to a specific and structured protocol. Results Implant exposure occurred in 33 out of 277 (11.9%) implant-based reconstructions. Among these, two patients had history of radiotherapy and had their implant removed; Delayed reconstruction with a myocutaneous flap was performed in both cases. Signs of severe local infection were observed in 12 patients, and another 5 presented with extensive tissue necrosis, and they were all submitted to implant removal; of them, 8 underwent reconstruction with a tissue expander, and 2, with a myocutaneous flap. The remaining 14 patients had no signs of severe infection, previous irradiation or extensive tissue necrosis, and were submitted to primary suture as an attempt to salvage the implant. Of these, 8 cases (57.1%) managed to keep the Conclusion Our clinical protocol is based on three key points: history of radiotherapy, severe infection, and extensive tissue necrosis. It is a practical and potentially-reproducible method of managing one of the most common complications of implant-based breast reconstruction.


Resumo Objectivo Infecção e exposição da prótese são algumas das complicações mais comuns e preocupantes após reconstrução da mama com implantes. Atualmente, ainda não há consenso quanto ao manejo destas complicações. O objetivo deste estudo foi o de revisar os casos da nossa instituição e apresentar um protocolo clínico. Métodos Realizou-se uma revisão retrospectiva de todos os casos consecutivos submetidos a reconstrução mamária imediata com prótese entre 2014 e 2016. Todos os casos foram conduzidos de acordo com um protocolo específico e estruturado. Resultados A exposição do implante ocorreu em 33 de 227 reconstruções (11,9%). Dentre estas, duas pacientes tinham histórico de radioterapia, e foram submetidas a remoção da prótese e posterior reconstrução com retalho miocutâneo. Sinais de infecção local grave foram observados em 12 pacientes, e, em 5, necrose extensa de tecido, e todas foram submetidas a remoção dos implantes; destas, 8 foram recons truídas com expansor, e 2, com retalho miocutâneo. As 14 pacientes remanecentes não haviam sido submetidas previamente à radioterapia, não tinham sinais de infecção, nem necrose extensa; portanto, foram submetidas a sutura primária em uma tentativa de salvar a prótese. Dessas, 8 pacientes (57,1%) conseguiram manter os implantes originais. Conclusão Nosso protocolo clínico é baseado em três pontos principais: histórico de radioterapia, infecção grave, e necrose extensa de tecido. Ele constitui um método prático e potencialmente reprodutível de manejo de uma das complicações mais comuns da reconstrução mamária com implantes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Breast Neoplasms/surgery , Mammaplasty/adverse effects , Breast Implants/adverse effects , Postoperative Complications/surgery , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Tissue Expansion Devices/adverse effects , Clinical Protocols , Retrospective Studies
2.
Rev. urug. cardiol ; 36(2): e702, ago. 2021. fot.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1290000

ABSTRACT

Un gossypiboma, oblitoma o textiloma se define como todo cuerpo extraño olvidado en el interior de un paciente durante una intervención quirúrgica. Representa una complicación posquirúrgica poco frecuente pero de consecuencias potencialmente graves. En general, se manifiesta con cuadros clínicos variables: una masa o pseudotumor, sangrados, fiebre, dolor, varios meses o años después de la cirugía original. También puede ser un hallazgo accidental. Describimos el caso clínico de una paciente con un gossypiboma vinculado a una cirugía cardíaca que se realizó 40 años antes al cuadro clínico actual, que se presenta con arritmia ventricular maligna.


A gossypiboma, oblitoma or textiloma is defined as a surgical object left in the interior of the body after surgery. It represents an uncommon but potentially life threatening post-surgery complication. Clinical manifestations are variable and depend on location, relations and size, from pseudo-tumoral masses, bleeding, fever, pain and other nonspecific presentations. The onset of symptoms is unpredictable, occurring from months or years after surgery. Patients may course asymptomatically and be diagnosed incidentally as an imaging finding. We describe a case of a patient with gossypiboma diagnosed 40 years after undergoing cardiac surgery, who presented with a malignant ventricular arrhythmia.


Um gossypiboma, oblitoma ou textiloma está definido como todo corpo estranho esquecido no interior de um paciente durante um procedimento cirúrgico, representando uma complicação pos cirúrgica pouco frequente, mas com consequências potencialmente graves. Geralmente, se manifesta com quadros clínicos variáveis: uma massa ou pseudotumor, sangramentos, febre, dor, varios meses ou anos após a cirurgia original ou ser um hachado acidental. Descrevemos o caso clínico de uma paciente com um gossypiboma vinculado a uma cirurgia cardíaca realizada 40 anos antes do quadro clínico atual, que se apresenta com arritmia ventricular maligna.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/etiology , Surgical Sponges , Foreign Bodies/diagnostic imaging , Postoperative Complications/surgery , Postoperative Complications/diagnostic imaging , Thoracic Surgery , Foreign Bodies/surgery
3.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 58(1): 71-76, Jan.-Mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1248986

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Hepatobiliary surgery and hepatic trauma are frequent causes of bile leaks and this feared complication can be safely managed by endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). The approach consists of sphincterotomy alone, biliary stenting or a combination of the two but the optimal form remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to compare sphincterotomy alone versus sphincterotomy plus biliary stent placement in the treatment of post-surgical and traumatic bile leaks. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 31 patients with the final ERCP diagnosis of "bile leak". Data collected included patient demographics, etiology of the leak and the procedure details. The treatment techniques were divided into two groups: sphincterotomy alone vs. sphincterotomy plus biliary stenting. We evaluated the volume of the abdominal surgical drain before and after each procedure and the number of days needed until cessation of drainage post ERCP. RESULTS: A total of 31 patients (18 men and 3 women; mean age, 51 years) with bile leaks were evaluated. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy was the etiology of the leak in 14 (45%) cases, followed by conventional cholecystectomy in 9 (29%) patients, hepatic trauma in 5 (16%) patients, and hepatectomy secondary to neoplasia in 3 (9.7%) patients. The most frequent location of the leaks was the cystic duct stump with 12 (38.6%) cases, followed by hepatic common duct in 10 (32%) cases, common bile duct in 7 (22%) cases and the liver bed in 2 (6.5%) cases. 71% of the patients were treated with sphincterotomy plus biliary stenting, and 29% with sphincterotomy alone. There was significant difference between the volume drained before and after both procedures (P<0.05). However, when comparing sphincterotomy alone and sphincterotomy plus biliary stenting, regarding the volume drained and the days needed to cessation of drainage, there was no statistical difference in both cases (P>0.005). CONCLUSION: ERCP remains the first line treatment for bile leaks with no difference between sphincterotomy alone vs sphincterotomy plus stent placement.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: Cirurgia hepatobiliar e trauma hepático são causas frequentes de fístulas biliares, e esta temida complicação pode ser manejada de forma segura através da colangiopancreatografia retrógrada endoscópica (CPRE). O procedimento consiste em esfincterotomia isolada, passagem de prótese biliar ou combinação das duas técnicas, porém a forma ideal permanece incerta. OBJETIVO: O objetivo desse estudo é comparar a realização de esfincterotomia isolada versus locação de prótese biliar no tratamento de fístulas pós-cirúrgicas e traumáticas. MÉTODOS: Foram analisados de forma retrospectiva 31 CPREs com diagnóstico final de "fístula biliar". A informação colhida incluía dados demográficos dos pacientes, etiologia das fístulas e detalhes dos procedimentos. As técnicas de tratamentos foram divididas em dois grupos: esfincterotomia isolada vs esfincterotomia associada a locação de prótese biliar. Foram analisados os volumes dos drenos abdominais cirúrgicos antes e depois de cada procedimento e o número de dias necessários para que ocorresse cessação da drenagem pelo dreno abdominal cirúrgico após a CPRE. RESULTADOS: Um total de 31 pacientes (18 homens e 3 mulheres; idade média de 51 anos) com fístulas biliares foram avaliados. Colecistectomia laparoscópica foi a etiologia da fístula em 14 (45%) casos, seguida de colecistectomia convenvional em 9 (29%) pacientes, trauma hepático em 5 (16%) pacientes, e hepatectomia secundária a neoplasia em 3 (9,7%) pacientes. As localizações mais frequentes das fístulas foram: coto do ducto císticos com 12 (38,6%) casos, seguido de ducto hepático comum em 10 (32%) casos, ducto colédoco em 7 (22%) cases e leito hepático em 2 (6,5%) casos. 71% dos pacientes foram tratados com esfincterotomia associada a passagem de prótese biliar e 29% com esfincterotomia isolada. Houve diferença estatística em relação ao volume drenado antes e depois de ambos os procedimentos (P<0,05). Entretanto, quando comparada esfincterotomia isolada e esfincterotomia associada a passagem de prótese biliar, em relação ao volume drenado e ao número de dias necessários para cessação da drenagem, não houve diferença estatística em ambos os casos (P>0,005). CONCLUSÃO: A CPRE permanece como tratamento de primeira linha no tratamento de fístulas biliares, sem diferença entra a esfincterotomia isolada versus esfincterotomia associada a passagem de prótese biliar.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic , Sphincterotomy , Postoperative Complications/surgery , Bile , Stents , Sphincterotomy, Endoscopic/adverse effects , Hospitals , Middle Aged
4.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 48: e20202666, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155359

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: bariatric surgery is currently the only treatment that leads to long-term and sustained weight loss and decreased morbidity and mortality in morbidly obese individuals. Roux-en-Y bypass causes weight loss by restricting food intake associated with reduced intestinal absorption, in addition to multiple endocrine and satiogenic effects. Biliopancreatic diversion promotes weight loss mainly due to poor absorption of the nutrients ingested. Both procedures exclude parts of the gastrointestinal tract. Objective: to describe four cases of revisional surgery after primary bariatric surgery, due to serious nutritional complications, and to review the literature regarding this subject. Methods: a retrospective analysis of patients of Unicamps bariatric center database and review of the literatures were performed. Results: four patients were identified, 2 women and 2 men, with a mean age of 48 years. The mean body mass index before revisional surgery was 23.7 kg/m2. Three patients underwent Scopinaro biliopancreatic diversion, and onde patient underwent Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. The revisional surgeries were revision, conversion, and reversion. One patient died. For the review of the literature 12 articles remained (11 case reports and 1 case series). Another five important original articles were included. Conclusion: fortunately, revision surgery is rarely necessary, but when indicated it has increased morbidity, It can be revision, reverion or conversion according to the severity of the patient and the primary surgery performed.


RESUMO Introdução: atualmente, a cirurgia bariátrica é o único tratamento que leva à perda de peso prolongada e sustentada e diminuição da morbimortalidade em indivíduos obesos mórbidos. O bypass em Y-de-Roux causa perda de peso restringindo a ingestão de alimentos associada à redução da absorção intestinal, além de múltiplos efeitos endócrinos e sacietógenos. O desvio biliopancreático promove a perda de peso principalmente devido à diminuição da absorção dos nutrientes ingeridos. Ambos os procedimentos excluem partes do trato gastrointestinal. Objetivo: descrever 4 casos de cirurgia revisional após cirurgia bariátrica primária, devido a graves complicações nutricionais, bem como realizar uma revisão da literatura sobre esse assunto. Métodos: foi realizada uma análise retrospectiva dos pacientes do banco de dados do serviço de cirurgia bariátrica da Unicamp e revisão da literatura. Resultados: foram identificados 4 pacientes, 2 mulheres e 2 homens, com média de idade de 48 anos, o IMC antes da cirurgia revisional eram em média 23,7. Os pacientes haviam sido submetidos em 3 casos a cirurgia de Scopinaro e 1 caso ao bypass gástrico em Y-de-Roux. As cirurgias revisionais foram de revisão, conversão e reversão. Um paciente evoluiu a óbito. Em relação a revisão da literatura, foram selecionados 12 artigos (11 relatos de casos e 1 série de casos). Outros cinco artigos originais importantes foram incluídos. Conclusão: felizmente, a cirurgia revisional raramente é necessária, mas, quando indicada, apresenta alta morbidade. São cirurgias de revisão, reversão ou conversão, de acordo com a gravidade do paciente e a cirurgia primária realizada.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Postoperative Complications/surgery , Reoperation , Obesity, Morbid/surgery , Malnutrition/etiology , Bariatric Surgery/adverse effects , Bariatric Surgery/methods , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Gastric Bypass , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Laparoscopy , Middle Aged
5.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 48: e20202638, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1287892

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: bariatric surgery is the main treatment for cases of severe obesity and body contour surgery to correct body dysmorphia resulting from weight loss. However, these procedures are associated with a significant number of postoperative complications. Objective: this study aims to analyze complications in post-bariatric patients undergoing body contour surgeries and correlating them with the age and BMI of these patients. Methods: the current study is a retrospective study evaluating 180 consecutive patients undergoing body contour surgery after bariatric surgery within a period of three years (2014-2016). Data such as age, gender, Body Mass Index before bariatric and plastic surgeries, type of surgery performed and complications were collected, and correlated the age as well as the BMI of the patients in the pre-bariatric (PB) and pre-plastic (PP) periods with the complications presented. Results: of the 180 patients evaluated, 91.7% were females (n = 165), and the mean age was 46.3 ± 1.7 years. The most performed surgery was abdominoplasty (48.9%), followed by mammaplasty (21.1%). Some complications occurred in 26.1% of the patients with partial dehiscence (40.4%) and seroma (14.9%) being the most frequent. Patients who presented complications had a higher mean age (50.8 years) than those who presented with no complications, and major complications accounted for 2.7% of the sample. Conclusions: a statistically significant number of surgeries progressed without complications and, when they occurred, there were minor complications in most of the sample. Complications were more frequent in older patients with some of them having a BMI over 30 Kg/m2.


RESUMO Introdução: a cirurgia bariátrica é o principal tratamento para os casos de obesidade grave e a cirurgia de contorno corporal trata a dismorfia corporal resultante desta perda de peso. No entanto, estes procedimentos estão associados a um número significativo de complicações pós-operatórias. Objetivo: analisar as complicações maiores e menores que ocorreram nos pacientes pós-bariátricos submetidos a cirurgias reparadoras do contorno corporal e correlacioná-las com idade e IMC destes pacientes. Métodos: estudo retrospectivo que avaliou 180 pacientes consecutivos submetidos a cirurgia de contorno corporal, após cirurgia bariátrica, no período de 3 anos (2014-2016). Foram coletados dados como idade, gênero, IMC pré-bariátrica e pré-plástica, tipo de cirurgia realizada e complicações, correlacionando a idade e o IMC dos pacientes nos períodos pré-bariátrica (PB) e pré-plástica (PP) com as complicações apresentadas. Resultados: dos 180 pacientes avaliados, 91,7% eram do gênero feminino (n=165) e a idade média foi de 46,3 ± 1,7 anos. A cirurgia mais realizada foi abdominoplastia (48,9%), seguida da mamoplastia (21,1%). Complicações ocorreram em 26,1% dos pacientes, sendo deiscência parcial a principal (40,4%) seguida de seroma (14,9%). Pacientes com complicações apresentaram média etária maior (50,8 anos) que os sem complicações, sendo que as complicações maiores ocorreram em 2,7% da amostra. Conclusões: a maioria estatisticamente significante das cirurgias cursou sem complicações e, quando ocorreram, foram complicações menores na maior parte da amostra. As complicações foram mais frequentes nos pacientes de idade mais avançada, dos quais alguns com IMC maior que 30kg/m2.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Aged , Obesity, Morbid/surgery , Bariatric Surgery , Abdominoplasty , Body Contouring , Postoperative Complications/surgery , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Middle Aged
6.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 48: e20212977, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1287888

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: although preservation of bowel continuity is a major goal in rectal cancer surgery, a colorectal anastomosis may be considered an unacceptably high-risk procedure, particularly for patients with multiple comorbidities. We aimed to assess rates of surgical complications in rectal cancer patients according to the type of procedure they had undergone. Materials and Methods: this cohort included all rectal cancer patients undergoing elective resection at a referral academic hospital over 16 years. There were three study groups according to the type of performed operation: (1) rectal resection with anastomosis without defunctioning stoma (DS); (2) rectal resection with anastomosis and DS; and (3) Hartmann's procedure (HP). Postoperative complications and clinical outcomes were assessed. Results: four-hundred and two patients were studied. The 118 patients in group 3 were significantly older (>10 years), had higher Charlson Comorbidity Index scores, and more ASA class ≥3 than patients in the other two groups. Sixty-seven patients (16.7%) had Clavien-Dindo complications grade ≥ III, corresponding to an incidence of 11.8%, 20.9%, and 14.4% in groups 1, 2, and 3, respectively (p=0.10). Twenty-nine patients (7.2%) had major septic complications that required reoperation, with an incidence of 10.8%, 8.2% and 2.5% in groups 1, 2 and 3, respectively (p=0.048). Twenty-one percent of the group 2 patients did not undergo the stoma closure after a 24-month follow-up. Conclusion: HP was associated with a lower incidence of reoperation due to intra-abdominal septic complications. This procedure remains an option for patients in whom serious surgical complications are anticipated.


RESUMO Introdução: embora a preservação do trânsito intestinal seja um dos objetivos principais na cirurgia do câncer retal, a anastomose colorretal pode ser considerada um procedimento de altíssimo risco, particularmente para pacientes com múltiplas comorbidades. Nosso objetivo foi avaliar as taxas de complicações cirúrgicas em pacientes com câncer retal de acordo com o tipo de procedimento a que foram submetidos. Materiais e Métodos: esta coorte incluiu todos os pacientes com câncer retal submetidos a ressecção eletiva em hospital universitário de referência ao longo de 16 anos. Houve três grupos de estudo de acordo com o tipo de operação realizada: (1) ressecção retal com anastomose, sem estoma desfuncionalizante (ED); (2) ressecção retal com anastomose e ED; e (3) procedimento de Hartmann (PH). Avaliamos as complicações pós-operatórias e os resultados clínicos. Resultados: estudamos 402 pacientes. O grupo 3 tinha 118 pacientes, estes sendo significativamente mais idosos (>10 anos), com pontuações mais altas no Índice de Comorbidade de Charlson e mais frequentemente classificados como ASA ≥ 3 do que os pacientes dos outros dois grupos. Sessenta e sete pacientes (16,7%) apresentaram complicações de Clavien-Dindo grau ≥ III, correspondendo à incidência de 11,8%, 20,9% e 14,4% nos grupos 1, 2 e 3, respectivamente (p = 0,10). Vinte e nove pacientes (7,2%) apresentaram complicações sépticas graves, necessitando reoperação, com incidência de 10,8%, 8,2% e 2,5% nos grupos 1, 2 e 3, respectivamente (p = 0,048). Vinte e um por cento dos pacientes do grupo 2 não foram submetidos ao fechamento do estoma após acompanhamento de 24 meses. Conclusão: o PH foi associado à menor incidência de reoperação por complicações sépticas intra-abdominais. Este procedimento continua sendo uma opção para pacientes com alto potencial de desenvolver complicações cirúrgicas graves.


Subject(s)
Humans , Rectal Neoplasms/surgery , Colostomy , Postoperative Complications/surgery , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Rectum/surgery , Reoperation , Anastomosis, Surgical , Retrospective Studies , Cohort Studies , Treatment Outcome , Elective Surgical Procedures
7.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 34(3): e1598, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1355503

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Gastro-omentopexy promotes the reconnection of the stomach to the gastroesplenic and gastrocolic ligaments and constitutes an alternative for the prevention of complications in laparoscopic vertical gastrectomy. Aim: To demonstrate the benefits of the gastro-omentopexy technique in patients undergoing sleeve gastrectomy, with possible reduction in postoperative complications. Methods: Prospective, non-randomized, case series type study, consisting of a clinical population of 179 patients who underwent the technique in 2018, with follow-up between 6-12 months in the postoperative period. Results: From the participants 71.5% were women, aged between 30-40 years (36.3%). As for the prevalence of complications in the postoperative period, the low prevalence was evident, with emphasis on readmission (1.1%); reoperation (1.1%); wound infection (1.1%); bleeding hemorrhage (0.5%); and stricture (1.1%). However, temporary symptoms were present such as nausea/vomiting, food intolerance, epigastric pain and feeling of fullness, right after surgery. Conclusion: The technique promoted a significant improvement in quality of life and control of comorbidities. In addition, it was associated with a low prevalence of stenosis, and with no fistula, making the method safer.


RESUMO Racional: A gastro-omentopexia promove a reconexão do estômago aos ligamentos gastroesplênico e gastrocólico e pode constituir alternativa para prevenção de complicações na gastrectomia vertical laparoscópica. Objetivo: Demonstrar os benefícios da gastro-omentopexia em pacientes submetidos à gastrectomia vertical laparoscópica com redução de complicações. Métodos: Estudo prospectivo, não randomizado, do tipo série de casos, constituído por população de 179 pacientes que realizaram a técnica, com acompanhamento entre 6-12 meses no pós-operatório. Resultados: Dos participantes 71,5% eram mulheres, com faixa etária entre 30-40 anos (36,3%). Quanto às complicações no pós-operatório evidenciou-se baixa prevalência delas com destaque para reinternação (1,1%); reoperação (1,1%); infecção de ferida (1,1%); sangramento/hemorragia (0,5%); e estenose gástrica (1,1%). Entretanto, surgiram sintomas temporários como náusea/vômito, intolerância alimentar, dor epigástrica e sensação de plenitude, logo após a operação. Houve melhora nas variáveis de qualidade de vida analisadas. Conclusão: A técnica promoveu melhora na qualidade de vida e no controle das comorbidades. Além disso, esteve associada à baixa prevalência de estenose, e sem ocorrência de fístula, tornando o método mais seguro.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Obesity, Morbid/surgery , Laparoscopy , Postoperative Complications/surgery , Postoperative Complications/prevention & control , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Quality of Life , Stomach , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Gastrectomy
8.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(6): 977-985, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1144002

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To review the currently available literature to define the role of thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) in patients with connective tissue disorders (CTD). Methods: A comprehensive electronic database search was performed in PubMed, SCOPUS, Embase, Google scholar, and OVID to identify all the articles that reported on outcomes of utilizing TEVAR in patients with CTD during elective and emergency settings. The search was not limited to time or language of the published study. Results: All the relevant studies have been summarized in its correspondence section. The outcomes were analyzed in narrative format. The role of TEVAR has been elaborated as per each study. Currently, there is limited large cohort size studies outlining the use of TEVAR in patients with CTD. The use of endovascular repair in patients with CTD is limited due to progressive aortic dilatations and high possibility of further reinterventions at later stage of life. Conclusion: Open repair remains the gold standard method of intervention in young patients with progressive CTD, especially in the setting of acute type A aortic dissection. However, TEVAR can be sought as a reliable alternative in emergency setting of diseases involving the descending thoracic aorta; yet the long-term data needs to be published to support such practice.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aortic Diseases/surgery , Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation , Endovascular Procedures , Aorta, Thoracic/surgery , Postoperative Complications/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome , Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic/surgery , Connective Tissue
9.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 35(2): 249-253, apr.-jun. 2020. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1103841

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Atualmente com o aumento das gastroplastias redutoras (cirurgia bariátrica) e grande perda ponderal, há também um aumento na procura destes pacientes pela cirurgia plástica. Uma das características destes pacientes é o excesso de tecido dermogorduroso que causa deformidades, principalmente nos membros inferiores, acometendo a região trocantérica. Objetivo: Relatar um caso de dermolipectomia trocantérica em paciente pós-cirurgia bariátrica, onde a lipoaspiração por si só não resolveria a correção da deformidade. Relato de caso: IPMS, sexo feminino, 55 anos, histórico de gastroplastia redutora (cirurgia bariátrica) com grande perda ponderal. Relata desconforto importante com a lipodistrofia e extensa flacidez em região trocantérica bilateral. Após avaliação pela equipe, foi optado por realizar dermolipectomia trocantérica bilateral, em janeiro de 2019, no Serviço de Cirurgia Plástica Osvaldo Saldanha. Discussão: Nos casos de lipodistrofia trocantérica com deformidades graves, a cicatriz da dermolipectomia em relação à deformidade é favorável quanto a escolha desta técnica, pois a lipoaspiração poderá agravar ainda mais a deformidade, sendo mandatório utilizar a técnica de dermolipectomia trocantérica para corrigila. Quanto à lipodistrofia com deformidade moderada há dúvida entre a relação do benefício e a deformidade resultante, sendo aplicada a técnica de acordo com a necessidade do paciente e, por fim, nos casos de lipodistrofia com deformidade leve, opta-se pela lipoaspiração devido à correção ser realizada sem grandes cicatrizes aparentes. Conclusão: Portanto, a lipoaspiração tem benefício nos casos de adiposidade localizada, limitando as indicações da técnica de dermolipectomia, em especial na região trocantérica, sem invalidá-la para casos selecionados, como o descrito neste relato de caso.


Introduction: Currently, with the increase in reducing gastroplasty (bariatric surgery) and the great weight loss, there is also an increase in the demand of these patients for plastic surgery. One of the characteristics of these patients is the excess of dermal adipose tissue that causes deformities, especially in the lower limbs, affecting the trochanteric region. Objective: To report a case of trochanteric dermolipectomy in a patient after bariatric surgery, where liposuction alone would not solve the correction of the deformity. Case report: IPMS, female, 55 years old, history of reducing gastroplasty (bariatric surgery) with great weight loss. She reports significant discomfort with lipodystrophy and extensive flacidity in the bilateral trochanteric region. After the team's evaluation, it was decided to perform bilateral trochanteric dermolipectomy, in January 2019, at the Plastic Surgery Service Osvaldo Saldanha Discussion: In cases of trochanteric lipodystrophy with severe deformities, the scar of dermolipectomy in relation to the deformity is favorable in terms of the choice of this technique, since liposuction may further aggravate the deformity, and it is mandatory to use the trochanteric dermolipectomy technique to correct it. Conclusion: Therefore, liposuction is beneficial in cases of localized adiposity, limiting the indications for the dermolipectomy technique, especially in the trochanteric region, without invalidating it for selected cases, as described in this case report.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , History, 21st Century , Postoperative Complications , Surgery, Plastic , Obesity, Morbid , Case Reports , Cicatrix , Evaluation Study , Lower Extremity , Bariatric Surgery , Lipodystrophy/pathology , Postoperative Complications/surgery , Surgery, Plastic/adverse effects , Surgery, Plastic/methods , Obesity, Morbid/surgery , Obesity, Morbid/complications , Obesity, Morbid/pathology , Cicatrix/surgery , Lower Extremity/surgery , Bariatric Surgery/adverse effects , Bariatric Surgery/methods , Lipodystrophy , Lipodystrophy/surgery , Lipodystrophy/complications
10.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(3): 265-273, May-June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1137265

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To analyze patients' preoperative characteristics, surgical data, postoperative courses, and short- and long-term outcomes after implantation of different full-root prostheses for destructive aortic valve endocarditis. Methods: Between 1999 and 2018, 80 patients underwent aortic root replacement due to infective endocarditis in our institution. We analyzed the abovementioned data with standard statistical methods. Results: The Freestyle stentless porcine prostheses were implanted in 53 (66.25%) patients, biological valve conduits in 13 (16.25%), aortic root homografts in nine (11.25%), and mechanical valve conduits in five (6.25%). There were no significant preoperative differences between the groups. The incidence of postoperative complications and intensive care unit length of stay did not differ significantly between the groups. The 30-day mortality rate was low among Freestyle patients (n=8, 15.1%) and high in the mechanical conduit cohort (n=3, 60%), though with borderline statistical significance (P=0.055). The best mean survival rates were observed after homograft (13.7 years) and stentless prosthesis (8.1 years) implantation, followed by biological (2.8 years) and mechanical (1.4 years) conduits (P=0.014). The incidence of reoperations was low in the mechanical conduit group (0) and stentless bioroot group (n=1, 1.9%), but two (15.4%) patients with biological conduits and three (33.3%) patients with homografts required reoperations in the investigated follow-up period (P=0.005). Conclusion: In patients with the destructive form of aortic valve endocarditis, homografts and stentless porcine xenografts offer better survival rates than stented valve conduits; however, the reoperation rate among patients who received homograft valves is high.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Bioprosthesis , Heart Valve Prosthesis , Heart Valve Prosthesis Implantation , Endocarditis , Aortic Valve/surgery , Postoperative Complications/surgery , Reoperation , Swine , Follow-Up Studies
11.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 47: e20202444, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1136548

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: to analyze the surgical treatment of patients with recurrent megaesophagus followed at the esophageal-stomach-duodenal outpatient clinic of the Hospital de Clínicas - UNICAMP. Methods: a retrospective study, from 2011 to 2017, with 26 patients with Chagas or idiopathic megaesophagus, surgically treated, and who recurred with dysphagia. Clinical, endoscopic and radiographic aspects were assessed and correlated with the performed surgical procedures. Results: 50% had dysphagia for liquids, 69% regurgitation, 65.3% heartburn, 69.2% weight loss and 69.2% had Chagas disease. In addition, 38.4% had megaesophagus stage 1 and 2 and 61.5% stage 3 and 4. Regarding the reoperations, 53% of them underwent Heller-Pinotti surgery by laparoscopy, Serra-Dória in 30.7% and esophageal mucosectomy in 7.9%. In 72% of the reoperations there were no postoperative complications, and 80% of the patients had a good outcome, with reduction or elimination of dysphagia. Among the reoperated patients undergoing the laparoscopic Heller-Pinotti technique, three reported little improvement of dysphagia in the postoperative period and among those who underwent Serra-Dória surgery, 100% had no dysphagia. It was observed that, when the time between the first procedure and the reoperation was longer, the better the surgical result was, with statistical significant decreased dysphagia (p=0.0013, p<0.05). Conclusions: there was a preference to perform laparoscopic re-miotomy and, as a second option, Serra-Dória surgery, for patients with recurrent megaesophagus. Esophagectomy or esophageal mucosectomy were reserved for more severe patients.


RESUMO Objetivo: analisar o tratamento cirúrgico dos pacientes com megaesôfago recidivado acompanhados no ambulatório de cirurgia de esôfago-estômago-duodeno do Hospital de Clínicas da UNICAMP. Métodos: estudo restrospectivo no período de 2011 a 2017, com 26 pacientes portadores de megaesôfago chagásico ou idiopático, tratados cirurgicamente e que evoluíram com recidiva da disfagia. Foram avaliados aspectos clínicos, endoscópicos e radiográficos, sendo correlacionados com os procedimentos cirúrgicos realizados. Resultados: 50% apresentava disfagia para líquidos, 69% regurgitação, 65,3% pirose, 69,2% perda de peso e 69,2% era chagásico. Além disso, 38,4% apresentavam megaesôfago estágio 1 e 2 e 61,5% estágio 3 e 4. Quanto às reoperações, em 53% foi realizada a cirurgia de Heller-Pinotti videolaparoscópica, seguida de Serra-Dória em 30,7% e mucosectomia esofágica em 7,9%. Em 72% das reoperações não houve complicações pós-operatórias e 80% tiveram evolução satisfatória com redução ou ausência da disfagia. Dentre os pacientes reoperados pela técnica de Heller-Pinotti videolaparoscópica, três referiram pouca melhora da disfagia no pós-operatório. Dentre os pacientes submetidos à cirurgia de Serra-Dória, 100% tiveram evolução satisfatória da disfagia. Foi observado nos pacientes com o tempo entre a primeira cirurgia e a reoperação mais longo, um melhor resultado cirúrgico com diminuição da disfagia, com relevância estatística (p=0,0013, p<0,05). Conclusão: houve preferência nas reoperações de megaesôfago pela realização de re-miotomia por videolaparoscopia e, como segunda opção, a cirurgia de Serra-Dória. A esofagectomia ou mucosectomia esofágica foram reservadas para os casos mais avançados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Postoperative Complications/surgery , Esophageal Achalasia/surgery , Esophagectomy/methods , Laparoscopy/methods , Recurrence , Reoperation , Esophageal Achalasia/etiology , Comorbidity , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Esophagus/surgery
12.
Clinics ; 75: e1353, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055877

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Stoma prolapse is an intussusception of the bowel through a mature stoma. It can be caused by increased intra-abdominal pressure, excessively mobile bowel mesentery and/or a large opening in the abdominal wall at the time of stoma formation. It occurs predominantly in loop stomas, and correction methods include conservative modalities, such as local reduction to the prolapsed bowel, or surgical treatment. The purpose of this study was to describe our experience with the treatment of colostomy prolapse using a novel mesh strip technique. METHODS: Between February 2009 and March 2018, ten consecutive male patients underwent correction of colostomy prolapse under local anesthesia by peristomal placement of a polypropylene mesh strip. Operation time, short- and long-term complications, and recurrence rates were recorded and analyzed. RESULTS: No postoperative complications, morbidity or mortality were observed. The median length of the prolapse ranged from 6-20 cm, and the median operative time was 30 minutes. The median duration of follow-up was 25 months (range, 12-89 months). No relapse, mesh strip extrusion, local infection or granuloma formation were found. CONCLUSION: A simple, fast, and low-cost operation under local anesthesia using a mesh strip is a valuable option to treat colostomy prolapse.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Postoperative Complications/surgery , Surgical Mesh , Colostomy/rehabilitation , Colonic Diseases/surgery , Surgical Stomas/adverse effects , Prolapse , Treatment Outcome , Abdominal Wall
13.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 79(4): 442-447, dic. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058721

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La estenosis faríngea es una complicación muy poco frecuente de la adenoamigdalectomía. Consiste en un estrechamiento de la vía aerodigestiva superior secundaria a la adhesión parcial o total de las estructuras que componen la orofaringe producto de una disección extensa al realizar amigdalectomía. El objetivo de este trabajo es presentar tres casos clínicos tratamiento y correspondiente técnica quirúrgica. Se describen tres pacientes operados durante la edad preescolar de adenoamigdalectomía, que cursaron en el posoperatorio con estenosis faríngea. Todos presentaron roncopatía severa, respiración oral y resonancia hiponasal. La nasofibroscopía evidenció estrechez faríngea en distintos grados. A todos se les realizó resección del tejido cicatricial y faringoplastía con colgajo miomucoso y posterior rehabilitación con bulbo faríngeo. El uso de colgajos faríngeos posterior a la liberación de adherencias posadenoamigdalectomía permite aportar tejido sano a zonas cruentas, evitando la formación de nuevas adherencias y restituyendo la permeabilidad oronasal. El bulbo faríngeo es fundamental para mantener un apropiado lumen y manejo de la cicatrización en el posoperatorio. La técnica de colgajo faríngeo lateral, que interpone mucosa faríngea sana para la cobertura del lecho cruento, constituye una alternativa quirúrgica eficaz para resolver la estenosis faríngea posquirúrgica.


ABSTRACT Pharyngeal stenosis is a very rare complication of adenotonsillectomy. It is caused by a narrowing of the upper aerodigestive pathway secondary to the total or partial adhesion of the retropharyngeal structures as a result of extensive dissection during tonsillectomy. Our aim is to present three consecutive clinical cases of pharyngeal stenosis after adenotonsillectomy, discuss its treatment and corresponding surgical technique. We present three infants with adenotonsillectomy with postoperative pharyngeal stenosis. All had severe snoring, oral breathing and hyponasal resonance. The nasofibroscopy showed pharyngeal obliteration in several degrees. All patients underwent scar tissue resection and pharyngoplasty with myomucosal flap and subsequent use of pharyngeal bulb. The use of pharyngeal flaps after release of pharyngeal adhesions allows to provide healthy tissue to row areas, avoiding new postoperative adhesions and providing adequate oronasal permeability. The pharyngeal bulb is essential to maintain permeability and management of scarring in the postoperative period. The technique of lateral pharyngeal flap, which aims to interpose healthy pharyngeal mucosa to cover the bloody bed, is an effective therapeutic alternative to solve post-surgical pharyngeal stenosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Postoperative Complications/pathology , Adenoidectomy/adverse effects , Oropharynx/pathology , Postoperative Complications/surgery , Constriction, Pathologic
14.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 34(4): 567-570, oct.-dec. 2019. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1047930

ABSTRACT

O pioderma gangrenoso (PG) é doença inflamatória da pele, que pode se desenvolver espontaneamente, associado a certas doenças sistêmicas e neoplásicas, ou ao trauma cirúrgico, incluindo os das mamas. Há relatos cada vez mais frequentes, considerando o aumento desse procedimento nos dias atuais. A manifestação clínica das úlceras é característica e deve ser lembrada nas evoluções cicatriciais desfavoráveis com intensa reação inflamatória, perdas teciduais, secreção sanguinolenta e/ ou purulenta, fundo granuloso e bordas elevadas. Relatase o caso de paciente que teve pioderma gangrenoso após mamoplastia redutora. Respondeu ao corticosteroide sistêmico, e vem evoluindo sem recidivas até o momento.


Pyoderma gangrenosum (PG) is an inflammatory disease of the skin that may develop spontaneously. It is associated with certain systemic and neoplastic diseases, including those of the breasts. PG is also associated with surgical trauma. It has been increasingly reported, along with the increase in the incidence of reduction mammoplasty procedures. The clinical manifestation of ulcers is characteristic of PG and it should be considered in cases of poor healing with intense inflammatory reaction, tissue loss, bloody and/ or purulent secretion, granular background, and lesions with high edges. We describe a patient who developed PG after reduction mammoplasty. She has since responded to systemic corticosteroids and has had no relapse to date.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , History, 21st Century , Postoperative Complications , Skin Diseases , Autoimmune Diseases , Mammaplasty , Pyoderma Gangrenosum , Diagnosis, Differential , Postoperative Complications/surgery , Postoperative Complications/therapy , Skin Diseases/surgery , Skin Diseases/complications , Skin Diseases/therapy , Autoimmune Diseases/diagnosis , Autoimmune Diseases/therapy , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Surgical Procedures, Operative/methods , Mammaplasty/methods , Pyoderma Gangrenosum/surgery , Pyoderma Gangrenosum/complications , Pyoderma Gangrenosum/therapy
15.
Rev. cuba. med. mil ; 48(4): e326, oct.-dic. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126654

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las náuseas y vómitos postoperatorios representan un problema frecuente tanto para el paciente como para el médico anestesiólogo. Se estima que la incidencia está en un 25 a 30 por ciento de los pacientes postoperados. Objetivo: Profundizar en los conocimientos relacionados con la terapia combinada en la profilaxis de las náuseas y vómitos postoperatorios. Métodos: Se realizó una revisión de los artículos publicados en las bases de datos Pubmed, Scielo, Medline y Cochrane, relacionados con el tema. Desarrollo: La naturaleza multifactorial de las náuseas y vómitos postoperatorios requiere de un enfoque multimodal para su tratamiento, el cual debe ser profiláctico más que terapéutico, con el objetivo de minimizar el riesgo. No es factible modificar sustancialmente las variables dependientes del paciente y de la intervención quirúrgica, pero se puede influir directamente sobre las anestésicas. En varios estudios se han identificado los diferentes factores de riesgo para náuseas y vómitos postoperatorios y a partir de estos se han desarrollado modelos predictivos que permiten evaluar la probabilidad del evento. Conclusiones: Las náuseas y vómitos postoperatorios constituyen un fenómeno frecuente en el postoperatorio. Para su profilaxis es recomendable el uso de terapias combinadas (antidopaminérgicos, antihistamínicos, anticolinérgicos, antagonistas de la serotonina, esteroides y antagonistas de la neurokinina-1) dado su componente multifactorial. Esta forma de afrontar dicho problema permite disminuir la frecuencia de estos síntomas, las complicaciones postoperatorias y facilitar la recuperación más inmediata del paciente(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Postoperative nausea and vomiting represent a frequent problem for both the patient and the anesthesiologist. It is estimated that the incidence of these are present in 25-30 percent of postoperative patients. Objective: To go deepen in the knowledge related to physiopathology and combination therapy in the prophylaxis of postoperative nausea and vomiting. Method: A bibliographic review was made of the articles published in the Pubmed, Scielo, Medline and Cochrane data bases, related to the topic, belonging to authors dedicated to the study of this problem. Development: The multifactorial nature of postoperative nausea and vomiting requires a multimodal approach to its treatment, which should be prophylactic rather than therapeutic, with the objective of minimizing risk. It is not reasonable to modify the dependent variables of the patient and of the surgical intervention, but it is possible to directly influence the anesthetics. In several studies, the different risk factors for PONV have been identified and, from these, predictive models have been developed to evaluate the probability of the event. Conclusions: postoperative nausea and vomiting are a frequent phenomenon in the postoperative period. For its prophylaxis the use of combination therapies (antidopaminergic, antihistaminic, anticholinergic, serotoninantagonists, steroids and neurokinin-1 antagonists) is recommended, givenits multifactorial component. This way of dealing with this problema allows us to reduce the frequency of these symptoms, postoperative complications and facilitate the patient's most immediate recovery(AU)


Subject(s)
Postoperative Complications/surgery , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Laparoscopy/methods , Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting/complications
16.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 34(4): 452-457, oct.-dec. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1047899

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Abdominoplastia é um procedimento não apenas com características estéticas, mas também de reconstrução estrutural da parede abdominal. O objetivo do trabalho é mostrar a experiência dos autores em abdominoplastias, enfocando nos resultados estéticos da cicatriz e a evolução destes pacientes, aplicando as técnicas de ressecção em bloco do Professor Ronaldo Pontes (RP). Métodos: O estudo foi uma série retrospectiva de casos de 124 pacientes, entre março de 2014 a março de 2017, submetidos à abdominoplastia em bloco pela técnica RP. Resultados: Na nossa casuística, demonstrou-se uma mínima incidência de complicações encontradas com a técnica em Bloco RP, em comparação às encontradas na literatura, e, também, demonstrou um número pífio de casos de alterações na cicatrização. Conclusão: A técnica descrita e suas variantes atendem a necessidade de diversos tipos de casos e garantem cirurgias seguras e eficazes, com resultados muito satisfatórios, sendo uma técnica reprodutível.


Introduction: Abdominoplasty involves not only aesthetic characteristics but abdominal wall structural reconstruction. This study aimed to illustrate the authors' experience with abdominoplasty, focusing on the scar's aesthetic results and the evolution of application of the block resection technique of Professor Ronaldo Pontes (RP). Methods: The study included a series of retrospective cases of 124 patients treated between March 2014 and March 2017 who underwent RP block abdominoplasty. Results: In our studies, a minimal incidence of complications and a small number of healing alterations were noted with the RP block technique compared to those found in the literature. Conclusion: A técnica descrita e suas variantes atendem a necessidade de diversos tipos de casos e garantem cirurgias seguras e eficazes, com resultados muito satisfatórios, sendo uma técnica reprodutível.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , History, 21st Century , Postoperative Complications , Cicatrix, Hypertrophic , Seroma , Esthetics , Abdominoplasty , Hematoma , Postoperative Complications/surgery , Cicatrix, Hypertrophic/surgery , Cicatrix, Hypertrophic/complications , Seroma/surgery , Abdominoplasty/adverse effects , Abdominoplasty/methods , Hematoma/surgery
17.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 34(4): 458-467, oct.-dec. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1047901

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A lipoaspiração tem sido submetida à evolução constante desde a sua consolidação e emprego sistemático. O auxílio de tecnologia ultrassônica de terceira geração, VASER® (Vibration Amplification of Sound Energy at Resonance), se destina a facilitar a execução da lipoaspiração e trazer maior segurança e resultados satisfatórios, especialmente na busca por maior definição e lipoaspiração superficial. Métodos: No período de 2015 a 2017, 76 pacientes foram submetidas à lipoaspiração para melhora de contorno corporal no Centro Hospitalar Santa Mônica em Erechim. Foram avaliados os resultados obtidos, as possíveis complicações e a segurança do emprego do VASER®. Resultados: A utilização rotineira do VASER® gera aperfeiçoamento de resultados em contorno corporal. A emulsificação gerada pelo dispositivo associada à lipoaspiração em diversos níveis permite uma maior definição e evidenciação dos marcos anatômicos. Conclusão: Lipoaspiração associada ao VASER® permite ao cirurgião plástico o refinamento de seus resultados com a preservação da segurança do paciente.


Introduction: Liposuction has been improved continuously since it was first introduced. The third-generation ultrasound technology VASERTM (Vibration Amplification of Sound Energy at Resonance) facilitates liposuction, providing improved safety and satisfactory results, especially in the search for greater definition and superficial liposuction. Methods: From 2015 to 2017, 76 patients underwent liposuction to improve their body contour at the Santa Monica Hospital Center in Erechim, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. The results, complications, and the safety of VASERTM were evaluated. Results: The routine use of VASERTM improves body contour. The emulsification generated by the device, along with liposuction, resulted in greater definition and revelation of the anatomical landmarks. Conclusion: Liposuction associated with VASERTM allows plastic surgeons to refine the results better while ensuring patient safety is maintained.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , History, 21st Century , Postoperative Complications/surgery , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Lipectomy , Adipose Tissue , Subcutaneous Fat/surgery , Patient Safety/standards , Body Contouring , Lipodystrophy , Postoperative Complications , Surgical Procedures, Operative/adverse effects , Surgical Procedures, Operative/methods , Lipectomy/methods , Adipose Tissue/surgery , Subcutaneous Fat , Patient Safety , Body Contouring/adverse effects , Body Contouring/methods , Lipodystrophy/surgery , Lipodystrophy/complications
18.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 34(4): 436-444, oct.-dec. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1047896

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O número de pacientes classificados com sobrepeso ou obesos e, com isso, dos pacientes pós-bariátricas vem aumentando, gerando uma demanda por ritidoplastias neste perfil de público. O objetivo é expor a rotina e táticas cirúrgicas em um hospital de ensino, o perfil destes pacientes, além de um comparativo superficial histológico da pele, tecido celular subcutâneo e SMAS, entre os pacientes pós e não pós-bariátrica. Métodos: Foi realizado revisão de dados do centro cirúrgico e de prontuário entre os anos de 2012 e 2016 em um hospital público na cidade de Goiânia-GO, com levantamento de 32 casos. Resultados: A tática de ritidoplastia utilizada nos pacientes pós-bariátrica não apresenta grandes diferenças entre a utilizada nos pacientes não pós-bariátrica. A análise histopatológica das amostras colhidas evidenciou diferenças marcantes entre os pacientes pós e não pós-bariátrica. Conclusão: Percebeu-se que a técnica operatória na ritidoplastia do paciente pós-bariátrica sustentou detalhes específicos, com resultado cirúrgico pós-operatório satisfatório, uma pele de pior qualidade histológica, com complicações perioperatórias dentro do esperado e com necessidade de maiores estudos para avaliar durabilidade do procedimento.


Introduction: The number of patients classified as overweight or obese has resulted in an increased number of post-bariatric patients, generating a demand for rhytidoplasty in this public profile. The objective is to expose the routine and surgical tactics in a teaching hospital, patient profiles, subcutaneous cellular tissue, and the superficial musculoaponeurotic system are compared between post-bariatric and non-post-bariatric patients, as well as histological superficial comparison of the skin. Methods: A review of the data of 32 cases treated in 2012­2016 was conducted in a public hospital in Goiânia-GO. Results: The tactics of rhytidoplasty used in post-bariatric patients do not differ significantly from those used in nonpost- bariatric patients. A histopathological analysis of the collected samples showed marked differences between post-bariatric and non-post-bariatric patients. Conclusion: The surgical technique of rhytidoplasty of post-bariatric patients sustained specific details with satisfactory postoperative surgical results, skin with worse histological quality, perioperative complications within the expected range, and the need for further studies to assess the procedure's durability


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , History, 21st Century , Postoperative Complications , Skin , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Comparative Study , Rhytidoplasty , Therapeutic Approaches , Bariatric Surgery , Face , Postoperative Complications/surgery , Postoperative Complications/therapy , Skin/anatomy & histology , Skin/pathology , Surgical Procedures, Operative/adverse effects , Surgical Procedures, Operative/methods , Rhytidoplasty/adverse effects , Rhytidoplasty/methods , Therapeutic Approaches/standards , Cutis Laxa , Cutis Laxa/therapy , Bariatric Surgery/adverse effects , Bariatric Surgery/methods , Face/anatomy & histology , Face/pathology
19.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 34(3): 324-330, jul.-sep. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1047147

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Ao longo dos últimos anos os benefícios das reconstruções imediatas se tornaram cada vez mais documentados na literatura e, hoje, o predomínio é pelas reconstruções imediatas. Nos últimos anos, o número de reconstruções com expansores e próteses tem aumentado. Métodos: Estudo retrospectivo entre 2013 e 2014. Foram incluídas as pacientes submetidas à mastectomia, seguida de reconstrução de mama, e assim separadas em dois grupos: 1 - submetida a reconstrução direta com prótese e 2 - expansor. Diversos dados foram avaliados. Resultados: Foram realizadas 138 reconstruções assim divididos: 57 com prótese e 81 com expansor-prótese. As complicações pós-operatórias não mostraram diferença entre os grupos. Radioterapia não teve influência nas complicações. Pacientes que fizeram reconstrução com prótese realizaram menos cirurgias (1,78 vs 2,54) e menos retornos pós-operatórios (8 vs 11,75). Conclusão: As reconstruções imediatas com prótese ou expansor apresentam baixas e semelhantes taxas de complicações pós-operatórias. Pacientes submetidas às reconstruções com prótese tiveram menor taxa de retorno e número de cirurgias para finalizar a reconstrução.


Introduction: The benefits of immediate reconstruction have been increasingly documented in the literature over the past few years. Today, with some exceptions, immediate reconstruction is the preferred surgical choice for breast cancer patients. In the recent years, the number of reconstructions using expanders and implants has increased. Methods: This retrospective study conducted between 2013 and 2014 included patients undergoing mastectomy followed by breast reconstruction, who were divided into direct implant reconstruction and expander treatment groups. Several variables were evaluated. Results: A total of 138 reconstructions (57 implants and 81 expander-implant) were performed. There were no intergroup differences in postoperative complications. Radiotherapy did not influence complications. Implant reconstruction patients underwent fewer surgeries (1.78 vs 2.54) and had fewer postoperative returns (8 vs 11.75). Conclusion: Immediate implant and expander-implant reconstruction approaches present low and similar postoperative complication rates. Patients undergoing implant reconstruction had a lower return rate and underwent fewer surgeries than those undergoing expander-implant reconstruction.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , History, 21st Century , Postoperative Complications , Breast , Retrospective Studies , Mammaplasty , Breast Implants , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures , Postoperative Complications/surgery , Breast/surgery , Breast/injuries , Mammaplasty/methods , Breast Implants/adverse effects , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures/methods
20.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 34(3): 423-427, jul.-sep. 2019. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1047173

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Lesões que acometem as mãos com importante perda cutânea frequentemente requerem retalhos para cobertura precoce, visto que permitem melhor reabilitação. Dentre as opções, o retalho interósseo posterior reverso do antebraço é o mais utilizado para defeitos no dorso da mão e punho, com baixas taxas de complicações. Normalmente, esse retalho não é utilizado para a reconstrução de defeitos em região palmar, já que geralmente não alcança esse local. Relato de caso: Apresentamos o caso de um paciente com queimadura elétrica de terceiro grau, em palma da mão direita, cuja reconstrução foi realizada com o uso do retalho interósseo posterior reverso do antebraço, após debridamentos conservadores, no 14o dia após a queimadura. O paciente apresentou boa evolução pós-operatória, sem complicações ou sequelas funcionais a longo prazo. Conclusão: O retalho interósseo posterior reverso do antebraço permite cobertura adequada de lesões em palma da mão, preservando sua funcionalidade.


Introduction: Lesions affecting the hands with significant skin loss often require flaps for early coverage, as these permit faster healing. Among the various options, the reverse posterior interosseous flap of the forearm is most commonly used for defects involving the back of the hand and wrist due to low complication rates. Normally, this flap is not used for the reconstruction of defects in the palmar region since its distal reach is insufficient. Case report: We present the case of a male patient with third-degree electrical burns on his right palm, whose reconstruction was performed on the 14th day postinjury using the reverse posterior interosseous flap of the forearm after conservative debridement. The patient presented good postoperative evolution, without long-term complications or functional sequelae. Conclusion: The reverse posterior interosseous flap of the forearm permits adequate coverage of palm injuries, preserving its functionality.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , History, 21st Century , Postoperative Complications , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Surgical Flaps , Wounds and Injuries , Burns , Burns, Electric , Wound Closure Techniques , Forearm , Forearm Injuries , Hand , Hand Injuries , Intraoperative Complications , Postoperative Complications/surgery , Postoperative Complications/rehabilitation , Surgical Procedures, Operative/methods , Surgical Procedures, Operative/rehabilitation , Surgical Flaps/adverse effects , Wounds and Injuries/surgery , Wounds and Injuries/rehabilitation , Burns, Electric/surgery , Burns, Electric/complications , Diagnostic Techniques and Procedures , Wound Closure Techniques/rehabilitation , Forearm/surgery , Forearm Injuries/surgery , Forearm Injuries/complications , Forearm Injuries/rehabilitation , Hand/surgery , Hand Injuries/surgery
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