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1.
Prensa méd. argent ; 107(5): 258-263, 20210000. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1359193

ABSTRACT

El Penfigoide Ampollar por fármacos es una variedad de penfigoide ampollar en la que un medicamento actúa como causa o desencadenante de la enfermedad. Clínicamente se manifiesta como ampollas tensas de contenido seroso localizadas fundamentalmente en abdomen, miembros superiores y raíz de muslos. El estudio histopatológico evidencia ampollas subepidérmicas e infiltrado dérmico mixto con eosinófilos. La inmunofluorescencia directa de piel sana perilesional muestra depósitos lineales de IgG y/o C3. Sin embargo, en hasta 15% de los casos puede ser negativa. Los pacientes diabéticos que reciben tratamiento con fármacos del grupo de los inhibidores de la dipeptidilpeptidasa 4, también conocidos como gliptinas, tienen 3 veces más riesgo de desarrollar esta patología. El tiempo de latencia entre el inicio de la medicación y la aparición de los síntomas es variable, con una media de 10 meses. El tratamiento radica en la suspensión inmediata del fármaco causal y la administración de prednisona oral 0,5 mg/kg/día. El tiempo medio de respuesta es de 10 días. Se presenta un varón de 82 años con una dermatosis ampollar pruriginosa de 3 semanas de evolución posterior al inicio de teneligliptina, cuyo estudio histopatológico fue característico de penfigoide ampollar, y que evolucionó satisfactoriamente al suspender el hipoglucemiante oral, sin aparición de nuevas lesiones a más de un año de seguimiento clínico


Drug-induced bullous pemphigoid is a variety of bullous pemphigoid in which a drug is the cause of the disease. It manifests as serous tense blisters located mainly on the abdomen, upper limbs and root of the tights. The histopathology shows subepidermal bullae and mixed dermal infiltrate with eosinophils. Direct immunofluorescence of healthy perilesional skin shows linear IgG and/or C3 deposits. However, it can be negative in up to 15% of the cases. Diabetic patients receiving dipeptidylpeptidase 4 inhibitors have a 3 times increased risk of developing drug-induced bullous pemphigoid. The mean time between the beginning of the medication and the appearance of the dermatosis is 10 months. Immediate suspension of the offending drug and administration of prednisone 0,5 mg/kg/day is the standard treatment. Average response time is 10 days. We present an 82-year-old-man with a 3-week itchy bullous dermatosis that started 8 months after treatment with teneligliptin, whose histopathological study resembled bullous pemphigoid, and which evolved satisfactorily when the drug was discontinued. No new lesions have been detected after more than one year of clinical follow-up. Key words: bullous pemphigoid, drug-induced bullous pemphigoid, gliptins, teneligliptin, dipeptidylpeptidase 4 inhibitors


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged, 80 and over , Skin Diseases/immunology , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Pemphigoid, Bullous/drug therapy , Pemphigoid, Bullous/therapy , Dipeptidyl-Peptidase IV Inhibitors/therapeutic use
2.
Rev. cuba. reumatol ; 23(1): e839, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1280401

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La esclerosis sistémica es una enfermedad autoinmune del tejido conectivo donde ocurre inicialmente la vasculopatía y persiste durante toda la enfermedad. El índice de actividad revela un periodo crítico de la enfermedad. Objetivo: Evaluar la evolución clínica del índice de actividad de pacientes con esclerosis sistémica para determinar si el esquema terapéutico aplicado disminuye los síntomas de actividad sistémica. Métodos: Estudio cuasi experimental terapéutico de 31 pacientes atendidos en el Hospital Lucía Íñiguez Landín de Holguín que se dividieron en dos grupos según las etapas clínicas obtenidas del índice de desarrollo integral desde marzo del 2013 hasta marzo del 2016: el grupo A (etapas clínicas I y II) con 16 pacientes y el grupo B (etapas clínicas III y IV) con 15 pacientes. La evolución se evaluó según variables del instrumento al inicio, a los 6 y 12 meses de aplicado el esquema terapéutico. Se utilizó la prueba T o la prueba exacta de Fisher cuando los valores eran igual a 3 o menores. El cálculo de la media, análisis porcentual y la prueba de Wilcoxon se usaron para conocer la relación de variables en el tiempo. Resultados: El esquema terapéutico aplicado, previa validación, mejoró el índice de actividad de los pacientes de ambos grupos A y B (en etapas clínicas tempranas y tardías). Al evaluar el índice de actividad, en esta serie predominó la actividad moderada, tanto a los 6 como a los 12 meses durante el tratamiento médico. En ambos grupos la mejoría del índice de actividad fue significativa, tanto para la actividad moderada como para la intensa, más notable a partir de los 12 meses con p≤0,05 para el grupo A. Hubo baja susceptibilidad para la mejoría de los sistemas gastrointestinal y respiratorio, en el trascurso de la evaluación de este índice. Conclusiones: Se alcanzó mejoría en el índice de actividad de pacientes con esclerosis sistémica, con el esquema terapéutico aplicado, con estabilidad clínica y humoral desde las etapas iniciales de la enfermedad(AU)


Introduction: The systemic sclerosis is an autoimmune disease of the connective tissue where the vasculopathy happens initially and persist during all the disease. The immune component starts since the inflammatory process triggers off but he diminishes until you dwell on the evolutionary course and it is substituted for fibrosis, this ends pathogenic acquires great significance in the process. The index of activity reveals a critical period of the disease. Objective: Evaluating patients' clinical evolution of the index of activity with systemic sclerosis with the applied therapeutics. Methods: The study was quasi-experiences (or secondary prevention). In order to determine if the therapeutic applied scheme decreases symptomatology of its systemic activity. You started in March of the 2013 to March of the 2016, with duration of 24 months. They were 31 patients that split into two groups according to the clinical stages obtained of Comprehensive Development Index. In the group to (clinical stages I and II) 16 patients and in the group B (clinical stages III and IV) 15 patients. The evolution evaluated according to variables of the instrument of evaluation the start, to the six and 12 months itself of once the therapeutic scheme was applied. The T utilized the proof itself, or exact Fisher's proof when moral values were all the same or minor to three, the statistical significance determined in p≥ 0.05 itself. The calculation of the stocking, percentage analysis, and Wilcoxon's proof to know the relation of variables through the time. Results: The therapeutic applied scheme, previous validation, you improved the index of activity of the patients of both groups A and B that is in clinical premature and overdue stages. In the activity moderated for the group A statistical significance for system microvascular (0.023) and respiratory (0.025) to the six months, and to the 12 months' skin (0.023) and microvascular (0.006). For the intense activity significant improvement to the six months for muscleskelettic (0.005) and rheumatoid positive factor (0.008), to the 12 months' significant improvement for muscleskelettic (0.004); and examine of laboratory like erythrocyte sedimentation rate (0.008) circulating immune complexes (0.005), and rheumatoid factor (0.003). For the group B in the moderate activity significant improvement for respiratory system existed (0.014), and cardiovascular (0.020) that kept to the 12 months, added up its digestive system (0.008). Evident level improvement of skin (0.004), circulating immune complexes (0.008) and rheumatoid factor were caught up within the intense activity to the 12 months (0.014). Conclusions: Improvement in the index of activity of patients with systemic sclerosis, with the therapeutic scheme applied, with clinical stability and humoral from initial stages of the disease was caught up with(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Rheumatoid Factor , Scleroderma, Systemic/drug therapy , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Clinical Evolution , Cyclophosphamide/therapeutic use , Disease Susceptibility , Antigen-Antibody Complex , Secondary Prevention
3.
Rev. venez. oncol ; 33(1): 40-45, mar. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1147477

ABSTRACT

El linfoma de Burkitt es una neoplasia altamente agresiva y es un tipo raro de linfoma no Hodgkin localizado. Aunque los niños son los más frecuentemente afectados, en adultos ocurren principalmente durante el embarazo o el puerperio. La mama rara vez constituye la localización primaria del linfoma no Hodgkin. Se presenta un caso de linfoma de Burkitt primario de mama durante el embarazo. Paciente de 37 años con embarazo de 24 semanas quien presentó aumento de volumen difuso de mama derecha. La mama estaba aumentada de tamaño, dolorosa y homogénea con tumoración elástica y firme. La ecografía demostró inflamación difusa con tumoración heterogénea e hipoecoica con contornos ligeramente irregulares, marcadores tumorales estaban normales las pruebas serológicas fueron negativas. La biopsia de la lesión mostró tejido mamario reemplazado por células linfoideas de tamaño mediano con citoplasma basófilo y múltiples vacuolas. Estudios inmunohistoquímicos fueron positivos para el antígeno leucocitario común, CD10, CD20, CD43, Bcl-6. El análisis cromosómico reveló que más del 90 % de las células neoplásicas exhibieron translocación t llevando al diagnóstico final de linfoma de Burkitt de mama. Luego de evaluar las posibilidades terapéuticas y del consentimiento de la paciente se inició tratamiento citostático sistémico. Los linfomas primarios de mama son extremadamente raros. El linfoma de Burkitt primario de la mama es mucho menos común que los otros linfomas. Los métodos de clasificación, detección y tratamiento de esta afección siguen siendo objeto de debates e investigaciones(AU)


The Burkitt's lymphoma is a highly aggressive neoplasm and is a rare type of localized non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Although children are the most frequently affected, in adults they occur mainly during the pregnancy or the puerperium. The breast rarely constitutes the primary location for non-Hodgkin lymphoma. The study of a case of primary Burkitt lymphoma of the breast during pregnancy is presented. This is a 37 year old patient with a 24 week pregnancy who presented a diffuse increase in the volume of the right breast. The breast was enlarged, painful and homogeneous with a firm, elastic mass. The ultrasonography showed diffuse inflammation with a heterogeneous and hypoechoic tumor with slightly irregular contours. The tumor marker values were normal and the serological tests were negative. The biopsy of the lesion showed breast tissue replaced by medium-sized lymphoid cells with basophilic cytoplasm and multiple vacuoles. Immunohistochemically studies were positive for the common leukocyte antigen, CD10, CD20, CD43, Bcl-6. The chromosomal analysis revealed that more than 90 % of neoplastic cells exhibited t translocation leading to the final diagnosis of Burkitt lymphoma of the breast. After evaluating the therapeutic possibilities and the patient's consent, systemic cytostatic treatment was started. Primary breast lymphomas are extremely rare. The primary Burkitt lymphoma of the breast is much less common than other lymphomas. The methods of classification, detection, and the treatment of this condition continue to be the subject of debate and research(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin , Breast Neoplasms , Burkitt Lymphoma/physiopathology , Precursor Cells, B-Lymphoid , Vincristine/therapeutic use , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Doxorubicin/therapeutic use , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Cyclophosphamide/therapeutic use , Rituximab/therapeutic use
5.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1136-1140, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888529

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the efficacy and safety of CHOP regimen based on doxorubicin hydrochloride liposome in the initial treatment of elderly patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL).@*METHODS@#Thirty-one patients with DLBCL treated from January 1, 2012 to December 31, 2019 were analyzed retrospectively, their median age was 83 (71-95) years old, and all of them were in Ⅲ-Ⅳ stage, including 17 cases who had international prognostic index (IPI) ≥ 3. The patients were treated with R-CHOP and CHOP regimens based on doxorubicin hydrochloride liposome. The efficacy and safety were evaluated during and after treatment.@*RESULTS@#A total of 219 chemotherapy cycles and 7 median cycles were performed in 31 patients. The overall response (OR) rate and complete remission (CR) rate was 80.7% (25/31) and 61.3% (19/31), respectively, as well as 2 cases (6.5%) stable, 4 cases (12.9%) progressive. The main toxicities were as follows: the incidence of grade Ⅲ -Ⅳ neutropenia was 29% (9/31); two patients (6.5%) developed degree Ⅰ-Ⅱ cardiac events, which were characterized by new degree Ⅰ atrioventricular block; there were no cardiac events requiring emergency treatment and discontinuation of chemotherapy. The 1-year, 2-year and 3-year overall survival rate was 83.9%, 77.4% and 61.3%, respectively. The 1-year, 2-year and 3-year progression-free survival rate was 77.4%, 64.5% and 61.3%, respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#The chemotherapy regimen based on doxorubicin hydrochloride liposome has better efficacy and higher cardiac safety for elderly patients with DLBCL.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Cyclophosphamide/therapeutic use , Doxorubicin/therapeutic use , Humans , Liposomes/therapeutic use , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/drug therapy , Prednisolone , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies , Rituximab/therapeutic use , Vincristine/therapeutic use
6.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, CONASS | ID: biblio-1358025

ABSTRACT

A síndrome DRESS é uma reação adversa a medicamentos pouco conhecida dentro da prática clínica, porém com grande potencial de letalidade devido a combinação de manifestações cutâneas e envolvimento de múltiplos órgãos. Objetivo: identificar possíveis reações adversas graves e incomuns secundárias ao uso de medicações usadas frequentemente na prática clínica. Métodos: Trata-se de um relato de caso construído com base em levantamento de dados do prontuário do paciente e análise a partir de um referencial teórico para comprovação de sua relevância na prática clínica. Resultado: Enfatizou-se a importância de um reconhecimento precoce dessa condição, a fim de evitar desfechos graves


The DRESS syndrome is an adverse drug reaction that is unsual in clinical practice, but with a high potential for lethality, due to the combination of cutaneous manifestations and involvement of multiple organs. Objective: identify possible serious and unusual adverse reactions secondary to the use of medications frequently used in clinical practice. Methods: This is a case report built on the basis of data collection from the patient's medical record and analysis from a theoretical framework to prove its source in clinical practice. Outcome: The importance of early recognition of this condition was emphasized, in order to avoid serious outcomes


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Methylprednisolone/therapeutic use , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Allopurinol/adverse effects , Exanthema , Drug Hypersensitivity Syndrome/diagnosis , Ceftriaxone/therapeutic use , Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever/drug therapy , Doxycycline/therapeutic use , Histamine Antagonists
7.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 80(4): e0015, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288631

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The authors present a case of lupus miliaris disseminatus faciei , a rare skin disease of unknown etiology, which may cause unaesthetic scarring due to its difficult treatment. The histopathological examination of epithelioid granulomas with caseating necrosis, together with the clinical features, are important for diagnosis and early treatment with better results. Despite difficult and unsatisfactory treatment, there are ongoing studies on therapy to improve aesthetic and social impairment. This case report describes an initial misdiagnosis delaying appropriate treatment, and highlights the value of physical examination and clinical judgment for another pathological examination, whenever necessary, aiming at better treatment outcomes in daily practice.


RESUMO Os autores apresentam um caso de lupus miliaris disseminatus faciei , uma dermatose rara, de etiologia desconhecida, que pode deixar cicatrizes não estéticas, pela dificuldade de tratamento. O exame histopatológico de granulomas compostos por células epitelioides, com necrose caseosa, e as características clínicas, são importantes para o diagnóstico e tratamento precoce, com melhores resultados. Apesar do tratamento difícil e insatisfatório, há estudos em andamento sobre terapias para melhorar o comprometimento estético e social. Este relato de caso descreve um diagnóstico inicial errôneo, que atrasou o tratamento adequado, e destaca o valor do exame físico e raciocínio clínico para solicitar outro exame anatomopatológico, quando necessário, de forma a obter melhores desfechos com o tratamento, na prática diária.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Eyelid Diseases/pathology , Eyelid Diseases/drug therapy , Facial Dermatoses/pathology , Facial Dermatoses/drug therapy , Tetracycline/therapeutic use , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Isotretinoin/therapeutic use , Cicatrix , Tacrolimus/therapeutic use , Rosacea/pathology , Rosacea/drug therapy , Dapsone/therapeutic use , Granuloma/pathology , Granuloma/drug therapy , Lupus Vulgaris/pathology , Lupus Vulgaris/drug therapy , Minocycline/therapeutic use
8.
Rev. cuba. ortop. traumatol ; 34(2): e278, jul.-dic. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156600

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: El mieloma múltiple constituye una proliferación maligna de las células plasmáticas derivadas de un solo clon. El tumor, sus productos y la respuesta del paciente ocasionan diversos trastornos funcionales orgánicos y síntomas como dolores óseos o fracturas, insuficiencia renal, predisposición a infecciones, anemia, hipercalcemia y, en ocasiones, trastornos de la coagulación, síntomas neurológicos y manifestaciones vasculares de hiperviscosidad. Objetivo: Presentar un caso infrecuente teniendo en cuenta que la infección aguda como forma de presentación inicial de mieloma es poco usual. Presentación del caso: Se presenta un caso de un paciente de 61 años de edad, ingresado en el servicio de ortopedia en tres ocasiones diferentes y operado de artritis séptica de la rodilla izquierda en estas tres oportunidades. Se mantuvieron los elementos inflamatorios locales a nivel de la articulación, fiebre recurrente, anemia y eritrosedimentación acelerada. Conclusiones: Los estudios hematológicos específicos confirmaron el diagnóstico de mieloma múltiple. Se comenzó tratamiento de inducción a la remisión para esta enfermedad con melfalán y prednisona; se logró mejoría del cuadro infeccioso al concluir el primer ciclo de esta intervención terapéutica(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Multiple myeloma constitutes a malignant proliferation of plasma cells derived from a single clone. The tumor, its products, and the patient's response cause various organic functional disorders and symptoms such as bone pain or fractures, kidney failure, predisposition to infections, anemia, hypercalcemia, and sometimes coagulation disorders, neurological symptoms, and vascular manifestations of hyperviscosity. Objective: To present a rare case, taking into account that acute infection as the initial presentation of myeloma is unusual. Case report: We report a case of a 61-year-old patient, admitted to the orthopedic service on three different occasions and operated on for septic arthritis of the left knee, in every occasions. The local inflammatory elements at the joint level, recurrent fever, anemia and accelerated erythrocyte sedimentation were still present. Conclusions: Specific hematological studies confirmed the diagnosis of multiple myeloma. Induction-to-remission treatment for this disease was started with melphalan and prednisone; improvement of the infection was achieved at the conclusion of the first cycle of this therapeutic intervention(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Arthritis, Infectious/surgery , Knee , Melphalan/therapeutic use , Multiple Myeloma/drug therapy
9.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 57(4): 361-365, Oct.-Dec. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1142340

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) is a chronic liver disease, characterized by necroinflammation and autoimmune etiology. Studies evaluating the characteristics of patients with AIH are scarce in Brazil. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to evaluate the profile of patients with AIH in a specialized center in Southern Brazil and to verify factors related to treatment response. METHODS: this was a retrospective cohort study, which analyzed demographic, epidemiological, clinical, laboratory, and histologic data. Patients with AIH diagnosed according to the criteria of the International Autoimmune Hepatitis Group (IAIHG) were included. In liver biopsies, the degree of fibrosis, histological activity, presence of hepatocyte rosettes, plasma cell infiltrates, and confluent necrosis were evaluated. In the statistical analysis, the significance level was 5%. RESULTS: Forty adults patients diagnosed with AIH were included. The evaluated population predominantly consisted of women (75.0%) and the average age at diagnosis was 44.2 years. The association with extrahepatic autoimmune diseases occurred in 20.0% of cases. Clinically, 35.0% of patients presented with acute onset hepatitis, 37.5% with cirrhosis, and 27.5% with other forms of presentation. The most common clinical manifestation was jaundice (47.5%). Thirty-five patients were treated, and of these, 97.1% used prednisone combined with azathioprine. The average treatment time was 2.7 years. Response to treatment was complete or partial in 30 (85.7%) and absent in 5 (14.3%) patients. There was no statistically significant difference when evaluating response to treatment in relation to forms of presentation, histological findings, and the presence of autoantibodies. Regarding fibrosis, regression was observed in 18.75% of the cases. CONCLUSION: Most patients with AIH were young at presentation and of female sex. The association with extrahepatic autoimmune diseases and cirrhosis at presentation was seen in a considerable proportion of patients. Treatment was effective, but there were no clinical, histological or serological parameters capable of predicting treatment response.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: A hepatite autoimune (HAI) é uma doença hepática crônica, de caráter necroinflamatório e etiologia autoimune. Os estudos que avaliam as características de pacientes com HAI são escassos no Brasil. OBJETIVO: Nosso objetivo foi avaliar o perfil dos pacientes com HAI atendidos em um centro de referência do sul do Brasil e verificar fatores relacionados à resposta ao tratamento. MÉTODOS: Este foi um estudo de coorte retrospectivo, que analisou dados demográficos, epidemiológicos e clínicos. Nas biópsias hepáticas, foram avaliados o grau de fibrose, a atividade histológica, a presença de rosetas, de infiltrado plasmocitário e de necrose confluente. Na análise estatística, o nível de significância foi de 5%. RESULTADOS: Foram incluídos 40 pacientes adultos com diagnóstico de HAI. Houve predomínio do sexo feminino (75,0%), e a média de idade no diagnóstico foi de 44,2 anos. A associação com doenças autoimunes extra-hepáticas ocorreu em 20,0% dos casos. Clinicamente, 35,0% dos pacientes se apresentaram sob forma de hepatite aguda, 37,5% com cirrose e 27,5% com outras formas de apresentação. A manifestação clínica mais comum na apresentação foi a icterícia (47,5%). Trinta e cinco pacientes foram tratados, sendo que destes, 97,1% utilizaram prednisona associada com azatioprina. A média do tempo de tratamento foi 2,7 anos. A resposta ao tratamento foi completa ou parcial em 30 (85,7%) e ausente em 5 (14,3%) pacientes. Não houve diferença estatisticamente significativa quando avaliada a resposta ao tratamento em relação à forma de apresentação, aos achados histológicos e à presença de autoanticorpos. Em relação à fibrose, foi observada regressão em 18,75% dos casos. CONCLUSÃO: A maioria dos pacientes era jovem no momento do diagnóstico e do sexo feminino. A associação com doenças autoimunes extra-hepáticas e com cirrose na apresentação foi vista em uma parcela considerável dos casos. O tratamento foi eficaz, mas não houve parâmetros clínicos, histológicos ou sorológicos capazes de prever a resposta ao tratamento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Hepatitis, Autoimmune/diagnosis , Liver/pathology , Azathioprine/therapeutic use , Brazil/epidemiology , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies , Cohort Studies , Hepatitis, Autoimmune/drug therapy , Hepatitis, Autoimmune/epidemiology , Ambulatory Care Facilities , Immunosuppressive Agents/therapeutic use , Jaundice/epidemiology , Liver Cirrhosis/epidemiology , Middle Aged
10.
Brasília; s.n; 20 jul.2020.
Non-conventional in Portuguese | PIE, LILACS, BRISA, PIE | ID: biblio-1117679

ABSTRACT

O Informe Diário de Evidências é uma produção do Ministério da Saúde que tem como objetivo acompanhar diariamente as publicações científicas sobre tratamento farmacológico e vacinas para a COVID-19. Dessa forma, são realizadas buscas estruturadas em bases de dados biomédicas, referentes ao dia anterior desse informe. Não são incluídos estudos pré-clínicos (in vitro, in vivo, in silico). A frequência dos estudos é demonstrada de acordo com a sua classificação metodológica (revisões sistemáticas, ensaios clínicos randomizados, coortes, entre outros). Para cada estudo é apresentado um resumo com avaliação da qualidade metodológica. Essa avaliação tem por finalidade identificar o grau de certeza/confiança ou o risco de viés de cada estudo. Para tal, são utilizadas ferramentas já validadas e consagradas na literatura científica, na área de saúde baseada em evidências. Cabe ressaltar que o documento tem caráter informativo e não representa uma recomendação oficial do Ministério da Saúde sobre a temática. Foram encontrados 14 artigos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/drug therapy , Coronavirus Infections/drug therapy , Betacoronavirus/drug effects , Ribavirin/therapeutic use , Technology Assessment, Biomedical , Vitamin D/therapeutic use , Immunoglobulins/therapeutic use , Dexamethasone/therapeutic use , Methylprednisolone/therapeutic use , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Roxithromycin/therapeutic use , Cross-Sectional Studies/instrumentation , Cohort Studies , Interferons/therapeutic use , Azithromycin/therapeutic use , Heparin, Low-Molecular-Weight/therapeutic use , Peptidyl-Dipeptidase A/therapeutic use , Ritonavir/therapeutic use , Oseltamivir/therapeutic use , Lopinavir/therapeutic use , Amoxicillin/therapeutic use , Hydroxychloroquine/therapeutic use
11.
Brasília; s.n; 9 jul. 2020.
Non-conventional in Portuguese | PIE, LILACS, BRISA, PIE | ID: biblio-1117638

ABSTRACT

O Informe Diário de Evidências é uma produção do Ministério da Saúde que tem como objetivo acompanhar diariamente as publicações científicas sobre tratamento farmacológico e vacinas para a COVID-19. Dessa forma, são realizadas buscas estruturadas em bases de dados biomédicas, referentes ao dia anterior desse informe. Não são incluídos estudos pré-clínicos (in vitro, in vivo, in silico). A frequência dos estudos é demonstrada de acordo com a sua classificação metodológica (revisões sistemáticas, ensaios clínicos randomizados, coortes, entre outros). Para cada estudo é apresentado um resumo com avaliação da qualidade metodológica. Essa avaliação tem por finalidade identificar o grau de certeza/confiança ou o risco de viés de cada estudo. Para tal, são utilizadas ferramentas já validadas e consagradas na literatura científica, na área de saúde baseada em evidências. Cabe ressaltar que o documento tem caráter informativo e não representa uma recomendação oficial do Ministério da Saúde sobre a temática. Foram encontrados 23 artigos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/drug therapy , Coronavirus Infections/drug therapy , Betacoronavirus/drug effects , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Technology Assessment, Biomedical , Ivermectin/therapeutic use , Immunoglobulins/therapeutic use , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Cohort Studies , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/therapeutic use , Enoxaparin/therapeutic use , Azithromycin/therapeutic use , Antirheumatic Agents/therapeutic use , Ritonavir/therapeutic use , Lopinavir/therapeutic use , Fondaparinux/therapeutic use , Hydroxychloroquine/therapeutic use , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Anticoagulants/therapeutic use
12.
Buenos Aires; s.n; 16 jun. 2020.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS, BRISA | ID: biblio-1116497

ABSTRACT

CONTEXTO CLÍNICO: La Enfermedad por el Coronavirus 2019 (COVID­19, por su sigla en inglés Coronavirus Disease 2019) es una enfermedad respiratoria de humanos producida por un nuevo coronavirus identificado con la sigla SARS-CoV-2. El 11 de marzo de 2020 la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS) declaro la COVID-19 como una pandemia. Desde ese momento hasta el 15 de junio su circulación se ha reportado en 205 países reportándose más de 7.800.000 casos y la muerte 430.000 personas. El período de incubación de la infección es de 2 a 14 días. La mayor parte de los contagios se producen persona a persona, siendo altamente transmisible.(3) La clínica varía desde casos asintomáticos a cuadros febriles con tos y dificultad respiratoria, neumonía y distrés respiratorio. También puede acompañarse de alteraciones gastrointestinales. En los casos con mal pronóstico, el paciente presenta un importante deterioro respiratorio en 4-8 días. Las imágenes radiológicas muestran generalmente neumonía focal o generalizada semejante al síndrome de distress respiratorio agudo. (3) La mayoría de los casos graves requieren ingreso hospitalario, siendo mayoritariamente casos primarios en pacientes de edad avanzada y con comorbilidades (diabetes, enfermedad crónica renal, hipertensión, enfermedad cardiaca y enfermedad pulmonar crónica). La tasa media de letalidad de los pacientes ingresados a UTI es cercana al 49%, siendo los valores más elevados en pacientes masculinos de más de 50 años con comorbilidades múltiples. Actualmente el tratamiento de la COVID­19 es sintomático y de sostén no existiendo hasta el momento tratamiento farmacológico específico curativo. Debido a la evidencia que sugiere que el daño pulmonar agudo observado en la infección por SARS-CoV-2 estaría asociada a la activación de las células inmunes circulantes, incluyendo células T y las citoquinas que conducen a un síndrome de liberación de citoquinas (similar al síndrome de activación macrofágica y hemofagocítico) por lo que se plantea que el uso de corticoides sistémicos podría disminuir la mortalidad y/o necesidad de soporte ventilatorio invasivo. TECNOLOGÍA: Los glucocorticoides (GCS) son una familia de medicamentos antiinflamatorios e inmunomoduladores que se utilizan en el tratamiento de diversas patologías cuyo principal componente etiopatogénico es la inflamación. Dentro de los mecanismos de acción propuestos se encuentran: inhibición de citoquinas inflamatorias (IL-1 y IL-2), inhibición de la migración de leucocitaria, inhibición de la desgranulación de mastocitos, depleción linfocitaria (principalmente linfocitos T), incremento de citoquinas anti-inflamatorias (IL-10). Dentro de las alternativas para la administración sistémica se pueden mencionar a la hidrocortisona, dexametasona, betametasona, prednisona, prednisolona, metilprednisolona y deflazacort. Todos ellos difieren principalmente en el grado de actividad mineralocorticorticoide y vida media. OBJETIVO: El objetivo del presente informe es evaluar la evidencia disponible acerca de la eficacia, seguridad y aspectos relacionados a las políticas de cobertura del uso de corticoides sistémicos en COVID­19. MÉTODOS: Se realizó una búsqueda en las principales bases de datos bibliográficas, en buscadores genéricos de internet, y financiadores de salud. Se priorizó la inclusión de revisiones sistemáticas (RS), ensayos clínicos controlados aleatorizados (ECAs), evaluaciones de tecnologías sanitarias (ETS), evaluaciones económicas, guías de práctica clínica (GPC) y recomendaciones de diferentes organizaciones de salud. RESULTADOS: Se incluyeron un ECA, una RS, dos estudios observacionales, un documento de evaluación de tecnología sanitaria, 12 guías de práctica clínica, recomendaciones de organismos gubernamentales o sociedades científicas acerca del uso de corticoides sistémicos en pacientes con diagnóstico de COVID­19. CONCLUSIONES: Evidencia de alta calidad proveniente de los resultados de un ensayo clínico aleatorizado aún no publicado sugiere que el uso de corticoides sistémicos se asocia a una disminución en el riesgo de mortalidad principalmente en pacientes con requerimientos de oxigeno suplementario o asistencia mecánica invasiva. Evidencia de muy baja calidad también sugiere que podría tener el mismo beneficio en aquellos pacientes con COVID-19 que presentan síndrome de distrés respiratorio agudo. Múltiples ensayos clínicos aleatorizados en pacientes con cuadros moderados o severos se encuentran en curso. Las guías de práctica clínica de diferentes sociedades internacionales y organismos gubernamentales que lo recomiendan indican su utilización para el tratamiento de pacientes con criterios de síndrome de distrés respiratorio agudo. Si bien no se encontraron estudios de costo-efectividad en Latinoamérica, el costo total del tratamiento al igual que su impacto presupuestario sería muy bajo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/drug therapy , Betamethasone/therapeutic use , Dexamethasone/therapeutic use , Hydrocortisone/therapeutic use , Methylprednisolone/therapeutic use , Prednisolone/therapeutic use , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Coronavirus Infections/drug therapy , Betacoronavirus/drug effects , Technology Assessment, Biomedical , Health Evaluation , Cost-Benefit Analysis
13.
Brasília; s.n; 30 jun. 2020.
Non-conventional in Portuguese | PIE, LILACS, BRISA, Inca, PIE | ID: biblio-1117603

ABSTRACT

O Informe Diário de Evidências é uma produção do Ministério da Saúde que tem como objetivo acompanhar diariamente as publicações científicas sobre tratamento farmacológico e vacinas para a COVID-19. Dessa forma, são realizadas buscas estruturadas em bases de dados biomédicas, referente ao dia anterior desse informe. Não são incluídos estudos pré-clínicos (in vitro, in vivo, in silico). A frequência dos estudos é demonstrada de acordo com a sua classificação metodológica (revisões sistemáticas, ensaios clínicos randomizados, coortes, entre outros). Para cada estudo é apresentado um resumo com avaliação da qualidade metodológica. Essa avaliação tem por finalidade identificar o grau de certeza/confiança ou o risco de viés de cada estudo. Para tal, são utilizadas ferramentas já validadas e consagradas na literatura científica, na área de saúde baseada em evidências. Cabe ressaltar que o documento tem caráter informativo e não representa uma recomendação oficial do Ministério da Saúde sobre a temática. Foram encontrados 14 artigos e 31 protocolos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/drug therapy , Coronavirus Infections/drug therapy , Betacoronavirus/drug effects , Technology Assessment, Biomedical , Vitamin D/therapeutic use , Ivermectin/therapeutic use , Immunoglobulins/therapeutic use , Prednisone/therapeutic use , BCG Vaccine/therapeutic use , Influenza Vaccines/therapeutic use , Azithromycin/therapeutic use , Antirheumatic Agents/therapeutic use , Ritonavir/therapeutic use , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Interleukin 1 Receptor Antagonist Protein/therapeutic use , Lopinavir/therapeutic use , Janus Kinase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Glucocorticoids/therapeutic use , Hydroxychloroquine/therapeutic use , Hydroxyurea/therapeutic use , Immunosuppressive Agents/therapeutic use
14.
Neumol. pediátr. (En línea) ; 15(1): 278-281, Mar. 2020. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1088103

ABSTRACT

We present a case of organized chronic pneumonia (OCP), a rare interstitial disease, which usually affects people over 50 years of age and is very unusual in pediatrics, so we thought it was of interest to communicate it. Is a 14-year-old male in whom in the study of a febrile condition, a pneumonia of LII was detected. The images persist after 2 months of being treated and being asymptomatic. Infectious causes and rheumatic diseases were ruled out due to the history of discoid lupus. Chest CT, bronchoalveolar lavage and lung biopsy showing Masson's bodies were performed and OCP was diagnosed. He received prednisone 1 mg / kg day and Clarithromycin for 2 months with rapid improvement. Relapses with new radiological images typical of OCP twice, when treating on alternate days. It is indicated prednisone 30 mgr / day for 3 months and gradual reduction. At 18 months, being with prednisone 5 mgr day, has a relapse of rapid progression that was treated with pulses of methylprednisolone. The collagen study shows positive lupus anticoagulant and ANA and Systemic Lupus is diagnosed. The bad evolution would be explained because it was a secondary OCP. Mycophenolate associated with prednisone was indicates, which has been used in the OCP and in Lupus. This clinical case shows the importance of radiological follow-up of patients with OCP and the search for secondary OCP causes due to the poor response to corticosteroids.


Se presenta un caso de neumonía crónica organizada (NCO), enfermedad intersticial rara, que afecta habitualmente a mayores de 50 años y muy inusual en pediatría, por lo que creímos de interés comunicarlo. Se trata de un varón de 14 años en el que en el estudio de un cuadro febril se detecta una neumonía de LII cuyas imágenes persisten luego de 2 meses de haber sido tratado y estando asintomático. Se descartaron causas infecciosas y enfermedades reumatológicas por el antecedente de lupus discoide. Se realizó TC de tórax, lavado broncoalveolar y biopsia pulmonar que mostró cuerpos de Masson, con lo que se diagnosticó NCO. Recibió prednisona 1 mgr/ kg día y Claritromicina por 2 meses con una rápida mejoría. Recae con nuevas imágenes radiológicas típicas de NCO dos veces, al pasar de tratamiento diario a días alternos. Se indica 30 mgr/día por 3 meses de prednisona y reducción gradual posterior. A los 18 meses de tratamiento, estando con prednisona 5 mgr día, tiene una recaída de rápida progresión que se trató con pulsos de metilprednisolona. El estudio de colagenosis muestra anticoagulante lúpico y ANA positivos y se diagnóstica Lupus Sistémico. La mala evolución se explicaría porque se trató de una NCO secundaria, ante lo cual indicó micofenolato asociado a prednisona, que se ha usado en la NCO y en el Lupus. Este caso clínico muestra la importancia del seguimiento radiológico de los pacientes con NCO y de la búsqueda de causas secundarias de NCO ante la mala respuesta a corticoides


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Cryptogenic Organizing Pneumonia/drug therapy , Cryptogenic Organizing Pneumonia/diagnostic imaging , Recurrence , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Radiography, Thoracic , Tomography, X-Ray , Chronic Disease , Cryptogenic Organizing Pneumonia/pathology
15.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 253-260, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877995

ABSTRACT

Although the first-line rituximab plus cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone regimen (R-CHOP) substantially improved outcomes for patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), 40% of the patients suffered from relapsed/refractory disease and had poor survival outcomes. The detailed mechanism underlying R-CHOP resistance has not been well defined. For this review, we conducted a thorough search for literature and clinical trials involving DLBCL resistance. We discussed DLBCL biology, epigenetics, and aberrant signaling of the B-cell receptor (BCR), phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt, nuclear factor kappa light chain enhancer of activated B-cells (NF-κB), and the Janus kinase (JAK)/signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) pathways as defining mechanisms of DLBCL heterogeneity and R-CHOP resistance. The cell of origin, double- or triple-hit lymphoma and double-protein-expression, clonal evolution, tumor microenvironment, and multi-drug resistance help to contextualize DLBCL resistance in an (epi)genetically and biologically comparative manner. With better understanding of the biological and molecular landscape of DLBCL, a more detailed classification system and tailored treatments will ideally become available to further improve the prognosis of DLBCL patients.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Cyclophosphamide/therapeutic use , Doxorubicin/therapeutic use , Humans , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/genetics , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Prognosis , Rituximab/therapeutic use , Tumor Microenvironment , Vincristine/therapeutic use
16.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2796-2802, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877934

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Numerous studies have focused on lymphoma among patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). However, little is known about the treatment options and survival rate of lymphoma in the Chinese people living with HIV (PLHIV). Our study aimed to investigate the prognosis and compare outcome of dose-adjusted etoposide, prednisone, vincristine, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, and rituximab (DA-EPOCH-R) with standard cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, prednisone and rituximab(R-CHOP) as front line therapy for PLHIV with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) receiving modern combined antiretroviral therapy (cART).@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis evaluating PLHIV with DLBCL was performed in Shanghai Public Health Clinical Center from July 2012 to September 2019. The demographic and clinical data were collected, and overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) analyses of patients receiving R-CHOP or DA-EPOCH-R therapy were performed by Kaplan-Meier analysis. Additionally, a Cox multiple regression model was constructed to identify related factors for OS.@*RESULTS@#A total of 54 eligible patients were included in the final analysis with a median follow-up of 14 months (interquartile range [IQR]: 8-29 months). The proportion of high international prognostic index (IPI) patients was much larger in the DA-EPOCH-R group (n = 29) than that in the R-CHOP group (n = 25). The CD4 cell counts and HIV RNA levels were not significantly different between the two groups. The 2-year OS for all patients was 73%. However, OS was not significantly different between the two groups, with a 2-year OS rate of 78% for the DA-EPOCH-R group and 66% for the R-CHOP group. Only an IPI greater than 3 was associated with a decrease in OS, with a hazard ratio of 5.0. The occurrence of grade 3 and 4 adverse events of chemotherapy was not significantly different between the two groups.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Outcomes of R-CHOP therapy do not differ from those of DA-EPOCH-R therapy. No HIV-related factors were found to be associated with the OS of PLHIV in the modern cART era.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , China , Cyclophosphamide/therapeutic use , Doxorubicin/therapeutic use , HIV , HIV Infections/drug therapy , Humans , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/drug therapy , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies , Rituximab/therapeutic use , Vincristine/therapeutic use
17.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1912-1918, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879992

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the efficacy of rituximab combined with CHOP/EPOCH regimen for treatment of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma(DLBCL) patients, and to explore the high risk factors of refractory and relapsed patients.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 72 patients with de novo DLBCL from December 2012 to December 2018 in the Department of Hematology, Zhongda Hospital Affiliated to Southeast University were retrospectively analyzed. The remission rate of DLBCL patients treated by rituximab combined with CHOP/EPOCH was analyzed, and survival analysis was conducted to explore the risk factors influencing refractory recurrence.@*RESULTS@#45 cases among 72 patients achieved complete remission (CR), 11 cases achieved partial remission (PR), the total remission rate was 77.78%. 25 cases (34.2%) refractory and relapsed. Single factor analysis showed that the B symptoms, low Hb, high NLR, low MLR, high β@*CONCLUSION@#The remission rate of DLBCL patients treated by rituximab combined with CHOP/EPOCH regimen is high, but about one third of the patients still show refractory and relapsed. B Symptoms, anemia, high β


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Cyclophosphamide/therapeutic use , Doxorubicin/therapeutic use , Etoposide , Humans , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/drug therapy , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Rituximab/therapeutic use , Treatment Outcome , Vincristine
18.
Rev. cuba. reumatol ; 22(supl.1): e849, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1280395

ABSTRACT

La incidencia de la miopatía inflamatoria idiopática es de 4 a 15 casos por cada millón de habitantes y su prevalencia de 60 por cada millón de habitantes. La dermatomiositis idiopática es más frecuente en las mujeres, aunque su asociación a fibrosis pulmonar es muy rara y solo se reporta en un 2 por ciento de los casos. Se describe el caso de un paciente de 50 años de edad, femenina, que presentó debilidad a nivel de la cintura escapular acompañada de fatiga. Tenía lesiones de rascado en diferentes regiones del cuerpo por prurito y lesiones eritematosas en la piel en ambos muslos. Además, se quejaba de dolores articulares generalizados con impotencia funcional y mialgias generalizadas progresivas e hipotrofia muscular de varios grupos musculares. El estudio analítico reveló enzimas musculares elevadas. La biopsia de piel y músculo mostró elementos sugestivos de dermatomiositis. Con la espirometría se detectó trastornos ventilatorios restrictivos de grave intensidad. Mediante la radiografía de tórax se halló infiltrado difuso peribroncovascular asociado a un trayecto fibroso y la tomografía axial computarizada precisó el pulmón con consolidación alveolar y discreto engrosamiento pleural. La paciente fue tratada con prednisona a 1 mg/kg/día asociado con azatioprina 1,5 mg/kg/día. Este tratamiento fue muy eficaz, y se logró una notable recuperación clínica y por estudios de laboratorio. Reportamos el caso de una paciente con dermatomiositis idiopática y fibrosis pulmonar. Esta asociación constituye un hallazgo infrecuente en nuestro medio y más aun con el paciente asintomático(AU)


The incidence of Idiopathic Inflammatory Myopathy is from 4 to 15 cases per million inhabitants and its prevalence of 60 per million inhabitants. Idiopathic dermatomyositis is more frequent in women; Although its association with pulmonary fibrosis is described, it is very infrequent, it is only reported in 2 percent of cases. To describe a diagnosed case of idiopathic dermatomyositis and pulmonary fibrosis. A 50-year-old patient presented weakness at the level of the shoulder girdle accompanied by fatigue. Physical examination: Skin: scratching lesions in different regions of the body due to pruritus, erythematous lesions at the level of the skin on both thighs. Osteomyoarticular system: generalized joint pains with functional impotence and progressive generalized myalgias and muscular hypotrophy of several muscle groups. The analytical study revealed elevated muscle enzymes. The skin and muscle biopsy showed elements suggestive of dermatomyositis. Chest X-ray: diffuse peribronchovascular infiltrate associated with fibrous path. Spirometry: restrictive ventilatory disorders of severe intensity. Computed tomography of the lung with alveolar consolidation and discrete pleural thickening. We report the case of a patient with idiopathic dermatomyositis and pulmonary fibrosis. This association is an uncommon finding in our environment and even more so when the patient is asymptomatic(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Spirometry/methods , Azathioprine/therapeutic use , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Dermatomyositis/diagnosis , Myositis/epidemiology , Fatigue
19.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 78(6): 384-388, nov.-dez. 2019. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057920

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo: Descrever aspectos clínicos e esquema terapêutico dos pacientes com tuberculose ocular presumida tratados em um centro de referência em tuberculose de São Paulo. Métodos: Estudo retrospectivo descritivo. O teste exato de Fisher foi realizado quando apropriado. Resultados: A queixa mais comum foi baixa acuidade visual (83,1%), seguida por dor ocular generalizada (25,3%) e visão turva (22,8%). A uveíte posterior foi a apresentação mais comum (35,7%). O tratamento consistiu no esquema atualmente recomendado de rifampicina, isoniazida, pirazinamida e etambutol (RHZE). A prednisona oral foi incluída no tratamento de 37 pacientes, para tratamento da inflamação aguda, embora não tenha diminuído a prevalência de complicações crônicas, em comparação com a recuperação completa (p = 0,1). O diagnóstico precoce (<70 dias) foi associado a maiores taxas de recuperação total (p = 0,005). Não houve significância estatística quando se comparou a terapia de 6 a 9 meses (p = 0,7). Conclusão: A uveíte tuberculosa pode ser tratada por uma terapia com duração de seis meses. Um breve curso de esteroides melhora os sintomas agudos, embora não reduza as complicações a longo prazo.


Abstract Purpose: To analyze and describe the therapy used in presumed ocular tuberculosis in a referral center in São Paulo, Brazil. Methods: Retrospective, descriptive study. Fisher's exact test was performed when appropriate. Results: The most common complaint was low visual acuity (83.1%), followed by generalized ocular pain (25.3%) and blurred vision (22.8%). Posterior uveitis was the most common presentation (35.7%). Treatment consisted of the currently recommended association of rifampin, isoniazid, pyrazinamide, ethambutol (RHZE) regimen. Oral prednisone was included in the treatment of 37 patients for acute inflammation, although it did not significantly decrease the prevalence of chronic complications compared to full recovery (p = 0,1). Early diagnosis (< 70 days) was associated with higher rates of full recovery (p = 0.005). No statistical significance was observed when comparing 6 to 9-month therapy (p = 0.7). Conclusion: Tuberculous uveitis can be treated with a 6-month duration RHZE therapy. A brief course of steroids may improve acute symptoms, although it did not reduce long-term disabilities.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Tuberculosis, Ocular/diagnosis , Tuberculosis, Ocular/drug therapy , Uveitis/diagnosis , Uveitis/drug therapy , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Tuberculin Test , Visual Acuity , Medical Records , Retrospective Studies , Diagnostic Techniques, Ophthalmological , Mycobacterium tuberculosis/drug effects , Antitubercular Agents/therapeutic use
20.
Rev. cuba. med ; 58(4): e894, oct.-dic. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1139033

ABSTRACT

En este trabajo se presentó a un paciente de 32 años que ingresó por pérdida de peso, decaimiento, orinas turbias y dolor en región inguinal derecha. Se describió la evolución clínica, los estudios imagenológicos y de laboratorio que permitieron diagnosticar la presencia del Síndrome de Behçet. Los principales signos presentados por el paciente fueron: ulceraciones bucales recurrentes, la presencia de uveítis anterior y trombosis venosas profundas en miembros inferiores. El cuadro clínico del paciente y la valoración conjunta de varias especialidades médicas constituyeron los factores claves para establecer el diagnóstico definitivo. La evolución del paciente fue satisfactoria con el tratamiento de prednisona y anticoagulantes(AU)


This paper reports a 32-year-old male patient who was hospitalized for weight loss, decay, cloudy urine and pain in the right inguinal region. The clinical evolution, imaging and laboratory studies allowed diagnosing Behçet Syndrome. The patient showed main signs as recurrent mouth ulcerations, anterior uveitis and deep vein thrombosis in the lower limbs. The clinical condition of this patient and the joint assessment of various medical specialties were the key factors in establishing the definitive diagnosis. The patient´s evolution was satisfactory treated with prednisone and anticoagulants(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Behcet Syndrome/complications , Behcet Syndrome/diagnosis , Behcet Syndrome/drug therapy , Oral Ulcer/etiology , Venous Thrombosis/complications , Lower Extremity/physiopathology
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