Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 1.860
Filter
1.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 81: e0021, 2022. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365728

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Este artigo descreve dois casos de reação imunológica de rejeição de transplante penetrante após a aplicação de dois tipos de vacina contra a COVID-19 - CoronaVac (Sinopharm/Butantan) e MRNA BNT162&2 (Pfizer-BioNTech) - com intervalo de 1 e 10 dias, respectivamente. A rejeição se manifestou com hiperemia, edema corneano e embaçamento da visão, que responderam rapidamente ao uso de corticoide tópico e subconjuntival. Até onde sabemos, este é o primeiro relato de rejeição de transplante penetrante de córnea pós-vacina anti-COVID-19. Recomendamos, presentemente, como prevenção, colírio de prednisolona a 1% 4 dias antes e durante 2 semanas após receber qualquer tipo de vacina para a COVID-19.


ABSTRACT This paper describes two cases of allograft corneal transplant rejection after the application of two types of COVID-19 vaccines - Coronavac (Sinopharm/Butantan) and MRNA BNT162&2 (Pfizer-BioNTech) vaccines - with an interval of 1 to 10 days, respectively. The rejection manifested in the form of corneal edema, hyperemia and blurred vision, which responded rapidly to the use of topical and subconjunctival corticosteroid. As far as we know, this is the first published report of immunological rejection of penetrating corneal transplant after COVID-19 vaccination. As a preventative measure, we now recommend the use of 1% prednisolone eye drop 4 days before and during 2 weeks after having received any type of COVID-19 vaccine.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Keratoplasty, Penetrating/adverse effects , Vaccination/adverse effects , COVID-19 Vaccines/adverse effects , Graft Rejection/etiology , Ophthalmic Solutions , Prednisolone/administration & dosage , Visual Acuity , Corneal Transplantation/adverse effects , Slit Lamp Microscopy , COVID-19 , Graft Rejection/diagnosis , Graft Rejection/prevention & control , Graft Rejection/drug therapy
2.
Rev. cuba. anestesiol. reanim ; 20(3): e717, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1351984

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La administración epidural de esteroides constituye un pilar del tratamiento del dolor radicular cervical y lumbosacro. Objetivo: Describir los mecanismos fisiológicos y características farmacológicas de los corticosteroides utilizados en el tratamiento del dolor, así como las complicaciones derivadas de la administración epidural de esteroides particulados. Métodos: Se realizó una revisión no sistemática de la literatura en bases de datos científicas como Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Pubmed/Medline, EMBASE, Scopus, Web of Science, EBSCOhost, ScienceDirect, OVID y el buscador académico Google Scholar, en los meses de julio a septiembre del año 2020. Desarrollo: Los corticoides utilizados en la medicina del dolor son derivados de la prednisolona. Estos se clasifican en particulados (de depósito, de suspensión) o no particulados (de dilución), en función de la presencia o ausencia de un componente molecular sólido (moléculas tipo éster, insolubles en agua). Los fármacos más empleados son la dexametasona, betametasona, triamcinolona y metilprednisolona. Conclusiones: La administración epidural de esteroides particulados está relacionada con la incidencia de complicaciones graves, aunque poco frecuentes, como paraplejía, tetraplejía, infarto de la médula espinal, hemorragia y edema cerebral. La evidencia disponible muestra una efectividad analgésica similar a los compuestos no particulados. Por lo tanto, no se recomienda su utilización rutinaria durante el abordaje del espacio epidural(AU)


Introduction: Epidural administration of steroids is a cornerstone for the treatment of cervical and lumbosacral radicular pain. Objective: To describe the physiological mechanisms and pharmacological characteristics of the corticosteroids used for pain treatment, as well as the complications derived from the epidural administration of particulate steroids. Methods: A nonsystematic review of the literature was carried out, from July to September 2020, in scientific databases such as Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Pubmed/Medline, EMBASE, Scopus, Web of Science, EBSCOhost, ScienceDirect, OVID and the academic search engine Google Scholar. Development: The corticoids used in pain medicine are derived from prednisolone. These are classified into particulate (deposit, suspension) or non-particulate (dilution), depending on the presence or absence of a solid molecular component (ester-type molecules, insoluble in water). The most commonly used drugs are dexamethasone, betamethasone, triamcinolone, and methylprednisolone. Conclusions: The epidural administration of particulate steroids is related to the incidence of serious, although infrequent, complications, such as paraplegia, tetraplegia, spinal cord infarction, hemorrhage and cerebral edema. Available evidence shows analgesic effectiveness similar to that of non-particulate compounds. Therefore, its routine usage is not recommended during the managment of the epidural space(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Dexamethasone , Prednisolone , Adrenal Cortex Hormones , Analgesics , Quadriplegia
3.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1797-1801, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922337

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the treatment outcome and prognosis of the newly-treated myc@*METHODS@#152 double-expression lymphoma patients (myc@*RESULTS@#The median age of 152 DEL patients was 60.5 years old (15-87 years old). 85 patients (55.9%) were Ann Arbor stage III/IV. There was no significant difference in clinical data between the patients in the two groups. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that bcl-6 expression, ECOG score, and stage were the independent prognostic factors for the entire group of DEL patients. There was no statistical difference in ORR between the patients in the two groups (χ2=0.749, P=0.387). Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that PFS and OS of the bcl-6@*CONCLUSION@#bcl-6


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Cyclophosphamide , Doxorubicin , Humans , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/drug therapy , Middle Aged , Prednisolone , Prognosis , Vincristine/therapeutic use , Young Adult
4.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1136-1140, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888529

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the efficacy and safety of CHOP regimen based on doxorubicin hydrochloride liposome in the initial treatment of elderly patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL).@*METHODS@#Thirty-one patients with DLBCL treated from January 1, 2012 to December 31, 2019 were analyzed retrospectively, their median age was 83 (71-95) years old, and all of them were in Ⅲ-Ⅳ stage, including 17 cases who had international prognostic index (IPI) ≥ 3. The patients were treated with R-CHOP and CHOP regimens based on doxorubicin hydrochloride liposome. The efficacy and safety were evaluated during and after treatment.@*RESULTS@#A total of 219 chemotherapy cycles and 7 median cycles were performed in 31 patients. The overall response (OR) rate and complete remission (CR) rate was 80.7% (25/31) and 61.3% (19/31), respectively, as well as 2 cases (6.5%) stable, 4 cases (12.9%) progressive. The main toxicities were as follows: the incidence of grade Ⅲ -Ⅳ neutropenia was 29% (9/31); two patients (6.5%) developed degree Ⅰ-Ⅱ cardiac events, which were characterized by new degree Ⅰ atrioventricular block; there were no cardiac events requiring emergency treatment and discontinuation of chemotherapy. The 1-year, 2-year and 3-year overall survival rate was 83.9%, 77.4% and 61.3%, respectively. The 1-year, 2-year and 3-year progression-free survival rate was 77.4%, 64.5% and 61.3%, respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#The chemotherapy regimen based on doxorubicin hydrochloride liposome has better efficacy and higher cardiac safety for elderly patients with DLBCL.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Cyclophosphamide/therapeutic use , Doxorubicin/therapeutic use , Humans , Liposomes/therapeutic use , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/drug therapy , Prednisolone , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies , Rituximab/therapeutic use , Vincristine/therapeutic use
5.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 35(4): 545-550, dic. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1156339

ABSTRACT

Resumen La enfermedad inflamatoria intestinal comprende la enfermedad de Crohn (EC) y la colitis ulcerativa (CU). Esta última es una patología crónica caracterizada por una inflamación difusa de la mucosa colónica, que afecta el recto y se extiende de forma proximal. Su curso clínico es intermitente, con exacerbaciones y remisiones. Su tratamiento, por lo general, es farmacológico, con corticoides, inmunomoduladores e inhibidor del factor de necrosis tumoral (anti tumor necrosis factor, TNF), los cuales causan un estado de inmunosupresión en el paciente, que puede asociarse en algunos casos a infecciones oportunistas. En la literatura se describe la aparición de la criptococosis pulmonar en pacientes con infección por el virus de inmunodeficiencia humana (VIH). En otros casos se asocia al tratamiento farmacológico de pacientes con EC, así como con otras infecciones oportunistas, tales como la tuberculosis y el herpes. Presentamos uno de los primeros casos de criptococosis pulmonar en un paciente con diagnóstico de colitis ulcerativa, quien recibió tratamiento escalonado con salicilatos, inmunomoduladores y terapia biológica. La infección fue documentada clínica, radiológica e histológicamente. El paciente recibió el tratamiento adecuado y presentó una evolución satisfactoria.


Abstract Inflammatory bowel disease comprises Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC), the latter being a chronic disease characterized by diffuse inflammation of the colonic mucosa that affects the rectum and extends proximally. Its clinical course is intermittent with exacerbations and remissions and its treatment is generally pharmacological, with steroids, immunomodulators, and anti-tumor necrosis factor inhibitors (TNF), which cause the patient to be in a state of immunosuppression associated, in some cases, with opportunistic infections. The literature describes the occurrence of pulmonary cryptococcosis in patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, in cases associated with drug treatment of patients with CD, as well as with other opportunistic infections such as tuberculosis and herpes. This is one of the first cases of pulmonary cryptococcosis reported in a patient diagnosed with ulcerative colitis, who received step therapy with salicylates, immunomodulators, and biological therapy. The infection was documented clinically, radiologically, and histologically. The patient received the appropriate treatment and had a satisfactory evolution.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Azathioprine , Therapeutics , Prednisolone , Colitis, Ulcerative , Cryptococcosis , Opportunistic Infections , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases , Crohn Disease , HIV , Immunosuppression
6.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 72(4): 1263-1270, July-Aug. 2020. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1131508

ABSTRACT

Glicocorticoides são amplamente utilizados na clínica de pequenos animais, entretanto seu uso contínuo pode causar efeitos colaterais. Os gatos são considerados menos susceptíveis a esses efeitos do que outras espécies, mas existem poucos trabalhos abordando os efeitos adversos em felinos. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar possíveis alterações laboratoriais, histopatológicas e do grau de atenuação radiográfica do parênquima hepático de gatas submetidas à terapia com prednisolona. Um ensaio clínico foi realizado em quatro gatas hígidas, as quais receberam prednisolona, por via oral, na dose de 3mg/kg, durante 60 dias consecutivos. Nos achados histopatológicos após 60 dias de tratamento, observou-se desorganização dos cordões de hepatócitos e degeneração vacuolar, além de necrose de hepatócitos, porém não foram observados sinais de fibrose no parênquima hepático. Os dados da tomografia computadorizada demonstram aumento do grau de atenuação do parênquima hepático a partir do 30º dia da administração de prednisolona, que persistiu até o final do experimento. No presente estudo, foi possível caracterizar a existência de hepatopatia esteroidal em gatos em estágios precoces da terapia com prednisolona.(AU)


Glucocorticoids are widely used medications in small animal practice; however, its continuous use can have side effects. Cats are considered less susceptible than other species, however, the literature does not usually address adverse effects in felines. The objective of this study was to evaluate possible laboratory and histopathologic changes, as well as changes to the degree of radiographic attenuation of the hepatic parenchyma in cats treated with prednisolone. A clinical trial was done in four healthy cats, who received prednisolone orally at 3mg/kg during 60 consecutive days. In the histopathologic findings at 60 days of treatment, there were disorganized hepatocyte chords and vacuolar degeneration, as well as hepatocyte necrosis, however, there were no signs of fibrosis in the hepatic parenchyma. Data obtained via computed tomography showed increase of the degree of attenuation in the hepatic parenchyma from day 30 of prednisolone therapy, which persisted until the end of the experiment. In the present study, it was possible to characterize the existence of steroidal hepathopathy in cats in the early stages of prednisolone therapy.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Cats , Prednisolone/administration & dosage , Hepatocytes/drug effects , Glucocorticoids/adverse effects , Fibrosis , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/veterinary , Parenchymal Tissue
7.
Brasília; s.n; 11 ago. 2020.
Non-conventional in Portuguese | PIE, LILACS, BRISA, PIE | ID: biblio-1117979

ABSTRACT

O Informe Diário de Evidências é uma produção do Ministério da Saúde que tem como objetivo acompanhar diariamente as publicações científicas sobre tratamento farmacológico e vacinas para a COVID-19. Dessa forma, são realizadas buscas estruturadas em bases de dados biomédicas, referentes ao dia anterior desse informe. Não são incluídos estudos pré-clínicos (in vitro, in vivo, in silico). A frequência dos estudos é demonstrada de acordo com a sua classificação metodológica (revisões sistemáticas, ensaios clínicos randomizados, coortes, entre outros). Para cada estudo é apresentado um resumo com avaliação da qualidade metodológica. Essa avaliação tem por finalidade identificar o grau de certeza/confiança ou o risco de viés de cada estudo. Para tal, são utilizadas ferramentas já validadas e consagradas na literatura científica, na área de saúde baseada em evidências. Cabe ressaltar que o documento tem caráter informativo e não representa uma recomendação oficial do Ministério da Saúde sobre a temática. Foram encontrados 14 artigos e 5 protocolos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/drug therapy , Coronavirus Infections/drug therapy , Betacoronavirus/drug effects , Ribavirin/therapeutic use , Technology Assessment, Biomedical , Ursodeoxycholic Acid/therapeutic use , Immunoglobulins/therapeutic use , Prednisolone/therapeutic use , Trimethoprim, Sulfamethoxazole Drug Combination/therapeutic use , Chloroquine/therapeutic use , Cross-Sectional Studies , Cohort Studies , Interferon-alpha/therapeutic use , Tacrolimus/therapeutic use , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/therapeutic use , Azithromycin/therapeutic use , Ritonavir/therapeutic use , Antibodies, Neutralizing/therapeutic use , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Lopinavir/therapeutic use , Folic Acid/therapeutic use , Meropenem/therapeutic use , Hydroxychloroquine/therapeutic use , Antibodies, Monoclonal/therapeutic use , Mycophenolic Acid/therapeutic use
8.
Brasília; s.n; 25 jun. 2020.
Non-conventional in Portuguese | PIE, LILACS, BRISA, PIE | ID: biblio-1102293

ABSTRACT

O Informe Diário de Evidências é uma produção do Ministério da Saúde que tem como objetivo acompanhar diariamente as publicações científicas sobre tratamento farmacológico e vacinas para a COVID-19. Dessa forma, são realizadas buscas estruturadas em bases de dados biomédicas, referente ao dia anterior desse informe. Não são incluídos estudos pré-clínicos (in vitro, in vivo, in silico). A frequência dos estudos é demonstrada de acordo com a sua classificação metodológica (revisões sistemáticas, ensaios clínicos randomizados, coortes, entre outros). Para cada estudo é apresentado um resumo com avaliação da qualidade metodológica. Essa avaliação tem por finalidade identificar o grau de certeza/confiança ou o risco de viés de cada estudo. Para tal, são utilizadas ferramentas já validadas e consagradas na literatura científica, na área de saúde baseada em evidências. Cabe ressaltar que o documento tem caráter informativo e não representa uma recomendação oficial do Ministério da Saúde sobre a temática. Foram encontrados 14 artigos e 9 protocolos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/drug therapy , Coronavirus Infections/drug therapy , Betacoronavirus/drug effects , Technology Assessment, Biomedical , Immunoglobulins/therapeutic use , Dexamethasone/therapeutic use , Methylprednisolone/therapeutic use , Prednisolone/therapeutic use , Naproxen/therapeutic use , Azithromycin/therapeutic use , Ritonavir/therapeutic use , Interleukin 1 Receptor Antagonist Protein/therapeutic use , Lopinavir/therapeutic use
9.
Buenos Aires; s.n; 16 jun. 2020.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS, BRISA | ID: biblio-1116497

ABSTRACT

CONTEXTO CLÍNICO: La Enfermedad por el Coronavirus 2019 (COVID­19, por su sigla en inglés Coronavirus Disease 2019) es una enfermedad respiratoria de humanos producida por un nuevo coronavirus identificado con la sigla SARS-CoV-2. El 11 de marzo de 2020 la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS) declaro la COVID-19 como una pandemia. Desde ese momento hasta el 15 de junio su circulación se ha reportado en 205 países reportándose más de 7.800.000 casos y la muerte 430.000 personas. El período de incubación de la infección es de 2 a 14 días. La mayor parte de los contagios se producen persona a persona, siendo altamente transmisible.(3) La clínica varía desde casos asintomáticos a cuadros febriles con tos y dificultad respiratoria, neumonía y distrés respiratorio. También puede acompañarse de alteraciones gastrointestinales. En los casos con mal pronóstico, el paciente presenta un importante deterioro respiratorio en 4-8 días. Las imágenes radiológicas muestran generalmente neumonía focal o generalizada semejante al síndrome de distress respiratorio agudo. (3) La mayoría de los casos graves requieren ingreso hospitalario, siendo mayoritariamente casos primarios en pacientes de edad avanzada y con comorbilidades (diabetes, enfermedad crónica renal, hipertensión, enfermedad cardiaca y enfermedad pulmonar crónica). La tasa media de letalidad de los pacientes ingresados a UTI es cercana al 49%, siendo los valores más elevados en pacientes masculinos de más de 50 años con comorbilidades múltiples. Actualmente el tratamiento de la COVID­19 es sintomático y de sostén no existiendo hasta el momento tratamiento farmacológico específico curativo. Debido a la evidencia que sugiere que el daño pulmonar agudo observado en la infección por SARS-CoV-2 estaría asociada a la activación de las células inmunes circulantes, incluyendo células T y las citoquinas que conducen a un síndrome de liberación de citoquinas (similar al síndrome de activación macrofágica y hemofagocítico) por lo que se plantea que el uso de corticoides sistémicos podría disminuir la mortalidad y/o necesidad de soporte ventilatorio invasivo. TECNOLOGÍA: Los glucocorticoides (GCS) son una familia de medicamentos antiinflamatorios e inmunomoduladores que se utilizan en el tratamiento de diversas patologías cuyo principal componente etiopatogénico es la inflamación. Dentro de los mecanismos de acción propuestos se encuentran: inhibición de citoquinas inflamatorias (IL-1 y IL-2), inhibición de la migración de leucocitaria, inhibición de la desgranulación de mastocitos, depleción linfocitaria (principalmente linfocitos T), incremento de citoquinas anti-inflamatorias (IL-10). Dentro de las alternativas para la administración sistémica se pueden mencionar a la hidrocortisona, dexametasona, betametasona, prednisona, prednisolona, metilprednisolona y deflazacort. Todos ellos difieren principalmente en el grado de actividad mineralocorticorticoide y vida media. OBJETIVO: El objetivo del presente informe es evaluar la evidencia disponible acerca de la eficacia, seguridad y aspectos relacionados a las políticas de cobertura del uso de corticoides sistémicos en COVID­19. MÉTODOS: Se realizó una búsqueda en las principales bases de datos bibliográficas, en buscadores genéricos de internet, y financiadores de salud. Se priorizó la inclusión de revisiones sistemáticas (RS), ensayos clínicos controlados aleatorizados (ECAs), evaluaciones de tecnologías sanitarias (ETS), evaluaciones económicas, guías de práctica clínica (GPC) y recomendaciones de diferentes organizaciones de salud. RESULTADOS: Se incluyeron un ECA, una RS, dos estudios observacionales, un documento de evaluación de tecnología sanitaria, 12 guías de práctica clínica, recomendaciones de organismos gubernamentales o sociedades científicas acerca del uso de corticoides sistémicos en pacientes con diagnóstico de COVID­19. CONCLUSIONES: Evidencia de alta calidad proveniente de los resultados de un ensayo clínico aleatorizado aún no publicado sugiere que el uso de corticoides sistémicos se asocia a una disminución en el riesgo de mortalidad principalmente en pacientes con requerimientos de oxigeno suplementario o asistencia mecánica invasiva. Evidencia de muy baja calidad también sugiere que podría tener el mismo beneficio en aquellos pacientes con COVID-19 que presentan síndrome de distrés respiratorio agudo. Múltiples ensayos clínicos aleatorizados en pacientes con cuadros moderados o severos se encuentran en curso. Las guías de práctica clínica de diferentes sociedades internacionales y organismos gubernamentales que lo recomiendan indican su utilización para el tratamiento de pacientes con criterios de síndrome de distrés respiratorio agudo. Si bien no se encontraron estudios de costo-efectividad en Latinoamérica, el costo total del tratamiento al igual que su impacto presupuestario sería muy bajo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/drug therapy , Betamethasone/therapeutic use , Dexamethasone/therapeutic use , Hydrocortisone/therapeutic use , Methylprednisolone/therapeutic use , Prednisolone/therapeutic use , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Coronavirus Infections/drug therapy , Betacoronavirus/drug effects , Technology Assessment, Biomedical , Health Evaluation , Cost-Benefit Analysis
10.
Brasília; s.n; 8 maio 2020.
Non-conventional in Portuguese | PIE, LILACS, BRISA, PIE | ID: biblio-1097403

ABSTRACT

Essa é uma produção do Departamento de Ciência e Tecnologia (Decit) da Secretaria de Ciência, Tecnologia, Inovação e Insumos Estratégicos em Saúde (SCTIE) do Ministério da Saúde (Decit/SCTIE/MS), que tem como missão promover a ciência e tecnologia e o uso de evidências científicas para a tomada de decisão do SUS, tendo como principal atribuição o incentivo ao desenvolvimento de pesquisas em saúde no Brasil, de modo a direcionar os investimentos realizados em pesquisa pelo Governo Federal às necessidades de saúde pública. Informar sobre as principais evidências científicas descritas na literatura internacional sobre tratamento farmacológico para a COVID-19. Além de resumir cada estudo identificado, o informe apresenta também uma avaliação da qualidade metodológica e a quantidade de artigos publicados, de acordo com a sua classificação metodológica (revisões sistemáticas, ensaios clínicos randomizados, entre outros). Foram encontrados 14 artigos e 13 protocolos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/drug therapy , Coronavirus Infections/drug therapy , Betacoronavirus/drug effects , Technology Assessment, Biomedical , Ivermectin/therapeutic use , Methylprednisolone/therapeutic use , Prednisolone/therapeutic use , Vaccines/therapeutic use , Chloroquine/therapeutic use , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/therapeutic use , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/therapeutic use , Drug Combinations , Oseltamivir/therapeutic use , Glucocorticoids/therapeutic use , Histamine Antagonists/therapeutic use , Hydroxychloroquine/therapeutic use , Metformin/therapeutic use
11.
Brasília; s.n; 20 maio 2020.
Non-conventional in Portuguese | PIE, LILACS, BRISA, PIE | ID: biblio-1097388

ABSTRACT

O Informe Diário de Evidências é uma produção do Ministério da Saúde que tem como objetivo acompanhar diariamente as publicações científicas sobre tratamento farmacológico e vacinas para a COVID-19. Dessa forma, são realizadas buscas estruturadas em bases de dados biomédicas, referente ao dia anterior desse informe. Não são incluídos estudos pré-clínicos (in vitro, in vivo, in silico). A frequência dos estudos é demonstrada de acordo com a sua classificação metodológica (revisões sistemáticas, ensaios clínicos randomizados, coortes, entre outros). Para cada estudo é apresentado um resumo com avaliação da qualidade metodológica. Essa avaliação tem por finalidade identificar o grau de certeza/confiança ou o risco de viés de cada estudo. Para tal, são utilizadas ferramentas já validadas e consagradas na literatura científica, na área de saúde baseada em evidências. Cabe ressaltar que o documento tem caráter informativo e não representa uma recomendação oficial do Ministério da Saúde sobre a temática. Foram encontrados 16 artigos e 7 protocolos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/drug therapy , Coronavirus Infections/drug therapy , Disease Progression , Betacoronavirus/drug effects , Technology Assessment, Biomedical , Vitamin D/therapeutic use , Prednisolone/therapeutic use , Sulbactam/therapeutic use , Chloroquine/therapeutic use , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/therapeutic use , Clarithromycin/therapeutic use , Azithromycin/therapeutic use , Ritonavir/therapeutic use , Drug Combinations , Oseltamivir/therapeutic use , Interleukin 1 Receptor Antagonist Protein/therapeutic use , Lopinavir/therapeutic use , Levofloxacin/therapeutic use , Ampicillin/therapeutic use , Hydroxychloroquine/therapeutic use
12.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 83(1): 55-61, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1088946

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To evaluate the rate of cystoid macular edema development among cataract surgery patients on four different therapeutic regimens. Methods: The present study is a retrospective analysis of 5,380 eyes following uncomplicated phacoemulsification at Wake Forest University. The study period went from July 2007 to December 2012. Patients received one of four regimens, as follows: postoperative generic ketorolac 0.4% and prednisolone 1%, postoperative name-brand ketorolac 0.45% and prednisolone 1%, postoperative bromfenac 0.09% and prednisolone 1%, preoperative and postoperative bromfenac 0.09% alone. A statistical analysis was performed to assess the differences in rate of cystoid macular edema development among the four different therapeutic regimens. The diagnosis of cystoid macular edema required worsening of vision and evidence of increased macular thickness on optical coherence tomography. Results: The overall rate of cystoid macular edema was 0.82%. Treatment by postoperative generic ketorolac 0.45% and prednisolone 1% demonstrated the highest rate of cystoid macular edema development (2.20% of the cases). Postoperative name-brand ketorolac 0.45% and prednisolone 1% exhibited intermediate rates of cystoid macular edema development (0.90% of the cases). Postoperative administration of bromfenac 0.09% and prednisolone 1% exhibited intermediate rates of cystoid macular edema development (0.44% of the cases). Preoperative and postoperative bromfenac 0.09% alone resulted in the lowest rate of cystoid macular edema development (0.09% of the cases). The rate of cystoid macular edema was significantly lower when bromfenac was used alone vs. either regimen where ketorolac and prednisolone were used (OR 0.043, 95% CI 0.002 to 0.312; p<0.001). Conclusions: Post-cataract surgery cystoid macular edema developed less frequently following topical non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs regimen compared to the other therapies evaluated. Bromfenac, without corticosteroids, achieved lower rates of cystoid macular edema vs. various combinations of non-ste­roidal anti-inflammatory drugs with corticosteroids.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar a taxa de desenvolvimento do edema macular cistóide em pacientes submetidos à cirurgia de catarata em quatro esquemas terapêuticos diferentes. Métodos: O presente estudo é uma análise retrospectiva de 5.380 olhos após facoemulsificação não complicada na Wake Forest University. O período do estudo foi entre julho de 2007 e dezembro de 2012. Os pacientes receberam um dos quatro esquemas: cetorolaco genérico pós-operatório 0,4% e prednisolona 1%, cetorolaco 0,45% pós-operatório e prednisolona 1%, bromfenac 0,09% e a prednisolona 1% pós-operatório, bromfenaco 0,09% no pré-operatório e isoladamente no pós-operatório. Uma análise estatística foi realizada para avaliar as diferenças na taxa de desenvolvimento do edema macular cistóide entre os quatro diferentes regimes terapêuticos. O diagnóstico de edema macular cistóide exigiu uma piora da visão e uma evidência de aumento da espessura macular na tomografia de coerência óptica. Resultados: A taxa global de edema macular cistóide foi de 0,82%. O tratamento com cetorolaco genérico pós-operatório 0,45% e prednisolona 1% demonstrou a maior taxa de desenvolvimento de edema macular cistóide (2,20% dos casos). O cetorolaco 0,45% e a prednisolona 1% no pós-operatório exibiram taxas intermediárias de desenvolvimento de edema macular cistóide (0,90% dos casos). A administração de bromofenac 0,09% e de prednisolona 1% no pós-operatório apresentou taxas interme­diárias de desenvolvimento de edema macular cistóide (0,44% dos casos). O bromfenac 0,09% no pré e pós-operatório isoladamente resultou na menor taxa de desenvolvimento de edema macular cistóide (0,09% dos casos). A taxa de edema macular cistóide foi significativamente menor quando o bromfenac foi utilizado isoladamente em relação ao esquema onde cetorolaco e a prednisolona foram usados (OR 0,043, 95% CI 0,002 a 0,312; p<0,001). Conclusões: O edema macular cistóide pós-cirurgia de catarata desenvolveu-se com menor frequência após o tratamento tópico de medicamentos anti-inflamatórios não esteroidais, comparado às outras terapias avaliadas. Bromfenac, sem corticosteróides, alcançou taxas mais baixas de edema macular cistóide vs. Várias combinações em comparação com as várias combinações de drogas anti-inflamatórias não esteroidais com corticosteróides.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Benzophenones/therapeutic use , Bromobenzenes/therapeutic use , Prednisolone/therapeutic use , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/therapeutic use , Macular Edema/prevention & control , Phacoemulsification/adverse effects , Cataract , Macular Edema/etiology , Retrospective Studies , Drug Therapy, Combination
13.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 79(1): 59-62, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1092665

ABSTRACT

Abstract Tolosa-Hunt syndrome is a painful ophthalmoplegia caused by non-specific granulomatous inflammation, corticoid-sensitive, of the cavernous sinus. The etiology is unknown. Recurrences are common. The diagnosis is made by exclusion, and a variety of other diseases involving the orbital apex, superior orbital fissure and cavernous sinus should be ruled out. This study reports a case of a 29-year-old woman, diagnosed with Tolosa-Hunt Syndrome, who presented ophthalmoparesis and orbital pain. She had poor response to corticotherapy and developed colateral effects, so she was treated with single infliximab dose immunosuppression, evolving total remission of the disease.


Resumo A Síndrome de Tolosa-Hunt é uma oftalmoplegia dolorosa causada por uma inflamação granulomatosa não específica, sensível a corticoides, do seio cavernoso. A etiologia é desconhecida. Recorrências são comuns. O diagnóstico é feito por exclusão, devendo ser descartada uma variedade de outras doenças que envolvem o ápice orbitário, fissura orbitária superior e seio cavernoso. O presente estudo trata-se de um relato de caso de uma paciente de 29 anos, diagnosticada com Síndrome de Tolosa-Hunt, que apresentou paresia e dor em região orbital. Obteve resposta pouco efetiva a corticoterapia e desenvolveu efeitos colaterais, por isso foi tratada com dose única de infliximabe, evoluindo com remissão total da doença.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Tolosa-Hunt Syndrome/drug therapy , Infliximab/administration & dosage , Infliximab/therapeutic use , Pain/drug therapy , Remission Induction , Prednisolone/adverse effects , Prednisone/adverse effects , Single Dose , Ophthalmoplegia/drug therapy , Tolosa-Hunt Syndrome/diagnosis
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878673

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical characteristics and risk factors of systemic lupus erythematosus(SLE)complicated with cytomegalovirus infection(CMV). Methods The medical records of patients diagnosed with SLE at discharge in the Department of Immunology at Peking Union Medical College Hospital between July 1,2017 and April 1,2019 were retrospectively reviewed,and the clinical and laboratory data related to CMV infection were analyzed. Results Of the 231 patients with SLE,115(49.8%)had CMV infection.Among them,78(67.8%)were asymptomatic CMV infection and 37(32.2%)were diagnosed with CMV disease.Univariate analysis showed the number of organs involved(


Subject(s)
Cyclophosphamide/therapeutic use , Cytomegalovirus Infections/epidemiology , Humans , Immunosuppressive Agents/therapeutic use , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/drug therapy , Methylprednisolone/therapeutic use , Prednisolone/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Serum Albumin, Human/analysis
15.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811318

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: We report a case of Urrets-Zavalia syndrome with a fixed dilated pupil after an uneventful trabeculectomy.CASE SUMMARY: Trabeculectomy was performed on a 51-year-old male who had a history of recurrent uveitis in the left eye, with uncontrolled intraocular pressure despite maximally-tolerated medial therapy. There was no unexpected event during surgery. Topical 1% atropine was used for only 2 days after surgery. In the early postoperative period, 1% prednisolone and 0.3% ofloxacin were given four times a day, then gradually reduced. One month later, only 1% prednisolone was given once a day. Intraocular pressure in his left eye was well controlled from 8–14 mmHg after surgery. One month after surgery, the pupils remained dilated. There was no reaction to topical 2% pilocarpine and no relative afferent pupillary defect or posterior synechia.CONCLUSIONS: Our case, although rare, suggests that Urrets-Zavalia syndrome should be considered in patients with well-controlled intraocular pressure after uneventful trabeculectomy.


Subject(s)
Atropine , Humans , Intraocular Pressure , Male , Middle Aged , Ofloxacin , Pilocarpine , Postoperative Period , Prednisolone , Pupil , Pupil Disorders , Trabeculectomy , Uveitis
16.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 112-119, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786228

ABSTRACT

Kawasaki disease is a form of vasculitis, mainly in small and medium arteries of unknown origin, occurring frequently in childhood. It is the leading form of childhood-onset acquired heart disease in developed countries and leads to complications of coronary artery aneurysms in approximately 25% of cases if left untreated. Although more than half a century has passed since Professor Tomisaku Kawasaki's first report in 1957, the cause is not yet clear. Currently, intravenous immunoglobulin therapy has been established as the standard treatment for Kawasaki disease. Various treatment strategies are still being studied under the slogan, “Ending powerful inflammation in the acute phase as early as possible and minimizing the incidence of coronary artery lesions,” as the goal of acute phase treatments for Kawasaki disease. Currently, in addition to immunoglobulin therapy, steroid therapy, therapy using infliximab, biological products, suppression of elastase secretion inside and outside the neutrophils, inactivated ulinastatin therapy and cyclosporine therapy, plasma exchange, etc. are performed. This chapter outlines the history and transition of the acute phase treatment for Kawasaki disease.


Subject(s)
Aneurysm , Arteries , Biological Products , Coronary Vessels , Cyclosporine , Developed Countries , Heart Diseases , Immunization, Passive , Incidence , Inflammation , Infliximab , Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome , Neutrophils , Pancreatic Elastase , Plasma Exchange , Prednisolone , Vasculitis
17.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 85(6): 733-738, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055504

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Glucocorticoids are considered the first-line therapy for sudden sensorineural hearing loss. But there is currently no consensus on administering them as a single dose versus multiple divided daily doses. Objective: We aim to evaluate the treatment outcome of sudden sensorineural hearing loss between a single-dose and multiple divided daily doses of steroid treatment. Methods: A total of 94 patients who were diagnosed and treated for sudden sensorineural hearing loss and followed up for more than three months were reviewed retrospectively. Patients were divided into single-dose and multiple divided-dose groups, based on their medication regimens. Hearing thresholds were repeatedly measured: on the initial visit and 1 week, 1 month, and 3 months after the initial treatment. Treatment outcomes were analyzed by comparing hearing recovery rates and post-treatment audiometric changes. Results: The hearing threshold was significantly reduced at three months post-treatment in both groups. The hearing recovery rate of the single-dose group was significantly higher than that of the multiple divided-dose groups. Audiometric changes showed no statistical difference either in pure tone threshold or speech discrimination. Conclusion: When oral steroids are indicated for sudden sensorineural hearing loss, both a single dose and multiple divided doses can be effective for treatment and have comparable results. However, the single-dose regimen seems to be more efficacious than the divided-dose regimen.


Resumo Introdução: Os glicocorticoides são considerados terapia de primeira linha para perda auditiva neurossensorial súbita. Contudo, atualmente não há consenso em como para administrá-los, se em dose única ou múltiplas doses diárias. Objetivo: Nosso objetivo é avaliar o resultado do tratamento da perda auditiva neurossensorial súbita com uma dose única ou várias doses diárias de tratamento com esteróides. Método: Um total de 94 pacientes que foram diagnosticados e tratados para perda auditiva neurossensorial súbita e acompanhados por mais de três meses pós-tratamento foram avalia-dos retrospectivamente. Os pacientes foram divididos em grupos de dose única diária e dose diária dividida em múltiplas tomadas, baseado em seu regime medicamentoso. Os limiares auditivos foram medidos repetidamente: na visita inicial e em 1 semana, 1 mês e 3 meses após o tratamento inicial. Os resultados do tratamento foram analisados comparando-se as taxas de recuperação da audição e as alterações audiométricas pós-tratamento. Resultados: O limiar auditivo foi significativamente reduzido aos três meses pós-tratamento em ambos os grupos. A taxa de recuperação auditiva no grupo de dose única foi significativamente maior do que no grupo de dose diária dividida em múltiplas tomadas. As alterações audiométricas não mostraram diferença estatística, tanto no limiar de tom puro quanto na discriminação da fala. Conclusão: Quando esteroides orais são indicados para perda auditiva neurossensorial súbita, tanto uma dose única quanto múltiplas doses podem ser eficazes para o tratamento e têm resultados comparáveis. No entanto, o regime de dose única diária parece ser mais eficaz do que o regime de dose diária dividida em múltiplas tomadas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Hearing Loss, Sudden/drug therapy , Glucocorticoids/administration & dosage , Hearing Loss, Sensorineural/drug therapy , Audiometry, Pure-Tone , Steroids/administration & dosage , Methylprednisolone/administration & dosage , Prednisolone/administration & dosage , Administration, Oral , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
18.
An. bras. dermatol ; 94(6): 713-716, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1054898

ABSTRACT

Abstract Hyperzincemia and hypercalprotectinemia is a rare inflammatory disease caused by a mutation in the PSTPIP1 gene, with a dysregulation of calprotectin metabolism. Calprotectin is a zinc-binding protein with antimicrobial properties and pro-inflammatory action. The authors report the case of a 20 year-old girl with cutaneous ulcers comparable with pyoderma gangrenosum, growth failure and chronic anemia, who was given the diagnosis of hyperzincemia and hypercalprotectinemia. Measurement of serum zinc and calprotectin concentrations are indicated in these cases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Young Adult , Pyoderma Gangrenosum/pathology , Metal Metabolism, Inborn Errors/pathology , Zinc/blood , Prednisolone/therapeutic use , Treatment Outcome , Cyclosporine/therapeutic use , Leukocyte L1 Antigen Complex/blood , Dermatologic Agents/therapeutic use , Glucocorticoids/therapeutic use , Metal Metabolism, Inborn Errors/drug therapy
19.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 79(3): 204-207, June 2019. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1020061

ABSTRACT

El síndrome de Susac es una enfermedad rara causada por oclusión autoinmune de la microvasculatura del cerebro, de la retina y del oído interno, lo que provoca la triada clínica característica de disfunción del sistema nervioso central, trastornos visuales y déficit vestíbulo-coclear. El diagnóstico se basa en las manifestaciones clínicas y en estudios complementarios que demuestren el compromiso de los tres sistemas. Existen diferentes tratamientos que incluyen combinaciones de varios fármacos inmunosupresores como corticoides, inmunoglobulina intravenosa, micofenolato mofetilo, entre otros. Presentamos el caso de una mujer de 26 años que manifestó hipoacusia izquierda, zumbidos y episodios de vértigo recurrente. Cuatro semanas después agregó visión borrosa bilateral, ataxia cerebelosa y encefalopatía. La resonancia magnética de cerebro mostró múltiples lesiones redondeadas hiperintensas en t2 y FLAIR (fluid-attenuated inversion recovery), hipointensas en t1 a nivel medial del cuerpo calloso, cápsula interna, cerebelo y pedúnculo cerebeloso medio derecho. La audiometría evidenció hipoacusia perceptual bilateral a predominio del oído izquierdo y en la angiografía por tomografía de coherencia óptica se observó obstrucción de arterias de la capa profunda de la retina. Se diagnosticó síndrome de Susac y se inició tratamiento con pulsos de metilprednisolona por 5 días y mantenimiento con micofenolato, revirtiendo totalmente la encefalopatía, con persistencia de leve ataxia e hipoacusia. Es importante conocer la triada clínica característica y los estudios complementarios necesarios para arribar al diagnóstico, ya que muchas veces se puede demorar el tratamiento inmunosupresor. Nuestro caso tuvo una excelente respuesta a los corticoides.


Susac syndrome is a rare disorder caused by autoimmune-mediated occlusions of microvessels in the brain, retina and inner ear. These occlusions lead to a characteristic clinical triad of central nervous system dysfunction, visual disturbances and vestibule-cochlear deficits. The diagnosis is based on clinical manifestations and complementary studies, which demonstrate the involvement of three systems. There are different treatments that include various immunosuppressive drugs combinations such as corticosteroids, intravenous immunoglobulin, mycophenolate mofetil, among others. We present the case of a 26-year-old woman with left hearing loss, tinnitus and episodes of recurrent vertigo, four weeks after bilateral blurred vision, cerebellar ataxia and encephalopathy. Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain showed multiple rounded hyperintense lesions in t2 and fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR), hypointense in t1, at the middle level of the corpus callosum, internal capsule, cerebellum and right middle cerebellar peduncle. The audiometry evidenced bilateral perceptual hearing loss, predominantly in the left ear. Angiography by optical coherence tomography showed obstruction in the deep layer retina arteries. The Susac syndrome was diagnosed and treatment started with methylprednisolone pulses therapy, intravenously 1000 mg/ day for 5 days, followed by maintenance with mycophenolate, which completely reversed the encephalopathy, with persistence of mild ataxia and hearing loss. It is important to know the clinical triad characteristic and the complementary studies necessary to arrive at the diagnosis, since immunosuppressive treatment can often be delayed. Our case had an excellent response to corticosteroids.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Brain Diseases/etiology , Brain Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Vertigo/diagnosis , Susac Syndrome/complications , Susac Syndrome/diagnostic imaging , Brain Diseases/drug therapy , Methylprednisolone/therapeutic use , Prednisolone/therapeutic use , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Neuroprotective Agents , Diagnosis, Differential , Susac Syndrome/drug therapy , Computed Tomography Angiography , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/therapeutic use , Mycophenolic Acid/therapeutic use
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760345

ABSTRACT

A 6-year-old intact male Maltese dog presented with a history of blindness and ataxia. Neuro-ophthalmic examination revealed dilated pupils with absent pupillary light reflexes and menace response in both eyes. Mild peripapillary edema was noted in the fundus of the right eye. After magnetic resonance imaging, the dog was provisionally diagnosed with meningoencephalitis of unknown etiology. Follow-up funduscopy was performed to monitor the condition of the optic discs for three years. Despite of the treatment with prednisolone, the optic nerve progressed to atrophy and the dog couldn't restore vision.


Subject(s)
Animals , Ataxia , Atrophy , Blindness , Child , Dogs , Edema , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Meningoencephalitis , Optic Nerve , Optic Neuritis , Prednisolone , Pupil , Reflex
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL