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1.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 81: e0020, 2022. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365724

ABSTRACT

RESUMO O lúpus eritematoso sistêmico é uma doença que pode apresentar comprometimento oftalmológico geralmente benigno, sendo as alterações mais encontradas a síndrome do olho seco e a catarata. Nos pacientes com a doença estável, o dano oftalmológico parece estar relacionado ao tratamento sistêmico a longo prazo, o que enfatiza a importância do exame oftalmológico completo de rotina. Porém, quando a doença está em franca atividade e, em especial, quando há o envolvimento renal, deve-se iniciar o tratamento precoce com corticoterapia sistêmica e com medidas de suporte, para se evitarem repercussões mais complexas, como as crises hipertensivas que podem levar ao óbito.


ABSTRACT Systemic lupus erythematosus may present ophthalmological involvement, usually benign, and the most common changes are dry eye syndrome and cataract. In patients with stable disease, ophthalmologic damage appears to be related to long-term systemic treatment, emphasizing the importance of routine complete ophthalmologic examination. However, in full-blown disease, especially when there is renal involvement, early treatment should start with systemic steroid therapy and supportive measures, to avoid major repercussions, such as hypertensive crises that may lead to death.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Hypertensive Retinopathy/etiology , Hypertension, Malignant/complications , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/complications , Ophthalmoscopy , Retina/diagnostic imaging , Prednisone/administration & dosage , Visual Acuity , Pulse Therapy, Drug , Hypertensive Retinopathy/diagnosis , Hypertensive Retinopathy/drug therapy , Slit Lamp Microscopy , Fundus Oculi , Hypertension/complications , Hypertension/etiology , Hypertension, Malignant/etiology
2.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 41(4): 187-192, dic. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1366967

ABSTRACT

La sinusitis micótica alérgica es una enfermedad inflamatoria de la mucosa rinosinusal producida por hongos que pueden aislarse de la cavidad de nasal de individuos sanos. Se produce indirectamente por los hongos que actúan como antígeno y desencadenan una reacción inmunológica mediada por IgE que origina pólipos y una secreción mucosa espesa con detritus e hifas denominada mucina. Su presentación clínica más frecuente es una sinusitis crónica unilateral o bilateral con pólipos. Con menos frecuencia, las sustancias originadas por la desgranulación de los eosinófilos producen remodelación o destrucción ósea y la sinusitis puede simular una neoplasia. Se describe el caso clínico de un paciente que padeció una sinusitis micótica alérgica con destrucción ósea masiva de la base del cráneo y que tuvo extensión intracraneal extradural e intraorbitaria de la enfermedad. Fue tratado con éxito mediante cirugía y corticoides. (AU)


Allergic fungal sinusitis is an inflammatory disease of the rhinosinusal mucosa caused by fungi that can be isolated from the nasal cavity of healthy individuals. The pathology is produced indirectly by the fungus that acts as an antigen and triggers an IgE-mediated allergic reaction that causes polyps and a thick mucous discharge with detritus and hyphae called mucin. Its most common clinical presentation is unilateral or bilateral chronic sinusitis with polyps. Less commonly, substances originated by the degranulation of eosinophils cause bone remodeling or destruction, and sinusitis can simulate a neoplasia. We describe the clinical case of a patient who suffered from allergic fungal sinusitis with massive bone destruction of the skull base and who had intracranial, extradural and intraorbital extension of the disease. He was successfully treated with surgery and corticosteroids.Key words: allergic fungal sinusitis, intracranial extension, endoscopic surgery, transorbital transpalpebral approach. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Sinusitis/diagnostic imaging , Skull Base/physiopathology , Rhinitis, Allergic/diagnostic imaging , Invasive Fungal Infections/diagnostic imaging , Curvularia/pathogenicity , Sinusitis/surgery , Sinusitis/drug therapy , Prednisone/administration & dosage , Skull Base/surgery , Budesonide/administration & dosage , Rhinitis, Allergic/surgery , Rhinitis, Allergic/drug therapy , Invasive Fungal Infections/surgery , Invasive Fungal Infections/drug therapy
3.
Rev. bras. neurol ; 57(4): 5-8, out.-dez. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1359194

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Myasthenia gravis (MG) is an autoimmune disease marked by fluctuating course of muscle weakness. OBJECTIVES: The current study was designed to evaluate plasma levels of cytokines (IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-10, TNF, IFN-γ, and IL17A) in patients with MG and controls and to investigate whether cytokines levels are associated with clinical parameters. This study was conducted at the Neuromuscular Diseases Outpatient Clinic, Hospital das Clínicas, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG), Brazil. METHODS: Peripheral blood was drawn, and plasma levels of cytokines were measured by cytometric bead array (CBA) in 80 treated patients with MG and 50 controls. The MG Composite (MGC) was used to evaluate muscle weakness and severity of typical motor symptoms of MG. RESULTS: Patients with MG undergoing treatment exhibit lower levels of all evaluated cytokines compared to controls. There was a negative correlation between IL-6 levels and the MG Composite score, indicating that higher levels of IL-6 were associated with better control of the disease. CONCLUSION: This exploratory study suggests that IL-6 is associated with MG clinical status, as assessed by the MGC.


INTRODUÇÃO: A Miastenia Gravis (MG) é uma doença autoimune caracterizada por fraqueza muscular flutuante. OBJETIVOS: avaliar os níveis plasmáticos de citocinas (IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-10, TNF, IFN-γ, e IL-17A) em pacientes com MG e controles e investigar se essas citocinas estão associadas com parâmetros clínicos. Este estudo foi conduzido no ambulatório de doenças neuromusculares do Hospital das Clínicas, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG), Brasil. MÉTODOS: Foi coletado sangue periféricos e os níveis plasmáticos das citocinas foram medidos por citometria em 80 pacientes com MG tratados e em 50 controles. O MG composite (MGC) foi utilizado para avaliar a fraqueza muscular e a gravidade dos sintomas motores típicos da MG. RESULTADOS: Os pacientes com MG em tratamento apresentaram menores níveis de todas as citocinas avaliadas comparados ao controle. Houve uma correlação negativa entre os níveis de IL-6 e o MGC, indicando que altos níveis de IL-6 estão associados com melhor controle da doença. CONCLUSÃO: este estudo exploratório sugere que a IL-6 está associada com o status clínico da MG, quando avaliado pelo MGC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Cytokines/blood , Interleukin-6 , Myasthenia Gravis/diagnosis , Myasthenia Gravis/immunology , Myasthenia Gravis/drug therapy , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Blood Specimen Collection , Muscle Weakness
4.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1353104

ABSTRACT

A esquistossomose é uma endemia parasitária típica das Américas, Ásia e África. A Mielorradiculopatia Esquistossomótica surge como uma evolução severa da infecção por esquistossomose e, apesar de muito comum, sua prevalência em áreas endêmicas vem sendo subestimada. Objetivo: relatar caso de Mielorradiculopatia Esquistossomótica ocorrido em paciente pediátrico. Metodologia: estudo descritivo do tipo Relato de Caso retrospectivo, submetido e aprovado pelo Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa do Centro Universitário CESMAC, CAAE: 28835220.0.0000.0039, N.º do Parecer: 3.898.292. Relato de caso: paciente do sexo masculino, previamente hígido, 11 anos, iniciou quadro com história álgica aguda em membros inferiores que piorava no período da noite acompanhada de relato de febre. Quadro clínico evoluiu com lombalgia, disúria, oligúria, posterior anúria e formação de globo vesical. Evoluiu, também, com paresia de membros inferiores. A investigação realizou-se com Exame Parasitológico de Fezes positivo para esquistossomose, além de Ressonância Magnética de coluna lombo-sacra que corroboraram com a hipótese diagnóstica. Instituiu-se tratamento com Albendazol, Praziquantel e pulsoterapia com Metilprednisolona durante internação. Paciente teve alta hospitalar com melhora de quadro neurológico, em uso de prednisona 40 mg/dia. Conclusão: a MRE constitui a forma mais grave dentre as manifestações ectópicas da esquistossomose. A dificuldade do reconhecimento do quadro clínico e a limitação no acesso aos métodos complementares diagnósticos contribuem para o subdiagnóstico da enfermidade, acarretando sequelas graves para os portadores da doença e ocultando sua importância epidemiológica principalmente em pacientes pediátricos e jovens. (AU)


Schistosomiasis is a parasitic endemic typical of the Americas, Asia and Africa. Schistosomal Myeloradiculopathy is a severe evolution of schistosomiasis infection and, although very common, the prevalence in endemic areas has been underestimated. Objective: to report Schistosomal Myeloradiculopathy case in a pediatric patient. Methodology: descriptive study of the type Case Report retrospective, submitted and approved by the Research Ethics Committee of the CESMAC University Center, CAAE: 28835220.0.0000.0039, Opinion N.º: 3.898.292. Case report: a previously healthy 11-year-old boy, started with a history of acute pain in lower limbs that worsened during the night accompanied of fever. Evolved with low back pain, dysuria, oliguria, subsequent anuria, vesical globe formation and lower limbs paresis. The investigation resulted in positive stool examination for schistosomiasis and magnetic resonance imaging of lumbosacral spine that corroborated the diagnostic hypothesis. The treatment included Albendazol, Praziquantel and pulsetherapy with Methylprednisolone during hospitalization. The patient was discharged from the hospital with improved neurological status, using prednisone 40 mg/day. Conclusion: Schistosomal Myeloradiculopathy is the most severe form of the ectopic manifestations of schistosomiasis. The difficulty in recognizing the clinical condition and the limitation of access to complementary diagnostic methods contributes to the underdiagnosis of the disease, causing severe sequels for patients with disease and hiding its epidemiological importance, especially in pediatric and young patients. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Oliguria , Paresis , Methylprednisolone , Prednisone , Endemic Diseases , Neuroschistosomiasis , Neglected Diseases , Fever
5.
Prensa méd. argent ; 107(5): 258-263, 20210000. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1359193

ABSTRACT

El Penfigoide Ampollar por fármacos es una variedad de penfigoide ampollar en la que un medicamento actúa como causa o desencadenante de la enfermedad. Clínicamente se manifiesta como ampollas tensas de contenido seroso localizadas fundamentalmente en abdomen, miembros superiores y raíz de muslos. El estudio histopatológico evidencia ampollas subepidérmicas e infiltrado dérmico mixto con eosinófilos. La inmunofluorescencia directa de piel sana perilesional muestra depósitos lineales de IgG y/o C3. Sin embargo, en hasta 15% de los casos puede ser negativa. Los pacientes diabéticos que reciben tratamiento con fármacos del grupo de los inhibidores de la dipeptidilpeptidasa 4, también conocidos como gliptinas, tienen 3 veces más riesgo de desarrollar esta patología. El tiempo de latencia entre el inicio de la medicación y la aparición de los síntomas es variable, con una media de 10 meses. El tratamiento radica en la suspensión inmediata del fármaco causal y la administración de prednisona oral 0,5 mg/kg/día. El tiempo medio de respuesta es de 10 días. Se presenta un varón de 82 años con una dermatosis ampollar pruriginosa de 3 semanas de evolución posterior al inicio de teneligliptina, cuyo estudio histopatológico fue característico de penfigoide ampollar, y que evolucionó satisfactoriamente al suspender el hipoglucemiante oral, sin aparición de nuevas lesiones a más de un año de seguimiento clínico


Drug-induced bullous pemphigoid is a variety of bullous pemphigoid in which a drug is the cause of the disease. It manifests as serous tense blisters located mainly on the abdomen, upper limbs and root of the tights. The histopathology shows subepidermal bullae and mixed dermal infiltrate with eosinophils. Direct immunofluorescence of healthy perilesional skin shows linear IgG and/or C3 deposits. However, it can be negative in up to 15% of the cases. Diabetic patients receiving dipeptidylpeptidase 4 inhibitors have a 3 times increased risk of developing drug-induced bullous pemphigoid. The mean time between the beginning of the medication and the appearance of the dermatosis is 10 months. Immediate suspension of the offending drug and administration of prednisone 0,5 mg/kg/day is the standard treatment. Average response time is 10 days. We present an 82-year-old-man with a 3-week itchy bullous dermatosis that started 8 months after treatment with teneligliptin, whose histopathological study resembled bullous pemphigoid, and which evolved satisfactorily when the drug was discontinued. No new lesions have been detected after more than one year of clinical follow-up. Key words: bullous pemphigoid, drug-induced bullous pemphigoid, gliptins, teneligliptin, dipeptidylpeptidase 4 inhibitors


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged, 80 and over , Skin Diseases/immunology , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Pemphigoid, Bullous/drug therapy , Pemphigoid, Bullous/therapy , Dipeptidyl-Peptidase IV Inhibitors/therapeutic use
6.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(3): e229-e233, Junio 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1248132

ABSTRACT

La pancreatitis recurrente ocurre en el 15-35% en la edad pediátrica. Se define como 2 o más episodios distintos de pancreatitis aguda con normalización de enzimas pancreáticas entre cada episodio. Una de sus causas es la pancreatitis autoinmune. En los últimos 10 años se controlaron, en el Hospital Garrahan, 10 pacientes con diagnóstico de pancreatitis recurrente, de los cuales solo uno tuvo diagnóstico de pancreatitis autoinmune. Se describe el caso clínico de una paciente, que, inicialmente, tenía estudios normales de función y anatomía pancreática y, en la evolución, luego de un episodio de pancreatitis aguda, desarrolló estenosis del conducto de Wirsung sugestiva de pancreatitis autoinmune. Se considera importante describir esta patología infrecuente en pediatría, pero que se encuentra en auge.


Introduction. Recurrent pancreatitis occurs in children between 15 and 35% of the cases. It is defined as two or more separate episodes of acute pancreatitis with normalization of the pancreatic enzymes between episodes. One of the causes is autoimmune pancreatitis. Over the last 10 years, 10 patients with recurrent pancreatitis were sent at our center. Only one was considered to have autoimmune pancreatitis. We described a clinical case about a patient, who had, at the beginning, normal functional and anatomical studies, and then was finally diagnosed with autoimmune disease based on findings on the magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography with a duct of Wirsung abnormality. We considered important to describe this uncommon disorder in childhood, in spite of having an increasing incidence.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Autoimmune Pancreatitis/diagnosis , Autoimmune Diseases , Prednisone/administration & dosage , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/therapeutic use , Autoimmune Pancreatitis/therapy
7.
Rev. cuba. reumatol ; 23(1): e839, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1280401

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La esclerosis sistémica es una enfermedad autoinmune del tejido conectivo donde ocurre inicialmente la vasculopatía y persiste durante toda la enfermedad. El índice de actividad revela un periodo crítico de la enfermedad. Objetivo: Evaluar la evolución clínica del índice de actividad de pacientes con esclerosis sistémica para determinar si el esquema terapéutico aplicado disminuye los síntomas de actividad sistémica. Métodos: Estudio cuasi experimental terapéutico de 31 pacientes atendidos en el Hospital Lucía Íñiguez Landín de Holguín que se dividieron en dos grupos según las etapas clínicas obtenidas del índice de desarrollo integral desde marzo del 2013 hasta marzo del 2016: el grupo A (etapas clínicas I y II) con 16 pacientes y el grupo B (etapas clínicas III y IV) con 15 pacientes. La evolución se evaluó según variables del instrumento al inicio, a los 6 y 12 meses de aplicado el esquema terapéutico. Se utilizó la prueba T o la prueba exacta de Fisher cuando los valores eran igual a 3 o menores. El cálculo de la media, análisis porcentual y la prueba de Wilcoxon se usaron para conocer la relación de variables en el tiempo. Resultados: El esquema terapéutico aplicado, previa validación, mejoró el índice de actividad de los pacientes de ambos grupos A y B (en etapas clínicas tempranas y tardías). Al evaluar el índice de actividad, en esta serie predominó la actividad moderada, tanto a los 6 como a los 12 meses durante el tratamiento médico. En ambos grupos la mejoría del índice de actividad fue significativa, tanto para la actividad moderada como para la intensa, más notable a partir de los 12 meses con p≤0,05 para el grupo A. Hubo baja susceptibilidad para la mejoría de los sistemas gastrointestinal y respiratorio, en el trascurso de la evaluación de este índice. Conclusiones: Se alcanzó mejoría en el índice de actividad de pacientes con esclerosis sistémica, con el esquema terapéutico aplicado, con estabilidad clínica y humoral desde las etapas iniciales de la enfermedad(AU)


Introduction: The systemic sclerosis is an autoimmune disease of the connective tissue where the vasculopathy happens initially and persist during all the disease. The immune component starts since the inflammatory process triggers off but he diminishes until you dwell on the evolutionary course and it is substituted for fibrosis, this ends pathogenic acquires great significance in the process. The index of activity reveals a critical period of the disease. Objective: Evaluating patients' clinical evolution of the index of activity with systemic sclerosis with the applied therapeutics. Methods: The study was quasi-experiences (or secondary prevention). In order to determine if the therapeutic applied scheme decreases symptomatology of its systemic activity. You started in March of the 2013 to March of the 2016, with duration of 24 months. They were 31 patients that split into two groups according to the clinical stages obtained of Comprehensive Development Index. In the group to (clinical stages I and II) 16 patients and in the group B (clinical stages III and IV) 15 patients. The evolution evaluated according to variables of the instrument of evaluation the start, to the six and 12 months itself of once the therapeutic scheme was applied. The T utilized the proof itself, or exact Fisher's proof when moral values were all the same or minor to three, the statistical significance determined in p≥ 0.05 itself. The calculation of the stocking, percentage analysis, and Wilcoxon's proof to know the relation of variables through the time. Results: The therapeutic applied scheme, previous validation, you improved the index of activity of the patients of both groups A and B that is in clinical premature and overdue stages. In the activity moderated for the group A statistical significance for system microvascular (0.023) and respiratory (0.025) to the six months, and to the 12 months' skin (0.023) and microvascular (0.006). For the intense activity significant improvement to the six months for muscleskelettic (0.005) and rheumatoid positive factor (0.008), to the 12 months' significant improvement for muscleskelettic (0.004); and examine of laboratory like erythrocyte sedimentation rate (0.008) circulating immune complexes (0.005), and rheumatoid factor (0.003). For the group B in the moderate activity significant improvement for respiratory system existed (0.014), and cardiovascular (0.020) that kept to the 12 months, added up its digestive system (0.008). Evident level improvement of skin (0.004), circulating immune complexes (0.008) and rheumatoid factor were caught up within the intense activity to the 12 months (0.014). Conclusions: Improvement in the index of activity of patients with systemic sclerosis, with the therapeutic scheme applied, with clinical stability and humoral from initial stages of the disease was caught up with(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Rheumatoid Factor , Scleroderma, Systemic/drug therapy , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Clinical Evolution , Cyclophosphamide/therapeutic use , Disease Susceptibility , Antigen-Antibody Complex , Secondary Prevention
8.
Rev. venez. oncol ; 33(1): 40-45, mar. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1147477

ABSTRACT

El linfoma de Burkitt es una neoplasia altamente agresiva y es un tipo raro de linfoma no Hodgkin localizado. Aunque los niños son los más frecuentemente afectados, en adultos ocurren principalmente durante el embarazo o el puerperio. La mama rara vez constituye la localización primaria del linfoma no Hodgkin. Se presenta un caso de linfoma de Burkitt primario de mama durante el embarazo. Paciente de 37 años con embarazo de 24 semanas quien presentó aumento de volumen difuso de mama derecha. La mama estaba aumentada de tamaño, dolorosa y homogénea con tumoración elástica y firme. La ecografía demostró inflamación difusa con tumoración heterogénea e hipoecoica con contornos ligeramente irregulares, marcadores tumorales estaban normales las pruebas serológicas fueron negativas. La biopsia de la lesión mostró tejido mamario reemplazado por células linfoideas de tamaño mediano con citoplasma basófilo y múltiples vacuolas. Estudios inmunohistoquímicos fueron positivos para el antígeno leucocitario común, CD10, CD20, CD43, Bcl-6. El análisis cromosómico reveló que más del 90 % de las células neoplásicas exhibieron translocación t llevando al diagnóstico final de linfoma de Burkitt de mama. Luego de evaluar las posibilidades terapéuticas y del consentimiento de la paciente se inició tratamiento citostático sistémico. Los linfomas primarios de mama son extremadamente raros. El linfoma de Burkitt primario de la mama es mucho menos común que los otros linfomas. Los métodos de clasificación, detección y tratamiento de esta afección siguen siendo objeto de debates e investigaciones(AU)


The Burkitt's lymphoma is a highly aggressive neoplasm and is a rare type of localized non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Although children are the most frequently affected, in adults they occur mainly during the pregnancy or the puerperium. The breast rarely constitutes the primary location for non-Hodgkin lymphoma. The study of a case of primary Burkitt lymphoma of the breast during pregnancy is presented. This is a 37 year old patient with a 24 week pregnancy who presented a diffuse increase in the volume of the right breast. The breast was enlarged, painful and homogeneous with a firm, elastic mass. The ultrasonography showed diffuse inflammation with a heterogeneous and hypoechoic tumor with slightly irregular contours. The tumor marker values were normal and the serological tests were negative. The biopsy of the lesion showed breast tissue replaced by medium-sized lymphoid cells with basophilic cytoplasm and multiple vacuoles. Immunohistochemically studies were positive for the common leukocyte antigen, CD10, CD20, CD43, Bcl-6. The chromosomal analysis revealed that more than 90 % of neoplastic cells exhibited t translocation leading to the final diagnosis of Burkitt lymphoma of the breast. After evaluating the therapeutic possibilities and the patient's consent, systemic cytostatic treatment was started. Primary breast lymphomas are extremely rare. The primary Burkitt lymphoma of the breast is much less common than other lymphomas. The methods of classification, detection, and the treatment of this condition continue to be the subject of debate and research(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin , Breast Neoplasms , Burkitt Lymphoma/physiopathology , Precursor Cells, B-Lymphoid , Vincristine/therapeutic use , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Doxorubicin/therapeutic use , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Cyclophosphamide/therapeutic use , Rituximab/therapeutic use
9.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 804-807, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922150

ABSTRACT

Osimertinib-induced interstitial lung disease (ILD) is an uncommon, but fatal pulmonary toxicity in some patients. We report a case of a 64-year-old male with stage IV adeno-non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) harboring an exon 19 deletion in the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) treated with osimertinib 80 mg/d for first-line targeted therapy. On day 60 after initiating treatment of osimertinib, the patient developed ILD. Osimertinib was discontinued immediately and oral prednisone 60 mg/d was initiated, ILD improved within 13 d. After balancing the risk and benefit, osimertinib was restarted concurrently with prednisone. The patient showed neither disease progression nor a recurrence of ILD for more than 16 months. Based on our case and literature review, retreatment with osimertinib under steroid coverage could be considered as an effective treatment option after careful risk-benefit assessment for patients with EGFR-mutant NSCLC.
.


Subject(s)
Acrylamides/therapeutic use , Aniline Compounds/therapeutic use , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/genetics , ErbB Receptors/genetics , Humans , Lung Diseases, Interstitial/genetics , Lung Neoplasms/genetics , Male , Middle Aged , Prednisone , Protein Kinase Inhibitors/adverse effects
10.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1136-1140, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888529

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the efficacy and safety of CHOP regimen based on doxorubicin hydrochloride liposome in the initial treatment of elderly patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL).@*METHODS@#Thirty-one patients with DLBCL treated from January 1, 2012 to December 31, 2019 were analyzed retrospectively, their median age was 83 (71-95) years old, and all of them were in Ⅲ-Ⅳ stage, including 17 cases who had international prognostic index (IPI) ≥ 3. The patients were treated with R-CHOP and CHOP regimens based on doxorubicin hydrochloride liposome. The efficacy and safety were evaluated during and after treatment.@*RESULTS@#A total of 219 chemotherapy cycles and 7 median cycles were performed in 31 patients. The overall response (OR) rate and complete remission (CR) rate was 80.7% (25/31) and 61.3% (19/31), respectively, as well as 2 cases (6.5%) stable, 4 cases (12.9%) progressive. The main toxicities were as follows: the incidence of grade Ⅲ -Ⅳ neutropenia was 29% (9/31); two patients (6.5%) developed degree Ⅰ-Ⅱ cardiac events, which were characterized by new degree Ⅰ atrioventricular block; there were no cardiac events requiring emergency treatment and discontinuation of chemotherapy. The 1-year, 2-year and 3-year overall survival rate was 83.9%, 77.4% and 61.3%, respectively. The 1-year, 2-year and 3-year progression-free survival rate was 77.4%, 64.5% and 61.3%, respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#The chemotherapy regimen based on doxorubicin hydrochloride liposome has better efficacy and higher cardiac safety for elderly patients with DLBCL.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Cyclophosphamide/therapeutic use , Doxorubicin/therapeutic use , Humans , Liposomes/therapeutic use , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/drug therapy , Prednisolone , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies , Rituximab/therapeutic use , Vincristine/therapeutic use
11.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 80(4): e0015, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288631

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The authors present a case of lupus miliaris disseminatus faciei , a rare skin disease of unknown etiology, which may cause unaesthetic scarring due to its difficult treatment. The histopathological examination of epithelioid granulomas with caseating necrosis, together with the clinical features, are important for diagnosis and early treatment with better results. Despite difficult and unsatisfactory treatment, there are ongoing studies on therapy to improve aesthetic and social impairment. This case report describes an initial misdiagnosis delaying appropriate treatment, and highlights the value of physical examination and clinical judgment for another pathological examination, whenever necessary, aiming at better treatment outcomes in daily practice.


RESUMO Os autores apresentam um caso de lupus miliaris disseminatus faciei , uma dermatose rara, de etiologia desconhecida, que pode deixar cicatrizes não estéticas, pela dificuldade de tratamento. O exame histopatológico de granulomas compostos por células epitelioides, com necrose caseosa, e as características clínicas, são importantes para o diagnóstico e tratamento precoce, com melhores resultados. Apesar do tratamento difícil e insatisfatório, há estudos em andamento sobre terapias para melhorar o comprometimento estético e social. Este relato de caso descreve um diagnóstico inicial errôneo, que atrasou o tratamento adequado, e destaca o valor do exame físico e raciocínio clínico para solicitar outro exame anatomopatológico, quando necessário, de forma a obter melhores desfechos com o tratamento, na prática diária.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Eyelid Diseases/pathology , Eyelid Diseases/drug therapy , Facial Dermatoses/pathology , Facial Dermatoses/drug therapy , Tetracycline/therapeutic use , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Isotretinoin/therapeutic use , Cicatrix , Tacrolimus/therapeutic use , Rosacea/pathology , Rosacea/drug therapy , Dapsone/therapeutic use , Granuloma/pathology , Granuloma/drug therapy , Lupus Vulgaris/pathology , Lupus Vulgaris/drug therapy , Minocycline/therapeutic use
12.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, CONASS | ID: biblio-1358025

ABSTRACT

A síndrome DRESS é uma reação adversa a medicamentos pouco conhecida dentro da prática clínica, porém com grande potencial de letalidade devido a combinação de manifestações cutâneas e envolvimento de múltiplos órgãos. Objetivo: identificar possíveis reações adversas graves e incomuns secundárias ao uso de medicações usadas frequentemente na prática clínica. Métodos: Trata-se de um relato de caso construído com base em levantamento de dados do prontuário do paciente e análise a partir de um referencial teórico para comprovação de sua relevância na prática clínica. Resultado: Enfatizou-se a importância de um reconhecimento precoce dessa condição, a fim de evitar desfechos graves


The DRESS syndrome is an adverse drug reaction that is unsual in clinical practice, but with a high potential for lethality, due to the combination of cutaneous manifestations and involvement of multiple organs. Objective: identify possible serious and unusual adverse reactions secondary to the use of medications frequently used in clinical practice. Methods: This is a case report built on the basis of data collection from the patient's medical record and analysis from a theoretical framework to prove its source in clinical practice. Outcome: The importance of early recognition of this condition was emphasized, in order to avoid serious outcomes


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Methylprednisolone/therapeutic use , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Allopurinol/adverse effects , Exanthema , Drug Hypersensitivity Syndrome/diagnosis , Ceftriaxone/therapeutic use , Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever/drug therapy , Doxycycline/therapeutic use , Histamine Antagonists
13.
Braz. dent. sci ; 24(2): 1-9, 2021. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1177505

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the effect of salbutamol, montelukast, and prednisone on orthodontic tooth movement in rats. Material and Methods: In vivo experimental preclinical study. The sample consisted of 48 rats randomly distributed in four study groups. Group A was given saline solution; to group B, salbutamol 4 mg/Kg; to group C, montelukast 2.5 mg/Kg and to group D, prednisone 2.5 mg/Kg. All were fitted with orthodontic devices and the medications were administered intraperitoneally every 12 hours for 5 days. The clinical evaluation (variation in the interincisal distance) was performed at one, three, five, and seven days and the histopathological analysis (cell count) at five and seven days. Results: In the clinical evaluation of the variation in the interincisal distance, a significant difference was found in all the evaluations (p <0.05). It was found that the salbutamol group presented higher variation values in the interincisal distance on all the days evaluated. In the histopathological analysis at five and seven days, it was found that the osteoblast and osteocyte count was significantly higher in the salbutamol group compared to the other groups (p <0.05). However, in the subgroup analysis, it was found that there was no significant difference in the osteoblast and osteocyte count between the prednisone, montelukast, and control group (p> 0.05). Conclusion: The administration of salbutamol increased the magnitude of orthodontic tooth movement; nonetheless, the administration of montelukast and prednisone did not modify the magnitude of orthodontic tooth movement in rats. (AU)


Objetivo: Avaliar o efeito do salbutamol, montelucaste e prednisona no movimento dentário ortodôntico em ratos. Material e métodos: Estudo pré-clínico experimental in vivo. A amostra foi composta por 48 ratos distribuídos aleatoriamente em quatro grupos de estudo. O grupo A recebeu solução salina; para o grupo B, salbutamol 4 mg/kg; ao grupo C, montelucaste 2,5 mg/kg e ao grupo D, prednisona 2,5 mg/kg. Todos foram equipados com dispositivos ortodônticos e os medicamentos foram administrados por via intraperitoneal a cada 12 horas por 5 dias. A avaliação clínica (variação da distância interincisal) foi realizada em um, três, cinco e sete dias e a análise histopatológica (contagem de células) em cinco e sete dias. Resultados: Na avaliação clínica da variação da distância interincisal, houve diferença significativa em todas as avaliações (p <0,05). Verificou-se que o grupo salbutamol apresentou maiores valores de variação na distância interincisal em todos os dias avaliados. Na análise histopatológica aos cinco e sete dias, verificou-se que a contagem de osteoblastos e osteócitos foi significativamente maior no grupo salbutamol em comparação aos demais grupos (p<0,05). No entanto, na análise de subgrupos, verificou-se que não houve diferença significativa na contagem de osteoblastos e osteócitos entre os grupos prednisona, montelucaste e controle (p>0,05). Conclusão: A administração de salbutamol aumentou a magnitude do movimento dentário ortodôntico; no entanto, a administração de montelucaste e prednisona não modificou a magnitude do movimento dos dentes ortodônticos em ratos. (AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Osteoblasts , Osteocytes , Tooth Movement Techniques , Prednisone , Albuterol
15.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 57(4): 361-365, Oct.-Dec. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1142340

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) is a chronic liver disease, characterized by necroinflammation and autoimmune etiology. Studies evaluating the characteristics of patients with AIH are scarce in Brazil. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to evaluate the profile of patients with AIH in a specialized center in Southern Brazil and to verify factors related to treatment response. METHODS: this was a retrospective cohort study, which analyzed demographic, epidemiological, clinical, laboratory, and histologic data. Patients with AIH diagnosed according to the criteria of the International Autoimmune Hepatitis Group (IAIHG) were included. In liver biopsies, the degree of fibrosis, histological activity, presence of hepatocyte rosettes, plasma cell infiltrates, and confluent necrosis were evaluated. In the statistical analysis, the significance level was 5%. RESULTS: Forty adults patients diagnosed with AIH were included. The evaluated population predominantly consisted of women (75.0%) and the average age at diagnosis was 44.2 years. The association with extrahepatic autoimmune diseases occurred in 20.0% of cases. Clinically, 35.0% of patients presented with acute onset hepatitis, 37.5% with cirrhosis, and 27.5% with other forms of presentation. The most common clinical manifestation was jaundice (47.5%). Thirty-five patients were treated, and of these, 97.1% used prednisone combined with azathioprine. The average treatment time was 2.7 years. Response to treatment was complete or partial in 30 (85.7%) and absent in 5 (14.3%) patients. There was no statistically significant difference when evaluating response to treatment in relation to forms of presentation, histological findings, and the presence of autoantibodies. Regarding fibrosis, regression was observed in 18.75% of the cases. CONCLUSION: Most patients with AIH were young at presentation and of female sex. The association with extrahepatic autoimmune diseases and cirrhosis at presentation was seen in a considerable proportion of patients. Treatment was effective, but there were no clinical, histological or serological parameters capable of predicting treatment response.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: A hepatite autoimune (HAI) é uma doença hepática crônica, de caráter necroinflamatório e etiologia autoimune. Os estudos que avaliam as características de pacientes com HAI são escassos no Brasil. OBJETIVO: Nosso objetivo foi avaliar o perfil dos pacientes com HAI atendidos em um centro de referência do sul do Brasil e verificar fatores relacionados à resposta ao tratamento. MÉTODOS: Este foi um estudo de coorte retrospectivo, que analisou dados demográficos, epidemiológicos e clínicos. Nas biópsias hepáticas, foram avaliados o grau de fibrose, a atividade histológica, a presença de rosetas, de infiltrado plasmocitário e de necrose confluente. Na análise estatística, o nível de significância foi de 5%. RESULTADOS: Foram incluídos 40 pacientes adultos com diagnóstico de HAI. Houve predomínio do sexo feminino (75,0%), e a média de idade no diagnóstico foi de 44,2 anos. A associação com doenças autoimunes extra-hepáticas ocorreu em 20,0% dos casos. Clinicamente, 35,0% dos pacientes se apresentaram sob forma de hepatite aguda, 37,5% com cirrose e 27,5% com outras formas de apresentação. A manifestação clínica mais comum na apresentação foi a icterícia (47,5%). Trinta e cinco pacientes foram tratados, sendo que destes, 97,1% utilizaram prednisona associada com azatioprina. A média do tempo de tratamento foi 2,7 anos. A resposta ao tratamento foi completa ou parcial em 30 (85,7%) e ausente em 5 (14,3%) pacientes. Não houve diferença estatisticamente significativa quando avaliada a resposta ao tratamento em relação à forma de apresentação, aos achados histológicos e à presença de autoanticorpos. Em relação à fibrose, foi observada regressão em 18,75% dos casos. CONCLUSÃO: A maioria dos pacientes era jovem no momento do diagnóstico e do sexo feminino. A associação com doenças autoimunes extra-hepáticas e com cirrose na apresentação foi vista em uma parcela considerável dos casos. O tratamento foi eficaz, mas não houve parâmetros clínicos, histológicos ou sorológicos capazes de prever a resposta ao tratamento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Hepatitis, Autoimmune/diagnosis , Liver/pathology , Azathioprine/therapeutic use , Brazil/epidemiology , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies , Cohort Studies , Hepatitis, Autoimmune/drug therapy , Hepatitis, Autoimmune/epidemiology , Ambulatory Care Facilities , Immunosuppressive Agents/therapeutic use , Jaundice/epidemiology , Liver Cirrhosis/epidemiology , Middle Aged
17.
Rev. cuba. ortop. traumatol ; 34(2): e278, jul.-dic. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156600

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: El mieloma múltiple constituye una proliferación maligna de las células plasmáticas derivadas de un solo clon. El tumor, sus productos y la respuesta del paciente ocasionan diversos trastornos funcionales orgánicos y síntomas como dolores óseos o fracturas, insuficiencia renal, predisposición a infecciones, anemia, hipercalcemia y, en ocasiones, trastornos de la coagulación, síntomas neurológicos y manifestaciones vasculares de hiperviscosidad. Objetivo: Presentar un caso infrecuente teniendo en cuenta que la infección aguda como forma de presentación inicial de mieloma es poco usual. Presentación del caso: Se presenta un caso de un paciente de 61 años de edad, ingresado en el servicio de ortopedia en tres ocasiones diferentes y operado de artritis séptica de la rodilla izquierda en estas tres oportunidades. Se mantuvieron los elementos inflamatorios locales a nivel de la articulación, fiebre recurrente, anemia y eritrosedimentación acelerada. Conclusiones: Los estudios hematológicos específicos confirmaron el diagnóstico de mieloma múltiple. Se comenzó tratamiento de inducción a la remisión para esta enfermedad con melfalán y prednisona; se logró mejoría del cuadro infeccioso al concluir el primer ciclo de esta intervención terapéutica(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Multiple myeloma constitutes a malignant proliferation of plasma cells derived from a single clone. The tumor, its products, and the patient's response cause various organic functional disorders and symptoms such as bone pain or fractures, kidney failure, predisposition to infections, anemia, hypercalcemia, and sometimes coagulation disorders, neurological symptoms, and vascular manifestations of hyperviscosity. Objective: To present a rare case, taking into account that acute infection as the initial presentation of myeloma is unusual. Case report: We report a case of a 61-year-old patient, admitted to the orthopedic service on three different occasions and operated on for septic arthritis of the left knee, in every occasions. The local inflammatory elements at the joint level, recurrent fever, anemia and accelerated erythrocyte sedimentation were still present. Conclusions: Specific hematological studies confirmed the diagnosis of multiple myeloma. Induction-to-remission treatment for this disease was started with melphalan and prednisone; improvement of the infection was achieved at the conclusion of the first cycle of this therapeutic intervention(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Arthritis, Infectious/surgery , Knee , Melphalan/therapeutic use , Multiple Myeloma/drug therapy
18.
Neumol. pediátr. (En línea) ; 15(3): 406-410, sept. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1127613

ABSTRACT

We present the case-report of a one-month-old infant, admitted to the Emergency Department with hypovolemic shock secondary to pulmonary hemorrhage who required life-support measures, including vasoactive drugs and methylprednisolone pulses. She was discharged from the hospital after 13 days of evolution and then readmitted 5 days later for a new episode of hemoptysis with hemodynamic compromise. Fiberoptic bronchoscopy was performed 4 days after the first episode showed a normal anatomy, without active bleeding, with 20% of hemosiderophages in bronchoalveolar lavage. Diffuse infiltrates were found on the chest radiograph. Differents studies were performed for check-out infection, heart disease, immune disease, thrombophilia, celiac disease, swallowing disorder, vascular abnormalities and allergy to cow's milk protein were negative, which led to Idiopathic Pulmonary Hemosiderosis (IPH). It was managed with amino acid formula, daily oral prednisone until 6 months of age and then every other day, and permanent inhaled fluticasone. In subsequent controls, normal growth and development were found, with no recurrences up to the time of this report, at 1 year of age. The favorable evolution in this case is attributed to early diagnosis and timely treatment with systemic corticosteroids. A review of the topic of IPH in pediatrics is presented, and study and treatment algorithms are proposed.


Se presenta el caso de una lactante de un mes de edad, que se presentó en el Servicio de Urgencia con shock hipovolémico secundario a hemorragia pulmonar. Necesitó medidas de soporte vital, incluyendo drogas vasoactivas y pulsos de metilprednisolona. Egresó del hospital a los 13 días de evolución y reingresó 5 días después por nuevo episodio de hemoptisis con compromiso hemodinámico. La fibrobroncoscopía efectuada a los 4 días de evolución del primer episodio mostró una anatomía normal, sin sangrado activo, con 20% de hemosiderófagos en el lavado broncoalveolar. En la radiografía de tórax se encontró infiltrados difusos. Los estudios en busca de infección, cardiopatía, enfermedad inmunológica, trombofilia, enfermedad celíaca, trastorno de deglución, anomalías vasculares y alergia a la proteína de la leche de vaca resultaron negativos, por lo que se planteó una Hemosiderosis Pulmonar Idiopática (HPI). Se manejó con fórmula aminoacídica, prednisona oral diaria hasta los 6 meses de edad y después en días alternos y fluticasona inhalada permanente. En controles posteriores se constató crecimiento y desarrollo normal, sin recidivas hasta el momento de este reporte, con 1 año de edad. La evolución favorable en este caso se atribuye al diagnóstico precoz y tratamiento oportuno con corticoides sistémicos. Se presenta una revisión del tema de HPI en pediatría y se proponen algoritmos de estudio y tratamiento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Infant, Newborn , Hemosiderosis/drug therapy , Hemosiderosis/diagnostic imaging , Methylprednisolone , Prednisone , Radiography, Thoracic , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/therapeutic use , Fluticasone , Hemoptysis/etiology , Hemosiderosis/complications
19.
Goiânia; SES-GO; 10 jul. 2020. 1-7 p.
Non-conventional in Portuguese | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS, CONASS, SES-GO | ID: biblio-1116448

ABSTRACT

No Brasil, em diversos municípios de diferentes estados, no período da pandemia de Infecção por Coronavírus, até a publicação deste material, tem sido relatada a distribuição dos chamados "KIT-COVID", que se tratam de kits de medicamentos para serem usados como profilaxia ao contágio e/ou aos primeiros sintomas da infecção pelo novo Coronavírus (SARS-CoV-2). Os kits tem composição variável, sendo que os medicamentos incluídos com mais frequência são: cloroquina ou hidroxicloroquina, ivermectina, azitromicina, prednisona (ou outro corticosteroide). Além da variação de combinação de medicamentos que compõem o "KIT-COVID", também é variável a posologia e as orientações de uso. Alerta que, o uso de qualquer medicamento fora de sua indicação aprovada (off-label) deve ser uma decisão individual do médico, analisando caso a caso e compartilhando os possíveis benefícios e riscos com o paciente, e que é vedado ao médico a publicidade sobre tal conduta, de acordo com Código de Ética Médica, capítulo de Publicidade Médica: "Art. 113. Divulgar, fora do meio científico, processo de tratamento ou descoberta cujo valor ainda não esteja expressamente reconhecido cientificamente por órgão competente"


In Brazil, in several municipalities of different states, in the period of the Coronavirus Infection pandemic, until the publication of this material, the distribution of the so-called "KIT-COVID" has been reported, which are drug kits to be used as prophylaxis contagion and / or the first symptoms of infection with the new Coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2). The kits have a variable composition, and the drugs most frequently included are: chloroquine or hydroxychloroquine, ivermectin, azithromycin, prednisone (or another corticosteroid). In addition to the variation in the combination of drugs that make up the "KIT-COVID", the dosage and directions for use are also variable. Warns that the use of any medication outside its approved indication (off-label) must be an individual decision of the doctor, analyzing case by case and sharing the possible benefits and risks with the patient, and that the doctor is prohibited from advertising about such conduct, according to the Medical Ethics Code, Medical Advertising chapter: "Art. 113. Disclose, outside the scientific environment, a treatment or discovery process whose value is not yet expressly recognized scientifically by a competent body "


Subject(s)
Humans , Therapeutics , Behavior , Ivermectin , Brazil/epidemiology , Prednisone , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Chloroquine , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Azithromycin , Drug Combinations , Pandemics , Hydroxychloroquine , Posology , Morbidity , Disease Transmission, Infectious , Advertising , Alert , Codes of Ethics , Products Distribution
20.
Brasília; s.n; 20 jul.2020.
Non-conventional in Portuguese | PIE, LILACS, BRISA, PIE | ID: biblio-1117679

ABSTRACT

O Informe Diário de Evidências é uma produção do Ministério da Saúde que tem como objetivo acompanhar diariamente as publicações científicas sobre tratamento farmacológico e vacinas para a COVID-19. Dessa forma, são realizadas buscas estruturadas em bases de dados biomédicas, referentes ao dia anterior desse informe. Não são incluídos estudos pré-clínicos (in vitro, in vivo, in silico). A frequência dos estudos é demonstrada de acordo com a sua classificação metodológica (revisões sistemáticas, ensaios clínicos randomizados, coortes, entre outros). Para cada estudo é apresentado um resumo com avaliação da qualidade metodológica. Essa avaliação tem por finalidade identificar o grau de certeza/confiança ou o risco de viés de cada estudo. Para tal, são utilizadas ferramentas já validadas e consagradas na literatura científica, na área de saúde baseada em evidências. Cabe ressaltar que o documento tem caráter informativo e não representa uma recomendação oficial do Ministério da Saúde sobre a temática. Foram encontrados 14 artigos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/drug therapy , Coronavirus Infections/drug therapy , Betacoronavirus/drug effects , Ribavirin/therapeutic use , Technology Assessment, Biomedical , Vitamin D/therapeutic use , Immunoglobulins/therapeutic use , Dexamethasone/therapeutic use , Methylprednisolone/therapeutic use , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Roxithromycin/therapeutic use , Cross-Sectional Studies/instrumentation , Cohort Studies , Interferons/therapeutic use , Azithromycin/therapeutic use , Heparin, Low-Molecular-Weight/therapeutic use , Peptidyl-Dipeptidase A/therapeutic use , Ritonavir/therapeutic use , Oseltamivir/therapeutic use , Lopinavir/therapeutic use , Amoxicillin/therapeutic use , Hydroxychloroquine/therapeutic use
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