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Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 1040-1046, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985506


Objective: Using bioinformatics methods to analyze the core pathogenic genes and related pathways in elderly osteoporosis. Methods: From November 2020 and August 2021, eight elderly osteoporosis patients who received treatment and five healthy participants who underwent physical examinations in Beijing Jishuitan Hospital were selected as subjects. The expression level of RNA in the peripheral blood of eight elderly osteoporosis patients and five healthy participants was collected for high-throughput transcriptome sequencing and analysis. The gene ontology (GO) analysis Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis was performed for the differentially expressed genes (DEGs). The protein-protein interaction (PPI) network was constructed using the STRING website and Cytoscape software, and the most significant modules and hub genes were screened out. Results: Among the eight elderly osteoporosis patients, there were seven females and one male, with an average age of 72.4 years (SD=4.2). Among the five healthy participants, there were four females and one male, with an average age of 68.2 years (SD=5.7). A total of 1 635 DEGs (847 up-regulated and 788 down-regulated) were identified. GO analysis revealed that the molecular functions of DEGs were mainly enriched in structural constituents of the ribosome, protein dimerization activity, and cellular components were mainly enriched in the nucleosome, DNA packaging complex, cytosolic part, protein-DNA complex and the cytosolic ribosome. KEGG pathway analysis showed that DEGs were mainly enriched in systemic lupus erythematosus and ribosome. Gene UBA52, UBB, RPS27A, RPS15, RPS12, RPL13A, RPL23A, RPL10A, RPS25 and RPS6 were selected and seven of them could encode ribosome proteins. Conclusion: The pathogenesis of elderly osteoporosis may be associated with ribosome-related genes and pathways.

Female , Humans , Male , Aged , Gene Expression Profiling/methods , Transcriptome , Protein Interaction Maps/genetics , Computational Biology/methods , Osteoporosis/genetics
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 297-303, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935941


Objective: To screen and analyze the key differentially expressed genes characteristics in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) with bioinformatics method. Methods: NAFLD-related expression matrix GSE89632 was downloaded from the GEO database. Limma package was used to screen differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in healthy, steatosis (SS), and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) samples. WGCNA was used to analyze the output gene module. The intersection of module genes and differential genes was used to determine the differential genes characteristic, and then GO function and KEGG signaling pathway enrichment analysis were performed. The protein-protein interaction network (PPI) was constructed using the online website STRING and Cytoscape software, and the key (Hub) genes were screened. Finally, R software was used to analyze the receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) of the Hub gene. Results: 92 differentially expressed genes characteristic were obtained through screening, which were mainly enriched in inflammatory response-related functions of "lipopolysaccharide response and molecular response of bacterial origin", as well as cancer signaling pathways of "proteoglycan in cancer" and "T-cell leukemia virus infection-related". 10 hub genes (FOS, CXCL8, SERPINE1, CYR61, THBS1, FOSL1, CCL2, MYC, SOCS3 and ATF3) had good diagnostic value. Conclusion: The differentially expressed hub genes among the 10 NAFLD disease-related characteristics obtained with bioinformatics analysis may become a diagnostic and prognostic marker and potential therapeutic target for NAFLD. However, further basic and clinical studies are needed to validate.

Humans , Computational Biology/methods , Gene Expression Profiling/methods , Gene Regulatory Networks , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/genetics , Protein Interaction Maps/genetics
Int. braz. j. urol ; 47(4): 843-855, Jul.-Aug. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286781


ABSTRACT Objective: Interstitial cystitis (IC)/bladder pain syndrome (BPS) is a chronic inflammatory disease that can cause bladder pain and accompanying symptoms, such as long-term urinary frequency and urgency. IC/BPS can be ulcerative or non-ulcerative. The aim of this study was to explore the core genes involved in the pathogenesis of ulcerative IC, and thus the potential biomarkers for clinical treatment. Materials and Methods: First, the gene expression dataset GSE11783 was downloaded using the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database and analyzed using the limma package in R to identify differentially expressed genes (DEGs). Then, the Database for Annotation, Visualization and Integrated Discovery (DAVID) was used for Gene Ontology (GO) functional analysis, and the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) was used for pathway enrichment analysis. Finally, the protein-protein interaction (PPI) network was constructed, and key modules and hub genes were determined using the STRING and Cytoscape software. The resulting key modules were then analyzed for tissue-specific gene expression using BioGPS. Results: A total of 216 up-regulated DEGs and 267 down-regulated genes were identified, and three key modules and nine hub genes were obtained. Conclusion: The core genes (CXCL8, CXCL1, IL6) obtained in this study may be potential biomarkers of interstitial cystitis with guiding significance for clinical treatment.

Humans , Cystitis, Interstitial/genetics , Software , Gene Expression Profiling , Protein Interaction Maps/genetics , Gene Ontology
Biol. Res ; 53: 24, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1124209


BACKGROUND: BMPR-1B is part of the transforming growth factor ß super family and plays a pivotal role in ewe litter size. Functional loss of exon-8 mutations in the BMPR-1B gene (namely the FecB gene) can increase both the ewe ovulation rate and litter size. RESULTS: This study constructed a eukaryotic expression system, prepared a monoclonal antibody, and characterized BMPR-1B/FecB protein-protein interactions (PPIs). Using Co-immunoprecipitation coupled to mass spectrometry (Co-IP/MS), 23 proteins were identified that specifically interact with FecB in ovary extracts of ewes. Bioinformatics analysis of selected PPIs demonstrated that FecB associated with several other BMPs, primarily via signal transduction in the ovary. FecB and its associated interaction proteins enriched the reproduction process via BMP2 and BMP4 pathways. Signal transduction was identified via Smads proteins and TGF-beta signaling pathway by analyzing the biological processes and pathways. Moreover, other target proteins (GDF5, GDF9, RhoD, and HSP 10) that interact with FecB and that are related to ovulation and litter size in ewes were identified. CONCLUSIONS: In summary, this research identified a novel pathway and insight to explore the PPi network of BMPR-1B.

Animals , Female , Ovary/metabolism , Bone Morphogenetic Protein Receptors, Type I/genetics , Eukaryota/genetics , Protein Interaction Maps/genetics , Mass Spectrometry , Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length , Sheep , Signal Transduction , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Computational Biology , Bone Morphogenetic Protein Receptors, Type I/metabolism , Eukaryota/metabolism , Genotype , Mutation
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 50(2): e5793, 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-839251


Osteosarcoma (OS) is the most common primary bone malignancy, but current therapies are far from effective for all patients. A better understanding of the pathological mechanism of OS may help to achieve new treatments for this tumor. Hence, the objective of this study was to investigate ego modules and pathways in OS utilizing EgoNet algorithm and pathway-related analysis, and reveal pathological mechanisms underlying OS. The EgoNet algorithm comprises four steps: constructing background protein-protein interaction (PPI) network (PPIN) based on gene expression data and PPI data; extracting differential expression network (DEN) from the background PPIN; identifying ego genes according to topological features of genes in reweighted DEN; and collecting ego modules using module search by ego gene expansion. Consequently, we obtained 5 ego modules (Modules 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6) in total. After applying the permutation test, all presented statistical significance between OS and normal controls. Finally, pathway enrichment analysis combined with Reactome pathway database was performed to investigate pathways, and Fisher's exact test was conducted to capture ego pathways for OS. The ego pathway for Module 2 was CLEC7A/inflammasome pathway, while for Module 3 a tetrasaccharide linker sequence was required for glycosaminoglycan (GAG) synthesis, and for Module 6 was the Rho GTPase cycle. Interestingly, genes in Modules 4 and 5 were enriched in the same pathway, the 2-LTR circle formation. In conclusion, the ego modules and pathways might be potential biomarkers for OS therapeutic index, and give great insight of the molecular mechanism underlying this tumor.

Humans , Algorithms , Bone Neoplasms/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic/genetics , Gene Regulatory Networks/genetics , Osteosarcoma/genetics , Protein Interaction Maps/genetics , Gene Expression Profiling
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 50(5): e5981, 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-839288


Different pathways act synergistically to participate in many biological processes. Thus, the purpose of our study was to extract dysregulated pathways to investigate the pathogenesis of colorectal cancer (CRC) based on the functional dependency among pathways. Protein-protein interaction (PPI) information and pathway data were retrieved from STRING and Reactome databases, respectively. After genes were aligned to the pathways, each pathway activity was calculated using the principal component analysis (PCA) method, and the seed pathway was discovered. Subsequently, we constructed the pathway interaction network (PIN), where each node represented a biological pathway based on gene expression profile, PPI data, as well as pathways. Dysregulated pathways were then selected from the PIN according to classification performance and seed pathway. A PIN including 11,960 interactions was constructed to identify dysregulated pathways. Interestingly, the interaction of mRNA splicing and mRNA splicing-major pathway had the highest score of 719.8167. Maximum change of the activity score between CRC and normal samples appeared in the pathway of DNA replication, which was selected as the seed pathway. Starting with this seed pathway, a pathway set containing 30 dysregulated pathways was obtained with an area under the curve score of 0.8598. The pathway of mRNA splicing, mRNA splicing-major pathway, and RNA polymerase I had the maximum genes of 107. Moreover, we found that these 30 pathways had crosstalks with each other. The results suggest that these dysregulated pathways might be used as biomarkers to diagnose CRC.

Humans , Adenoma/genetics , Adenoma/metabolism , Colorectal Neoplasms/genetics , Colorectal Neoplasms/metabolism , Protein Interaction Maps/genetics , Area Under Curve , Biomarkers, Tumor/genetics , Case-Control Studies , Gene Expression Profiling/methods , Gene Expression Regulation , Principal Component Analysis , Protein Array Analysis , Reference Values , RNA Splicing , Signal Transduction , Transcriptome
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 74(11): 921-936, Nov. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-827987


ABSTRACT The diagnosis and treatment of dystonia are challenging. This is likely due to gaps in the complete understanding of its pathophysiology, lack of animal models for translational studies, absence of a consistent pathological substrate and highly variable phenotypes and genotypes. The aim of this review article is to provide an overview of the clinical, neurophysiological and genetic features of dystonia that can help in the identification of this movement disorder, as well as in the differential diagnosis of the main forms of genetic dystonia. The variation of penetrance, age of onset, and topographic distribution of the disease in carriers of the same genetic mutation indicates that other factors – either genetic or environmental – might be involved in the development of symptoms. The growing knowledge of cell dysfunction in mutants may give insights into more effective therapeutic targets.

RESUMO O diagnóstico e o tratamento da distonia podem ser desafiadores. Isso se dá provavelmente a pouca compreensão da fisiopatologia, a falta de modelos animais para estudos translacionais, ausência de um substrato patológico consistente e genótipo e fenótipo altamente variáveis. O objetivo deste artigo de revisão é fornecer uma visão geral dos aspectos clínicos, neurofisiológicos e genéticos de distonia que podem ajudar na identificação deste distúrbio do movimento, bem como no diagnóstico diferencial das principais formas de distonia hereditária. Há uma ênfase particular na nova definição e classificação da Internacional das Distonias, bem como as recentes descobertas dos mecanismos moleculares subjacentes em algumas formas de distonia primária. A variação de penetrância, idade de início, e distribuição topográfica da doença em portadores da mesma mutação genética indica que outros fatores - genéticos ou ambientais podem estar envolvidos no desenvolvimento dos sintomas. O conhecimento crescente sobre a disfunção celular em mutantes pode gerar insights sobre alvos terapêuticos mais eficazes.

Humans , Dystonia/diagnosis , Tremor/diagnosis , Tremor/etiology , Algorithms , Risk Factors , Dystonic Disorders/genetics , Diagnosis, Differential , Dystonia/etiology , Dystonia/physiopathology , Dystonia/therapy , Protein Interaction Maps/genetics
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 49(3): e4861, Mar. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-771938


The present study screened potential genes related to lung adenocarcinoma, with the aim of further understanding disease pathogenesis. The GSE2514 dataset including 20 lung adenocarcinoma and 19 adjacent normal tissue samples from 10 patients with lung adenocarcinoma aged 45-73 years was downloaded from Gene Expression Omnibus. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between the two groups were screened using the t-test. Potential gene functions were predicted using functional and pathway enrichment analysis, and protein-protein interaction (PPI) networks obtained from the STRING database were constructed with Cytoscape. Module analysis of PPI networks was performed through MCODE in Cytoscape. In total, 535 upregulated and 465 downregulated DEGs were identified. These included ATP5D, UQCRC2, UQCR11 and genes encoding nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH), which are mainly associated with mitochondrial ATP synthesis coupled electron transport, and which were enriched in the oxidative phosphorylation pathway. Other DEGs were associated with DNA replication (PRIM1, MCM3, and RNASEH2A), cell surface receptor-linked signal transduction and the enzyme-linked receptor protein signaling pathway (MAPK1, STAT3, RAF1, and JAK1), and regulation of the cytoskeleton and phosphatidylinositol signaling system (PIP5K1B, PIP5K1C, and PIP4K2B). Our findings suggest that DEGs encoding subunits of NADH, PRIM1, MCM3, MAPK1, STAT3, RAF1, and JAK1 might be associated with the development of lung adenocarcinoma.

Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Adenocarcinoma/genetics , Gene Expression Profiling/methods , Lung Neoplasms/genetics , Microfilament Proteins/genetics , Down-Regulation/genetics , Gene Regulatory Networks , Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 1/genetics , NAD/genetics , Protein Interaction Maps/genetics , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-raf/genetics , Up-Regulation/genetics
Rev. latinoam. enferm ; 23(1): 139-147, Jan-Feb/2015. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: lil-742019


OBJECTIVE: The current study aimed to validate the construct and reliability of an emotional intelligence scale. METHOD: The Trait Meta-Mood Scale-24 was applied to 349 nursing students. The process included content validation, which involved expert reviews, pilot testing, measurements of reliability using Cronbach's alpha, and factor analysis to corroborate the validity of the theoretical model's construct. RESULTS: Adequate Cronbach coefficients were obtained for all three dimensions, and factor analysis confirmed the scale's dimensions (perception, comprehension, and regulation). CONCLUSION: The Trait Meta-Mood Scale is a reliable and valid tool to measure the emotional intelligence of nursing students. Its use allows for accurate determinations of individuals' abilities to interpret and manage emotions. At the same time, this new construct is of potential importance for measurements in nursing leadership; educational, organizational, and personal improvements; and the establishment of effective relationships with patients. .

OBJETIVO: este estudo tem como objetivo validar o construto e a confiabilidade de uma escala de inteligência emocional. MÉTODO: a escala Trait Meta-Mood Scale-24 foi aplicada em 349 estudantes de enfermagem. O processo envolveu a validação do conteúdo, que compreendeu avaliações de especialistas, testes piloto, medição da confiabilidade utilizando o coeficiente alfa de Cronbach e análise fatorial para corroborar a validade do construto do modelo teórico. RESULTADOS: coeficientes de Cronbach adequados foram obtidos nas três dimensões e a análise fatorial confirmou as dimensões da escala (percepção, compreensão e regulação). CONCLUSÃO: a Trait Meta-Mood Scale-24 é um instrumento confiável e válido para medir a inteligência emocional de estudantes de enfermagem. Seu uso permite determinar precisamente a capacidade dos indivíduos de interpretar e gerenciar emoções. Ao mesmo tempo, esse novo construto é de potencial importância para medidas em liderança em enfermagem; para o aperfeiçoamento educacional, organizacional e pessoal e para o estabelecimento de relacionamentos eficazes com os pacientes. .

OBJETIVO: efectuar la validación de constructo y confiabilidad de una escala de inteligencia emocional. MÉTODO: se aplicó la Trait-Meta Mood Scale-24 a 349 estudiantes de enfermería. El proceso comprendió la validación de contenido que consistió en lo siguiente: revisión por expertos; prueba piloto; medición de la confiabilidad por medio del Alfa de Cronbach; y comprobación de la validez de constructo del modelo teórico a través del Análisis Factorial. RESULTADOS: se obtuvieron adecuados coeficientes de Cronbach en las tres dimensiones, y el análisis factorial confirmó las dimensiones de la escala (percepción, comprensión y regulación). CONCLUSIÓN: la Trait-Meta Mood Scale es un instrumento confiable y válido para medir la inteligencia emocional en estudiantes de enfermería. Su uso permite identificar habilidades para interpretar y manejar las emociones. Es a la vez un nuevo constructo de potencial importancia para el liderazgo de enfermería; éste ayudará a mejorar aspectos educacionales, organizacionales y personales; además, favorecerá una relación efectiva con los pacientes. .

Humans , Gene Regulatory Networks , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Sepsis/diagnosis , Sepsis/genetics , Biomarkers/metabolism , Gene Ontology , MicroRNAs/genetics , Protein Interaction Maps/genetics , ROC Curve , Signal Transduction/genetics
Indian J Exp Biol ; 2014 Feb; 52(2): 181-188
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-150348


Double haploid technique is not routinely used in legume breeding programs, though recent publications report haploid plants via anther culture in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). The focus of this study was to develop an efficient and reproducible protocol for the production of double haploids with the application of multiple stress pre-treatments such as centrifugation and osmotic shock for genotypes of interest in chickpea for their direct use in breeding programs. Four genotypes, ICC 4958, WR315, ICCV 95423 and Arearti were tested for anther culture experiments. The yield was shown to be consistent with 3-5 nucleate microspores and 2-7 celled structures with no further growth. To gain a further insight into the molecular mechanism underlying the switch from microsporogenesis to androgenesis, bioinformatics tools were employed. The challenges on the roles of such genes were reviewed while an attempt was made to find putative candidates for androgenesis using Expressed Sequenced Tags (EST) and interolog based protein interaction analyses.

Breeding , Cicer/genetics , Computational Biology , Expressed Sequence Tags , Fabaceae/genetics , Genotype , Haploidy , Plant Roots/genetics , Plant Roots/metabolism , Protein Interaction Maps/genetics , Stress, Physiological