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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e250575, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1350309

ABSTRACT

Abstract Cancer is a fatal malignancy and its increasing worldwide prevalence demands the discovery of more sensitive and reliable molecular biomarkers. To investigate the GINS1 expression level and its prognostic value in distinct human cancers using a series of multi-layered in silico approach may help to establish it as a potential shared diagnostic and prognostic biomarker of different cancer subtypes. The GINS1 mRNA, protein expression, and promoter methylation were analyzed using UALCAN and Human Protein Atlas (HPA), while mRNA expression was further validated via GENT2. The potential prognostic values of GINS1 were evaluated through KM plotter. Then, cBioPortal was utilized to examine the GINS1-related genetic mutations and copy number variations (CNVs), while pathway enrichment analysis was performed using DAVID. Moreover, a correlational analysis between GINS1 expression and CD8+ T immune cells and a the construction of gene-drug interaction network was performed using TIMER, CDT, and Cytoscape. The GINS1 was found down-regulated in a single subtypes of human cancer while commonly up-regulated in 23 different other subtypes. The up-regulation of GINS1 was significantly correlated with the poor overall survival (OS) of Liver Hepatocellular Carcinoma (LIHC), Lung Adenocarcinoma (LUAD), and Kidney renal clear cell carcinoma (KIRC). The GINS1 was also found up-regulated in LIHC, LUAD, and KIRC patients of different clinicopathological features. Pathways enrichment analysis revealed the involvement of GINS1 in two diverse pathways, while few interesting correlations were also documented between GINS1 expression and its promoter methylation level, CD8+ T immune cells level, and CNVs. Moreover, we also predicted few drugs that could be used in the treatment of LIHC, LUAD, and KIRC by regulating the GINS1 expression. The expression profiling of GINS1 in the current study has suggested it a novel shared diagnostic and prognostic biomarker of LIHC, LUAD, and KIRC.


Resumo O câncer é uma doença maligna fatal e sua crescente prevalência mundial exige a descoberta de biomarcadores moleculares mais sensíveis e confiáveis. Investigar o nível de expressão de GINS1 e seu valor prognóstico em cânceres humanos distintos, usando uma série de abordagens in silico em várias camadas, pode ajudar a estabelecê-lo como um potencial biomarcador de diagnóstico e prognóstico compartilhado de diferentes subtipos de câncer. O mRNA de GINS1, a expressão da proteína e a metilação do promotor foram analisados ​​usando UALCAN e Human Protein Atlas (HPA), enquanto a expressão de mRNA foi posteriormente validada via GENT2. Os valores prognósticos potenciais de GINS1 foram avaliados por meio do plotter KM. Em seguida, o cBioPortal foi utilizado para examinar as mutações genéticas relacionadas ao GINS1 e as variações do número de cópias (CNVs), enquanto a análise de enriquecimento da via foi realizada usando DAVID. Além disso, uma análise correlacional entre a expressão de GINS1 e células imunes T CD8 + e a construção de uma rede de interação gene-droga foi realizada usando TIMER, CDT e Cytoscape. O GINS1 foi encontrado regulado negativamente em um único subtipo de câncer humano, enquanto comumente regulado positivamente em 23 outros subtipos diferentes. A regulação positiva de GINS1 foi significativamente correlacionada com a sobrevida global pobre (OS) de Carcinoma Hepatocelular de Fígado (LIHC), Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão (LUAD) e Carcinoma de Células Claras Renais de Rim (KIRC). O GINS1 também foi encontrado regulado positivamente em pacientes LIHC, LUAD e KIRC de diferentes características clínico-patológicas. A análise de enriquecimento de vias revelou o envolvimento de GINS1 em duas vias diversas, enquanto poucas correlações interessantes também foram documentadas entre a expressão de GINS1 e seu nível de metilação do promotor, nível de células imunes T CD8 + e CNVs. Além disso, também previmos poucos medicamentos que poderiam ser usados ​​no tratamento de LIHC, LUAD e KIRC, regulando a expressão de GINS1. O perfil de expressão de GINS1 no estudo atual sugeriu que é um novo biomarcador de diagnóstico e prognóstico compartilhado de LIHC, LUAD e KIRC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/genetics , Kidney Neoplasms/genetics , Liver Neoplasms , Prognosis , Biomarkers, Tumor/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Up-Regulation , DNA-Binding Proteins , DNA Copy Number Variations
2.
J. Health Biol. Sci. (Online) ; 10(1): 1-3, 01/jan./2022.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1411339

ABSTRACT

Folie à deux or Shared psychotic disorder (SPD) is a rare condition characterized by shared psychotic symptoms between two or more individuals. Delusional parasitosis (DP) is an uncommon psychiatric illness in that patients believe they are infested by insects, without evidence to support this belief. DP occurs in 5­15% of SPD. We report a case of cutaneous DP with SPD between an elderly mother and a daughter that lived together and withdrew from other social contacts for the last three years. We aim to highlight the relationship between SPD and DP, its prognosis, and clinical implications.


Folie à deux ou Perturbação Psicótica Compartilhada (PPC) é uma condição rara caracterizada por sintomas psicóticos compartilhados entre dois ou mais indivíduos. O delírio parasitário (DP) é uma doença psiquiátrica incomum em que os pacientes acreditam estar infestados por insetos, sem evidências que sustentem essa crença. O DP ocorre em 5 a 15% das PPC. Relatamos um caso de um DP cutâneo com PPC entre uma mãe idosa e uma filha que viviam juntas e afastadas de outros contatos sociais nos últimos três anos. O nosso objetivo é destacar a relação entre PPC e o DP, o seu prognóstico e implicações clínicas


Subject(s)
Shared Paranoid Disorder , Plague , Prognosis , Delirium , Scientists for Health and Research for Development , Delusional Parasitosis , Insecta , Mental Disorders
3.
J. Health Biol. Sci. (Online) ; 10(1): 1-4, 01/jan./2022.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1369172

ABSTRACT

Introduction: It is reported a case of a 57-year-old woman with multiple psychiatric hospitalizations, during which different diagnostic hypotheses and therapeutic procedures were proposed. Case report: After analyzing the patient's clinical records, the medical team proposed a diagnosis of Schizoaffective Disorder. This disorder presents a high risk of recurrent hospitalizations and high costs associated with therapeutic and follow-up withdrawal, yet there is limited data to assess the post-discharge critical periods. Final considerations: Further research in this area is required to adopt effective therapeutic strategies, reduce the probability of hospital admissions, improve prognosis, and lessen associated financial costs.


Introdução: é relatado o caso de uma mulher de 57 anos com múltiplas hospitalizações psiquiátricas, durante as quais diferentes hipóteses diagnósticas e terapêuticas associadas foram propostas. Relato do caso: Após análise dos registos clínicos, a equipa médica propôs o diagnóstico de Perturbação Esquizoafetiva. Esta Perturbação apresenta um elevado risco de re-internamento, para além do custo associado ao abandono do seguimento clínico e terapêutico. Porém, não existem dados suficientes que avaliem os períodos pós-alta. Consideracoes finais: Portanto, tornam-se necessárias pesquisas mais amplas na área para adotar estratégias terapêuticas eficazes, reduzir a probabilidade de re-internamento, melhorar o prognóstico e minimizar os custos financeiros associados.


Subject(s)
Psychotic Disorders , Patients , Prognosis , Therapeutics , Women
4.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e226999, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1392965

ABSTRACT

Background: Tooth extraction socket in the aesthetic area is a major indication for immediate implant placement greatly improving patient satisfaction and preserving the alveolar ridge. However, the effect of non-axial force on the peri-implant bone with subsequent early implant failure remains unclear. Objective:Evaluate the prognosis of tilted implants immediately placed and restored with angled abutments in comparison to straight implants restored with straight abutments in the esthetic area (anterior or premolars) using computer-aided surgical guides. Material and methods: Badly decayed non-restorable teeth in the aesthetic zone (anterior or premolars) were extracted atraumatically. Immediately after guided implant insertion, the abutments were adjusted and placed according to the allocation group (0, 15, or 25-degree angle) then a temporary crown was performed out of occlusion in centric and eccentric relation. Early implant failure was assessed at three and six months. Results:There was no statistically significant difference between the two groups (P=0.305). Straight and angled abutment groups showed 6 (14.3%) and 8 (20%) failed cases, respectively. The post-hoc subgroup analysis showed no statistically significant difference between angle 15 and angle 25 degree groups where (P=0.686) or between Anterior and Premolar groups (P=0.853). Conclusion: There was no statistically significant difference in the failure rate when comparing angled to straight immediately placed & restored implants. This applies to both anterior and premolar implants


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Prognosis , Tooth Extraction , Weight-Bearing , Dental Restoration Failure , Dental Implantation , Immediate Dental Implant Loading
5.
Hematol., Transfus. Cell Ther. (Impr.) ; 44(3): 332-335, July-Sept. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1405008

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: The myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) represents a group of hematopoietic neoplasms that is characterized by clonal hematopoiesis, cytopenia and abnormal cellular maturation. Red cell distribution width (RDW) refers to the variation degree of erythrocyte size and it is a reflection of anisocytosis. Higher values have been linked to adverse outcomes, such as increased mortality, vascular events, kidney and liver disease and demonstrated to harbor poor prognosis in solid and hematological malignancies. The RDW value can be used as a contributing parameter for MDS diagnosis, as well as its prognosis. In this study, we essentially aimed to demonstrate the correlation between the RDW and MDS prognostic indexes. Materials and methods: Ninety-four MDS patients at the Aydın Adnan Menderes University Hematology Division were included in the study. The correlations between the RDW and laboratory values (either lactate dehydrogenase, albumin, globulin or ferritin) and the RDW prognostic scoring indexes (IPSS, WPSS, IPSS-R and LR-PSS) were investigated. The PASW for Windows, version 21.0 (SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL, USA), was used for statistical assessment. A p-value below 0.05 was the cut-off for the statistical significance. Results: The mean age of all the patients was 73 ±10 years. Patients were observed for 41.88 ± 25 months. The mean RDW value for all cases was 15.5 ± 2.39. We found a statistically significant difference of survival between RDW values below and above 15.5% (p = 0.016). A significant difference was also observed according to the prognostic scoring indexes (see below). Conclusion: An increase in RDW is probably related to dysplasia in the MDS and this constitutes a possible explanation for the poor outcome. Prognostic indexes might incorporate the RDW as a parameter in the future.


Subject(s)
Myelodysplastic Syndromes , Prognosis , Erythrocytes
6.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 37(4): 588-596, 20220906. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1396345

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La incidencia del carcinoma de tiroides ha aumentado a nivel mundial, probablemente relacionado con el sobre diagnóstico de nódulos tiroideos asintomáticos. La alta sobrevida del carcinoma diferenciado de tiroides ha permitido posibilidades de manejo quirúrgico menos radicales, o inclusive, la vigilancia activa de tumores seleccionados. Existen reportes de características clínico-patológicas del carcinoma de tiroides de nuestro país distintas a las reportadas en la literatura internacional. Métodos. Estudio observacional descriptivo de una cohorte retrospectiva de pacientes con carcinoma de tiroides atendidos en un hospital universitario entre 2015 y 2020. Resultados. Se identificaron 634 pacientes, el 83,4 % de sexo femenino. La tiroidectomía total con vaciamiento central fue el procedimiento más realizado (86,7 %). De 613 carcinomas diferenciados de tiroides, el 94,2 % corresponden al tipo papilar, seguido por el carcinoma de células de Hürtle (1,6 %); el 26,2 % presentaron subtipos histológicos agresivos y el 28,4 % compromiso tumoral bilateral. En los vaciamientos centrales se encontró 58,7 % de enfermedad metastásica; que fue de 49 % en los pacientes con microcarcinomas papilares (19 %). De las 68 lesiones del nervio laríngeo recurrente, 47 % fueron por secciones oncológicas. Discusión. En nuestra serie, la proporción de pacientes con carcinoma papilar de tiroides y de sus variantes histológicas agresivas, así como el compromiso tumoral bilateral es mayor a lo reportado en la literatura científica. Conclusión. El comportamiento biológico del carcinoma de tiroides es variable y puede tener características diferentes entre regiones; el manejo en nuestro medio debería considerar las características propias de nuestra población.


Introduction. The incidence of thyroid carcinoma has increased worldwide, probably related to the overdiagnosis of asymptomatic thyroid nodules. The high survival of differentiated thyroid carcinoma has allowed less radical surgical resection or even active surveillance for selected tumors. There are reports of clinicopathological features of thyroid carcinoma in our country that are different from those reported in the international literature. Methods. Retrospective observational study of a cohort of patients with thyroid carcinoma treated at a university hospital between 2015 and 2020. Results. 634 patients were identified; 83.4% were female. Total thyroidectomy with central dissection was the most performed procedure (86.7%). Of the 613 differentiated thyroid carcinomas, 94.2% were papillary type, followed by Hürtle cell carcinoma with 1.6%; 26.2% presented aggressive histological subtypes and 28.4% had bilateral tumor involvement. Metastatic disease was found in 58.7% of the central dissections performed, which was 49% in patients with papillary microcarcinomas (19%). Of the 68 recurrent laryngeal nerve injuries, 47% were due to oncological involvement. Discussion. In our series, the rate of patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma and its aggressive histological subtypes as well as bilateral tumor involvement is higher than that reported in the scientific literature. Conclusion: The biological behavior of thyroid carcinoma is variable and may have different characteristics between regions; the management in our country should consider our population's characteristics.


Subject(s)
Humans , Thyroid Neoplasms , Thyroid Cancer, Papillary , Postoperative Complications , Prognosis , Thyroid Gland , Thyroidectomy
7.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 35(4): 514-520, July-Aug. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385273

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Due to its poor prognosis and mortality rates, heart failure (HF) has been recognized as a malignant condition, comparable to some cancers in developed countries. Objectives: To compare mortality from HF and prevalent cancers using data from a nationwide database in Brazil. Methods: This was a descriptive, cross-sectional study using secondary data obtained from Brazilian administrative databases of death records and hospitalization claims maintained by the Ministry of Health. Data were analyzed according to main diagnosis, year of occurrence (2005-2015), sex and age group. Descriptive analyses of absolute number of events, hospitalization rate, mortality rate, and in-hospital mortality rate were performed. Results: The selected cancers accounted for higher mortality, lower hospitalization and higher in-hospital mortality rates than HF. In a group analysis, HF showed mortality rates of 100-150 per 100,000 inhabitants over the period, lower than the selected cancers. However, HF had a higher mortality rate than each type of cancer, even when compared to the most prevalent and deadly ones. Regarding hospitalization rates, HF was associated with a higher risk of hospitalization when compared to cancer-related conditions as a group. Conclusions: Our findings indicate that HF has an important impact on mortality, hospitalization and in-hospital mortality, comparable to or even worse than some types of cancer, representing a potential burden to the healthcare system.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Heart Failure/mortality , Neoplasms/mortality , Prognosis , Brazil , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Hospital Mortality , Heart Failure/diagnosis , Hospitalization , Neoplasms/diagnosis
8.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 35(4): 537-545, July-Aug. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385268

ABSTRACT

Abstract The prevalence of depression varies from 1 to 17% in different geographic regions, and its incidence is 70% higher in women than men. Today, depression affects more than 300 million people worldwide, affecting twice as many women from adolescence to adulthood. In addition to this earlier onset, depression in women tends to be more severe. Cardiovascular disease and depression are chronic diseases that have a major impact on cardiovascular and all-cause morbidity and mortality, with evidence of a two-way relationship between them, in which depression is a predictor of cardiovascular disease and vice versa. In females, the degree of illness and prognosis are more severe when both diseases are present, than when diagnosed alone. In patients with acute or chronic cardiovascular disease, especially women, a systematic screening for depression should be considered as a preventive strategy of cardiovascular events, aiming to reduce the risk of future events. There are still no clinical studies designed to assess the impact of antidepressant treatment on cardiovascular outcomes in women.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Cardiovascular Diseases/complications , Depression/complications , Prognosis , Cardiovascular Diseases/diagnosis , Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology , Depression/diagnosis , Depression/epidemiology
9.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(4): 599-605, Jul.-Aug. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394886

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate patients submitted to arthroscopic repair of the rotator cuff (RC) comparing the results of muscle, functional strength, and pain obtained in 2 distinct groups: patients < 55 years old (G55) and patients > 65 years old (G65). Methods Data collection was performed with 63 participants (29 < 55 years old and 34 > 65 years old), in 2 moments, analyzing: A) demographic, surgical and RC lesion characteristics; B) functional variables, muscle strength, and pain. Results Higher levels of anterior elevation force, lateral, and medial rotation of the operated shoulder were observed in group G55. However, when the difference between these forces of the operated shoulder and of the contralateral shoulder was evaluated, there was no significant difference between the groups. The other variables of function and pain were similar (p> 0.05). There was also no difference between the groups in the University of California at Los Angeles Shoulder Rating Scale (UCLA) (p= 0.56) and Constant-Murley Score (p= 0.99) scores. Conclusion Arthroscopic repair of the RC in older, active, selected patients may achieve functional improvement and quality of life similar to that performed in younger patients.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar os pacientes submetidos a reparo artroscópico do manguito rotador (MR) comparando os resultados de força muscular, funcionais e de dor obtidos em 2 grupos distintos: de pacientes < 55 anos (G55) e em pacientes > 65 anos (G65). Métodos A coleta de dados foi realizada com 63 participantes (29 pacientes < 55 anos e 34 > 65 anos), em 2 momentos, analisando: A) características demográficas, cirúrgicas e das lesões de MR; B) variáveis funcionais, força muscular e dor. Resultados Foram observados maiores níveis de na força de elevação anterior, rotação lateral e rotação medial do ombro operado no grupo G55. Porém, quando avaliada a diferença entre estas forças do ombro operado e do ombro contralateral, não se observou diferença significativa entre os grupos. As demais variáveis de função e dor foram similares (p> 0,05). Também não houve diferença entre os grupos nos escores University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA, na sigla em inglês) (p= 0,56) e Constant (p= 0,99). Conclusão O reparo artroscópico do MR em pacientes mais velhos, ativos e selecionados pode obter melhora funcional e de qualidade de vida similar ao realizado em pacientes mais jovens.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Prognosis , Arthroscopy , Pain Measurement , Muscle Strength , Rotator Cuff Injuries/surgery , Rotator Cuff Injuries/epidemiology
10.
Oncología (Ecuador) ; 32(2): 224-246, 2 de Agosto del 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1391912

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las metástasis cerebrales (MC) representan una problemática importante de la salud pública, en promedio el 30% de los pacientes oncológicos desarrollarán MC siendo importante causa de morbilidad, ansiedad y mortalidad. El tratamiento con radioterapia, cirugía y sistémico son los pilares para el tratamiento y han tenido una evolución importante en la última década. Propósito de la revisión: Se proporciona información actualizada en relación a epidemiología, diagnóstico, pronóstico y tratamiento de metástasis cerebrales desde un enfoque multidisciplinariopara lograr individualizar su abordaje con el objetivo de proporcionar control oncológico y calidad de vida. También se discuten el acceso a nuevas terapias sistémicas, técnicas quirúrgicas y disponibilidad de tecnología para ofrecer técnicas avanzadas de radioterapia.Men saje principal: Conocer mutaciones específicas y receptores diana de los tumores permite elegir quimio-inmunoterapia o terapias dirigidas actuales que ofrecen mejor potencial de control tanto a nivel sistémico como intracraneal. La secuenciación de los tratamientos sistémicos y locales (cirugía, radio-cirugía, radioterapia holocraneal) deben ser discutidos desde un enfoque multidisciplinario Conclusión: Es importante poder estimar el pronóstico de los pacientes con MC, esto determinarla conducta terapéutica que puede variar desde cuidados sintomáticos hasta tratamientos más agresivos como resección neuroquirúrgica o radiocirugía.


In troduction:Brain metastases (BMs) represent a significant public health problem. An average of 30% of cancer patients develop BM, which is a significant cause of morbidity, anxiety, and mortality. Radio-therapy, surgery, and systemic treatment are the mainstays of treatment and have evolved significantly in the last decade.Pu rpose of the review: Updated information on the epidemiology, diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment of brain metastases from a multidisciplinary approach is provided to enable an individualized approach aimed at cancer control and quality of life. Access to new systemic therapies, surgical techniques, and availability of technology for advanced radiotherapy techniques are also discussed.Mai n message: Knowledge of specific mutations and targets of tumor receptors allows the selection of chemoimmunotherapy or current targeted therapies that offer better control potential at the systemic and intracranial levels. The sequence of systemic and local treatments (surgery, radiosurgery, whole brain radiation therapy) should be discussed as part of a multidisciplinary approach.C o nclusion: It is essential to estimate the prognosis of patients with BM, given that this will determine the therapeuticbehavior that can range from symptomatic care to more aggressive treatments such as neurosurgical resection or radiosurgery


Subject(s)
General Surgery , Brain Neoplasms , Immunotherapy , Prognosis , Radiotherapy , Therapeutics , Radiosurgery
11.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 42(2): 131-139, Apr.-June 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394418

ABSTRACT

Background: The relative rarity of synchronous para-aortic lymph node (PALN) metastasis (SPM) and metachronous PALN recurrence (MPR) in colorectal carcinoma (CRC) patients leads to a limited number of studies on patient management, and no treatment guidelines have been established to date. Objective: To assess the prognostic, predictive roles, and long-term outcomes of different management strategies for isolated MPR and SPM in CRC patients to establish the best one. Materials and Methods: We included 35 CRC patients with isolated MPR and 25 patients with isolated SPM who underwent curative R0 resection. We performed PALN dissection (PALND) in 15 cases in MPR group and in 10 cases in the SPM group; all remaining patients in both groups underwent chemoradiotherapy (CRT) without further surgical intervention. During the study period of about 5 years, we compared the patients who underwent PALND and those who underwent CRT. Results: The overall survival and recurrence-free survival rates were significantly longer in patients who underwent PALND (p = 0.049 and 0.036 respectively). (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Colorectal Neoplasms/therapy , Lymphatic Metastasis/diagnosis , Prognosis , Recurrence , Colorectal Neoplasms/surgery , Survival Rate , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Lymphatic Metastasis/pathology , Neoplasm Staging
12.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 42(2): 120-125, Apr.-June 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394416

ABSTRACT

Background: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most prevalent type of cancer worldwide, and is one of the major health problems in Asia, Africa, Europe, and America. The tumor antigens recently are of interesting indicators as diagnostic and prognostic tools, The aim of the present study is to detect the expression levels of carbonic anhydrase IX (CA9), the Wilms tumor gene (WT1), and the preferentially expressed antigen in melanoma (PRAME) in the peripheral blood of CRC patients in comparison with healthy controls. Methods: A prospective case-control study of CRC patients was conducted. We included 25 newly-diagnosed CRC eligible patients and obtained peripheral blood samples of them as well as 10 blood samples from the control group. All samples were then submitted to deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) extraction and a molecular study through real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Results: The CRC group consisted of 15 (60%) female and 10 (40%) male patients with a mean age of 50.52 ± 9.8 years, while the control group included 4 (40%) female and 6 (60%) male patients with a mean age of 47.7 ± 7.9 years. The CRC group, 24 (96%) of patient samples were CA9-positive with strong statistically significant differences (p < 0.00001; sensitivity: 96%; specificity: 90%). Regarding the WT1 gene, there were 11 (44%) positive samples in the CRC group, with no statistically significant differences (p = 0.055; sensitivity: 44%; specificity: 90%). The PRAME gene was positive in 9 (36%) samples in the CRC group, with no statistically significant differences (p = 0.357; sensitivity: 36%; specificity: 80%. Among CA9 (24 patients; 96%) of patients with CRC expressed positive results, in WT1 11(91.6%) CRC patients expressed gene, and in PRAME gene, 9 patients with CRC (81.8%) expressed positive results. Conclusion: Overexpression of the CA9 gene in CRC of high sensitivity and specificity to be used as a tool to discriminate CRC from benign associate with high accuracy compare to WT1 and PRAME genes. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Colorectal Neoplasms/diagnosis , Biomarkers, Tumor , WT1 Proteins/genetics , Carbonic Anhydrase IX/genetics , Antigens, Neoplasm/genetics , Prognosis , Case-Control Studies , Gene Expression , Prospective Studies , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
13.
Rev. cuba. med ; 61(2): e2609, abr.-jun. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1408991

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La epilepsia del lóbulo temporal es la forma más común de epilepsia focal en el adulto y la que mejor responde al tratamiento quirúrgico. Objetivo: Identificar la asociación entre variables prequirúrgicas, transquirúrgicas y posquirúrgicas y la evolución en pacientes con epilepsia temporal farmacorresistente sometidos a cirugía de epilepsia. Métodos: Se estudiaron para la cirugía 24 pacientes con epilepsia temporal farmacorresistente, en el Instituto de Neurología y Neurocirugía, entre el año 2012 y 2020. Se utilizó el test de Fisher para identificar la asociación entre variables. Se evaluó la escala de Engel al año de la cirugía y en el último seguimiento. Resultados: Se alcanzó libertad de crisis (Engel I) en el 66,7 por ciento de los casos, según último seguimiento, con un período ente 1 a 8 años. La resección completa de la zona epileptogénica y la ausencia de crisis en los primeros 6 meses de la cirugía estuvieron relacionadas con Engel I al año y al último seguimiento. De igual forma las estadísticas estuvieron relacionadas: la ausencia de crisis posoperatorias agudas con Engel I al año y menos de 10 crisis al mes previo a la cirugía, la desaparición luego de la resección, del patrón epileptiforme encontrado en la electrocorticografía preresección, con Engel I al último seguimiento. Conclusiones: La mayoría de los pacientes operados de epilepsia del lóbulo temporal farmacorresistente quedaron libres de crisis en el último seguimiento. La resección completa de la zona epileptogénica y la ausencia de crisis en los primeros 6 meses de la cirugía estuvo asociada a las estadísticas de los resultados posquirúrgicos(AU)


Introduction: Temporal lobe epilepsy is the most common form of focal epilepsy in adults and the one that best responds to surgical treatment. Objective: to identify the association between pre-surgical, intra-surgical and post-surgical variables and evolution in patients with drug-resistant temporal epilepsy undergoing epilepsy surgery. Methods: Twenty four (24) patients with drug-resistant temporal epilepsy were studied for surgery at the Institute of Neurology and Neurosurgery, from 2012 to 2020. Fisher's test was used to identify the association between variables. The Engel scale was evaluated one year after surgery and at the last follow-up. Results: Seizure freedom (Engel I) was achieved in 66.7 percent of the cases, according to the last follow-up, with a period between 1 and 8 years. The complete resection of the epileptogenic zone and the absence of seizures in the first 6 months after surgery were related to Engel I at one year and at the last follow-up. In the same way, the statistics were related the absence of acute postoperative crises with Engel I a year and less than 10 crises a month prior to surgery, the disappearance, after resection, of the epileptiform pattern found in the pre-resection electrocorticography, with Engel I at last follow-up. Conclusions: The majority of patients operated on for drug-resistant temporal lobe epilepsy were seizure-free at the last follow-up. The complete resection of the epileptogenic zone and the absence of crises in the first 6 months after surgery were associated with the statistics of the postoperative results(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Postoperative Period , Prognosis , Epilepsy, Temporal Lobe/surgery
15.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 140(3): 463-473, May-June 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1377389

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: For critically ill patients, physicians tend to administer sufficient or even excessive oxygen to maintain oxygen saturation at a high level. However, the credibility of the evidence for this practice is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of different oxygen therapy strategies on the outcomes of mechanically ventilated intensive care unit (ICU) patients. DESIGN AND SETTING: Systematic review of the literature and meta-analysis conducted at Jiangxi Provincial People's Hospital, Affiliated to Nanchang University, Nanchang, China. METHODS: We systematically searched electronic databases such as PubMed and Embase for relevant articles and performed meta-analyses on the effects of different oxygen therapy strategies on the outcomes of mechanically ventilated ICU patients. RESULTS: A total of 1802 patients from five studies were included. There were equal numbers of patients in the conservative and liberal groups (n = 910 in each group). There was no significant difference between the conservative and liberal groups with regard to 28-day mortality (risk ratio, RR = 0.88; 95% confidence interval, CI = 0.59-1.32; P = 0.55; I2 = 63%). Ninety-day mortality, infection rates, ICU length of stay, mechanical ventilation-free days up to day 28 and vasopressor-free days up to day 28 were comparable between the two strategies. CONCLUSIONS: It is not necessary to use liberal oxygen therapy strategies to pursue a higher level of peripheral oxygen saturation for mechanically ventilated ICU patients. Conservative oxygen therapy was not associated with any statistically significant reduction in mortality.


Subject(s)
Humans , Oxygen , Respiration, Artificial , Oxygen Inhalation Therapy , Prognosis , Critical Illness/therapy , Intensive Care Units , Length of Stay
16.
Hematol., Transfus. Cell Ther. (Impr.) ; 44(2): 235-245, Apr.-June 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385065

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction The evolving COVID-19 pandemic became a hallmark in human history, not only by changing lifestyles, but also by enriching scientific knowledge on viral infection and its consequences. Objective Although the management of cardiorespiratory changes is pivotal to a favorable prognosis during severe clinical findings, dysregulation of other systems caused by SARS-CoV-2 infection may imbalance erythrocyte dynamics, such as a bidirectional positive feedback loop pathophysiology. Method and Results Recent evidence shows that SARS-CoV-2 is capable of affecting the genetics and dynamics of erythrocytes and this coexists with a non-homeostatic function of cardiovascular, respiratory and renal systems during COVID-19. In hypothesis, SARS-CoV-2-induced systematical alterations of erythrocytes dynamics would constitute a setpoint for COVID-19-related multiple organ failure syndrome and death. Conclusion The present review covers the most frequent erythrocyte-related non-homeostatic findings during COVID-19 capable of providing mechanistic clues of SARS-CoV-2-induced infection and inspiring therapeutic-oriented scientific evidence.


Subject(s)
Erythrocytes , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19/mortality , Prognosis , Hemoglobins , Hematologic Diseases
17.
Rev. Méd. Inst. Mex. Seguro Soc ; 60(2): 142-148, abr. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1367399

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la mortalidad asociada a infarto del miocardio (IM) no solo se debe a complicaciones cardiovasculares, sino también a complicaciones intrahospitalarias no cardiovasculares (CIHNC). El índice leuco-glucémico (ILG) se ha utilizado como un marcador pronóstico para el desarrollo de complicaciones cardiovasculares en el IM. Centramos este estudio en identificar el punto de corte de ILG para el desarrollo de CIHNC en pacientes con infarto de miocardio con elevación del segmento ST (IAMCEST). Material y métodos: en este diseño de un solo centro y transversal, incluimos pacientes con IAMCEST. El análisis bioquímico incluyó glucosa y leucocitos; se calculó ILG. Se realizaron análisis univariados y bivariados, curva ROC y análisis multivariado para el desarrollo de IAMCEST. Resultados: incluimos 1294 pacientes, 79.8% hombres y 20.2% mujeres. Las principales comorbilidades fueron: hipertensión arterial sistémica, diabetes mellitus y dislipidemia. Seiscientos cuarenta y cuatro pacientes (49.8%) presentaron CIHNC. El ILG > 1200 con área bajo la curva (AUC) 0.817 predice el desarrollo de CIHNC en pacientes con IAMCEST. Las variables que aumentaron el desarrollo de CIHNC fueron: ILG > 1200, creatinina > 0.91 mg/dL, diabetes mellitus y edad > 65 años. La neumonía intrahospitalaria y las complicaciones cardiovasculares aumentaron el riesgo de muerte entre los pacientes con IAMCEST. Conclusión: un LGI > 1200 aumentó más de nueve veces el riesgo de desarrollo de CIHNC en pacientes con IAMCEST.


Background: The myocardial infarction-associated (MI) mortality is not only due cardiovascular complications, but intrahospital non-cardiovascular complications (IHnCVCs). The leuko-glycemic index (LGI) has been used as a prognostic marker for the development of cardiovascular complications in MI. We focused this study on identifying the cut-off point of LGI for the IHnCVCs development in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI).Material and methods: In this single-center and cross-sectional design, we included patients with STEMI. The biochemical analysis included glucose and leucocytes; with them we calculated the LGI. Receiver operating characteristic curve, univariate and bivariate analysis, and multivariate analysis for IHnCVCs development were performed. A p < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: We included 1294 patients, 79.8% were men and 20.2% women. The main comorbidities were hypertension, diabetes mellitus and dyslipidemia. Six hundred forty-four (49.8%) patients presented IHNCVCs. The LGI > 1200 (AUC 0.817) predict the IHNCVCs development in STEMI patients. The variables that increased the IHNCVCs development were LGI > 1200, creatinine > 0.91 mg/dL, diabetes mellitus and age > 65 years. Hospital acquired pneumonia and cardiovascular complications increase the risk of death among STEMI patients. Conclusion: A LGI > 1200 increased, just over nine times, the risk of IHnCVC development in STEMI patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Glycemic Index , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/blood , Prognosis , Biomarkers/blood , Cross-Sectional Studies , Multivariate Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Hospital Mortality , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/complications , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/mortality , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Nonagenarians , Mexico/epidemiology
18.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 48(2): 303-313, March-Apr. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364958

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To determine independent predictors of inguinal lymph node (ILN) metastasis in patients with penile cancer. Patients and methods: We retrospectively analyzed all patients with penile cancer who underwent surgery at our medical center in the last ten years (n=157). Using univariate and multivariate logistic-regression models, we assessed associations with age, medical-history, phimosis, onset-time, number and maximum diameter of involved ILNs measured by imaging, pathological T stage, degree of tumor differentiation and/or cornification, lymphatic vascular infiltration (LVI), nerve infiltration, and ILN metastases. Interaction and stratified analyses were used to assess age, phimosis, onset time, number of ILNs, cornification, and nerve infiltration. Results: A total of 110 patients were included in the study. Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that the following factors were significantly correlated with ILN metastasis: maximum diameter of enlarged ILNs, T stage, pathological differentiation, and LVI. Among patients with a maximum ILN diameter ≥1.5cm, 50% had lymph node metastasis whereas 30.6% patients with a maximum ILN diameter <1.5cm showed LNM. Among 44 patients with stage Ta/T1, 10 showed ILN metastases, while 47.0% patients with stage T2 showed ILN metastases. Among 40 patients with highly differentiated penile-cancer, eight showed ILN metastasis, while 47.1% patients with low-to-middle differentiation showed ILN metastases. The rate of LNM was 33.3% in the LVI-free group and 64.3% in the LVI group. Conclusion: Our single-center results suggested that maximum ILN diameter, pathological T stage, pathological differentiation, and LVI were independent risk factors for ILN metastases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Penile Neoplasms/surgery , Penile Neoplasms/pathology , Prognosis , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Lymph Node Excision , Lymph Nodes/pathology , Lymphatic Metastasis/pathology , Neoplasm Staging
19.
Nursing (Säo Paulo) ; 25(287): 7628-7644, abr.2022.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1372580

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: analisar as evidências científicas sobre o prognóstico de pacientes tabagistas que foram hospitalizados por COVID-19. Método: revisão integrativa baseada na estratégia PICO, realizada com 21 artigos indexados nas bases de dados Pubmed, Web of Science, Lilacs e SCOPUS, em maio de 2021. Resultados: foram identificados 798 estudos, e destes 21 compuseram a amostra. Os principais prognósticos identificados foram: risco aumentado de hospitalização, risco de gravidade da COVID-19 aumentado, maiores ocorrências de hospitalização e longa permanência em Unidade de Terapia Intensiva, maiores chances de uso de ventilação contínua e maiores índices de mortalidade. Conclusões: evidenciou-se relação do tabagismo com maiores índices de hospitalização, agravamento da doença, maiores chances de admissão em Unidades de Terapia Intensiva, necessidade de ventilação mecânica e elevados índices de mortalidade. Ainda, fomenta a produção de estudos que visem estudar características desfavoráveis na evolução da COVID-19.(AU)


Objective: to analyze the scientific evidence on the prognosis of smokers who were hospitalized for COVID-19. Method: integrative review based on the PICO strategy, carried out with 21 articles indexed in Pubmed, Web of Science, Lilacs and SCOPUS databases, in May 2021. Results: 798 studies were identified, and of these 21 made up the sample. The main prognoses identified were: increased risk of hospitalization, increased risk of COVID-19 severity, greater occurrences of hospitalization and long stay in the Intensive Care Unit, greater chances of using continuous ventilation and higher mortality rates. Conclusion: there was evidence of a relationship between smoking and higher rates of hospitalization, worsening of the disease, higher chances of admission to Intensive Care Units, need for mechanical ventilation and high mortality rates. It also encourages the production of studies aimed at studying unfavorable characteristics in the evolution of COVID-19.(AU)


Objetivo: analizar la evidencia científica sobre el pronóstico de fumadores hospitalizados por COVID-19. Método: revisión integradora basada en la estrategia PICO, realizada con 21 artículos indexados en las bases de datos Pubmed, Web of Science, Lilacs y SCOPUS, en mayo de 2021. Resultados: se identificaron 798 estudios, de los cuales 21 conformaron la muestra. Los principales pronósticos identificados fueron: mayor riesgo de hospitalización, mayor riesgo de severidad de la COVID-19, mayores ocurrencias de hospitalización y larga estancia en la Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos, mayores posibilidades de uso de ventilación continua y mayores tasas de mortalidad. Conclusiones: el tabaquismo se asoció con mayores tasas de hospitalización, empeoramiento de la enfermedad, mayores posibilidades de ingreso a Unidades de Cuidados Intensivos, necesidad de ventilación mecánica y altas tasas de mortalidad. También incentiva la producción de estudios que tengan como objetivo estudiar características desfavorables en la evolución del COVID-19(AU)


Subject(s)
Prognosis , Tobacco Use Disorder , Nursing , COVID-19 , Hospitalization
20.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 88(2): 212-219, Mar.-Apr. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1374718

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Nasopharyngeal carcinoma has the highest metastatic potential of all head and neck cancers. The survival time of patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma has improved significantly in the last decades due to the use of combination of chemotherapy and radiotherapy, as well as advances in radiotherapy techniques. However, appropriately 30% of patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma suffer a poor prognosis, mainly due to distant metastasis. Objective: The study aimed to identify the survival and prognostic factors in metastatic nasopharyngeal carcinoma. Methods: A retrospective analysis was conducted in patients treated for synchronous metastatic nasopharyngeal carcinoma or metachronous metastatic nasopharyngeal carcinoma for 14years (2003-2016). Overall survival was analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier method and compared using the log-rank test for the whole population and both groups of patients. Multivariate analysis was performed using the Cox model; p-values < 0.05 were considered to indicate statistical significance. Results: One hundred and twelve patients with metastatic nasopharyngeal carcinoma were included (51 patients with metastatic nasopharyngeal carcinoma, and 61 patients with metachronous metastatic nasopharyngeal carcinoma). In the whole population, the median overall survival was 10 months (1-156 months). In the multivariate analysis, female gender, poor performance status (WHO > 1) and metachronous metastasis were independent prognostic factors. In the metastatic nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients, the median overall survival was 13 months (1-156 months). In multivariate analysis, independent prognostic factors were non-oligometastatic disease, severe (G3-G4) chemotherapy toxicity and the lack of nasopharyngeal and metastatic site irradiation. In the metachronous metastatic nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients, the median overall survival was 7 months (1-41 months). In multivariate analysis, the poor performance status (WHO > 1) was an independent metastatic nasopharyngeal carcinoma prognostic factor. Conclusion: Oligometastatic patients with synchronous metastatic nasopharyngeal carcinoma had better survival. The locoregional treatment of primitive nasopharyngeal carcinoma improved survival in patients with metastatic nasopharyngeal carcinoma who responded to induction chemotherapy. Local irradiation of metastatic sites improved survival of metastatic nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients. Grade 3 or 4 chemotherapy toxicity altered survival among patients with synchronous metastatic nasopharyngeal carcinoma.


Resumo Introdução: O carcinoma nasofaríngeo tem o maior potencial metastático de todos os tipos de câncer de cabeça e pescoço. O tempo de sobrevida dos pacientes com carcinoma nasofaríngeo melhorou significativamente nas últimas décadas devido ao uso combinado de quimioterapia e radioterapia e os avanços nas técnicas de radioterapia. No entanto, aproximadamente 30% dos pacientes com carcinoma nasofaríngeo têm um prognóstico ruim, principalmente devido a metástases a distância. Objetivo: Identificar a sobrevida e os fatores prognósticos no carcinoma nasofaríngeo metastático. Método: Foi feita uma análise retrospectiva de pacientes tratados por carcinoma nasofaríngeo metastático sincrônico ou carcinoma nasofaríngeo metastático metacrônico por 14 anos (2003-2016). A sobrevida global foi analisada pelo método de Kaplan-Meier e comparada pelo teste de log-rank para toda a população e ambos os grupos de pacientes. A análise multivariada foi feita com o modelo de Cox; valores de p < 0,05 foram considerados como significância estatística. Resultados: Foram incluídos 112 pacientes com carcinoma nasofaríngeo metastático (51 com carcinoma nasofaríngeo metastático sincrônico e 61 com carcinoma nasofaríngeo metastático metacrônico). Em toda a população, a mediana da sobrevida global foi de 10 meses (1-156 meses). Na análise multivariada, sexo feminino, baixo status de desempenho (OMS > 1) e metástase metacrônica foram fatores prognósticos independentes. Nos pacientes com carcinoma nasofaríngeo metastático sincrônico, a mediana da sobrevida global foi de 13 meses (1-156 meses). Na análise multivariada, os fatores prognósticos independentes foram doença não oli-gometastática, toxicidade grave à quimioterapia (G3 - G4) e falta de irradiação nasofaríngea e do sítio metastático. Nos pacientes com carcinoma nasofaríngeo metastático metacrônico, a mediana da sobrevida global foi de 7 meses (1-41 meses). Na análise multivariada, o baixo status de desempenho (OMS > 1) foi um fator prognóstico independente. Conclusão: Pacientes oligometastáticos com carcinoma nasofaríngeo metastático sincrônico tiveram melhor sobrevida. O tratamento locorregional do carcinoma nasofaríngeo primário melhorou a sobrevida em pacientes com carcinoma nasofaríngeo metastático sincrônico que responderam à quimioterapia de indução. A irradiação local dos locais metastáticos melhorou a sobrevida dos pacientes com carcinoma nasofaríngeo metastático. A toxicidade de quimioterapia de grau 3 ou 4 alterou a sobrevida entre pacientes com carcinoma nasofaríngeo metastático sincrônico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms/pathology , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma/pathology , Neoplasm Staging
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