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1.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 37(2): 318-323, 20220316. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362982

ABSTRACT

Introducción. Por ser un procedimiento de mínima invasión, la colangiopancreatografía retrógrada endoscópica (CPRE) es el procedimiento más utilizado para el manejo de la patología litiásica biliar. Sin embargo, puede presentar complicaciones que comprometen la vida del paciente. Caso clínico. Paciente masculino de 63 años es llevado a CPRE por una coledocolitiasis recidivante gigante. Durante el procedimiento presentó una disección aérea masiva con neumotórax bilateral a tensión, secundarios a una perforación duodenal, que derivó en una fístula bilio-retroperitoneal. Se trató de forma conservadora con una adecuada evolución. Discusión. Se han descrito pocos casos de neumotórax como complicación de la CPRE. Se considera que este es el primer caso publicado de neumotórax a tensión manejado exitosamente de forma conservadora. Conclusión. El diagnóstico temprano de las disecciones aéreas es el único predictor independiente que podría cambiar el curso clínico de esta patología y su manejo dependerá de la experticia del cirujano y del estado clínico del paciente.


Introduction. Because it is a minimally invasive procedure, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is the most widely used procedure for the management of biliary lithiasic pathology. However, it can present complications that compromise the life of the patient. Clinical case. A 63-year-old male patient is taken to ERCP for a giant recurrent choledocholithiasis. During the procedure presented a massive air dissection with bilateral tension pneumothorax, secondary to a duodenal perforation, which led to a bilio-retroperitoneal fistula. It was treated conservatively with adequate evolution.Discussion. Few cases of pneumothorax have been described as a complication of ERCP. This is considered to be the first published case of tension pneumothorax successfully managed conservatively. Conclusion. Early diagnosis of air dissections is the only independent predictor that could change the clinical course of this pathology, and its management will depend on the expertise of the surgeon and the clinical status of the patient.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biliary Fistula , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Pneumothorax , Prostheses and Implants , General Surgery
2.
Saúde Soc ; 31(1): e200398, 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1352217

ABSTRACT

Resumo Obsolescência programada é um conjunto de ações empreendidas por parte do produtor com o objetivo de estabelecer o decaimento gradativo de algum atributo de uma mercadoria para, assim, estimular artificialmente a demanda pelo consumo. A literatura sobre o fenômeno tem apontado como vítimas somente indivíduos e, como forma de manifestação do fenômeno, objetos. Este trabalho aponta a ocorrência do fenômeno de obsolescência programada em serviços públicos de saúde. Para isso, é empreendido um estudo exploratório-interpretativo de abordagem qualitativa e utilizado como estratégia de pesquisa o estudo de caso. A unidade de análise foi a nomeada Máfia das Próteses e, para coleta de dados, foram empregadas as técnicas de pesquisa bibliográfica e documental. Como resultado, foram selecionados e expostos três casos da ocorrência do fenômeno em cirurgias. Foi também realizado um esforço interpretativo dos condicionantes, da dinâmica e dos efeitos da prática de sabote cirúrgico com objetivo de estimular a demanda por serviços médicos e equipamentos médico-hospitalares. Como contribuição, este estudo realiza o delineamento dos elementos que caracterizam a ocorrência deste fenômeno em serviços médicos. Além disso, inaugura uma agenda de futuros estudos que abordam tanto o Estado sendo vitimado pela prática, quanto a ocorrência do fenômeno no setor de serviços.


Abstract Planned obsolescence is a set of actions undertaken by the producer to establish the gradual decay of some attribute of a commodity, artificially stimulating the demand for consumption. The literature on the phenomenon has identified only individuals as victims and objects as forms of expression. This study reports the occurrence of planned obsolescence in public health services. To this end, it consists of an exploratory-interpretative study with a qualitative approach, using the case study of the so-called Prosthetic Mafia. Data were collected by means of bibliographic and documentary research, resulting in three cases that expose the phenomenon occurrence in surgeries. The results were analyzed through an attempt to interpret the conditions, dynamics, and effects of the practice of surgical sabotage to stimulate the demand for medical services and medical-hospital equipment. This study outlines the elements that characterize planned obsolescence occurrence in medical services, inaugurating an agenda of future studies that address both the State being victimized by the practice and the phenomenon in the service sector.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Orthotic Devices , Prostheses and Implants , Science, Technology and Society , Hospital Administration , Materials Management, Hospital
4.
Rev. SOBECC (Online) ; v26(n4): 199-204, 31-12-2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1367529

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Estimar os intervalos de tempo envolvidos no reprocessamento de materiais consignados temporários de prótese total de quadril em um centro de material e esterilização de um hospital privado de São Paulo (SP). Método: Estudo exploratório-descritivo, de campo, com abordagem quantitativa. A amostra foi composta de 41 processamentos de materiais consignados. Os intervalos de tempo foram registrados com auxílio de cronômetro digital, hora inicial e final de cada atividade. O cálculo amostral foi estimado com intervalo de confiança de 95%. Resultados: O tempo total do processamento teve mediana de 10 horas, o tempo efe-tivo total foi de 4,9 horas e o intervalo de tempo entre o fim do reprocessamento e o horário da cirurgia foi de 4,7 horas de antecedência. Houve cancelamento de uma cirurgia em virtude do atraso na entrega do material. Conclusão: Nesta pesquisa foram mensurados os tempos de reprocessamento de materiais consignados, sendo mantido o rigor metodológico em todas as etapas, com estimativas que respeitaram o intervalo de confiança, o que faz deste estudo passível de reprodução. Sugere-se que profissionais de outras instituições realizem tais mensurações, de modo que permitam a construção de indicadores, auxiliando enfermeiros na tomada de decisão.


Objective: To estimate the time intervals necessary to reprocess loaner items for total hip replacement in a sterile processing department of a private hospital in São Paulo (SP). Method: This is an exploratory, descriptive field study with a quantitative approach. The sample consisted of 41 processing cycles for loaner items. Intervals were recorded using a digital stopwatch, including the start and end times of each activity. Sample calculation was estimated with a 95% confidence interval. Results: Median total processing time was 10 hours, total effective time was 4.9 hours, and the interval between the end of reprocessing and the time of surgery was 4.7 hours in advance. One surgery was canceled due to delayed delivery of the item. Conclusions: This study measured the reprocessing times of loaner items, maintaining the methodological rigor at all stages, with estimates that respected the confidence interval, making this investigation reproduci-ble. We suggest that professionals from other facilities perform these measurements to allow the construction of indicators that can help nurses in decision-making.


Objetivo: Estimar los intervalos de tiempo involucrados en el reprocesamiento de materiales consignados temporalmente para reemplazo total de cadera en un Centro de Material y Esterilización de un hospital privado de São Paulo. Método: Estudio de campo exploratorio-descriptivo con enfoque cuantita-tivo. La muestra consistió en 41 procesamientos de materiales consignados. Los intervalos de tiempo se registraron con la ayuda de un cronómetro digital, hora de inicio y finalización de cada actividad. El cálculo del tamaño de la muestra se estimó con un intervalo de confianza del 95%. Resultados: El tiempo total de procesamiento tuvo una mediana de 10 horas; el tiempo efectivo total fue de 4,9 horas y el intervalo de tiempo entre el final del reprocesamiento y el momento de la cirugía fue de 4,7 horas antes. Se canceló una cirugía debido al retraso en la entrega del material. Conclusión: En esta investigación se midieron los tiem-pos de reprocesamiento de los materiales consignados, manteniendo el rigor metodológico en todas las etapas, con estimaciones que respetaron el intervalo de confianza, haciendo este estudio susceptible de reproducción. Se sugiere que profesionales de otras instituciones realicen dichas mediciones, de manera que per-mitan la construcción de indicadores, ayudando a las enfermeras en la toma de decisiones.


Subject(s)
Humans , Prostheses and Implants , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Denture, Complete , Sterilization , Hospitals, Private , Hip
5.
Medicina UPB ; 40(2): 33-40, 13 oct. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1342178

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: caracterizar desde el punto de vista microbiológico las infecciones periprotesicas (IP) de los pacientes sometidos a remplazo articular de rodilla o cadera, en la IPS universitaria Clínica León XIII, y evidenciar los patrones más comunes de resistencia a los antibióticos, en el periodo 2015-2018. Metodología: se recolectó información de 25 pacientes llevados a remplazo articular de rodilla o cadera en la IPS universitaria, sede Clínica León XIII, durante el periodo de 2015-2018, que desarrollaron IP. Se obtuvo información sobre características demográfica, clínicas y patrones de resistencia (según antibiograma), y sobre los criterios usados para diagnosticarla. Los datos se registraron, según la naturaleza y distribución de la variable, en medias o medianas para las variables cuantitativas, y en frecuencias para las cualitativas. Resultados: entre 2015 y 2018 se realizaron 541 remplazos articulares, la incidencia de infección periprotésica fue de 4.6% (25 pacientes), 22 casos (88%) con crecimiento microbiológico. El germen más frecuente fue el S. aureus, con patrón alto de resistencia para meticilina (SAMR), en el 44%. Seguido por K. pneumoniae, con un patrón de resistencia por producción de betalactamasas de espectro extendido (BLEE) de 83%. Ninguno tuvo resistencia a los carbapenémicos. Conclusiones: los resultados son similares a los reportados en la literatura internacional. Sigue siendo el S. aureus el principal causante de la infección periprotésica, seguido de los gérmenes gram negativos.


Objective: to microbiologically characterize the periprosthetic infections (PI) of patients undergoing knee or hip joint replacement at IPS Universitaria Clínica León XXIIIin the period 2015-2018, and to demonstrate the most common antibiotic resistance patterns. Methodology: the information was collected from 25 patients undergoing knee or hip joint replacement at IPS Universitaria Clínica León XXIII during the period 2015-2018 who developed PI. Data was obtained on demographic, clinical characteristics, and antibiotic resistance patterns (according to antibiograms), as well as on the diagnostic criteria used to diagnose it. The data was recorded, according to the nature and distribution of the variable, in means or medians for the quantitative variables, and in frequencies for the qualitative variables.Results:between 2015-2018, 541 joint replacements were performed. There was an incidence of periprosthetic infection in 25 patients (4.6%), 22 of whom (88%) had micro-biological growth. The most frequent germ was S. aureus, which had a high resistance pattern for methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) in 44%, followed by K. pneumoniaewith a positive extended spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) in 83%. None of them showed resistance to carbapenems.Conclusions: the results found are similar to those reported in the international lite-rature. This investigation evidenced that S. aureus continues to be the main cause of periprosthetic infection, followed by gram-negative germs.


Objetivo: caracterizar do ponto de vista microbiológico as infecções periprotéticas (IP) dos pacientes submetidos à artroplastia articular do joelho ou do quadril, na IPS universitário, Clínica León XIII, e demonstrar os padrões mais comuns de resistência aos antibióticos, em o período 2015-2018.Metodologia: foram coletadas informações de 25 pacientes encaminhados para prótese de joelho ou quadril no IPS universitário, sede da Clínica León XIII, no período 2015-2018, que desenvolveram IP. Foram obtidas informações sobre as características demográfi-cas, clínicas e padrões de resistência (de acordo com antibiograma) e sobre os critérios usados para diagnosticá-la. Os dados foram registrados, de acordo com a natureza e distribuição da variável, em médias ou medianas para as variáveis quantitativas e em frequências para as qualitativas.Resultados: entre 2015 e 2018, foram realizadas 541 substituições articulares, a incidência de infecção periprotética foi de 4,6% (25 pacientes), 22 casos (88%) com crescimento microbiológico. O germe mais frequente foi S. aureus, com alto padrão de resistência à meticilina (MRSA), em 44%. Seguido por K. pneumoniae, com padrão de resistência devido à produção de beta-lactamase de espectro estendido (ESBL) de 83%. Nenhum apresentou resistência aos carbapenêmicos.Conclusões: os resultados são semelhantes aos relatados na literatura internacional. S. aureus continua a ser a principal causa de infecção periprotética, seguido por germes gram-negativos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Prostheses and Implants , Drug Resistance, Microbial , Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus , Hip Joint , Infections , Joints , Knee , Anti-Bacterial Agents
6.
Rehabil. integral (Impr.) ; 15(1): 20-29, ago. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1283456

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: Las deficiencias congénitas y adquiridas de extremidades superiores son una condición importante en la población pediátrica, existe poca información respecto de sus características clínicas, sociodemográficas y las asociadas al uso de prótesis. OBJETIVO: Describir las características clínicas y sociodemográficas de la población infantojuvenil entre 2 y 17 años con diagnóstico de deficiencia de extremidades superiores adquirida y/o congénita, pertenecientes al Instituto Teletón Santiago (IT-S). METODOLOGÍA: Estudio transversal, en población infantojuvenil entre 2 y 17 años, con diagnóstico de deficiencia de extremidades superiores, adquirida y congénita, que se atienden en el IT-S. Se realizó una revisión de fichas clínicas y encuesta para la obtención de datos de características sociodemográficas, clínicas y asociadas al uso de prótesis. RESULTADOS: Se incluyeron 215 pacientes, 93,9% de etiología congénita y 6,1% adquirida. El nivel de la deficiencia más frecuente fue parcial de mano con 51,6%, seguido del transradial con 33,1%. El 33% de los 215 pacientes estudiados tuvieron prescripción de prótesis. De los pacientes con prescripción de prótesis, 78,9% correspondía a mecánica y 18,3% a prótesis 3D. El 53,5% usaba su prótesis y el 46,4% no la usaba. Respecto a las prótesis 3D, el 84,6% no la usaban. En el nivel parcial de mano, el 83,3% no usaban su prótesis. CONCLUSIONES: Este estudio aporta datos de importancia clínica, destacando, una prescripción protésica de inicio temprano y asociada a las características clínicas de los pacientes. Así mismo, existe una alta tasa de no uso de las prótesis 3D, en el nivel parcial de mano.


INTRODUCTION: Congenital and acquired deficiencies of the upper extremities are an important condition in the pediatric population, however, there is almost no information regarding the clinical and sociodemographic characteristics and those associated with the use of prostheses. OBJECTIVE: Describe the clinical and sociodemographic characteristics of the child and adolescent population between 2 and 17 years old with a diagnosis of acquired and/or congenital upper limb deficiency, belonging to the Instituto Teletón Santiago (IT-S). METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in child and adolescent population between 2 and 17 years old, with a diagnosis of acquired and/ or congenital upper limb deficiency treated in the IT-S. A review of clinical records and a survey were carried out to obtain data on sociodemographic and clinical characteristics and characteristics associated with the use of prostheses. RESULTS: 215 patients were included, 93.9% of congenital and 6.1% of acquired etiology. The most common level of deficiency was partial hand with 51.6%, followed by transradial with 33.1%. 33% of the 215 patients included had a prescription for a prosthesis. 78.9% of the patients with a prosthesis prescription had a mechanical prosthesis and 18.3% had a 3D prosthesis. 53.5% used their prosthesis and 46.4% did not use it. 84.6% of the patients with 3D prostheses did not use them and an 83.3% of the patients with a partial hand level deficiency did not use their prosthesis. CONCLUSION: This study provides data of clinical importance, highlighting an early-onset prosthetic prescription associated with the clinical characteristics of the patients. Likewise, there is a high rate of non-use of 3D prostheses at the partial hand level.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Upper Extremity/pathology , Upper Extremity Deformities, Congenital/epidemiology , Prostheses and Implants , Socioeconomic Factors , Chile , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Retrospective Studies , Upper Extremity Deformities, Congenital/rehabilitation , Amputation
7.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 58(2): e3309, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289401

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las prótesis provisionales son restauraciones usadas en prótesis fijas durante un tiempo, hasta la cementación de la prótesis definitiva. Uno de los problemas que presentan este tipo de restauraciones es el cambio de color, que afecta a la estética y, en consecuencia, produce sensación de desagrado en los pacientes. Objetivo: Evaluar, para restauraciones provisionales, con y sin el pulido final de la superficie, la estabilidad del color de dos resinas al ser sumergidas en café. Métodos: Estudio experimental in vitro, realizado en el Laboratorio de Prótesis de la Facultad de Odontología de la Universidad Nacional del Nordeste, Corrientes-Argentina, 2019. Se comparó una resina acrílica (Duralay®) con una bisacrílica (ProtempIV 3M®) para restauraciones provisionales. Se elaboraron 40 discos de resinas a partir de moldes metálicos de 25 mm de diámetro y 2 mm de espesor. Se utilizaron 20 discos para cada tipo de resina, de ellos, 10 pulidos y 10 sin pulir. Las muestras fueron almacenadas en agua destilada en estufa a 37 °C durante 24 h para hidratarlos. Luego se procedió a la toma del color. Con posterioridad, cada grupo se sumergió en café, manteniéndolos en estufa a 37 °C durante 24 h más. Seguidamente, se realizó la segunda toma del color. Se utilizó el colorímetro Kónica Minolta®, determinando la diferencia total de color ΔE. Para el análisis estadístico se utilizó ANOVA una vía y test de Tukey para identificar la diferencia entre grupos. Resultados: Se observó en el grupo de resina acrílica pulida una diferencia ΔE = 0,82 ± DS = 0,22 y de ΔE = 3,86 ± DS = 0,30 sin pulido. En el grupo de resina bisacrílica pulido se obtuvo ΔE = 4,84 ± DS = 0,25 y, para el no pulido, ΔE = 5,85 ± DS = 0,29. Conclusiones: Se comprobaron diferencias significativas en la estabilidad del color de ambas resinas. La resina bisacrílica fue la menos estable, independientemente del pulido(AU)


Introduction: Provisional prosthesis are restorations used in fixed prostheses for a while, until the definitive prosthesis is cemented. One of the problems posed by this type of restoration is the change in color, which affects esthetics and therefore creates a feeling of displeasure in patients. Objective: Evaluate, in the case of provisional restorations with and without final surface polish, the color stability of two resins when soaked in coffee. Methods: An in vitro experimental study was conducted in the Prosthesis Laboratory at the Dental School of the National University of the Northeast in Corrientes, Argentina, in the year 2019. A comparison was made of an acrylic resin (Duralay®) versus a bisacrylic resin (ProtempIV 3M®) for provisional restorations. Forty resin disks were made from metal molds 2 mm thick and 25 mm in diameter. Twenty disks were used for each type of resin, of which 10 were polished and 10 were not. The samples were stored in distilled water in a stove at 37ºC for 24 h to hydrate them. Color measurements were then taken. Next, each group was soaked in coffee and kept in the stove at 37ºC for another 24 h. A second color measurement was then taken. A Konica Minolta® colorimeter was used to determine total color difference ΔE. Statistical analysis was based on one-way ANOVA and Tukey's test was used to identify the difference between the groups. Results: In the polished acrylic resin group a difference was found of ΔE = 0.82 ± SD = 0.22, whereas in the non-polish group the difference was ΔE = 3.86 ± SD = 0.30. In the polished bisacrylic resin group the difference was ΔE = 4.84 ± SD = 0.25, whereas in the non-polish group the difference was ΔE = 5.85 ± SD = 0.29. Conclusions: Significant differences were found in the color stability of both resins. The bisacrylic resin was the least stable, regardless of polish(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Prostheses and Implants , Acrylic Resins/adverse effects , Cementation/methods , Dental Polishing/methods , Prosthesis Coloring/methods , Esthetics, Dental
8.
Rev. cuba. angiol. cir. vasc ; 22(1): e214, ene.-abr. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1251680

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El pie diabético se considera un problema de salud a escala mundial, debido al alto número de ingresos en los servicios hospitalarios. Objetivo: Caracterizar a los pacientes con pie diabético isquémico sometidos a cirugía revascularizadora en el Instituto Nacional de Angiología y Cirugía Vascular. Métodos: Se llevó a cabo un estudio descriptivo y retrospectivo en 24 pacientes que ingresaron en el Servicio de Angiopatía Diabética del Instituto Nacional de Angiología y Cirugía Vascular con el diagnóstico de pie diabético isquémico, a los cuales se les realizó cualquier tipo de cirugía revascularizadora durante el período comprendido entre abril de 2018 y abril de 2019. Las variables estudiadas fueron: edad, sexo, factores de riesgo ateroscleróticos y enfermedades asociadas, patrón topográfico, clasificación de Fontaine, clasificación hemodinámica según la American College of Cardiology Foundation (ACCF) y técnicas quirúrgicas utilizadas. Se calcularon las frecuencias absolutas y relativas para las variables cualitativas. Resultados: Más del 95 por ciento de los pacientes eran mayores de 50 años. Hubo un predominó del sexo masculino (79,2 por ciento). La hipertensión arterial y el hábito de fumar resultaron los factores de riesgo de mayor frecuencia con igual porcentaje (79,8 por ciento). El patrón oclusivo predominante fue el fémoro-poplíteo (75 por ciento) y la técnica quirúrgica más utilizada resultó el bypass fémoro-poplíteo con prótesis sintética en la primera porción de la poplítea (54,1 por ciento). No se necesitó la amputación después de la cirugía en el 83 por ciento de los enfermos. Conclusiones: Los pacientes se caracterizaron por ser en su mayoría adultos mayores, fumadores e hipertensos. A estos se les realizaron, preferentemente, técnicas quirúrgicas convencionales sobre los procederes endovasculares(AU)


Introduction: Diabetic foot is considered a global health problem, due to the high number of hospital admissions. Objective: Characterize patients with ischemic diabetic foot undergoing revascularization surgery at the National Institute of Angiology and Vascular Surgery. Methods: A descriptive and retrospective study was carried out in 24 patients who were admitted in the Diabetic Angiopathy Service of the National Institute of Angiology and Vascular Surgery with the diagnosis of ischemic diabetic foot, whom underwent any kind of revascularization surgery during the period from April 2018 to April 2019. The variables studied were: age, sex, atherosclerotic risk factors and associated diseases, topographic pattern, Fontaine classification, hemodynamic classification according to the American College of Cardiology Foundation (ACCF) and surgical techniques used. Absolute and relative frequencies for qualitative variables were calculated. Results: More than 95 percent of patients were over 50 years of age. There was a predominance of the male sex (79.2 percent). High blood pressure and smoking habit resulted in the most common risk factors with the same percentage (79.8 percent). The predominant occlusive pattern was the femoro-popliteal (75 percent) and the most commonly used surgical technique was the femoro-popliteal bypass with synthetic prosthetics in the first portion of the popliteal (54.1 percent). No amputation was needed after surgery in 83 percent of patients. Conclusions: Patients were characterized by being mostly older adults, smokers and hypertensive ones. Preferably conventional surgical techniques on endovascular proceedings were performed to these patients(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Prostheses and Implants , Risk Factors , Diabetic Foot , Diabetic Angiopathies , Amputation , Smokers
9.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(2): 224-229, Apr.-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251345

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The present study aimed at analyzing the clinical, radiological and functional results of the reconstruction of the distal radius after tumor resection with a custom-made metal arthrodesis implant and compare them with other types of distal radius reconstruction, as presented in the literature. To our best knowledge, this is the first article describing this particular type of implant and patient functionality. Methods Functional outcomes of reconstruction of the distal radius were assessed in a series of 4 patients. Three of the patients having had resection of giant cell tumors (GCTs), one patient having had resection of osteosarcoma. Results There were no major implant-related complications like infection, nonunion or loosening. Two patients had to undergo further surgery for protruding metalwork. Overall function was good according to the Musculoskeletal Tumor Society MSTS and Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (DASH) scores. Conclusion The present study shows that custom-made metal arthrodesis implant benefits from the fact that it can be used as a salvage option when other treatments have failed, or it can be used as a primary option in cases in which there is limited bone stock after distal radius tumor resection.


Resumo Objetivo O presente estudo teve como objetivo analisar os resultados clínicos, radiológicos e funcionais da reconstrução do rádio distal após a ressecção do tumor com implante metálico personalizado de artrodese e compará-los com outros tipos de reconstrução do rádio distal, conforme apresentado na literatura. Pelo que conhecemos, este é o primeiro artigo descrevendo esse tipo particular de implante e funcionalidade no paciente. Métodos Os desfechos funcionais de reconstrução do rádio distal foram avaliados em uma série de 4 pacientes. Três dos pacientes tiveram ressecção de tumores de células gigantes (TCGs), sendo um paciente com ressecção de osteossarcoma. Resultados Não houve complicações relacionadas ao implante, como infecção, não sindicalidade ou afrouxamento. Dois pacientes tiveram que passar por uma nova cirurgia para a protusão da prótese metálica. A função geral foi boa de acordo com as pontuações da Musculoskeletal Tumor Society (MSTS) e Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (DASH). Conclusão O estudo mostra que o implante metálico personalizado de artrodese se beneficia do fato de que pode ser usado como opção de salvamento quando outros tratamentos falharam, ou pode ser usado como opção primária nos casos em que há estoque ósseo limitado após a ressecção do tumor do rádio distal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Arthrodesis , Prostheses and Implants , Radius/surgery , Sarcoma , Wrist , Osteosarcoma , Giant Cell Tumors
10.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 81(1): 24-30, mar. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1287237

ABSTRACT

Resumen La falla en la reparación de los defectos de la pared abdominal se relaciona con una alteración en la integración del material protésico. El objetivo de este trabajo fue evaluar el comportamiento biológico de mallas utilizadas en cirugía de paredes abdominales en un modelo animal. Luego de la confección de un defecto parietal se colocó una malla intraperitoneal, utilizando 4 grupos de 10 ratas; 1) Prolene (polipropileno microporo de alto peso), 2) Ultrapro (polipropileno + poliglecaprone, macroporo de bajo peso), 3) Proceed (polipropileno + polidoxanona + celulosa oxidada regenerada, macroporo de peso intermedio), y 4) Physiomesh (polipropileno + poliglecaprone, macroporo de bajo peso). Se realizó análisis macroscópico y microscópico a los 30 días y los resultados fueron evaluados por dos observadores independientes. Al examen macroscópico, la integración de la prótesis fue > 75% en todos los grupos. El análisis microscópico mostró mayor inflamación global y número de células gigantes multinucleadas en Prolene (p < 0.01) y menor cantidad de células inflamatorias en la interface músculo-malla en Physiomesh < Ultrapro (p < 0.05). La organización de las fibras de colágeno fue similar para todas las mallas, aunque hubo mayor depósito de colágeno en los espacios inter-filamento para las mallas macroporosas (p < 0.01). Concluimos que las mallas de polipropileno microporo y alto peso producen mayor reacción inflamatoria y de cuerpo extraño. Por lo tanto, las mallas compuestas tendrían una mejor biocompatibilidad y serían mejor toleradas por el huésped.


Abstract An adequate integration of the prosthetic materials used to repair abdominal wall defects is necessary for satisfactory outcomes. We aimed to evaluate, in an animal model, the biological behavior of meshes used for abdominal wall surgery. Four groups of 10 rats were separated. After laparotomy, intraperitoneal prostheses were placed: 1) Prolene (polypropylene microporous, heavy-weight), 2) Ultrapro (polypropylene + poliglecaprone, macroporous low-weight), 3) Proceed (polypropylene + polidoxanone + regenerated oxidized cellulose, microporous medium-weight), 4) Physiomesh (polypropylene + poliglecaprone, macroporous lowweight). Macroscopic and microscopic analyses were performed at 30 days. The results were evaluated by two independent observers and expressed in means with standard deviation. For statistical analysis p < 0.05 was considered significant. On macroscopic examination, mesh integration was greater than 75% in all cases. Microscopic analysis showed greater global inflammation and more multinucleated giant cells in Prolene (p < 0.01). Less inflammatory cells were observed at the muscle-mesh interface in Physiomesh vs. Ultrapro (p < 0.05). Collagen fibers disposition was similar in all meshes, although, microporous meshes had higher collagen deposit in the interfilamentous spaces (p < 0.01). In conclusion, in our animal model, microporous and heavy-weight polypropylene meshes produce greater inflammatory and foreign body reaction. Thus, composite meshes would have greater biocompatibility and better tolerance by the host.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Surgical Mesh/adverse effects , Abdominal Wall/surgery , Polyesters , Prostheses and Implants , Materials Testing
11.
Medisan ; 25(1)ene.-feb. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1154856

ABSTRACT

Los implantes dentales son una opción de restauración estética, funcional y armónica, cuya tasa de éxito es superior a 95 %. Se presenta el caso clínico de una paciente de 24 años de edad, atendida en la consulta de Ortodoncia de la Clínica Estomatológica Provincial Docente Mártires del Moncada de Santiago de Cuba, quien fue remitida desde el Servicio de Prótesis Estomatológica, con el fin de lograr el espacio adecuado para colocarle un implante, pues desde los 12 años de edad aproximadamente había perdido un diente a causa de caries. La restauración protésica mediante el implante dental proporcionó un excelente resultado.


Dental implants are an option of cosmetic, functional and harmonic repairs whose rate of success is higher than 95 %. The case report of a 24 years patient is presented. She was assisted in the Orthodontics Service of Mártires del Moncada Teaching Provincial Stomatological Clinic in Santiago de Cuba and was referred from the Stomatological Prosthesis Service, with the purpose of achieving the appropriate space to place an implant, because she had lost a tooth due to dental decay since she was approximately 12 years. The prosthetic repair by means of dental implant provided an excellent result.


Subject(s)
Osseointegration , Dental Implantation/methods , Orthodontics , Prostheses and Implants , Dentistry
12.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(1): 42-46, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288655

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate the wear of polyethylene in a Brazilian ultracongruent knee prosthesis with a rotating platform (Rotaflex, Víncula, Rio Claro, SP, Brasil). Methods We used the test method with the loading and preparation parameters mentioned in the standards regulation ISO 14243-1:2009, and the measurement methods mentioned in the standards regulation ISO 14243-2:2009, for the evaluation of the wear behavior of a Brazilian prosthesis with a rotating platform. The equipment used for the wear test was the ISO 14243-1 gait simulator (EndoLab, Riedering, Germany). Results After 10 million cycles, the evaluation of the polyethylene wear showed a regular appearance of surface wear at a mean rate of 2.56 mg per million cycles. Conclusion The wear of the polyethylene of the evaluated prosthesis was minimal after the tests performed and with safety limits higher than those recommended by biomechanical engineering.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar o desgaste do polietileno de uma prótese de joelho brasileira ultracongruente de base rotatória (Rotaflex, Víncula, Rio Claro, SP, Brasil). Métodos Utilizou-se o método de ensaio com os parâmetros de carregamento e preparação citados na norma ISO 14243-1:2009, e os métodos de medição citados na norma ISO 14243-2:2009, para a avaliação do comportamento de desgaste de uma prótese nacional com base rotatória. O equipamento utilizado para o teste de desgaste foi o simulador de marcha ISO 14243-1 (EndoLab, Riedering, Alemanha). Resultados Após 10 milhões de ciclos, a avaliação do desgaste do polietileno mostrou uma aparência regular do desgaste da superfície com taxa média de 2,56 mg por milhão de ciclos. Conclusão O desgaste do polietileno da prótese avaliada foi mínimo após os ensaios realizados e com os limites de segurança superiores aos preconizados pela engenharia biomecânica.


Subject(s)
Prostheses and Implants , Prosthesis Failure , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Equipment and Supplies , Knee Prosthesis
13.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 36(1): 66-73, 20210000. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1150519

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El manejo quirúrgico de las lesiones de la pared costal con resección y reconstrucción con material protésico ha venido en aumento, debido al avance en las técnicas quirúrgicas y en la experiencia del cirujano, así como en la innovación y las características de los materiales protésicos, que permiten realizar resecciones amplias de la pared garantizando una mayor estabilidad esquelética, una menor alteración de la mecánica respiratoria y mejores los resultados estéticos. Métodos. Se presenta la experiencia en la clínica CardioVID, Medellín, Colombia, entre los años 2015 y 2019, mediante una revisión retrospectiva de 8 casos sometidos a resección de lesiones benignas de la pared torácica y reconstrucción con material protésico. Resultados. Se encontró una adecuada evolución de los pacientes, con un buen resultado estético y funcional, con adecuado control de la enfermedad, sin reportes de complicaciones ni de recidiva en el seguimiento. Discusión. Una técnica adecuada permite la reconstrucción de estos defectos con complicaciones mínimas y bajas tasas de extracción de prótesis, finalizando con excelentes resultados funcionales y cosméticos. Con nuestra experiencia podemos concluir que la elección adecuada de los pacientes candidatos a manejo quirúrgico, una buena técnica quirúrgica y un personal con experiencia son cruciales para lograr buenos resultados en cuanto a función pulmonar y estética. Además de lograr una sobrevida bajo los parámetros establecidos posterior a lograr una resección R0


Introduction. Surgical management of chest wall lesions with resection and reconstruction with prosthetic material has been increasing, due to advances in surgical techniques and surgeon's experience, as well as innovation and characteristics of prosthetic materials. They allow wide resections of the wall, guaranteeing greater skeletal stability, less alteration of respiratory mechanics, and better aesthetic results.Methods. The experience in the CardioVID clinic, Medellín, Colombia, between the years 2015 and 2019, is presented through a retrospective review of eight cases that underwent resection of benign lesions of the chest wall and reconstruction with prosthetic material.Results. An adequate evolution of the patients was found, with a good aesthetic and functional result, with adequate control of the disease, without reports of complications or recurrence in follow-up.Discussion. An adequate technique allows the reconstruction of these defects with minimal complications and low prosthesis extraction rates, ending with excellent functional and cosmetic results. With our experience, we can conclude that the proper choice of patients who are good candidates for surgical management, a good surgical technique, and an experienced staff are crucial to achieve good results in terms of lung function and aesthetics results, in addition to obtain survival under the established parameters after achieving an R0 resection


Subject(s)
Humans , Thoracic Wall , Prostheses and Implants , Thoracic Surgery , Neoplasms
14.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 36(1): 150-154, 20210000. fig, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1150540

ABSTRACT

La incidencia de las hernias inguinales en Colombia es de aproximadamente 15 por cada 1000 habitantes, y el riesgo de presentar una hernia inguinal durante la vida es del 27 % en hombres y del 3 % en mujeres. Existen presentaciones poco frecuentes como la hernia de Amyand que consiste en la protrusión del apéndice cecal, inflamada o no, dentro del contenido del saco herniario. A nivel global, tiene una incidencia del 0,13 % al 1 % y su tratamiento se realiza basándose en la clasificación de Losanoff y Basson. Sin embargo, una de las controversias aún existentes respecto al manejo quirúrgico, es la indicación del uso o no de mallas al momento de realizar la hernioplastia y el resultado final del mismo, así que este es el punto donde se centra la revisión de nuestro artículo. Se presenta el caso de un paciente de 79 años con una hernia de Amyand tipo 2, a quien se le practicó hernioplastia con malla de baja densidad absorbible, con adecuada evolución posquirúrgica


The incidence of inguinal hernias in Colombia is approximately 15 per 1000 inhabitants, and the risk of presenting an inguinal hernia during life is 27% in men and 3% in women. There are rare presentations such as Amyand's hernia, which consists of the protrusion of the cecal appendix, inflamed or not, within the content of the hernial sac. At a global level, it has an incidence of 0.13% to 1% and its treatment is based on the Losanoff and Basson classification. However, one of the still existing controversies regarding surgical management is the indication of the use or not of meshes at the time of performing the hernioplasty, and the final result of it, this is the point where the review of our article focuses. We present the case of a 79-year-old patient with a type 2 Amyand hernia who underwent hernioplasty with a low-density absorbable mesh, with adequate postoperative evolution


Subject(s)
Humans , Hernia, Inguinal , Appendectomy , Prostheses and Implants , Herniorrhaphy
15.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 80(6): e0053, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351855

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar retrospectivamente a influência da espessura do anel intracorneano na redução do astigmatismo corneano em pacientes portadores de ceratocone. Métodos: De um banco de dados com 2.033 olhos submetidos à cirurgia de implante de anel corneano, foi selecionada uma amostra de 90 olhos com características semelhantes em relação à ceratometria e ao astigmatismo. Todos os olhos deste estudo receberam dois segmentos de comprimento de arco tradicional de aproximadamente 160°, com espessuras variadas: Grupo A recebeu dois segmentos de 150µm; Grupo B recebeu dois segmentos de 200µm, e Grupo C recebeu dois segmentos de 250µm. As variáveis analisadas foram ceratometria média e astigmatismo corneano pré e pós-operatório. Resultados: Nos olhos que receberam dois segmentos de anel de 150µm de espessura (Grupo A), houve redução média de 5,0D (10%) em relação à ceratometria média e redução média de 3,26D (57,69%) em relação ao astigmatismo corneano. Na amostra em que foram utilizados dois segmentos de 200µm (Grupo B), foi observada redução da ceratometria média de 7,0D (14,28%) e do astigmatismo corneano de 3,53D (63,6%). Já na amostra que recebeu dois segmentos de anel de 250µm de espessura (Grupo C), a redução média da ceratometria foi de 10D (20,4%) e de seu astigmatismo corneano de 2,09D (38,99%). Conclusão: Nos pacientes com ceratocone submetidos à cirurgia de anel corneano, o aumento da espessura dos segmentos implantados promove maior aplanamento da córnea, mas não o aumento em sua capacidade de reduzir o astigmatismo ceratométrico. Seria interessante a análise de uma amostra maior de pacientes, aliada a cálculos vetoriais de astigmatismo, para comprovar os achados deste estudo.


ABSTRACT Objective: To retrospectively evaluate the influence of intracorneal ring thickness on reduction of corneal astigmatism in patients with keratoconus. Methods: From a database of 2,033 eyes submitted to corneal ring implant surgery, a sample of 90 eyes with similar keratometry and astigmatism characteristics was selected. All eyes in this study received two segments of traditional arc length of approximately 160°, with varying thicknesses: Group A received two segments of 150 µm; Group B received two segments of 200 µm, and Group C received two segments of 250 µm. The variables analyzed were mean keratometry and corneal astigmatism before and after surgery. Results: In the eyes that received two 150-µm ring segments (Group A), there was a mean reduction of 5.0 D (10%) in relation to mean keratometry, and a mean reduction of 3.26 D (57.69%) in relation to corneal astigmatism. In the sample in which two 200-µm segments (Group B) were used, there was a mean reduction in keratometry of 7.0 D (14.28%) and in corneal astigmatism of 3.53 D (63.6%). In the sample receiving two 250-µm ring segments (Group C), the mean reduction in keratometry was 10 D (20.4%) and in corneal astigmatism was 2.09 D (38.99%). Conclusion: In keratoconus patients undergoing corneal ring surgery, increased thickness of the implanted segments promotes greater flattening of the cornea, but does not enhance their ability to reduce corneal astigmatism. It would be interesting to analyze a larger sample of patients, combined with vector calculations of astigmatism, to confirm the findings of this study.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Astigmatism/surgery , Prosthesis Implantation , Keratoconus/surgery , Prostheses and Implants , Astigmatism/etiology , Visual Acuity , Corneal Topography , Keratoconus/complications
16.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1353990

ABSTRACT

La hemicorporectomía o amputación translumbar es una cirugía radical indicada en casos de tumores, osteomielitis crónicas y traumas graves de la pelvis, y también, en pacientes parapléjicos con úlceras por decúbito intratables. La tasa de mortalidad por este procedimiento es del 50% y la gran mayoría de los pacientes que sobreviven quedan confinados a una silla de ruedas. El equipamiento de todo el hemicuerpo inferior es sumamente complejo. Comunicamos el caso de un paciente con una hemicorporectomía, secuela de una osteomielitis pélvica, su equipamiento completo posterior y su evolución a los 15 años de seguimiento. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Hemicorporectomy or translumbar amputation is a radical surgery indicated in localized pelvic tumors, chronic osteomyelitis, severe trauma, and intractable decubitus ulcers in paraplegic patients. It has a death rate of about 50% and most of the patients are confined to a wheelchair. The equipment of the entire lower body is extremely complex. We report a case of a patient with a hemicorporectomy, sequel to pelvic osteomyelitis, his subsequent complete equipment, and his evolution after 15 years of follow-up. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Adult , Prostheses and Implants , Follow-Up Studies , Hemipelvectomy , Amputation
17.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1353991

ABSTRACT

Se conoce como enfermedad de Gibbus al colapso de la porción anterior de uno o más cuerpos vertebrales que provoca una cifosis segmentaria de ángulo agudo. En general, este tipo de deformidades son producto de infecciones tuberculosas. Uno de los principales problemas que trae apareado esta deformidad es la compresión medular. En el caso presentado, el paciente sufrió esta enfermedad como consecuencia de una infección no tuberculosa, con cifosis angular pososteomielitis, tratado con doble vía de abordaje, utilizando implantes recubiertos con nanopartículas de plata. Los resultados clínico-radiológicos fueron muy satisfactorios. Este caso presenta la conjugación de dos temas poco frecuentes en la medicina actual; por un lado, un tipo de deformidad de la columna que, rara vez, se debe a una infección no tuberculosa y, por otro lado, el implante utilizado, recubierto con nanopartículas de plata que, pese a las controversias, ofrece una nueva posibilidad de tratamiento para pacientes con un riesgo aumentado de infección asociada a implantes, y resulta de interés que sea reconocido por los cirujanos ortopedistas, puesto que existe evidencia suficiente para afirmar su capacidad para reducir la formación de biopelículas. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Gibbus disease is the collapse of the anterior portion of one or more vertebral bodies that results in acute angle segmental kyphosis. Generally, these types of deformities are caused by tuberculosis infections. One of the main problems associated with this deformity is spinal compression. In this case, the patient presented this condition as a consequence of a non-tuberculous infection, with angular kyphosis after osteomyelitis, treated with a double approach, using implants coated with silver nanoparticles. We obtained very satisfactory clinical and radiological outcomes. This case presents the intersection of two rare topics in current medicine; on the one hand, a type of spinal deformity that rarely occurs as a consequence of a non-tuberculous infection. On the other hand, the implant used, coated with silver nanoparticles. Although there are still controversies in the literature, this implant offers a new possibility of treatment for patients who are at increased risk of implant-related infection, and it is of interest for orthopedic surgeons, since there is sufficient evidence to support its ability to reduce the formation of biofilms. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Aged , Prostheses and Implants , Tuberculosis, Spinal , Metal Nanoparticles , Kyphosis
18.
Autops. Case Rep ; 11: e2021296, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285389

ABSTRACT

Anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) positive, anaplastic large cell lymphoma involving the non-mammary implant is an extremely rare presentation. Irrespective of the type or site, the implant-associated primary ALCL is morphologically and immunophenotypically similar to ALK-negative ALCLs. Herein, we present the case of a 42-year-old male who developed a lytic lesion after an implant for a right femur fracture. The lytic lesion biopsy revealed anaplastic large cell lymphoma with ALK protein expression. Imaging findings showed the widespread dissemination of disease all over the body, entrapping the implant too. ALCL involving the bone implant is a very unusual and rare presentation that needs to be documented.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Lymphoma, Large-Cell, Anaplastic , Femoral Fractures/complications , Anaplastic Lymphoma Kinase , Prostheses and Implants
19.
Psicol. soc. (Online) ; 33: e240732, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1351385

ABSTRACT

Resumo Este artigo busca compreender os itinerários terapêuticos de homens trans, analisando as relações com os sistemas formais e informais em saúde. Entende-se por itinerário as trajetórias, estratégias e recursos dessa população em busca de cuidados com a saúde e de possíveis mudanças corporais. Trata-se de pesquisa qualitativa, sob perspectiva analítico-institucional, realizada através de entrevistas semiestruturadas com quatro homens trans em processo de transição de gênero. Para análise dos resultados foram construídas três linhas de análise. Na primeira, foram abordadas as primeiras experiências vivenciadas pelos participantes, que vão desde o seu autorreconhecimento, até a busca por informações sobre a transexualidade através de redes sociais, a automedicação e uso de próteses. Na segunda linha, abordam-se os caminhos percorridos e suas relações com os sistemas de saúde. Por fim, o estigma é analisado como um atravessamento das ações dos serviços ofertados. A pesquisa busca dar subsídios para políticas nesta área.


Resumen Este artículo busca comprender los itinerarios terapéuticos de los hombres trans, analizando las relaciones con los sistemas de salud formales e informales. Se entiende por itinerario las trayectorias, estrategias y recursos de esta población en busca de atención médica y posibles cambios corporales. Se trata de una investigación cualitativa, desde una perspectiva analítico-institucional, realizada a través de entrevistas semiestructuradas con cuatro hombres trans en proceso de transición de género. Para analizar los resultados se construyeron tres líneas de análisis. En la primera, se abordaron las primeras experiencias de los participantes, que van desde el autorreconocimiento hasta la búsqueda de información sobre transexualidad a través de las redes sociales, la automedicación y el uso de prótesis. La segunda línea aborda los caminos tomados y sus relaciones con los sistemas de salud. Finalmente, se analiza el estigma como cruce de las acciones de los servicios ofrecidos. La investigación busca presentar subsidios para las políticas en esta área.


Abstract This article aims to understand the therapeutic itineraries of trans men, analyzing the relationship with formal and informal health systems. An itinerary is understood as the trajectories, strategies, and resources of this population in search of health care and possible bodily changes. This is qualitative research, from an analytical-institutional perspective, carried out through semi-structured interviews with four trans men in a process of gender transition. To analyze the results, three lines of analysis were constructed. In the first line, the first experiences lived by trans men were approached, ranging from self-recognition to the search for information about transsexuality through social networks, self-medication, and the use of prostheses. The second line addresses the paths taken and their relationship with health systems. Finally, stigma is analyzed as crossing the actions of the services offered. The research seeks to provide subsidies for policies in this area.


Subject(s)
Humans , Sex Reassignment Procedures , Transgender Persons , Therapeutic Itinerary , Prostheses and Implants , Self Medication , Transsexualism , Sexuality , Delivery of Health Care , Gender Identity , Health Resources
20.
Rio de Janeiro; s.n; 2021. 81 p. ilus.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1367745

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O descarte do resíduo produzido é um dos grandes problemas mundiais; mensurar o quanto afeta a nossa saúde, a comunidade, o meio ambiente e o ecossistema é um desafio e diversas legislações tentam minimizar os danos causados pelo descarte inadequado e incorreto. O resíduo dos hospitais é denominado Resíduo de serviço de saúde (RSS) e deve ser tratado de acordo com a sua classificação, o explante ortopédico é um desses RSS e tem uma legislação própria para o seu manuseio e descarte desde 2012. Sempre que aparecem novas normatizações faz-se necessário a adequação do serviço de saúde e da equipe, as tecnologias podem ser utilizadas para auxiliar nesse processo. Refletindo sobre essas questões surgiu a questão que norteou o estudo: Seria possível desenvolver uma ferramenta eletrônica, do tipo aplicativo, para auxiliar no gerenciamento de explantes ortopédicos? Objetivos: Criar uma ferramenta eletrônica do tipo aplicativo para auxiliar no gerenciamento de explantes ortopédicos; criar protocolos que visem a institucionalização do fluxo de descarte dos explantes ortopédicos com base nas legislações e boas práticas vigentes e estabelecer um fluxo de acompanhamento de explantes ortopédicos a partir da necessidade da realização de uma cirurgia para a retirada de um implante ortopédico até a sua disposição final ambientalmente adequada. Metodologia: trata-se de uma pesquisa aplicada que visa o desenvolvimento de um software, do tipo aplicativo para smartphone, de cunho multiprofissional, para o gerenciamento de explantes ortopédicos. Para a elaboração do aplicativo foi seguido os conceitos de Pressman e suas definições quanto a fase de prototipação: comunicação, projeto rápido, modelagem do projeto rápido, construção do protótipo e emprego, entrega e alinhamento. Essas fases foram abordadas como etapas da pesquisa. O cenário do estudo foi um hospital-escola público integrante da rede de hospitais do Ministério da Educação. O público-alvo do estudo foi aquele a qual se destina a utilização da tecnologia, os gerentes, a equipe de enfermagem, os instrumentadores cirúrgicos do bloco cirúrgico do hospital-escola e os usuários do sistema de saúde submetidos a procedimentos cirúrgicos para retirada de explantes cirúrgicos. Resultados: Foram elaborados 8 (oito) produtos; dois em formato de artigo, o primeiro intitulado: "Gerenciamento de explantes ortopédicos e a realidade brasileira: uma revisão integrativa" e o segundo "A criação de aplicativo para auxílio no gerenciamento de explantes ortopédicos: uma realidade", 2 fluxogramas, 3 protocolos e um aplicativo intitulado "Explantes ortopédicos". O desenvolvimento do aplicativo foi realizado de forma interativa incremental, na linguagem de programação disponível no site da "Fábrica de aplicativos". Na fase de comunicação foram elaborados cinco documentos sendo eles dois formulários e três protocolos, além de dois fluxogramas que nos guiaram nas demais fases de criação do aplicativo. Conclusão: É possível criar uma ferramenta eletrônica do tipo aplicativo para auxiliar no gerenciamento de explantes ortopédicos assim como criar protocolos que visem a institucionalização do fluxo de descarte e acompanhamento desses para que tenham uma disposição final ambientalmente adequada


Introduction: Disposal of waste produced is one of the world's major problems; measuring how much it affects our health, community, environment and ecosystem is a challenge and various laws try to minimize the damage caused by improper and incorrect disposal. The waste of hospitals is called Health Service Residue (RSS) and should be treated according to their classification, the orthopedic explant is one of these RSS and has its own legislation for its handling and disposal since 2012. Whenever new norms appear, it is necessary to adapt the health service and the team, the technologies can be used to assist in this process. Reflecting on these questions, the question that guided the study arose: Would it be possible to develop an electronic tool, of the application type, to assist in the management of orthopedic explants? Objectives: Create an electronic tool of the type application to assist in the management of orthopedic explants; create protocols aimed at the institutionalization of the disposal flow of orthopedic explants based on the laws and good practices current and establish a follow-up flow of orthopedic explants from the need for surgery for the removal of an orthopedic implant until its final disposal is environmentally appropriate. Methodology: this is an applied research that aims at the development of a software, type smartphone application, of a multiprofessional nature, for the management of orthopedic explants. For the elaboration of the application was followed the concepts of Pressman and its definitions regarding the prototyping phase: communication, fast design, rapid design modeling, prototype construction and employment, delivery and alignment. These phases were addressed as stages of the research. The study scenario was a public teaching hospital that is part of the hospital network of the Ministry of Education. The target audience of the study was the one that was intended to use the technology, managers, the nursing team, surgical instruments of the surgical block of the teaching hospital and users of the health system submitted to surgical procedures for removal of surgical explants. Results: Eight (8) products were elaborated; two in article format, the first entitled: "Management of orthopedic explants and the Brazilian reality: an integrative review" and the second "The creation of an application to assist in the management of orthopedic explants: a reality", 2 flowcharts, 3 protocols and an application entitled "Orthopedic Explants". The development of the application was carried out interactively incrementally, in the programming language available on the "Application Factory" website. In the communication phase, five documents were elaborated, two forms and three protocols, in addition to two flowcharts that guided us in the other phases of application creation. Conclusions: It is possible to create an electronic tool of the application type to assist in the management of orthopedic explants as well as to create protocols that aim at the institutionalization of the disposal flow and monitoring of these so that they have an environmentally appropriate final disposition


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Prostheses and Implants , Medical Waste Disposal/methods , Orthopedic Procedures/methods , Mobile Applications/trends , Environmentally Suitable Disposal , Waste Management/methods
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