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1.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 877-888, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922482

ABSTRACT

A new coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) has been identified as the etiologic agent for the COVID-19 outbreak. Currently, effective treatment options remain very limited for this disease; therefore, there is an urgent need to identify new anti-COVID-19 agents. In this study, we screened over 6,000 compounds that included approved drugs, drug candidates in clinical trials, and pharmacologically active compounds to identify leads that target the SARS-CoV-2 papain-like protease (PLpro). Together with main protease (M


Subject(s)
Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Binding Sites , COVID-19/virology , Coronavirus Papain-Like Proteases/metabolism , Crystallography, X-Ray , Drug Evaluation, Preclinical , Drug Repositioning , High-Throughput Screening Assays/methods , Humans , Imidazoles/therapeutic use , Inhibitory Concentration 50 , Molecular Dynamics Simulation , Mutagenesis, Site-Directed , Naphthoquinones/therapeutic use , Protease Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Protein Structure, Tertiary , Recombinant Proteins/isolation & purification , SARS-CoV-2/isolation & purification
2.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1021-1030, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826874

ABSTRACT

Pectin methylesterase (PME) is an important pectinase that hydrolyzes methyl esters in pectin to release methanol and reduce the degree of methylation of pectin. At present, it has broad application prospects in food processing, tea beverage, paper making and other production processes. With the in-depth study of PME, the crystal structures with different sources have been reported. Analysis of these resolved crystal structures reveals that PME belongs to the right-hand parallel β-helix structure, and its catalytic residues are two aspartic acids and a glutamine, which play the role of general acid-base, nucleophile and stable intermediate, in the catalytic process. At the same time, the substrate specificity is analyzed to understand the recognition mechanism of the substrate and active sites. This paper systematically reviews these related aspects.


Subject(s)
Carboxylic Ester Hydrolases , Chemistry , Metabolism , Catalytic Domain , Crystallography , Pectins , Metabolism , Protein Structure, Tertiary , Substrate Specificity
3.
Immune Network ; : e8-2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-740220

ABSTRACT

IL-32 exists as seven mRNA transcripts that can translate into distinct individual IL-32 variants with specific protein domains. These translated protein domains of IL-32 variants code for specific functions that allow for interaction with different molecules intracellularly or extracellularly. The longest variant is IL-32γ possessing 234 amino acid residues with all 11 protein domains, while the shortest variant is IL-32α possessing 131 amino acid residues with three of the protein domains. The first domain exists in 6 variants except IL-32δ variant, which has a distinct translation initiation codon due to mRNA splicing. The last eleventh domain is common domain for all seven IL-32 variants. Numerous studies in different fields, such as inflammation, autoimmunity, pathogen infection, and cancer biology, have claimed the specific biological activity of individual IL-32 variant despite the absence of sufficient data. There are 4 additional IL-32 variants without proper transcripts. In this review, the structural characteristics of seven IL-32 transcripts are described based on the specific protein domains.


Subject(s)
Autoimmunity , Biology , Codon, Initiator , Inflammation , Protein Structure, Tertiary , RNA, Messenger
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775256

ABSTRACT

G protein-coupled receptors(GPCRs)represent the largest class of cell surface receptors,mediating wide range of cellular and physiological processes through their transducers,G proteins and the-arrestins participate in almost all pathological processes. Recent technological advances are revolutionizing the utility of cryo-electron microscopy(cryo-EM),leading to a tremendous progress in the structural studies of biological macromolecules and cryo-EM has played a leading role in the structural biology of GPCR signaling complex. New discoveries of high-resolution threedimensional structures of GPCR signaling complexes based on cryo-EM have emerged vigorously,which depict the common structural characteristics of intermolecular interaction between GPCR and G protein complex-the conformational changes of the transmembrane helix 6 of receptors,and also demonstrate the structural basis of G protein subtype selectivity. Single-particle cryo-EM becomes an efficient tool for identifying the molecular mechanism of receptor-ligand interaction,providing important information for understanding GPCR signaling and the structure-based drug design.


Subject(s)
Cryoelectron Microscopy , Protein Binding , Protein Structure, Tertiary , Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled , Chemistry
5.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 51(5): e6213, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-889085

ABSTRACT

Dermatophagoides farinae (Der f), one of the main species of house dust mites, produces more than 30 allergens. A recently identified allergen belonging to the alpha-tubulin protein family, Der f 33, has not been characterized in detail. In this study, we used bioinformatics tools to construct the secondary and tertiary structures and predict the B and T cell epitopes of Der f 33. First, protein attribution, protein patterns, and physicochemical properties were predicted. Then, a reasonable tertiary structure was constructed by homology modeling. In addition, six B cell epitopes (amino acid positions 34-45, 63-67, 103-108, 224-230, 308-316, and 365-377) and four T cell epitopes (positions 178-186, 241-249, 335-343, and 402-410) were predicted. These results established a theoretical basis for further studies and eventual epitope-based vaccine design against Der f 33.


Subject(s)
Animals , Tubulin/chemistry , Allergens/chemistry , Epitopes, T-Lymphocyte/chemistry , Epitopes, B-Lymphocyte/chemistry , Dermatophagoides farinae/chemistry , Antigens, Dermatophagoides/chemistry , Tubulin/genetics , Tubulin/immunology , Allergens/genetics , Allergens/immunology , Molecular Structure , Protein Structure, Tertiary , Epitope Mapping , Epitopes, T-Lymphocyte/genetics , Epitopes, B-Lymphocyte/genetics , Computational Biology , Sequence Analysis, Protein , Dermatophagoides farinae/genetics , Dermatophagoides farinae/immunology , Antigens, Dermatophagoides/genetics , Antigens, Dermatophagoides/immunology
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-758831

ABSTRACT

Heat shock protein A9 (HSPA9), a member of the heat shock protein family, is a putative receptor for Tembusu virus (TMUV). By using Western blot and co-immunoprecipitation assays, E protein domains I and II were identified as the functional domains that facilitate HSPA9 binding. Twenty-five overlapping peptides covering domain I and domain II sequences were synthesized and analyzed by using an HSPA9 binding assay. Two peptides showed the capability of binding to HSPA9. Dot blot assay of truncated peptides indicated that amino acid residues 19 to 22 and 245 to 252 of E protein constitute the minimal motifs required for TMUV binding to HSPA9. Importantly, peptides harboring those two minimal motifs could effectively inhibit TMUV infection. Our results provide insight into TMUV-receptor interaction, thereby creating opportunities for elucidating the mechanism of TMUV entry.


Subject(s)
Blotting, Western , Heat-Shock Proteins , Hot Temperature , Humans , Immunoprecipitation , Peptides , Protein Structure, Tertiary
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771710

ABSTRACT

The NAC family is an important transcription factor which regulate plant growth and development, signal transduction, and stress response.In this study, the protein identification, subfamily classification, the determination of physical and chemical properties, protein structure, and expression pattern of NAC family were performed using bioinformatic methods based on the RNA-seq data of ginger. The results showed that a total of 72 NAC transcription factors were identified in 271.1 Mb total nucleotides, and they could be clustered into 13 subfamilies according to the phylogenetic tree.The physical and chemical properties, structure analysis revealed that the amino acid number and isoelectric point were different among 13 NAC subfamilies; the secondary structure of NACs transcription factors mainly consist of random coil, and the tertiary structure is similar.In addition,the expression patterns of genes under different soil moisture and Ralstonia solanacearum infection showed that 23 NACs were differentially expressed, which were mainly distributed in Ⅷ,Ⅶ, and ⅩⅤ subfamilies related to plant senescence, hormone metabolism and cell wall metabolism.The results provide some valuable information for the research and development of NAC transcription factors in ginger.


Subject(s)
Gene Expression Regulation, Plant , Ginger , Genetics , Multigene Family , Phylogeny , Plant Proteins , Genetics , Protein Structure, Tertiary , RNA, Plant , Genetics , Sequence Analysis, RNA , Transcription Factors , Genetics
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771679

ABSTRACT

According to the previous results from transcriptome analysis of Ligustrum quihoui, a glycosyltransferase gene(xynzUGT) was cloned by rapid amplification of cDNA ends(RACE). The full length cDNA of xynzUGT was 1 598 bp, consisting of 66 bp 5'-UTR, 1 440 bp ORF and 92 bp 3'-UTR. The ORF encoded a 480 amino-acid protein(xynzUGT) with a molecular weight of 54 826.67 Da and isoelectric point of 5.82. The structure of enzyme was analyzed by using bioinformatics method, the results showed that the primary structure contained a highly conserved PSPG box of glycosyltransferase, the secondary structure included α helix(38%), sheet(12.1%) and random coil(49.9%), and tertiary structure was constructed by peptide chain folding to form two face-to-face domains(often referred to as a Rossmann domains), between which a substrate binding pocket is sandwiched. The phylogenetic tree analysis indicated that xynzUGT might catalyze glycosylation of phenylpropanoids, such as tyrosol. Further simulation experiment of molecular docking between enzyme and tyrosol showed that Gly138 and Ser285 located in the binding pocket interacted with tyrosol by hydrogen bonding. SDS-PAGE analysis exhibited that the prokaryotic expression system successfully expressed recombinant xynzUGT with molecular weight of 58 370.57 Da, but it exists in the form of non-soluble inclusion bodies. Using the molecular chaperone and enzyme co-expression method, the soluble expression was promoted to some extent. The above works laid the foundation for further studying on enzymatic reaction and clarifying the functional mechanism of enzyme.


Subject(s)
Cloning, Molecular , DNA, Complementary , Glycosyltransferases , Genetics , Ligustrum , Genetics , Molecular Docking Simulation , Phylogeny , Plant Proteins , Genetics , Protein Structure, Secondary , Protein Structure, Tertiary
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-8653

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: We describe the genetic profiles of Korean patients with glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiencies and the effects of G6PD mutations on protein stability and enzyme activity on the basis of in silico analysis. METHODS: In parallel with a genetic analysis, the pathogenicity of G6PD mutations detected in Korean patients was predicted in silico. The simulated effects of G6PD mutations were compared to the WHO classes based on G6PD enzyme activity. Four previously reported mutations and three newly diagnosed patients with missense mutations were estimated. RESULTS: One novel mutation (p.Cys385Gly, labeled G6PD Kangnam) and two known mutations [p.Ile220Met (G6PD São Paulo) and p.Glu416Lys (G6PD Tokyo)] were identified in this study. G6PD mutations identified in Koreans were also found in Brazil (G6PD São Paulo), Poland (G6PD Seoul), United States of America (G6PD Riley), Mexico (G6PD Guadalajara), and Japan (G6PD Tokyo). Several mutations occurred at the same nucleotide, but resulted in different amino acid residue changes in different ethnic populations (p.Ile380 variant, G6PD Calvo Mackenna; p.Cys385 variants, Tomah, Madrid, Lynwood; p.Arg387 variant, Beverly Hills; p.Pro396 variant, Bari; and p.Pro396Ala in India). On the basis of the in silico analysis, Class I or II mutations were predicted to be highly deleterious, and the effects of one Class IV mutation were equivocal. CONCLUSIONS: The genetic profiles of Korean individuals with G6PD mutations indicated that the same mutations may have arisen by independent mutational events, and were not derived from shared ancestral mutations. The in silico analysis provided insight into the role of G6PD mutations in enzyme function and stability.


Subject(s)
Asian Continental Ancestry Group/genetics , Child , Child, Preschool , DNA/chemical synthesis , Exons , Glucosephosphate Dehydrogenase/chemistry , Glucosephosphate Dehydrogenase Deficiency/genetics , Humans , Male , Mutation, Missense , Polymorphism, Genetic , Protein Structure, Tertiary , Republic of Korea , Sequence Analysis, DNA
10.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 693-701, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-337430

ABSTRACT

The length of IGF1R 3'UTR is greater than 7 kb. The structure of IGF1R 3'UTR is complex, with multiple binding sites of miRNAs. IGF1R is involved in the regulation of MAPK and PI3K/AKT signaling pathways and theformation and development of tumors. Bioinformatics analysis can reveal the structure features of IGF1R, which provides ideas for further research. The analysis shows that the binding sites between IGF1R and miRNAs have the highest mutation rate in Neuroblastoma. We analyzed the structure of 3'UTR, miRNAs binding sites, physical and chemical properties, hydrophilic-hydrophobic property, glycosylation and phosphorylation sites, secondary structure and tertiary structure modeling of IGF1R. The locations and names of amino acids interacting in IGF1R and IGF1 were obtained by molecular docking. Therefore, if IGF1R 3'UTR is mutated, the capacity of IGF1R combined with miRNAs will reduce and the IGF1R expression will be up-regulated, and the function of miRNAs will be repressed. We can change the sites of IGF1R to combine with IGF1 to repress the function of IGF1R and IGF1. Then the function of IGF1R will be repressed.


Subject(s)
Binding Sites , Computational Biology , Humans , Insulin-Like Growth Factor I , MicroRNAs , Chemistry , Molecular Docking Simulation , Protein Structure, Secondary , Protein Structure, Tertiary , Receptor, IGF Type 1 , Chemistry , Signal Transduction
11.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1072-1077, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-290123

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Gaucher's disease (GD) is an autosomal recessive disorder caused by a deficiency of acid β-glucosidase (glucocerebrosidase [GBA]) that results in the accumulation of glucocerebroside within macrophages. Many mutations have been reported to be associated with this disorder. This study aimed to discover more mutations and provide data for the genetic pattern of the gene, which will help the development of quick and accurate genetic diagnostic tools for this disease.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Genomic DNA was obtained from peripheral blood leukocytes of the patient and Sanger sequencing is used to sequence GBA gene. Sequence alignments of mammalian β-GBA (GCase) and three-dimensional protein structure prediction of the mutation were made. A construct of this mutant and its compound heterozygous counterpart were used to measure GCase in vitro.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>GCase is relatively conserved at p.T219A. This novel mutation differs from its wild-type in structure. Moreover, it also causes a reduction in GCase enzyme activity.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>This novel mutation (c.655A>G, p.T219A) is a pathogenic missense mutation, which contributes to GD.</p>


Subject(s)
Child, Preschool , Gaucher Disease , Genetics , Glucosylceramidase , Chemistry , Genetics , Humans , Male , Models, Molecular , Mutation, Missense , Protein Structure, Tertiary , Sequence Analysis, DNA
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-34963

ABSTRACT

Chromosomal translocations of the human mixed-lineage leukemia (MLL) gene have been analyzed for more than 20 yr at the molecular level. So far, we have collected about 80 direct MLL fusions (MLL-X alleles) and about 120 reciprocal MLL fusions (X-MLL alleles). The reason for the higher amount of reciprocal MLL fusions is that the excess is caused by 3-way translocations with known direct fusion partners. This review is aiming to propose a solution for an obvious problem, namely why so many and completely different MLL fusion alleles are always leading to the same leukemia phenotypes (ALL, AML, or MLL). This review is aiming to explain the molecular consequences of MLL translocations, and secondly, the contribution of the different fusion partners. A new hypothesis will be posed that can be used for future research, aiming to find new avenues for the treatment of this particular leukemia entity.


Subject(s)
Alleles , Chromosomes, Human, X , Epigenesis, Genetic , Humans , Leukemia/classification , Myeloid-Lymphoid Leukemia Protein/chemistry , Protein Structure, Tertiary , Translocation, Genetic
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-72758

ABSTRACT

This study aimed at constructing a draft genome of the adult female worm Toxocara canis using next-generation sequencing (NGS) and de novo assembly, as well as to find new genes after annotation using functional genomics tools. Using an NGS machine, we produced DNA read data of T. canis. The de novo assembly of the read data was performed using SOAPdenovo. RNA read data were assembled using Trinity. Structural annotation, homology search, functional annotation, classification of protein domains, and KEGG pathway analysis were carried out. Besides them, recently developed tools such as MAKER, PASA, Evidence Modeler, and Blast2GO were used. The scaffold DNA was obtained, the N50 was 108,950 bp, and the overall length was 341,776,187 bp. The N50 of the transcriptome was 940 bp, and its length was 53,046,952 bp. The GC content of the entire genome was 39.3%. The total number of genes was 20,178, and the total number of protein sequences was 22,358. Of the 22,358 protein sequences, 4,992 were newly observed in T. canis. Following proteins previously unknown were found: E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase cbl-b and antigen T-cell receptor, zeta chain for T-cell and B-cell regulation; endoprotease bli-4 for cuticle metabolism; mucin 12Ea and polymorphic mucin variant C6/1/40r2.1 for mucin production; tropomodulin-family protein and ryanodine receptor calcium release channels for muscle movement. We were able to find new hypothetical polypeptides sequences unique to T. canis, and the findings of this study are capable of serving as a basis for extending our biological understanding of T. canis.


Subject(s)
Adult , B-Lymphocytes , Base Composition , Classification , DNA , Female , Genome , Genomics , Humans , Larva Migrans, Visceral , Metabolism , Mucins , Peptides , Protein Structure, Tertiary , Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell , RNA , Ryanodine Receptor Calcium Release Channel , T-Lymphocytes , Toxocara canis , Toxocara , Transcriptome , Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-8374

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Dengue virus infection is now a global problem. Currently, there is no licensed vaccine or proven antiviral treatment against this virus. All four serotypes (1-4) of dengue virus can infect human. An effective dengue vaccine should be tetravalent to induce protective immune responses against all four serotypes. Most of dengue vaccine candidates are monovalent, or in the form of physically mixed multivalent formulations. Recently envelope protein domain III of virus is considered as a vaccine candidate, which plays critical roles in the most important viral activities. Development of a tetravalent protein subunit vaccine is very important for equal induction of immune system and prevention of unbalanced immunity. Here, we have presented and used a rational approach to design a tetravalent dengue vaccine candidate. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We designed a multi domain antigen by fusing four consensus domain III sequences together with appropriate hydrophobic linkers and used several types of bioinformatics software and neural networks to predict structural and immunological properties of the designed tetravalent antigen. RESULTS: We designed a tetravalent protein (EDIIIF) based on domain III of dengue virus envelope protein. According to the results of the bioinformatics analysis, the constructed models for EDIIIF protein were structurally stable and potentially immunogenic. CONCLUSION: The designed tetravalent protein can be considered as a potential dengue vaccine candidate. The presented approach can be used for rational design and in silico evaluation of chimeric dengue vaccine candidates.


Subject(s)
Computational Biology , Computer Simulation , Consensus , Dengue Virus , Dengue , Humans , Immune System , Protein Structure, Tertiary , Protein Subunits , Staphylococcal Protein A
15.
Rev. panam. salud pública ; 38(6): 442-449, nov.-dic. 2015. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-788101

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To describe the volume and patterns of alcohol consumption up to and including 2012, and to estimate the burden of disease attributable to alcohol consumption as measured in deaths and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) lost in the Americas in 2012. METHODS: Measures of alcohol consumption were obtained from the World Health Organization (WHO) Global Information System on Alcohol and Health (GISAH). The burden of alcohol consumption was estimated in both deaths and DALYs lost based on mortality data obtained from WHO, using alcohol-attributable fractions. Regional groupings for the Americas were based on the WHO classifications for 2004 (according to child and adult mortality). RESULTS: Regional variations were observed in the overall volume of alcohol consumed, the proportion of the alcohol market attributable to unrecorded alcohol consumption, drinking patterns, prevalence of drinking, and prevalence of heavy episodic drinking, with inhabitants of the Americas consuming more alcohol (8.4 L of pure alcohol per adult in 2012) compared to the world average. The Americas also experienced a high burden of disease attributable to alcohol consumption (4.7% of all deaths and 6.7% of all DALYs lost), especially in terms of injuries attributable to alcohol consumption. CONCLUSIONS: Alcohol is consumed in a harmful manner in the Americas, leading to a high burden of disease, especially in terms of injuries. New cost-effective alcohol policies, such as increasing alcohol taxation, increasing the minimum legal age to purchase alcohol, and decreasing the maximum legal blood alcohol content while driving, should be implemented to decrease the harmful consumption of alcohol and the resulting burden of disease.


OBJETIVO:Describir el volumen y los modelos de consumo de alcohol hasta el año 2012 incluido, y calcular la carga de morbilidad atribuible al consumo de alcohol medida según el número de defunciones y los años de vida ajustados en función de la discapacidad (AVAD) perdidos en la Región de las Américas en el 2012. MÉTODOS: Los datos sobre el consumo de alcohol se obtuvieron a partir del Sistema Mundial de Información sobre el Alcohol y la Salud (GISAH, por sus siglas en inglés) de la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS). La carga del consumo de alcohol se calculó según la mortalidad y según los AVAD perdidos con base en los datos de mortalidad obtenidos de la OMS, tomando en consideración las fracciones atribuibles al alcohol. La división en subregiones se basó en las clasificaciones de la OMS del año 2004 (según la mortalidad en niños y adultos). RESULTADOS: Se observaron variaciones regionales en el volumen total de alcohol consumido, la proporción del mercado del alcohol atribuible al consumo de alcohol no registrado, los hábitos de consumo, la prevalencia del consumo y la prevalencia de los episodios de consumo excesivo de alcohol. Los habitantes de la Región de las Américas consumieron más alcohol (8,4 litros de alcohol puro por adulto en el 2012) en comparación con el promedio mundial. La Región también experimentó una alta carga de morbilidad atribuible al consumo de alcohol (4,7% de las defunciones y 6,7% de los AVAD perdidos), especialmente en forma de lesiones atribuibles al consumo de alcohol. CONCLUSIONES: El alcohol se consume de una manera perjudicial en la Región de las Américas y ello comporta una alta carga de morbilidad, especialmente en forma de lesiones. Con objeto de disminuir el consumo perjudicial de bebidas alcohólicas y la carga de morbilidad resultante, es preciso introducir nuevas políticas en materia de consumo de alcohol que sean eficaces en función de los costos, tales como el incremento de los impuestos sobre el alcohol, el aumento de la edad mínima legal para adquirir alcohol, y la disminución de la concentración máxima legal de alcohol en sangre mientras se conduce.


Subject(s)
Bacterial Proteins/chemistry , Neuraminidase/chemistry , Streptococcus pneumoniae/enzymology , Virulence Factors/chemistry , Binding Sites , Bacterial Proteins/metabolism , Lactose/analogs & derivatives , Lactose/metabolism , Models, Molecular , Neuraminidase/metabolism , Protein Binding , Protein Folding , Protein Structure, Tertiary , Sialic Acids/metabolism , Streptococcus pneumoniae/chemistry , Virulence Factors/metabolism
16.
Rev. panam. salud pública ; 38(6): 487-494, nov.-dic. 2015. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-788107

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To assess the adequacy of energy and nutritional intakes compared to recommended daily intakes (RDIs) in schoolchildren from the Cochabamba region (Bolivia) and to determine micronutrient intake distributions across different ages and genders. METHODS: This nutritional study (n = 315) was part of a larger population-based crosssectional study (the "Bolkid" survey) that collected data on schoolchildren 5-16 years old in 2010 in the Cochabamba region. Information about food intake was gathered with a semiquan-titative, food-frequency, parent-administered questionnaire about l2 months before the study. Descriptive and bivariate analyses of energy and nutrient intakes were assessed. RESULTS: For all ages studied and both genders, the average energy and micronutrient intakes were acceptable but below the requirements. The diet included high amounts of fiber, some minerals (iron, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, sodium), and vitamins (pantothenic acid, niacin, vitamins B2, B12, C, and E), but was low in calcium and vitamin D. However, more than half the children had insufficient energy intake, and low calcium, vitamin A, and vitamin D intakes, according to RDIs adjusted for age and gender; one-third of the children had insufficient folate and magnesium intakes; and adolescent girls had low iron intakes. CONCLUSIONS: Regardless of recommendations or demographic characteristics, the vast majority of children in Cochabamba consumed insufficient energy and too little calcium, folate, magnesium, and vitamin A and D. In addition, adolescent girls consumed insufficient iron. Higher energy intake for schoolchildren through increased food availability, frequency, and size portions in daily meals should be a priority for Bolivian public health institutions.


OBJETIVO:Evaluar la idoneidad del consumo energético y de nutrientes en escolares de la región de Cochabamba, Bolivia, por comparación con las cantidades diarias recomendadas (CDR), y determinar la distribución de la ingesta de micronutrientes en distintas edades y ambos sexos. MÉTODOS: Este estudio nutricional (n = 315) formó parte de un estudio transversal poblacional más amplio (la llamada encuesta Bolkid) en que se obtuvieron datos de escolares de 5 a 16 años de edad en la región de Cochabamba en el 2010. Se usó un cuestionario semicuantitativo, administrado por los padres, para obtener información acerca de la frecuencia del consumo de alimentos alrededor de 12 meses antes del estudio. Se evaluaron los resultados de análisis descriptivos y bivariados de la ingesta energética y de nutrientes. RESULTADOS: En todas las edades estudiadas y ambos sexos, las ingestas energética y de micronutrientes fueron aceptables pero inferiores a las cantidades necesarias. La alimentación tenía un alto contenido de fibra, de algunos minerales (hierro, magnesio, fósforo, potasio, sodio) y de vitaminas (ácido pantoténico, niacina, vitaminas B2, B12, C y E), pero poco contenido de calcio y vitamina D. No obstante, más de la mitad de los niños tenían una ingesta energética insuficiente e ingestas demasiado bajas de calcio, vitamina A y vitamina D, según las CDR ajustadas por edad y sexo; una tercera parte consumían cantidades insuficientes de folato y magnesio; y las adolescentes tenían ingestas de hierro demasiado bajas. CONCLUSIONES: Independientemente de las cantidades recomendadas o de las características demográficas, la gran mayoría de los niños en Cochabamba tenían un consumo energético insuficiente e ingestas demasiado bajas de calcio, folato, magnesio y vitaminas A y D. Además, las adolescentes consumían cantidades insuficientes de hierro. Las instituciones de salud pública bolivianas deberían dar prioridad a aumentar el consumo energético de los escolares propiciando una mayor disponibilidad de alimentos, un consumo más frecuente y porciones más grandes en las comidas diarias.


Subject(s)
Evolution, Molecular , Gene Expression Regulation , /chemistry , Transcription, Genetic , Crystallography, X-Ray , Enzyme Stability , Holoenzymes/chemistry , Protein Conformation , Protein Structure, Tertiary , /genetics
17.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 13(2): 221-225, Apr-Jun/2015. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-751414

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To assess adherence of the prescribing physicians in a private cancer care center to the American Society of Clinical Oncology guideline for antiemetic prophylaxis, in the first cycle of antineoplastic chemotherapy. Methods: A total of 139 chemotherapy regimens, of 105 patients, were evaluated retrospectively from 2011 to 2013. Results: We observed 78% of non-adherence to the guideline rate. The main disagreements with the directive were the prescription of higher doses of dexamethasone and excessive use of 5-HT3 antagonist for low risk emetogenic chemotherapy regimens. On univariate analysis, hematological malignancies (p=0.005), the use of two or more chemotherapy (p=0.05) and high emetogenic risk regimes (p=0.012) were factors statistically associated with greater adherence to guidelines. Treatment based on paclitaxel was the only significant risk factor for non-adherence (p=0.02). By multivariate analysis, the chemotherapy of high emetogenic risk most correlated with adherence to guideline (p=0.05). Conclusion: We concluded that the adherence to guidelines is greater if the chemotherapy regime has high emetogenic risk. Educational efforts should focus more intensely on the management of chemotherapy regimens with low and moderate emetogenic potential. Perhaps the development of a computer generated reminder may improve the adherence to guidelines. .


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar a adesão dos médicos prescritores, de um centro privado especializado em oncologia, à diretriz de antiêmese profilática da American Society of Clinical Oncology, no primeiro ciclo de quimioterapia antineoplásica. Métodos: Foram avaliados retrospectivamente 139 esquemas de quimioterapia, de 105 pacientes, tratados no período de 2011 a 2013. Resultados: Foram observados 78% de taxa de não adesão à diretriz. As principais discordâncias com a diretriz foram prescrição de doses mais elevadas de dexametasona e uso excessivo de antagonista 5-HT3 para regimes de quimioterapia de risco emetogênico baixo. Pela análise univariada, malignidades hematológicas (p=0,005), uso de dois ou mais quimioterápicos (p=0,05) e regimes de alto risco emetogênico (p=0,012) foram fatores estatisticamente associados a maior adesão à diretriz. O tratamento baseado em paclitaxel foi o único fator estatisticamente significativo para a não adesão (p=0,02). Pela análise multivariada, a quimioterapia de alto risco emetogênico apresentou maior correlação com a adesão à diretriz (p=0,05). Conclusão: Houve maior aderência para a quimioterapia de alto risco emetogênico. Esforços educacionais devem se concentrar mais intensamente na gestão de regimes de quimioterapia com potencial emetogênico baixo e moderado. Talvez o desenvolvimento de lembretes gerados por sistemas informatizados possa melhorar a aderência à diretriz. .


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Mice , DNA Damage , Recombinational DNA Repair , Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases/chemistry , Amino Acid Motifs , Amino Acid Sequence , BRCA1 Protein/antagonists & inhibitors , Cell Line , Chromosome Breakage , Conserved Sequence , DNA Repair , DNA-Binding Proteins/antagonists & inhibitors , Deoxyribonucleases/metabolism , Histones/metabolism , Protein Structure, Tertiary , Ubiquitination , Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases/metabolism
18.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 65(3): 222-229, May-Jun/2015. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-748917

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: In this study, the aim was to compare postoperative analgesia effects of the administration of ultrasound-guided interscalene brachial plexus block and intra-articular bupivacaine carried out with bupivacaine. METHODS: In the first group of patients 20 mL 0.25% bupivacaine and ultrasound-guided interscalene brachial plexus block (ISPB) were applied, while 20 mL 0.25% bupivacaine was given via intra-articular (IA) administration to the second group patients after surgery. Patients in the third group were considered the control group and no block was performed. Patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) with morphine was used in all three groups for postoperative analgesia. RESULTS: In the ISPB group, morphine consumption in the periods between 0-4, 6-12 and 12-24 postoperative hours and total consumption within 24 h was lower than in the other two groups. Morphine consumption in the IA group was lower than in the control group in the period from 0 to 6 h and the same was true for total morphine consumption in 24 h. Postoperative VASr scores in the ISPB group were lower than both of the other groups in the first 2 h and lower than the control group in the 4th and 6th hours (p < 0.05). In the IA group, VASr and VASm scores in the 2nd, 4th and 6th hours were lower than in the control group (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Interscalene brachial plexus block was found to be more effective than intra-articular local anesthetic injection for postoperative analgesia. .


JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: Comparar os efeitos na analgesia no pós-operatório da administração de bloqueio do plexo braquial por via interescalênica guiado por ultrassom e bupivacaína intra-articular, feito com bupivacaína. MÉTODOS: No primeiro grupo de pacientes, 20 mL de bupivacaína a 0,25% e bloqueio do plexo braquial por via interescalênica guiado por ultrassom (BPBI) foram administrados, enquanto 20 mL de bupivacaína a 0,25% foram administrados por via intra-articular (IA) ao segundo grupo de pacientes após a cirurgia. Os pacientes do terceiro grupo foram considerados grupo controle e nenhum bloqueio foi feito. Analgesia controlada pelo paciente (ACP) com morfina foi usada nos três grupos para analgesia pós-operatória. RESULTADOS: No grupo BPBI, o consumo de morfina nos períodos entre 0-4, 6-12 e 12-24 horas após a cirurgia e o consumo total em 24 horas foram mais baixos do que nos outros dois grupos. O consumo de morfina no grupo IA foi menor do que no grupo controle no período de 0-6 horas, como também foi menor o consumo total de morfina em 24 horas. Os escores EVAr no pós-operatório do grupo BPBI foram menores do que os escores dos dois outros grupos nas primeiras duas horas e menores do que os do grupo controle nos períodos de 4 e 6 horas (p < 0,05). No grupo IA, os escores EVAr e EVAm nos períodos de 2, 4 e 6 horas foram menores do que no grupo controle (p < 0,05). CONCLUSÃO: O bloqueio do plexo braquial por via interescalênica mostrou ser mais eficaz do que a injeção intra-articular de anestésico local para analgesia pós-operatória. .


JUSTIFICACIÓN Y OBJETIVOS: En este estudio, nuestro objetivo fue comparar en el período postoperatorio los efectos analgésicos de la administración de la bupivacaína en el bloqueo del plexo braquial por vía interescalénica guiado por ecografía y bupivacaína intraarticular. MÉTODOS: En el primer grupo de pacientes se administraron 20 mL de bupivacaína al 0,25% y se llevó a cabo el bloqueo del plexo braquial por vía interescalénica (BPBI) guiado por ecografía, mientras que al segundo grupo de pacientes se le administraron 20 mL de bupivacaína al 0,25% por vía intraarticular (IA) tras la cirugía. Los pacientes del tercer grupo fueron considerados como grupo control y en ellos no se realizó ningún bloqueo. La analgesia controlada por el paciente con morfina se usó en los 3 grupos para la analgesia postoperatoria. RESULTADOS: En el grupo BPBI, el consumo de morfina en los períodos entre 0-4, 6-12 y 12-24 h del postoperatorio y el consumo total en 24 h fueron más bajos que en los otros 2 grupos. El consumo de morfina en el grupo IA fue menor que en el grupo control en el período de 0-6 h, como también fue menor el consumo total de morfina en 24 h. Las puntuaciones EVAr en el postoperatorio del grupo BPBI fueron menores que las de los otros 2 grupos en las primeras 2 h y menores que los del grupo control en los períodos de 4 y 6 h (p < 0,05). En el grupo IA, las puntuaciones EVAr y EVAm en los períodos de 2, 4 y 6 h fueron menores que en el grupo control (p < 0,05). CONCLUSIÓN: El BPBI mostró ser más eficaz que la inyección intraarticular de anestésico local para analgesia postoperatoria. .


Subject(s)
Dyneins/metabolism , Kinesin/metabolism , Microtubule-Associated Proteins/metabolism , Microtubules/metabolism , Molecular Motor Proteins/metabolism , Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins/metabolism , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolism , Dyneins/chemistry , Dyneins/isolation & purification , Models, Biological , Multiprotein Complexes/metabolism , Protein Structure, Tertiary , Protein Transport
19.
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 19(2): 112-115, Apr-Jun/2015. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-747142

ABSTRACT

Introduction Parotid gland incidentalomas (PGIs) are unexpected hypermetabolic foci in the parotid region that can be found when scanning with whole-body positron emission/computed tomography (PET/CT). These deposits are most commonly due to benign lesions such as Warthin tumor. Objective The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of PGIs identified in PET/CT scans and to assess the role of smoking in their etiology. Methods We retrospectively reviewed all PET/CT scans performed at our center in search of PGIs and identified smoking status and standardized uptake value (SUVmax) in each case. We also analyzed the database of parotidectomies performed in our department in the previous 10 years and focused on the pathologic diagnosis and the presence or absence of smoking in each case. Results Sixteen cases of PGIs were found in 4,250 PET/CT scans, accounting for 0.4% . The average SUVmax was 6.5 (range 2.8 to 16). Cytology was performed in five patients; it was benign in four cases and inconclusive in one case. Thirteen patients had a history of smoking. Of the parotidectomies performed in our center with a diagnosis of Warthin tumor, we identified a history of smoking in 93.8% of those patients. Conclusions The prevalence of PGIs on PET/CT was similar to that reported by other authors. Warthin tumor is frequently diagnosed among PGIs on PET/CT, and it has a strong relationship with smoking. We suggest that a diagnosis other than Warthin tumor should be considered for PGIs in nonsmokers. .


Subject(s)
Humans , ADAM Proteins/metabolism , Proteolysis , von Willebrand Factor/chemistry , von Willebrand Factor/metabolism , Binding Sites , Calcium/metabolism , Disulfides/chemistry , Disulfides/metabolism , Hydrogen Bonding , Models, Molecular , Mutagenesis, Site-Directed , Protein Binding , Protein Stability , Protein Structure, Tertiary , Protein Isoforms/chemistry , Protein Isoforms/metabolism , von Willebrand Factor/genetics
20.
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 19(2): 116-120, Apr-Jun/2015. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-747152

ABSTRACT

Introduction Thyroid cancer incidence has increased in the previous 2 decades. Preoperative identification of lymph node metastasis is a suggested risk factor associated with recurrence following thyroidectomy. Objectives We aimed to evaluate the accuracy of preoperative radiologic investigations of nodal status in determining the postoperative risk of regional nodal recurrence in cases of well-differentiated thyroid cancer. Methods This is a case series. We retrospectively reviewed data, including preoperative ultrasonography and/or computed tomography results, on patients who underwent total thyroidectomy for thyroid cancer at our hospital between 2006 and 2012. Prognostic factors for predicting recurrence, including age, sex, tumor diameter, and nodal diameter, were evaluated. Results Total thyroidectomy was performed on 24 male and 74 female patients (median age, 43 years). The median follow-up time was 21 months. Sixty-eight patients had papillary thyroid cancer, and 30 had follicular cancer. Nodal recurrence was evident in 30% of patients, and 4% of patients died. Identification of lymph node involvement during preoperative radiologic investigations was strongly prognostic for recurrence: 35.3% of patients with positive preoperative ultrasonography findings and 62.5% of those with positive preoperative computed tomography findings had recurrence (p = 0.01). Conclusions Preoperative identification of lymph node metastasis on radiologic studies was correlated with an increased risk of regional nodal recurrence in well-differentiated thyroid cancer. Computed tomography was superior to ultrasonography in detecting metastatic nodal involvement preoperatively and is therefore recommended for preoperative assessment and postoperative follow-up. .


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Hematopoiesis/genetics , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics , Zebrafish Proteins/physiology , Zebrafish/physiology , /physiology , Amino Acid Sequence , Animals, Genetically Modified , Conserved Sequence , Embryo, Nonmammalian , Molecular Sequence Data , Protein Structure, Tertiary/genetics , Sequence Homology, Amino Acid , Tandem Repeat Sequences , Transcriptome , Zebrafish Proteins/chemistry , Zebrafish/embryology , /chemistry
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