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1.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 44: e258946, 2024.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1558745

ABSTRACT

Este trabalho tem o objetivo de analisar as concepções de maternidade para mulheres inférteis de diferentes níveis socioeconômicos que estão em tratamento de reprodução assistida. Trata-se de um estudo qualitativo, descritivo, que utilizou como instrumento uma entrevista semiestruturada e contemplou temas como o significado de família, desejo/expectativas sobre filho e gestação e expectativas sobre a maternidade. Participaram da pesquisa 48 mulheres inférteis acima de 35 anos que usam tecnologias de reprodução assistida de alta complexidade em instituições privada e pública. Os dados foram tratados pela análise de conteúdo em que emergiram os temas: representações sociais da família; representações sociais da maternidade; expectativas com a gestação e os modelos maternos; e o filho imaginado. As participantes representaram a família de forma positiva, como um sistema de suporte, de fundação e origem de amor, configurando-a como um laço social. Por outro lado, as concepções de família com base na consanguinidade também estiveram presentes, representando a família pela perpetuação da espécie e pela importância do laço biológico. A maternidade foi marcada por significativa idealização, sendo vista como um papel gratificante e de realização da feminilidade. O peso da cobrança social para procriar também foi sentido como um dever a cumprir e que, na impossibilidade de se realizar, gera sentimentos de inferioridade, menos-valia, impotência e inadequação perante a sociedade, o que reforça o estigma da infertilidade. Tais resultados apontam a importância de reflexões sobre o papel da mulher na nossa cultura, visto que a maternidade é ainda utilizada como medida para o sucesso ou fracasso feminino. Faz-se necessário também refletir sobre a possibilidade da maior inserção do trabalho psicológico na reprodução assistida, visto a carga emocional e social envolvidas nesse processo.(AU)


This study aimed to analyze the conceptions of motherhood for infertile women from different socioeconomic levels who are undergoing assisted reproduction treatment. This is a qualitative and descriptive study that used a semi-structured interview as an instrument and included topics such as the meaning of family and desires/expectations about the child, pregnancy, and motherhood. A total of 48 infertile women over 35 years of ages using high-complexity assisted reproductive technologies in private and public institutions participated in this research. The data were treated by content analysis in which the following themes emerged: family social representations; social representations of motherhood; expectations with pregnancy and maternal models; and the imagined son. Participants represented the family in a positive way as a support system and the foundation and origin of love, embracing the family as a social bond. On the other hand, the family concepts based on inbreeding were also present, representing the family by perpetuation of the species and the importance of biological bonds. Motherhood was marked by significant idealization, being seen as a gratifying role and the fulfillment of femininity. The weight of the social demand to procreate was also felt as a duty to be fulfilled that, in the impossibility of carrying it out, generates feelings of inferiority, worthlessness, impotence, and inadequacy toward society, which reinforce the stigma of infertility. Results point to the necessary reflections on the role of women and our culture since Motherhood is still used as a measure of female success or failure. They also point to a reflection on the possibility of greater inclusion of psychological work in assisted reproduction given the emotional and social burden involved in this process.(AU)


Este estudio tuvo como objetivo analizar las concepciones de maternidad de mujeres infértiles, de diferentes niveles socioeconómicos, que se encuentran en tratamiento de reproducción asistida. Se trata de un estudio cualitativo, descriptivo, que utilizó como instrumento una entrevista semiestructurada e incluyó temas como el sentido de la familia, deseos/expectativas sobre el hijo y el embarazo y expectativas sobre la maternidad. Participaron en la investigación un total de 48 mujeres infértiles, mayores de 35 años, usuarias de tecnologías de reproducción asistida de alta complejidad en instituciones públicas y privadas. Los datos se sometieron a análisis de contenido del cual surgieron los temas: representaciones sociales familiares; representaciones sociales de la maternidad; expectativas con el embarazo y modelos maternos; hijo imaginado. Las participantes representaron a la familia de manera positiva, como sistema de apoyo, fundamento y origen del amor, configurándola como vínculo social. Por otro lado, también estuvieron presentes las concepciones familiares basadas en la consanguinidad, representando a la familia para la perpetuación de la especie y la importancia del vínculo biológico. La maternidad estuvo marcada por una importante idealización, vista como un rol gratificante y de realización de la feminidad. También se sintió el peso de la demanda social de procrear como un deber que cumplir y que, ante la imposibilidad de realizarlo, genera sentimientos de inferioridad, desvalorización, impotencia e inadecuación en la sociedad, lo que refuerza el estigma de la infertilidad. Por tanto, son necesarias reflexiones sobre el papel de la mujer en nuestra cultura, ya que la maternidad se sigue utilizando como medida del éxito o fracaso femenino. También se reflexiona sobre la posibilidad de una mayor inclusión del trabajo psicológico en la reproducción asistida dada la carga emocional y social que implica este proceso.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Reproduction , Family , Parenting , Social Representation , Infertility, Female , Anxiety , Ovulation Detection , Ovulation Induction , Ovum , Ovum Transport , Parent-Child Relations , Patient Care Team , Patients , Pregnancy Maintenance , Pregnancy, Multiple , Prejudice , Psychology , Quality of Life , Self Concept , Sex , Sexual Abstinence , Shame , Achievement , Social Identification , Sperm Transport , Spermatozoa , Taboo , Time , Tobacco Use Disorder , Urogenital System , Uterus , Population Characteristics , National Health Strategies , Labor, Obstetric , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Outcome , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Adoption , Divorce , Marriage , Fertilization in Vitro , Sexually Transmitted Diseases , Child Rearing , Family Characteristics , Risk Factors , Pelvic Inflammatory Disease , Reproductive Techniques , Gestational Age , Coitus , Pregnancy, High-Risk , Oocyte Donation , Consanguinity , Contraception , Sexuality , Couples Therapy , Affect , Abortion, Threatened , Pelvic Infection , Heredity , Inheritance Patterns , Ovulation Prediction , Depression , Reproductive Rights , Diagnosis , Dreams , Alcoholism , Embryo Transfer , Endometriosis , Conjugal Status , Job Market , Fallopian Tube Patency Tests , Family Conflict , Family Relations , Fantasy , Fear , Female Urogenital Diseases and Pregnancy Complications , Masculinity , Sedentary Behavior , Binge Drinking , Hope , Social Norms , Delay Discounting , Contraceptive Prevalence Surveys , Psychological Trauma , Donor Conception , Healthy Lifestyle , Contraceptive Effectiveness , Long-Acting Reversible Contraception , Social Construction of Gender , Gender Expression , Gender-Specific Needs , Frustration , Embarrassment , Sadness , Emotional Regulation , Psychological Distress , Empowerment , Varicocele , Belonging , Family Support , Emotional Exhaustion , Guilt , Happiness , Imagination , Infertility, Male , Insemination, Artificial, Homologous , Laboratories , Life Style , Loneliness , Maternal-Fetal Exchange , Medicine , Obesity
2.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 1239-1245, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009875

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To explore the association between assisted reproductive technology (ART) and birth weight discordance in twins (BWDT).@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was conducted on twin infants born between January 2011 and December 2020 at the Third Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, with complete basic birth data. The impact of ART on the occurrence of BWDT was identified by the multivariate logistic regression analysis.@*RESULTS@#A total of 3 974 pairs of twins were included, with 1 431 conceived naturally and 2 543 through ART. Neonates in the ART group had higher birth weights than those in the naturally conceived group (P<0.001). The incidence of BWDT was lower in the ART group compared to the naturally conceived group (16.17% vs 21.09%, P<0.001). The multivariate logistic regression analysis, adjusting for confounding factors such as maternal age, parity, pre-pregnancy body mass index, gestational diabetes, hypothyroidism, gestational age, and chorionic properties, showed no significant difference in the risk of BWDT between the ART and naturally conceived groups (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#ART is not associated with the risk of BWDT.


Subject(s)
Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Female , Humans , Birth Weight , Pregnancy Outcome , Infant, Premature , Infant, Low Birth Weight , Pregnancy, Multiple , Premature Birth/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Population Surveillance , Reproductive Techniques, Assisted/adverse effects , Pregnancy Complications
3.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1507323

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objectives: to determine the prevalence of pathological findings according to the type of chorionicity in pregnancies in two institutions in Bogotá, Colombia. Methods: descriptive, retrospective, cohort study. Biometric variables were calculated, and pathological findings were evaluated according to the type of chorionicity in multiple pregnancies. Statistical characterization was performed with absolute frequencies, calculation of relative frequencies in qualitative variables, standard deviation measures, median and interquartile range. In addition, a descriptive analysis of the information was carried out. Results: 528 studies were carried out in 141 pregnant women, 98.5% (n = 139) twins and 1.4% (n = 2) triplets. A prevalence of 35.4% of fetal complications was calculated. The most frequent was fetal growth restriction (p=0.37). According to each type of chorionicity, fetal growth restriction was presented in 50% (1/2) of the trichorionics, 16.6% (7/42) of the monochorionics, and 11.3% (11/97) of the dichorionics. Conclusion: fetal growth restriction was the most common finding, both in trichorionics, monochorionics and dichorionics pregnancies.


Resumen Objetivos: el objetivo del estudio fue determinar la prevalencia de los hallazgos patológicos ecográficos en embarazos múltiples de acuerdo con la corionicidad en dos instituciones en Bogotá-Colombia. Métodos: estudio de cohorte, descriptivo, retrospectivo. Las variables biométricas realizadas y los hallazgos patológicos se evaluaron de acuerdo con el tipo de embarazo gemelar. Se realizó caracterización estadística con frecuencias absolutas, cálculo de frecuencias relativas en variables cualitativas, medidas de desviación estándar, mediana y rango intercuartílico. Además, se realizó análisis descriptivo de la información. Resultados: se realizaron 528 estudios en 141 gestantes, encontrando 98,5% (n=139) gemelares y 1,4% (n=2) triples. Se calculó una prevalencia de 35,4% de complicaciones fetales siendo más frecuente la restricción del crecimiento fetal (p=0,37). Según la corionicidad, esta complicación se presentó en 50% (1/2) de los tricoriónicos, 16,6% (7/42) de los monocoriónicos y 11,3% (11/97) de los dicoriónicos. Conclusión: la restricción del crecimiento fetal fue el hallazgo más común en los embarazos múltiples en la población estudiada.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Complications/epidemiology , Pregnancy, Multiple , Pregnancy, Triplet , Pregnancy, Twin , Biometry/methods , Ultrasonography, Prenatal/methods , Colombia/epidemiology , Diseases in Twins , Fetal Growth Retardation
4.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 44(6): 578-585, June 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394798

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective It is known that the single embryo transfer (SET) is the best choice to reduce multiples and associated risks. The practice of cryopreserving all embryos for posterior transfer has been increasingly performed for in vitro fertilization (IVF) patients at the risk of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome or preimplantation genetic testing for aneuploidy. However, its widespread practice is still controverse. The aim of this study was to evaluate how effective is the transfer of two sequential SET procedures compared with a double embryo transfer (DET) in freeze-only cycles. Methods This retrospective study reviewed 5,156 IVF cycles performed between 2011 and 2019, and 506 cycles using own oocytes and freeze-only policy with subsequent elective frozen-thawed embryo transfers (eFET) were selected for this study. Cycles having elective SET (eSET, n = 209) comprised our study group and as control group we included cycles performed with elective DET (eDET, n = 291). In the eSET group, 57 couples who had failed in the 1st eSET had a 2nd eFET, and the estimated cumulative ongoing pregnancy rate was calculated and compared with eDET. Results After the 1st eFET, the ongoing pregnancy rates were similar between groups (eSET: 35.4% versus eDET: 38.5%; p =0.497), but the estimated cumulative ongoing pregnancy rate after a 2nd eFET in the eSET group (eSET + SET) was significantly higher (48.8%) than in the eDET group (p < 0.001). Additionally, the eSET +SET group had a 2.7% rate of multiple gestations, which is significantly lower than the eDET group, with a 30.4% rate (p < 0.001). Conclusion Our study showed the association of freeze-only strategy with until up to two consecutive frozen-thawed eSETs resulted in higher success rates than a frozenthawed DET, while drastically reducing the rate of multiple pregnancies.


Resumo Objetivo Sabe-se que a transferência de embrião único (SET) é a melhor escolha para reduzir as gestações múltiplas e riscos associados. A prática da criopreservação de todos os embriões para transferência posterior tem sido cada vez mais utilizada para fertilização in vitro (FIV), em especial quando há risco de síndrome de hiperestimulação ovariana ou realização de teste genético pré-implantacional. Entretanto, sua utilização disseminada ainda é controversa. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a eficácia de duas SET sequenciais em comparação com uma transferência de embrião dupla (DET) em ciclos de FIV onde todos os embriões foram criopreservados. Métodos Neste estudo retrospectivo foram revisados 5.156 ciclos de FIV realizados entre 2011 e 2019, e 506 ciclos usando oócitos próprios e criopreservação de todos os embriões com transferências eletivas subsequentes de embriões descongelados, foram selecionados para este estudo. Ciclos com transferência eletiva de embrião único (eSET, n = 209) compuseram nosso grupo de estudo e como grupo de controle incluímos os ciclos com transferência eletiva de dois embriões (eDET, n = 291). No grupo eSET, 57 casais que falharam na 1ª tentativa de eSET tiveram uma 2ª eFET e a taxa de gravidez em curso cumulativa foi estimada para o grupo eSET e comparada com o grupo eDET. Resultados Após a 1ª eFET, as taxas de gravidez em curso foram semelhantes entre os grupos (eSET: 35,4% versus eDET: 38,5%; p = 0,497), mas a taxa de gravidez em curso cumulativa estimada após a 2ª eFET no grupo eSET (eSET + SET) foi significativamente maior (48,8%) do que no grupo eDET (p <0,001). Além disso, as taxas de gestação múltipla foram expressivamente inferiores no grupo eSET + SET (2,7%) quando comparado ao grupo eDET (30,4%; p < 0,001). Conclusão Nosso estudo mostrou que a associação das estratégias de congelamento de todos os embriões com até duas eSETs sequenciais resultou em maiores taxas de sucesso do que uma DET com embriões descongelados, além de reduzir drasticamente a ocorrência de gestações múltiplas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy, Multiple , Fertilization in Vitro , Pregnancy Rate , Single Embryo Transfer
5.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1408432

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La planificación familiar en las gestantes con drepanocitosis contribuye a disminuir el número de embarazos y la morbimortalidad materno fetal. Objetivo: Analizar conceptos de planificación familiar aplicables a la gestante con drepanocitosis y proponer acciones de asesoramiento encaminadas a disminuir los indicadores de morbilidad y mortalidad materna y fetal relacionadas con esta enfermedad. Métodos: Se realizó una revisión de la literatura, en inglés y español, a través del sitio web Pubmed y el motor de búsqueda Google académico de artículos publicados en los últimos 5 años, con análisis y resumen de la bibliografía revisada. Análisis y síntesis de la información: La gran mayoría de las pacientes con drepanocitosis desconocen los conceptos de salud sexual y reproductiva, así como de planificación familiar, por lo que muchas se convierten en mujeres con múltiples gestaciones que terminan en abortos, con alto riesgo de complicaciones severas y 2,5 veces más posibilidades de muerte durante la gestación y el puerperio que una gestante no enferma. La aplicación de un grupo de medidas encaminadas a dar a conocer estos conceptos desde la consulta de hematología, acercan a estas pacientes y a su pareja a la toma correcta de decisión sobre en qué momentos y cuántos hijos tener. Conclusión: La planificación familiar como proceso de atención médica en la drepanocitosis, con participación directa del hematólogo, como médico de asistencia primario durante toda la vida de estas gestantes, contribuye a fortalecer la relación entre el trabajo del equipo asistencial, la pareja y disminuye la morbilidad y mortalidad materna fetal(AU)


Introduction: Family planning in pregnant women with sickle cell disease contributes to reducing the number of pregnancies and maternal-fetal morbidity and mortality. Objective: To analyze family planning concepts applicable to pregnant women with sickle cell disease and propose counseling actions aimed at reducing the indicators of maternal fetal morbidity and mortality related to this disease. Methods: A literature review was carried out, in English and Spanish, through the Pubmed website and the academic Google search engine of articles published in the last 5 years, with analysis and summary of the reviewed bibliography. Analysis and synthesis of information: The vast majority of patients with sickle cell disease are unaware of the concepts of sexual and reproductive health as well as FP, so many become women with multiple pregnancies that end in abortions, with a high risk of complications severe and 2.5 times more likely to die during pregnancy and the puerperium than a non-ill pregnant woman. The application of a group of measures aimed at making these concepts known from the hematology consultation, brings these patients and their partner closer to making the correct decision about when and how many children to have. Conclusion: Family planning as a medical care process in sickle cell disease, with direct participation of the hematologist, as primary care physician throughout the life of these pregnant women, contributes to strengthening the relationship between the work of the healthcare team, the couple and decreases morbidity and fetal maternal mortality(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Pregnancy , Pregnancy, Multiple , Indicators of Morbidity and Mortality , Postpartum Period , Anemia, Sickle Cell , Patient Care Team
6.
Rev. Méd. Clín. Condes ; 32(2): 196-206, mar.-abr. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1518272

ABSTRACT

Las pacientes infértiles tienen un riesgo aumentado de resultados obstétricos y perinatales adversos que dependen de los factores de infertilidad subyacentes previos y de factores inherentes a los tratamientos recibidos para lograr el embarazo. La edad materna, las patologías previas ginecológicas, hormonales, endocrinológicas, metabólicas y anatomo funcionales son reconocidas como factores de riesgo para resultados adversos obstétricos y perinatales. Los tratamientos como la hiperestimulación ovárica y los tratamientos de reproducción asistida condicionan riesgos adicionales, especialmente por el aumento de embarazos múltiples que se generan con estas terapias. El aumento de la edad materna de pacientes tratadas por infertilidad y la necesidad creciente de tratamientos de reproducción asistida determinan probablemente, un mayor riesgo futuro de complicaciones obstétricas y perinatales. Muchos de estos factores de riesgo pueden ser modificados y manejados antes de iniciar los tratamientos con la finalidad de mejorar el pronóstico para la madre y el recién nacido. La consideración de estos factores de riesgo y sus consecuencias en el embarazo son parte esencial del consejo reproductivo que debiera recibir toda paciente que se somete a tratamientos por infertilidad.El objetivo de esta revisión es mostrar la relación existente entre las pacientes que consultan por infertilidad, los tratamientos usados y los potenciales riesgos obstétricos y perinatales cuando se produce el embarazo.


Infertile patients have an increased risk of adverse obstetric and perinatal outcomes that depend on underlying infertility factors and on those treatments recieved to become pregnant. Maternal age, hormonal, endocrinologial, metabolic and anatomic/functional gynecological diseases are widely recognized risk factors for adverse obstetric and perinatal outcomes. Infertility treatments like controlled ovarian hyperstimulation and assisted reproductive technologies add aditional risks, specially related to multiple pregnancies that are associated to. The higher maternal age of patients seeking for infertility treatment and the increasing need of assisted reproductive technologies probably determines a higher and increasing risk of obstetric and perinatal adverse outcomes. In many cases risk factors can be adequately modified and controlled before treatments are initiated thus improving maternal and neonatal prognosis. This risk factors and their consequences in pregnancy have to be strongly considered in reproductive counselling that should recieve every patient treated for infertility.The aim of this article is to show the relation between infertile patients seeking for treatment and their potential risks of obstetric and perinatal adverse outcomes when they get pregnant.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy Complications/epidemiology , Reproductive Techniques, Assisted/adverse effects , Infertility/therapy , Polycystic Ovary Syndrome , Pregnancy Complications/etiology , Pregnancy, Multiple , Pregnancy Outcome , Fetal Diseases , Infant, Newborn, Diseases
7.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 86(1): 120-133, feb. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388626

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVOS: reportar el caso de una paciente con gestación gemelar monocorial-biamniótica complicada por secuencia TRAP que dio lugar al nacimiento de un feto bomba de 1932 gramos sin malformaciones anatómicas y de un feto acardio anceps de 1800 gramos, y realizar una revisión sobre esta patología y la importancia de su diagnóstico y tratamiento precoces. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS: se presenta el caso de un feto acardio en una gestante con embarazo sin control estricto en el Hospital San Pedro de Logroño en el año 2019, de interés por su diagnóstico tardío y elevado peso al nacimiento del feto acardio. Se realizó una búsqueda de la literatura en las bases de datos Medline vía PubMed, OVID, Embase y SciE-LO con las palabras clave DeCS y términos MeSH. Como criterios de inclusión se consideraron artículos tipo series y reportes de casos y artículos de revisión desde enero de 1950 hasta enero de 2020. RESULTADOS: la búsqueda incluyó 39 referencias bibliográficas sobre las que se repasaron las principales cuestiones teóricas a exponer. El peso del feto acardio de nuestro caso fue muy elevado sin provocar repercusión en el feto sano, en comparación con la bibliografía, lo que aporta singularidad al caso, siendo sólo equiparable la serie de casos de Brassard et al (1999), con pesos de los fetos acardio por encima de 1700 gramos y diferenciándose en 100 gramos del feto bomba. CONCLUSIONES: el feto acardio es una complicación infrecuente de embarazos gemelares monocoriales. Se requiere la presencia de anastomosis vasculares placentarias entre ambas circulaciones. El diagnóstico precoz es importante para disminuir la morbilidad y usar, en la medida de lo posible, técnicas terapéuticas no invasivas.


OBJECTIVES: to report the case of a patient with a monochorionic-biamniotic twin gestation complicated by TRAP sequence that gave rise to the birth of a pump fetus without anatomical malformations (1932 g) and an acardiac anceps fetus (1800 g), and to review this pathology and the importance of its early diagnosis and management. MATERIAL AND METHODS: the case of an acardiac fetus is presented in a pregnant woman without strict control at the Hospital San Pedro de Logroño in 2019, worthwhile because of its late diagnosis and high birth weight. A search of the literature was carried out in the Medline databases via PubMed, OVID, Embase and SciELO with the MeSH terms. As inclusion criteria, we considered series-type articles and case reports, cohorts and review articles from January 1950 to January 2020. RESULTS: 39 bibliographic references were included with the main theoretical questions to be reviewed. Our acardiac fetus weight was very high comparing with the bibiography and without causing repercussion in the healthy fetus, which contributes to the uniqueness of the case, only the series report by Brassard et al (1999) is comparable, with weights of the acardiac fetus above 1700 grams and differing by 100 grams from the pump fetus. CONCLUSIONS: the acardiac fetus is an infrequent complication of monochorionic twin pregnancies. The presence of placental vascular anastomoses between both circulations is required. Early diagnosis is important to decrease morbidity and to use, as far as possible, non-invasive therapeutic techniques.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Pregnancy Complications/diagnostic imaging , Diseases in Twins/diagnostic imaging , Fetofetal Transfusion/diagnostic imaging , Heart Defects, Congenital/diagnostic imaging , Perfusion , Pregnancy, Multiple , Abnormalities, Multiple/diagnostic imaging , Ultrasonography, Prenatal , Placental Circulation , Fetal Heart/diagnostic imaging , Pregnancy, Twin , Anencephaly/diagnostic imaging
8.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 85(6): 691-696, dic. 2020. ilus, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1508029

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: Se presenta el caso de un parto diferido en una gestación gemelar en la que se consigue retrasar el parto del segundo gemelo 45 días con manejo conservador. CASO CLÍNICO: Mujer de 25 años, gestación gemelar bicorial biamniótica, con diagnóstico de muerte fetal del primer gemelo en semana 24+3 y parto del mismo tras una semana de evolución. Se decide la opción de tratamiento conservador expectante, con reposo absoluto, manteniendo tocolisis intravenosa, controles analíticos seriados, controles cardiotocográficos diarios, profilaxis antibiótica y antitrombótica. Con ello se consigue diferir el parto un total de 45 días. CONCLUSIÓN: El parto diferido en gestaciones gemelares es una práctica poco habitual, por lo que se carece de protocolos y actuaciones específicas. La bibliografía disponible difiere en cuanto al manejo de dichos casos y en el total de días que se consigue diferir el parto, pero en todos los estudios se reporta el beneficio en términos de resultados perinatales al conseguir aumentar la edad gestacional del segundo gemelo. En nuestro caso se consiguió una mejora sustancial del resultado perinatal asociado a la prematuridad sin importantes efectos adversos maternos y tras el periodo de latencia indicado.


INTRODUCTION: We report a delayed delivery of a dichorionic diamniotic twin pregnancy, in which the birth of the second twin was postponed 45 days. CASE REPORT: At 24+3 weeks of gestation, a 25-year-old woman with dichorionic diamniotic twin pregnancy presented with preterm premature rupture of membranes and intrauterine dead of the first fetus. Spontaneous delivery of the first death twin, occurred al 25+2 weeks. Tocolysis, antibiotic, antithrombotic prophylaxis, absolute rest, serial blood tests and fetal cardiotocography controls, were performed. The second twin was delivered at 31+5 weeks, after a the preterm premature rupture of membranes triggered the labor. The interval between the first and second birth was 45 days. CONCLUSION: Delayed delivery in twin pregnancies, is an uncommon clinical situation, so there are not validated medical protocols. Available bibliography offers different practices related to its management. Most studies confirm the better survival rate and perinatal outcomes of the postponed birth twin.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Obstetric Labor, Premature/therapy , Pregnancy, Multiple , Time Factors , Tocolysis , Fetal Death , Watchful Waiting , Conservative Treatment
9.
Alerta (San Salvador) ; 3(2): 44-49, ago.12, 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1116980

ABSTRACT

El útero didelfo forma parte del grupo de anomalías müllerianas. Este se produce posterior a una falla en la fusión de los conductos müllerianos, resultando dos cavidades uterinas diferentes y dos cérvix que se unen en el extremo uterino inferior. En la mayoría de los casos esta malformación se asocia a un tabique vaginal longitudinal. Todo esto debido a deficiencias en el proceso de formación de los conductos müllerianos. Los embarazos gemelares en úteros didelfos se estiman en uno por cada millón de embarazos, pero en la actualidad se encuentran reportados pocos casos en el mundo. Esta revisión relata el caso de una paciente con útero didelfo, quién presentó un embarazo múltiple con un feto en cada uno de los hemiúteros. Sin ningún método de apoyo para la concepción del embarazo, se obtuvieron dos recién nacidos sanos, tras cesárea de emergencia por iniciar trabajo de parto y ruptura de membranas, con distocia de partes blandas ocasionada por el tabique vaginal


The didelphys uterus is part of the group of Müllerian anomalies. This occurs after a failure in the fusion of the Müllerian ducts, resulting in two different uterine cavities and two cervix that unite at the lower uterine end. In most cases this malformation is associated with a longitudinal vaginal septum. All this due to deficiencies in the process of formation of the Müllerian ducts. Twin pregnancies in didelphys uteri are estimated at one per million pregnancies, but few cases are currently reported in the world. This review reports the case of a patient with a didelphic uterus, who presented a multiple pregnancy with a fetus in each of the hemi-uteri. Without any support method for the conception of pregnancy, two healthy newborns were obtained, after emergency cesarean section due to initiation of labor and rupture of membranes, with soft tissue dystocia caused by the vaginal septum


Subject(s)
Female , Pregnancy , Pregnancy, Multiple , Uterine Didelphys , Bicornuate Uterus
10.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 42(7): 373-379, July 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1137854

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To investigate the patterns of hospital births in the state of Rio de Janeiro (RJ), Brazil, between 2015 and 2016; considering the classification of obstetric characteristics proposed by Robson and the prenatal care index proposed by Kotelchuck. Methods Data obtained from the Information System on Live Births of the Informatics Department of the Brazilian Unified Health System (SINASC/DATASUS, in the Portuguese acronym) databases were used to group pregnant women relatively to the Robson classification. A descriptive analysis was performed for each Robson group, considering the variables: maternal age, marital status, schooling, parity, Kotelchuck prenatal adequacy index and gestational age. A logistic model estimated odds ratios (ORs) for cesarean sections (C-sections), considering the aforementioned variables. Results Out of the 456,089 live births in Rio de Janeiro state between 2015 and 2016, 391,961 records were retained, 60.3% of which were C-sections. Most pregnant women (58.6%) were classified in groups 5, 2 or 3. The percentage of C-sections in the Robson groups 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 8 was much higher than expected. Prenatal care proved to be inadequate for women who subsequently had a vaginal delivery, had an unfavorable family structure and a lower socioeconomic status (mothers without partners and with lower schooling), compared with those undergoing cesarean delivery. For a sameRobson group, the chance of C-section increases when maternal age rises (OR = 3.33 for 41-45 years old), there is the presence of a partner (OR = 1.81) and prenatal care improves (OR = 3.19 for "adequate plus"). Conclusion There are indications that in the state of RJ, from 2015 to 2016, many cesarean deliveries were performed due to nonclinical factors.


Resumo Objetivo Investigar os padrões dos partos hospitalares no estado do Rio de Janeiro (RJ), Brasil, entre 2015 e 2016, considerando a classificação de características obstétricas de Robson e a dos cuidados pré-natais proposta por Kotelchuck. Métodos Dados sistema de informações sobre nascidos vivos (SINASC) do departamento de informática do sistema único de saúde (DATASUS) foram utilizados para agrupar gestantes relativamente à classificação de Robson. Foi efetuada uma análise descritiva para cada grupo de Robson, considerando-se as variáveis idade materna, estado civil, escolaridade, paridade, o índice de Kotelchuck de adequação do pré-natal e a idade gestacional. Também foi realizado o cálculo de razão de chances (RC) para parto cesáreo, considerando-se um modelo logístico. Resultados Dos 456.089 nascimentos vivos ocorridos no RJ de 2015 a 2016, foram incluídos 391.961 registros, sendo 60,3% cesáreas, com maioria de gestantes (58,6%) nos grupos 5, 2 ou 3. O percentual de cesáreas nos grupos 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 e 8 foi bem superior ao sugerido pela literatura. Para gestantes de um mesmo grupo (controladas as demais características), a chance de cesárea se eleva quando aumenta a idade materna (RC = 3,33 para 41-45 anos), existe a presença de um companheiro (RC = 1,81), o nível de escolaridade é maior (RC = 3,11 para ≥ 12 anos) e o pré-natal é mais cuidadoso (RC= 3,19 para "adequado plus"). Conclusão Há indícios que no RJ, de 2015 a 2016, muitos partos cesáreos foram realizados sob influência de fatores extraclínicos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Prenatal Care , Cesarean Section/statistics & numerical data , Live Birth , Parity , Pregnancy, Multiple , Brazil/epidemiology , Labor Onset , Gestational Age , Maternal Age , Marital Status , Unnecessary Procedures/statistics & numerical data , Educational Status , Labor Presentation
11.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 72(1): 102-106, Jan.-Feb. 2020. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1088941

ABSTRACT

Multiple pregnancies in humans account for only 3% of pregnancies, 97-98% of which are twin pregnancies and the morbimortality is higher in the monochorionic twins when compared to dichorionic ones. The canine species is naturally multiparous, but the diagnosis of monochorionic twin pregnancy is not common. The objective of this report was to describe the ultrasonographic diagnosis of monochorionic twin pregnancies in two bitches [Pug (case 1) and Shih tzu (case 2)]. It was possible to verify the presence of one gestational vesicle containing two fetuses in each female by observing two heads or two bodies within the same placental site. These fetuses presented adequate viability and normal organogenesis. Their development was similar to the other fetuses. In case 1 they were stillborn and smaller than the other five live-born fetuses. The twins in case 2 were born alive, but they also appeared smaller when compared to the littermates. The gestational risks associated with this condition in pregnant bitches are still unknown, however, there are reports of fetal death in monochorionic pregnancies in this species. Therefore, ultrasonographic exam during pregnancy allows an early monochorionic diagnosis and monitoring the fetal viability could bring health benefits to both the female and the littermates.(AU)


As gestações múltiplas em humanos correspondem a apenas 3% das gestações, sendo 97-98% dessas gestações gemelares. Sabe-se que a morbimortalidade fetal é maior em gêmeos monocoriônicos do que nos dicoriônicos. A espécie canina é naturalmente multípara, mas o diagnóstico gestacional de gêmeos monocoriônicos não é comum. O objetivo deste relato é descrever o diagnóstico ultrassonográfico de gêmeos monocoriônicos em duas cadelas, sendo uma da raça Pug (caso 1) e outra da raça Shih-Tzu (caso 2). Foi possível verificar a presença de uma única vesícula gestacional contendo dois fetos em cada cadela, por meio da visibilização de duas cabeças ou de dois corpos dentro de uma mesma placenta. Esses fetos apresentavam viabilidade e organogênese adequadas e o grau de desenvolvimento era similar aos demais fetos da ninhada. No caso 1, os gêmeos nasceram mortos e de tamanho menor que os outros cinco fetos nascidos vivos. Os gêmeos do caso 2 nasceram vivos, mas também eram pequenos em relação aos irmãos da ninhada. Os riscos gestacionais associados a essa condição em cadelas ainda não são conhecidos, no entanto já existem relatos de morte fetal em gestação monocoriônica nessa espécie. Portanto, o exame ultrassonográfico durante a gestação permite um diagnóstico precoce da monocorionicidade, e a monitorização da viabilidade fetal pode trazer benefícios para a saúde da matriz, assim como para o restante da ninhada.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Dogs , Pregnancy, Multiple , Pregnancy, Animal , Ultrasonography, Prenatal/veterinary
13.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 41(3): 147-154, Mar. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003541

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The objective of the present study was to explore obstetric management in relation to clinical, maternal and child health outcomes by using the Robson classification system. Methods Data was collected from obstetrics registries in tertiary care hospitals in Dubai, United Arab Emirates (UAE). Results The analysis of > 5,400 deliveries (60% of all the deliveries in 2016) in major maternity hospitals in Dubai showed that groups 5, 8 and 9 of Robson's classification were the largest contributors to the overall cesarean section (CS) rate and accounted for 30% of the total CS rate. The results indicate that labor was spontaneous in 2,221 (45%) of the women and was augmented or induced in almost 1,634 cases (33%). The birth indication rate was of 64% for normal vaginal delivery, of 24% for emergency CS, and of 9% for elective CS.The rate of vaginal birth after cesarean was 261(6%), the rate of external cephalic version was 28 (0.7%), and the rate of induction was 1,168 (21.4%). The prevalence of the overall Cesarean section was 33%; with majority (53.5%) of it being repeated Cesarean section. Conclusion The CS rate in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) is higher than the global average rate and than the average rate in Asia, which highlights the need for more education of pregnant women and of their physicians in order to promote vaginal birth. A proper planning is needed to reduce the number of CSs in nulliparous women in order to prevent repeated CSs in the future. Monitoring both CS rates and outcomes is essential to ensure that policies, practices, and actions for the optimization of the utilization of CS lead to improved maternal and infant outcomes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Young Adult , Prenatal Care/statistics & numerical data , Delivery, Obstetric/statistics & numerical data , Tertiary Care Centers/statistics & numerical data , Oxytocics , Pregnancy, Multiple/statistics & numerical data , United Arab Emirates , Oxytocin , Pregnancy Outcome , Cesarean Section/statistics & numerical data , Child Health/statistics & numerical data , Prospective Studies , Analgesia, Obstetrical/statistics & numerical data , Unnecessary Procedures/statistics & numerical data , Term Birth , Anesthesia, Epidural/statistics & numerical data , Labor, Induced/statistics & numerical data , Obstetrical Forceps/statistics & numerical data
14.
Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 35(1): e00211917, 2019. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-974628

ABSTRACT

O estudo propôs a aplicação da modelagem com equações estruturais (MEE) para estudar variáveis associadas ao nascimento pré-termo com base em um modelo teórico analisado previamente pela regressão logística hierarquizada. Os dados foram provenientes da pesquisa observacional do tipo caso-controle populacional sobre nascidos vivos hospitalares de mães residentes em Londrina, Paraná, Brasil (junho de 2006 a março de 2007). Para a MEE foi considerada a associação de características socioeconômicas e aspectos psicossociais sobre história reprodutiva, trabalho e atividade física, intercorrências durante a gestação e características fetais. Considerou-se, ainda, a relação dessas associações sobre o desfecho nascimento pré-termo mediado pela adequação da assistência pré-natal. Foram utilizados estimadores de mínimos quadrados ajustados pela média e variância (WLSMV), para dados categóricos, e a máxima verossimilhança robusta (MLR), para obter razões de chances. Foram criadas três variáveis latentes: vulnerabilidade socioeconômica, vulnerabilidade familiar e não aceitação da gravidez. O efeito da vulnerabilidade socioeconômica, da família e da não aceitação da gravidez sobre a prematuridade ocorreu de modo indireto por meio da inadequação da assistência pré-natal. A metodologia proposta possibilitou utilizar construtos, verificar o papel de mediação da inadequação da assistência pré-natal e identificar efeitos diretos e indiretos das variáveis sobre o desfecho nascimento pré-termo.


Este estudio propuso la aplicación de modelos de ecuaciones estructurales (SEM) para investigar las variables asociadas con el parto prematuro basándose en un modelo teórico previamente analizado mediante regresión logística jerárquica. Los datos provienen de un estudio observacional de casos y controles de base poblacional de nacidos vivos en hospitales de madres que residen en Londrina, estado de Paraná, Brasil (junio de 2006 a marzo de 2007). Para el SEM, el estudio consideró la asociación entre las características socioeconómicas y los aspectos psicosociales relacionados con el historial reproductivo, el trabajo y la actividad física, las complicaciones durante el embarazo y las características fetales. También consideró la relación entre estas asociaciones y el parto prematuro mediado por la adecuación de la atención prenatal. Se utilizó el estimador de los mínimos cuadrados ponderados ajustados por la media y variancia (WLSMV) para datos categóricos y la probabilidad máxima robusta (MLR) para los odds ratios. Se crearon tres variables latentes: vulnerabilidad socioeconómica, vulnerabilidad familiar y embarazo no deseado. El efecto de la vulnerabilidad socioeconómica y familiar y el embarazo no deseado en la prematuridad ocurrió indirectamente por la insuficiencia de la atención prenatal. La metodología propuesta permitió usar constructos, verificar el papel de la mediación por la insuficiencia de la atención prenatal e identificar los efectos directos e indirectos de las variables sobre el resultado "parto prematuro".


This study proposed the application of structural equation modeling (SEM) to investigate variables associated with preterm birth based on a theoretical model analyzed previously by hierarchical logistic regression. The data came from a population-based case-control observational study of hospital births to mothers residing in Londrina, Paraná State, Brazil (June 2006 to March 2007). For the SEM, the study considered the association between socioeconomic characteristics and psychosocial aspects pertaining to reproductive history, work and physical activity, complications during the pregnancy, and fetal characteristics. It also considered the relationship between these associations and the outcome preterm birth mediated by adequacy of prenatal care. The weighted least square mean and variance adjusted estimator (WLSMV) was used for categorical data and robust maximum likelihood (MLR) for odds ratios. Three latent variables were created: socioeconomic vulnerability, family vulnerability, and unwanted pregnancy. The effect of socioeconomic and family vulnerability and unwanted pregnancy on prematurity occurred indirectly through inadequacy of prenatal care. The proposed methodology allowed using constructs, verifying the role of mediation by inadequacy of prenatal care, and identifying the variables' direct and indirect effects on the outcome preterm birth.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Young Adult , Prenatal Care/statistics & numerical data , Logistic Models , Premature Birth/psychology , Latent Class Analysis , Pregnancy, Multiple/psychology , Socioeconomic Factors , Brazil , Alcohol Drinking/psychology , Body Mass Index , Case-Control Studies , Risk Factors , Walking/psychology , Gestational Age , Pregnancy, Unplanned/psychology
15.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e34-2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719569

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: As the aging society progresses, the average age of mothers is also increasing. Advanced maternal age has been known to be associated with perinatal outcomes, as well as birth weight (BW). In this study, we aimed to investigate the perinatal factors associated with low birth weight infants (LBWIs) using birth statistics of the Korean population. METHODS: Birth statistics between 1993 and 2016 from the Korean Statistical Information Service were reviewed. We investigated 12,856,614 data points, which included the number of births, BWs, percentage of preterm births and LBWIs, multiple pregnancies, and maternal age. RESULTS: The proportion of LBWIs delivered by mothers of advanced maternal age has gradually increased since 1993. In addition, the proportion of older mothers (≥ 35 years old) giving birth to LBWIs has increased over the years. Average BW has a negative correlation with the ratio of preterm births, LBW, multiple births, and advanced maternal age. The mean BW also has a negative correlation with maternal age. CONCLUSION: This study shows that the average BW continues to decline, and the incidence of LBWIs is increasing in Korea since 1993. This study also revealed that several perinatal factors, including percentage of preterm births, LBWIs, multiple births, and maternal age influence the mean BW. Although this study did not investigate the effects of decreasing mean BW on perinatal health, future research is worth discussing.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy , Aging , Birth Weight , Incidence , Infant, Low Birth Weight , Information Services , Korea , Maternal Age , Mothers , Multiple Birth Offspring , Parturition , Pregnancy, Multiple , Premature Birth
16.
Guatemala; MSPAS, Departamento de Epidemiología; oct. 2018. 63 p.
Monography in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1025339

ABSTRACT

Estos protocolos están dirigido a personal médico, paramédico y otros profesionales que realizan acciones gerenciales y operativas de vigilancia epidemiológica en los servicios de salud del país, y están divididos en varios tomos para dar a conocer y actualizar la identificación y medidas de control para diversos padecimientos a fin de continuar con el mejoramiento de las capacidades técnicas de los trabajadores de salud, que permita planificar la prestación de servicios con decisiones partiendo de un enfoque epidemiológico comprobado, para responder a los cambios de tendencias epidemiológicas y con ello contribuir al fortalecimiento de prácticas asertivas de la salud pública de nuestro país. Este protocolo, considera que, toda embarazada se considera de riesgo, sin embargo existen condiciones que hacen necesaria una vigilancia más estrecha entre las edades tempranas y tardías de la vida reproductiva, embarazos múltiples, antecedentes de afecciones previas y durante el embarazo. La identificación de factores que puedan incidir en un aumento de riesgo obstétrico que pueda desencadenar complicaciones y en el peor de los casos la muerte, se constituye en prioridad para el desarrollo de estrategias de vigilancia y atención en el país. Su objetivo es el de identificar embarazadas en condiciones de riesgo que ameriten vigilancia más estrecha o referencia oportuna a un servicio con mejor capacidad resolutiva. Y específicamente, registrar y analizar las variables epidemiológicas de las embarazadas


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Adolescent , Middle Aged , Pregnancy in Adolescence/prevention & control , Pregnancy in Adolescence/statistics & numerical data , Pregnancy, Multiple/statistics & numerical data , Maternal Mortality/trends , Pregnancy Rate , Fetal Mortality , Pregnancy in Diabetics/epidemiology , Infant Mortality , Indicators of Morbidity and Mortality , Maternal Age , Pregnancy, High-Risk , Delivery, Obstetric , Postpartum Period , Epidemiological Monitoring , Guatemala
17.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 38(2): 294-299, fev. 2018. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-895573

ABSTRACT

O presente trabalho teve por objetivo avaliar a influência do tipo de parto sobre a transferência de imunidade passiva e de alguns constituintes séricos de cordeiros recém-nascidos, alimentados naturalmente com colostro materno, criados no semiárido paraibano em sistema extensivo. Foram utilizados 34 cordeiros clinicamente sadios, da raça Santa Inês, os quais foram identificados e pesados imediatamente após o nascimento e separados em dois grupos experimentais com 17 animais cada. O grupo PS (nove machos e oito fêmeas) formado por animais nascidos de partos simples e o grupo PG (seis machos e onze fêmeas) formado por cordeiros nascidos de partos gemelares. A ingestão de colostro se deu de forma natural e voluntária em suas respectivas mães. Foram coletados 10 mL de sangue de cada animal, mediante punção da veia jugular, em tubos siliconizados a vácuo, 48 horas após o nascimento. Após centrifugação, as alíquotas de soro foram separadas e permaneceram congeladas a -15°C até o momento das análises. Para o estudo comparativo dos constituintes séricos, foram constituídos dois grupos experimentais distribuídos em um delineamento inteiramente casualizado, no esquema fatorial 2x2 (tipo de parto e sexo). Os dados obtidos foram submetidos à análise de variância, cujas médias foram comparadas pelo teste de Tukey a 5%. Foram determinadas as atividades séricas das enzimas aspartato aminotransferase (AST) e gamaglutamiltransferase (GGT) e as concentrações séricas de proteína total, albumina, ureia, creatinina, cálcio, fósforo e magnésio, utilizando-se conjuntos de reagentes comerciais e as leituras das amostras em espectrofotômetro automático. As atividades séricas de AST, GGT e as concentrações séricas de proteína total, albumina e globulinas dos cordeiros dos grupos PS e PG não foram influenciadas pelo tipo de gestação e sexo. A partir da concentração sérica de proteína total, verificou-se falha de transferência de imunidade passiva (FTIP) nos cordeiros do grupo PG, utilizando-se o valor 5,0g/dL como ponto de corte. Com exceção do cálcio, as concentrações séricas da ureia, creatinina, fósforo e magnésio apresentaram o mesmo padrão de comportamento. Embora esses constituintes não tenham apresentado diferença significativa entre os grupos estudados e o sexo, pôde-se observar valores mais elevados nos animais nascidos de partos simples, sugerindo que a ausência de concorrência pela ingestão voluntária de colostro materno pode ter sido o fator determinante. Pode-se concluir que cordeiros Santa Inês nascidos de partos gemelares e criados extensivamente no semiárido paraibano apresentam falha na transferência de imunidade passiva e alterações/diminuições marcantes nos teores séricos de alguns constituintes bioquímicos, suscitando a necessidade de interferência humana nestes casos.(AU)


This study is concerned with an evaluation of the influence of mode of birth on the transfer of passive immunity and some serum constituents to newborn lambs, naturally fed with colostrum, breed in the semiarid region of the State of Paraiba (Brazil) on an extensive system. Thirty-four clinically healthy Santa Ines lambs were employed, identified and weighted immediately after birth, and divided into two experimental groups of seventeen animals each. The PS group (nine males and eight females) included lambs born of single pregnancies and the PG group (six males and eleven females) comprised of lambs born of twin pregnancies. The colostrum intake occurred naturally and voluntarily at their mothers. Forty-eight hours after birth, 10 mL of blood were collected in siliconized tubes from each animal by puncture of the jugular vein, and maintained under vacuum. After centrifugation, aliquots of sera were separated and kept frozen at -15°C until analyzed. For the comparative study of serum constituents, two experimental groups were formed, distributed in a completely randomized lineation, 2x2 factorial (type of birth and sex). The data were subjected to analysis of variance, whose means were compared by Tukey test at 5%. The serum activities of AST and GGT, and the total protein serum, albumin, urea, creatinine, calcium, phosphorus and magnesium concentrations were determined by using sets of commercial reagents; the samples were read by an automatic spectrophotometer. The serum activities of AST, GGT and serum concentrations of total protein, albumin and globulins of the PS and PG lambs groups were not influenced by the type of pregnancy and sex. From the serum concentration of total protein, FTIP was found in the lambs of PG group, using the value of 5.0g/dL as the cutoff point. With the exception of calcium, serum concentrations of urea, creatinine, phosphorus and magnesium showed the same pattern. Although these constituents did not showed significant differences between groups and sex, higher values were observed in animals born of single pregnancies, suggesting that the absence of competition for the voluntary ingestion of colostrum may have been the determining factor. It can be concluded that lambs born twin deliveries and breed extensively in the semiarid region of the State of Paraiba failed to transfer passive immunity and showed significant reduction in serum levels of some biochemical constituents, indicating the need for human interference in these cases.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Animals, Newborn/immunology , Immunization, Passive/veterinary , Sheep/blood , Sheep/immunology , Colostrum , Immunoglobulins/analysis , Pregnancy, Multiple
18.
Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing ; : 233-242, 2018.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-717155

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To identify risk factors for premature birth among premature obstetric labor women. METHODS: Participants were 129 hospitalized women who were diagnosed with potential premature obstetric labor with 20 weeks to 37 weeks of gestation. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, χ2 test, t-test, and binary logistic regression. RESULTS: Of 129 women, 78(60.5%) gave premature birth and 51 (39.5%) gave full-term birth. Risk factors for premature birth were education level (≤bachelor's degree), abnormal bowel condition (constipation or diarrhea), time firstly diagnosed with a premature obstetric labor (below 28 weeks of pregnancy), and multiple pregnancy. There were also increased risks of premature birth for participants with high level of anxiety and high level of prenatal stress. In social support, there was an increased risk of premature birth for participants with low level of social support. CONCLUSION: Prenatal nursing programs should consider not only psychosocial factors such as anxiety, prenatal stress, and social support, but also some general and obstetric factors such as education level, abnormal bowel condition, time firstly diagnosed with a premature obstetric labor, and multiple pregnancy to increase maternal and child health.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Anxiety , Child Health , Cohort Studies , Education , Logistic Models , Nursing , Obstetric Labor, Premature , Parturition , Pregnancy, Multiple , Premature Birth , Prospective Studies , Psychology , Risk Factors
19.
Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore ; : 451-454, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777419

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION@#This study investigated the differences in clinical pregnancy rate (CPR), live birth rate (LBR) and multiple pregnancy rate (MPR) between double cleavage-stage embryo transfers compared to single and double blastocysts stage embryo transfers in a single academic medical centre.@*MATERIALS AND METHODS@#This was a retrospective cohort study performed at the KK Women's and Children's Hospital In Vitro Fertilisation (KKIVF) Centre of all women who underwent fresh-cycle in vitro fertilisation/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (IVF/ICSI) cycles over a 5-year period. The outcome measures were CPR, LBR and MPR. The study included 5294 cycles, of which 539 patients underwent single embryo transfer (SET); 4533 patients underwent double embryo transfer (DET); 84 patients underwent double blastocyst embryo transfer (DBT); and 65 patients underwent single blastocyst embryo transfer (SBT).@*RESULTS@#The mean age of patients undergoing single blastocysts stage embryo transfer was lower than the other 2 groups. The DET, single and double blastocysts stage embryo transfer groups achieved similar LBR (33.9%, 38.7%, 35.4%, >0.05) and CPR (42.4%, 46.2%, 46.9%).@*CONCLUSION@#We found that single blastocysts stage embryo transfer is associated with similar LBR and CPR compared to double blastocysts stage embryo transfer and DET, with lower MPRs, and should be offered as standard practice, where possible.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Cohort Studies , Cryopreservation , Methods , Embryo Transfer , Methods , Fertilization in Vitro , Live Birth , Epidemiology , Pregnancy Outcome , Epidemiology , Pregnancy Rate , Pregnancy, Multiple , Retrospective Studies , Singapore , Single Embryo Transfer , Methods , Sperm Injections, Intracytoplasmic
20.
Journal of Korean Clinical Nursing Research ; (3): 44-55, 2018.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-750238

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study aimed to explore and understand the experience of decision making among women undergoing or forgoing selective fetal reduction who have higher-order multiple pregnancies through assisted reproductive techniques. METHODS: A qualitative study was conducted from August 1, to October 30, 2013. Eight participants were interviewed and the interviews were audio-recorded and transcribed verbatim. Six persons participated in in-depth interviews in person and two participated over the telephone. A thematic analysis was conducted. RESULTS: Four themes were identified and carefully named: Confusion after higher-order multiple pregnancy; Obstacles to choice: Uncertain safety; Weighing between reality and ideality and; Influences of medical professionals. CONCLUSION: The results demonstrated a wide range of factors considered by women when making decisions about selective fetal reduction, and mothers'feelings of conflict and distress in the decision-making process. The results suggest that it is important for nurses to provide emotional support and consolation, in addition to sufficient information. These findings will help nurses improve their counseling techniques by understanding the situation of infertile couples.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Counseling , Decision Making , Family Characteristics , Pregnancy Reduction, Multifetal , Pregnancy, Multiple , Qualitative Research , Reproductive Techniques, Assisted , Telephone
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