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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771900

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To identify the differentially expressed gene (DEG) core genes in early T-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ETP ALL) and to analyze their interactions with upstream miRNAs, lncRNAs and involved pathways; to clarify the regulatory mechanism of ETP ALL development; and to explore the molecular targets for clinical diagnosis and treatment.@*METHODS@#The DEG of ETP ALL were screened based on the intersection of GEO database and TCGA database. The functional enrichment analysis and interaction analysis were carried out for DEG. Next, MCODE algorithm was used to screen core genes of DEG, and the mirDIP online tool and starBase online tool were utilized to predict upstream miRNA and lncRNA of the core genes.@*RESULTS@#A total of 424 DEG with a high credibility were identified, which were mainly enriched in the biological activity, such as transcriptional regulation, signaling pathway and protein function activation according to GO function, and the KEGG pathway was enriched in hematopoiesis, anoxic stress response, transcriptional misregulation, immunity and other functions, which interrelated each other 7 core genes were identified. Subsequently, 7 miRNAs and 19 lncRNAs were predicted to meet screening criteria. Finally, a lncRNA-miRNA-mRNA-pathway regulatory network was constructed.@*CONCLUSION@#The DEG in ETP ALL has been identified based on data mining methods; the core genes have been gained by co-expression analysis, and their upstream miRNA and lncRNA can be predicted for the early diagnosis of ETP ALL, thus providing a theoretical basis for the early diagnosis and reasonable treatment of ETP ALL, and helping to look for new tumor biomarkers of ETP ALL different from classical T-ALL.


Subject(s)
Humans , MicroRNAs , Precursor Cells, T-Lymphoid , Precursor T-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , RNA, Long Noncoding , RNA, Messenger
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-717645

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Precursor T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) has worse prognosis than B-cell ALL. We aimed to evaluate prognostic variables in pediatric T-ALL. METHODS: Medical records of 36 T-ALL patients (27 males and 9 females; median age at diagnosis, 10.6 years) diagnosed and treated at Asan Medical Center from 2001 to 2017 were reviewed. Six patients (16.7%) had early T-cell precursor ALL (ETP-ALL). Most patients received the Children's Cancer Group-1882 (CCG1882) or Korean multicenter high risk ALL (ALL0601) protocols and prophylactic cranial irradiation. Clinical features at presentation, response to therapy, and treatment outcomes were analyzed. RESULTS: The six patients with ETP-ALL and 17 of 30 with non-ETP-ALL received CCG1882 or ALL0601 chemotherapy. Three patients, including two with ETP-ALL, did not achieve complete remission after induction. Rapid early response during induction was achieved by 26 patients. Five year overall survival (OS) and event free survival (EFS) rates were 71.4% and 70.2%, respectively. ETP-ALL and slow early response during induction were significant adverse prognostic factors, while hyperleukocytosis at diagnosis was not. CCG1882/ALL0601 chemotherapy resulted in superior survival (OS: 78.9%, EFS: 73.3%) compared with CCG1901 chemotherapy (OS: 64.3%, EFS: 64.3%), and patients undergoing prophylactic cranial irradiation had superior EFS to non-radiated patients. CONCLUSION: A high risk ALL protocol with intensified post-remission therapy, including prophylactic cranial irradiation, conferred T-ALL survival outcomes comparable with those of Western studies. Further treatment intensification should be considered for patients with ETP-ALL and slow induction responders. Additionally, CNS-directed treatment intensification, without prophylactic cranial irradiation, is needed.


Subject(s)
B-Lymphocytes , Cranial Irradiation , Diagnosis , Disease-Free Survival , Drug Therapy , Female , Humans , Male , Medical Records , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Precursor Cells, T-Lymphoid , Precursor T-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Prognosis , T-Lymphocytes
4.
Immune Network ; : 219-225, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-103514

ABSTRACT

We examined the immunogenicity of H-2 class I-restricted and HLA-A2-restricted epitopes through peptide immunization of HLA-A2-transgenic mice that also express mouse H-2 class I molecules. All four of the tested epitopes restricted by H-2 class I robustly elicited T-cell responses, but four of seven epitopes restricted by HLA-A2 did not induce T-cell responses, showing that HLA-A2-restricted peptide epitopes tend to be poorly immunogenic in HLA-A2-transgenic mice. This finding was confirmed in HLA-A2-transgenic mice infected with a recombinant vaccinia virus expressing hepatitis C virus proteins. We examined the precursor frequency of epitope-specific naive CD8+ T cells in HLA-A2-transgenic and conventional C57BL/6 mice and found that the poor immunogenicity of HLA-A2-restricted peptide epitopes is related to the paucity of naive CD8+ T-cell precursors in HLA-A2-transgenic mice. These results provide direction for the improvement of mouse models to study epitope repertoires and the immunodominance of human T-cell responses.


Subject(s)
Animals , Epitopes , Epitopes, T-Lymphocyte , Hepacivirus , HLA-A2 Antigen , Humans , Immunization , Mice , Precursor Cells, T-Lymphoid , T-Lymphocytes , Vaccinia virus
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-207483

ABSTRACT

Indolent T-lymphoblastic proliferation has been rarely reported in the upper aerodigestive tract. The lymphoid cells associated with this condition have the morphological and phenotypical features of immature thymocytes. However, their pathogenesis and biology are unknown. We present an unusual type of tumor infiltrating lymphocytes in a case with hepatocellular carcinoma, presumed to be a T-lymphoblastic proliferation. A 58-yr-old female patient presented with indigestion and a palpable epigastric mass. The abdominal computed tomography revealed a mass in the S6 region of the liver. A hepatic segmentectomy was performed. Microscopic examination showed dense isolated nests of monomorphic lymphoid cells within the tumor. Immunohistochemically, the lymphoid cells were positive for CD3, terminal deoxymucleotide transferase (TdT) and CD1a. In addition, they showed dual expression of CD4 and CD8. The polymerase chain reaction used to examine the T-cell antigen receptor gamma gene rearrangement showed polyclonal T-cell proliferation. This is the second case of hepatocellular carcinoma combined with indolent T-lymphoblastic proliferation identified by an unusual tumor infiltrating lymphocytes.


Subject(s)
CD3 Complex/metabolism , CD4 Antigens/metabolism , CD8 Antigens/metabolism , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/diagnosis , DNA Nucleotidylexotransferase/metabolism , Female , Humans , Liver Neoplasms/diagnosis , Lymphocytes, Tumor-Infiltrating/pathology , Mastectomy, Segmental , Middle Aged , Precursor Cells, T-Lymphoid/pathology , Precursor T-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/complications , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-270682

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the effect of rapamycin in inducing naïve murine effector T cell (Teff) convert to regulatory T cell (Treg) in vitro.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The forkhead box protein 3 (FoxP3) negative Teff were isolated and purified from the spleen and lymph node of C57 BL/6 murines aged 6-8 weeks, then Teff were cultured in three groups with mature dendritic cells (mDC), B cells, and plate coated Anti-CD3. In addition, the control wells and the test wells were prepared in each group, rapamycin were not added in the control wells but added in the test wells with concentrations of 1, 10, 50, and 100 nmol/L. Percentages of FoxP3 positive Treg were examined by flow cytometry after 4 days in Anti-CD3 group and after 6 days in the other two groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>As shown by the flow cytometry, the percentages of FoxP3 positive Treg were as follows in three group: in the mDC group, it was 0.01% in the control well and 0.39%, 0.47%, 0.34%, and 0.26% in test wells; in B cell group, it was 0.01% in the control wells and 5.56%, 5.89%, 7.15%, and 4.72% in the test wells; in Anti-CD3 group, it was 0.93% in the control wells and 1.35%, 1.07%, 1.02%, and 1.19% in test wells. No significant difference was found between the test wells and control wells in the mDC group and Anti-CD3 group; however, the percentages of FoxP3 positive Treg was significantly different between the test wells and control wells in the B cell group (P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>When B cell is acted as the antigen-presenting cell, rapamycin can effectively induce Teff convert to Treg in vitro.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , B-Lymphocytes , Cell Biology , Allergy and Immunology , Cell Differentiation , Cells, Cultured , Dendritic Cells , Cell Biology , Allergy and Immunology , Flow Cytometry , Forkhead Transcription Factors , Allergy and Immunology , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Mice, Inbred DBA , Precursor Cells, T-Lymphoid , Cell Biology , Allergy and Immunology , Sirolimus , Pharmacology , T-Lymphocyte Subsets , Cell Biology , Allergy and Immunology , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory , Cell Biology , Allergy and Immunology
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