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Med. infant ; 30(1): 41-44, Marzo 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1428318
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988673


@#Precision medicine is a form of medicine that utilizes information about a person’s own genes to prevent, diagnose, or treat disease. In trophoblastic disease, precision medicine is important for accurate diagnosis, risk stratification, prognostication, and management. Immunohistochemistry, particularly p57kip2, has become an important ancillary procedure for the accurate identification of complete hydatidiform mole (HM). Molecular genotyping, on the other hand, is now considered the gold standard for the accurate classification of HM. Both tests are important for prognostication and the determination of the appropriate follow‑up plan. For gestational trophoblastic neoplasia, immunohistochemical markers can confirm the histologic diagnosis of its various types. Molecular genotyping differentiates gestational from nongestational tumors with overlapping histology and allows for precise identification of the index or causative pregnancy of a choriocarcinoma.

Gestational Trophoblastic Disease , Hydatidiform Mole , Precision Medicine
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1155-1165, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980839


Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common type of primary hepatocellular carcinoma (PHC). Early diagnosis of HCC remains the key to improve the prognosis. In recent years, with the promotion of the concept of precision medicine and more in-depth analysis of the biological mechanism underlying HCC, new diagnostic methods, including emerging serum markers, liquid biopsies, molecular diagnosis, and advances in imaging (novel contrast agents and radiomics), have emerged one after another. Herein, we reviewed and analyzed scientific advances in the early diagnosis of HCC and discussed their application and shortcomings. This review aimed to provide a reference for scientific research and clinical practice of HCC.

Humans , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/pathology , Liver Neoplasms/pathology , Prognosis , Early Diagnosis , Precision Medicine
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 75-80, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971153


The diagnosis and treatment of chronic refractory wounds on body surface has always been full of challenges, and it also poses a huge burden on medical care and society. High-throughput sequencing combined with omics analysis can reveal potential mechanisms of chronic wound formation, and identify potential biomarkers related to diagnosis, prognosis, and screening of chronic wound. Combined with multiple levels of omics analysis, the detailed molecular mechanism of chronic wound development can be further explored and understood, so as to provide clues for the formulation of personalized treatment methods and lay a solid foundation for the precision medicine of chronic wounds. Therefore, this review addresses the recent progress of various omics analyses in chronic refractory wounds on body surface.

Precision Medicine/methods , Biomarkers
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970613


Genome-guided oncology refers to a new treatment concept that transcends histological classification and pathological ty-ping and uses drugs according to the genetic characteristics of tumors. New drug development technology and clinical trial design based on this concept provide new ideas for the clinical application of precision oncology. The multi-component and multi-target characteristics of Chinese medicine provide rich resources for the development of tumor-targeting drugs from natural products, and the design of the master protocol trial aiming at the characteristics of precision oncology supports the rapid clinical screening of effective tumor-targeting drugs. The emergence of the synthetic lethality strategy breaks through the bottleneck that the drug can only target the oncogene but cannot do anything to the tumor suppressor gene with the loss-of-function mutation in the past. With the rapid development of high-throughput sequencing technology, the cost of sequencing is also decreasing. For the development of tumor-targeting drugs, how to keep up with the update speed of target information is a difficult problem of concern. Based on the integration of innovative ideas and me-thods of precision oncology, network pharmacology, and synthetic lethality strategy on synthetic lethal interaction network of antitumor Chinese medicine compatibility formula design, and the combination of improvement of innovative clinical trial methods, such as master protocol trial, basket trial, and umbrella trial, unique advantages of Chinese medicine are expected to be exerted beyond the antibody-based drugs and small molecule-based drugs and corresponding targeted drugs are potentially developed for clinical application.

Humans , Neoplasms/genetics , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Precision Medicine/methods , Medical Oncology , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970555


The aging society has led to a substantial increase in the number of clinical comorbidities. To meet the needs of comorbidity treatment, polypharmacy is widely used in clinical practice. However, polypharmacy has drawbacks such as treatment conflict. Same treatment of different diseases refers to treating different diseases with same treatment. Therefore, the principle of same treatment of different diseases can alleviate the problems caused by polypharmacy. Under the research background of precision medicine, it becomes possible to explore the mechanism of same treatment of different diseases and achieve its clinical application. However, drugs successfully developed in the past have revealed shortcomings in clinical use. To better interpret the mechanism of precision medicine for same treatment of different diseases, under the multi-dimensional attributes including dynamic space and time, omics was performed, and a new strategy of tensor decomposition was proposed. With the characteristics of complete data, tensor decomposition is advantageous in data mining and can fully grasp the connotation of precision treatment of different diseases with same treatment under dynamic spatiotemporal changes. This method is used for drug repositioning in some biocomputations. By taking advantage of the dimensionality reduction of tensor decomposition and integrating the dual influences of time and space, this study achieved accurate target prediction of same treatment of different diseases at each stage, and discovered the mechanism of precision medicine of same treatment for different diseases, providing scientific support for precision prescription and treatment of different diseases with same treatment in clinical practice. This study thus conducted preliminary exploration of the pharmacological mechanism of precision Chinese medicine treatment.

Humans , Data Mining , Medicine, East Asian Traditional , Precision Medicine
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 764-768, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982671


Sepsis is a life-threatening organ dysfunction caused by dysregulated host responses to infection. Despite significant advances in anti-infective, immunomodulatory, and organ function support technologies, the precise and targeted management of sepsis remains a challenge due to its high heterogeneity. Studies have identified disturbed tryptophan (TRP) metabolism as a common mechanism in multiple diseases, which is involved in both immune regulation and the development of multi-organ damages. The rise of research on intestinal microflora has further highlighted the critical role of microflora-regulated TRP metabolism in pathogen-host interactions and the "cross-talk" among multi-organs, making it a potential key target for precision medicine in sepsis. This article reviews TRP metabolism, the regulation of TRP metabolism by the intestinal microflora, and the characteristics of TRP metabolism in sepsis, providing clues for further clinical targeting of TRP metabolism for precision medicine in sepsis.

Humans , Gastrointestinal Microbiome/physiology , Tryptophan/metabolism , Precision Medicine , Sepsis
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 42(3): 158-162, sept. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1396917


Las nuevas estrategias, que incluyen el diagnóstico y el tratamiento tempranos, el enfoque de tratamiento dirigido a un objetivo, la remisión como ese objetivo principal del tratamiento, la participación de los pacientes en las decisiones terapéuticas, junto con el desarrollo de nuevos tratamientos efectivos, han cambiado las expectativas de los reumatólogos y de los pacientes con enfermedades reumáticas. Todavía existen, sin embargo, importantes desafíos tales como la seguridad a largo plazo de los tratamientos actuales y poder escoger tratamientos más individualizados y eficaces, de forma tal de elegir el mejor tratamiento para cada paciente. El futuro, como en el resto de la medicina, probablemente sea la prevención del desarrollo de enfermedades reumáticas. Discutiremos estos temas en esta revisión. (AU)

New strategies, including early diagnosis and treatment, targeted therapy, remission as the main objective of treatment, patient involvement in therapeutic decision-making, and the development of new effective therapies, have changed the expectations of rheumatologists and patients with rheumatic diseases.There are still serious challenges, such as the long-term safety of current treatments and the ability to make more individualized and effective treatments to choose the best treatment for each patient. The future, as that of the whole of medical science, will probably lie in preventing the development of rheumatic diseases. We will discuss these issues in this review. (AU)

Humans , Rheumatic Diseases/diagnosis , Rheumatic Diseases/prevention & control , Rheumatic Diseases/drug therapy , Patient Participation , Remission Induction/methods , Early Diagnosis , Precision Medicine/trends , Pharmacovigilance , Early Goal-Directed Therapy/methods
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 82(1): 136-146, mar. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1389828


Resumen Los biobancos son una innovadora herramienta biotecnológica y un recurso fundamental para el continuo avance en la investigación científica biomédica, y para el advenimiento de la medicina de precisión. Se han desarrollado de forma exponencial durante los últimos 20 años en el mundo, como también a nivel de nuestro país, con la creación de 10 biobancos desde el año 2004. En ellos se almacenan y organizan distintos tipos de muestras biológicas, asociadas a datos epidemiológicos y genéticos de donantes voluntarios. Todos los especímenes almacenados deben ser preservados con estándares de calidad garantizados, a modo de asegurar trazabilidad, integridad y calidad de las muestras. A pesar de que la mantención de un biobanco puede significar altos costos, a fin de cuentas, abaratan costos de los estudios clínicos, dado que es precisamente el biobanco quien se encarga de la obtención de datos y muestras clínicas confiables, permitiendo realizar múltiples estudios a partir de las mismas muestras. A través de este proceso, los biobancos permiten mantener una fuente confiable de recur-sos para la investigación en diversas áreas de la medicina, dentro de ellas la otorrinolaringología. En otorrinolaringología, los biobancos han significado un gran avance, facilitando la investigación en relación con hipoacusia, presbiacusia y tinnitus, así como en el área oncológica. En un futuro, se espera que la comunidad científica haga uso de este recurso, pudiendo expandir su utilidad no solo en el área médica, sino también en otras profesiones de la salud, maximizando así su gigantesco potencial.

Abstract Biobanks are novel biotechnological tools and a fundamental resource for the constant development of biomedical research, as much as for the growing practice of precision medicine. They have proliferated worldwide over the past 20 years and Chile has not been left behind with the creation of 10 bio-banks since 2004. Biobanks store and organize different types of biological samples associated with epidemiological and genetic data from volunteer donors. These samples are stored and preserved under guaranteed quality standards to ensure their traceability, integrity, and quality. Even though the price of maintaining a biobank may seem high, after all, they reduce the costs of research, since biobanks are responsible of the acquisition and storage of data and samples, allowing the performance of multiple studies from the same collection of specimens. In this direction, biobanks grant a constant source of well-founded scientific material for investigation in a wide range of medical fields, such as otolaryngology among them. In otolaryngology, the biobanks have meant a great improvement, facilitating investigations related to deafness, presbycusis, tinnitus and oncology. In the future we hope the scientific community will expand the use this innovative tool over a broader medical field and towards other health-related professions, making the most of its enormous potential.

Humans , Otolaryngology , Biological Specimen Banks/organization & administration , Biological Specimen Banks/trends , Precision Medicine , Chile/epidemiology
urol. colomb. (Bogotá. En línea) ; 31(1): 1-2, 15/03/2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1368877


La medicina personalizada (MP) trae la promesa del cuidado individual a través de la identificación de variaciones genéticas que permitan determinar la predisposición ante una enfermedad, ofreciendo una prevención oportuna y específica, o adaptando las estrategias terapéuticas de manera particular.[1] [2] Su esencia es la integración de la investigación biomédica y la información clínica,[3] [4] con la esperanza de reducir el gasto en salud y la garantía de acceso equitativo a los ciudadanos.[4] La rapidez y bajo costo en la secuenciación del genoma ha permitido su implementación en la práctica clínica.[1] En urología estos avances han facilitado una mejor comprensión de los subtipos histológicos de las neoplasias del tracto genitourinario, facilitando el uso de tratamientos específicos y un seguimiento más oportuno.[2] [5] [6] Sin embargo, su aplicación en la identificación de biomarcadores no ha sido completamente determinada

Personalized medicine (PM) brings the promise of individualized care through the identification of genetic variations that allow determining the predisposition to a disease, offering timely and specific prevention, or adapting therapeutic strategies in a particular way.[1] [2] Its essence is the integration of biomedical research and clinical information,[3] [4] with the hope of reducing health spending and guaranteeing equitable access to citizens.[4] The speed and low cost of genome sequencing has allowed its implementation in clinical practice.[1] In urology, these advances have facilitated a better understanding of the histological subtypes of histological subtypes of neoplasms in urology. The speed and low cost of genome sequencing has allowed its implementation in clinical practice.[1] In urology these advances have facilitated a better understanding of the histological subtypes of neoplasms of the genitourinary tract, facilitating the use of specific treatments and more timely follow-up.[2] [5] [6] However, its application in the identification of biomarkers has not been fully determined.

Humans , Preceptorship , Biomedical Research , Precision Medicine , Genetic Variation , Biomarkers , Low Cost Technology , Comprehension , Neoplasms
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e20584, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1403761


Abstract Personalized medicine is gaining importance in pharmacotherapeutics as it allows tailoring the drug treatment to achieve the best patient response. Orodispersible film (ODF) is easy to formulate in hospitals, produces dose flexibility to suit an individual needs, particularly for patients suffer from swallowing issues or prohibited to take fluids. Sertraline Hydrochloride (SRT) was solubilized in several cosolvents, then different SRT ODFs based on five hydrophilic polymers namely; polyvinyl alcohol (PVA), hydroxylethyl cellulose (HEC), hydroxypropyl methylcellulose E5 LV (HPMC E5 LV), sodium alginate (NaAlg) and gelatin at two concentrations (2% and 4%) were developed and characterized. The outcomes were exposed to response surface analysis to obtain the desirability results to obtain the optimized formulation. Blended ODFs were developed from 4% PVA and 2% HEC in different blends and then potassium chloride (KCl) as a pore-forming agent was added to the best formulation to investigate its dissolution enhancement effect. F14 containing 4% PVA: 2% HEC 2:1 with 5% KCl showed best physicochemical properties of suitable pH (5.6), disintegration time (6 sec), good folding endurance which released 91 % SRT after 15 min. SRT ODF is an encouraging delivery system in the course of personalized medicine for the management of depression.

Solvents , Sertraline/analysis , Precision Medicine , Excipients , Process Optimization
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(1): 1-8, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1352731


Objective: to evaluate the impact of three different scan strategies and implant angulation on impression accuracy of an intraoral scanner for full-arch multiple implant scan. Material and Method: A maxillary edentulous model with six implant analogs served as a reference model. The four anterior analogs were positioned parallel to each other, the distal right and the distal left was placed with an angulation of 15o and 20o, respectively. Thirty impression were performed using an intraoral scanner (CEREC Primescan). The master cast was digitalized with an industrial reference scanner (ATOS Core 80). All scans were converted to standard tessellation language (STL), superimposed on the reference scan with a 3d inspection software (GOM Inspect Professional 2019) and then analyzed. Results: All linear distances presented equivalence [p<0.01] to those found on the reference scan for all scan strategies. All scan strategies presented a tendency of negative means for linear distances except for d4 in strategy C. All angular distances did not present equivalence [p=0.05] to those found on the reference scan. Significant 3D deviations [p<0.05] were found between strategy B (0.02 ± 0.01) and C (0.05 ± 0.04) for d1. In all others linear and angular distances no statistically significant difference was found between strategies A, B and C. Conclusions: There was no statistically significant difference between strategies A, B and C except for d1 in strategy B and C; Implant angulation did not affect the accuracy of the CEREC Primescan IOS (AU)

Objetivo: avaliar o impacto de três diferentes estratégias de escaneamento e angulação do implante na acurácia da moldagem de um scanner intraoral na moldagem de múltiplos implantes em arco completo. Material e Métodos: Um modelo edêntulo de maxila contendo seis análogos de implante serviu como modelo de referência. Os quatro análogos anteriores foram posicionados paralelos entre si, o distal direito e o distal esquerdo foram posicionados com angulação de 15o e 20o, respectivamente. Trinta moldagens foram realizadas usando um scanner intraoral (CEREC Primescan). O modelo mestre foi digitalizado com um scanner de referência industrial (ATOS Core 80). Todas as escaneamentos foram convertidas para a linguagem de mosaico padrão (STL), sobrepostas ao escaneamento de referência com um software de inspeção 3D (GOM Inspect Professional 2019) e, em seguida, analisadas. Resultados: Todas as distâncias lineares apresentaram equivalência [p <0,01] àquelas encontradas na escaneamento de referência para todas as estratégias. Todas as estratégias de escaneamento apresentaram tendência de médias negativas para distâncias lineares, exceto para d4 na estratégia C. Todas as distâncias angulares não apresentaram equivalência [p = 0,05] às encontradas no escaneamento de referência. Desvios 3D significativos [p <0,05] foram encontrados entre a estratégia B (0,02 ± 0,01) e C (0,05 ± 0,04) para d1. Em todas as outras distâncias lineares e angulares, nenhuma diferença estatisticamente significativa foi encontrada entre as estratégias A, B e C. Conclusões: Não houve diferença estatisticamente significante entre as estratégias A, B e C, exceto para d1 na estratégia B e C; A angulação do implante não afetou a precisão do CEREC Primescan. (AU)

Dental Implantation , Precision Medicine , Models, Anatomic
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935298


The micronucleomics test can comprehensively display a variety of harmful endpoints, such as DNA damage and repair, chromosome breakage or loss and cell growth inhibition, with fast, simple and economical feature. Micronucleomics is not only widely used in the comprehensive assessment of the types and modes of genetic action of exogenous chemicals (such as drugs, food additives, cosmetics, environmental pollutants, etc.), but also plays an important role in the screening and risk assessment of cancer population at high risk. However, the traditional micronucleomics image counting method has the characteristics of time-consuming, low accuracy, and high cost, which cannot meet the current analysis requirements of large-scale, multi-index, rapidity, high precision and visualization. In recent years, with the rapid development of the era of precision medicine based on big data, visualized analysis of new micronucleomics based on machine learning and detection strategies based on deep learning have shown a good application prospect. This review, based on the application value of micronucleomics, systematically compares the traditional and new artificial intelligence counting of micronucleus images, and discusses the future direction of micronucleus image detection.

Humans , Artificial Intelligence , Big Data , Machine Learning , Precision Medicine
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928885


With the advent of the era of artificial intelligence, as an emerging technology, radiomics can extract a large amount of quantitative information describing the physiological condition and phenotypic characteristics of tumors with high throughput from the massive data of CT, MRI and other imaging tomography, and analyze these high-dimensional imaging omics features containing disease pathophysiological information can be used to accurately determine tumor differentiation, staging, and predict tumor behavior, which has broad application prospects. This article aims to introduce the technical principles of radiomics and its abdominal tumor application status, and to prospect its application prospects in pediatric abdominal neuroblastoma.

Child , Humans , Abdominal Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Artificial Intelligence , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Precision Medicine , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
j.tunis.ORL chir. cerv.-fac ; 47(3): 30-34, 2022. tales, figures
Article in French | AIM | ID: biblio-1392585


Analyser le lien entre la surdité professionnelle induite par le bruit et les caractéristiques socioprofessionnelles des travailleurs. Méthodes: C'était une étude prospective et analytique, par enquête avec évaluation audiométrique du 1er août au 30 septembre 2020, concernant 92 travailleurs des deux centrales de la Société Nationale d'Electricité de N'Djamena.Les tests de khi2et de corrélation de Pearson étaient utilisés à la recherche d'un lien entre la surdité due au bruit et les facteurs socioprofessionnels; une différence était dite statistiquement significative si p <0,05. Résultats: L'échantillon était constitué de 96% d'hommes. L'âge variait de 23 à 64 ans avec une moyenne de 38,7 ± 9,0 ans. Quarante-sept (51%) employés étaient formés sur la sécurité en milieu professionnel. Les agents de quarts représentaient 45% des cas (n=41). La durée d'exposition moyenne au bruit était de 10,8 ± 8,5 ans. Le port des équipements de protection individuelle était régulier dans 86% des cas (n =79). La surdité professionnelle a été observée dans 55% des cas (n=51). L'âge (p <10-3) et la durée d'exposition au bruit (p=0,002) étaient les facteurs associés significativement à la surdité. Conclusion: L'âge et l'ancienneté sont les facteurs prédictifs de la surdité chez les travailleurs exposés aux bruits des centrales électriques de N'Djamena.

Humans , Power Plants , Genetic Testing , Precision Medicine , Hearing Loss, Noise-Induced , Occupational Diseases
Pers. bioet ; 25(2): e25210, jul.-dic. 2021.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1386798


Abstract Genetics test in predictive medicine seems to take charge of the uniqueness of any human being. Unlike preventive medicine it moves from the theoretical assumption of the knowledge of a specific individual's genetic structure and potential fragility. However, the attention paid to the gene risks placing the living and experienced body in the shadow. Sometimes, "genetic news" can make the subject in the present act like a sick person without being so, read every event in that direction, and, ultimately, fulfill the prophecy. The article goes beyond the alleged non-exceptionalism of genetic data and discusses the symbolic value that the gene has assumed and its role in reflexivity and self-perception.

Resumen Las pruebas genéticas en la medicina predictiva parecen encargarse de la singularidad del ser humano, a diferencia de la medicina preventiva parte del supuesto teórico del conocimiento de la estructura genética y de la fragilidad potencial de un individuo específico. Sin embargo, la atención que se presta al dato genético tiene el riesgo ensombrecer el cuerpo vívido y la experiencia en primera persona. En ocasiones, las "noticias genéticas" pueden llevar al sujeto en el presente a actuar como un enfermo sin serlo, a leer cada evento en ese sentido y, por último, a cumplir la predicción. El artículo va más allá de la supuesta no excepcionalidad de los datos genéticos y analiza el valor simbólico que ha asumido el gen y su papel en la reflexividad y la autopercepción.

Resumo Os testes genéticos em medicina preditiva parecem se responsabilizar pela singularidade de qualquer ser humano, enquanto a medicina preventiva se move a partir do suposto teórico do conhecimento da estrutura genética e da fragilidade potencial de um indivíduo específico. Contudo, a atenção prestada ao dado genético está arriscada a agravar o corpo vívido e a experiência em primeira pessoa. Em ocasiões, as "notícias genéticas" podem levar o sujeito no presente a atuar como um doente sem ser isso, a ler cada evento nesse sentido e, definitivamente, a cumprir o predito. Este artigo vai mais além da suposta não excepcionalidade dos dados genéticos e analisa o valor simbólico que o gene assume e seu papel na reflexividade e na autopercepção.

Self Concept , Social Identification , Genetic Testing , Precision Medicine , Genetic Counseling