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1.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 17-24, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971096

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the gene mutation profile in children with acute lymphocyte leukemia (ALL) and to explore its prognostic significance.@*METHODS@#Clinical data of 249 primary pediatric ALL patients diagnosed and treated in the Department of Hematological Oncology of Wuhan Children's Hospital from January 2018 to December 2021 were analyzed retrospectively. Next-generation sequencing (NGS) was used to obtain gene mutation data and analyze the correlation between it and the prognosis of children with ALL.@*RESULTS@#227 (91.2%) were B-ALL, 22 (8.8%) were T-ALL among the 249 cases, and 178 (71.5%) were found to have gene mutations, of which 85 (34.1%) had ≥3 gene mutations. NRAS(23.7%), KRAS (22.9%),FLT3(11.2%), PTPN11(8.8%), CREBBP (7.2%), NOTCH1(6.4%) were the most frequently mutated genes, the mutations of KRAS, FLT3, PTPN11, CREBBP were mainly found in B-ALL, the mutations of NOTCH1 and FBXW7 were mainly found in T-ALL. The gene mutation incidence of T-ALL was significantly higher than that of B-ALL (χ2= 5.573,P<0.05) and were more likely to have co-mutations (P<0.05). The predicted 4-year EFS rate (47.9% vs 88.5%, P<0.001) and OS rate (53.8% vs 94.1%, P<0.001) in children with tp53 mutations were significantly lower than those of patients without tp53 mutations. Patients with NOTCH1 mutations had higher initial white blood cell count (128.64×109/L vs 8.23×109/L,P<0.001), and children with NOTCH1 mutations had a lower 4-year EFS rate than those of without mutations (71.5% vs 87.2%, P=0.037).@*CONCLUSION@#Genetic mutations are prevalent in childhood ALL and mutations in tp53 and NOTCH1 are strong predictors of adverse outcomes in childhood ALL, with NGS contributing to the discovery of genetic mutations and timely adjustment of treatment regimens.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Precursor T-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/genetics , Cell Cycle Proteins/genetics , Proto-Oncogene Proteins p21(ras)/genetics , Retrospective Studies , Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases/genetics , Prognosis , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/genetics , Precursor B-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Mutation , Lymphocytes
2.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 46-50, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971038

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the significance of E-cadherin and the association between E-cadherin methylation status and prognosis in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) by examining the mRNA and protein expression of E-cadherin and its gene methylation status in bone marrow mononuclear cells of children with ALL.@*METHODS@#The samples of 5 mL bone marrow blood were collected from 42 children with ALL who were diagnosed for the first time at diagnosis (pre-treatment group) and on day 33 of induction chemotherapy (post-treatment group). RT-qPCR, Western blot, and methylation-specific PCR were used to measure the mRNA and protein expression of E-cadherin and the methylation level of the E-cadherin gene. The changes in each index after induction chemotherapy were compared.@*RESULTS@#The mRNA and protein expression levels of E-cadherin in the post-treatment group were significantly higher than those in the pre-treatment group (P<0.05), while the positive rate of E-cadherin gene methylation in the post-treatment group was significantly lower than that in the pre-treatment group (P<0.05). At the end of the test, the children with negative methylation had significantly higher overall survival rate and event-free survival rate than those with positive methylation (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#E-cadherin expression is associated with the development of ALL in children, and its decreased expression and increased methylation level may indicate a poor prognosis.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Cadherins/genetics , DNA Methylation , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/genetics , Prognosis , RNA, Messenger
3.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 242-246, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970914

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for a rare case of acute B-lymphocytic leukemia (B-ALL) with double Philadelphia chromosomes (Ph) and double derivative chromosome 9s [der(9)].@*METHODS@#A patient with double Ph and double der(9) B-ALL who presented at Shanghai Zhaxin Intergrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine Hospital in June 2020 was selected as the subject. Bone marrow morphology, flow cytometry, G-banding karyotyping, fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), genetic testing and chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA) were used to analyze bone marrow samples from the patient at various stages.@*RESULTS@#At initial diagnosis, the patient's bone marrow morphology and flow immunotyping have both supported the diagnosis of B-ALL. G-banded karyotyping of the patient indicated double Ph, in addition with hyperdiploid chromosomes involving translocations between chromosomes 9 and 22. BCR-ABL1 fusion gene was positive. Genetic testing at the time of recurrence revealed presence of a heterozyous c.944C>T variant in the kinase region of the ABL1 gene. FISH showed a signal for ABL1-BCR fusion on both chromosome 9s. CMA showed that the mosaicism homozygosity ratio of chromosome 9 was about 40%, and the mosaicism duplication ratio of chromosome 22 was about 43%.@*CONCLUSION@#Since both der(9) homologs were seen in 40% of cells, the possible mechanism for the double der(9) in this patient may be similar to that of double Ph, which might have resulted from non-disjunction during mitosis in the Ph chromosome-positive cell clone.


Subject(s)
Humans , Philadelphia Chromosome , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence/methods , China , Chromosome Aberrations , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/genetics , Translocation, Genetic , Fusion Proteins, bcr-abl/genetics , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 9/genetics
4.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 377-382, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982069

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical significance of SFRP1 gene and its methylation in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) .@*METHODS@#Methylation-specific PCR (MSP) was used to detect the methylation status of SFRP1 gene in bone marrow mononuclear cells of 43 children with newly diagnosed ALL before chemotherapy (primary group) and when the bone marrow reached complete remission d 46 after induction of remission chemotherapy (remission group), the expression of SFRP1 mRNA was detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), the expression of SFRP1 protein was detected by Western blot, and clinical data of children were collected, the clinical significance of SFRP1 gene methylation in children with ALL was analyze.@*RESULTS@#The positive rate of SFRP1 gene promoter methylation in the primary group (44.19%) was significantly higher than that in the remission group (11.63%) (χ2=11.328, P<0.05). The relative expression levels of SFRP1 mRNA and protein in bone marrow mononuclear cells of children in the primary group were significantly lower than those in the remission group (P<0.05). Promoter methylation of SFRP1 gene was associated with risk level (χ2=15.613, P=0.000) and survival of children (χ2=6.561, P=0.010) in the primary group, children with SFRP1 hypermethylation had significantly increased risk and shortened event-free survival time, but no significant difference in other clinical data.@*CONCLUSION@#Hypermethylation of SFRP1 gene promoter may be involved in the development of childhood ALL, and its hypermethylation may be associated with poor prognosis.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Clinical Relevance , DNA Methylation , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/genetics , Bone Marrow/metabolism , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Membrane Proteins/genetics , Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins/metabolism
5.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 333-337, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982063

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the correlation between single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) of ARID5B gene and resistance to methotrexate (MTX) in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).@*METHODS@#A total of 144 children with ALL who were treated in General Hospital of Ningxia Medical University from January 2015 to November 2021 were enrolled and divided into MTX resistant group and non-MTX resistant group, with 72 cases in each group. Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) technology was used to measure the SNP of ARID5B gene in all children and analyze its correlation with MTX resistant.@*RESULTS@#There were no significant differences in the genotype and gene frequency of rs7923074, rs10821936, rs6479778, and rs2893881 between MTX resistant group and non-MTX resistant group (P>0.05). The frequency of C/C genotype in the MTX resistant group was significantly higher than that in the non-MTX resistant group, while the frequency of T/T genotype was opposite (P<0.05). The frequency of C allele in the MTX resistant group was significantly higher than that in the non-MTX resistant group, while the frequency of T allele was opposite (P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that ARID5B gene rs4948488 TT genotype and T allele frequency were risk factors for MTX resistant in ALL children (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The SNP of ARID5B gene is associated with MTX resistant in ALL children.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , DNA-Binding Proteins/genetics , Gene Frequency , Genotype , Methotrexate , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/genetics , Transcription Factors/genetics , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm
6.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 418-424, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928730

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the mechanism of miR-155 promoting drug resistance of children B-ALL to Ara-C by regulating Wnt/β-Catenin signaling pathway.@*METHODS@#The expression of miR-155 in bone marrow tissue and cell line of B-ALL was detected by PCR. The chemotherapy resistant strain REH/ Ara-C was constructed by using REH cells. REH/ Ara-C cells were transfected with miR-155 inhibitor. The proliferation of REH/Ara-C cells was detected by EdU. The apoptosis of REH/ Ara-C cells was detected by flow cytometry. The drug resistance of REH/Ara-C cells were analyzed by CCK-8 method and colony formation assay. The expression of Wnt/β-Catenin signaling pathway related proteins were determined by Western blot. MiR-155 inhibitor and Wnt activator agonist were used to transfect REH/Ara-C cells, and their effects on cell proliferation, apoptosis and drug resistance were determined.@*RESULTS@#Compared with normal tissues and cells, the expression level of miR-155 in B-ALL bone marrow tissue/cell line was increased (P<0.05); Compared with drug sensitive B-ALL tissues/cell lines, the expression level of miR-155 in drug resistant B-ALL tissues and cell lines was increased (P<0.05); Inhibition of miR-155 expression decreased the proliferation of REH/Ara-C cells (P<0.05), promoted apoptosis (P<0.05), enhanced the cytotoxicity of Ara-C (P<0.05), and inhibited Wnt/β-Catenin signaling pathway related protein and MDR1 gene expression (P<0.05), which could be reversed by activating Wnt expression (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The expression of miR-155 is up-regulated in bone marrow of children with B-ALL, which may be related to the activation of Wnt/β-Catenin signaling pathway promotes the proliferation of B-ALL cells and inhibits apoptosis, which leads to chemotherapy resistance.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Cytarabine , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , MicroRNAs/genetics , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/genetics , Wnt Signaling Pathway , beta Catenin/genetics
7.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 19-25, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929524

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study analyzed the correlation between genetic mutation and prognostic significance in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) . Methods: Targeted exome by next-generation sequencing (NGS) technology was used to carry out molecular profiling of untreated 141 children with ALL in Fujian Medical University Union Hospital from November 2016 to December 2019. Correlation of genetic features and clinical features and outcomes was analyzed. Results: Among the 141 pediatric patients with ALL, 160 somatic mutations were detected in 83 patients (58.9% ) , including 37 grade Ⅰ mutations and 123 grade Ⅱ mutations. Single nucleotide variation was the most common type of mutation. KRAS was the most common mutant gene (12.5% ) , followed by NOTCH1 (11.9% ) , and NRAS (10.6% ) . RAS pathway (KRAS, FLT3, PTPN11) , PAX5 and TP53 mutations were only detected, and NRAS mutations was mainly found in B-ALL while FBXW7 and PTEN mutations were only found, and NOTCH1 mutation was mainly detected in T-ALL. The average number of mutations detected in each child with T-ALL was significantly higher than in children with B-ALL (4.16±1.33 vs 2.04±0.92, P=0.004) . The children were divided into mutation and non-mutation groups according to the presence or absence of genetic variation. There were no statistically significant differences in sex, age, newly diagnosed white blood cell count, minimal or measurable residual disease monitoring results, expected 3-year event-free survival (EFS) and overall survival (OS) between the two groups (P>0.05) . On the other hand, the proportion of T-ALL and fusion gene negative children in the mutant group was significantly higher than the non-mutation group (P=0.021 and 0.000, respectively) . Among the patients without fusion gene, the EFS of children with grade I mutation was significantly lower than children without grade I mutation (85.5% vs 100.0% , P=0.039) . Among children with B-ALL, the EFS of those with TP53 mutation was significantly lower than those without TP53 mutation (37.5% vs 91.2% , P<0.001) . Conclusion: Genetic variation is more common in childhood ALL and has a certain correlation with clinical phenotype and prognosis. Therefore, targeted exome by NGS can be used as an important supplement to the traditional morphology, immunology, cytogenetics, and molecular biology classification.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Mutation , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/genetics , Prognosis , Technology
8.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 400-406, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928727

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To detect the expression level of suppressors of cytokine signaling 3 (SOCS3) in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), and to observe the effect of over-expresson of SOCS3 in Jurkat cells on the cytotoxicity of NK cells.@*METHODS@#The expression levels of SOCS3 mRNA in peripheral blood mononuclear cells of 20 children with ALL and 20 healthy children (normal control group) were detected by RT-PCR. The peripheral blood NK cells from healthy subjects were selected by immunomagnetic technique, and the purity was detected by flow cytometry. SOCS3 was overexpressed in Jurkat cells infected with lentivirus vector, and SOCS3 mRNA expression was detected by RT-PCR after lentivirus infection. The NK cells were co-cultured with the infected Jurkat, and LDH release method was used to detect the cytotoxicity of NK cells on the infected Jurkat cells. The concentrations of TNF-α and IFN-γ were determined by ELISA. The expression of NKG2D ligands MICA and MICB on the surface of Jurkat cells were detected by flow cytometry. Western blot was used to detect the effect of SOCS3 overexpression on STAT3 phosphorylation in Jurkat cells.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, the mRNA expression of SOCS3 in the peripheral blood mononucleated cells of ALL children was significantly decreased. The purity of NK cells isolated by flow cytometry could reach more than 70%. The expression of SOCS3 mRNA in Jurkat cells increased significantly after lentivirus infection. Overexpression of SOCS3 in Jurkat cells significantly promoted the killing ability of NK cells and up-regulated the secretion of TNF-α and IFN-γ from NK cells. The results of flow cytometry showed that the expression of NKG2D ligands MICA and MICB on Jurkat cells increased significantly after SOCS3 overexpression. Western blot results showed that overexpression of SOCS3 significantly reduced the phosphorylation level of STAT3 protein in Jurkat cells.@*CONCLUSION@#SOCS3 mRNA expression was significantly decreased in ALL patients, and overexpression of SOCS3 may up-regulate the expression of MICA and MICB of NKG2D ligands on Jurkat cell surface through negative regulation of JAK/STAT signaling pathway, thereby promoting the cytotoxic function of NK cells.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Histocompatibility Antigens Class I/metabolism , Killer Cells, Natural/cytology , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/cytology , Ligands , NK Cell Lectin-Like Receptor Subfamily K/metabolism , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/genetics , RNA, Messenger/genetics , Suppressor of Cytokine Signaling 3 Protein/metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism
9.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 12-17, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928663

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the efficacy of children with B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) without prognostic fusion genes treated by CCLG-ALL 2008, and investigate the related factors affecting the recurrence of the patients.@*METHODS@#B-ALL patients without prognostic fusion genes treated by the protocol of CCLG-ALL 2008 in our hospital from March 2008 to December 2012 were retrospectively analyzed. Follow-up time was ended in August 31, 2019. The median follow-up time was 92 months (range 0-136 months). Kaplan-Meier was used to detect the RFS, and COX multivariate regression analysis was employed to identify the independent factors affecting the recurrence of the patients.@*RESULTS@#There were 140 males and 99 females enrolled in this study. The ratio of male to female was 1.41∶1. The median age was 4.4 years old and the median number of WBC at initial stage was 4.98×109/L. There were 77 cases relapsed during the observation while 162 without relapsed, 16 cases lost to follow-up and 72 cases died. The recurrence and mortality rate was 32.22% and 30.1%, respectively, in which 45 cases died of recurrence (62.5% of the total deaths). Univariate analysis showed that the age≥6 years old, WBC >100×109/L, the bone marrow blasts on day 15≥25%, the bone marrow minimal residual disease (MRD) at week 12 >10-4, and the higher risk were the main factors affecting the recurrence of the patients (P<0.05). Multivariate COX regression analysis showed that age≥6 years old, WBC >100×109/L, bone marrow MRD >10-4 at the 12th week were the independent risk factors affecting recurrence of the patients.@*CONCLUSION@#Age, initial WBC, and bone marrow MRD at the 12th week were correlated with recurrence in children with B-ALL without prognostic fusion genes, which can be used as prognostic indices of recurrence risk in clinical.


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Disease-Free Survival , Neoplasm, Residual , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/genetics , Prognosis , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies
10.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 543-549, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928641

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the clinical and prognostic significance of the preferentially expressed antigen of melanoma (PRAME) gene in the absence of specific fusion gene expression in children with B-lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL).@*METHODS@#A total of 167 children newly diagnosed with B-ALL were enrolled, among whom 70 were positive for the PRAME gene and 97 were negative. None of the children were positive for MLL-r, BCR/ABL, E2A/PBX1, or ETV6/RUNX1. The PRAME positive and negative groups were analyzed in terms of clinical features, prognosis, and related prognostic factors.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the PRAME negative group, the PRAME positive group had a significantly higher proportion of children with the liver extending >6 cm below the costal margin (P<0.05). There was a significant reduction in the PRAME copy number after induction chemotherapy (P<0.05). In the minimal residual disease (MRD) positive group after induction chemotherapy, the PRAME copy number was not correlated with the MRD level (P>0.05). In the MRD negative group, there was also no correlation between them (P>0.05). The PRAME positive group had a significantly higher 4-year event-free survival rate than the PRAME negative group (87.5%±4.6% vs 73.5%±4.6%, P<0.05), while there was no significant difference between the two groups in the 4-year overall survival rate (88.0%±4.4% vs 85.3%±3.8%, P>0.05). The Cox proportional-hazards regression model analysis showed that positive PRAME expression was a protective factor for event-free survival rate in children with B-ALL (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Although the PRAME gene cannot be monitored as MRD, overexpression of PRAME suggests a good prognosis in B-ALL.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Acute Disease , Antigens, Neoplasm/therapeutic use , Neoplasm, Residual/diagnosis , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/genetics , Prognosis
11.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 309-313, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928605

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the mutation rate of the RAS gene and its clinical significance in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of 120 children with newly diagnosed acute lymphoblastic leukemia, who were admitted to the Third Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from January 2015 to January 2020 and underwent next-generation sequencing. The clinical and molecular features were analyzed. The impact of RAS gene mutation on the overall survival rate was evaluated in these children.@*RESULTS@#Among the 120 children, 35 (29.2%) had RAS gene mutation, 30 (25.0%) had KRAS gene mutation, and 5 (4.2%) had both NRAS and KRAS gene mutations. All NRAS mutations and 71% (25/35) of KRAS mutations were located at the 12th and 13th codons. RAS gene mutation was detected in 35 (33.3%) out of 105 children with B-lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemia, but it was not detected in those with acute T lymphocyte leukemia. Of all the children, 11 (9.2%) were lost to follow-up, and among the 109 children followed up, 16 (14.7%) died. The children with RAS gene mutation had a significantly lower 2-year overall survival rate than those without RAS gene mutation (P<0.05). The prognosis of children with RAS gene mutation combined with WT1 overexpression and WBC>50×109/L at diagnosis was worse (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#RAS gene mutation is commonly observed in children with B-lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemia and may have an adverse effect on prognosis.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Genes, ras , Mutation , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/genetics , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
12.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 67(8): 1113-1117, Aug. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346981

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is the most common type of childhood cancer. Previous studies have indicated the involvement of vitamin D receptor (VDR) and related long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) signaling in the pathophysiology of several cancers. However, their contribution to ALL remains to be elucidated. METHODS: In this case-control study, 30 patients with newly diagnosed ALL and 30 age- and sex-matched healthy children were selected. Then, the level of 25(OH) vitamin D and the expression of VDR and four VDR-related lncRNAs were assessed. RESULTS: No significant difference in serum 25(OH) vitamin D was observed between patients with ALL (20.42±6.5 ng/mL) and healthy subjects (25.45±11 ng/mL). In addition, the expression of MALAT-1, HOTAIR, and P-21 was not statistically significant between the two groups. However, a significant reduction in VDR and H19 expression was observed in patients with ALL (p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: 25(OH) vitamin D insufficiency was evident in both groups. VDR and H19 signaling might be contributed to the pathogenesis of ALL, which needs further investigations.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Receptors, Calcitriol/genetics , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/genetics , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , Vitamin D , Case-Control Studies
13.
Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine ; : 2-2, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880320

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#We performed an updated meta-analysis to clarify the relationship between the CEBPE rs2239633 polymorphism and the childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (CALL) susceptibility.@*METHODS@#All the case-control studies were updated on October 5, 2020, through Web of Science, PubMed, Cochrane Library, Embase, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) electronic database. The heterogeneity in the study was tested by the Q test and I@*RESULTS@#A total of 20 case-control studies were selected, including 7014 patients and 16,428 controls. There was no association of CEBPE rs2239633 polymorphism with CALL (CC vs CT + TT: OR = 1.08, 95% CI = 0.94-1.26; CC + CT vs TT: OR = 1.10, 95% CI = 0.94-1.30; C vs T: OR = 1.02, 95% CI = 0.92-1.13). In the subgroup analysis by ethnicity, there is no significant association of this polymorphism and CALL risks among Asian and Caucasian populations in the three genetic models (CC vs CT + TT, CC + CT vs TT, and C vs T).@*CONCLUSION@#This meta-analysis found no significant association between the CEBPE rs2239633 polymorphism and susceptibility to CALL.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Humans , Infant , CCAAT-Enhancer-Binding Proteins/metabolism , Genetic Predisposition to Disease/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/genetics
14.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 690-695, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880134

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the relationship between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of IKAROS family Zinc finger 3 (IKZF3) gene and the risk of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in children.@*METHODS@#The peripheral blood samples from 286 children with ALL and 382 healthy children were collected and divided into ALL group and control group, respectively. The genotypes of IKZF3 gene at rs62066988 C > T and rs12946510 C > T were detected by quantitative PCR with TaqMan detection system, and their correlation with ALL was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The distribution frequencies of CC, CT and TT genotypes at rs62066988 in ALL group were 58.39%, 37.06% and 4.55%, respectively, while those in control group were 69.19%, 27.68% and 3.13%, respectively. The distribution frequencies of CC, CT and TT genotypes at rs12946510 in ALL group were 58.16%, 34.75% and 7.09%, respectively, while those in control group were 55.76%, 37.43% and 6.81%, respectively. Compared with the control group, the distribution frequency of CT/TT genotype at rs62066988 was significantly increased in the ALL group (OR=1.59, 95%CI: 1.16-2.19, P=0.004). However, there was no significant difference in the distribution of rs12946510 C > T polymorphism between ALL group and control group.@*CONCLUSION@#The CT/TT genotype of IKZF3 at the site of rs62066988 is associated with the increased risk of ALL in children.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Alleles , Case-Control Studies , Gene Frequency , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Genotype , Ikaros Transcription Factor/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/genetics
15.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 311-315, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880074

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical features and prognostic factors of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) children with P2RY8-CRLF2 gene rearrangement.@*METHODS@#A total of 108 children with B-cell ALL (B-ALL) were diagnosed and systematically treated according to Chinese Children's Leukemia Group (CCLG) -ALL 2008 in our hospital from January 2016 to December 2016. The 108 patients were divided into two groups according to the result of mutiplex polymerase chain reaction: group with P2RY8-CRLF2 gene rearrangement and group without P2RY8-CRLF2 gene rearrangement. The ALL children with P2RY8-CRLF2 gene rearrangement were all treated by CCLG-ALL 2008 high-risk group (HR) regimens, and the ALL children in group without P2RY8-CRLF2 gene rearrangement received different intensity chemotherapy according to clinical risk classification.@*RESULTS@#Five (4 male and 1 female) out of 108 patients with B-ALL had P2RY8-CRLF2 gene rearrangement. In the 5 B-ALL patients with P2RY8-CRLF2 gene rearrangement, the median age of the was 4 (2-6) years old and the median WBC count was 26.2 (2.46-525.1)×10@*CONCLUSION@#The early treatment response and prognosis of ALL children with P2RY8-CRLF2 gene rearrangement are worse, and more effective protocol is needed for this subtype patients.


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Disease-Free Survival , Gene Rearrangement , Precursor B-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/genetics , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/genetics , Prognosis , Receptors, Cytokine/genetics , Receptors, Purinergic P2Y/genetics
16.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 1021-1026, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922385

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the value of serum miR-922 and miR-506 expression levels in the diagnosis and prognostic assessment of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).@*METHODS@#A total of 132 children with ALL (ALL group) and 80 healthy children (healthy control group) were prospectively selected in this study. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction was used to measure the expression levels of serum miR-922 and miR-506 in both groups. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were plotted to analyze the diagnostic value of miR-922 and miR-506 for childhood ALL. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to plot survival curves, and multivariate COX regression models were used to analyze the risk factors for poor prognosis in children with ALL.@*RESULTS@#The ALL group had significantly higher expression levels of serum miR-922 and miR-506 than the control group (@*CONCLUSIONS@#The expression levels of miR-922 and miR-506 are of good value in the diagnosis and prognostic assessment of childhood ALL.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Biomarkers, Tumor , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , MicroRNAs/genetics , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/genetics , Prognosis , ROC Curve
17.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1375-1379, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922268

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the expression and prognostic value of metabolism-related genes in pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), and explore the potential prognostic biomarkers or therapeutic targets.@*METHODS@#Transcriptome data from 84 children with B-cell ALL at the time of diagnosis and prior to any treatment were used to analyze the differential gene expression. A prognostic scoring system based on the expression of the metabolism-related genes was constructed using Cox and Lasso regression methods. The prognostic value of the scoring system was further assessed by multivariate Cox regression analysis. Gene set enrichment analysis was carried out by using GSEA software.@*RESULTS@#Among the 933 metabolism-related genes, 14 up-regulated genes and 17 down-regulated genes were identified as differentially expressed genes. In addition, 8 up-regulated genes (ASS1, CKM, PTGES, ADCY5, HNMT, PHGDH, CYP4F3, AADAT) and 4 down-regulated genes (GDA, DHRS9, IDO2, UGT2B4) were selected to establish a novel prognostic scoring system. Patients in the high-risk group showed poorer survival significantly than patients in the low-risk group (P<0.05). The prognostic scoring system was still shown to be an independent prognostic factor for the survival of children with ALL after the clinical characteristics, such as gender, age, white blood cell count at initial diagnosis, cytogenetics and molecular genetics were included (HR=8.906, 95%CI: 3.114-25.470). GSEA results showed that 6 metabolism-related pathways (amino sugar and nucleotide sugar metabolism, arginine and proline metabolism, fructose and mannose metabolism, glyoxylate and dicarboxylate metabolism, pyrimidine metabolism, selenoamino acid metabolism) were enriched in the high-risk group.@*CONCLUSION@#The abnormal metabolism-related gene expression is associated with the clinical outcome of children with ALL, and these results provide potential novel prognostic biomarkers and treatment targets for pediatric ALL.


Subject(s)
Humans , Gene Expression Profiling , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/genetics , Prognosis , Transcriptome
18.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 1258-1261, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922037

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the association between single nucleotide polymorphism of NUDT15 gene (SNP rs116855232) and hepatotoxicity in children with acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL).@*METHODS@#A total of 135 children with ALL in Shandong Province were recruited in this study, and patients were divided into two groups based on the presence of liver injury. Genotypes of each patient were detected using PCR and Sanger sequencing. Clinical data and the average dose of 6-mercaptopurine (6-MP) were collected and analyzed by SPSS 19.0 software.@*RESULTS@#Respectively, 99 patients were found with CC genotype, 32 patients with CT genotype and 4 patients with TT genotype. Compared with ALL patients without hepatotoxicity, there was a difference in genotypes between the two groups in the initial stage of chemotherapy for leukemia (Chi@*CONCLUSION@#The polymorphism of rs116855232 in NUDT15 gene was associated with hepatotoxicity induced by 6-mercaptopurine in children with ALL, and ALL patients with TT genotype should take a lower dose of 6-MP to avoided hepatotoxicity.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic/therapeutic use , Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury/genetics , Genotype , Mercaptopurine/adverse effects , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/genetics , Pyrophosphatases/genetics
19.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 689-700, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880960

ABSTRACT

The cure rate of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) has exceeded 90% in some contemporary clinical trials. However, the dose intensity of conventional chemotherapy has been pushed to its limit. Further improvement in outcome will need to rely more heavily on molecular therapeutic as well as immuno-and cellular-therapy approaches together with precise risk stratification. Children with ETV6-RUNX1 or hyperdiploid > 50 ALL who achieve negative minimal residual disease during early remission induction are suitable candidates for reduction in treatment. Patients with Philadelphia chromosome (Ph)-positive or Ph-like ALL with ABL-class fusion should be treated with dasatinib. BH3 profiling and other preclinical methods have identified several high-risk subtypes, such as hypodiplod, early T-cell precursor, immature T-cell, KMT2A-rearranged, Ph-positive and TCF-HLF-positive ALL, that may respond to BCL-2 inhibitor venetoclax. There are other fusions or mutations that may serve as putative targets, but effective targeted therapy has yet to be established. For other high-risk patients or poor early treatment responders who do not have targetable genetic lesions, current approaches that offer hope include blinatumomab, inotuzumab and CAR-T cell therapy for B-ALL, and daratumumab and nelarabine for T-ALL. With the expanding therapeutic armamentarium, we should start focus on rational combinations of targeted therapy with non-overlapping toxicities.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Dasatinib , Neoplasm, Residual , Philadelphia Chromosome , Precision Medicine , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/genetics
20.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1819-1825, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879977

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To determine the expression level of linc-223 and miR-125a in the patients with adult acute leukemia (AL) and explore the relationship between the expression level and the occurrence, development, prognosis of leukemia.@*METHODS@#Bone marrow samples of 93 patients with AL treated in our hospital from January 2017 to September 2017 were enrolled, including 21 cases of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and 72 cases of acute non-lymphocytic leukemia (ANLL). At the same time, bone marrow samples from 20 cases of non-malignant hematopathy patients in the same period were enrolled as control group. Real-time quantitative PCR (qRT-PCR) was used to test the expression level of linc-223 and miR-125a in bone marrow of 93 AL patients and the relationship between the level and the occurrence, development, prognosis of leukemia was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#There was no significant difference in the expression of linc-223 between AL patients (ANLL and ALL) and control group (P>0.05). Moreover, there was no significant correlation between linc-223 and PML-RARα gene or the remission rate of patients after treatment. The expression of miR-125a in ANLL patients was significantly lower than those in the control group (P0.05), and also for ALL and control group (P>0.05). In the newly treatment ANLL patients, the expression level of miR-125a showed negatively correlated with LDH level and the ratio of immature cells (r=-0.454, r=-0.400), but not with sex, degree of risk, peripheral blood leukocyte count, platelet count, hemoglobin content, WT1, CRP, etc. (P>0.05). There was a positive correlation between linc-223 and miR-125a in ANLL patients (r=0.296).@*CONCLUSION@#No abnormal expression of linc-223 was found in the bone marrow of AL patients, but miR-125a expression shows a low level and positively correlate with the expression level of linc-223 in ANLL, which is helpful for the diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Acute Disease , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , MicroRNAs , Patients , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/genetics
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