Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 182
Filter
1.
São Paulo; BIREME/OPAS/OMS; jun. 2021. 13 p. ilus, graf.(Nota técnica, 1).
Monography in Portuguese | LILACS, Redbvs | ID: biblio-1377742

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Orientar a análise e leitura técnica dos documentos para identificar Guias de Prática Clínica, seja como tipo de publicação ou descritor de assunto. Público-alvo: Profissionais da informação que atuam na indexação de documentos usando a Metodologia LILACS ou na elaboração de estratégias de busca na LILACS e nas Bibliotecas Virtuais em Saúde (BVS).


Subject(s)
Practice Guidelines as Topic/standards , Abstracting and Indexing/standards , LILACS/standards
2.
Rev. medica electron ; 43(2): 3202-3211, mar.-abr. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1251937

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La preparación del personal docente en las universidades exige un alto nivel científico y de maestría pedagógica. Todo esto requiere un esmerado trabajo metodológico que garantice una planificación organización, regulación y control del proceso docente educativo. Para esto se diseñó una clase metodológica instructiva sobre mucosa oral, de la asignatura Sistema Masticatorio, en la disciplina Histología, con el objetivo de instruir al profesor en la utilización de la vinculación básico-clínica. Se indicó a los profesores cómo relacionar el contenido de la clase con la clínica, desde el punto de vista de las lesiones precancerosas y sus factores de riesgo. Se logró la instrucción de los docentes en la utilización del contenido de las asignaturas y disciplinas de las Ciencias Básicas con la relación básico-clínica, y así se contribuyó a ampliar el espectro científico metodológico de los docentes en la Universidad de Ciencias Médicas de Matanzas (AU).


ABSTRACT Training the teaching staff in the universities demands a high scientific level and pedagogical expertise. All of these requires a careful methodological work guaranteeing the teaching-learning process planning, organization, regulation and control. For that the authors designed an instructive methodological lesson aimed to train the teaching staff in the use of the basic-clinical link during a lesson of the subject Masticatory System about Oral Mucosa, in the subject Histology. They indicate to professors how to relate the lesson content to clinic from the point of view of pre-cancer lesions and its risk factors. Training the teaching staff in the use of subjects and disciplines of the Basic Sciences with the basic-clinical relation, the authors contribute to widening the scientific methodological spectrum of the teaching staff of the Matanzas University of Medical Sciences (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Stomatognathic System/anatomy & histology , Lecture , Universities , Practice Guidelines as Topic/standards , Scientific Domains , Faculty, Dental/education , Faculty, Dental/standards , Mouth Mucosa/anatomy & histology
3.
Rev. panam. salud pública ; 45: e7, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251995

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective. To identify potential barriers to the implementation of the National Childbirth Guidelines in Brazil based on the best available global evidence. Method. A rapid review of evidence was performed in six databases in March/April 2019. Secondary studies published in English, Spanish, or Portuguese with a focus on barriers of any nature relating to the implementation of the Guidelines were retrieved. Results. Twenty-three documents (21 reviews and two practice guides) were included in the review. The barriers identified were grouped into 52 meaning categories and then reorganized into nine thematic clusters: delivery and childbirth care model, human resource management, knowledge and beliefs, gender relations, health care service management, attitudes and behaviors, communication, socioeconomic conditions, and political interests. Conclusions. The results show that combined approaches may be required to address different barriers to the implementation of the Guidelines. For successful implementation, it is essential to engage health care leaders, professionals, and users in the effort to change the delivery and childbirth care model. Also necessary is the development of intersectoral initiatives to improve the socioeconomic conditions of women and families and to curtail gender inequalities.


RESUMEN Objetivo. Identificar los posibles obstáculos a la aplicación de las recomendaciones formuladas en las Directrices Nacionales para la Atención del Parto Normal en Brasil a partir de la mejor evidencia disponible a nivel mundial. Métodos. Entre marzo y abril de 2019 se llevó a cabo una revisión rápida de seis bases de datos. Se seleccionaron estudios secundarios publicados en español, inglés o portugués sobre los obstáculos de cualquier tipo que pudieran estar relacionados con la aplicación de las recomendaciones contenidas en las Directrices. Resultados. Se incluyeron 23 documentos (21 revisiones sistemáticas y 2 guías de práctica clínica). Los obs- táculos identificados se agruparon en 52 categorías con base en su semejanza de significado y luego se reorganizaron en nueve grupos temáticos: modelo de atención del parto, gestión de recursos humanos, cre-encias y conocimientos, relaciones de género, gestión de servicios de salud, actitudes y comportamientos, comunicación, condiciones socioeconómicas e intereses políticos. Conclusiones. La aplicación de las Directrices puede requerir enfoques combinados para hacer frente a diferentes obstáculos. La participación de los administradores y los trabajadores de la salud en el proceso de cambio del modelo de atención del parto, así como la participación de los usuarios, son fundamentales para que la aplicación de las Directrices sea satisfactoria. Además, se necesitan medidas intersectoriales para mejorar las condiciones socioeconómicas de las mujeres y las familias y para combatir las desigualdades entre los géneros.


RESUMO Objetivo. Identificar potenciais barreiras à implementação das recomendações das Diretrizes Nacionais de Assistência ao Parto Normal a partir das melhores evidências globais disponíveis. Métodos. Realizou-se uma revisão rápida com consulta a seis bases de dados em março/abril de 2019. Foram selecionados estudos secundários publicados em inglês, espanhol ou português sobre barreiras de qualquer natureza que pudessem ser relacionadas à implementação das recomendações das Diretrizes. Resultados. Foram incluídos 23 documentos (21 revisões sistemáticas e dois guias de prática clínica). As barreiras identificadas foram agrupadas em 52 categorias por semelhança de significado e, em seguida, reorganizadas em nove núcleos temáticos: modelo de atenção ao parto e nascimento, gestão de recursos humanos, crenças e saberes, relações de gênero, gestão de serviços de saúde, atitudes e comportamentos, comunicação, condições socioeconômicas e interesses políticos. Conclusões. Os resultados mostraram que a implementação das Diretrizes pode requerer abordagens combinadas para o enfrentamento de diferentes barreiras. O engajamento de gestores e profissionais de saúde no processo de mudança do modelo de atenção ao parto e nascimento e o envolvimento de usuários são indispensáveis para o sucesso da implementação. São necessárias, ainda, ações intersetoriais para melhorar as condições socioeconômicas de mulheres e famílias e para combater as iniquidades de gênero.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Practice Guidelines as Topic/standards , Natural Childbirth/standards , Brazil , Evidence-Based Medicine
5.
Rev. cuba. med. gen. integr ; 36(2): e899, abr.-jun. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1138963

ABSTRACT

Introducción: A partir de las necesidades de enfermería es posible realizar el trabajo comunitario con pautas a seguir de manera organizada, teniendo en cuenta que estén vinculadas con la promoción de salud. Objetivo: Diseñar una guía de prácticas para Enfermería en la atención al cuidador de pacientes con demencia. Métodos: Investigación de desarrollo tecnológico, se trabajó con un universo de 80 cuidadores principales y cinco enfermeras del departamento de Salud Mental del municipio de Marianao, La Habana, en el período del 2016-2017, se utilizaron como técnicas la revisión documental, encuestas, la escala de Zarit y consulta a expertos. Resultados: Los cuidadores fueron mayoritariamente los hijos, del sexo femenino, amas de casas, con nivel de escolaridad universitario y todos habían experimentado ansiedad y depresión. Las tres primeras necesidades humanas de enfermería afectadas fueron: la comunicación, el autocuidado, el sueño y el descanso, más de la mitad presentaron sobrecarga intensa. Se identificó que el personal de enfermería requiere conocimientos para la atención al cuidador, lo que justificó la elaboración de la guía. Conclusiones: Se reconoció una sobrecarga intensa y necesidades de enfermería afectadas descritas por Virginia Henderson en los cuidadores principales, lo que permite realizar acciones de promoción de salud y prevención de enfermedades a través de la guía de prácticas para enfermería, que se sometió a validación por expertos(AU)


Introduction: Based on nursing needs, community work can be carried out following organized guidelines, taking into account that they are associated to health promotion. Objective: To design a nursing practice guide for attending the caregivers of dementia patients. Methods: In this technological development research, we worked with a population of 80 main caregivers and five nurses from the Mental Health department of Marianao Municipality, Havana, in the period 2016-2017. Document review and the survey were used as techniques, together with the Zarit scale and consults to experts. Results: The caregivers were mainly the children, belonged to the female sex, were housewives, with university education, and all had experienced anxiety and depression. The first three human nursing needs affected were communication, self-care, sleep, and rest, more than half the group presented intense overburden. The nursing staff was identified to requires knowledge for attending the caregiver, which justified the guide preparation. Conclusions: Intense overburden and affected nursing needs were observed, as described by Virginia Henderson for the main caregivers, which allows health promotion and disease prevention actions to be carried out through the nursing practice guide, which was validated by experts(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Caregivers , Practice Guidelines as Topic/standards , Dementia/epidemiology , Nursing Care
6.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 66(4): 498-501, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136239

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY The emergence of the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic shows a rapid increase in cases and deaths. The World Health Organization (WHO) has shown that more than 200.000 confirmed cases have been identified in more than 166 countries/territories. Public health authorities in Brasil have reported 532 confirmed cases by March 19. Approximately 5% of the patients will require intensive care unit treatment with oxygen therapy and mechanical ventilation. Limited data are available about rehabilitation protocols for severe illness and intensive care treatment of COVID-19 increase. Thus, we aim to show current information about COVID-19, describing symptoms and the respiratory management for critical patients and preventive care. Physical therapists and all health care professionals need to recognize the challenges they will face in the coming months.


RESUMO O surgimento da pandemia do Coronavírus 2019 (COVID-19) tem demonstrado rápido aumento dos casos e das mortes. A Organização Mundial da Saúde (OMS) apontou que mais de 200.000 casos confirmados foram identificados em mais de 166 países/territórios. As autoridades de saúde pública no Brasil relataram 532 casos confirmados até 19 de março. Aproximadamente 5% dos pacientes necessitarão de tratamento em unidade de terapia intensiva com oxigenoterapia e ventilação mecânica. Temos disponíveis dados limitados sobre protocolos de reabilitação para doenças graves e tratamento em unidade de terapia intensiva de pacientes com COVID-19. Assim, nosso objetivo é mostrar informações atuais sobre o COVID-19, descrevendo sintomas e controle respiratório de pacientes críticos e cuidados preventivos. Fisioterapeutas e todos os profissionais de saúde precisam reconhecer os desafios que enfrentaremos nos próximos meses.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/therapy , Physical Therapy Modalities/standards , Coronavirus Infections/therapy , Physical Therapists/standards , Betacoronavirus , Pneumonia, Viral/physiopathology , Pneumonia, Viral/prevention & control , Respiratory Distress Syndrome/therapy , Respiratory Therapy/standards , Brazil , Practice Guidelines as Topic/standards , Coronavirus Infections , Coronavirus Infections/physiopathology , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Critical Care/standards , Pandemics/prevention & control
7.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 45(5): 889-900, Sept.-Dec. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040078

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction Enuresis, defined as an intermittent urinary incontinence that occurs during sleep, is a frequent condition, occurring in about 10% of children at 7 years of age. However, it is frequently neglected by the family and by the primary care provider, leaving many of those children without treatment. Despite of many studies in Enuresis and recent advances in scientific and technological knowledge there is still considerable heterogeneity in evaluation methods and therapeutic approaches. Materials and Methods The board of Pediatric Urology of the Brazilian Society of Urology joined a group of experts and reviewed all important issues on Enuresis and elaborated a draft of the document. On September 2018 the panel met to review, discuss and write a consensus document. Results and Discussion Enuresis is a multifactorial disease that can lead to a diversity of problems for the child and family. Children presenting with Enuresis require careful evaluation and treatment to avoid future psychological and behavioral problems. The panel addressed recommendations on up to date choice of diagnosis evaluation and therapies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Practice Guidelines as Topic/standards , Consensus , Enuresis/diagnosis , Enuresis/therapy , Behavior Therapy/methods , Algorithms , Cholinergic Antagonists/therapeutic use , Deamino Arginine Vasopressin/therapeutic use , Enuresis/classification , Antidiuretic Agents/therapeutic use , Antidepressive Agents, Tricyclic/therapeutic use
8.
Rev. medica electron ; 41(3): 698-707, mayo.-jun. 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1094077

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN El debate alrededor de las cifras de tensión arterial, y sobre todo las cifras a obtener mediante el tratamiento es en la actualidad un grave problema de salud. Se realizó una revisión sistemática en inglés y español de los principales artículos publicados en PubMed, Scielo y MEDLINE durante el periodo comprendido desde el año 2012 hasta 2018, acerca de la definición, evaluación y manejó de la tensión arterial. Todas las guías están de acuerdo en la toma de múltiples medidas de la tensión arterial para el diagnóstico, pero no para definir el control de la tensión, definir el control de la tensión arterial debe incluir una dimensión en el tiempo en un año por lo menos, y una proporción mínima de medidas donde debe pensar en la mitad de todas las medidas por lo menos, con medidas de tensión arterial tomadas por lo menos cada tres meses, por lo que sugerimos que un perfil anual de las cifras de tensión arterial debe ser considerado como un requisito mínimo para evaluar el control de la hipertensión arterial, este trabajo ha perfilado dos de los factores menos reconocidos: la necesidad de la intensificación del tratamiento después de la primera toma de tensión arterial por encima de las cifras deseadas, y el incremento de una nueva droga en vez de incrementar las dosis de las ya indicadas.


ABSTRACT The debate on the maintained arterial tension measure, and on the measure to obtain through the long term treatment, is currently a problem for the medical practitioner, due to the variation of arterial tension during the day at different hours because of the patients circadian cycle, and due to variations in different days according to the proper patient's situations or the environment around it, and the different seasons of the year. They make it difficult to know when arterial tension is within the parameters accepted as "controlled". The authors carried out a systematic review of documents published in PubMed, Scielo and MEDLINE in the period 2012-2018, both in English and Spanish, on the arterial tension definition, evaluation and management. The guidelines agree in taking arterial tension measures in different moments for the diagnosis, but not in defining tension control. Defining tension control should include a time dimension of at least a year, and a minimal proportion of measures within the parameters recognized as non-pathological or optimal on the basis of measures taken at least every three months. Therefore, the authors suggest that an annual profile of the arterial tension parameters should be considered as a minimal requirement to evaluate arterial hypertension control.


Subject(s)
Humans , Treatment Outcome , Practice Guidelines as Topic/standards , Symptom Assessment , Time-to-Treatment/organization & administration , Hypertension/diagnosis , Hypertension/etiology , Hypertension/prevention & control , Hypertension/drug therapy , Hypertension/epidemiology , Primary Health Care , Health Records, Personal
9.
Rev. bras. enferm ; 72(2): 577-581, Mar.-Apr. 2019.
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1003455

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To discuss the contribution of nursing theories in the conceptual expansion of good practices in the area for the construction of the unified health system (Sistema Único de Saúde - SUS). Method: Theoretical production of reflection, based on the neomodern framework of philosophy of science. Results: The knowledge and political, social and epistemological commitments of nursing are discussed, highlighting the relationship of the theories with good practices for the construction and application of knowledge in the area in the context of the Brazilian health care system. Reflection on how middle-range theories can help in solving dichotomies between discipline, theory, practice, producers and consumers of knowledge is made. Conclusion: Original reflections on the contributions of disciplinary and professional knowledge of nursing theories to the creation of SUS are presented, defending a creation through the academy-service partnership, in which the theories start being incorporated into a new concept of nursing practices aligned to neomodern principles of science.


RESUMEN Objetivo: Discutir la contribución de las teorías de enfermería a la ampliación conceptual de buenas prácticas del área en la construcción del Sistema Único de Salud (SUS). Método: Estudio teórico de reflexión, con base en el referencial neomodernista de la filosofía de la ciencia. Resultados: Se discuten el conocimiento y los compromisos políticos, epistemológicos y sociales de la enfermería, destacándose las relaciones entre la teoría y las buenas prácticas en la construcción y aplicación de los conocimientos del área en el ámbito del sistema de salud brasileño. Se reflexiona sobre cómo las teorías de medio alcance pueden contribuir a la resolución de dicotomías entre disciplina, teoría, práctica, productores y consumidores de conocimientos. Conclusión: Se estableció una mirada original a las contribuciones del conocimiento disciplinario y profesional de las teorías de enfermería para la construcción del SUS, defendiendo una construcción por la asociación academia-servicio, en la cual las teorías pasan a incorporarse desde una nueva conceptualización de las buenas prácticas de enfermería con los principios neomodernistas de la ciencia.


RESUMO Objetivo: Discutir a contribuição das teorias de enfermagem na ampliação conceitual de boas práticas da área para a construção do Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS). Método: Produção teórica de reflexão, sustentada no referencial neomodernista da filosofia da ciência. Resultados: Aborda-se o conhecimento e os compromissos políticos, epistemológicos e sociais da enfermagem, destacando as relações das teorias com as boas práticas na construção e aplicação dos conhecimentos da área no âmbito do sistema de saúde brasileiro. Reflete-se como as teorias de médio alcance podem auxiliar na resolução de dicotomias entre disciplina, teoria, prática, produtores e consumidores do conhecimento. Conclusão: Apresentam-se reflexões originais de contribuições do conhecimento disciplinar e profissional das teorias de enfermagem para a construção do SUS, defendendo-se uma construção pela parceria academia-serviço, na qual as teorias passam a ser incorporadas a uma nova conceituação de boas práticas de enfermagem alinhada a princípios neomodernistas da ciência.


Subject(s)
Humans , Nursing Theory , Practice Patterns, Nurses'/standards , Practice Guidelines as Topic/standards , Practice Patterns, Nurses'/trends
10.
Rev. bras. enferm ; 72(2): 360-366, Mar.-Apr. 2019.
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1003469

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To analyze how nurses recognize and use quality indicators, aimed at contributing to the management of best practices in Health. Method: Case study with a qualitative approach, conducted with twelve nurses from a hospital in southern Brazil from March to May 2016. For data collection, semi-structured interviews and focus groups were used. Data were subjected to content analysis, in the thematic modality. Results: The data showed that quality indicators are regarded as a tool for measuring health care outcomes, promoting the improvement of continuous care, assisting in the clinical decision-making and being present in discussions with the nursing team, in addition to contributing to the management of best practices in Health. Final Consideration: Quality indicator may support improvements in health services and in the nursing work, strengthening health policies.


RESUMEN Objetivo: Analizar cómo los enfermeros reconocen y utilizan los indicadores de calidad, con el objetivo de colaborar con la gestión de buenas prácticas en salud. Método: Estudio de caso de tipo cualitativo, del cual participaron doce enfermeras de un hospital de la región Sur de Brasil, en el período de marzo a mayo de 2016. En la recolección de los datos, se utilizaron entrevistas semiestructuradas y grupo de enfoque. Se sometieron los datos a análisis de contenido en la modalidad temática. Resultados: Los datos revelaron que se reconocen los indicadores de calidad como una herramienta de medición del resultado asistencial, pues promueven una mejora continua de la asistencia, auxilian en la toma de decisión clínica y están presentes en las discusiones del personal de enfermería, así como contribuyen a la gestión de buenas prácticas en salud. Consideraciones Finales: Los indicadores de calidad pueden ofrecer avances en los servicios de salud y el trabajo de enfermería, además de fortalecer las políticas de salud.


RESUMO Objetivo: Analisar como os enfermeiros reconhecem e utilizam os indicadores de qualidade, com vistas a contribuir para o gerenciamento de boas práticas em saúde. Método: Estudo de caso com abordagem qualitativa, realizado com doze enfermeiras de um hospital no Sul do Brasil no período de março a maio de 2016. Para a coleta dos dados, foram utilizadas entrevistas semiestruturadas e grupo focal. Os dados foram submetidos a análise de conteúdo na modalidade temática. Resultados: Os dados mostraram que os indicadores de qualidade são reconhecidos como ferramenta de mensuração do resultado assistencial, promovem a melhoria contínua da assistência, auxiliam na tomada de decisão clínica e estão presentes nas discussões com a equipe de enfermagem, assim como contribuem com o gerenciamento de boas práticas em saúde. Considerações Finais: Os indicadores de qualidade podem subsidiar melhorias nos serviços de saúde e no trabalho da enfermagem e fortalecer as políticas de saúde.


Subject(s)
Humans , Practice Guidelines as Topic/standards , Quality Indicators, Health Care/trends , Brazil , Benchmarking , Qualitative Research , Health Policy
12.
Rev. cuba. med ; 58(1): e980, ene.-mar. 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1093599

ABSTRACT

Se realizó una revisión bibliográfica sobre la utilidad de las guías de práctica clínica, los protocolos y algoritmos en la praxis médica cotidiana, con el objetivo de describir los elementos teórico-metodológicos que sustentan su desarrollo, evaluación y seguimiento que determinan su uso racional dentro del método clínico. Se utilizó el motor de búsqueda Google Académico con los descriptores: método clínico, guía de práctica clínica, protocolo, algoritmo y metodología de evaluación, en las bases de datos SciELO, Medline-Pubmed y LILACS. Además, se utilizaron libros de texto de medicina interna. Se llegó a la conclusión de que estos documentos contribuyen al desarrollo del método clínico y toman un nivel directriz en los procesos asistenciales. Permiten sistematizar la evidencia investigativa reciente, estandarizar la práctica, facilitar la toma de decisiones y su carácter flexible posibilita la libertad de los proveedores de salud. Deben cumplir requisitos de calidad que se evalúan a través de herramientas previamente diseñadas, lo que facilita su uso crítico-reflexivo. Se recomienda potenciar estas guías como estrategia en la salud cubana(AU)


A bibliographic review was carried out on the usefulness of clinical practice guidelines, protocols and algorithms in everyday medical praxis. The objective was to describe the theoretical-methodological elements supporting the development, evaluation and monitoring which determine the rational use within the clinical method. The Google Academic search engine was used with the descriptors clinical method, clinical practice guide, protocol, algorithm and evaluation methodology, in SciELO, Medline-Pubmed and LILACS databases. In addition, internal medicine textbooks were used, as well. It was concluded that these documents contribute to the development of the clinical method and they lead the care processes. They allow systematizing recent research evidence, standardizing practice, facilitating decision-making and the flexible nature enables the freedom of health providers. They must meet quality requirements which are evaluated through previously designed tools, facilitating the critical-reflective use. It is recommended to strengthen these guidelines as a strategy in Cuban health(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Practice Guidelines as Topic/standards , Health Research Evaluation , Methodology as a Subject , Algorithms
13.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 56(1): e1360, ene.-mar. 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003870

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El complejo cigomático maxilar con su convexidad prominente, es muy vulnerable a las lesiones. Objetivo: Abordar elementos actuales sobre el diagnóstico, clasificación, tratamiento y complicaciones de las fracturas del complejo cigomático. Métodos: Se realizó una revisión bibliográfica en septiembre de 2016. Se evaluaron revistas de impacto de Web of Sciencies (29 revistas) y 2 libros. Se consultaron las bases de datos de MEDLINE, PubMed y SciELO con los descriptores: zygomatic fracture, treatment, epidemiology. Se incluyeron artículos en idioma inglés, preferentemente de los últimos 5 años. Se obtuvieron 109 artículos. El estudio se circunscribió a 41. Análisis e integración de la información: El correcto diagnóstico basado en los hallazgos clínicos y medios auxiliares de diagnóstico, permite clasificar la fractura. La clasificación más empleada en nuestro medio es la de las Guías Prácticas de Estomatología. Las modalidades terapéuticas pueden incluir el tratamiento quirúrgico con el uso de métodos de fijación que permiten mayor o menor estabilidad. Las complicaciones pueden aparecer. Conclusiones: La proyección anatómica de los huesos malares justifica la incidencia de estas fracturas. El diagnóstico debe basarse en el interrogatorio, examen físico y los medios auxiliares de diagnóstico imaginológicos. La radiografía Waters es una buena opción de imagen. Al clasificar la fractura se establece un plan de tratamiento basado en la valoración individual de cada caso con el objetivo de evitar complicaciones posteriores(AU)


Introduction: Due to its prominent convexity, the zygomaticomaxillary complex is very vulnerable to injuries. Objective: Address current notions about the diagnosis, classification, treatment and complications of fractures of the zygomatic complex. Methods: A literature review was conducted in September 2016. The evaluation included high impact journals from the Web of Science (29 journals) and 2 books. The databases MEDLINE, PubMed and SciELO were consulted, using the search terms zygomatic fracture, treatment, epidemiology. Papers written in English were included, preferably from the last five years. Of the 109 papers obtained, the study considered 41. Data analysis and integration: Appropriate diagnosis based on clinical findings and the use of diagnostic aids allows classification of the fracture. The classification most commonly used in our environment is that of the Dental Practice Guidelines. Therapy modes may include surgery with fixation methods allowing greater or lesser stability. Complications may appear. Conclusions: The anatomical protrusion of malar bones accounts for the incidence of these fractures. Diagnosis should be based on interrogation, physical examination and the use of auxiliary diagnostic imaging. Waters radiography is a good imaging option. Upon classification of the fracture, a treatment plan is devised based on individual assessment of each case so as to prevent future complications(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Review Literature as Topic , Practice Guidelines as Topic/standards , Fracture Fixation/methods , Jaw Fractures/complications , Jaw Fractures/diagnosis , Databases, Bibliographic/standards , Jaw Fractures/therapy
14.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 147(2): 190-198, Feb. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1004332

ABSTRACT

Background: Gestational diabetes (GD) impacts maternal and fetal morbidity. In 2012, the World Diabetes Foundation provided financing project in Barranquilla (Colombia), aimed to implement a clinical guide for the diagnosis and treatment of this condition. Aim: To estimate the adherence of the guide in primary care centers. Material and Methods: A Cross-sectional study of pregnant women suspected of having gestational diabetes. Pregnant women were classified according to the week of admission to the prenatal control program: < week 24 or later. Women with a fasting blood glucose over 92 mg/dL and under 126 mg/dL or with some positive result to the oral glucose tolerance test were included. Results: Nine percent (1,887 women) of 21,699 registries of pregnant women, were at risk for gestational diabetes. Of these, 1,880 registries with complete data were analyzed. Sixty nine entered the program at less than 24 weeks of pregnancy and 71% had had a fasting blood glucose measured in the first control. In 69.2% of these women, criteria for gestational diabetes was met. A glucose tolerance test was suggested to women with a blood glucose below 92 mg/dl. Among 72% of the latter, the glucose tolerance test met the criteria for gestational diabetes. Among the 498 women who entered the program after 24 weeks of gestation, 68% met the criteria for gestational diabetes with the fasting blood glucose levels. In 90 women, a glucose tolerance test was performed and 80% met the criteria for gestational diabetes. Conclusions: An adequate adherence to guidelines favors the detection of pregnant women with gestational diabetes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Primary Health Care/standards , Mass Screening/standards , Diabetes, Gestational/diagnosis , Practice Guidelines as Topic/standards , Guideline Adherence/statistics & numerical data , Prenatal Care/standards , Prenatal Care/statistics & numerical data , Primary Health Care/statistics & numerical data , Blood Glucose/analysis , Cross-Sectional Studies , Gestational Age , Diabetes, Gestational/epidemiology , Colombia/epidemiology , Guideline Adherence/standards
15.
Rev. bras. enferm ; 72(supl.3): 235-242, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1057729

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: to evaluate the association of Obstetric Nursing in the best practices of delivery and birth care in maternity hospitals. Method: a cross-sectional study, with 666 women selected for delivery. Parturition obstetric practices performed by professionals were categorized into: clearly useful practices that should be encouraged, practices that are clearly harmful or ineffective and that should be eliminated and practices used inappropriately at the time of parturition. Results: clearly useful practices were used in greater proportions in the hospitals that had Obstetric Nursing working, while clearly harmful practices and those used inappropriately were practiced in smaller proportions in hospitals that had Obstetric Nursing, both with statistical difference. Conclusion: institutions with Obstetric Nursing adopt better practices of delivery and birth care, based on scientific evidence, when compared to those that do not act.


RESUMEN Objetivo: evaluar la asociación de la Enfermería Obstétrica en las buenas prácticas de la asistencia al parto y el nacimiento en maternidades. Método: estudio transversal, con 666 mujeres seleccionadas con ocasión de la realización del parto. Las prácticas obstétricas realizadas por los profesionales que asistían al proceso de parturición se clasificaron en: prácticas claramente útiles y que deben ser estimuladas, prácticas claramente perjudiciales o ineficaces y que deben ser eliminadas y prácticas utilizadas de modo inapropiado en el parto. Resultados: las prácticas claramente útiles fueron utilizadas en mayores proporciones en los hospitales que poseían la Enfermería Obstétrica actuante, mientras prácticas claramente perjudiciales y aquellas usadas de modo inapropiado fueron practicadas en menores proporciones en hospitales que poseían la Enfermería Obstétrica, ambas con diferencia estadística. Conclusión: las instituciones con Enfermería Obstétrica adoptan mejores prácticas de atención al parto y nacimiento, basadas en evidencias científicas, cuando comparadas a las que no actúa.


RESUMO Objetivo: avaliar a associação da Enfermagem Obstétrica nas boas práticas da assistência ao parto e nascimento em maternidades. Método: estudo transversal, com 666 mulheres selecionadas por ocasião da realização de parto. As práticas obstétricas realizadas pelos profissionais que assistiam o processo de parturição foram categorizadas em: práticas claramente úteis e que devem ser estimuladas, práticas claramente prejudiciais ou ineficazes e que devem ser eliminadas e práticas usadas de modo inapropriado no momento de parturição. Resultados: práticas claramente úteis foram utilizadas em maiores proporções nos hospitais que possuíam a Enfermagem Obstétrica atuante, enquanto práticas claramente prejudiciais e aquelas usadas de modo inapropriado foram praticadas em menores proporções em hospitais que possuíam a Enfermagem Obstétrica, ambas com diferença estatística. Conclusão: instituições com Enfermagem Obstétrica adotam melhores práticas de atenção ao parto e nascimento, baseadas em evidências científicas, quando comparadas às que ela não atua.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Practice Guidelines as Topic/standards , Patient-Centered Care/trends , Obstetric Nursing/standards , Cross-Sectional Studies , Perinatal Care , Patient-Centered Care/standards , Obstetric Nursing/trends
16.
São Paulo; s.n; s.n; 2019. 190 p. tab, graf.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-997253

ABSTRACT

A hipertensão arterial sistêmica (HAS) é uma doença crônica altamente prevalente, que pode ser controlada com tratamento farmacológico. Para tal, recomenda-se aplicar as melhores evidências clínicas por meio da utilização de guias de prática clínica (GPC) de alta qualidade. No entanto, o processo de desenvolvimento de GPC requer recursos humanos e tempo, sendo a adaptação uma opção para reduzir a duplicação de esforços e adequar o GPC para uso local. O objetivo deste trabalho foi sintetizar as recomendações de GPC para o tratamento farmacológico da HAS. Aplicou-se o método de adaptação ADAPTE, realizando as duas primeiras fases: Configuração e Adaptação. Na fase de Configuração, o Grupo CHRONIDE realizou o planejamento e registrou a pesquisa no Próspero. Na fase de Adaptação, realizou-se uma revisão sistemática. Os critérios de eligibilidade foram: GPC que continham recomendações para o tratamento farmacológico da HAS em atenção primária, publicados em inglês, português ou espanhol, no período de 01/01/2011 a 31/12/2016. Em 31/11/2017 atualizou-se GPC incluídos. Para a determinação da qualidade destes GPC, três avaliadores, de forma independente, aplicaram o Appraisal of Guidelines for Research & Evaluation II (AGREE II). Dos 37 GPC avaliados, 6 foram considerados de alta qualidade (escore 60% ou mais no domínio Rigor de desenvolvimento do AGREE II). As recomendações destes foram extraídas e incluídas nas matrizes. Os GPC apresentaram divergências em suas recomendações. As divergências mais relevantes foram as recomendações mais rigorosas do GPC de 2017 da American College of Cardiology e American Heart Association (ACC/AHA), que trouxe metas terapêuticas e níveis pressóricos para indicação de farmacoterapia mais baixos que os demais. A maioria dos GPC recomendou o uso de diuréticos tiazídicos como farmacoterapia de primeira linha para tratamento da HAS e contraindicou o uso combinado de inibidores da enzima conversora de angiotensina e bloqueadores dos receptores de angiotensina II. Portanto, em uma discussão para adaptação local de recomendações, um dos pontos principais, além da questão do acesso aos medicamentos, seria adotar ou não os paramêtros mais rigorosos do GPC 2017 ACC/AHA


Arterial hypertension is a high prevalent chronic disease that can be controlled with pharmacologic treatment. For such, is recommended the use of the high clinical evidences presented in high quality clinical practice guidelines (CPG). However, the guideline development process requires time and capable human resources, which transform the adaptation to an option to reduce a duplication of efforts and to adapt the CPG to local use. The objective of this work was to synthesize the recommendations of CPG for the pharmacological treatment of arterial hypertension. The ADAPTE method was applied, using 2 steps: Configuration and Adaptation. In the Configuration step, the CHRONIDE group carried out the planning and the method was registered in Prospero. In the Adaptation step a systematic review was performed. The eligibility criteria were: CPG containing recommendations for the pharmacological treatment of arterial hypertension in primary care, published in English, Portuguese or Spanish, from 01/01/2011 to 12/31/2016. On 11/31/2017 it was updated the GPC included. To determine the CPG quality, 3 independent reviewers, assessed the CPG using the Appraisal of Guidelines for Research & Evaluation II (AGREE II) tool. Of the 37 evaluated CPG, 6 were considered to being as high quality (score 60% or higher in the domain " Rigour of Development "). The recommendations were extracted and included in the matrix of recommendations. The CPG has presentes differences in their recommendations. The most relevant divergences were the further rigorous recommendations described on CPG 2017 of the American College of Cardiology and American Heart Association (ACC/AHA), which brought therapeutic goals and blood pressure levels lower for pharmacotherapy than the others recommendations. The majority of CPG has recommended the use of thiazide diuretics as first-line pharmacotherapy for the treatment of arterial hypertension and has contraindicated the combined use of angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors and angiotensin II receptor blockers. Therefore, in a discussion for local adaptation of recommendations, one of the main points, apart from the issue of access to medicines, would be to adopt or would not be adopt the futher rigorous parameters of GPC 2017 ACC/AHA


Subject(s)
Practice Guidelines as Topic/standards , Drug Therapy/standards , Hypertension/classification , Evidence-Based Medicine/legislation & jurisprudence , Evidence-Based Practice/standards
17.
J. vasc. bras ; 18: e20180021, 2019.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-984688

ABSTRACT

O tromboembolismo venoso (TEV) é uma doença frequente e de alta morbimortalidade, sendo considerada a maior causa evitável de mortalidade em pacientes hospitalizados. Apesar da incidência altíssima de TEV em todos os países e das evidências de que a tromboprofilaxia reduz as complicações tromboembólicas em pacientes clínicos e cirúrgicos, e a custo baixo, persistem grandes dúvidas quanto à segurança desse tipo de intervenção nos pacientes e quanto à tromboprofilaxia ideal. Inúmeros estudos e recomendações baseadas em evidências comprovam a eficácia da profilaxia na prevenção do TEV e/ou da morte dos pacientes, mas ainda hoje ela é subutilizada. Neste artigo, apresentamos uma ampla revisão dos métodos de profilaxia existentes até os dias atuais, publicados em diretrizes e estudos nacionais e internacionais sobre tromboprofilaxia


Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a common disease with high rates of morbidity and mortality and is considered the number one cause of avoidable mortality among hospitalized patients. Although VTE incidence is extremely high in all countries and there is ample evidence that thromboprophylaxis inexpensively reduces the rate of thromboembolic complications in both clinical and surgical patients, a great deal of doubt remains with respect to patient safety with this type of intervention and in relation to the ideal thromboprophylaxis methods. Countless studies and evidence-based recommendations confirm the efficacy of prophylaxis for prevention of VTE and/or patient deaths, but it remains underutilized to this day. This article presents a wide-ranging review of existing prophylaxis methods up to the present, from guidelines and national and international studies of thromboprophylaxis


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Disease Prevention , Venous Thromboembolism/prevention & control , Inpatients , Pulmonary Embolism/therapy , Risk Factors , Practice Guidelines as Topic/standards , Enoxaparin/therapeutic use , Lower Extremity , Factor Xa Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Rivaroxaban/therapeutic use , Dabigatran/therapeutic use , Hemorrhage/complications , Anticoagulants/therapeutic use
19.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 62(6): 641-643, Dec. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038493

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: Universal screening for thyroid dysfunction in pregnant women is not recommended by the American Thyroid Association (ATA) or the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists (AACE). This study evaluated the frequency of pregnant women that would have an indication for levothyroxine (L-T4) according to the new ATA/AACE guidelines among low-risk women without an indication for screening with TSH. Subjects and methods: The sample consisted of 412 pregnant women ranging in age from 18 to 30 years. These women were considered to be at low risk for thyroid dysfunction according to ATA/AACE and would not be candidates for screening with TSH. Anti-thyroid peroxidase antibodies (TPOAb) and TSH were measured. Women who had TSH > 2.5 mIU/L or TPOAb in the first trimester were submitted to subsequent evaluations in the second and third trimester. Results: In the first trimester, none of the pregnant women would have L-T4 therapy "recommended" and treatment would be "considered" in only two. In the second trimester, pregnant women with positive TPOAb or TSH > 2.5 mIU/L in the first trimester (n = 30) were reevaluated. L-T4 treatment would be "recommended" in only one woman and would be "considered" in two others. The 28 women that were not treated in the second trimester were reevaluated in the third trimester, but none of them would have L-T4 "recommended". Conclusion: The findings of the study suggest that selective screening, recommended by ATA/AACE does not result in a significant loss of pregnant women with an indication for L-T4 treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Young Adult , Pregnancy Complications/diagnosis , Prenatal Diagnosis/standards , Thyroid Diseases/diagnosis , Thyroid Diseases/drug therapy , Thyroxine/therapeutic use , Practice Guidelines as Topic/standards , Pregnancy Complications/blood , Pregnancy Trimesters , Reference Values , Autoantibodies/blood , Thyroid Diseases/blood , Brazil , Thyrotropin/blood , Risk Factors , Risk Assessment , Guideline Adherence , Withholding Treatment/statistics & numerical data , Iodide Peroxidase/immunology
20.
Rev. cuba. med ; 57(4): e402, oct.-dic. 2018.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1093587

ABSTRACT

La Revista Cubana Acta Médica, del Hospital Clínico Quirúrgico Hermanos Ameijeiras publicó un artículo titulado El dilema de las guías de hipertensión arterial en su número 3 de 2018. En dicho trabajo se analizan contenidos de las principales guías de hipertensión arterial publicadas en los últimos años, las cuales presentan aspectos fundamentales de diagnóstico y tratamiento de esta afección crónica padecida por un porcentaje elevado de la población mundial y ofrecen orientaciones para el mejor control de esta. El artículo hace comparaciones con el enfoque y redacción de la Guía Cubana para el diagnóstico, evaluación y tratamiento de la hipertensión arterial, distinguida, entre otros aspectos, por brindar información sobre este padecimiento y la importancia del riesgo vascular en edades pediátricas y en embarazadas no suficientemente tratados en esas otras guías foráneas. Por la profundidad del artículo antes mencionado y con el interés de que este tenga mayor visibilidad, se solicitó a la Dra.C. Haydée del Pozo Jerez, directora de la Revista Cubana Acta Médica, la autorización de su publicación en la Revista Cubana de Medicina, órgano oficial de la Sociedad Cubana de Medicina Interna. La publicación de El dilema… en nuestra revista hará posible una mayor divulgación nacional e internacional. El comité editorial de la Revista Cubana de Medicina agradece a la Dra. Del Pozo, y a la dirección del Hospital Clínico Quirúrgico Hermanos Ameijeiras, por esta oportunidad(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Hypertension/diagnosis , Hypertension/drug therapy , Practice Guidelines as Topic/standards
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL