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1.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1531825

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: identificar o conhecimento de gestantes e puérperas acerca da sífilis. Método: pesquisa descritiva, com abordagem qualitativa. A coleta de dados ocorreu por meio de instrumento semiestruturado, entre abril a julho de 2021, com 18 gestantes/puérperas com diagnóstico de sífilis na gestação. As respostas foram gravadas e transcritas na íntegra, sendo utilizado para análise a técnica do Discurso do Sujeito Coletivo. Resultados: identificou-se três ideias centrais: 1) Conhecimento sobre a sífilis, 2) Buscando conhecimento sobre a sífilis e 3) Falsa prevenção. O conhecimento das participantes mostrou-se conflitante, pois algumas apresentaram algum conhecimento e outras nenhum, sendo que todas deveriam ter sido orientadas sobre a doença. Considerações finais: identificou-se uma falha no atendimento ofertado nos serviços de saúde. Assim, estratégias voltadas à educação em saúde devem ser incentivadas e implementadas no acompanhamento de pré-natal, ofertando a promoção e prevenção da saúde, a fim de reduzir os casos de sífilis na gestação.


Objective: to identify the knowledge of pregnant and postpartum women about syphilis. Method: descriptive research, with a qualitative approach. Data collection took place using a semi-structured instrument, between April and July 2021, with 18 pregnant/postpartum women diagnosed with syphilis during pregnancy. The responses were recorded and transcribed in full, using the Collective Subject Discourse technique for analysis. Results: three central ideas were identified: 1) Knowledge about syphilis, 2) Seeking knowledge about syphilis and 3) False prevention. The knowledge of the participants was conflicting, as some had some knowledge and others none, and all of them should have been educated about the disease. Final considerations: a flaw in the care offered in health services was identified. Therefore, strategies aimed at health education should be encouraged and implemented in prenatal care, offering health promotion and prevention, in order to reduce cases of syphilis during pregnancy.


Objetivos:identificar el conocimiento de las mujeres embarazadas y puérperas sobre la sífilis. Método: investigación descriptiva, con enfoque cualitativo. La recolección de datos se realizó mediante un instrumento semiestructurado, entre abril y julio de 2021, con 18 mujeres embarazadas/puérperas diagnosticadas con sífilis durante el embarazo. Las respuestas fueron grabadas y transcritas en su totalidad, utilizando para su análisis la técnica del Discurso del Sujeto Colectivo. Resultados: se identificaron tres ideas centrales: 1) Conocimiento sobre sífilis, 2) Búsqueda de conocimiento sobre sífilis y 3) Falsa prevención. El conocimiento de los participantes fue contradictorio, ya que algunos tenían algún conocimiento y otros ninguno, y todos deberían haber sido educados sobre la enfermedad. Consideraciones finales: se identificó una falla en la atención ofrecida en los servicios de salud. Por lo tanto, se deben fomentar e implementar estrategias orientadas a la educación en salud en la atención prenatal, ofreciendo promoción y prevención de la salud, con el fin de reducir los casos de sífilis durante el embarazo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Syphilis/prevention & control , Pregnant Women/education , Prenatal Education , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious/prevention & control , Qualitative Research
2.
Rev. baiana saúde pública ; 47(2): 53-68, 20230808.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1451702

ABSTRACT

A sífilis persiste como um problema de saúde pública, sobretudo pelos entraves existentes no enfrentamento da sífilis gestacional e congênita. Considerando que a ocorrência dessas infecções se relaciona a fatores maternos e programáticos, este estudo buscou analisar as características epidemiológicas do binômio mãe-filho exposto à sífilis e sua distribuição espacial no Paraná entre 2012 e 2020. Trata-se de estudo descritivo e ecológico, com dados dos sistemas nacionais de informação do Brasil. Foram considerados os casos de gestantes e de crianças registrados entre 2012 e 2020 no estado do Paraná. Foram apresentadas as frequências absolutas e relativas para a caracterização, calculando-se a variação percentual entre o primeiro e o último triênio. Ainda, foi empregado o índice de Moran para a geoespacialização segundo regiões de saúde. Houve predomínio em mulheres de 20 a 39 anos (71,24%), brancas (67,22%) e com até oito anos de estudo (80,76%), com diagnóstico nas fases primária e latente (76,42%). Os casos concentraram-se em crianças do sexo masculino (48,72%), diagnosticadas na fase recente (96,42%), e naquelas cujas mães aderiram ao pré-natal (88,88%), mas os parceiros, por sua vez, não foram tratados (69,46%). Houve aumento do diagnóstico materno durante o pré-natal (16,61%) e redução dos óbitos infantis por sífilis (31,25%). Observou-se concentração das notificações nas regiões Metropolitana e de Pato Branco. Em suma, as gestantes apresentaram idade reprodutiva e baixa escolaridade e foram tratadas durante o pré-natal, contudo, sem a inclusão dos parceiros. Ademais, evidenciou-se comportamento espacial aleatório nas regiões de saúde, com disparidade entre a sífilis gestacional e a congênita.


Syphilis remains as serious public health issue due to existing obstacles in combating gestational and congenital syphilis. Since the onset of these infections is related to maternal and programmatic factors, this study analyzed the epidemiological profile of the mother-child binomial exposed to syphilis and its spatial distribution in Paraná from 2012 to 2020. This is a descriptive, ecological study with data from Brazilian national information systems. Cases of pregnant women and children recorded between 2012 and 2020 in the state of Paraná were considered. Absolute and relative frequencies were estimated for characterization, calculating the percentage variation between the first and last three years. The Moran index was also used for geospacialization according to health regions. Most women were aged 20 to 39 years (71.24%), white (67.22%), and had up to 8 years of schooling (80.76%), with diagnosis in the primary and latent stages (76.42%). Most cases concerned male children (48.72%), diagnosed in the recent phase (96.42%), and from mothers who adhered to prenatal care (88.88%), but the partners were untreated (69.46%). Maternal diagnosis increased during prenatal care (16.61%) and infant deaths by syphilis decreased (31.25%). Most cases were notified in the Metropolitan and Pato Branco regions. In short, the pregnant women were of reproductive age, had low education, and were treated during prenatal care, but their partners were not included. The health regions showed random spatial behavior, with disparity between gestational and congenital syphilis.


La sífilis persiste como un problema de salud pública, principalmente por los obstáculos en hacer frente la sífilis gestacional y congénita. Teniendo en cuenta que la ocurrencia de estas infecciones está relacionada con los factores maternos y programáticos, este estudio tuvo como objetivo analizar las características epidemiológicas del binomio madre-hijo expuestos a la sífilis y la distribución espacial en Paraná (Brasil) entre 2012 y 2020. Se trata de un estudio descriptivo y ecológico, con datos de los sistemas de información nacionales de Brasil. Se consideraron los casos de mujeres embarazadas y niños registrados entre 2012 y 2020 en Paraná. Se presentaron las frecuencias absolutas y relativas, calculando la variación porcentual entre el primer y el último trienio. Asimismo, se utilizó el índice de Moran, según regiones de salud. Predominaron las mujeres de entre 20 y 39 años de edad (71,24%), blancas (67,22%), con hasta ocho años de estudio (80,76%), con diagnóstico en estadio primario y latente (76,42%). Los casos se concentraron en hijos varones (48,72%), diagnosticados en fase reciente (96,42%), y en aquellos cuyas madres tuvieron acceso a los cuidados prenatales (88,88%), pero su pareja no recibió el tratamiento (69,46%). Hubo un aumento en el diagnóstico materno durante la atención prenatal (16,61%) y una reducción en las muertes de niños por sífilis (31,25%). Se observó una concentración de casos en las regiones Metropolitana y de Pato Branco. En resumen, las mujeres embarazadas se encontraban en edad reproductiva, tenían bajo nivel de estudios y eran atendidas durante el prenatal, sin incluir su pareja. Además, se evidenció un comportamiento espacial aleatorio en las regiones de salud, con disparidad entre sífilis gestacional y congénita.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious , Syphilis, Congenital
3.
Distúrb. comun ; 35(1): e58742, 01/06/2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1436216

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A integridade do sistema auditivo é essencial para o desenvolvimento das habilidades auditivas e aquisição da linguagem da criança. Considerando a alta prevalência de perda auditiva em recém-nascidos, devido a infecções congênitas que ocorrem durante a gestação, há a necessidade de investigar os efeitos da Covid-19 na audição do RN. Objetivo: Verificar a associação entre perda auditiva em neonatos de gestantes diagnosticadas com COVID-19. Estratégia de Pesquisa: A busca de artigos científicos foi realizada nas bases de dados Medline (Pubmed), LILACS, SciELO, Scopus, Web of Science e Bireme sem restrição de idioma, período e localização. Para complementar e evitar viés de risco foi realizada uma busca por literatura cinzenta no Google Acadêmico. Critérios de Seleção: A revisão sistemática foi conduzida de acordo com as recomendações do Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) e incluiu estudos que pontuaram ≥ 6 pontos de acordo com o protocolo de pontuação qualitativa proposto por Pithon et al. (2015). Análise dos dados: Os artigos elegíveis foram analisados e quantificados seguindo os critérios propostos no presente estudo com juízes cegos nas etapas de recuperação. Resultados: foram recuperados 29 artigos com potencial de inclusão, dos quais 6 responderam à questão norteadora com potencial de elegibilidade. Quatro estudos encontrados não detectaram associação entre infecção materna por COVID-19 e perda auditiva congênita. Conclusão: A infecção por COVID-19 durante a gravidez não parece ser fator de risco para perda auditiva congênita e não foram verificadas alterações auditivas impactantes que comprometessem estes neonatos por infecção vertical. (AU)


Introduction: The integrity of the auditory system is essential for children to develop auditory skills and acquire language. Considering the high prevalence of hearing loss in newborns due to congenital infections that occur during pregnancy, there is a need to investigate the effects of COVID-19 on newborns' hearing. Objective: To verify the association between hearing loss in newborns whose mothers had been diagnosed with COVID-19 during pregnancy. Research Strategy: Scientific articles were searched in the MEDLINE (PubMed), LILACS, SciELO, Scopus, Web of Science, and BIREME databases, without restrictions on the language, time, and place of study. The grey literature was also searched in Google Scholar to complement the sample and avoid risk bias. Selection Criteria: The systematic review followed the recommendations of the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) and included studies that scored ≥ 6 points according to the protocol for qualitative scoring proposed by Pithon et al. (2015). Data analysis: It was performed using a specific form for systematic reviews prepared by two researchers in Excel®. Results: 29 potentially eligible articles were retrieved, six of which answered the research question. Four studies did not detect an association between maternal COVID-19 infection and congenital hearing loss. Conclusion: COVID-19 infection during pregnancy does not seem to be a risk factor for congenital hearing loss and there were no impacting hearing changes due to vertical infection that might affect these newborns. (AU)


Introducción: La integridad del sistema auditivo es fundamental para el desarrollo de las habilidades auditivas y la adquisición del lenguaje de los niños. Considerando la alta prevalencia de hipoacusia (HL) en recién nacidos (RN), debido a infecciones congénitas que ocurren durante el embarazo, surge la necesidad de investigar los efectos del Covid-19 en la audición del recién nacido. Objetivo: Verificar la asociación entre hipoacusia en neonatos de gestantes diagnosticadas con COVID-19. Estrategia de investigación: La búsqueda de artículos científicos se realizó en las bases de datos Medline (Pubmed), LILACS, SciELO, Scopus, Web of Science y Bireme, sin restricción de idioma, período y ubicación. Para complementar y evitar sesgos de riesgo, se realizó una búsqueda de literatura gris en Google Scholar. Criterios de selección: La revisión sistemática se realizó de acuerdo con las recomendaciones de los Elementos de información preferidos para revisiones sistemáticas y metanálisis (PRISMA). Los estudios que obtuvieron una puntuación ≥ 6 puntos según el protocolo de puntuación cualitativa propuesto por Pithon et al. (2015). Análisis de datos: Se realizó mediante un formulario específico para revisión sistemática elaborado por dos investigadores del Programa Excel®. Resultados: se recuperaron 29 artículos con potencial de inclusión, de los cuales 6 respondieron a la pregunta orientadora Cuatro estudios encontrados no detectaron una asociación entre la infección materna por COVID-19 y la pérdida auditiva congénita. Conclusión: La infección por COVID-19 durante el embarazo no parece ser un factor de riesgo para la pérdida auditiva congénita y no hubo cambios auditivos impactantes que pudieran comprometer a estos recién nacidos debido a la infección vertical. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infectious Disease Transmission, Vertical , COVID-19 , Hearing Loss/congenital , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious , Risk Factors , Hearing Loss/etiology
4.
DST j. bras. doenças sex. transm ; 35jan. 31, 2023. graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1429000

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Syphilis is an infectious systemic disease caused by the bacterium Treponema pallidum. The Amaury de Medeiros Integrated University Health Center in Recife is a reference maternity hospital for high-risk pregnancies and the management of the most common Sexually Transmitted Infections during prenatal care, including Gestational Syphilis and Congenital Syphilis. Objective: To determine the epidemiological profile of the population exposed to these conditions, the rate of Gestational Syphilis detection, the incidence of Congenital Syphilis, and the associated unfavorable outcomes in Amaury de Medeiros Integrated University Health Center between January 2019 and December 2021. Methods: This retrospective cohort study included pregnant women and neonates diagnosed with syphilis at Amaury de Medeiros Integrated University Health Center. Data were collected from the Notification/Investigation Forms for Gestational Syphilis and Congenital Syphilis, between January 2019 and December 2021. Results: At Amaury de Medeiros Integrated University Health Center, 463 cases of Gestational Syphilis and 296 of Congenital Syphilis were reported. During the three-year study, 4444, 4360, and 4265 live births were recorded, confirming the Gestational Syphilis detection rates ­ 33.30, 36.92, and 36.10 per 1000 live births, with the incidence of Congenital Syphilis being 26.1, 21.33, and 20.39 per 1000 live births. Pregnant women in their third trimester who were brown, had incomplete primary education, and lived in an urban area were the main sociodemographic variables. In total, 217 (73.3%) patients were diagnosed with Gestational Syphilis during or after delivery, indicating a low prenatal coverage (70.6%). In terms of the progression of Congenital Syphilis, unfavorable outcomes was found in 40 (13.5%) patients, including 16 (40%) abortions, 10 (25%) stillbirths, nine (22.5%) deaths from Congenital Syphilis, and 5 (12.5%) deaths from other causes. Conclusion: Gestational Syphilis detection rates and Congenital Syphilis incidence remain alarming, with abortions and stillbirths being the most common unfavorable outcomes. To change the dramatic situation of Congenital Syphilis in Brazil, the associated factors point to a poor quality of prenatal care and an urgent need to change public policies for pregnant women and newborns, in conjunction with socioeconomic assistance


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious/epidemiology , Syphilis, Congenital/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Syphilis/diagnosis , Syphilis/transmission , Syphilis/epidemiology , Incidence , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
5.
DST j. bras. doenças sex. transm ; 35jan. 31, 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1526862

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Maternal and child health are essential to public health, especially during pregnancy, where urogenital infections can affect mothers and fetuses. Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) increase obstetric risks and have complex connections with the human immunodeficiency virus ­ HIV. In Brazil, pregnant women with HIV are a growing concern, requiring focus and appropriate interventions. Objective: This study aimed to examine the clinical and epidemiological characteristics of urogenital infections in pregnant women with and without HIV and to assess whether there are notable differences between these groups. Methods: A scoping review was conducted following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses ­ Extension for Scoping Reviews (PRISMA-ScR) and Joanna Briggs Institute guidelines. Databases such as Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online (MEDLINE), Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde (LILACS), and Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO) were explored using relevant terms. Inclusion/exclusion criteria selected nine studies for analysis. A Population, Intervention, Comparison, Outcome, and Study Design (PICOS) approach directed the search. Results: Pregnant women with HIV had a high prevalence of STIs, including Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Trichomonas vaginalis, and bacterial vaginosis. HIV infection appears to influence the risk and severity of urogenital infections. Pregnancy increases the risk of STIs, regardless of HIV status. Male partners may also influence the presence of STIs in pregnant women, especially those with HIV. Conclusion: This study highlights the association between HIV status and urogenital infections in pregnant women, indicating the need for appropriate screening and care. Prevention and treatment of STIs in pregnant women are essential for maternal and child health, regardless of HIV status. An in-depth understanding of these issues can improve public policies, clinical practices, and preventive interventions that target the overall health of these vulnerable populations.Keywords: HIV. Signs and symptoms. Female urogenital diseases and pregnancy complications. Pregnant women. Sexually transmitted infections


Introdução: A saúde materna e infantil é essencial na saúde pública, especialmente durante a gravidez, quando infecções urogenitais podem afetar mães e fetos. Infecções sexualmente transmissíveis (IST) aumentam riscos obstétricos e têm conexões complexas com o vírus da imunodeficiência humana (HIV). No Brasil, gestantes com HIV são uma preocupação crescente, requerendo foco e intervenções adequadas. Objetivo: Este estudo teve como objetivo examinar as características clínicas e epidemiológicas das infecções urogenitais em mulheres grávidas com e sem HIV, avaliando se há diferenças notáveis entre esses grupos. Métodos: Uma revisão de escopo foi conduzida, seguindo as diretrizes Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses - Extension for Scoping Reviews(PRISMA-ScR) e Joanna Briggs Institute. Bases de dados como Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online (MEDLINE), Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde (LILACS), and Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO) foram exploradas com termos relevantes. Os critérios de inclusão/exclusão selecionaram nove estudos para análise. Uma abordagem do tipo População, Intervenção, Comparação, Desfecho e Desenho do Estudo (PICOS) direcionou a pesquisa. Resultados: Mulheres grávidas com HIV apresentaram alta prevalência de IST, incluindo Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Trichomonas vaginalis e vaginose bacteriana. A infecção por HIV parece influenciar o risco e a gravidade das infecções urogenitais. A gravidez aumentou o risco de IST, independentemente do status de HIV. Os parceiros masculinos também podem influenciar a presença de IST em mulheres grávidas, especialmente aquelas com HIV. Conclusão: A associação entre o status de HIV e as infecções urogenitais em mulheres grávidas indica a necessidade de rastreamento e cuidado adequado. A prevenção e o tratamento de IST em gestantes são essenciais para a saúde materno-infantil, independentemente do status de HIV


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious , Urinary Tract Infections , HIV Infections/complications , Reproductive Tract Infections , Severity of Illness Index
6.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1157-1162, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985648

ABSTRACT

Influenza is an acute respiratory infectious disease caused by influenza virus. Pregnancy is associated with physiologic and immunological changes that may increase the risk for influenza virus infection and influenza-related complications. Influenza vaccination is the most effective way to prevent influenza virus infection. WHO and many countries have classified pregnant women as a priority population for influenza vaccination, however, there are still many challenges for promoting influenza vaccination in pregnant women in China, influenza vaccination coverage in pregnant women remains low and some influenza vaccine package inserts list pregnancy as an absolute contraindication. In this paper, we summarize the research progress in the effects of influenza infection and influenza vaccination during pregnancy both at home and abroad, then discuss the strategies to promote influenza vaccination in pregnancy for the purpose of providing reference for the related research and policy development in China.


Subject(s)
Pregnancy , Female , Humans , Pregnant Women , Influenza, Human/epidemiology , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious/epidemiology , Influenza Vaccines , Vaccination , Orthomyxoviridae
7.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 455-459, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986152

ABSTRACT

Hepatitis E is a viral hepatitis that the hepatitis E virus (HEV) causes. In the early 1980s, the hepatitis E virus was first discovered and identified, and it is one of the important pathogens that cause acute viral hepatitis globally. HEV infection is usually self-limiting, but in some groups of populations, such as pregnant women, patients with chronic liver disease, and the elderly, the prognosis is poor and may result in acute or subacute liver failure or even death. In addition, HEV infection can occur in chronically immunocompromised populations. At present, some regions and countries are not paying enough attention to hepatitis E prevention, diagnosis, and treatment, which suggests that we should study the epidemiology of HEV infection.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Aged , Hepatitis E/epidemiology , Hepatitis E virus/genetics , Prognosis , Liver Failure , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious
8.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 534-540, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981990

ABSTRACT

Currently, the main strategy for preventing neonatal group B Streptococcus (GBS) infection is prenatal screening combined with intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis, which has effectively reduced the incidence of neonatal GBS early-onset disease. However, the burden of GBS infection is still significant. The intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis strategy has limitations such as inducing antibiotic resistance and inability to effectively prevent GBS late-onset disease. It is crucial to develop and evaluate other prevention strategies, while paying close attention to assessing penicillin allergy in pregnant women and how to prevent GBS infection in neonates with negative maternal GBS screening. In recent years, there has been some progress in GBS vaccines and related immunological research, and the use of specific vaccines is expected to significantly reduce GBS infection in neonates.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Antibiotic Prophylaxis , Infectious Disease Transmission, Vertical/prevention & control , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious/epidemiology , Streptococcal Infections/drug therapy , Streptococcus agalactiae
9.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, CONASS, ColecionaSUS, SES-GO | ID: biblio-1526679

ABSTRACT

A sífilis é uma infecção causada pelo Treponema pallidum, podendo ser transmitida sexualmente, de forma congênita, por meio de transfusões sanguíneas ou por meio de transplantes de órgãos. Objetivo: O presente estudo objetivou realizar uma revisão da literatura sobre as consequências da sífilis gestacional na saúde pública, enfatizando diagnóstico, tratamento e desfechos para a mãe e o bebê. Metodologia: Trata-se de uma revisão integrativa da literatura científica, com seleção dos estudos nas bases de dados: Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde (BVS), PubMed (National Center Biotechnology Information) e SciELO (Scientific Electronic Library Online), por meio do emprego dos Descritores em Ciências da Saúde (DeCS): sífilis gestacional, sífilis congênita e complicações infecciosas na gravidez, nos idiomas português e inglês, combinados por operador booleano "AND" entre os termos, no período de 2018 a 2022. Resultados e Discussão: Foram incluídos 21 artigos científicos nesse trabalho. O conhecimento restrito das gestantes sobre a sífilis, a reinfecção pelo parceiro sexual não tratado e a dificuldade dos profissionais de saúde em diagnosticar e estabelecer o protocolo de tratamento são apontados como o cerne do problema. Ficou evidente a deficiência do pré-natal, do diagnóstico e do tratamento. Conclusão: As fragilidades do sistema de saúde nesse cenário são nítidas, visto que o número de casos de sífilis congênita, gestacional e adquirida vem aumentando no Brasil, demandando maior atenção por parte das políticas públicas de saúde, para assim melhorar a qualidade do pré-natal e evitar os recorrentes desfechos negativos para a mãe e o bebê


Syphilis is an infection caused by Treponema pallidum, being transmitted sexually, congenitally, through blood transfusions or through organ transplants. Objective: This study aimed to perform an integrative literature review on the impact of syphilis in pregnant women on public health, emphasizing the main methods of diagnosis, treatment and outcomes for mother and baby. Method: This is an integrative review, with selection of studies in the databases: Virtual Health Library (BVS), PubMed (National Center Biotechnology Information) and SciELO, through the descriptors in Health Sciences (DeCS): gestational syphilis, congenital syphilis and infectious complications in pregnancy in portuguese and english languages, combined by Boolean "AND" operators between the terms, from 2018 to 2022. Results and Discussion: Twenty-one scientific articles were included in this work. The restricted knowledge of pregnant women about the disease, reinfection by an untreated sexual partner and the lack of knowledge of health professionals when diagnosing and establishing the treatment protocol are seen as the core problem. The deficiency of prenatal care, diagnosis and treatment was evident. Conclusion: The weaknesses of the health system in this scenario are clear, since the number of cases of congenital, gestational and acquired syphilis has been increasing in Brazil, demanding greater attention from public health policies, in order to improve the quality of prenatal care and avoid recurrent negative outcomes for mother and baby


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious , Syphilis/diagnosis , Health Policy , Brazil
10.
Rev. Bras. Saúde Mater. Infant. (Online) ; 22(4): 739-751, Oct.-Dec. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1422675

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives: to describe the motor development, in the first two years of life, of children with evidence of congenital Zika virus syndrome (CZS) at birth and of children exposed to the Zika virus (ZIKV) during pregnancy, but without evidence of CZS. Methods: systematic review, according to the recommendations of the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews (PRISMA). The search took place in the VHL/LILACS interface and BIREME/ PubMed interface databases until March 2020. Two researchers analyzed the quality of the studies using the Johanna Briggs Institute methodology. Results: 21 articles were selected. Children with CZS have severe impairment of motor functions and a high prevalence of spastic cerebral palsy. At two years of life, most reached only early levels of motor development; with impaired vision, hearing, language, cognition, behavior, and social interaction. On the other hand, children exposed to ZIKV, but without evidence of CZS, are at lower risk, about 20% have late manifestations of delay and/or neurodevelopmental disorder. Variables associated with greater motor impairment are early maternal infection, preterm birth, lower head circumference, abnormal imaging, use of anticonvulsant, increasing age, arthrogryposis, epilepsy, deficits in vision, language, cognition, and lower income. Conclusion: Most children with CZS show severe motor impairment; a small part of those exposed to ZIKV, without evidence of the syndrome at birth, have alteration in neurodevelopment. Those children should be followed in the long-term, since some manifestations may occur belatedly.


Resumo Objetivos: analisar o desenvolvimento motor, nos dois primeiros anos de vida, de crianças com evidências da síndrome congênita pelo Zika vírus (SCZ) ao nascimento e de crianças expostas ao Zika vírus (ZIKV) durante a gestação, mas sem evidências da SCZ. Métodos: revisão sistemática, segundo as recomendações da Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews (PRISMA). A busca ocorreu nas bases BVS/interface LILACS e BIREME/interface PubMed até março de 2020. Duas pesquisadoras analisaram a qualidade dos estudos pela metodologia do Johanna Briggs Institute. Resultados: entre 184 publicações, selecionou-se 21 artigos. Crianças com a SCZ apresentam grave comprometimento das funções motoras e alta prevalência de paralisia cerebral espástica. Aos dois anos de vida, a maior parte atingiu apenas níveis iniciais do desenvolvimento motor; com comprometimento da visão, audição, linguagem, cognição, comportamento e interação social. Já as crianças expostas ao ZIKV, mas sem evidências da SCZ, estão em menor risco, cerca de 20% apresentam manifestações tardias de atraso e/ou anormalidade do neurodesenvolvimento. Variáveis associadas a maior comprometimento motor são: infecção materna precoce, nascimento pré-termo, menor perímetro cefálico, exame de imagem anormal, uso de anticonvulsivante, aumento da idade, artrogripose, epilepsia, déficits da visão, linguagem, cognição, e menor renda. Conclusão: a maioria das crianças com SCZ apresenta grave comprometimento motor; pequena parte das expostas ao ZIKV, sem evidências da síndrome ao nascimento, tem alteração no neurodesenvolvimento. Estas crianças devem ser acompanhadas por longo prazo, pois algumas manifestações podem ser tardias.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious , Motor Skills Disorders , Neurodevelopmental Disorders , Zika Virus , Zika Virus Infection , Microcephaly
11.
Rev. Bras. Saúde Mater. Infant. (Online) ; 22(3): 577-584, July-Sept. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1406670

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives: to estimate the proportion of seroconversion cases among infants exposed to HIV and verify the risk factors associated. Methods: this was a historical cohort study conducted in the State of Santa Catarina between 2007 and 2017. The data were obtained from the Notifable Diseases Information System (SINAN - Portuguese acronym) that records HIV-infected pregnant women and HIV-exposed infants. The public health service monitored the infants from birth to 18 months of age to determine whether HIV seroconversion occurred. Results: a total of 5,554 HIV-infected pregnant women were included in the study (mean age 26.7±6.5 years). They were predominantly white, with poor education level, and were diagnosed with HIV until the 2nd trimester of pregnancy. A total of 4,559 records of HIV-exposed infants were screened, of which 130 cases (2.9%) of seroconversion were confrmed. Non-use of antiretroviral drugs during pregnancy (OR=9.31, CI95%=5.97-14.52; p<0.001) and breastfeeding (OR=3.10, CI95%=1.34-7.20; p=0.008) were independent risk factors for seroconversion. Conclusions: these data demonstrate gaps in prenatal care, regarding adherence to treatment and monitoring of HIV-infected mothers, resulting in new cases of HIV among children, which could be avoided.


Resumo Objetivos: estimar a proporção de soroconversão da criança exposta ao HIV e verificar os fatores de risco associados, no período de 2007-2017 em Santa Catarina. Métodos: o delineamento utilizado foi de coorte histórica e os dados obtidos no Sistema de Informação de Agravos de Notificação (SINAN) que registra as gestantes infectadas e as crianças expostas ao HIV. As crianças foram acompanhadas pelo serviço de saúde desde o nascimento até o 18º mês de vida, para determinar a ocorrência de soroconversão pelo HIV. Resultados: foram identificadas 5.554 gestantes infectadas pelo HIV com média de idade de 26,7±6,5 anos, predomínio da raça branca, baixa escolaridade e que receberam o diagnóstico para o HIV até o 2º trimestre gestacional. Foram incluídas 4.559 fichas de crianças expostas ao HIV, das quais 130 casos (2,9%) de soroconversão foram confrmados. O não uso de antirretroviral durante a gestação (OR=9,31, IC95%=5,97-14,52; p<0,001) e aleitamento materno (OR=3,10, IC95%=1,34-7,20; p=0,008) foram fatores de risco independentes para a soroconversão. Conclusões: esses dados demonstram lacunas na assistência pré-natal, quanto a adesão ao tratamento e acompanhamento de mães infectadas pelo HIV, resultando em casos novos de HIV entre crianças, que poderiam ser evitados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Risk Factors , Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/epidemiology , HIV Seropositivity/epidemiology , Infectious Disease Transmission, Vertical , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious , Pregnancy Trimester, Second , Prenatal Care , Brazil/epidemiology
13.
Cogit. Enferm. (Online) ; 27: e80433, Curitiba: UFPR, 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1394313

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: construir e validar um cenário de simulação clínica sobre a testagem rápida e aconselhamento para o HIV em gestantes. Método: estudo metodológico, de validação de aparência e conteúdo, desenvolvido no período de junho a outubro de 2020 por meio da técnica Delphi. Para a validação, foram incluídos os juízes que obtiveram cinco ou mais pontos segundo os critérios de Fehring adaptados. Os dados foram analisados mediante o cálculo do Índice de Validade de Conteúdo (IVC). Resultados: depois da primeira rodada Delphi, dois itens (5,7%) não atingiram o I-CVI necessário para validação em todos os critérios avaliados, que foram: comportamental, objetividade, simplicidade, clareza, relevância, precisão, variedade, modalidade, tipicidade e credibilidade. Ao final da segunda rodada Delphi, todos os itens (100%) atingiram o I-CVI necessário para validação. Conclusão: o roteiro se mostrou válido, contribuindo para subsidiar o ensino da testagem e do aconselhamento de gestante sobre o HIV.


ABSTRACT Objective: to construct and validate a clinical simulation scenario on rapid HIV testing and counseling in pregnant women. Method: methodological study, of appearance and content validation, developed between June and October 2020 through the Delphi technique. For validation, the judges who obtained five or more points according to the adapted Fehring criteria were included. The data were analyzed by calculating the Content Validity Index (CVI). Results: After the first Delphi round, two items (5.7%) did not reach the I-CVI required for validation in all the criteria evaluated, which were: behavioral, objectivity, simplicity, clarity, relevance, accuracy, variety, modality, typicality, and credibility. At the end of the second Delphi round, all items (100%) reached the I-CVI required for validation. Conclusion: the script proved to be valid, contributing to subsidize the teaching of HIV testing and counseling of pregnant women.


RESUMEN Objetivo: construir y validar un escenario de simulación clínica sobre pruebas rápidas y asesoramiento para el VIH en mujeres embarazadas. Método: estudio metodológico, de valoración de la apariencia y el contenido, desarrollado en el período de junio a octubre de 2020 mediante la técnica Delphi. Para la validación, se incluyeron los jueces que obtuvieron cinco o más puntos según los criterios adaptados de Fehring. Los datos se analizaron calculando el Índice de Validez del Contenido (IVC). Resultados: Tras la primera ronda Delphi, dos ítems (5,7%) no alcanzaron el I-CVI requerido para la validación en todos los criterios evaluados, que fueron: comportamiento, objetividad, simplicidad, claridad, relevancia, precisión, variedad, modalidad, tipicidad y credibilidad. Al final de la segunda ronda Delphi, todos los ítems (100%) alcanzaron el I-CVI requerido para la validación. Conclusión: el rodillo se mostró válido, contribuyendo a subvencionar la enseñanza de la prueba y el asesoramiento de gestores sobre el VIH.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious/diagnosis , HIV Infections/diagnosis , Directive Counseling/methods , Simulation Training/methods , HIV Testing/methods , Reproducibility of Results , Delphi Technique , Patient Simulation
14.
Rev. Méd. Inst. Mex. Seguro Soc ; 60(2): 116-128, abr. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, MMyP | ID: biblio-1367223

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la enfermedad COVID-19 en el embarazo es la primera causa de muerte materna en México, y se ha reportado que favorece las formas graves de la enfermedad. Objetivo: describir las características clínicas, obstétricas y perinatales de pacientes embarazadas con enfermedad COVID-19 atendidas en la UMAE "Luis Castelazo Ayala" del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social (IMSS). Material y métodos: estudio observacional, transversal y retrospectivo de pacientes embarazadas con COVID-19 atendidas de marzo a diciembre del 2020. Las características epidemiológicas, complicaciones y resultados perinatales se analizaron con estadística descriptiva e inferencial. Resultados: se incluyeron 133 pacientes: 84.5% presentaron enfermedad leve, 8% moderada y 8.5% severa y crítica. Las comorbilidades preexistentes fueron: obesidad, diabetes e hipotiroidismo. Los principales síntomas: tos, cefalea, fiebre, rinorrea y anosmia. En casos severos y críticos la taquicardia, taquipnea e hipoxemia estuvieron presentes. En las formas severa y crítica se observaron: linfoneutropenia, hiperglucemia y transaminasemia. El fibrinógeno y dímero D sin cambios. El parto pretérmino, el oligohidroamnios, la hipertensión gestacional, la preeclampsia severa y la neumonía fueron las principales complicaciones. El 75% de los recién nacidos no presentaron complicaciones. Conclusiones: el comportamiento clínico de la enfermedad fue, en su mayoría, leve, e incluso en los casos moderados así como en los severos y complicados los resultados del binomio fueron favorables. No hubo muerte materna ni se evidenció transmisión vertical.


Background: COVID-19 disease is the leading cause of maternal death in Mexico. The data published to date indicate that pregnancy favors severe forms of the disease. Objective: To describe the clinical, obstetric and perinatal characteristics of pregnant women with COVID-19 disease treated at the UMAE "Luis Castelazo Ayala" of the Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social. Material and methods: Observational, cross-sectional and retrospective study of pregnant women with COVID-19 treated from March to December 2020. The epidemiological characteristics, complications and perinatal results were analyzed with descriptive and inferential statistics. Results: 133 patients included: 84.5% with mild disease, 8 % moderate and 8.5% severe and critical. Pre-existing comorbidities: obesity, diabetes and hypothyroidism. Main symptoms: cough, headache, fever, rhinorrhea and anosmia. In severe and critical cases, tachycardia, tachypnea, and hypoxemia were present. Lymphoneutropenia, hyperglycemia, and transaminasemia were seen in severe and critical forms. Fibrinogen and D dimer stayed unchanged. Preterm delivery, oligohydramnios, gestational hypertension, severe preeclampsia, and pneumonia were the main complications. 75% of the newborns without complications. Conclusions: The clinical behavior of the disease was mostly mild and even in moderate cases, and even in moderate as well as severe and complicated cases, the binomial results were favorable. There was no maternal death.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious/virology , COVID-19/complications , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious/diagnosis , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious/epidemiology , Pregnancy Trimesters , Comorbidity , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Peripartum Period , COVID-19/diagnosis , COVID-19/epidemiology , Mexico/epidemiology
15.
Rev. bras. anal. clin ; 54(1): 82-86, 20220330. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1395851

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to determine the prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii) infection in pregnant women in Santa Catarina, as well as to analyze the knowledge about zoonosis in the study population. Methods: Therefore, 109 volunteers evaluated in Basic Health Units in the city of Blumenau and Brusque were evaluated. The data were collected through questionnaires and analysis of the pregnant woman's handbooks with medical records. Results: In this study, the prevalence of IgG anti-T. gondii was 53.7%, with positivity for IgM anti-T. gondii was 1.0%. Seronegativity for toxoplasmosis was verified in 45.3% of the participants. In addition, the data demonstrated that the majority of pregnant women have not any knowledge of the disease. Conclusion: The results of obtained demonstrated that health actions promotion is crucial to clarify about T. gondii infection, in order to prevent this disease during pregnancy.


O presente trabalho teve por objetivo determinar a prevalência de infecção pelo Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii) entre gestantes de Santa Catarina, bem como analisar o conhecimento sobre a zoonose na população em estudo. Métodos: Para tanto, foram avaliadas 109 voluntárias atendidas em Unidades Básicas de Saúde dos municípios de Blumenau e Brusque. Os dados foram coletados por meio de questionários e análise de cadernetas da gestante. Resultados: Neste estudo, a prevalência global de anti-T. gondii IgG foi de 53,7%, sendo que a positividade para anti-T. gondii IgM foi de 1,0%. A soronegatividade para toxoplasmose foi verificada em 45,3% das participantes. Além disso, os dados revelaram que a maioria das gestantes não tem conhecimento acerca da doença. Conclusão: Os resultados deste estudo demostraram a necessidade da promoção de ações de saúde voltadas ao esclarecimento sobre o T. gondii visando prevenir a infecção durante a gestação.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adolescent , Adult , Toxoplasmosis , Toxoplasmosis, Congenital , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious , Prenatal Care , Toxoplasma
16.
Rev. chil. enferm. respir ; 38(1): 37-42, mar. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388171

ABSTRACT

Resumen Se han comunicado buenos resultados clínicos al poner en posición prono a pacientes con Síndrome de Distrés Respiratorio Agudo por COVID-19. Objetivo: Describir la maniobra prono, sus resultados clínicos y cuidados asociados, en una mujer de 34 años de edad con 26 semanas de embarazo, que estaba en ventilación mecánica, por un cuadro clínico de neumonía multifocal por COVID-19. Se realizó maniobra prono lateralizada hacia izquierda, en tres etapas, preparación, ejecución y evaluación. Luego de 62 h de prono, se observó una recuperación favorable de la gestante: la relación PaO2/FiO2 aumentó de 151 a 368 mmHg, y disminuyó el compromiso radiológico pulmonar, sin que se detectaran complicaciones fetales. Conclusiones: Esta maniobra que puede beneficiar a pacientes con insuficiencia respiratoria grave, en embarazadas debe ser una técnica protocolizada, con equipos de trabajo experimentados e implementación adecuada.


Good clinical results have been reported when placing patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome due to COVID-19 in a prone position. Objective: To describe the prone maneuver, its clinical results and associated care in a 34-year-old woman with 26 weeks of pregnancy, who was on mechanical ventilation, due to a clinical picture of COVID-19 multifocal pneumonia. Lateralized prone maneuver was carried out to the left, in three stages, preparation, execution and evaluation. After 62 hours of prone, a favorable recovery of the pregnant woman was observed: PaO2/FiO2 ratio increased from 151 to 368 mmHg, and the pulmonary radiological compromise decreased, without fetal complications being detected. Conclusions: This maneuver that might benefit patients with severe respiratory failure, in pregnant women should be a protocolized technique, with experienced work teams and adequate implementation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious/therapy , Respiratory Insufficiency/therapy , Prone Position , Patient Positioning , COVID-19/therapy , Respiration, Artificial/methods , Respiratory Insufficiency/etiology , COVID-19/complications
17.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 87(1): 3-10, feb. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388704

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Comparar los resultados del embarazo entre mujeres con y sin COVID-19 atendidas en un hospital nacional de nivel III de Perú. MÉTODO: Estudio observacional, retrospectivo y comparativo. Participaron gestantes con RT-PCR positiva y negativa en razón 1:1, y 1:2 con gestantes del año 2019. Se recogió información materna y perinatal. Se usó la prueba exacta de Fisher con significancia de 0,05 y razones de prevalencia (RP) con intervalo de confianza del 95% (IC95%). RESULTADOS: Participaron 51 gestantes con RT-PCR positiva, 51 gestantes con RT-PCR negativa y 102 gestantes del año 2019. Se observó asociación entre los resultados de la RT-PCR y el parto pretérmino (p < 0,05). La RP de parto pretérmino en las gestantes con RT-PCR positiva fue de 3,14 (IC95%: 1,29-7,64) veces en comparación con las gestantes de 2019 y de 4,0 (IC95%: 1,13-14,17) veces en comparación con las gestantes con RT-PCR negativa. CONCLUSIONES: Los hallazgos sugieren que puede existir asociación entre COVID-19 y parto pretérmino. Sin embargo, se requieren estudios más amplios para analizar el papel de otros factores maternos en esta asociación.


OBJECTIVE: To compare pregnancy outcomes among women with and without COVID-19 infection attended in a national level III hospital in Peru. METHOD: Observational, retrospective and comparative study. RT-PCR positive pregnant women participated in a 1:1 ratio with negative RT-PCR, and 1:2 with pregnant women of 2019. Maternal and perinatal information was collected. Fishers exact test was used with a significance level of 0.05 and prevalence ratios (PR) with their confidence interval of 95% (CI95%). RESULTS: 51 pregnant women with positive RT-PCR, 51 with negative RT-PCR and 102 pregnant women in 2019 participated. RT-PCR test were associated to preterm delivery (p < 0.05). The PR for preterm delivery in women with positive RT-PCR compared to pregnant women in 2019 was 3.14 (CI95%: 1.29-7.64); and compared to women with negative RT-PCR was 4.0 (CI95%: 1.13-14.17). CONCLUSIONS: The studys findings suggest the existence of an association between maternal COVID-19 and preterm birth. However, more studies are required to analyze the role of maternal factors.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Outcome/epidemiology , COVID-19/epidemiology , Peru/epidemiology , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Morbidity , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Pandemics , COVID-19 Nucleic Acid Testing , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19/complications , COVID-19/diagnosis , Hospitals, Public/statistics & numerical data
18.
Med. j. Zambia ; 49(2): 163-169, 2022. tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1402648

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the maternal factors and short-term outcomes associated with episiotomy during vaginal delivery at Women and Newborn Hospital, Lusaka, Zambia.Materials and Methods:An unmatched case control study was conducted in postnatal wards of Women and New-born hospital in Lusaka, Zambia between November 2019 and April 2020 with convenient sample for the cases and systematic sample for the controls.Asemi-structuredintervieweradministered questionnaire was used and 102 participants (cases) who had episiotomy performed were recruited while 204(controls) werewithoutepisiotomy.Results:Atotal of 306 (102 are cases and 204 are control) were included. Age was found to be a good predictor of episiotomy in that those younger than 18 years were more than seven times likely to have an episiotomy (AOR=7.65; 95%CI 1.36-18.21; p=0.035). It was also found out that primi gravidas were five times likely to have an episiotomy performed compared to parous women (OR=4.96; 95%CI 2.58-9.52; p<0.001). Out of those delivered by a midwife, 73(28.3%) participants had an episiotomy performed compared to 29(60.4%) deliveredbyamedicalofficer.Multivariateregression it was shown that being delivered by a midwife was protective against an episiotomy (OR=0.260; 95%CI 0.14-0.49; p=0.001). Out of the 102 participants who had an episiotomy, only two had third degree tear extension. It was also noted that 99 out of 102 (97%) participants who had an episiotomy experienced post-delivery perineal pain compared to 94 out of 204(46%) of those who had no episiotomies. In univariate analysis, it was found that post-delivery perineal pain was associated with episiotomy (p<0.001). It was further found that those who had an episiotomy performed were about 4 times likely to experience perineal pain post- delivery (OR=3.8; 95%CI 1.2-12.3) Conclusion:Maternal factors associated with episiotomy includedage,parity,method of induction,and the personnel conducting the elivery. Shorttermmaternaloutcomesofepisiotomy were perineal tear extension, and post-delivery perineal pain. It was found that 8.5% of women had undergone an episiotomy done on them. Health professional conducting deliveries should be educated on indications of episiotomy, patient selection during episiotomy and trained on surgical skills to repair episiotomy to reduce morbidity associated the procedure.


Subject(s)
Humans , Women , Infant, Newborn , Episiotomy , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious , Vaginal Diseases
19.
S. Afr. med. j. (Online) ; 112(12): 912-918, 2022. figures, tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1411499

ABSTRACT

Background. The majority of maternal deaths in South Africa (SA) occur as a result of non-pregnancy-related infections (NPRI). Pregnancy is a known risk factor in severe COVID-19, increasing the burden of NPRI in SA. In this study, we describe the prevalence, profile and clinical outcomes of pregnant women with COVID-19 admitted to a tertiary facility.Objectives. To describe the prevalence, profile and clinical outcomes of pregnant women with COVID-19 admitted to a tertiary facility in Gauteng, SA.Methods. We performed a retrospective review of all pregnant women with COVID-19 admitted to Charlotte Maxeke Johannesburg Academic Hospital between 6 March and 30 August 2020. Data collected included demographics, medical history, obstetric history, clinical findings and laboratory variables. Outcomes assessed were mortality, admission to intensive care unit (ICU), symptomatic v. asymptomatic disease, maternal and fetal outcome and mode of delivery.Results. A total of 204 pregnant women were included in the study. Of these, 33 (16.2%) women were critically ill, with 21 (10.3%) admitted to the ICU and 3 (1.5%) deaths related to COVID-19. The median gestational age was 37 weeks and median birthweight 2 940 g. Sixty-seven women (33%) were HIV-positive, in keeping with national statistics regarding HIV in pregnancy. Caesarean section was the most common mode of delivery (n=105, 60%). However, no women underwent caesarean section for indications related to COVID-19. Conclusion. COVID-19-related mortality in our cohort was higher than that seen internationally, likely due to differences in background maternal mortality rates and difficulty in accessing care.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious , Maternal Mortality , Pregnant Women , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19 , Pregnancy Outcome , Risk Factors , Intensive Care Units
20.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 49-53, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928565

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the effect of intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis (IAP) of group B streptococcus (GBS) infection on the incidence and bacteriological profile of early-onset neonatal sepsis (EONS).@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of 494 pregnant women with positive GBS screening results and 526 neonates born by these women. According to whether the pregnant woman received IAP, the neonates were divided into two groups: IAP (n=304) and control (n=222). The two groups were compared in terms of clinical indices, incidence rate of EONS, and distribution of pathogenic bacteria in blood culture.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, the IAP group had a significantly lower proportion of children with abnormal clinical manifestations (P<0.001) and a significantly lower incidence rate of EONS (P=0.022). In the IAP group, Escherichia coli (2.3%) was the most common type of pathogenic bacteria in blood culture of the neonates with EONS, while GBS (3.2%) was the most common type of pathogenic bacteria in the control group. The IAP group had a significantly higher detection rate of ampicillin-resistant Escherichia coli than the control group (P=0.029).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Although IAP can significantly reduce the incidence rate of EONS in neonates born to pregnant women with positive GBS screening results, the infection rate of ampicillin-resistant Escherichia coli may increase after IAP treatment. Therefore, it is needed to enhance the monitoring of blood culture results of neonates with EONS and timely adjust treatment plan according to drug susceptibility test results.


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Antibiotic Prophylaxis , Incidence , Infectious Disease Transmission, Vertical/prevention & control , Neonatal Sepsis/prevention & control , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious , Retrospective Studies , Streptococcal Infections/prevention & control , Streptococcus agalactiae
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