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1.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 41(2): 28-33, maio-ago.2020. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1102669

ABSTRACT

O objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar o pH externo radicular de dentes bovinos pré-selecionados. Neste estudo foram utilizadas soluções irrigadoras, ácido peracético 0,25%, hipoclorito de sódio 2,5% e hipoclorito de sódio 6% associadas ao EDTA e as medicações intracanais, ultracal, hidróxido de cálcio P.A. associado à clorexidina gel 2% e hidróxido de cálcio P.A. associado ao propilenoglicol. O Preparo químico mecânico foi realizado com as limas easy logic e as soluções agitadas com easy clean durante 3 minutos, após os dentes foram imersos em água deionizada em eppendorfs estéreis e mantidos em estufa a 37°C. O pH externo foi mensurado utilizando fitas de pH no período de 3, 24, 72 horas, 7 e 14 dias. A normalidade dos valores obtidos de cada ensaio foi testada através do teste Kolmogorof- Smirnov e o teste estatístico foi ANOVA de uma via e comparações múltiplas de Tukey. Os resultados mostraram que os grupos apresentaram diferença estatística entre eles, entretanto apresentaram alcalinidade durante o período avaliado de 24, 48,72 horas, 7 e 14 dias. Concluiu-se que as soluções associadas às diferentes medicações mostraram pH alcalino, apresentando diferença entre os grupos avaliados nos tempos de 3, 24, 72 horas, 7 e 14 dias, no entanto mostraram resultados satisfatórios, podendo ser utilizados na endodontia(AU)


The objective of the present study was to evaluate the external root pH of pre-selected bovine teeth. In these study irrigation solutions, 0.25% peracetic acid, 2.5% sodium hypochlorite, sodium hypochlorite 6% associated with EDTA and intracanal medications, ultracal, calcium hydroxide PA associated with chlorhexidine gel 2% and P.A. calcium hydroxide associated with propyleneglycol. The mechanical chemical preparation was performed with the easylogic files and the solutions stirred with easy clean for 3 minutes, after the teeth were immersed in deionized water in sterile eppendorfs and kept in an oven at 37 °C. The external pH was measured using pH tapes in the period of 3, 24, 72 hours, 7 and 14 days. The normal values obtained from each test were tested using the KolmogorofSmirnov test and the statistical test chosen was oneway ANOVA and Tukey's multiple comparisons. The results showed that the groups presented statistical difference between them, however they presented alkalinity during the evaluated period of 24, 48, 72 hours, 7 and 14 days. It was concluded that the solutions associated with the different medications showed alkaline pH, presenting a difference between the groups evaluated at 3, 24, 72 hours, 7 and 14 days, however they showed satisfactory results and could be used in endodontics(AU)


Subject(s)
Root Canal Filling Materials , Root Canal Preparation , Peracetic Acid , Root Canal Therapy , Sodium Hypochlorite , Calcium Hydroxide , Chlorhexidine , Edetic Acid , Propylene Glycol
2.
Dent. press endod ; 10(1): 43-48, Jan-Apr2020.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1344213

ABSTRACT

Avaliar o efeito da ativação ultrassônica e do veículo do MTA no pH dentinário em dentes com reabsorção radicular externa simulada. Métodos: Uma cavidade foi preparada na superfície radicular de 46 dentes bovinos, as quais foram seladas com MTA preparado com 100% de água destilada (DW) ou com 80% DW e 20% de propilenoglicol (PG). Os dentes foram divididos em quatro grupos (n = 10), de acordo com o veículo e o protocolo de ativação ultrassônica utilizado durante a inserção do material (ativação ou sem ativação). O grupo controle (n = 6) foi deixado sem selamento. O pH foi mensurado após 15, 30 e 60 dias de imersão. Resultados: A ativação com ultrassom não alterou significativamente o pH (p>0,05). Os cimentos manipulados utilizando DW + PG apresentaram maior pH aos 15 dias, em relação ao MTA manipulado com DW (p<0,05). Conclusão: A associação de 80% de água destilada com 20% de propilenoglicol aumentou o pH dentinário, o que é positivo para o reparo de reabsorções radiculares (AU).


The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of ultrasonic activation and MTA vehicle on dentinal pH in simulated external root resorptions. So, a cavity was prepared in the root of forty-six bovine teeth. They were filled with MTA mixed with 100% distilled water (DW) or MTA mixed with 80% DW and 20% propylene glycol (PG). Teeth were divided into four groups (n = 10), according to the vehicle (DW or PG) and ultrasonic protocol used for material insertion (activated or not). Control group (n = 6) was unfilled. The pH was assessed after 15, 30 and 60 days of immersion. As results of all that, activation with ultrasound did not significantly alter the pH (p > 0.05). The cements were mixed with either DW or DW + PG, with the later association presenting higher pH at 15 days of assessment than the former (p < 0.05). Thereby, it can be concluded that mixing MTA with 80% DW and 20% PG increased the dentinal pH, which is positive for root resorption repair (AU).


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Root Resorption , Ultrasonics , Biocompatible Materials , Propylene Glycol
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760338

ABSTRACT

To establish appropriate conditions for a disinfectant efficacy test at subzero temperatures, this study examined mixtures of frozen foot-and-mouth disease virus or avian influenza virus solutions and disinfectant diluents at −5℃ and monitored temperature and freezing status of an anti-freezing diluent (AFD, 15% ethanol + 30% propylene glycol + 55% distilled water) over time at various subzero temperatures. Viral solutions and disinfectant diluents froze before the mixtures reached −5℃, whereas the AFD was not frozen at −30℃. The times taken for the AFD to reach −10, −20, −30, and −40℃ from room temperature were 36, 39, 45, and 48 min, respectively.


Subject(s)
Animals , Ethanol , Foot-and-Mouth Disease Virus , Freezing , Influenza in Birds , Propylene Glycol
4.
Braz. dent. sci ; 21(3): 282-287, 2018. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-911133

ABSTRACT

Objective: The aim of this study was to use Micro computed tomography (micro-CT) to evaluate the influence of the type of vehicle associated with calcium hydroxide on its ability to penetrate simulated lateral canals. Material and Methods: 30 acrylic blocks with simulated lateral canals comprising apical, middle and cervical thirds were used in the in vitro study. The blocks were divided into 3 groups (n = 10) according to the type of vehicle used (chlorhexidine, distilled water and propylene glycol) in the calcium hydroxide slurry, which was inserted in the respective group of simulated canals with a K# 30 file and then agitated with an ultrasonic tip. The blocks were scanned by micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) before and after insertion of the medication. The images obtained were reconstructed and analyzed to obtain the initial volume of lateral canals and the volume of medication that penetrated into them. Results: In the intragroup analysis, both distilled water and chlorhexidine 2% were observed to present statistical difference in all thirds of the canal. Propylene glycol showed no intragroup difference. In the inter-group analysis, the propylene glycol paste presented higher values of penetration into the simulated lateral canals than the other groups (p <0.05). Conclusion: Propylene glycol used as vehicle of the calcium hydroxide paste provided better penetration results in simulated lateral canals (AU).


Objetivo: O objetivo desse estudo foi avaliar por meio da microtomografia computadorizada a influência do tipo de veículo associado ao hidróxido de cálcio na capacidade de penetrar em canais laterais simulados. Material e Métodos: No estudo foram utilizados 30 blocos de acrílico com canais laterais simulados nos terços apical, médio e cervical. Os blocos foram divididos em 3 grupos (n=10) de acordo com o tipo de veículo utilizado (clorexidina, água destilada e propilenoglicol) na pasta de hidróxido de cálcio, foram inseridos com auxílio de uma lima tipo k 30 e em seguida agitadas com ultrassom. Os blocos foram escaneados em microtomografia computadorizada antes e após a inserção da medicação. As imagens obtidas foram reconstruídas e analisadas obtendo o volume inicial dos canais laterais e o volume de medicação que penetrou nos mesmos. Resultados: Na análise estatística intragrupo observou-se que tanto a água destilada quanto a clorexidina 2% apresentaram diferença estatística em todos os terços do canal. O propilenoglicol não apresentou diferença intragrupo. Já na análise entre os grupos, a pasta com propilenoglicol apresentou maior penetração nos canais laterais simulados (p<0,05). Conclusão: O propilenoglicol utilizado como veículo da pasta de hidróxido de cálcio permitiu melhores resultados de penetração em canais laterais simulados. (AU).


Subject(s)
Calcium Hydroxide , Endodontics , Propylene Glycol , X-Ray Microtomography
5.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 26: 60-63, Mar. 2017. ilus, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1009760

ABSTRACT

Background: New directions of research on lactic acid bacteria include investigation of metabolic pathways for the synthesis and/or metabolism of 1,2-propanediol, commonly used in the food and chemical industry, medicine, pharmacy and cosmetology as well as agriculture. The objective of this study was to compare the capacity of strains representing three diverse heterofermentative species belonging to the genus Lactobacillus to synthesize and/or transform 1,2-PD as well as to suggest new directions of research aimed at commercial use of this metabolite. Results: The novel strain of Lactobacillus buchneri A KKP 2047p, characterized as exhibiting an unusual trait for that species in the form of capacity to metabolize 1,2-PD, grew poorly in a medium containing 1,2-PD as a sole carbon source. The supplementation with glucose facilitated rapid growth of bacteria and use of 1,2-PD for the synthesis of propionic acid. A similar observation was noted for Lactobacillus reuteri. On the other hand, Lactobacillus diolivorans effectively metabolized 1,2-PD which was the sole carbon source in the medium, and the addition of glucose inhibited the synthesis of propionic acid. The experiments also investigated the effect of cobalamin as a diol dehydratase coenzyme involved in the propionic acid synthesis from 1,2-PD whose addition promoted the yield of the reaction in the case of all tested strains. Conclusions: All tested isolates showed the ability to effectively metabolize 1,2-PD (in the presence of cobalamin) and its conversion to propionic acid, which reveals that investigated bacteria meet the essential requirements of microorganisms with a potential application.


Subject(s)
Propylene Glycol/metabolism , Lactobacillus/metabolism , Propionates , Vitamin B 12/metabolism , Lactic Acid , Propylene Glycol/chemical synthesis , Fermentation , Glucose
6.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 31: e43, 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-952091

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate edemogenic activity and subcutaneous inflammatory reaction induced by Psidium cattleianum leaf extracts associated with Ca(OH)2. Thirty male Wistar rats, split equally into three groups [aqueous extract + Ca(OH)2; ethanolic extract + Ca(OH)2; and propylene glycol + Ca(OH)2], were assessed every 3 h or 6 h (five animals in each period). Under general anesthesia, 0.2 mL of 1% Evans blue per 100 g of body weight was injected into the penile vein and each combination to be evaluated was subcutaneously injected into the dorsal region 30 min thereafter. Edemogenic activity was analyzed by spectrophotometry (λ=630 nm). For inflammatory reaction analysis, 50 rats received four polyethylene tubes (three experimental groups) and an empty tube (control group). The assessments were made at 7, 15, 30, 60, and 90 days, followed by hematoxylin-eosin staining and by the assignment of scores for evaluation of tissue response intensity. Ethanolic extract + Ca(OH)2 yielded the largest edemogenic activity at 3 h. Intergroup differences at 6 h were not significant. The histological analysis showed progressive repair over time (p<0.05) and aqueous and ethanolic extracts produced similar responses to those of the control and Ca(OH)2 + propylene glycol groups. Psidium cattleianum leaf extracts used as Ca(OH)2 vehicles evoked similar tissue response when compared to Ca(OH)2 associated with propylene glycol.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Calcium Hydroxide/pharmacology , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Subcutaneous Tissue/drug effects , Psidium/chemistry , Time Factors , Pharmaceutical Vehicles/pharmacology , Pharmaceutical Vehicles/chemistry , Materials Testing , Drug Carriers , Water/chemistry , Reproducibility of Results , Rats, Wistar , Plant Leaves/chemistry , Propylene Glycol/pharmacology , Subcutaneous Tissue/pathology , Ethanol/pharmacology , Drug Evaluation, Preclinical , Inflammation/pathology , Inflammation/drug therapy , Anti-Infective Agents/pharmacology
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-16979

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the removal efficacy and cytotoxicity of a newly developed calcium hydroxide paste (cleaniCal, Maruchi) using N-2-methyl-pyrrolidone (NMP) as a vehicle in comparison with ApexCal (Ivoclar Vivadent) and Calcipex II (Nishika), which use different vehicles such as polyethylene glycol and propylene glycol, respectively. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty maxillary premolars with oval-shaped canals were divided into 3 groups and the teeth were filled with one of the pastes. After removal of the paste, micro-computed tomographic (μ-CT) imaging was obtained to assess the volume of residual paste in the root canal of each tooth. The teeth were then split longitudinally and the area of the paste-coated surface was evaluated by stereomicroscopy. The cytotoxicity of each product was assessed using an agar overlay assay. The effect of each vehicle on cell viability was evaluated using the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. The data were analyzed using one-way analysis of variance and Tukey's tests to detect any significance (p < 0.05). RESULTS: In the μ-CT and stereomicroscopic analysis, cleaniCal exhibited less remnants of medicament than ApexCal and Calcipex. cleaniCal showed a higher cytotoxicity than the other pastes in the agar overlay assay. Furthermore, NMP exhibited lower cell viability compared to the other vehicles. CONCLUSIONS: cleaniCal showed better removal efficacy compared to the other products. However, clinicians should be aware of the higher cytotoxicity of the NMP-based material and consider its possible adverse effects on periradicular tissue when it is overfilled.


Subject(s)
Agar , Bicuspid , Calcium Hydroxide , Calcium , Cell Survival , Dental Pulp Cavity , Ointments , Polyethylene Glycols , Propylene Glycol , Tooth
8.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 36(supl.1): 95-100, June 2016. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: lil-798010

ABSTRACT

Este trabalho teve por objetivo avaliar o proteinograma do colostro de ovelhas submetidas a administração de propileno glicol e de cobalto associado à vitamina B12 no final da gestação. Dezoito ovelhas da raça Santa Inês, prenhas e com idade variando entre 18 meses a cinco anos foram distribuídas, por amostragem probabilística em três grupos experimentais, aproximadamente 30 dias antes da data prevista para o parto. No Grupo 1 (G1/n=6) foram administrados 30mL de propileno glicol P.A. via oral diariamente; no Grupo 2 (G2/n=6) foi administrado 1mg de cloreto de cobalto em solução a 1% via oral diariamente e 2mg de vitamina B12, via intramuscular semanalmente e no Grupo 3 (G3/n=6): grupo controle. Logo após o parto procedeu-se a colheita de 30mL de colostro, que foram acondicionados em recipientes apropriados e encaminhados ao laboratório. Após homogeneização, adicionou-se a cada 1.000µL de colostro, 75µL de solução de renina, que foi mantido em banho-maria a 37ºC por aproximadamente 20 minutos e centrifugado a 21.000G durante dez minutos em centrífuga refrigerada. Posteriormente, a fração intermediária, correspondente ao soro do colostro, foi aliquotada e mantida em ultrafreezer a -80oC para posterior determinação das proteínas. A determinação da proteína total do soro colostral foi realizada empregando-se reagente comercial. A separação das proteínas foi realizada utilizando-se a técnica de eletroforese em gel de poliacrilamida contendo dodecil sulfato de sódio (SDS-PAGE). Foram identificadas as proteínas IgA, lactoferrina, albumina, IgG de cadeia pesada (IgGCP), ß-caseína, IgG de cadeia leve (IgGCL), ß-lactoglobulina and α-lactoalbumina, não havendo influência da administração dos suplementos na fase final da gestação sobre as concentrações protéicas do colostro.(AU)


This study aimed to evaluate the proteinogram of the colostrum of ewes submitted to administration of propylene glycol and cobalt associated with vitamin B12 in late pregnancy. Eighteen pregnant Santa Inês ewes 18 months to 5 years old were distributed by probabilistic sampling into three experimental groups, about 30 days before the expected delivery date. In group 1 (G1/n=6), daily oral doses of 30ml propylene glycol PA were administered; Group 2 (G2/n=2) received a daily oral dosage of 1mg cobalt chloride in 1% solution and 2mg of vitamin B12 intramuscularly once a week, and Group 3 (G3/n=6) was the control group. Soon after delivery 30mL of colostrum was harvested from each ewe, which were stored in appropriate containers and sent to the laboratory. After homogenization, we added to each 1000µL of colostrum 75µL solution of rennin, which was kept in a water bath at 37°C for about 20 minutes and centrifuged at 21.000G for 10 minutes in a refrigerated centrifuge. Later, the intermediate fraction, corresponding to colostrum whey, was aliquoted and kept in a -80oC ultrafreezer for subsequent determination of proteins. The determination of the total colostral protein whey was performed using a commercial reagent, observing the linearity test for colostrum. The separation of proteins was performed using the technique of electrophoresis on polyacrylamide gel containing sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS-PAGE). Lactoferrin, IgA, albumin, IgG heavy chain (IgGCP), ß-casein, IgG light chain (IgGCL), ß-lactoglobulin and α-lactalbumin proteins were identified. There was no influence of the administration of supplements during late pregnancy on the concentration of proteins identified in the colostrum of the ewes.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Pregnancy , Cobalt/metabolism , Colostrum/chemistry , Electrophoresis/veterinary , Propylene Glycol/metabolism , Sheep , Vitamin B 12/metabolism , Dietary Supplements/analysis , Peripartum Period
9.
Dent. press endod ; 6(1): 32-37, jan.-abr. 2016. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-786770

ABSTRACT

Introdução: o objetivo do presente trabalho é apresentar um método alternativo para inserção da pasta de hidróxido de cálcio na medicação intracanal, após o preparo químico-mecânico do sistema de canais radiculares. Métodos: a técnica consistiu no uso de seringas de plástico descartáveis de 1,2 mL (Ultradent) e pontas para irrigação/ aspiração (Capillary Tips - Ultradent). Para controle da profundidade do material a ser inserido, utilizou-se um stop de silicone na ponta da Capillary Tips, no comprimento de trabalho do canal radicular, previamente instrumentado. Em seguida, a lubrificação da seringa plástica e da ponta foi realizada com propilenoglicol. A manipulação do hidróxido de cálcio PA com propilenoglicol foi realizada utilizando-se uma espátula #24 sobre uma placa de vidro, até obter uma pasta de consistência fluída e homogênea. Para inserção da pasta de Ca(OH)2 dentro da seringa, utilizou-se a espátula de manipulação. Imediatamente após, a medicação intracanal pôde ser levada aos canais radiculares. Conclusão: a técnica de inserção de hidróxido de cálcio nos sistemas radiculares proposta apresentou resultados satisfatórios, previsibilidade clínica e facilidade na preparação.


Subject(s)
Endodontics , Calcium Hydroxide/therapeutic use , Propylene Glycol/therapeutic use , Root Canal Therapy
10.
J. appl. oral sci ; 23(5): 508-514, Sept.-Oct. 2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-764164

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to evaluate the subcutaneous tissue response in rats and the antimicrobial activity of intracanal calcium hydroxide dressings mixed with different substances against E. faecalis. Fifty four rats were divided into three experimental groups according to the vehicle in the calcium hydroxide treatment: 0.4% chlorohexidine in propylene glycol (PG),Casearia sylvestris Sw in PG and calcium hydroxide+PG (control group). The pastes were placed into polyethylene tubes and implanted into the subcutaneous tissue. After 7, 14 and 30 days, the samples were processed and histologically evaluated (hematoxylin and eosin). The tissue surface in contact with the material was analyzed, and the quantitative analysis determined the volume density occupied by the inflammatory infiltrate (giant cells, polymorphonuclear cells and mononuclear cells), fibroblasts, collagen fibers and blood vessels. For the antimicrobial analysis, 20 dentin blocks infected with E. faecalis were treated with calcium hydroxide pastes in different vehicles; 0.4% chlorhexidine in PG, PG, extract fromCasearia sylvestris Sw in PG and a positive control (infection and without medication) for 7 days. The efficiency of the pastes was evaluated by the live/dead technique and confocal microscopy. The results showed that 0.4% chlorhexidine induced a higher inflammatory response than the other groups. The Casearia sylvestris Sw extract showed satisfactory results in relation to the intensity of the inflammatory response. In the microbiological test, there were no statistical differences between the evaluated intracanal dressings and the percentage of bacterial viability was between 33 and 42%. The control group showed an 86% viability. Antimicrobial components such as chlorhexidine or Casearia sylvestris Sw did not improve the antimicrobial activity against E. faecalis in comparison to the calcium hydroxide+PG treatment. In addition, the incorporation of chlorhexidine in the calcium hydroxide paste promoted the highest inflammatory response.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Anti-Infective Agents/pharmacology , Calcium Hydroxide/pharmacology , Casearia/chemistry , Chlorhexidine/pharmacology , Subcutaneous Tissue/drug effects , Anti-Infective Agents/chemistry , Calcium Hydroxide/chemistry , Cells, Cultured , Chlorhexidine/chemistry , Collagen/drug effects , Enterococcus faecalis/drug effects , Fibroblasts/drug effects , Materials Testing , Microbial Viability/drug effects , Ointments , Pharmaceutical Vehicles/chemistry , Pharmaceutical Vehicles/pharmacology , Propylene Glycol/chemistry , Propylene Glycol/pharmacology , Rats, Wistar , Subcutaneous Tissue/pathology , Time Factors
11.
J. appl. oral sci ; 23(4): 405-411, July-Aug. 2015. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-759354

ABSTRACT

AbstractObjective To investigate the physical (setting time, hardness, flowability, microstructure) and chemical (pH change, calcium release, crystallinity) properties and the biological outcomes (cell survival and differentiation) of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) mixed using different proportions of propylene glycol (PG) and water.Material and Methods White MTA was mixed with different water/PG ratios (100/0, 80/20 and 50/50). Composition (XRD), microstructure (SEM), setting time (ASTM C266-13), flowability (ANSI/ADA 57-2000), Knoop hardness (100 g/10 s) and chemical characteristics (pH change and Ca2+ release for 7 days) were evaluated. Cell proliferation, osteo/odontoblastic gene expression and mineralization induced by MTA mixed with PG were evaluated. MTA discs (5 mm in diameter, 2 mm thick) were prepared and soaked in culture medium for 7 days. Next, the discs were removed and the medium used to culture dental pulp stem cells (DPSC) for 28 days. Cells survival was evaluated using MTS assay (24, 72 and 120 h) and differentiation with RT-PCR (ALP, OCN, Runx2, DSPP and MEPE) and alizarin red staining (7 and 14 days). Data were analysed using one-way ANOVA and Tukey’s post-hoc analysis (a=0.05).Results The addition of PG significantly increased setting time, flowability and Ca2+ release, but it compromised the hardness of the material. SEM showed that 50/50 group resulted porous material after setting due to the incomplete setting reaction, as shown by XRD analysis. The addition of PG (80/20 and 50/50) was not capable to improve cell proliferation or to enhance gene expression, and mineralized deposition of DPSC after 7 and 14 days as compared to the 100/0.Conclusion Except for flowability, the addition of PG did not promote further improvements on the chemical and physical properties evaluated, and it was not capable of enhancing the bioactivity of the MTA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aluminum Compounds/chemistry , Calcium Compounds/chemistry , Oxides/chemistry , Propylene Glycol/chemistry , Silicates/chemistry , Analysis of Variance , Cell Survival/drug effects , Cells, Cultured , Dental Pulp , Drug Combinations , Gene Expression , Hardness Tests , Materials Testing , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Rheology , Stem Cells/drug effects , Time Factors
12.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1520-1527, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-337469

ABSTRACT

1,3-propanediol is an important chemical used as building block for the synthesis of highly promising polyesters such as polytrimethylene terephthalate. A genetically modified Klebsiella pneumoniae LDH526 can use glycerol as sole carbon source and produce 1,3-propanediol with the titer above 90 g/L. A key factor affecting the production of 1,3-propanediol by the mutant K. pneumoniae is the accurate control of the feeding of glycerol. To generate a robust and reproducible fermentation process of 1,3-propanediol, we designed and optimized an automatically feeding strategy of glycerol based on fermentation kinetics. By coupling the substrate feeding rate with easily observed variables -pH and fermentation time, we have achieved self-starting glycerol feeding and dynamic control of the glycerol concentration during the fermentation process. This automated system allowed us to generate a reproducible, consistent and operator-independent process from lab-scale to production scale. The final concentration of 1,3-propanediol was above 95 g/L after 72 h.


Subject(s)
Culture Media , Fermentation , Glycerol , Industrial Microbiology , Methods , Klebsiella pneumoniae , Propylene Glycol , Propylene Glycols , Metabolism
13.
Arq. ciênc. vet. zool. UNIPAR ; 17(1): 43-48, jan.-mar. 2014. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-758547

ABSTRACT

Este experimento foi realizado no Laboratório de Sericicultura, no Campus Sede da Universidade Paranaense (UNIPAR) de Umuarama, no período de fevereiro a outubro de 2011, com o objetivo de verificar o efeito da própolis em diferentes dosagens na alimentação durante o desenvolvimento biológico do bicho-da-seda (Bombxy mori L.). O método empregado na parte experimental foi a pulverização do extrato glicólico de própolis, diluído em 500mL de água destilada nas folhas de amoreira, nas seguintes dosagens, água-controle, 25mL, 30mL, 35mL e 40mL compondo os tratamentos: controle, T1 , T2 , T3 e T4 respectivamente. As folhas de amoreira foram fornecidas cinco vezes ao dia, durante o manejo alimentar. Verificou-se, pelos resultados obtidos, que as diferentes dosagens de própolis utilizadas não interferiram no ganho de peso das lagartas, no peso dos casulos verdes, no peso da casca sérica e crisálidas, quando comparado ao tratamento controle, mas quando se compara o Controle e T4 do ensaio da primavera, respectivamente, para os teores de seda bruto e líquido, há resultados significativos. Portanto, verificou-se que o extrato glicólico de própolis, em dosagens de 40mL, pode prejudicar o teor líquido de seda em uma produção de casulos, trazendo resultados pouco apreciados dentro da sericicultura...


This experiment was performed at the Laboratory of Sericulture, at the main campus of University Paranaense (UNIPAR), in the city of Umuarama, from February to October 2011, in order to verify the effect of different doses of propolis in feeding during the biological development of silkworm (Bombyx mori L.). The method used in the experiment was the spraying of propolis glycolic extract dissolved in 500-mL distilled water on the mulberry leaves in the following water- -control dosages: 25mL, 30mL, 35mL and 40mL related to the treatment controls T1, T2, T3 and T4, respectively. Mulberry leaves were provided five times a day for feeding management. The results obtained showed that the different dosages of propolis used did not affect the weight gain of the larvae, the weight of green cocoons, shells and pupae when compared to the control treatment. However, when comparing the control and T4 from the Spring assay, respectively, to the levels of crude and net silk, significant results were noted. Thus, it can be concluded that propolis glycolic extract in 40-ml dosages may impair the net silk content in a cocoon production, presenting negative results in sericulture...


: Este experimento se llevó a cabo en el Laboratorio de Sericultura, Campus Sede de la Universidad Paranaense (UNIPAR) de Umuarama, en el período de febrero a octubre de 2011, con el fin de verificar el efecto de propóleos en diferentes concentraciones en la alimentación durante el desarrollo biológico del gusano de seda (Bombyx mori L.). El método utilizado en el experimento fue la pulverización de extracto glicólico de propóleos, disuelto en 500 ml de agua destilada en las hojas de morera, en las siguientes dosis, agua control, 25 mL, 30mL, 35 mL, y 40 mL componiendo los tratamientos: control T1 , T2 , T3 e T4 respectivamente. A las hojas de morera se les han dado cinco veces al día, durante el manejo alimentar. Se verificó, por los resultados obtenidos, que las diferentes dosis de propóleos utilizados no afectaron en la ganancia de peso de los gusanos, en el peso de los capullos verdes, en el peso de la cáscara sérica y crisálidas, en comparación con el tratamiento de control, pero cuando se compara el Control y T4 del ensayo de la primavera, respectivamente, para los niveles de seda cruda y líquida, hay resultados significativos. Por lo tanto, se encontró que el extracto glicólico de propóleos, en dosis de 40 mL, puede perjudicar la concentración líquida de seda en una producción de capullos, trayendo resultados poco apreciados dentro de la sericultura...


Subject(s)
Animals , Bombyx/growth & development , Bombyx/metabolism , Propylene Glycol/administration & dosage , Propylene Glycol/analysis , Propylene Glycol/adverse effects , Propolis/administration & dosage , Propolis/analogs & derivatives , Propolis/metabolism
14.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-140824

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: In this study we compared the surface wettability of ocular prosthesis and depositions depending on different types of artificial tear eye drops. METHODS: The artificial tear eye drops contain sodium hyaluronate (HA) 0.1%, 0.18%, 0.3%, carboxylmethylcellulose sodium (CMC), hydroxymethylcelluose + dextran (HMC), propylene glycol + polyethylene glycol (PG), polysorbate 80 (PS) povidone (Pov) were evaluated. Flat rectangular parallelepiped blocks consisting of polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) or silicone materials were made. One artificial tear eye drop was applied on the surface of two different blocks of artificial eyes using a 23-gauge needle. Then, the static method contact angle was measured by using a contact angle goniometer. To measure the deposits, a petri dish was covered with 3 mL of artificial tear eye drops and dried for 48 hours at room temperature. Then, the light transmittance at the center of the petri dish was measured to investigate the amount of the residue. RESULTS: The contact angles of HA 0.1%, 0.18%, 0.3%, CMC, HMC, PG, PS and Pov on PMMA were 78.69degrees, 84.29degrees, 75.46degrees, 80.93degrees, 66.29degrees, 71.26degrees, 58.40degrees and 70.24degrees, respectively. The contact angles on silicone were 53.68degrees, 60.87degrees, 64.46degrees, 62.78degrees, 38.89degrees, 63.58degrees, 30.68degrees and 51.41degrees, respectively. The largest decrease in transparency was observed in the artificial tear eye drops containing HMC. CONCLUSIONS: The wettability and deposits on the surface of ocular prosthesis can vary based on the components and concentration of artificial tear eye drops. The results from this study should be considered when choosing the right artificial tear eye drops for improving dry eye symptoms in patients wearing ocular prostheses.


Subject(s)
Anophthalmos , Dextrans , Dry Eye Syndromes , Eye, Artificial , Humans , Hyaluronic Acid , Needles , Ophthalmic Solutions , Polyethylene Glycols , Polymethyl Methacrylate , Polysorbates , Povidone , Propylene Glycol , Silicones , Sodium , Tears , Wettability
15.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-140821

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: In this study we compared the surface wettability of ocular prosthesis and depositions depending on different types of artificial tear eye drops. METHODS: The artificial tear eye drops contain sodium hyaluronate (HA) 0.1%, 0.18%, 0.3%, carboxylmethylcellulose sodium (CMC), hydroxymethylcelluose + dextran (HMC), propylene glycol + polyethylene glycol (PG), polysorbate 80 (PS) povidone (Pov) were evaluated. Flat rectangular parallelepiped blocks consisting of polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) or silicone materials were made. One artificial tear eye drop was applied on the surface of two different blocks of artificial eyes using a 23-gauge needle. Then, the static method contact angle was measured by using a contact angle goniometer. To measure the deposits, a petri dish was covered with 3 mL of artificial tear eye drops and dried for 48 hours at room temperature. Then, the light transmittance at the center of the petri dish was measured to investigate the amount of the residue. RESULTS: The contact angles of HA 0.1%, 0.18%, 0.3%, CMC, HMC, PG, PS and Pov on PMMA were 78.69degrees, 84.29degrees, 75.46degrees, 80.93degrees, 66.29degrees, 71.26degrees, 58.40degrees and 70.24degrees, respectively. The contact angles on silicone were 53.68degrees, 60.87degrees, 64.46degrees, 62.78degrees, 38.89degrees, 63.58degrees, 30.68degrees and 51.41degrees, respectively. The largest decrease in transparency was observed in the artificial tear eye drops containing HMC. CONCLUSIONS: The wettability and deposits on the surface of ocular prosthesis can vary based on the components and concentration of artificial tear eye drops. The results from this study should be considered when choosing the right artificial tear eye drops for improving dry eye symptoms in patients wearing ocular prostheses.


Subject(s)
Anophthalmos , Dextrans , Dry Eye Syndromes , Eye, Artificial , Humans , Hyaluronic Acid , Needles , Ophthalmic Solutions , Polyethylene Glycols , Polymethyl Methacrylate , Polysorbates , Povidone , Propylene Glycol , Silicones , Sodium , Tears , Wettability
16.
Braz. dent. j ; 24(2): 103-106, Mar-Apr/2013. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-675655

ABSTRACT

This ex vivo study evaluated the antibacterial effect of intracanal medications in root canals contaminated with Enterococcus faecalis. Fifty single-rooted human teeth were contaminated with E. faecalis (ATCC 29212) and incubated at 37°C for 21 days. The specimens were randomly divided into 5 groups according to the intracanal medication used: OZ-PG: ozonized propylene glycol; CH/CPMC: calcium hydroxide/camphorated paramonochlorophenol; OZ-PG/CH ozonized PG/CH; PC: positive control group (no medication); and NC: negative control group (no contamination). The samples were collected after 7 days (post-medication) and 14 days (final). Bacterial growth was checked by counting the colony-forming units (CFU). OZ-PG and CH/CPMC reduced significantly the CFU counts compared with PC in the post-medication and final samples, with no statistically significant differences among them. On the other hand, OZ-PG/CH did not reduce significantly the number of bacteria compared with PC. In conclusion, among the evaluated medications OZ-PG and CH/CPMC were the most effective against E. faecalis.


Resumo Este estudo ex vivo avaliou o efeito antibacteriano de medicações intracanal em canais radiculares contaminados com Enterococcus faecalis. Cinquenta dentes humanos unirradiculares foram contaminados com E. faecalis (ATCC 29212) e incubados a 37°C durante 21 dias. Os espécimes foram aleatoriamente divididos em diferentes grupos de acordo com a medicação intracanal utilizada: PG-OZ: propilenoglicol ozonizado; HC/PMCC: hidróxido de cálcio/paramonoclorofenol canforado; PG-OZ/CH; CP: controle positivo (sem medicação); e CN: controle negativo (sem contaminação). As amostras foram coletadas após 7 dias (pós-medição) e 14 dias (final). O crescimento bacteriano foi verificado através da contagem das unidades formadoras de colônias (UFC). PG-OZ e HC/PMCC reduziram estatisticamente o número de bactérias quando comparados com o CP nas amostras pós-medição e final, sem diferenças estatísticas entre si. Por outro lado, PG-OZ/HC não reduziu significativamente o número de bactérias em comparação com o CP. Em conclusão, entre as medicações avaliadas, PG-OZ e HC/PMCC foram as mais eficazes contra E. faecalis. .


Subject(s)
Humans , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Calcium Hydroxide/pharmacology , Dental Pulp Cavity/microbiology , Enterococcus faecalis/drug effects , Ozone/pharmacology , Root Canal Irrigants/pharmacology , Bacteriological Techniques , Bacterial Load/drug effects , Camphor/pharmacology , Chlorophenols/pharmacology , Drug Combinations , Enterococcus faecalis/growth & development , Pharmaceutical Vehicles , Propylene Glycol , Time Factors
17.
Dent. press endod ; 3(1): 61-67, 2013. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-688935

ABSTRACT

Introdução: nesse trabalho, por meio de relato de casos clínicos, será descrito o tratamento endodôntico de dentes com lesões periapicais extensas. Objetivo: analisar a eficácia das trocas da medicação intracanal à base de hidróxido de cálcio, diminuindo ou eliminando a necessidade de procedimentos cirúrgicos parendodônticos e, ainda, observar por meio do controle pós-operatório o reparo periapical. Resultados: após o exame clínico e radiográfico, e constatada a necessidade de tratamento endodôntico, foi realizada a abertura coronária, irrigação com hipoclorito de sódio 1% e o preparo biomecânico com limas endodônticas manuais. O EDTA trissódico 17% foi utilizado por três minutos, com agitação manual, antes da aplicação da medicação em todas as sessões, bem como antes da obturação definitiva. Assim, a medicação à base de hidróxido de cálcio e propilenoglicol foi inserida no canal e trocada sempre que houvesse sido parcialmente reabsorvida. Após ser observado o início do reparo periapical, realizou-se a obturação dos condutos por meio da técnica de condensação vertical e horizontal, e os controles radiográficos foram realizados de acordo com a disponibilidade dos pacientes. Conclusão: nos casos clínicos apresentados, a técnica de renovação do hidróxido de cálcio como curativo de demora se mostrou eficiente no tratamento das lesões periapicais crônicas extensas, reparando o tecido ósseo e periodontal e eliminando a necessidade da intervenção cirúrgica.


Subject(s)
Calcium Hydroxide , Endodontics , Periapical Abscess , Propylene Glycol , Root Canal Irrigants , Root Canal Therapy , Periapical Tissue/injuries
18.
Braz. dent. j ; 24(1): 10-14, 2013. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-671352

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to evaluate the response of rat subcutaneous tissue to MTA Fillapex® (Angelus), an experimental root canal filling material based on Portland cement and propylene glycol (PCPG), and a zinc oxide, eugenol and iodoform (ZOEI) paste. These materials were placed in polyethylene tubes and implanted into the dorsal connective tissue of Wistar rats for 7 and 15 days. The specimens were stained with hematoxylin and eosin, and evaluated regarding inflammatory reaction parameters by optical microscopy. The intensity of inflammatory response against the sealers was analyzed by two blinded and previously calibrated examiners for all experimental periods (kappa=0.96). The histological evaluation showed that all materials caused a moderate inflammatory reaction at 7 days, which subsided with time. A greater inflammatory reaction was observed at 7 days in the tubes filled with ZOEI paste. Tubes filled with MTA Fillapex presented some giant cells, macrophages and lymphocytes after 7 days. At 15 days, the presence of fibroblasts and collagen fibers was observed indicating normal tissue healing. The tubes filled with PCPG showed similar results to those observed in MTA Fillapex. At 15 days, the inflammatory reaction was almost absent at the tissue, with several collagen fibers indicating normal tissue healing. Data were analyzed by the nonparametric Kruskal-Wallis test (α=0.05). Statistically significant difference (p<0.05) was found only between PCPG at 15 days and ZOEI at 7 days groups. No significant differences were observed among the other groups/periods (p>0.05). MTA Fillapex and Portland cement added with propylene glycol had greater tissue compatibility than the PCPG paste.


O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a resposta do tecido subcutâneo de rato ao MTA Fillapex® (Angelus), a um cimento endodôntico experimental à base de cimento Portland e propilenoglicol, e à pasta de óxido de zinco e eugenol com iodofórmio. Estes materiais foram colocados em tubos de polietileno e implantados no tecido conjuntivo do dorso de ratos Wistar, por 7 e 15 dias. Os espécimes foram corados com hematoxilina e eosina e os parâmetros de reação inflamatória foram avaliados em microscópio óptico. A intensidade da resposta inflamatória provocada pelos cimentos foi analisada em todos os períodos por dois observadores previamente calibrados (kappa 0,96) e sem conhecimento dos grupos experimentais. O exame histológico mostrou que todos os materiais provocaram reação inflamatória moderada aos 7 dias que regrediu com o tempo. A maior resposta inflamatória do tecido foi observada aos 7 dias, nos tubos preenchidos com pasta de Óxido de Zinco e Eugenol com Iodofórmio. Os tubos com MTA Fillapex apresentaram algumas células gigantes, macrófagos e linfócitos após 7 dias. Aos 15 dias, a presença de fibroblastos e fibras de colágenas foi observada, indicando processo de cicatrização do tecido. Os tubos com o cimento Portland mostraram resultados semelhantes aos observados no grupo MTA Fillapex. Aos 15 dias, a reação inflamatória apresentada foi praticamente ausente, com muitas fibras colágenas, indicando cicatrização normal do tecido. A análise estatística mostrou diferença estatisticamente significante entre o grupo de cimento Portland (15 dias) e óxido de zinco eugenol com Iodofórmio (7 dias) (p<0,05). Nos outros grupos não houve diferença estatística significante. MTA Fillapex e cimento Portland são mais biocompatíveis do que os outros cimentos testados.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Aluminum Compounds/toxicity , Calcium Compounds/toxicity , Dental Cements/toxicity , Oxides/toxicity , Root Canal Filling Materials/toxicity , Silicates/toxicity , Subcutaneous Tissue/drug effects , Zinc Oxide-Eugenol Cement/toxicity , Connective Tissue/drug effects , Drug Combinations , Hydrocarbons, Iodinated/toxicity , Materials Testing , Propylene Glycol , Random Allocation , Rats, Wistar , Root Canal Filling Materials/chemistry
19.
Cell Journal [Yakhteh]. 2013; 14 (4): 254-263
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-140459

ABSTRACT

Experiments were conducted to find the differences between post-thaw viability and chromosome aberrations in eight-cell mouse embryos at presence of dimethyl sulfoxide [DMSO] and 1, 2-propanediol [PROH] as croprotectants in different storage durations. In this case-control study, a total number of 720 mouse embryos from about 250 NMRI mice were vitrified with 30% PROH or DMSO; each diluted with a solution containing 30% ficol plus 0.5 M sucrose. Embryos were exposed to the solutions for 0.5 minute at 25[degree sign] followed by cooling in liquid nitrogen, then after appropriate storage duration, they were rapidly warmed. Besides, there were 100 mouse embryos for each cryoprotectant group [totally 200 embryos] as control. Embryo survival was assessed by in vitro development, and chromosome abnormalities were analyzed by Giemsa staining. The proportion of mitotic abnormalities in PROH/DMSO vitrified embryos was significantly higher than unfrozen control group. This was confirmed also by a reduced viability of the embryos as judged by a culture at the blastocyst stage [p<0.05 in all test groups]. It can be deduced that long term cryopreservation may result in chromosomal abnormalities and/or low viability


Subject(s)
Female , Animals, Laboratory , Embryonic Structures , Cell Survival , Vitrification , Cryopreservation , Mice , Dimethyl Sulfoxide , Propylene Glycol , Case-Control Studies
20.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1411-1420, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-242470

ABSTRACT

Fermentative production of lactic acid, an important bio-based chemicals, has made considerable progress. In addition to the food industry and production of polylactic acid, lactic acid also can be used as an important platform chemical for the production of acrylic acid, pyruvic acid, 1,2-propanediol, and lactic acid esters. This article summarizes the recent progress in biocatalytic production of lactic acid derivatives by dehydration, dehydrogenation, reduction, and esterification. Trends in the biotransformation of lactic acid are also discussed.


Subject(s)
Acrylates , Metabolism , Bacteria , Genetics , Metabolism , Biotechnology , Methods , Biotransformation , Fermentation , Industrial Microbiology , Methods , Lactic Acid , Metabolism , Propylene Glycol , Metabolism , Pyruvic Acid , Metabolism , Yeasts , Genetics , Metabolism
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