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2.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 47(6): 1219-1227, Nov.-Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1340041

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: The aim of this paper is to propose a modified surgical technique for immediate intravaginal prosthesis implantation in patients undergoing orchiectomy due to testicular torsion, and to evaluate the wound healing process and patient's satisfaction. Material and methods: We prospectively analyzed 137 patients with testicular torsion admitted to our facility between April 2018 and May 2020. Twenty-five patients who underwent orchiectomy were included in this study. Fifteen had a testicular prosthesis implanted at the same time as orchiectomy using a modified intravaginal technique (summary figure) and 10 received implants 6 to 12 months after orchiectomy. Wound healing was evaluated at a minimum of four checkpoints (on days 15, 45, 90 and 180 after surgery). At the end of the study, a questionnaire was administered to measure patients' satisfaction rate. Student's t test was used for comparison of quantitative data between negative vs. positive cultures (p <0.05). The chi-square test was used to verify associations between categorical variables and immediate vs. late prosthesis implantation (p <0.05). Results: Patient's ages ranged from 13 to 23 years (mean 16.44 years). Overall time lapse from symptoms to orchiectomy ranged from 10 hours to 25 days (mean 7.92 days). Only one extrusion occurred and it happened in the late implant group. All wounds were healed in 72%, 88%, 95.8% and 100% of the cases on the 15th, 45th, 90th and 180th days after implant, respectively. At the end of the study, all patients stated they would recommend it to a friend or relative. The only patient that had prothesis extrusion asked to have it implanted again. Conclusion: There was no prosthesis extrusion using the modified intravaginal surgical technique for immediate testicular prosthesis implantation, which proved to be an easily performed and safe procedure that can avoid further reconstructive surgery in patients whose testicle was removed due to testicular torsion.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Spermatic Cord Torsion/surgery , Prostheses and Implants , Testis/surgery , Orchiectomy , Retrospective Studies , Prosthesis Implantation
3.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 116(6): 1139-1148, Jun. 2021. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1278331

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento O cardioversor-desfibrilador implantável subcutâneo (S-CDI) é uma alternativa segura ao sistema convencional do CDI transvenoso (TV-CDI) para evitar morte súbita. Objetivo Comparar o impacto do tipo de sistema de CDI e técnica cirúrgica na qualidade de vida dos pacientes, bem como a gravidade do desconforto e da dor, entre receptores de S-CDI e TV-CDI. Métodos Pacientes consecutivamente implantados com um sistema S-CDI foram pareados com pacientes com um sistema TV-CDI. Além disso, foram incluídos os pacientes submetidos ao implante de S-CDI após a remoção de um TV-CDI, devido a complicações. Foram avaliadas a qualidade de vida (medida com o questionário de saúde de 12 itens) e a gravidade da dor e desconforto. Significância estatística foi definida como p < 0,05. Resultados Foram analisados 64 pacientes implantados com S-CDI ou TV-CDI sob anestesia local e sedação consciente. Pacientes com sistemas S-CDI e TV-CDI não diferiram significativamente nos escores de qualidade de vida. Os pacientes com S-CDI apresentaram maior nível de dor peri-operatória; nenhuma diferença foi encontrada em relação à gravidade da dor intra-operatória. A magnitude do desconforto estético e dos distúrbios do sono não diferiu entre os grupos.O S-CDI foi implantado em 7 pacientes adicionais após a remoção de um TV-CDI. Todos exceto um desses pacientes recomendaram o sistema S-CDI. Conclusões O tipo de sistema de CDI e a técnica cirúrgica têm impacto insignificante na qualidade de vida dos pacientes. Estes resultados sugerem que a sedação consciente, fornecida por uma equipe experiente de eletrofisiologia, pode ser considerada uma alternativa à anestesia geral para o manejo de pacientes submetidos ao implante de S-CDI.


Abstract Background The totally subcutaneous implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (S-ICD) is a safe alternative to the conventional transvenous ICD (TV-ICD) system to prevent sudden death. Objective To compare the impact of the type of ICD system and surgical technique on patients' quality of life, as well as the severity of discomfort and pain, between S-ICD and TV-ICD recipients. Methods Consecutively implanted patients with an S-ICD system were matched with patients with a TV-ICD system. In addition, patients undergoing S-ICD implantation after removal of a TV-ICD due to complications were included. Quality of life (measured with the 12-item short-form health survey) and severity of pain and discomfort were evaluated. Statistical significance was defined as p < 0.05. Results A total of 64 patients implanted with S-ICD or TV-ICD under local anesthesia and conscious sedation were analyzed. Patients with S-ICD and TV-ICD systems did not differ significantly in quality of life scores. S-ICD patients had a higher level of perioperative pain; no differences were found regarding severity of intraoperative pain. The magnitude of aesthetic discomfort and sleep disturbances did not differ between groups. An S-ICD was implanted in 7 additional patients after removal of a TV-ICD. All but one of these patients recommended the S-ICD system. Conclusions The type of ICD system and the surgical technique have negligible impact on patients' quality of life. These results suggest that conscious sedation, provided by an experienced electrophysiology team, could be considered as an alternative to general anesthesia to manage patients undergoing S-ICD implantation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Quality of Life , Defibrillators, Implantable , Perception , Treatment Outcome , Prosthesis Implantation
4.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 116(6): 1059-1069, Jun. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1278328

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento A regurgitação mitral (RM) é prevalente em pacientes submetidos a implante transcateter de válvula aórtica (TAVI). Há algumas controvérsias sobre o impacto prognóstico da RM na sobrevida de pacientes submetidos a TAVI. Objetivo Examinar a relação entre TAVI e RM em uma população de pacientes do Registro Brasileiro de TAVI. Métodos Setecentos e noventa e cinco pacientes do Registro Brasileiro de TAVI foram divididos na linha de base, alta e acompanhamento de acordo com o grau da RM da maneira seguinte: ausente/leve (RMAL) ou moderado/grave (RMMG). Eles foram subsequentemente reagrupados de acordo com as mudanças imediatas e tardias na gravidade da RM após TAVI da maneira seguinte: RM sem mudança, melhora ou piora. Foram analisados os preditores e o impacto prognóstico na linha de base, bem como as mudanças na gravidade da RM. A significância estatística foi estabelecida em p < 0,05. Resultados RMMG basal estava presente em 19,3% dos pacientes e foi um preditor de aumento da mortalidade tardia. Imediatamente após o TAVI, 47,4% dos casos melhoraram para RMAL, previsto por uma pontuação mais alta da Society of Thoracic Surgeons e um grau mais alto de regurgitação aórtica basal. No acompanhamento, 9,2% dos casos de RMAL pioraram para RMMG, enquanto 36,8% dos casos de RMMG melhoraram para RMAL. Fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo (FEVE) mais baixa na linha de base e melhora na FEVE durante o acompanhamento foram preditores de melhora da RM. Piora progressiva da RM no acompanhamento foi um preditor independente de maior mortalidade tardia após TAVI (p = 0,005). Conclusões A RMMG na linha de base é um preditor de mortalidade tardia após TAVI. FEVE mais baixa e melhora na FEVE durante o acompanhamento são preditores de melhora da RM após TAVI. A pior progressiva da gravidade da RM durante o acompanhamento é um preditor independente de mortalidade tardia; isto é um achado raro na literatura.


Abstract Background Mitral regurgitation (MR) is prevalent in patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). There are some controversies about the prognostic impact of MR in survival of TAVI patients. Objective To examine the relationship between TAVI and MR in a patient population from the Brazilian TAVI Registry. Methods Seven hundred and ninety-five patients from the Brazilian TAVI Registry were divided at baseline, discharge, and follow-up according to their MR grade as follows: absent/mild (AMMR) or moderate/severe (MSMR). They were subsequently regrouped according to their immediate and late changes in MR severity after TAVI as follows: no change, improved, or worsened MR. Predictors and prognostic impact on baseline as well as changes in MR severity were analyzed. Statistical significance was set at p < 0.05. Results Baseline MSMR was present in 19.3% of patients and was a predictor of increased late mortality. Immediately after TAVI, 47.4 % of cases improved to AMMR, predicted by a higher Society of Thoracic Surgeons score and a higher grade of baseline aortic regurgitation. Upon follow-up, 9.2% of cases of AMMR worsened to MSMR, whereas 36.8% of cases of MSMR improved to AMMR. Lower baseline left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and improvement in LVEF at follow-up were predictors of MR improvement. Progressive worsening of MR upon follow-up was an independent predictor of higher late mortality after TAVI (p = 0.005). Conclusions Baseline MSMR predicts late mortality after TAVI. Lower LVEF and improved LVEF at follow-up predict MR improvement after TAVI. Progressive worsening of MR severity at follow-up is an independent predictor of late mortality, which is a rare finding in the literature.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aortic Valve Stenosis/surgery , Prosthesis Implantation , Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement , Mitral Valve Insufficiency/surgery , Aortic Valve/surgery , Stroke Volume , Severity of Illness Index , Brazil , Follow-Up Studies , Ventricular Function, Left , Treatment Outcome
5.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 80(6): e0053, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351855

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar retrospectivamente a influência da espessura do anel intracorneano na redução do astigmatismo corneano em pacientes portadores de ceratocone. Métodos: De um banco de dados com 2.033 olhos submetidos à cirurgia de implante de anel corneano, foi selecionada uma amostra de 90 olhos com características semelhantes em relação à ceratometria e ao astigmatismo. Todos os olhos deste estudo receberam dois segmentos de comprimento de arco tradicional de aproximadamente 160°, com espessuras variadas: Grupo A recebeu dois segmentos de 150µm; Grupo B recebeu dois segmentos de 200µm, e Grupo C recebeu dois segmentos de 250µm. As variáveis analisadas foram ceratometria média e astigmatismo corneano pré e pós-operatório. Resultados: Nos olhos que receberam dois segmentos de anel de 150µm de espessura (Grupo A), houve redução média de 5,0D (10%) em relação à ceratometria média e redução média de 3,26D (57,69%) em relação ao astigmatismo corneano. Na amostra em que foram utilizados dois segmentos de 200µm (Grupo B), foi observada redução da ceratometria média de 7,0D (14,28%) e do astigmatismo corneano de 3,53D (63,6%). Já na amostra que recebeu dois segmentos de anel de 250µm de espessura (Grupo C), a redução média da ceratometria foi de 10D (20,4%) e de seu astigmatismo corneano de 2,09D (38,99%). Conclusão: Nos pacientes com ceratocone submetidos à cirurgia de anel corneano, o aumento da espessura dos segmentos implantados promove maior aplanamento da córnea, mas não o aumento em sua capacidade de reduzir o astigmatismo ceratométrico. Seria interessante a análise de uma amostra maior de pacientes, aliada a cálculos vetoriais de astigmatismo, para comprovar os achados deste estudo.


ABSTRACT Objective: To retrospectively evaluate the influence of intracorneal ring thickness on reduction of corneal astigmatism in patients with keratoconus. Methods: From a database of 2,033 eyes submitted to corneal ring implant surgery, a sample of 90 eyes with similar keratometry and astigmatism characteristics was selected. All eyes in this study received two segments of traditional arc length of approximately 160°, with varying thicknesses: Group A received two segments of 150 µm; Group B received two segments of 200 µm, and Group C received two segments of 250 µm. The variables analyzed were mean keratometry and corneal astigmatism before and after surgery. Results: In the eyes that received two 150-µm ring segments (Group A), there was a mean reduction of 5.0 D (10%) in relation to mean keratometry, and a mean reduction of 3.26 D (57.69%) in relation to corneal astigmatism. In the sample in which two 200-µm segments (Group B) were used, there was a mean reduction in keratometry of 7.0 D (14.28%) and in corneal astigmatism of 3.53 D (63.6%). In the sample receiving two 250-µm ring segments (Group C), the mean reduction in keratometry was 10 D (20.4%) and in corneal astigmatism was 2.09 D (38.99%). Conclusion: In keratoconus patients undergoing corneal ring surgery, increased thickness of the implanted segments promotes greater flattening of the cornea, but does not enhance their ability to reduce corneal astigmatism. It would be interesting to analyze a larger sample of patients, combined with vector calculations of astigmatism, to confirm the findings of this study.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Astigmatism/surgery , Prosthesis Implantation , Keratoconus/surgery , Prostheses and Implants , Astigmatism/etiology , Visual Acuity , Corneal Topography , Keratoconus/complications
6.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 79(4): 231-235, July-Aug. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1137967

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo: Segunda maior causa de cegueira mundial, o glaucoma, ocasionalmente necessita de procedimento cirúrgico para controle. Tendo o Brasil um Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS), e crise político-econômica em 2016, objetiva-se avaliar o impacto financeiro na decisão terapêutica do glaucoma nos últimos 6 anos no Brasil, e considerar atual discussão sobre indicação de procedimentos intervencionistas precocemente no seu algoritmo terapêutico. Métodos: Estudo ecológico da população brasileira, com base no Sistema de Informações Hospitalares do SUS, avaliando comportamento temporal dos procedimentos cirúrgicos do SUS para tratamento do glaucoma, e variação do dólar como influenciador da tendência temporal sobre os procedimentos. Realizada a análise de Regressão Linear Simples, com significância estatística de P<0.05. Resultados: Entre 2013 e 2018 foram internados 24888 indivíduos por glaucoma, prevalência do sexo masculino (51.68%), brancos (32,57%) e idosos (57.84%). Regiões Sudeste (45.61%) e Nordeste (26.36%) com maior número de internações, sendo a Trabeculectomia (84,18%) principal procedimento realizado. Houve associação da Trabeculectomia e Implante de Válvula, individualmente e atrelados, com os valores do dólar nas regiões Centro-Oeste (β= 1,103 com P= 0,007 para Trabeculectomias e β= 1,105 com P=0,012 para ambos os procedimentos) e Sul (β= 16,727 e P= 0,006 para os Implantes), e associação entre aumento de Implantes na região Sul e maior cobertura na atenção básica (β= 0.64 e P= 0.009). Conclusão: Observou-se não interferência do dólar, e aumento dos procedimentos na região Sul e Centro-Oeste. Os resultados corroboram tendência intervencionista, podendo ser representada pelo possível uso dos procedimentos disponibilizados pelo SUS de forma precoce.


Abstract Objective: The second leading cause of blindness worldwide, glaucoma, occasionally requires surgical procedure for control. Given that Brazil has an Unified Health System (SUS) and a political-economic crisis in 2016, we aim to evaluate the financial impact on the therapeutic decision of glaucoma in the last 6 years in Brazil, and to consider the current discussion about early interventionist indication in its therapeutic algorithm. Methods: Ecological study of the Brazilian population, based on the SUS Hospital Information System, evaluating the temporal behavior of SUS surgical procedures on glaucoma treatment, and dollar variation as influencing the temporal trend on the procedures. Simple Linear Regression analysis was performed, with statistical significance of P <0.05. Results: Between 2013 and 2018, 24888 individuals were hospitalized for glaucoma, male prevalence (51.68%), whites (32.57%) and elderly (57.84%). Southeast (45.61%) and Northeast (26.36%) Regions with the largest number of hospitalizations, and Trabeculectomy (84.18%) being the main procedure performed. There was an association of trabeculectomy and valve implantation, individually and linked, with dollar values in the Midwest (β = 1.103 with P = 0.007 for Trabeculectomies and β = 1.105 with P = 0.012 for both procedures) and South (β). = 16,727 and P = 0,006 for Implants), and association between increased Implants in the South region and greater coverage in primary care (β = 0.64 and P = 0.009). Conclusion: Non-dollar interference was observed, and increased procedures in the South and Midwest. The results corroborate an interventionist tendency and may be represented, possible, by the use of procedures provided by the SUS in an early manner.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Unified Health System , Trabeculectomy/economics , Glaucoma/surgery , Prosthesis Implantation/economics , Costs and Cost Analysis , Glaucoma Drainage Implants/economics , Brazil , Ecological Studies
7.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 72(1): 17-21, feb. 2020. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1092885

ABSTRACT

Resumen Objetivo Comunicar la experiencia en el tratamiento de pectus excavatum en el Instituto Nacional del Tórax. Material y Método: Estudio descriptivo con seguimiento. Se recolectaron datos de las variables de interés, mediante la revisión de fichas clínicas. Se incluyeron pacientes operados entre marzo de 2007 y abril de 2018. Resultados Se incluyeron 86 pacientes operados con técnica mínimamente invasiva en el período descrito. De ellos, 74 pacientes de sexo masculino. El promedio de edad al momento de la cirugía fue de 17,8 años. El principal motivo de consulta fue por desmedro estético que correspondió al 41,8% de los pacientes. Salvo en 1 paciente, en todo el resto se ocupó una sola barra. En nuestra serie hubo 12 pacientes que presentaron alguna complicación operatoria y 1 paciente fallecido. Hasta el cierre del seguimiento se retiraron 61 barras, 2 de ellas previo al período estipulado de tratamiento, por morbilidad. Hay 20 barras in situ y 4 pacientes de los cuales no se tiene registro por abandono de controles. Discusión El pectus excavatum es la más frecuente de las deformidades de la pared torácica, es 4 a 6 veces más frecuente en hombres que en mujeres. En general los pacientes son asintomáticos, aunque algunos pueden presentar síntomas cardiopulmonares. La reparación con cirugía mínimamente invasiva con técnica de Nuss aparece hoy en día como el gold standard de manejo. Conclusión El manejo de los pacientes con pectus excavatum en nuestra Institución se asemeja a lo reportado en la literatura internacional. Nuestros esfuerzos deben apuntar a disminuir la morbimortalidad asociada.


Aim To communicate the experience in the treatment of pectus excavatum in the National Institute of Thorax. Materials and Method: Descriptive study with follow-up. Data of variables of interest were collected through the review of clinical records. Patients operated between March 2007 and April 2018 were included. Results 86 patients operated with the Nuss technique were included in the period described. Of them, 74 male patients. The average age at the time of surgery was 17.8 years. The main reason for consultation was due to cosmetic detriment that corresponded to 41.8% of the patients. Except in 1 patient, in all the rest a single bar was occupied. In our series, there were 12 patients who presented some operative complication and 1 patient died. Up to the end of the follow-up, 61 bars were removed, 2 of them in non-scheduled surgery. There are 20 bars in situ and 4 patients of which there is no registration due to abandonment of controls. Discussion Pectus excavatum is the most frequent of the deformities of the chest wall, it is 4 to 6 times more frequent in men than in women. In general, patients are asymptomatic, although some may have cardiopulmonary symptoms. The repair with minimally invasive surgery with Nuss technique appears today as the goldstandard of management. Conclusion The management of patients with pectus excavatum in our Institution is similar to that reported in the international literature. Our efforts should aim to reduce the associated morbidity and mortality.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Prostheses and Implants , Prosthesis Implantation/methods , Funnel Chest/surgery , Funnel Chest/therapy , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Treatment Outcome , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures/methods , Orthopedic Procedures/methods , Prosthesis Implantation/adverse effects , Funnel Chest/diagnostic imaging
8.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 39(4): 357-364, Oct.-Dec. 2019.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056648

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Malignant colonic occlusion is traditionally considered a surgical emergency. With the development of endoscopic techniques, metallic stents have emerged to ensure the colonic patency in nonsurgical candidates and, more recently, as a temporary measure until elective resection surgery is possible. Materials and methods: The research was conducted in PubMed and collected a total of 46 articles, including cross-references. Results: Ideally, intestinal occlusion should be resolved through tumor's primary resection with direct anastomosis. To avoid dehiscence of the anastomosis, tumor's resection may be performed with Hartmann's procedure. Metal stents are an alternative to emergency surgery and show excellent results in reliving colonic obstruction. However, they may have serious complications related to colonic perforation, migration and tumor dissemination. Discussion and conclusion: Observational studies and clinical trials show discrepant results. Metal stents are increasingly accepted in palliative care but are not yet recommended as a bridge to curative surgery. Treatment should be individualized, according to surgical risk and the probability of endoscopic complications.


Resumo Introdução: A oclusão intestinal aguda maligna é tradicionalmente considerada uma emergência cirúrgica. Com o desenvolvimento das técnicas endoscópicas surgiram os stents metálicos que asseguram a patência do cólon em doentes não candidatos a cirurgia e, mais recentemente, como uma medida temporária até ser possível realizar uma cirurgia de resseção eletiva. Materiais e métodos: A pesquisa decorreu na PubMed e reuniu um total de 46 artigos, incluindo referências cruzadas. Resultados: Idealmente, a oclusão intestinal deve ser abordada através da resseção primária do tumor com anastomose primária. Para evitar a deiscência da anastomose, a resseção tumoral pode ser realizada recorrendo à cirurgia Hartmann ou a um estoma derivativo sem resseção tumoral. Os stents metálicos são uma alternativa à cirurgia de emergência com resultados excelentes na resolução da obstrução cólica. Contudo, poderão levar a complicações como a perfuração cólica, a migração e a disseminação tumoral. Discussão e conclusão: Os estudos observacionais e ensaios clínicos mostram resultados discrepantes. O uso dos stents metálicos é cada vez mais aceite como tratamento paliativo, mas ainda não são inequivocamente recomendados como ponte para uma cirurgia curativa. O tratamento deve ser individualizado de acordo com o risco cirúrgico e a probabilidade de complicações endoscópicas.


Subject(s)
Stents , Prosthesis Implantation , Intestinal Obstruction , Colorectal Neoplasms/surgery
9.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 82(6): 488-494, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038692

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: This report addresses refractive, topographic, visual acuity, and optical coherence tomography outcomes 12 months after femtosecond, laser-assisted insertion of Ferrara intrastromal corneal ring segments in keratoconic eyes at a depth of 60%. Methods: Interventional, prospective, non-comparative case series. We performed femtosecond, laser-assisted insertion of Ferrara intrastromal corneal ring segments in 15 keratoconic eyes. We included patients with documented keratoconus who voluntarily signed informed consents if they had best spectacle-corrected visual acuity ≥0.30 logMAR and corneal thickness ≥400 μm. We excluded patients with previous ocular surgery or corneal curvatures >65 diopters (D). Our main outcome measures were best spectacle-corrected visual acuity and corneal topographic parameters (flattest, steepest and average keratometry [K]), evaluated at baseline and at 1-,3-,6-, and 12-month follow-ups. Results: The mean ± standard deviation baseline uncorrected visual acuity and best spectacle-corrected visual acuity were 1.03 ± 0.46 and 0.42 ± 0.13, respectively; the 12-month mean standard deviation uncorrected visual acuity and best spectacle-corrected visual acuity were 0.72 ± 0.37 and 0.31 ± 0.16, respectively, without significant differences (p=0.05 for both). The mean best spectacle-corrected visual acuity improvements were statistically significant after 3- (p=0.02) and after 6-months (p=0.02). The mean baseline flattest (K1), steepest (K2), and overall keratometries (mean power) were 48.35 ± 3.65 D, 53.67 ± 3.38 D, and 50.84 ± 3.36 D, respectively. The 12-month mean ± standard deviations for flattest-K1, steepest-K2, and overall K were 46.53 ± 3.70 D, 49.83 ± 3.50 D, and 48.12 ± 3.49 D respectively, with statistically significant differences for all three topographic parameters (p=0.01). Conclusions: Ferrara intrastromal corneal ring segment insertions at a depth of 60% yield satisfactory visual, refractive, and keratometric results in keratoconic eyes.


RESUMO Objetivos: Este estudo aborda os resultados refrativos, topográficos, acuidade visual e tomografia de coerência óptica, 12 meses após a inserção do segmento de Anel de Ferrara em túnel corneano a 60% de profundidade com o laser de femtosegundo, em pacientes com ceratocone. Métodos: Série de casos não comparativos, prospectivos e intervencionistas. Realizamos a inserção do Anel de Ferrara através de incisão com o laser de femtosegundo em 15 olhos ceratocônicos. Foram incluídos pacientes com ceratocone documentado que voluntariamente assinaram consentimentos informados que tivessem melhor acuidade visual corrigida ≥0.30 tabela logMAR, espessura corneana ≥400µm. Foram excluídos pacientes com cirurgia ocular prévia ou curvatura corneana > 65 dioptrias (D). As principais variáveis medidas foram acuidade visual corrigida e os parâmetros topográficos da córnea (ceratometria mais plana (K1), mais curva (K2) e ceratometria média (K médio), avaliadas no pré-operatório e com 1, 3, 6 e 12 meses de seguimento. Resultados: A média ± desvio padrão da acuidade visual sem correção e acuidade visual corrigida foi 1.03 ± 0.46 e 0.42 ± 0.13, respectivamente; o desvio padrão médio de 12 meses, a acuidade visual sem correção e acuidade visual corrigida foram de 0.72 ± 0.37 e 0.31 ± 0.16, respectivamente, sem diferenças significativas (p=0,05 para ambos). A melhora da acuidade visual corrigida foi estatisticamente significante após 3 meses (p=0,02), e após 6 meses (p=0,02). Os valores médios da linha de base K1, K2, e média (K médio) foram 48,35 ± 3,65D, 53,67 ± 3,38D, e 50,84 ± 3,36D, respectivamente. A média de 12 meses ± desvio padrão para K1, K2, e K médio foi 46,53 ± 3,70D, 49,83 ± 3,50 D, e 48,12 ± 3,49D respectivamente, com diferença estatisticamente significativas para todos os 3 parâmetros topográficos (p=0,01). Conclusões: A inserção do Anel de Ferrara a uma profundidade de 60% no estroma corneano produz resultados visuais, refracionais e ceratométricos satisfatórios em olhos com ceratocone.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Refraction, Ocular/physiology , Visual Acuity/physiology , Corneal Stroma/surgery , Prosthesis Implantation/methods , Keratoconus/surgery , Keratoconus/physiopathology , Reference Values , Time Factors , Tonometry, Ocular/methods , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Statistics, Nonparametric , Corneal Topography/methods , Tomography, Optical Coherence , Corneal Surgery, Laser/methods , Corneal Pachymetry/methods
10.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 82(5): 394-399, Sept.-Oct. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019429

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: Punctal stenosis can result in symptoms such as epiphora and can significantly reduce the quality of life of patients. Perforated punctal plug insertion is an easy procedure that is commonly used as the first step of treatment for punctal stenosis. Methods: Clinical, demographic, and outcome data were retrospectively collected for 54 eyes of 21 males and 11 females who consecutively presented to our Oculoplastic Clinic and underwent silicone Micro Flow perforated punctal plug insertion. All patients had epiphora with punctal stenosis. Results: Of the 54 plugs, 26 plugs (48.1%) were lost and 28 (51.8%) stayed in place. Of the latter, eight were explanted because of the occlusion of the plug with secretions and recurrent conjunctivitis; moreover, two plugs migrated deep into the vertical canaliculus. Of the 54 plugs, only 18 (33.3%) were well-tolerated with significant symptomatic improvement. Conclusion: Plug loss is a prominent problem in patients implanted with perforated punctal plugs. Silicone punctal plugs failed in 66.7% of our patients over a mean follow-up of 14.2 months.


RESUMO Objetivo: A estenose punctal pode resultar em sintomas como a epífora e diminuir significativamente a qua­lidade de vida dos pacientes. A inserção de um tampão perfurado é um procedimento fácil que é comumente usado como o primeiro passo do tratamento para a estenose punctal. Métodos: Dados clínicos, demográficos e de resultado foram coletados retrospectivamente de 54 olhos de 21 homens e 11 mulheres que consecutivamente se apresentaram em nossa Clínica de Oculoplástica e foram submetidos a inserção de um tampão de silicone perfurado Micro Flow. Todos os pacientes tinham epífora com estenose punctal. Resultados: Dos 54 tampões, 26 (48,1%) foram perdidos e 28 (51,8%) permaneceram no local. Destes últimos, 8 foram removidos devido a oclusão do tampão com secreção e conjuntivite recorrente, além disso, 2 migraram profundamente no canalículo vertical. Dos 54 tampões, apenas 18 (33,3%) foram bem tolerados com significativa melhora dos sintomas. Conclusão: A perda de tampões é um problema de destaque em pacientes implantados com tampões perfurados. Tampões de silicone falharam em 66,7% dos pacientes durante um seguimento médio de 14,2 meses.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Silicones/administration & dosage , Dry Eye Syndromes/surgery , Punctal Plugs/adverse effects , Lacrimal Apparatus/surgery , Lacrimal Duct Obstruction/therapy , Prostheses and Implants , Tears , Dry Eye Syndromes/complications , Prosthesis Implantation , Lacrimal Duct Obstruction/etiology
11.
Gac. méd. Méx ; 155(2): 196-198, mar.-abr. 2019. graf
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286483

ABSTRACT

Resumen El tratamiento de la falla cardiaca terminal avanzada ha sido el trasplante de corazón, sin embargo, hay limitantes en cuanto a las características del receptor y disponibilidad de donadores, por lo que se ha utilizado alternativamente el soporte ventricular como tratamiento de destino. Se describe a una paciente con falla cardiaca terminal por cardiomiopatía isquémica en quien se implantó exitosamente un sistema de soporte ventricular izquierdo y a ocho meses del procedimiento se encontraba en clase funcional I, sin complicaciones.


Abstract The treatment of refractory terminal heart failure has been heart transplantation. However, there are limitations with regard to clinical conditions of the recipient and availability of donors, and ventricular support has therefore been alternatively used as destination therapy. We describe the case is of a female patient with ischemic cardiomyopathy-associated heart failure who had a left ventricular assist device successfully implanted and at eight months of the procedure was at functional class I, with no complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Heart-Assist Devices , Myocardial Ischemia/surgery , Heart Failure/surgery , Follow-Up Studies , Myocardial Ischemia/complications , Prosthesis Implantation/methods
12.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 112(4): 410-421, Apr. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001291

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Considering the potential deleterious effects of right ventricular (RV) pacing, the hypothesis of this study is that isolated left ventricular (LV) pacing through the coronary sinus is safe and may provide better clinical and echocardiographic benefits to patients with bradyarrhythmias and normal ventricular function requiring heart rate correction alone. Objective: To assess the safety, efficacy, and effects of LV pacing using an active-fixation coronary sinus lead in comparison with RV pacing, in patients eligible for conventional pacemaker (PM) implantation. Methods: Randomized, controlled, and single-blinded clinical trial in adult patients submitted to PM implantation due to bradyarrhythmias and systolic ventricular function ≥ 0.40. Randomization (RV vs. LV) occurred before PM implantation. The main results of the study were procedural success, safety, and efficacy. Secondary results were clinical and echocardiographic changes. Chi-squared test, Fisher's exact test and Student's t-test were used, considering a significance level of 5%. Results: From June 2012 to January 2014, 91 patients were included, 36 in the RV Group and 55 in the LV Group. Baseline characteristics of patients in both groups were similar. PM implantation was performed successfully and without any complications in all patients in the RV group. Of the 55 patients initially allocated into the LV group, active-fixation coronary sinus lead implantation was not possible in 20 (36.4%) patients. The most frequent complication was phrenic nerve stimulation, detected in 9 (25.7%) patients in the LV group. During the follow-up period, there were no hospitalizations due to heart failure. Reductions of more than 10% in left ventricular ejection fraction were observed in 23.5% of patients in the RV group and 20.6% of those in the LV group (p = 0.767). Tissue Doppler analysis showed that 91.2% of subjects in the RV group and 68.8% of those in the LV group had interventricular dyssynchrony (p = 0.022). Conclusion: The procedural success rate of LV implant was low, and the safety of the procedure was influenced mainly by the high rate of phrenic nerve stimulation in the postoperative period.


Resumo Fundamento: Considerando-se os potenciais efeitos deletérios da estimulação do ventrículo direito (VD), a hipótese desse estudo é que a estimulação unifocal ventricular esquerda pelo seio coronário é segura e pode proporcionar melhores benefícios clínicos e ecocardiográficos aos pacientes com bradiarritmias que apresentam função ventricular normal, necessitando apenas da correção da frequência cardíaca. Objetivos: Avaliar a segurança, a eficácia e os efeitos da estimulação do ventrículo esquerdo (VE), utilizando um cabo-eletrodo com fixação ativa, em comparação à estimulação do VD. Métodos: Estudo clínico, randomizado, simples-cego em pacientes adultos com indicação de marca-passo (MP) devido a bradiarritmias e função ventricular sistólica ≥ 0,40. A randomização aleatória (VD vs VE) ocorreu antes do procedimento. Os desfechos primários do estudo foram: o sucesso, a segurança e a eficácia do procedimento proposto. Os desfechos secundários foram: a evolução clínica e alterações ecocardiográficas. Empregou-se os testes Qui-quadrado, Exato de Fisher e t de Student, com nível de significância de 5%. Resultados: De junho de 2012 a janeiro de 2014 foram incluídos 91 pacientes, sendo 36 no grupo VD e 55 no grupo VE. As características basais dos pacientes dos dois grupos foram similares. O implante de MP foi realizado com sucesso e sem nenhuma intercorrência em todos os pacientes do grupo VD. Dos 55 pacientes inicialmente alocados para o grupo VE, o implante do cabo-eletrodo em veias coronárias não foi possível em 20 (36,4%) pacientes. Dentre os 35 pacientes que permaneceram com o cabo-eletrodo no VE, a estimulação frênica foi a complicação mais frequente e foi detectada em 9 (25,7%) pacientes. Na fase de seguimento clínico, não houve hospitalizações por insuficiência cardíaca. Reduções superiores a 10% na fração de ejeção do VE foram observadas em 23,5% dos pacientes do grupo VD e em 20,6% dos pacientes do grupo VE (p = 0,767). A análise feita pelo Doppler tecidual mostrou que 91,2% dos indivíduos do grupo VD e 68,8% dos do grupo VE apresentaram dissincronia interventricular (p = 0,022). Conclusões: A taxa de sucesso do implante no VE foi baixa e a segurança do procedimento foi influenciada, principalmente, pela alta taxa de estimulação frênica no pós-operatório.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Pacemaker, Artificial/adverse effects , Bradycardia/therapy , Cardiac Pacing, Artificial/methods , Heart Ventricles/physiopathology , Stroke Volume , Bradycardia/physiopathology , Cardiac Pacing, Artificial/adverse effects , Single-Blind Method , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Prosthesis Implantation/methods , Heart Failure/etiology , Heart Failure/physiopathology
13.
Medisan ; 23(2)mar.-abr. 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1006921

ABSTRACT

Las investigaciones científicas y el desarrollo social han proporcionado una mirada nueva para enfocar la vida y, junto a ello, los criterios novedosos y necesarios en el campo de la ética, especialmente en todas las disciplinas de las ciencias médicas. A tales efectos, en el presente artículo se exponen algunos aspectos relacionados con los principios de la bioética en Estomatología, con el objetivo de analizar los factores objetivos y subjetivos para la rehabilitación implantoprotésica en el adulto mayor, teniendo en cuenta que la mayoría de las veces los resultados no son satisfactorios, influenciado por factores subjetivos.


Scientific investigations and social development have provided a new sight to focus life and, together with this, the novel and necessary approaches in the field of ethics, especially in all disciplines of the medical sciences. To such effects, some aspects related to the principles of bioethics in Stomatology are exposed in this work, with the aim of analyzing the objective and subjective factors for the prosthesis implant rehabilitation in the elderly, keeping in mind that most of the times the results are not satisfactory, influenced by subjective factors


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Professional Competence , Prosthesis Implantation/rehabilitation , Bioethical Issues , Quality of Life , Communication
15.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-770032

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Tumor infiltration around the knee joint or skip metastasis, repeated infection sequelae after tumor prosthesis implantation, regional recurrence, and mechanical failure of the megaprosthesis might require combined distal femur and proximal tibia replacement (CFTR). Among the aforementioned situations, there are few reports on the indication, complications, and implant survival of CFTR in temporarily arthrodesed patients who had a massive bony defect on either side of the knee joint to control infection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-four CFTR patients were reviewed retrospectively and 13 temporary arthrodesed cases switched to CFTR were extracted. All 13 cases had undergone a massive bony resection on either side of the knee joint and temporary arthrodesis state to control the repeated infection. This paper describes the diagnosis, tumor location, number of operations until CFTR, duration from the index operation to CFTR, survival of CFTR, complications, and Musculoskeletal Tumor Society (MSTS) score. RESULTS: According to Kaplan-Meier plot, the 5- and 10-year survival of CFTR was 69.0%±12.8%, 46.0%±20.7%, respectively. Six (46.2%) of the 13 cases had major complications. Three cases underwent removal of the prosthesis and were converted to arthrodesis due to infection. Two cases underwent partial change of the implant due to loosening and periprosthetic fracture. The remaining case with a deep infection was resolved after extensive debridement. At the final follow-up, the average MSTS score of 10 cases with CFTR was 24.6 (21–27). In contrast, the MSTS score of 3 arthrodesis cases with failed CFTR was 12.3 (12–13). The average range of motion of the 10 CFTR cases was 67° (0°–100°). The mean extension lag of 10 cases was 48° (20°–80°). CONCLUSION: Although the complication rates is substantial, conversion of an arthrodesed knee to a mobile joint using CFTR in a patient who had a massive bony defect on either side of the knee joint to control infection should be considered. The patient's functional outcome was different from the arthrodesed one. For successful conversion to a mobile joint, thorough the eradication of scar tissue and creating sufficient space for the tumor prosthesis to flex the knee joint up to 60° to 70° without soft tissue tension.


Subject(s)
Arthrodesis , Cicatrix , Debridement , Diagnosis , Extremities , Femur , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Joints , Knee Joint , Knee , Limb Salvage , Neoplasm Metastasis , Osteosarcoma , Periprosthetic Fractures , Prostheses and Implants , Prosthesis Implantation , Range of Motion, Articular , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Tibia
16.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 1048-1054, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781828

ABSTRACT

Artificial prosthesis is an important tool to help amputees to gain or partially obtain abled human limb functions. Compared with traditional prosthesis which is only for decoration or merely has feedforward control channel, the perception and feedback function of prosthesis is an important guarantee for its normal use and self-safety. And this includes the information of position, force, texture, roughness, temperature and so on. This paper mainly summarizes the development and current status of artificial prostheses in the field of perception and feedback technology in recent years, which is derived from two aspects: the recognition way of perception signals and the feedback way of perception signals. Among the part of recognition way of perception signals, the current commonly adopted sensors related to perception information acquisition and their application status in prosthesis are overviewed. Additionally, from the aspects of force feedback stimulation, invasive/non-invasive electrical stimulation, and vibration stimulation, the feedback methods of perception signals are summarized and analyzed. Finally, some problems existing in the perception and feedback technology of artificial prosthesis are proposed, and their development trends are also prospected.


Subject(s)
Amputees , Artificial Limbs , Feedback, Sensory , Humans , Prosthesis Design , Prosthesis Implantation
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764382

ABSTRACT

The effectiveness of dental implants in patients with disability, who are non-compliant during treatment, is controversial because of their poor oral health. Thus, oral health-care and management in such patients is concerning. Moreover, limited information is available on prognosis after implant placement. Herein, we describe a patient with schizophrenia who underwent dental implantation under multiple inductions of general anesthesia (5 times) and required conservative treatment and tooth extraction for multiple dental caries and retained roots because of inadequate oral health-care. Postoperatively, fracture of the prosthodontics and progression of dental caries were observed, and with 3 additional inductions of general anesthesia, conservative treatment, implant surgery, and prosthesis implantation were conducted. Postoperative 12-month follow-up since the last prosthesis implantation showed successful results. For patients with schizophrenia, multiple implantation can reduce horizontal bone loss and achieve aesthetic results compared to treatment with removable prosthodontics and could serve as an alternative treatment modality.


Subject(s)
Anesthesia, General , Dental Caries , Dental Implantation , Dental Implants , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Oral Health , Prognosis , Prosthesis Implantation , Prosthodontics , Schizophrenia , Tooth Extraction
18.
Article in French | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1264229

ABSTRACT

Les cures herniaires inguinales occupent la 2e place des activités chirurgicales à l'hôpital de zone de Ouidah. La plupart des cures à froid se font par prothèse depuis 2016. L'objectif de ce travail est d'analyser les résultats préliminaires dans cet hôpital. Il s'agit d'une étude transversale rétrospective à visée analytique avec revue des patients qui a pris en compte les malades opérés d'une hernie inguinale par prothèse à l'hôpital de zone de Ouidah de juillet 2016 à août 2017. Trente-six patients ont été recrutés au cours de notre étude. La moyenne d'âge de nos patients était de 55,33 ans, avec des extrêmes de 35 à 75 ans. Notre échantillon d'étude était exclusivement de sexe masculin. Chez 69,44% des patients la hernie est survenue par efforts physiques. Elle est survenue spontanément chez 22,22 %. Le reste des hernies étaient survenu dans un contexte de dysurie chez 2,78 % des patients et de constipation chronique chez 5,56%. Le siège prédominant de la hernie de l'aine dans notre série est inguinal droit chez 58,33 % alors qu'à gauche il n'est que de 33,33 %. Nous avons réalisé nos interventions chirurgicales sous anesthésie locorégionale type rachianesthésie chez tous nos patients. La moyenne de la durée des interventions était de 68,88 minutes. Selon la classification de Nyhus, 58,33 % de nos patients étaient classés Nyhus IIIa. La durée moyenne d'hospitalisation était de 56 heures. Les suites opératoires étaient simples chez 88,89 % des patients. Nous avons noté une mauvaise représentation psychologique de la prothèse chez 2,78%


Subject(s)
Benin , Hernia, Inguinal/diagnosis , Hernia, Inguinal/surgery , Outcome Assessment, Health Care , Prosthesis Implantation
19.
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 22(4): 368-373, Oct.-Dec. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-975603

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Bone anchored hearing aids (BAHA) represent a useful surgical option for patients with single sided deafness. Objectives To compare multiple techniques for BAHA implantation regarding postoperative complications, operative time, and duration between the surgery and the first use of the BAHA. Methods A retrospective study was conducted of all patients receiving implantation of a BAHA from August of 2008 to October of 2014. Data collected included: patient age, gender, side operated, abutment length, operative time, duration until first use of the BAHA, operative technique, and postoperative complications. The statistical analysis was performed using analysis of variance (ANOVA), Tukey pairwise comparison, chi-square, and paired t-test. Statistical significance was determined using a level of p< 0.05. Results A total of 88 patients (43 female and 45 male) were included in the data analysis. A total of 80 complications were documented, and these complications were classified according to the Holgers criteria. A significant difference in the total postoperative complications existed between the six techniques used (ANOVA; p< 0.01). In addition, there was also a significant difference among the six techniques employed regarding the operative time (ANOVA; p< 0.01). The average time duration until fitting of the BAHA processor among the various techniques trended toward but did not reach statistical significance (ANOVA; p= 0.16). Conclusions Significant differences in the operative outcomes exist among the various techniques for BAHA implantation. Based on the statistical analysis of our data, the BAHA Attract system (Cochlear Ltd., Sidney, Australia) requires greater operative time, but it is associated with less postoperative complications than percutaneous techniques and its processor may be fitted significantly sooner.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Prosthesis Implantation/adverse effects , Prosthesis Implantation/methods , Hearing Aids , Postoperative Complications , Retrospective Studies , Hearing Loss, Unilateral/surgery , Operative Time
20.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 44(6): 1215-1223, Nov.-Dec. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-975663

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: The objective of the present study is to test the efficiency and practicality of a new artificial sphincter "BR - SL - AS - 904" in the control of urinary incontinence in post - PR patients and to evaluate their complications. Patients and Methods: Fifteen patients with incontinence after one year of radical prostatectomy were included prospectively. All patients underwent artificial urethral sphincter (AUS) implant "BR - SL - AS - 904" according to established technique. Independent variables such as free urinary flow, PAD weight test, ICIQ - SF score and urinary symptoms through the IPSS score were compared in different follow-up moments. Results: Patients submitted to AUS implantation did not present trans - operative or post - operative complications related to the surgical act such as: infection, hematoma, erosion or urinary retention. Device was inert to the body during the follow-up, showing an excellent adaptation of the patients, besides the easy handling. The mean age was 68.20 years 40% of the patients had systemic arterial hypertension, 6.7% diabetes mellitus, 6.7% were hypertensive and diabetic, 13.4% were hypertensive, had diabetes and hypercholesterolemia and 26.7% patients had no comorbidities. It was evidenced that the urinary flow peak during the follow-up remained stable. Decreased averages and median PAD weight test were 135.19 to 75.72 and 106.00 to 23.50, respectively. The IPSS score decreased and the quality of life increased (12.33 to 3.40 and 2.50 to 3.20 respectively). The ICQF - SF questionnaire score also showed a decrease, ranging from 16, 71 to 7.33. Conclusion: The artificial sphincter implant "BR - SL - AS 904" was reproducible, safe and effective in the control of urinary incontinence in post - PR patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Prostatectomy/adverse effects , Urinary Incontinence/surgery , Urinary Sphincter, Artificial , Prosthesis Implantation/methods , Quality of Life , Urinary Incontinence/etiology , Case-Control Studies , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
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