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1.
In. Soeiro, Alexandre de Matos; Leal, Tatiana de Carvalho Andreucci Torres; Accorsi, Tarso Augusto Duenhas; Gualandro, Danielle Menosi; Oliveira Junior, Múcio Tavares de; Caramelli, Bruno; Kalil Filho, Roberto. Manual da residência em cardiologia / Manual residence in cardiology. Santana de Parnaíba, Manole, 2 ed; 2022. p.244-251, tab.
Monography in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1349504
2.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 34(4): 452-458, July-Aug. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286838

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Maternal mortality rates in Brazil remain above the goals established by the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals. Heart disease is estimated to affect 4% of all pregnancies and remains by itself the main indirect obstetric cause of maternal death. In the last decades, a significant improvement in the prognosis of heart diseases has made pregnancy possible in women with heart disease and provided better maternal and fetal outcomes. Objective: To establish a multicenter Brazilian Registry of pregnant women with heart disease; to study the causes of immediate and late maternal mortality; and to assess the prevalence of heart disease in the country's macro-regions. Method: This is an observational study, with retrospective and prospective stages, of the clinical and obstetric progression of pregnant women with heart disease. These women consecutively received care during pregnancy and will be followed up for up to a year after delivery at public and private hospitals with infrastructure for the execution of this project, a principal investigator, and approval by Ethics and Research Committees. Results: Our results will be presented after data collection and statistical analysis, aiming to demonstrate immediate and late maternal mortality rates, as well as the prevalence of heart disease in the country and its cardiovascular and obstetric complications during pregnancy. Conclusion: REBECGA will be the Brazilian Registry of heart disease and pregnancy and it will contribute to planning preventive measures, raising financial resources for the improvement of high-risk prenatal care, and reducing immediate and late maternal mortality due to heart disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Complications, Cardiovascular/epidemiology , Registries , Maternal Mortality , Pregnancy Complications, Cardiovascular/prevention & control , Cross-Sectional Studies , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies , Heart Diseases/epidemiology , Methods
5.
CorSalud ; 13(1): 68-85, 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345922

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Ante la ocurrencia de un brote de neumonía en 59 pacientes sospechosos en un mercado local de mariscos en Wuhan, China, el 1 de diciembre de 2019 fue confirmado por el laboratorio el primer caso de un nuevo coronavirus, hasta entonces desconocido. El 7 de enero de 2020 fue identificado un nuevo tipo de virus de la familia Coronaviridae denominado SARS-CoV-2, agente causal de la enfermedad conocida como COVID-19. Los escasos informes iniciales limitaban la afectación al tracto respiratorio inferior. Con el progreso de la enfermedad y el cúmulo de evidencia científica, se demostró el papel fundamental que desempeña la afectación cardiovascular en el desarrollo y pronóstico de la infección. La edad es un predictor independiente de mortalidad y se ha demostrado una asociación entre la enfermedad cardiovascular preexistente y las formas graves de la enfermedad. La afectación cardiovascular puede ser directa o indirecta, se destacan el daño miocárdico agudo, la miocarditis, el infarto agudo de miocardio, la insuficiencia cardíaca, las arritmias y los eventos tromboembólicos venosos. Se añaden los efectos adversos del tratamiento de las complicaciones cardíacas y el ensayo con fármacos en los protocolos terapéuticos. En esta monografía se revisa el daño cardiovascular por la COVID-19.


ABSTRACT Faced with a pneumonia outbreak in 59 suspected patients at a local seafood market in Wuhan, China, the first case of a novel coronavirus was laboratory-confirmed on December 1, 2019. On January 7, 2020, a new type of virus of the family Coronaviridae called SARS-CoV-2 -causative agent of COVID-19- was identified. The few initial reports restricted involvement to the lower respiratory tract. Both, disease progression and build-up of scientific evidence, proved the crucial role played by cardiovascular involvement in the development and prognosis of the infection. Age is an independent predictor of mortality and an association between pre-existing cardiovascular disease and severe forms of the disease has been demonstrated. Cardiovascular involvement may be either direct or indirect; acute myocardial injury, myocarditis, acute myocardial infarction, heart failure, arrhythmias and venous embolic events stand out among others. Adverse effects of treatment for cardiac complications and drug testing in therapeutic protocols may be contributing aspects. This paper addresses cardiovascular involvement due to COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Pregnancy Complications, Cardiovascular , Risk Factors , Mortality , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19
6.
Gac. méd. Méx ; 157(1): 50-54, ene.-feb. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1279073

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: La enfermedad cardiovascular (ECV) constituye la principal causa de mortalidad en mujeres; la preeclampsia (PE) y la diabetes mellitus gestacional (DMG) están asociadas a incremento en el riesgo de ECV. Objetivo: Evaluar el conocimiento de los médicos generales (MG) sobre complicaciones obstétricas asociadas a ECV. Métodos: Se envió a los MG un cuestionario electrónico anónimo basado en casos, diseñado para evaluar el entendimiento de la influencia de la historia obstétrica en el riesgo cardiovascular a largo plazo y el conocimiento general sobre riesgo de ECV. Resultados: La tasa de respuesta fue de 35 % (161/465). Los participantes reconocieron que la PE y la DMG son factores de riesgo para ECV (98 y 83 %, respectivamente) y reportaron las siguientes estrategias de tamizaje de ECV en mujeres con historial de PE y DMG: monitoreo de presión arterial (PE 100 %, DMG 46 %), cálculo de índice de masa corporal (PE 68 %, DMG 57 %), evaluación del perfil de lípidos (PE 71 %, DMG 57 %), hemoglobina glucosilada (PE 26 %, DMG 92 %) y glucosa en ayuno (PE 28 %, DMG 91 %). Conclusión: Las estrategias de tamizaje para identificar ECV en mujeres con antecedentes de PE y DMG reportadas por los MG fueron variables.


Abstract Introduction: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of mortality in women; preeclampsia (PE) and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) are associated with an increased risk of CVD. Objective: To evaluate general practitioners (GP) knowledge about complicated pregnancies and their association with CVD. Methods: An anonymous case-based electronic questionnaire designed to assess the level of understanding on the influence of a history of pregnancy complications on long-term cardiovascular risk and general knowledge about CVD risk was sent to GPs. Results: The response rate was 35 % (161/465). The participants recognized that PE and GDM are risk factors for CVD (98 and 83 %, respectively), and reported the following CVD screening strategies in women with a history of PE and GDM: blood pressure monitoring (PE 100 %, GDM 46 %), body mass index calculation (PE 68 %, GDM 57 %), lipid profile evaluation (PE 71 %, GDM 57 %), glycated hemoglobin (PE 26 %, GDM 92 %), and fasting glucose (PE 28 %, GDM 91 %). Conclusion: GP-reported screening strategies to identify CVD in women with a history of PE and GDM were variable.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Pre-Eclampsia , Pregnancy Complications, Cardiovascular/etiology , Clinical Competence , Diabetes, Gestational , General Practitioners , Pregnancy Complications, Cardiovascular/diagnosis , Blood Glucose/analysis , Blood Pressure Determination , Glycated Hemoglobin A/analysis , Body Mass Index , Risk Factors , Fasting/blood , Health Care Surveys/statistics & numerical data , Lipids/blood
7.
In. Fernández, Anabela. Manejo de la embarazada crítica y potencialmente grave. Montevideo, Cuadrado, 2021. p.239-257.
Monography in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1377632
8.
In. Fernández, Anabela. Manejo de la embarazada crítica y potencialmente grave. Montevideo, Cuadrado, 2021. p.259-311.
Monography in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1377635
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880645

ABSTRACT

Anticoagulation drugs should be used for patients with mechanical heart valve (MHV) in case of potential risk of thrombosis. Pregnant women with MHV have to change therapies due to teratogenic effect of some anti-coagulation drugs. European Society of Cardiology clinical guidelines for the management of cardiovascular diseases during pregnancy gives specific suggestions for anticoagulation therapy.We have treated 2 patients with mechanical heart valve thrombosis (MVT) during pregnancy: One received low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) throughout the pregnancy and developed MVT at the third trimester of pregnancy; one developed MVT at the first trimester when replacing vitamin K antagonists (VKA) with LMWH. These patients raised secondary reflection on the balance between clinical guideline and personalized medicine. During LMWH therapy, we should dynamically monitor patients' anti-activated factor X (anti-Xa) level to evaluate coagulation function during pregnancy. When a pregnant woman with MHV develops symptoms of acute heart failure, stuck mechanical valve should be paid attention to and surgery should be promptly performed if necessary.


Subject(s)
Anticoagulants/adverse effects , Female , Heart Valve Prosthesis/adverse effects , Heart Valves , Heparin, Low-Molecular-Weight/adverse effects , Humans , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Complications, Cardiovascular/drug therapy , Thrombosis/drug therapy
10.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 85(4): 408-419, ago. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138639

ABSTRACT

Las enfermedades cardiovasculares representan la mayor causa de morbimortalidad a nivel mundial. Si bien presenta un descenso en la población general, en las mujeres tiende a mantenerse estable la prevalencia de enfermedad coronaria. Varios factores propios de la mujer predisponen a que esto ocurra, incluyendo el embarazo, mediado tanto por los cambios hematológicos y cardiovasculares característicos de la gestación; como por patologías asociadas, principalmente trastornos hipertensivos del embarazo y diabetes gestacional. Su presencia se ha asociado fuertemente a la aparición a futuro de otras patologías de alto riesgo cardiovascular como hipertensión crónica, dislipidemia y diabetes mellitus. Dado el impacto que esto representa, se hace imperante la identificación de grupos de alto riesgo y la implementación de medidas preventivas, así como de diagnóstico precoz y tratamientos adecuados con el fin de disminuir complicaciones materno-fetales en las etapas perinatal y posparto.


Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Although there is a decrease in general population, the prevalence of coronary heart disease remains stable in women. Several factors typical of womenkind predispose to cardiovascular disease, including pregnancy, mediated by hematological and cardiovascular changes characteristic of it; and by associated pathologies, mainly hypertensive disorders and diabetes. The presence of these diseases has been strongly associated with future presence of other conditions of high cardiovascular risk such as chronic hypertension, dyslipidemia and diabetes mellitus. Given this impact, the identification of high-risk groups and the implementation of preventive measures, as well as early diagnosis and adequate treatment in order to reduce both maternal and fetal complications in perinatal and postpartum stages becomes imperative.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Pre-Eclampsia , Pregnancy Complications, Cardiovascular/etiology , Cardiovascular Diseases/complications , Diabetes, Gestational , Hypertension/complications , Pre-Eclampsia/diagnosis , Pre-Eclampsia/therapy , Pregnancy Complications, Cardiovascular/diagnosis , Pregnancy Complications, Cardiovascular/therapy , Cardiovascular System/physiopathology , Risk Factors , Diabetes, Gestational/diagnosis , Diabetes, Gestational/therapy , Metabolic Diseases
11.
Arch. cardiol. Méx ; 90(2): 101-107, Apr.-Jun. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131017

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: Heart disease in pregnancy can cause clinical deterioration and maternal-fetal death. It is essential to evaluate risk factors related to complications. Methodology: This was a observational, analytical retrospective cohort study with a non-probabilistic convenience sample of pregnant women with congenital or acquired heart disease, corrected or not, or arrhythmias requiring urgent intervention. Patients with mild or moderate valvular regurgitation, mild valvular stenosis, patients without echocardiography or without delivery information were excluded from the study. The outcome was a composite of cardiac, obstetric, and neonatal events. Univariate and multivariate analyzes were performed with logistic regression model and discriminatory capacity with area under the curve and independent analysis of the modified World Health Organization (mWHO) risk classification (mWHO). Results: A total of 104 patients with an average age of 25 ± 6.5 years presented cardiac events in 13.5%, obstetric in 14.42%, and neonatal in 28.85%. The univariate analysis found an association with New York Heart Association functional status, hypertensive disorders of pregnancy, cesarean delivery, gestational age < 27 weeks, hypoxemia, and mWHO risk. In multivariate only cesarean delivery (odds ratio [OR], 2.68; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.05-6.86) and gestational age at delivery (OR, 0.39; 95% CI, 0.22-0.67) maintain association with outcomes. The area under the curve for the mWHO risk is 0.75. Conclusions: There is a high rate of adverse events in patients with heart disease during pregnancy. Gestational age and cesarean delivery behaved as predictors of adverse maternal-fetal outcomes. The mWHO risk classification had an acceptable prediction of adverse outcomes.


Resumen Objetivo: La enfermedad cardíaca en el embarazo puede ocasionar deterioro clínico y muerte maternofetal. Es indispensable evaluar factores de riesgo relacionados con complicaciones. Método: Estudio observacional y analítico de cohorte retrospectivo con muestra no probabilística por conveniencia de embarazadas con cardiopatía congénita o adquirida, corregida o no, o arritmias que requerían intervención urgente. Se excluyó a pacientes con insuficiencias valvulares leves o moderadas, estenosis valvulares leves, pacientes sin ecocardiografía o sin información del parto. El desenlace fue un compuesto de episodios cardíacos, obstétricos y neonatales. Se realizó análisis univariado y multivariado con modelo de regresión logística y capacidad diferenciadora con área bajo la curva y análisis independiente de la clasificación de riesgo de la OMS modificada (OMSm). Resultados: 104 pacientes con edad promedio de 25 ± 6.5 años presentaron episodios cardíacos en 13.5%, obstétricos en 14.42% y neonatales en 28.85%. El análisis univariado encontró una relación con el estado funcional de la NYHA, trastornos hipertensivos del embarazo, parto por cesárea, edad gestacional < 27 semanas, hipoxemia y riesgo de la OMSm. En el multivariado sólo el parto por cesárea (OR, 2.68; IC 95%, 1.05-6.86) y la edad gestacional al momento del parto (OR, 0.39; IC 95%, 0.22-0.67) mantienen nexo con los desenlaces. El área bajo la curva para el riesgo de la OMSm es de 0.75. Conclusiones: Hay una elevada tasa de efectos adversos en pacientes con enfermedad cardíaca durante el embarazo. La edad gestacional y el parto por cesárea se comportaron como predictores de resultados adversos maternofetales. La clasificación de riesgo de la OMSm tuvo una predicción aceptable de desenlaces adversos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Pregnancy Complications, Cardiovascular/physiopathology , Heart Diseases/epidemiology , Pregnancy Outcome , Cesarean Section/statistics & numerical data , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Cohort Studies , Gestational Age , Delivery, Obstetric/statistics & numerical data , Heart Diseases/physiopathology
12.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 85(2): 185-200, abr. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1115515

ABSTRACT

Desde 1995 hasta la fecha la asociación entre patologías derivadas los embarazos hipertensivos y las enfermedades cardiovasculares ha generado un gran volumen de potentes evidencias epidemiológicas y clínicas. Los propósitos de esta revisión son varios. Mostrar la consistencia y magnitud de la evidencia científica. Integrar los riesgos/enfermedades cardiovasculares y los problemas obstétricos a través de la disfunción endotelial. Preconizar el seguimiento postparto de la hipertensa embarazada, como una ventana de oportunidad para beneficiar la salud de las mujeres y sus hijos. Incluir la historia obstétrica como factor de riesgo de enfermedad coronaria. Proponer cuestionarios adaptables a las prácticas locales para facilitar la pronta incorporación de los índices de riesgo obstétrico y cardiovascular en dos etapas de la vida de una mujer. Ha llegado el momento para que los equipos obstétricos, cardiológicos y las pacientes jueguen un rol en la prevención de los riesgos y enfermedades cardiovasculares.


From 1995 onwards the association between hypertensive pregnancies and cardiovascular disease has generated a great volume of epidemiologic and clinical evidence. The purposes of this review are several. To demonstrate the consistence and weight of the scientific evidence. To integrate cardiovascular risks/diseases and obstetric complications through the link of endothelial dysfunction. To advocate postpartum follow-up after a hypertensive pregnancy as a window of opportunity to benefit the health of mothers and offsprings. To include the obstetrical history as a risk factor for coronary disease. To propose questionnaires adaptable to local practices to incorporate cardiovascular and obstetrical indexes in two stages of a woman's lifetime. The time has come for obstetrical teams, cardiologists and patients to play a preventive role regarding cardiovascular risks and diseases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Pre-Eclampsia/epidemiology , Pregnancy Complications, Cardiovascular/epidemiology , Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology , Pre-Eclampsia/diagnosis , Pre-Eclampsia/physiopathology , Pregnancy Complications, Cardiovascular/physiopathology , Pregnancy Complications, Cardiovascular/prevention & control , Cardiovascular Diseases/complications , Cardiovascular Diseases/diagnosis , Cardiovascular Diseases/physiopathology , Cardiovascular Diseases/prevention & control , Risk Factors
13.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 42(4): 228-232, Apr. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1137818

ABSTRACT

Abstract The present report describes a case of complete atrioventricular block (CAVB) diagnosed at 25 weeks of gestation in a pregnant woman with Sjögren's syndrome and positive anti-Ro/SSA antibodies. Fluorinated steroids (dexamethasone and betamethasone) and terbuline were used to increase the fetal heart rate, but the fetal heart block was not reversible, and the administration of drugs was discontinued due to maternal collateral effects. Follow-up fetal echocardiograms were performed, and the fetus evolved with pericardial effusion, presence of fibroelastosis in the right ventricle, and ventricular dysfunction. Interruption of pregnancy by cesarean section was indicated at 34 weeks of gestation, and a cardiac pacemaker was implanted in the male newborn immediately after birth. Therapy for fetuses with CAVB is controversial mainly regarding the use or not of corticosteroids; however, monitoring of the atrioventricular interval by fetal echocardiography should be performed in fetuses from pregnant women with positive autoantibodies anti-Ro/SSA and/or anti-La/SSB to prevent the progression to CAVB.


Resumo Este relato descreve um caso de bloqueio atrioventricular completo (BAVC) diagnosticado com 25 semanas de gestação em uma mulher com síndrome de Sjögren e anticorpos anti-Ro/SSA positivos. Esteroides fluoretados (dexametasona e betametasona) e terbulina foram utilizados para aumentar a frequência cardíaca fetal, mas o bloqueio cardíaco fetal não foi reversível, e a administração dos medicamentos foi interrompida devido a efeitos colaterais maternos. Ecocardiogramas fetais de acompanhamento foram realizados, e o feto evoluiu com derrame pericárdico, presença de fibroelastose no ventrículo direito, e disfunção ventricular. A interrupção da gravidez por cesariana foi indicada com 34 semanas, e um marca-passo cardíaco foi implantado no recém-nascido do sexo masculino imediatamente após o nascimento. A terapia para fetos com BAVC é controversa, principalmente no que diz respeito ao uso ou não de corticosteroides; no entanto, o monitoramento do intervalo atrioventricular pela ecocardiografia fetal deve ser feito em fetos de mulheres grávidas com autoanticorpos positivos anti-Ro/SSA e/ou anti-La/SSB para impedir a progressão para o BAVC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Pregnancy Complications, Cardiovascular , Sjogren's Syndrome/complications , Heart Block/congenital , Prenatal Care , Autoantibodies/blood , Heart Rate, Fetal/physiology , Ultrasonography, Prenatal
14.
Arch. cardiol. Méx ; 90(1): 81-85, Jan.-Mar. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131009

ABSTRACT

Abstract The prevalence of pregnancy in adolescent women is high in Mexico and represents a public health problem. The pregnant teenager with heart disease has a high probability of complications during pregnancy and the delivery, which carries a risk of death of both the mother and the product. In many cases the pregnancy should have been avoided, planned or interrupted, however the majority at this age is vulnerable and although certain cases must be interrupted by their high risk of maternal-fetal death, prevention and legal aspects should be considered. In some cases the woman wants a pregnancy although her health condition does not allow it, but there are options of adoption or recourse to a surrogate belly. In response to this growing social problem, the National Cardiology Institute Ignacio Chávez and National Institute of Perinatology, with the coordination of Ministry of Health in Mexico, started a pregnancy prevention module within a clinic of follow-up of cardiopathy and pregnancy. This review raises the global problem in our country that occupies the first place in pregnancies in adolescents, with more than 400,000 pregnancies a year and the form of immediate response in a multidisciplinary way.


Resumen La prevalencia de embarazo en mujeres adolescentes es muy alta en México, y representa un problema de salud pública. La adolescente embarazada con cardiopatía tiene altas posibilidades de complicaciones durante el embarazo y su resolución, lo que pone en riesgo la vida tanto de la madre como del producto. En muchos casos el embarazo debió ser evitado, planeado o interrumpido, sin embargo la mayoría a esta edad es vulnerable y si bien ciertos casos deben ser interrumpidos por su alto riesgo de muerte materno-fetal, es fundamental considerar la prevención y los aspectos legales. En algunos casos la mujer desea un embarazo aunque su condición de salud no se lo permite, pero existen opciones de adopción o recurrir a un vientre subrogado. Atendiendo este problema social cada vez más creciente, el Instituto Nacional de Cardiología Ignacio Chávez, en coordinación con la Comisión Coordinadora de la Secretaría de Salud y el Instituto Nacional de Perinatología, echaron a andar un módulo de prevención de embarazo dentro de una clínica de seguimiento de cardiopatía y embarazo. Esta revisión plantea el problema global en nuestro país, que ocupa el primer lugar en embarazos en adolescentes, con más de 400 mil embarazos al año y la forma de dar respuesta inmediata de manera multidisciplinaria.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adolescent , Pregnancy Complications, Cardiovascular/physiopathology , Pregnancy in Adolescence , Heart Diseases/physiopathology , Prevalence , Mexico
15.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 70(1): 48-50, Jan.-Feb. 2020.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1137132

ABSTRACT

Abstract Hereditary angioedema is an autosomal dominant disorder, presenting as sudden and recurring episodes of variable severity of subcutaneous and mucosa edema that may occur spontaneously or in response to triggers. There are three knwon types of hereditary angioedema. The disorder is caused by decrease in the plasma level or change in the functional capacity of C1 inhibitor, with increase in bradykinin and in vascular permeability, and consequent edema. Several measures are required in the perioperative period in order to avoid an acute attack. Prophylaxis should be carried out throughout pregnancy before any surgical procedure, before dental procedures, upon airway handling, on patients with previous episodes of angioedema, and when there are significant changes in volemia. The literature is scarce in regard to the association between hereditary angioedema and pregnancy. We describe a successful case of a pregnant patient with type I hereditary angioedema submitted to a C-section.


Resumo O angioedema hereditário é uma doença autossômica dominante, que se manifesta por crises súbitas, recorrentes e de gravidade variável de edema subcutâneo e submucoso, que podem ocorrer espontaneamente ou em resposta a gatilhos. São conhecidos três tipos de angioedema hereditário. A doença é condicionada por diminuição do nível plasmático ou alteração da capacidade funcional do inibidor de C1, com aumento da bradicinina e da permeabilidade vascular, com consequente edema. Várias medidas devem ser tomadas no período perioperatório de forma a evitar uma crise aguda. A profilaxia deverá ser realizada durante a gravidez antes de qualquer procedimento cirúrgico, antes de procedimentos dentários, quando existe manuseamento da via aérea, nos doentes com episódios prévios de angioedema e quando há alterações significativas da volemia. A literatura é escassa no que que diz respeito à associação de angioedema hereditário e gravidez. Descrevemos um caso de sucesso de uma grávida com angioedema hereditário tipo I submetida a cesariana.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Pregnancy Complications, Cardiovascular/therapy , Cesarean Section , Angioedemas, Hereditary/therapy , Perioperative Care
17.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 113(6): 1062-1069, Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055061

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: The improvement in surgical techniques has contributed to an increasing number of childbearing women with complex congenital heart disease (CCC). However, adequate counseling about pregnancy in this situation is uncertain, due to a wide variety of residual cardiac lesions. Objectives: To evaluate fetal and maternal outcomes in pregnant women with CCC and to analyze the predictive variables of prognosis. Methods: During 10 years we followed 435 consecutive pregnancies in patients (pts) with congenital heart disease. Among of them, we selected 42 pregnancies in 40 (mean age of 25.5 ± 4.5 years) pts with CCC, who had been advised against pregnancy. The distribution of underlying cardiac lesions were: D-Transposition of the great arteries, pulmonary atresia, tricuspid atresia, single ventricle, double-outlet ventricle and truncus arteriosus. The surgical procedures performed before gestation were: Fontan, Jatene, Rastelli, Senning, Mustard and other surgical techniques, including Blalock, Taussing, and Glenn. Eight (20,0%) pts did not have previous surgery. Nineteen 19 (47.5%) pts had hypoxemia. The clinical follow-up protocol included oxygen saturation recording, hemoglobin and hematocrit values; medication adjustment to pregnancy, anticoagulation use, when necessary, and hospitalization from 28 weeks, in severe cases. The statistical significance level considered was p < 0.05. Results: Only seventeen (40.5%) pregnancies had maternal and fetal uneventful courses. There were 13 (30.9%) maternal complications, two (4.7%) maternal deaths due to hemorrhage pos-partum and severe pre-eclampsia, both of them in women with hypoxemia. There were 7 (16.6%) stillbirths and 17 (40.5%) premature babies. Congenital heart disease was identified in two (4.1%) infants. Maternal and fetal complications were higher (p < 0.05) in women with hypoxemia. Conclusions: Pregnancy in women with CCC was associated to high maternal and offspring risks. Hypoxemia was a predictive variable of poor maternal and fetal outcomes. Women with CCC should be advised against pregnancy, even when treated in specialized care centers.


Resumo Fundamento: A contínua habilidade na conduta das cardiopatias congênitas complexas (CCC) tem permitido o alcance da idade fértil. Contudo, a heterogeneidade das lesões cardíacas na idade adulta limita a estimativa do prognóstico da gravidez. Objetivo: Estudar a evolução materno-fetal das gestantes portadoras de CCC e analisar as variáveis presumíveis de prognóstico. Método: No período de 10 anos, 435 gestantes portadoras de cardiopatias congênitas foram consecutivamente incluídas no Registro do Instituto do Coração (Registro-InCor). Dentre elas, foram selecionadas 42 gestações em 40 mulheres com CCC (24,5 ± 3,4 anos) que haviam sido desaconselhadas a engravidar. As cardiopatias de base distribuíram-se em: transposição das grandes artérias, atresia pulmonar, atresia tricúspide, ventrículo único, dupla via de saída de ventrículo direito, dupla via de entrada de ventrículo esquerdo e outras lesões estruturais. As cirurgias realizadas foram Rastelli, Fontan, Jatene, Senning, Mustard e outros procedimentos combinados, como tunelização, Blalock Taussing e Glenn. Oito pacientes (20%) não haviam sido operadas, e 19 (47,5%) apresentavam hipoxemia. O protocolo de atendimento incluiu: registro da saturação de oxigênio, hemoglobina sérica, hematócrito, ajuste das medicações, anticoagulação individualizada e hospitalização a partir de 28 semanas de gestação, em face da gravidade do quadro clínico e obstétrico. Na análise estatística, o nível de significância adotado foi de 0,05. Resultado: Somente 17 gestações (40,5%) não tiveram complicações maternas nem fetais. Houve 13 problemas maternos (30,9%) e 2 mortes (4,7%) causadas por hemorragia pós-parto e pré-eclâmpsia grave, ambas em pacientes que apresentavam hipoxemia. Houve 7 perdas fetais (16,6%), 17 bebês prematuros (40,5%) e 2 recém-nascidos (4,7%) com cardiopatia congênita. As complicações materno-fetais foram significativamente maiores em pacientes que apresentavam hipoxemia (p < 0,05). Conclusão: O alcance da idade reprodutiva em pacientes com CCC é crescente; contudo, a má evolução materno-fetal desaconselha a gravidez, particularmente nas pacientes que apresentam hipoxemia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Pregnancy Complications, Cardiovascular/physiopathology , Heart Defects, Congenital/physiopathology , Pregnancy Complications, Cardiovascular/classification , Pregnancy Complications, Cardiovascular/diagnosis , Pregnancy Complications, Cardiovascular/mortality , Prognosis , Maternal Mortality , Gestational Age , Fetal Mortality , Heart Defects, Congenital/classification , Heart Defects, Congenital/diagnosis , Heart Defects, Congenital/mortality
18.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 34(5): 627-629, Sept.-Oct. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1042036

ABSTRACT

Abstract A 27-year-old woman with sudden back pain was transported to our hospital. Abdominal ultrasonography revealed pregnancy of 28 weeks' gestation. Computed tomography demonstrated a type A aortic dissection. Because of progressive fetal deterioration, an emergency cesarean section was forced to perform. The next day, simple hysterectomy followed by an aortic procedure was completed. Valve-sparing aortic replacement and total arch replacement were employed as central operations. The mother and baby are well 9 months postoperatively. Although the strategy for acute type A aortic dissection during pregnancy is controversial, collaborations among neonatologists, obstetricians, and cardiovascular surgeons can ensure mother and infant survival.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Aortic Aneurysm/surgery , Pregnancy Complications, Cardiovascular/surgery , Heart Valve Prosthesis Implantation/methods , Aneurysm, Dissecting/surgery , Aortic Aneurysm/diagnostic imaging , Pregnancy Complications, Cardiovascular/diagnostic imaging , Pregnancy Outcome , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Cesarean Section , Treatment Outcome , Aneurysm, Dissecting/diagnostic imaging
19.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 34(4): 495-498, July-Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1020498

ABSTRACT

Abstract Management of symptomatic atrial tachycardia (AT) during pregnancy seems challenging, especially those originating from left atrial appendage (LAA), which easily tend to be incessant and mediate cardiomyopathy. It's contradictory between therapy and pregnancy. In this study, we report a case of a woman who presented with persistent AT, which lead to heart failure, during early pregnancy. She underwent successful catheter ablation using CartoSound and electroanatomic mapping without fluoroscopy. An electrophysiology (EP) study confirmed a focal LAA tachycardia. Soon after, left ventricular function of her heart normalized, and the patient successfully delivered a healthy child.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Pregnancy Complications, Cardiovascular/surgery , Atrial Fibrillation/surgery , Catheter Ablation/methods , Atrial Appendage/surgery , Pregnancy Complications, Cardiovascular/diagnostic imaging , Atrial Fibrillation/diagnostic imaging , Atrial Appendage/diagnostic imaging , Electrocardiography , Electrophysiology
20.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 41(7): 419-424, July 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1020605

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To assess maternal and perinatal outcomes in pregnancies after kidney transplantation in a tertiary center in Brazil. Methods Retrospective cohort of pregnancies in women with kidney transplantation at the Universidade Estadual de Campinas, from January 1995 until December 2017. Medical charts were reviewed, andmaternal and perinatal outcomes were described as means and frequencies. Renal function and blood pressure were evaluated during pregnancy and postpartum. Results A total of 22 women had at least 1 pregnancy during the considered timeinterval, and 3 of them had > 1 pregnancy, totalizing 25 pregnancies. The mean age at transplantation was of 24.6 ± 4.2 years old, and the mean time interval until pregnancy was of 67.8 ± 46.3months. Themost frequent complication during pregnancywas hypertension, which affected 11 (64.7%)women. The gestational age at delivery was 34.7 ± 4weeks, and 47% of these pregnancies were preterm (< 37 weeks). A total of 88.2% of the women delivered by cesarean section. Renal function, measured by serum creatinine, remained stable during pregnancy, and the systolic blood pressure increased significantly, while the diastolic blood pressure did not differ during pregnancy. Conclusion Pregnancy after kidney transplantation is a rare event. Pre-eclampsia and prematurity were frequent complications, and cesarean section rates were very high. A specialized antenatal and postpartum care with a multiprofessional approach and continuous monitoring of graft function are essential for the early diagnosis of complications and improved outcomes.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar os resultados maternos e perinatais de gestações em mulheres transplantadas renais em um centro terciário no Brasil. Métodos Coorte retrospectiva de gestações entre mulheres transplantadas renais na Universidade Estadual de Campinas, de Janeiro de 1995 a Dezembro de 2017. Os prontuários médicos foram revisados, e os resultados maternos e perinatais foram descritos como médias e frequências. A função renal e a pressão arterial foram avaliadas durante a gravidez e o puerpério. Resultados Um total de 22 mulheres tiveram ao menos 1 gravidez durante o período avaliado, e 3 delas tiveram > 1 gestação, totalizado 25 gestações. A idade média no momento do transplante foi 24.6 ± 4.2 anos, e o tempo médio de intervalo até a gravidez foi de 67.8 ± 46.3 meses. A complicação mais frequente durante a gravidez foi a hipertensão, que acometeu 11 (64.7%) mulheres. A idade gestacional no parto foi de 34.7 ± 4 semanas, e 47% das gestações encerraram-se prematuramente (< 37 semanas). Umtotal de 88.2% das gestações terminou com uma cesárea. A função renal, avaliada pela creatinina sérica, permaneceu estável durante a gravidez, enquanto a pressão arterial sistólica aumentou significativamente. A pressão arterial diastólica não diferiu ao longo dos períodos avaliados. Conclusão Gestação após o transplante renal é um evento raro. Pré-eclâmpsia e prematuridade foram as complicações mais frequentes, e as taxas de cesárea foram muito altas. O cuidado multiprofissional no pré-natal e no puerpério e a constante monitoração da função do enxerto são fundamentais para diagnosticar precocemente complicações e melhorar os resultados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Young Adult , Pregnancy Complications, Cardiovascular/epidemiology , Prenatal Care , Kidney Transplantation , Hypertension/epidemiology , Pregnancy Complications, Cardiovascular/etiology , Pregnancy Complications, Cardiovascular/blood , Brazil/epidemiology , Pregnancy Outcome , Retrospective Studies , Cohort Studies , Tertiary Care Centers , Hypertension/etiology , Hypertension/blood
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