Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 779
Filter
1.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(5): e480-e486, oct. 2021. ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1292126

ABSTRACT

El bajo peso al nacer (BP, < 2500 g), la restricción del crecimiento intrauterino (RCIU) y el parto prematuro (PP, < 37 semanas de gestación) son los factores clínicos más habituales para la programación alterada del número de nefronas y se asocian con un mayor riesgo de hipertensión, proteinuria y enfermedad renal futura en la vida. En la actualidad la evaluación indirecta del número total de nefronas mediante el uso de marcadores en el período posnatal representa el enfoque principal para evaluar el riesgo de evolución futura de los trastornos renales en los recién nacidos con BP, RCIU o PP.Se presentan los avances en la investigación en animales y sobre marcadores bioquímicos en humanos, y recomendaciones para la prevención del daño renal preconcepcional, incluidos los factores sociales y las enfermedades crónicas. La evidencia demuestra que la restricción de crecimiento y la prematuridad solas son capaces de modular la nefrogénesis y la función renal y, cuando son concurrentes, sus efectos tienden a ser acumulativos.


A low birth weight (LBW, < 2500 g), intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR), and preterm birth (PB, < 37 weeks of gestational age) are the most common clinical factors for an altered programming of nephron number and are associated with a greater risk for hypertension, proteinuria, and kidney disease later in life. At present, an indirect assessment of total nephron number based on postnatal markers is the most important approach to evaluate the risk for future kidney disorders in newborn infants with a LBW, IUGR or PB.Here we describe advances made in animal experiments and biochemical markers in humans, and the recommendations for the prevention of preconception kidney injury, including social factors and chronic diseases. According to the evidence, IUGR and prematurity alone can modulate nephrogenesis and kidney function, and, if occurring simultaneously, their effects tend to be cumulative.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Adult , Premature Birth , Kidney Diseases/etiology , Kidney Diseases/epidemiology , Infant, Low Birth Weight , Gestational Age , Kidney , Nephrons
2.
Femina ; 49(1): 44-51, 20210131. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1146937

ABSTRACT

O estudo objetiva avaliar a relação dos níveis de vitamina D em gestantes com as principais complicações gestacionais. A pesquisa foi realizada nas bases de dados PubMed, LILACS e BIREME, sendo selecionados artigos relevantes publicados de 2013 a 2018, usando os descritores: "vitamin D" AND "maternity" OR "pregnancy". Foram revisados 14 estudos observacionais incluindo casos-controles e coortes que investigaram a relação dos níveis de vitamina D maternos com pré-eclâmpsia, diabetes mellitus gestacional e prematuridade, sendo excluídos os estudos que utilizaram suplementação de vitamina D. Os dados foram extraídos por meio de uma tabulação com as seguintes informações: autor, ano da publicação, país do estudo, score obtido no downs and black, ano da coleta da amostra, tipo do estudo, número de participantes, método de obtenção da amostra de 25(OH)D, tempo da gestação na obtenção da amostra, complicação obstétrica, fatores de confusão ajustados e os principais desfechos. Foi obtido um total de 32.505 pacientes após a soma das amostras de todos os artigos analisados. O principal resultado encontrado, abrangendo as três comorbidades analisadas, relaciona níveis menores que 30 nmol/L de vitamina D como potencial fator de risco para pré-eclâmpsia, diabetes mellitus gestacional e prematuridade.(AU)


The study aims to assess the relationship between vitamin D levels in pregnant women and the main gestational complications. The research was carried out in the PubMed, LILACS and BIREME databases, with the selection of relevant articles published from 2013 to 2018, using the descriptors: "vitamin D" AND "maternity" OR "pregnancy". 14 observational studies were reviewed including control cases and cohorts that investigated the relationship between maternal vitamin D levels and pre-eclampsia, gestational diabetes mellitus and prematurity, and studies that used vitamin D supplementation were excluded. Data were extracted using a tabulation with the following information: author, year of publication, country of study, score obtained in downs and black, year of sample collection, type of study, number of participants, method of obtaining the sample of 25(OH)D, time of pregnancy in obtaining the sample, obstetric complication, adjusted confounding factors and the main outcomes. A total of 32,505 patients were obtained after adding the samples of all analyzed articles. The main result found, covering the three comorbidities analyzed, lists levels below 30 nmol/L of vitamin D as a potential risk factor for pre-eclampsia, gestational diabetes mellitus and prematurity.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Pre-Eclampsia/physiopathology , Pregnancy Complications , Vitamin D Deficiency/complications , Diabetes, Gestational/physiopathology , Premature Birth/physiopathology , Risk Factors , Databases, Bibliographic
3.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(1): e10235, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1142572

ABSTRACT

A prospective cohort study was conducted on a convenience sample of 1370 pregnant women with a gestational age of 20 to 25 weeks in the city of Ribeirão Preto. Data on obstetrical history, maternal age, parity, smoking habit, and a history of preterm delivery was collected with the application of a sociodemographic questionnaire. Cervical length was determined by endovaginal ultrasound, and urine and vaginal content samples were obtained to determine urinary tract infection (UTI) and bacterial vaginosis (BV), respectively. The aim of this study was to verify the association of cervical length and genitourinary infections with preterm birth (PTB). Ultrasound showed no association of UTI or BV with short cervical length. PTB rate was 9.63%. Among the women with PTB, 15 showed UTI (RR: 1.55, 95%CI: 0.93-2.58), 19 had BV (RR: 1.22, 95%CI: 0.77-1.94), and one had both UTI and BV (RR: 0.85, 95%CI: 0.13-5.62). Nineteen (14.4%) PTB occurred in women with a cervical length ≤2.5 cm (RR: 2.89, 95%CI: 1.89-4.43). Among the 75 patients with PTB stratified as spontaneous, 10 showed UTI (RR: 2.02, 95%CI: 1.05-3.86) and 14 had a diagnosis of BV (RR: 1.72, 95%CI: 0.97-3.04). A short cervical length between 20 and 25 weeks of pregnancy was associated with PTB, whereas UTI and BV determined at this age were not associated with short cervical length or with PTB, although UTI, even if asymptomatic, was related to spontaneous PTB.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Adult , Young Adult , Cervix Uteri/anatomy & histology , Premature Birth/epidemiology , Female Urogenital Diseases/microbiology , Vagina/microbiology , Brazil , Cervix Uteri/diagnostic imaging , Prospective Studies , Ultrasonography , Gestational Age
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879885

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the risk factors for congenital hypothyroidism (CH) in neonates, and to provide a reference for the prevention of CH.@*METHODS@#The databases including China Biomedical Literature Service System, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang Data, and Weipu Periodical Database, PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, SpringerLink, and Elsevier/ScienceDirect were searched for studies on the risk factors for CH in neonates published up to August 1, 2020. R 3.6.2 and RevMan 5.3 software were used to perform a Meta analysis.@*RESULTS@#A total of 20 studies were included, with 13 case-control studies and 7 cross-sectional studies. There were 11 564 neonates in total, with 3 579 neonates in the case group and 7 985 neonates in the control group. The Meta analysis showed that advanced maternal age (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Advanced maternal age, gestational thyroid disease, gestational diabetes mellitus, anxiety, medication during pregnancy, radiation exposure during pregnancy, family history of thyroid disease, low birth weight, fetal macrosomia, preterm birth, post-term birth, twin pregnancy or multiple pregnancy, and birth defects may increase the risk of CH in neonates.


Subject(s)
China , Congenital Hypothyroidism/etiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy , Premature Birth , Risk Factors
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879840

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the perinatal complications of late preterm twins (LPTs) versus early term twins (ETTs).@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed for the complications of 246 LPTs, 496 ETTs, and their mothers. The risk factors for late preterm birth were analyzed. According to gestational age, the twins were divided into five groups: 34-34@*RESULTS@#Maternal hypertension, maternal thrombocytopenia, placenta previa, and premature rupture of membranes were independent risk factors for late preterm birth in twins (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Compared with ETTs, LPTs have an increased incidence of perinatal complications. The incidence of perinatal complications is associated with gestational ages in the LPTs and ETTs.


Subject(s)
Female , Gestational Age , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy , Premature Birth , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn , Retrospective Studies , Twins
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879820

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the birth condition of preterm infants and the causes of preterm birth in Henan Province, China, and to provide a basis for the prevention and treatment of preterm birth.@*METHODS@#An epidemiological investigation was conducted for live-birth preterm infants who were born in 53 hospitals in 17 cities of Henan Province from January 1, 2019 to December 31, 2019 to investigate the incidence rate of preterm birth, the distribution of gestational age and birth weight, the use of antenatal glucocorticoids, and the causes of preterm birth.@*RESULTS@#The incidence rate of preterm birth was 5.84% (12 406/212 438) in the 53 hospitals. The proportions of preterm infants with gestational ages of < 28 weeks, 28 - < 32 weeks, 32 - < 34 weeks, and 34 - < 37 weeks were 1.58% (196/12 406), 11.46% (1 422/12 406), 15.18% (1 883/12 406), and 71.78% (8 905/12 406) respectively. The proportions of preterm infants with birth weights of < 1 000 g, 1 000- < 1 500 g, 1 500- < 2 500 g, 2 500- < 4 000 g, and ≥ 4 000 g were 1.95% (240/12 313), 8.54% (1 051/12 313), 49.53% (6 099/12 313), 39.59% (4 875/12 313), and 0.39% (48/12 313) respectively. The infants born by natural labor accounted for 28.76% (3 568/12 406), and those born by cesarean section accounted for 70.38% (8 731/12 406). The rate of use of antenatal glucocorticoids was 52.52% (6 293/11 983) for preterm infants and 68.69% (2 319/3 376) for the preterm infants with a gestational age of < 34 weeks. Iatrogenic preterm labor was the leading cause of preterm birth[40.06% (4 915/12 270)], followed by spontaneous preterm birth[30.16% (3 701/12 270)] and preterm birth due to premature rupture of membranes[29.78% (3 654/12 270)]. The top three causes of iatrogenic preterm birth were hypertensive disorders of pregnancy[47.12% (2 316/4 915)], fetal intrauterine distress[22.85% (1 123/4 915)], and placenta previa/placental abruption[18.07% (888/4 915)].@*CONCLUSIONS@#There is a relatively low incidence rate of preterm birth in Henan Province, and late preterm infants account for a relatively high proportion. Iatrogenic preterm birth is the main cause of preterm birth in Henan Province, and hypertensive disorders of pregnancy and fetal intrauterine distress are the main causes of iatrogenic preterm birth.


Subject(s)
Cesarean Section , China/epidemiology , Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Obstetric Labor, Premature , Pregnancy , Premature Birth/etiology
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879806

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the influence of twin pregnancy by assisted reproductive technology (ART) versus twin pregnancy by spontaneous conception (SC) on neonatal outcomes.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 3 356 live twins with a gestational age of ≥24 weeks who were born in Nanjing Maternal and Child Health Hospital from 2017 to 2019, with 2 006 twins (1 003 pairs) in the ART group and 1 350 (675 pairs) in the SC group. The two groups were compared in terms of the mother's general information and pregnancy comorbidities and the general information, diseases, and outcomes of neonates.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the SC group, the ART group had a significantly higher maternal age (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Compared with twin pregnancy by SC, twin pregnancy by ART does not increase the neonatal mortality rate and risk of adverse outcomes.


Subject(s)
Cesarean Section , Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Outcome , Pregnancy, Twin , Premature Birth , Reproductive Techniques, Assisted , Retrospective Studies
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878703

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effects of vitamin D supplementation on serum lipid profiles and neonatal prognosis in gestational diabetes mellitus(GDM)patients.Methods The electronic databases including PubMed,Web of Science,Embase,CNKI,and Wanfang Data were searched from inception to February 1,2020.All randomized controlled trials that compared vitamin D supplementation with placebo or without supplementation for GDM women were included.Paper selection,data extraction,meta-analysis and sensitivity analysis were conducted independently by two authors.Risk of bias was assessed using the Cochrane Risk of Bias Tool.The data were analyzed in RevMan 5.3 software and Stata 12.0.Results Totally 17 randomized controlled trials involving 1432 patients(704 in the intervention group and 728 in the control group)were included in the meta-analysis.The results showed that vitamin D supplementation significantly reduced serum total cholesterol [MD=-6.11,95% CI=(-7.17,-5.04)],low-density lipoprotein cholesterol [MD=-10.80,95% CI=(-14.72,-6.89)],and triglyceride [MD=-8.11,95% CI=(-10.09,-6.13)],while significantly increased serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 level [MD=45.45,95% CI=(41.98,48.92)] and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol [MD=2.77,95% CI=(1.59,3.96)].In addition,vitamin D supplementation significantly reduced the incidence rate of hyperbilirubinemia [RR=0.49,95% CI=(0.35,0.68)],premature birth [RR=0.44,95% CI=(0.27,0.72)],and neonatal hospitalization [RR=0.44,95% CI=(0.29,0.67)].Conclusions Vitamin D supplementation may regulate the serum lipid profiles in patients with GDM and reduce the incidence of adverse neonatal outcomes.More high-quality RCTs are needed to confirm the findings in our study.


Subject(s)
Diabetes, Gestational/drug therapy , Dietary Supplements , Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy , Premature Birth , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Vitamin D , Vitamins
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878410

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#This study aimed to investigate the association between periodontal indexes and biomarkers in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) and preterm birth (PTB) in pregnancy, as well as to assess the clinical value of these indexes as predictors of PTB.@*METHODS@#A nested case-control study was conducted. A total of 300 systematically healthy pregnant women were selected within 36 weeks of gestation and grouped according to the enrolled weeks. Periodontal indexes, including probing depth (PD), bleeding index (BI), gingival index (GI), and five biomarkers in GCF, including interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), and 8-hydroxy-2-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) were measured at the enrolled date. The detailed birth outcome was recorded.@*RESULTS@#Only women at 24-28 weeks of gestation per PTB case (four full-term births) were selected as controls subjects, PTB displayed significantly greater GI, BI, and 8-OHdG (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Increased BI and 8-OHdG at 24-28 weeks of gestation are risk factors for PTB. Their combined detection may have some value in the prediction of PTB, but further studies with a larger sample size are needed to explore it and thus provide experiment evidence for establishing an early warning system for PTB in pregnant women with periodontal disease.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers , Case-Control Studies , Female , Gingival Crevicular Fluid , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Periodontal Index , Pregnancy , Premature Birth
10.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(1): e10120, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153505

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to estimate and compare racial inequality in low birth weight (LBW), preterm birth (PTB), and intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) in two Brazilian birth cohorts. This was a cross-sectional study nested within two birth cohorts in Ribeirão Preto (RP) and São Luís (SL), whose mothers were interviewed from January to December 2010. In all, 7430 (RP) and 4995 (SL) mothers were interviewed. The maternal skin color was the exposure variable. Associations were adjusted for socioeconomic and biological covariates: maternal education, per capita family income, family economic classification, household head occupation, maternal age, parity, marital status, prenatal care, type of delivery, maternal pre-pregnancy BMI, hypertension, hypertension during pregnancy, and smoking during pregnancy collected from questionnaires applied at birth. Statistical analysis was done with the chi-squared test and logistic regression. In RP, newborns from mothers with black skin color had a higher risk of LBW and IUGR, even after adjusting for socioeconomic and biological variables (P<0.001). In SL, skin color was not a risk factor for LBW (P=0.859), PTB (P=0.220), and IUGR (P=0.062), before or after adjustment for socioeconomic and biological variables. The detection of racial inequality in these perinatal outcomes only in the RP cohort after adjustment for socioeconomic and biological factors may be reflecting the existence of racial discrimination in the RP society. In contrast, the greater miscegenation present in São Luís may be reflecting less racial discrimination of black and brown women in this city.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Socioeconomic Factors , Infant, Low Birth Weight , Continental Population Groups , Premature Birth/ethnology , Health Status Disparities , Brazil/epidemiology , Cesarean Section , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors
11.
Article in English | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1143373

ABSTRACT

Abstract Some studies indicate differences in self-regulatory behaviors of infants, depending on their gestational age. This paper aimed to compare interactive behaviors of full-term and preterm infants in the Face-to-Face Still-Face (FFSF) paradigm. Thirty prematurely born infants and thirty full-term infants were observed in the FFSF's experimental procedure, which consists in exposing the infant to two episodes of interaction with the mother plus another episode in which the interaction gets interrupted. The Coding System and Analysis of Infant Behaviors Expressed in Still-Face adapted was used to analyze the infants' interactive behaviors. Significant differences were observed in self-comfort behaviors. All the infants showed the still-face and the recovery effect, and full-term infants showed a carry-over effect. Results contribute to planning interventions that will help mothers promote more positive dyadic interactions.


Resumo Estudos têm apresentado diferenças nos comportamentos de autorregulação de bebês quando considerada a idade gestacional. Este estudo teve por objetivo comparar comportamentos interativos de bebês nascidos a termo e prematuros segundo paradigma experimental do Face-to-Face Still-Face (FFSF). Trinta bebês nascidos prematuros e trinta a termo foram observados no procedimento experimental do FFSF que consiste na exposição do bebê a dois episódios de interação com a mãe e a um episódio em que se interrompe a interação. Utilizou-se uma adaptação do Sistema de Codificação e de Análise dos Comportamentos Infantis Expressos no Still-Face para analisar os comportamentos interativos dos bebês. Diferenças significativas foram observadas nos comportamentos de autorregulação. Todos os bebês apresentaram o efeito still-face e de recuperação e os bebês a termo apresentaram o efeito carry-over. Os resultados contribuem para o planejamento de intervenções que auxiliem as mães a promoverem interações diádicas mais positivas.


Resumen Estudios han mostrado diferencias en las conductas de autorregulación de bebés, de acuerdo con su edad gestacional. Este estudio buscó comparar las conductas interactivas de bebés nacidos a término y prematuros en el paradigma experimental Face-to-Face Still-Face (FFSF). Treinta bebés nacidos prematuros y treinta a término fueron observados en el procedimiento experimental del FFSF que consiste en la exposición del bebé a dos episodios de interacción con la madre y a un episodio en el que se interrumpe la interacción. Se utilizó de una adaptación del Sistema de Codificación y Análisis de las Conductas Infantiles expresadas en Still-face para analizar las conductas interactivas de los bebés. Se observaron diferencias significativas en las conductas de autorregulación. Los bebés mostraron los efectos still-face y de recuperación, y los bebés a término presentaron un efecto carry-over. Los resultados contribuyen para planificar intervenciones que auxilien a las madres a promover interacciones diádicas más positivas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Premature , Child Behavior , Premature Birth , Ego , Face , Emotional Regulation , Mother-Child Relations , Mothers
12.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1344286

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) is a sexually transmitted bacterium that is highly prevalent in young patients. Chlamydial infections during the gestational period have been associated with adverse obstetric outcomes, such as spontaneous preterm birth (sPTB). However, results in the literature are inconclusive. Objective: To evaluate the association between CT infection and sPTB. Methods: This was a case-control study nested in the cohort of the prospective Brazilian Ribeirão Preto and São Luís birth cohort study. Pregnant patients were recruited in private and public health clinics in São Luís and Ribeirão Preto, Brazil. At the gestational age of 20-25 weeks, cervicovaginal fluid samples were collected for the diagnosis of CT using a polymerase chain reaction. Plasma levels of Transforming Growth Factor-α (TGF- α), Interferon-γ (IFN- γ), Interleukin-10 (IL-10), IL-13, IL-1α, IL-1ß, IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-8, Tumor Necrosis Factor-α (TNF- α), and TNF-ß were measured using a multiplex assay. Results: Of the 561 pregnant patients evaluated, 121 had sPTB and 440 had a full-term delivery (control group). According to our results, CT infection was not associated with sPTB (odds ratio, 1.13; 95% confidence interval, 0.50­2.56); however, it was more frequent among younger patients (p=0.0078), unmarried patients (p=0.0144), and those with multiple sexual partners (p=0.0299). There were no significant differences in the immune mediators between patients with sPTB or full-term deliveries, or between patients with or without a CT infection. Conclusion: In conclusion, CT infection was not associated with sPTB in our study. However, its correlation with younger pregnant patients suggests that these patients require careful clinical management.


Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) é uma bactéria sexualmente transmissível com alta prevalência em mulheres jovens. As infecções por CT durante o período gestacional têm sido associadas com desfechos obstétricos adversos como o parto pré-termo espontâneo (PPTe). No entanto, os achados na literatura sobre essa temática ainda são inconclusivos. Objetivo: Avaliar a associação entre infecção por CT e PPTe. Métodos: Trata-se de um estudo caso-controle aninhado na coorte prospectiva de nascimentos de Ribeirão Preto e São Luís (acrônimo BRISA em inglês). As gestantes incluídas foram recrutadas com idade gestacional entre 20 e 25 semanas em serviços de saúde públicos e privados de São Luis e Ribeirão Preto, Brasil. O diagnóstico de CT foi feito por reação em cadeia da polimerase em amostras de conteúdo cervicovaginal coletadas no momento da inclusão no estudo. Também foram dosados os níveis séricos de fator transformador de crescimento-α (TGF- α), interferon-γ (IFN-γ), interleucina-10 (IL-10), IL-13, IL-1α, IL-1ß, IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-8, fator de necrose tumoral-α (TNF-α) e TNF-ß por ensaio multiplex. Resultados: Das 561 gestantes avaliadas, 121 tiveram PPTe e 440 tiveram parto a termo (grupo controle). De acordo com nossos resultados, a infecção por CT não esteve associada ao PPTe (odds ratio 1,13; intervalo de confiança de 95%, 0,50­2,56); no entanto, ela foi mais frequente entre as gestantes mais jovens (p=0,0078), solteiras e divorciadas (p=0,0144) e aquelas com múltiplos parceiros sexuais (p=0,0299). Não houve diferença significativa quanto aos imunomediadores entre o grupo com PPTe e controle nem entre as gestantes com diagnóstico positive para CT e as que não apresentavam a infecção. Conclusão: No presente estudo, a infecção por CT não esteve associada ao PPTe, no entanto sua relação com gestantes jovens sugere que essa população requeira maiores cuidados e atenção no manejo clínico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Chlamydia trachomatis , Pregnant Women , Premature Birth , Bacteria , Women , Reproductive Tract Infections
14.
Rev. bras. estud. popul ; 38: e0173, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1341120

ABSTRACT

O objetivo deste estudo é analisar a tendência de prematuridade no Brasil, entre 2012 e 2019, segundo características sociodemográficas, do pré-natal e parto. Trata-se de um estudo ecológico de série temporal, em que foram calculadas as proporções de prematuridade segundo as regiões do Brasil, idade materna, escolaridade materna, raça/cor, número de consultas pré-natal e tipo de parto, a partir dos dados do Sistema de Informações sobre Nascidos Vivos (Sinasc). Sequencialmente, foram aplicados modelos de regressão polinomial para análise de tendência temporal. De 2012 a 2019, a proporção de prematuridade no Brasil apresentou tendência decrescente, variando de 10,87% a 9,95%, com a menor proporção em 2015, que foi de 9,77%. As mulheres na faixa etária de 45 anos ou mais e com 4 a 6 consultas de pré-natal apresentaram as maiores proporções de prematuridade para o período (14,88% a 17,92%) e com tendência crescente. Já as mulheres analfabetas e indígenas mostraram tendência decrescente para o período, apesar de terem as maiores proporções de prematuridade (15,75% a 11,74%). Há uma tendência decrescente de prematuridade no Brasil, especialmente em mulheres mais vulneráveis, entretanto, os serviços de saúde precisam melhorar o atendimento das mulheres com idade materna avançada e atrair aquelas com poucas consultas de pré-natal.


The aim of this study is to analyze the trend of prematurity in Brazil from 2012 to 2019, according to sociodemographic, prenatal and childbirth characteristics. This is an ecological time series study, in which the proportions of prematurity were calculated according to the regions of Brazil, maternal age, maternal education, race/color, number of prenatal consultations and type of delivery from the data of Information System on Live Births (SINASC). Sequentially, polynomial regression models were applied to analyze time trends. From 2012 to 2019, the proportion of prematurity in Brazil showed a decreasing trend, ranging from 10.87% to 9.95%, with the lowest proportion in 2015, which was 9.77%. Women aged ≥ 45 years and with 4 to 6 prenatal consultations had the highest proportions of prematurity for the period (14.88% to 17.92%) and with an increasing trend. Illiterate and indigenous women, on the other hand, showed a decreasing trend for the period, despite having the highest proportions of prematurity (15.75% to 11.74%). There is a decreasing trend of prematurity in Brazil, especially in more vulnerable women. However, health services need to improve the care of women with an advanced maternal age and attract women with few prenatal consultations.


El objetivo de este estudio es analizar la tendencia de la prematuridad en Brasil entre 2012 y 2019, según características sociodemográficas, prenatales y del parto. Se trata de un estudio ecológico de series temporales, en el que se calcularon las proporciones de prematuridad según las regiones de Brasil, la edad materna, la educación materna, la adscripción de etnia-raza, el número de consultas prenatales y el tipo de parto, a partir de los datos del Sistema de Información sobre Nacidos Vivos (SINASC). Para ello se aplicaron secuencialmente modelos de regresión polinomial para analizar las tendencias temporales. Desde 2012 hasta 2019, la proporción de prematuridad en Brasil mostró una tendencia decreciente, que va del 10,87 % al 9,95 %, con la proporción más baja en 2015, que fue de 9,77 %. Las mujeres de 45 años o más y con cuatro a seis consultas prenatales tuvieron las mayores proporciones de prematurez del período (14,88 % a 17,92 %) y con una tendencia creciente. Las mujeres analfabetas e indígenas, por su parte, mostraron una tendencia decreciente para el período, a pesar de tener las mayores proporciones de prematuridad (entre 15,75 % y 11,74 %). Existe una tendencia decreciente de la prematuridad en Brasil, especialmente entre las mujeres más vulnerables a pesar de lo cual los servicios de salud deben mejorar la atención de las mujeres con edad materna avanzada y atraer a mujeres con pocas consultas prenatales.


Subject(s)
Humans , Brazil , Information Systems , Premature Birth , Live Birth , Primary Health Care , Infant, Premature , Pregnant Women , Maternal-Child Health Services
15.
The Nigerian Health Journal ; 21(2): 45-59, 2021. Tables, figures
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1342142

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the usefulness of the beta subunit of hCG in cervicovaginal secretions as a biochemical predictor of spontaneous preterm delivery among pregnant women with and without preterm delivery risk.DESIGN: This was an eight-month prospective case control study of pregnant women with or without risk factors for preterm delivery. SETTING: Ifako- Ijaye General Hospital Lagos/ Lagos State University Teaching Hospital, Ikeja Lagos Nigeria. PARTICIPANTS: 150 pregnant women which consisted of 50 cases with preterm delivery risk and 100 controls without preterm delivery risk. INTERVENTIONS: A structured interviewer administered questionnaire which had been pretested, was used to collect data. Two cervicovaginal fluid samples at 26 weeks and 32 weeks were collected from each of the participants and it was quantitatively assayed using ELISA for presence of beta hCG. The participants were followed up till delivery. RESULTS: 15 participants out of the 50 cases delivered their babies preterm, while only 2 participants out of the 100 controls had preterm delivery. The 15 cases who delivered preterm had significant increase in their mean beta HCG value from 7.44±1.74 at 26 weeks to 32.6±1.32 at 32 weeks with p value<0.001. There was however no statistical difference in the mean beta HCG at 26 weeks and at 32 weeks for the control group. CONCLUSION: The concentration of beta HCG in the cervicovaginal fluid is a useful early predictor of preterm delivery especially among patients with risk factors.


Subject(s)
Uterine Cervical Diseases , Premature Birth , Fluids and Secretions , Chorionic Gonadotropin , Pregnant Women
16.
Rev. med. Risaralda ; 26(2): 138-147, jul.-dic. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1150021

ABSTRACT

Resumen. Introducción: El parto pretérmino es uno de los principales problemas de la salud infantil. Es la principal causa de mortalidad infantil en los países en vía de desarrollo. Los últimos 20 años ha venido en aumento en el mundo por diferentes causas. Conocer su tendencia y características poblacionales es un elemento útil para su atención. Objetivo: Describir las características poblacionales asociados al parto pretérmino en Colombia desde los datos del Registro del Nacido Vivo en la década 2008 - 2017. Métodos: Estudio descriptivo ecológico a partir de fuentes segundarias: microdatos de Estadísticas Vitales del DANE; información almacenada en el programa Excel de Microsoft Office®. Análisis de las variables tiempo/lugar/persona en el programa estadístico SPSS™ mediante estadística descriptiva, análisis de asociación utilizando el estadístico Ji-cuadrado y el coeficiente de correlación Phi para la asociación estadística entre variables. Resultados. Fueron analizados 6.705.385 registros de nacidos vivos, 1.277.839 correspondientes a parto hasta las 37 semanas de gestación. Prevalencia del 19% de todos los años. Departamentos con mayor tasa de prematuros: Atlántico, Bogotá, Antioquía y Santander. No se encontró una asociación fuerte con los datos del registro del nacido vivo. Conclusiones: Existe déficit de información acerca del parto pretérmino en aspectos de datos completos y accesibles a los investigadores. La información no es homogénea ni sigue parámetros específicos. El registro de nacido vivo, sin embargo, es un excelente instrumento de recolección de datos poblacionales y base de aproximación al evento.


Abstract Background: Preterm birth is one of the main problems in infant health and it is the leading cause of infant mortality in developing countries. During the last 20 years this particularity has been increasing in the world for different reasons. Knowing its trend and population characteristics is a useful element for its attention. Objectives: To describe the population characteristics associated with preterm birth in Colombia from the data of the Live Birth Registry in the decade 2008 - 2017. Methods: Descriptive ecological study using secondary sources such us Vital Statistics microdata from DANE; information stored in the Microsoft Office® Excel program. Also, the analysis of the time/place/person variables in the SPSS ™ statistical program through descriptive statistics, and association analysis using the Chi-square statistic and the Phi correlation coefficient for the statistical association between variables was implemented. Results: 6,705,385 records from live-born registry were analyzed. 1,277,839 corresponded to preterm birth up to 37 weeks of gestation with 19% of prevalence all years. The departments with the highest rate of premature infants were Atlántico, Bogotá, Antioquia, and Santander. No strong association was found with live birth registry data. Conclusions: There is lack of complete and accessible information to researchers related to preterm birth. The data is not homogeneous and does not follow specific parameters. However, the live-born registry is an excellent instrument for collecting population data and a useful basis for approaching this event.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Vital Statistics , Parturition , Premature Birth , Live Birth , Obstetric Labor, Premature , Population Characteristics , Registries , Infant Mortality , Colombia , Reference Parameters
17.
Estud. Interdiscip. Psicol ; 11(3): 138-152, set-dez.2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1342639

ABSTRACT

Este artigo propõe um estudo teórico acerca do nascimento prematuro como um evento traumático para o bebê e a sua família, especialmente para a mãe, que também pode ser considerada uma mãe prematura. Primeiramente, falaremos sobre o trauma no contexto específico do nascimento prematuro. O trauma do nascimento será apresentado como uma falha ambiental, que está relacionada à falta de provisão dos cuidados maternos, primordiais no estágio de dependência absoluta. Depois, apontaremos possibilidades de intervenção precoce, com o objetivo de evitar a cristalização da dor e do sofrimento psíquico ocasionados pelo nascimento antecipado. O trabalho psicanalítico individual ou em grupo de escuta, bem como a literatura e o Método Canguru são mencionadas como caminhos para as mães fazerem um contorno naquilo que é real, indizível traumático, para conseguirem estabelecer um vínculo afetivo com o seu filho (AU).


This paper proposes a theoretical study on premature birth as a traumatic event for the baby and his family, especially for the mother, who can also be considered a premature mother. First, we are going to talk about trauma in the specific context of premature birth. The birth trauma will be presented as an environmental failure, which is related to the lack of provision of maternal care, essential in the stage of absolute dependence. Then, we will point out possibilities for early intervention, in order to avoid crystallization of pain and psychological suffering caused by early birth. Individual or group psychoanalytic work, as well as literature and the Kangaroo Method are mentioned as ways for mothers to outline what is real, unspeakable and traumatic, in order to establish an affective bond with their child (AU).


Este artículo propone un estudio teórico sobre el parto prematuro como un evento traumático para el bebé y su familia, especialmente para la madre, que también puede considerarse una madre prematura. Primero, hablaremos sobre el trauma en el contexto específico del parto prematuro. El trauma del nacimiento se presentará como una falla ambiental, relacionada con la falta de provisión de atención materna, esencial en la etapa de dependencia absoluta. Luego, señalaremos las posibilidades de intervención temprana, a fin de evitar la cristalización del dolor y el sufrimiento psicológico causado por el parto prematuro. El trabajo psicoanalítico individual o grupal, así como la literatura y el Método Canguro se mencionan como formas para que las madres describan lo que es traumático real e indescriptible, a fin de establecer un vínculo emocional con su hijo (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature/psychology , Premature Birth/psychology , Psychological Trauma , Psychological Distress , Mothers/psychology
18.
Rev. ADM ; 77(6): 295-300, nov.-dic. 2020. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1151009

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La enfermedad periodontal puede ser causa de lesiones sistémicas. Se conoce la prevalencia de enfermedad periodontal en mayores de 35 años y el aumento de los factores de riesgo en mujeres embarazadas, pero no se sabe si estos factores se potencializan en mujeres embarazadas menores de 35 años. En México son muy prevalentes tanto el embarazo en mujeres jóvenes como el parto pretérmino. Con el objetivo de conocer la prevalencia de la enfermedad periodontal y su asociación con el parto prematuro, se realizó este estudio en mujeres puérperas menores de 35 años en una población abierta. Material y métodos: Estudio de tipo observacional, descriptivo y transversal, analizando casos y controles. La población de estudio fueron pacientes puérperas entre 17 y 35 años que ingresaron a un hospital público durante parte del año 2019. Se utilizó el índice de necesidad de tratamiento periodontal en la comunidad (CPITN, por sus siglas en inglés) para la medición de enfermedad periodontal (EP), se consideró embarazo prematuro (PP) cuando el parto ocurrió con menos de 37 semanas de embarazo. Como covariables se consideraron edad, tabaquismo y paridad. Se buscó la asociación mediante regresión logística para el cálculo de la razón de momios. Resultados: Se analizaron 323 mujeres, 200 (62%) tuvieron niveles 3 y 4 CPITN; 10.8% (35) tuvieron parto prematuro, la razón de momios cruda para la asociación entre código CPITN 3 y 4 y parto prematuro fue de 3.3 (p < 0.01). Después de ajustar por otros predictores la asociación se mantuvo en 3.8 (p < 0.01). Conclusiones: Es la primera vez en nuestro medio que se encuentra esta asociación entre enfermedad periodontal y parto prematuro. La prevalencia de parto prematuro en este grupo fue más alta que la media nacional. Es necesaria la revisión odontológica durante las visitas prenatales. Debe continuarse la línea de investigación con un estudio prospectivo (AU)


Introduction: Periodontal disease can cause systemic injuries. Prevalence of periodontal disease in people older than 35 years old is known, as well as the risk factors for pregnant women; however, it is not known if these factors also apply for pregnant women younger than 35 years of age. In Mexico, pregnancy among young women and preterm birth are very prevalent. The present study was done with the objective of finding out the prevalence of periodontal disease and its relationship with preterm birth in puerperal women younger than 35 years old in a population without social security. Material and methods: The study is observational, descriptive and transversal, analysis type cases and controls was done. The population for the study consists on puerperal patients between the ages of 17 to 35 years, all of them were admitted into a public hospital in a period of 2019. The Community Periodontal Index of Treatment Need (CPITN) was used to measure periodontal disease in the patients. Preterm birth was defined as a birth occur before 37 weeks of pregnancy. Age, smoking and parity were used as covariables. Logistic regression was used to evaluate the association between periodontal disease and preterm birth through odds ratio values. Results: 323 women were analyzed, 200 (62%) had levels of 3 and 4 on the CPITN. 10.8% (35) had preterm birth, the raw odds ratio for the association between the codes 3 and 4 from the CPITN was of 3.3 (p < 0.01), after adjusting other predictors the association was 3.8 (remaining as a p < 0.01). Conclusions: It is the first time that such an association between periodontal disease and preterm birth has been found in the region. Prevalence of preterm birth in the group studied was higher than the national's average. An odontological revision during prenatal visits is needed. This line of research should be continued through a prospective study (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Adolescent , Adult , Periodontal Diseases , Periodontal Index , Pregnant Women , Premature Birth , Infant, Premature , Logistic Models , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Dental Service, Hospital , Observational Study , Health Services Needs and Demand , Obstetric Labor, Premature , Mexico
19.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 85(4): 400-407, ago. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138638

ABSTRACT

La utilización de técnicas de reproducción asistida (TRA) ha aumentado en todo el mundo, incluyendo procedimientos como la donación de gametos, la subrogación y el diagnóstico genético preimplantacional. Creciente evidencia confirma que los embarazos de pacientes sometidas a estos tratamientos tienen un mayor riesgo de complicaciones perinatales. No queda claro si la causa de estos hallazgos se debe a la infertilidad subyacente o los tratamientos en sí. Esta revisión tiene como objetivo resumir la evidencia actual acerca de los efectos sobre los resultados maternos y perinatales tanto de los diferentes procedimientos propios de la fecundación in vitro como de algunos tipos de TRA especiales.


The use of assisted reproduction techniques (ART) has increased worldwide, including procedures such as gamete donation, subrogation and preimplantation genetic diagnosis. Growing evidence confirms that pregnancies following these treatments have an increased risk of adverse perinatal outcomes. It is not clear whether the cause of these findings is due to the underlying infertility or the treatments themselves. This review aims to summarize the current evidence regarding the effects of both the different ART procedures and some special types of ART on maternal and perinatal outcomes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Reproductive Techniques, Assisted/adverse effects , Ovulation Induction/adverse effects , Infant, Low Birth Weight , Pregnancy Outcome , Fertilization in Vitro/adverse effects , Risk , Premature Birth/etiology , Embryo Transfer/adverse effects
20.
Biosci. j. (Online) ; 36(4): 1491-1497, 01-06-2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1147326

ABSTRACT

This project was designedto explore the effects of ritodrine hydrochloride combined with magnesium sulfate in the prevention of preterm delivery of patients with threatened premature birth. 128 cases of threatened premature birth were randomly divided into two groups according to the number table method. The control group was treated with magnesium sulfate, while the study group was treated with ritodrine hydrochloride combined with magnesium sulfate. The data (p > 0.05) was analyzed using SPSS 18.0 and was subjected to Chi-square and t-test. The onset time and prolonged gestation time of the study group were shorter than those of the control group (p < 0.05). There was no difference in the incidence of myocardial ischemia between the study group and the control group (p > 0.05). The heart rate per minute of the study group was higher than that of the control group (p < 0.05). There was no difference in blood pressure between the study group and the control group. Nevertheless, the neurological function, pregnancy outcome, and neonatal status of the group were better than those of the control group (p < 0.05).(AU)


Este projeto foi desenvolvido para explorar os efeitos do cloridrato de ritodrina combinado com sulfato de magnésio na prevenção do parto prematuro de pacientes com risco de nascimento prematuro. 128 casos de nascimento prematuro ameaçado foram divididos aleatoriamente em dois grupos, de acordo com o método da tabela numérica. O grupo de controle foi tratado com sulfato de magnésio, enquanto o grupo de estudo foi tratado com cloridrato de ritodrina combinado com sulfato de magnésio. Os dados (p > 0,05) foram analisados pelo SPSS 18.0 e submetidos ao teste do qui-quadrado e ao teste t. O tempo de início e o tempo prolongado de gestação do grupo de estudo foram menores que os do grupo de controle (p < 0,05). Não houve diferença na incidência de isquemia miocárdica entre o grupo de estudo e o grupo de controle (p > 0,05). A frequência cardíaca por minuto do grupo de estudo foi superior à do grupo controle (p < 0,05). Não houve diferença na pressão arterial entre o grupo de estudo e o grupo de controle. No entanto, a função neurológica, o resultado da gravidez e o status neonatal do grupo foram melhores do que os do grupo de controle (p < 0,05).(AU)


Subject(s)
Ritodrine , Obstetric Labor, Premature , Magnesium Sulfate , Blood Pressure , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Outcome , Myocardial Ischemia , Premature Birth , Disease Prevention , Arterial Pressure , Heart Rate
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL