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1.
Rev. cuba. ortop. traumatol ; 35(2): e317, 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1357335

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La fractura de un hueso se define como la solución de continuidad de cierta porción ósea. Las fracturas diafisarias representan un bajo porcentaje de todas las fracturas, y el hueso tibial es el más afectado, debido a su escasa vascularidad, poca protección y existencia de diversos factores que hacen más propensos algunos problemas como pseudoartrosis y osteomielitis, que complican el tratamiento. Objetivo: Demostrar la eficacia de los resultados clínicos funcionales con la cura quirúrgica de pseudoartrosis infectada de diáfisis tibial con aporte de injerto óseo heterólogo de cadáver, y autoinjerto cortical esponjoso de cresta iliaca. Presentación del caso: Se presenta el caso de un paciente varón de 42 años que ingresa con diagnóstico de fractura expuesta II postraumática. Se realiza fijación externa en 2 ocasiones, con un intervalo de 6 días para corrección de valgo. El paciente se ausenta de sus controles clínicos y reingresa después de 10 meses aproximadamente por diagnóstico de pseudoartrosis atrófica infectada de tibia izquierda, según clasificación anatómica de Cierny-Mader IV. Se hospitaliza para cura quirúrgica y reconstrucción con aloinjerto óseo y autoinjerto de cresta iliaca, lo que da lugar a la consolidación y controles favorables. Actualmente el paciente ha recuperado la funcionalidad de su pierna izquierda, y queda como secuela una fístula con exposición de aloinjerto. Conclusiones: La cura quirúrgica de pseudoartrosis infectada de diáfisis tibial con aporte de injerto óseo heterólogo de cadáver, y autoinjerto cortical esponjoso de cresta iliaca presenta buenos resultados clínicos y funcionales, lo que constituye un método eficaz(AU)


Introduction: The fracture of a bone is defined as the solution of continuity of a certain bone portion. Diaphyseal fractures represent a low percentage of all fractures, and the tibial bone is the most affected, due to its scarce vascularity, little protection and the existence of various factors that make them more prone to some problems such as pseudoarthrosis and osteomyelitis, which complicate treatment. Objective: To demonstrate the efficacy of functional clinical results with the surgical cure of infected pseudoarthrosis of the tibial shaft with the contribution of heterologous cadaveric bone graft, and cortical cancellous autograft of the iliac crest. Case report: The case of a 42-year-old male patient admitted with a diagnosis of post-traumatic exposed fracture II is reported here. External fixation was performed on 2 occasions, with an interval of 6 days for valgus correction. The patient was absent from his clinical check-ups and was readmitted after approximately 10 months due to a diagnosis of infected atrophic nonunion of the left tibia, according to the anatomical classification of Cierny-Mader IV. He was hospitalized for surgical cure and reconstruction with bone allograft and iliac crest autograft, resulting in consolidation and favorable controls. Currently, the patient has recovered the functionality of his left leg, and a fistula with allograft exposure remains. Conclusions: Surgical treatment of infected tibial shaft pseudoarthrosis with provision of heterologous cadaveric bone graft and cortical cancellous autograft of iliac crest presents good clinical and functional results, which constitutes an effective method(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pseudarthrosis/surgery , Fracture Healing , Allografts/surgery , Autografts/surgery , Fractures, Open/surgery , Infections , Ilium
2.
Rev. medica electron ; 43(5): 1436-1444, 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1352123

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Las fracturas expuestas de tibia han sido uno de los problemas más importantes para los sistemas de atención en salud pública. Se caracterizan por tres factores de riesgo fundamentales: daño óseo y tejidos blandos, gran posibilidad de contaminación y dificultades para el tratamiento conservador y quirúrgico, debido al daño óseo y de partes blandas asociados, que implica un alto índice de complicaciones. El tratamiento de estas fracturas es un tema ampliamente discutido en cuanto a la técnica quirúrgica a utilizar. Debido la pobre vascularización y poca cantidad de tejidos blandos que cubren la tibia, este hueso es muy vulnerable a la pseudoartrosis y a la infección. El objetivo de este trabajo fue describir la técnica quirúrgica de transportación ósea con fijador externo Ilizarov y evaluar el resultado en defectos óseos de tibia de más de 6 cm, secundario a pseudoartrosis infectada. Como resultado, el paciente evolucionó con una pseudoartrosis séptica de tibia derecha secundaria a fractura expuesta. El seguimiento fue de 18 meses, la pérdida ósea de 6 cm, la velocidad de distracción de 1 mm/día, el período de transportación de 95 días, y el tiempo con fijador de 198 días. Fue necesario realizar un nuevo proceder quirúrgico en el sitio de contacto, con vistas a reavivar los extremos óseos. La transportación ósea con fijador Ilizarov es válida para el tratamiento de la pérdida ósea en fracturas expuestas de tibia o pseudoartrosis séptica (AU).


ABSTRACT Exposed tibia fractures have been one of the most important problems for public health care systems. They are characterized by three main risk factors: bone and soft tissue damage, high possibilities of contamination and difficulties for the surgical and conservative treatment, due to the associated bone and soft tissues damage implying a high rate of complications. The treatment of these fractures is a widely discussed topic regarding the surgical technique to be used. Due to poor vascularization and little quantity of soft tissue covering tibia, this bone is highly vulnerable to pseudoarthritis and infection. The aim of this work was to describe the surgical technique of bone transport with Ilizarov external fixator and to evaluate the result in tibial bone defects of more than 6 cm, secondary to infected pseudoarthritis. As a result, the patient evolved with septic pseudoarthritis of right tibia secondary to exposed fracture. The follow up lasted 18 months; the bone loss was 6 cm; the distraction speed was 1 mm/day; the transportation period was 95 days and the time with fixator was 198 days. It was necessary to perform a new surgical procedure at the contact site to recuperate the bone ends. Bone transport with Ilizarov fixator is valid for the bone loss treatment in tibia exposed fractures or septic pseudo arthritis (AU).


Subject(s)
Male , Pseudarthrosis/epidemiology , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Pseudarthrosis/surgery , Pseudarthrosis/complications , Surgical Procedures, Operative/methods , Tibial Fractures/diagnosis , Fractures, Open/surgery , Fractures, Open/diagnosis
3.
Rev. venez. cir. ortop. traumatol ; 53(1): 10-19, jun. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1252872

ABSTRACT

El manejo de pseudoartrosis infectadas, osteomielitis y defectos óseos representa un reto enorme para el cirujano ortopedista. Hace diez años, Masquelet presentó la técnica de inducción de membrana como alternativa al manejo de las complicaciones mencionadas arriba con excelentes tasas de consolidación y erradicación del proceso infeccioso. Estudiamos una de serie de 14 casos, prospectiva, con seguimiento clínico y radiológico mínimo de 2 años (enero 2015-diciembre 2018), donde evaluamos múltiples variables en pacientes a quienes se les realizó el protocolo de Masquelet. Obtuvimos una tasa de consolidación de 85,7% (12/14). Con un tiempo promedio para alcanzarla de 6,1 meses (3-9m). Todos los pacientes que lograron la consolidación se encontraban libres de infección al final del seguimiento. Por su reproducibilidad y alta tasa de consolidación, consideramos la técnica de inducción de membrana, como una excelente opción en el manejo de pseudoartrosis infectadas complejas(AU)


The management of infected nonunions, osteomyelitis, and bone defects represents an enormous challenge for the orthopedic surgeon. Ten years ago, Masquelet presented the membrane induction technique as an alternative to the management of the complications afore mentioned with excellent rates of consolidation and eradication of the infectious process. We prospectively studied a series of 14 cases, with a clinical and radiological follow-up of at least 2 years (january 2015-december 2018). Where we evaluated multiple variables in patients who underwent the Masquelet protocol. We obtained a consolidation rate of 85.7% (12/14). With an average time to reach it of 6.1 months (3-9m). All patients who achieved union were free of infection at the end of follow-up. Due to its reproducibility and high consolidation rate, we consider the membrane induction technique an excellent option in the management of complex infected nonunions(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Osteomyelitis/complications , Pseudarthrosis/complications , Bone Transplantation , Orthopedic Procedures , Bone Diseases , Traumatology
4.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1353939

ABSTRACT

La indemnidad del aparato extensor es fundamental para un correcto funcionamiento de una prótesis de codo. Se ha considerado que la deficiencia del tríceps es una contraindicación relativa para la artroplastia, porque produce una contractura en flexión y un déficit de extensión activa. Estas limitaciones pueden afectar significativamente la mejora funcional que la artroplastia total de codo produce. Ante una seudoartrosis de olécranon, la colocación de una prótesis total de codo se presenta como un problema complejo que resolver. El objetivo de este artículo es describir la técnica quirúrgica para la colocación de una prótesis total de codo en el contexto de una seudoartrosis de olécranon, y comunicar tres casos. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


The integrity of the extensor apparatus is essential for the correct functioning of an elbow prosthesis. Triceps deficiency has been considered a relative contraindication for arthroplasty, because it produces a flexion contracture and an active extension deficit. These limitations can significantly affect the functional improvement that total elbow arthroplasty produces. Faced with an olec-ranon nonunion, the placement of a total elbow prosthesis is presented as a complex problem to be solved. The objective of this article is to describe the surgical technique for the placement of a total elbow prosthesis in the context of an olecranon nonunion, and to report three cases. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Pseudarthrosis , Elbow Joint/surgery , Olecranon Process/injuries , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Elbow
5.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 55(6): 759-763, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1156202

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To describe the clinical and radiographic outcomes of patients submitted to percutaneous fixation without bone graft for scaphoid nonunion, with a minimum follow-up of six months. Methods A case series study of a convenience sample of hand surgeons with prospective evaluation. Patients with scaphoid (waist or proximal pole) nonunion and the following features were included: more than six months of history; X-rays showing sclerosis of the edges of the nonunion, with resorption of the nonunion focus measuring less than 4 mm (Slade & Gleissler I, II, III and IV) and no angular deformity; and no proximal pole necrosis on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Results After six months of follow-up, all nonunion were consolidated, with no major complications. The functional outcomes revealed good scores on the disabilities of the arm, shoulder and hand (DASH; n = 12; mean: 6.9; standard deviation [SD]: 2.1) and patient-rated wrist evaluation (PRWE; n = 12; mean: 7.97, SD: 1.5) questionnaires. The results of the visual analog scale (VAS) showed little residual pain (n = 12; mean: 0.71; SD: 0.2). Slight decreases in flexion (69 versus 59.1; p = 0.007), extension (62.4 versus 48.7; p = 0.001) and radial deviation (29.6 versus 24.6; p = 0.014) were detected in comparison to the contralateral side. Conclusions All cases in the series presented consolidation and good functional scores at the six-month evaluation. This is a promising option (with lower technical demand and morbidity) for the treatment of scaphoid nonunion. Comparative studies are required to assess the effectiveness of this technique in comparison with other options.


Resumo Objetivo Descrever os resultados clínico-radiográficos de pacientes tratados por meio de fixação percutânea sem enxerto ósseo para pseudartrose do escafóide, com seguimento mínimo de seis meses. Métodos Série de casos de uma amostra de conveniência de grupo de cirurgiões de mão com avaliação prospectiva.. Foram incluídos pacientes com diagnóstico de pseudartrose do escafóide (cintura ou polo proximal) com as seguintes características: mais de seis meses de histórico; radiografias demonstrando esclerose das bordas da pseudartrose, com reabsorção do foco de pseudartrose menor do que 4 mm (Slade & Gleissler I, II, III e IV), sem deformidade angular; e sem necrose do polo proximal pela ressonância magnética (RM). Resultados Na avaliação com mais de seis meses, todas as pseudartroses estavam consolidadas e sem maiores complicações. Os resultados funcionais demonstraram boas pontuações nos questionários de disfunções do braço, ombro e mão (disabilities of the arm, shoulder and hand, DASH; n = 12; média: 6,9; desvio padrão [DP]: 2,1) e de avaliação do punho pelo paciente (patient-rated wrist evaluation, PRWE; n = 12; média: 7,97; DP: 1,5). Observou-se pouca dor residual de acordo com a escala visual analógica (EVA; n = 12; média: 0,71; DP: 0,2). Houve discreta diminuição da flexão (69 versus 59,1; p = 0,007), da extensão (62,4 versus 48,7; p = 0,001) e do desvio radial (29,6 versus 24.6; p = 0,014) em comparação ao lado contralateral. Conclusões Nesta série, todos os casos estavam consolidados ao sexto mês de avaliação, com bom status funcional. Trata-se de uma opção promissora (menor demanda técnica e morbidade) para o tratamento da pseudartrose do escafóide. Estudos comparativos serão úteis para avaliar a efetividade da técnica com relação a outras opções.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arm , Pseudarthrosis , Congenital Abnormalities , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Extravehicular Activity , Scaphoid Bone , Fractures, Bone , International Cooperation
6.
Rev. cuba. ortop. traumatol ; 34(2): e295, jul.-dic. 2020. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156591

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: Las pseudoartrosis diafisarias de cúbito y radio constituyen un desafío terapéutico para el cirujano ortopédico, a causa de la dificultad para lograr y mantener la reducción de dos huesos paralelos en presencia de músculos pronadores y supinadores que ejercen influencias angulares y rotacionales. Objetivo: Evaluar la eficacia de la aplicación del minifijador externo combinado con el injerto óseo homólogo en esta afección. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio longitudinal, retrospectivo de corte transversal en 74 pacientes operados de pseudoartrosis diafisaria de cúbito y radio desde enero de 2000 hasta diciembre de 2014, en el Complejo Científico Ortopédico Internacional Frank País, en los que se utilizó el modelo de minifijación externa RALCA® e injerto óseo homólogo del Banco de Tejidos ORTOP. Resultados: La pseudoartrosis fue más frecuente en hombres (73 por ciento) y en las edades comprendidas entre 30 y 39 años. La localización más frecuente fue en el cúbito, en su tercio superior (52 por ciento). La mayoría de los pacientes presentaron una pseudoartrosis no viable (56 por ciento). Se consolidó en 66 por ciento de los pacientes antes de las 18 semanas y en solo uno no se obtuvo la consolidación. El hueso que menos tiempo requirió para consolidar fue el radio. En la evaluación de la eficacia de la técnica quirúrgica se obtuvo 62 por ciento de resultados buenos, 33 por ciento regulares y 5 por ciento malos. Conclusiones: La asociación de la minifijación externa modelo RALCA® e injerto óseo homólogo de banco mostró buenos resultados en el tratamiento de la pseudoartrosis de cúbito y radio(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Diaphyseal pseudoarthroses of the ulna and radius constitute a therapeutic challenge for the orthopedic surgeon, due to the difficulty to achieve and maintain the reduction of two parallel bones in the presence of pronator and supinator muscles that exert angular and rotational influences. Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of using external minifixator combined with homologous bone graft in the treatment of this condition. Method: A longitudinal, retrospective and cross-sectional study was carried out with 74 patients operated on, from January 2000 to December 2014, for diaphyseal pseudoarthrosis of the ulna or radius at Frank País International Orthopedic Scientific Complex, cases in which RALCA® external minifixation and homologous bone graft from the ORTOP Tissue Bank were used. Results: Pseudoarthrosis was more frequent in men (73 percent) and at ages 30-39 years. The most frequent location was the ulna, in its upper third (52 percent). Most of the patients had nonviable pseudoarthrosis (56 percent). The condition was consolidated in 66 percent of the patients within 18 weeks, and only one did not achieve consolidation. The bone that took the least time to heal was the radius. In the evaluation of the effectiveness of the surgical technique, 62% obtained good outcomes; 33 percent fair outcomes; and 5 percent, poor outcomes. Conclusions: The association of the RALCA® model miniexternal fixation and homologous bone graft from the Bank showed good outcomes in the treatment of ulna and radius pseudoarthrosis(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pseudarthrosis/surgery , Radius Fractures/surgery , Ulna Fractures/surgery , Bone Transplantation/methods , Allografts/transplantation , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies
7.
Rev. cuba. ortop. traumatol ; 34(2): e231, jul.-dic. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156596

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: Las fracturas abiertas del tercio distal de tibia o pilón son poco frecuentes, en nuestro medio se producen por traumas de alta energía como los accidentes de tránsito, y pueden ser de distintos grados según su envergadura. Entre las complicaciones frecuentes están la seudoartrosis, deformidades y artritis postraumática. Cuando el dolor es refractario a los analgésicos están indicadas las artrodesis. Objetivo: Presentar los resultados del tratamiento realizado en un paciente con seudoartrosis distal de tibia y artritis postraumática del tobillo, dolorosa, con gran lesión de partes blandas, por lo que fue imposible realizar los procedimientos quirúrgicos habituales. Presentación del caso: Se realizó artrodesis de las articulaciones tibio-peronea-astragalina-calcánea, mediante un injerto libre del peroné autólogo, compresión, y estabilización con un fijador externo RALCA®; se asoció un campo electromagnético pulsátil para acelerar la formación del callo óseo y disminuir el dolor posquirúrgico. Durante dos años se le hizo seguimiento. Conclusiones: Se logró el objetivo del tratamiento al fusionar la articulación tibiotarsiana, comenzar el apoyo precoz y su capacidad funcional. Los resultados demuestran además los beneficios de la compresión realizada con los fijadores externos en las artrodesis; el uso del campo electromagnético asociado aceleró la osteogénesis, se consiguió la consolidación ósea, la estabilización, disminuyó el edema y el dolor, además la reincorporación del paciente a la sociedad. No se encontró en la bibliografía revisada otra técnica quirúrgica similar(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Open fractures of the distal third of the tibia or pilon are rare, in our environment they are caused by high-energy traumas such as traffic accidents, and can be of different degrees depending on their size. Common complications include nonunion, deformities, and post-traumatic arthritis. When pain is refractory to analgesics, arthrodesis is indicated. Objective: To report the results of the treatment carried out in a patient with distal tibial pseudoarthrosis and post-traumatic arthritis of the ankle, painful, with a large soft tissue injury, which made it impossible to perform the usual surgical procedures. Case report: Arthrodesis of the tibiofibular-talar-calcaneal joints was performed, using a free graft of the autologous fibula, compression, and stabilization with a RALCA® external fixator. A pulsatile electromagnetic field was associated to accelerate bone callus formation and reduce postoperative pain. This patient was followed up for two years. Conclusions: The treatment objective was achieved by fusing the tibiotarsal joint, by starting early support and functional capacity. The results also prove the benefits of compression performed with external fixators in arthrodesis. The use of the associated electromagnetic field accelerated osteogenesis, bone consolidation and stabilization were achieved, edema and pain decreased, as well as the patient's reincorporation into society. No other similar surgical technique was found in the reviewed literature(AU)


Subject(s)
Arthrodesis/methods , Pseudarthrosis/surgery , Fibula/transplantation , Fractures, Open/surgery
8.
Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol ; 85(3): 262-269, ago. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1340625

ABSTRACT

Resumen Se presenta un caso de un hombre de 31 años con fractura de fémur. Los estudios complementarios mostraron una imagen compatible con lesión quística. El primer estudio por biopsia de dicho quiste informó erróneamente un quiste simple. Se realizó una osteosíntesis con enclavado endomedular. El paciente tuvo una evolución tórpida asociada a imágenes líticas diafisarias y pérdida de la reducción de la fractura. Se retiró el material y se tomaron muestras del canal endomedular, cuyo cultivo reveló Pseudomonas aeruginosa y restos de quistes hidatídicos en la anatomía patológica. En nuestro centro, fue tratado por una seudoartrosis infectada secundaria a un quiste óseo hidatídico complicado. Se le colocó un megaespaciador de cemento con antibiótico y, luego, una prótesis total de fémur como tratamiento definitivo. El compromiso óseo es muy raro y de difícil diagnóstico, y puede llevar a una diseminación severa. Si bien no hay consenso ni tratamiento de elección para los casos graves, el reemplazo femoral total en dos tiempos representa una opción alentadora para conservar el miembro, con resultados satisfactorios a corto y mediano plazo.


Abstract We report the case of a 31-year-old male patient presenting a femoral fracture whose complementary studies revealed an image consistent with a cystic lesion. The first biopsy study of this cyst erroneously reported a simple cyst. Osteosynthesis with intramedullary nailing was performed. The patient had a poor postoperative course associated with diaphyseal osteolytic images and loss of fracture reduction. The material was removed and intramedullary canal specimens were taken, which were positive for Pseudomonas aeruginosa and revealed remains of hydatid cysts through pathologic examination. The patient was referred to our center for the treatment of an infected pseudarthrosis secondary to a complicated hydatid bone cyst. A two-stage procedure was performed. The first stage involved the placement of an antibiotic-impregnated cement mega-spacer and the second stage involved the implantation of a total femur prosthesis as definitive treatment. The bone hydatidosis involves a challenging diagnosis, is very rare, and can cause severe dissemination. While there is no consensus or gold standard treatment for severe cases, two-stage total femoral replacement represents an encouraging option for limb preservation, showing satisfactory short- and medium-term outcomes.


Subject(s)
Pseudarthrosis , Bone Cysts , Bone Diseases , Echinococcosis , Hip Prosthesis
9.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 118(2): e194-e198, abr. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1100477

ABSTRACT

La pseudoartrosis congénita de la clavícula es una malformación rara y benigna, caracterizada por la ausencia del tercio medio de la clavícula. Suele ser unilateral y mayoritaria en el lado derecho. La etiología es desconocida y se postulan diversas teorías etiopatogénicas (vascular, embriológica y genética).Puede detectarse en el período neonatal o, más frecuentemente, durante la infancia. En ocasiones, puede ser sintomática. Puede requerir tratamiento mediante reconstrucción quirúrgica por injerto óseo.Se presentan 2 casos, uno de diagnóstico neonatal y otro de 3 años de edad realizados con 24 h de diferencia. Se destaca la consideración de este diagnóstico como diferencial de fractura obstétrica o postraumática, displasia cleidocraneal y neurofibromatosis de tipo 1.


The congenital pseudoarthrosis of the clavicle is a rare and benign malformation, characterized by the absence of the middle third of the clavicle. It is usually unilateral and the majority on the right side. The etiology is unknown, postulating diverse etiopathogenic theories (vascular, embryological and genetic).It can be detected in the neonatal period or, more frequently, during childhood. Occasionally it can be symptomatic. It may require treatment by surgical reconstruction by bone graft. Two cases are presented, one of neonatal diagnosis and another one of 3 years of age performed with 24 hours of difference. We emphasize on its consideration as a differential diagnosis of obstetric or post-traumatic fracture, cleidocranial dysplasia and neurofibromatosis type I.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Infant, Newborn , Child, Preschool , Pseudarthrosis/congenital , Clavicle/abnormalities , Pseudarthrosis/diagnostic imaging , Congenital Abnormalities , Diagnosis, Differential
10.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 55(1): 40-47, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1092683

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective Historical results of arthroplasty of the first metatarsophalangeal joint (1MTP) are relatively poor; however, improvements in the understanding of the normal foot biomechanics, implant materials and design currently make arthroplasty a reasonable option in appropriately selected patients. The present study aimed to compare the clinical and radiographic results of 1MTP arthrodesis and arthroplasty in the treatment of hallux rigidus and to present a rationale for patient selection for arthroplasty. Methods A total of 36 patients (38 feet) with hallux rigidus submitted to surgery (12 arthrodesis and 26 arthroplasties) were prospectively included in the study. Pain was assessed using the visual analogue scale (VAS) and the functional status was assessed using the American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society Hallux Metatarsophalangeal-Interphalangeal (AOFAS-HMI) scale. Complications and radiographic results were also analyzed, and survival rates were calculated for both procedures. Results All of the patients reported significant improvement in pain and functional status after surgery. Patients submitted to arthroplasty had better functional results on the AOFAS-HMI scale (89.7 versus 65.7 points; p < 0.001) and better pain relief (VAS 1.6 versus 3.9 points; p = 0.002) when compared with the group submitted to arthrodesis. There was one case of infection in the arthroplasty group and 2 cases of pseudarthrosis in the arthrodesis group. Conclusion Arthrodesis provides pain relief and satisfactory results but alters the biomechanics of gait. Like arthrodesis, arthroplasty improves pain significantly, being a more physiological alternative to preserve the biomechanics of the foot. While the two surgical methods yielded good clinical results, selected patients submitted to arthroplasty had better clinical scores and lower revision rates.


Resumo Objetivo Historicamente, os resultados da artroplastia da primeira articulação metatarsofalângica (1MTP) eram relativamente ruins; no entanto, melhorias na compreensão da biomecânica normal do pé, nos materiais e no design dos implantes, tornam a artroplastia um tratamento aceitável em pacientes selecionados. O presente estudo pretendeu comparar os resultados clínicos e radiográficos da artrodese com os da artroplastia da 1MTP no tratamento de hallux rigidus e apresentar um racional para seleção de pacientes para artroplastia. Métodos Um total de 36 pacientes (38 pés) com hallux rigidus operados (12 artrodeses e 26 artroplastias) foram prospectivamente incluídos. A dor foi avaliada com recurso à escala visual analógica (VAS) e o resultado funcional usando a escala American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society Hallux Metatarsophalangeal-Interphalangeal (AOFAS-HMI). As complicações e os resultados radiográficos foram também registrados e a taxa de sobrevida calculada para os dois procedimentos. Resultados Todos os pacientes referiram uma melhoria significativa na dor e nos resultados funcionais após a cirurgia. Os pacientes submetidos a artroplastia tiveram melhor resultado funcional na escala AOFAS-HMI (89,7 versus 65.7 pontos; p < 0.001) e melhor alívio da dor (VAS 1,6 versus 3,9 pontos; p = 0,002) quando comparados com os doentes submetidos a artrodese. Registrou-se um caso de infecção no grupo da artroplastia e 2 casos de pseudoartrose no grupo da artrodese. Conclusão A artrodese permite alívio da dor e resultados satisfatórios, mas altera a biomecânica da marcha. Tal como a artrodese, a artroplastia melhora a dor significativamente, sendo uma alternativa mais fisiológica para preservar a biomecânica do pé. Apesar dos dois tratamentos terem bons resultados clínicos, em pacientes selecionados, a artroplastia teve melhores resultados clínicos e menor taxa de revisão.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pain , Arthrodesis , Arthroplasty , Pseudarthrosis , Comparative Study , Incidence , Arthroplasty, Replacement , Hallux Rigidus
11.
Rev. colomb. ortop. traumatol ; 34(1): 60-64, 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1117654

ABSTRACT

Introducción describir los resultados clínicos, funcionales y radiológicos de pacientes con seudoartrosis de fractura del escafoides, sometidos a cirugía con la técnica de Bertelli. en un centro de cuarto nivel de complejidad. Materiales & Métodos Serie de casos en un centro de cuarto nivel de complejidad entre el 2005 y 2016 de pacientes con fractura de escafoides en seudoartrosis sometidos a cirugía de revisión con injerto vascularizado de la primera arteria dorsal metacarpiana según la técnica de Bertelli. Se tomaron datos de historias clínicas, que se analizaron con medidas descriptivas de resumen. Resultados se analizaron 11 pacientes con una edad promedio de 30,1 años. El 72,7% fue llevado a osteosíntesis como manejo inicial. El procedimiento de revisión se realizó en una mediana de 380 días. Se reportaron complicaciones pos-quirúrgicas: necrosis del injerto en un paciente, necesidad de re-intervención en cuatro y no hubo infecciones. En el 72,7% se observó consolidación de la fractura y ocurrió en promedio a los 7,6 meses. La mitad de los pacientes tuvieron un puntaje DASH de 9 o menos y reportaron percepción de dolor leve - moderado el 90,9%. La mediana de seguimiento fue 14 meses. Discusión la ventaja de esta técnica es su reproducibilidad y versatilidad, pues su pedículo vascular constante y de buena longitud, permite utilizarse por un abordaje dorsal o palmar y para no consolidaciones del polo proximal, cintura o polo distal del escafoides. Este estudio mostró buenos resultados clínicos y funcionales, asociados a una baja tasa de complicaciones. Nivel de evidencia IV


Background The aim of study is to describe the clinical, functional, and radiological results in patients with pseudoarthrosis of scaphoid fractures who that underwent surgery using Bertelli's et al. technique. Methods Case series of patients with nonunion of scaphoid fractures in a high complexity care center between 2005 and 2016, who underwent revision surgery with vascularized bone graft of the first metacarpal dorsal artery according to Bertelli's et al. technique. Data were collected from clinical records, and it waswere analyzed using descriptive summary measures. Results The analysis included 11 patients with a mean age of 30,1 years (S.D: 9). 72,7% of the patients underwent conventional osteosynthesis as the initial approach. The revision surgery was performed with a median of 380 days (interquartile range: 194-470); there were no intraoperative complications. Post- surgery complications, such as graft necrosis, were reported in a one patient (9,1%), the need of for re-intervention in four patients and there were no infection related complications. Fracture union was seen in 72,7% patients in a mean of 7,6 months (S.D: 2,9) after the intervention. Half of the patient had a DASH score of 9 points or less. 54,5 reported pain as mild, 36,4% as moderate and without pain 9,1%. The median follow up period was 14 months and only one patient developed carpal arthritis. Discussion The advantage of this surgical technique is its reproducibility and versatility, thanks due to the constant and long vascular pedicle; this allows using dorsal or palmar approaches, as well as for the management of scaphoid nonunions of the proximal pole, waist, or distal pole. This study shows good clinical and functional results outcomes with a low rate of complications. Evidence Level IV


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Pseudarthrosis/surgery , Scaphoid Bone/surgery , Metacarpal Bones/surgery , Vascular Grafting , Retrospective Studies , Fracture Healing
12.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 13(4): 504-510, dic. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056492

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: Many orthodontic treatments alone cannot reestablish an ideal occlusion, requiring correction through orthognathic surgery. An adequate surgical planning, execution and case follow-up can provide surgical stability between the maxilla and the mandible. Soft tissue conservation and proper correction during a healing phase are important to achieving this goal. Patient C.L.B.S, 38 years old, female, presented with Angle Class I occlusion, facial profile class II, maxilla with mobility, chin surgically advanced and anterior open bite. She was submitted to orthognathic surgery 10 years ago. In the panoramic radiography the absence of bone formation in the maxilla was observed, causing an open bite. For the surgery conventional radiographs were used, as well as the dental cast in articulator for model surgery and preparation of surgical guide. With the surgery an improvement in the patient's aesthetics profile and an ideal occlusion, static and functional were expected. The treatment was orthodontic-surgical, with correction of the dento-facial deformity with counter-clockwise rotation of the maxilla, lowering repositioning in 3 mm of its posterior portion through Le Fort I osteotomy, advancement of the 4 mm mandible with bilateral sagittal osteotomy, and genioplasty for posterior repositioning with a Z-osteotomy, to improve mentual harmony. There was an improvement in the profile and aesthetics of the patient, which developed an Angle Class I profile, a decrease in the mentual projection, and an aesthetic and functional improvement. The orthognathic surgery allowed the advancement of the mandible, the repositioning of the maxilla and the mentual posterior repositioning, obtaining the correction of the Angle class II profile and the anterior open bite, resulting in an important improvement of facial profile and esthetics, presence of skeletal stability, restoration of function, self-esteem and quality of life.


RESUMEN: En muchos casos, el tratamiento ortodóntico por si solo no puede restablecer una oclusión ideal, siendo necesaria una cirúrgia ortognática. Una buena planificación quirúrgica, ejecución y seguimiento del caso, pueden proporcionar estabilidad entre los maxilares. La preservación de los tejidos blandos y una fijación adecuada son esenciales para ese objetivo. La paciente CLBS, 38 años, se presentó con oclusión Clase I de Angle, teniendo perfil clase II, maxilar con movilidad, mentón quirúrgicamente avanzado y mordida abierta anterior. La paciente fue sometida a cirugía ortognática 10 años antes. En radiografía panorámica, se nota la ausencia de formación ósea debido a una fijación maxilar realizada erróneamente, lo que causó la mordida abierta. Durante la planificación, fueron utilizadas radiografías convencionales, modelos de yeso en articulador para cirugía de modelo y confección de guía quirúrgica. Con el procedimento quirúrgico se esperaba obtener una mejora en el perfil de la paciente y una oclusión ideal, estática y funcional. El tratamiento fue ortodóntico-quirúrgico, con corrección de la deformidad dento-facial con giro antihorario de la mandíbula, con reposicionamiento inferior de 3 mm de su parte posterior, por medio de osteotomía Le Fort I, avance de la mandíbula de 4 mm con osteotomía sagital bilateral, y retroceso del mentón en su posición original con osteotomía en Z, mejorando la armonía del mentón. Hubo una mejora en perfil y en la estética de la paciente, como también una mejora en el perfil, estética y funcionalidade, con diminución del mentón. La cirúrgia ortognática permitió el movimiento de la mandíbula, reposicionamiento maxilar y además fue posible retroceder el mentón, obteniendo la corrección del perfil Clase II y de la mordida abierta anterior. El resultado representa una mejora del perfil y de la estética facial, además se nota una estabilidad esquelética, con restablecimiento de la función, autoestima y calidad de vida.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Orthognathic Surgical Procedures , Orthognathic Surgery , Mandible/surgery , Maxilla/surgery , Pseudarthrosis/surgery , Brazil , Radiography, Panoramic/methods , Cephalometry , Open Bite/epidemiology , Dental Occlusion, Traumatic , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography/methods , Malocclusion, Angle Class I , Mandible/diagnostic imaging
13.
Rev. chil. ortop. traumatol ; 60(2): 47-57, oct. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1095954

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: La pseudoartrosis de escafoides con deformidad en joroba es una patología compleja que si no recibe tratamiento oportuno puede llevar a una deformidad avanzada, con colapso del carpo produciendo un deterioro significativo en la función de la muñeca. En la actualidad se considera como tratamiento estándar la reducción abierta de la deformidad utilizando injerto estructural. El OBJETIVO del presente trabajo es describir una técnica de reducción artroscópica, utilizando injerto no estructural para la no-unión de escafoides con deformidad en joroba. Se muestran los resultados obtenidos en una serie de casos manejados con la técnica propuesta. MATERIAL Y MÉTODO: Estudio retrospectivo de una serie de casos de pacientes diagnosticados con pseudoartrosis de escafoides con deformidad en joroba manejados con la técnica propuesta. Se describe la técnica quirúrgica. Se utiliza el programa STATA 15 para el análisis estadístico de los resultados, al igual que test de Wilcoxon para variables no paramétricas. RESULTADOS: Once pacientes de sexo masculino, con edad promedio de 23,4 años, completaron seguimiento promedio de 12 meses. En todos los pacientes se comprobó consolidación de la no-unión mediante Tomografía Computada en un tiempo promedio de 9,1 semanas. Todos los pacientes mejoraron sus rangos de movilidad y ángulos imagenológicos de manera significativa y mejoraron en la prueba funcional de DASH (p » 0.0033). DISCUSiÓN: Se muestra una técnica de reducción percutánea con asistencia artroscópica utilizando injerto no estructural para corregir la no-unión de escafoides con deformidad en joroba produciéndose buenos resultados clínicos con consolidación, en todos los pacientes de nuestra serie, similar a lo encontrado en la literatura internacional. Creemos que esa técnica permite una corrección parcial de la anatomía del carpo y favorece la consolidación ósea al tener las ventajas teóricas de una técnica mínimamente invasiva.


INTRODUCTION: Scaphoid pseudoartrosis with humpback deformity is a complex pathology that if not treated promptly can lead to an advanced deformity with collapse of the carpus producing a significant deterioration in wrist function. At present, open reduction of the deformity using structural bone graft is considered the gold standard of treatment. The AIM of the present study is to describe a surgical technique of percutaneous reduction with arthroscopic assistance using non-structural bone graft for scaphoid non-union with humpback deformity. We present a case series of patients treated with the proposed technique. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective study of a case series of patients diagnosed with scaphoid pseudarthrosis with humpback deformity treated with the proposed technique. We describe the surgical technique. We used STATA 15 for the statistical analysis and Wilcoxon test for non-parametric variables. RESULTS: 11 male patients, with an average age of 23.4 years, completed an average follow-up of 12 months. Bone healing was confirmed with Computed Tomography in an average time of 9.1 weeks in all of our patients. All patients improved their range of mobility and radiographic measurements significantly and all improved in the DASH functional test (p » 0.0033). DISCUSSION: We describe a technique of percutaneous reduction with arthroscopic assistance using non-structural graft to correct scaphoid non-union with humpback deformity. We found good clinical results and high union rate in all the patients of our series. Similar to what is found in international literature, we believe that this technique allows a partial correction of carpal anatomy and favors bone consolidation by having the advantages of a minimally invasive technique.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Young Adult , Arthroscopy/methods , Pseudarthrosis/surgery , Scaphoid Bone/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome
14.
Rev. ecuat. pediatr ; 20(1): 60-62, Agosto2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1010315

ABSTRACT

Los defectos óseos secundarios de la tibia en los niños, por procesos infecciosos como la osteomielitis, representan un reto en su tratamiento 1, 2. Históricamente, los defectos en la tibia han sido tratados con un injerto óseo 3. Desde 1983 el uso del injerto autólogo vascularizado con regeneración de los tejidos ha dado resultados favorables 4. La forma más eficaz de estimular la osteogénesis se consigue con un injerto autólogo acompañado de una vascularidad óptima y una conexión con los tejidos blandos.


The bone defects of the tibia in children related to infectious processes such as osteomyelitis, represent a treatment challenge.1,2 Historically, defects in the tibia have been treated with a bone graft.3 Since 1983 use of vascularized autologous graft, with tissue regeneration has met with favorable results.4 The most effective form of osteogenesis is accomplished with an autologous graft accompanied by optimal vascularization and a connection with the soft tissues.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Osteomyelitis , Pseudarthrosis , Tibia , Blood Vessels , Tissue Transplantation , Focal Infection
15.
Acta ortop. mex ; 33(4): 252-255, jul.-ago. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284949

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Introducción: Las fracturas de húmero distal en el adulto mayor constituyen un desafío terapéutico para ortopedistas, debido a las condiciones fisiológicas y los cambios óseos propios de esta edad. Reporte de caso: Se presenta el caso de una mujer de 80 años con osteopenia, quien sufrió una caída de su propia altura con fractura de húmero distal derecho, inicialmente se le dio manejo conservador, pero debido al desarrollo de seudoartrosis, se decidió hacer una artroplastía total de codo, con buenos resultados funcionales en el seguimiento postoperatorio a cuatro años. Discusión: En las fracturas de húmero distal, el manejo no quirúrgico es una opción en pacientes con baja demanda funcional o que tengan un mal estado general, y si no es el caso o fracasa el manejo conservador, deben ser llevados a artroplastía total de codo, ya que ésta proporciona una rápida recuperación del paciente en comparación con la reducción abierta y el manejo con material de osteosíntesis.


Abstract: Introduction: Distal humeral fractures in the elderly patient are a therapeutic challenge for orthopaedists, because of age's characteristic physiological conditions and bone changes. Case report: We present the case of an 80-year-old woman with osteopenia, who had distal humeral fracture due to a fall from her own height; she was initially treated conservatively, but by the reason of a non-union, we decided to perform a total elbow arthroplasty, achieving a positive functional result in the four years of postoperative follow-up. Discussion: Nonsurgical management is an option for treat humeral fractures in patients with low functional demands or in poor general condition. If the patient does not present the conditions above, or if nonsurgical management fails, a total elbow arthroplasty must be performed, because this method provides a rapid recovering if compared to an open reduction and osteosynthesis material management.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged, 80 and over , Pseudarthrosis/surgery , Elbow Joint , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Elbow , Humeral Fractures/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Elbow , Fracture Fixation, Internal
16.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 54(4): 408-415, July-Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1042432

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives To evaluate the factors that influence the outcome of osteosynthesis after closed reduction of the fracture of the femoral neck in young adult patients. Methods A retrospective study was conducted, reviewing the data of patients operated in a large orthopedic hospital from 2003 to 2011; a total of 81 patients met the inclusion criteria. The time interval between the fracture and the surgery, the initial fracture deviation, the quality of the reduction, and the placement of the implant were evaluated. Results The present study observed a strong relationship between the quality of the reduction and therapeutic success. The degree of the initial deviation and the time elapsed between the initial trauma and the osteosynthesis did not influence the surgical outcome regarding bone consolidation. The correct positioning of the implants was associated with a satisfactory evolution in the postoperative period. Conclusion The quality of the reduction and the positioning of the implants are factors that influence the results of osteosynthesis in fractures of the femoral neck in young adult patients.


Resumo Objetivos Avaliar os fatores que influenciam o resultado da osteossíntese pela redução fechada da fratura do colo femoral nos pacientes jovens. Métodos Foi feito um estudo retrospectivo com revisão dos dados dos pacientes operados em um hospital ortopédico de grande porte, de 2003 a 2011, com um total de 81 pacientes que atenderam aos critérios de inclusão. O intervalo de tempo entre a fratura e a cirurgia, o desvio inicial da fratura, a qualidade da redução e o posicionamento dos implantes foram os fatores avaliados. Resultados O estudo encontrou forte relação entre a qualidade da redução e o sucesso terapêutico. O grau de desvio inicial e o tempo entre o trauma inicial e a osteossíntese não influenciaramo desfecho cirúrgico emrelação à consolidação óssea. O correto posicionamento dos implantes mostrou relação com a evolução satisfatória no pós-operatório dos pacientes. Conclusão A qualidade da redução e o posicionamento dos implantes são fatores que influenciamoresultadodaosteossíntesenafraturadocolodofêmurnopacienteadultojovem.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Pseudarthrosis , Femoral Neck Fractures , Femur Head Necrosis , Femur Neck
17.
Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol ; 84(2): 136-142, jun. 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1003022

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las secuelas postraumáticas de la tibia representan un problema común al que nos enfrentamos los ortopedistas día a día. El método Ilizarov, mediante una planificación minuciosa, ha dado grandes resultados. Objetivo: Valorar el resultado del tratamiento de desejes y discrepancias postraumáticas de la tibia mediante el fijador circular de tipo Ilizarov. Materiales y Métodos: Se evaluó a 13 pacientes mediante criterios clínicos y radiográficos durante un seguimiento mínimo de 24 meses. Los resultados fueron buenos y excelentes, y se logró la consolidación ósea en todos los pacientes. Conclusión: El método Ilizarov es útil y versátil para resolver cualquier tipo de secuela postraumática de la tibia, sin necesidad de injertos o sustitutos óseos. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Introduction: Post-traumatic sequelae of the tibia are a common problem faced by orthopedists every day. The Ilizarov method, through careful planning, has achieved great results. Objective: To assess the outcome of the treatment of post-traumatic deformities and discrepancies of the tibia treated with the Ilizarov circular fixator. Methods: Thirteen patients were evaluated by clinical and radiological criteria during a minimum follow-up of 24 months. The results were good and excellent in all cases, and bone consolidation was achieved in all patients. Conclusion: The Ilizarov method is useful and versatile to solve any type of post-traumatic sequelae of the tibia, without the need for grafts or bone substitutes. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Adult , Pseudarthrosis , Tibial Fractures/complications , External Fixators , Ilizarov Technique , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome
18.
Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol ; 84(2): 90-98, jun. 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1003016

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Comunicar la eficacia del clavo endomedular recubierto con antibiótico (CERA) para erradicar la infección en la seudoartrosis infectada de húmero (SIH). Materiales y Métodos: Once pacientes (edad promedio 48 años). El tiempo entre la fractura y la cirugía fue 25 meses. El CERA se impregnó con vancomicina en 9 pacientes. El seguimiento promedio fue de 54 meses. Resultados: Se aisló S. aureus resistente a meticilina (SARM) en 5 pacientes. Todos recibieron antibióticos sistémicos por 7 semanas. El antibiótico más utilizado fue vancomicina. La mediana entre el primer tiempo quirúrgico y la reconstrucción fue 56 días (RIC 47-98). Luego del desbridamiento quirúrgico del primer tiempo, se midió el defecto óseo remanente y se lo dividió con variables dicotómicas: grupo con defectos <2 cm (7 pacientes) y grupo con defectos ≥2 cm (4 pacientes). No se observaron diferencias significativas entre la mediana de días entre el primero y segundo tiempo quirúrgico comparando el desarrollo de SARM con el de otros gérmenes (48 días [RIC 45-75] vs. 73,5 días [RIC 56-149], p = 0,2002 Mann-Whitney), ni en la proporción del tamaño del defecto óseo según el desarrollo de SARM o de otro germen (60% vs. 17%, p = 0,242 Fisher). Todos los cultivos fueron negativos y se logró la consolidación del foco fracturario, sin recurrencia de la infección. Conclusiones: El CERA es una buena opción terapéutica en el primer tiempo quirúrgico para un paciente con SIH. Se pudo controlar la infección, lo que permitió la reconstrucción secundaria de la seudoartrosis. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Objective: To evaluate the efficiency of the antibiotic cement-coated rods (ACCR) to erradicate infections in infected nonunion of the humerus (INH). Methods: We included 11 patients with INH with a mean age of 48 years. The time from fracture to surgery was 25 months. The ACCR was impregnated with vancomycin in 9 of 11 cases. Follow-up was 54 months. Results: Methicillinresistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) was isolated in 5 cases. All patients received systemic antibiotic treatment for 7 weeks. Vancomycin was the most commonly used antibiotic. Time from ACCR placement to reconstructive surgery averaged 56 days [confidence interval range (CIR) 47-98]. After debridement and implant removal, the residual deformity of the nonunion was measured with dichotomous variables and classified into two groups: group 1, <2 cm (7 patients) and group 2, ≥2 cm (4 patients). No significant differences were observed between the number of days from placement of the ACCR to the development of the MRSA infection, compared to other pathogens [48 days (CIR 45-75) vs. 73 days (CIR 56-149) p=0.2002, Mann-Whitney U test], nor were differences observed in the size of the defect in those who developed MRSA or by any other pathogen (p=0.242, Fisher exact test). Reconstruction was performed with different techniques. Laboratory parameters were normal and cultures were negative. Fractures achieved consolidation without recurrence of the infection. Conclusions: ACCRs are an adequate treatment option for patients with an INH. The infection was controlled in all cases, which allowed for the secondary reconstruction of the nonunion. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Adult , Middle Aged , Pseudarthrosis , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary/methods , Humeral Fractures/surgery , Infections , Treatment Outcome
19.
Acta ortop. mex ; 33(1): 50-57, ene.-feb. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1248634

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Se presenta una guía terapéutica de la seudoartrosis diafisaria con los diferentes grados de dificultad a que se enfrenta el cirujano ortopédico, mencionando los principios que deben seguirse para obtener óptimos resultados.


Abstract: We present a therapeutic guide of diaphyseal pseudoarthrosis with the different degrees of difficulty faced by the orthopedic surgeon, mentioning the principles that must be followed to obtain optimal results.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pseudarthrosis/therapy , Algorithms , Bone Transplantation , Diaphyses
20.
Asian Spine Journal ; : 258-264, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762927

ABSTRACT

STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study. PURPOSE: To compare the clinical and radiological outcomes of patients who underwent anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) supplemented with plate fixation using allograft with those who underwent ACDF using tricortical iliac autograft. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: As plate fixation is becoming popular, it is reported that ACDF using allograft may have similar outcomes compared with ACDF using autograft. METHODS: Forty-one patients who underwent ACDF supplemented with plate fixation were included in this study. We evaluated 24 patients who used cortical ring allograft filled with demineralized bone matrix (DBM) (group A) and 17 patients who used tricortical iliac autograft (group B). In radiological evaluations, fusion rate, subsidence of grafted material, cervical lordosis, fused segmental lordosis, and radiological adjacent segment degeneration (ASD) were observed and analyzed with preoperative and postoperative plain radiographs. Clinical outcomes were evaluated using the Neck Disability Index score, Odom criteria, and Visual Analog Scale score of neck and upper extremity pain. Radiological union was determined by dynamic radiographs using cutoff values of 1 mm of interspinous motion as the indication of pseudarthrosis. RESULTS: There was no significant difference in the fusion rate, graft subsidence, cervical lordosis, fused segmental lordosis, and ASD incidence between the groups. Operative time was shorter in group A (136 min) than in group B (141 min), but it was not significant (p>0.05). Blood loss was greater in group B (325 mL) than in group A (210 mL, p=0.013). There was no difference in the clinical outcomes before and after surgery. CONCLUSIONS: In ACDF with plate fixation, cortical ring allograft filled with DBM group showed similar radiological and clinical outcomes compared with those of the autograft group. If the metal plate is reinforced, using cortical ring allograft could be a viable alternative to autograft.


Subject(s)
Allografts , Animals , Autografts , Bone Matrix , Cohort Studies , Diskectomy , Humans , Incidence , Lordosis , Neck , Operative Time , Pseudarthrosis , Retrospective Studies , Transplants , Upper Extremity , Visual Analog Scale
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