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1.
Brasília; s.n; 11 ago. 2020.
Non-conventional in Portuguese | PIE, LILACS, BRISA, PIE | ID: biblio-1117979

ABSTRACT

O Informe Diário de Evidências é uma produção do Ministério da Saúde que tem como objetivo acompanhar diariamente as publicações científicas sobre tratamento farmacológico e vacinas para a COVID-19. Dessa forma, são realizadas buscas estruturadas em bases de dados biomédicas, referentes ao dia anterior desse informe. Não são incluídos estudos pré-clínicos (in vitro, in vivo, in silico). A frequência dos estudos é demonstrada de acordo com a sua classificação metodológica (revisões sistemáticas, ensaios clínicos randomizados, coortes, entre outros). Para cada estudo é apresentado um resumo com avaliação da qualidade metodológica. Essa avaliação tem por finalidade identificar o grau de certeza/confiança ou o risco de viés de cada estudo. Para tal, são utilizadas ferramentas já validadas e consagradas na literatura científica, na área de saúde baseada em evidências. Cabe ressaltar que o documento tem caráter informativo e não representa uma recomendação oficial do Ministério da Saúde sobre a temática. Foram encontrados 14 artigos e 5 protocolos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/drug therapy , Coronavirus Infections/drug therapy , Betacoronavirus/drug effects , Ribavirin/therapeutic use , Technology Assessment, Biomedical , Ursodeoxycholic Acid/therapeutic use , Immunoglobulins/therapeutic use , Prednisolone/therapeutic use , Trimethoprim, Sulfamethoxazole Drug Combination/therapeutic use , Chloroquine/therapeutic use , Cross-Sectional Studies , Cohort Studies , Interferon-alpha/therapeutic use , Tacrolimus/therapeutic use , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/therapeutic use , Azithromycin/therapeutic use , Ritonavir/therapeutic use , Antibodies, Neutralizing/therapeutic use , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Lopinavir/therapeutic use , Folic Acid/therapeutic use , Meropenem/therapeutic use , Hydroxychloroquine/therapeutic use , Antibodies, Monoclonal/therapeutic use , Mycophenolic Acid/therapeutic use
2.
Brasília; s.n; 25 jun. 2020.
Non-conventional in Portuguese | PIE, LILACS, BRISA, PIE | ID: biblio-1102293

ABSTRACT

O Informe Diário de Evidências é uma produção do Ministério da Saúde que tem como objetivo acompanhar diariamente as publicações científicas sobre tratamento farmacológico e vacinas para a COVID-19. Dessa forma, são realizadas buscas estruturadas em bases de dados biomédicas, referente ao dia anterior desse informe. Não são incluídos estudos pré-clínicos (in vitro, in vivo, in silico). A frequência dos estudos é demonstrada de acordo com a sua classificação metodológica (revisões sistemáticas, ensaios clínicos randomizados, coortes, entre outros). Para cada estudo é apresentado um resumo com avaliação da qualidade metodológica. Essa avaliação tem por finalidade identificar o grau de certeza/confiança ou o risco de viés de cada estudo. Para tal, são utilizadas ferramentas já validadas e consagradas na literatura científica, na área de saúde baseada em evidências. Cabe ressaltar que o documento tem caráter informativo e não representa uma recomendação oficial do Ministério da Saúde sobre a temática. Foram encontrados 14 artigos e 9 protocolos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/drug therapy , Coronavirus Infections/drug therapy , Betacoronavirus/drug effects , Technology Assessment, Biomedical , Immunoglobulins/therapeutic use , Dexamethasone/therapeutic use , Methylprednisolone/therapeutic use , Prednisolone/therapeutic use , Naproxen/therapeutic use , Azithromycin/therapeutic use , Ritonavir/therapeutic use , Interleukin 1 Receptor Antagonist Protein/therapeutic use , Lopinavir/therapeutic use
3.
Buenos Aires; s.n; 16 jun. 2020.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS, BRISA | ID: biblio-1116497

ABSTRACT

CONTEXTO CLÍNICO: La Enfermedad por el Coronavirus 2019 (COVID­19, por su sigla en inglés Coronavirus Disease 2019) es una enfermedad respiratoria de humanos producida por un nuevo coronavirus identificado con la sigla SARS-CoV-2. El 11 de marzo de 2020 la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS) declaro la COVID-19 como una pandemia. Desde ese momento hasta el 15 de junio su circulación se ha reportado en 205 países reportándose más de 7.800.000 casos y la muerte 430.000 personas. El período de incubación de la infección es de 2 a 14 días. La mayor parte de los contagios se producen persona a persona, siendo altamente transmisible.(3) La clínica varía desde casos asintomáticos a cuadros febriles con tos y dificultad respiratoria, neumonía y distrés respiratorio. También puede acompañarse de alteraciones gastrointestinales. En los casos con mal pronóstico, el paciente presenta un importante deterioro respiratorio en 4-8 días. Las imágenes radiológicas muestran generalmente neumonía focal o generalizada semejante al síndrome de distress respiratorio agudo. (3) La mayoría de los casos graves requieren ingreso hospitalario, siendo mayoritariamente casos primarios en pacientes de edad avanzada y con comorbilidades (diabetes, enfermedad crónica renal, hipertensión, enfermedad cardiaca y enfermedad pulmonar crónica). La tasa media de letalidad de los pacientes ingresados a UTI es cercana al 49%, siendo los valores más elevados en pacientes masculinos de más de 50 años con comorbilidades múltiples. Actualmente el tratamiento de la COVID­19 es sintomático y de sostén no existiendo hasta el momento tratamiento farmacológico específico curativo. Debido a la evidencia que sugiere que el daño pulmonar agudo observado en la infección por SARS-CoV-2 estaría asociada a la activación de las células inmunes circulantes, incluyendo células T y las citoquinas que conducen a un síndrome de liberación de citoquinas (similar al síndrome de activación macrofágica y hemofagocítico) por lo que se plantea que el uso de corticoides sistémicos podría disminuir la mortalidad y/o necesidad de soporte ventilatorio invasivo. TECNOLOGÍA: Los glucocorticoides (GCS) son una familia de medicamentos antiinflamatorios e inmunomoduladores que se utilizan en el tratamiento de diversas patologías cuyo principal componente etiopatogénico es la inflamación. Dentro de los mecanismos de acción propuestos se encuentran: inhibición de citoquinas inflamatorias (IL-1 y IL-2), inhibición de la migración de leucocitaria, inhibición de la desgranulación de mastocitos, depleción linfocitaria (principalmente linfocitos T), incremento de citoquinas anti-inflamatorias (IL-10). Dentro de las alternativas para la administración sistémica se pueden mencionar a la hidrocortisona, dexametasona, betametasona, prednisona, prednisolona, metilprednisolona y deflazacort. Todos ellos difieren principalmente en el grado de actividad mineralocorticorticoide y vida media. OBJETIVO: El objetivo del presente informe es evaluar la evidencia disponible acerca de la eficacia, seguridad y aspectos relacionados a las políticas de cobertura del uso de corticoides sistémicos en COVID­19. MÉTODOS: Se realizó una búsqueda en las principales bases de datos bibliográficas, en buscadores genéricos de internet, y financiadores de salud. Se priorizó la inclusión de revisiones sistemáticas (RS), ensayos clínicos controlados aleatorizados (ECAs), evaluaciones de tecnologías sanitarias (ETS), evaluaciones económicas, guías de práctica clínica (GPC) y recomendaciones de diferentes organizaciones de salud. RESULTADOS: Se incluyeron un ECA, una RS, dos estudios observacionales, un documento de evaluación de tecnología sanitaria, 12 guías de práctica clínica, recomendaciones de organismos gubernamentales o sociedades científicas acerca del uso de corticoides sistémicos en pacientes con diagnóstico de COVID­19. CONCLUSIONES: Evidencia de alta calidad proveniente de los resultados de un ensayo clínico aleatorizado aún no publicado sugiere que el uso de corticoides sistémicos se asocia a una disminución en el riesgo de mortalidad principalmente en pacientes con requerimientos de oxigeno suplementario o asistencia mecánica invasiva. Evidencia de muy baja calidad también sugiere que podría tener el mismo beneficio en aquellos pacientes con COVID-19 que presentan síndrome de distrés respiratorio agudo. Múltiples ensayos clínicos aleatorizados en pacientes con cuadros moderados o severos se encuentran en curso. Las guías de práctica clínica de diferentes sociedades internacionales y organismos gubernamentales que lo recomiendan indican su utilización para el tratamiento de pacientes con criterios de síndrome de distrés respiratorio agudo. Si bien no se encontraron estudios de costo-efectividad en Latinoamérica, el costo total del tratamiento al igual que su impacto presupuestario sería muy bajo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/drug therapy , Betamethasone/therapeutic use , Dexamethasone/therapeutic use , Hydrocortisone/therapeutic use , Methylprednisolone/therapeutic use , Prednisolone/therapeutic use , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Coronavirus Infections/drug therapy , Betacoronavirus/drug effects , Technology Assessment, Biomedical , Health Evaluation , Cost-Benefit Analysis
4.
Brasília; s.n; 8 maio 2020.
Non-conventional in Portuguese | PIE, LILACS, BRISA, PIE | ID: biblio-1097403

ABSTRACT

Essa é uma produção do Departamento de Ciência e Tecnologia (Decit) da Secretaria de Ciência, Tecnologia, Inovação e Insumos Estratégicos em Saúde (SCTIE) do Ministério da Saúde (Decit/SCTIE/MS), que tem como missão promover a ciência e tecnologia e o uso de evidências científicas para a tomada de decisão do SUS, tendo como principal atribuição o incentivo ao desenvolvimento de pesquisas em saúde no Brasil, de modo a direcionar os investimentos realizados em pesquisa pelo Governo Federal às necessidades de saúde pública. Informar sobre as principais evidências científicas descritas na literatura internacional sobre tratamento farmacológico para a COVID-19. Além de resumir cada estudo identificado, o informe apresenta também uma avaliação da qualidade metodológica e a quantidade de artigos publicados, de acordo com a sua classificação metodológica (revisões sistemáticas, ensaios clínicos randomizados, entre outros). Foram encontrados 14 artigos e 13 protocolos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/drug therapy , Coronavirus Infections/drug therapy , Betacoronavirus/drug effects , Technology Assessment, Biomedical , Ivermectin/therapeutic use , Methylprednisolone/therapeutic use , Prednisolone/therapeutic use , Vaccines/therapeutic use , Chloroquine/therapeutic use , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/therapeutic use , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/therapeutic use , Drug Combinations , Oseltamivir/therapeutic use , Glucocorticoids/therapeutic use , Histamine Antagonists/therapeutic use , Hydroxychloroquine/therapeutic use , Metformin/therapeutic use
5.
Brasília; s.n; 20 maio 2020.
Non-conventional in Portuguese | PIE, LILACS, BRISA, PIE | ID: biblio-1097388

ABSTRACT

O Informe Diário de Evidências é uma produção do Ministério da Saúde que tem como objetivo acompanhar diariamente as publicações científicas sobre tratamento farmacológico e vacinas para a COVID-19. Dessa forma, são realizadas buscas estruturadas em bases de dados biomédicas, referente ao dia anterior desse informe. Não são incluídos estudos pré-clínicos (in vitro, in vivo, in silico). A frequência dos estudos é demonstrada de acordo com a sua classificação metodológica (revisões sistemáticas, ensaios clínicos randomizados, coortes, entre outros). Para cada estudo é apresentado um resumo com avaliação da qualidade metodológica. Essa avaliação tem por finalidade identificar o grau de certeza/confiança ou o risco de viés de cada estudo. Para tal, são utilizadas ferramentas já validadas e consagradas na literatura científica, na área de saúde baseada em evidências. Cabe ressaltar que o documento tem caráter informativo e não representa uma recomendação oficial do Ministério da Saúde sobre a temática. Foram encontrados 16 artigos e 7 protocolos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/drug therapy , Coronavirus Infections/drug therapy , Disease Progression , Betacoronavirus/drug effects , Technology Assessment, Biomedical , Vitamin D/therapeutic use , Prednisolone/therapeutic use , Sulbactam/therapeutic use , Chloroquine/therapeutic use , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/therapeutic use , Clarithromycin/therapeutic use , Azithromycin/therapeutic use , Ritonavir/therapeutic use , Drug Combinations , Oseltamivir/therapeutic use , Interleukin 1 Receptor Antagonist Protein/therapeutic use , Lopinavir/therapeutic use , Levofloxacin/therapeutic use , Ampicillin/therapeutic use , Hydroxychloroquine/therapeutic use
6.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 83(1): 55-61, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1088946

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To evaluate the rate of cystoid macular edema development among cataract surgery patients on four different therapeutic regimens. Methods: The present study is a retrospective analysis of 5,380 eyes following uncomplicated phacoemulsification at Wake Forest University. The study period went from July 2007 to December 2012. Patients received one of four regimens, as follows: postoperative generic ketorolac 0.4% and prednisolone 1%, postoperative name-brand ketorolac 0.45% and prednisolone 1%, postoperative bromfenac 0.09% and prednisolone 1%, preoperative and postoperative bromfenac 0.09% alone. A statistical analysis was performed to assess the differences in rate of cystoid macular edema development among the four different therapeutic regimens. The diagnosis of cystoid macular edema required worsening of vision and evidence of increased macular thickness on optical coherence tomography. Results: The overall rate of cystoid macular edema was 0.82%. Treatment by postoperative generic ketorolac 0.45% and prednisolone 1% demonstrated the highest rate of cystoid macular edema development (2.20% of the cases). Postoperative name-brand ketorolac 0.45% and prednisolone 1% exhibited intermediate rates of cystoid macular edema development (0.90% of the cases). Postoperative administration of bromfenac 0.09% and prednisolone 1% exhibited intermediate rates of cystoid macular edema development (0.44% of the cases). Preoperative and postoperative bromfenac 0.09% alone resulted in the lowest rate of cystoid macular edema development (0.09% of the cases). The rate of cystoid macular edema was significantly lower when bromfenac was used alone vs. either regimen where ketorolac and prednisolone were used (OR 0.043, 95% CI 0.002 to 0.312; p<0.001). Conclusions: Post-cataract surgery cystoid macular edema developed less frequently following topical non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs regimen compared to the other therapies evaluated. Bromfenac, without corticosteroids, achieved lower rates of cystoid macular edema vs. various combinations of non-ste­roidal anti-inflammatory drugs with corticosteroids.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar a taxa de desenvolvimento do edema macular cistóide em pacientes submetidos à cirurgia de catarata em quatro esquemas terapêuticos diferentes. Métodos: O presente estudo é uma análise retrospectiva de 5.380 olhos após facoemulsificação não complicada na Wake Forest University. O período do estudo foi entre julho de 2007 e dezembro de 2012. Os pacientes receberam um dos quatro esquemas: cetorolaco genérico pós-operatório 0,4% e prednisolona 1%, cetorolaco 0,45% pós-operatório e prednisolona 1%, bromfenac 0,09% e a prednisolona 1% pós-operatório, bromfenaco 0,09% no pré-operatório e isoladamente no pós-operatório. Uma análise estatística foi realizada para avaliar as diferenças na taxa de desenvolvimento do edema macular cistóide entre os quatro diferentes regimes terapêuticos. O diagnóstico de edema macular cistóide exigiu uma piora da visão e uma evidência de aumento da espessura macular na tomografia de coerência óptica. Resultados: A taxa global de edema macular cistóide foi de 0,82%. O tratamento com cetorolaco genérico pós-operatório 0,45% e prednisolona 1% demonstrou a maior taxa de desenvolvimento de edema macular cistóide (2,20% dos casos). O cetorolaco 0,45% e a prednisolona 1% no pós-operatório exibiram taxas intermediárias de desenvolvimento de edema macular cistóide (0,90% dos casos). A administração de bromofenac 0,09% e de prednisolona 1% no pós-operatório apresentou taxas interme­diárias de desenvolvimento de edema macular cistóide (0,44% dos casos). O bromfenac 0,09% no pré e pós-operatório isoladamente resultou na menor taxa de desenvolvimento de edema macular cistóide (0,09% dos casos). A taxa de edema macular cistóide foi significativamente menor quando o bromfenac foi utilizado isoladamente em relação ao esquema onde cetorolaco e a prednisolona foram usados (OR 0,043, 95% CI 0,002 a 0,312; p<0,001). Conclusões: O edema macular cistóide pós-cirurgia de catarata desenvolveu-se com menor frequência após o tratamento tópico de medicamentos anti-inflamatórios não esteroidais, comparado às outras terapias avaliadas. Bromfenac, sem corticosteróides, alcançou taxas mais baixas de edema macular cistóide vs. Várias combinações em comparação com as várias combinações de drogas anti-inflamatórias não esteroidais com corticosteróides.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Benzophenones/therapeutic use , Bromobenzenes/therapeutic use , Prednisolone/therapeutic use , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/therapeutic use , Macular Edema/prevention & control , Phacoemulsification/adverse effects , Cataract , Macular Edema/etiology , Retrospective Studies , Drug Therapy, Combination
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878673

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical characteristics and risk factors of systemic lupus erythematosus(SLE)complicated with cytomegalovirus infection(CMV). Methods The medical records of patients diagnosed with SLE at discharge in the Department of Immunology at Peking Union Medical College Hospital between July 1,2017 and April 1,2019 were retrospectively reviewed,and the clinical and laboratory data related to CMV infection were analyzed. Results Of the 231 patients with SLE,115(49.8%)had CMV infection.Among them,78(67.8%)were asymptomatic CMV infection and 37(32.2%)were diagnosed with CMV disease.Univariate analysis showed the number of organs involved(


Subject(s)
Cyclophosphamide/therapeutic use , Cytomegalovirus Infections/epidemiology , Humans , Immunosuppressive Agents/therapeutic use , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/drug therapy , Methylprednisolone/therapeutic use , Prednisolone/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Serum Albumin, Human/analysis
8.
An. bras. dermatol ; 94(6): 713-716, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1054898

ABSTRACT

Abstract Hyperzincemia and hypercalprotectinemia is a rare inflammatory disease caused by a mutation in the PSTPIP1 gene, with a dysregulation of calprotectin metabolism. Calprotectin is a zinc-binding protein with antimicrobial properties and pro-inflammatory action. The authors report the case of a 20 year-old girl with cutaneous ulcers comparable with pyoderma gangrenosum, growth failure and chronic anemia, who was given the diagnosis of hyperzincemia and hypercalprotectinemia. Measurement of serum zinc and calprotectin concentrations are indicated in these cases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Young Adult , Pyoderma Gangrenosum/pathology , Metal Metabolism, Inborn Errors/pathology , Zinc/blood , Prednisolone/therapeutic use , Treatment Outcome , Cyclosporine/therapeutic use , Leukocyte L1 Antigen Complex/blood , Dermatologic Agents/therapeutic use , Glucocorticoids/therapeutic use , Metal Metabolism, Inborn Errors/drug therapy
9.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 79(3): 204-207, June 2019. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1020061

ABSTRACT

El síndrome de Susac es una enfermedad rara causada por oclusión autoinmune de la microvasculatura del cerebro, de la retina y del oído interno, lo que provoca la triada clínica característica de disfunción del sistema nervioso central, trastornos visuales y déficit vestíbulo-coclear. El diagnóstico se basa en las manifestaciones clínicas y en estudios complementarios que demuestren el compromiso de los tres sistemas. Existen diferentes tratamientos que incluyen combinaciones de varios fármacos inmunosupresores como corticoides, inmunoglobulina intravenosa, micofenolato mofetilo, entre otros. Presentamos el caso de una mujer de 26 años que manifestó hipoacusia izquierda, zumbidos y episodios de vértigo recurrente. Cuatro semanas después agregó visión borrosa bilateral, ataxia cerebelosa y encefalopatía. La resonancia magnética de cerebro mostró múltiples lesiones redondeadas hiperintensas en t2 y FLAIR (fluid-attenuated inversion recovery), hipointensas en t1 a nivel medial del cuerpo calloso, cápsula interna, cerebelo y pedúnculo cerebeloso medio derecho. La audiometría evidenció hipoacusia perceptual bilateral a predominio del oído izquierdo y en la angiografía por tomografía de coherencia óptica se observó obstrucción de arterias de la capa profunda de la retina. Se diagnosticó síndrome de Susac y se inició tratamiento con pulsos de metilprednisolona por 5 días y mantenimiento con micofenolato, revirtiendo totalmente la encefalopatía, con persistencia de leve ataxia e hipoacusia. Es importante conocer la triada clínica característica y los estudios complementarios necesarios para arribar al diagnóstico, ya que muchas veces se puede demorar el tratamiento inmunosupresor. Nuestro caso tuvo una excelente respuesta a los corticoides.


Susac syndrome is a rare disorder caused by autoimmune-mediated occlusions of microvessels in the brain, retina and inner ear. These occlusions lead to a characteristic clinical triad of central nervous system dysfunction, visual disturbances and vestibule-cochlear deficits. The diagnosis is based on clinical manifestations and complementary studies, which demonstrate the involvement of three systems. There are different treatments that include various immunosuppressive drugs combinations such as corticosteroids, intravenous immunoglobulin, mycophenolate mofetil, among others. We present the case of a 26-year-old woman with left hearing loss, tinnitus and episodes of recurrent vertigo, four weeks after bilateral blurred vision, cerebellar ataxia and encephalopathy. Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain showed multiple rounded hyperintense lesions in t2 and fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR), hypointense in t1, at the middle level of the corpus callosum, internal capsule, cerebellum and right middle cerebellar peduncle. The audiometry evidenced bilateral perceptual hearing loss, predominantly in the left ear. Angiography by optical coherence tomography showed obstruction in the deep layer retina arteries. The Susac syndrome was diagnosed and treatment started with methylprednisolone pulses therapy, intravenously 1000 mg/ day for 5 days, followed by maintenance with mycophenolate, which completely reversed the encephalopathy, with persistence of mild ataxia and hearing loss. It is important to know the clinical triad characteristic and the complementary studies necessary to arrive at the diagnosis, since immunosuppressive treatment can often be delayed. Our case had an excellent response to corticosteroids.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Brain Diseases/etiology , Brain Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Vertigo/diagnosis , Susac Syndrome/complications , Susac Syndrome/diagnostic imaging , Brain Diseases/drug therapy , Methylprednisolone/therapeutic use , Prednisolone/therapeutic use , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Neuroprotective Agents , Diagnosis, Differential , Susac Syndrome/drug therapy , Computed Tomography Angiography , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/therapeutic use , Mycophenolic Acid/therapeutic use
10.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 52: e20180229, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1013304

ABSTRACT

Abstract Sarcoidosis is a rare multisystem chronic inflammatory disease in children. We present a case of a five-year-old child with clinical features mimicking several diseases, including tuberculosis. After failure of treatment based on the suspected diagnosis, an axillary lymph node biopsy showed noncaseating granulomas compatible with sarcoidosis and appropriate treatment was then started.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child, Preschool , Sarcoidosis/diagnosis , Sarcoidosis/drug therapy , Thiabendazole/therapeutic use , Tuberculosis/diagnosis , Biopsy , Brazil , Prednisolone/therapeutic use , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Diagnosis, Differential , Lymphoma/diagnosis , Anthelmintics/therapeutic use , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/therapeutic use
11.
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 22(3): 245-249, July-Sept. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-975577

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (ISSNHL) is hearing loss of at least 30 dB in at least 3 contiguous frequencies within at least 72 hours. There are many different theories to explain it, and many differentmodalities are used for its management, such as: systemic steroids (SSs), intratympanic steroid injection (ITSI), hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HOT), antiviral drugs, and vasodilators or vasoactive substances. Objectives This study aims to evaluate the efficacy of the combination of the most common treatmentmodalities of ISSNHL and to compare the results if HOTwas not one of the treatment modalities administered. Methods The study was conducted with 22 ISSNHL patients with ages ranging from 34 to 58 years. The patients were divided into 2 groups; group A included 11 patients managed by SSs, ITSI, antiviral therapy, and HOT simultaneously, and group B included 11 patients exposed to the aforementioned modalities, with the exception of HOT. Results After one month, all of the patients in group A showed total improvement in hearing in all frequencies, with pure tone average (PTA) of 18.1 ± 2.2, while in group B, 5/11 (45.5%) patients showed total improvement, and 6 /11 (54.5%) patients showed partial improvement, with a total mean PTA of 28.1 ± 8.7. Conclusion The early administration of HOT in combination with other clinically approved modalities (SSs, ITSI, antiviral therapy) provides better results than the administration of the same modalities, with the exception of HOT, in the treatment of ISSNHL.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Hearing Loss, Sudden/therapy , Injection, Intratympanic , Glucocorticoids/therapeutic use , Hyperbaric Oxygenation , Audiometry, Pure-Tone , Acyclovir/therapeutic use , Methylprednisolone/administration & dosage , Methylprednisolone/therapeutic use , Prednisolone/therapeutic use , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Combined Modality Therapy
12.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 62(2): 164-171, Mar.-Apr. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-887639

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of central thyroid dysfunctions in Cushing's syndrome (CS). We also aimed to evaluate the frequency of hyperthyroidism due to the syndrome of the inappropriate secretion of TSH (SITSH), which was recently defined in patients with insufficient hydrocortisone replacement after surgery. Materials and methods We evaluated thyroid functions (TSH and free thyroxine [fT4]) at the time of diagnosis, during the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal axis recovery, and after surgery in 35 patients with CS. The patients were separated into two groups: ACTH-dependent CS (group 1, n = 20) and ACTH-independent CS (group 2, n = 15). Patients' clinical and laboratory findings were evaluated in five visits in the outpatient clinic of the endocrinology department. Results The frequency of baseline suppressed TSH levels and central hypothyroidism were determined to be 37% (n = 13) and 26% (n = 9), respectively. A negative correlation was found between baseline cortisol and TSH levels (r = -0.45, p = 0.006). All patients with central hypothyroidism and suppressed TSH levels showed recovery at the first visit without levothyroxine treatment. SITSH was not detected in any of the patients during the postoperative period. No correlation was found between prednisolone replacement after surgery and TSH or fT4 levels on each visit. Conclusion Suppressed TSH levels and central hypothyroidism may be detected in CS, independent of etiology. SITSH was not detected in the early postoperative period due to our adequate prednisolone replacement doses.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Thyroid Gland/physiopathology , Thyroxine/blood , Thyrotropin/blood , Cushing Syndrome/physiopathology , Hyperpituitarism/physiopathology , Hypothalamo-Hypophyseal System/physiopathology , Reference Values , Time Factors , Hydrocortisone/blood , Prednisolone/therapeutic use , Age Factors , Adrenocorticotropic Hormone/blood , Cushing Syndrome/blood , Cushing Syndrome/therapy , Glucocorticoids/therapeutic use , Hyperpituitarism/blood , Hyperthyroidism/blood
13.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 43(6): 1185-1189, Nov.-Dec. 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-892934

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT A 69-year-old man presented at the hospital with complaints of prolonged stomach pain extending from the week prior. Enhanced computed tomography (CT) revealed a low density area in the retroperitoneal space. A radiologist diagnosed the patient with retroperitoneal fibrosis. One week later, an enhanced CT revealed an exponential increase of the low density area and slight right hydronephrosis. Upon admission, prednisolone administration was initiated at a dose of 40mg/day. The size of the retroperitoneal soft tissue mass decreased gradually. Although the dose of prednisolone was tapered to 5mg, the patient is doing well without any sign of recurrence.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Retroperitoneal Fibrosis/drug therapy , Prednisolone/therapeutic use , Glucocorticoids/therapeutic use , Retroperitoneal Fibrosis/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Treatment Outcome
14.
An. bras. dermatol ; 92(6): 851-853, Nov.-Dec. 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-887106

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Lupus miliaris disseminatus faciei is a rare inflammatory dermatosis of unknown etiology that primarily affects young adults. Clinically, it is characterized by an asymptomatic papular eruption mainly involving the central face, typically on and around the eyelids. Characteristic histopathological features include dermal epithelioid cell granulomas with central necrosis and surrounding lymphocytic infiltrate with multinucleate giant cells. Lupus miliaris disseminatus faciei has a spontaneously resolving course, yet can be cosmetically debilitating given the location and potential for scarring. Treatment is difficult and there is a lack of controlled studies. We report a new case of lupus miliaris disseminatus faciei successfully treated with minocycline and systemic steroids, and briefly discuss its nosology and therapeutic options.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Facial Dermatoses/pathology , Granuloma/pathology , Biopsy , Prednisolone/therapeutic use , Epithelioid Cells/pathology , Treatment Outcome , Facial Dermatoses/drug therapy , Glucocorticoids/therapeutic use , Granuloma/drug therapy , Necrosis
17.
Braz. J. Vet. Res. Anim. Sci. (Online) ; 54(4): 407-411, 2017. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-911908

ABSTRACT

Juvenile cellulitis (JC) is an uncommon vesiculopustular disease that affects dogs, especially those under four months of age. The aim of the present study was to characterize the epidemiological, clinical, and therapeutic profile of JC based on clinical records of canine patients treated at the Veterinary Hospital of the Universidade Federal Rural do Semi-Árido, between the years 2009 and 2016. A total of five cases were diagnosed. Four dogs presented at an average age of two months and 22 days and were crossbred; the other dog was a rottweiler aged 38 weeks. The average time of evolution of the disease was 16 days, and the main clinical signs were edema, papules, pustules, and bilateral ocular discharge. The diagnosis was confirmed by cytology in four animals and by histopathology in only one patient. For all dogs, the treatment was based on cephalexin, administered for 30 days, and prednisolone for three weeks. Otological therapy was included when necessary. Four cases had a favorable outcome. JC is a rare dermatopathy that deserves special attention from veterinary practitioners.(AU)


A celulite juvenil (CJ) é uma doença vesiculopustular incomum que acomete cães principalmente na faixa etária inferior aos quatro meses. Este trabalho analisou o perfil epidemiológico, clínico e terapêutico da CJ em cães a partir da casuística do Hospital Veterinário da Universidade Federal Rural do Semi-Árido, referente aos anos de 2009 a 2016. Cinco casos foram diagnosticados, incluindo quatro cães (80%), sem raça definida e com idade média de dois meses e 22 dias, e um da raça Rottweiler (20%) com 38 meses de idade. O período evolutivo médio das lesões foi de 16 dias e os principais sinais clínicos observados foram edema, pápulas, pústulas e secreção ótica bilateral. O diagnóstico foi confirmado por citologia (80%) e histopatologia (20%). Em todos os animais, o tratamento consistiu de cefalexina, administrada por 30 dias, e prednisolona, por três semanas. A terapia otológica tópica foi incluída quando necessária. Em quatro casos o desfecho clínico foi favorável. A CJ é uma dermatopatia rara que merece atenção especial dos clínicos veterinários.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Cellulite/epidemiology , Cellulite/veterinary , Cephalexin/therapeutic use , Dermatitis/veterinary , Edema/veterinary , Prednisolone/therapeutic use
18.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 53(3): 206-211, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-787345

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The main objectives of clinical therapy in Crohn's disease are clinical and endoscopic remission without the use of corticosteroids for long periods of time, prevention of hospitalization and surgery, and improvement of quality of life. The main limitation of drug therapy is the loss of response over the long term, which makes incorporation of new drugs to the therapeutic arsenal necessary. This review analyses the main drugs currently used in clinical treatment of Crohn's disease.


RESUMO Os principais objetivos da terapia clínica na doença de Crohn são a remissão clínica e endoscópica por tempo prolongado, sem o uso de corticosteroides, além de evitar hospitalizações e cirurgias, e melhorar a qualidade de vida. A principal limitação da terapêutica medicamentosa é a perda de reposta a longo prazo, o que faz com que a incorporação de novas drogas ao arsenal terapêutico seja necessária. Esta revisão aborda os principais medicamentos utilizados atualmente no tratamento clínico da doença de Crohn.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biological Therapy/standards , Crohn Disease/therapy , Immunosuppressive Agents/therapeutic use , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/therapeutic use , Aminosalicylic Acid/administration & dosage , Aminosalicylic Acid/therapeutic use , Prednisolone/adverse effects , Prednisolone/therapeutic use , Crohn Disease/drug therapy , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Immunosuppressive Agents/administration & dosage , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/administration & dosage , Anti-Bacterial Agents/administration & dosage , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use
19.
Bogotá; IETS; mayo 2016. tab.
Monography in Spanish | LILACS, BRISA | ID: biblio-846815

ABSTRACT

Tecnologías evaluadas: Intervención: e verolimus más tacrolimus y corticoesteroide en pacientes con trasplante de hígado. Comparador: tacrolimus y prednisolona. Población: Adultos receptores trasplante de hígado por primera vez. Perspectiva: Tercer pagador, que en el caso colombiano corresponde al Sistema General de Seguridad Social en Salud (SGSSS). Horizonte temporal: El horizonte temporal de este AIP en el caso base corresponde a un año. Adicionalmente se reportan las estimaciones del impacto presupuestal para los años 2 y 3, bajo el supuesto de la inclusión en el POS en el año 1. Costos incluidos: Costos de los medicamentos incluidos en la terapia de mantenimiento. Fuente de costos: SISMED. Escenarios: Se realizaron análisis de escenarios que contemplaron una tasa de inserción del nuevo tratamiento inferior al 100% como terapia de \r\nconversión más no de tratamiento de primera línea y diferentes tasas de crecimiento para los años 2 y 3. Resultados: En un escenario con tasa de inserción del 100% del nuevo tratamiento, el impacto presupuestal es de $4.057.966.194 para el año 1.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Graft Rejection/drug therapy , Liver Transplantation , Transplant Recipients , Biomedical Technology , Colombia , Costs and Cost Analysis/methods , Drug Therapy, Combination , Everolimus/therapeutic use , Prednisolone/therapeutic use , Reproducibility of Results , Tacrolimus/therapeutic use
20.
Gut and Liver ; : 177-203, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-25630

ABSTRACT

Autoimmune hepatitis is characterized by autoantibodies, hypergammaglobulinemia, and interface hepatitis on histological examination. The features lack diagnostic specificity, and other diseases that may resemble autoimmune hepatitis must be excluded. The clinical presentation may be acute, acute severe (fulminant), or asymptomatic; conventional autoantibodies may be absent; centrilobular necrosis and bile duct changes may be present; and the disease may occur after liver transplantation or with features that suggest overlapping disorders. The diagnostic criteria have been codified, and diagnostic scoring systems can support clinical judgment. Nonstandard autoantibodies, including antibodies to actin, α-actinin, soluble liver antigen, perinuclear antineutrophil antigen, asialoglycoprotein receptor, and liver cytosol type 1, are tools that can support the diagnosis, especially in patients with atypical features. Prednisone or prednisolone in combination with azathioprine is the preferred treatment, and strategies using these medications in various doses can ameliorate treatment failure, incomplete response, drug intolerance, and relapse after drug withdrawal. Budesonide, mycophenolate mofetil, and calcineurin inhibitors can be considered in selected patients as frontline or salvage therapies. Molecular (recombinant proteins and monoclonal antibodies), cellular (adoptive transfer and antigenic manipulation), and pharmacological (antioxidants, antifibrotics, and antiapoptotic agents) interventions constitute future directions in management. The evolving knowledge of the pathogenic pathways and the advances in technology promise new management algorithms.


Subject(s)
Anti-Inflammatory Agents/therapeutic use , Autoantibodies/blood , Azathioprine/therapeutic use , Biomarkers/blood , Diagnosis, Differential , Drug Therapy, Combination , Hepatitis, Autoimmune/diagnosis , Humans , Immunosuppressive Agents/therapeutic use , Prednisolone/therapeutic use , Prednisone/therapeutic use
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