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1.
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 98(1): 33-38, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360554

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: In this present study, the authors evaluated the predictive factors for adverse maternal-fetal outcomes in pregnancies of women with cystic fibrosis (CF). Patients were followed up by a referral center for adults in southern Brazil. Methods: This is a retrospective cohort study that used data from electronic medical records regarding pregnancies of women diagnosed with CF. Results: The study included 39 pregnancies related to 20 different women. The main adverse outcomes were high prevalence rates of premature birth (38.5%) and maternal respiratory exacerbation (84.6%). Lower body mass index (BMI) values (< 20.8) and younger ages of CF diagnosis increased the risk of premature birth. The presence of methicillin-resistant and absence of methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus, as well as a younger age of diagnosis, increased the risk of maternal respiratory exacerbation during pregnancy. Conclusions: Conception in women with CF is often associated with maternal and fetal complications. Continuous monitoring by a multidisciplinary team should emphasize appropriate nutritional status, investigation of bacterial colonization, and immediate attention to respiratory exacerbations.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Pregnancy Complications/epidemiology , Cystic Fibrosis/complications , Cystic Fibrosis/epidemiology , Premature Birth/etiology , Premature Birth/epidemiology , Pregnancy Outcome , Nutritional Status , Retrospective Studies
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927879

ABSTRACT

The incidence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is higher in pregnancy than in non-pregnancy,and obesity is a major risk factor.OSA in pregnancy can lead to multiple organ dysfunction and is associated with hypertensive disorders in pregnancy,gestational diabetes mellitus,premature birth,and fetal growth restriction. Therefore,early screening and diagnosis are essential for the prevention and treatment of OSA in pregnancy.


Subject(s)
Diabetes, Gestational , Female , Humans , Obesity , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Complications/epidemiology , Premature Birth , Risk Factors , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/therapy
3.
Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 38(1): e00021821, 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1355988

ABSTRACT

Este estudo investigou os fatores associados à morbidade materna grave entre mulheres atendidas em maternidades públicas do Município de Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo, Brasil. Trata-se de um estudo quantitativo, analítico, transversal. Participaram 1.098 puérperas com parto em uma das quatro maternidades públicas do município. A coleta de dados ocorreu entre 3 de agosto de 2015 e 2 de fevereiro de 2016, a partir de entrevistas face a face, obtenção de informações dos prontuários e dos cartões da gestante. Para a análise de dados, considerou-se como variável dependente a ocorrência de morbidade materna grave, ou seja, quando a mulher era classificada como near miss materno ou condição potencialmente ameaçadora à vida a partir dos critérios de elegibilidade da Organização Mundial de Saúde. Calculou-se a razão do near miss materno, odds ratio (OR), intervalo de 95% de confiança (IC95%) e regressão logística múltipla. A razão do near miss materno foi de 3,6 casos por mil nascidos vivos. As complicações ocorreram principalmente na gravidez (53,8%) e os distúrbios hipertensivos foram os mais frequentes (49,4%). A análise de regressão múltipla mostrou associação entre morbidade materna grave e gestação de risco (OR = 4,5; IC95%: 2,7-7,7) e com trabalho de parto induzido (OR = 2,1; IC95%: 1,2-3,9). A ocorrência de morbidade materna grave, principalmente na gestação, com destaque para as síndromes hipertensivas, aponta para a necessidade de melhor rastreamento e manejo da elevação dos níveis pressóricos no pré-natal. A associação entre morbidade materna grave e gestação de risco também remonta ao pré-natal, para a demanda de uma maior atenção às mulheres classificadas como risco gestacional. A qualidade da assistência é ponto chave para o enfretamento da morbimortalidade materna no país.


This study investigated the factors associated with serious maternal morbidity (SMM) in women seen at public maternity hospitals in Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo State, Brazil. This was a cross-section analytical quantitative study. Participation included 1,098 postpartum women who had given birth at one of the four maternity hospitals in the municipality. Data were collected from August 3, 2015, to February 2, 2016, using face-to-face interviews and data obtained from patient records and prenatal cards. The dependent variable for data analysis was the serious maternal morbidity, that is, when the woman was classified as maternal near miss or potentially life-threatening condition based on WHO eligibility criteria. The study calculated the maternal near miss ratio, odds ratio (OR), 95% confidence interval (95%CI), and multiple logistic regression. The maternal near miss ratio was 3.6 cases per 1,000 live births. Complications occurred mainly during pregnancy (53.8%), and hypertensive disorders were the most frequent (49.4%). Multiple regression analysis showed an association between serious maternal morbidity and high-risk pregnancy (OR = 4.5, 95%CI: 2.7-7.7) and induced labor (OR = 2.1, 95%CI: 1.2-3.9). The occurrence of serious maternal morbidity mainly during pregnancy, featuring hypertensive syndromes, points to the need for better screening and management of high blood pressure in the prenatal period. The association between serious maternal morbidity and high-risk pregnancy also calls attention to prenatal care, for the demand for greater care for women classified as having gestational risk. Quality of care is a key point for dealing with maternal morbidity and mortality in Brazil.


Este estudio investigó los factores asociados a la morbilidad materna grave entre mujeres atendidas en maternidades públicas del municipio de Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo, Brasil. Se trata de un estudio cuantitativo, analítico, transversal. Participaron 1.098 puérperas con parto en una de las cuatro maternidades públicas del municipio. La recogida de datos se produjo entre el 3 de agosto de 2015 al 2 de febrero de 2016, mediante entrevistas cara a cara, obtención de información de los historiales y cartillas de las gestantes. Para el análisis de datos, se consideró como variable dependiente la ocurrencia de morbilidad materna grave, o sea, cuando la mujer era clasificada como near miss materno o condición potencialmente amenazadora para la vida, a partir de los criterios de elegibilidad de la Organización Mundial de Salud. Se calculó la razón del near miss materno, odds ratio (OR), intervalo de 95% de confianza (IC95%) y regresión logística múltiple. La razón de near miss materno fue de 3,6 casos por 1.000 nacidos vivos. Las complicaciones se produjeron principalmente en el embarazo (53,8%) y las alteraciones hipertensivas fueron las más frecuentes (49,4%). El análisis de regresión múltiple mostró asociación entre morbilidad materna grave y gestación de riesgo (OR = 4,5; IC95%: 2,7-7,7) y con trabajo de parto inducido (OR = 2,1; IC95%: 1,2-3,9). La ocurrencia de morbilidad materna grave, principalmente en la gestación, resaltando los síndromes hipertensivos, apunta la necesidad de un mejor rastreo y gestión de la elevación de los niveles presión arterial en el período prenatal. La asociación entre morbilidad materna grave y gestación de riesgo también se remonta al período prenatal, con el fin de que se preste una mayor atención a las mujeres clasificadas como de riesgo gestacional. La calidad de la asistencia es un punto clave para combatir la morbimortalidad materna en el país.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Complications/epidemiology , Pregnancy, High-Risk , Brazil/epidemiology , Maternal Mortality , Cross-Sectional Studies , Cohort Studies , Hospitals, Maternity
4.
Rev. Bras. Saúde Mater. Infant. (Online) ; 21(4): 979-986, Oct.-Dec. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360723

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives: to describe the profile of women affected with premature childbirth and neonatal outcomes at a referral maternity in the city of Fortaleza-CE, Brazil. Methods: descriptive and retrospective documentary type study, with a quantitative approach, carried out from January to December, 2017, with 253 medical records of women who had premature childbirth in a referral maternity. Results: the average age was 28, with the prevalence of women living in a stable union, graduated from high school and without formal work. The gestational mean average was three pregnancies, gestational age of 34 weeks and three days, and six prenatal consultations, starting in the first trimester. The major intercurrence was pre-eclampsia. In relation to the neonatal data, there was a prevalence of male newborns, with an average of 2.251 kg and a score of seven on the 1-minute Apgar and eight on the 5-minute Apgar. Newborns in going to a hospital accommodation after childbirth and in room air, spending an average of 12.71 days in the hospital. Conclusion: in this case of this research, knowing the woman's profile and the outcomes in premature newborns is useful to encourage public policies and reduce the sequelae on mother and baby


Resumo Objetivos: descrever o perfil de mulheres acometidas por parto prematuro e os desfechos neonatais em maternidade de referência, na cidade de Fortaleza-CE, Brasil. Métodos: estudo do tipo documental, descritivo, retrospectivo, com abordagem quantitativa, realizadode janeiro a dezembro de 2017, com 253 prontuários de mulheres que tiveram parto prematuro em maternidade de referência. Resultados: média de idade de 28 anos, com prevalência de mulheres vivendo em união estável, ensino médio completo, sem trabalho formal. A média gestacional foi de três gravidezes, idade gestacional de 34 semanas e trêsdias e seis consultas de pré-natal, iniciando no primeiro trimestre. A maior intercorrência foi a pré-eclâmpsia. Relacionado aos dados neonatais, houve prevalência de recém-nascidos do sexo masculino, com média de 2,251 quilos e escore sete no Apgar do 1º minuto e oito, no Apgar do 5º minuto. Recémnascidos indo para alojamento conjunto após o parto e em ar ambiente, tendo passado, em média, 12,71 dias internados. Conclusões: no caso da pesquisa, conhecer o perfil dessa mulher e os desfechos do recém-nascido prematuro é útil para estimular as políticas públicas e diminuir as sequelas para mãe e bebê.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Adult , Pregnancy Complications/epidemiology , Risk Factors , Obstetric Labor Complications/epidemiology , Obstetric Labor, Premature/epidemiology , Apgar Score , Prenatal Care , Brazil/epidemiology , Medical Records , Postpartum Period
5.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 26(supl.3): 5329-5350, Oct. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345741

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivou-se descrever as principais complicações clínicas em gestantes brasileiras relatadas na literatura, identificando os fatores de exposição mais relevantes e seus desfechos na saúde materno-infantil. Foi realizada uma revisão sistemática de artigos publicados entre 2010 e 2018. Foram incluídos três revisões e 36 artigos empíricos; transtornos mentais (n=9), doenças infecciosas (n=9) e morbidade materna grave (n=8) foram as principais complicações clínicas na gravidez. Ainda, quatro artigos enfocaram a determinação das principais afecções ou causas de internação, citando-se com maiores frequências a Infecção do Trato Urinário, a anemia e as doenças hipertensivas. Idade materna nos extremos reprodutivos, menor escolaridade, vulnerabilidade socioeconômica, características raciais e uso de serviços públicos de saúde foram os fatores de exposição mais relevantes. Resultados de saúde desfavoráveis associados a complicações clínicas na gravidez foram verificados nos oito artigos com esse perfil. A frequência de gestantes com complicações clínicas potenciais de ameaça à vida é elevada no país, evidenciando a importância da cobertura da atenção básica e a implantação de intervenções para sua redução e prevenção de desfechos maternos e infantis adversos.


Abstract The scope of this paper was to describe the main clinical complications among pregnant Brazilian women reported in the literature, identifying the most relevant exposure factors and their outcomes in maternal and child health. This is a systematic review of articles published between 2010 and 2018. Three reviews and 36 empirical articles were included; mental disorders (n=9), infectious diseases (n=9) and severe maternal morbidity (n=8) were the main clinical complications during pregnancy. In addition, four articles focused on determining the main conditions or causes of hospitalization, with a higher frequency of Urinary Tract Infection, anemia and hypertensive diseases. Maternal age at reproductive extremes, lower schooling, socioeconomic vulnerability, racial characteristics and the use of public health services were the most relevant exposure factors. Unfavorable health outcomes associated with clinical complications in pregnancy were verified in the eight articles with this profile. The frequency of pregnant women with potential life-threatening clinical complications is high in the country, highlighting the importance of primary care coverage and the implementation of interventions to reduce and prevent adverse maternal and child outcomes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Child , Pregnancy Complications/epidemiology , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious/epidemiology , Anemia , Pregnant Women , Educational Status , Hospitalization
6.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(9): 662-668, Sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351777

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To determine the profile of maternal deaths occurred in the period between 2000 and 2019 in the Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre (HCPA, in the Portuguese acronym) and to compare it with maternal deaths between 1980 and 1999 in the same institution. Methods Retrospective study that analyzed 2,481 medical records of women between 10 and 49 years old who died between 2000 and 2018. The present study was approved by the Ethics Committee (CAAE 78021417600005327). Results After reviewing 2,481 medical records of women who died in reproductive age, 43 deaths had occurred during pregnancy or in the postpartum period. Of these, 28 were considered maternal deaths. The maternal mortality ratio was 37.6 per 100,000 live births. Regarding causes, 16 deaths (57.1%) were directly associated with pregnancy, 10 (35.1%) were indirectly associated, and 2 (7.1%) were unrelated. The main cause of death was hypertension during pregnancy (31.2%) followed by acute liver steatosis during pregnancy (25%). In the previous study, published in 2003 in the same institution4, the mortality rate was 129 per 100,000 live births, and most deaths were related to direct obstetric causes (62%). The main causes of death in this period were due to hypertensive complications (17.2%), followed by postcesarean infection (16%). Conclusion Compared with data before the decade of 2000, there was an important reduction in maternal deaths due to infectious causes.


Resumo Objetivo Determinar o perfil dos óbitos maternos ocorridos no período de 2000 a 2019 no Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre (HCPA) e comparar com os óbitos maternos entre 1980 e 1999 na mesma instituição. Métodos Estudo retrospectivo que analisou 2.400 prontuários de mulheres entre 10 e 49 anos que morreram entre 2000 e 2019. O presente estudo foi aprovado pelo Comitê de Ética (CAAE 78021417600005327). Resultados Após revisão de 2.481 prontuários de mulheres que morreram em idade reprodutiva, 43 mortes ocorreram durante a gravidez ou no período pós-parto. Destas, 28 foram considerados óbitos maternos. A taxa de mortalidade materna foi de 37.6 por 100.000 nascidos vivos. Em relação às causas, 16 óbitos (57.1%) estiveram diretamente associados à gravidez, 10 (35.1%) estiveram indiretamente associados e 2 (7.1%) não estiveram relacionados. A principal causa de morte foi hipertensão na gravidez (31.2%) seguida de esteatose hepática aguda da gravidez (25%). No estudo anterior, publicado em 2003 na mesma instituição4, a taxa de mortalidade foi de 129 por 100.000 nascidos vivos, e a maioria dos óbitos estava relacionada a causas obstétricas diretas (62%). As principais causas de óbito neste período foram por complicações hipertensivas (17.2%), seguidas de infecção pós-cesárea (16%). Conclusão Em comparação com os dados anteriores à década de 2000, houve uma redução importante das mortes maternas por causas infecciosas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Pregnancy Complications/epidemiology , Maternal Death/etiology , Maternal Mortality , Retrospective Studies , Cause of Death , Postpartum Period , Live Birth , Middle Aged
8.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 67(6): 833-838, June 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346915

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: Routine follow-up of pregnancy is a comprehensive care process starting from planning of pregnancy that involves rational and careful use of medical, psychological, and social support. In this study, our objective was to compare the adherence rate to routine antenatal follow-up program during the COVID-19 pandemic with that of previous years among pregnant women, in an effort to shed light on health policies to be developed similar events in the future. METHODS: This retrospective cross-sectional study was carried out between March 11, 2019, when isolation measures were initiated in the context of precautionary steps taken in Turkey against the COVID-19 pandemic, and June 1, 2020, when the "normalization" was initiated. RESULTS: During the study period in 2020, the proportion of cesarean sections were higher, 61.1%, as compared to previous years (p=0.27). The stillbirths were numerically lower (1.2%, p=0.77), but the rate of spontaneous abortions was significantly higher (19.6%, p=0.009). The number of follow-up visits per pregnancy was lower than in previous years (3.8, p=0.02), although the proportion of patients visiting the outpatient units for regular controls to the overall patient group increased as compared to previous years (52.0%). CONCLUSION: During the flare-up of the COVID-19 pandemic (i.e. between March and June 2020), the rate of obstetric/neonatal morbidity and mortality except spontaneous abortion was not significantly higher as compared to the corresponding period in previous years. However, considering the potential increase in the risk of obstetric complications during a pandemic, specialized management programs targeting basic pregnancy follow-up services should be developed.


Subject(s)
Pregnancy Complications/epidemiology , Abortion, Spontaneous/epidemiology , COVID-19 , Prenatal Care , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2
9.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(3): 165-171, Mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251296

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To describe the obstetric outcomes of patients withmultiple sclerosis (MS) and the impact of pregnancy and the postpartum period on the progression of the disease. Methods A case series study performed between December 2019 and February 2020, reporting pregnancies occurred between 1996 and 2019. The subjects included were women with MS undergoing follow-up at an MS referral center in Northeastern Brazil, and who had at least one pregnancy after the onset of MS symptoms, or who had their first relapse in the first year after delivery. Results In total, 26 women and 38 pregnancies were analyzed - 32 of them resulted in delivery, and the remaining 6, in miscarriages. There was a significant increase in the prevalence of relapse during the postpartum period when compared with the gestational period. In 16 (42.1%) of the pregnancies, there was exposure to diseasemodifying therapies (DMTs) - 14 (36.8%), to interferon β, and 2 (5.3%), to fingolimod. Higher rates of abortion, prematurity and low birth weight were reported in the group was exposed to DMT when compared with the one who was not. Conclusion In the sample of the present study, there was a significant increase in the rate of MS relapse during the postpartum period when compared with the gestational period. Additionally, it seems that exposure to DMTs during pregnancy may affect the obstetric outcomes of the patients.


Resumo Objetivo Descrever os desfechos obstétricos de pacientes com esclerose múltipla (EM) e o impacto da gravidez e do período pós-parto na progressão da doença. Métodos Uma série de casos realizada entre dezembro de 2019 e fevereiro de 2020, que retrata gestações ocorridas entre 1996 e 2019. As pacientes incluídas neste estudo foram mulheres com EM, que realizam acompanhamento em um centro de referência em EM no Nordeste do Brasil, e que tiveram ao menos uma gestação após o início dos sintomas da EM, ou tiveram o primeiro surto da doença no ano posterior ao parto. Resultados No total, 26 mulheres e 38 gestações foram avaliadas - dentre as quais, 32 resultaram em partos, e 6, em abortamentos. Houve um aumento significativo na prevalência de surtos durante o pós-parto quando comparado com o período gestacional. Em 16 (42,1%) das gravidezes, houve exposição a terapias modificadoras da doença (TMDs) - 14 (36,8%) a β-interferona, e 2 (5,3%) a fingolimode. As taxas de abortamento, prematuridade e baixo peso ao nascer foram mais elevadas no grupo exposto às TMDs quando comparado com o não exposto. Conclusão Na amostra deste estudo, houve um aumento significativo na taxa de surtos da EM durante o período pós-parto quando comparado com o período gestacional. Além disso, a exposição às TMDs durante a gestação pode afetar os desfechos obstétricos das pacientes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Adult , Young Adult , Pregnancy Complications/epidemiology , Multiple Sclerosis/epidemiology , Referral and Consultation , Brazil/epidemiology , Pregnancy Outcome , Disease Progression
10.
Femina ; 49(2): 102-108, 20210228. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1224066

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Este estudo teve como principal objetivo estimar a prevalência de sífilis gestacional e fatores associados à infecção em uma Maternidade no Sul do Brasil no ano de 2018. Métodos: Trata-se de estudo descritivo, transversal, retrospectivo, no qual foram avaliados os testes rápidos para sífilis de todas as gestantes internadas para atenção ao parto ou ao abortamento na Maternidade Carmela Dutra no ano de 2018. Nos casos confirmados de sífilis, foram obtidos dados epidemiológicos, adequação do tratamento, coinfecção pelo HIV e resultados gestacionais. Resultados: Entre os prontuários analisados, 161 (3,6%) foram considerados casos de sífilis materna. A média de idade das gestantes foi de 27,98 (±6,65), 54 (33,5%) eram primigestas, 114 (70,8%) se declararam brancas, 125 (77,5%) estavam em uma união estável e 85 (52,7%) tinham escolaridade até o ensino médio. Quanto ao tratamento, 71 (44%) trataram de maneira adequada e 90 (56%), de maneira inadequada, e 44 (27,3%) delas realizaram o diagnóstico apenas no momento da internação hospitalar. Entre as pacientes que realizaram tratamento inadequado de sífilis, 28 (53,4%) apresentaram títulos iguais ou superiores a 1:8. Entre as pacientes que realizaram teste rápido para HIV na internação, 5 (3,7%) apresentaram coinfecção com a doença. Com relação ao tratamento dos parceiros no pré-natal, 11,8% não realizaram nenhum tipo de tratamento, porém em 66 (41%) prontuários não constava essa informação. Com relação ao desfecho neonatal, 5 (7,4%) pacientes com tratamento inadequado para sífilis tiveram parto prematuro, 5 (7,4%) recém- -nascidos foram de baixo peso e 22 (24,5%) pacientes apresentaram abortamento da gestação. Conclusão: A alta taxa de tratamentos inadequados sugere falhas na assistência pré-natal e indica serem necessárias novas estratégias para reduzir a transmissão de sífilis na gestação.(AU)


Objective: The aim of this study is to estimate the prevalence of maternal syphilis and factors associated with the infection in Carmela Dutra Maternity in 2018. Methods: This is a descriptive, cross-sectional and retrospective study. All of the syphilis rapid- tests on pregnant women admitted for childbirth or miscarriage assistance at Carmela Dutra Maternity in 2018 were avaluated. In the cases of confirmed syphilis infection, the variables were epidemiological data, adequacy of treatment, HIV coinfection and gestational outcomes. Results: Out of all the medical records analyzed, 161 (3.6%) were considered maternal syphilis (MS). The average age of the pregnant women was 27.98 (± 6.65), 54 (33.5%) were primigestae, 114 (70.8%) declared themselves white, 125 (77.5%) were in a stable relationship and 85 (52.7%) had a high school education. Regarding treatment, 71 (44%) were treated adequately and 90 (56%) inadequately. Forty-four (27.3%) were diagnosed only at the time of hospitalization. Amongst patients who had inadequate syphilis treatment, 28 (53.4%) had titers equal to or greater than 1:8. Amongst patients who underwent rapid HIV testing during hospitalization, 5 (3.7%) had HIV coinfection. Regarding the partners treatment during prenatal, 11.8% did not receive any treatment, but 66 (41%) of the medical records did not contain this information. Regarding neonatal outcome, 5 (7.4%) of patients with inadequate treatment for syphilis had premature birth, 5 (7.4%) of newborns were underweight and 22 (24.5%) had miscarriages. Conclusion: The high rate of inadequate treatment suggests failure in prenatal care and indicates that new strategies are necessary to reduce syphilis transmission during pregnancy.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Complications/epidemiology , Syphilis/diagnosis , Syphilis/epidemiology , Penicillins/therapeutic use , Prenatal Care/statistics & numerical data , Brazil/epidemiology , Syphilis/drug therapy , Medical Records , Cross-Sectional Studies
11.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(2): 97-106, Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1156097

ABSTRACT

Abstract Cases of maternal near miss are those in which women survive severe maternal complications during pregnancy or the puerperium. This ecological study aimed to identify the temporal trend of near-miss cases in different regions of Brazil between 2010 and 2018, using data fromtheHospital Information System(HIS) of theUnified BrazilianHealth System (SUS, in the Portuguese acronym). Hospital admission records of women between 10 and 49 years old with diagnosis included in the 10th Revision of the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD-10) and codes indicating nearmiss events were selected. From 20,891,040 admissions due to obstetric causes, 766,249 (3.66%) near-miss cases were identified, and 31,475 women needed admission to the intensive care unit (ICU). The cases were found to be more predominant in black women over 35 years old from the North and Northeast regions. There was a trend of increase in near-miss rates of ~ 13.5% a year during the period of the study. The trend presented a different behavior depending on the level of development of the region studied. The main causes of near miss were preeclampsia (47%), hemorrhage (24%), and sepsis (18%).


Resumo Casos de near miss materna são aqueles em que as mulheres sobrevivem a graves complicações maternas durante a gravidez ou o puerpério. Este estudo ecológico teve comoobjetivo identificar a tendência temporal de casos de near missemdiferentes regiões do Brasil entre 2010 e 2018, utilizando dados do Sistema de Informações Hospitalares (SIH) do Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS). Foram selecionados registros de internação demulheres entre 10 e 49 anos comdiagnóstico incluído na 10ª revisão daClassificação Internacional de Doenças e Problemas Relacionados à Saúde (CID-10) e códigos indicando eventos de near miss. Das 20.891.040 internações por causas obstétricas, 766.249 (3,66%) casos de near miss foram identificados, e 31.475mulheres necessitaramde internação na unidade de terapia intensive (UTI). Constatou-sequeos casos sãomaispredominantesemmulheres negras commais de 35 anos da região Norte e Nordeste. Houve uma tendência de aumento nas taxas de near miss de aproximadamente 13,5% ao ano durante o período do estudo. A tendência apresentou um comportamento diferente, dependendo do nível de desenvolvimento da região estudada. As principais causas de near miss foram pré-eclâmpsia (47%), hemorragia (24%), e sepse (18%).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pregnancy , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Pregnancy Complications/epidemiology , Prenatal Care , Near Miss, Healthcare/statistics & numerical data , Obstetric Labor Complications/epidemiology , Patient Admission , Pregnancy Complications/prevention & control , Brazil/epidemiology , Demography , Maternal Mortality , Hospital Information Systems , Diagnosis-Related Groups , Near Miss, Healthcare/trends , Obstetric Labor Complications/prevention & control , Middle Aged
12.
Rev. baiana enferm ; 35: e43083, 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1279765

ABSTRACT

Objetivo analisar a associação entre complicações e idade materna avançada durante a gestação. Método estudo retrospectivo de abordagem quantitativa baseado na análise de prontuários de mulheres em idade avançada que tiveram parto em um hospital-escola do Sul do Brasil. A coleta ocorreu de 2015 a 2018. Realizaram-se análises recorrendo aos testes Qui-Quadrado de Pearson e/ou exato de Fisher, U de Mann-Whitney e razão de prevalência. Resultados avaliaram-se 1.336 prontuários. As complicações hipertensão arterial sistêmica pré-gestacional, pré-eclâmpsia e diabetes mellitus gestacional apresentaram maiores médias de idade materna. Mulheres acima de 40 anos apresentaram 1,06 vezes maior probabilidade de desenvolver pré-eclâmpsia e 1,33 vezes de desenvolver crescimento intrauterino restrito. Conclusão o aumento da idade mostrou relação com complicações, principalmente em gestantes acima de 40 anos.


Objetivo analizar la asociación entre complicaciones y edad materna avanzada durante el embarazo. Método estudio retrospectivo del enfoque cuantitativo basado en el análisis de registros médicos de mujeres en edad avanzada que tuvieron parto en un hospital docente en el sur de Brasil. La colección tuvo lugar de 2015 a 2018. Los análisis se realizaron utilizando chi-square de Pearson y/o las pruebas exactas de Fisher, Mann-Whitney U y la relación de prevalencia. Resultados se evaluaron 1.336 registros médicos. La hipertensión arterial sistémica pre gestacional, la preclamsia y la diabetes mellitus gestacional presentaron una edad materna media más alta. Las mujeres mayores de 40 años tenían 1,06 veces más probabilidades de desarrollar preclamsia y 1,33 veces de desarrollar crecimiento intrauterino restringido. Conclusión el aumento de la edad mostró una relación con complicaciones, especialmente en mujeres embarazadas mayores de 40 años de edad.


Objective to analyze the association between complications and advanced maternal age during pregnancy. Method retrospective study of quantitative approach based on the analysis of medical records of women of advanced age whose delivery occurred in a teaching hospital in southern Brazil. The collection took place from 2015 to 2018. Analyses were performed using Pearson's Chi-Square and/or Fisher's exact tests, Mann-Whitney U and prevalence ratio. Results 1,336 medical records were evaluated. Pre-gestational systemic arterial hypertension, preeclampsia and gestational diabetes mellitus presented higher mean maternal age. Women aged over 40 years were 1.06 times more likely to develop preeclampsia and 1.33 times to develop intrauterine growth restriction. Conclusion the increased age showed a relationship with complications, especially in pregnant women aged over 40 years.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Middle Aged , Pregnancy Complications/epidemiology , Maternal Age , Pregnancy, High-Risk , Socioeconomic Factors , Brazil/epidemiology , Prevalence
13.
Rev. Bras. Saúde Mater. Infant. (Online) ; 20(4): 1101-1107, Oct-Dec. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155295

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives: to estimate the prevalence of drug abuse in pregnant women and to associate with the variables education, family income, race and number of pregnancies. Methods: descriptive, cross-sectional, quantitative research. Developed in the municipality of Bandeirantes-PR, from June 2016 to December 2017. The population was 114 pregnant women and the dependent variables were alcohol / tobacco use and illicit drugs and the independent variables were education, race, family income and number of pregnancies. The analysis was the comparison between the variables and Microsoft Excel 2007 and SPSS 20.0 was used. It was approved by the Ethics Committee. Results: the use of drugs of abuse during pregnancy was 19.2%, presenting as a sociodemographic profile characterization the age between 19 to 29 years, predominance of nonwhite race, with study time ≤ 9 years, with income from 1 to 2 minimum wages and multiparous women. The most commonly used drug of abuse was alcohol, followed by tobacco. Concomitant use between drugs was significant with alcohol and tobacco / illicit drugs and tobacco. Conclusions: drug use had a prevalence of 19.2% and acts in conjunction with social issues and this case, intervening is necessary with an individualized care plan, thus ensuring the promotion and prevention of maternal and child health.


Resumo Objetivos: estimar a prevalência do uso de drogas de abuso nas gestantes e associar com as variáveis escolaridade, renda familiar, raça e número de gestações. Métodos: pesquisa descritiva, transversal, quantitativa. Desenvolvida no município de Bandeirantes-PR, no período de junho/2016 a dezembro/2017. A população foi de 114 gestantes e as variáveis dependentes foram uso de álcool/tabaco e drogas ilícitas e as independentes foram escolaridade, raça, renda familiar e número de gestações. A análise foi a comparação entre as variáveis e utilizado o Microsoft Excel 2007 e o SPSS 20.0. Foi aprovado pelo Comitê de Ética. Resultados: o uso de drogas de abuso na gestação foi de 19,2%, apresentando como caracterização de perfil sociodemográfico a idade entre 19 a 29 anos, predomínio da raça não branca, com tempo de estudo ≤ 9 anos, com renda de 1 a 2 salários mínimos e multi-gestas. A droga de abuso mais utilizada foi o álcool, seguido de tabaco. O uso concomitante entre as drogas apresentou-se significativo sendo álcool/tabaco e drogas ilícitas/tabaco. Conclusão: o uso de drogas teve uma prevalência de 19,2% e atua em conjunto com questões sociais, intervir neste caso se faz necessário com um plano de cuidado individualizado, garantindo assim a promoção e prevenção a saúde materno e infantil.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Pregnancy Complications/epidemiology , Tobacco , Alcohol Drinking/epidemiology , Illicit Drugs , Risk Factors , Prenatal Care , Socioeconomic Factors , Brazil/epidemiology , Prevalence , Pregnancy, High-Risk
14.
Rev. cuba. med. mil ; 49(4): e800, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156514

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El gremio médico se encuentra en función del estudio y tratamiento de la COVID-19, enfermedad producida por un nuevo coronavirus, denominado 2019-nCoV. Las gestantes son un grupo poblacional de alto riesgo para esta entidad. Objetivo: Determinar las diferencias clínico epidemiológicas de las gestantes sospechosas y positivas a la COVID-19. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, observacional, de corte transversal en 56 pacientes, que fueron agrupadas en sospechosas a la COVID-19 y positivas. Las variables utilizadas fueron edad, comorbilidad asociada, edad gestacional, presencia de síntomas y fuente de infección. La información se obtuvo de las historias clínicas de las gestantes. Resultados: Las pacientes sospechosas, tenían una media de edad de 25 años, 51,0 por ciento cursaba el tercer trimestre del embarazo, el 87,7 por ciento presentaba síntomas al ingreso, el 40,8 por ciento no tenían comorbilidad, y en el 75,5 por ciento no se determinó la fuente de posible contagio. Las pacientes positivas, tuvieron una media de edad de 27 años, 66,6 por ciento estaba en el primer trimestre de la gestación, el 83,3 por ciento asintomáticas y no presentaron comorbilidad. El 50 por ciento fueron contacto de casos positivos. Conclusiones: Existieron diferencias clínicas y epidemiológicas, entre las pacientes sospechosas y positivas a la COVID-19(AU)


Introduction: The medical profession is occupied on the study and treatment of COVID-19, a disease caused by a new coronavirus, called 2019-nCoV. Pregnant women are a high-risk population group for this disease. Objective: To determine the clinical and epidemiological differences of the pregnant women suspect of and positive for COVID-19. Methods: A descriptive, observational, cross-sectional study was carried out in 56 patients, who were grouped as suspect to COVID-19 and positive. The variables used were age, associated comorbidity, gestational age, presence of symptoms and source of infection. The information was obtained from the clinical records of the pregnant women. Results: The suspect patients had a mean age of 25 years, 51.0 percent were in the third trimester of pregnancy, 87.7 percent had symptoms upon admission, 40.8 percent had no comorbidity, and in 75, 5 percent the source of possible contagion was not determined. The positive patients had a mean age of 27 years, 66.6 percent were in the first trimester of pregnancy, 83.3 percent were asymptomatic and did not present comorbidity. 50 percent were contact with positive cases. Conclusions: There were clinical and epidemiological differences between the suspect and positive patients for COVID-19(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Complications/epidemiology , Coronavirus Infections/transmission , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies
15.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 42(10): 614-620, Oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1144163

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate the global productivity regarding original articles on maternal near-miss (MNM). Methods We conducted a bibliometric analysis of original articles published from 2008 to November 2019 in the journals indexed in the Scopus database. The averages of the number of articles by author, of the number of authors by article, of the number of citations by article, and the total number of documents with one or more authors were obtained. An analysis of the co-citation of authors and a co-occurrence analysis of the terms included in the titles and abstracts were performed and were presented as network visualization maps. Results A total of 326 original articles were analyzed. There was an increase in the number of articles (p < 0.001; average annual growth rate = 12.54%;). A total of 1,399 authors, an average number of articles per author of 4.29, with an index of authors per document of 0.23, and an index of co-authors per document of 8.16 were identified. A total of 85 countries contributed with original articles on MNM. Among the top ten countries regarding the contribution of articles, five were low and middle-income countries (LMICs). Brazil had the highest volume of production (31.1%;), followed by the US (11.5%;). Terms related to countries and the measurement of the rates and cases of MNM and the associated factors were found in recent years in the analysis of the co-occurrence of terms. Conclusion There was an increase in the production of original articles on MNM, with a significant participation of authors and institutions from LMICs, which reveals a growing interest in the use of MNM indicators to improve the quality of maternal health care.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy Complications/epidemiology , Near Miss, Healthcare/statistics & numerical data , Bibliometrics , Global Health , Maternal Health Services
16.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 25(8): 3017-3026, Ago. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, ColecionaSUS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1133098

ABSTRACT

Abstract This article aims to evaluate the associated factors with excessive weight gain in pregnant women from Maceió, the capital of Alagoas, Northeastern Brazil. Cross-sectional study with pregnant women attended in public health in the city of Maceió in 2014, of which socioeconomic, clinical (glycemia, capillary hemoglobin, and blood pressure measurement), dietary, and anthropometric data, including in the latter gestational weight gain, classified as insufficient, adequate and excessive according to the US Institute of Medicine, were collected. The combination of excessive weight gain with the independent variables was tested using the Poisson regression expressed by the Prevalence Ratio (PR) and a 95% confidence interval (CI95%). We studied 403 pregnant women with a mean age of 24.08 ± 6.01 years, with 19.9% of them displayed insufficient weight gain; 14.1% displayed adequate weight gain, and 66.0% displayed excessive weight gain, that was associated with maternal hyperglycemia (PR = 1.35; CI95% = 1.17 to 1.57; p < 0.001). Excessive weight gain is common among pregnant women evaluated with the association of this variable with maternal hyperglycemia.


Resumo O objetivo deste artigo é avaliar os fatores associados ao ganho ponderal excessivo em gestantes de Maceió, capital do estado de Alagoas, Nordeste do Brasil. Estudo transversal realizado com gestantes assistidas pela rede pública de saúde do município de Maceió em 2014, das quais foram coletados dados socioeconômicos, clínicos (dosagens de glicemia, hemoglobina capilar e medida de pressão arterial), dietéticos e antropométricos, incluindo neste último o ganho ponderal gestacional, classificado em insuficiente, adequado e excessivo, segundo o Instituto de Medicina dos Estados Unidos. A associação do ganho ponderal excessivo com as variáveis independentes foi testada por meio de regressão de Poisson expressa pela Razão de Prevalência (RP) e respectivos intervalos de confiança a 95% (IC95%). Foram estudadas 403 gestantes com idade média de 24,08 ± 6,01 anos, sendo que em relação ao ganho ponderal 19,9% delas o tiveram insuficiente; 14,1% adequado e 66,0% excessivo, estando este último associado à hiperglicemia materna (RP = 1,35; IC95% = 1,17-1,57; p < 0,001). O ganho ponderal excessivo foi frequente entre as gestantes avaliadas, com associação dessa variável com a hiperglicemia materna.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Pregnancy Complications/epidemiology , Pregnant Women , Brazil/epidemiology , Weight Gain , Body Mass Index , Cross-Sectional Studies
17.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 85(3): 210-220, jun. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1126156

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: determinar el perfil clínico de pacientes con diabetes gestacional (DG) y la incidencia de las complicaciones neonatales. MÉTODOS: estudio descriptivo de una cohorte retrospectiva de gestantes con DG según criterios HAPO/ (IADPSG) International Association of Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Groups y Carpenter-Coustan y sus hijos, en un servicio de alta complejidad obstétrica de Medellín, Colombia entre 2012-2015. Se presentan medidas descriptivas de características maternas y neonatales e incidencia de las complicaciones neonatales. RESULTADOS: se incluyeron 197 maternas y 203 neonatos; 90,5 % maternas tenían sobrepeso u obesidad; la comorbilidad más frecuente fue el trastorno hipertensivo asociado al embarazo en 22,8 %. El manejo de la DG fue 59,3% nutricional exclusivo, 37,1% nutricional más insulina y 3.6% nutricional más metformina. La media de edad gestacional al parto fue 37 sem y 3 días; la DG fue la indicación más frecuente de inducción del parto en 76 % (38/50); 56,4 %, fueron partos vaginales y el 34,6% fueron cesáreas indicadas por DG. Un 11,3 % de los recién nacidos fueron grandes para la edad gestacional (P >90) y se encontraron 2 recién nacidos con peso > 4000 gr. La incidencia de al menos una complicación neonatal fue 27,6 %, 16,7 % presentaron hiperbilirrubinemia, 9,9 % síndrome de dificultad respiratoria (SDR), 3.0% hipoglicemia, 10.8% otras complicaciones y 12,3 % ingresaron a la unidad de cuidados intensivos neonatales. CONCLUSIONES: la DG es una indicación frecuente de inducción del parto y de indicación de cesárea. Las complicaciones neonatales ocurren en uno de cuatro recién nacidos, aunque observamos una baja incidencia de grandes para la edad gestacional (recién nacidos con peso > percentil 90), hubo 2 otras morbilidades neonatales relacionados con el diagnóstico materno como hiperbilirrubinemia y SDR.


AIM: To determine the clinical profile pregnant women with gestational diabetes and incidence of the neonatal complications. METHODS: Descriptive analysis of a retrospective cohort of pregnant women with gestational diabetes (GD) according to HAPO and Carpenter-Coustan criteria and their children, under a high complexity obstetric service in Medellin, Colombia between 2012-2015. Descriptive measures of maternal and neonatal characteristics and incidence of neonatal complications are presented. RESULTS: The study included 197 pregnant women and 203 neonates: 90.5 % of pregnancies were overweight or obese; the most frequent comorbidity was the hypertensive disorder associated with pregnancy in 22.8 %. The management of the DG was 99.0% nutritional, 37.1% insulin and 3.6 % metformin. The average gestational age at delivery was 37 weeks and 3 days; DG was the most frequent indication of induction of labor in 76 % (38/50); 56.4% were vaginal deliveries and 34.6 % were DG related caesarean sections, 11.3 % of newborns were large for gestational age (P > 90) and two newborns weighing > 4000 gr. The incidence of at least one neonatal complication was 27.6 %, 16.7 % had hyperbilirubinemia, 9.9 % respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), 3.0 % hypoglycemia, 10.8 % other complications and 12.3 % were admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit. CONCLUSIONS: DG is a frequent indication of induction of labor and indication of caesarean section. Neonatal complications occur in one of four newborns, although we observed a low incidence of macrosomia, there were other neonatal morbidities related to maternal diagnosis such as hyperbilirubinemia and RDS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Adult , Pregnancy Complications/epidemiology , Diabetes, Gestational , Infant, Newborn, Diseases/epidemiology , Fetal Macrosomia/epidemiology , Comorbidity , Intensive Care, Neonatal , Cesarean Section , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Incidence , Retrospective Studies , Colombia , Hyperbilirubinemia, Neonatal/epidemiology , Overweight , Hypoglycemia , Labor, Induced
18.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 42(6): 316-324, June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1137839

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate the influence of health-related behaviors including food intake, physical activity, sleep time, smoking habits, stress, depression, and optimism on excessive gestational weight gain (GWG) among women with overweight and obesity. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted at the Women's Hospital of the Universidade de Campinas, Campinas, state of São Paulo, Brazil, with 386 mediate postpartum women that fit the inclusion criteria of ≥ 19 years old, first prenatal care visit at or before 14 weeks, and single live baby. Dietary habits, physical exercise practice, sleep duration, smoking and alcohol habits were self-reported. Psychosocial history was evaluated using the Edinburgh Postpartum Depression Scale (EPDS), Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), and Life Orientation Test-Revised (LOT-R). Sociodemographic, obstetric, anthropometric, and neonatal data were retrieved from medical records. Descriptive statistics and stepwise logistic regression were performed. Results The prevalence of overweight and obesity was 29.27% and 24.61%, respectively, according to the body mass index (BMI). Excessive GWG was observed in 47.79% of women with overweight and in 45.26% of women with obesity. Excessive GWG among overweight and obese women was associated with inadequate vegetable and bean consumption (odds ratio [OR] = 2.95, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.35-6.46 and OR = 1.91; 95%CI: 1.01-3.63, respectively) and stress (OR = 1.63; 95%CI 1.01-2.64). After adjustment by maternal age, multiparity, sleep duration, smoking, and alcohol intake, we found that stress (PSS ≥ 20) was associated with excessive GWG in women with overweight or obesity (OR: 1.75; 95%CI: 1.03-2.96). Conclusion Among women with overweight and obesity, stress is the main variable associated with excessive GWG. Inadequate vegetables and beans consumption also showed association with excessive GWG.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar a influência de comportamentos relacionados à saúde: ingestão alimentar, atividade física, tempo de sono, tabagismo, estresse, depressão e otimismo no ganho de peso gestacional (GPG) excessivo em mulheres com sobrepeso e obesidade. Métodos Estudo transversal no Hospital da Mulher, Universidade de Campinas, Campinas, SP, Brasil, com 386 mulheres no puerpério mediato, ≥ 19 anos, primeira consulta pré-natal até 14 semanas e cuja gestação resultou em neonato vivo. Os comportamentos relacionados à saúde foram autorreferidos. História psicossocial foi avaliada usando: Escala de Depressão Pós-Parto de Edimburgo (EPDS, na sigla em inglês), Escala de Estresse Percebido (PSS, na sigla em inglês) e Teste de Orientação à Vida-Revisado (LOT-R, na sigla em inglês). Dados sociodemográficos, obstétricos, antropométricos e neonatais foram obtidos dos prontuários médicos. Realizou-se análises descritivas e regressão logística. Resultados A prevalência de sobrepeso e obesidade foi de 29,27% e de 24,61%, respectivamente. Ganho de peso gestacional excessivo foi observado em 47,79% das mulheres com sobrepeso e em 45,26% das mulheres com obesidade. O consumo inadequado de verduras e feijão (razão de probabilidade [OR] = 2,95; índice de confiança [IC] 95%: 1,35-6,46 e OR = 1,91; IC95%: 1,01-3,63, respectivamente) e estresse (OR = 1,63; IC95%: 1,01-2,64) foram associados ao GPG excessivo em mulheres com sobrepeso e obesidade. Análises ajustadas para idade materna, multiparidade, duração do sono, tabagismo e ingestão de álcool mostraram que o estresse (PSS ≥ 20) associou-se ao GPG excessivo em mulheres com sobrepeso e obesidade (OR = 1.75; 95%CI: 1.03-2.96). Conclusão Entre mulheres com sobrepeso e obesidade, o estresse foi a principal variável associada ao GPG excessivo. O consumo inadequado de verduras e feijão também se associou com o GPG excessivo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Young Adult , Pregnancy Complications/epidemiology , Health Behavior , Obesity/epidemiology , Pregnancy Complications/etiology , Pregnancy Complications/psychology , Psychometrics , Socioeconomic Factors , Brazil/epidemiology , Exercise , Demography , Medical Records , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Overweight/etiology , Overweight/psychology , Overweight/epidemiology , Gestational Weight Gain , Obesity/etiology , Obesity/psychology
19.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 42(4): 200-210, Apr. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1137823

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The present study is a systematic review of the literature to assess whether the presence of endometriosis determines or contributes to adverse obstetric outcomes. Data Sources The present work was carried out at the Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, São Paulo, state of São Paulo, Brazil, in accordance to the PRISMA methodology for systematic reviews. A review of the literature was performed using PubMed, Web of Science and Scopus databases. The keywords used were: pregnancy outcome, pregnancy complications, obstetrical complications, obstetrics, obstetric outcomes and endometriosis. The survey was further completed by a manually executed review of cross-referenced articles, which was last performed on November 30, 2018. Selection of studies The survey disclosed a total of 2,468 articles, published from May 1946 to October 2017. A total of 18 studies were selected to be further classified according to their quality and relevance. Data Collection The Newcastle-Ottawa Quality Assessment Scale was used for classification. Five studies of greater impact and superior evidence quality and 13 studies of moderate evidence quality were selected. We analyzed the studies for the characteristics of their patients plus how endometriosis was diagnosed and their respective obstetric outcomes taking into account their statistical relevance. Data Synthesis Analyses of the higher impact and better quality studies have shown high incidence of preterm birth and placenta previa in patients with endometriosis. Conclusion Placenta previa and preterm birth are the most statistically significant outcomes related to endometriosis, as indicated by our systematic review. The present information is useful to alert obstetricians and patients about possible unfavorable obstetric outcomes.


Resumo Objetivo Realizar uma revisão sistemática e crítica da literatura de modo a avaliar se a presença de endometriose determina desfechos obstétricos adversos na gestação. Fonte dos dados O presente estudo foi realizado no Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, São Paulo, SP, Brasil, de acordo com a metodologia PRISMA para revisões sistemáticas. As bases de dados usadas para a revisão de literatura foram Pubmed, Web of Science e Scopus. As palavras-chave usadas foram: pregnancy outcome, pregnancy complications, obstetrical complications, obstetrics, obstetric outcomes e endometriosis. Uma revisão manual de artigos com referências cruzadas completou a pesquisa, que foi realizada pela última vez em 30 de novembro de 2018. Seleção dos estudos A pesquisa contou com o total de 2.468 artigos, publicados de maio de 1946 a outubro de 2017. Foram selecionados 18 estudos com base em sua relevância. Coleta de dados A metodologia Newcastle-Ottawa Quality Assessment Scale foi usada para selecionar 5 estudos cuja evidência era de melhor qualidade e 13 estudos de moderada qualidade de evidência. As características das populações dos estudos foram analisadas, assim como a doença endometriose foi diagnosticada e os respectivos desfechos obstétricos nas pacientes observando-se a relevância estatística dos estudos. Síntese dos dados A análise dos estudos de maior impacto e de melhor qualidade de evidência mostram que placenta prévia e ocorrência de nascimentos pré-termo são os desfechos obstétricos desfavoráveis de maior incidência em pacientes com endometriose. Conclusão Placenta prévia e nascimentos pré-termo são os desfechos obstétricos com maior significância estatística relacionados à endometriose. Esta informação é útil para alertar obstetras e pacientes com endometriose para possíveis desfechos obstétricos desfavoráveis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Outcome/epidemiology , Endometriosis/complications , Endometriosis/epidemiology , Obstetric Labor Complications/epidemiology , Pregnancy Complications/epidemiology , Brazil
20.
Rev. bras. epidemiol ; 23: e200037, 2020. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1101597

ABSTRACT

RESUMO: Objetivos: Estimar a prevalência e caracterizar a ocorrência de dor lombar gestacional (DLG), dor na cintura pélvica posterior (DCPP) e dor na sínfise púbica (DSP) entre gestantes residentes em Rio Grande, RS. Métodos: Estudo transversal realizado com todas as puérperas com parto em 2016. Foram utilizadas duas figuras para investigar a presença de DLG, DCPP e DSP de forma isolada ou combinada. Regressão logística multinomial foi usada para avaliar os fatores associados a cada sintoma. Resultados: DLG foi referida por 42,2% das entrevistadas, DSP por 4,9%, e DCPP por 2%, enquanto DLG + DSP por 9%, DLG + DCPP por 2,8%, DCPP + DSP por 1,1% e dor nas três regiões por 3,9% delas. Quanto maior era a idade da gestante, menor foi o risco de DLG e de DLG combinada a uma das regiões da cintura pélvica e maior o risco de DCPP + DSP. Depressão na gestação aumentou o risco de todas as combinações dos sintomas. Conclusão: Este estudo realizou uma descrição mais detalhada da ocorrência dos desfechos avaliados e de seus fatores associados. Estudos como este são raros no país, sobretudo com baixas taxas de perdas e recusas. A elevada prevalência dos sintomas avaliados sugere que sua investigação seja rotineira nas consultas de pré-natal, atendo-se a idade das gestantes, sintomas depressivos e a dores combinadas e intensas.


ABSTRACT: Objectives: To estimate the prevalence and characterize the occurrence of low back pain (LBP), posterior pelvic girdle pain (PPGP) and pubic symphysis pain (PSP) among pregnant women resident in Rio Grande, RS. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study of all postpartum women who gave birth in 2016. Two pictures were used to investigate the presence of LBP, PPGP and PSP, both isolated and combined. Multinomial logistic regression was used to evaluate the factors associated with each symptom. Results: LBP was reported by 42.2%, PSP by 4.9%, and PPGP by 2%, while LBP + PSP was reported by 9%, LBP and PPGP by 2.8% and PPGP + PSP by 1.1%, and pain in all three regions was reported by 3.9% of the sample. The more advanced the age of the pregnant women, the risk for LBP and of LBP combined with one of the pelvic girdle regions was reduced, while the risk for PPGP + PSP was increased. Depression during pregnancy increased the risk for all symptom combinations. Conclusion: This study provided a detailed description of the occurrence of the evaluated outcomes and its associated factors. Studies like this are rare in Brazil, especially a census with low rates of losses and refusals. The high prevalence of the evaluated symptoms suggests that it should be investigated routinely in prenatal care, taking into account the age of the pregnant women, depressive symptoms and those experiencing combined or intense pain.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Pregnancy Complications/epidemiology , Pubic Symphysis , Low Back Pain/epidemiology , Arthralgia/epidemiology , Pelvic Girdle Pain/epidemiology , Lumbar Vertebrae , Pregnancy Complications/etiology , Pain Measurement , Brazil/epidemiology , Logistic Models , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Risk Factors , Age Factors , Gestational Age , Low Back Pain/etiology , Arthralgia/etiology , Depression/complications , Depression/epidemiology , Pelvic Girdle Pain/etiology
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