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1.
Rev. cuba. anestesiol. reanim ; 20(2): e687, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289354

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La decisión de realizar la inducción anestésica con propofol o tiopental en la paciente obstétrica para operación cesárea es un tema controvertido, con resultados contradictorios entre las investigaciones. Objetivo: Presentar los resultados que se publicaron en la literatura nacional e internacional sobre el uso del propofol como agente anestésico en la inducción de la anestesia general en la operación cesárea electiva. Métodos: Se realizó una revisión no sistemática de la bibliografía basada en artículos que se publicaron en bases de datos indexadas en Infomed como Hinari, Ebsco, Scielo, Pubmed, Cubmed, Cocrhane; en idioma español e inglés, durante los últimos diez años, utilizando palabras clave como: (inducción anestésica OR anestesia general OR) AND (propofol OR) AND (operación cesárea OR cesárea OR). Desarrollo: Se destacaron artículos donde se comparan los resultados del uso del propofol contra el tiopental y otros barbitúricos durante la inducción anestésica en cuanto a variables hemodinámicas, efectos adversos, calidad anestésica y desenlaces neonatales como el estado físico, capacidad de adaptación neurológica y gases arteriales. Conclusiones: El propofol es el agente más común para la inducción anestésica en la paciente obstétrica que necesita cesárea electiva. Este presenta resultados adecuados maternos y fetales, y menor incidencia de efectos adversos(AU)


Introduction: The decision to perform anesthetic induction with propofol or thiopental in obstetric patients for cesarean section is a controversial issue, with contradictory oncomes among investigations. Objective: To present the results published in the national and international literature about the use of propofol as an anesthetic agent in the induction of general anesthesia in elective cesarean section. Methods: A nonsystematic review of the bibliography was carried out, with a focus on articles in Spanish and English published, during the last ten years, in databases indexed in Infomed, such as Hinari, Ebsco, Scielo, Pubmed, Cubmed, Cocrhane, using keywords such as (inducción anestésica [anesthetic induction] OR anestesia general [general anesthesia] OR) AND (propofol OR) AND (operación cesárea [cesarean section] OR cesárea [cesarean] OR). Development: Articles were highlighted if they compared the results of propofol usage against thiopental and other barbiturates during anesthetic induction in terms of hemodynamic variables, adverse effects, anesthetic quality and neonatal outcomes such as physical state, neurological adaptation capacity and arterial gases. Conclusions: Propofol is the commonest agent for anesthetic induction in obstetric patients requiring elective caesarean section. This presents adequate maternal and fetal outcomes, as well as a lower incidence of adverse effects(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Propofol , Cesarean Section , Anesthesia, General
2.
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 49(2): e201, Apr.-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1251498

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction The analysis of the electrical activity of the brain using scalp electrodes with electroencephalography (EEG) could reveal the depth of anesthesia of a patient during surgery. However, conventional EEG equipment, due to its price and size, are not a practical option for the operating room and the commercial units used in surgery do not provide access to the electrical activity. The availability of low-cost portable technologies could provide for further research on the brain activity under general anesthesia and facilitate our quest for new markers of depth of anesthesia. Objective To assess the capabilities of a portable EEG technology to capture brain rhythms associated with the state of consciousness and the general anesthesia status of surgical patients anesthetized with propofol. Methods Observational, cross-sectional study that reviewed 10 EEG recordings captured using OpenBCI portable low-cost technology, in female patients undergoing general anesthesia with propofol. The signal from the frontal electrodes was analyzed with spectral analysis and the results were compared against the reports in the literature. Results The signal captured with frontal electrodes, particularly α rhythm, enabled the distinction between resting with eyes closed and with eyes opened in a conscious state, and sustained anesthesia during surgery. Conclusions It is possible to differentiate a resting state from sustained anesthesia, replicating previous findings with conventional technologies. These results pave the way to the use of portable technologies such as the OpenBCI tool, to explore the brain dynamics during anesthesia.


Resumen Introducción El análisis de la actividad eléctrica cerebral mediante electrodos ubicados sobre el cuero cabelludo con electroencefalografía (EEG) podría permitir conocer la profundidad anestésica de un paciente durante cirugía. Sin embargo, los equipos de EEG convencionales, por su precio y tamaño, no son una alternativa práctica en quirófanos y los equipos comerciales usados en cirugía no permiten acceder a la actividad eléctrica. Disponer de tecnologías portables y de bajo costo aumentaría el número de investigaciones sobre la actividad cerebral bajo anestesia general y facilitaría la búsqueda de nuevos marcadores para la profundidad anestésica. Objetivo Evaluar la capacidad de una tecnología EEG portable de adquirir ritmos cerebrales relacionados con el estado consciente y el estado de anestesia general de pacientes en cirugía anestesiados con propofol. Métodos Estudio observacional de corte transversal en el que se analizaron datos de 10 registros EEG obtenidos mediante tecnología portable y de bajo costo OpenBCI, de pacientes de sexo femenino que fueron sometidas a anestesia general con propofol. La señal obtenida de los electrodos frontales se analizó mediante análisis espectral y se contrastaron los resultados con lo descrito en la literatura. Resultados La señal obtenida con electrodos frontales, especialmente el ritmo α, permitió diferenciar el reposo con ojos cerrados y ojos abiertos en estado consciente, del estado de mantenimiento de la anestesia durante cirugía. Conclusiones Se logra la diferenciación de estado de reposo y de mantenimiento de la anestesia replicando hallazgos previos de tecnologías convencionales. Estos resultados abren la posibilidad de utilizar las tecnologías portables como el OpenBCI para investigar la dinámica cerebral durante la anestesia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Spectrum Analysis , Technology , Electroencephalography , Anesthesia, General , Brain Mapping , Propofol , Observational Studies as Topic
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880828

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the maximum dose of continuous mivacurium infusion for intraoperative neuromonitoring (IONM) and observe the adverse reactions during thyroid surgery under total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA).@*METHODS@#Thirty patients undergoing IONM during thyroid surgery received continuous infusion of mivacurium at the initial rate of 14.97 μg · kg@*RESULTS@#The EC@*CONCLUSIONS@#In patients undergoing thyroid surgery under TIVA, the EC


Subject(s)
Anesthesia, Intravenous , Humans , Mivacurium , Propofol , Remifentanil , Thyroid Gland
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880617

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the effects of propofol on the proliferation and invasion of glioma U87 cells and to explore the possible anti-tumor mechanisms.@*METHODS@#The glioma U87 cells was divided into a blank group, a positive control group, and the propofol groups (1.00, 2.00 or 5.00 mmol/L). Cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) was used to detect cell proliferation; Transwell method was used to detect the effect of propofol on invasion and migration of U87 cells; real-time PCR was used to detect the expression of microRNA-134 (miR-134); Western blotting was used to detect the expression levels of reproduction-related protein Ki-67, invasion-related protein metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2), metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) and phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (Akt) signaling pathway-related protein.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the blank group, the proliferation, invasion and migration capacity of U87 cells were reduced in the positive control group and the propofol groups after 48 hours (all @*CONCLUSIONS@#Propofol can decrease the proliferation rate, and the invasion and migration abilities of U87 cells, which may be achieved by up-regulation of miR-134 and suppression of PI3K/Akt signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Glioma/genetics , Humans , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2/genetics , MicroRNAs/genetics , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/genetics , Propofol/pharmacology , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/genetics
5.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 40(4): 368-375, Oct.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1143177

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: Comparison of post-anesthesia recovery time in sedated patients for colonoscopy using two drug combinations: midazolam and propofol or fentanyl and propofol. Method: Fifty patients ASA I and II, from 18 to 65 years of age, candidates for elective colonoscopy under sedation administered by an anesthesiologist, were randomized in two groups: Group A (midazolam and propofol) and Group B (fentanyl and propofol). Each patient was evaluated as for the length of the exam (Exam length), length of stay in the post-anesthesia care unit 1 and 2 (LSPACU1 and LSPACU2) and hospital discharge. Episodes of awakening, and of movement, drop in SpO2 < 90%, need for mechanical ventilation, propofol consumption, heart rate (HR) and mean blood pressure (MBP) were also evaluated. Results: Patients of group B had a recovery time in LSPACU1 statistically shorter than that for those in group A. In both groups, LSPACU1 was considered inversely proportional to LSPACU2. Hospital discharge time was similar between groups. Patients of group B had a significant decrease in MBP during and at the end of the exam, when compared to the initial measurement and that during sedation. Nevertheless, this variation was lower than 20%. No adverse event was observed. All patients were discharged on the same day, with no unexpected hospitalization. Conclusions: The combined use of fentanyl and propofol for colonoscopy sedation had a post-anesthesia recovery time in LSPACU1 shorter than that with the combination of midazolam and propofol. Nevertheless hospital discharge time was similar between groups.


RESUMO Objetivo: Comparar o tempo de recuperação pós-anestésica de pacientes sedados para colonoscopia usando duas combinações de fármacos: midazolam e propofol ou fentanil e propofol. Método: Cinquenta pacientes ASA I e II, entre 18 e 65 anos, candidatos a colonoscopia eletiva sob sedação administrada por anestesiologista, foram randomizados em dois grupos: Grupo A (midazolam e propofol) e Grupo B (fentanil e propofol). Cada paciente foi avaliado quanto ao tempo de realização do exame (TExame), tempo de permanência na sala de recuperação pós-anestésica 1 e 2 (TSRPA 1 e TSRPA2) e a alta domiciliar. Episódios de despertar, movimentação, queda de SpO2 < 90%, necessidade de assistência ventilatória, consumo de propofol, frequência cardíaca (FC) e pressão arterial média (PAM) também foram avaliados. Resultados: Pacientes do grupo B apresentaram tempo de recuperação na SRPA1 inferior estatisticamente ao grupo A. Em ambos os grupos o TSRPA1 foi considerado inversamente proporcional ao TSRPA2. O tempo de alta domiciliar foi semelhante entre os grupos. Pacientes do grupo B apresentaram redução significativa na PAM no tempos exame e final, em relação ao inicial e sedação. Entretanto, essa variação foi inferior a 20%. Não foram observados eventos adversos. Todos os pacientes evoluíram com alta domiciliar no mesmo dia, sem ocorrência de internação não prevista. Conclusões: O uso combinado de fentanil e propofol para sedação em colonoscopia produziu tempo de recuperação pós-anestésica na SRPA1 inferior a combinação midazolam e propofol. No entanto, o tempo de alta domiciliar foi semelhante entre os grupos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Colonoscopy/methods , Anesthesia/statistics & numerical data , Midazolam/administration & dosage , Anesthesia Recovery Period , Propofol/administration & dosage , Fentanyl/administration & dosage
6.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 72(5): 1727-1730, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab
Article in English | ID: biblio-1131576

ABSTRACT

There is a need for various anesthetic agents to obtain sperm in the field of human and veterinary medicine. Propofol and midazolam are among the most preferred among these agents. The aim of this study was to determine how sperm paramaters are affected according to the anesthetic agent used. Propofol (2mg/kg) and midazolam (3,5-7,5mg/kg) were administered twice a day (morning-evening) for one week. As a result of this study, there was no statistical difference in sperm density and abnormal sperm rates (respectively P=0,673, P=0,479). Sperm motility rates are similar in the control and propofol groups, while the motility rate in the midazolam group is statistically lower. (Control group %85 - Midazolam group %68.75 - Propofol group %83.75), (P<0.05). As a result of this study, the confidence interval of propofol was higher than the other anesthetic agents used for sperm retrieval.(AU)


São necessários vários agentes anestésicos para obter espermatozoides no campo da medicina humana e veterinária. Propofol e midazolam estão entre os agentes preferidos. O objetivo deste estudo foi determinar como os parâmetros de esperma são afetados de acordo com o agente anestésico utilizado. Propofol (2mg / kg) e midazolam (3,5-7,5mg / kg) foram administrados duas vezes ao dia (manhã e noite) durante uma semana. Neste estudo, não houve diferença estatística na densidade espermática e nas taxas anormais de espermatozoides (respectivamente P = 0,673, P = 0,479). As taxas de motilidade espermática são semelhantes nos grupos controle e propofol, enquanto a taxa de motilidade no grupo midazolam é estatisticamente menor. (Grupo controle % 85 - grupo midazolam % 68,75 - grupo propofol % 83,75), (P <0,05). Neste estudo, o intervalo de confiança do propofol foi maior do que os outros agentes anestésicos utilizados na recuperação espermática.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Semen/chemistry , Spermatozoa/physiology , Midazolam/administration & dosage , Propofol/administration & dosage
7.
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 48(3): 111-117, July-Sept. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1126292

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) and balanced anesthesia (BA) are the most commonly used anesthetic techniques. The differences are the variability of the depth of anesthesia between these techniques that might predict which one is safer for patients and presents a lower risk of intraoperative awakening. Objective: To determine whether a difference exists in the variability of depth of anesthesia obtained by response entropy (RE). Methods: A crossover clinical trial was conducted on 20 healthy patients receiving upper or lower limb ambulatory orthopedic surgery. Patients were randomly assigned to (a) target-controlled infusion of propofol using the Schnider model at a target concentration of 2.5 µg/mL for 15 minutes and a 10-minute washout, followed by sevoflurane administration at 0.8 minimal alveolar concentration (MAC) for the reminder of the surgery, or (b) the reverse sequence. Differences in the variability of the depth of anesthesia using RE were evaluated using paired t-test. Results: The treatment effect showed no significant difference in the average values of RE, during TIVA = 97.23 vs BA 97.04 (P = 0.39). Carry Over (-4.98 vs 4.08) and Period (100.3 vs 94.68) effects were not significantly different. Conclusion: The present study suggests that both anesthetic techniques are equivalent in terms of the stability of the depth of anesthesia. It is important to keep testing the determinants of the efficacy of different populations because the individual behaviors of patients might ultimately tip the scale.


Resumen Introducción: La anestesia total intravenosa (TIVA, por sus siglas en inglés) y la anestesia balanceada (AB) son las técnicas anestésicas más comúnmente utilizadas. La diferencia está en la variabilidad de la profundidad de la anestesia entre estas dos técnicas, lo cual pudiera predecir cuál es más segura para los pacientes y representar un menor riesgo de despertar intraoperatorio. Objetivo: Determinar si existe alguna diferencia en la variabilidad de la profundidad de la anestesia obtenida según los índices de entropía de respuesta (ER). Métodos: Se llevó a cabo un estudio clínico cruzado en 20 pacientes sanos que se sometieron a cirugía ortopédica ambulatoria de miembros superiores o inferiores. Los pacientes se asignaron aleatoriamente así: a) infusión controlada por objetivo (TCI, por sus siglas en inglés) de propofol, utilizando el modelo Schnider a una concentración objetivo de 2,5 µg/mL durante 15 min y un período de lavado de 10 minutos, seguido de la administración de sevoflurano a 0,8 de concentración alveolar mínima (CAM) durante el tiempo restante de la cirugía; o b) la secuencia inversa. Las diferencias en la variabilidad de la profundidad de la anestesia utilizando entropía de respuesta se evaluaron utilizando la prueba t pareada. Resultados: El efecto del tratamiento no mostró ninguna diferencia significativa en los valores promedio de entropía de respuesta (ER) durante TIVA = 97,23 vs. AB 97,04 (P = 0,39). Los efectos de arrastre (-4,98 vs. 4,08) y período (100,3 vs. 94,68) no fueron significativamente diferentes. Conclusiones: El presente estudio sugiere que ambas técnicas anestésicas son equivalentes en términos de estabilidad de la profundidad de la anestesia. Es importante continuar probando los factores determinantes de eficacia en las distintas poblaciones, ya que el comportamiento individual de cada paciente pudiera finalmente inclinar la balanza.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Entropy , Intraoperative Awareness , Balanced Anesthesia , Anesthesia, Intravenous , Propofol , Epidemiologic Methods , Sevoflurane
8.
Brasília; s.n; 29 jul. 2020.
Non-conventional in Portuguese | LILACS, BRISA, PIE | ID: biblio-1117728

ABSTRACT

O Informe Diário de Evidências é uma produção do Ministério da Saúde que tem como objetivo acompanhar diariamente as publicações científicas sobre tratamento farmacológico e vacinas para a COVID-19. Dessa forma, são realizadas buscas estruturadas em bases de dados biomédicas, referentes ao dia anterior desse informe. Não são incluídos estudos pré-clínicos (in vitro, in vivo, in silico). A frequência dos estudos é demonstrada de acordo com a sua classificação metodológica (revisões sistemáticas, ensaios clínicos randomizados, coortes, entre outros). Para cada estudo é apresentado um resumo com avaliação da qualidade metodológica. Essa avaliação tem por finalidade identificar o grau de certeza/confiança ou o risco de viés de cada estudo. Para tal, são utilizadas ferramentas já validadas e consagradas na literatura científica, na área de saúde baseada em evidências. Cabe ressaltar que o documento tem caráter informativo e não representa uma recomendação oficial do Ministério da Saúde sobre a temática. Foram encontrados 16 artigos e 3 protocolos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/drug therapy , Coronavirus Infections/drug therapy , Betacoronavirus/drug effects , Technology Assessment, Biomedical , Midazolam/therapeutic use , Immunoglobulins/therapeutic use , Methylprednisolone/therapeutic use , Influenza Vaccines/therapeutic use , Propofol/therapeutic use , Chloroquine/therapeutic use , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/therapeutic use , Fentanyl/therapeutic use , Cross-Sectional Studies , Cohort Studies , Enoxaparin/therapeutic use , Azithromycin/therapeutic use , Ritonavir/therapeutic use , Copper/therapeutic use , Lopinavir/therapeutic use , Resveratrol/therapeutic use , Interferon alpha-2/therapeutic use , Hydroxychloroquine/therapeutic use , Ketamine/therapeutic use
9.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 72(2): 405-410, Mar./Apr. 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | ID: biblio-1128326

ABSTRACT

O presente estudo avaliou a influência do regime hídrico sobre efeitos do propofol em Phrynops geoffroanus, bem como a qualidade da contenção farmacológica produzida. Foram utilizados 10 animais, anestesiados em dois momentos com propofol, na dose de 35mg/kg, por via intracelomática, com intervalo de 15 dias. O grupo 1 fora retirado da água 12 horas antes do procedimento e o grupo 2 permaneceu dentro da água até o momento da indução anestésica. Foram mensuradas frequência cardíaca, pressão arterial sistólica, temperatura, frequência respiratória e saturação de oxi-hemoglobina, e avaliados duração do período de latência, período hábil, período de recuperação e qualidade da contenção farmacológica. Houve diferença significativa entre grupos apenas quanto à frequência cardíaca. No grupo 1, as médias dos períodos de latência, hábil anestésico e de recuperação foram de 16,8±8,4, 86,5±79,4 e 1,5±3,8 minutos, respectivamente. Já no grupo 2, as médias foram de 19,9±9,8, 110,9±104,7 e 28,8±58,2 minutos, respectivamente. Concluiu-se que o regime hídrico de 12 horas não influenciou os parâmetros anestésicos e fisiológicos dos animais e que a qualidade da contenção farmacológica foi considerada boa em ambos os grupos.(AU)


The present study evaluated the influence of the water regime on the effects of propofol on Phrynops geoffroanus, as well as the quality of the pharmacological containment produced. Ten animals, anesthetized at two times with propofol at a dose of 35mg / kg, were used intracelomatically with a 15 day interval. Group 1 was withdrawn from the water 12 hours prior to the procedure and Group 2 remained in the water until the time of anesthetic induction. Heart rate, systolic blood pressure, temperature, respiratory rate and oxyhemoglobin saturation were measured and the duration of the latency period, skill period, recovery period and quality of pharmacological containment were measured. There was a significant difference between groups only regarding heart rate. In Group 1, the means of the latency, skillful anesthesia and recovery periods were 16.8±8.4, 86.5±79.4 and 1.5±3.8 minutes, respectively. In Group 2, the mean values were 19.9±9.8, 110.9±104.7 and 28.8±58.2 minutes, respectively. It was concluded that the 12-hour water regime did not influence the anesthetic and physiological parameters of the animals, and the quality of the pharmacological restraint was considered good in both groups.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Turtles , Propofol/administration & dosage , Anesthesia/veterinary , Reptiles , Fasting
10.
Rev. cuba. anestesiol. reanim ; 19(1): e560, ene.-abr. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1093126

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las técnicas de administración de anestesia en cirugía torácica han experimentado gran evolución y mayor fundamento científico. La anestesia intravenosa total basada en la analgesia favorece a que el período perioperatorio transcurra sin dolor y la recuperación sin complicaciones. Objetivo: Comparar la efectividad y seguridad de dos técnicas de anestesia intravenosa total en cirugía torácica electiva con remifentanilo como base analgésica. Métodos: Estudio causiexperimental, prospectivo realizado en el Hospital Docente Clínico Quirúrgico Dr. Salvador Allende, en el período comprendido entre enero de 2013 a enero de 2015, en 45 pacientes, programados para cirugía torácica electiva, divididos en dos grupos según hipnótico utilizado. Grupo A: Propofol/Remifentanil y Grupo B: Midazolam/Remifentanil. Se evaluaron variables hemodinámicas en diferentes momentos del período intraoperatorio. Variables de oxigenación (PaO2 y SaO2) durante la ventilación unipulmonar y los tiempos de recuperación anestésica. Resultados: Predominaron los pacientes mayores de 60 años en los dos grupos, con estado físico ASA III. No hubo diferencias en la oxigenación arterial entre los grupos. Hubo disminución de la tensión arterial sistólica en el grupo A sin diferencias significativas. La recuperación de la anestesia fue significativamente más demorada en el grupo B. Conclusiones: La técnica de anestesia intravenosa total con remifentanil como base analgésica asociado a propofol resultó segura y efectiva en pacientes operados de cirugía torácica(AU)


Introduction: Anesthesia administration techniques in thoracic surgery have undergone great evolution and greater scientific foundation. Total intravenous anesthesia based on analgesia favors the perioperative period without pain and recovery without complications. Objective: To compare the effectiveness and safety of two techniques of total intravenous anesthesia in elective thoracic surgery with remifentanil as an analgesic base. Methods: Prospective and causiexperimental study carried out at Dr. Salvador Allende Clinical-Surgical Teaching Hospital, in the period from January 2013 to January 2015, with 45 patients scheduled for elective thoracic surgery, who were divided into two groups according to the hypnotic drug used. Group A: propofol/remifentanil, and group B: midazolam/remifentanil. Hemodynamic variables were evaluated at different times during the intraoperative period. Oxygenation variables (PaO2 and SaO2) during unipulmonary ventilation and anesthetic recovery times. Results: Patients older than 60 years predominated in the two groups, with a physical status of ASA III. There were no differences in arterial oxygenation between the groups. There was a decrease in systolic blood pressure in group A without significant differences. The recovery of anesthesia was significantly more delayed in group B. Conclusions: The total intravenous anesthesia technique with remifentanil as an analgesic base associated with propofol was safe and effective in patients undergoing thoracic surgery(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Thoracic Surgery/methods , Midazolam/therapeutic use , Propofol/therapeutic use , Anesthesia, Intravenous/methods , Prospective Studies , Non-Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Remifentanil/therapeutic use
11.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(1): e8645, Jan. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055484

ABSTRACT

Data about the feasibility and safety of thoracoscopic surgery under non-intubated anesthesia and regional block are limited. In this prospective study, 57 consecutive patients scheduled for thoracoscopic surgery were enrolled. Patients were sedated with dexmedetomidine and anesthetized with propofol and remifentanil. Ropivacaine was used for intercostal nerve and paravertebral block. Lidocaine was used for vagal block. The primary outcomes were mean arterial pressure (MAP), heart rate (HR), oxygen saturation, and end-tidal carbon dioxide partial pressure (ETCO2) at T0 (pre-anesthesia), T1 (immediately after laryngeal mask/nasopharyngeal airway placement), T2 (immediately after skin incision), T3 (10 min after opening the chest), T4 (end of surgery), and T5 (immediately after laryngeal mask/nasopharyngeal airway removal). One patient required conversion to intubation, 15 developed intraoperative hypotension, and two had hypoxemia. MAP at T0 and T5 was higher than at T1-T4; MAP at T3 was lower (P<0.05 vs other time points). HR at T0 and T5 was higher (P<0.05 vs other time points). ETCO2 at T2 and T3 was higher (P<0.05 vs other time points). Arterial pH, PCO2, and lactic acid at T1 differed from values at T0 and T2 (P<0.05). The Quality of Recovery-15 (QoR-15) score at 24 h was lower (P<0.05). One patient experienced dysphoria during recovery. Thoracoscopic surgery with regional block under direct thoracoscopic vision is a feasible and safe alternative to conventional surgery under general anesthesia, intubation, and one-lung ventilation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Thoracoscopy/methods , Laryngeal Masks , Anesthesia, General/methods , Nerve Block/methods , Blood Pressure/drug effects , Blood Pressure/physiology , Propofol/administration & dosage , Feasibility Studies , Prospective Studies , Dexmedetomidine/administration & dosage , Remifentanil/administration & dosage , Heart Rate/drug effects , Heart Rate/physiology
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828946

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the molecular mechanism underlying the inhibitory effect of propofol on pyroptosis of macrophages.@*METHODS@#Macrophages derived from bone marrow were extracted and divided into three groups: control group, LPS+ATP group and propofol+LPS+ATP group. The control group was not given any treatment; LPS+ATP group was given LPS 1 μg/mL stimulation for 4 h, then ATP 4 mM stimulation for 1 h; Propofol+LPS+ATP group was given propofol+LPS 1 μg/mL stimulation for 4 h, then ATP stimulation for 1 h. After treatment, the supernatant and cells of cell culture were collected. the cell activity was detected by CCK8 and flow cytometry. The inflammatory cytokines IL-1βand IL-18 were detected by Elisa. Western blot was used to detect the expression of caspase-1 protein and TLR4 on cell membran Immunohistochemical fluorescence was used to detect apoptosis of cells.@*RESULTS@#LPS+ATP significantly decreased the viability of the macrophages and increased the cellular production of IL-1β and IL-18, activation of caspase-1 protein and the expression of TLR-4 on the cell membrane ( < 0.05). Treatment with propofol obviously reversed the changes induced by LPS+ATP.@*CONCLUSIONS@#LPS+ATP can induce pyroptosis of mouse bone marrow-derived macrophages, and propofol effectively inhibits such cell death, suggesting that propofol anesthesia is beneficial during operation and helps to regulate the immune function of in patients with sepsis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Caspase 1 , Lipopolysaccharides , Macrophages , Mice , Propofol , Pyroptosis
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787142

ABSTRACT

Medium- and long-chain triglyceride (MCT/LCT) propofol is widely used as an intravenous anesthetic, especially in the intensive care unit. The present study aimed to assess whether MCT/LCT propofol is safe in the hyperlipidemic population for long-term use. Free fatty acids (FFAs) were used to establish high-fat stimulation of HepG2 and Huh7 cells. Subsequently, these cells were treated with propofol at the concentration of 0, 4, or 8 µg/ml for 24 and 48 h. The results indicated that the cell viability was notably decreased when the cells were stimulated with 2 mmol/L FFAs and treated with 12 µg/ml MCT/LCT propofol. Accordingly, we chose 2 mmol/L FFAs along with 4 and 8 µg/ml MCT/LCT propofol for the subsequent experiments. Four and 8 µg/ml MCT/LCT propofol inhibited FFA-induced lipid accumulation in the cells and significantly reversed acetyl coenzyme A carboxylase (ACC) activity. In addition, MCT/LCT propofol not only significantly promoted the phosphorylation of AMPK and ACC, but also reversed the FFA-induced decreased phosphorylation of AMPK and ACC. In conclusion, MCT/LCT propofol reverses the negative effects caused by FFAs in HepG2 and Huh7 cells, indicating that MCT/LCT propofol might positively regulate lipid metabolism.


Subject(s)
Acetyl-CoA Carboxylase , AMP-Activated Protein Kinases , Cell Survival , Fatty Acids, Nonesterified , Hepatocytes , Intensive Care Units , Lipid Metabolism , Liver , Metabolism , Phosphorylation , Propofol , Triglycerides
14.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786179

ABSTRACT

Currently, sedation anesthesia is increasingly used in many medical fields, from gastroscopy to medical imaging. The demand for sedation anesthesia is expected to increase gradually with increasing number of day surgeries and increased expectations from medical services. The demand for sedation anesthesia is considerably higher than the available pool of anesthesiologists; therefore, in a significant number of cases, sedation anesthesia is induced by non-anesthesiologists. However, there is no systematic provision of education or expertise for non-anesthesiologists in delivering sedation anesthesia. In cases of non-anesthesiologists inducing anesthesia, social controversy is often caused by medical accidents and substance abuse. In this review, I have briefly summarized what non-anesthesiologists should know about sedation anesthesia and have presented guidelines simplifying sedation anesthesia for non-anesthesia medical personnel.


Subject(s)
Ambulatory Surgical Procedures , Anesthesia , Dexmedetomidine , Diagnostic Imaging , Education , Etomidate , Gastroscopy , Hypnotics and Sedatives , Ketamine , Propofol , Substance-Related Disorders
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880601

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Bispectral index (BIS) can reflect the depth of propofol sedation. This study aims to compare the anesthetic satisfaction, anesthetic dose, and hemodynamic changes between closed-loop target controlled infusion (CLTCI) and open-loop target controlled infusion (OLTCI) during abdominal surgery.@*METHODS@#From December 2016 to December 2018, 70 patients undergoing abdominal surgery under general anesthesia were selected in Beijing Hospital, including 51 males and 19 females, at the age from 49 to 65 years old. They were classified as grade I-II by the American Society of anesthesiologists (ASA) and were randomly divided into the CLTCI group and the OLTCI group (@*RESULTS@#In the induction stage, the percentage of adequate anesthesia time in the CLTCI group was higher than that in the OLTCI group, and the percentage of deep anesthesia time in the CLTCI group was significantly lower than that in the OLTCI group (both @*CONCLUSIONS@#Compared with propofol OLTCI, anesthesia with propofol CLTCI under BIS guidance can maintain a more appropriate depth of anesthesia sedation and more stable hemodynamics.


Subject(s)
Abdomen/surgery , Aged , Anesthesia, General , Anesthesia, Intravenous , Anesthetics, Intravenous , Electroencephalography , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Propofol , Remifentanil , Surgical Procedures, Operative
16.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 71(6): 1901-1908, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab
Article in Portuguese | ID: biblio-1055148

ABSTRACT

Objetivou-se comparar os efeitos fisiológicos, analgésicos e sobre a taxa de infusão de propofol, decorrentes da anestesia epidural com lidocaína, associada ao tramadol ou à dexmedetomidina, em felinas submetidas à ovariosalpingohisterectomia (OSH). Para tal, 16 felinas hígidas foram pré-tratadas com acepromazina 0,08mg/kg/IM, utilizando-se propofol para a indução (dose-efeito) e manutenção anestésicas. Após indução, as gatas foram aleatoriamente distribuídas em dois grupos (n=8), designados: grupo lidocaína-tramadol (GLT), tratado com lidocaína (3,0mg/kg) associada ao tramadol (2,0mg/kg); e grupo lidocaína-dexmedetomidina (GLD), tratado com lidocaína (3,0mg/kg) associada à dexmedetomidina (2µg/kg), pela via epidural. Durante a OSH, a infusão de propofol foi aumentada ou reduzida, objetivando-se manutenção de plano anestésico cirúrgico. Foram avaliados os parâmetros: f, FC, SPO2, EtCO2, PAS, PAD, PAM, T°C, nos períodos pré (M1) e transoperatórios (M2 a M7); a taxa mínima de propofol necessária; o tempo de recuperação anestésica e a qualidade da analgesia pós-cirúrgica durante seis horas. Ambos os tratamentos garantiram baixas taxas mínimas de infusão de propofol, todavia o uso da dexmedetomidina resultou em bradicardia inicial, elevação da pressão arterial, maior tempo de recuperação e menor qualidade analgésica, quando comparada ao tramadol.(AU)


The aim of this study was to compare the physiological and analgesic effects and the minimum infusion rate of propofol of epidural anesthesia with lidocaine associated to tramadol or dexmedetomidine, in cats undergoing ovariosalpingohysterectomy (OSH). For this purpose, 16 healthy cats were pretreated with acepromazine (0.08mg kg -1 IM) and propofol was used for induction (dose-effect) and maintenance of anesthesia. After induction, the cats were assigned in two randomized groups (n= 8), named: Lidocaine-tramadol group (LTG), treated with lidocaine (3mg kg -1 ) associated to tramadol (2mg kg -1 ) and Lidocaine-dexmedetomidine group (LDG), treated with lidocaine (3mg kg -1 ) associated to dexmedetomidine (2g kg -1 ), by epidural route. During OSH, propofol infusion was increased or decreased, setting to maintain surgical anesthetic depth. The parameters f, HR, SPO 2 , EtCO 2 , SAP, DAP, MAP, T°C in the pre (M1) and trans-operative periods (M2 to M7); minimum infusion rate of propofol; time of anesthetic recovery and quality of postoperative analgesia during six-hour interval, were evaluated. Both protocols provided low minimum infusion rate of propofol. However, dexmedetomidine resulted in initial bradycardia, elevated blood pressure, longer recovery time, and lower analgesic quality when compared to tramadol.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Cats , Tramadol/administration & dosage , Dexmedetomidine/administration & dosage , Anesthesia, Epidural/veterinary , Lidocaine/administration & dosage , Ovariectomy/veterinary , Propofol/administration & dosage , Salpingectomy/veterinary , Hysterectomy/veterinary
17.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 71(6): 1829-1834, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | ID: biblio-1055116

ABSTRACT

Avaliou-se a recuperação anestésica e a analgesia residual da infusão contínua (IC) de fentanil (F), lidocaína (L), cetamina (K) e fentanil-lidocaína-cetamina (FLK), associados à anestesia total intravenosa com o propofol, em cadelas submetidas à ovariossalpingo-histerectomia. Foram utilizados 32 animais pré-medicados com acepromazina, distribuídos em quatro grupos de acordo com o tratamento analgésico: F: bolus de 0,0036mg/kg de fentanil e IC de 0,0036mg mg/kg/h; L: bolus de 3mg/kg de lidocaína e IC de 3mg/kg/h; K: bolus de 0,6mg/kg de cetamina e IC de 0,6mg/kg/h; e FLK: bolus e IC dos três fármacos nas doses supracitadas. Após o bolus do tratamento analgésico, foi realizada a indução e o início da IC do tratamento analgésico e do propofol. Para avaliação da recuperação anestésica, foram considerados os tempos de extubação, decúbito esternal, posição quadrupedal e os efeitos adversos. A avaliação da analgesia foi realizada por meio da escala visual analógica e modificada de Glasgow, durante seis horas. Os efeitos adversos observados foram vômito, sialorreia e tremor muscular. Receberam analgesia de resgate 100% dos animais do grupo F, 87,5% do K, 50% do L e 12,5% do FLK. O FLK demonstrou maior analgesia, e a recuperação anestésica foi semelhante em todos os grupos.(AU)


The anesthetic recovery and residual analgesia of continuous rate infusion (CRI) of fentanyl (F), lidocaine (L), ketamine (K) and fentanyl-lidocaine-ketamine (FLK) associated with total intravenous anesthesia with propofol in bitches submitted to ovariohysterectomy were evaluated. 32 animals were used, pre-medicated with acepromazine and distributed into four groups according to analgesic treatment: F loading dose (LD) of 0.0036mg/kg fentanyl, and CRI of 0.0036mg/kg/h, L: LD of 3mg/kg lidocaine, and CRI of 3mg/kg/h; K: LD of 0.6mg/kg ketamine, and CRI of 0.6mg/kg/h and FLK: LD and CRI of the three drugs in the above mentioned doses. After the LD of analgesic treatment, the induction was performed and the CRI of the analgesic treatment and propofol started. To evaluate the anesthetic recovery, the time of extubation, sternal decubitus, quadrupedal position and adverse effects were considered. The analgesia evaluation was performed using the visual scale and modified Glasgow for six hours. The adverse effects observed were vomiting, sialorrhea and muscle tremor. 100% of the animals in group F, 87.5% of K, 50% of L and 12.5% of FLK received rescue analgesia. FLK demonstrated greater analgesia, and anesthesia recovery was similar in all groups.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Dogs , Anesthesia Recovery Period , Propofol/administration & dosage , Fentanyl/administration & dosage , Anesthetics, Combined/administration & dosage , Ketamine/administration & dosage , Lidocaine/administration & dosage , Salpingostomy/veterinary , Ovariectomy/veterinary , Hysterectomy/veterinary
18.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 71(6): 1846-1852, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab
Article in English | ID: biblio-1055133

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to evaluate comparatively the effects of propofol or isoflurane on hemodynamic variables in piglets that received inspired oxygen fraction (FIO2) of 0.5 under spontaneous ventilation. Therefore, sixteen piglets weighing 16±1.1kg, were randomly divided into two groups: GI (Isoflurane and FIO2 of 0.5) and GP (Propofol and FIO2 of 0.5). Heart rate (HR), systolic, diastolic and mean arterial pressure (SAP, DAP and MAP), central venous pressure (CVP), cardiac output (CO), mean pulmonary arterial pressure (mPAP) and mean capillary pulmonary pressure (mCPP) were assessed 40 minutes after anesthetic induction (T0), followed by 15 minutes intervals (from T15 to T60). The variables cardiac index (CI), stroke volume (SV), stroke index (SI), total peripheral resistance (TPR), total peripheral resistance index (TPRI), pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR), and pulmonary vascular resistance index (PVRI) were calculated. SAP and TPRI were significantly different between groups at T30 and T60 (P< 0.05) with higher GP values being recorded. There were no differences in the other variables, however, GP presented mean closer to normality on most of the analyzed variables. Therefore, we conclude that total intravenous anesthesia with propofol presented greater stability of the hemodynamic variables evaluated.(AU)


O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar comparativamente os efeitos do propofol ou do isoflurano sobre as variáveis hemodinâmicas em leitões que receberam fração inspirada de oxigênio (FIO2) de 0,5 sob ventilação espontânea. Dezesseis leitões, pesando 16±1,1kg, foram divididos aleatoriamente em dois grupos: GI (isoflurano e FIO2 de 0,5) e GP (propofol e FIO2 de 0,5). A frequência cardíaca (FC), a pressão arterial sistólica, a diastólica e a média (PAS, PAD e PAM), a pressão venosa central (PVC), o débito cardíaco (DC),a pressão média da artéria pulmonar (PAPm) e a pressão média capilar pulmonar (PCPm) foram avaliados 40 minutos após a indução anestésica (T0), seguida por intervalos de 15 minutos (de T15 a T60). As variáveis índice cardíaco (IC), volume sistólico (VS), índice sistólico (SI), resistência periférica total (RPT), índice de resistência periférica total (IRPT), resistência vascular pulmonar (RVP) e índice de resistência vascular pulmonar (IRVP) foram calculadas. PAS e IRPT foram significativamente diferentes entre os grupos em T30 e T60 (P<0,05) com maiores valores de GP sendo registrados. Não houve diferenças nas demais variáveis, entretanto o GP apresentou médias próximas da normalidade na maioria das variáveis analisadas. Portanto, concluiu-se que a anestesia intravenosa total com propofol apresentou maior estabilidade das variáveis hemodinâmicas avaliadas.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Swine/blood , Propofol/administration & dosage , Hemodynamics , Isoflurane/administration & dosage , Anesthetics, Inhalation , Heart Rate , Anesthesia, Intravenous
19.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 34(4): 345-349, oct.-dic. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1092960

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: la colonoscopia es un procedimiento de gran precisión en el diagnóstico y tratamiento de las enfermedades del colon, lo que permite visualizar la mucosa de todo el colon y el íleon terminal, si la exploración es adecuada. Clásicamente se ha utilizado ansiólisis o sedación consciente mediante la administración de benzodiacepinas o la asociación de estos fármacos y opiáceos, sin embargo, la utilización de propofol como sedante en endoscopia digestiva se ha ido extendiendo de forma paulatina en los últimos años. Objetivo: evaluar la evolución de los procedimientos de sedación con propofol administrado por médicos no anestesiólogos en colonoscopia total. Material y métodos: se evaluaron los pacientes programados para colonoscopia total que fueron sedados con propofol administrado por médicos no anestesiólogos, con el entrenamiento apropiado para tal fin, midiendo el comportamiento hemodinámico y respiratorio. Se excluyen los pacientes con ASA (American Society of Anesthesiologists) mayor de II. Resultados: se evaluaron 390 pacientes, 269 (69%) mujeres y 121 (31%) hombres, con una edad promedio de 53,1 años. La dosis promedio utilizada de propofol fue de 2,3 mg/kg. El 4,9% de los pacientes presentó bradicardia según la definición utilizada. La dosis promedio de propofol en los pacientes que presentaron bradicardia fue de 1,76 mg/kg. Conclusión: la utilización del propofol por médicos no anestesiólogos es un procedimiento que se puede considerar seguro, siempre y cuando se sigan los protocolos establecidos para tal fin.


Abstract Introduction: Colonoscopy is a very precise procedure for diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the colon. It allows visualization of the mucosa of the entire colon and the terminal ileum if the examination is adequate. Classically, anxiolysis or conscious sedation has been used through the administration of benzodiazepines, or benzodiazepines plus opiates. However, the use of propofol as a sedative in digestive endoscopy has been gradually spreading in recent years. Objective: This study evaluates the evolution of sedation procedures with propofol administered by non-anesthesiologists for total colonoscopies. Material and Method: Patients who underwent total colonoscopy who were sedated with propofol administered by appropriately trainedg non-anesthesiologists were evaluated. Hemodynamic and respiratory behavior were measured. Patients were excluded if they were over II on the American Society of Anesthesiologists Physical Status Classification System. Results: Three hundred ninety patients were evaluated, 269 (69%) were women, and 121 (31%) were men. Their average age was 53.1 years. The average dose of propofol used was 2.3 mg/kg. Bradycardia developed in 4.9% of the patients according to the definition used. The average dose of propofol in patients with bradycardia was 1.76 mg/kg. Conclusion: The use of propofol by non-anesthesiologists can be considered safe as long as the protocols established for this purpose are followed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Physicians , Propofol , Conscious Sedation , Colonoscopy , Anesthesiologists , Protocols , Methods
20.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 69(4): 377-382, July-Aug. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1041994

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background and objectives According to the manufacturer, the Bispectral Index (BIS) has a processing time delay of 5-10 s. Studies addressing this have suggested longer delays. We evaluated the time delay in the Bispectral Index response. Methods Based on clinical data from 45 patients, using the difference between the predicted and the real BIS, calculated during a fixed 3 minutes period after the moment the Bispectral Index dropped below 80 during the induction of general anesthesia with propofol and remifentanil. Results The difference between the predicted and the real BIS was in average 30.09 ± 18.73 s. Conclusion Our results may be another indication that the delay in BIS processing may be much longer than stated by the manufacture, a fact with clinical implications.


Resumo Justificativa e objetivos De acordo com o fabricante, o índice bispectral (BIS) tem um tempo de processamento de cinco a dez segundos. Estudos que avaliaram esse tempo de processamento sugeriram atrasos mais longos. Nós avaliamos o tempo de atraso na resposta do BIS. Métodos Com base em dados clínicos de 45 pacientes, calculamos a diferença entre o tempo de atraso previsto e real do índice bispectral durante um período fixo de três minutos após o momento em que o BIS caiu abaixo de 80 durante a indução da anestesia geral com propofol e remifentanil. Resultados A diferença entre o BIS previsto e real foi em média 30,09 ± 18,73 segundos. Conclusão Nossos resultados sugerem que o atraso no processamento do índice bispectral pode ser muito maior do que o declarado pelo fabricante, um fato com implicações clínicas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Young Adult , Propofol/administration & dosage , Consciousness Monitors , Remifentanil/administration & dosage , Anesthesia, General/methods , Time Factors , Monitoring, Intraoperative/methods , Anesthetics, Intravenous/administration & dosage , Middle Aged
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