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Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 67(8): 1113-1117, Aug. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346981


SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is the most common type of childhood cancer. Previous studies have indicated the involvement of vitamin D receptor (VDR) and related long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) signaling in the pathophysiology of several cancers. However, their contribution to ALL remains to be elucidated. METHODS: In this case-control study, 30 patients with newly diagnosed ALL and 30 age- and sex-matched healthy children were selected. Then, the level of 25(OH) vitamin D and the expression of VDR and four VDR-related lncRNAs were assessed. RESULTS: No significant difference in serum 25(OH) vitamin D was observed between patients with ALL (20.42±6.5 ng/mL) and healthy subjects (25.45±11 ng/mL). In addition, the expression of MALAT-1, HOTAIR, and P-21 was not statistically significant between the two groups. However, a significant reduction in VDR and H19 expression was observed in patients with ALL (p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: 25(OH) vitamin D insufficiency was evident in both groups. VDR and H19 signaling might be contributed to the pathogenesis of ALL, which needs further investigations.

Humans , Child , Receptors, Calcitriol/genetics , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/genetics , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , Vitamin D , Case-Control Studies
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922385


OBJECTIVES@#To study the value of serum miR-922 and miR-506 expression levels in the diagnosis and prognostic assessment of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).@*METHODS@#A total of 132 children with ALL (ALL group) and 80 healthy children (healthy control group) were prospectively selected in this study. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction was used to measure the expression levels of serum miR-922 and miR-506 in both groups. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were plotted to analyze the diagnostic value of miR-922 and miR-506 for childhood ALL. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to plot survival curves, and multivariate COX regression models were used to analyze the risk factors for poor prognosis in children with ALL.@*RESULTS@#The ALL group had significantly higher expression levels of serum miR-922 and miR-506 than the control group (@*CONCLUSIONS@#The expression levels of miR-922 and miR-506 are of good value in the diagnosis and prognostic assessment of childhood ALL.

Biomarkers, Tumor , Child , Humans , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , MicroRNAs/genetics , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/genetics , Prognosis , ROC Curve
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1375-1379, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922268


OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the expression and prognostic value of metabolism-related genes in pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), and explore the potential prognostic biomarkers or therapeutic targets.@*METHODS@#Transcriptome data from 84 children with B-cell ALL at the time of diagnosis and prior to any treatment were used to analyze the differential gene expression. A prognostic scoring system based on the expression of the metabolism-related genes was constructed using Cox and Lasso regression methods. The prognostic value of the scoring system was further assessed by multivariate Cox regression analysis. Gene set enrichment analysis was carried out by using GSEA software.@*RESULTS@#Among the 933 metabolism-related genes, 14 up-regulated genes and 17 down-regulated genes were identified as differentially expressed genes. In addition, 8 up-regulated genes (ASS1, CKM, PTGES, ADCY5, HNMT, PHGDH, CYP4F3, AADAT) and 4 down-regulated genes (GDA, DHRS9, IDO2, UGT2B4) were selected to establish a novel prognostic scoring system. Patients in the high-risk group showed poorer survival significantly than patients in the low-risk group (P<0.05). The prognostic scoring system was still shown to be an independent prognostic factor for the survival of children with ALL after the clinical characteristics, such as gender, age, white blood cell count at initial diagnosis, cytogenetics and molecular genetics were included (HR=8.906, 95%CI: 3.114-25.470). GSEA results showed that 6 metabolism-related pathways (amino sugar and nucleotide sugar metabolism, arginine and proline metabolism, fructose and mannose metabolism, glyoxylate and dicarboxylate metabolism, pyrimidine metabolism, selenoamino acid metabolism) were enriched in the high-risk group.@*CONCLUSION@#The abnormal metabolism-related gene expression is associated with the clinical outcome of children with ALL, and these results provide potential novel prognostic biomarkers and treatment targets for pediatric ALL.

Gene Expression Profiling , Humans , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/genetics , Prognosis , Transcriptome
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922037


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the association between single nucleotide polymorphism of NUDT15 gene (SNP rs116855232) and hepatotoxicity in children with acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL).@*METHODS@#A total of 135 children with ALL in Shandong Province were recruited in this study, and patients were divided into two groups based on the presence of liver injury. Genotypes of each patient were detected using PCR and Sanger sequencing. Clinical data and the average dose of 6-mercaptopurine (6-MP) were collected and analyzed by SPSS 19.0 software.@*RESULTS@#Respectively, 99 patients were found with CC genotype, 32 patients with CT genotype and 4 patients with TT genotype. Compared with ALL patients without hepatotoxicity, there was a difference in genotypes between the two groups in the initial stage of chemotherapy for leukemia (Chi@*CONCLUSION@#The polymorphism of rs116855232 in NUDT15 gene was associated with hepatotoxicity induced by 6-mercaptopurine in children with ALL, and ALL patients with TT genotype should take a lower dose of 6-MP to avoided hepatotoxicity.

Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic/therapeutic use , Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury/genetics , Child , Genotype , Humans , Mercaptopurine/adverse effects , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/genetics , Pyrophosphatases/genetics
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880320


OBJECTIVES@#We performed an updated meta-analysis to clarify the relationship between the CEBPE rs2239633 polymorphism and the childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (CALL) susceptibility.@*METHODS@#All the case-control studies were updated on October 5, 2020, through Web of Science, PubMed, Cochrane Library, Embase, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) electronic database. The heterogeneity in the study was tested by the Q test and I@*RESULTS@#A total of 20 case-control studies were selected, including 7014 patients and 16,428 controls. There was no association of CEBPE rs2239633 polymorphism with CALL (CC vs CT + TT: OR = 1.08, 95% CI = 0.94-1.26; CC + CT vs TT: OR = 1.10, 95% CI = 0.94-1.30; C vs T: OR = 1.02, 95% CI = 0.92-1.13). In the subgroup analysis by ethnicity, there is no significant association of this polymorphism and CALL risks among Asian and Caucasian populations in the three genetic models (CC vs CT + TT, CC + CT vs TT, and C vs T).@*CONCLUSION@#This meta-analysis found no significant association between the CEBPE rs2239633 polymorphism and susceptibility to CALL.

Adolescent , CCAAT-Enhancer-Binding Proteins/metabolism , Child , Child, Preschool , Genetic Predisposition to Disease/genetics , Humans , Infant , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/genetics
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880134


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the relationship between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of IKAROS family Zinc finger 3 (IKZF3) gene and the risk of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in children.@*METHODS@#The peripheral blood samples from 286 children with ALL and 382 healthy children were collected and divided into ALL group and control group, respectively. The genotypes of IKZF3 gene at rs62066988 C > T and rs12946510 C > T were detected by quantitative PCR with TaqMan detection system, and their correlation with ALL was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The distribution frequencies of CC, CT and TT genotypes at rs62066988 in ALL group were 58.39%, 37.06% and 4.55%, respectively, while those in control group were 69.19%, 27.68% and 3.13%, respectively. The distribution frequencies of CC, CT and TT genotypes at rs12946510 in ALL group were 58.16%, 34.75% and 7.09%, respectively, while those in control group were 55.76%, 37.43% and 6.81%, respectively. Compared with the control group, the distribution frequency of CT/TT genotype at rs62066988 was significantly increased in the ALL group (OR=1.59, 95%CI: 1.16-2.19, P=0.004). However, there was no significant difference in the distribution of rs12946510 C > T polymorphism between ALL group and control group.@*CONCLUSION@#The CT/TT genotype of IKZF3 at the site of rs62066988 is associated with the increased risk of ALL in children.

Alleles , Case-Control Studies , Child , Gene Frequency , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Genotype , Humans , Ikaros Transcription Factor/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/genetics
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880074


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical features and prognostic factors of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) children with P2RY8-CRLF2 gene rearrangement.@*METHODS@#A total of 108 children with B-cell ALL (B-ALL) were diagnosed and systematically treated according to Chinese Children's Leukemia Group (CCLG) -ALL 2008 in our hospital from January 2016 to December 2016. The 108 patients were divided into two groups according to the result of mutiplex polymerase chain reaction: group with P2RY8-CRLF2 gene rearrangement and group without P2RY8-CRLF2 gene rearrangement. The ALL children with P2RY8-CRLF2 gene rearrangement were all treated by CCLG-ALL 2008 high-risk group (HR) regimens, and the ALL children in group without P2RY8-CRLF2 gene rearrangement received different intensity chemotherapy according to clinical risk classification.@*RESULTS@#Five (4 male and 1 female) out of 108 patients with B-ALL had P2RY8-CRLF2 gene rearrangement. In the 5 B-ALL patients with P2RY8-CRLF2 gene rearrangement, the median age of the was 4 (2-6) years old and the median WBC count was 26.2 (2.46-525.1)×10@*CONCLUSION@#The early treatment response and prognosis of ALL children with P2RY8-CRLF2 gene rearrangement are worse, and more effective protocol is needed for this subtype patients.

Child , Child, Preschool , Disease-Free Survival , Female , Gene Rearrangement , Humans , Male , Precursor B-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/genetics , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/genetics , Prognosis , Receptors, Cytokine/genetics , Receptors, Purinergic P2Y/genetics
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 689-700, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880960


The cure rate of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) has exceeded 90% in some contemporary clinical trials. However, the dose intensity of conventional chemotherapy has been pushed to its limit. Further improvement in outcome will need to rely more heavily on molecular therapeutic as well as immuno-and cellular-therapy approaches together with precise risk stratification. Children with ETV6-RUNX1 or hyperdiploid > 50 ALL who achieve negative minimal residual disease during early remission induction are suitable candidates for reduction in treatment. Patients with Philadelphia chromosome (Ph)-positive or Ph-like ALL with ABL-class fusion should be treated with dasatinib. BH3 profiling and other preclinical methods have identified several high-risk subtypes, such as hypodiplod, early T-cell precursor, immature T-cell, KMT2A-rearranged, Ph-positive and TCF-HLF-positive ALL, that may respond to BCL-2 inhibitor venetoclax. There are other fusions or mutations that may serve as putative targets, but effective targeted therapy has yet to be established. For other high-risk patients or poor early treatment responders who do not have targetable genetic lesions, current approaches that offer hope include blinatumomab, inotuzumab and CAR-T cell therapy for B-ALL, and daratumumab and nelarabine for T-ALL. With the expanding therapeutic armamentarium, we should start focus on rational combinations of targeted therapy with non-overlapping toxicities.

Child , Dasatinib , Humans , Neoplasm, Residual , Philadelphia Chromosome , Precision Medicine , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/genetics
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1819-1825, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879977


OBJECTIVE@#To determine the expression level of linc-223 and miR-125a in the patients with adult acute leukemia (AL) and explore the relationship between the expression level and the occurrence, development, prognosis of leukemia.@*METHODS@#Bone marrow samples of 93 patients with AL treated in our hospital from January 2017 to September 2017 were enrolled, including 21 cases of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and 72 cases of acute non-lymphocytic leukemia (ANLL). At the same time, bone marrow samples from 20 cases of non-malignant hematopathy patients in the same period were enrolled as control group. Real-time quantitative PCR (qRT-PCR) was used to test the expression level of linc-223 and miR-125a in bone marrow of 93 AL patients and the relationship between the level and the occurrence, development, prognosis of leukemia was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#There was no significant difference in the expression of linc-223 between AL patients (ANLL and ALL) and control group (P>0.05). Moreover, there was no significant correlation between linc-223 and PML-RARα gene or the remission rate of patients after treatment. The expression of miR-125a in ANLL patients was significantly lower than those in the control group (P0.05), and also for ALL and control group (P>0.05). In the newly treatment ANLL patients, the expression level of miR-125a showed negatively correlated with LDH level and the ratio of immature cells (r=-0.454, r=-0.400), but not with sex, degree of risk, peripheral blood leukocyte count, platelet count, hemoglobin content, WT1, CRP, etc. (P>0.05). There was a positive correlation between linc-223 and miR-125a in ANLL patients (r=0.296).@*CONCLUSION@#No abnormal expression of linc-223 was found in the bone marrow of AL patients, but miR-125a expression shows a low level and positively correlate with the expression level of linc-223 in ANLL, which is helpful for the diagnosis.

Acute Disease , Adult , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , MicroRNAs , Patients , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/genetics
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1791-1795, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879973


OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the characteristics of gene mutation in adult ALL and its clinical significance.@*METHODS@#Clinical data of 134 primary adult ALL patients and DNA sequencing results of 16 kinds of gene mutation were collected. The characteristic of gene mutation and clinical significances were statistically analyzed.@*RESULTS@#In 31 cases of 134 ALL cases (23.13%) the gene mutations were detected as follows: 19 cases of 114 B-ALL cases (16.67%), 11 cases of 19 T-ALL cases (57.89%) and 1 case of T/B-ALL. The incidence of T-ALL gene mutation was significantly higher than that of B-ALL (χ@*CONCLUSION@#There may be multiple gene mutations in adult ALL patients. IL7R and NOTCH1 are the most common gene mutations and NOTCH1 mutation may indicate poor prognosis. Detection of gene mutations is helpful to understand the pathogenesis of ALL and evaluate the prognosis of adult ALL patients.

Adult , Humans , Mutation , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/genetics , Precursor T-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Prognosis , Receptor, Notch1/genetics , Sequence Analysis, DNA
Clinics ; 75: e2011, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1133363


OBJECTIVE: The occurrence of cryptic Philadelphia (Ph) chromosome translocation is rare in BCR-ABL1-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (BCR-ABL1+ ALL) and is of unknown significance in the tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) era. METHODS: We retrospectively studied a series of adult patients receiving TKI-based therapy to evaluate the prognostic impact of the normal karyotype (NK) (n=22) in BCR-ABL1+ ALL by comparison with the isolated Ph+ karyotype (n=54). RESULTS: There were no statistically significant differences in clinical characteristics and complete remission rate between the two groups. Compared with the isolated Ph+ group, the NK/BCR-ABL1+ group had a higher relapse rate (55.0% versus 29.4%, p=0.044). Overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) were significantly shorter in the NK/BCR-ABL1+ group than in the isolated Ph+ group [median OS: 24.5 versus 48.6 (months), p=0.013; median DFS: 11.0 (months) versus undefined, p=0.008]. The five-year OS and DFS for patients with NK/BCR-ABL1+ were 19.2% and 14.5%, respectively; those for patients with isolated Ph+ were 49.5% and 55.7%, respectively. Thirty-four (44.7%) patients underwent allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) in this study. Among the patients who received allo-HSCT, the median OS and DFS in the NK/BCR-ABL+ group (n=9) were 35.5 and 27.5 months, respectively, while those in the isolated Ph+ group (n=25) were undefined. There was a trend of significant statistical difference in the OS between the two subgroups (p=0.066), but no significant difference in the DFS. Multivariate analysis revealed that NK was independently associated with worse OS and DFS in BCR-ABL1+ ALL patients [Hazard ratio (HR) 2.256 (95% confidence interval (CI), 1.005-5.066), p=0.049; HR 2.711 (95% CI, 1.319-5.573), p=0.007]. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that the sub-classification of an NK could be applied in the prognostic assessments of BCR-ABL1+ ALL. In addition, allo-HSCT should be actively performed to improve prognosis in these patients.

Humans , Adult , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/genetics , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/drug therapy , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Fusion Proteins, bcr-abl/genetics , Protein Kinase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Karyotype
Rio de Janeiro; s.n; 2017.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, Inca | ID: biblio-943735


Introdução: Leucemia é o câncer mais comum em crianças e a principal causa de óbito relacionada ao câncer na infância. A sobrevida das crianças com leucemia tem melhorado de forma significativa, entretanto, ainda permanece abaixo de 50% na maioria dos países com recursos limitados. Objetivo: Descrever o perfil epidemiológico, incidência, mortalidade, sobrevida das leucemias agudas e os fatores de risco para o óbito em crianças e adolescentes com leucemia mieloide aguda (LMA) em Pernambuco. Metodologia: a) coorte retrospectiva com crianças e adolescentes (0-19 anos), a partir das informações do Registro de Câncer de Base populacional (RCBP) do Recife (período de 1998 - 2007). As tendências da incidência e da mortalidade foram avaliadas utilizando-se o método Joinpoint. A sobrevida relativa foi calculada, utilizando-se a tábua completa de mortalidade disponível no Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia Estatística (IBGE) para o Brasil em 2010. b) Foram analisados o risco cumulativo de óbito precoce (até 6 semanas do diagnóstico) e a sobrevida global (SG) e livre de eventos (recidiva, segunda neoplasia ou óbito) pelo método de Kaplan Meier para leucemia promielocítica aguda (LPA), LMA da síndrome de Down (LMA-SD) e outros subtipos (exceto LMASD e LPA) e os fatores preditivos para o óbito, por características do diagnóstico utilizando-se a regressão multivariada de Cox, distintamente para leucemia promielocítica aguda (LPA) e para outros subtipos de LMA a partir de uma coorte de crianças diagnosticadas entre 2000-2014 com LMA e acompanhadas no Instituto de Medicina Integral Prof. Fernando Figueira (IMIP). Resultados: a) o estudo de base populacional envolveu 175 casos. A taxa de incidência para leucemias foi de 41,1/milhão de habitantes menores de 20 anos, com pico de incidência de 78,3/milhão na faixa de 1 a 4 anos....

Introduction Leukemia is the most common cancer in children and the leading cause of cancerrelateddeath in childhood, with a variable incidence worldwide. The survival rates for children with leukemia have significantly improved. However, it remains below 50% in most countries with limited resources. Objective The aim of the study was to describe the epidemiological profile, incidence,mortality, survival, and risk factors for death in children and adolescents with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in Pernambuco, Brazil. Methodology Two studies were conducted. a) The first study included a retrospective cohort of children and adolescents aged 0–19 years, based on the data obtained fromthe population-based cancer registry in Recife (1998–2007). Joinpoint method was used to evaluate the incidence and mortality trends. The relative survival was calculated using the complete mortality table available at the Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística for Brazil in 2010. b) The second study included a cohort of children who were diagnosed with AML between 2000 and 2014 and treated at the Instituto de Medicina Integral Prof. Fernando Figueira - IMIP. The cumulative risk ofearly death (until 6 weeks of diagnosis), overall survival (OS), and event-free survival (EFS) considered as recurrence, second neoplasia, or death for acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL), AML with Down syndrome (AML-DS), and other subtypes (except AML-DS and APL) were analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier method. Cox multivariate regression model was used to identify factors predictive of death, by the characteristics of the diagnosis, distinctly for APL and for the othersubtypes of AML...

Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/diagnosis , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/etiology , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/genetics , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/mortality
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 50(1): e5426, 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-839242


IGH gene rearrangement and IGK-Kde gene deletion can be used as molecular markers for the assessment of B lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL). Minimal residual disease detected based on those markers is currently the most reliable prognosis factor in B-ALL. The aim of this study was to use clonal IGH/IGK-Kde gene rearrangements to confirm B-ALL diagnosis and to evaluate the treatment outcome of Tunisian leukemic patients by monitoring the minimal residual disease (MRD) after induction chemotherapy. Seventeen consecutive newly diagnosed B-ALL patients were investigated by multiplex PCR assay and real time quantitative PCR according to BIOMED 2 conditions. The vast majority of clonal VH-JH rearrangements included VH3 gene. For IGK deletion, clonal VK1f/6-Kde recombinations were mainly identified. These rearrangements were quantified to follow-up seven B-ALL after induction using patient-specific ASO. Four patients had an undetectable level of MRD with a sensitivity of up to 10-5. This molecular approach allowed identification of prognosis risk group and adequate therapeutic decision. The IGK-Kde and IGH gene rearrangements might be used for diagnosis and MRD monitoring of B-ALL, introduced for the first time in Tunisian laboratories.

Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Adolescent , Middle Aged , Biomarkers, Tumor/genetics , Gene Rearrangement/genetics , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/genetics , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/pathology , Neoplasm, Residual , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/therapy , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Sensitivity and Specificity
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 23(4): 587-594, July-Aug. 2015. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: lil-761693


AbstractObjective: to relate complaints presented by emergency room patients, classified using the Manchester Triage System, with the final outcome (discharge/death/transfer).Methods: prospective cohort study, involving 509 patients who were admitted to the emergency room and remained there for more than 24 hours after admission, being monitored to the final outcome. Data were analyzed with a statistical program using descriptive and analytical statistics.Results: the mean age of the patients was 59.1 years and 59.3% were male. The main complaints were unwell adult (130 - 22.5%), shortness of breath in adults (81 - 14.0%), abdominal pain in adults (58 - 10.0%) and behaving strangely (34 - 5.9%), with 87% of the patients being discharged. More deaths were found in the patients classified in the severe colors, with 42.8% classified as red, 17.0% as orange and 8.9% as yellow. Among the patients classified as green, 9.6% died.Conclusion: in the various colors of the Manchester Triage System, death prevailed in patients that presented the complaints of unwell adult, shortness of breath, head injury, major trauma, diarrhea and vomiting. The higher the clinical priority the greater the prevalence of death.

ResumoObjetivo:relacionar queixas apresentadas pelos pacientes classificados pelo Sistema de Triagem de Manchester em um pronto-socorro com o desfecho final (alta/óbito/transferência).Métodos:estudo de coorte prospectivo, realizado com 509 pacientes que deram entrada no pronto-socorro e que nele permaneceram por mais de 24 horas após a admissão, sendo acompanhados até o desfecho final. Os dados foram digitados e analisados com estatística descritiva e analítica em um pacote estatístico.Resultados:entre os pacientes, 59,3% eram do sexo masculino, com idade média de 59,1 anos. As queixas principais eram de mal-estar no adulto (130-22,5%), dispneia em adulto (81-14,0%), dor abdominal em adulto (58-10,0%), alterações de comportamento (34-5,9%), sendo que, desses, 87% recebeu alta. Foram encontrados mais óbitos nos pacientes classificados nas cores mais graves, sendo 42,8% classificados como vermelho, 17,0% laranja e 8,9% como amarelo. Entre os pacientes classificados como verde, 9,6% evoluiu para óbito.Conclusão:nas diversas cores do Sistema de Triagem Manchester, o óbito prevaleceu nos pacientes que apresentaram a queixa de mal-estar no adulto, dispneia, sofreram trauma craniano, trauma maior, diarreia e vômito. Quanto maior a prioridade clínica maior a prevalência de óbito.

ResumenObjetivo:relacionar las quejas presentadas por los pacientes clasificados por el Sistema de Clasificación de Manchester, en un servicio de urgencia, con el desenlace final (alta/muerte/ transferencia).Métodos:estudio de cohorte prospectiva, realizado con 509 pacientes que dieron entrada en el servicio de urgencia y que en él permanecieron por más de 24 horas después de la admisión, siendo seguidos hasta el desenlace final. Los datos fueron introducidos y analizados con estadística descriptiva y analítica, en un programa estadístico.Resultados:entre los pacientes, 59,3% eran del sexo masculino, con edad promedio de 59,1 años. Las quejas principales eran de malestar en adulto (130-22,5%), disnea en adulto (81-14,0%), dolor abdominal en adulto (58- 10,0%), alteraciones de comportamiento (34-5,9%), siendo que, de estos, 87% recibió alta. Fueron encontradas más muertes entre los pacientes clasificados con los colores más graves, siendo 42,8% clasificados como rojo, 17,0% naranja y 8,9% como amarillo. Entre los pacientes clasificados como verde, 9,6% evolucionó para la muerte.Conclusión:en los diversos colores del Sistema de Clasificación Manchester, la muerte prevaleció en los pacientes que presentaron la queja de malestar en adulto, disnea, sufrieron trauma craniano, trauma mayor, diarrea y vómito. Cuanto mayor es la prioridad clínica mayor es la prevalencia de la muerte.

Adolescent , Adult , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , HLA-B Antigens , Haplotypes/immunology , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Allografts , Disease-Free Survival , Graft vs Host Disease/genetics , Graft vs Host Disease/immunology , Graft vs Host Disease/mortality , HLA-B Antigens/genetics , HLA-B Antigens/immunology , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/genetics , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/immunology , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/mortality , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/pathology , Siblings , Survival Rate , Tissue Donors , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/genetics , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/immunology
Int. j. morphol ; 32(4): 1243-1247, Dec. 2014. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-734665


La leucemia linfoblástica aguda (LLA) es la neoplasia maligna hematooncólogica más frecuente en pacientes pediátricos contando hasta 75% de las leucemias y 32-35% del total de cánceres infantiles. Aunque la LLA es considerada una enfermedad con base genética, es cada vez más evidente que alteraciones epigenéticas desempeñan un rol central en su patogénia y progresión. La hipermetilación de regiones promotoras de genes es asociada con la pérdida de función génica. El gen supresor de tumores p53 (GST), es uno de los principales genes en el ciclo celular y apoptosis. El objetivo de este trabajo fue determinar el estado de metilación en la región del promotor-exón 1 del GST p53 y la asociación con la supervivencia en menores de 15 años con LLA. Se analizaron 40 pacientes provenientes de la Región de la Araucanía-Chile. La hipermetilación del p53 se determinó combinando enzimas de restricción sensibles a metilación (HpaII y EcoR II) y reacción en cadena de la polimerasa. Los resultados indicaron que 15/40 casos (37,5%) presentaron hipermetilación. Se encontró una diferencia estadística en la supervivencia según estado de metilación de p53 en el grupo de niñas (p=0,02). Considerando el total de pacientes, una tendencia a mejor supervivencia cuando los recuentos de leucocitos fueron <30.000/mm3 (p=0,08). Se encontró frecuentemente hipermetilado el gen p53 en la región del promotor-exon1. Esto indicaría que la hipermetilación del GST p53 puede ser un evento importante en la patogénesis de la LLA.

Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is the most common hematology oncology malignancy in pediatric patients counting up to 75% of leukemias and 32­35% of all childhood cancers. Although ALL is considered a disease with a genetic basis, it is increasingly clear that epigenetic alterations play a central role in the pathogenesis and work was to determine the methylation status in promoter-exon1 of the TSG-p53 and association with survival in children under 15 years with ALL. In our study 40 patients from the Araucanía Region, Chile were analyzed. Hypermethylation of p53 was determined by combining restriction enzymes sensitive to methylation (HpaII and EcoR II) and polymerase chain reaction. Results indicated that 15/40 cases (37.5%) showed hypermethylation. Statistical difference was found in survival according to p53 methylation status in the girls group (p=0.02). Considering all patients, there was a trend to improved survival when leukocyte counts were <30.000/ul (p=0.08). We found the p53 gene frequently hypermethylated in the promoter-exon1 region. This would indicate that TSG p53 hypermethylation may be an important event in the pathogenesis of ALL.

Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Genes, p53 , DNA Methylation , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/genetics , Bone Marrow , DNA Restriction Enzymes , Survival Analysis , Promoter Regions, Genetic , Epigenesis, Genetic , Age and Sex Distribution , Multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction , Leukocyte Count
Indian J Biochem Biophys ; 2014 Jun; 51(3): 207-210
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-154224


The activating mutations of the Ras gene or other abnormalities in Ras signaling pathway lead to uncontrolled growth factor-independent proliferation of hematopoietic progenitors. Oncogenic mutations in NRAS gene have been observed with variable prevalence in hematopoietic malignancies. In the present study, NRAS mutations were detected using bidirectional sequencing in 264 acute leukemia cases — 129 acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) and 135 acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and 245 age- and gender-matched controls. Missense mutation was observed only in the 12th codon of NRAS gene in 4.7% of AML and 3.16% of ALL cases. The presence of NRAS mutation did not significantly influence blast % and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) levels in AML patients. When the data were analyzed with respect to clinical variables, the total leukocyte count was elevated for mutation positive group, compared to negative group. In AML patients with NRAS mutations, 60% failed to achieve complete remission (CR), as compared to 34.8% in mutation negative group. These results indicated that NRAS mutations might confer poor drug response. In AML, disease free survival (DFS) in NRAS mutation positive group was lesser, compared to mutation negative group (9.5 months vs. 11.68 months). In ALL patients, DFS of NRAS mutation positive group was lesser than mutation negative group (9.2 months vs. 27.5 months). The CR rate was also lower for mutation-positive patients group, compared to mutation-negative group. In conclusion, these results suggested that presence of NRAS mutation at 12th codon was associated with poor response and poorer DFS in both ALL and AML.

Adolescent , Adult , Case-Control Studies , Female , GTP Phosphohydrolases/genetics , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/epidemiology , Male , Membrane Proteins/genetics , Mutation/genetics , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/epidemiology , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/genetics , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/mortality , Prevalence , Prognosis , Survival Rate
Rev. méd. Chile ; 142(6): 707-715, jun. 2014. ilus, graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-722920


Background: Intensified treatment of Philadelphia chromosome negative acute lymphoblastic leukemia (Ph(-)ALL) in adolescents by pediatric teams, with fve years disease free survival (DFS) rate of 65%, encouraged the use of intensified protocols in patients between 15 and 30 years, improving the DFS from 45% to 60-80%. The protocol LLA 15-30 for patients between 15 and 30 years with Ph(-)ALL, based on the Children’s Oncology Group (COG) protocol AALL0232 resulting in a five years DFS of 78%, was started in 2007 by the PANDA national program. Aim: To report the results of the prospective cohort study evaluating the results of this protocol four years after its implementation. Patients and Methods: Between January 2007 and December 2010, 68 Ph(-) ALL patients, aged between 15-30 years (75% males) were incorporated. Survival was evaluated using Kaplan-Meier and log-rank tests. Results: Fifty percent of patients were of high risk. A complete response was achieved in 91%, early death occurred in 6% and induction failure in 3%. Median follow-up was 23 months. Overall survival, disease free survival and relapse rates at 35 months were 61.8, 67.5% and 31% respectively. Conclusions: LLA 15-30 protocol significantly improved three-year overall survival from 31 to 62%. The 20% difference observed with AALL0232 protocol is explained by the high rate of relapse. Improving provider and patient compliance with protocols may eliminate this gap.

Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/administration & dosage , Philadelphia Chromosome , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/drug therapy , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/genetics , Asparaginase/administration & dosage , Cohort Studies , Dexamethasone/administration & dosage , Methotrexate/administration & dosage , Prognosis , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Vincristine/administration & dosage
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 33(3): 468-486, set. 2013. ilus, graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-698762


Introducción. Del 60 al 80 % de los pacientes con leucemia linfoblástica aguda de precursores B presentan alteraciones genéticas que influyen en el pronóstico de la enfermedad y en la biología del tumor. Objetivo. Analizar distintas alteraciones genéticas en leucemia linfoblástica aguda de precursores B en niños, y su relación con el inmunofenotipo y con la tasa de proliferación, en comparación con precursores B normales. Materiales y métodos. En 44 pacientes se evaluó, por citometría de flujo, el inmunofenotipo, el contenido de ADN y la proliferación, y por RT-PCR, las traslocaciones t(9;22), t(12;21), t(4;11) y t(1;19). Mediante un análisis jerarquizado de conglomerados se identificaron los patrones inmunofenotípicos de expresión asociados a las traslocaciones, tomando como referencia precursores B normales. Resultados. La cuantificación del ADN mostró que el 21 % de los casos de leucemia linfoblástica aguda de precursores B eran hiperdiploides de índice alto y, el 47,7 %, hiperdiploides de índice bajo. La presencia de hiperdiploidía se asoció con mayor proliferación tumoral y con inmunofenotipos aberrantes, que incluyeron expresión anormal de CD10, TdT, CD38 y CD45 y un mayor tamaño de los linfoblastos. La presencia de t(9;22) y t(12;21) discrimina células normales de células tumorales con aberraciones en la expresión de CD19, CD20, CD13, CD33, CD38, CD34 y CD45. Conclusiones. El perfil de aberraciones fenotípicas detectado en conjunto con anormalidades en la proliferación tumoral, se asocia de forma significativa con hiperdiploidiía de ADN y discrimina de forma clara linfoblastos con t(9;22) y t(12;21) de los precursores B normales. La identificación de estos parámetros será de gran utilidad como herramienta para la clasificación y seguimiento de los pacientes.

Introduction: Between 60 and 80% of patients with B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia show genetic abnormalities which influence the prognosis of the disease and the biology of the tumor. Objective: To analyze different genetic abnormalities in acute B lymphoblastic leukemia in children, its relationship with the immunophenotype and the proliferative rate compared with normal B cell precursors. Materials and methods: We assessed immunophenotype, DNA content and proliferative rate in 44 samples by flow cytometry, and translocations t(9;22), t(12;21), t(4;11), and t(1;19) by RT-PCR. Using a hierarchical cluster analysis, we identified some immunophenotypic patterns associated to genetic abnormalities when compared with normal B cell precursors. Results: DNA quantification showed that 21% of the cases had high hyperdiploidy and 47.7% has low hyperdiploidy. The presence of hyperdiploidy was associated with increased tumor proliferation and aberrant immunophenotypes, including abnormal expression of CD10, TdT, CD38, and CD45 and an increased size of the lymphoblasts. The presence of t(9;22) and t(12;21) discriminates normal cells from tumor cells with aberrant immunophenotype in the expression of CD19, CD22, CD13, CD33, CD38, CD34, and CD45. Conclusions: The aberrant immunophenotype profile detected in neoplastic cells along with abnormalities in the proliferative rate were significantly associated with DNA hyperdiploidy and clearly distinguished lymphoblasts with t(9;22) and t(12;21) from normal B cell precursors. The identification of these parameters is useful as a tool for classification and monitoring of these patients.

Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , B-Lymphocytes/classification , Leukemia, B-Cell/genetics , Leukemia, B-Cell/immunology , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/genetics , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/immunology , Cell Proliferation , Diploidy , DNA, Neoplasm/analysis , Immunophenotyping
Int. j. morphol ; 31(3): 973-979, set. 2013. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-694988


La leucemia linfoblástica aguda (LLA), es la neoplasia mas frecuente en la población infantil. Se manifiesta por una perdida de diferenciación de progenitores linfoides produciendo un aumento de células inmaduras. La hipermetilación en la región promotora de genes supresores de tumores (GST) puede producir un silenciamiento génico que le proporciona a la célula leucémica una ventaja proliferativa o la previene de la apoptosis. Se estudia el estado de hipermetilación de 4 GST involucrados en la apoptosis: APAF1, ASPP1, p73 y FHIT y su asociación con la sobrevida de pacientes menores de 15 años con diagnóstico de LLA. Se analizaron 38 muestras de médula ósea mediante modificación con bisulfito del ADN y reacción en cadena de la polimerasa especifica de metilación (MSP). El rango de edad al diagnóstico fue de 10 meses a 13,8 años. La sobrevida global fue de 69 por ciento a los 5 años. El 81,5 por ciento de los pacientes tuvo al menos un gen hipermetilado. La frecuencia de metilación observada fue: APAF1 68,4 por ciento, FHIT 56,4 por ciento, p73 42 por ciento y ASPP1 18,4 por ciento. La asociación entre hipermetilación y grupo <5 años y 5 años fue: Global p=0,20, APAF1 p=0,03, FHIT p=0,51, p73 p=0,51 y ASPP1 p=0.67. Las curvas de sobrevida se calcularon según frecuencia de hipermetilación de cada gen: APAF1 p=0,05, FHIT p=0,31, p73 p=0,98 y ASPP1 p=0,82. La alta frecuencia de hipermetilación obtenida reafirma la participación de la metilación en la región promotora de GST en la patogénesis de la LLA. La hipermetilación del gen APAF1 fue muy frecuente y se asoció significativamente a la sobrevida del grupo de estudio, mostrando a este gen como un factor predictivo de mal pronostico en pacientes con LLA.

Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is the most common malignancy in children. It is manifested by a loss of differentiation of lymphoid progenitors, producing an increase of immature cells. Hypermethylation in promoter region of tumor suppressor genes (GST) may produce a gene silencing that provides a leukemic cell a proliferative advantage or prevent apoptosis. We studied the hypermethylation status of 4 GST involved in apoptosis: APAF1, ASPP1, p73 and FHIT and its association with survival of patients <15 years diagnosed with ALL. We analyzed 38 samples of bone marrow by DNA bisulfite modification and chain reaction methylation-specific polymerase (MSP). The mean age at diagnosis was 10 months to 13.8 years. Overall survival was 69 percent at 5 years. 81.5 percent of patients had at least one hypermethylated gene. The frequency observed was: APAF1 68.4 percent, 56.4 percent FHIT, p73 ASPP1 42 percent and 18.4 percent. The association between hypermethylation and group <5 years and 5 years was: Global p = 0.20, APAF1 p = 0.03, FHIT p = 0.51, p73 p = 0.51, ASPP1 p = 0.67. Survival curves were calculated by frequency of hypermethylation of each gene: APAF1 p = 0.05, p = 0.31 FHIT, p73 p = 0.98 and ASPP1 p = 0.82. The high frequency of hypermethylation obtained confirms enrollment of methylation in the promoter region of GST in the pathogenesis of ALL. APAF1 gene hypermethylation was very frequent and was significantly associated with survival in the study group, showing this gene as a predictor of poor prognosis in patients with ALL.

Humans , Male , Adolescent , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , DNA Methylation , Genes, Tumor Suppressor , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/genetics , Apoptosis , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Survival Analysis