Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 4 de 4
Filter
Add filters








Language
Year range
1.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 27(spe2): 39-41, Apr.-June 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1280088

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Grape proanthocyanidin is a good health product, without side effects and excellent biological activity, but research in the field of sports tonic is still relatively slow. Currently, the technology of preparation and extraction of grape proanthocyanidins is relatively mature. This fact laid the groundwork for sports tonic proanthocyanidin research. This study first described the biological structure of proanthocyanidin in grapes, and built the immune system of volleyball players before and after taking proanthocyanidin sports supplements. He then analyzed the factors that influence immunity. The results show that the primary index subsystem is consistent with the total system in each phase, but there are still few differences over time, which can be divided into four phases: development, recession, recovery and stability; at the level of scientific training it is reasonable. Male and female athletes take exercise supplements containing proanthocyanidin at each level of training. Regarding humoral immunity and cellular immunity, there was no adverse reaction. This study may offer some reference value for other athletes before and after taking proanthocyanidin as a sports supplement.


RESUMO A proantocianidina da uva é um produto bom para a saúde, sem efeitos colaterais e excelente atividade biológica, mas a pesquisa no campo do tônico esportivo ainda é relativamente lenta. Atualmente, a tecnologia de preparação e extração das proantocianidinas de uva está relativamente madura. Este fato lançou as bases para a investigação da proantocianidina desportiva tónica. Este estudo descreveu, em primeiro lugar, a estrutura biológica da proantocianidina das uvas, e construiu o sistema imunitário dos jogadores de voleibol antes e depois de tomar suplementos desportivos de proantocianidina. Em seguida analisou os fatores que influenciam a imunidade. Os resultados mostram que o subsistema de índice primário é coerente com o sistema total em cada fase, mas ainda há poucas diferenças no tempo, que podem ser divididas em quatro fases: desenvolvimento, recessão, recuperação e estabilidade; no plano de formação científico e razoável. Os atletas do sexo masculino e feminino tomam suplementos de exercício contendo proantocianidina em cada estágio de treinamento. Com respeito à imunidade humoral e à imunidade celular não houve reação adversa. Este estudo pode oferecer algum valor de referência para outros atletas antes e depois de tomar proantocianidina como suplemento desportivo.


RESUMEN La proantocianidina de la uva es un producto bueno para la salud, sin efectos colaterales y excelente actividad biológica, pero la investigación en el campo del tónico deportivo aun es relativamente lenta. Actualmente, la tecnología de preparación y extracción de las proantocianidinas de uva está relativamente madura. Este hecho lanzó las bases para la investigación de la proantocianidina deportiva tónica. Este estudio describió, en primer lugar, la estructura biológica de la proantocianidina de las uvas, y construyó el sistema inmunitario de los jugadores de voleibol antes y después de tomar suplementos deportivos de proantocianidina. Enseguida analizó los factores que influencian la inmunidad. Los resultados muestran que el subsistema de índice primario es coherente con el sistema total en cada fase, pero aun hay pocas diferencias en el tiempo, que pueden ser divididas en cuatro fases: desarrollo, recesión, recuperación y estabilidad; en el plano de la formación científica es razonable. Los atletas del sexo masculino y femenino toman suplementos de ejercicio conteniendo proantocianidina en cada nivel de entrenamiento. Con respecto a la inmunidad humoral y a la inmunidad celular no hubo reacción adversa. Este estudio puede ofrecer algún valor de referencia para otros atletas antes y después de tomar proantocianidina como suplemento deportivo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Young Adult , Dietary Supplements , Proanthocyanidins/administration & dosage , Athletic Performance/physiology , Volleyball/physiology , Immunity/drug effects
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-131298

ABSTRACT

Osteoarthritis (OA) is an age-related joint disease that is characterized by degeneration of articular cartilage and chronic pain. Oxidative stress is considered one of the pathophysiological factors in the progression of OA. We investigated the effects of grape seed proanthocyanidin extract (GSPE), which is an antioxidant, on monosodium iodoacetate (MIA)-induced arthritis of the knee joint of rat, which is an animal model of human OA. GSPE (100 mg/kg or 300 mg/kg) or saline was given orally three times per week for 4 weeks after the MIA injection. Pain was measured using the paw withdrawal latency (PWL), the paw withdrawal threshold (PWT) and the hind limb weight bearing ability. Joint damage was assessed using histological and microscopic analysis and microcomputerized tomography. Matrix metalloproteinase-13 (MMP13) and nitrotyrosine were detected using immunohistochemistry. Administration of GSPE to the MIA-treated rats significantly increased the PWL and PWT and this resulted in recovery of hind paw weight distribution (P < 0.05). GSPE reduced the loss of chondrocytes and proteoglycan, the production of MMP13, nitrotyrosine and IL-1beta and the formation of osteophytes, and it reduced the number of subchondral bone fractures in the MIA-treated rats. These results indicate that GSPE is antinociceptive and it is protective against joint damage in the MIA-treated rat model of OA. GSPE could open up novel avenues for the treatment of OA.


Subject(s)
Analgesics/administration & dosage , Animals , Antioxidants/administration & dosage , Bone Resorption , Disease Models, Animal , Gene Expression Regulation , Humans , Interleukin-1beta/genetics , Iodoacetates/administration & dosage , Knee Joint/drug effects , Male , Matrix Metalloproteinase 13/genetics , Osteoarthritis/chemically induced , Pain , Plant Extracts/administration & dosage , Proanthocyanidins/administration & dosage , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Seeds , Tomography, Emission-Computed , Tyrosine/analogs & derivatives , Vitis/immunology
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-131295

ABSTRACT

Osteoarthritis (OA) is an age-related joint disease that is characterized by degeneration of articular cartilage and chronic pain. Oxidative stress is considered one of the pathophysiological factors in the progression of OA. We investigated the effects of grape seed proanthocyanidin extract (GSPE), which is an antioxidant, on monosodium iodoacetate (MIA)-induced arthritis of the knee joint of rat, which is an animal model of human OA. GSPE (100 mg/kg or 300 mg/kg) or saline was given orally three times per week for 4 weeks after the MIA injection. Pain was measured using the paw withdrawal latency (PWL), the paw withdrawal threshold (PWT) and the hind limb weight bearing ability. Joint damage was assessed using histological and microscopic analysis and microcomputerized tomography. Matrix metalloproteinase-13 (MMP13) and nitrotyrosine were detected using immunohistochemistry. Administration of GSPE to the MIA-treated rats significantly increased the PWL and PWT and this resulted in recovery of hind paw weight distribution (P < 0.05). GSPE reduced the loss of chondrocytes and proteoglycan, the production of MMP13, nitrotyrosine and IL-1beta and the formation of osteophytes, and it reduced the number of subchondral bone fractures in the MIA-treated rats. These results indicate that GSPE is antinociceptive and it is protective against joint damage in the MIA-treated rat model of OA. GSPE could open up novel avenues for the treatment of OA.


Subject(s)
Analgesics/administration & dosage , Animals , Antioxidants/administration & dosage , Bone Resorption , Disease Models, Animal , Gene Expression Regulation , Humans , Interleukin-1beta/genetics , Iodoacetates/administration & dosage , Knee Joint/drug effects , Male , Matrix Metalloproteinase 13/genetics , Osteoarthritis/chemically induced , Pain , Plant Extracts/administration & dosage , Proanthocyanidins/administration & dosage , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Seeds , Tomography, Emission-Computed , Tyrosine/analogs & derivatives , Vitis/immunology
4.
Int. j. morphol ; 26(4): 1059-1064, Dec. 2008. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-532937

ABSTRACT

Varicoceles are abnormal tortuosity and dilatation of the veins of the pampiniform plexus that drain the testis. The pathophysiology of testicular damage in varicocele has not been completely understood. However there is an increasing body of evidence pointing towards the role of reactive oxygen species and oxidative stress in the pathogenesis of varicocele related subfertility. In the present study we examined the role of proanthocynidin-rich ethanol extract of grapefruit seed as an antioxidant in protecting the testis against damage in experimental varicocele. Three groups of rats were constructed as the first group had intact rats; experimental bilateral varicoceles were established by complete ligation of the left and right main spermatic veins in the later two groups. The third group had in addition daily gavage administration of 1 Omg/ kg body weight ethanol extract of grapefruit seed. Eight weeks after varicocele induction, bilateral testicular weights, bilateral testicular volumes, bilateral caudal epididymal sperm characteristics, and bilateral testicular histology and serum hormone levels were tested. It was found that the testes of grapefruit seed extract treated animals had better functional and histological profiles compared to the untreated varicocelized animals. These results indicated the effectiveness of grapefruit seed extract for preservation of testes function morphology in varicocelized subjects.


Los varicoceles son tortuosidades anormales y dilataciones de las venas del plexo pampiniforme que drenan el testículo. La fisiopatología del daño testicular en el varicocele no se ha entendido completamente. Sin embargo, existe un creciente cúmulo de evidencias que apunta hacia el papel de especies reactivas al oxígeno y al estrés oxidativo, en la patogénesis del varicocele relacionados con subfertilidad. En el presente estudio, se examinó el papel de proantocianidina en el extracto etanólico de semilla del pomelo, como un antioxidante en la protección contra el daño testicular experimental en el varicocele. Tres grupos de ratas fueron seleccionados, un grupo de ratas control y dos grupos experimentales. En estos dos últimos grupos, se provocó varicocele bilateral a través de la ligadura completa de las venas testiculares principales izquierda y derecha. El tercer grupo tuvo además una sonda de administración diaria de 10 mg /kg de peso corporal, de extracto etanólico de semilla de pomelo. Ocho semanas después de la inducción de varicocele, se determinó el peso testicular bilateral, volúmenes testiculares bilaterales, características de los espermatozoides de la cola del epidídimo bilateral, la histología testicular bilateral y los niveles séricos de hormona. Se determinó que los testículos de los animales tratados con extracto de semilla de pomelo presentaban una mayor funcionalidad y mejores perfiles histológicos, en comparación con los animales varicocelizados no tratados. Estos resultados indican la eficacia de extracto de semilla de pomelo para la conservación de la morfología funcional testicular, en sujetos varicocelizados.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Plant Extracts/administration & dosage , Infertility/prevention & control , Varicocele/pathology , Varicocele/drug therapy , Antioxidants/administration & dosage , Citrus paradisi/chemistry , Disease Models, Animal , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Fertility , Proanthocyanidins/administration & dosage , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Seeds/chemistry , Testis
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL