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1.
Rev. ADM ; 78(5): 258-263, sept.-oct. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1344709

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La displasia epitelial oral (DEO) es la presencia de alteraciones celulares y tisulares, lo que puede significar una etapa anterior al desarrollo del cáncer. Múltiples marcadores han sido considerados para estimar su potencial neoplásico y evolución a carcinoma, incluyendo a la molécula p53, se considera como participe de diversos fenómenos de la homeostasis celular. Objetivo: Determinar la relación entre la inmunoexpresión de p53 DO-7 y PAb 240 con el grado de severidad de la displasia epitelial oral. Material y métodos: Se analizaron nueve muestras de DEO (tres para cada grado de severidad). La inmunoexpresión de p53 tipo silvestre (DO-7) y forma mutada (PAb 240), fue determinada a través de ensayo de inmunohistoquímica por peroxidasa. Se obtuvieron la media y desviación estándar y se realizó la prueba χ2 (p < 0.05). Resultados: La edad media fue de 65.7 ± 11.4 años, la zona anatómica con mayor presencia de DEO es el borde lateral de la lengua. Ocho de nueve muestras fueron positivas para DO-7 y solo dos para PAb 240. Conclusiones: Nuestros resultados indican que, aunque la expresión de p53 DO-7 podría estar relacionada parcialmente con la patogénesis de la displasia epitelial, no todas las displasias presentaron la forma mutada de p53 (PAb 240). Lo cual coincide con el comportamiento biológico incierto de las displasias al poder permanecer sin cambios, involucionar o transformarse


Introduction: Oral epithelial dysplasia (OED) is the presence of cellular and tissue alterations, which may mean a stage prior to the development of cancer. Multiple markers have been considered to estimate its pathogenic potential and evolution to neoplasms, including the p53 molecule, considered as participating in various phenomena of cellular homeostasis. Objective: To determine the relationship between the immunoexpression of p53 DO-7 and PAb 240 with the degree of severity of oral epithelial dysplasia. Material and methods: Nine OED samples were analyzed (three for each degree of severity). The immunoexpression of wild-type p53 (DO-7) and mutated form (PAb 240) was determined through a peroxidase immunohistochemical assay. The mean and standard deviation were obtained, and χ2 test (p < 0.05) were performed. Results: The mean age was 65.7 ± 11.4 years, with a greater presence of OED in the anatomical area of the lateral side of the tongue. Eight out of nine samples were positive for DO-7 and only two for PAb 240. Conclusions: Our results indicate that, although the expression of p53 DO-7 could be partially related to the pathogenesis of epithelial dysplasia, not all dysplasias presented the mutated form of p53 (PAb 240), which coincides that not all dysplasias have a potential for malignant transformation and that could be related to other oncogenic mechanisms (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Precancerous Conditions , Immunohistochemistry , Genes, p53 , Gingival Neoplasms , Tongue Neoplasms , Pilot Projects , Statistical Analysis , Carcinogenesis , Observational Study , Mexico
2.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 109(1): 49-58, ene.-abr. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1281314

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Los desórdenes de mucosa bucal potencialmente malignos pueden presentar áreas displásicas. En estos casos, la biopsia es un procedimiento imprescindible para un correcto diagnóstico. La inspección visual y la palpación, como método de selección del área de biopsia, ofrecen sensibilidad y especificidad adecuadas pero mejorables. El objetivo de este artículo es presentar una serie de casos clínicos en los que se describen el empleo y la interpretación de la tinción vital con azul de toluidina como método complementario para contribuir a una mejor elección del área de biopsia. Casos clínicos: Se trata de siete casos de lesiones con sospecha de displasia epitelial en mucosa bucal. En cada uno se detalla la correlación de las áreas teñidas con las manifestaciones clínicas y con el diagnóstico de displasia. Además, se muestran patrones de tinción considerados falsos positivos. En la interpretación de la tinción positiva, se tuvieron en cuenta el aspecto superficial y el color de la lesión teñida. El empleo combinado de inspección, palpación y tinción vital podría constituir un procedimiento integral de utilidad para obtener mayor precisión en la determinación del sitio de biopsia en comparación con los mismos procedimientos aplicados de manera individual. En la interpretación de la tinción positiva con azul de toluidina deberían considerarse el aspecto superficial y el color de la lesión teñida (AU)


Aim: Potentially Malignant Disorders in the oral cavity can present dysplastic areas. In these cases, the biopsy is an essential procedure for a correct diagnosis. Visual inspection and palpation, are adequate methods to select the area for the biopsy, however there is margin for improvement. The objective of this article is to present a series of clinical cases in which the use and interpretation of vital staining with Toluidine Blue is described as a complementary method to contribute to a better choice of the biopsy area. Clinical cases: Seven clinical cases that presented lesions with suspected epithelial dysplasia in the oral mucosa were presented. The correlation of the stained areas with the clinical manifestations and with the diagnosis of dysplasia is detailed in each case. Staining patterns considered false positives are also shown. In the interpretation of the positive staining, the superficial appearance and color of the stained lesion were considered. The combined use of inspection, palpation and vital staining could constitute a useful comprehensive procedure to obtain greater precision in determining the biopsy site in relation to the same procedures applied individually. In the interpretation of the positive staining with Toluidine Blue, the superficial appearance and color of the stained lesion should be considered (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Precancerous Conditions/classification , Tolonium Chloride , Early Detection of Cancer/methods , Mouth Mucosa/injuries , Palpation , Biopsy/methods , Lip Neoplasms/diagnosis , Clinical Diagnosis , Sensitivity and Specificity , Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck/diagnosis
3.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1142101

ABSTRACT

El Cáncer de Cuello Uterino (CCU) es un problema de Salud pública a nivel mundial. Su indiscutible asociación con el Virus del papiloma humano (HPV) hace necesario su estudio. El objetivo de este trabajo, es conocer la prevalencia de los diferentes genotipos de HPV, en lesiones pre invasoras de alto grado de malignidad (HSIL) y/o cáncer de cuello uterino. Material y Métodos: Todas las Mujeres que fueron derivadas a pol de TGI del H Clínicas entre enero del 2011 y diciembre de 2012, por un PAP sospechoso de lesión y en las que se confirmó luego un HSIL o cáncer cervical fueron tipificadas. Se recabaron datos de edad, tipo de lesión y genotipificación. La extracción de ADN viral se realizó a partir de muestras cervico vaginales conservadas en medio de transporte comercial (Sacace) mediante el kit QIAamp DNA Mini Kit (QIAGEN). Se buscaron 14 genotipos de alto riesgo. Resultados: Se tipificaron 75 pacientes, 19 con CCU y 56 con HSIL. El HPV 16 fue el más prevalente en un 61,5 % para las infecciones únicas y en un casi 100 % para las múltiples y un 60% para el total de las lesiones, seguido en prevalencia por los HPV 31,33 y 45. El HPV 18 fue muy poco prevalente. Conclusiones: En esta muestra, la prevalencia del HPV 16 está acorde con las publicaciones nacionales siendo el más frecuente. El HPV 18 tiene muy baja prevalencia siendo 2 casos en 75, siempre en infecciones múltiples.


Cervical Cancer (CC) is a public health problem worldwide. Its indisputable association with the Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) makes its study necessary. The objective of this work is to know the prevalence of the different HPV genotypes, in pre-invasive high-grade malignant lesions (HSIL) and / or cervical cancer. Material and Methods: All women who were referred to Low genital tract service in the Hospital de Clinicas between January 2011 and December 2012, for a PAP suspected of injury and in which HSIL or cervical cancer was later confirmed were typified. Data on age, type of lesion and genotyping were collected. The viral DNA extraction was carried out from cervico-vaginal samples preserved in commercial transport medium (Sacace) using the QIAamp DNA Mini Kit (QIAGEN). 14 high-risk genotypes were searched. Results: 75 patients were typified, 19 with CCU and 56 with HSIL. HPV 16 was the most prevalent in 61.5% for single infections and almost 100% for multiple infections and 60% for all lesions, followed in prevalence by HPV 31,33 and 45. The HPV 18 was very rare. Conclusions: In this sample, the prevalence of HPV 16 is in accordance with national publications, being the most frequent. HPV 18 has a very low prevalence, being 2 cases in 75, always in multiple infections.


O câncer cervical é um problema de saúde pública em todo o mundo. E um câncer com uma ligação comprovada com o vírus do papiloma humano. O objetivo é conhecer a prevalência dos diferentes genótipos do HPV em mulheres que apresentam neoplasias pré-invasivas de alto grau e câncer de colo do útero, que foram tratadas e diagnosticadas no Hospital de Clínicas entre janeiro de 2011 e dezembro de 2012. Material e Métodos: o estudo foi realizado em 75 pacientes do Hospital de Clinicas, com diagnóstico histológico de Câncer Cervical e lesões intraepiteliais de alto grau para as quais foi realizado o tipageme do HPV alto risco. Resultados: 75 pacientes foram tipificados, 19 com CCU e 56 com HSIL. O HPV 16 foi o mais prevalente em 61,5% para infecções únicas e quase 100% para infecções múltiplas e 60% para todas as lesões, seguido em prevalência pelo HPV 31,33 e 45. O HPV 18 era muito raro. Conclusões: Nesta amostra, a prevalência do HPV 16 está de acordo com as publicações nacionais, sendo a mais frequente. O HPV 18 tem prevalência muito baixa, sendo 2 casos em 75, sempre em infecções múltiplas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Precancerous Conditions/virology , DNA, Viral/isolation & purification , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/virology , Alphapapillomavirus/genetics , Uruguay/epidemiology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Age Distribution
4.
Rev. Ateneo Argent. Odontol ; 63(2): 65-72, nov. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1150756

ABSTRACT

Los términos lesión precancerosa, cancerizable o premaligna son sinónimos e involucran aquellas entidades con posibilidades estadísticamente demostrables de transformarse en cáncer. El porcentaje de transformación es variable de acuerdo con el tipo de lesión. La lesión precancerosa fue definida por la OMS (Organización Mundial de la Salud) como aquel tejido de morfología alterada con mayor predisposición a la cancerización (superior al 5%) que el tejido equivalente de apariencia normal, independientemente de sus características clínicas o histológicas. La cátedra de Anatomía Patológica considera como lesiones precancerosas o cancerizables a las siguientes entidades: la leucoplasia, los líquenes atípicos, las queilitis crónicas, eritroplasia y las ulceras traumáticas crónicas. Con frecuencia, factores relacionados con los estilos de vida son más importantes en la predisposición al cáncer, si bien en algunos casos los factores genéticos o ambientales pueden jugar algún papel en grado variable. No se conocen todos los factores de riesgo, y no siempre las asociaciones son de causaefecto. Las infecciones bacterianas, micóticas y virales se vinculan al surgimiento y desarrollo de los cánceres bucales por diferentes mecanismos, no del todo esclarecidos. En los últimos años han aumentado de manera significativa las manifestaciones orales y faríngeas secundarias a la práctica de sexo oral. El cambio de los hábitos sexuales en países occidentales ha dado lugar a la aparición de patologías otorrinolaringológicas, antes excepcionales, por lo que es importante su conocimiento por parte de los profesionales de la salud relacionados con la atención primaria para realizar un diagnóstico precoz, seguimiento precoz, seguimiento y oportuno tratamiento específico (AU)


The terms precancerous, cancerable or premalignant lesion are synonyms and involve those entities with statistically demonstrable possibilities of transforming into cancer. The transformation percentage is variable, according to the type of injury. The precancerous lesion was defined by the WHO as that tissue of altered morphology with a greater predisposition to cancerization (greater than 5%) than the equivalent tissue of normal appearance, regardless of its clinical or histological characteristics. The Chair of Pathological Anatomy considers the following entities as precancerous or cancerous lesions: leukoplakia, atypical lichens, chronic cheilitis, erythroplasia, and chronic traumatic ulcers. Lifestyle-related factors are often more important in cancer predisposition, although in some cases genetic or environmental factors may play a role to varying degrees. Not all risk factors are known, and the associations are not always cause and effect Bacterial, fungal, and viral infections are linked to the emergence and development of oral cancers by different mechanisms, not fully understood. In recent years, oral and pharyngeal manifestations secondary to oral sex have increased significantly. The change in sexual habits in western countries has given rise to the appearance of exceptional otorhinolaryngological pathologies previously, which is why it is important for them to be known by health professionals related to primary care in order to make an early diagnosis, early follow-up, follow-up and timely specific treatment (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Oral Manifestations , Precancerous Conditions , Sexually Transmitted Diseases , Syphilis , HIV Infections , Cheilitis , Papillomavirus Infections , Early Diagnosis , Erythroplasia , Leukoplakia
5.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 14(2): 172-176, June 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090671

ABSTRACT

El objetivo de este estudio es determinar la prevalencia de lesiones orales malignas y potencialmente malignas (LPM) en funcionarios de la Universidad de Valparaíso y de Viña del Mar durante los años 2016 - 2017. Fueron citados 161 funcionarios, quienes accedieron a una encuesta que evaluaba factores de riesgo de cáncer oral (tabaco y alcohol) y si habían escuchado de la patología, sumado a un examen clínico. De los pacientes examinados, se diagnosticaron 121 lesiones de las cuales 2 fueron diagnosticadas como lesiones potencialmente malignas: Liquen plano y Leucoplasia, con una prevalencia de 1,7 %. El 50,3 % de los pacientes sabía de la existencia de cáncer oral. El Screening es una medida que permite dar a conocer a la población la existencia de cáncer oral y alertarlos sobre la importancia de su examen para su identificación de manera temprana.


The objective of this study is to determine the prevalence of malignant and potentially malignant oral lesions (PML) in University of Valparaíso and Viña del Mar employees, during the years 2016 - 2017. We cited 161 employees, who accessed a survey evaluating risk factors for oral cancer (tobacco and alcohol) and if they had heard of the disease. In addition, a clinical examination was carried out. Of the patients examined, 121 lesions were diagnosed, of which 2 were diagnosed as potentially malignant lesions: Lichen planus and Leukoplakia, with a prevalence of 1.6 %. 50.3 % of patients knew of the existence of oral cancer. Epidemiological designs are needed to better establish causality between risk factors and malignant or, potentially malignant lesions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Precancerous Conditions/epidemiology , Mouth Neoplasms/epidemiology , Mass Screening/methods , Precancerous Conditions/diagnosis , Alcohol Drinking , Mouth Neoplasms/diagnosis , Health Behavior , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Early Detection of Cancer/methods , Tobacco Use
6.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 9(2): 111-115, abr. 30, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1151906

ABSTRACT

Objetive: To characterize patients diagnosed with oral epithelial dysplasia and carcinoma in situ, according to their severity, location, age, sex and smoking habits. Materials and Methods: A descriptive study, based on 126 histopathological reports of biopsies diagnosed with mild, moderate, severe epithelial dysplasia and carcinoma in situ, with information regarding anatomical location, age and gender of the patient, recorded in the biopsy reports of the histopathology services of the Faculty of Dentistry of Andrés Bello University and Major University, between the years 2000 and 2014. The dichotomous qualitative variables were described based on percentage and age using the Shapiro-Wilk test, presenting as average and standard deviation, in the STATA 12® program (StataCorpLP, Texas, USA). Result: A similar frequency was found for men and women diagnosed with OED, 53.17% and 46.83% respectively. A mild degree of OED was the most diagnosed in both sexes. The group most affected by OED was between 50 and 69 years old (57.94%) and the most frequent anatomic location was the lateral border of the tongue (34.13%). Conclusion: Most of the analyzed cases corresponded to mild degrees of dysplasia; however, it is important to always carry out a histopathological diagnosis of the lesion, patient follow-up and education regarding risk habits.


Objetivo: Caracterizar a pacientes con diagnóstico de displasia epitelial oral (DEO) y carcinoma in situ (CIS) según su severidad, localización, edad, género y hábito tabáquico. Materiales and Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, en base a 126 informes histopatológicos de biopsias diagnosticadas con displasia epitelial leve, moderada, severa y carcinoma in situ, que contaban con información relativa a localización del diagnóstico, edad y género del paciente, registrados en los informes de biopsias de los servicios de histopatología de la Facultad de Odontología de la Universidad Andrés Bello y Universidad Mayor, entre los años 2000 y 2014. Las variables cualitativas dicotómicas se describieron en base a porcentaje y la edad mediante el test de Shapiro-Wilk, presentándose como media y desviación estándar, en el programa STATA 12 ® (StataCorpLP, Texas, USA). Resultados: Se encontró una frecuencia levemente aumentada de mujeres y hombres con diagnóstico de DEO, 67 (53,17%) y 59 (46,83%), respectivamente. El grado leve de DEO fue el más diagnosticado en ambos sexos. El grupo más afectado por DEO fue entre los 50 a 69 años (57,94%) y la localización anatómica más frecuente fue el borde lateral de la lengua (34,13%). Conclusión: La mayoría de los casos analizados correspondieron a grados leve de displasia; no obstante, es importante realizar siempre un diagnóstico histopatológico de la lesión, seguimiento al paciente y educación en cuanto a hábitos de riesgo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Precancerous Conditions/pathology , Tobacco Use Disorder , Mouth Neoplasms/pathology , Carcinoma in Situ , Smoking , Epidemiology, Descriptive
7.
Infectio ; 24(1): 20-26, ene.-mar. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1090539

ABSTRACT

Resumen Objetivos del trabajo: Se determinaron los porcentajes de las lesiones precancerosas de cuello uterino en un grupo de mujeres diagnosticadas positivas por la prueba ADN-VPH. Materiales y métodos: El presente estudio es un análisis exploratorio descriptivo transversal de una base de datos con resultados de las pruebas de ADN-VPH (genotipo y tipo de infección), citología y colposcopia, realizadas en 58 mujeres de 30 años o más, para el periodo de octubre del 2018 a febrero del 2019. Resultados: De las 58 mujeres positivas para la prueba ADN-VPH, el 57% (n=33) fueron positivas para la prueba citológica cervical. De este grupo de mujeres fueron diagnosticadas negativas para LEI el 21% (n=7); para LEI-BG el 33% (n=11); y para LEI-AG el 45% (n=15) mediante la prueba de colposcopia. El VPH-16 mostró la mayor frecuencia relativa de detección en las LEI-AG con un 46,7% (n=7). Igualmente, los genotipos que cubre la vacuna Gardasil_4 fueron identificados en mayor porcentaje en las LEI-AG en comparación con los otros tipos histopatológicos diagnosticados, siendo esta asociación estadísticamente significativa, valor de p = 0,033. Conclusiones: La implementación de la nueva guía de práctica clínica para la detección y manejo de lesiones precancerosas de cuello uterino muestra resultados satisfactorios, siendo concordante la detección de ADN-VPH, con la identificación de anormalidades citológicas e histopatológicas, permitiendo la identificación precoz de mujeres en riesgo de desarrollar cáncer cervical.


Abstract Objectives of the study: To determine the percentages of precancerous lesions in the cervix in a group of women with positive diagnostic to the DNA-HPV test. Materials and methods: The present study is a cross-sectional exploratory analysis of a database with information on the results of DNA-HPV tests (genotype and type of infection), cytology and colposcopy, carried out on 58 women aged 30 or older, for the period from October 2018 to February 2019. Results: Of the 58 women positive for the DNA-HPV test, 57% (n=33) were positive for the cervical cytology test. Of this group of women, 21% (n=7) were diagnosed LEI-negative; for LEI-BG 33% (n=11); and for LEI-AG, 45% (n=15) using the colposcopy test. HPV-16 has a higher detection frequency in the LEI-AG with 46.7% (n=7). Likewise, the genotypes that cover the Gardasil_4 vaccine were members in a greater percentage in the LEI-AG in comparison with other diagnosed histopathological types, this association being statistically significant, value of p = 0.033. Conclusions: The implementation of the new clinical practice guideline for the detection and management of precancerous lesions of the cervix shows satisfactory results, the DNA-HPV detection being consistent, with the identification of cytological and histopathological abnormalities, allowing the early identification of women at risk to develop cervical cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Precancerous Conditions , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms , Practice Guideline , Cervix Uteri , Colombia , Colposcopy , Cell Biology
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812985

ABSTRACT

Gastric polyps are common precancerous diseases. With the intensive study on the characteristics of different types of gastric polyps in recent years, only 1.7% of the gastric polyps were found to have dysplasia and cancer, and most of the dysplasia and cancer were found in polyps larger than 1 cm. Traditional idea suggests that polyps should be removed immediately, but routine removal of all polyps results in an increased financial burden on patients. At present, there are controversies about whether endoscopic treatment is necessary for different pathological types and small gastric polyps.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hyperplasia , Polyps , Precancerous Conditions , Stomach Neoplasms
9.
São Paulo; s.n; 2020. 50 p. ilust.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, Inca | ID: biblio-1178971

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A matriz extracelular (MEC) desempenha um papel importante na função celular, sendo que seu componente mais importante são as fibras de colágeno (COL). Nos últimos anos, a Microscopia de Geração Segundo Harmônico (em inglês, second harmonic generation microscopy; SHG) tem sido utilizada para a análise de COL em vários tipos de cânceres ginecológicos, como o da mama e ovário. Desta forma, tem-se enfatizado o valor da quantificação do colágeno por este método como meio de aprofundar o conhecimento da fisiopatologia e do prognóstico na avaliação destas neoplasias. Objetivo: No presente estudo caracterizamos as fibras de COL utilizando-se a microscopia de SHG objetivando avaliar diferenças entre carcinoma de células escamosas e lesões pré-neoplásicas da vulva, bem como verificar se há relação entre características dessas fibras com parâmetros clinicopatológicos associados a prognóstico. Método: Trata-se de um estudo de coorte horizontal e retrospectivo. Foram incluídos 52 pacientes, entre os anos de 2000 a 2010, sendo 40 com Carcinoma de Células Escamosas (CCE) Vulvar; 12 pacientes com Neoplasia Intraepitelial Vulvar (NIV); e, para o controle de comparação interna, foram considerados tecidos distantes ao tumor sem presença de lesão tumoral e/ou NIV. Para análises laboratoriais, foi selecionado um espécime representativo do processo patológico para revisão diagnóstica; e, posteriormente, submetido ao estudo do COL usando a microscopia de SHG. Os tecidos adjacentes normais e intratumorais foram selecionados em secções, para a avaliação do COL, e corados em Hematoxilina/Eosina (H&E) e analisados por microscopia confocal. Parâmetros relacionados ao colágeno, como quantidade, organização e uniformidade, em áreas de lesões neoplásicas e pré-neoplásicas da vulva, foram comparados com áreas distantes de aspecto normal das mesmas pacientes. Resultado/conclusão: Foi observado um evidente decréscimo nos valores dos parâmetros do COL no estroma associado às lesões pré-neoplásicas e neoplásicas da vulva. Além disto, aumentos na quantidade e uniformidade das fibras do colágeno tumorais se associaram à presença de metástases linfonodais, um reconhecido parâmetro de pior prognóstico no carcinoma de vulva


Background: The extracellular matrix (ECM) plays an important role in cellular function, being collagen fibers its most important component. Over the last few years, second harmonic generation (SHG) microscopy has been used for the analysis of collagen fibers in several types of cancers, including breast and ovarian cancer. The value of collagen parameters obtained using this technique has been advocated to gain insights on the physiopathology and on the prognostic evaluation of cancer. Objective: Herein, we have characterized collagen fibers using the SHG microscopy, to evaluate differences between vulvar cancer and preneoplastic lesions, and to find possible associations between characteristics of collagen fibers with clinicopathological parameters related to prognosis. Methods: This is a retrospective and horizontal cohort study. Were included 52 patients, between the years 2000 to 2010, 40 of whom with Vulva Squamous Cell Carcinoma (VSCC); 12 patients with Vulvar Intraepithelial Neoplasia (VIN); and, for the control of internal comparison, tissues distant to the tumor without tumor lesion and / or VIN were considered. For laboratory analysis, a specimen representative of the pathological process was selected for diagnostic review and subsequently subjected to the study of collagen using SHG microscopy. The normal and intratumoral adjacent tissues were selected in sections, for collagen evaluation, and stained in Hematoxylin/Eosin (H&E) and analyzed by confocal microscopy. Collagen parameters, quantity, organization, and uniformity, of stroma adjacent to neoplastic or preneoplastic lesions were compared with values obtained in normal appearing tissue distant from those lesions from the same patients. Results/Conclusion: There was an evident decrease in the values of collagen fiber parameters in the stroma associated to tumors. Increased quantity and uniformity of tumor associated collagen fibers were associated with the presence of lymph node metastases, which suggest a prognostic value of such parameters in the evaluation of vulvar cancer


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Precancerous Conditions , Vulvar Neoplasms , Collagen , Extracellular Matrix , Second Harmonic Generation Microscopy , Neoplasm Metastasis
10.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 34: e002, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055528

ABSTRACT

Abstract Oral potentially malignant disorders (OPMD) possess significant chances of malignancy conversion. In order to develop an early diagnostic tool, the present study evaluated the expression of miRNA-21 and 31 as salivary markers. The case-control study was carried out in 36 healthy participants as controls and in 36 patients who were newly diagnosed as OPMD having four different lesions including leucoplakia, oral sub mucous fibrosis (OSMF)궱, oral lichen planus, and (OSMF)궱 with leucoplakia. The samples were also classified as non-dysplastic, or with mild, moderate, and severe dysplasia according to their histopathological reports. The salivary miRNA-21 and 31 expressions were studied using real-time PCR. The statistical analysis was carried out using SPSS version 22. Salivary miRNA-21 (p-value = 0.02) and 31 (p-value = 0.01) were significantly upregulated in severe dysplasia compared with control. Among the different lesions, leucoplakia had significant upregulation of miRNA-21 and 31. miRNA-21 can be used as a diagnostic marker with specificity of 66% and sensitivity of 69%. The area under the ROC curve was 0.820 for miRNA-21 and 0.5 for miRNA-31, which proved that miRNA-21 is a better diagnostic marker than miRNA-31 for OPMD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Precancerous Conditions/pathology , Saliva/chemistry , Mouth Neoplasms/pathology , MicroRNAs/analysis , Oral Submucous Fibrosis/pathology , Reference Values , Severity of Illness Index , Leukoplakia, Oral/pathology , Mouth Neoplasms/chemistry , Biomarkers, Tumor/analysis , Case-Control Studies , Linear Models , ROC Curve , Analysis of Variance , Lichen Planus, Oral/pathology , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
11.
Rev. argent. coloproctología ; 30(4): 88-92, dic. 2019. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1096793

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las lesiones escamosas intraepiteliales de alto grado anales (H-ASIL) son consideradas el precursor del carcinoma escamoso anal. Es por esto que distintas Sociedades recomiendan su pesquisa y tratamiento en poblaciones de alto riesgo. El objetivo del trabajo es describir las manifestaciones de H-ASIL en la anoscopía de alta resolución (AAR) en nuestros pacientes. Diseño: Retrospectivo, descriptivo. Pacientes y métodos: Revisión de historias clínicas e imágenes de AAR de pacientes con diagnóstico de H-ASIL entre enero de 2016 y julio de 2017. La evaluación anoscópica incluyó la unión escamocolumnar, el conducto anal distal y el área perianal. Frente al hallazgo de una lesión sospechosa de ASIL, se tomaron biopsias. Resultados: Entre enero de 2016 y julio de 2017 se realizaron 184 AAR. Se biopsiaron 143 lesiones sospechosas de ASIL. Veintiséis de ellas, presentes en 13 pacientes fueron H-ASIL. Once hombres (diez hombres que tienen sexo con hombre (HSH) con infección por VIH). Todas las lesiones eran subclínicas y se encontraron a nivel endoanal; eran en su totalidad acetoblancas. Se buscaron áreas con puntillado y/o mosaico sugestivas de ASIL. El uso de Lugol nos permitió aumentar el grado de sospecha y delimitar las lesiones. Se tomaron biopsias para anatomía patológica bajo visión directa. Conclusiones: Las H-ASIL son consideradas en la actualidad las precursoras del carcinoma escamoso anal; su detección y tratamiento prevendrían su desarrollo. En nuestra casuística, todos los pacientes se encontraban en al menos un grupo de riesgo. Las lesiones fueron subclínicas y requirieron de la anoscopía de alta resolución para su hallazgo, lo que permitió realizar un tratamiento dirigido. Es importante que los profesionales de la salud consideren la pesquisa de H-ASIL en población de riesgo. (AU)


Introduction: The high-grade anal intraepithelial lesions (H-ASIL) are considered the precursor of the anal squamous cell carcinoma. This is why different societies recommend the screening and treatment in high-risk populations. The objective of this paper is to describe H-ASIL manifestations in the high resolution anoscopy (HRA) in our patients. Design: Retrospective, Descriptive Patients and Methods: Review of clinical histories and pictures of HRA of patients with H-ASIL diagnosis between January 2016 and July 2017. The anoscopic evaluation included the squamocolumnar junction, the distal anal duct and the perianal area. In case of the finding of a suspicious lesion of ASIL, biopsies were taken. Results: Between January 2016 and July 2017 184 HRA were performed. 143 ASIL suspicious lesion were biopsied. Twentysix of them, in 13 patients, were H-ASIL. Eleven were men (10 men who have sex with men with HIV infection). All lesions were subclinical and found at endoanal level. The totality of them were acetowhite. Areas with coarse punctation and a mosaic pattern were suggestive of ASIL. The use of lugol´s iodine allows us to increase the grade of suspect and delimit the lesions. Biopsies were taken for pathology under direct vision. Conclusion: The H-ASIL are considered at the present the precursors of the anal squamous carcinoma. Its development could be prevented with de proper detection and treatment of the H-ASIL. In our casuistic, all patients are in at least one risk group. The lesions were subclinical and required of the high resolution anoscopy for their finding, which allows to perform a directed treatment. It is important that health professionals consider the H-ASIL screening in risk population. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Anus Neoplasms/prevention & control , Precancerous Conditions/diagnosis , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/prevention & control , Proctoscopy/methods , Papanicolaou Test/methods , Squamous Intraepithelial Lesions/diagnosis , Anal Canal/pathology , Precancerous Conditions/therapy , HIV Infections , Mass Screening , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Homosexuality, Male , Papillomavirus Infections , Early Diagnosis , Squamous Intraepithelial Lesions/therapy
12.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 8(6): 488-498, dic. 28, 2019. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1224476

ABSTRACT

Objectives: A systematic review was conducted to evaluate effectiveness and safety of beta carotenes for the treatment of oral leukoplakia regarding clinical resolution and prevention of malignant transformation. Material and Methods: The systematic search was conducted in three electronic databases and the study's selection was performed according to pre-set eligibility criteria. Four studies evaluating the efficacy of beta carotenes in oral leukoplakia compared to placebo were included in the review; three of which were assigned for quantitative analysis. Data were extracted, tabulated, quality assessed and statistically analyzed. Results: The meta-analysis revealed that when comparing clinical resolution the beta carotene group favored was favored compared to placebo, with statistically significant difference. However, a meta-analysis comparing beta carotene and placebo groups regarding malignant transformation as a primary outcome failed to show any significant benefit. Furthermore, results showed evidence of beta carotene safety. Conclusion: the overall quality of evidence about efficacy of beta carotene in oral leukoplakia treatment was not high. However, given the obvious safety of this agent, data suggests it could have a promising effect in clinical improvement of oral leukoplakia lesions. However, no evidence supporting its benefits in reducing risk of malignant transformation in these lesions was found. Therefore, further long term, well designed randomized clinical trials are highly recommended.


Objetivos: Se realizó una revisión sistemática para evaluar la efectividad y la seguridad de los betacarotenos para el tratamiento de la leucoplasia oral en relación con la resolución clínica y la prevención de la transformación maligna. Material y Métodos: la búsqueda sistemática se realizó en tres bases de datos electrónicas y la selección del estudio se realizó de acuerdo con los criterios de elegibilidad preestablecidos. En la revisión se incluyeron cuatro estudios que evaluaban la eficacia de los betacarotenos en la leucoplasia oral en comparación con el placebo; tres de los cuales fueron asignados para el análisis cuantitativo. Los datos fueron extraídos, tabulados, su calidad evaluada y analizados estadísticamente. Resultados: El metanálisis reveló que al comparar la resolución clínica, el grupo de betacaroteno fue favorecido en comparación con el placebo, con una diferencia estadísticamente significativa. Sin embargo, un metaanálisis que comparó los grupos de betacaroteno y placebo con respecto a la transformación maligna como resultado primario no mostró ningún beneficio significativo. Además, los resultados mostraron evidencia de seguridad de betacaroteno. Conclusión: La calidad general de la evidencia sobre la eficacia del betacaroteno en el tratamiento de la leucoplasia oral no es alta. Sin embargo, dada la obvia seguridad de este agente, los datos sugieren que podría tener un efecto prometedor en la mejora clínica de las lesiones de leucoplasia oral. Sin embargo, no se encontraron pruebas que respalden sus beneficios en la reducción del riesgo de transformación maligna en estas lesiones. Por lo tanto, se recomiendan ensayos clínicos aleatorios bien diseñados a largo plazo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Leukoplakia, Oral/drug therapy , Carotenoids/therapeutic use , beta Carotene/therapeutic use , Precancerous Conditions , Mouth Neoplasms/drug therapy
13.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 147(11): 1382-1389, nov. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1094167

ABSTRACT

Background Chile has one of the highest mortality rates by gastric cancer (GC) worldwide. Primary prevention of GC and detection of pre-neoplastic and early neoplastic lesions should be a national priority. Aim To assess the impact of the protocolization of endoscopy referral and the use of H. pylori stool antigen test (HPSA) in the management of dyspepsia to decrease the waiting list for endoscopy and increase the detection of gastric pre-neoplastic and early neoplastic lesions. Material and Methods We included all patients referred to the Endoscopy Unit of a regional hospital, from January 2015 to December 2017. We also included patients with known pre-neoplastic lesions and all those with first degree relatives with GC. We implemented protocols for referral of patients with dyspepsia considering the use of HPSA test, prioritizing to endoscopy those with a higher risk of GC. Results A total of 4,641 endoscopies and 2,631 HPSA tests were carried out. After the adoption of these protocols, we observed a 52% decrease in the waiting time for endoscopy. The GC detection rate in this period was 1.8 to 3.1 cases per 100 endoscopies. After the adoption of the protocols, we observed a significant increase in early GC detection rate (from none in 2015 to 13% in 2017, p = 0.03). Conclusions The protocolization of the referral for endoscopy associated with widespread use of HPSA test in the management of patients with dyspepsia, are successful strategies to decrease waiting lists for endoscopy and optimize the detection rate of pre-neoplastic lesions and early GC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Precancerous Conditions/diagnosis , Waiting Lists , Helicobacter pylori/isolation & purification , Helicobacter Infections/diagnosis , Dyspepsia/diagnosis , Feces/microbiology , Antigens, Bacterial/analysis , Precancerous Conditions/microbiology , Primary Health Care , Referral and Consultation , Helicobacter Infections/complications , Helicobacter Infections/microbiology , Sensitivity and Specificity , Early Diagnosis , Dyspepsia/microbiology , Endoscopy/statistics & numerical data
14.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 56(4): 419-424, Oct.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055178

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Helicobacter pylori infection is the most important risk factor for gastric atrophy and intestinal metaplasia, both considered gastric cancer precursor lesions. Therefore, the investigation of the occurrence of H. pylori infection, precursor lesions and associated factors guides the adoption of specific strategies for the control this type of cancer. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of H. pylori infection in patients undergoing upper digestive endoscopy, as well as the prevalence of intestinal metaplasia, atrophy and chronic inflammation and their association with H. pylori infection. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed based on reports of gastric endoscopic biopsies performed in a private laboratory affiliated to the Brazilian Public Health System (SUS). Patients were evaluated for age, gender and type of health service. The samples were evaluated for the presence of H. pylori, and also of chronic inflammation, intestinal metaplasia and glandular atrophy. RESULTS: Of a total of 4,604 patients (mean age 51±16.6), 63.9% were female and 63.1% coming from private health care service. The prevalence of H. pylori infection was 31.7% (n=1,459), and the percentage of infection was significantly higher in patients from public health service (42.0%) in relation to patients from private health service (25.6%). Among H. pylori (+) patients, a higher percentage of intestinal metaplasia (17.7% vs 13.3%) and glandular atrophy (17.6% vs 6.9%) were observed when compared to those H. pylori (-) (P<0.01). From the patients H. pylori (+) with at least one type of precursor lesion (n=418), 161 (38.5%) had metaplasia and chronic inflammation, 160 (38.3%) had atrophy and chronic inflammation and finally 97 (23.2%) presented metaplasia, atrophy and chronic inflammation simultaneously. CONCLUSION: The present study reinforces the association of H. pylori infection with gastric cancer precursor lesions in a Brazilian population, emphasizing the importance of infection prevention measures, as well as the treatment of infected patients, especially in regions with lower socioeconomic levels that show a higher prevalence of infection by H. pylori.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: A infecção por Helicobacter pylori é o fator de risco mais importante para atrofia gástrica e metaplasia intestinal, ambas consideradas lesões precursoras do câncer gástrico. Portanto, a investigação da ocorrência de infecção por H. pylori, das lesões precursoras e dos fatores associados orienta a adoção de estratégias específicas para o controle deste tipo de câncer. OBJETIVO: Avaliar a prevalência de infecção por H. pylori em pacientes submetidos à endoscopia digestiva alta, bem como a prevalência de metaplasia intestinal, atrofia e inflamação crônica e a associação destas com a infecção por H. pylori. MÉTODOS: Foi realizado um estudo retrospectivo com base em laudos de biópsias endoscópicas gástricas realizadas em laboratório privado afiliado ao Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS). Os pacientes foram avaliados quanto à idade, sexo e tipo de serviço de saúde. As amostras foram avaliadas quanto à presença de H. pylori e também de inflamação crônica, metaplasia intestinal e atrofia glandular. RESULTADOS: Do total de 4.604 pacientes (idade média de 51±16,6), 63,9% eram do sexo feminino e 63,1% provenientes de serviços de saúde privado. A prevalência de infecção por H. pylori foi de 31,7% (n=1.459) e o percentual de infecção foi significativamente maior nos pacientes do serviço público de saúde (42,0%) em relação aos pacientes do serviço privado de saúde (25,6%). Entre os pacientes com H. pylori (+), foi observado maior percentual de metaplasia intestinal (17,7% vs 13,3%) e atrofia glandular (17,6% vs 6,9%) quando comparados aos H. pylori (-) (P<0,01). Dos pacientes H. pylori (+) com pelo menos um tipo de lesão precursora (n=418), 161 (38,5%) apresentaram metaplasia e inflamação crônica, 160 (38,3%) apresentaram atrofia e inflamação crônica e, finalmente, 97 (23,2%) apresentaram metaplasia, atrofia e inflamação crônica simultaneamente. CONCLUSÃO: O presente estudo reforça a associação da infecção por H. pylori com lesões precursoras de câncer gástrico em uma população brasileira, enfatizando a importância de medidas de prevenção de infecção, bem como o tratamento de pacientes infectados, principalmente em regiões com níveis socioeconômicos mais baixos que apresentam maior prevalência de infecção por H. pylori.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Stomach Neoplasms/microbiology , Helicobacter pylori , Helicobacter Infections/pathology , Precancerous Conditions/microbiology , Atrophy/microbiology , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology , Biopsy , Chronic Disease , Prevalence , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Gastroscopy , Metaplasia/microbiology , Middle Aged
15.
Int. j. morphol ; 37(3): 917-927, Sept. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1012376

ABSTRACT

El carcinoma gástrico (CG) de tipo intestinal se origina en un epitelio displásico, que a su vez se desarrolla en medio de una atrofia gástrica (AG) y metaplasia intestinal (MI). La infección por Helicobacter pylori (HP) es la causa más frecuente de AG, causando una pangastritis atrófica multifocal. Entre otras condiciones que producen inflamación crónica de la mucosa gástrica se encuentran también la gastritis autoinmune y la anemia perniciosa. El marco conceptual sobre el cual descansa gran parte de la investigación actual y nuestra comprensión de los cambios que ocurren en la mucosa gástrica se debe a la denominada "cascada de Correa"; quien planteó que la mucosa gástrica crónicamente inflamada, da paso a la AG, que va adquiriendo focos de MI y en dicho epitelio se desarrollará finalmente una displasia (DIS). Se ha acuñado el término lesiones preneoplásicas gástricas (LPG), para referirse a: AG, MI y DIS.Después de la erradicación de HP, se ha demostrado una reducción general de la incidencia de CG; efecto que no es tan claro, cuando la pangastritis por HP ha evolucionado a AG extensa. De tal modo que el efecto de la erradicación de HP medido a través de EC, ha sido poco consistente. La AG grave diagnosticada por histología representa la condición de mayor riesgo. Por otra parte, la MI puede ser de tipo intestinal (delgado-entérica ó incompleta) y la colónica (colónica ó completa) considerándose a esta última, como la variedad de peor pronóstico. El diagnóstico histológico de este tipo de lesiones determina que quien las padece, debe someterse a vigilancia endoscópica. El objetivo de este manuscrito fue resumir la evidencia existente respecto de las LPG, en términos de su caracterización morfológica y sus repercusiones diagnóstico-terapéuticas (significado patológico, graduación del riesgo, vigilancia recomendada; y factores de riesgo).


Gastric carcinoma (GC) of intestinal type, originates from a dysplastic epithelium, which in turn develops in the midst of gastric atrophy (GA) and intestinal metaplasia (IM). Helicobacter pylori (HP) infection is the most frequent cause of GA, causing a multifocal atrophic pangastritis. Among other conditions that produce chronic inflammation of gastric mucosa are also autoimmune gastritis and pernicious anemia. The conceptual framework on which much of current research rests and our understanding of the changes that occur in the gastric mucosa is due to the so-called "Correa waterfall"; who stated that gastric mucosa chronically inflamed, gives way to the GA, which is acquiring foci of IM and in said epithelium a dysplasia (DIS) will eventually develop. The term precancerous conditions (PCC) of the gastric mucosa have been coined to refer to: GA, IM and DIS. After HP eradication, a general reduction in the incidence of GC has been demonstrated; effect that is not so clear, when pangastritis by HP has evolved to extensive GA. Thus, the effect of HP eradication measured through clinical trials has been inconsistent. Severe GA diagnosed represents the highest risk condition. On the other hand, IM can be enteric (grade I), enterocolic (grade II) or colonic (grade III); considering IM III as the variety with the worst prognosis. Histological diagnosis of gastric PCC, determines that the one who suffers them, must undergo endoscopic surveillance. The aim of this manuscript was to update morphological aspects and diagnostic-therapeutic scope of gastric PCC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Precancerous Conditions/pathology , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology , Precancerous Conditions/microbiology , Stomach Neoplasms/microbiology , Risk Factors , Helicobacter pylori , Helicobacter Infections/complications , Helicobacter Infections/pathology , Risk Assessment , Gastritis, Atrophic/microbiology , Gastritis, Atrophic/pathology , Intestines/microbiology , Intestines/pathology , Metaplasia/microbiology , Metaplasia/pathology
16.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 56(1): 41-44, Jan.-Mar. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001321

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Esophageal cancer is the eighth most common cancer. The prognosis is bleak in patients with advanced stages. Patients with early disease have a better prognosis than those with advanced stage. There are several techniques for the screening of premalignant and superficial lesions including chromoendoscopy. OBJECTIVE: This article aimed to determine the effectiveness of chromoendoscopy with toluidine blue combined with Lugol's solution for diagnosis of esophageal premalignant and superficial neoplastic lesions in high risk patients. METHODS: Routine white light upper endoscopy was performed. Toluidine blue was sprayed from the gastroesophageal junction to 20 cm of the dental arch. Then the uptake dye areas were characterized. Later Lugol's solution was sprayed. Areas with less-intense staining were characterized. Biopsy of the toluidine blue capturing areas and areas with less-intense staining of Lugol's solution were taken. In the cases where lesions were not evidenced after application of dyes, biopsies four quadrants of the esophageal mucosa were taken. The samples were evaluated by a digestive pathologist. RESULTS: Barrett's esophagus was the most common premalignant lesion and the early neoplastic lesion was adenocarcinoma with a sensitivity of 100%, specificity 85.7%, positive predictive value 30%, negative predictive value 100%, positive likelihood ratio 7 negative likelihood ratio 0. CONCLUSION: Chromoendoscopy with toluidine blue combined with Lugol's solution is a useful tool in the screening of esophageal premalignant lesions and superficial neoplasms.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: O câncer de esôfago é o oitavo câncer mais comum. O prognóstico é sombrio em pacientes com estágios avançados. Pacientes com doença precoce têm um melhor prognóstico do que aqueles com estágio avançado. Existem várias técnicas para a triagem de lesões pré-malignas e superficiais, incluindo cromoendoscopia. OBJETIVO: Este artigo objetivou determinar a efetividade da cromoendoscopia com azul de toluidina combinada com a solução de Lugol para o diagnóstico de lesões neoplásicas pré-malignas e superficiais esofágicas em pacientes de alto risco. MÉTODOS - A endoscopia de luz branca de rotina foi realizada de forma rotineira. O azul do toluidina foi pulverizado desde a junção gastroesofágica até 20 cm da arcada dentária. As áreas impregnadas pela tintura da tomada foram então caracterizadas. Mais adiante a solução de Lugol foi pulverizada. Áreas com coloração menos intensa foram caracterizadas. Foram realizadas biópsias das áreas de captura de azul de toluidina e áreas com coloração menos intensa da solução de Lugol. Nos casos onde as lesões não foram evidenciadas após a aplicação das tinturas, foram feitas biópsias em quatro quadrantes da mucosa esofágica. As amostras foram avaliadas por um patologista especializado. RESULTADOS: O esôfago de Barrett foi a lesão pré-maligna mais frequente e a lesão neoplásica precoce foi adenocarcinoma com sensibilidade de 100%, especificidade de 85,7%, valor preditivo positivo de 30%, valor preditivo negativo 100%, razão de verossimilhança positiva 7 e razão de verossimilhança negativa 0. CONCLUSÃO: A cromoendoscopia com azul de toluidina combinada com a solução de Lugol é uma ferramenta útil na triagem de lesões pré-malignas esofágicas e neoplasias superficiais.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Precancerous Conditions/diagnostic imaging , Esophageal Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Esophagoscopy/methods , Early Detection of Cancer/methods , Precancerous Conditions/pathology , Tolonium Chloride/administration & dosage , Barrett Esophagus/pathology , Barrett Esophagus/diagnostic imaging , Esophagitis, Peptic/diagnostic imaging , Cross-Sectional Studies , Predictive Value of Tests , Prospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity , Coloring Agents/administration & dosage , Esophageal Mucosa/pathology , Esophageal Mucosa/diagnostic imaging , Iodides/administration & dosage , Middle Aged
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-819054

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the application of probe-based confocal laser endomicroscopy (pCLE) in diagnosis of gastric carcinoma and precancerous lesions.@*METHODS@#Patients underwent pCLE in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine during December 2013 and November 2014 and in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang Chinese Medical University during January 2014 and December 2017 were enrolled. The consistency between pCLE diagnosis and pathological diagnosis of gastric lesions, including atrophic gastritis, gastric intestinal metaplasia, low-grade intraepithelial neoplasia and high-grade intraepithelial neoplasia (including gastric carcinoma) was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Totally 154 gastric lesions from 119 patients were detected by pCLE. Using pathological diagnosis as gold standard, the sensitivity, specificity, coincidence rate and κ value of pCLE diagnosis for atrophic gastritis were 94.34%, 91.09%, 92.21%and 0.83; those indicators for gastric intestinal metaplasia were 84.47%, 92.16%, 87.01% and 0.72. The coincidence rate and κ value of pCLE diagnosis of complete gastric intestinal metaplasia were 0.75 and 0.49; for incomplete gastric intestinal metaplasia were 0.79 and 0.48, respectively. The sensitivity, specificity, coincidence rate and κ value of pCLE diagnosis for low-grade intraepithelial neoplasia were 85.29%, 87.50%, 87.01%and 0.66; those for high-grade intraepithelial neoplasia (including gastric carcinoma) were 95.83%, 97.17%, 96.75%and 0.92.@*CONCLUSIONS@#pCLE can be used for diagnosis of gastric carcinoma and pericancerous lesions and also for typing of gastric intestinal metaplasia.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma , Diagnostic Imaging , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal , Humans , Metaplasia , Microscopy, Confocal , Precancerous Conditions , Diagnostic Imaging , Sensitivity and Specificity , Stomach , Diagnostic Imaging , Pathology , Stomach Neoplasms , Diagnostic Imaging
18.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761515

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Chronic atrophic gastritis (CAG) and metaplastic gastritis (MG) are precancerous conditions of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori)-related gastric cancer. This study aimed to identify the characteristics of nodular gastritis (NG) showing CAG or MG after nodule regression. METHODS: H. pylori-infected patients with NG were included after upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. Patients were excluded if their latest endoscopy had been performed ≤36 months after the initial diagnosis of NG. Small-granular-type NG was defined as the condition with 1–2 mm regular subepithelial nodules. Large-nodular-type NG was defined as those with 3–4 mm, irregular subepithelial nodules. The endoscopic findings after nodule regression were recorded. RESULTS: Among the 97 H. pylori-infected patients with NG, 61 showed nodule regression after a mean follow-up of 73.0±22.0 months. After nodule regression, 16 patients showed a salt-and-pepper appearance and/or transparent submucosal vessels, indicating CAG. Twenty-nine patients showed diffuse irregular elevations and/or whitish plaques, indicating MG. Sixteen patients with other endoscopic findings (14 normal, one erosive gastritis, and one chronic superficial gastritis) showed a higher proportion of H. pylori eradication (12/16, 75.0%) than those in the CAG group (5/16, 31.3%) and MG group (6/29, 20.7%; p=0.001). Patients with small-granular-type NG tended to progress toward CAG (14/27, 51.9%), whereas those with large-nodular-type NG tended to progress toward MG (25/34, 73.5%; p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: In patients with a persistent H. pylori infection, NG tended to progress to CAG or MG when the nodules regressed. Small-granular-type NG tended to progress to CAG, whereas large-nodular-type NG tended to progress to MG.


Subject(s)
Atrophy , Diagnosis , Endoscopy , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal , Follow-Up Studies , Gastritis , Gastritis, Atrophic , Helicobacter pylori , Humans , Lymphoid Tissue , Metaplasia , Precancerous Conditions , Stomach Neoplasms
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772127

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To screen potential plasma protein biomarkers for the progression of cervical precancerous lesions into cervical carcinoma and analyze their functions.@*METHODS@#Plasma samples obtained from healthy control subjects, patients with low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (LSIL), high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL), cervical cancer (CC), and patients with CC after treatment were enriched for low-abundance proteins for liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) analysis. The MS data of the samples were analyzed using Discoverer 2.2 software, and the differential proteins (peptide coverage ≥20%, unique peptides≥2) were screened by comparison of LSIL, HSIL and CC groups against the control group followed by verification using target proteomics technology. Protein function enrichment and coexpression analyses were carried out to explore the role of the differentially expressed proteins as potential biomarkers and their pathological mechanisms.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, both LSIL group and HSIL group showed 9 differential proteins; 5 differentially expressed proteins were identified in CC group. The proteins ORM2 and HPR showed obvious differential expressions in LSIL and HSIL groups compared with the control group, and could serve as potential biomarkers for the progression of cervical carcinoma. The expression of F9 increased consistently with the lesion progression from LSIL to HSIL and CC, suggesting its value as a potential biomarker for the progression of cervical cancer. CFI and AFM protein levels were obviously decreased in treated patients with CC compared with the patients before treatment, indicating their predictive value for the therapeutic efficacy. Protein function enrichment analysis showed that all these differentially expressed proteins were associated with the complement system and the coagulation cascades pathway.@*CONCLUSIONS@#We identified 5 new protein biomarkers (F9, CFI, AFM, HPR, and ORM2) for cervical precancerous lesions and for prognostic evaluation of CC, and combined detection of these biomarkers may help in the evaluation of the development and progression of CC and also in improving the diagnostic sensitivity and specificity of cervical lesions.


Subject(s)
Antigens, Neoplasm , Blood , Biomarkers, Tumor , Blood , Carrier Proteins , Blood , Case-Control Studies , Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia , Blood , Diagnosis , Chromatography, Liquid , Complement Factor I , Early Detection of Cancer , Female , Glycoproteins , Blood , Haptoglobins , Humans , Neoplasm Proteins , Blood , Orosomucoid , Precancerous Conditions , Blood , Diagnosis , Serum Albumin, Human , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms , Blood , Diagnosis
20.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787163

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Chronic atrophic gastritis (CAG) and metaplastic gastritis (MG) are precancerous conditions of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori)-related gastric cancer. This study aimed to identify the characteristics of nodular gastritis (NG) showing CAG or MG after nodule regression.METHODS: H. pylori-infected patients with NG were included after upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. Patients were excluded if their latest endoscopy had been performed ≤36 months after the initial diagnosis of NG. Small-granular-type NG was defined as the condition with 1–2 mm regular subepithelial nodules. Large-nodular-type NG was defined as those with 3–4 mm, irregular subepithelial nodules. The endoscopic findings after nodule regression were recorded.RESULTS: Among the 97 H. pylori-infected patients with NG, 61 showed nodule regression after a mean follow-up of 73.0±22.0 months. After nodule regression, 16 patients showed a salt-and-pepper appearance and/or transparent submucosal vessels, indicating CAG. Twenty-nine patients showed diffuse irregular elevations and/or whitish plaques, indicating MG. Sixteen patients with other endoscopic findings (14 normal, one erosive gastritis, and one chronic superficial gastritis) showed a higher proportion of H. pylori eradication (12/16, 75.0%) than those in the CAG group (5/16, 31.3%) and MG group (6/29, 20.7%; p=0.001). Patients with small-granular-type NG tended to progress toward CAG (14/27, 51.9%), whereas those with large-nodular-type NG tended to progress toward MG (25/34, 73.5%; p<0.001).CONCLUSIONS: In patients with a persistent H. pylori infection, NG tended to progress to CAG or MG when the nodules regressed. Small-granular-type NG tended to progress to CAG, whereas large-nodular-type NG tended to progress to MG.


Subject(s)
Atrophy , Diagnosis , Endoscopy , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal , Follow-Up Studies , Gastritis , Gastritis, Atrophic , Helicobacter pylori , Humans , Lymphoid Tissue , Metaplasia , Precancerous Conditions , Stomach Neoplasms
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