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1.
Bol. micol. (Valparaiso En linea) ; 36(2): 5-11, dic. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1352529

ABSTRACT

El síndrome de la uña verde o cloroniquia corresponde a la infección por Pseudomonas aeruginosa de una lámina ungueal dañada en pacientes con algún factor de riesgo identificable, siendo los más frecuentes la inmunosupresión, el ambiente húmedo constante y la patología ungueal preexistente. Su diagnóstico es relativamente sencillo si se logra observar la tríada característica de coloración verdosa de la lámina ungueal, paroniquia proximal crónica y onicolisis distal; en casos de duda diagnóstica se puede enviar una muestra de la uña afectada para cultivos o estudio histopatológico. El pilar de su tratamiento corresponde al uso de antibióticos tópicos o sistémicos en conjunto con medidas generales que protejan de la humedad. Es muy importante enfatizar la prevención de esta patología en el personal de salud, especialmente en el contexto del lavado de manos frecuente y riguroso implementado durante la pandemia COVID-19, ya que existen reportes de transmisión nosocomial de P. aeruginosa por profesionales de la salud con infección ungueal.(AU)


Green nail syndrome or chloronychia is the infection of a damaged nail plate by Pseudomonas aeruginosa in a patient with an identifiable risk factor; the most frequently described are immunosuppression, a persistent moist environment and preexisting nail disease. Its diagnosis is relatively simple if the characteristic triad of green discoloration of the nail plate, chronic proximal paronychia and distal onycholysis can be observed, in cases of doubt a sample of the affected nail can be sent for cultures or histopathology. The cornerstone of treatment is the use of topical or systemic antibiotics along with measures to protect the nail from moisture. Prevention of this disease must be emphasized in health care personnel, especially in the context of frequent and rigorous handwashing practices implemented during the COVID-19 pandemic, since there are reports of nosocomial transmission of P. aeruginosaby health care professionals with nail infection.(AU)


Subject(s)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa/pathogenicity , Pseudomonas Infections , Nails/microbiology , Pseudomonas Infections/diagnosis , Pseudomonas Infections/drug therapy , Syndrome , Health Personnel , Onychomycosis , Onycholysis , COVID-19
2.
Med. infant ; 25(4): 299-302, diciembre 2018. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-970392

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La bacteriemia por Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PAE) en niños es infrecuente. Objetivo.Describir las características epidemiológicas, clínicas, microbiológicas y evolutivas en niños con bacteriemia por PAE. Métodos. Estudio de cohorte retrospectivo. Resultados. Se incluyeron 100 pacientes (p). La mediana de edad fue de 27 meses (RIC 6-88).Tenían enfermedad de base: 93 p (93%) y 36 de ellos estaban neutropénicos. Ochenta y cinco p (85%) habían recibido antibióticos en el último mes, 60 (60%) tuvieron procedimientos invasivos previos y 81 (81%) tuvieron internaciones previas. Ingresaron con shock séptico 42 p (42%), 56 p (56%) fueron admitidos en unidad de cuidados intensivos (UCI) y 49 (49%) requirieron ventilación mecánica (VM). La bacteriemia fue primaria en 17 p (17%); asociada a catéter en 15 p (15%) y secundaria en 68 p (68%). El foco más frecuente fue mucocutáneo, 21 p, seguido por el pulmonar, 20 p. El tratamiento empírico fue adecuado en 84 p (84%). La resistencia a uno o más grupos de antibióticos se dio en el 38% de los casos, 11% fueron multirresistentes y 15% fueron resistentes sólo a carbapenemes. Fallecieron 31 p (31%). Pseudomonas aeruginosa resistente a carbapenemes en forma exclusiva o combinada con otros antibióticos se relacionó en esta serie a exposición previa a antibióticos, (p≤0,03), tratamiento empírico inicial inadecuado (p≤0,006) y mayor mortalidad (p≤0,01), prolongación de la internación y del tiempo de tratamiento (p≤0,001)


Introduction. Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PAE) associated bacteremia is uncommon in children. Objective. To describe the epidemiological, clinical, and microbiological features and outcome in children with PAE-associated bacteremia. Methods. A retrospective cohort study. Results. 100 patients (p) were included. Median age was 27 months (IQR 6-88). Overall 93 p (93%) had an underlying disease, 36 of whom had neutropenia. Eighty-five p (85%) had received antibiotics over the previous month, 60 (60%) had undergone previous invasive procedures, and 81 (81%) had been previously admitted. Forty-two p (42%) were admitted because of septic shock, 56 p (56%) were admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU), and 49 (49%) required mechanical ventilation (MV). Seventeen p (17%) had primary bacteremia, 15 p (15%) had catheter-related bacteremia, and 68 p (68%) had secondary bacteremia. The most common focus was mucocutaneous (21 p), followed by pulmonary (20 p). Emperical treatment was adequate in 84 p (84%). Resistance to one or more groups of antibiotics was observed in 38% of the cases; 11% were multiresistant and 15% were only resistant to carbapenems. Thirty-one p (31%) died. In our series, Pseudomonas aeruginosa resistant to carbapenems only or combined with other antibiotics was associated with previous exposition to antibiotics (p≤0.03), inadequate initial emperical treatment (p≤0.006), and higher mortality (p≤0.01), and longer hospital stay and treatment duration (p≤0.001)


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/isolation & purification , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/drug effects , Pseudomonas Infections/diagnosis , Pseudomonas Infections/microbiology , Pseudomonas Infections/epidemiology , Bacteremia/microbiology , Bacteremia/mortality , Drug Resistance, Multiple, Bacterial/drug effects , Carbapenems/pharmacology , Prospective Studies , Cohort Studies , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology
3.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 81(4): 339-340, July-Aug. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-950464

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Bilateral simultaneous cataract surgery (BSCS) has gained popularity among eye surgeons in many countries. This study examines the case of a 77-year-old patient who developed bilateral Pseudomonas aeruginosa endophthalmitis following bilateral simultaneous cataract surgery. Immediate bilateral vitrectomy and intravitreal antibiotics injection were performed. Ultimately, both eyes were eviscerated due to pain refractory to treatment and no light perception.


RESUMO A cirurgia bilateral simultânea de catarata ganhou popularidade entre cirurgiões oftalmológicos em muitos países. Este estudo examina o caso de um paciente de 77 anos que desenvolveu endoftalmite bilateral por Pseudomonas aeruginosa após uma cirurgia bilateral simultânea de catarata. Vitrectomia bilateral imediata e injeção de antibióticos intravítreos foram realizadas. Em última análise, ambos os olhos foram eviscerados devido à dor refratária ao tratamento e sem percepção de luz.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/isolation & purification , Pseudomonas Infections/etiology , Cataract Extraction/adverse effects , Endophthalmitis/etiology , Pain, Postoperative/etiology , Pseudomonas Infections/surgery , Pseudomonas Infections/diagnosis , Vitrectomy , Cataract Extraction/methods , Endophthalmitis/surgery , Endophthalmitis/diagnosis , Eye Evisceration
5.
Medical Journal of Tabriz University of Medical Sciences and Health Services. 2017; 38 (6): 74-83
in Persian | IMEMR | ID: emr-187550

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives: Pseudomonas aeruginosa is one of the important nosocomial Gram-negative bacilli which are resistant to most of antimicrobial agents and antibiotics. This opportunistic bacterium is capable of causing life threatening infections in patients, especially in those with immunodeficiency such as those in ICUs and burn wards. This study was conducted to detect antibiotic susceptibility and also molecular typing of P. aeruginosa isolates from burn infections by using RAPD [Random amplified polymorphic DNA]


Materials and Methods: Totally 124 P. aeruginosa isolates collected from bum patients consisting of burn infection discharge and blood specimens by application of conventional microscopic, culture and biochemical identification tests. The collected isolates were studied for their antibiotic susceptibility patterns using routine antibiotics ceftazidim [30 microg], aztreonam [30 microg], carbenicillin [100 microg], polymixin B [300 u], colistin [100 microg], gentamicin [10 microg] and ciprofloxacin [5 microg] by disc agar diffusion method and detection of genotypes by two short primers namely 272[5-AGCGGCCAA-3] and 208[5-ACGGCCGACG3] according to RAPD-PCRmethod


Results: Results of antibiotic susceptibility tests showed high resistance to aztreonam [70.1%], ceftazidime [66.1%], colistin [61.2%] and gentamicin [47.5%] but less resistance to ciprofloxacin[18.5%] and polymixin B[13.7%]. Based on antibiotic susceptibility 41 patterns were detected. RAPD-PCR created 32 genotypic profiles with base pair length ranging from 250 to 10000. Each genotype showed between 1 and 8 different weight DNA bands. Genotype 3 was the most prevalent, identified in 42 isolates [33.8%] and accommodated isolates with similar antibiotic susceptibility patterns, while in other genotypes no similar susceptibility patterns were encountered


Conclusion: Our P. aeniginosa isolates collected from burn infections were most resistant to aztreonam [70.1%], but least resistant to polymixin B [13.7%]. The test isolates showed 41 antibiotic susceptibility patterns and 32 RAPD genotypes. Genotype 3 was the most prevalent and accommodated isolates with similar antibiotic susceptibility patterns, but in other genotypes, isolates with similar antibiotic susceptibility patterns was not detected. Some isolates with similar antibiotic patterns underline possibility of their transfer among burn patients and suggest need for restricted conditions and microbiplogic surveillance in the bum wards


Subject(s)
Humans , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/isolation & purification , Pseudomonas Infections/diagnosis , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/genetics , Burn Units , Genotyping Techniques , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Microbial Sensitivity Tests
6.
Annals of Laboratory Medicine ; : 212-219, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-29328

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: We evaluated the combined use of the modified Hodge test (MHT) and carbapenemase inhibition test (CIT) using phenylboronic acid (PBA) and EDTA to detect carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE) and metallo-beta-lactamase (MBL)-producing Pseudomonas spp. METHODS: A total of 49 isolates of CPE (15 Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase [KPC], 5 Guiana extended-spectrum beta-lactamase [GES]-5, 9 New Delhi metallo-beta-lactamase [NDM]-1, 5 Verona integron-encoded metallo-beta-lactamase [VIM]-2, 3 imipenem-hydrolyzing beta-lactamase [IMP], and 12 oxacillinase [OXA]-48-like), 25 isolates of MBL-producing Pseudomonas spp. (14 VIM-2 and 11 IMP), and 35 carbapenemase-negative controls were included. The MHT was performed for all isolates as recommended by the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute. Enhanced growth of the indicator strain was measured in mm with a ruler. The CIT was performed by directly dripping PBA and EDTA solutions onto carbapenem disks that were placed on Mueller-Hinton agar plates seeded with the test strain. RESULTS: Considering the results of the MHT with the ertapenem disk in Enterobacteriaceae and Pseudomonas spp., the CIT with the meropenem disk in Enterobacteriaceae, and the imipenem disk in Pseudomonas spp., three combined disk tests, namely MHT-positive plus PBA-positive, EDTA-positive, and MHT-positive plus PBA-negative plus EDTA-negative, had excellent sensitivity and specificity for the detection of KPC- (100% sensitivity and 100% specificity), MBL- (94% sensitivity and 100% specificity), and OXA-48-like-producing isolates (100% sensitivity and 100% specificity), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Combined use of the MHT and CIT with PBA and EDTA, for the detection of CPE and MBL-producing Pseudomonas spp., is effective in detecting and characterizing carbapenemases in routine laboratories.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bacterial Proteins/antagonists & inhibitors , Boronic Acids/chemistry , Disk Diffusion Antimicrobial Tests/methods , Edetic Acid/chemistry , Enterobacteriaceae/drug effects , Enterobacteriaceae Infections/diagnosis , Pseudomonas/drug effects , Pseudomonas Infections/diagnosis , Sensitivity and Specificity , beta-Lactamases/chemistry
7.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 829-836, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-195236

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Whether the causative organism influences the clinical course of pneumonia in the intensive care unit (ICU) is controversial. We assessed the clinical manifestations and prognosis of pneumonia according to the causative pathogens in patients in a medical ICU. METHODS: A retrospective observational study was performed in a medical ICU. Among 242 patients who were admitted to the ICU, 103 who were treated for pneumonia were analyzed. RESULTS: The causative pathogen was identified in 50 patients (49.0%); 22 patients (21.6%) had multidrug-resistant (MDR) pathogens. The distribution of causative micro-organisms was Staphylococcus aureus (20%), Pseudomonas species (16%), Klebsiella pneumoniae (14%), and Acinetobacter baumannii (12%). No significant difference in ICU mortality rate, duration of ICU stay, duration of mechanical ventilation, or frequencies of re-intubation and tracheostomy were detected based on the identification of any pathogen. In sub-analyses according to the pneumonia classification, the number of pathogens identified did not differ between pneumonia types, and a higher incidence of identified MDR pathogens was detected in the hospital-acquired pneumonia group than in the community-acquired or healthcare- acquired pneumonia groups. However, the clinical outcomes of pneumonia according to identification status and type of pathogen did not differ significantly between the groups. CONCLUSIONS: Neither the causative micro-organism nor the existence of MDR pathogens in critically ill patients with pneumonia was associated with the clinical outcome of pneumonia, including ICU mortality. This result was consistent regardless of the pneumonia classification.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Acinetobacter Infections/diagnosis , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Critical Illness , Drug Resistance, Multiple, Bacterial , Hospital Mortality , Intensive Care Units , Klebsiella Infections/diagnosis , Length of Stay , Pneumonia, Bacterial/diagnosis , Proportional Hazards Models , Pseudomonas Infections/diagnosis , Respiration, Artificial , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Staphylococcal Infections/diagnosis , Time Factors , Tracheostomy , Treatment Outcome
8.
J. bras. pneumol ; 39(4): 495-512, June-August/2013. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-686609

ABSTRACT

Evidence-based techniques have been increasingly used in the creation of clinical guidelines and the development of recommendations for medical practice. The use of levels of evidence allows the reader to identify the quality of scientific information that supports the recommendations made by experts. The objective of this review was to address current concepts related to the clinical impact, diagnosis, and treatment of Pseudomonas aeruginosa infections in patients with cystic fibrosis. For the preparation of this review, the authors defined a group of questions that would be answered in accordance with the principles of PICO–an acronym based on questions regarding the Patients of interest, Intervention being studied, Comparison of the intervention, and Outcome of interest. For each question, a structured review of the literature was performed using the Medline database in order to identify the studies with the methodological design most appropriate to answering the question. The questions were designed so that each of the authors could write a response. A first draft was prepared and discussed by the group. Recommendations were then made on the basis of the level of scientific evidence, in accordance with the classification system devised by the Oxford Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine, as well as the level of agreement among the members of the group. .


As técnicas de medicina baseada em evidências são cada vez mais utilizadas para a construção de diretrizes clínicas e recomendações para a prática médica. O uso de níveis de evidências permite que o leitor identifique a qualidade da informação científica que sustenta as recomendações feitas pelos especialistas. Esta revisão teve por objetivo abordar conceitos atuais sobre o impacto clínico, diagnóstico e tratamento das infecções por Pseudomonas aeruginosa em pacientes com fibrose cística. Para a elaboração desta revisão, o grupo de autores definiu as perguntas que seriam respondidas, seguindo os preceitos de PICO, acrônimo baseado em perguntas referentes aos Pacientes de interesse, Intervenção a ser estudada, Comparação da intervenção e Outcome (desfecho) de interesse. Para cada pergunta, uma revisão estruturada da literatura foi realizada nas bases de dados do Medline, buscando identificar os estudos com desenho metodológico mais adequado para responder à questão. As perguntas foram designadas para que cada um dos autores redigisse uma resposta, e um primeiro rascunho foi elaborado e discutido pelo grupo em uma reunião presencial. Após essa discussão, recomendações foram emitidas com base na força das evidências e na concordância entre os membros do grupo segundo o sistema de classificação do Oxford Centre for Evidence Based Medicine. .


Subject(s)
Humans , Cystic Fibrosis/microbiology , Pseudomonas aeruginosa , Pseudomonas Infections/diagnosis , Pseudomonas Infections/drug therapy , Evidence-Based Medicine , Prognosis
9.
Tehran University Medical Journal [TUMJ]. 2013; 71 (8): 493-501
in Persian | IMEMR | ID: emr-143037

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was compared the efficacy of the designed primers and already published primers for detection of the exoA, oprL and algD genes by PCR assay for finding a rapid, accurate and highly sensitive and specific procedure to detect the Pseudomonas aeruginosa in the serious and fatal infections such as cystic fibrosis disease, burned individual. A total of 150 clinical specimens were inoculated in to routine and selective culture media for Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolation. Specific primers were designed by bioinformatics analysis for detection of the virulence genes exoA, oprL and algD. The available sequences of these three genes were obtained from NCBI and multiple alignments were performed to find the conserved sequences of each gene for primer designing. Both multiple alignment and primer designing steps were carried out by AlleleID software, version 7.0. Microbiological culture methods were showed that 70 Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains isolated from the 150 clinical specimens. PCR assay performed by using the designed primers shown 68, 70 and 69 positive results from 70 direct specimens for exoA, oprL and algD respectively that shown 97.2%, 100% and 98.6% sensitivity for above genes. PCR assay performed by using the already published primers shown 57, 49 and 28 positive results for above genes respectively that shown 81.5%, 70% and 40% sensitivity. The present study shows that by using the high specific primers for detection of the mentioned genes of the Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The conventional PCR assay detected the early colonization of the organism in Cystic Fibrosis patients with more sensitivity and specificity before several mounts to obtain positive culture. Indeed PCR assay with high specific primers has more sensitivity and specificity as a rapid and accurate diagnosis of the organism in other deadly infections by using the direct clinical specimens.


Subject(s)
Cystic Fibrosis/microbiology , Pseudomonas Infections/diagnosis , Bacteriological Techniques , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/genetics , DNA Primers/genetics , Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods , Sensitivity and Specificity , Computational Biology , DNA, Bacterial
10.
Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences. 2013; 29 (4): 957-961
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-130355

ABSTRACT

Wound infections are often difficult to treat due to various bacterial pathogens. Pseudomonas aeruginosa is one of the common invaders of open wounds. Precise diagnosis of this etiological agent in wound infections is of critical importance particularly in treatment of problematic cases. The existing diagnostic methods have certain limitations particularly related to specificity. Our objective was to establish a comprehensive and reliable multiplex PCR to confirm diagnosis of P. aeruginosa. A multiplex PCR test was developed for rapid and comprehensive identification of P. aeruginosa. Four highly specific genes were targeted simultaneously for detection of genus, species and exotoxin production [16S rDNA, gyrB, oprL and ETA] in P. aeruginosa; additionally one internal control gene invA of Salmonella was used. The specificity of the multiplex PCR was confirmed using internal and negative controls. Amplified fragments were confirmed by restriction analysis and DNA sequencing. The developed method was applied on 40 morphologically suspected P. aeruginosa isolates [from 200 pus samples] and 18 isolates were confirmed as P. aeruginosa. In comparison, only 12 could be identified biochemically. Combination of the four reported genes in multiplex PCR provided more confident and comprehensive detection of P. aeruginosa which is applicable for screening of wound infections and assisting treatment strategy


Subject(s)
Multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction , Pseudomonas Infections/diagnosis , Wound Infection/microbiology
11.
Arch. pediatr. Urug ; 84(2): 127-131, 2013. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-754183

ABSTRACT

Las infecciones por pseudomonas aeruginosa se presentan habitualmente en individuos con factores predisponentes, siendo excepcional su ocurrencia en los previamente sanos. Se describe el caso de un lactante de 2 meses sin antecedentes patológicos a destacar que presentó una infección grave por pseudomonas aeruginosa, presentando al momentode la consulta en emergencia lesiones en piel características de ectima gangrenoso. El reconocimiento de estas lesiones permite adecuar el tratamiento antibiótico empírico a la susceptibilidad antimicrobiana de este germen. La presencia de una infección por esta bacteria obliga al clínico a la búsqueda de inmunodeficiencias no diagnosticadas previamente...


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Infant , Ecthyma/etiology , Pseudomonas Infections/complications , Pseudomonas Infections/diagnosis , Pseudomonas Infections/therapy , Osteoarthritis/etiology , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/pathogenicity
12.
Rev. chil. infectol ; 28(6): 592-596, dic. 2011. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-612161

ABSTRACT

Pseudomonas aeruginosa, is an opportunistic organism widely distributed in both environmental and nosocomial settings. Invasive infections typically occur in immunocompromised patients, but this agent can also produce sepsis in the immunocompetent host. We report the case of an 8 months old infant, previous healthy, who presented septic shock by P. aeruginosa. Lesions of ecthyma gangrenosum in his limbs required surgical debridement. The patient presented transitory neutropenia and reduced C4 levels but subsequent study of immune defects was normal.


Pseudomonas aeruginosa es un microorganismo oportunista de amplia distribución ambiental y nosocomial. Las infecciones invasoras se producen generalmente en pacientes inmunocomprometidos; sin embargo, este agente ocasionalmente puede ser causa de sepsis en pacientes inmunocompetentes. Presentamos el caso de un lactante de 8 meses de edad, sin antecedentes médicos, que cursó con un shock séptico por P. aeruginosa. Durante su evolución presentó lesiones de ectima gangrenoso en sus cuatro extremidades, que requirieron múltiples desbridamientos quirúrgicos. En el período agudo presentó neutropenia y complemento C4 bajo, que normalizó posteriormente. El estudio de inmunidad para descartar inmunodeficiencia fue normal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Male , Pseudomonas Infections/diagnosis , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/isolation & purification , Shock, Septic/microbiology , Gangrene/microbiology , Pseudomonas Infections/pathology
14.
Rev. chil. infectol ; 27(4): 341-344, ago. 2010. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-567551

ABSTRACT

La gangrena de Fournier es una enfermedad amenazante para la vida, que se caracteriza por fascitis necrosante del área perineal. Afecta con mayor frecuencia a pacientes adultos con inmunosupresión y son pocos los casos reportados en la población pediátrica. El uso de fármacos anti-inflamatorios no esteroideos (AINEs) se ha asociado con fascitis necrosante, probablemente por supresión de la inmunidad durante la infección. Describimos el caso de un paciente con 6 meses de edad sin factores inmu-nosupresores, con gangrena de Fournier, probablemente asociada a la ingesta de AINEs.


Founier's gangrene is a rare but life-threatening disease characterized by necrotizing fasciitis of the perineal area. It mostly affects adult patients with an immunosuppressant factor and there are only a few cases reported in children. Use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs has been associated with necrotizing fasciitis probably because of suppressing host immunity during infection. We describe a case of a six month old infant without im-munosuppressant factors, with Founier´s gangrene probably associated with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory intake.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Male , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/adverse effects , Fournier Gangrene/chemically induced , Ibuprofen/adverse effects , Pseudomonas Infections/chemically induced , Debridement , Fatal Outcome , Fournier Gangrene/diagnosis , Fournier Gangrene/surgery , Pseudomonas Infections/diagnosis , Pseudomonas Infections/drug therapy , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/isolation & purification
16.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : 176-179, 2010.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-176236

ABSTRACT

Despite advances in neuroimaging and neurosurgical treatment modalities, spinal epidural abscess remains a challenging problem. Early diagnosis is often difficult and treatment is always delayed. Spinal epidural abscess usually develops in patients with predisposing factors such as IV drug abuse, senillity, diabetes mellitus, spinal attempts, alcoholism, immunosuppression, liver diseases and catheterizations. It is rarely seen in cervical region. A successful treatment is only possible with early diagnosis and accurate surgical and medical treatment. Optimal management is unclear and morbidity and mortality are significant. We present two adult haemodialysis patients with end-stage renal insufficiency who developed cervical epidural abscess following central venous catheter placement. Early surgical intervention is mandatory in cases those have progressive neurological deficit and spinal deformity, and this is also increases the success rate of medical therapy.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Catheterization, Central Venous , Cervical Vertebrae , Epidural Abscess/diagnosis , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Pseudomonas Infections/diagnosis , Renal Dialysis , Staphylococcal Infections/diagnosis
18.
Rev. bras. otorrinolaringol ; 74(6): 933-937, nov.-dez. 2008. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-503639

ABSTRACT

O uso de piercing tem se tornado uma prática muito freqüente entre os jovens. O procedimento na maioria vezes realizado por profissionais não-qualificados não é isento de riscos. O manuseio de material contaminado ou a higiene imprópria predispõem à pericondrite e à celulite. A pericondrite caracteriza-se pelo eritema do pavilhão auricular, dor intensa e febre. Sem tratamento, desenvolve-se um edema generalizado do pavilhão com formação de abscesso subpericondrial, podendo evoluir para necrose isquêmica da cartilagem e a temível deformidade estética conhecida como "orelha em couve flor". O agente responsável mais encontrado é o Pseudomonas aeruginosa. No estágio inicial da doença o tratamento pode ser feito com antibióticos de amplo espectro. Nos casos em que o abscesso está presente, a incisão e drenagem cirúrgica são obrigatórios acompanhado de antibioticoterapia guiado pela cultura e antibiograma. OBJETIVO: O objetivo deste relato de caso é realizar uma revisão bibliográfica dos últimos 10 anos abordando os aspectos anatômicos do pavilhão auricular, a história do uso de piercing e suas mais conhecidas complicações. MÉTODO: Relato de um caso de pericondrite pós-piercing transcartilaginoso onde houve a necessidade de tratamento cirúrgico com praticamente nenhuma deformidade estética. RESULTADO: Aquisição de experiência teórico-prática através de revisão bibliográfica e relato de um caso de evolução favorável para a paciente. CONCLUSÃO: Incidência crescente das complicações de pericondrites na população jovem deve levar à prevenção primária mais elaborada.


Piercing has become more and more popular among adolescents. The procedure is generally performed by unqualified professionals and carries its risk. Non-sterilized material or inappropiate hygiene increases the possibility of perichondritis and celulitis. The disease is characterized by erythema of the auricula pinna, unbearable pain and fever. Left untreated, the condition progresses with edema along the auricula and abscess formation that may result in ischemic necrosis and a cauliflower anesthetic deformation. The most common bacteria is Pseudomonas aeruginosa. In cases with abscesses, drainage is necessary along with antibiotic therapy guided by cultures and antibiogram. AIM: The aim of this case report was to review the past 10 years of published papers dealing with anatomical aspects of the auricular pinna, the history of piercing and its most common complications. METHODS: A case report of perichondritis after "high" ear piercing that required surgical treatment and that progressed with no esthetic loss. RESULTS: Theoretical and practical experience based on a review and a report of a case that progressed satisfactorily. CONCLUSIONS: The increased incidence of perichondritis in adolescents should require more elaborated primary prevention measures.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Female , Humans , Body Piercing/adverse effects , Cartilage Diseases/microbiology , Ear Cartilage/microbiology , Pseudomonas Infections/etiology , Cartilage Diseases/diagnosis , Cartilage Diseases/surgery , Ear Cartilage/surgery , Pseudomonas Infections/diagnosis , Pseudomonas Infections/surgery , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/isolation & purification
19.
Braz. j. infect. dis ; 12(5): 444-446, Oct. 2008. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-505361

ABSTRACT

Emergence of multi and pan-drug resistant Gram-negative bacteria causing nosocomial infections in intensive care settings has become a challenge for clinicians. The mortality rate of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is known to increase when the initial microbiological diagnosis and antimicrobial therapy are inappropriate. We present a case of a 18-year-old man, who after being admitted following an accident, had developed VAP due to multi-drug resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Acinetobacter spp. and had a downhill clinical course despite broad-spectrum antibiotic treatment. The strains were found to be Col-S, as the susceptibility was tested. Colistin was instituted, with remarkable recovery. It is imperative to diagnose VAP with multi-drug resistant strains as early as possible; colistin, the 'last resort' antibiotic, if instituted with proper monitoring at the right time, can be life saving.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Humans , Male , Acinetobacter Infections/drug therapy , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Colistin/therapeutic use , Pneumonia, Ventilator-Associated/drug therapy , Pseudomonas Infections/drug therapy , Acinetobacter Infections/diagnosis , Drug Resistance, Multiple, Bacterial , Pneumonia, Ventilator-Associated/diagnosis , Pneumonia, Ventilator-Associated/microbiology , Pseudomonas Infections/diagnosis , Treatment Outcome
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