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1.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 281-285, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970995

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to explore the optimal timing of holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) in patients presenting benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). A retrospective analysis was conducted based on the perioperative and postoperative outcome data of 1212 patients who underwent HoLEP in Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital (Shanghai, China) between January 2009 and December 2018. According to the preoperative International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS), all patients whom we analyzed were divided into Group A (IPSS of 8-18) and Group B (IPSS of 19-35). Peri- and postoperative outcome data were obtained during the 1-year follow-up. IPSS changes were the main postoperative outcomes. The postoperative IPSS, quality of life, peak urinary flow rate, postvoid residual, and overactive bladder symptom score (OABSS) improved significantly. The IPSS improved further in the group with severe LUTS symptoms, but the postoperative IPSS was still higher than that in the moderate LUTS group. OABSSs showing moderate and severe cases after follow-up were more frequent in Group B (9.1%) than in Group A (5.2%) (P < 0.05). There were no significant intergroup differences in the intraoperative American Society of Anesthesiologists or hospitalization expense scores, and the medication costs, as well as the total costs, were significantly higher in Group B. In this retrospective study, HoLEP was an effective treatment for symptomatic BPH. For patients with LUTS, earlier surgery in patients with moderate severity may result in a marginally better 12-month IPSS than that in men with severe symptoms.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Retrospective Studies , Prostatic Hyperplasia/surgery , Follow-Up Studies , Holmium , Quality of Life , China , Treatment Outcome , Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms/surgery , Laser Therapy , Lasers, Solid-State/therapeutic use
2.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences ; (6): 156-161, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982030

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the effect of progressive pre-disconnection of urethral mucosal flap during transurethral plasmakinetic enucleation of prostate (TUPEP) on early recovery of urinary continence.@*METHODS@#Clinical data of patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) admitted in Zhujiang Hospital of Southern Medical University during February and May 2022 were collected. All the patients underwent TUPEP, and the progressive pre-disconnection of urethral mucosal flap was performed in the procedure. The total operation time, enucleation time, postoperative bladder irrigation time and catheter indwelling time were recorded. Urinary continence was evaluated 24 h, 1 week, and 1, 3, 6 months after the removal of urinary catheter.@*RESULTS@#All surgeries were successfully completed at one time with less intraoperative bleeding, and there were no complications such as rectal injury, bladder injury or perforation of prostate capsule. The total operation time was (62.2±6.5) min, the enucleation time was (42.8±5.2) min, the postoperative hemoglobin decrease by (9.5±4.5) g/L, the postoperative bladder irrigation time was (7.9±1.4) h, and the postoperative catheter indwelling time was 10.0 (9.2, 11.4) h. Only 2 patients (3.6%) had transient urinary incontinence within 24 h after catheter removal. No urinary incontinence occurred at 1 week, and 1, 3, 6 months after operation, and no safety pad was needed. The Qmax at 1 month after operation was 22.3 (20.6, 24.4) mL/s, international prostate symptom scores were 8.0 (7.0, 9.0), 5.0 (4.0, 6.0) and 4.0 (3.0, 4.0) at 1, 3 and 6 months after surgery, and quality of life scores at 1, 3 and 6 months after surgery were 3.0 (2.0, 3.0), 2.0 (1.0, 2.0) and 1.0 (1.0, 2.0), all of these indicators were better than those before surgery (all P<0.01).@*CONCLUSIONS@#In the treatment of BPH, the application of progressive pre-disconnection of urethral mucosal flap in TUPEP can completely remove the hyperplastic glands and promote early recovery of postoperative urinary continence with less perioperative bleeding and decreased surgical complications.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Prostate , Prostatic Hyperplasia/surgery , Transurethral Resection of Prostate/methods , Quality of Life , Urinary Bladder , Urinary Incontinence/surgery , Treatment Outcome
3.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences ; (6): 148-155, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982029

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To evaluate the feasibility and safety of bipolar-plasmakinetic transurethral enucleation and resection of the prostate (B-TUERP) in day surgery.@*METHODS@#From January 2021 to August 2022, 34 patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) underwent B-TUERP in day surgery in the First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University. Patients completed the screening and anesthesia evaluation before admission and received the standard surgery which implements "anatomical enucleation of the prostate" and "absolute bleeding control" on the same day of admission, and by the same doctor. Bladder irrigation was stopped, catheter was removed and the discharge evaluation was performed on the first day after operation. The baseline data, perioperative conditions, time of recovery, treatment outcomes, hospitalization costs, and postoperative complications were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#All operations were successfully conducted. The average age of the patients was (62.2±7.8) years, average prostate volume was (50.2±29.3) mL. The average operation time was (36.5±19.1) min, the average hemoglobin and blood sodium were decreased by (16.2±7.1) g/L and (2.2±2.0) mmol/L, respectively. The average postoperative length of hospital stay, and total length of hospital stay were (17.7±2.2) and (20.8±2.1) h, respectively, and the average hospitalization cost was (13 558±2320) CNY. All patients were discharged on the day after surgery except for one patient who was transferred to a general ward. Three patients received indwelling catheterization after catheter removal. The 3-month follow-up results showed a substantial improvement in the International Prostate Symptom Score, quality of life score and maximum urinary flow rate (all P<0.01). Three patients experienced temporary urinary incontinence, 1 patient experienced urinary tract infection, 4 patients were diagnosed with urethral stricture and 2 patients experienced bladder neck contracture. No complications above Clavien grade Ⅱ occurred.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The preliminary results showed that B-TUERP ambulatory surgery is a safe, feasible, economical and effective treatment for appropriately selected patients with BPH.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Prostate/surgery , Prostatic Hyperplasia/surgery , Ambulatory Surgical Procedures , Quality of Life , Feasibility Studies , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
4.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 48(2): 328-335, March-Apr. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364937

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objectives: To compare thulium laser enucleation of prostate (ThuLEP) versus laparoscopic trans-vesical simple prostatectomy (LSP) in the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Materials and Methods: Data of patients who underwent surgery for "large" BPH (>80mL) at three Institutions were collected and analyzed. Two institutions performed ThuLEP only; the third institution performed LSP only. Preoperative (indwelling catheter status, prostate volume (PVol), hemoglobin (Hb), Qmax, post-voiding residual volume (PVR), IPSS, QoL, IIEF-5) and perioperative data (operative time, enucleated adenoma, catheterization time, length of stay, Hb-drop, complications) were compared. Functional (Qmax, PVR, %ΔQmax) and patient-reported outcomes (IPSS, QoL, IIEF-5, %ΔIPSS, %ΔQoL) were compared at last follow-up. Results: 80 and 115 patients underwent LSP and ThuLEP, respectively. At baseline, median PVol was 130 versus 120mL, p <0.001; Qmax 9.6 vs. 7.1mL/s, p=0.005; IPSS 21 versus 25, p <0.001. Groups were comparable in terms of intraoperative complications (1 during LSP vs. 3 during ThuLEP) and transfusions (1 per group). Differences in terms of operative time (156 vs. 92 minutes, p <0.001), Hb-drop (-2.5 vs. −0.9g/dL, p <0.001), catheterization time (5 vs. 2 days, p <0.001) and postoperative complications (13.8% vs. 0, p <0.001) favored ThuLEP. At median follow-up of 40 months after LSP versus 30 after ThuLEP (p <0.001), Qmax improved by 226% vs. 205% (p=0.5), IPSS decreased by 88% versus 85% (p=0.9), QoL decreased by 80% with IIEF-5 remaining almost unmodified for both the approaches. Conclusions: Our analysis showed that LSP and ThuLEP are comparable in relieving from BPO and improving the patient-reported outcomes. Invasiveness of LSP is more significant.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Prostatic Hyperplasia/surgery , Prostatic Hyperplasia/complications , Laparoscopy , Laser Therapy , Lasers, Solid-State/therapeutic use , Prostate/surgery , Prostatectomy , Quality of Life , Thulium/therapeutic use , Treatment Outcome
5.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 68(1): 50-55, Jan. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360703

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate the rate of urethral stricture development, predictor factors, and the reliability following bipolar transurethral resection of the prostate. METHODS: A total of 124 patients participated in this study. Patient data were retrospectively reviewed. The patients were divided into group 1 (those who developed urethral stricture) and group 2 (those who did not develop urethral stricture). Annual checkups were performed after the postoperative months 1 and 6. The patients were checked by uroflowmetry + post-voiding residue and international index of erectile function. We evaluated the complications that developed during the perioperative period according to the Clavien system. RESULTS: Urethral stricture developed in 10.5% (13/124) of the patients. It was found that patients who underwent transurethral resection of the prostate for the second time (p=0.007), patients with a preoperative catheter or history of catheter insertion (p=0.009), patients with high preoperative median white blood cell (103) counts (p=0.013), and patients with long postoperative catheterization time had a higher rate of urethral stricture after bipolar transurethral resection of the prostate (p=0.046). No grade 4 and grade 5 complications were observed according to the Clavien system in patients. CONCLUSION: Factors such as second transurethral resection of the prostate surgery, history of preoperative catheter insertion, high postoperative white blood cell count, and long postoperative catheterization time increase the risk of urethral stricture after bipolar transurethral resection of the prostate.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Prostatic Hyperplasia/surgery , Prostatic Hyperplasia/complications , Urethral Stricture/surgery , Urethral Stricture/etiology , Transurethral Resection of Prostate/adverse effects , Reproducibility of Results , Retrospective Studies
6.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 48(1): 200-201, Jan.-Feb. 2022.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1356299

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: The expansion of technology is leading to a paradigm shift in several urological fields (1, 2). In particular, the adoption of lasers within the surgical treatment of patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is considered one of the most relevant innovations (3-5). In this video, we aimed to report our experience with holmium laser for the ablation of the prostate (HoLAP) in patients with obstructive lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) due to BPH. Materials and Methods: From 2018 to 2020, 10 patients with obstructive LUTS secondary to BPH were treated at our Institution with HoLAP (120W Holmium laser Lumenis® with Moses® technology). Main inclusion criteria were: 1) International Prostate Symptom Score ≥12; 2) prostate volume ≤65mL, 3) maximal flow rate (Qmax) ≤15ml/s at preoperative non-invasive uroflowmetry. Results: Mean patient age was 65 (range: 59-72) years. Preoperative mean prostate volume was 50 (range: 35-65) mL. Mean operative time was 66 (range: 45-85) minutes with a mean laser time/operative time ratio of 0.51 (range: 0.44-0.60). Voiding symptoms, Qmax and post voiding residual were significantly improved after 3 and 12 months (all p <0.05). No postoperative urinary incontinence was detected. Conclusions: The present findings suggest that HoLAP is a slightly time-spending procedure, thus its use should be limited to prostate volume <70-80mL. However, no postoperative complications were recorded at all. This technique showed to be a safe option in patients with low-intermediate prostate volume, also in patients whose antiaggregant/anticoagulant therapy is maintained.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Prostatic Hyperplasia/surgery , Transurethral Resection of Prostate , Laser Therapy , Lasers, Solid-State/therapeutic use , Prostate/surgery , Prostatectomy , Technology , Holmium
7.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 191-194, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928523

ABSTRACT

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a common disease in elderly men, and transurethral laser prostatectomy (TULP) has been widely used in the clinic to remove bladder outlet obstruction caused by BPH. Previous animal models for wound repair after prostatectomy have many limitations, and there have been no previous reports of a mouse model of TULP. Therefore, this study aimed to establish a novel mouse model of TULP. Twelve healthy adult Kunming (KM) mice received transurethral laser vaporization prostatectomy with a 200-μm thulium laser. The mice were sacrificed, and wound specimens from the prostatic urethra and bladder neck were harvested at 1 day, 3 days, 5 days, and 7 days after surgery. Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) and immunohistochemistry were applied to confirm the establishment of the mouse TULP model. One day after the surgery, urothelium expressing uroplakin (UPK) was absent in the urethral wound site, and a large number of necrotic tissues were found in the wound site. There was no UPK-positive urothelium in the wound 3 days after surgery. At 5 days after surgery, monolayer urothelium expressing UPK was found in the wound site, indicating that the re-epithelization of the wound had been completed. On the 7th day after surgery, there were multiple layers of urothelium with UPK expression, indicating that the repair was completed. It is feasible to establish a mouse TULP model by using a microcystoscope system and a 200-μm thulium laser.


Subject(s)
Aged , Animals , Humans , Male , Mice , Laser Therapy , Prostatectomy , Prostatic Hyperplasia/surgery , Thulium , Transurethral Resection of Prostate
8.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 47(2): 308-321, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154449

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction and objective: To evaluate changes in verumontanum anatomy in patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) who used 5-alpha reductase inhibitors (5-ARIs) and to propose an anatomical classification of the verumontanum. Materials and Methods: We studied 86 patients with BPH and 7 patients without the disease (age under 40 years-old who underwent kidney or ureteral lithotripsy). Of the patients with BPH, 34 (mean age=67.26) had 5-ARIs use and 52 (mean age=62.69) did not use the drug. During surgeries, photographs of the seminal colliculus were taken and later, with the aid of software (Image J), the length (longitudinal diameter) and width (transverse diameter) of the verumontanum were measured in all patients. During the procedure, we evaluated the different types of verumontanum. For statistical analysis, the R-Project software was used. Results: In the group of patients with BPH who were taking medication (group 1), the mean measures of length and width of the verumontanum were 4.69mm and 2.94mm respectively. In the group of patients with BPH who did not use the drug (group 2), the mean diameters were 4.54mm and 3.20mm respectively. In the control group (group 3), the average length and width were 5.63mm and 4.11mm respectively. There was an increase in longitudinal and transverse measurements of the control group with an increase in body mass index (BMI) (p=0.0001 and p=0.035 respectively). In addition, there was a reduction in transverse diameter in the group of BPH using 5-ARI with increased prostate volume (p=0.010). We found five different verumontanum types: "volcano" (51.61%), "lighthouse" (24.73%), "whale tail" (12.90%), "hood" (5.38%) and "castle door" (5.38%), which we propose as an anatomical classification. Conclusion: Veromontanum has smaller measurements in patients with BPH regardless of treatment. In the control group, there was an increase in verumontanum diameters with an increase in BMI. The volcano type of verumontanum was the most frequent regardless of groups and BMI.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Prostatic Hyperplasia/surgery , Prostatic Hyperplasia/drug therapy , Urethra , Endoscopy , 5-alpha Reductase Inhibitors
10.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 47(1): 131-144, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134328

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To generate high-quality data comparing the clinical efficacy and safety profile between monopolar transurethral resection of the prostate (M-TURP) and bipolar plasmakinetic resection of the prostate (PK-TURP) for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Materials and Methods: Prospective, randomized, single-blinded study conducted in a tertiary-care public institution (Dec/2014-Aug/2016). Inclusion criteria: prostate of <80g in patients with drug-refractory lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS), complications derived from BPH, or both. Exclusion criteria: a history of pelvic surgery/radiotherapy, neurogenic bladder dysfunction or documented/suspected prostate carcinoma. Treatment efficacy evaluated at 1, 3, 6 and 12 months. Efficacy outcomes: international prostate symptom score (IPSS), quality-of-life (QoL) score, international index of erectile function-5 (IIEF-5), maximum urinary flow rate (Qmax), postvoid residual urine (PVRU) volume, and prostate volume (PV). Complications and sequelae also assessed. Comparisons performed with parametric/non-parametric tests. Results: Out of the 100 hundred patients, 84 qualified for the analysis (45 M-TURP/39 PK-TURP). No significant differences found in baseline characteristics or operative data, except for a longer operative time in PK-TURP (MD:7.9min; 95%CI:0.13-15.74; p=0.04). No differences found in IPSS, Qmax or PVRU volume. QoL score at 12 months was higher in PK-TURP (MD:0,9points; 95%CI:0.18-1.64; p=0.01). No differences in sexual function, PV, complications or sequelae were found. This study is "rigorous" (Jadadscale) and has a low risk of bias (Cochrane-Handbook). Conclusions: Based on this controlled trial, there is not significant variation in effectiveness and safety between M-TURP and PK-TURP for the treatment of BPH. The small difference in QoL between PK-TURP and M-TURP at the one-year follow-up is not perceivable by the patients and, therefore, not clinically relevant.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Prostatic Hyperplasia/surgery , Transurethral Resection of Prostate/adverse effects , Quality of Life , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
11.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 616-620, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922365

ABSTRACT

Adoption of the prostatic urethral lift (PUL) as a treatment for benign prostatic hyperplasia highlights the importance of training residents with novel technology without compromising patient care. This study examines the effect of resident involvement during PUL on patient and procedural outcomes. Retrospective chart review was conducted on all consecutive PUL cases performed by a single academic urologist between October 2017 and November 2019. Trainees in post-graduate year (PGY) 1-3 are considered junior residents, while those in PGY 4-6 are senior residents. The International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) and quality of life (QOL) scores were used to measure outcomes. Simple and mixed-effects linear regression models were used to compare differences. There were 110 patients with a median age of 66.4 years. Residents were involved in 73 cases (66.4%), and senior residents were involved in 31 of those cases. Resident involvement was not associated with adverse perioperative outcomes with respect to the number of implants fired, the percentage of implants successfully placed, or the postoperative catheterization rate. After adjustment for confounding factors, junior residents were associated with significantly longer case length compared to the attending alone (+12.6 min, P = 0.003) but senior residents were not (+2.4 min, P = 0.59). IPSS and QOL scores were not significantly affected by resident involvement (P = 0.12 and P = 0.21, respectively). The presence of surgeons-in-training, particularly those in the early stages, prolongs PUL case length but does not appear to have an adverse impact on patient outcomes.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Internship and Residency/statistics & numerical data , Prostate/surgery , Prostatic Hyperplasia/surgery , Quality of Life/psychology , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Ureteroscopy/statistics & numerical data
12.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 787-792, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922158

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the safety and clinical efficiency of holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) in the treatment of small-volume BPH (SBPH) complicated by severe lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS).@*METHODS@#We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data on 82 cases of SBPH with severe LUTS treated by HoLEP from January 2017 to December 2018. The patients were aged (65.5 ± 7.6) years, with a mean prostate volume of <40 ml, a total IPSS of 24.8 ± 4.6, a QOL score of 5.2 ± 0.8, the maximum urinary flow rate (Qmax) of (7.6 ± 3.7) ml/s, and a mean PSA level of (1.8 ± 1.4) μg/L.@*RESULTS@#All the operations were successfully completed, the mean operation time averaging (30.2 ± 5.0) min, enucleation time (26.7 ± 5.6) min and comminution time (3.5 ± 1.1) min, and the enucleated tissue weighing (20.3 ± 4.9) g. After surgery, the bladders were irrigated for (3.5 ± 1.9) h, with (3.0 ± 1.7) L of rinse solution, and catheterization lasted (24.8 ± 9.7) h. Histopathology revealed moderate or severe lymphocytic infiltration in 69 cases (84.1%). At 6 months after operation, significant improvement was observed in the IPSS, QOL, Qmax and PSA level compared with the baseline (P < 0.05). To date, no urethral stricture-related reoperation was ever necessitated.@*CONCLUSIONS@#HoLEP is safe and effective for the treatment of SBPH complicated by severe LUTS and can be employed after adequate preoperative evaluation of the patient.《.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Lasers, Solid-State , Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms/surgery , Prostate/surgery , Prostatic Hyperplasia/surgery , Quality of Life , Retrospective Studies
14.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 46(4): 624-631, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134194

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose To identify incidence and predictors of stress urinary incontinence (SUI) following Holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP). Materials and Methods We performed a retrospective review of 589 HoLEP patients from 2012-2018. Patients were assessed at pre-operative and post-operative visits. Univariate and multivariate regression analyses were performed to identify predictors of SUI. Results 52/589 patients (8.8%) developed transient SUI, while 9/589 (1.5%) developed long-term SUI. tSUI resolved for 46 patients (88.5%) within the first six weeks and in 6 patients (11.5%) between 6 weeks to 3 months. Long-term SUI patients required intervention, achieving continence at 16.4 months on average, 44 men (70.9%) with incontinence were catheter dependent preoperatively. Mean prostatic volume was 148.7mL in tSUI patients, 111.6mL in long-term SUI, and 87.9mL in others (p <0.0001). On univariate analysis, laser energy used (p <0.0001), laser "on" time (p=0.0204), resected prostate weight (p <0.0001), overall International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) (p=0.0005), and IPSS QOL (p=0.02) were associated with SUI. On multivariate analysis, resected prostate weight was predictive of any SUI and tSUI, with no risk factors identified for long-term SUI. Conclusion Post-HoLEP SUI occurs in ~10% of patients, with 1.5% continuing beyond six months. Most patients with tSUI recover within the first six weeks. Prostate size >100g and catheter dependency are associated with increased risk tSUI. Larger prostate volume is an independent predictor of any SUI, and tSUI.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Prostatic Hyperplasia/surgery , Urinary Incontinence, Stress/surgery , Urinary Incontinence, Stress/etiology , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Transurethral Resection of Prostate , Laser Therapy , Lasers, Solid-State/adverse effects , Surgeons , Middle Aged
15.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 46(4): 575-584, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134201

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective and Hypothesis We aimed to investigate the reasons of storage symptoms ( SS) after transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP). The hypothesis was that a positive correlation would be identified between preoperative and postoperative SS in patients with undergoing TURP and starting early solifenacin treatment in patients with high preoperative SS would be reasonable. In addition, we aimed to analyze multiple other risk factors for post-TURP SS. Materials and Methods A total of 160 patients undergoing TURP were prospectively evaluated and divided into two groups according to their OABS. Those with a score of ≥10 points were Group 1 (G1), and those with <10 points Group 2 (G2). In addition, patients in each group were randomly further divided into two subgroups: those who were started on 5 mg solifenacin succinate in the early postoperative period (G1/G2 A) and those who were not (G1/G2 B). In additions to SS Preop, perop and at the 3rd-month of postoperatively 14 variable were evaluated. The effects of these factors, surgery and the efficacy of an early medical treatment on the postoperative SS were investigated. LUTS were assessed by International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) and SS were assessed by sum of IPSS 2, 4 and 7 questionnaires (Storage, S- IPSS). Results Preoperative IPSS and S-IPSS were significantly higher in G1 (p<0.001); there was a significant improvement at IPSS, S-IPSS, QoL score, Qmax, and PVR for all groups after surgery. Only preoperative S-IPSS was found to have significant effect on postoperative SS (p<0.001). There was a significant difference between G1A and G1B but no significant difference between G2A and G2B in terms of SS at postoperatively. In addition to this, prostatic volume was found smaller than non-symptomatic patients in de novo SS patients. Conclusion TURP provides significant improvement in both storage and voiding symptoms. The predictive value of the preoperative S-IPSS on postop SS is significant. These results suggest that 5 mg solifenacin succinate treatment in the early postoperative period may be beneficial for patients with high preoperative SS and may not be beneficial in others. Small prostatic volume may bode ill for postoperative SS in the patients with de novo SS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Transurethral Resection of Prostate , Prostatic Hyperplasia/surgery , Prostatic Hyperplasia/drug therapy , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome , Solifenacin Succinate/therapeutic use , Middle Aged
16.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 45(6): 1279-1280, Nov.-Dec. 2019.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056342

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objectives: Surgical treatment is indicated in patients where medical therapy fails to prove beneficial or in patients who develop complications related with bladder outlet obstruction. In our study, we developed a new surgical technique which can be defined as Transvesical Resection of Prostate (TVRP) without using the urethra. This method was previously described in our articles (1). Materials and Methods: A 62-years-old male patient, using an alpha blocker agent for 5 years, reported increased discomfort with urination. His findings were as follows: PSA: 1.2 ng/dL, prostate volume: 45 cc, digital rectal examination: benign, IPSS: 30, QoL: 5, Qmax: 6, urine volume: 225 cc, post-mictional residue: 65 cc. Eventually the patient was informed and prostate resection decision was made. Results: Suprapubic catheter was removed 1 day after surgery and the patient was discharged. Urethral catheter was removed 4 days after urine output became clear. No complications developed after the operation. At postoperative 1st month, Qmax was 22, urine volume was 260 cc, post-mictional residue was 40 cc, IPSS was 8, QoL was 1, and the pathology was benign prostate tissue. Conclusions: Urethral stricture is one of the most important postoperative complications of TURP. The incidence of urethral stricture is reported between 2.2% and 9.8% in different series (2-5). In this technique which we developed, urethra is not used and prostate is removed through the bladder, similar to open prostatectomies. For this reason, we suggest that it has an advantage over TURP, regarding urethral stricture development.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Prostatectomy/methods , Prostatic Hyperplasia/surgery , Urinary Bladder Neck Obstruction/surgery , Prostatic Hyperplasia/complications , Urinary Bladder Neck Obstruction/etiology , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Middle Aged
17.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 1159-1164, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941952

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the safety and efficacy of the seven-step two-lobe holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) technique with low power laser device, and to introduce the detailed operating procedures, key points, short-term outcomes of this modified HoLEP technique.@*METHODS@#From March 2016 to November 2017, 90 patients underwent HoLEP in Peking University Third Hospital. The patients were divided into two groups: high-power group (32 patients) were performed with traditional Gilling's three-lobe enucleation using high power (90 W) laser; Low-power group (58 patients) were performed with seven-step two-lobe enucleation using low power (40 W) laser. The main steps of the low power seven-step two-lobe HoLEP phase included: (1) The identification of the correct plane between adenoma and capsule at 5 and 7 o'clock laterally to the veru montanum; (2) The connection of the bilateral plane by making a adenoma incision at the proximal point of veru montanum; (3) The extension of the dorsal plane under the whole three lobes between adenoma and capsule towards the bladder neck; (4) The separation of the middle lobe from two lateral lobes by making two retrograde incisions separately from apex 5 and 7 o'clock towards the bladder neck; (5) The enucleation of the middle lobe adenoma by extending the dorsal plane through into the bladder; (6) The prevention of the apex mucosa by making a circle incision at the apex of the prostate; (7) The en-bloc enucleation of the two lateral lobe adenomas by extending the lateral and ventral plane between adenoma and capsule from 5 and 7 o'clock to 12 o'clock conjunction and through into the bladder.@*RESULTS@#The mean patient age was (66.25±5.37) years vs. (68.00±5.18) years; The mean body mass indexes were (24.13±4.06) kg/m2 vs. (24.57±3.50) kg/m2; The mean prostate specific antigen values were (3.23±2.47) μg/L vs. (6.00±6.09) μg/L; The average prostatic volumes evaluated by ultrasound was (49.03±20.63) mL vs. (67.55±36.97) mL. There was no significant difference between the two groups. Furthermore, there were no significant differences in terms of perioperative and follow up data, including operative time; enucleation efficiencies; hemoglobin decrease; blood sodium and potassiumthe change postoperatively; catheterization duration and hospital stay; the international prostate symptom scores and quality of life scores pre- and post-operatively. There was 1 transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) conversion in high-power group and 1 transfusion in low-power group during the operations. The follow-up one month after operation showed no severe stress incontinence in both the groups, whereas 3 cases ejaculatory dysfunctions in high-power group versus 1 case in low-power group were observed; Other surgeryrelated complications included: 2 cases postoperative hemorrhage (Clavien II and Clavien IIIb) in high-power group, 2 cases postoperative temperature more than 38 °C (Clavien I) and 1 case dysuria following catheter removal (Clavien I) in low-power group.@*CONCLUSION@#Low power laser device can be applied safe and effectively for HoLEP procedure using the seven-step two-lobe HoLEP technique. The outcomes comparable with high power laser HoLEP can be achieved.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Holmium , Laser Therapy , Lasers, Solid-State , Prostatic Hyperplasia/surgery , Quality of Life , Transurethral Resection of Prostate , Treatment Outcome
18.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 64(10): 876-881, Oct. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-976785

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY The minimally invasive procedures (mips) for the treatment of symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia (bph) are presented as attractive techniques due to their ease of accomplishment and the possibility of outpatient treatment. This guideline aims to present recommendations that may assist in decision making in patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia and indication of the different minimally invasive therapies. For this, a systematic review of the literature was performed, with the descriptors according to the pico: patient with benign prostatic hyperplasia, minimally invasive therapy, clinical outcome and adverse events. With no time restriction, in medline, cochrane central and lilacs databases via vhl, 1,007 papers were retrieved, of which 16 were selected to respond to clinical doubt. Details of the methodology and results of this guideline are set out in annex I


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Prostatic Hyperplasia/surgery , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures/methods , Urinary Tract/surgery , Urination Disorders/surgery , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures/classification , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Evidence-Based Medicine
19.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 44(5): 1023-1031, Sept.-Oct. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-975621

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To protect the urethra from instrumentation related urethra injures and stricture, we developed a new surgical technique which can be defined as transvesical resection of prostate without using urethra. Materials and Methods: Our study included 12 consecutive bladder outlet obstruction patients treated with transvesical prostate resection in our clinic between March 2016 and May 2016. Detailed anamnesis, results of physical examination, digital rectal examination, routine lab tests, international prostate symptoms score, transrectal ultrasound, measurement of prostate-specific antigen levels and uroflowmetry was performed in all patients prior to surgery. Results: Hospitalization period following surgery was 1 day. Foley catheter and suprapubic cystostomy catheters were removed in a median period of 3.6 days and 1 day. Median mass of resected adenomas was measured as 21.8 gr. Median maximum flow rate was measured as 6mL/s. Median postvoid residual urine volume was 70.6 cc and median international prostate symptoms score and quality of life scores were 9 and 1.4, respectively. Conclusion: In this study, we would like to show the possible practicality of transvesical resection of prostate technique in this patient group. However, we think that this technique is very useful in special patient groups such as patients with bladder stones, priapism and penile prosthesis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Prostatectomy/methods , Prostatic Hyperplasia/surgery , Urinary Bladder Neck Obstruction/surgery , Prostatic Hyperplasia/complications , Urinary Bladder Neck Obstruction/etiology , Treatment Outcome
20.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 44(4): 765-770, July-Aug. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-954087

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: The urinary bladder diverticula (BD) secondary to benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a complication that can lead to urinary stasis, stone, urinary tract infection (UTI) and tumors. It's role in acute urinary retention (AUR) is not totally understood. Objectives: To determine the effect of BD size on AUR rates in patients with BPH candidates to surgery. Subjects and Methods: We performed a retrospective cohort study of 47 patients with BPH and BD who underwent BPH surgery associated to complete bladder diverticulectomy from 2006 to 2016. We analyzed risk factors for AUR in patients with BD using univariate, multivariate and correlation analysis. Results: There was a difference in the size of the diverticula, with 6.8 cm vs. 4.5 cm among patients with and without AUR respectively (p=0.005). The ROC curve showed a correlation between the size of BD and the risk of AUR. The value of 5.15 cm presented a sensitivity of 73% and a specificity of 72%. The area under the curve was 0.75 (p=0.01). Comparing groups with BD >5.0 cm vs. ≤5.0 cm, the AUR incidence was 74% and 27.8% respectively with an OR of 2.65 (1.20-5.85) (p=0.005). In the multivariate analysis, only the size of the diverticula reached statistical significance (p=0.012). Conclusions: The diameter of BD is an independent risk factor for AUR in patients with BPH and BD who are candidates to surgery. A diameter greater than 5.15 cm increases the risk of AUR.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Prostatic Hyperplasia/surgery , Prostatic Hyperplasia/complications , Urinary Bladder/abnormalities , Urinary Retention/etiology , Diverticulum/complications , Diverticulum/pathology , Reference Values , Urinary Bladder/pathology , Urinary Bladder/diagnostic imaging , Severity of Illness Index , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Acute Disease , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , ROC Curve , Diverticulum/diagnostic imaging , Risk Assessment , Middle Aged
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