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1.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 118(2): 422-432, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364337

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento Amiloidose sistêmica é uma doença com manifestações clínicas diversas. O diagnóstico envolve suspeita clínica, aliada a métodos complementares. Objetivo Descrever o perfil clínico, laboratorial, eletrocardiográfico e de imagem no acometimento cardíaco da amiloidose sistêmica. Métodos Estudo de uma amostra de conveniência, analisando dados clínicos, laboratoriais, eletrocardiográficos, ecocardiográficos, medicina nuclear e ressonância magnética. Considerou-se significância estatística quando p < 0,05. Resultados Avaliaram-se 105 pacientes (com mediana de idade de 66 anos), sendo 62 homens, dos quais 83 indivíduos apresentavam amiloidose por transtirretina (ATTR) e 22 amiloidose por cadeia leve (AL). Na ATTR, 68,7% eram de caráter hereditário (ATTRh) e 31,3% do tipo selvagem (ATTRw). As mutações mais prevalentes foram Val142Ile (45,6%) e Val50Met (40,3%). O tempo de início dos sintomas ao diagnóstico foi 0,54 e 2,15 anos nas formas AL e ATTR (p < 0,001), respectivamente. O acometimento cardíaco foi observado em 77,9% dos ATTR e 90,9% dos AL. Observaram-se alterações de condução atrioventricular em 20% e intraventricular em 27,6% dos pacientes, sendo 33,7 % na ATTR e 4,5% das AL (p = 0,006). A forma ATTRw apresentou mais arritmias atriais que os ATTRh (61,5% x 22,8%; p = 0,001). Ao ecocardiograma a mediana da espessura do septo na ATTRw x ATTRh x AL foi de 15 mm x 12 mm x 11 mm (p = 0,193). Observou-se BNP elevado em 89,5% dos indivíduos (mediana 249 ng/mL, IQR 597,7) e elevação da troponina em 43,2%. Conclusão Foi possível caracterizar, em nosso meio, o acometimento cardíaco na amiloidose sistêmica, em seus diferentes subtipos, através da história clínica e dos métodos diagnósticos descritos.


Abstract Background Systemic amyloidosis is a disease with heterogeneous clinical manifestations. Diagnosis depends on clinical suspicion combined with specific complementary methods. Objective To describe the clinical, laboratory, electrocardiographic, and imaging profile in patients with systemic amyloidosis with cardiac involvement. Methods This study was conducted with a convenience sample, analyzing clinical, laboratory, electrocardiographic, echocardiographic, nuclear medicine, and magnetic resonance data. Statistical significance was set at p < 0.05. Results A total of 105 patients were evaluated (median age of 66 years), 62 of whom were male. Of all patients, 83 had transthyretin (ATTR) amyloidosis, and 22 had light chain (AL) amyloidosis. With respect to ATTR cases, 68.7% were the hereditary form (ATTRh), and 31.3% were wild type (ATTRw). The most prevalent mutations were Val142Ile (45.6%) and Val50Met (40.3%). Time from onset of symptoms to diagnosis was 0.54 and 2.15 years, in the AL and ATTR forms, respectively (p < 0.001). Cardiac involvement was observed in 77.9% of patients with ATTR and in 90.9% of those with AL. Alterations were observed in atrioventricular and intraventricular conduction in 20% and 27.6% of patients, respectively, with 33.7% in ATTR and 4.5% in AL (p = 0.006). In the ATTRw form, there were more atrial arrhythmias than in ATTRh (61.5% versus 22.8%; p = 0.001). On echocardiogram, median septum thickness in ATTRw, ATTRh, and AL was 15 mm, 12 mm, and 11 mm, respectively (p = 0.193). Elevated BNP was observed in 89.5% of patients (median 249, ICR 597.7), and elevated troponin was observed in 43.2%. Conclusion In this setting, it was possible to characterize cardiac involvement in systemic amyloidosis in its different subtypes by means of clinical history and the diagnostic methods described.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Cardiology , Amyloid Neuropathies, Familial/diagnostic imaging , Amyloidosis/diagnostic imaging , Cardiomyopathies/diagnostic imaging , Referral and Consultation , Brazil , Prealbumin/genetics , Echocardiography
2.
Rev. bras. neurol ; 57(3): 16-23, jul.-set. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1342511

ABSTRACT

Amyloidosis are characterized by mutations in the gene coding for transthyretin (TTR), located on chromosome 18. TTR is a set of four 127-aminoacid polypeptides structured as homotetrameric protein of 56 kDa with a secondary ß sheet structure. It plays the role of thyroxin (T4) carrier, and has a binding domain for retinol (vitamin A). It is synthesized in the liver, although a small quantity is also produced by the choroid plexus, and retinal cells. Mutations of this gene result in loss of tetramer stability. Insoluble amyloid fibrils (AF) are formed and deposited in tissues and organs. The abnormal aggregation of TTR protein trigger several syndromes, such as familial amyloid polyneuropathy (FAP-TTR), cardiomyopathies (CMP), and senile systemic amyloidosis (SSA). It is estimated there are 5,000 to 10,000 cases of FAP-TTR globally. OBJECTIVE: The study intends to develop an online platform for the diagnosis of FAP-TTR. The aim is to facilitate the diagnosis process and promote a tool for epidemiological study. METHODS: The project was based on a literature review featuring clinical and epidemiological evidence for the development of a practical platform (applied research). RESULTS: It was elaborated a platform containing a questionnaire to allow a more dynamic, cheaper, and efficient operation, mediated by a better characterization of the disease to enable its early diagnosis. CONCLUSION: The platform might become a valuable resource for the characterization, diagnosis, and future epidemiological study of FAP-TTR


As amiloidoses se caracterizam por mutações no gene codificante da transtirretina (TTR) no cromossomo 18. A proteína TTR compõe-se de uma corrente de polipeptídios de 127 resíduos, que constituem uma proteína homotetramérica de 56kDa com estrutura secundária de folha ß, que serve como proteína de deslocamento para a tiroxina (T4), e uma proteína de ligação ao retinol (vitamina A). O principal local de produção dessa proteína é o fígado, embora uma pequena quantidade seja produzida pelo plexo coroide e pelas células retinianas. O gene codificante da TTR (18q11.2-12) é pequeno (7 kb) e contém quatro éxons. As mutações convertem-se em perda do equilíbrio do tetrâmero proteico. Surgem assim, fibrilas amiloides (FA) em cadeias não ramificadas de 10 a 12 nm de diâmetro e fibrilas indissolúveis, que se condensam nos tecidos e órgãos. As síndromes concernentes ao acúmulo da proteína TTR são: polineuropatia amiloidótica familiar (PAFTTR), miocardiopatias (MCP) e amiloidose sistêmica senil (ASS). Estimativa recente relatou a existência de 5.000 a 10.000 casos de PAFTTR no mundo. OBJETIVO: O estudo objetiva elaborar uma plataforma de diagnóstico PAFTTR on-line para auxiliar como ferramenta de contribuição para o estudo da epidemiologia e facilitar o diagnóstico. MÉTODOS: O projeto baseou-se em uma pesquisa bibliográfica capaz de levantar evidências clínicas e epidemiológicas na elaboração de uma plataforma facilitadora (pesquisa aplicada). RESULTADOS: O resultado alcançado foi a elaboração da plataforma contendo um questionário, que tornará o trabalho dos profissionais mais dinâmico, barato e eficiente, caracterizando melhor a doença e promovendo um diagnóstico precoce. CONCLUSÃO: A plataforma poderá tornar-se recurso valioso para caracterização, diagnóstico e futuro estudo epidemiológico da PAF-TTR


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Prealbumin/genetics , Epidemiologic Studies , Amyloid Neuropathies, Familial/diagnosis , Amyloid Neuropathies, Familial/genetics , Amyloidosis , Mutation/genetics , Genetic Testing , Surveys and Questionnaires
4.
Rev. colomb. cardiol ; 28(2): 197-199, mar.-abr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1341284

ABSTRACT

Al editor: Clásicamente se ha considerado la amiloidosis cardiaca como una afección rara, con un amplio espectro de síntomas que requiere un alto índice de sospecha. Sin embargo, los estudios han demostrado que la amiloidosis cardiaca por transtiretina (TTR) es más común de lo que previamente se creía1,2. Las características clínicas que se han asociado a la amiloidosis cardiaca por TTR son el sexo masculino, la edad avanzada, la hipertrofia concéntrica y la función ventricular izquierda preservada1. Se realizó un análisis descriptivo retrospectivo de las gammagrafías solicitadas en nuestro centro para descartar amiloidosis cardiaca por TTR desde septiembre de 2016 hasta noviembre de 2019. En dicho periodo se realizaron 39 gammagrafías, con una tendencia al alza en los últimos meses. Los objetivos fueron evaluar las gammagrafías solicitadas y conocer el porcentaje de gammagrafías diagnósticas de amiloidosis por TTR, establecer qué características son más frecuentes en los pacientes con amiloidosis por TTR en nuestra población de referencia y analizar las características diferenciales de las distintas posibilidades diagnósticas. Del total de las pruebas, 22 (56.4% de la muestra) mostraron una captación de grado 2-3 de Perugini, diagnóstica de amiloidosis por TTR. De acuerdo con las recomendaciones de diagnóstico no invasivo de amiloidosis cardiaca por TTR3, se descartó la presencia de pico monoclonal. Únicamente se realizó estudio genético a 10 pacientes, en dos de los cuales se detectó una mutación patogénica (Val50Met y variante patogénica c.290C>A en heterocigosis); los ocho restantes no mostraron mutaciones en el estudio molecular del gen TTR.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged, 80 and over , Amyloidosis , Prealbumin , Radionuclide Imaging , Diagnosis
5.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 115(5): 945-948, nov. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1142261

ABSTRACT

Resumo Evidências recentes sugerem que a amiloidose cardíaca é uma doença amplamente subdiagnosticada, particularmente na sua forma ligada à transtirretina, podendo ser uma causa comum de insuficiência cardíaca com fração de ejeção preservada (ICFEP) no idoso. Os novos paradigmas sobre a doença incluem o desenvolvimento de novas terapias específicas que modificam a história natural da doença. Este artigo traz uma síntese destes novos conceitos.


Abstract Recent evidence suggests cardiac amyloidosis (CA) is a mostly underdiagnosed condition, particularly in the transthyretin-mediated form, and is a frequent cause of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) in the elderly. New paradigms about CA also involve the development of disease-modifying specific therapies. This article summarizes these new concepts.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Heart Failure/etiology , Amyloidosis , Stroke Volume , Prealbumin
9.
Rev. invest. clín ; 72(1): 46-54, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251834

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Fibrinogen (Fib) to albumin (ALB) fibrinogen-to-albumin ratio as a prognostic index for esophageal cancer has been confirmed. A novel prognostic index was initially proposed with fibrinogen to prealbumin ratio (FPR) in patients with resectable esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). Objective: The objective of the study was to study the prognostic role of the novel prognostic index (FPR) in patients with resectable ESCC without any neoadjuvant treatment. Methods: In this retrospective study, a total of 372 resectable ESCC patients without any neoadjuvant treatment were included. The best cutoff values were selected by the receiver operating characteristic curves. Two Cox regression analyses with forward stepwise (one for categorical variables and the other for continuous variables) were used to evaluate the overall survival (OS) and cancer-specific survival (CSS). Results: The best cutoff point was 0.014 for FPR. Patients with lower levels of FPR (≤0.014) had better CSS (50.7% vs. 18.0%, p < 0.001) and OS (48.0% vs. 17.6%, p < 0.001) than patients with higher levels of FPR (> 0.014). Multivariate Cox analyses (categorical and continuous) demonstrated that FPR was an independent prognostic factor in CSS (categorical: hazard ratio [HR]: 2.014, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.504-2.697, p < 0.001; continuous per 0.01: HR: 1.438, 95% CI: 1.154-1.793, p = 0.001) and OS (categorical: HR: 1.964, 95% CI: 1.475-2.617, p < 0.001; continuous per 0.01: HR: 1.429, 95% CI: 1.146-1.781, p = 0.002). Conclusions: Our study indicated that FPR served as an independent prognostic factor in patients with resectable ESCC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Fibrinogen/metabolism , Prealbumin/metabolism , Esophageal Neoplasms/pathology , Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma/pathology , Prognosis , Esophageal Neoplasms/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma/surgery
10.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1923-1932, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879994

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the clinical value of serum amyloid A (SAA1/2) and misfolded transthyretin (TTR) for relapsed/refractory diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (R/R DLBCL) patients.@*METHODS@#30 R/R DLBCL patients were enrolled as observation group, 20 remission/stabilization DLBCL and 10 chronic lymphadenitis patients were enrolled as control group. SELDI technique, Tris-Tricine sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electro-phoresis, the shotgun-LTQ-MS method, and bioinformatics technique were used to detected and analyzed SAA and TTR in R/R DLBCL patients. SPSS 21.0 software was used to analyze the relationship between the high expression of SAA, misfolded TTR in serum and the clinicopathological features, survival time of R/R DLBCL. patients Chi-square test was used to analyze clinical count data, Kaplan-Meier curve was used for survival analysis, and Log-Rank test was used to compare single-factor survival differences.@*RESULTS@#The high expression of SAA and TTR (SAA@*CONCLUSION@#Both SAA and misfolded TTR are poor prognosis factors of R/R DLBCL patients.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Humans , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/drug therapy , Patients , Prealbumin/therapeutic use , Prognosis , Serum Amyloid A Protein
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719387

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Tafamidis functions to delay the loss of function in transthyretin familial amyloid polyneuropathy (TTR-FAP), which is a rare inherited amyloidosis with progressive sensorimotor and autonomic polyneuropathy. This systematic literature review and meta-analysis evaluated the efficacy and safety of tafamidis in TTR-FAP patients, with the aim of improving the evidence-based medical evidence of this treatment option for TTP-FAP. METHODS: A systematic search of the English-language literature in five databases was performed through to May 31, 2018 by two reviewers who independently extracted data and assessed the risk of bias. We extracted efficacy and safety outcomes and performed a meta-analysis. Statistical tests were performed to check for heterogeneity and publication bias. RESULTS: The meta-analysis identified six relevant studies. The tafamidis group showed smaller changes from baseline in the Neuropathy Impairment Score–Lower Limbs [mean difference (MD)=−3.01, 95% confidence interval (CI)=−3.26 to −2.75, p < 0.001] and the Norfolk Quality of Life-Diabetic Neuropathy total quality of life score (MD=−6.67, 95% CI=−9.70 to −3.64, p < 0.001), and a higher modified body mass index (MD=72.45, 95% CI=69.41 to 75.49, p < 0.001), with no significant difference in total adverse events [odds ratio (OR)=0.69, 95% CI=0.35 to 1.35, p=0.27]. The incidence of adverse events did not differ between tafamidis and placebo treatment except for fatigue (OR=0.13, 95% CI=0.02 to 0.72, p=0.02) and hypesthesia (OR=0.16, 95% CI=0.03 to 0.92, p=0.04). CONCLUSIONS: This systematic review and meta-analysis has demonstrated that tafamidis delays neurologic progression and preserves a better nutritional status and the quality of life. The rates of adverse events did not differ between the patients in the tafamidis and placebo groups. Tafamidis might be a safer noninvasive option for patients with TTR-FAP.


Subject(s)
Amyloid Neuropathies , Amyloid Neuropathies, Familial , Amyloidosis , Bias , Body Mass Index , Extremities , Fatigue , Humans , Hypesthesia , Incidence , Nutritional Status , Polyneuropathies , Population Characteristics , Prealbumin , Publication Bias , Quality of Life
12.
Neonatal Medicine ; : 24-33, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741667

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Nutritional markers, such as total protein, albumin, and vitamin D have been reportedly associated with neonatal outcomes. This study aimed to assess the correlation between nutritional markers at birth and the need for respiratory support on the first day of life. METHODS: This retrospective study included 94 newborns admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit of Kyungpook National University Children's Hospital between March and December 2017. We measured levels of nutritional markers, including serum total protein, albumin, ferritin, 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25-OHD), and prealbumin, from cord blood or blood sample within 24 hours after birth. Respiratory support was defined as the use of nasal continuous positive airway pressure, humidified high-flow nasal cannula, or mechanical ventilation on the first day of life. RESULTS: The mean gestational age and birth weight were 36.6±2.3 weeks and 2,714±575 g, respectively. Serum total protein, albumin, prealbumin, and ferritin levels at birth were significantly correlated with gestational age and birth weight. Total protein, albumin, ferritin, and 25-OHD levels were not correlated with the time to recover birth weight after adjusting for gestational age. Moreover, prealbumin levels at birth were significantly lower in small-for-gestational-age infants than in appropriate-for-gestational-age infants. The need for respiratory support on the first day of life decreased 0.058- and 0.001-fold for every 1 g/dL increase in serum total protein (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.004 to 0.833; P=0.036) and albumin (95% CI, 0.000 to 0.136; P=0.009) levels, respectively. CONCLUSION: Nutritional status at birth could be associated with the need for respiratory support on the first day of life, regardless of the Apgar score.


Subject(s)
Apgar Score , Birth Weight , Catheters , Continuous Positive Airway Pressure , Ferritins , Fetal Blood , Gestational Age , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Intensive Care, Neonatal , Nutritional Status , Parturition , Prealbumin , Respiration, Artificial , Respiratory Insufficiency , Retrospective Studies , Vitamin D
14.
Brasília; CONITEC; jan. 2018. ilus, tab.
Non-conventional in Portuguese | LILACS, BRISA | ID: biblio-905632

ABSTRACT

CONTEXTO: A polineuropatia amiloidótica familiar relacionada à transtirretina (PAF-TTR) é uma doença genética neurodegenerativa progressiva altamente incapacitante, irreversível e fatal. As manifestações clínicas são variadas, mas a principal disfunção é uma polineuropatia sensório-motora e autonômica progressiva e irreversível. O tratamento envolve medidas para aliviar sintomas e, em casos selecionados, o transplante hepático. No Brasil, estima-se que existam 4.800 pacientes com esta condição. TECNOLOGIA: Tafamidis meglumina (Vyndaqel®). INDICAÇÃO: Tratamento da amiloidose associada à transtirretina em pacientes adultos com polineuropatia sintomática em estágio inicial e não submetidos a transplante hepático. PERGUNTA: O uso de tafamidis é eficaz, seguro e custo-efetivo no tratamento da polineuropatia amiloidótica familiar relacionada à transtirretina em pacientes com estágio inicial da doença? EVIDÊNCIAS CIENTÍFICAS: O demandante apresentou sete artigos sobre o medicamento e uma busca complementar para este relatório identificou mais um. De todos os estudos selecionados, apenas um foi ensaio clínico randomizado, controlado por placebo, duplo-cego, sem limitações metodológicas importantes. Entretanto, houve perda de mais de 20% da amostra, com impactos no poder estatístico. Análise por intenção de tratar não demonstrou benefício em escalas de sintomas neurológicos e qualidade de vida. Análise por protocolo e de desfechos secundários, houve benefício com o uso do tafamidis (proporção de pacientes sem progressão neurológica definida pela NIS-LL de 60,0% para intervenção e 38,1% para placebo, p = 0,041; diferença de média no escore de qualidade de vida TQOL foi de 0,1 pontos no grupo intervenção e de 8,9 no grupo placebo, p = 0,045). Demais artigos não foram considerados. AVALIAÇÃO ECONÔMICA: Custo-utilidade cujo comparador foi ausência de tratamento. O uso de tafamidis resultou em ganhos em qualidade de vida (QALY de 6,48 para 9,01, incremento de 2,54) e em anos de vida (de 10,05 para 13,28, incremento de 3,24), com uma razão de custoutilidade incremental de R$ 974.617/QALY e de R$ 763.609/ano de vida salvo. Modelo apresentado possui crítica em sua validade interna, como ausência de descrição clara dos parâmetros utilizados para população em estudo e dos detalhes da análise de microssimulação; ausência de descrição sobre avaliação de incerteza estocástica (variabilidade); pressupostos utilizados para determinação de eficácia do medicamento e progressão da doença (afetando qualidade de vida e sobrevida) e falta de dados para determinar a incerteza paramétrica do modelo (validade externa limitada). AVALIAÇÃO DE IMPACTO ORÇAMENTÁRIO: Necessidade de R$ 18,9 milhões no primeiro ano após a incorporação e de R$ 397,5 milhões em cinco anos. Estimativa com validade questionada. MONITORAMENTO DO HORIZONTE TECNOLÓGICO: Foram identificados 4 medicamentos em desenvolvimento clínico para o tratamento da PAF-TTR (fase 2 ou 3): diflunial (Dolobid®), tolcapona (Tasmar®), Oligonucleotídeo fosfotiorato específico da transtirretina (Inotersen®; ISIS TTR Rx; ISIS-GSK1 Rx; IONIS-TTRRx) e Oligoleucleotídeo de siRNA de cadeia dupla sintético dirigido contra mRNA de transtirretina (Patisiran®; ALN-TTR02). CONSIDERAÇÕES: Baixa confiança na evidência do uso do tafamidis na PAF-TTR, baseada em análise secundária de um único ensaio clínico com desfecho que não é crítico para a tomada de decisão clínica. Eficácia comparativa com outras opções terapêuticas não foi avaliada. Análise econômica com validade questionável. Impacto orçamentário com custo significativo. RECOMENDAÇÃO PRELIMINAR: O Plenário, em sua 57ª reunião ordinária (05/07/2017), recomendou a incorporação no SUS do tafamidis meglumina para tratamento da amiloidose associada à transtirretina em pacientes adultos com polineuropatia sintomática em estágio inicial e não submetidos a transplante hepático. CONSULTA PÚBLICA: Foram recebidas 70 contribuições técnico-científicas e 764 sobre experiência ou opinião. Na 61ª reunião ordinária, após apreciação das contribuições, o plenário da CONITEC considerou contundente a necessidade de retomar a análise do tema incluindo as evidências apresentadas pela contribuição contrária. Na 62ª reunião ordinária, após apreciação das evidências trazidas pela contribuição contrária, o plenário entendeu que não houve nova informação, mantendo recomendação inicial. RECOMENDAÇÃO FINAL: Os membros da CONITEC presentes na 62ª reunião ordinária, no dia 07 de dezembro de 2017, deliberaram, por unanimidade, por recomendar a incorporação no SUS do tafamidis meglumina para tratamento da amiloidose associada à transtirretina em pacientes adultos com polineuropatia amiloidótica familiar sintomática em estágio inicial e não submetidos a transplante hepático, mediante negociação de preço e Protocolo Clínico e Diretrizes Terapêuticas do Ministério da Saúde. Foi assinado o Registro de Deliberação nº 320/2017. A recomendação será encaminhada para decisão do Secretário da SCTIE. DECISÃO: Incorporar o tafamidis meglumina para pacientes adultos com polineuropatia sintomática em estágio inicial e não submetidos a transplante hepático, mediante negociação de preço e Protocolo Clínico e Diretrizes Terapêuticas do Ministério da Saúde, no âmbito do Sistema Único de Saúde ­ SUS. A decisão foi dada pela Portaria SCTIE-MS nº 02 publicada no Diário Oficial da União (DOU) nº 13, de 18 de janeiro de 2018, pág. 56.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Amyloid Neuropathies, Familial/drug therapy , Meglumine/analogs & derivatives , Prealbumin/genetics , Brazil , Cost-Benefit Analysis/economics , Technology Assessment, Biomedical , Unified Health System
15.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 316-322, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771656

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#Urosepsis in adults comprises approximately 25% of all sepsis cases, and is due to complicated urinary tract infections in most cases. However, its mechanism is not fully clarified. Urosepsis is a very complicated disease with no effective strategy for early diagnosis and treatment. This study aimed to identify possible target-related proteins involved in urosepsis using proteomics and establish possible networks using bioinformatics.@*METHODS@#Fifty patients admitted to the Urology Unit of Lanzhou General PLA (Lanzhou, China), from October 2012 to October 2015, were enrolled in this study. The patients were further divided into shock and matched-pair non-shock groups. 2-DE technique, mass spectrometry and database search were used to detect differentially expressed proteins in serum from the two groups.@*RESULTS@#Six proteins were found at higher levels in the shock group compared with non-shock individuals, including serum amyloid A-1 protein (SAA1), apolipoprotein L1 (APOL1), ceruloplasmin (CP), haptoglobin (HP), antithrombin-III (SERPINC1) and prothrombin (F2), while three proteins showed lower levels, including serotransferrin (TF), transthyretin (TTR) and alpha-2-macroglobulin (A2M).@*CONCLUSION@#Nine proteins were differentially expressed between uroseptic patients (non-shock groups) and severe uroseptic patients (shock groups), compared with non-shock groups, serum SAA1, APOL1,CP, HP, SERPINC1and F2 at higher levels, while TF, TTR and A2M at lower levels in shock groups.these proteins were mainly involved in platelet activation, signaling and aggregation, acute phase protein pathway, lipid homeostasis, and iron ion transport, deserve further research as potential candidates for early diagnosis and treatment. (The conclusion seems too simple and vague, please re-write it. You may focus at what proteins have been expressed and introduce more detail about its significance.).


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Antithrombin III , Apolipoprotein L1 , Blood , Ceruloplasmin , Female , Haptoglobins , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Prealbumin , Pregnancy-Associated alpha 2-Macroglobulins , Proteomics , Prothrombin , Sepsis , Blood , Diagnosis , Genetics , Serum Amyloid A Protein , Transferrin , Urinary Tract Infections
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-717804

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Feeding children is a problem in pediatric intensive care units (PICU) and it is difficult to know the correct amount. The purpose of this study is to evaluate if prealbumin or retinol binding proteins (RBP) are effective relative to daily enteral nutrition, without being affected by severity of diseases or infections and can be used to follow up nutritional amount. METHODS: This is a prospective observational study that includes 81 patients admitted to PICU in Akdeniz University with estimated duration >72 hours, age between 1 month and 8 years. Daily calorie and protein intake were calculated and prealbumin, RBP and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels were measured on the first, third, fifth and seventh mornings. RESULTS: We find moderate correlation between daily calorie intake and prealbumin levels (r=0.432, p < 0.001), RBP levels and daily protein intake (r=0.330, p < 0.001). When we investigated the relationship between changes of prealbumin, RBP, CRP, calorie and protein intake during intensive care stay, we found that increase of Prealbumin and RBP levels are explained by decrease of CRP levels (r=−0.546 and −0.645, p < 0.001) and not with increase of nourishment. CONCLUSION: Even adjusted for PRISM3, age and CRP, prealbumin and RBP are correlated with last 24 hours' diet. However, it is not convenient to use as a follow up biomarker because increase of their levels is related with decrease of CRP levels.


Subject(s)
C-Reactive Protein , Child , Critical Care , Critical Illness , Diet , Enteral Nutrition , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Intensive Care Units , Intensive Care Units, Pediatric , Nutritional Status , Observational Study , Prealbumin , Prospective Studies , Retinol-Binding Proteins , Vitamin A
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-717419

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: This retrospective cross-sectional study included 18 patients from unrelated families harboring mutations of the transthyretin gene (TTR), and analyzed their characteristics and geographical distribution in South Korea. METHODS: The included patients had a diagnosis of systemic amyloidosis, clinical symptoms, such as amyloid neuropathy or cardiomyopathy, and confirmation of a TTR gene mutation using genetic analysis recorded between April 1995 and November 2014. RESULTS: The mean age at disease onset was 49.6 years, and the mean disease duration from symptom onset to diagnosis was 3.67 years. Fifteen of the 18 patients were classified as mixed phenotype, 2 as the neurological phenotype, and only 1 patient as the cardiac phenotype. The most-common mutation pattern in South Korea was Asp38Ala, which was detected in eight patients. Thirteen patients reported their family hometowns, and five of the eight harboring the Asp38Ala mutation were from the Gyeongsang province in southeast Korea. The other eight patients exhibited a widespread geographical distribution. A particularly noteworthy finding was that the valine at position 30 (Val30Met) mutation, which was previously reported as the most-common TTR mutation worldwide and also the most common in the Japanese population, was not detected in the present South Korean patients. CONCLUSIONS: South Korean patients with hereditary TTR amyloidosis exhibited heterogeneous TTR genotypes and clinical phenotypes. The findings of this study suggest that the distribution of TTR amyloidosis in South Korea is due to de novo mutations and/or related to the other countries in East Asia.


Subject(s)
Amyloid Neuropathies , Amyloidosis , Asians , Cardiomyopathies , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diagnosis , Far East , Genotype , Humans , Korea , Phenotype , Prealbumin , Retrospective Studies , Valine
18.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 108(1): 21-30, Jan. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-838682

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Amyloidosis is a disease caused by deposits of insoluble fibrils in extracellular spaces. The most common type of familial amyloidosis is mediated by mutation of transthyretin, especially Val30Met. Symptoms and ejection fraction decrease may occur in cardiac amyloidosis only in case of poor prognosis. Myocardial strain detected by two-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography can indicate changes in myocardial function at early stages of the disease. Objective: To determine the accuracy of left ventricular longitudinal strain by two-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography in patients with familial amyloidosis caused by Val30Met transthyretin mutation. Methods: Eighteen consecutive patients, carriers of transthyretin mutation, were evaluated by two-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography, by which myocardial strain curves were obtained, following the American Society of Echocardiography recommendations. Results: Patients were divided into three groups: 1- Val30Met with cardiac amyloidosis; 2-Val30Met with extracardiac amyloidosis; 3 - Val30Met without evidence of disease. As the three groups were compared by the Mann-Whitney test, we found a statistically significant difference between groups 1 and 2 in the mean longitudinal tension (p=0.01), mean basal longitudinal strain (p=0.014); in mean longitudinal tension and mean longitudinal strain between groups 1 and 3 (p=0.005); and in the ratio of longitudinal strain of apical septum segment to longitudinal strain of basal septum (p=0.041) between groups 2 and 3. Conclusion: Left ventricular longitudinal strain detected by two-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography is able to diagnose left ventricular dysfunction in early stages of familial amyloidosis caused by transthyretin Val30Met mutation.


Resumo Fundamento: A amiloidose é uma doença de depósito de fibrilas insolúveis nos espaços intercelulares. A forma mais comum de amiloidose familiar é mediada por mutação da transtirretina, sendo a Val30Met a mutação mais frequente. A amiloidose cardíaca só causa sintomas e queda da fração de ejeção em fases tardias quando o prognóstico é pobre. A deformação miocárdica obtida com speckle tracking bidimensional pode detectar alterações da função miocárdica em estágios precoces da doença. Objetivos: Determinar a acurácia da deformação longitudinal do ventrículo esquerdo obtida com speckle tracking bidimensional em um grupo de pacientes com amiloidose familial por mutação da transtirretina Val30Met. Métodos: Foram examinados 18 pacientes consecutivos com a mutação da transtirretina com speckle tracking bidimensional obtendo curvas de deformação miocárdica segundo normas da American Society of Echocardiography. Resultados: Os pacientes foram divididos em três grupos: 1- Val30Met com amiloidose cardíaca; 2- Val30Met com amiloidose extra-cardíaca; 3- Val30Met sem doença aparente. Ao compararmos os três grupos com o teste de Mann-Whitney encontramos diferença estatística significativa entre os grupos 1 e 2 na tensão longitudinal média (p=0,01), deformação longitudinal basal média (p=0,014); entre os grupos 1 e 3 na tensão longitudinal média (p=0,005), deformação longitudinal média (p=0,002); entre os grupos 2 e 3 na relação de deformação longitudinal do septo apical/deformação longitudinal do septo basal (p=0,041). Conclusão: A deformação longitudinal do ventrículo esquerdo obtida com speckle tracking bidimensional é capaz de diagnosticar disfunção do ventrículo esquerdo em fases precoces da amiloidose familial por mutação Val30Met da transtirretina.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Echocardiography/methods , Cardiomyopathy, Dilated/diagnostic imaging , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left/diagnostic imaging , Amyloid Neuropathies, Familial/diagnostic imaging , Reference Values , Stroke Volume , Prealbumin/genetics , Cardiomyopathy, Dilated/physiopathology , Case-Control Studies , Cross-Sectional Studies , Reproducibility of Results , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left/physiopathology , Statistics, Nonparametric , Amyloid Neuropathies, Familial/physiopathology , Amyloid Neuropathies, Familial/genetics , Heart Ventricles/physiopathology , Heart Ventricles/diagnostic imaging
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-351349

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the diagnostic values of prealbumin (PAB) and retinol-binding protein (RBP) for liver damage caused by mild or severe asphyxia.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A retrospective analysis was performed on 185 neonates (including 84 premature infants and 101 full-term infants) with asphyxia. Based on the Apgar score, they were divided into two groups: mild asphyxia group (n=150) and severe asphyxia group (n=35). The levels of PAB, RBP, alanine aminotransferase (ALT), and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) were measured and compared. Their diagnostic values for liver damage were evaluated by ROC curve analysis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The premature infants in the severe asphyxia group had significantly higher AST level and significantly lower levels of PAB and RBP than those in the mild asphyxia group (P<0.05). The full-term infants in the severe asphyxia group had a significantly lower PAB level than those in the mild asphyxia group (P<0.05). After treatment, the PAB level was significantly improved in the premature infants in the severe asphyxia group and in the full-term infants in both mild and severe asphyxia group (P<0.05). The full-term infants in the mild asphyxia groups also showed a significant improvement in AST level (P<0.05). The ROC curve analysis showed that PAB had a good sensitivity and specificity for identifying liver damage caused by mild or severe asphyxia in full-term and preterm infants.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>PAB can be used as an indicator of liver damage caused by asphyxia in neonates, and can be used to assess the degree of asphyxia.</p>


Subject(s)
Aspartate Aminotransferases , Blood , Asphyxia Neonatorum , Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Liver Diseases , Blood , Diagnosis , Male , Prealbumin , Retinol-Binding Proteins , Serum Albumin
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