Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 831
Filter
1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878443

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#The effect of Vps4b gene mutation on the expressions of cytokeratin 14 (CK14) and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) in the Hertwig's epithelial root sheath (HERS) is investigated.@*METHODS@#The bilateral mandibular tissues of mouse on postnatal days 5, 9, 11, 15, and 19 were removed. The mandibular first molar tissue sections were obtained after paraffin embedding. The CK14 and PCNA expressions in the epithelial root sheath of the normal mouse and Vps4b knockout mouse were compared through immunohistochemistry.@*RESULTS@#On postnatal day 5, the normal mouse began to form HERS and had a strong positive PCNA expression in the HERS cells; on postnatal day 9, the HERS structure was continuous, and PCNA was positive in the HERS cells; on postnatal day 11, a small portion of HERS began to break, and PCNA was weakly positive in the HERS cells; on postnatal day 15, HERS continued to fracture; PCNA was weakly and positively expressed in the HERS cells on the root surface; on postnatal day 19, the tooth root reached normal physiological length, and PCNA was positively expressed in the HERS cells of the terminal part. Similar to the normal mouse, the gene knockout mouse also formed a HERS structure on postnatal day 5. However, HERS began to break on postnatal day 9. On postnatal day 19, only a few fragments of HERS were found on the root surface, and the root development was immature. Moreover, the expression intensity of PCNA in the gene knockout mouse was decreased.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The Vps4b gene mutation may change the CK14 and PCNA expressions, leading to abnormal root development.


Subject(s)
ATPases Associated with Diverse Cellular Activities , Animals , Endosomal Sorting Complexes Required for Transport , Epithelial Cells , Keratin-14 , Mice , Mice, Knockout , Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen , Tooth Root
2.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(4): 869-875, Aug. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1124868

ABSTRACT

In the current study, the histological structure of the gallbladder of Alburnus tarichi (Güldenstädt, 1814) was investigated. Hematoxylin and eosin were used to stain the histological sections for routine examinations, in addition to using periodic acid Schiff (PAS) for the neutral mucins, aldehyde fuchsin (AF) for the sulphated mucins, and Alcian blue (AB; pH: 2.5) for the acidic mucins. In addition, proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) immune-staining was performed for the detection of dividing cells among the epithelium. The gallbladder of A. tarichi was composed of mucosa, muscularis, and serosa or adventitia layers. The mucosa covering the wavy pleomorphic folds was made up of tall columnar epithelium and a lamina propria. The apical surface of the epithelial cells was lined by continuous short microvilli. On the epithelium, the luminal surface was remarkably stained with PAS, AF, and AB. Slight to moderate staining was observed on the epithelial cells in the apical zone with PAS. The cytoplasm of epithelial cells were stained in a slight manner with AF. No goblet cells were observed among the epithelium. According to the PCNA immune-staining, some epithelial cells were observed to proliferate. The lamina propria consisted of loose connective tissue that contained fibrocytes, collagen and elastic fibers, capillaries, and small blood vessels. The muscularis layer displayed muscle fibers that were circular, smooth, and surrounded by collagen fibers. The subserosal and serosal or adventitial layers had typical morphology to those of other fish and vertebrates.


En este estudio, se investigó la estructura histológica de la vesícula biliar de Alburnus tarichi (Güldenstädt, 1814). Las secciones histológicas se tiñeron con Hematoxilina-Eosina para los exámenes de rutina, además de usar el ácido periódico de Schiff (PAS) para las mucinas neutras, aldehído fucsina (FA) para las mucinas sulfatadas y azul alcián (AB; pH: 2,5) para las mucinas ácidas. Además, se realizó una tinción inmune de antígeno nuclear de células proliferativas (PCNA) para la detección de células en división entre el epitelio. La vesícula biliar de A. tarichi estaba compuesta de capas, mucosa, muscular y serosa o adventicia. La mucosa que cubría los pliegues pleomórficos ondulados estaba formada por un epitelio columnar alto y una lámina propia. Se observó una superficie apical de las células epiteliales revestida por microvellosidades cortas y continuas. En el epitelio se observó una tinción importante de la superficie luminal teñida con PAS, FA y AB. Se observó una tinción leve a moderada en las células epiteliales en la zona apical con PAS. El citoplasma de las células epiteliales se tiñó ligeramente con FA. No se observaron células caliciformes entre el epitelio. Según la tinción de PCNA, se observó que proliferaban algunas células epiteliales. La lámina propia consistía en tejido conectivo laxo que contenía fibrocitos, colágeno y fibras elásticas, capilares y pequeños vasos sanguíneos. La capa muscular mostraba fibras musculares circulares, lisas y rodeadas de fibras de colágeno. Las capas subserosas y serosas o adventicias tenían una morfología típica a la de otros peces y vertebrados.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cyprinidae/anatomy & histology , Gallbladder/anatomy & histology , Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen
3.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 41(12): 703-709, Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057889

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To investigate the action of testosterone (T), isolated or associated with estradiol benzoate (EB), on the proliferation markers and apoptosis of breasts of ovariectomized rats. Methods A total of 48 castrated female Wistar rats were divided into 6 groups, and each of them were submitted to one of the following treatments for 5 weeks: 1) control; 2) EB 50 mcg/day + T 50 mcg/day; 3) T 50mcg/day; 4) EB 50 mcg +T 300 mcg/day; 5) T 300 mcg/day; and 6) EB 50 mcg/day. After the treatment, the mammary tissue was submitted to a histological analysis and immunoexpression evaluation of proliferation markers (proliferating cell nuclear antigen, PCNA) and apoptosis (caspase-3). Results There was a statistically significant difference among the groups regarding microcalcifications and secretory activity, with higher prevalence in the groups treated with EB. There was no difference among the groups regarding atrophy, but a higher prevalence of atrophy was found in the groups that received T versus those that received EB +T. There was a difference among the groups regarding the PCNA (p = 0.028), with higher expression in the group submitted to EB +T 300 mcg/day. Regarding caspase-3, there was no difference among the groups; however, in the group submitted to EB +T 300 mcg/day, the expression was higher than in the isolated T group. Conclusion Isolated T did not have a proliferative effect on the mammary tissue, contrary to EB. Testosterone in combination with EB may or may not decrease the proliferation, depending on the dose of T.


Resumo Objetivo Investigar a ação da testosterona (T) isolada ou associada ao benzoato de estradiol (EB) na proliferação e apoptose de mamas de ratas ovariectomizadas. Métodos Um total de 48 ratas Wistar castradas foram divididas em 6 grupos, e cada um foi submetido a um dos seguintes tratamentos durante 5 semanas: 1) controle; 2) BE 50 mcg/dia + T 50mcg/dia; 3) T 50 mcg/dia; 4) BE 50 mcg + T 300mcg/dia; e) T 300 mcg/dia; e f) BE 50 mcg/dia. Após o tratamento, o tecido mamário foi submetido a análise histológica e avaliação de imunoexpressão de marcadores de proliferação (antígeno nuclear de células proliferantes, PCNA) e apoptose (caspase-3). Resultados Houve diferença estatisticamente significante entre os grupos com relação às microcalcificações e à atividade secretora, com maior prevalência nos grupos tratados com BE. Não houve diferença entre os grupos quanto à atrofia, mas houve maior prevalência de atrofia nos grupos que receberam T versus os que receberam BE+ T. Houve diferença entre os grupos quanto ao ANCP (p= 0,028), com maior expressão no grupo BE+ T 300 mcg/dia. Com relação à caspase-3, não houve diferença entre os grupos, mas, no grupo BE+ T 300 mcg/dia, a expressão foi maior do que no grupo de T isolada. Conclusão A T isolada não apresentou efeito proliferativo do tecido mamário, contrariamente ao EB. A T em associação ao EB pode diminuir ou não a proliferação, a depender da dose de T.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Testosterone/pharmacology , Breast/cytology , Apoptosis/drug effects , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Breast/pathology , Calcinosis/pathology , Ovariectomy , Biomarkers/analysis , Rats, Wistar , Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen/analysis , Estradiol/analogs & derivatives , Estradiol/pharmacology , Caspase 3/analysis
4.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 41(11): 668-672, Nov. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057879

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To analyze the effect of thalidomide on the progression of endometriotic lesions experimentally induced in rats and to characterize the pattern of cell proliferation by immunohistochemical Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen (PCNA) labeling of eutopic and ectopic endometrium. Methods Fifteen female Wistar rats underwent laparotomy for endometriosis induction by resection of one uterine horn, isolation of the endometrium and fixation of a tissue segment to the pelvic peritoneum. Four weeks after, the animals were divided into 3 groups: control (I), 10mg/kg/day (II) and 1mg/kg/day (III) intraperitoneal thalidomide for 10 days. The lesion was excised together with the opposite uterine horn for endometrial gland and stroma analysis. Eutopic and ectopic endometrial tissue was submitted to immunohistochemistry for analysis of cell proliferation by PCNA labeling and the cell proliferation index (CPI) was calculated as the number of labeled cells per 1,000 cells. Results Group I showed a mean CPI of 0.248 ± 0.0513 in the gland and of 0.178 ± 0.046 in the stroma. In contrast, Groups II and III showed a significantly lower CPI, that is, 0.088 ± 0.009 and 0.080 ± 0.021 for the gland (p < 0.001) and 0.0945 ± 0.0066 and 0.075 ± 0.018 for the stroma (p < 0.001), respectively. Also, the mean lesion area of Group I was 69.2mm2, a significantly higher value compared with Group II (49.4mm2, p = 0.023) and Group III (48.6mm2, p = 0.006). No significant difference was observed between Groups II and III. Conclusion Thalidomide proved to be effective in reducing the lesion area and CPI of the experimental endometriosis implants both at the dose of 1mg/kg/day and at the dose of 10 mg/kg/day.


Resumo Objetivo Analisar o efeito da talidomida na progressão de lesões endometrióticas induzidas experimentalmente em ratas e caracterizar o padrão de proliferação celular pela marcação imunohistoquímica de Antígeno Nuclear de Célula Proliferativa (PCNA) no endométrio eutópico e ectópico. Métodos Quinze ratas Wistar foram submetidas a laparotomia para indução de endometriose por ressecção de um corno uterino, isolamento do endométrio e fixação de um segmento do tecido ao peritônio pélvico. Após quatro semanas, os animais foram divididos em 3 grupos: controle (I), 10 mg/kg/dia (II) e 1 mg/kg/dia (III) de talidomida intraperitoneal por um período de 10 dias. As lesões foram resseccionadas juntamente com o corno uterino oposto para análise da glândula endometrial e do estroma. O tecido endometrial eutópico e ectópico foi submetido à imunohistoquímica para análise da proliferação celular por marcação com PCNA e o índice de proliferação celular (CPI) foi calculado como o número de células marcadas por 1.000 células. Resultados O grupo I apresentou média de CPI de 0,248 ± 0,0513 na glândula e de 0,178 ± 0,046 no estroma. Em contraste, os grupos II e III apresentaram CPI significativamentemenor, isto é, 0,088 ± 0,009 e 0,080 ± 0,021 para a glândula (p < 0,001) e 0,0945 ± 0,0066 e 0,075 ± 0,018 para o estroma (p < 0,001), respectivamente. Além disso, a área de lesãomédia do Grupo I foi de 69,2mm2, valor significativamentemaior em relação ao Grupo II (49,4mm2, p = 0,023) e Grupo III (48,6mm2, p = 0,006). Não houve diferença estatisticamente significante entre os Grupos II e III. Conclusão A talidomida mostrou-se eficaz na redução da área da lesão e CPI dos implantes de endometriose experimental tanto na dose de 1mg/kg/dia quanto na dose de 10 mg/kg/dia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Female , Thalidomide/pharmacology , Angiogenesis Inhibitors/pharmacology , Disease Models, Animal , Endometriosis/pathology , Endometrium/pathology , Biomarkers/analysis , Rats, Wistar , Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen/analysis , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
5.
Int. j. morphol ; 37(2): 515-521, June 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002253

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Reproductive dysfunction is a complication for many diseases and toxins. Its early diagnosis and treatment are immensely important. Here the morphological histoarchitecture changes in early testicular and cauda toxicity before and after treatment with angiotensin receptor blockers were evaluated. Low-grade testicular damage was induced using thioacetamide (TAA, 50 mg/kg/day) intraperitoneally for two weeks in rats. The rats were randomly divided into four groups (n = 8) treated daily orally for three weeks as follows: Normal control (distilled water), TAA (positive control), TAA+candesartan (0.2 mg/kg) and TAA+losartan (7.5 mg/kg). Serum testosterone and testicular malondialdehyde and glutathione were measured. The changes in histoarchitecture of testis and cauda epididymis were evaluated by hematoxylin and eosin for general structure, Masson's trichrome for collagen, periodic acid Schiff for basement membrane, and caspase-3 and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) for immunohistochemical analysis. The TAA-rats showed decreases of serum testosterone and testicular glutathione, increases in testicular malondialdehyde, degenerative changes and apoptosis in germ cells, thickening of tubular basal lamina and increases in expression of caspase 3, and decreases in expression of PCNA. The ARBs (candesartan and losartan) significantly reversed these changes with non-significant differences in-between. Treatment with ARBs (candesartan and losartan) significantly reversed TAA-induced low-grade testicular and cauda toxicity in rats. This could be potentially useful for early treatment of male patients with occupational toxicant-induced reproductive dysfunction especially if they are using ARBs for other comorbidities.


RESUMEN: La disfunción reproductiva es una complicación por muchas enfermedades y toxinas. Su diagnóstico y tratamiento tempranos son inmensamente importantes. Aquí se evaluaron los cambios morfológicos en la histoarquitectura en la toxicidad precoz testicular y cauda antes y después del tratamiento con bloqueadores de receptores de angiotensina. Se indujo daño testicular de bajo grado usando tioacetamida (TAA, 50 mg / kg / día) por vía intraperitoneal durante dos semanas en ratas. Las ratas se dividieron aleatoriamente en cuatro grupos (n = 8) tratados diariamente por vía oral durante tres semanas de la siguiente manera: control normal (agua destilada), TAA (control positivo), TAA + candesartan (0,2 mg / kg) y TAA + losartán (7,5 mg / kg). Se midieron la testosterona sérica, el malondialdehído testicular y el glutatión. Los cambios en la histoarquitectura de los testículos y la epidermis de la cauda se evaluaron mediante Hematoxilina y Eosina para determinar la estructura general, con tricrómicro de Masson para el colágeno, ácido periódico de Schiff para la membrana basal y la caspasa-3 y el antígeno nuclear de células proliferantes (PCNA) para análisis inmunohistoquímico. Las ratas TAA mostraron disminución de la testosterona sérica y glutatión testicular, aumentos en el malondialdehído testicular, cambios degenerativos y apoptosis en células germinales, engrosamiento de la lámina basal tubular y aumentos en la expresión de la caspasa 3, y disminución en la expresión de PCNA. Los ARB (candesartán y losartán) revirtieron significativamente estos cambios con diferencias no significativas en el medio. El tratamiento con BRA (candesartán y losartán) revirtió significativamente la toxicidad testicular y cauda inducida por TAA en ratas. Esto podría ser potencialmente útil para el tratamiento temprano de pacientes con disfunción reproductiva inducida por tóxicos ocupacionales, especialmente si están usando BRA para otras comorbilidades.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Testis/drug effects , Thioacetamide/toxicity , Benzimidazoles/pharmacology , Losartan/pharmacology , Angiotensin II Type 1 Receptor Blockers/pharmacology , Testis/pathology , Testosterone/analysis , Tetrazoles/pharmacology , Immunohistochemistry , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen/metabolism , Caspase 3/metabolism , Glutathione/analysis , Malondialdehyde/analysis
6.
Acta cir. bras ; 34(6): e201900606, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019270

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose To investigate the effects of pine needle extract (PNE) on the expression of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and Ki-67 during liver regeneration induced by 70% partial hepatectomy (PH) in rat. Methods Forty-eight male rats (SD, 7 weeks) had surgery (70% PH). They were randomly divided into two groups. PH + PNE group was only provided PNE diluted in water (10%) for drinking and PH group was provided water from 5 days before surgery to the time of sacrifice. PNE was made by pressing and filtering. Animals were sacrificed at 12h, 24h, 36h, 60h, 84h, 168h after PH, respectively. The expressions of PCNA and Ki-67 were determined as proliferation indices. Results Immunohistochemistry turned out to increase the expression of PCNA and Ki-67. PCNA expression of PH+PNE group increased up to twice of that of PH group. Western blot also seemed to increase the PCNA expression. These results indicated the promotion of cell proliferation in liver tissue and hepatic regeneration. Conclusions Pine needle extract stimulates the expression of some mitotic proteins during liver regeneration induced by 70% PH in rats. It suggests that administration of pine needle extract could accelerate the liver regeneration after partial hepatectomy.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen/drug effects , Ki-67 Antigen/adverse effects , Pinus/chemistry , Hepatectomy/methods , Liver Regeneration/drug effects , Time Factors , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen/metabolism , Ki-67 Antigen/metabolism , Cell Proliferation , Mitotic Index
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763710

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Oxytocin (OXT) has been reported to act as a growth regulator in various tumor cells. However, there is a paucity of data on the influence of OXT on cell proliferation of corticotroph adenomas. This study aimed to examine whether OXT affects cell growth in pituitary tumor cell lines (AtT20 and GH3 cells) with a focus on corticotroph adenoma cells. METHODS: Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay were conducted with AtT20 cells to confirm the effects of OXT on hormonal activity; flow cytometry was used to assess changes in the cell cycle after OXT treatment. Moreover, the impact of OXT on proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), nuclear factor κB, and mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling pathway was analyzed by Western blot. RESULTS: OXT treatment of 50 nM changed the gene expression of OXT receptor and pro-opiomelanocortin within a short time. In addition, OXT significantly reduced adrenocorticotropic hormone secretion within 1 hour. S and G2/M populations of AtT20 cells treated with OXT for 24 hours were significantly decreased compared to the control. Furthermore, OXT treatment decreased the protein levels of PCNA and phosphorylated extracellular-signal-regulated kinase (P-ERK) in AtT20 cells. CONCLUSION: Although the cytotoxic effect of OXT in AtT20 cells was not definite, OXT may blunt cell proliferation of corticotroph adenomas by altering the cell cycle or reducing PCNA and P-ERK levels. Further research is required to investigate the role of OXT as a potential therapeutic target in corticotroph adenomas.


Subject(s)
ACTH-Secreting Pituitary Adenoma , Adrenocorticotropic Hormone , Blotting, Western , Cell Cycle , Cell Line , Cell Proliferation , Corticotrophs , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Flow Cytometry , Gene Expression , Oxytocin , Phosphotransferases , Pituitary Neoplasms , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Pro-Opiomelanocortin , Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen , Protein Kinases , Reverse Transcription
8.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 1620-1631, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763199

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Nonylphenol (NP) is an endocrine disruptor found in products such as cleaners, plastics, and detergents. It exerts actions similar to endogenous 17β-estradiol (E2) and is reported to influence various cancers. However, its role in colon cancer remains elusive. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Colon cancer cell lines COLO 205 and SW480 were employed in our study. The cells were treated with NP or E2 followed by measurement of apoptosis and proliferation using flow cytometry and MTT assays, respectively. G protein–coupled estrogen receptor 30 (GPR30) expression was visualized using immunofluorescence and Western blot. To investigate the underlying mechanism, the expression levels of GPR30, p-protein kinase A (PKA), c-myc, cyclin D1, and ERK1/2 were analyzed using Western blot. Meanwhile, the GPR30 antagonist G15 was utilized to validate the role of GPR30 in colon cancer progression. Finally, the effect of a GPR30 inhibitor on tumor growth was determined in vivo using tumor xenograft mouse models. RESULTS: NP facilitated the proliferation of colon cancer cells and induced apoptosis failure in vitro. Western blot revealed increased GPR30 expression levels in response to NP treatment. Cyclin D1, p-PKA, c-myc, and proliferating cell nuclear antigen, proteins that regulate the cell cycle, were all upregulated by NP, and NP-mediated ERK1/2 activation and subsequent cell proliferation were abrogated by the GPR30 inhibitor G15. Moreover, colon cancer mice that received G15 administration demonstrated impaired tumor growth in vivo. CONCLUSION: Low dose NP promotes the growth of colon tumors through GPR30-mediated activation of ERK1/2 signaling.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Blotting, Western , Cell Cycle , Cell Line , Cell Proliferation , Colon , Colonic Neoplasms , Cyclin D1 , Detergents , Estrogens , Flow Cytometry , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Heterografts , In Vitro Techniques , Mice , Phosphotransferases , Plastics , Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764052

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The feature of chronic kidney failure (CKF) is loss of kidney functions due to erosion of healthy tissue and fibrosis. Recent studies showed that Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) differentiated into tubular epithelial cells thus renal function and structures renewed. Furthermore, MSCs protect renal function in CKF. Therefore, we aimed to investigate whether human amnion-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hAMSCs) can repair fibrosis and determine the effects on proliferation and apoptosis mechanisms in chronic kidney failure. METHODS AND RESULTS: In this study, rat model of CKF was constituted by applying Aristolochic acid (AA). hAMSCs were isolated from term placenta amnion membrane and transplanted into tail vein of rats. At the end of 30 days and 60 days of recovery period, we examined expressions of PCNA, p57 and Parp-1 by western blotting. Immunoreactivity of PCNA, Ki67, IL-6 and Collagen type I were detected by immunohistochemistry. Besides, apoptosis was detected by TUNEL. Serum creatinine and urea were measured. Expressions of PCNA and Ki67 increased in hAMSC groups compared with AA group. Furthermore, expressions of PARP-1 apoptosis marker and p57 cell cycle inhibitory protein increased in AA group significantly according to control, hAMSC groups and sham groups. IL-6 proinflammatory cytokine increased in AA group significantly according to control, hAMSCs groups and sham groups. Expressions of Collagen type I protein reduced in hAMSCs groups compared to AA group. After hAMSC treatment, serum creatinine and urea levels significantly decreased compared to AA group. After injection of hAMSC to rats, Masson’s Trichrome and Sirius Red staining showed fibrosis reduction in kidney. CONCLUSIONS: According to our results hAMSCs can be ameliorate renal failure.


Subject(s)
Amnion , Animals , Apoptosis , Blotting, Western , Cell Cycle , Collagen Type I , Creatinine , Epithelial Cells , Fibrosis , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , In Situ Nick-End Labeling , Interleukin-6 , Kidney , Kidney Failure, Chronic , Membranes , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Models, Animal , Placenta , Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen , Rats , Renal Insufficiency , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Tail , Urea , Veins
10.
Natural Product Sciences ; : 200-207, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760572

ABSTRACT

Albizzia julibrissin (AJ) is an herbal medicine that shows low toxicity, promotes promoting blood circulation and mitigates the inflammation and has mild side effects. Benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH) is one of the most common diseases that occurs in older males and often results in lower urinary tract symptoms. This study was conducted to evaluate the protective effect of AJ against BPH using LNCaP cells and Sprague Dawley rats treated with testosterone. Treatment with AJ extract reduced the expression of androgen receptor (AR) and prostate-specific antigen (PSA) in vitro. In vivo, rats were divided into 6 groups: 1 (Normal Control); 2 (Testosterone propionate (TP) alone); 3 (TP + finasteride); 4 (TP + AJ 10 mg/kg); 5 (TP + AJ 50 mg/kg); 6 (TP + AJ 300 mg/kg). The groups treated with AJ showed reduced the relative prostate weights and BPH-related proteins were altered, with decreased AR, PSA and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) observed by western blot. Histopathological analysis revealed the therapeutic effect of AJ, with a decreased thickness of epithelial cells and reduced level of PCNA and 5α-reductase type 2. These results suggest that AJ extract could ameliorate testosterone-induced benign prostatic hyperplasia.


Subject(s)
Albizzia , Animals , Blood Circulation , Blotting, Western , Diethylpropion , Epithelial Cells , Herbal Medicine , Humans , Hyperplasia , In Vitro Techniques , Inflammation , Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms , Male , Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen , Prostate , Prostate-Specific Antigen , Prostatic Hyperplasia , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Receptors, Androgen , Testosterone , Weights and Measures
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772129

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the interaction between interleukin-17 (IL-17) and interferon-γ (IFN-γ) and how their interaction affects the growth of mouse hepatoma Hepa1-6 cells.@*METHODS@#Hepa1-6 cells treated with IL-17 and IFN-γ either alone or in combination were examined for changes in cell proliferation using MTT assay and in cell cycle distribution using flow cytometry. Western blotting was used to detect the protein expression levels of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), cyclin D1, P21 and P16 and the phosphorylation of p38MAPK, ERK1/2 and Stat1 in the cells.@*RESULTS@#Compared with control group, IFN-γ treatment obviously inhibited the growth and proliferation of Hepa1-6 cells, induced cell cycle arrest at G0/G1 phase, reduced the protein expression of PCNA and cyclin D1, and increased the protein expression of P21. IL-17 alone had no effect on the growth of Hepa1-6 cells. In the combined treatment, IL-17 significantly antagonized the effects of IFN-γ. Compared with those treated with IFN-γ alone, the cells with the combined treatment showed significantly decreased G0/G1 cell population, increased the protein expressions of PCNA and cyclin D1, and decreased the protein expression of P21. IL-17 significantly inhibited IFN-γ-induced phosphorylation of p38MAPK and ERK1/2 without affecting the phosphorylation of Stat1.@*CONCLUSIONS@#IL-17 obviously reverses the antitumor effects of IFN-γ to promote the proliferation of mouse hepatoma cells and accelerate the development of hepatocellular carcinoma.


Subject(s)
Animals , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Metabolism , Pathology , Cell Cycle , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Cyclin D1 , Metabolism , Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p21 , Metabolism , Interferon-gamma , Interleukin-17 , Pharmacology , Liver Neoplasms , Metabolism , Pathology , Mice , Neoplasm Proteins , Metabolism , Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen , Metabolism
12.
Int. j. morphol ; 36(3): 895-900, Sept. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-954204

ABSTRACT

La reserpina es un antipsicótico e hipotensor arterial que reduce significativamente los niveles de monoaminas centrales, y también es utilizada para modelar los cuadros depresivos humanos en animales de laboratorio. Este trabajo estudió, en ratas Wistar machos adolescentes, cómo la reserpina afecta indicadores moleculares de la función testicular, la cual se ha visto alterada en humanos deprimidos. Una semana luego de finalizado el tratamiento con reserpina (4 dosis de 0,0 o 1,0 mg/Kg, cada 2 días) la respuesta ansiosa y depresiva fue evaluada en un laberinto en cruz elevado. Posteriormente, se sacrificaron los animales y disecaron los testículos, los cuales fueron fijados e incluidos en bloques de parafina de donde se obtuvieron cortes histológicos de 6 µm de espesor. Estos se utilizaron para medir el diámetro de los túbulos seminíferos y para medir por inmunohistoquímica el porcentaje de células intersticiales (células de Leydig) positivas a (1) Factor neurotrófico derivado del cerebro, (2) antígeno nuclear de células en proliferación (BDNF y PCNA, respectivamente, por sus siglas en inglés), y a (3) caspasa-3. Se obtuvo también un índice de positividad al receptor de andrógenos en las células intersticiales. La expresión del receptor de andrógeno fue evaluada utilizando una escala semicuantitativa de escores (0, 1, 2 y 3) y el resto de las moléculas por presencia o ausencia de expresión de cada antígeno investigado en 300 células por preparado. Los resultados comportamentales indicaron alteraciones en la respuesta de ansiedad y una significativa depresión motora (e.g., mayor latencia en conductas de escape del sector blanco) en los animales tratados con reserpina. No se observaron diferencias en los diámetros de los túbulos seminíferos ni en la expresión del receptor de andrógeno, mientras que sí se encontró mayor proporción de células intersticiales positivas a BDNF y PCNA, y menor proporción de células positivas a caspasa-3, en los animales tratados. Los resultados corroboran la capacidad de la reserpina para reproducir rasgos comportamentales de la depresión. La administración de la droga, sin embargo, no parece reproducir a nivel testicular los efectos deletéreos encontrados en humanos deprimidos, e incluso los resultados sugieren que la reserpina puede mejorar algunos aspectos de la funcionalidad testicular relacionadas con la actividad de las células intersticiales en ratas.


Reserpine, a drug that depletes central monoamines, has been used as an antipsychotic and arterial hypotensive, and to model depression in animals. The present study analyzed, in adolescent male rats, the effects of chronic reserpine treatment on molecular indexes of testicular function. A week after termination of the treatment (4 doses of 0,0 or 1,0 mg/Kg/every 48 h) the animals were tested for anxiety response and depression patterns in an elevated plus maze. They were then euthanized, their testes dissected, fixed and embedded in paraffin to obtain blocks. Histological sections (6 µm) were obtained and used to measure the diameter of seminiferous tubules and the expression in Leydig cells of Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), Proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), Caspase-3 and androgen receptors, by immunohistochemistry. Behavioral results indicated significant alterations in anxiety responses and a significant motor depression (e.g., greater latency to escape from the white sector). There were no differences between groups in the diameter of seminiferous tubules nor in the androgen receptors positivity. Reserpine-treated animals, however, exhibited more BDNF and PCNA positive cells, and less positive Caspase-3 cells in Leydig cells, than control animals. The results corroborate the efficacy of reserpine to reproduce some of the behavioral components of depression. The drug, however, does not seem to exert in rats the same effects on testicular function that have been found in humans diagnosed with depression. Furthermore the drug seems to enhance some aspects of testicular function related to Leydig cells function in rats.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Reserpine/pharmacology , Testis/drug effects , Antipsychotic Agents/pharmacology , Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen/drug effects , Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor/drug effects , Leydig Cells/drug effects , Testis/cytology , Immunohistochemistry , Rats, Wistar , Caspase 3/drug effects
13.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 365-379, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756937

ABSTRACT

NEDDylation has been shown to participate in the DNA damage pathway, but the substrates of neural precursor cell expressed developmentally downregulated 8 (NEDD8) and the roles of NEDDylation involved in the DNA damage response (DDR) are largely unknown. Translesion synthesis (TLS) is a damage-tolerance mechanism, in which RAD18/RAD6-mediated monoubiquitinated proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) promotes recruitment of polymerase η (polη) to bypass lesions. Here we identify PCNA as a substrate of NEDD8, and show that E3 ligase RAD18-catalyzed PCNA NEDDylation antagonizes its ubiquitination. In addition, NEDP1 acts as the deNEDDylase of PCNA, and NEDP1 deletion enhances PCNA NEDDylation but reduces its ubiquitination. In response to HO stimulation, NEDP1 disassociates from PCNA and RAD18-dependent PCNA NEDDylation increases markedly after its ubiquitination. Impairment of NEDDylation by Ubc12 knockout enhances PCNA ubiquitination and promotes PCNA-polη interaction, while up-regulation of NEDDylation by NEDD8 overexpression or NEDP1 deletion reduces the excessive accumulation of ubiquitinated PCNA, thus inhibits PCNA-polη interaction and blocks polη foci formation. Moreover, Ubc12 knockout decreases cell sensitivity to HO-induced oxidative stress, but NEDP1 deletion aggravates this sensitivity. Collectively, our study elucidates the important role of NEDDylation in the DDR as a modulator of PCNA monoubiquitination and polη recruitment.


Subject(s)
DNA Damage , DNA Repair , Genetics , DNA Replication , Genetics , DNA-Binding Proteins , Genetics , DNA-Directed DNA Polymerase , Genetics , Endopeptidases , Genetics , Gene Knockout Techniques , Humans , Hydrogen Peroxide , Toxicity , NEDD8 Protein , Genetics , Oxidative Stress , Genetics , Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen , Genetics , Ubiquitin-Conjugating Enzymes , Genetics , Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases , Genetics , Ubiquitination , Genetics , Ultraviolet Rays
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691364

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect and potential mechanisms of rutaecarpine (Rut) in a rat artery balloon-injury model.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The intimal hyperplasia model was established by rubbing the endothelia with a balloon catheter in the common carotid artery (CCA) of rats. Fifty rats were randomly divided into five groups, ie. sham, model, Rut (25, 50 and 75 mg/kg) with 10 rats of each group. The rats were treated with or without Rut (25, 50, 75 mg/kg) by intragastric administration for 14 consecutive days following injury. The morphological changes of the intima were evaluated by hematoxylin-eosin staining. The expressions of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and smooth muscle (SM) α-actin in the ateries were assayed by immunohistochemical staining. The mRNA expressions of c-myc, extracellular signal-regulated kinase 2 (ERK2), MAPK phosphatase-1 (MKP-1) and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) were determined by real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. The protein expressions of MKP-1 and phosphorylated ERK2 (p-ERK2) were examined by Western blotting. The plasma contents of nitric oxide (NO) and cyclic guanosine 3',5'-monophosphate (cGMP) were also determined.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with the model group, Rut treatment significantly decreased intimal thickening and ameliorated endothelial injury (P<0.05 or P<0.01). The positive expression rate of PCNA was decreased, while the expression rate of SM α-actin obviously increased in the vascular wall after Rut (50 and 75 mg/kg) administration (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Furthermore, the mRNA expressions of c-myc, ERK2 and PCNA were downregulated while the expressions of eNOS and MKP-1 were upregulated (P<0.05 or P<0.01). The protein expressions of MKP-1 and the phosphorylation of ERK2 were upregulated and downregulated after Rut (50 and 75 mg/kg) administration (P<0.05 or P<0.01), respectively. In addition, Rut dramatically reversed balloon injury-induced decrease of NO and cGMP in the plasma (P<0.05 or P<0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Rut could inhibit the balloon injury-induced carotid intimal hyperplasia in rats, possibly mediated by promotion of NO production and inhibiting ERK2 signal transduction pathways.</p>


Subject(s)
Actins , Metabolism , Animals , Carotid Arteries , Metabolism , Pathology , Carotid Artery Injuries , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Pathology , Cyclic GMP , Blood , Disease Models, Animal , Gene Expression Regulation , Hyperplasia , Indole Alkaloids , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Male , Nitric Oxide , Blood , Phosphorylation , Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen , Metabolism , Quinazolines , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Metabolism , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Tunica Intima , Pathology
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-740066

ABSTRACT

The investigation of the embryonic development of the cerebellum has a long history. The postnatal normal development of the cerebellum in rodents and other animals became a popular topic for morphological investigations nearly a century ago. However, surprisingly, only a few studies are available regarding the prenatal normal development of the rodent cerebellum, especially in guinea pigs. Cell proliferation is essential for the development of the nervous system. The assessment of cell proliferation can be achieved by using various methods. In this study, we investigated the cell proliferation of the cerebellar cortex in guinea pigs at different stages of pregnancy and in postnatal life. Fetuses were obtained by cesarean section at 50 or 60 days of gestation (dg). Immunohistochemistry was performed with proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) antibody in the cerebellum. Strong PCNA immunoreactivity was observed in the external granular layer (EGL), which is a neurogenic zone in the cerebellum. The proportion of PCNA-IR cells was greater at 1 week than at 60 dg in lobule I, but not lobule VIII. After 50 dg, the width of the EGL continued to decline until 1 week, due to the maturation of the EGL cells. These results demonstrate the pattern of PCNA immunoreactivity in the developing cerebellum of guinea pigs. This serves as a guideline to study abnormal cerebellum development.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Proliferation , Cerebellar Cortex , Cerebellum , Cesarean Section , Embryonic Development , Female , Fetus , Guinea Pigs , Guinea , Immunohistochemistry , Neocortex , Nervous System , Pregnancy , Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen , Rodentia
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-714998

ABSTRACT

The optimal cell culture method of autologous oral mucosal epithelial cell sheet is not well established for a safe transplantation on to the patients' ocular surface. Animal serum and 3T3 mouse feeder cells are currently being used to stimulate the growth of the epithelial cells. However, the use of animal compounds can have potential side effects for the patient after transplantation of the engineered cell sheet. In the present study, we focused on engineering a rabbit oral mucosal epithelial cell sheet without 3T3 mouse feeder cells using a mix of Dulbecco's Modified Eagle Medium/Bronchial Epithelial Cell Growth Medium culture media (DMEM/BEGM). Autologous oral mucosal epithelial cell sheets, engineered with DMEM/BEGM feeder cell free culture media, were compared to those cultured in presence of serum and feeder cells. Using a DMEM/BEGM mix culture media, feeder cell free culture condition, autologous oral mucosal epithelial cells reached confluence and formed a multilayered sheet. The phenotype of engineered cell sheets cultured with DMEM/BEGM were characterized and compared to those cultured with serum and feeder. Hematoxylin and eosin staining showed the formation of a similar stratified multilayer cell sheets, in both culture conditions. The expression of deltaN-p63, ABCG2, PCNA, E-cadherin, Beta-catenin, CK3, CK4, CK13, Muc5AC, was similar in both culture conditions. We demonstrated that rabbit autologous oral mucosal epithelial cell sheet can be engineered, in feeder cell free conditions. The use of the DMEM/BEGM culture media to engineer culture autologous oral mucosa epithelial cell sheet will help to identify key factors involved in the growth and differentiation of oral mucosal epithelial cells.


Subject(s)
Animals , beta Catenin , Cadherins , Cell Culture Techniques , Culture Media , Eagles , Eosine Yellowish-(YS) , Epithelial Cells , Feeder Cells , Hematoxylin , Humans , Methods , Mice , Mouth Mucosa , Phenotype , Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen
17.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 103-111, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-714871

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Chloride channel-3 (ClC-3) is a member of the chloride channel family and plays a critical role in a variety of cellular activities. The aim of the present study is to explore the molecular mechanisms underlying the antitumor effect of silencing ClC-3 in breast cancer. METHODS: Human breast cancer cell lines MDA-MB-231 and MCF-7 were used in the experiments. Messenger RNA and protein expression were examined by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and western blot analysis. Cell proliferation was measured by the bromodeoxyuridine method, and the cell cycle was evaluated using fluorescence-activated cell sorting. Protein interaction in cells was analyzed by co-immunoprecipitation. Tumor tissues were stained with hematoxylin-eosin and tumor burden was measured using the Metamorph software. RESULTS: Breast cancer tissues collected from patients showed an increase in ClC-3 expression. Knockdown of ClC-3 inhibited the secretion of insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-1, cell proliferation, and G1/S transition in breast cancer cells. In the mouse xenograft model of human breast carcinoma, tumor growth was significantly slower in animals injected with ClC-3-deficient cells compared with the growth of normal human breast cancer cells. In addition, silencing of ClC-3 attenuated the expression of proliferating cell nuclear antigen, Ki-67, cyclin D1, and cyclin E, as well as the activation of extracellular signal-regulated protein kinases (ERK) 1/2, both in vitro and in vivo. CONCLUSION: Together, our data suggest that upregulation of ClC-3 by IGF-1 contributes to cell proliferation and tumor growth in breast cancer, and ClC-3 deficiency suppresses cell proliferation and tumor growth via the IGF/IGF receptor/ERK pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Blotting, Western , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Bromodeoxyuridine , Cell Cycle , Cell Line , Cell Proliferation , Chloride Channels , Cyclin D1 , Cyclin E , Cyclins , Flow Cytometry , Heterografts , Humans , Immunoprecipitation , In Vitro Techniques , Insulin-Like Growth Factor I , Methods , Mice , Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen , Protein Kinases , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , RNA, Messenger , Tumor Burden , Up-Regulation
18.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-714096

ABSTRACT

Wet wipes are being increasingly used because of their convenience. Particularly, oral wet wipes are useful for regular cleaning of a baby's mouth after birth. Therefore, the consumption of oral wet wipes has increased over the past few years and a variety of products are commercially available. However, product information on safety is not sufficiently provided and still raises doubts regarding adverse effects. To confirm the safety of wet wipes as an oral hygiene item and provide information for their use, we investigated the cytotoxicity of oral wet wipes and verified the underlying mechanism. The anti-bacterial effect of oral wet wipes was analyzed using the disk diffusion method. The cytotoxic effects of oral wet wipes were observed based on morphological changes using microscopy and determined using a 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay in gingival epithelial cells and gingival fibroblasts. Evaluation of apoptosis by oral wet wipes was explored using propidium iodide flow cytometric analysis and a terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase (TdT)-mediated deoxyuridine triphosphate (dUTP) nick-end labeling (TUNEL) assay. Apoptosis-related molecules were also analyzed using western blotting. Five types of oral wet wipes were tested, and two products from Fisher-Price and Dr. Kennedy revealed strong cytotoxic effects on gingiva epithelial cells and gingiva fibroblasts, although they also showed intense anti-bacterial effects on oral bacteria. Cell cycle arrest in the G2/M phase and apoptosis were observed based on treatment of extracts from Fisher-Price and Dr. KENNEDY. Relatively high TUNEL levels, reduction of proliferating cell nuclear antigen and cyclin-dependent kinase 4 expression, and fragmentation of poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase were also elucidated. These results suggest that commercial oral wet wipes could exert cytotoxic influences on oral tissue, although there are anti-bacterial effects, and careful attention is required, especially for infants and toddlers.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Bacteria , Blotting, Western , Cell Cycle , Cell Cycle Checkpoints , Cell Survival , Cyclin-Dependent Kinase 4 , Deoxyuridine , Diffusion , DNA Nucleotidylexotransferase , Epithelial Cells , Fibroblasts , Gingiva , Humans , In Situ Nick-End Labeling , Infant , Methods , Microscopy , Mouth , Oral Hygiene , Parturition , Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen , Propidium
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713831

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of vitamin C on inflammation, tumor development, and dysbiosis of intestinal microbiota in an azoxymethane (AOM)/dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced inflammation-associated early colon cancer mouse model. MATERIALS/METHODS: Male BALB/c mice were injected intraperitoneally with AOM [10 mg/kg body weight (b.w)] and given two 7-d cycles of 2% DSS drinking water with a 14 d inter-cycle interval. Vitamin C (60 mg/kg b.w. and 120 mg/kg b.w.) was supplemented by gavage for 5 weeks starting 2 d after the AOM injection. RESULTS: The vitamin C treatment suppressed inflammatory morbidity, as reflected by disease activity index (DAI) in recovery phase and inhibited shortening of the colon, and reduced histological damage. In addition, vitamin C supplementation suppressed mRNA levels of pro-inflammatory mediators and cytokines, including cyclooxygenase-2, microsomal prostaglandin E synthase-2, tumor necrosis factor-α, Interleukin (IL)-1β, and IL-6, and reduced expression of the proliferation marker, proliferating cell nuclear antigen, compared to observations of AOM/DSS animals. Although the microbial composition did not differ significantly between the groups, administration of vitamin C improved the level of inflammation-related Lactococcus and JQ084893 to control levels. CONCLUSION: Vitamin C treatment provided moderate suppression of inflammation, proliferation, and certain inflammation-related dysbiosis in a murine model of colitis associated-early colon cancer. These findings support that vitamin C supplementation can benefit colonic health. Long-term clinical studies with various doses of vitamin C are warranted.


Subject(s)
Animals , Ascorbic Acid , Azoxymethane , Body Weight , Colitis , Colon , Colonic Neoplasms , Cyclooxygenase 2 , Cytokines , Drinking Water , Dysbiosis , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Humans , Inflammation , Interleukin-6 , Interleukins , Lactococcus , Male , Mice , Microbiota , Necrosis , Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen , RNA, Messenger , Sodium , Vitamins
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-717727

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH) is a major cause of abnormal overgrowth of the prostate mainly in the elderly. Corni Fructus has been reported to be effective in the prevention and treatment of various diseases because of its strong antioxidant effect, but its efficacy against BPH is not yet known. This study was designed to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy of Corni Fructus water extract (CF) in testosterone-induced BPH rats. MATERIALS/METHODS: To induce BPH, rats were intraperitoneal injected with testosterone propionate (TP). Rats in the treatment group were orally administered with CF with TP injection, and finasteride, which is a selective inhibitor of 5α-reductase type 2, was used as a positive control. RESULTS: Our results showed that the increased prostate weight and histopathological changes in BPH model rats were suppressed by CF treatment. CF, similar to the finasteride-treated group, decreased the levels of testosterone and dihydrotestosterone by TP treatment in the serum, and it also reduced 5α-reductase expression and concentration in prostate tissue and serum, respectively. In addition, CF significantly blocked the expression of the androgen receptor (AR), AR co-activators, and proliferating cell nuclear antigen in BPH rats, and this blocking was associated with a decrease in prostate-specific antigen levels in serum and prostate tissue. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that CF may weaken the BPH status through the inactivation of at least 5α-reductase and AR activity and may be useful for the clinical treatment of BPH.


Subject(s)
Aged , Animals , Antioxidants , Cornus , Dihydrotestosterone , Finasteride , Humans , Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen , Prostate , Prostate-Specific Antigen , Prostatic Hyperplasia , Rats , Receptors, Androgen , Testosterone , Testosterone Propionate , Water
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL