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1.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(3): 10222-0, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153529

ABSTRACT

Platycodin D (PD) is a major constituent of Platycodon grandiflorum and has multiple functions in disease control. This study focused on the function of PD in bladder cancer cell behaviors and the molecules involved. First, we administered PD to the bladder cancer cell lines T24 and 5637 and the human uroepithelial cell line SV-HUC-1. Cell viability and growth were evaluated using MTT, EdU, and colony formation assays, and cell apoptosis was determined using Hoechst 33342 staining and flow cytometry. The microRNAs (miRNAs) showing differential expression in cells before and after PD treatment were screened. Moreover, we altered the expression of miR-129-5p and PABPC1 to identify their functions in bladder cancer progression. We found that PD specifically inhibited the proliferation and promoted the apoptosis of bladder cancer cells; miR-129-5p was found to be partially responsible for the cancer-inhibiting properties of PD. PABPC1, a direct target of miR-129-5p, was abundantly expressed in T24 and 5637 cell lines and promoted cell proliferation and suppressed cell apoptosis. In addition, PABPC1 promoted the phosphorylation of PI3K and AKT in bladder cancer cells. Altogether, PD had a concentration-dependent suppressive effect on bladder cancer cell growth and was involved in the upregulation of miR-129-5p and the subsequent inhibition of PABPC1 and inactivation of PI3K/AKT signaling.


Subject(s)
Humans , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms/genetics , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms/drug therapy , Saponins , Triterpenes , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Apoptosis , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/metabolism , MicroRNAs , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism
2.
J. appl. oral sci ; 29: e20210209, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1340103

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is one of the common type of cancer that leads to death; and is becoming a global concern. Due to the lack of efficient chemotherapeutic agents for patients with oral cancer, the prognosis remains poor. 6-shogaol, a bioactive compound of ginger, has a broad spectrum of bioactivities and has been widely used to relieve many diseases. However, its effects on human oral cancer have not yet been fully evaluated. In our study, we investigated the anticancer effects of 6-shogaol on the proliferation, migration, invasion, apoptosis, and underlying mechanisms within human OSCC cell lines. Methodology We investigated the effect of 6-shogaol on the growth of OSCC cells by cell viability and soft agar colony formation assay. Migration and invasion assays were conducted to confirm the effect 6-shogaol on OSCC cell metastasis. Apoptosis was detected by flow cytometry and the underlying mechanism on the antigrowth effect of 6-shogaol in OSCC cells was assessed using western blotting. Results In our results, 6-shogaol not only suppressed proliferation and anchorage-independent cell growth in OSCC cells, but also induced apoptosis by regulating the apoptosis-associated factors such as p53, Bax, Bcl-2, and cleaved caspase-3. Migration and invasion of OSCC cells were inhibited following the regulation of E-cadherin and N-cadherin by 6-shogaol. Additionally, 6-shogaol treatment significantly inhibited the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway. Conclusion Therefore, our results may provide critical evidence that 6-shogaol can be a potential new therapeutic candidate for oral cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Mouth Neoplasms/metabolism , Catechols/pharmacology , Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck/metabolism , Signal Transduction , Cell Movement , Apoptosis , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism
3.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 221-231, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880964

ABSTRACT

The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) critically regulates several essential biological functions, such as cell growth, metabolism, survival, and immune response by forming two important complexes, namely, mTOR complex 1 (mTORC1) and complex 2 (mTORC2). mTOR signaling is often dysregulated in cancers and has been considered an attractive cancer therapeutic target. Great efforts have been made to develop efficacious mTOR inhibitors, particularly mTOR kinase inhibitors, which suppress mTORC1 and mTORC2; however, major success has not been achieved. With the strong scientific rationale, the intriguing question is why cancers are insensitive or not responsive to mTOR-targeted cancer therapy in clinics. Beyond early findings on induced activation of PI3K/Akt, MEK/ERK, and Mnk/eIF4E survival signaling pathways that compromise the efficacy of rapalog-based cancer therapy, recent findings on the essential role of GSK3 in mediating cancer cell response to mTOR inhibitors and mTORC1 inhibition-induced upregulation of PD-L1 in cancer cells may provide some explanations. These new findings may also offer us the opportunity to rationally utilize mTOR inhibitors in cancer therapy. Further elucidation of the biology of complicated mTOR networks may bring us the hope to develop effective therapeutic strategies with mTOR inhibitors against cancer.


Subject(s)
Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3 , Mechanistic Target of Rapamycin Complex 2 , Neoplasms/drug therapy , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Protein Kinase Inhibitors , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880832

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the inhibitory effects of dihydromyricetin on the proliferation and migration of gastric cancer BGC-823 cells and explore the molecular mechanisms.@*METHODS@#BGC-823 cells in routine culture were treated with different concentrations of dihydromyricetin (0, 40, 60, 80, 100, and 120 μg/mL) for 24 h, and the changes in cell viability were detected using CCK-8 assay; colony forming assay and Transwell assay were performed to assess the changes in colonyforming and migration abilities of the cells, respectively. The levels of MMP-2 and MMP-9 in the treated cells were determined using ELISA, and Western blotting was used to detect the expressions of E-cadherin, N-cadherin, cyclin D1, cyclin E1, HSP70 and HMGB1 and the phosphorylation levels of Akt and Stat3.@*RESULTS@#CCK-8 assay showed that dihydromyricetin treatment dose-dependently inhibited the viability of BGC-823 cells (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Dihydromyricetin inhibits the proliferation and migration of BGC-823 cells through suppressing the activation of Akt/stat3 signaling pathways and HMGB1 expression.


Subject(s)
Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Flavonols , HMGB1 Protein/metabolism , Humans , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , STAT3 Transcription Factor , Stomach Neoplasms
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880618

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Chondrocyte apoptosis is an important process in the pathogenesis of osteoarthritis. Mangiferin exerts multiple pharmacological effects such as anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptosis. However, the role of mangiferin in chondrocyte apoptosis is not clear. In this study, we aimed to explore the role of mangiferin in IL-1β-induced chondrocyte apoptosis.@*METHODS@#ATDC5 cells were randomly divided into a control group, a IL-1β group, a MFN-L group, a MFN-M group, a MFN-H group and a MFN+LY294002 group. Cells in the control group were treated with IL-1β (10 ng/mL) for 24 h; cells in the MFN-L group, the MFN-M group and the MFN-H group were pretreated with 5, 10 and 20 μmol/L mangiferin for 1 h respectively, and then they were treated with IL-1β (10 ng/mL) for 24 h; cells in the MFN+LY294002 group were treated with LY294002 (25 μmol/L) for 1 h, then mangiferin (20 μmol/L) and IL-1β (10 ng/mL) for 1 h and 24 h, respectively. Cell viability was detected by CCK-8 assay and cell apoptosis was measured by flow cytometry. Colorimetric assay was conducted to measure the caspase-3 activity. The protein levels of Bcl-2, Bax, and phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt signaling pathway related proteins were detected by Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#Compared to the control group, cell viability was significantly decreased; cell apoptosis, caspase-3 activity and Bax protein expression were significantly increased; the protein levels of Bcl-2, p-PI3K, and p-Akt were significantly decreased in the IL-1β group (all @*CONCLUSIONS@#Mangiferin could attenuate IL-1β-induced apoptosis of the mice chondrocytes, which is mediated by the activation of PI3K/Akt signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Chondrocytes , Interleukin-1beta , Mice , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt , Xanthones
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880617

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the effects of propofol on the proliferation and invasion of glioma U87 cells and to explore the possible anti-tumor mechanisms.@*METHODS@#The glioma U87 cells was divided into a blank group, a positive control group, and the propofol groups (1.00, 2.00 or 5.00 mmol/L). Cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) was used to detect cell proliferation; Transwell method was used to detect the effect of propofol on invasion and migration of U87 cells; real-time PCR was used to detect the expression of microRNA-134 (miR-134); Western blotting was used to detect the expression levels of reproduction-related protein Ki-67, invasion-related protein metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2), metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) and phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (Akt) signaling pathway-related protein.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the blank group, the proliferation, invasion and migration capacity of U87 cells were reduced in the positive control group and the propofol groups after 48 hours (all @*CONCLUSIONS@#Propofol can decrease the proliferation rate, and the invasion and migration abilities of U87 cells, which may be achieved by up-regulation of miR-134 and suppression of PI3K/Akt signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Glioma/genetics , Humans , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2/genetics , MicroRNAs/genetics , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/genetics , Propofol/pharmacology , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/genetics
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880151

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of the tripartite motif containing 31 (TRIM31) gene silencing on the proliferation and apoptosis of multiple myeloma cells and its possible mechanism.@*METHODS@#The normal bone marrow plasma cells (nPCs) were selected as control, and the mRNA and protein expression levels of TRIM31 in human multiple myeloma cell lines (U266, RPMI-8226, NCI-H929 and KMS-11) were detected by RT-qPCR and Western blot. Recombinant lentivirol vector containing shRNA-TRIM31 and its negative control were used to infect U266 cells respectively, and the mRNA expression level of TRIM31 in infected cells was detected by RT-qPCR. Then cell proliferation, colony forming and apoptosis were analyzed by CCK-8, soft agar assay, and flow cytometry, respectively. The protein expression levels of TRIM31, cleaved-caspase-3, BCL-2, Bax, p-Akt (Ser473), Akt and PI3K (p110α) were evaluated by Western blot. In addition, the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway-specific inhibitor LY294002 and TRIM31-shRNA lentivirus were used to interfere with U266 cells, and the cell proliferation, apoptosis, and protein expression of p-Akt (Ser473) and Akt were detected by CCK-8, flow cytometry and Western blot, respectively.@*RESULTS@#Compared with nPCs, the expression levels of TRIM31 mRNA and protein in U266, RPMI-8226, NCI-H929 and KMS-11 cells were significantly increased (P<0.001), especially in U266 cells. After lentivirus infection, the levels of TRIM31 mRNA and protein in U266 cells were significantly decreased (P<0.001). TRIM31 silencing significantly inhibited the proliferation of U266 cells (P<0.05), attenuated the ability of cell cloning, improved cell apoptosis, up-regulated the protein expressions of cleaved-caspase-3 and Bas as well as down-regulated expressions of BCL-2, p-Akt (Ser473) and PI3K (p110α). There was no significant effect on Akt protein. Intervention of LY294002 significantly enhanced the inhibition on cell proliferation and the promotion on apoptosis mediated by TRIM31 gene silencing in U266 cells.@*CONCLUSION@#TRIM31 gene silencing can inhibit U266 cell proliferation and promote its apoptosis, which may be closely related to inhibition of PI3K/Akt signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Gene Silencing , Humans , Multiple Myeloma , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , Tripartite Motif Proteins/genetics , Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases/genetics
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880102

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of long non-coding RNA-TUC338 on the proliferation and migration of lymphoma cells.@*METHODS@#The expression of TUC338 in different lymphoma cells was detected by fluorescence quantitative PCR, cell proliferation by sulforhodamine B (SRB) assay, migration of lymphoma cells by transwell assay, and protein expression in PI3K/AKT signaling pathway by Western blot.@*RESULTS@#The expression levels of TUC338 in lymphoma cells Daudi, U937, BC-3, and Raji significantly increased in comparison with human normal T lymphocytes H9 (t=13.277, 10.103, 16.200, and 26.687, P=0.002, 0.005, 0.001, and 0.000). Compared with NC-siRNA group, the number of cells crossing the chamber of TUC338-siRNA group was significantly reduced (t=30.508, P=0.000), the protein expression levels of p-PI3K and p-AKT significantly decreased (t=16.872 and 18.371, P=0.000 and 0.000), and OD@*CONCLUSION@#The expression of TUC338 significantly increases in lymphoma cells, and silence of TUC338 effectively inhibits the activation of PI3K/AKT signaling pathway, thereby inhibiting the proliferation and migration of lymphoma cells, which has a potential application value in diagnosis and treatment of lymphoma.


Subject(s)
Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Humans , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , Signal Transduction
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880033

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effects of costunolide on the proliferation and apoptosis of human chronic myeloid leukemia drug resisitant cell line K562/ADR and its mechanism.@*METHODS@#The proliferation of the cells was assessed by CCK-8 assay, while flow cytometry was used to detect the apoptosis of the cells. The related-proteins were detected by using Western blot.@*RESULTS@#The proliferation of K526/ADR cells was significantly inhibited by costunolide in a dose-dependent manner (r=0.9886) after treated by 0.01, 0.1, 0.25, 0.5, 1, 2.5, 5, 10, 25, 50 and 100 μmol/L costunolide for 72 h, and IC@*CONCLUSION@#Costunolide could inhibit the proliferation and apoptosis of K562/ADR cells through regulation of PI3K/AKT pathway.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Proliferation , Humans , K562 Cells , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt , Sesquiterpenes
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880025

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the antileukemia activity of phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase (PI3K) inhibitor ZSTK474 on human leukemia cell line U937.@*METHODS@#MTT, soft agar assay, flow cytometric analysis and western blot were used to detect the effect of ZSTK474 on U937 cell proliferation, tumorigenicity, cell cycle, cell apoptosis and phosphorylation levels of the key factor of PI3K/AKT pathway. Chou-Talalay method was used to evaluate the combination of ZSTK474 with Cytarabine or Homoharringtonine.@*RESULTS@#PI3K inhibitor ZSTK474 could inhibit the proliferation and tumorigenicity of U937 cell, induce G@*CONCLUSION@#ZSTK474 can inhibit the pathway of PI3K/AKT, ZSTK474 alone or in combination with Homoharringtonine shows potential antileukemia activity on U937 cells.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3 beta , Humans , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt , Triazines , U937 Cells
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879022

ABSTRACT

To screen the sensitive cell lines of active fraction from clove(AFC) on human colon cancer cells, investigate the effects of AFC on the cells proliferation and apoptosis as well as PI3 K/Akt/mTOR(phosphoinositide 3-kinase/Akt/mechanistic target of rapamycin) signaling pathways involved, and reveal the mechanism of AFC for inducing apoptosis of human colorectal carcinoma cells. Cell counting kit-8(CCK-8) assay was used to detect the cytotoxic effect of different concentrations of AFC. AFC-induced apoptosis was detected by Hoechst 33258 fluorescence staining and Annexin V-FITC/PI double staining. HCT116 cells were treated with AFC with or without pretreatment with insulin-like growth factor-Ⅰ(IGF-Ⅰ), and then the protein expression levels of caspase-3, caspase-9, poly ADP-ribose polymerase(PARP), PI3 K, p-PI3 K, Akt, p-Akt, mTOR and p-mTOR in PI3 K/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway were detected by Western blot. RESULTS:: showed that the most obvious inhibitory effect of AFC was on human colon cancer HCT116 cells, and the optimal AFC treatment time was 48 hours. After AFC treatment, typical apoptotic features such as nuclear chromatin concentration, nuclear fragmentation and apoptotic bodies appeared in a dose-dependent manner. Annexin V-FITC/PI double staining showed that as compared with the control group, 50 and 100 μg·mL~(-1) AFC groups increased the apoptosis rate of HCT116 cells significantly(P<0.001); AFC activated caspase-9, cleaved caspase-3 and cleaved PARP in a concentration-dependent manner. The protein expression levels of cleaved caspase-3/procaspase-3, cleaved PARP/PARP and caspase-9/β-actin after treatment of AFC(100 μg·mL~(-1)) were significantly different from those in the control group(P<0.001). The relative protein expression of p-PI3 K, p-Akt and p-mTOR decreased in a concentration dependent manner, while Akt and mTOR showed no significant differences among groups. The ratios of p-PI3 K/PI3 K, p-Akt/Akt and p-mTOR/mTOR in the AFC groups(50 and 100 μg·mL~(-1)) were significantly lower than those in the control group(P<0.01). Its combination with IGF-Ⅰ weakened the effect of AFC in inhibiting PI3 K/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway. The ratios of p-Akt/Akt and p-mTOR/mTOR in the AFC+IGF-Ⅰ group were significantly enhanced as compared with the AFC group(P<0.05). Apoptosis-related protein expression levels(cleaved caspase-3 and cleaved PARP) in HCT116 cells treated with AFC+IGF-Ⅰ were also down regulated. As compared with the AFC group, the ratios of cleaved caspase-3/procaspase-3 and cleaved PARP/PARP in the AFC+IGF-Ⅰ group were significantly decreased(P<0.01). In summary, AFC activated caspase-mediated cascades and induced HCT116 cells apoptosis in a dose-dependent manner, which may be associated with the inhibition of the PI3 K/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Colonic Neoplasms/drug therapy , HCT116 Cells , Humans , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , Signal Transduction , Syzygium , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878928

ABSTRACT

Based on the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway, this study aimed to observe the proliferation and apoptosis of ovarian cancer SKOV3 cells at different concentrations of icaritin, in order to explore the possible molecular mechanisms. The research object was ovarian cancer SKOV3 cells. The cells were divided into the control group and icaritin groups(5, 10, 20 μmol·L~(-1)), and administrated with drugs for 48 hours. The cell counting kit-8(CCK-8)assay was used to detect the inhibitory effect of icaritin on the proliferation of ovarian cancer SKOV3 cells. The proliferation ability of the SKOV3 cells was detected by EdU assay. Hoechst 33342 fluorescence staining was used to observe the apoptotic morphology of SKOV3 cells in each group. The distribution of cell cycle and the apoptosis rate of each group were detected by flow cytometry. Quantitative Real-time PCR was used to detect mRNA expressions of PTEN, PI3K, Akt in each group of cells. Protein expressions of PTEN, PI3K, Akt and p-Akt were measured by Western blot. The results showed that the cell inhibition rates of icaritin groups were significantly increased compared with the control group(P<0.05). The rates of EdU-positive cells of icaritin groups were significantly decreased(P<0.05). SKOV3 cells in icaritin groups showed morphological changes of apoptosis. Apoptosis rates of icaritin groups were significantly increased(P<0.05). The proportions of cells in G_0/G_1 phase of icaritin groups were decreased(P<0.05), while the proportions of S phase cells were increased(P<0.05). The gene and protein expressions of PTEN in icaritin groups were elevated(P<0.05). The gene expressions of PI3K and Akt in icaritin groups were down-regulated(P<0.05). The protein expression of PI3K and p-Akt in icaritin groups were reduced(P<0.05). These results indicated that icarin may inhibit the proliferation of ovarian cancer SKOV3 cells in vitro, induce cell apoptosis and affect the cycle distribution of cells by inhibiting the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Female , Flavonoids , Humans , Ovarian Neoplasms/genetics , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/genetics , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/genetics
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878319

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Epidemiological studies reveal that exposure to fine particulate matter (aerodynamic diameter ≤ 2.5 μm, PM @*Methods@#EVs were isolated from the serum of healthy subjects, quantified @*Results@#PM @*Conclusions@#EVs treatment promotes cell survival and attenuates PM


Subject(s)
A549 Cells , Air Pollutants/toxicity , Apoptosis/drug effects , Cell Survival/drug effects , Extracellular Vesicles , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Particulate Matter/toxicity , Protective Agents/pharmacology , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , Serum
15.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 699-707, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878065

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Autophagy of alveolar macrophages is a crucial process in ischemia/reperfusion injury-induced acute lung injury (ALI). Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) are multipotent cells with the potential for repairing injured sites and regulating autophagy. This study was to investigate the influence of BM-MSCs on autophagy of macrophages in the oxygen-glucose deprivation/restoration (OGD/R) microenvironment and to explore the potential mechanism.@*METHODS@#We established a co-culture system of macrophages (RAW264.7) with BM-MSCs under OGD/R conditions in vitro. RAW264.7 cells were transfected with recombinant adenovirus (Ad-mCherry-GFP-LC3B) and autophagic status of RAW264.7 cells was observed under a fluorescence microscope. Autophagy-related proteins light chain 3 (LC3)-I, LC3-II, and p62 in RAW264.7 cells were detected by Western blotting. We used microarray expression analysis to identify the differently expressed genes between OGD/R treated macrophages and macrophages co-culture with BM-MSCs. We investigated the gene heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), which is downstream of the phosphoinositide 3-kinase/protein kinase B (PI3K/Akt) signaling pathway.@*RESULTS@#The ratio of LC3-II/LC3-I of OGD/R treated RAW264.7 cells was increased (1.27 ± 0.20 vs. 0.44 ± 0.08, t = 6.67, P  < 0.05), while the expression of p62 was decreased (0.77 ± 0.04 vs. 0.95 ± 0.10, t = 2.90, P  < 0.05), and PI3K (0.40 ± 0.06 vs. 0.63 ± 0.10, t = 3.42, P  < 0.05) and p-Akt/Akt ratio was also decreased (0.39 ± 0.02 vs. 0.58 ± 0.03, t = 9.13, P  < 0.05). BM-MSCs reduced the LC3-II/LC3-I ratio of OGD/R treated RAW264.7 cells (0.68 ± 0.14 vs. 1.27 ± 0.20, t = 4.12, P  < 0.05), up-regulated p62 expression (1.10 ± 0.20 vs. 0.77 ± 0.04, t = 2.80, P  < 0.05), and up-regulated PI3K (0.54 ± 0.05 vs. 0.40 ± 0.06, t = 3.11, P  < 0.05) and p-Akt/Akt ratios (0.52 ± 0.05 vs. 0.39 ± 0.02, t = 9.13, P  < 0.05). A whole-genome microarray assay screened the differentially expressed gene HO-1, which is downstream of the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway, and the alteration of HO-1 mRNA and protein expression was consistent with the data on PI3K/Akt pathway.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Our results suggest the existence of the PI3K/Akt/HO-1 signaling pathway in RAW264.7 cells under OGD/R circumstances in vitro, revealing the mechanism underlying BM-MSC-mediated regulation of autophagy and enriching the understanding of potential therapeutic targets for the treatment of ALI.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Autophagy , Bone Marrow , Glucose , Heme Oxygenase-1/metabolism , Macrophages/metabolism , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/metabolism , Oxygen , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinase , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , Signal Transduction
16.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 546-554, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878041

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Breast cancer (BC) is a common malignancy with highly female incidence. So far the function of notoginsenoside R1 (NGR1), the extract from Panax notoginseng, has not been clearly elucidated in BC.@*METHODS@#Optimal culture concentration and time of NGR1 were investigated by cell counting kit-8 assay. Cell proliferation ability was measured by colony formation assays. Transwell assay was used to detect the effect of NGR1 on cell migration and invasion. The apoptosis rate of cells between each group was measured by TUNEL assay.@*RESULTS@#NGR1 treatment has an inhibitory effect on proliferation, migration, invasion, and angiogenesis and a stimulating effect on cell cycle arrest and apoptosis of Michigan Cancer Foundation-7 (MCF-7) cells. The 50% growth inhibitory concentration for MCF-7 cells at 24 h was 148.9 mmol/L. The proportions of MCF-7 cells arrested in the G0/G1 phase were 36.94±6.78%, 45.06±5.60%, and 59.46±5.60% in the control group, 75, and 150 mmol/L groups, respectively. Furthermore, we revealed that NGR1 treatment attenuates BC progression by targeted downregulating CCND2 and YBX3 genes. Additionally, YBX3 activates phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphate kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (Akt) signaling pathway by activating kirsten rat sarcoma viral oncogene, which is an activator of the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway.@*CONCLUSION@#These results suggest that NGR1 can act as an efficacious drug candidate that targets the YBX3/PI3K/Akt axis in patients with BC.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Breast Neoplasms/drug therapy , Cell Proliferation , Cyclin D2 , Female , Ginsenosides/therapeutic use , Humans , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/genetics , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/genetics , Rats
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879429

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effects of low-frequency electroacupuncture combined with aerobic exercise on sarocopenia, and the effects of IGF-I /Akt and its downstream signaling pathway-related protein.@*METHODS@#Naturally aging SD rats were used as research objects. Thirty-two 6-month-old male SD rats weighing 400 to 450 g were bred to 12-month-old and randomly divided into 4 groups according to body weight:Control group(YC, only grasp, fix, put back, without other intervention), electroacupuncture group (YA, electroacupuncture intervention), exercise group (YE, exercise intervention) and electroacupuncture+exercise group (YEA, electroacupuncture combined with exercise intervention). SD rats were continuously intervened from 12 months to 18 months of age. At the end of the experiment, the conditions of naturally aging rats in each group were observed:skeletal muscle wet weight / weight ratio;HE staining morphology of soleus muscle under light microscope; qPCR was used to detect the expression level of IGF-I mRNA in skeletal muscle;the expression of AKT, mTOR, p70S6K and p-p70S6K proteins in rat gastrocnemius was determined by Western blot.@*RESULTS@#In 18-month-old rats, the intervention period was 6 months. (1) Compared with YC group, YA group and YEA group significantly increased the wet weight / body weight ratio of gastrocnemius muscle in 18 months old rats. YEA group could significantly increase the wet weight / body weight ratio of soleus muscle compared with YC group YC group and YA group (@*CONCLUSION@#Electroacupuncture combined with aerobic exercise can attenuate sarocopenia in 18-month-old naturally aging rats. The molecular mechanism may be related to the promotion of protein synthesis by activating the IGF-I / Akt pathway.


Subject(s)
Aging , Animals , Electroacupuncture , Exercise , Insulin-Like Growth Factor I/genetics , Male , Muscle, Skeletal , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/genetics , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
18.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(6): 740-745, June 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136283

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE In this study, we aimed to investigate the role of COL6A3 on cell motility and the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway in osteosarcoma. METHODS The relative expression of COL6A3 was achieved from a GEO dataset in osteosarcoma tissue. siRNA technology was applied to decrease the COL6A3 expression in cells, and cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay and colony formation analysis were used to examine the cell proliferation potential. Knockdown COL6A3 made the proliferation and colony formation abilities worse than the COL6A3 without interference. Likewise, in contrast to the si-con group, cell invasion and migration were inhibited in the si-COL6A3 group. Moreover, the western blot results suggested that the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway was manipulated by measuring the protein expression of the PI3K/AKT pathway-related markers, due to the COL6A3 inhibition. CONCLUSION COL6A3 plays a crucial role in modulating various aspects of the progression of osteosarcoma, which would provide a potentially effective treatment for osteosarcoma.


RESUMO OBJETIVO Neste estudo, investigamos a função do COL6A3 na mobilidade celular e na via PI3K/AKT em osteossarcomas. METODOLOGIA A expressão relativa do COL6A3 foi obtida a partir de dados GEO em tecidos de osteossarcoma. O RNA de interferência (siRNA) foi utilizado para reduzir a expressão do COL6A3 nas células, e o teste de contagem de células kit-8 (CCK-8) e a análise de formação de colônias foram realizados para examinar o potencial de proliferação celular. Além disso, o Transwell comprovou os efeitos do si-COL6A3 na invasão celular e migração em células de osteossarcoma. Para medir os níveis de expressão das proteínas e mRNAs, utilizamos transcriptase reversa quantitativa (qRT-PCR) e western blot. RESULTADOS O COL6A3 foi regulado nos tecidos e células do osteossarcoma quando comparado com o controle normal. A redução de COL6A3 reduziu a proliferação e a capacidades de formação de colônias em relação ao COL6A3 sem interferência. Do Mesmo modo, ao contrário do observado no grupo si-con, a invasão e migração celular foram inibidas no grupo si-COL6A3. Além disso, o resultado do western blot sugere que a via PI3K/AKT foi manipulada, medindo a expressão proteica dos marcadores relacionados à PI3K/AKT, devido à inibição do COL6A3. CONCLUSÃO O COL6A3 desempenha um papel crucial na modulação de vários aspectos da progressão do osteossarcoma, o que pode representar um possível tratamento eficaz para a doença.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bone Neoplasms , Osteosarcoma , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Collagen Type VI , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt
19.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(9): e9693, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1132556

ABSTRACT

Ischemic heart disease (IHD) is one of the leading causes of death worldwide. C-type lectin domain family 3 member B (CLEC3B) is a C-type lectin superfamily member and is reported to promote tissue remodeling. The serum levels of CLEC3B are downregulated in patients with cardiovascular disease. However, the molecular mechanisms of CLEC3B in IHD is not well-characterized. Therefore, we overexpressed CLEC3B and silenced CLEC3B in H9c2 rat cardiomyocytes for the first time. We then constructed a model of IHD in vitro through culturing H9c2 cardiomyocytes in serum-free medium under oxygen-deficit conditions. Then, Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8), flow cytometry, qRT-PCR, and western blot assays were performed to investigate cell viability, apoptosis, and expression levels of CLEC3B, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K), phosphorylated PI3K (p-PI3K), protein kinase B (Akt), phosphorylated Akt (p-Akt), and cleaved-caspase 3. We observed that the mRNA expression of CLEC3B was decreased in hypoxic H9c2 cardiomyocytes (P<0.05). Overexpression of CLEC3B increased cell viability (P<0.01), inhibited cell apoptosis (P<0.05), upregulated the levels of p-PI3K/PI3K and p-Akt/Akt (P<0.01 or P<0.05), and downregulated expression of cleaved-caspase 3 (P<0.001) in hypoxic H9c2 cardiomyocytes while silencing of CLEC3B caused the opposite results. Inhibition of the PI3K/Akt pathway reversed the protective effect of CLEC3B on hypoxic H9c2 cardiomyocytes. Our study demonstrated that CLEC3B alleviated the injury of hypoxic H9c2 cardiomyocytes via the PI3K/Akt pathway.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Rats , Apoptosis/physiology , Lectins, C-Type/metabolism , Signal Transduction , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Myocytes, Cardiac/physiology , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinase , Hypoxia
20.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(7): e9029, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1132531

ABSTRACT

This study examined the expression and potential mechanism of microRNA (miRNA)-424-5p in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). NPC tissues were collected from 40 patients who were enrolled in the study, and skin samples were collected from 26 healthy subjects during plastic surgery as controls. We performed various in vitro assays using miR-424-5p to examine its function in primary NPC-1 cells. Bioinformatics was employed to analyze potential target genes and signaling pathways of miR-424-5p. We found that miR-424-5p expression in NPC tissues is downregulated and negatively correlated with lymph node metastasis and clinical staging. Expression of miR-424-5p in NPC cells was also downregulated, and transfection with miR-424-5p mimics inhibited proliferation, migration, and invasion of NPC-1 cells. Bioinformatics identified the AKT3 gene as a potential target of miR-424-5p and dual luciferase assays confirmed this finding. Upregulation of AKT3 expression rescued the inhibitory effect of miR-424-5p on the proliferation, migration, and invasion. Our results suggest that miR-424-5p inhibited the proliferation, migration, and invasion of NPC cells by decreasing AKT3 expression.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms/metabolism , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma/metabolism , Signal Transduction , Cell Movement , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms/genetics , Blotting, Western , MicroRNAs/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/genetics , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma/genetics , Neoplasm Invasiveness
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