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1.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 79(10): 900-903, Oct. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP, CONASS, SESSP-ILSLPROD, SES-SP, SESSP-ILSLACERVO, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1345316

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Pruritus is a common complaint in dermatology. Wartenberg, in 1943, associated pruritus with neuropathy, relating it to the "posterior antebrachial cutaneous nerve neuropathy". In 1968, Waisman described patients with frequent pruritus complaints in the upper limb during the summer, which he named "brachioradial summer pruritus". Currently, this pruritus is named brachioradial pruritus (BRP). BRP is characterized by a chronic pruritus, usually localized, with a long duration, and without apparent cutaneous abnormalities. Neurological disorders both from the central and peripheral nervous systems, including multiple sclerosis, are associated with pruritus. Objective: To investigate correlations between symptomatic dermatomes and alterations in the myotomes, as evidenced by electroneuromyography (ENMG). Methods: Forty-six patients with BRP dermatological diagnoses were subjected to upper limb ENMG. Results: Among 46 patients with C5 to C8 dermatomal pruritus, we evaluated 113 symptomatic dermatomal areas. Overall, 39 (85%) patients had radicular involvement and 28 (60%) had agreement between complaint and the ENMG findings (p=0.015). A total of 80% of the patients with complaints at C7 and 47% at C6 had radicular involvement at the same level. Conclusions: Among the patients who presented complaints, 47 and 80%, respectively, had ENMG alterations in the C6 and C7 myotomes. We conclude that peripheral nervous system involvement is associated with BRP.


RESUMO Antecedentes: O prurido constitui queixa frequente e desafiadora na prática dermatológica. O primeiro estudo a relacionar prurido com neuropatia foi de Wartenberg, em 1943, que associou à "neuropatia do nervo cutâneo antebraquial posterior". Em 1968, Waisman descreveu pacientes com queixas recorrentes de prurido em membros superiores no verão, sendo denominado, então, "brachioradial summer pruritus". Atualmente, esse prurido é denominado como prurido braquiorradial (PBR). O PBR é caracterizado por prurido crônico, geralmente bem localizado, de longa duração e sem anormalidades cutâneas aparentes. Doenças neurológicas, tanto centrais, esclerose múltipla ou acidente vascular cerebral como do sistema nervoso periférico, estão associadas a prurido. Objetivo: Investigar os dermátomos sintomáticos pela eletroneuromiografia (ENMG). Métodos: Foram estudados 46 pacientes com diagnóstico dermatológico de PBR com a eletroneuromiografia dos membros superiores. Resultado: Foram avaliados 46 pacientes com queixa dermatológica de C5 a C8 somando 113 áreas dermatoméricas sintomáticas. Observou-se que 39 (85%) pacientes apresentavam comprometimento radicular, sendo que em 28 (60%) houve concordância plena entre as queixas e os achados da ENMG (p=0,015), e que 80% dos pacientes com queixa em território de C7 e 47% em C6 apresentavam comprometimento radicular no mesmo nível. Conclusões: As queixas mais frequentes foram as correspondentes aos territórios de C6 e C7, sendo que 47 e 80%, respectivamente, apresentaram alteração na ENMG nesses miótomos. Dessa forma, evidenciou-se correlação entre comprometimento do sistema nervoso periférico (i.e., radicular) com PBR.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pruritus , Peripheral Nervous System , Arm , Radiculopathy , Electromyography , Muscles , Nervous System Diseases
3.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 35(1): 76-86, 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1115602

ABSTRACT

Resumen La colestasis es uno de los motivos de consulta más frecuentes en hepatología. Se genera por una alteración en la síntesis, la secreción o el flujo de la bilis, a través del tracto biliar. Esta se define por una elevación de enzimas como la fosfatasa alcalina (Alkaline Phosphatase, ALP) y la gamma-glutamil transferasa, y en estadios tardíos con la hiperbilirrubinemia, al igual que con otras manifestaciones clínicas, tales como el prurito y la ictericia. El enfoque diagnóstico implica establecer el origen de dicha elevación, determinando si es intrahepática o extrahepática. Si es intrahepática, se debe esclarecer si proviene de los hepatocitos o de la vía biliar de pequeño y de gran calibre. El tratamiento dependerá de la etiología, por lo cual es importante un diagnóstico preciso. En esta revisión se presenta la fisiopatología y un enfoque diagnóstico y terapéutico.


Abstract Cholestasis is one of the most frequent reasons for hepatology consultation. It is generated by altered synthesis, secretion or flow of bile through the biliary tract and is defined by elevated levels of enzymes such as alkaline phosphatase and gamma glutamyl transferase. In late stages, hyperbilirubinemia and clinical manifestations such as pruritus and jaundice develop. The diagnostic approach involves establishment of the reasons for elevated enzyme levels and determination of whether it is intrahepatic or extrahepatic. If it is intrahepatic, the source must be determined (hepatocytes, small bile ducts, or large caliber bile ducts). Treatment depends on the etiology, so accurate diagnosis is important. This review presents the pathophysiology and a diagnostic and therapeutic approach.


Subject(s)
Humans , Therapeutics , Cholestasis , Diagnosis , Pruritus , Lifting , Alkaline Phosphatase , Hyperbilirubinemia , Jaundice
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811413

ABSTRACT

We present an 8 years old girl who was diagnosed at 6 months of age of Progressive Familial Intrahepatic Cholestasis type 2. Although liver transplantation (LT) was classically considered curative for these patients, cholestasis recurrence with normal gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT), mediated by anti-bile salt export pump (BSEP) antibodies after LT (auto-antibody Induced BSEP Deficiency, AIBD) has been recently reported. Our patient underwent LT at 14 months. During her evolution, patient presented three episodes of acute rejection. Seven years after the LT, the patient presented pruritus with cholestasis and elevation of liver enzymes with persistent normal GGT. Liver biopsy showed intrahepatic cholestasis and giant-cell transformation with very low BSEP activity. Auto-antibodies against BSEP were detected therefore an AIBD was diagnosed. She was treated with Rituximab and immunoadsorption with resolution of the AIBD. As a complication of the treatment she developed a pneumocystis infection successfully treated with corticoids, cotrimoxazol and anidulafungin.


Subject(s)
Adrenal Cortex Hormones , Antibodies , Bile , Biopsy , Child , Cholestasis , Cholestasis, Intrahepatic , Female , gamma-Glutamyltransferase , Humans , Liver Transplantation , Liver , Pneumocystis Infections , Pruritus , Recurrence , Rituximab
5.
Rev. med. Risaralda ; 25(1): 44-56, ene.-jun. 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1058571

ABSTRACT

Resumen Los pacientes refieren sus síntomas en una gran variedad de términos como: "estoy cansado", "me duelen las articulaciones", "me pica todo el cuerpo", "tengo la boca seca", entre otros. Ante estos síntomas el médico piensa de manera automática en un número limitado de patologías que le son familiares, pero existen muchas otras causas a estos síntomas que no se tienen en cuenta. El desconocimiento del médico hace que en el paciente se genere inconformidad al no tenerse un diagnóstico correcto y un tratamiento adecuado, esto lleva a múltiples consultas y que el médico llegue a preguntarse a sí mismo "¿será que este paciente tiene un diagnóstico psiquiátrico?". En este artículo se enumeran las causas frecuentes de estos síntomas mencionados, se describen causas que son pocas veces sospechadas y las claves clínicas para que el médico pueda hacer el diagnóstico de éstas. La primera parte desarrollará los síntomas: fatiga, parestesias, prurito, artralgias, ansiedad y cambios en el comportamiento. La segunda parte desarrollará los síntomas: intolerancia a los alimentos, xerostomía, síncope, disfagia y manifestaciones en pacientes con cirugía bariátrica.


Abstract Patients refer their symptoms in a variety of terms such as: "I am tired", "my joints hurt", "my body itches", "my mouth is dry", among others. Given these symptoms, the doctor automatically thinks in a limited number of pathologies that are familiar to him, but there are many other causes to these symptoms that are not taken into account. The lack of knowledge of the doctor causes the patient to be dissatisfied by not having a correct diagnosis and adequate treatment, this leads to multiple visits and the doctor comes to ask himself "will this patient have a psychiatric diagnosis?". This article lists the frequent causes of these symptoms, describes causes that are rarely suspected and the clinical keys for the doctor to diagnose them. The first part will address the symptoms: fatigue, paresthesia, pruritus, arthralgia, anxiety and changes in behavior. The second part will develop the symptoms: intolerance to food, xerostomia, syncope, dysphagia and manifestations in patients with bariatric surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Anxiety , Pruritus , Diagnosis , Mental Disorders , Paresthesia , Pathology , Signs and Symptoms , Volition , Xerostomia , Family , Arthralgia , Bariatric Surgery , Fatigue , Joints
6.
Rev. bras. ciênc. vet ; 26(1): 3-7, jan.-mar. 2019. il.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1016092

ABSTRACT

A demodiciose é uma doença parasitária comum em cães, sendo, até o momento, reconhecidas três formas de Demodex que parasitam os cães. O D. injai foi descrito como potencial causador da enfermidade canina, porém ainda há poucos casos relatados em literatura. Dessa forma, este trabalho tem como objetivo acrescentar novos aspectos clínicos da enfermidade no cão. Para tanto, descreve-se o caso de canino da raça Chow Chow com 10 anos de idade, fêmea, com demodiciose cutânea e presença de prurido intenso e seborreia. Diversos ácaros com tamanho médio superior a 370 µm, proporção opistossoma e comprimento total médio superior a 60% foram observados e caracterizados como da espécie D. injai. Nesse sentido, a raça Chow Chow passa a ser incluída dentre aquelas passíveis de apresentarem a demodiciose causada por D. injai.


Demodicosis is a common parasitic skin disease in dogs, and to date three forms of Demodex are recognized as parasitizing dogs. D. injai has been described as a potential cause of the canine disease, however there are few cases reported in literature in the specie, so this work aims to add new clinical aspects of the disease in the dog. Therefore, is described a clinical case of a Chow Chow dog, female, 10 years old that presented cutaneous demodicosis, very itchy and with a dorsal oily dyskeratosis. Mites were observed in optical microscopy with middle larger than 370 µm and opistossoma ratio and total middle lenght over 60%, characterized as D. injai mites. Thus, the Chow Chow breed is included among those able to present the demodicosis caused by D. injai.


Subject(s)
Dogs , Dermatitis, Seborrheic , Dogs , Mite Infestations , Pruritus
7.
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 18(1): 1-15, ene. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1007444

ABSTRACT

Pruritus is a distressing sensation of the skin that provokes the desire to scratch. Medicinal plants have been proposed as a worthful source for identifying new bioactive molecules. The aim of this study was to evaluate some medicinal plants and their phytochemicals used in the management of pruritus. Medicinal plants including Avena sativa, Borago officinalis, Capsicum frutescens, Curcuma longa, Fumaria spp., Mentha x piperita and Oenothera biennis showed the promising anti-pruritic activity in human studies. In experimental studies, Angelica sinensis, Betula platyphylla, Matricaria chamomilla, Rumex Japonicus, Saururus chinensis and Vaccinium myrtillus are among the best medicinal plants for management of pruritus. Essential oils, alkaloids, saponins, sterols, terpens, phenolic compounds, and fatty acids were the bioactive constituents of herbs which exhibited their anti-pruritic activity through different mechanisms. The most predominant mechanisms involved in activity of plant-derived molecules in pruritis include reducing serum IgE and proinflammatory cytokines, stabilizing mast cells, suppressing the Th2 cellular response, suppressing the expression of substance P and NF- κB, inhibiting prostaglandin E2 production, and activating receptors involved in itch sensation. Overall, several medicinal plants and its bioactive compounds have shown marked activity in the management of pruritus and therefore can be considered as an alternative source of treatment.


El prurito es una sensación molesta en la piel que provoca el deseo de rascarse. Las plantas medicinales han sido propuestas como una fuente valiosa para identificar nuevas moléculas bioactivas. El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar algunas plantas medicinales y sus fitoquímicos en el manejo del prurito. Plantas medicinales que incluyen Avena sativa, Borago officinalis, Capsicum frutescens, Curcuma longa, Fumaria spp., Mentha x piperita y Oenothera biennis mostraron una prometedora actividad antiprurítica en estudios humanos. En estudios experimentales, Angelica sinensis, Betula platyphylla, Matricaria chamomilla, Rumex Japonicus, Saururus chinensis y Vaccinium myrtillus se encuentran entre las mejores plantas medicinales para el manejo del prurito. Los aceites esenciales, alcaloides, saponinas, esteroles, terpenos, compuestos fenólicos y ácidos grasos fueron los constituyentes bioactivos de las hierbas que mostraron actividad antiprurítica a través de diferentes mecanismos. Los mecanismos más predominantes implicados en la actividad de las moléculas derivadas de plantas en el prurito incluyen la reducción de la IgE sérica y las citoquinas proinflamatorias, la estabilización de los mastocitos, la supresión de la respuesta celular Th2, la supresión de la expresión de la sustancia P y NF-κB, la inhibición de la producción de prostaglandina E2 y la activación de receptores implicados en la sensación de picazón. En general, varias plantas medicinales y sus compuestos bioactivos han mostrado una actividad efectiva en el manejo del prurito y, por lo tanto, pueden ser consideradas como una fuente alternativa para su tratamiento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Plants, Medicinal , Pruritus/drug therapy , Phytochemicals/therapeutic use
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781649

ABSTRACT

Neuraxial opioid administration is one of the most common methods of anesthesia and analgesia,while itching is the most troublesome adverse effect.The current treatments for neuraxial opioid-induced pruritus still have certain limitations.This article reviews the current treatments and basic scientific findings(including neurotransmitters,opioid receptors,and signaling pathways)of pruritus caused by neuraxial opioids.Based on our recent findings on N-methyl-D-aspartate(NMDA)receptors and pruritus caused by neuraxial opioids,we provide new ideas for the treatment of itching caused by neuraxial opioids.Since NMDA receptors may play a key role in neuraxial opioid-induced pruritus,NMDA receptor antagonists can have certain therapeutic advantages.


Subject(s)
Analgesics, Opioid , Humans , Pruritus , Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777459

ABSTRACT

Skin itching is a subjective sensation that causes the desire to scratch. It is one of the most common clinical symptoms at department of dermatology, even the only complaint of dermatological patients, which seriously affects the quality life of patients. Therefore, based on the software of traditional Chinese medicine inheritance auxiliary platform, association rules and complex system entropy clustering were adopted to collect and analyze Zhang Bing's prescriptions for skin itching, and get the drug use frequency and the relationship between drugs. Based on that, we could conclude the experience for skin itching. A total of 147 prescriptions were collected, 20 drugs with a frequency of 34 or more and 20 high-frequency drug combinations were analyzed, and 14 core combinations and 7 new prescriptions were excavated. The high-frequency drugs included Kochiae Fructus, Dictamni Cortex, Mori Cortex. The high-frequency drug combinations included "Kochiae Fructus-Dictamni Cortex" "Angelicae Dahuricae Radix-Chuanxiong Rhizoma" "Paeoniae Radix Rubra-Paeoniae Radix Alba", and the core combinations included "Schizonepetae Herba-Saposhnikoviae Radix-Cinnamomi Ramulus" "Arctii Fructus-Cicadae Periostracum-Houttuyniae Herba" "Ghrysanthemi Indici Flos-Kochiae Fructus-Dictamni Cortex", and new formulations include "Schizonepetae Herba, Saposhnikoviae Radix, Cinnamomi Ramulus, Clematidis Radix et Rhizoma, Tribuli Fructus, Dictamni Cortex", "Phellodendri Chinensis Coritex, Lonicerae Japonicae Flos, Atractylodis Rhizoma, Ghrysanthemi Indici Flos, Kochiae Fructus, Dictamni Cortex" "Arctii Fructus, Cicadae Periostracum, Houttuyniae Herba, Trichosanthis Fructus". The result of this research shows that Professor Zhang Bing's experience in the treatment of skin itching is mainly to dispelling wind and arresting itching, clearing heat and drying dampness.


Subject(s)
Data Mining , Drug Combinations , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Pruritus , Drug Therapy , Software
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-740354

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To determine the efficacy of filling the external auditory meatus with 1% clotrimazole at a single visit for the treatment of otomycosis. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This prospective study included 40 patients who were referred to our clinic with complaints of ear itching, pain, and fullness, and were diagnosed with unilateral otomycosis. After cleaning the mycotic hyphae from the external auditory meatus, the ear canal was filled with 1% clotrimazole, using an intravenous catheter and syringe. The patients received follow-up examinations on post-treatment days 7, 15, and 45. RESULTS: The follow-up otomicroscopic examinations revealed that 95% of the ear canals were entirely clean and that all symptoms had resolved. The post-treatment scores of pain, aural fullness and itching were significantly lower than the pre-treatment scores (p < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Filling the external auditory meatus with 1% clotrimazole at a single visit is an easy, efficient, and cost-effective treatment for otomycosis. Additionally, high patient compliance makes this treatment superior to long-term topical therapy.


Subject(s)
Catheters , Clotrimazole , Ear , Ear Canal , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Hyphae , Otomycosis , Patient Compliance , Prospective Studies , Pruritus , Syringes
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739531

ABSTRACT

Scratching is a main behavioral response accompanied by acute and chronic itch conditions, and has been quantified as an objective correlate to assess itch in studies using laboratory animals. Scratching has been counted mostly by human annotators, which is a time-consuming and laborious process. It has been attempted to develop automated scoring methods using various strategies, but they often require specialized equipment, costly software, or implantation of device which may disturb animal behaviors. To complement limitations of those methods, we have adapted machine learning-based strategy to develop a novel automated and real-time method detecting mouse scratching from experimental movies captured using monochrome cameras such as a webcam. Scratching is identified by characteristic changes in pixels, body position, and body size by frame as well as the size of body. To build a training model, a novel two-step J48 decision tree-inducing algorithm along with a C4.5 post-pruning algorithm was applied to three 30-min video recordings in which a mouse exhibits scratching following an intradermal injection of a pruritogen, and the resultant frames were then used for the next round of training. The trained method exhibited, on average, a sensitivity and specificity of 95.19% and 92.96%, respectively, in a performance test with five new recordings. This result suggests that it can be used as a non-invasive, automated and objective tool to measure mouse scratching from video recordings captured in general experimental settings, permitting rapid and accurate analysis of scratching for preclinical studies and high throughput drug screening.


Subject(s)
Animals , Animals, Laboratory , Behavior, Animal , Body Size , Complement System Proteins , Decision Trees , Drug Evaluation, Preclinical , Humans , Injections, Intradermal , Machine Learning , Methods , Mice , Pruritus , Research Design , Sensitivity and Specificity , Video Recording
12.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-759691

ABSTRACT

Lenalidomide is an immunomodulatory drug used for the treatment of multiple myeloma. Several cases of hematological, gastrointestinal, and cutaneous side effects have been reported for this drug. A 67-year-old patient with multiple myeloma had initially been treated with bortezomib, but the treatment was discontinued due to neurological side effects. The chemotherapeutic regimen of this patient was changed to lenalidomide. Ten days later, erythema and pruritus developed on the entire body. The lenalidomide dose was subsequently reduced and the patient was additionally treated with topical steroids. Because lenalidomide is supplied by the Korean Orphan Drug Center, physicians have limited experience with the drug, and hence, its side effects tend to be underestimated. In addition, the Korean literature lacks reports on such cases. We describe herein a case of lenalidomide-induced drug eruption presenting as a pruritic rash covering the whole body.


Subject(s)
Aged , Bortezomib , Drug Eruptions , Erythema , Exanthema , Humans , Multiple Myeloma , Orphan Drug Production , Pruritus , Steroids
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762762

ABSTRACT

Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) is a rare and highly aggressive neuroectodermal carcinoma arising from mechanoreceptor Merkel cells. Multiple MCCs are even rarer. We report a case of two independent MCCs simultaneously present in the cheek of a patient, which were effectively and esthetically treated using a cheek flap. Punch biopsy performed in a 60-year-old woman admitted with a chief complaint of two skin-colored hard nodules in her left cheek, accompanied by an itching sensation, was suggestive of MCC. Accordingly, we performed sentinel lymph node biopsy through the modified Blair incision under general anesthesia, in cooperation with the head and neck surgery department. The defect was covered with a cheek flap by slightly extending the existing incision following wide excision with a safety margin of 1 cm. This paper is significant in that it introduces an effective reconstruction technique that maintains function using a cheek flap for the management of this rare case. In addition, this paper is the first to classify multiple MCCs according to the time of onset. We believe that this paper presents an effective alternative reconstruction technique with sentinel node biopsy through the modified Blair incision.


Subject(s)
Anesthesia, General , Biopsy , Carcinoma, Merkel Cell , Cheek , Female , Head , Humans , Mechanoreceptors , Merkel Cells , Middle Aged , Neck , Neural Plate , Pruritus , Sensation , Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy , Surgical Flaps
14.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 654-661, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762391

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Systemic immunomodulatory treatment is actively recommended in the treatment for moderate to severe atopic dermatitis (AD) patients. However, consensus criteria for the classification of AD severity or treatment refractoriness have not been established yet. OBJECTIVE: To establish consensus criteria on the definition of severity classification and treatment refractoriness of AD to provide a basis for proper treatment strategy. METHODS: The Korean Atopic Dermatitis Association (KADA) comprised a task force team to establish a definition of moderate to severe AD. A draft of definition of moderate to severe AD was made on the basis of evidence. The recommendation was confirmed by KADA members through a web-based survey. RESULTS: KADA approved that AD with 16≤eczema area and severity index (EASI)<23 should be basically defined as moderate AD whereas AD with EASI score ≥23 should be considered as severe AD. They agreed that it would be reasonable to raise the severity level if patient's daytime or nighttime pruritus numerical rating scale is equal to or higher than 7 (≥7) or dermatology life quality index score exceeds 10. AD patients who do not reach EASI 50 after appropriate treatment for three months should be considered as a non-responder. Patients with recurrence (EASI ≥16) within three months after cessation of treatment should be considered as a recurrent AD. CONCLUSION: KADA built a consensus of definition of moderate and severe AD and treatment-refractoriness. These guidelines are expected to help physicians determine proper treatment options in need.


Subject(s)
Advisory Committees , Classification , Consensus , Dermatitis, Atopic , Dermatology , Diagnosis , Humans , Pruritus , Quality of Life , Recurrence , Treatment Failure , Withholding Treatment
15.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 420-425, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762356

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Although oral antihistamines (H1-histamine receptor antagonists) are the main treatment option for pruritus in general skin dermatosis, their effect in treating pruritus of atopic dermatitis (AD) has not yet been established. OBJECTIVE: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the effectiveness of combined therapy of H1-antihistamines and topical steroids. METHODS: We systematically searched MEDLINE, Embase, and CENTRAL databases for articles published from 1967 to 2015. We identified 1,206 studies and assessed their titles, abstract, and full-text. Random effects meta-analysis was used to calculate mean differences (MD) with 95% confidence intervals (CI). RESULTS: Two studies satisfying the inclusion criteria of antihistamine therapy with mandatory topical steroid use were selected. Comparing antihistamine monotherapy with combination therapy, patients treated with the addition of antihistamine to topical corticosteroids showed a statistically significant clinical improvement (standard MD, −0.24; 95% CI, −0.42 to −0.05; p=0.01). CONCLUSION: H1-antihistamines may have a synergistic effect when combined with topical steroids by influencing various associative factors of chronic pruritus in AD.


Subject(s)
Adrenal Cortex Hormones , Dermatitis , Dermatitis, Atopic , Histamine Antagonists , Histamine H1 Antagonists , Humans , Pruritus , Skin , Skin Diseases , Steroids
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762156

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of daily vacuuming of mattresses on the concentration of house dust mite (HDM) allergens and on allergic rhinitis (AR) symptoms in children sensitized to HDM. METHODS: Forty children between the ages of 6 and 12 years with mild persistent AR and sensitized only to HDM were enrolled and randomly allocated to 2 groups. Caregivers of children in the experimental group cleaned the children's rooms and vacuumed their mattresses daily for 2 weeks. Caregivers of children in the control group cleaned the children's rooms without vacuuming mattresses. Symptoms of AR were checked weekly and dust samples were collected from the mattresses before and after the study. RESULTS: Demographics at the beginning of the study were not significantly different between the 2 groups. In the experimental group, symptoms of AR and dust weight were significantly decreased after 2 weeks (total symptoms of AR, P <0.001; sneezing, P < 0.001; rhinorrhea, P <0.001; nasal obstruction, P < 0.001; itching, P <0.001; and dust weight, P = 0.006). The concentrations of HDM allergens were not changed significantly (Der p1, P = 0.333; Der f1, P = 0.841). In the control group, there were no significant changes in symptoms of AR, dust weight, or the concentration of HDM allergens. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings showed that daily vacuuming of mattresses reduced dust weight and symptoms of AR. However, the concentration of HDM allergens did not significantly decrease.


Subject(s)
Allergens , Beds , Caregivers , Child , Demography , Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus , Dust , Humans , Nasal Obstruction , Pruritus , Pyroglyphidae , Rhinitis, Allergic , Sneezing , Vacuum
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761884

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To assess the effectiveness and safety of acupuncture for erectile dysfunction (ED). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We searched six major English and Chinese databases included randomized controlled trials (RCTs) testing acupuncture alone or in combination for ED. Dichotomous data were presented as risk ratio (RR) and continuous data were presented as mean difference (MD) both with 95% confidence interval (CI). The Revman (v.5.3) was used for data analyses. Quality of evidence across studies was assessed by the online GRADEpro tool. RESULTS: We identified 22 RCTs, fourteen of them involving psychogenic ED. Most of the included RCTs had high or unclear risk of bias. There was no difference between electro-acupuncture and sham acupuncture with electrical stimulation on the rate of satisfaction and self-assessment (RR, 1.50; 95% CI, 0.71–3.16; 1 trial). Acupuncture combined with tadalafil appeared to have better effect on increasing cure rate (RR, 1.31; 95% CI, 1.00–1.71; 2 trials), and International Index of Erectile Function-5 scores (MD, 5.38; 95% CI, 4.46–6.29; 2 trials). When acupuncture plus herbal medicine compared with herbal medicine alone, the combination therapy showed significant better improvement in erectile function (RR, 1.68; 95% CI, 1.31–2.15; 7 trials). Only two trials reported facial red and dizziness cases, and needle sticking and pruritus cases in acupuncture group. CONCLUSIONS: Low quality evidence shows beneficial effect of acupuncture as adjunctive treatment for people mainly with psychogenic ED. Safety of acupuncture was insufficiently reported. The findings should be confirmed in large, rigorously designed and well-reported trials.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture , Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Bias , Dizziness , Electric Stimulation , Erectile Dysfunction , Herbal Medicine , Humans , Male , Needles , Odds Ratio , Pruritus , Self-Assessment , Statistics as Topic , Tadalafil
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761759

ABSTRACT

Scabies is a parasitic skin infection with intense itching. Scabies infection seriously impairs quality of life, while outbreaks in medical institutions cause financial losses. This study aimed to present the annual and seasonal trend of prevalence of scabies in the national population. Scabies cases were extracted from National Health Insurance Service database and its epidemiologic characteristics were assessed. To analyze the seasonality of scabies occurrence, temperature and humidity were included in the model as weather factors, and the per capita gross national income index was adjusted. The annual prevalence by age group was 0.56–0.69 per 1,000 persons until the age of 40 years and peaked at 3.0–4.1 per 1,000 persons in the age group over 80 years. The number of women diagnosed with scabies has been consistently higher compared to that of men since 2010. Mean number of cases diagnosed as scabies was lowest in spring, approximately 4,000 cases, when the average temperature was less than 5°C at 2 months prior, whereas more than 6,000 scabies cases occurred in autumn when temperatures exceeded 25°C at 2 months prior. This study presents the epidemiological characteristics and seasonality of all cases nationwide over 8 years and will help to establish control policies.


Subject(s)
Climate , Disease Outbreaks , Female , Humans , Humidity , Korea , Male , National Health Programs , Prevalence , Pruritus , Quality of Life , Scabies , Seasons , Skin , Weather
19.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766580

ABSTRACT

Skin diseases associated with athletic activities can be classified as skin infections, inflammatory reactions, trauma, and abnormal proliferation, depending on the cause of the condition. Athlete's nodule is a generic term for reactive nodules that occur in athletes. It is particularly common in the foot due to tight sneakers, repetitive pressure or friction, and inappropriate choice of shoes or other sports equipment. The diagnosis of black heel (calcaneal petechiae) should be considered when numerous black spots occur on the soles in patients who frequently engage in abrupt movements, such as starts, stops, or leaps. Palmoplantar eccrine hidradenitis may occur in athletes who play baseball, dance, and climb, activities in which repetitive and strong stimuli are applied to the floor of the hands and feet. Painful fat herniation should be suspected in cases of painful skin-colored firm nodules on the feet of athletes who place a large amount of weight on their feet when moving. Itching, urticaria, angioedema, chest tightness, and syncope occurring within 5 minutes after starting exercise should be suspected to be exercise-induced angioedema/anaphylaxis. Excessive force can cause deformation of nails, as in tennis toe and jogger's toenail. For the diagnosis and treatment of sports-related skin diseases, it is essential to pay attention to patients' hobbies and exercise habits, including sports, and to consider the relationship of those habits with the presumed mechanisms of the skin disease. In addition, thorough pre-exercise warm-ups, increasing strength gradually, and wearing proper equipment will help prevent the occurrence of sports-related skin diseases.


Subject(s)
Angioedema , Athletes , Baseball , Dancing , Diagnosis , Foot , Friction , Hand , Heel , Hidradenitis , Hobbies , Humans , Nails , Pruritus , Shoes , Skin Diseases , Skin , Sports , Sports Equipment , Syncope , Tennis , Thorax , Toes , Urticaria
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765756

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Although vaginal estrogen is highly effective in alleviating genitourinary symptoms of menopause (GSM), some women are reluctant to use hormonal treatment. Our aim was to evaluate the effect of a zinc-containing vaginal moisturizer gel on GSM. METHODS: Women with GSM were enrolled. Patients were asked to use the vaginal gel daily for 2 weeks. Vaginal Health Index (VHI) was calculated. Visual analogue scale (VAS) was obtained on vaginal pain, dryness, burning, itching, dyspareunia and dysuria before and 2 weeks after the completion of treatment. Vaginal cytology was obtained. Vulvovaginal symptom questionnaire (VSQ-21) was used to assess subjective symptoms. RESULTS: Thirty-seven women with GSM participated in the study. The VHI improved significantly (mean ± standard deviation, 13 ± 4 before vs. 17 ± 4 after treatment, P < 0.01). The patient reported VAS combined score was significantly lower after the treatment (18 ± 14 before vs. 7 ± 12 after treatment, P < 0.01). The largest improvement occurred in vaginal dryness. The maturation value did not change significantly. There were no signs of inflammation on vaginal cytology. VSQ-21 combined scores also improved significantly (7.9 ± 5.5 before vs. 2.7 ± 3.6 after the intervention, P < 0.01). Side effects were rare and minor. CONCLUSIONS: Novel zinc-containing vaginal moisturizer gel significantly improves postmenopausal vulvovaginal symptoms without serious side effects.


Subject(s)
Burns , Dyspareunia , Dysuria , Estrogens , Female , Humans , Inflammation , Menopause , Pilot Projects , Pruritus , Vagina , Vaginal Creams, Foams, and Jellies , Zinc
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