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1.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 46-51, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012423

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the biological behavior spectrum of platelet-derived growth factor alpha receptor (PDGFRA)-mutant gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST), and to compare the clinical values of the Zhongshan method of benign and malignant evaluation with the modified National Institutes of Health (NIH) risk stratification. Methods: A total of 119 cases of GIST with PDGFRA mutation who underwent surgical resection at Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University from 2009 to 2020 were collected. The clinicopathological data, follow-up records, and subsequent treatment were reviewed and analyzed statistically. Results: There were 79 males and 40 females. The patients ranged in age from 25 to 80 years, with a median age of 60 years. Among them, 115 patients were followed up for 1-154 months, and 13 patients progressed to disease. The 5-year disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) were 90.1% and 94.1%, respectively. According to the modified NIH risk stratification, 8 cases, 32 cases, 38 cases, and 35 cases were very-low risk, low risk, intermediate risk, and high risk, and 5-year DFS were 100.0%, 95.6%, 94.3%, and 80.5%, respectively. There was no significant difference in prognosis among the non-high risk groups, only the difference between high risk and non-high risk groups was significant (P=0.029). However, the 5-year OS was 100.0%, 100.0%, 95.0% and 89.0%, and there was no difference (P=0.221). According to the benign and malignant evaluation Zhongshan method, 43 cases were non-malignant (37.4%), 56 cases were low-grade malignant (48.7%), 9 cases were moderately malignant (7.8%), and 7 cases were highly malignant (6.1%). The 5-year DFS were 100.0%, 91.7%, 77.8%, 38.1%, and the difference was significant (P<0.001). The 5-year OS were 100.0%, 97.5%, 77.8%, 66.7%, the difference was significant (P<0.001). Conclusions: GIST with PDGFRA gene mutation shows a broad range of biological behavior, ranging from benign to highly malignant. According to the Zhongshan method, non-malignant and low-grade malignant tumors are common, the prognosis after surgery is good, while the fewer medium-high malignant tumors showed poor prognosis after surgical resection. The overall biological behavior of this type of GIST is relatively inert, which is due to the low proportion of medium-high malignant GIST. The modified NIH risk stratification may not be effective in risk stratification for PDGFRA mutant GIST.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors/surgery , Receptor, Platelet-Derived Growth Factor alpha/genetics , Retrospective Studies , Mutation , Prognosis , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit/genetics
2.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 346-356, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986797

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the clinicopathological features and gene mutations of primary gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) of the stomach and intestine and the prognosis of intermediate- and high-risk GISTs. Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study. Data of patients with GISTs admitted to Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute and Hospital from January 2011 to December 2019 were collected retrospectively. Patients with primary gastric or intestinal disease who had undergone endoscopic or surgical resection of the primary lesion and were confirmed pathologically as GIST were included. Patients treated with targeted therapy preoperatively were excluded. The above criteria were met by 1061 patients with primary GISTs, 794 of whom had gastric GISTs and 267 intestinal GISTs. Genetic testing had been performed in 360 of these patients since implementation of Sanger sequencing in our hospital in October 2014. Gene mutations in KIT exons 9, 11, 13, and 17 and PDGFRA exons 12 and 18 were detected by Sanger sequencing. The factors investigated in this study included: (1) clinicopathological data, such as sex, age, primary tumor location, maximum tumor diameter, histological type, mitotic index (/5 mm2), and risk classification; (2) gene mutation; (3) follow-up, survival, and postoperative treatment; and (4) prognostic factors of progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) for intermediate- and high-risk GIST. Results: (1) Clinicopathological features: The median ages of patients with primary gastric and intestinal GIST were 61 (8-85) years and 60 (26-80) years, respectively; The median maximum tumor diameters were 4.0 (0.3-32.0) cm and 6.0 (0.3-35.0) cm, respectively; The median mitotic indexes were 3 (0-113)/5 mm² and 3 (0-50)/5 mm², respectively; The median Ki-67 proliferation indexes were 5% (1%-80%) and 5% (1%-50%), respectively. The rates of positivity for CD117, DOG-1, and CD34 were 99.7% (792/794), 99.9% (731/732), 95.6% (753/788), and 100.0% (267/267), 100.0% (238/238), 61.5% (163/265), respectively. There were higher proportions of male patients (χ²=6.390, P=0.011), tumors of maximum diameter > 5.0 cm (χ²=33.593, P<0.001), high-risk (χ²=94.957, P<0.001), and CD34-negativity (χ²=203.138, P<0.001) among patients with intestinal GISTs than among those with gastric GISTs. (2) Gene mutations: Gene mutations were investigated in 286/360 patients (79.4%) with primary gastric GISTs and 74/360 (20.6%) with primary intestinal GISTs. Among the 286 patients with gastric primary GISTs, 79.4% (227/286), 8.4% (24/286), and 12.2% (35/286), had KIT mutations, PDGFRA mutations, and wild-type, respectively. Among the 74 patients with primary intestinal GISTs, 85.1% (63/74) had KIT mutations and 14.9% (11/74) were wild-type. The PDGFRA mutation rate was lower in patients with intestinal GISTs than in those with gastric GISTs[ 0% vs. 8.4%(24/286), χ²=6.770, P=0.034], whereas KIT exon 9 mutations occurred more often in those with intestinal GISTs [22.2% (14/63) vs. 1.8% (4/227), P<0.001]. There were no significant differences between gastric and intestinal GISTs in the rates of KIT exon 11 mutation type and KIT exon 11 deletion mutation type (both P>0.05). (3) Follow-up, survival, and postoperative treatment: After excluding 228 patients with synchronous and metachronous other malignant tumors, the remaining 833 patients were followed up for 6-124 (median 53) months with a follow-up rate of 88.6% (738/833). None of the patients with very low or low-risk gastric (n=239) or intestinal GISTs (n=56) had received targeted therapy postoperatively. Among 179 patients with moderate-risk GISTs, postoperative targeted therapy had been administered to 88/155 with gastric and 11/24 with intestinal GISTs. Among 264 patients with high-risk GISTs, postoperative targeted therapy had been administered to 106/153 with gastric and 62/111 with intestinal GISTs. The 3-, 5-, and 10-year PFS of patients with gastric or intestinal GISTs were 96.5%, 93.8%, and 87.6% and 85.7%, 80.1% and 63.3%, respectively (P<0.001). The 3-, 5-, and 10-year OS were 99.2%, 98.8%, 97.5% and 94.8%, 92.1%, 85.0%, respectively (P<0.001). (4) Analysis of predictors of intermediate- and high-risk GISTs: The 5-year PFS of patients with gastric and intestinal GISTs were 89.5% and 73.2%, respectively (P<0.001); The 5-year OS were 97.9% and 89.3%, respectively (P<0.001). Multivariate analysis showed that high risk (HR=2.918, 95%CI: 1.076-7.911, P=0.035) and Ki-67 proliferation index > 5% (HR=2.778, 95%CI: 1.389-5.558, P=0.004) were independent risk factors for PFS in patients with intermediate- and high-risk GISTs (both P<0.05). Intestinal GISTs (HR=3.485, 95%CI: 1.407-8.634, P=0.007) and high risk (HR=3.753,95%CI:1.079-13.056, P=0.038) were independent risk factors for OS in patients with intermediate- and high-risk GISTs (both P<0.05). Postoperative targeted therapy was independent protective factor for PFS and OS (HR=0.103, 95%CI: 0.049-0.213, P<0.001; HR=0.210, 95%CI:0.078-0.564,P=0.002). Conclusions: Primary intestinal GIST behaves more aggressively than gastric GISTs and more frequently progress after surgery. Moreover, CD34 negativity and KIT exon 9 mutations occur more frequently in patients with intestinal GISTs than in those with gastric GISTs.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Ki-67 Antigen , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology , Prognosis , Mutation , Intestines/pathology , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit/genetics , Receptor, Platelet-Derived Growth Factor alpha/genetics
3.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 384-389, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985684

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological features, treatment and prognosis of gastric intermediate-risk gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST), so as to provide a reference for clinical management and further research. Methods: A retrospective observational study of patients with gastric intermediate-risk GIST, who underwent surgical resection between January 1996 and December 2019 at Zhongshan Hospital of Fudan University, was carried out. Results: Totally, 360 patients with a median age of 59 years were included. There were 190 males and 170 females with median tumor diameter of 5.9 cm. Routine genetic testing was performed in 247 cases (68.6%, 247/360), and 198 cases (80.2%) showed KIT mutation, 26 cases (10.5%) showed PDGFRA mutation, and 23 cases were wild-type GIST. According to "Zhongshan Method"(including 12 parameters), there were 121 malignant and 239 non-malignant cases. Complete follow-up data were available in 241 patients; 55 patients (22.8%) received imatinib therapy, 10 patients (4.1%) experienced tumor progression, and one patient (PDGFRA mutation, 0.4%) died. Disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival rate at 5 years was 96.0% and 99.6%, respectively. Among the intermediate-risk GIST, there was no difference in DFS between the overall population, KIT mutation, PDGFRA mutation, wild-type, non-malignant and malignant subgroups (all P>0.05). However, the non-malignancy/malignancy analysis showed that there were significant differences in DFS among the overall population (P<0.01), imatinib treatment group (P=0.044) and no imatinib treatment group (P<0.01). Adjuvant imatinib resulted in potential survival benefit for KIT mutated malignant and intermediate-risk GIST in DFS (P=0.241). Conclusions: Gastric intermediate-risk GIST shows a heterogeneous biologic behavior spectrum from benign to highly malignant. It can be further classified into benign and malignant, mainly nonmalignant and low-grade malignant. The overall disease progression rate after surgical resection is low, and real-world data show that there is no significant benefit from imatinib treatment after surgery. However, adjuvant imatinib potentially improves DFS of intermediate-risk patients with tumors harboring KIT mutation in the malignant group. Therefore, a comprehensive analysis of gene mutations in benign/malignant GIST will facilitate improvements in therapeutic decision-making.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use , Prognosis , Imatinib Mesylate/therapeutic use , Mutation , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit/genetics
4.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 804-813, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942960

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological features of gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) with KIT/PDGFRA "homozygous mutation", the efficacy of targeted therapy and the prognosis. Methods: A retrospective cohort study and propensity score matching were used. "Homozygous mutation" was defined as the detection of KIT/PDGFRA gene status of GIST by Sanger sequencing, which showed that there was only mutant gene sequence in the sequencing map, lack of wild-type sequence or the peak height of mutant gene sequence was much higher than that of wild-type gene sequence (> 3 times). "Heterozygous mutation" was defined as the mutant gene sequences coexisted with wild type gene sequences, and the peak height was similar (3 times or less). The clinicopathological data and follow-up information of 92 GIST patients with KIT/PDGFRA "homozygous mutation" were collected from 4 hospitals in Shanghai from January 2008 to May 2021 (Renji Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine: 70 cases; Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University: 14 cases; Changhai Hospital, Naval Military Medical University: 6 cases and Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine: 2 cases). Patients with perioperative death, other malignancies, and incomplete clinicopathological information were excluded. The clinicopathological features of the patients and the efficacy of targeted drug therapy were observed and analyzed. The efficacy was evaluated using Choi criteria, which were divided into complete response (CR), partial response (PR), stable disease (SD) and progressive disease (PD). In addition, a total of 230 patients with high-risk GIST with "heterozygous mutation" in exon 11 of KIT gene and 117 patients with recurrent or metastatic GIST with "heterozygous mutation" in exon 11 of KIT gene were included. The propensity score matching method was used to match GIST patients with "heterozygous" and "homozygous" mutations in exon 11 of KIT gene (1∶1) for survival analysis. The disease-free survival (DFS) between two groups of high-risk GIST patients who underwent complete surgical resection were compared. And progression-free survival (PFS) in patients with recurrent or metastatic GIST were compared. Results: Of the 92 GIST cases with KIT/PDGFRA "homozygous mutation", 58 were males and 34 were females, with a median onset age of 62 (31-91) years. Primary GIST 83 cases. Primary high-risk GIST (53 cases), metastatic GIST (21 cases) and recurrent GIST (9 cases) accounted for 90.2% (83/92). There were 90 cases of KIT gene"homozygous mutation" (exon 11 for 88 cases, exon 13 for 1 case, exon 17 for 1 case), and 2 cases of PDGFRA gene "homozygous mutation" (exon 12 for 1 case, exon 18 for 1 case). The median follow-up time was 49 (8-181) months. Among the 61 cases of primary localized GIST undergoing complete surgical resection, 2 cases were intermediate-risk GIST, 5 cases were low-risk GIST, and 1 case was very low-risk GIST, of whom 1 case of intermediate-risk GIST received 1-year adjuvant imatinib mesylate (IM) therapy after operation, and no tumor recurrence developed during the follow-up period. The remaining 53 cases were high-risk GIST, and follow-up data were obtained from 50 cases, of whom 22 developed tumor recurrence during follow-up. Of 9 patients directly receiving neoadjuvant targeted therapy (IM or avapritinib), 5 had complete imaging follow-up data, and the evaluation of efficacy achieved PR. Of all the 92 GIST cases with KIT/PDGFRA "homozygous mutation", 50 (54.4%) had tumor metastasis or tumor recurrence or progression during follow-up, and 12 (13.0%) died of the tumor. Survival analysis combined with propensity score showed that in 100 cases of high-risk GISTs with complete resection, GISTs with "homozygous mutation" in exon 11 of KIT gene had shorter disease-free survival (DFS) than GISTs with "heterozygous mutation" in exon 11 of KIT gene (median DFS: 72 months vs. 148 months, P=0.015). In 60 cases of recurrent or metastatic GISTs with KIT gene exon 11 mutation, IM was used as the first-line treatment, and the progression-free survival (PFS) of GISTs with "homozygous mutation" was shorter compared to GISTs with "heterozygous mutation" (median PFS: 38 months vs. 69 months, P=0.044). The differences were statistically significant. Conclusions: "Homozygous mutation" in KIT/PDGFRA gene is associated with the progression of GIST. The corresponding targeted therapeutic drugs are still effective for GIST with KIT/PDGFRA gene "homozygous mutation". Compared with GIST patients with "heterozygous mutation" in KIT exon 11, GIST patients with "homozygous mutation" in KIT exon 11 are more likely to relapse after surgery and to develop resistance to IM. Therefore, it is still necessary to seek more effective treatment methods for this subset of cases.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use , China , Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors/genetics , Mutation , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Prognosis , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit/genetics , Pyrazoles , Pyrroles , Receptor, Platelet-Derived Growth Factor alpha/genetics , Retrospective Studies , Triazines
5.
Braz. J. Vet. Res. Anim. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e175896, 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1348003

ABSTRACT

Systemic mastocytosis (SM) pathology is extremely rare in canine practice, with insufficient reported data. The knowledge of the clinical behavior of this pathology is scarce. In human medicine, SM has been widely investigated, being defined as a rare hematopoietic disorder by the World Health Organization (2016), within the type of myeloproliferative neoplasms. Herein, we describe a systemic mastocytosis case in a Portuguese Serra-da-Estrela dog, where a cutaneous grade III/high-grade MCT was also diagnosed. The clinical decline of the animal and owner's insistence throughout anamnesis that the dog was markedly different after the cytologic exam performed in another clinic, along with both severe eosinophilia and hepatomegaly, led to the clinical suspicion of SM. The animal passed away 7 days later. Post-morteminvestigation confirmed SM pathology, and a deletion of 15 base pairs change on c-Kit gene exon 11 was identified. Contemplating the low number of cases described in the literature, this publication aims to disclose clinical and laboratory features of rare and poorly described canine SM, taking into consideration human outcomes described in the literature.(AU)


A patologia da mastocitose sistêmica (SM) é extremamente rara na prática clínica canina, com escassos casos descritos na literatura científica. O conhecimento do comportamento clínico desta patologia é mínimo. Na medicina humana, a SM tem sido amplamente investigada, sendo definida como uma doença hematopoiética rara pela Organização Mundial da Saúde (2016), dentro do tipo de neoplasias mieloproliferativas. Descrevemos aqui um caso de mastocitose sistêmica num cão Serra-da-Estrela português, diagnosticado também com um mastocitoma cutâneo grau III / alto grau. O declínio clínico do animal e a insistência do proprietário durante a anamnese de que o cão estava marcadamente diferente após o exame citológico realizado em outra clínica, juntamente com eosinofilia e hepatomegalia graves, levantaram a suspeita clínica de SM. O animal faleceu 7 dias depois. A investigação post-mortem confirmou a patologia SM, e o estudo molecular revelou uma deleção de 15 pares de bases no exon 11 do gene c-Kit. Contemplando o baixo número de casos descritos na literatura, o objetivo desta publicação é divulgar características clínicas e laboratoriais de SM canina, levando em consideração informações clínicas descritas em humanos.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Mastocytosis, Systemic/pathology , Eosinophilia/veterinary , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit , Hepatomegaly
6.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 608-620, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888743

ABSTRACT

t(8;21)(q22;q22) acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a highly heterogeneous hematological malignancy with a high relapse rate in China. Two leukemic myeloblast populations (CD34


Subject(s)
Humans , Gene Expression , Granulocyte Precursor Cells , Immunophenotyping , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics , Membrane Glycoproteins , Prognosis , Proteins , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit/genetics
7.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 526-531, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878875

ABSTRACT

Mechanism study was performed to explore how Shouhui Tongbian Capsules promotes energy metabolism of gastrointestinal stromal cells. In this study, gastrointestinal stromal cells line GIST-882 was used as the model to explore energy metabolism regulation effects of Shouhui Tongbian Capsules extract(10, 20, 50 and 100 μg·mL~(-1)) by measuring the cell proliferation, ATP level, mitochondrial membrane potential, and mitochondrial isocitrate dehydrogenase activity. Meanwhile, Western blot was used to detect the proteins expression of SCF/c-Kit and CDK2/cyclin A signaling pathways. Our results showed that Shouhui Tongbian Capsules promoted cell proliferation and increased ATP level of gastrointestinal stromal cells. In addition, Shouhui Tongbian Capsules obviously improved mitochondrial structural integrity, and increased mitochondrial membrane potential in GIST-882 cells. Mechanism study revealed that Shouhui Tongbian Capsules increased mitochondrial isocitrate dehydrogenase activity and up-regulated the proteins expression of SCF/c-Kit and CDK2/cyclin A signaling pathways. Collectively, our study indicated that Shouhui Tongbian Capsules promoted the energy metabolism for gastrointestinal stromal cells proliferation by activating mitochondrial isocitrate dehydrogenase to induce ATP production, as well as activating SCF/c-Kit and CDK2/cyclin A signaling pathways.


Subject(s)
Humans , Capsules , Cell Line, Tumor , Energy Metabolism , Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit/metabolism , Stromal Cells/metabolism
8.
Cuad. Hosp. Clín ; 61(2): 51-57, dic. 2020. ilus.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIBOCS | ID: biblio-1179195

ABSTRACT

Los tumores del estroma gastrointestinal (TEGI) son las neoplasias mesenquimales más frecuentes del tracto digestivo con una frecuencia de 0,1 a 3 % de todas las neoplasias gastrointestinales. Son derivadas de las células intersticiales de Cajal, localizadas a lo largo del plexo mioentérico de la pared intestinal. Comprenden leiomisarcomas, leiomioblastomas, leimiomas, schwannomas. Están formadas por células fusiformes, en la mayoría, epitelioides o ambas. Se localizan predominantemente en estómago e intestino delgado. Inmunohistoquimicamente se detecta expresión de receptores KIT (antígeno CD117) que puede ser focal, variable o difusa. Involucran tumores benignos pero con potencial malignidad hasta sarcomas metastizantes. Su pronóstico se basa el tamaño y porcentaje de mitosis. La sintomatología depende del lugar de origen, en este caso como masa palpable abdominal y obstrucción intestinal. El tratamiento es la resección completa con márgenes limpios. En caso de metástasis preoperatoria, esta no cambia la conducta quirúrgica, debido a la posibilidad de obstrucción y sangrado. El Imatinib a dosis de 400 mg controla el crecimiento eventual de enfermedad residual. Se presenta el caso clínico de paciente con masa abdominal y cuadro de obstrucción intestinal que evoluciona a la perforación de un TEGI localizado en yeyuno proximal con cuadro peritoneal y absceso subfrenico. Se procede a resección intestinal con yeyuno yeyuno anastomosis resección completa. La histopatología reporta Tumor estronal gastrointestinal y la inmunohistoquimica Neoplasia Fusocelular. CONCLUSION: Los TEGI son de origen mesenquimal, comprenden espectro grande de tumores desde benignos, hasta carcomas altamente malignos. Los factores pronósticos se asocian al tamaño e índice mitótico del tumor. La inmunohistoquimica reporta su expresión para CD117. La resección quirúrgica completa es el pilar de tratamiento y en casos de resección incompleta o irresecabilidad puede usarse imatinib.


Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST) are the most frequent mesenchymal neoplasms of the digestive tract with a frequency of 0.1 to 3% of all gastrointestinal neoplasms. They are derived from the interstitial cells of Cajal, located along the myoenteric plexus of the intestinal wall. They include leiomysarcomas, leiomioblastomas, leimiomas, schwannomas. They are made up of spindle cells, in the majority, epithelioids or both. They are located predominantly in the stomach and small intestine. Immunohistochemically, KIT receptor expression (CD117 antigen) is detected, and they can be focal, variable or diffuse. They involve benign but potentially malignancy tumors up to metastatic sarcomas. Their prognosis is based on the size and percentage of mitosis. The symptoms depend on the place of its origin. Treatment is complete resection with clean margins. In the case of preoperative metastases, this does not change the surgical approach, due to the possibility of obstruction and bleeding. Imatinib at a dose of 400 mg controls the eventual growth of residual disease. We present the clinical case of a patient with an abdominal mass and a small bowel obstruction that progresses to perforation of a GIST located in the proximal jejunum with a peritonitis and subphrenic abscess. Intestinal resection is performed with jejunum jejunoanastomosis and complete resection. Histopathology reports gastrointestinal stromal tumor and immunohistochemistry, Fusocellular neoplasia. Conclusion: GIST are of mesenchymal origin, they include a wide spectrum of tumors from benign to highly malignant sarcomas. Prognostic factors are associated with tumor size and mitotic index. Immunohistochemistry reports its expression for CD117. Complete surgical resection is the mainstay of treatment and in cases of incomplete resection or unresectability imatinib can be used.


Subject(s)
Subphrenic Abscess , Interstitial Cells of Cajal , Neoplasm Metastasis , Neoplasms , Therapeutics , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit , Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors
9.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 40(1): 12-19, Jan.-Mar. 2020. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090846

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background This study defines the disease profile in south Indian population and determine the clinic-pathological aspects of Gastro-Intestinal Stromal Tumors. Method In this prospective study patients diagnosed of gastrointestinal stromal tumors were taken thorough clinical examination and a database of Anthropometric details and clinical details were analyzed. Pathological data included tumor size, presence or absence necrosis, mitotic counts, immunohistochemistry for CD-117, CD-34. Results There were 44 patients with confirmed diagnosis of gastro-intestinal stromal tumor. The highest incidence was found in the 6th decade. The most common symptoms were abdominal pain and gastrointestinal bleed. Stomach was most frequent site for gastro-intestinal stromal tumors. Immunochemistry for CD-117 was positive in 93.18% cases. Majority of tumors (79.5%) had pure spindle cell morphology and mitotic activity showed that 34% of the GISTs were of the high risk group. Forty two patients were suggestive of surgery as the primary treatment after presentation. Conclusion Abdominal pain was the most common presenting complaint. Majority of the tumors aroused from the stomach. The majority of the tumors had pure spindle cell morphology and 93% of the tumors were CD-117 positive. A significant relationship between tumor size, tumor necrosis and mitotic activity with large tumors having necrosis and high mitotic rate having high risk of malignancy, was observed. Surgical resection is considered mainstay of treatment of gastro-intestinal stromal tumor. Imatinib therapy should be given to patients in moderate to severe risk categories.


Resumo Justificativa Este estudo define o perfil da doença na população do sul da Índia e determina os aspectos clínicos e patológicos dos tumores estromais gastrointestinais. Método Neste estudo prospectivo, os pacientes diagnosticados com tumor estromal gastrointestinl foram submetidos a um exame clínico completo, e uma série de dados dos pacientes, incluindo detalhes antropométricos e clínicos, foram analisados. Os dados patológicos incluíram tamanho do tumor, presença ou ausência de necrose, contagem mitótica e imuno-histoquímica para CD-117, CD-34. Resultados Havia 44 pacientes com diagnóstico confirmado de tumor estromal gastrointestinal. A maior incidência foi encontrada na 6ª década de vida. Os sintomas mais comuns foram dor abdominal e sangramento gastrointestinal. O estômago foi o local mais frequente para tumores estromais gastrointestinais. A imuno-histoquímica para CD-117 foi positiva em 93,18% dos casos. A maioria dos tumores (79,5%) apresentava morfologia pura de células fusiformes e a atividade mitótica mostrou que 34% dos GISTs pertenciam ao grupo de alto risco. Quarenta e dois pacientes receberam indicação para cirurgia como tratamento primário após a apresentação. Conclusão A dor abdominal foi a queixa mais comum. A maioria dos tumores afetava o estômago, apresentava morfologia pura de células fusiformes e 93% eram CD-117 positivos. Foi observada uma relação significativa entre o tamanho do tumor, a necrose tumoral e a atividade mitótica, com os tumores grandes apresentando necrose e alta taxa mitótica com alto risco de malignidade. A ressecção cirúrgica é considerada o principal tratamento do tumor estromal gastrointestinal. A terapia com imatinibe deve ser administrada a pacientes em categoria de risco de moderadas a grave.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors/pathology , Gastrointestinal Neoplasms , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit/immunology , Antigens, CD34/immunology , Imatinib Mesylate/therapeutic use , India , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use
10.
An. bras. dermatol ; 94(4): 458-460, July-Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038300

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Melanoma is widely known as the most lethal skin cancer. Specific tumor-related mortality can be significantly reduced if diagnosis and treatment are properly performed during initial phases of the disease. The current search for biomarkers in early-stage melanomas is a high-priority challenge for physicians and researchers. We aimed to assess the immunoexpression of BRAFV600E and KIT in a case series consisting of 44 early-stage melanomas. Formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded samples were systematically evaluated using a semi-quantitative method based on scores of percentage and intensity for immunostained tumor cells. We observed significant concordance between BRAFV600E and KIT immunoexpression in thin invasive melanomas. Our findings corroborate previous evidence showing abnormal expression of proteins associated with MAPK intracellular signaling pathway in early-stage melanomas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Skin Neoplasms/pathology , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit/analysis , Proto-Oncogene Proteins B-raf/analysis , Melanoma/pathology , Immunohistochemistry , Retrospective Studies , Disease Progression , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit/genetics , Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases/analysis , Proto-Oncogene Proteins B-raf/genetics , Mutation , Neoplasm Staging
11.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 39(1): 52-60, Jan. 2019. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-990230

ABSTRACT

Due to the high prevalence of mast cell tumors (MCTs) in the diagnostic routine, several factors, especially prognostic, have been sought to determine the biological behavior of these neoplasms. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) is one of the main tools utilized to biologically differentiate more aggressive tumors from less aggressive ones. However, some immunostainings are influenced by formalin fixation, interfering with the results. This is both a retrospective and prospective study of MCTs diagnosed in laboratory routine. A total of 25 samples, without knowledge about fixation time, were analyzed in the retrospective study, whereas 12 samples, with known fixation times, were assessed in the prospective study. Two histologic grading systems (Patnaik and Kiupel), special staining of toluidine blue, and IHC for KIT and Ki67 proteins were applied in both studies. Additionally, two amplification systems (biotinylated and non-biotinylated) for Ki67 protein and counting of the argyrophilic nucleolar organizing regions (AgNOR method) were tested in the prospective study. In the retrospective study, greater agreement between the evaluating pathologists was observed when the Kiupel system was used. IHC staining for KIT protein was effective in both studies, regardless of fixation time. IHC staining for Ki67 protein was highly sensitive to formaldehyde, and staining failure was observed in 56% of the cases in the retrospective study. In the prospective study, samples fixed for longer than 24 hours showed a reduction in the number of stained cells (altering the determination of the cell growth fraction) or showed absence of IHC staining in both amplification systems. The use of the AgNOR method to evaluate the rate of cell proliferation may be an alternative when the fixation time of the neoplasm is unknown or longer than 24 hours.(AU)


Devido a alta prevalência dos mastocitomas cutâneos caninos (MCCs) na rotina diagnóstica, vários fatores, especialmente fatores prognósticos, têm sido buscados para auxiliar na determinação do comportamento biológico desse neoplasma. A imuno-histoquímica é uma das principais ferramentas empregadas para diferenciar tumores biologicamente mais agressivos de tumores menos agressivos. Entretanto, algumas imunomarcações sofrem influência pela fixação em formol, interferindo nos resultados. Este estudo compreendeu avaliar através de uma etapa retrospectiva e uma etapa prospectiva casos de MCCs diagnosticados na rotina laboratorial. Um total de 25 amostras, sem conhecimento do tempo de fixação, foi analisado no estudo retrospectivo e 12 amostras, com tempos de fixação conhecidos, no estudo prospectivo. Foram aplicados nos dois estudos, dois sistemas de graduação histológica (Patnaik e Kiupel), a coloração especial de azul de toluidina e a imuno-histoquímica para as proteínas KIT e Ki67. Adicionalmente, no estudo prospectivo, foram testados dois sistemas de amplificação (biotinilado e não biotinilado) para a proteína Ki67 e a técnica de AgNOR (contagem das regiões organizadoras nucleolares argirofílicas). Na etapa retrospectiva, observou-se uma maior concordância entre os patologistas avaliadores quando o sistema Kiupel foi utilizado. A imunomarcação para KIT se manteve eficaz em ambos os estudos, independentemente do tempo de fixação. A imunomarcação para o Ki67 mostrou-se altamente sensível ao tempo de fixação em formol, sendo observada falha na imunomarcação em 56% dos casos do estudo retrospectivo. No estudo prospectivo, constatou-se que amostras fixadas por mais de 24 horas em formol apresentaram redução na quantidade de células imunomarcadas (alterando a determinação da fração de crescimento celular) ou apresentaram ausência de imunomarcação em ambos os sistemas de amplificação. A utilização do método AgNOR, para avaliar a taxa de proliferação celular, pode ser uma alternativa quando o tempo de fixação do neoplasma for desconhecido ou superior a 24 horas.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Dogs , Mastocytoma, Skin/diagnosis , Mastocytoma, Skin/immunology , Mastocytoma, Skin/ultrastructure , Mastocytoma, Skin/veterinary , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit
12.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 309-318, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009697

ABSTRACT

While hallmarks of rodent spermatogonia stem cell biomarkers' heterogeneity have recently been identified, their stage and subset distributions remain unclear. Furthermore, it is currently difficult to accurately identify subset-specific SSC marker distributions due to the poor nuclear morphological characteristics associated with fixation in 4% paraformaldehyde. In the present study, testicular cross-sections and whole-mount samples were Bouin fixed to optimize nuclear resolution and visualized by immunohistochemistry (IHC) and immunofluorescence (IF). The results identified an expression pattern of PLZFhighc-KITpos in A1 spermatogonia, while A2-A4-differentiating spermatogonia were PLZFlowc-KITpos. Additionally, this procedure was used to examine asymmetrically expressing GFRA1 and PLZF clones, asymmetric Apr and false clones were distinguished based on the presence or absence of TEX14, a molecular maker of intercellular bridges, despite having identical nuclear morphology and intercellular distances that were <25 μm. In conclusion, this optimized Bouin fixation procedure facilitates the accurate identification of spermatogonium subsets based on their molecular profiles and is capable of distinguishing asymmetric and false clones. Therefore, the findings presented herein will facilitate further morphological and functional analysis studies and provide further insight into spermatogonium subtypes.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , Cell Differentiation , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Gene Expression Regulation/genetics , Glial Cell Line-Derived Neurotrophic Factor Receptors/genetics , Immunohistochemistry , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Promyelocytic Leukemia Zinc Finger Protein/genetics , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit/genetics , Seminiferous Tubules/cytology , Spermatogenesis , Spermatogonia/metabolism , Testis/cytology , Tissue Fixation , Transcription Factors/genetics
13.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 141-148, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774345

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the value of flow cytometric scoring system in the diagnosis of myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS).@*METHODS@#The phenotypes of erythroid and immature cells were analyzed retrospectively in 130 MDS patients, 19 healthy controls and 89 pathological controls, all of them were well clinically immunophenotyped. The 4-parameter scoring system reported in the literature was studied, including myeloblast-related cluster size, B-progenitor-related cluster size, lymphocyte to myeloblast CD45 ratio, and granulocyte to lymphocyte side scatter ratio. The two flow cytomatric parameters of the erythroid scoring system were analyzed, including CD36 coefficient of variation (CV) and CD71CV. According to our previous study, the percentage of CD117CD105 myeloid progenitor cells and the proportion of CD105 cells in CD117 cells were selected to establish a two-parameter scoring system, and compared with the four-parameter scoring system and the erythroid scoring system.@*RESULTS@#The sensitivity of the four-parameter scoring system and the erythroid scoring system for the diagnosis of low-risk MDS was 43.5% and 63.0%, and the specificity was 87.0% and 63.9%, respectively. After combining the two scoring systems, the sensitivity to diagnose low-risk MDS was 73.9% and the specificity was 62.0%. The sensitivity of the two-parameter scoring system for the diagnosis of low-risk MDS was 76.1% with a specificity of 81.5%. Combined with the four-parameter scoring system, the sensitivity was increased to 78.3%, but the specificity was reduced to 71.3%. After combining with the erythroid scoring system, the sensitivity reached 87.0%, but the specificity was reduced to 54.6%.@*CONCLUSION@#Using the two-parameter scoring system alone can achieve great sensitivity and specificity in the diagnosis of low risk MDS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Endoglin , Flow Cytometry , Immunophenotyping , Myelodysplastic Syndromes , Diagnosis , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit , Retrospective Studies
14.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 117-121, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-813102

ABSTRACT

To determine the effect of a recombinant lentivirus containing human stem cell leukemia (SCL) gene on the expression of c-kit protein in damaged interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) under high glucose condition.
 Methods: After isolation of ICC, the cells were cultured for 24 hours until the cells were adherent. After identification by inverted microscope and immunofluorescence, ICC cells were divided into two groups: A control group and a high glucose group. The control group was added with a medium containing 5 mmol/L of glucose. The high glucose group was added with a medium containing 20 mmol/L of glucose. After 48 h of continuous cultivation, the high glucose group was divided into 3 subgroups: A blank group, an empty lentivirus group, and an experimental group. The blank group, the empty lentivirus group, and the experimental group were added a medium containing PBS solution, empty lentivirus, and a recombinant lentivirus containing the SCL gene with a glucose concentration of 5 mmol/L, respectively. The cultures were incubated for 24 and 48 h. The expression of c-kit protein in ICC in each group was detected by Western blot.
 Results: After 24 or 48 h, the expression of c-kit protein in ICC was significantly lower in the blank group and the lentivirus group than that in the control group, and the expression of c-kit protein in ICC was significantly higher in the experimental group than that in the blank group and the empty lentivirus group, but it was still lower than that in the control group (all P<0.05).
 Conclusion: The recombinant lentivirus of SCL gene can up-regulate the expression of c-kit protein in functionally impaired ICC under high glucose condition.


Subject(s)
Humans , Glucose , Interstitial Cells of Cajal , Lentivirus , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit
15.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 702-707, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771897

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the predictive value of CD45CD117 phenotype-abnormal cells (hereinafter referred to as "abnormal cells") for relapse and prognosis in adult patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) within 2 weeks after the first complete remission (CR1).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of patients with newly diagnosed AML (non-acute promyelocytic leukemia) admitted in our department from July 1, 2014 to June 30, 2017 were analyzed retrospectively, and the relationship between clinical features at the initial diagnosis and the abnormal phenotype cells of CD45CD117 within 2 weeks after CR1 with the prognosis were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#A total of 91 patients with CD45CD117 abnormal cells were detected. The median age was 51 years old, the median WBC count was 11.60×109/L, and the median ratio of bone marrow blast cells was 0.35 at initial diagnosis. According to the FAB classification, 1 (1.1%), 7 (7.7%), 38 (41.7%), 20 (22.0%), 21 (23.1%) and 4 (4.4%) patients were classifice as M0, M1, M2, M4, M5, and M6, respectively. According to the NCCN risk stratification, 30 (33.0%), 51 (56.0%), and 10 (11.0%) patients were determined as good, moderate, and poor prognosis, respectively. The median ratio of abnormal cells within 2 weeks after CR1 was 1.8500 (0.0236-8.0000)%. The median time from initiation of induction therapy to the acquisition of CR was 46 days, median recurrence-free survival time was 319 days, and median overall survival time was 352 days. A total of 45 patients relapsed, of which 14 died; 46 patients did not relapse, of which 3 died. The cutoff of abnormal cells by receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) analysis was 2.055% (Se=0.733,Sp=0.761). The abnormal cell ratio was>2.055% in 44 patients, the median ratio of abnormal cells was 3.075%, among which 33 patients relapsed and 12 patients died; the abnormal cell ratio was <2.055% in 47 patients, the median ratio of abnormal cells was 1.150%, 12 patients relapsed and 5 patients died. Regression analysis showed that WBC count>50×10/L and abnormal cell ratio>2.055% were independent risk factors for recurrence. The abnormal cell ratio>2.055% group had a 2-year RFS rate of 54.3% and a 2-year OS rate of 52.8%. The abnormal cell ratio<2.055% group had a 2-year RFS rate of 86.6% (P=0.018), and a 2-year OS rate of 85.3% (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#For adult AML patients, CD45CD117 phenotypical abnormal cells ratio>2.055% within 2 weeks after CR1 is an independent risk factor for recurrence, which also is an dverse factor for RFS and OS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Leukocyte Common Antigens , Leukocyte Count , Prognosis , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit , Remission Induction , Retrospective Studies
16.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 696-701, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775973

ABSTRACT

Gastrointestinal stromal tumors(GISTs)are the most common mesenchymal tumors of the gastrointestinal tract and respond poorly to conventional radiochemotherapy.Complete excision is the only possible way to cure GISTs.Although targeted therapy is effective for GISTs,multiple and/or secondary mutations of KIT or PDGFRA gene have lead to increased drug resistance and disease relapse.A variety of tumor infiltrating immune cells and complex immune microenvironments have been found in GISTs.Many immune cells participate in the occurrence and development of GISTs and play key roles in targeted therapy.The feasibility and effectiveness of immunotherapy for GISTs have been well demonstrated in preclinical and clinical studies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors , Allergy and Immunology , Therapeutics , Immunotherapy , Mutation , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit , Genetics , Receptor, Platelet-Derived Growth Factor alpha , Genetics , Tumor Microenvironment
17.
An. bras. dermatol ; 93(6): 913-915, Nov.-Dec. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038285

ABSTRACT

Abstract: The growth factor receptor c-kit (CD117) is expressed in immature T-cells and in some advanced forms of mycosis fungoides. c-kit gene mutation results in unrestricted neoplastic proliferation. We aimed to detect by PCR the most frequent exon mutations in seventeen plaque-stage MF patients, in their perilesional skin and in healthy skin donors. We secondarily evaluated CD117 expression by immunohistochemistry in plaque-stage and tumor-stage MF. We detected no mutation in c-kit gene and low CD117 expression was confirmed on atypical cells in one patient. Complete c-kit exon and intron sequences should be assessed and more sensitive sequencing method could be also applied.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Exons/genetics , Mycosis Fungoides/genetics , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit/genetics , Mutation/genetics , Immunohistochemistry , Case-Control Studies , Gene Expression , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Prospective Studies
18.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 709-716, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011845

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the role of PDK1 in the transition of endothelial to hematopoietic cells and its effect on the generation and normal function of HSC. Methods: PDK1 was deleted specifically in endothelial cells expressing VEC (Vascular Endothelial Cadherin). CFU-C was performed to detect the effect of PDK1 on the function of hematopoietic progenitor cells using the cells from PDK1(fl/fl), PDK1(fl/+) and Vec-Cre; PDK1(fl/fl) AGM region. Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation assay was conducted to determine the effect of PDK1 on hematopoietic stem cells. Flow cytometry was performed to analyze the influence of PDK1 on percentage, cell cycle and apoptosis of CD31(+)c-Kit(high) cell population. Real-time PCR was conducted to measure the expression of transcription factors involved in process of transition from endothelial to hematopoietic cells. Results: In contrast to the wild type group, the CFU from PDK1-deficient hematopoietic progenitor cells showed smaller in morphology and fewer in quantity. CFU-GM was (24±5)/ee in knockout group, and the control group was (62±1)/ee (P=0.001). PDK1 deletion severely impaired the ability to repopulate hematopoietic cells and differentiate into committed cells. hematopoietic progenitor cells from knockout group was transplanted into 5 recipients without any recipients reconstructed. However, 5 of 7 recipients were reconstructed in control group (P=0.001). The proportion of intra-vascular clusters in the AGM was decreased (the frequency of CD31(+)c-Kit(high) in the knockout group was (0.145±0.017)%, and the control group ratio was (0.385±0.040)% (P=0.001), but not due to the inhibition of cell proliferation and/or increase of apoptosis. Further study found that the absence of endothelial PDK1 causes a decreased expression of RUNX1, P2-RUNX1, GATA2 and other important hematopoietic-related transcription factors in hemogenic cluster. Conclusion: PDK1 deletion impairs the transition of endothelial cells to hematopoietic cells as well as the generation and function of HSC.


Subject(s)
3-Phosphoinositide-Dependent Protein Kinases , Aorta , Endothelial Cells , Gonads , Hematopoiesis , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Mesonephros , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit
19.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 200-206, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691381

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the potential efficacy of panaxadiol saponins component (PDS-C), a biologically active fraction isolated from total ginsenosides, to reverse chemotherapy-induced myelosuppression and pancytopenia caused by cyclophamide (CTX).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Mice with myelosuppression induced by CTX were treated with PDS-C at a low- (20 mg/kg), moderate- (40 mg/kg), or high-dose (80 mg/kg) for 7 consecutive days. The level of peripheral white blood cell (WBC), neutrophil (NEU) and platelet (PLT) were measured, the histopathology and colony formation were observed, the protein kinase and transcription factors in hematopoietic cells were determined by immunohistochemical staining and Western blot.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In response to PDS-C therapy, the peripheral WBC, NEU and PLT counts of CTX-induced myelosuppressed mice were significantly increased in a dose-dependent manner. Similarly, bone marrow histopathology examination showed reversal of CTX-induced myelosuppression with increase in overall bone marrow cellularity and the number of hematopoietic cells (P<0.01). PDS-C also promoted proliferation of granulocytic and megakaryocyte progenitor cells in CTX-treated mice, as evidenced by significantly increase in colony formation units-granulocytes/monocytes and -megakaryocytes (P<0.01). The enhancement of hematopoiesis by PDS-C appears to be mediated by an intracellular signaling pathway, this was evidenced by the up-regulation of phosphorylated mitogen-activated protein kinase (p-MEK) and extracellular signal-regulated kinases (p-ERK), and receptor tyrosine kinase (C-kit) and globin transcription factor 1 (GATA-1) in hematopoietic cells of CTX-treated mice (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>PDS-C possesses hematopoietic growth factor-like activities that promote proliferation and also possibly differentiation of hematopoietic progenitor cells in myelosuppressed mice, probably mediated by a mechanism involving MEK and ERK protein kinases, and C-kit and GATA-1 transcription factors. PDS-C may potentially be a novel treatment of myelosuppression and pancytopenia caused by chemotherapy.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Antineoplastic Agents , Cell Proliferation , Cyclophosphamide , Extracellular Signal-Regulated MAP Kinases , Metabolism , GATA1 Transcription Factor , Metabolism , Ginsenosides , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Hematopoiesis , Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase Kinases , Metabolism , Myeloid Cells , Pathology , Panax , Chemistry , Pancytopenia , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Phosphorylation , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit , Metabolism , Saponins , Pharmacology , Up-Regulation
20.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 1280-1284, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774458

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the biological behavior characteristics of gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST) with PDGFRA mutation and the patients' survival, and elucidate the efficacy of imatinib therapy.@*METHODS@#Patients with PDGFRA D842V and non-D842V mutations were screened from a database of 1163 patients with GIST who were treated at Peking University Cancer Hospital from 2003 to 2018. Clinicopathological data of these patients were collected, including gender, age, tumor size, mitotic phase, primary position, metastatic site, and expressions of CD117, CD34, DOG-1. The association of gene mutations with biological behavior of GIST, prognosis of patients, and efficacy of imatinib therapy was examined. Fisher's exact test was used to compare the clinical characteristics of the two groups. Kaplan-Meier method was used to analyze overall survival and recurrence-free survival.@*RESULTS@#A total of 27 patients with PDGFRA mutations were screened, among whom the D842V mutation was 1.6%(19/1 163), and the rate of non-D842V mutation was 0.7%(8/1 163). There were 11 male patients and 8 female patients of D842V mutation with male to female ratio of 1.38:1 and median age of 56 (35-72) years. There were 4 male patients and 4 female patients of non-D842V mutations with male to female ratio of 1:1 and median age of 51.5 (34-82) years. The primary lesions of D824V mutation were located in stomach for 18 cases and in parenteral area for 1 case. The primary lesions of non-D842V mutation were located in stomach for 6 cases, in jejunoileum for 1 case and in colorectum for 1 case. The proportion of nuclear fission 10/50 HPF accounted for 3/19, and 5-10/50 HPF accounted for 5/19. Among non-D842V mutation patients, mitotic phase <5/50 HPF accounted for 6/8, 5-10/50 HPF accounted for 2/8. Of D842V mutation patients, positive CD117 was found in 15 cases(15/19); positive DOG-1 was found in 15 cases(15/19); positive CD34 was found in 16/17 cases. Among patients with non-D842V mutation, 7 patients were positive for CD117(7/8); only 5 patients were tested for CD34, and all 5 patients were positive(5/5); only 3 patients were tested for DOG-1, and all 3 cases were positive (3/3). The 3-year recurrence-free survival rate after radical resection in D842V mutation patients was 51.9%, and that in non-D842V mutation patients was 62.5% without significant difference(P=0.380). Recurrence-free rate did not decreased in patients with D842V mutation after adjuvant imatinib treatment and the benefit rate of first-line treatment with imatinib in patients with advanced disease was zero.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The PDGFRA gene mutation rate is low, mostly derived from gastric GIST. D842V and non-D842V mutations present inert biological behavior. D842V mutation GIST is resistant to imatinib, and non-D842V mutation GIST can obtain benefit from imatinib treatment.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Genetics , Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Imatinib Mesylate , Therapeutic Uses , Mutation , Genetics , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Genetics , Prognosis , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit , Genetics , Receptor, Platelet-Derived Growth Factor alpha , Genetics
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