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1.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 1441-1453, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922650

ABSTRACT

cFos is one of the most widely-studied genes in the field of neuroscience. Currently, there is no systematic database focusing on cFos in neuroscience. We developed a curated database-cFos-ANAB-a cFos-based web tool for exploring activated neurons and associated behaviors in rats and mice, comprising 398 brain nuclei and sub-nuclei, and five associated behaviors: pain, fear, feeding, aggression, and sexual behavior. Direct relationships among behaviors and nuclei (even cell types) under specific stimulating conditions were constructed based on cFos expression profiles extracted from original publications. Moreover, overlapping nuclei and sub-nuclei with potentially complex functions among different associated behaviors were emphasized, leading to results serving as important clues to the development of valid hypotheses for exploring as yet unknown circuits. Using the analysis function of cFos-ANAB, multi-layered pictures of networks and their relationships can quickly be explored depending on users' purposes. These features provide a useful tool and good reference for early exploration in neuroscience. The cFos-ANAB database is available at www.cfos-db.net .


Subject(s)
Animals , Fear , Mice , Neurons , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-fos , Rats
2.
Acta cir. bras ; 35(7): e202000705, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1130657

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose Studies have demonstrated that star fruit consumption by nephropathic patients triggers severe neurotoxic effects that can lead to convulsions or even death. Brain areas likely susceptible to star fruit poisoning have not been investigated. The objective of the present study was to map possible epileptogenic areas susceptible to star fruit intoxication in nephropathic rats. Methods The study analyzed 25 rats (5 groups). Rats in the experimental group underwent bilateral ureteral obstruction surgery and orogastric gavages with star fruit juice. An electroencephalogram was used to confirm convulsive seizures. Urea and creatinine levels were used to confirm the uremia model. Immunohistochemical analysis was used to map cells with c-Fos protein (c-Fos+ cells) to identify brain areas with increased neuronal activity. Control groups included non-nephropathic and nephropathic rats that did not receive star fruit. Results A statistically significant increase (p<0.01) in c-Fos+ cells was noted in nephropathic animals receiving star fruit juice compared to control groups, in brain areas commonly related to epileptogenic neural circuits including the hippocampus, amygdala, rhinal cortex, anterior cingulate area, piriform area, and medial dorsal thalamus. Conclusion These data corroborate the neurotoxic capacity of star fruit in nephropathic patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Rats , Brain , Cerebral Cortex , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-fos/metabolism , Fruit/poisoning , Hippocampus , Kidney Diseases/complications
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880793

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of miR-324-5p on the proliferation of rat glomerular mesangial (HBZY-1) cells and the role of Syk/Ras/c-fos signaling pathway in mediating this effect.@*METHODS@#HBZY-1 cells cultured in vitro were transiently transfected with miR-324-5p mimics or miR-324-5p-mimics-NC followed by treatment with lipopolysaccharide (LPS). MTT assay was used to detect the proliferation activity of HBZY-1 cells, and RT-qPCR was used to detect the expressions of miR-324-5p and the mRNA expressions of Syk, Ras, MEK1/2, ERK1/2 and c-fos mRNA. The protein expressions of p-Syk, Ras, p-MEK1/2, p-ERK1/2 and c-Fos were detected by Western blotting and immunofluorescence assay.@*RESULTS@#MTT assay showed that exposure to LPS significantly enhanced the proliferative activity of HBZY-1 cells. Compared with the cells treated with LPS and LPS + mimics NC, the cells transfected with miR-324-5p mimics prior to LPS exposure exhibited significantly lowered proliferative activity. Transfection with miR-324-5p mimics significantly lowered the mRNA expressions of Syk, Ras, MEK1/2, ERK1/2 and c-fos and the protein expressions of p-Syk, Ras, MEK1/2, ERK1/2 and c-Fos (@*CONCLUSIONS@#miR-324-5p can inhibit the proliferation of rat chronic glomerulonephritis cells induced by LPS by inhibiting Syk/Ras/c-fos signaling pathway and may potentially serve as a diagnostic indicator and a therapeutic target for chronic glomerulonephritis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Proliferation , Lipopolysaccharides , Mesangial Cells , MicroRNAs/genetics , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-fos , Rats , Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases , Signal Transduction , ras Proteins
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774110

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the expression of the Fra-1 gene in the peripheral blood of children with Wilms tumor and its clinical significance.@*METHODS@#Fifty children pathologically diagnosed with Wilms tumor between December 2012 and January 2018 were enrolled as the case group, and 40 healthy children for physical examination were selected as the control group. Among the 45 children with Wilms tumor who were followed up, the children with continuous remission were included in the ideal efficacy group (n=33), and those with recurrence, metastasis or death were included in the poor efficacy group (n=12). Peripheral blood samples were collected from all subjects. Quantitative real-time PCR was used to measure the mRNA expression of Fra-1.@*RESULTS@#The case group had significantly higher mRNA expression of Fra-1 in peripheral blood than the control group (P0.05). The mRNA expression of Fra-1 was significantly lower in the ideal efficacy group than in the poor efficacy group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Fra-1 may be involved in the development of Wilms tumor and plays a certain role in its development, invasion and metastasis, but the mechanism remains to be further studied.


Subject(s)
Child , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Humans , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-fos , Genetics , Wilms Tumor , Genetics
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773378

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the dynamic impacts of simulated microgravity (SM) on different vital brain regions of rats.@*METHODS@#Microgravity was simulated for 7 and 21 days, respectively, using the tail-suspension rat model. Histomorphology, oxidative stress, inflammatory cytokines and the expression of some key proteins were determined in hippocampus, cerebral cortex and striatum.@*RESULTS@#21-day SM decreased brain derived neurotrophic factor and induced neuron atrophy in the cerebral cortex. Strong oxidative stress was triggered at day 7 and the oxidative status returned to physiological level at day 21. Inflammatory cytokines were gradually suppressed and in striatum, the suppression was regulated partially through c-Jun/c-Fos.@*CONCLUSION@#The results revealed that the significant impacts of SM on rat brain tissue depended on durations and regions, which might help to understand the health risk and to prevent brain damage for astronauts in space travel.


Subject(s)
Animals , Brain , Metabolism , Pathology , Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor , Metabolism , Cytokines , Metabolism , Male , Oxidative Stress , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-fos , Metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-jun , Metabolism , Random Allocation , Rats , Weightlessness Simulation
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776561

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the effects of Zuogui Jiangtang Jieyu Formula (ZGJTJYF, the Chinese Medicine) on hippocampal neuron apoptosis in diabetes mellitus complicated with depression (DD).@*METHODS@#The primary cultured hippocampal neurons were treated with high glucose (150 mmol/L) and corticosterone (200 micromol/L) to establish the cell model of DD in vitro. The cultured hippocampal neurons were randomly divided into five groups: blank serum group, normal group, Zuogui Jiangtang Jieyu recipe drug-containing serum group, positive drug (metformin + fluoxetine) drug-containing serum group and model group (three compound holes in each group). The model group and the normal group were given the same amount of culture medium, and the other groups were given the corresponding serum with 10% volume fraction for 18 hours. Hoechst staining, high content cell imaging and RT-PCR were used to detect the apoptosis of hippocampal neurons and the expressions of apoptosis-related ETS-like 1 transcription factor(ELK-1), C-Jun N-terminal kinase(JNK) and c-Fos proteins and genes.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the blank group, the apoptotic number of hippocampal neurons in the model group was increased significantly, and the expression levels of ELK-1, JNK and c-Fos were increased significantly (P<0.05). Compared with the model group, the local bright spots of hippocampal neurons in the Zuogui Jiangtang Jieyu recipe-containing serum group and the positive drug-containing serum group were decreased significantly, and the number of apoptotic cells was decreased significantly. The expressions of JNK, c-fos protein and mRNA were down-regulated significantly (P< 0.05), and the neural network and dendritic junction were improved significantly.@*CONCLUSION@#Zuo Gui Jiang Tang Jie Yu Formula can reverse the expressions of ELK-1, JNK and c-Fos signals in hippocampal neurons under DD environment and play an anti-apoptotic effect.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Depression , Drug Therapy , Diabetes Complications , Drug Therapy , Diabetes Mellitus , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Hippocampus , MAP Kinase Kinase 4 , Neurons , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-fos , Random Allocation , Rats , ets-Domain Protein Elk-1
7.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 1067-1076, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775483

ABSTRACT

Restraint water-immersion stress (RWIS), a compound stress model, has been widely used to induce acute gastric ulceration in rats. A wealth of evidence suggests that the central nucleus of the amygdala (CEA) is a focal region for mediating the biological response to stress. Different stressors induce distinct alterations of neuronal activity in the CEA; however, few studies have reported the characteristics of CEA neuronal activity induced by RWIS. Therefore, we explored this issue using immunohistochemistry and in vivo extracellular single-unit recording. Our results showed that RWIS and restraint stress (RS) differentially changed the c-Fos expression and firing properties of neurons in the medial CEA. In addition, RWIS, but not RS, induced the activation of corticotropin-releasing hormone neurons in the CEA. These findings suggested that specific neuronal activation in the CEA is involved in the formation of RWIS-induced gastric ulcers. This study also provides a possible theoretical explanation for the different gastric dysfunctions induced by different stressors.


Subject(s)
Action Potentials , Physiology , Analysis of Variance , Animals , Central Amygdaloid Nucleus , Pathology , Corticotropin-Releasing Hormone , Metabolism , Disease Models, Animal , Gastric Mucosa , Pathology , Gene Expression Regulation , Physiology , Neurons , Physiology , Patch-Clamp Techniques , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-fos , Metabolism , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Stress, Physiological , Physiology , Stress, Psychological
8.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 465-475, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777041

ABSTRACT

The visual system plays an important role in our daily life. In this study, we found that loss of dendritic cell factor 1 (DCF1) in the primary visual cortex (V1) caused a sight deficit in mice and induced an abnormal increase in glutamic acid decarboxylase 67, an enzyme that catalyzes the decarboxylation of glutamate to gamma aminobutyric acid and CO, particularly in layer 5. In vivo electrophysiological recordings confirmed a decrease in delta, theta, and beta oscillation power in DCF1-knockout mice. This study presents a previously unknown function of DCF1 in V1, suggests an unknown contact between DCF1 and GABA systems, and provides insight into the mechanism and treatment of visual deficits.


Subject(s)
Animals , Brain Waves , Genetics , Disease Models, Animal , Electroencephalography , Gene Expression Regulation , Genetics , Geniculate Bodies , Metabolism , Ginkgolides , Therapeutic Uses , Glutamate Decarboxylase , Metabolism , Lactones , Therapeutic Uses , Membrane Proteins , Genetics , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Mice, Knockout , Nerve Tissue Proteins , Genetics , Photic Stimulation , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-fos , Metabolism , Vision Disorders , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Pathology , Visual Cortex , Metabolism , Pathology , gamma-Aminobutyric Acid , Metabolism
9.
An. acad. bras. ciênc ; 89(1): 273-283, Jan,-Mar. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-886645

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Tryptophan is the only precursor of serotonin and mediates serotonergic activity in the brain. Previous studies have shown that the administration of tryptophan or tryptophan depletion significantly alters cognition, mood and anxiety. Nevertheless, the neurobiological alterations that follow these changes have not yet been fully investigated. The aim of this study was to verify the effects of a tryptophan-enriched diet on immunoreactivity to Fos-protein in the rat brain. Sixteen male Wistar rats were distributed into two groups that either received standard chow diet or a tryptophan-enriched diet for a period of thirty days. On the morning of the 31st day, animals were euthanized and subsequently analyzed for Fos-immunoreactivity (Fos-ir) in the dorsal and median raphe nuclei and in regions that receive serotonin innervation from these two brain areas. Treatment with a tryptophan-enriched diet increased Fos-ir in the prefrontal cortex, nucleus accumbens, paraventricular hypothalamus, arcuate and ventromedial hypothalamus, dorsolateral and dorsomedial periaqueductal grey and dorsal and median raphe nucleus. These observations suggest that the physiological and behavioral alterations that follow the administration of tryptophan are associated with the activation of brain regions that regulate cognition and mood/anxiety-related responses.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Anxiety/drug therapy , Brain/drug effects , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-fos/drug effects , Cognition/drug effects , Antidepressive Agents, Second-Generation/administration & dosage , Affect/drug effects , Anxiety/metabolism , Time Factors , Tryptophan/administration & dosage , Brain/metabolism , Immunohistochemistry , Serotonin/metabolism , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-fos/metabolism , Rats, Wistar , Dietary Supplements , Diet Therapy/methods
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-226336

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Metabolic syndrome is related with abdominal fat and with age-related hearing loss (ARHL). In this study, we evaluated the association between a variety of factors relevant to abdominal fat (FRAs) and hearing thresholds. METHODS: We reviewed retrospectively the medical records of 2,602 subjects aged over 40 years with symmetrical sensorineural hearing loss who underwent abdominal fat computed tomography (CT) scans. Univariate and multivariate linear regression analyses were used to demonstrate the association between each FRA and hearing thresholds at low and high frequencies. RESULTS: Four of 5 FRAs were associated with hearing thresholds at high frequencies in males. All FRAs examined showed a relationship with hearing thresholds at low frequencies in females. Diabetes mellitus (DM) among clinical factors and visceral adipose tissue (VAT) among the 5 FRAs were the most reflective of hearing thresholds in both males and females. CONCLUSION: We found that FRAs were associated with hearing loss with frequency specific characteristics according to sex and reinforced that DM and VAT is particularly an important role for hearing.


Subject(s)
Abdominal Fat , Body Mass Index , Diabetes Mellitus , Female , Hearing Loss , Hearing Loss, Sensorineural , Hearing , Humans , Intra-Abdominal Fat , Linear Models , Male , Medical Records , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-fos , Retrospective Studies
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-351344

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the effects of embryonic lead exposure on motor function and balance ability in offspring rats and the possible mechanisms.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>An animal model of embryonic lead exposure was prepared with the use of pregnant Sprague-Dawley rats freely drinking 0.1% (low-dose group, LG) or 0.2% (high-dose group, HG) lead acetate solution. A normal control group (NG) was also set. The male offspring rats of these pregnant rats were included in the study, consisting of 12 rats in the NG group, 10 rats in the LG group, and 9 rats in the HG group. The offspring rats' motor function and balance ability were evaluated using body turning test and coat hanger test. Eight rats were randomly selected from each group, and immunohistochemistry and Timm's staining were employed to measure the expression of c-Fos and mossy fiber sprouting (MFS) in the hippocampus.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The HG group had a significantly longer body turning time than the NG and LG groups (P<0.05), and the LG group had a significantly longer body turning time than the NG group (P<0.05). The HG group had a significantly lower score of balance ability than the NG and LG groups (P<0.05), and the LG group had a significantly lower score of balance ability than the NG group (P<0.05). The area percentage of c-Fos-positive neurons in the hippocampal CA1 region was significantly higher in the HG group than in the other two groups (P<0.05), and it was significantly higher in the LG group than in the NG group (P<0.05). The semi-quantitative scores of MFS in the hippocampal CA3 region and dentate gyrus were significantly higher in the HG group than in the other two groups (P<0.05), and they were significantly higher in the LG group than in the NG group (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Embryonic lead exposure could impair the offspring rats' motor function and balance ability. These changes may be related to increased c-Fos expression in the hippocampal CA3 region and abnormal MFS in the hippocampal CA3 region and dentate gyrus.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Fetus , Hippocampus , Chemistry , Lead , Toxicity , Male , Mossy Fibers, Hippocampal , Motor Activity , Postural Balance , Pregnancy , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-fos , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
12.
Braz. dent. j ; 27(6): 744-750, Nov.-Dec. 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-828064

ABSTRACT

Abstract The study on the efficacy of oral analgesics reported that no single class of drug is effective in post-surgical dental pain. Pain following removal of third molar is most commonly used and widely accepted acute pain model for assessing the analgesic effect of drugs in humans. Reports demonstrated that analgesic efficacy in the human dental model is highly predictive. The high incidence of false-negative findings in analgesic investigations hinders the process of molecular discovery. Molecular mechanism of post-surgical pain is not known. More importantly, the animal model for postoperative dental pain is not well established. In an attempt to discover an effective post-surgical dental pain blocker with acceptable side effects, it is essential to elucidate the molecular mechanism of post-operative dental pain. The present study investigated mandibular molars extraction in rat as an animal model for the post-operative dental pain in central nervous system. Using c-Fos immunohistochemistry, we demonstrated that pre administration of GBP (150 mg/kg. i.p) significantly (p< 0.01) neutralized the surgical molar extraction induced c-Fos expression bilaterally in rat hypothalamus. Present results indicate that pain after surgical molar extraction might follow novel neural pathways therefore difficult to treat with existing anti-nociceptive drugs.


Resumo O estudo da eficácia relativa dos analgésicos orais relatou que nenhuma classe única de fármaco é eficaz na dor pós-cirúrgica dental. A dor após a remoção do terceiro molar é o modelo de dor aguda mais comumente usado e amplamente aceito para avaliar o efeito analgésico de drogas em seres humanos. Os relatos demonstraram que a eficácia analgésica no modelo dental humano é altamente preditiva. A alta incidência de achados falso-negativos em investigações analgésicas dificulta o processo de descoberta molecular. O mecanismo molecular da dor pós-cirúrgica não é conhecido. Mais importante ainda, o modelo animal para a dor pós-operatória não está bem estabelecido. Numa tentativa de descobrir um bloqueador de dor dental pós-cirúrgico eficaz com efeitos secundários aceitáveis, é essencial elucidar o mecanismo molecular da dor pós-operatória dental. Neste estudo investigamos a extração de molares inferiores de ratos como modelo animal para a dor pós-operatória no sistema nervoso central. Utilizando análise imunohistoquímica de c-Fos, demonstrou-se que a administração prévia de GBP (150 mg/kg i.p) significativamente (p<0,01) neutralizou a expressão c-Fos induzida por extração molar cirúrgica bilateralmente no hipotálamo de rato. Os resultados indicam que a dor após a extração molar cirúrgica pode seguir novas vias neurais, portanto, difícil tratar com as drogas anti-nociceptivas existentes.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Amines/pharmacology , Cyclohexanecarboxylic Acids/pharmacology , gamma-Aminobutyric Acid/pharmacology , Hypothalamus/drug effects , Pain, Postoperative/drug therapy , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-fos/metabolism , Tooth Extraction/methods , Trigeminal Nucleus, Spinal/drug effects , Amines/therapeutic use , Cyclohexanecarboxylic Acids/therapeutic use , gamma-Aminobutyric Acid/therapeutic use , Hypothalamus/metabolism , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Tooth Extraction/adverse effects , Trigeminal Nucleus, Spinal/metabolism
13.
Biol. Res ; 49: 1-9, 2016. ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-950859

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Chitosan, the N-deacetylated derivative of chitin, is a cationic polyelectrolyte due to the presence of amino groups, one of the few occurring in nature. The use of chitosan in protein and drug delivery systems is being actively researched and reported in the literature RESULTS: In this study, we used chitosan-coated levodopa liposomes to investigate the behavioral character and the expression of phosphorylated extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK1/2), dopamine- and cAMP-regulated phos-phoprotein of 32 kDa (DARPP-32) and FosB/AFosB in striatum of rat model of levodopa-induced dyskinesia (LID). We found that scores of abnormal involuntary movement (AIM) decreased significantly in liposome group (P < 0.05), compared with levodopa group. Levels of phospho-ERK1/2, phospho-Thr34 DARPP-32 and FosB/AFosB in striatum decreased significantly in liposome group lesion side compared with levodopa group (P < 0.05). However, both of two groups above have significantly differences compared with the control group (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Chitosan-coated levodopa liposomes may be useful in reducing dyskinesias inducing for Parkinson disease. The mechanism might be involved the pathway of signaling molecular phospho-ERK1/2, phospho-Thr34 DARPP-32 and AFosB in striatum


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Dopamine Agents/pharmacology , Levodopa/pharmacology , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-fos/metabolism , Chitosan/pharmacology , Dyskinesia, Drug-Induced/metabolism , Dyskinesia, Drug-Induced/prevention & control , Dopamine and cAMP-Regulated Phosphoprotein 32/metabolism , Parkinson Disease/drug therapy , Phosphorylation/drug effects , Biocompatible Materials/pharmacology , Immunohistochemistry , Random Allocation , Blotting, Western , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-fos/analysis , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-fos/drug effects , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Corpus Striatum/drug effects , MAP Kinase Signaling System , Extracellular Signal-Regulated MAP Kinases/analysis , Extracellular Signal-Regulated MAP Kinases/drug effects , Dyskinesia, Drug-Induced/etiology , Dopamine and cAMP-Regulated Phosphoprotein 32/analysis , Dopamine and cAMP-Regulated Phosphoprotein 32/drug effects , Nanoparticles , Liposomes
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-310907

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the ability of aqueous extract of Hericium erinaceus mushroom in the treatment of nerve injury following peroneal nerve crush in Sprague-Dawley rats.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Aqueous extract of Hericium erinaceus was given by daily oral administration following peroneal nerve crush injury in Sprague-Dawley rats. The expression of protein kinase B (Akt) and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathways; and c-Jun and c-Fos genes were studied in dorsal root ganglia (DRG) whereas the activity of protein synthesis was assessed in peroneal nerves by immunohistochemical method.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Peripheral nerve injury leads to changes at the axonal site of injury and remotely located DRG containing cell bodies of sensory afferent neurons. Immunofluorescence studies showed that DRG neurons ipsilateral to the crush injury in rats of treated groups expressed higher immunoreactivities for Akt, MAPK, c-Jun and c-Fos as compared with negative control group (P <0.05). The intensity of nuclear ribonucleoprotein in the distal segments of crushed nerves of treated groups was significantly higher than in the negative control group (P <0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>H. erinaceus is capable of promoting peripheral nerve regeneration after injury. Potential signaling pathways include Akt, MAPK, c-Jun, and c-Fos, and protein synthesis have been shown to be involved in its action.</p>


Subject(s)
Agaricales , Chemistry , Animals , Axons , Pathology , Female , Ganglia, Spinal , Metabolism , Glucans , MAP Kinase Signaling System , Nerve Crush , Nerve Regeneration , Physiology , Peripheral Nerves , Physiology , Peroneal Nerve , Physiology , Protein Biosynthesis , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt , Metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-fos , Genetics , Metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-jun , Genetics , Metabolism , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
15.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 19-26, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-331687

ABSTRACT

The present study was aimed to explore the effects of intraperitoneal injection of growth hormone releasing peptide-6 (GHRP-6), a ghrelin receptor agonist, on food intake and neuronal activity of feeding-related nuclei in the hypothalamus of NMRI mice. Accumulated amount of food intake was measured, and total number of c-fos immunoreactive neurons in arcuate nucleus (ARC), paraventricular nucleus (PVN) and supraoptic nucleus (SON) was counted by immunohistochemistry at 1, 3 and 6 h after the GHRP-6 injection. The results showed that GHRP-6 significantly increased the amount of food intake with a peak at 3 h after the GHRP-6 injection. Meanwhile, GHRP-6 could promote c-fos expression in the ARC and PVN independent of food intake, and the total number of c-fos immunoreactive neurons was peaked at 1 h after injection and then decreased gradually. These results suggest that GHRP-6 may increase food intake in time-dependent manner, which is associated with up-regulations of c-fos protein expression in the ARC and PVN.


Subject(s)
Animals , Arcuate Nucleus of Hypothalamus , Eating , Immunohistochemistry , Male , Mice , Neurons , Oligopeptides , Paraventricular Hypothalamic Nucleus , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-fos , Receptors, Ghrelin , Supraoptic Nucleus
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-285267

ABSTRACT

Thymosin β4 (Tβ4) is a key factor in cardiac development, growth, disease, epicardial integrity, blood vessel formation and has cardio-protective properties. However, its role in murine embryonic stem cells (mESCs) proliferation and cardiovascular differentiation remains unclear. Thus we aimed to elucidate the influence of Tβ4 on mESCs. Target genes during mESCs proliferation and differentiation were detected by real-time PCR or Western blotting, and patch clamp was applied to characterize the mESCs-derived cardiomyocytes. It was found that Tβ4 decreased mESCs proliferation in a partial dose-dependent manner and the expression of cell cycle regulatory genes c-myc, c-fos and c-jun. However, mESCs self-renewal markers Oct4 and Nanog were elevated, indicating the maintenance of self-renewal ability in these mESCs. Phosphorylation of STAT3 and Akt was inhibited by Tβ4 while the expression of RAS and phosphorylation of ERK were enhanced. No significant difference was found in BMP2/BMP4 or their downstream protein smad. Wnt3 and Wnt11 were remarkably decreased by Tβ4 with upregulation of Tcf3 and constant β-catenin. Under mESCs differentiation, Tβ4 treatment did not change the expression of cardiovascular cell markers α-MHC, PECAM, and α-SMA. Neither the electrophysiological properties of mESCs-derived cardiomyocytes nor the hormonal regulation by Iso/Cch was affected by Tβ4. In conclusion, Tβ4 suppressed mESCs proliferation by affecting the activity of STAT3, Akt, ERK and Wnt pathways. However, Tβ4 did not influence the in vitro cardiovascular differentiation.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Cycle , Genetics , Cell Differentiation , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Extracellular Signal-Regulated MAP Kinases , Genetics , Metabolism , Gene Expression Regulation , JNK Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases , Genetics , Metabolism , Mice , Mouse Embryonic Stem Cells , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Myocytes, Cardiac , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Nanog Homeobox Protein , Genetics , Metabolism , Octamer Transcription Factor-3 , Genetics , Metabolism , Patch-Clamp Techniques , Primary Cell Culture , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt , Genetics , Metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-fos , Genetics , Metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-myc , Genetics , Metabolism , STAT3 Transcription Factor , Genetics , Metabolism , Signal Transduction , Thymosin , Pharmacology
17.
Clinics ; 70(11): 738-742, Nov. 2015. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-766147

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: To explore the effects of serum from patients with ankylosing spondylitis on the canonical Wnt/β-catenin pathway and to assess whether the serum has an osteogenic effect in MG63 cells. METHODS: MG63 cells were cultured with serum from 45 ankylosing spondylitis patients, 30 healthy controls, or 45 rheumatoid arthritis patients. The relative PPARD, fra-1, MMP7, OPG and RANKL mRNA levels were measured using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. Associations between gene expression and patient demographics and clinical assessments were then analyzed. RESULTS: MG63 cells treated with serum from ankylosing spondylitis patients had higher PPARD, fra-1, MMP7 and OPG gene expression than did cells treated with serum from controls or rheumatoid arthritis patients (all p<0.05). RANKL expression was higher in MG63 cells treated with serum from patients with ankylosing spondylitis or rheumatoid arthritis than in those treated with serum from controls (both p<0.05). The OPG/RANKL ratio was also higher in MG63 cells treated with serum from ankylosing spondylitis patients than in those treated with serum from controls (p<0.05). No associations were found between the expression of the five genes and the patient demographics and clinical assessments (all p>0.05). CONCLUSIONS : Serum from ankylosing spondylitis patients increases PPARD, fra-1, MMP7, OPG and RANKL expression and the OPG/RANKL ratio in MG63 cells; these effects may be due to the stimulatory effect of the serum on the Wnt pathway.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/blood , Osteoblasts/metabolism , Serum , Spondylitis, Ankylosing/blood , Cells, Cultured , Culture Media , Cytokines/metabolism , Gene Expression , /metabolism , PPAR delta/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-fos/metabolism , RANK Ligand/metabolism , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Wnt Signaling Pathway/genetics , beta Catenin/genetics
19.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 681-686, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-276038

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the possible pain mechanism of chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The models of CP/CPPS were established in male Wistar rats by the autoimmune method. The paw withdrawal threshold (PWT) was detected using Von Frey filament. The expressions of the substance P and c-fos in the prostate and spinal L5-S2 segments were determined by immunohistochemistry followed by analysis of their correlation with CP/CPPS.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with the control rats, the CP/CPPS models showed significantly decreased PWT (P < 0.05), remarkable prostatic inflammation, enlarged scope of lesions, and obvious interstitial lymphocytic infiltration (P < 0.05). Both the expressions of substance P and c-fos were markedly elevated in the prostate and spinal dorsal horn (L5-S2) of the rat models (P < 0.05), but the expression of substance P in the prostate exhibited no correlation with that in the spinal cord (r = 0.099, P = 0.338), nor did that of c-fos (r = 0.027, P = 0.454).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The upregulated expressions of substance P and c-fos in the spinal cord L5-S2 sections may be associated with the pain mechanism of CP/CPPS.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Chronic Disease , Immunohistochemistry , Male , Pelvic Pain , Metabolism , Prostate , Metabolism , Prostatitis , Metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-fos , Metabolism , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Spinal Cord , Metabolism , Substance P , Metabolism , Syndrome , Up-Regulation
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-237893

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore targets of Chinese herbal medicine at cellular and molecular leve1s through an experimental study on Yinxingye Capsule (YC) intervening vascular endothelial cell apoptoeis of hyperhornocysteinemia (HHcy) rats.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The HHcy model was prepared in male Wistar rats. Totally 42 rats were randomly divided into 4 groups, i.e., the control group (n =10), the model group (n = 11), the YC group (n =11), the folic acid group (n =10). Carboxy methyl cellulose (CMC) solution (1%) was administered to rats in the control group by gastrogavage.3% methionine suspension at 1. 5 g/kg was administered to rats in the model group by gastrogavage. 3% methionine suspension at 1. 5 g/kg and folic acid suspension at 0. 06 g/kg was administered to rats in the folic acid group by gastrogavage. 3% methionine suspension at 1. 5 g/kg and YC at 0. 02 g/kg was administered to rats in the YC group by gastrogavage. Morphological changes of aortic tissue were observed by hematoxylin eosin (HE) staining. The plasma homocysteine (Hcy) level was detected in each group. The endothelium-dependent diastolic functions of the thoracic aorta on different concentrations of sodium nitroprusside (SNP) and acetylcholine (Ach) were detected. Gene expressions of Bcl-2-associated X protein (BAX), inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), c-Fos, cellular inhibitor of apoptosis protein 2 (c-IAP2) were detected by real time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Pathological results showed that thickening aortic endothelium, swollen and desquamated endothelial cells. Few foam cells could be seen in the model group. Myoma-like proliferation of smooth muscle cells in tunica media could also be seen. These pathological changes were milder in the YC group and the folic acid group. Compared with the control group, plasma Hcy levels increased in the model group (P <0. 05). The endothelium-dependent diastolic rates at 10(-6) and 10(-4)mol/L Ach and 10(-7) -10(-3)mol/L SNP all decreased in the model group (P <0. 01, P <0. 05). Gene expressions of Bax, c-Fos, and iNOS increased, but c-IAP2 gene expressions decreased in the model group (all P <0. 05). Compared with the model group, plasma Hcy levels decreased in the YC group and the folic acid group (P <0. 05). The endothelium-dependent diastolic rates increased in the YC group and the folic acid group at various SNP concentrations except 10(-6) mol/L SNP in the folic acid group. The endothelium-dependent diastolic rates increased in the YC group and the folic acid group at 10(-6) and 10(-4)mol/L Ach (all P <0. 05). Gene expressions of Bax, c-Fos, and iNOS decreased in the YC group and the folic acid group, but c-IAP2 gene expression increased in the folic acid group (all P <0. 05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>YC could reduce plasma Hcy levels, down-regulate gene expressions of Bax, c-Fos, and iNOS, thereby reducing apoptosis of vascular endothelial cells, improving vascular endothelial function, and delaying atherosclerotic process.</p>


Subject(s)
Acetylcholine , Animals , Aorta , Aorta, Thoracic , Apoptosis , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Endothelial Cells , Endothelium, Vascular , Hyperhomocysteinemia , Drug Therapy , Male , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type II , Nitroprusside , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-fos , Rats , Rats, Wistar , bcl-2-Associated X Protein
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