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1.
Odontoestomatol ; 23(37): e403, 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1250426

ABSTRACT

Resumen La miel y sus productos, a lo largo de la historia, han sido usados por diversas civilizaciones con fines terapéuticos debido a sus efectos curativos. En la actualidad existe un renovado interés en el uso de la apiterapia como coadyuvante en diversos tratamientos médicos, en donde destaca el propóleo por sus propiedades bactericidas, antiinflamatorias, anticancerígenas, entre otras. El objetivo de este artículo es describir un caso de un primer molar inferior izquierdo con diagnóstico de necrosis pulpar y periodontitis periapical asintomática que fue manejado con el uso de la mezcla de propóleo con hidróxido de calcio como medicación intraconducto entre citas, logrando observar un proceso de reparación ósea durante este lapso. Se concluye que el propóleo es una alternativa viable como coadyuvante del hidróxido de calcio en los casos que está indicada la medicación intraconducto.


Resumo O mel e seus produtos, ao longo da história, têm sido utilizados por várias civilizações para fins terapêuticos devido aos seus efeitos curativos. Atualmente, há um interesse renovado no uso da apiterapia como adjuvante em vários tratamentos médicos, onde a própolis se destaca por seu bactericida, antiinflamatório, anticâncer, entre outros. O objetivo deste artigo é descrever um caso de primeiro molar inferior esquerdo com diagnóstico de necrose pulpar e periodontite periapical assintomática que foi gerenciada com o uso da mistura de própolis com hidróxido de cálcio como medicamento intraconducto entre as consultas, conseguindo observar um processo de reparo ósseo durante esse período. Em conclusão, a própolis é uma alternativa viável como adjuvante ao hidróxido de cálcio nos casos indicados por medicação intraconducto.


Abstract Various civilizations have used honey and its products for therapeutic purposes throughout history because of their healing effects. There is a renewed interest in the use of apitherapy as an adjunct in various medical treatments. Propolis stands out for its bactericidal, anti-inflammatory, and anti-cancer properties, among others. This paper aims to describe the case of a lower left first molar diagnosed with pulp necrosis and asymptomatic periapical periodontitis that was managed with a mixture of propolis and calcium hydroxide as an intracanal medicament between appointments. A bone repair process was observed during this period. It is concluded that propolis is a viable alternative as a calcium hydroxide adjuvant when intracanal medication is indicated.


Subject(s)
Propolis/therapeutic use , Root Canal Therapy , Calcium Hydroxide
2.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 57(1): e2967, ene.-mar. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126487

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: El té verde (Camellia sinensis) y el propóleo presentan flavonoides, que inhiben el crecimiento, metabolismo y la coagregación del Streptococcus mutans, principal agente causal de la caries dental. Objetivo: Evaluar la actividad antibacteriana in vitro del extracto etanólico del té verde (Camellia sinensis) al 10 por ciento y 20 por ciento comparado con extracto etanólico de propóleo al 10 por ciento y 20 por ciento, frente al crecimiento de cepas de Streptococcus mutans (ATCC 25175). Métodos: Estudio experimental in vitro, longitudinal, prospectivo y comparativo. El universo estuvo constituido por 90 discos de difusión y la muestra por 15 discos embebidos en té verde (Camellia sinensis) o propóleo a diferentes concentraciones, clorhexidina acuosa al 0,12 por ciento y agua destilada. El tamaño de muestra se calculó por fórmula de comparación de medias, después de realizar un estudio piloto. Se colocaron los discos de difusión embebidos en las sustancias sobre agar Mueller Hinton, sembrado con Streptococcus mutans (ATCC 25175), haciendo medición del ancho de los halos inhibitorios a las 24 y 48 h. Se aplicaron pruebas de comparación no paramétricas de Kruskal Wallis y la prueba rangos de Wilcoxon. Resultados: El máximo ancho de halo inhibitorio logrado por clorhexidina acuosa al 0,12 por ciento, extracto etanólico de té verde (Camellia sinensis) al 20 por ciento y extracto etanólico de propóleo al 20 por ciento fue a las 24 h con valores de 10,64 mm ± 0,924 mm, 6,82 mm ± 0,982 mm y 8,36 mm ± 1,286 mm, respectivamente. El extracto etanólico de té verde (Camellia sinensis) al 20 por ciento, presentó diferencias estadísticamente significativas respecto al extracto etanólico de propóleo al 20 por ciento, tanto a las 24 h (p= 0,013), como a las 48 h (p= 0,011). Conclusiones: Frente al crecimiento de cepas de Streptococcus mutans (ATCC 25175), el extracto etanólico de propóleo al 20 por ciento presenta mayor actividad antibacteriana respecto al extracto etanólico de té verde (Camellia sinensis) al 10 por ciento y 20 por ciento, actividad que disminuye con el paso del tiempo(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Green tea (Camellia sinensis) and propolis contain flavonoids which inhibit the growth, metabolism and co-aggregation of Streptococcus mutans, the main causative agent of dental caries. Objective: Evaluate the antibacterial activity in vitro of 10 percent and 20 percent green tea (Camellia sinensis) ethanolic extract versus 10 percent and 20 percent propolis ethanolic extract against the growth of Streptococcus mutans (ATCC 25175) strains. Methods: An in vitro experimental prospective longitudinal comparative study was conducted. The study universe was 90 diffusion disks and the sample was 15 disks soaked up in green tea (Camellia sinensis) or propolis at various concentrations, 0.12 percent aqueous chlorhexidine and distilled water. Sample size was estimated by the comparison of means formula after conducting a pilot study. The diffusion disks soaked up in the substances were placed on Mueller Hinton agar planted with Streptococcus mutans (ATCC 25175) and the width of the inhibition haloes was measured at 24 h and 48 h. Nonparametric Kruskal-Wallis comparison tests and the Wilcoxon rank test were performed. Results: The maximum width of the inhibition halo achieved by 0.12 percent aqueous chlorhexidine, 20 percent green tea (Camellia sinensis) ethanolic extract, and 20 percent propolis ethanolic extract at 24 h was 10.64 mm ± 0.924 mm, 6.82 mm ± 0.982 mm and 8.36 mm ± 1.286 mm, respectively. The 20 percent green tea (Camellia sinensis) ethanolic extract showed statistically significant differences with respect to the 20 percent propolis ethanolic extract, both at 24 h (p= 0.013) and at 48 h (p= 0.011). Conclusions: The 20 percent propolis ethanolic extract displays greater antibacterial activity against the growth of Streptococcus mutans (ATCC 25175) strains than the 10 percent and 20 percent green tea (Camellia sinensis) ethanolic extract. This activity decreases with the passing of time(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Propolis/therapeutic use , Streptococcus mutans/cytology , Chlorhexidine/therapeutic use , Camellia sinensis/adverse effects , Anti-Bacterial Agents/adverse effects , Prospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies
3.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 39(12): 954-960, Dec. 2019. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | ID: biblio-1056928

ABSTRACT

The indiscriminate use of antibiotics in the treatment of caprine mastitis causes the appearance of resistant microorganisms, besides leaving residues in milk, putting at risk to human health. In this way, propolis is an alternative in the treatment of diseases because it has antimicrobial activity, mainly because of the presence of flavonoids in its composition. The aim of this study was to evaluate the antimicrobial potential of propolis to Staphylococcus spp. Isolated from cases of goat mastitis and qualify the crude ethanoic extract by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). In this study, the minimum bactericidal concentration values of propolis extracts in ethanol, ethyl acetate and hexane showed that the best concentrations capable of promoting the highest mortality of the isolates of Staphylococcus spp. from mastitis in goats, were 6250, 3125 and 1562.5µg/mL, respectively. By the microplate adherence test, it was found that 20.78% isolates were not able to form biofilm, 14.70% were classified as moderate and 64.70% were weak and none as a strong biofilm producer. Propolis in its different diluents was able to affect the formation of biofilm and showed a pronounced marked antimicrobial activity against Staphylococcus spp. strains and may be indicated for use in in vivo studies.(AU)


O uso indiscriminado de antibióticos no tratamento de mastite caprina leva ao desenvolvimento de micro-organismos resistentes que poderão estar presentes em alimentos, colocando em risco a saúde humana. Dessa forma, a própolis surge como uma alternativa para o tratamento de doenças por possuir uma ação antimicrobiana, principalmente pela presença de flavonoides em sua composição. O objetivo desse estudo foi avaliar o potencial antimicrobiano da própolis frente à Staphylococcus spp. isolados de casos de mastite caprina e qualificar o extrato etanoico bruto por cromatografia líquida de alta eficiência (CLAE-DAD). Neste estudo, os valores de concentração bactericida mínima (CBM) dos extratos de própolis em álcool etílico, acetato de etila e hexano nos isolados foram de 6250, 3125 e 1562,5µg/mL, respectivamente. Pelo teste de aderência à microplacas, observou-se que 20,78% dos microorganismos, não foram capazes de formar biofilme, 14,70% foram classificados como moderados, 64,70% em fracos e nenhum como forte produtor de biofilme. A própolis em seus diferentes diluentes foi capaz de afetar a formação de biofilme e apresentou significativa atividade antimicrobiana frente a cepas de Staphylococcus spp., podendo ser indicada para utilização em estudos "in vivo".(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Propolis/therapeutic use , Staphylococcal Infections/therapy , Staphylococcal Infections/veterinary , Staphylococcus/isolation & purification , Goats/microbiology , Apitherapy/veterinary , Mastitis/therapy , Mastitis/veterinary
4.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 39(9): 744-756, Sept. 2019. tab, ilus
Article in English | ID: biblio-1040747

ABSTRACT

The objective of this study was to evaluate the hepatoprotective effect of the honey bee Apis mellifera ethanolic extract of the red propolis, obtained in four municipalities of the Rio Grande do Norte semi-arid region, through an in vitro evaluation of the antineoplastic potential in human hepatic carcinoma (HepG2) and normal cell lines (L929), and from the comet assay in hepatic cell lines (ZF-L hepatocytes) to evaluate the genoprotective potential of the extract. The hepatoprotective effect was also evaluated in vivo by the induction of chronic experimental hepatic lesions in rodents (Rattus norvegicus Berkenhout, 1769), Wistar line, by intraperitoneal administration of thioacetamide (TAA) at the dose of 0.2g/kg. The animals were distributed in the following experimental groups: G1 (control), G2 (treated with 500mg/kg ethanolic extract of propolis), G3 (treated with 500mg/kg of ethanolic extract and TAA) and G4 (treated with TAA). All rats were submitted to serum biochemical, macroscopic, histological and stereological biochemical exams of the liver. It was verified the genoprotective effect of red propolis since the mean damages promoted to DNA in cells tested with the extract were significantly lower than the mean of the positive control damage (hydrogen peroxide). The red propolis extract did not present cytotoxic activity to the tumor cells of human liver cancer, as well as to normal ones. The absence of cytotoxicity in normal cells may indicate safety in the use of the propolis extract. The results of the serum biochemical evaluation showed that the serum levels of the aminotransferase enzymes (AST) did not differ significantly between G1, G2 and G3 when compared to each other. G4 showed significant increase in levels compared to the other groups, indicating that the administration of the extract did not cause liver toxicity, as well as exerted hepatoprotective effect against the hepatic damage induced by TAA. The G3 and G4 animals developed cirrhosis, but in G3 the livers were characterized by the presence of small regenerative nodules and level with the surface of the organ, whereas in G4 the livers showed large regenerative nodules. The livers of the G1 and G2 animals presented normal histological appearance, whereas the livers of the G3 animals showed regenerative nodules surrounded by thin septa of connective tissue, and in G4 the regenerative nodules were surrounded by thick septa fibrous connective tissue. The analysis of the hepatic tissues by means of stereology showed that there was no statistical difference between the percentage of hepatocytes, sinusoids, and collagens in G1 and G2. In G3 the percentage of hepatocytes, sinusoids, and collagen did not differ significantly from the other groups. It was concluded that the ethanolic extract of the red propolis exerted a hepatoprotective effect, because it promoted in vitro reduction of the damage to the DNA of liver cells, antineoplastic activity in human hepatocellular carcinoma cell line (HepG2) and did not exert cytotoxic effect in normal cells or was able to reduce liver enzyme activity and the severity of cirrhosis induced by TAA in vivo.(AU)


Este estudo objetivou avaliar o efeito hepatoprotetor do extrato etanólico da própolis vermelha da abelha Apis mellifera, obtido em quatro municípios do semiárido do Rio Grande do Norte, mediante avaliação in vitro do potencial antineoplásico em linhagens de células de carcinoma hepático humano (HepG2) e em linhagens de células normais (L929), além do ensaio cometa em linhagens de células hepáticas (hepatócitos ZF-L) para avaliar o potencial genoprotetor do extrato. O efeito hepatoprotetor também foi avaliado in vivo através da indução de lesões hepática experimental crônica em roedores da espécie Rattus norvegicus (Berkenhout, 1769), linhagem Wistar, pela administração intraperitoneal de tioacetamida (TAA) na dose de 0,2g/kg. Os animais foram distribuídos nos seguintes grupos experimentais: G1 (controle), G2 (tratados com 500mg/kg de extrato etanólico da própolis), G3 (tratados com 500mg/kg de extrato etanólico e TAA) e G4 (tratados com TAA). Todos os ratos foram submetidos aos exames bioquímico sérico, anatomopatológico macroscópico, histológico e esteriológico do fígado. Foi constatado o efeito genoprotetor da própolis vermelha uma vez que as médias dos danos promovidos ao DNA em células testadas com o extrato foram significativamente inferiores à média dos danos do controle positivo (peróxido de hidrogênio). O extrato da própolis vermelha não apresentou atividade citotóxica para células tumorais de câncer de fígado humano, bem como para normais. A ausência de citotoxicidade em células normais, tal como constatado, pode indicar segurança no uso do extrato da própolis. Os resultados da avaliação bioquímica sérica demonstraram que os níveis séricos das enzimas aminotransferase (AST) não diferiram significativamente entre G1, G2 e G3, quando comparadas entre si. No G4 houve aumento significativo dos níveis em relação aos demais grupos, indicando que a administração do extrato não causou toxicidade hepática, bem como exerceu efeito hepatoprotetor frente ao dano hepático induzido pela TAA. Os animais dos G3 e G4 desenvolveram cirrose, porém no G3 os fígados caracterizaram-se pela presença de pequenos nódulos regenerativos e nivelados com a superfície do órgão, enquanto que no G4 os fígados apresentaram grandes nódulos regenerativos. Os fígados dos animais G1 e G2 apresentaram aspecto histológico normal, enquanto que os fígados dos animais do G3 apresentaram nódulos regenerativos circundados por finos septos de tecido conjuntivo, e nos do G4 os nódulos regenerativos foram circundados por espessos septos de tecido conjuntivo fibroso. A análise dos tecidos hepáticos por meio de estereologia mostrou que não houve diferença estatística entre o percentual de hepatócitos, sinusoides e colágenos nos G1 e G2. No G3 o percentual de hepatócitos, sinusoides e colágeno não diferiu significativamente dos demais grupos. Concluiu-se que o extrato etanólico da própolis vermelha exerceu efeito genoprotetor, por promover in vitro redução do dano ao DNA de células hepáticas, atividade antineoplásica em linhagem celular de carcinoma hepatocelular humano (HepG2) e não exerceu efeito citotóxico em células normais ou efeito hepatoprotetor in vivo com diminuição da gravidade da cirrose induzida por TAA.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Propolis/therapeutic use , Bees , Cytotoxins , Hepatoprotector Drugs , Antineoplastic Agents/analysis
5.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 71(3): 819-827, May-June 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | ID: biblio-1011330

ABSTRACT

In this study, we described the antifungal activity of three Brazilian propolis extracts: brown, green and from jataí bees against Sporothrix brasiliensis. The extracts were obtained from ethanolic extraction and their chemical composition was determined by high-performance liquid chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry. The cellular toxicity was measured in MDBK (Madin-Darby Bovine Kidney) cells and quantified by the MTT assay (3- (4,5 dimethylthiazol-2yl -2,5-diphenyl-2H bromine tetrazolato). For antifungal activity, the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum fungicidal concentration (MFC) were determined by broth microdilution. The results showed that cell toxicity was not observed at lower concentrations (0.097 to 0.39μg/ml) for all extracts in comparison to cell control. Among the chemical compounds identified, caffeic acid, p-coumaric acid, chlorogenic acid, ferulic acid and rutin were quantified. In antifungal activity, green and jataí did not exhibit activity against the isolates (MIC and MFC greater than 0.78mg/ml). However, all isolates of S. brasiliensis were sensitive to brown propolis (MIC of 0.09 to 0.78mg/ml), including the standard strain (P<0.001). Among the Brazilian propolis studied, the brown propolis showed activity against the S. brasiliensis isolates and more studies should be undertaken in order to evaluate its promising use in the treatment of sporotrichosis.(AU)


Neste estudo, descreveu-se a atividade antifúngica de três extratos de própolis brasileiras: marrom, verde e de abelhas jataí (Tetragonisca angustula), contra Sporothrix brasiliensis. Os extratos foram obtidos de extração etanólica, e a sua composição química foi determinada por cromatografia líquida de alta eficiência, acoplada à espectrometria de massa. A toxicidade celular foi medida em células MDBK (Madin-Darby Bovine Kidney), avaliada por observação microscópica e quantificada pelo ensaio MTT (3- (4,5-dimetiltiazol-2-ilo -2,5-difenil-2H bromo tetrazolato). Para a atividade antifúngica, determinou-se a concentração inibitória mínima (CIM) e a concentração fungicida mínima (CFM) por meio de microdiluição em caldo. Os resultados mostraram que a toxicidade celular não foi observada em concentrações menores (0,097 a 0,39μg/ml). Entre os compostos químicos identificados, foram quantificados o ácido cafeico, ácido p-cumárico, ácido clorogênico, ácido ferúlico e a rutina. Na atividade antifúngica, as própolis verde e jataí não apresentaram atividade contra os isolados (CIM e CFM maior que 0,78mg/ml), porém todos os isolados de S. brasiliensis foram sensíveis à própolis marrom (CIM de 0,09 a 0,78mg/ml), incluindo a cepa padrão (P<0,001). Entre as própolis brasileiras estudadas, a marrom mostrou atividade contra S. brasiliensis, e mais estudos devem ser realizados para avaliar seu uso promissor no tratamento da esporotricose.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Propolis/analysis , Propolis/therapeutic use , Sporothrix/isolation & purification , Itraconazole/therapeutic use , Drug Resistance, Fungal , Apitherapy/veterinary , Antifungal Agents/analysis
6.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 17(2): eAO4576, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001897

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the effect of red propolis and L-lysine on angiogenesis and tumor growth in a new model of hamster cheek pouch inoculated with Walker 256 tumor cells. Methods: The study consisted of two experiments with four groups each (total: 57 hamsters). In the experiment 1, the animals were inoculated with Walker tumor cells, followed by administration of test substances (red propolis 200mg/5mL/kg or L-lysine 150mg/kg) or control substances (gum arabic 5mL/kg or water 5mL/kg) for 10 days. The animals in the experiment 2 received red propolis, L-lysine, gum arabic or water at the same doses, for 33 days prior to inoculation of Walker tumor cells, followed by 10 days of treatment with the same substances. Based on single-plane images, angiogenesis was quantified (mean vascular area), in percentage, and tumor area (mm2) and perimeter (mm). Results: In the experiment 1, compared to animals receiving water, the mean vascular area expressed in percentage was significantly smaller in animal treated with propolis (p<0.05) and L-lysine (p<0.001). Conclusion: Both red propolis and L-lysine inhibited tumor angiogenesis in the new hamster cheek pouch model when administered after tumor inoculation.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar o efeito da própolis vermelha e da L-lisina na angiogênese e no crescimento tumoral em novo modelo de bolsa jugal de hamster inoculada com células de tumor de Walker 256. Métodos: O estudo consistiu em dois experimentos com quatro grupos cada (total: 57 hamsters). No experimento 1, os animais foram inoculados com células de tumor de Walker, tendo em seguida administradas as substâncias teste (própolis vermelha 200mg/5mL/kg ou L-lisina 150mg/kg) ou controle (goma arábica 5mL/kg ou água 5mL/kg) por 10 dias. Os animais do experimento 2 receberam própolis vermelha, L-lisina, goma arábica ou água nas mesmas doses, por 33 dias antes do inóculo das células de tumor de Walker, seguido por 10 dias de tratamento com as mesmas substâncias. Baseado em imagens em plano único, foram quantificados a angiogênese (área vascular média), em termos percentuais, e a área (mm2) e o perímetro (mm) do tumor. Resultados: Comparada aos animais que receberam água, a área vascular média, expressa em percentagem, foi significativamente menor nos animais tratados com própolis (p<0,05) e com L-lisina (p<0,001). Conclusão: Tanto a própolis vermelha quanto a L-lisina inibiram a angiogênese no novo modelo de bolsa jugal de hamsters, quando administradas após a inoculação do tumor.


Subject(s)
Propolis/therapeutic use , Angiogenesis Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Lysine/therapeutic use , Neovascularization, Pathologic/drug therapy , Mouth Neoplasms/chemically induced , Mouth Neoplasms/blood supply , Mouth Neoplasms/drug therapy , Carcinoma 256, Walker/blood supply , Weight Gain , Cheek , Cricetinae , Mesocricetus , Treatment Outcome , Models, Animal , Antioxidants
7.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1056824

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To evaluate the susceptibility of S. mutans during growth as a biofilm in the presence of different concentrations of propolis. Material and Methods: Three different concentrations of ethanolic extract of propolis (10%, 5%, and 2.5%) were used to evaluate its potential to attenuate the biofilm formation of S. mutans (ATCC 25175) on microplates. A crystal violet staining method was performed to measure the optical density (OD) of the biofilm biomass after 3 h and 18 h time periods. All the experiments were performed in triplicate, and the obtained data were expressed as mean ± standard deviation. A two-tailed Student's t-test was used to determine the different abilities of biofilm formation between the treated and control groups of the bacteria film in the presence of propolis. A p-value of <0.05 was taken as a significant value Results: The OD levels (determined using an ELISA reader) obtained after growing S. mutans as a biofilm in the presence of propolis were similar (p>0.05) to those of the control (S. mutans grown in tryptic soy broth + 1% sucrose) Conclusion: All the tested concentrations of propolis added to the growth medium did not inhibit the biofilm formation of S. mutans. Since biofilms consist of bacterial cells and extracellular matrices, we hypothesize that the extracellular matrix may have interfered with the antimicrobial properties of the tested propolis.


Subject(s)
Propolis/therapeutic use , Streptococcus mutans , Plant Extracts/therapeutic use , Dental Plaque , In Vitro Techniques , Statistics, Nonparametric , Indonesia/epidemiology
8.
Medisan ; 22(9)nov.-dic. 2018. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-976167

ABSTRACT

Se efectuó un estudio de intervención terapéutica en 50 pacientes con estomatitis subprótesis, quienes acudieron a la consulta de prótesis de la Clínica Estomatológica Ramón Guevara Montano de Baracoa, provincia de Guantánamo, desde abril del 2015 hasta junio del 2016, con vistas a determinar la efectividad del tratamiento con tintura de propóleos al 10 por ciento en los afectados. Se conformaron 2 grupos: uno de estudio (A) y otro de control (B), con 25 integrantes cada uno; el primero fue tratado con propóleos y el segundo con medicina alopática (nistatina en suspensión). La evaluación se realizó a los 4, 8 y 12 días. Al finalizar la terapia se observó que en 100,0 por ciento de los pacientes del grupo A se eliminó la lesión; por tanto, esta alternativa terapéutica resultó efectiva. Se recomendó extender dicha aplicación a otras afecciones bucales.


A study of therapeutic intervention was carried out in 50 patients with subprosthesis stomatitis who went to the Prosthesis department of "Ramón Guevara Montano" Stomatological Clinic in Baracoa, Guantánamo province, from April, 2015 to June, 2016, aimed at determining the effectiveness of the treatment with 10 percent propolis tinction in the affected patients. Two groups were formed: a study group (A) and a control group (B), with 25 members each; the first one was treated with propolis tinction and the second with allopathic medicine (nystatin in suspension). The evaluation was carried out at 4.8 and 12 days. When concluding the therapy it was observed that in 100.0 percent of the patients of the group A the lesion was eliminated; therefore, this therapeutic alternative was effective. It was recommended to extend this procedure to other oral disorders.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Propolis/therapeutic use , Stomatitis, Denture/therapy , Candidiasis/therapy , Evaluation of the Efficacy-Effectiveness of Interventions , Apitherapy , Honey
9.
Acta cir. bras ; 33(5): 420-430, May 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-949349

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To evaluate the effects of red propolis on cheek pouch angiogenesis in a hamster new model sponge implant. Methods: Forty eight animals divided into eight groups. (Groups I-IV), the animals were treated for 15 days before and 10 days after sponge implantation. (Groups V-VIII), the animals were treated for 10 days after sponge implantation (GI and GV: red propolis 100 mg/kg, GII and GVI: celecoxib 20 mg/kg, GIII and GVII: 1% gum arabic 5 mL/kg, GIV and GVIII: distilled water 5 mL/kg). On the 11th day of implantation, the animals were anesthetized for stereoscopic microscopic imaging and morphometric quantification of angiogenesis (SQAN), followed by histopathological evaluation (H&E). Results: In the SQAN analysis, no significant difference was found between the groups. However, on histology, propolis was found reduce the population of mastocytes in the qualitative analyses (p = 0,013) in the quantitative analyses to reduce the number of blood vessels (p = 0,007), and increase the macrophage count (p = 0,001). Conclusion: Red propolis inhibited inflammatory angiogenesis when administered before andcontinuously after sponge implant, and was shown to have immunomodulating effects on inflammatory cells (mastocytes and macrophages) in a new sponge implant hamster model.


Subject(s)
Animals , Propolis/therapeutic use , Prostheses and Implants , Surgical Sponges , Inflammation/drug therapy , Neovascularization, Pathologic/drug therapy , Cheek , Cricetinae
10.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 37(11): 1261-1269, Nov. 2017.
Article in Portuguese | ID: biblio-895356

ABSTRACT

A mastite é considerada o maior problema dos animais destinados à produção de leite. Altera a sua composição e aumenta a contagem de células somáticas (CCS). Os micro-organismos envolvidos na doença podem ser origem infecciosa, como Staphylococcus aureus, ou ambiental, tal como Escherichia coli. A cultura bacteriana é uma ferramenta de diagnóstico e auxilia na detecção do patógeno causador da mastite. No entanto, fatores como fagocitose podem desencadear um resultado negativo. Quando estabelecido um programa de controle de mastite, o diagnóstico precoce e o início do tratamento adequado dos casos clínicos são fundamentais para se atingir os objetivos e seu sucesso, está relacionado com o patógeno envolvido. A indicação do tratamento de longa duração, ou terapia estendida, tem melhorado a resposta ao tratamento em casos de mastite por S. aureus, no entanto, com 30-50% de cura. Do ponto de vista do manejo dos animais, devido a alta contagiosidade deste patógeno, sua persistência no rebanho e custo em função ao tratamento, muitas vezes, o descarte do animal tem sido priorizado a fim de controlar os casos de mastite em propriedades. As medidas de controle são muito importantes para contribuir com a redução de casos de mastite por este patógeno. A indicação do tratamento intramamário associada com sistêmico tem poder efetivo em casos de mastite por E. coli, cujos casos agudos apresentam-se com sepse e toxemia. São abordados ainda aspectos de tratamentos alternativos das mastites, utilizados principalmente no processo orgânico de produção leiteira.(AU)


Mastites are considered a major problem on animals for milk production. Changes the milk composition and increases the somatic cell count (SCC). The microorganism involved in the disease may be infectious origin such as Staphylococcus aureus or environmental such as Escherichia coli. Bacterial culture is a diagnostic tool and aids in the detection of pathogenic causing masitis. However factor such as phagocytosis may result a negative result. When established a mastitis control program early diagnose and the initiation of appropriate treatment of clinical cases are fundamental for achieving the goals and success is related to the pathogen involved. The indication of treatment of long duration, or extended therapy has improved the response to the treatment in cases of matitis by S. aureus, however with 30-50% of cure. From the view point of handling of animals, given the high infectiousness of this pathogen, its persistence in the herd and cost-effective as a function of response to treatment often has prioritized the animal's discard in order to control the mastitis cases in properties. Control measures are very important to contribute the reduction of cases of mastitis symptoms by this pathogen. The indication of intramammary treatment associated with systemic has power effective in cases of mastitis by ­E. coli, whose acute cases present with sepsis and toxemia. Also address aspects of alternative treatments of mastitis, mainly used in the organic process of milk production.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Cattle , Propolis/therapeutic use , Bacteriocins/therapeutic use , Phytotherapeutic Drugs , Homeopathy/veterinary , Mastitis, Bovine/prevention & control , Mastitis, Bovine/drug therapy
11.
An. acad. bras. ciênc ; 89(3): 1785-1799, July-Sept. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-886736

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The effect of the ethanolic extract of propolis (EEP) on Aeromonas hydrophila was analyzed by determination of minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC). Then, the effects of crude propolis powder (CPP) on growth, hemato-immune parameters of the Nile tilapia, as well as its effects on resistance to A. hydrophila challenge were investigated. The CPP (0.5, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, 2.5 and 3.0%) was added to the diet of 280 Nile tilapia (50.0 ± 5.7 g fish-1). Hemato-immune parameters were analyzed before and after the bacterial challenge. Red blood cell, hematocrit, hemoglobin, mean corpuscular volume (MCV), mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC), and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and nitric oxide (NO) were evaluated. The MIC of the EEP was 13% (v/v) with a bactericidal effect after 24 hours. Growth performance was significantly lower for those fish fed diets containing 2.5 and 3% of CPP compared to the control diet. Differences in CPP levels affected fish hemoglobin, neutrophils number and NO following the bacterial challenge. For others parameters no significant differences were observed. Our results show that although propolis has bactericidal properties in vitro, the addition of crude propolis powder to Nile tilapia extruded diets does not necessarily lead to an improvement of fish health.


Subject(s)
Animals , Propolis/administration & dosage , Gram-Negative Bacterial Infections/veterinary , Aeromonas hydrophila/drug effects , Cichlids/microbiology , Fish Diseases/diet therapy , Propolis/therapeutic use , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Gram-Negative Bacterial Infections/diet therapy , Gram-Negative Bacterial Infections/microbiology , Dietary Supplements , Cichlids/blood , Fish Diseases/microbiology , Immunity, Innate
12.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 37(7): 667-675, jul. 2017. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | ID: biblio-895476

ABSTRACT

Dentre as propriedades biológicas da própolis, a atividade antimicrobiana tem merecido destacada atenção. No presente trabalho, descreve-se a ação antiviral e virucida de três extratos hidroalcoólicos de própolis (marrom, verde e de abelhas jataí (Tetragonisca angustula), frente ao Herpesvírus Bovino tipo (BoHV-1) e ao Vírus da Diarreia Viral Bovina (BVDV). Os três extratos hidroalcoólicos foram obtidos de extração etanólica e são oriundos do sul do Brasil. A composição química dos extratos de própolis foi determinada pela cromatografia líquida de alta eficiência acoplada a espectrômetro de massas (UFLC-PDA-ESI-TOF/MS) que identificou e quantificou compostos como: ácido cafeico e ácido p-cumárico, ácido clorogênico, ácido ferúlico, além de flavonoides como a rutina. A toxicidade celular bem como a atividade antiviral dos extratos de própolis em monocamadas de células MDBK (Madin-Darby Bovine Kidney) foi avaliada através de observação microscópica e quantificada pelo teste de MTT (3-(4,5 dimetiltiazol-2yl)-2-5-difenil-2H tetrazolato de bromo). O extrato de própolis de abelhas jataí demonstrou ser menos citotóxico (1,57µg/mL), quando comparado aos extratos verde (0,78µg/mL) e marrom (0,39µg/mL). Quanto a atividade antiviral, a própolis verde demostrou maior eficácia em ambos os tratamentos celulares (pós e pré-exposição) frente ao BoHV-1 em relação aos outros extratos, ou seja, houve maior viabilidade celular quando comparada aos controles de células e vírus. Já a de jataí apresentou atividade frente aos dois vírus (BoHV-1 e BVDV) no método pré-infecção, enquanto a própolis marrom demonstrou ação apenas frente ao BoHV-1 também no método pré-infecção. Para determinação da atividade virucida foram utilizadas diferentes diluições dos vírus, bem como temperaturas e tempos distintos de incubação. A própolis verde a 37°C propiciou a maior redução no título viral (4,33log) em relação a marrom (log = 3,5log) e de jataí (log = 3,24log). No entanto, frente ao BVDV a própolis jataí apresentou os melhores resultados em ambas as temperaturas (22oC e 37oC). Portanto, os extratos avaliados apresentaram atividade antiviral e virucida frente ao BoHV-1 e BVDV, o que os torna alvo para o desenvolvimento de novos biofármacos como alternativa ao uso de antivirais comerciais em Medicina Veterinária.(AU)


Among the biological properties of propolis, the antimicrobial activity has received prominent attention. In this paper, we describe the antiviral and virucidal effect of three hydroalcoholic extracts of propolis (brown, green and jataí bees (Tetragonisca angustula), against bovine herpesvirus type-1 (BoHV-1) and bovine viral diarrhea Virus (BVDV). All hydroalcoholic extracts were obtained from ethanol extraction. The chemical composition of propolis extracts was determined by high-performance liquid chromatography coupled to mass spectrometer (UFLC-PDA-ESI-TOF/MS) to identify and quantify compounds such as caffeic acid and p-coumaric acid, chlorogenic acid, ferulic, and flavonoids such as rutin. Cell toxicity and antiviral activity of propolis extracts in monolayers of MDBK cells (Madin-Darby Bovine Kidney) were assessed by microscopic observation and quantified by the MTT assay (3- (4.5 dimethylthiazol-2yl) -2- 5-diphenyl-2H-tetrazolato bromine). Propolis extract from Jataí bees proved to be less cytotoxic (1.57mg / ml) when compared to green extracts (0.78mg / ml) and brown (0.39mg/mL). Regarding antiviral activity, propolis has shown greater efficacy in both cellular treatments (post and pre-exposure) against BoHV-1 when compared to other extracts, ie, there was increased cell viability compared to cell and virus controls. Extracts from Jataí showed activity against both viruses (BoHV-1 and BVDV) infection in the pre-test, whereas brown propolis demonstrated action only against the BoHV-1 in the pre-infection method. To determine the virucidal activity, it were used different dilutions of virus, as well as different temperatures and incubation times. The green propolis at 37°C led to a greater reduction in viral titer (4.33log) compared to brown (3.5log) and jataí (3.24log). Jataí propolis showed the best results in both temperatures (22oC and 37oC) when tested against BVDV. In summary, the evaluated extracts showed antiviral and virucidal activity against BoHV-1 and BVDV, and may be important targets for the development of new compounds as an alternative to commercial antivirals.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Propolis/therapeutic use , Herpesviridae Infections/therapy , Herpesvirus 1, Bovine , Diarrhea Virus 1, Bovine Viral , Bees , Hydroalcoholic Solution , Cytotoxins
13.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 15(4): 264-268, Oct.-Dec. 2016. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-875775

ABSTRACT

Aim: To analysis collagen type I density on inflamed rat dental pulp after capping with propolis. Methods: Flavonoid and non-flavonoid substances were purified from propolis. Eighty male rats were divided into five groups, each group consisting of 16 rats. As a negative control (group I), rats were not conducted any treatment. A class I cavity was prepared on the occlusal surface of right maxillary first molar. Dental pulp was exposed and allowed in oral environment for 60 minutes, then dental pulp capping with ethanolic extract of propolis (group II), flavonoid propolis (group III), non-flavonoid propolis (group IV), or calcium hydroxide as positive control (group V). Rats were sacrificed at 6 hours, 2, 4 or 7 days, biopsy samples were obtained, stained and viewed by light microscope. Data was statistically analysis using Friedman and Kruskal-Wallis tests. Results: Except in group I, collagen type I density was increased in group II, III, and V with the longer of observation time periods. However, in group IV, collagen type I density increased only on day 7. No statistically significant differences of collagen type I density among the groups for each time period were found. Conclusions: Propolis and flavonoid propolis may increase collagen density on inflamed rat dental pulp (AU).


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Collagen Type I , Dental Pulp , Flavonoids , Inflammation , Propolis/therapeutic use
14.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 36(4): 279-282, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-787576

ABSTRACT

Objetivou-se avaliar a atividade antibacteriana in vitro da própolis marrom, por meio da determinação da Concentração Inibitória Mínima (CIM). O extrato alcoólico de própolis foi obtido de 35 g de própolis bruta macerada em 65 mL de álcool de cereais. As concentrações do extrato de própolis usadas foram: 75mg/mL; 56,4mg/mL; 37,5mg/mL; 18,9mg/mL; 9,3mg/mL; 4,5mg/mL e 2,25mg/mL. Foram utilizados 32 isolados de bactérias Gram-positivas: Rhodococcus equi, Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus hyicus, Staphylococcus spp. e Streptococcus spp., e 32 isolados de bactérias Gram-negativas: Enterobacter agglomerans, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Klebsiella sp., Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Pseudomonas spp., Salmonella spp. e Serratia rubidaea, provenientes de processos clínicos infecciosos de animais domésticos, obtidas e armazenadas no Laboratório de Bacteriologia da FAMEZ/UFMS. O extrato de própolis marrom apresentou atividade antimicrobiana com CIM variando de 2,25 a 18,9mg/mL para as bactérias Gram-positivas e 4,5 a 18,9mg/mL para as bactérias Gram-negativas, sendo as bactérias provenientes de bovinos e caninos as mais resistentes. Conclui-se que a própolis marrom tem ação bactericida, em função da espécie da bactéria e da procedência animal.


The aim of this study was to evaluate the in vitro antibacterial activity of brown propolis, by determining the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC). The alcoholic extract of propolis was obtained from 35g of crude propolis macerated in 65mL of cereals alcohol. Dilutions of propolis extracts used were: 75mg/mL; 56.4mg/mL; 37.5mg/mL; 18.9mg/mL; 9.3mg/mL; 4.5mg/mL, and 2.25mg/mL. Thirty-two Gram-positive bacteria isolates were used: Rhodococcus equi, Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus hyicus, Staphylococcus spp. and Streptococcus spp.; and the thirty-two Gram-negative bacteria isolated were: Enterobacter agglomerans, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Klebsiella sp., Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Pseudomonas sp., Salmonella sp., and Serratia rubidaea, obtained from infectious clinical processes of domestic animals, and stored in the Laboratory of Bacteriology of FAMEZ/UFMS. The brown propolis extract showed antibacterial activity with MIC ranging from 2.25 to 18.9mg/ml for Gram-positive bacteria and 4.5 to 18.9mg/ml for Gram-negative bacteria, and bacteria from cattle and dogs were more resistant. It was concluded that brown propolis has antibacterial action, but the effect depends on the species of the bacterium and its origin.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents/analysis , Propolis/analysis , Propolis/therapeutic use , Gram-Negative Bacteria , Gram-Positive Bacteria , In Vitro Techniques , Microbial Sensitivity Tests
15.
Rev. Ateneo Argent. Odontol ; 55(2): 19-22, 2016.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-869394

ABSTRACT

El propóleos es un producto natural elaborado por las abejas a partir de la secreción que recogen de ciertas especies vegetales y que, luego de modificarlas con sus secreciones salivares, lo transportan al interior de la colmena. Así, el propóleos es responsable directo de garantizar la asepsia de la colmena. Múltiples investigaciones científicas atribuyeronal propóleos propiedades antioxidantes, antibacterianas, antivirales, fungicidas, cicatrizantes, antiinflamatorias, anestésicas, inmunomoduladoras antitumorales. Asimismo, en bastas investigaciones se comprobó que el propóleos actúa inhibiendo la actividad de los Streptococo mutans, principal microorganismo productor de caries dental. Esto motivó la realización de la presente revisión bibliográfica sobre las propiedades y utilización del propóleos en odontología.


Propolis is a natural product made by bees fromcollecting secretion of certain plant speciesand, after modifying their salivary secretions,transported into the hive. So propolis is directlyresponsible for ensuring the cleanliness of the hive.Multiple scientific research attributed to propolisantioxidant, antibacterial, antiviral, fungicide, healing,anti-inflammatory, anesthetic,immunomodulatory and antitumor properties.Also in rough investigations it was foundthat propolis acts by inhibiting the activityof Streptococcus mutans, the main producingmicroorganism tooth decay. This led to therealization of this literature review on theproperties and use of propolis in dentistry.


Subject(s)
Humans , Flavonoids/classification , Flavonoids/therapeutic use , Biocompatible Materials/classification , Biocompatible Materials/therapeutic use , Propolis/pharmacology , Propolis/therapeutic use , Dental Caries/therapy , Streptococcal Infections/therapy , Physical and Chemical Properties
16.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 30(1): e74, 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-952057

ABSTRACT

Abstract Revascularization of immature teeth with necrotic pulps traditionally involves the use of triple antibiotic paste, which may sometimes lead to undesirable complications. The objective of this study was to assess tissue repair in immature dog teeth with apical periodontitis subjected to revascularization, comparing two different pastes used for root canal disinfection. Apical periodontitis was induced in 30 dog premolars. Teeth were randomly divided into three experimental groups: root canals filled with triple antibiotic paste (n = 10); root canals filled with 1% propolis paste (n = 10); and no medication (n = 10). An additional group (n = 10, no intervention) was used as control. After 7 months, the jaws were histologically evaluated for the following variables: newly formed mineralized tissue (present/absent); vital tissue in the canal space (absent/periodontal ligament-like/pulp-like); apical extension of root (present/absent); and severity of inflammatory process (absent/mild/moderate/severe). There were no statistically significant differences among the experimental groups in new mineralized tissue formation and apical root development. The formation of vital tissue in the canal space, in turn, was statistically different between the triple paste and propolis groups: vital tissues were present in all revascularized teeth disinfected with propolis paste (100%), compared to 71% of those disinfected with the triple paste. Severity of inflammatory process was different between the triple paste and no medication groups. The new tissues formed onto canal walls and in the root canal space showed characteristics of cementum and periodontal ligament, respectively. Propolis may have some advantages over the triple paste for the revascularization of immature teeth.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Periapical Periodontitis/drug therapy , Propolis/pharmacology , Root Canal Irrigants/pharmacology , Tooth/blood supply , Neovascularization, Physiologic/drug effects , Dental Pulp Necrosis/drug therapy , Guided Tissue Regeneration/methods , Anti-Infective Agents/pharmacology , Ointments , Periapical Periodontitis/physiopathology , Periodontal Ligament/drug effects , Propolis/therapeutic use , Root Canal Irrigants/therapeutic use , Time Factors , Tooth Remineralization/methods , Random Allocation , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Dental Pulp Necrosis/physiopathology , Tooth Apex/drug effects , Tooth Apex/physiopathology , Dental Pulp/drug effects , Dental Pulp/physiopathology , Dental Pulp Cavity/drug effects , Dental Pulp Cavity/physiopathology , Dentin/drug effects , Anti-Infective Agents/therapeutic use
18.
Belo Horizonte; s.n; 2015. 72 p. ilus, tab.
Thesis in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-790304

ABSTRACT

Produtos naturais são fontes de agentes terapêuticos eficazes e inovadores, oferecendo diversos princípios ativos a serem testado, favorecendo a descoberta e desenvolvimento de novos produtos. A própolis tem efeito antimicrobiano comprovado sobre bactérias cariogênicas, atraindo muitos estudos para esse fim. Este trabalho avaliou o efeito do verniz experimental de própolis em modelo experimental de cárie dentária e na redução de Streptococcus mutans (SM) na saliva e em biofilme de crianças de 8 a 11 anos utilizando uma única aplicação do produto. No experimento em modelo animal de alto desafio cariogênico, 56 ratas wistar foram infectadas com SM e alocadas em quatro grupos (n=14): G1 - verniz de quitosana (veículo); G3 - Duraphat...


Subject(s)
Animals , Child , Rats , Dental Caries/therapy , Fluorine/therapeutic use , Microbiota , Propolis/therapeutic use , Streptococcus mutans , Administration, Topical , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions
19.
Belo Horizonte; s.n; 2015. 120 p. ilus, tab, graf.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-790333

ABSTRACT

Os efeitos colaterais mais conhecidos em cavidade bucal, durante a radioterapia para o tratamento de câncer em região da cabeça e pescoço, são a mucosite e a candidose. Essas alterações são potencializadas pela hipossalivação em decorrência de alterações nas glândulas salivares. Existem diversos protocolos para o controle da mucosite, hipossalivação e candidose bucais nesses pacientes, entretanto, nenhum deles é totalmente eficaz. A Própolis possui atividade analgésica, anti-inflamatória, antifúngica e cicatrizante. Essas características farmacológicas conferem à Própolis um grande potencial para prevenir as alterações na cavidade bucal dos pacientes que serão submetidos à radioterapia. O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a efetividade do Gel contendo Própolis na prevenção da mucosite e candidose em comparação com o cloridrato de benzidamina. Vinte e seis pacientes foram incluídos no estudo. Os pacientes foram aleatorizados em dois grupos, sendo que o grupo 1 usou o cloridrato de benzidamina e o grupo 2 o gel de Própolis. Tanto os pacientes do grupo 1 , como os pacientes do grupo 2 usaram os produtos 3 (três) vezes ao dia, durante todo o período da radioterapia e duas semanas após o término do tratamento e todos foram avaliados semanalmente. Os resultados obtidos mostraram que 84,6% dos pacientes eram do sexomasculino e que 19,2% dos pacientes mantinham o hábito de fumar e consumir bebidas alcoólicas. A dose média de radioterapia foi 6466,1 Gys. Após a análise final dos dados, observou-se que o Gel de Própolis apresentou melhor efetividade na prevenção da mucosite, a partir da 17a sessão de radioterapia, quando comparado ao grupo cloridrato de benzidamina. Setenta e oito por cento (78,6%) dos pacientes avaliaram o produto como bom, enquanto 85,7% o indicariam para pacientes com a mesma condição. O estudo mostrou que o controle da inflamação na mucosa bucal pelo Gel contendo Própolis foi melhor...


The best known side effects in the oral cavity during radiotherapy for the treatment of cancer in the head and neck, are mucositis and candidiasis. These changes are enhanced by hyposalivation due to changes in the salivary glands. There are many protocols for the control of mucositis, hyposalivation, and oral candidiasis in these patients however, none iscompletely effective. Propolis has analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antifungal and healing activity. These pharmacological characteristics give propolis great potential to prevent changes in the oral cavity of patients undergoing radiotherapy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the gel containing propolis in preventing mucositis and candidiasis compared with benzydamine hydrochloride. Twenty-six patients were included in this study. Patients were divided into two groups with group 1 used the benzydamine hydrochloride and group 2 gel propolis. Both group used the products three times a day during the whole period of radiotherapy and two weeks after the end of treatment and all patients were evaluated weekly...


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Anti-Infective Agents/therapeutic use , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/therapeutic use , Benzydamine/therapeutic use , Stomatitis/prevention & control , Mucositis/therapy , Propolis/therapeutic use , Head and Neck Neoplasms/drug therapy , Head and Neck Neoplasms/radiotherapy
20.
Bauru; s.n; 2015. 183 p. ilus, tab, graf.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-756760

ABSTRACT

O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar as propriedades físico-químicas, antimicrobianas e biocompatibilidade do MTA branco manipulado com extratos aquoso e/ou em propilenoglicol da Arctium lappa L., Casearia sylvestris Sw. e própolis. Dentre os testes físico-químicos foram avaliados o tempo de presa, escoamento, pH, liberação de íons cálcio e alteração volumétrica. Para verificar o efeito antimicrobiano foram aplicadas as metodologias do contato direto (Enterococcus faecalis e a Cândida albicans) e da descontaminação dentinária, empregando a microscopia confocal de varredura laser para verificar a viabilidade de Enterococcus faecalis. Para a avaliação da biocompatibilidade, 162 ratos Wistar foram utilizados, onde cada animal recebeu dois implantes subcutâneos e um alveolar. Após os períodos experimentais de 15, 30 e 60 dias foram realizadas análises microtomográfica, histológica descritiva e histomorfométrica. Adicionalmente amostras do tecido alveolar foram processadas para dosagem das citocinas TNF-α e IL-10 por meio do ensaio imunoenzimático (ELISA). Os dados obtidos foram analisados estatisticamente com os testes ANOVA e Tukey ou Kruskal-Wallis e Dunn. Os resultados revelaram que a variação do veículo associado ao MTA aumentou significativamente o tempo de presa, no entanto, não houve influência na alteração volumétrica (P>0,05) e na capacidade do cimento em manter o meio alcalino e liberar íons cálcio. Os cimentos manipulados com extratos em propilenoglicol apresentaram maior escoamento (P<0,05). Apenas o extrato da própolis agregou ao MTA efeito contra o Enterococcus faecalis após 24 e 48 horas (descontaminação dentinária e contato direto respectivamente) e contra a Cândida albicans após 10 horas (P<0,05). De acordo com as avaliações histológica e histomorfométrica dos implantes em tecidos subcutâneo e alveolar não foi constatada diferença significativa entre os grupos experimentais quando comparados com o grupo no qual o MTA foi manipulado...


The aim of this study was to evaluate the physicochemical, antimicrobial properties and biocompatibility of white MTA mixed with aqueous or propylene glycol extracts of Arctium lappa L., Casearia sylvestris Sw. and propolis. Among physicochemical tests were evaluated the setting time, flowability, pH, ion calcium release and volumetric change. To verify the antimicrobial effects were applied the methods of direct contact (Enterococcus faecalis and Candida albicans) and dentin decontamination by using the confocal laser scanning microscopy to verify the Enterococcus faecalis viability. To evaluate the biocompatibility were used 162 Wistar rats. Each animal received one alveolar and two subcutaneous implants. After the experimental periods of 15, 30 and 60 days were performed the microtomography, histological description and histomorphometric analyses. Additionally alveolar tissue samples were processed for the measurement of TNF-α e IL-10 cytokines by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The data were statistically analyzed by the ANOVA and Tukey or KruskalWallis and Dunns tests. The results revealed that the variation of the vehicle associated to MTA significantly increased its setting time, however did not influence the volumetric change (P>0,05) and the cement's ability to maintain the alkaline medium and ion calcium release. Cements mixed with propylene glycol extracts showed higher flowability (P<0,05). Only propolis extract added to MTA the effect against E. faecalis after 24 and 48 hours (dentin decontamination and direct contact respectively) and against Candida albicans after 10 hours (P<0,05). According to the histological and histomorphometric evaluation of the implants in subcutaneous and alveolar tissue was not observed significant differences between the experimental groups in comparison to the reference group (MTA was mixed with distilled water). The microtomography analysis and expression of TNF-α and IL-10 showed...


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Anti-Infective Agents/chemistry , Aluminum Compounds/chemistry , Calcium Compounds/chemistry , Oxides/chemistry , Phytotherapeutic Drugs , Propolis/chemistry , Silicates/chemistry , Anti-Infective Agents/therapeutic use , Biocompatible Materials , Candida albicans , Aluminum Compounds/therapeutic use , Calcium Compounds/therapeutic use , Drug Combinations , Enterococcus faecalis , Materials Testing , Oxides/therapeutic use , Propolis/therapeutic use , Rats, Wistar , Reproducibility of Results , Silicates/therapeutic use , Time Factors
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