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1.
Hematol., Transfus. Cell Ther. (Impr.) ; 44(3): 314-320, July-Sept. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1405014

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: The date of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) diagnosis has been studied regarding potential etiologic roles with contrasting results and the issue remains controversial. The principal aim of this study was to analyze monthly variation of ALL diagnosis in a large homogenous Hispanic Latin American cohort over 15 years; its association with survival rates was also assessed. Methods: Clinical files and electronic records of 501 consecutive patients of all ages with ALL in northeastern Mexico over the years of 2004-2018 were scrutinized. Patients were divided into children <18 and adults >18 years. The Chi-square heterogeneity analysis was used to test for non-uniform variation. The Poisson regression analysis was used to fit sinusoidal (harmonic) models to the data, using the month of diagnosis as a covariate in a separate model. Results: During the study period 363 children (72.5%) and 138 adults (27.5%) (p < 0.001) were diagnosed with ALL. Heterogeneity across the months of diagnosis was confirmed (p = 0.019) and the Poisson regression analysis confirmed a significant monthly variation (p < 0.001) (95% CI, 3.024-3.745), a higher annual peak being observed in the month of March (p = 0.002), followed by a second peak in October (p = 0.026). The five-year OS for children was 68.2% (95% CI, 67.64-68.74) and for adults, 43.7% (95% CI, 42.67-44.71) (p < 0.001). No significant association between the month of diagnosis and OS was found (p = 0.789). Conclusion: The monthly variation of ALL diagnosis was documented; these results confirm the heterogeneous behavior of the disease and appear to be consistent with an interplay of environmental and biologic factors. Further studies are needed to examine putative candidate agents.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma
2.
Rev. ecuat. pediatr ; 23(2): 146-153, 15 de agosto 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1397276

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El trasplante de células progenitoras hematopoyéticas (TCPH) es el trata-miento para la leucemia aguda en niños, el tipo de cáncer más común en edad pediátrica. El objetivo del presente estudio fue determinar la supervivencia global y libre de enferme-dad en un grupo de pacientes sometidos a TCPH y explorar los factores de riesgo pacientes pediátricos con leucemia aguda. Metodología: El presente estudio observacional incluye a pacientes pediátricos diagnosticados de leucemia mieloide aguda (LMA) o linfoide (LLA), sometidos a TCPH, de 2011 a 2018 presentados en el Hospital Infantil Federico Gómez. Se construyen curvas de Kaplan Meier para la supervivencia global, por subgrupos según tipo de leucemia y estado libre de enfermedad así como un estudio multivariable para medir factores de riesgo. Resultados: Se incluyeron 53 pacientes en el análisis. 5 pacientes (11%) tuvieron falla primaria del injerto. La supervivencia global fue del 28% a los 24 meses. Fallecieron 30 pacientes (67%). La mediana de supervivencia global fue de 11 meses. Para LMA fue de 8.9 meses y para LLA de 12.4 meses. Uno de los factores de riesgo constituyó la edad >10 años al momento del trasplante OR 5.2 (1.07-25.12), P=0.04 y el número de recaídas previas al trasplante OR 4.3 (1.2-15.07) P=0.025. Conclusión: Los pacientes que sobrevivieron un año libre de la enfermedad tenían un mejor pronóstico en general. En estudios relacionados a TCPH no se ha reportado que exista un rango de edad de los receptores de trasplante que esté relacionado a mayor mortalidad, por lo cual es un dato significativo como un factor de riesgo independiente.


Introduction: Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is the treatment for acute leukemia in children, the most common type of cancer in children. The objective of the present study was to de-termine the overall and disease-free survival in a group of patients undergoing HSCT and to explore the risk factors for pediatric patients with acute leukemia. Methodology: This observational study includes all pediatric patients diagnosed with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) or lymphoid leukemia (ALL), undergoing HSCT from March 2011 to March 2018, presented at the Federico Gómez Children's Hospital. Kaplan Meier curves are constructed for overall survival by subgroups according to the type of leukemia and disease-free status, as well as a multivaria-ble study to measure risk factors. Results: 53 patients were included in the análisis. 5 patients (11%) had primary graft failure. Overall survival was 28% at 24 months. Thirty patients (67%) died. The median overall survival was 11 months. For AML, it was 8.9 months, and for ALL, it was 12.4 months. One of the risk factors was age >10 years at the time of transplant OR 5.2 (1.07-25.12) P=0.04 and the number of relapses prior to transplant OR 4.3 (1.2-15.07) P=0.025. Conclusión: Patients who survived one year free of the disease had a better prognosis. In studies relat-ed to HSCT, it has not been reported that there is an age range of transplant recipients that is related to higher mortality, which is why it is a significant and independent risk factor.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Child , Child , Bone Marrow Transplantation , Bone Marrow , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Survivorship
3.
Med. infant ; 29(2): 112-118, Junio 2022. Tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1381834

ABSTRACT

La bacteriemia representa una importante causa de morbimortalidad en pacientes oncológicos. Durante el episodio de neutropenia inducida por quimioterapia, un 15%­25% de los pacientes tendrá bacteriemia. Objetivo: identificar factores de riesgo asociados con bacteriemia en pacientes oncológicos pediátricos con neutropenia y fiebre. Material y métodos: estudio de cohorte prospectivo. Se incluyeron pacientes con enfermedades hematooncológicas y neutropenia febril, internados en un hospital pediátrico de alta complejidad entre julio de 2018 y mayo de 2019. Se excluyeron receptores de trasplante de médula ósea. Se compararon las características clínicas según se documentara bacteriemia (B) o no. Resultados: Se incluyeron 160 pacientes (p). Eran varones 93 (58%). La mediana de edad fue 81,5 meses (RIC 36-127,5). La enfermedad de base (EB) más frecuente fue: leucemia linfoblástica aguda (LLA) 88 (55%). Se identificaron 20 (12,5%) pacientes con bacteriemia (B). En el análisis univariado hubo asociación entre B y LMA (p=0,003) y la internación en UCI (p=0,0001). En el modelo multivariado, ajustado por el resto de las variables, se identificaron la LMA (OR 8,24, IC95% 2,5-26,4; p<0,001) y la tiflitis (OR 5,86, IC95% 1,2-27,3; p=0,02) como factores relacionados con bacteriemia. Los principales microorganismos identificados fueron: estreptococos del grupo viridans 6 (30%), Escherichia coli 4 (20%) y estafilococos coagulasa negativos 3 (15%). Quince (75%) fueron bacteriemias secundarias a un foco clínico. El foco más frecuente fue el mucocutáneo (n=7, 35%). En esta cohorte de niños con cáncer y neutropenia febril, los factores asociados con bacteriemia fueron: la LMA, la tiflitis y la internación en UCI (AU)


Bacteremia is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in oncology patients. During an episode of chemotherapy-induced neutropenia, 15%-25% of patients will develop bacteremia. Objective: to identify risk factors associated with bacteremia in pediatric oncology patients with neutropenia and fever. Material and methods: prospective cohort study. Patients with hematology-oncology diseases and febrile neutropenia, admitted to a tertiary-care pediatric hospital between July 2018 and May 2019 were included. Bone marrow transplant recipients were excluded. Clinical characteristics were compared according to whether or not bacteremia was recorded. Results: 160 patients were included of whom 93 (58%) were male. Median age was 81.5 months (IQR 36-127.5). The most common underlying disease was acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in 88 patients (55%). Twenty (12.5%) patients with bacteremia were identified. In univariate analysis, an association was found between bacteremia and acute myeloid leukemia (AML) (p=0.003) and ICU admission (p=0.0001). In the multivariate model, adjusted for the remaining variables, AML (OR 8.24; 95%CI 2.5-26.4; p<0.001) and typhlitis (OR 5.86; 95%CI 1.2-27.3; p=0.02) were identified as factors related to bacteremia. The main microorganisms identified were viridans group streptococci in 6 (30%), Escherichia coli in 4 (20%), and coagulase negative staphylococci in 3 (15%). In 15 cases (75%), bacteremia was secondary to a clinical focus. The most frequent focus was mucocutaneous (n=7, 35%). In this cohort of children with cancer and febrile neutropenia, the factors associated with bacteremia were AML, typhlitis, and ICU admission (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Risk Factors , Bacteremia/etiology , Bacteremia/epidemiology , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/complications , Chemotherapy-Induced Febrile Neutropenia/complications , Neoplasms/complications , Prospective Studies , Cohort Studies , Immunocompromised Host
4.
Rev. cuba. hematol. inmunol. hemoter ; 38(2): e1543, abr.-jun. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1408453

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Los pacientes que ingresan a la unidad de cuidados intensivos pediátricos son aquellos con alto riesgo de mortalidad que pueden presentar síndrome de disfunción orgánica múltiple. Los pacientes que padecen leucemia linfoide aguda forman parte de este grupo. Objetivos: Validar la escala pediátrica de evaluación del fallo multiorgánico secuencial (pSOFA) en pacientes cubanos graves con diagnóstico de leucemia linfoide aguda. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional, prospectivo, multicéntrico, en unidades de cuidados intensivos de hospitales cubanos con 92 pacientes y 184 ingresos. Se calcularon las puntuaciones de las escalas de disfunción multiorgánica secuencial, riesgo de mortalidad e índice de mortalidad pediátrica, y se evaluó la presencia de disfunción orgánica en las primeras 24 h y a las 48 h. Resultados: La puntuación pSOFA fue mayor en los no supervivientes (p < 0,001) y la mortalidad se incrementó de modo progresivo en los subgrupos con las puntuaciones pSOFA más altas. El análisis de las curvas de las características operativas del receptor (ROC) mostró que el área bajo la curva (AUC) para la predicción de la mortalidad con la puntuación pSOFA fue de 0,89, comparado con 0,84 y 0,79 con las escalas PRISM-3 y PIM-2, respectivamente. Conclusiones: La escala pSOFA mostró ser útil para establecer los criterios disfunción orgánica y su especificidad en el riesgo de mortalidad en los pacientes pediátricos cubanos críticos con diagnóstico de leucemia linfoide aguda(AU)


Introduction: Patients admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) are those with a high risk of mortality who may present multiple organ dysfunction syndrome. Patients with acute lymphoid leukemia are part of this group. Objectives: To validate the pediatric sequential multi-organ failure assessment scale (pSOFA) in severe Cuban patients diagnosed with acute lymphoid leukemia. Methods: An observational, prospective, multicenter study was carried out in intensive care units of Cuban hospitals with 92 patients and 184 admissions. The scores of the sequential multiple organ dysfunction, mortality risk and pediatric mortality index scales were calculated, and the presence of organ dysfunction was evaluated in the first 24 hours and at 48 hours. Results: The pSOFA score was higher in non-survivors (p <0.001) and mortality progressively increased in the subgroups with the highest pSOFA scores. The analysis of the receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curves showed that the area under the curve (AUC) for the prediction of mortality with the pSOFA score was 0.89, compared to 0.84 and 0.79 with the PRISM-3 and PIM-2 scales, respectively. Conclusions: The pSOFA scale proved useful to establish the criteria for organ dysfunction and its specificity in the risk of mortality in critical Cuban pediatric patients diagnosed with acute lymphoid leukemia(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Intensive Care Units, Pediatric , Sensitivity and Specificity , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Multiple Organ Failure , Weights and Measures , Prospective Studies , ROC Curve , Observational Study
6.
Rev. Eugenio Espejo ; 16(1): 29-38, 20220111.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1352937

ABSTRACT

La leucemia es una patología neoplásica maligna que constituye un problema de salud que afecta fundamentalmente a la población infantil. Así, se realizó un proceso investigativo con el objetivo de describir la calidad de vida en pacientes pediátricos de LLA con edades entre 2 y 18 años, atendidos en 2019, en el Hospital Pediátrico Baca Ortiz y en el Hospital de Solca - Núcleo Quito, Ecuador; para lo cual se hizo un estudio observacional, transversal, descriptivo, con enfoque cuantitativo. Los datos fueron recopilados mediante la revisión de las historias clínicas de los 60 pacientes en el contexto de investigación. El 66,7% correspondió al sexo masculino, el 43,3% tenía edades entre 2 y 4 años, el 38,3% tuvo fiebre como síntoma inicial. El síndrome de Down resultó la comorbilidad más frecuente (6,7%). En 54 pacientes se diagnosticó LLA tipo B. El 66,7% recibía terapia psicológica, 22 de los enfermos estaban en la fase de inducción y mantenimiento. El 65% abandonó la escuela mientras se le administraba quimioterapia. Predomina-ron los que consideraron su calidad de vida como buena, seguido de los que tuvieron severa afectación. Las mayores afectaciones en los participantes fueron: dificultades con la alimentación, presencia de dolor, falta de comunicación, existencia de ansiedad y presencia de estrés por la preocupación debido a la posible infectividad del tratamiento.


Leukemia is a malignant neoplastic disease that constitutes a health problem that mainly affects children. Thus, this research aimed to describe the quality of life in pediatric ALL patients between 2 and 18 years of age, treated in 2019, at the Baca Ortiz Pediatric Hospital and at the Solca Hospital - Núcleo Quito, Ecuador. A cross-sectional, descriptive, and observational study with a quantitative approach. Data were collected by reviewing the medical records of the 60 patients in the research context. 66.7% were male, 43.3% were between 2 and 4 years old, 38.3% had fever as the initial symptom. Down syndrome was the most frequent comorbidity (6.7%). Type B ALL was diagnosed in 54 patients. 66.7% received psychological therapy. 22 of the patients were in the induction and maintenance phase. 65% dropped out of school while recei-ving chemotherapy. Those ones who considered their quality of life as good predominated, followed by those ones who were severely affected. The greatest effects on the participants were: difficulties with feeding, presence of pain, lack of communication, existence of anxiety and presence of stress due to worry due to the possible infectivity of the treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Quality of Life , Drug Therapy , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Pediatrics , Therapeutics , Leukemia
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939680

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the efficacy of chimeric antigen receptor T cell (CAR-T) in the treatment of children with refractory/recurrent B acute lymphocytic leukemia (B-ALL).@*METHODS@#Thirty-two patients with r/r B-ALL were treated by CAR-T, the recurrence and death respectively were the end point events to evaluate the efficacy and safety of CAR-T.@*RESULTS@#The median age of the patients was 7.5 (2-17.5) years old; 40 times CAR-T were received in all patients and the median number of CAR-T was 0.9×107/kg; efficacy evaluation showed that 2 cases died before the first evaluation. Thirty patients showed that 3, 6, and 9-moth RFS was (96.3±3.6)%, (81.4±8.6)% and (65.3±12.5)%, respectively, while 3, 6, and 9-month OS was all 100%, and 12, 24-month OS was (94.7±5.1)% and (76±12.8)%. BM blasts≥36% before reinfusion and ferritin peak≥2 500 ng/ml within two weeks of CAR-T cell reinfusion were associated with recurrence. Adverse reactions mainly included cytokine release syndrome (CRS) and CART-cell-related encephalopathy syndrome (CRES), CRS appeared in 26 patients within a week of CAR-T cell reinfusion. CRES reaction was detected in 12 patients. Eighteen patients received intravenous drip of tocilizumab, among them, 12 combined with glucocorticoid. CRS and CRES reactions were relieved within one week after treatment. Hormone dosage was related to the duration of remission in patients, and the cumulative dose of methylprednisolone≥8 mg/kg showed a poor prognosis.@*CONCLUSION@#CAR-T is a safe and effective treatment for r/r B-ALL, most CRS and CRES reactions are reversible. BM blasts ≥36% before reinfusion and cumulative dose of methylprednisolone ≥8 mg/kg after reinfusion both affect the therapeutic effect. Ferritin≥2 500 ng/ml within two weeks after reinfusion is related to disease recurrence and is an independent prognostic risk factor.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Antigens, CD19 , Child , Child, Preschool , Chronic Disease , Ferritins , Humans , Immunotherapy, Adoptive , Methylprednisolone , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/therapy , Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell , Receptors, Chimeric Antigen/metabolism , Recurrence , T-Lymphocytes
13.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 56-61, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935640

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical features, diagnosis,treatment and prognosis of children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia complicated with mucormycosis, and to improve the understanding of the disease. Methods: The clinical data of 3 children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) complicated with mucormycosis treated at the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University between October 2020 and January 2021 were analyzed retrospectively. Literature search and review covered the China national knowledge infrastructure, Wanfang database and Pubmed using the keywords of "acute lymphoblastic leukemia" and "mucormycosis" up to June 2021. Results: Case 1, a 12-year-old boy, was diagnosed with ALL, developed fever and chest pain during induction therapy. The Metagenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGS) testing of alveolar perfusion fluid suggested infection with Rhizopus oryzae. Amphotericin B combined with posaconazole was applied and amphotericin B was removed after improvement. Bone destruction was indicated by CT. Amphotericin B was applied again. Case 2, a 4-year-old boy, with a history of pallor and tetter, was diagnosed with ALL. He developed cough and fever during induction therapy. mNGS of blood suggested infection with Rhizomucor pusillus. Amphotericin B combined with voriconazole was applied, but the situation was not significantly improved. The disseminated infection occurred. Amphotericin B combined with posaconazole was applied and vacuum sealing drainage was performed. Case 3, a 2-year-old girl, was diagnosed with ALL, developed fever and cough during induction therapy. Rhizomucor pusillus was indicated by mNGS. Amphotericin B combined with posaconazole was used, and posaconazole was stopped after improvement. Follow-up until June 2021, the condition of the 3 children improved. There was no recurrent Mucor infection, and the primary hematopathy was in complete remission. According to the literature, 7 reports were found in Chinese journals, while 17 reports were found in English literature, 25 cases have been reported. Among a total of 28 children, 11 cases rhino-orbito-cerebral mucormycosis, four pulmonary mucormycosis, 2 cutaneous mucormycosis, 2 gastrointestinal mucormycosis and 9 disseminated mucormycosis. There were 17 cases developed infection during induction chemotherapy, 8 cases during maintenance therapy, 3 cases after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Voriconazole was used in 15 cases; 19 cases were treated with combined surgery, 7 cases were treated with drugs only, 2 cases were untreated; 21 cases showed improvement after treatment. Death occurred in seven cases. Conclusions: ALL complicated with mucormycosis often occurs in the stage of induction therapy. The clinical features lacked specificity, mNGS can help find the pathogen and provide evidence for diagnosis. Surgical treatment also could be combined when necessary, which is helpful to improve the prognosis.


Subject(s)
Amphotericin B/therapeutic use , Antifungal Agents/therapeutic use , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Mucormycosis/drug therapy , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/drug therapy , Retrospective Studies
14.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 307-313, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935531

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the genetic landscape of 52 fusion genes in patients with de novo acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and to investigate the characteristics of other laboratory results. Methods: The fusion gene expression was retrospectively analyzed in the 1 994 patients with de novo ALL diagnosed from September 2016 to December 2020. In addition, their mutational, immunophenotypical and karyotypical profiles were investigated. Results: In the 1 994 patients with ALL, the median age was 12 years (from 15 days to 89 years). In the panel of targeted genes, 15 different types of fusion genes were detected in 884 patients (44.33%) and demonstrated a Power law distribution. The frequency of detectable fusion genes in B-cell ALL was significantly higher than that in T-cell ALL (48.48% vs 18.71%), and fusion genes were almost exclusively expressed in B-cell ALL or T-cell ALL. The number of fusion genes showed peaks at<1 year, 3-5 years and 35-44 years, respectively. More fusion genes were identified in children than in adults. MLL-FG was most frequently seen in infants and TEL-AML1 was most commonly seen in children, while BCR-ABL1 was dominant in adults. The majority of fusion gene mutations involved signaling pathway and the most frequent mutations were observed in NRAS and KRAS genes. The expression of early-stage B-cell antigens varied in B-cell ALL patients. The complex karyotypes were more common in BCR-ABL1 positive patients than others. Conclusion: The distribution of fusion genes in ALL patients differs by ages and cell lineages. It also corresponds to various gene mutations, immunophenotypes, and karyotypes.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Child , Child, Preschool , Gene Expression , Genes, ras , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Middle Aged , Oncogene Fusion , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/metabolism , Retrospective Studies , Young Adult
15.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 221-228, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929561

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate whether haplotype hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (haplo-HSCT) is effective in the treatment of pre transplant minimal residual disease (Pre-MRD) positive acute B lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) compared with HLA- matched sibling donor transplantation (MSDT) . Methods: A total of 998 patients with B-ALL in complete remission pre-HSCT who either received haplo-HSCT (n=788) or underwent MSDT (n=210) were retrospectively analyzed. The pre-transplantation leukemia burden was evaluated according to Pre-MRD determinedusing multiparameter flow cytometry (MFC) . Results: Of these patients, 997 (99.9% ) achieved sustained, full donor chimerism. The 100-day cumulative incidences of neutrophil engraftment, platelet engraftment, and grades Ⅱ-Ⅳ acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) were 99.9% (997/998) , 95.3% (951/998) , and 26.6% (95% CI 23.8% -29.4% ) , respectively. The 3-year cumulative incidence of total chronic GVHD was 49.1% (95% CI 45.7% -52.4% ) . The 3-year cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR) and non-relapse mortality (NRM) of the 998 cases were 17.3% (95% CI 15.0% -19.7% ) and 13.8% (95% CI 11.6% -16.0% ) , respectively. The 3-year probabilities of leukemia-free survival (LFS) and overall survival (OS) were 69.1% (95% CI 66.1% -72.1% ) and 73.0% (95% CI 70.2% -75.8% ) , respectively. In the total patient group, cases with positive Pre-MRD (n=282) experienced significantly higher CIR than that of subjects with negative Pre-MRD [n=716, 31.6% (95% CI 25.8% -37.5% ) vs 14.3% (95% CI 11.4% -17.2% ) , P<0.001]. For patients in the positive Pre-MRD subgroup, cases treated with haplo-HSCT (n=219) had a lower 3-year CIR than that of cases who underwent MSDT [n=63, 27.2% (95% CI 21.0% -33.4% ) vs 47.0% (95% CI 33.8% -60.2% ) , P=0.002]. The total 998 cases were classified as five subgroups, including cases with negative Pre-MRD group (n=716) , cases with Pre-MRD<0.01% group (n=46) , cases with Pre-MRD 0.01% -<0.1% group (n=117) , cases with Pre-MRD 0.1% -<1% group (n=87) , and cases with Pre-MRD≥1% group (n=32) . For subjects in the Pre-MRD<0.01% group, haplo-HSCT (n=40) had a lower CIR than that of MSDT [n=6, 10.0% (95% CI 0.4% -19.6% ) vs 32.3% (95% CI 0% -69.9% ) , P=0.017]. For patients in the Pre-MRD 0.01% -<0.1% group, haplo-HSCT (n=81) also had a lower 3-year CIR than that of MSDT [n=36, 20.4% (95% CI 10.4% -30.4% ) vs 47.0% (95% CI 29.2% -64.8% ) , P=0.004]. In the other three subgroups, the 3-year CIR was comparable between patients who underwent haplo-HSCT and those received MSDT. A subgroup analysis of patients with Pre-MRD<0.1% (n=163) was performed, the results showed that cases received haplo-HSCT (n=121) experienced lower 3-year CIR [16.0% (95% CI 9.4% -22.7% ) vs 40.5% (95% CI 25.2% -55.8% ) , P<0.001], better 3-year LFS [78.2% (95% CI 70.6% -85.8% ) vs 47.6% (95% CI 32.2% -63.0% ) , P<0.001] and OS [80.5% (95% CI 73.1% -87.9% ) vs 54.6% (95% CI 39.2% -70.0% ) , P<0.001] than those of MSDT (n=42) , but comparable in 3-year NRM [5.8% (95% CI 1.6% -10.0% ) vs 11.9% (95% CI 2.0% -21.8% ) , P=0.188]. Multivariate analysis showed that haplo-HSCT was associated with lower CIR (HR=0.248, 95% CI 0.131-0.472, P<0.001) , and superior LFS (HR=0.275, 95% CI 0.157-0.483, P<0.001) and OS (HR=0.286, 95% CI 0.159-0.513, P<0.001) . Conclusion: Haplo HSCT has a survival advantage over MSDT in the treatment of B-ALL patients with pre MRD<0.1% .


Subject(s)
B-Lymphocytes , Graft vs Host Disease , HLA Antigens/genetics , Haplotypes , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/adverse effects , Humans , Leukemia, B-Cell/complications , Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell/complications , Neoplasm, Residual , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/therapy , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Siblings
16.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 19-25, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929524

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study analyzed the correlation between genetic mutation and prognostic significance in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) . Methods: Targeted exome by next-generation sequencing (NGS) technology was used to carry out molecular profiling of untreated 141 children with ALL in Fujian Medical University Union Hospital from November 2016 to December 2019. Correlation of genetic features and clinical features and outcomes was analyzed. Results: Among the 141 pediatric patients with ALL, 160 somatic mutations were detected in 83 patients (58.9% ) , including 37 grade Ⅰ mutations and 123 grade Ⅱ mutations. Single nucleotide variation was the most common type of mutation. KRAS was the most common mutant gene (12.5% ) , followed by NOTCH1 (11.9% ) , and NRAS (10.6% ) . RAS pathway (KRAS, FLT3, PTPN11) , PAX5 and TP53 mutations were only detected, and NRAS mutations was mainly found in B-ALL while FBXW7 and PTEN mutations were only found, and NOTCH1 mutation was mainly detected in T-ALL. The average number of mutations detected in each child with T-ALL was significantly higher than in children with B-ALL (4.16±1.33 vs 2.04±0.92, P=0.004) . The children were divided into mutation and non-mutation groups according to the presence or absence of genetic variation. There were no statistically significant differences in sex, age, newly diagnosed white blood cell count, minimal or measurable residual disease monitoring results, expected 3-year event-free survival (EFS) and overall survival (OS) between the two groups (P>0.05) . On the other hand, the proportion of T-ALL and fusion gene negative children in the mutant group was significantly higher than the non-mutation group (P=0.021 and 0.000, respectively) . Among the patients without fusion gene, the EFS of children with grade I mutation was significantly lower than children without grade I mutation (85.5% vs 100.0% , P=0.039) . Among children with B-ALL, the EFS of those with TP53 mutation was significantly lower than those without TP53 mutation (37.5% vs 91.2% , P<0.001) . Conclusion: Genetic variation is more common in childhood ALL and has a certain correlation with clinical phenotype and prognosis. Therefore, targeted exome by NGS can be used as an important supplement to the traditional morphology, immunology, cytogenetics, and molecular biology classification.


Subject(s)
Child , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Humans , Mutation , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/genetics , Prognosis , Technology
17.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 139-149, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929189

ABSTRACT

The CD19-targeting bispecific T-cell engager blinatumomab has shown remarkable efficacy in patients with relapsed/refractory B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia. However, several studies showed that blinatumomab has a short plasma half-life due to its low molecular weight, and thus its clinical use is limited. Furthermore, multiple trials have shown that approximately 30% of blinatumomab-relapsed cases are characterized by CD19 negative leukemic cells. Here, we design and characterize two novel antibodies, A-319 and A-2019. Blinatumomab and A-319 are CD3/CD19 bispecific antibodies with different molecular sizes and structures, and A-2019 is a novel CD3/CD19/CD20 trispecific antibody with an additional anti-CD20 function. Our in vitro, ex vivo, and in vivo experiments demonstrated that A-319 and A-2019 are potent antitumor agents and capable of recruiting CD3 positive T cells, enhancing T-cell function, mediating B-cell depletion, and eventually inhibiting tumor growth in Raji xenograft models. The two molecules are complementary in terms of efficacy and specificity profile. The activity of A-319 demonstrated superior to that of A-2019, whereas A-2019 has an additional capability to target CD20 in cells missing CD19, suggesting its potential function against CD19 weak or negative CD20 positive leukemic cells.


Subject(s)
Antigens, CD19/therapeutic use , Antineoplastic Agents/pharmacology , Humans , Immunotherapy , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/drug therapy , T-Lymphocytes
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928730

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the mechanism of miR-155 promoting drug resistance of children B-ALL to Ara-C by regulating Wnt/β-Catenin signaling pathway.@*METHODS@#The expression of miR-155 in bone marrow tissue and cell line of B-ALL was detected by PCR. The chemotherapy resistant strain REH/ Ara-C was constructed by using REH cells. REH/ Ara-C cells were transfected with miR-155 inhibitor. The proliferation of REH/Ara-C cells was detected by EdU. The apoptosis of REH/ Ara-C cells was detected by flow cytometry. The drug resistance of REH/Ara-C cells were analyzed by CCK-8 method and colony formation assay. The expression of Wnt/β-Catenin signaling pathway related proteins were determined by Western blot. MiR-155 inhibitor and Wnt activator agonist were used to transfect REH/Ara-C cells, and their effects on cell proliferation, apoptosis and drug resistance were determined.@*RESULTS@#Compared with normal tissues and cells, the expression level of miR-155 in B-ALL bone marrow tissue/cell line was increased (P<0.05); Compared with drug sensitive B-ALL tissues/cell lines, the expression level of miR-155 in drug resistant B-ALL tissues and cell lines was increased (P<0.05); Inhibition of miR-155 expression decreased the proliferation of REH/Ara-C cells (P<0.05), promoted apoptosis (P<0.05), enhanced the cytotoxicity of Ara-C (P<0.05), and inhibited Wnt/β-Catenin signaling pathway related protein and MDR1 gene expression (P<0.05), which could be reversed by activating Wnt expression (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The expression of miR-155 is up-regulated in bone marrow of children with B-ALL, which may be related to the activation of Wnt/β-Catenin signaling pathway promotes the proliferation of B-ALL cells and inhibits apoptosis, which leads to chemotherapy resistance.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Child , Cytarabine , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Humans , MicroRNAs/genetics , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/genetics , Wnt Signaling Pathway , beta Catenin/genetics
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928729

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the prognosis value of average daily platelet amount increase in children with B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia(B-ALL) treated by CCCG-ALL-2015 regimen.@*METHODS@#106 children with primary B-ALL were retrospective analyzed, standardized MRD test protocol was used to detect the MRD level (19 d and 46 d) after chemotherapy. The platelet count was measured by Sysmex XE-2100. Kaplan-Meier survival curve statistics was used to analyze the event free survival(EFS) rate of the children.@*RESULTS@#The trend of negative correlation existed between PPC and TPR (rs=-0.519, P=0.021). The 3-year EFS rate of the patients in Ap>5.4×109/L group was 95.7%, which was significantly higher than those in Ap≤5.4×109/L group(79.5%) (χ2=5.236, P=0.035); multivariate analysis showed that Ap≤5.4×109/L was the independent prognostic factor affecting survival of the patients (RR=3.978; 95%CI: 1.336-11.523, P=0.041). With both MRD and Ap≤5.4×109/L as candidate variables, Ap≤5.4×109/L lost its independent prognostic value (RR=1.225; 95%CI: 0.892-13.696, P=0.089), the correlation between d 19/d 46 MRD levels and Ap>5.4×109/L (χ2=4.318, P=0.038) could explain the phenomenon.@*CONCLUSION@#Ap can reflect the effect of B-ALL chemotherapy and can be used to monitor the curative effect and prognosis of B-ALL children.


Subject(s)
Blood Platelets , Burkitt Lymphoma , Child , Disease-Free Survival , Humans , Neoplasm, Residual/diagnosis , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/drug therapy , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928727

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To detect the expression level of suppressors of cytokine signaling 3 (SOCS3) in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), and to observe the effect of over-expresson of SOCS3 in Jurkat cells on the cytotoxicity of NK cells.@*METHODS@#The expression levels of SOCS3 mRNA in peripheral blood mononuclear cells of 20 children with ALL and 20 healthy children (normal control group) were detected by RT-PCR. The peripheral blood NK cells from healthy subjects were selected by immunomagnetic technique, and the purity was detected by flow cytometry. SOCS3 was overexpressed in Jurkat cells infected with lentivirus vector, and SOCS3 mRNA expression was detected by RT-PCR after lentivirus infection. The NK cells were co-cultured with the infected Jurkat, and LDH release method was used to detect the cytotoxicity of NK cells on the infected Jurkat cells. The concentrations of TNF-α and IFN-γ were determined by ELISA. The expression of NKG2D ligands MICA and MICB on the surface of Jurkat cells were detected by flow cytometry. Western blot was used to detect the effect of SOCS3 overexpression on STAT3 phosphorylation in Jurkat cells.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, the mRNA expression of SOCS3 in the peripheral blood mononucleated cells of ALL children was significantly decreased. The purity of NK cells isolated by flow cytometry could reach more than 70%. The expression of SOCS3 mRNA in Jurkat cells increased significantly after lentivirus infection. Overexpression of SOCS3 in Jurkat cells significantly promoted the killing ability of NK cells and up-regulated the secretion of TNF-α and IFN-γ from NK cells. The results of flow cytometry showed that the expression of NKG2D ligands MICA and MICB on Jurkat cells increased significantly after SOCS3 overexpression. Western blot results showed that overexpression of SOCS3 significantly reduced the phosphorylation level of STAT3 protein in Jurkat cells.@*CONCLUSION@#SOCS3 mRNA expression was significantly decreased in ALL patients, and overexpression of SOCS3 may up-regulate the expression of MICA and MICB of NKG2D ligands on Jurkat cell surface through negative regulation of JAK/STAT signaling pathway, thereby promoting the cytotoxic function of NK cells.


Subject(s)
Child , Histocompatibility Antigens Class I/metabolism , Humans , Killer Cells, Natural/cytology , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/cytology , Ligands , NK Cell Lectin-Like Receptor Subfamily K/metabolism , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/genetics , RNA, Messenger/genetics , Suppressor of Cytokine Signaling 3 Protein/metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism
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