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1.
Infectio ; 24(4): 201-207, oct.-dic. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1114869

ABSTRACT

Resumen Objetivo: Describir la respuesta clínica y mortalidad general de Colistina en infecciones por Pseudomonas XDR y Acinetobacter XDR en el Hospital Nacional Arzobispo Loayza in Lima, Peru. Métodos: Estudio observacional, descriptivo y retrospectivo. Se incluyeron los registros de pacientes > 18 años, desde junio del 2014 a junio del 2016, que tuvieron infección por Pseudomonas XDR o Acinetobacter XDR confirmada por cultivo, y que recibieron colistina. Se realizó análisis univariado de las características generales de los pacientes; un análisis bivariado con test de Chi2 , t-student o ANOVA según corresponda, y además se describió los factores asociados a mortalidad. Resultados. Se incluyeron 56 registros de pacientes, la mediana de la edad fue 46,5 [31,5 a 63,5]. El 48,2% tuvo un cultivo positivo para Pseudomonas XDR y el 51,8% para Acinetobacter XDR. La respuesta clínica favorable fue 85,7% a los 15 días y de 78,6% a los 30 días. La mortalidad intrahospitalaria a los 30 días fue 21,4%, la mortalidad en UCI fue de 30,8% y la nefrotoxicidad fue de 5,4%. Conclusiones. Colistina combinada con otro antimicrobiano tuvo una respuesta clínica favorable en infección por Pseudomonas XDR o Acinetobacter XDR.


Abstract Objective: To describe the clinical response and overall mortality of Colistin in infections by Pseudomonas XDR and Acinetobacter XDR at the Hospital Nacional Arzobispo Loayza in Lima, Peru. Methods: Observational, descriptive, retrospective study. Records of all patients > 18 years old, from June 2014 to June 2016, who had infection by Pseudomonas XDR or Acinetobacter XDR confirmed by culture, and who received colistin, were included. A univariate analysis of the general characteristics of the patients was performed; a bivariate analysis with a Chi2, t-student or ANOVA test as appropriate, and the factors associated with mortality were also determined. Results: 56 patient records were included; the median age was 46,5 [31,5 to 63,5]. The Culture was positive for Pseudomonas XDR in 48,2% and for Acinetobacter XDR in 51,8%. The favorable clinical response was 85,7% at 15 days and 78,6% at 30 days. In-hospital mortality at 30 days was 21,4%, ICU mortality was 30,8% and nephrotoxicity was 5,4%. Conclusions: Colistin combined with another antimicrobial had a favorable clinical response in infection with Pseudomonas XDR and Acinetobacter XDR.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Pseudomonas aeruginosa , Pseudomonas Infections , Colistin , Pseudomonas , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Retrospective Studies , Hospital Mortality , Infections/drug therapy , Intensive Care Units
2.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 59(4): e970, oct.-dic. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1149850

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: La fascitis necrotizante tiene origen polimicrobiano, se caracteriza por necrosis extensa acompañada de formación gaseosa en el tejido subcutáneo y fascia superficial. Objetivo: Describir el manejo terapéutico exitoso de dos casos afectos de fascitis necrotizante. Caso clínico: Dos pacientes tratados en el Hospital General Docente "Abel Santamaría Cuadrado", mujeres de la tercera y cuarta década de la vida, con área extensa de celulitis y necrosis de progreso rápido, necesidad de tratamiento quirúrgico y cultivos positivos de Pseudomona y Escherichia coli respectivamente, con repercusión clínica sistémica. Conclusiones: La fascitis necrotizante es una enfermedad de ascenso rápido y etiología variada, que pone en riesgo la vida del paciente, el diagnóstico debe sospecharse tempranamente ofreciendo intervención oportuna y agresiva, el manejo debe ser multidisciplinario(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Necrotizing fasciitis has a polymicrobial origin. It is characterized by extensive necrosis accompanied by gas formation in the subcutaneous tissue and superficial fascia. Objective: To describe the successful therapeutic management of two cases with necrotizing fasciitis. Clinical case: Two patients treated at Abel Santamaría Cuadrado General Teaching Hospital, women at the third and fourth decades of life, with extensive area of cellulitis and rapidly progressing necrosis, need for surgical treatment and positive cultures of Pseudomonas and Escherichia coli, respectively, with systemic clinical repercussions. Conclusions: Necrotizing fasciitis is a disease of rapid progression and varied etiology, which puts the patient's life at risk; the diagnosis must be suspected early, offering timely and aggressive intervention, and management must be multidisciplinary(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Pseudomonas , Fasciitis, Necrotizing/etiology , Escherichia coli/cytology
3.
Rev. bras. anal. clin ; 52(3): 235-237, 20200930. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1255089

ABSTRACT

Objective: Characterize isolates of enterobacterias and pseudomonas based on their resistance to the antibiotics. Methods: This study was conducted with 44 samples from various species from the Enterobacteriaceae and Pseudomonaceae family and they were submitted to the Modified Hodge Test and Extended Spectrum Beta-Lactamase (ESBL) test. Results: From the 44 analyzed samples nine produced ESBL and ten produced some kind of carbapenemase. Conclusion: In total, 38,6% of the samples showed an increased in the incidence of this resistance in the last few years given that before 2001 there was not a single carbapenemase described. This fact alarms patients immunosuppressed or hospitalized since they colonize our digestive tract and can cause an infection given the opportunity.


Objetivo: Caracterizar isolados de enterobactérias e pseudomonas em relação a sua resistência aos antimicrobianos. Métodos: O estudo foi realizado com 44 amostras de várias espécies das famílias Enterobacteriaceae e Pseudomonaceae, as quais foram submetidas aos testes de Hodge Modificado e Beta-Lactamase de Espectro Estendido (ESBL). Resultados: Das 44 amostras analisadas nove são produtoras de ESBL e dez são produtoras de carbapenemase. Conclusão: No total, 38,6% das amostras apresentaram algum tipo de resistência às ESBL e carbapenemases, e esse número mostra um aumento na incidência dessas resistências nos últimos anos já que, antes de 2001, não haviam sido descritas as enzimas car­­­ba­­­penemases. Esse fato é alarmante para pacientes imunossuprimidos ou hospitalizados uma vez que as enterobactérias colonizam nosso trato digestivo e podem causar uma infecção se dada a oportunidade.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pseudomonas , beta-Lactam Resistance , Enterobacteriaceae , Carbapenem-Resistant Enterobacteriaceae
5.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(6): 824-829, June 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136280

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE To describe the concentration of total and specific IgG antibodies anti-Streptococcus B, anti-lipopolysaccharide of Klebsiella spp, and anti-lipopolysaccharide of Pseudomonas spp in the umbilical cord of newborn(NB) twins and to analyze the association between neonatal infection and antibody concentration in the umbilical cord blood. METHODS A prospective cross-sectional study of a cohort of NB twins admitted during the period of 20 months. Patients with malformations and mothers with infection were excluded. Variables analyzed: gestational age(GA); birth weight(BW); antibody concentrations in umbilical cord blood; infection episodes. We used the paired Student t-test, Spearman correlation, and generalized estimation equation. RESULTS 57 pairs of twins were included, 4 excluded, making the sample of 110 newborns. GA=36±1.65weeks and BW=2304.8±460g(mean±SD). Antibody concentrations in twins(mean±SD): total IgG=835.71±190.73mg/dL, anti-StreptococcusB IgG=250.66±295.1 AU/mL, anti-lipopolysaccharide of Pseudomonas spp IgG=280.04±498.66 AU/mL and anti-lipopolysaccharide of Klebsiella spp IgG=504.75±933.93 AU/mL. There was a positive correlation between maternal antibody levels and those observed in newborns(p <0.005). The transplacental transfer of maternal total IgG and anti-LPS Pseudomonas IgG antibodies was significantly lower at NB GA <34 weeks(p <0.05). Five newborns were diagnosed with an infection. Infants with infection had significantly lower total IgG concentration(p <0.05). CONCLUSION This study showed a positive correlation between maternal and newborn antibodies levels. In infants younger than 34 weeks there is less transfer of total IgG and anti-LPS Pseudomonas IgG. The highest incidence of infection in the newborn group who had significantly lower total IgG serum antibodies reinforces the importance of anti-infectious protection afforded by passive immunity transferred from the mother.


RESUMO OBJETIVOS Descrever o título de anticorpos IgG total e específico anti-Streptococcus B, anti-lipopolissacarídeos(LPS) de Klebsiella e Pseudomonas no cordão umbilical em gêmeos e analisar a possível associação entre os títulos desses anticorpos e a ocorrência de infecção. MÉTODOS Estudo prospectivo transversal de uma coorte de recém-nascidos (RN) gemelares em 20 meses. Excluídos: malformação, infecção congênita ou materna. Variáveis estudadas: idade gestacional(IG); peso de nascimento(PN); título de anticorpos e episódios de infecção. Foram utilizados testes t-Student pareado, correlação de Spearman e equações de estimação generalizadas. RESULTADOS Elegíveis 59 pares de gêmeos, excluídos 4 e incluídos 55 pares (n=110RN). A IG foi 36±1,65semanas e o PN foi 2304,8±460g (média±DP). Concentrações de anticorpos dos RN(média±DP): IgG total=835,71±190,73 mg/dL, IgG anti-Streptococcus B=295,1±250,66 UA/mL, IgG anti-LPS Pseudomonas=280,04±498,66 UA/mL e IgG anti-LPS Klebsiella=504,75± 933,93UA/mL. Houve correlação positiva entre níveis de anticorpos maternos e aqueles observados nos RN (p<0,005). A transferência transplacentária de anticorpos maternos IgG total e IgG anti-LPS Pseudomonas foi significativamente menor em RN IG < 34semanas (p<0,05). Foram diagnosticados 5 RN com infecção. Os RN que apresentaram infecção tinham concentração de IgG total significativamente menor (p<0,05). CONCLUSÕES Na população estudada existe correlação entre os anticorpos maternos e os níveis de anticorpos no RN. Nos gêmeos menores que 34 semanas há menor transferência de IgG total e IgG anti-LPS Pseudomonas. Nos RN com infecção a concentração de IgG total é significativamente menor, o que demonstra a maior vulnerabilidade e risco de infecção dessa população e a importância da imunidade passiva transferida pela placenta.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Pseudomonas Infections/blood , Streptococcal Infections/blood , Immunoglobulin G/blood , Klebsiella , Pseudomonas , Cross-Sectional Studies , Prospective Studies , Immunity, Maternally-Acquired , Infections
6.
Semina cienc. biol. saude ; 41(2): 165-176, jun./dez. 2020. Ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1224275

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to evaluate the production of lipases by a new strain of Pseudomonas sp. using fermentation medium containing byproducts of poultry meat or soybean oil industry. The results indicate that chicken fat and soybean gum induced 48.3 U/mL and 93.3 of lipase activity, respectively. However, the higher lipase production was obtained when the crude lecithin gum was used, archiving 272.6 U/ml of activity after 24 hours. The partial biochemical characterization of the enzyme showed that the optimum reaction conditions were pH 9.0 and 35 °C. The enzyme was stable at temperatures between 25 to 75 °C and at pH from 6 to 9. The enzyme also showed good stability in organic solvents, such as acetronitrile, hexane, ethanol and isopropanol. This study indicates that the byproducts tested are promising for the production of lipase and can contribute to the reduction of enzymatic production costs on a large scale, increase the value of these byproducts and reduce potential environmental impacts caused by its accumulation in nature.(AU)


Este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar a produção de lipases por uma nova cepa de Pseudomonas sp. utilizando meio de fermentação contendo subprodutos de industrialização de carne de frango e óleo de soja. Os resultados indicaram que a gordura de frango e a goma de soja induziram 48,3 U/mL e 93,3 U/ml de atividade lipásica, respectivamente. No entanto, a produção de lipase mais elevada foi obtida quando a goma de lecitina bruta foi utilizada, induzindo 272,6 U/ml de atividade após 24 horas. A caracterização bioquímica parcial da enzima mostrou que as condições de reação ótimas foram de pH 9,0 e 35 °C. A enzima foi estável nas temperaturas entre 25 a 75 °C e pH de 6 a 9. A enzima mostrou boa estabilidade em solventes orgânicos, tais como acetonitrila, hexano, etanol e isopropanol. Este estudo indicou que os subprodutos testados são promissores para a produção de lipase e podem contribuir para a redução dos custos de produção enzimática em larga escala, aumentar o valor desses subprodutos e reduzir potenciais impactos ambientais causados por sua acumulação na natureza.(AU)


Subject(s)
Pseudomonas , Lipase , Lecithins , Fats , Fermentation
8.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 44: 14-18, Mar. 2020. ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1087629

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Although bioactive metabolites capable of causing oxidative photo-necrosis in plant tissues have been identified in fungi, little is known about this type of mechanism in bacteria. These metabolites act as photosensitizers that generate reactive oxygen species (ROS) capable of causing damage to cells. In addition, these metabolites can pass into an energetically excited state when they receive some luminous stimulus, a condition in which they interact with other molecules present in the environment, such as molecular oxygen (O2), also known as triplet oxygen (3 O2), generating ROS. RESULTS: The suspension of the bacterial culture of Pseudomonas cedrina was shown to produce foliar necrosis in papaya leaves (Carica papaya L.) only in the presence of sunlight, which is evidence of photosensitizing mechanisms that generate singlet oxygen (1 O2). From the chemical study of extracts obtained from this bacteria, 3-(4-(2-carboxipropyl) phenyl) but-2-enoic acid (1) was isolated. This compound, in the presence of light and triplet oxygen (3 O2), was able to oxidize ergosterol to its peroxide, since it acted as a photosensitizer producing 1 O2, with which it was corroborated that a photosensitization reaction occurs, mechanism by which this bacterium could prove to cause oxidative foliar photo-necrosis. CONCLUSIONS: P. cedrina was able to induce oxidative foliar photo-necrosis because of its potential ability to produce photosensitizing metabolites that generate singlet oxygen in the plants it colonizes. Based on the above, it can be proposed that some bacteria can cause oxidative foliar photo-necrosis as an important mechanism in the pathogenesis of host species.


Subject(s)
Plant Diseases/microbiology , Pseudomonas/physiology , Carica/microbiology , Singlet Oxygen/metabolism , Pseudomonas/metabolism , Acids , Reactive Oxygen Species , Plant Leaves/microbiology , Photooxidation , Light , Necrosis
9.
Santa Tecla, La Libertad; ITCA Editores; ene. 2020. 66 p. ^c28 cm.tab., graf..
Monography in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1222759

ABSTRACT

Este estudio permitió conocer la calidad microbiológica del agua del Golfo de Fonseca, a través de un programa de monitoreo realizado durante 12 meses, en 9 puntos de muestreo distribuidos en 3 sectores. "A" estero La Manzanilla-Isla Perico, "B" Ciudad de La Unión ­ bocana río Goascorán y "C" estero El Tamarindo ­ Isla Meanguera. El propósito fue obtener registros de contaminación de aguas costeras para el país y el impacto que las aguas residuales producen en el ambiente costero y la pérdida de la calidad del agua para actividades tales como la maricultura y la recreación. Entre las bacterias encontradas se encuentran: Enterococcus, Pseudomonas, Vibrios y Heterótrofas. Dichas bacterias están asociadas con diferentes enfermedades para la salud humana, tal es el caso de las pseudomonas, las cuales están frecuentemente asociadas a infecciones de los tractos respiratorio y urinario. Los resultados obtenidos de Vibrio indican que el agua no es apta para uso en acuicultura, ni para uso recreativo, el agua se encuentra en el límite de referencia en cuanto al uso con propósito de producción acuícola y límite de referencia en cuanto al riesgo de consumo de productos pesqueros.


This study allowed to know the microbiological quality of the water of Golfo de Fonseca, through a monitoring program carried out during 12 months, in 9 sampling points distributed in 3 sectors. "A" La Manzanilla estuary- Isla Perico, "B" City of La Unión - Río Goascorán mouth and "C" El Tamarindo estuary - Isla Meanguera. The purpose was to obtain records of coastal water pollution for the country and the impact that wastewater produces on the coastal environment and the loss of water quality for activities such as mariculture and recreation. Among the bacteria found are: Enterococcus, Pseudomonas, Vibrios and Heterotrophs. These bacteria are associated with different diseases for human health, such is the case of pseudomonas, which are frequently associated with infections of the respiratory and urinary tracts. The results obtained from Vibrio indicate that the water is not suitable for use in aquaculture, nor for recreational use, the water is at the reference limit in terms of use for the purpose of aquaculture production and the reference limit regarding the risk of consumption. of fishery products.


Subject(s)
Bacteria , Water Quality , Water Quality Criteria , Water , Aquaculture , Pseudomonas , Vibrio , Enterococcus , Waste Water , Fisheries , Sustainable Development
11.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 39(10): 807-815, Oct. 2019. tab, ilus
Article in English | ID: biblio-1056902

ABSTRACT

The most consumed cheese in Brazil, Minas Frescal cheese (MFC) is highly susceptible to microbial contamination and clandestine production and commercialization can pose a risk to consumer health. The storage of this fresh product under refrigeration, although more appropriate, may favor the growth of spoilage psychrotrophic bacteria. The objective of this study was to quantify and compare Pseudomonas spp. and other psychrotrophic bacteria in inspected and non-inspected MFC samples, evaluate their lipolytic and proteolytic activities and their metalloprotease production potentials. Twenty MFC samples were evaluated: 10 inspected and 10 non-inspected. Counts of psychrotrophic bacteria and Pseudomonas spp., evaluation of the proteolytic and lipolytic potential of the isolates, and identification of potential producers of alkaline metalloprotease (AprX) were assessed. The mean total psychrotrophic counts were 1.07 (±2.18) × 109CFU/g in the inspected samples and 4.5 (±5.86) × 108CFU/g in the non-inspected, with no significant difference (p=0.37). The average score of Pseudomonas spp. was 6.86 (±18.6) × 105 and 2.08 (±3.65) × 106 CFU/g for the inspected and non-inspected MFC samples, respectively, with no significant difference (p=0.1). Pseudomonas spp. represented 0.06% and 0.004% of psychrotrophic bacteria found in inspected and non-inspected MFC samples, respectively. Collectively, 694 psychrotrophic strains and 47Pseudomonas spp. were isolated, of which 59.9% and 68.1% were simultaneously proteolytic and lipolytic, respectively. Of the 470 psychrotrophs isolated from inspected and 224 from non-inspected cheese samples, 5.74% and 2.23% contained aprX, respectively, while 100 and 86.96% of the Pseudomonas spp. isolates in inspected and non-inspected cheese samples contained the gene. The production potential of AprX did not, however, determine the proteolytic activity on plates of these isolates under the conditions evaluated in this study. Of total, 65.63% of the psychrotrophs that contained aprX gene were confirmed as Pseudomonas spp., using genus-specific PCR. Phylogenetic analysis of the 16S rRNA gene of the other psychrotrophs that were potential producers of AprX identified them as Serratia spp. (n=7), Raoultella ornithinolytica (n=1), and Acinetobacter schindleri (n=1) in the inspected samples and Psychrobacter sanguinis (n=1) and Leuconostoc mesenteroides (n=1) in the non-inspected samples. The production conditions of Brazilian MFC of these samples, while meeting the legal determinations, are not sufficient to control Pseudomonas and other spoilage-related psychrotrophs. Thus, stricter hygienic measures are required during the formal production of this type of cheese.(AU)


O mais consumido no Brasil, o queijo Minas Frescal (QMF) é altamente suscetível à contaminação microbiana e a produção e comercialização clandestina podem representar um risco para a saúde do consumidor. O armazenamento deste produto fresco sob refrigeração, embora mais apropriado, pode favorecer a multiplicação de bactérias psicrotróficas deteriorantes. O objetivo deste estudo foi quantificar e comparar Pseudomonas spp. e outras bactérias psicrotróficas em amostras de QMF inspecionadas e não inspecionadas, avaliar o potencial lipolítico, proteolítico e de produção de metaloprotease alcalina. Vinte amostras de QMF foram avaliadas: 10 inspecionadas e 10 não inspecionadas. Foram avaliadas as contagens de bactérias psicrotróficas e Pseudomonas spp., o potencial proteolítico e lipolítico dos isolados e a identificação de potenciais produtores de metaloprotease alcalina (AprX). A média total das contagens de bactérias psicrotróficas foi de 1,07 (±2,18) × 109UFC/g nas amostras inspecionadas e 4,5 (±5,86) × 108UFC/g nas não inspecionadas, sem diferença significativa (p=0,37). A média de Pseudomonasspp. foi de 6,86 (±18,6) × 105 e 2,08 (±3,65) × 106UFC/g para as amostras QMF inspecionadas e não-inspecionadas, respectivamente, sem diferença significativa (p=0,1). Pseudomonas spp. representaram 0,06% e 0,004% de bactérias psicrotróficas encontradas em amostras QMF inspecionadas e não-inspecionadas, respectivamente. Das amostras inspecionadas e não inspecionadas, foram isoladas 694 colônias psicrotróficas e 47 Pseudomonasspp., dos quais 59,9% e 68,1% foram simultaneamente proteolíticos e lipolíticos, respectivamente. Dos 470 isolados de psicrotróficos das amostras de queijo inspecionados e dos 224 isolados das não inspecionadas, 5,74% e 2,23% continham o gene aprX, respectivamente, enquanto 100 e 86,96% das Pseudomonasspp. isoladas em amostras de queijo inspecionadas e não inspecionadas continham o potencial de expressão de AprX. Esse potencial, no entanto, não determinou a atividade proteolítica em placas desses isolados nas condições avaliadas neste estudo. Do total, 65,63% dos psicrotróficos que continham o gene aprX foram confirmados como Pseudomonasspp., utilizando PCR gênero-específico. A análise filogenética do gene 16S rRNA dos outros psicrotróficos que foram produtores potenciais de AprX os identificou como Serratia spp. (n=7), Raoultella ornithinolytica (n=1) e Acinetobacter schindleri (n=1) nas amostras inspecionadas e Psychrobacter sanguinis (n=1) e Leuconostoc mesenteroides (n=1) nas amostras não inspecionadas. As condições de produção do QMF dessas amostras, atendendo às determinações legais, não são suficientes para controlar a Pseudomonas e outros psicrotróficos relacionados à deterioração. Assim, medidas higiênicas mais rígidas são necessárias durante a produção formal deste tipo de queijo.(AU)


Subject(s)
Pseudomonas/isolation & purification , Cheese/microbiology , Quality Control
12.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 40: 40-44, July. 2019. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1053231

ABSTRACT

Background: The study of plant-associated microorganisms is very important in the discovery and development of bioactive compounds. Pseudomonas is a diverse genus of Gammaproteobacteria comprising more than 60 species capable of establishing themselves in many habitats, which include leaves and stems of many plants. There are reports of metabolites with diverse biological activity obtained from bacteria of this genus, and some of the metabolites have shown cytotoxic activity against cancer cell lines. Because of the high incidence of cancer, research in recent years has focused on obtaining new sources of active compounds that exhibit interesting pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic properties that lead to the development of new therapeutic agents. Results: A bacterial strain was isolated from tumors located in the stem of Pinus patula, and it was identified as Pseudomonas cedrina. Extracts from biomass and broth of P. cedrina were obtained with chloroform:methanol (1:1). Only biomass extracts exhibited antiproliferative activity against human tumor cell lines of cervix (HeLa), lung (A-549), and breast (HBL-100). In addition, a biomass extract from P. cedrina was fractioned by silica gel column chromatography and two diketopiperazines were isolated: cyclo-(L-Prolyl-L-Valine) and cyclo-(L-Leucyl-L-Proline). Conclusions: This is the first report on the association of P. cedrina with the stems of P. patula in Mexico and the antiproliferative activity of extracts from this species of bacteria against human solid tumor cell lines.


Subject(s)
Pseudomonas/chemistry , Pinus/microbiology , Cell Line, Tumor/drug effects , Antineoplastic Agents/pharmacology , Plants/microbiology , Symbiosis , Biomass , Gammaproteobacteria/chemistry , Cell Proliferation/drug effects
14.
Biosci. j. (Online) ; 35(2): 419-430, mar./apr. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1048596

ABSTRACT

Plant growth promotion by microorganisms may be a viable alternative to increase lettuce production through pathogens control and nutrients absorption increase. Trichoderma and Pseudomonasgenus are examples of widely studied microorganisms with the capacity to promote plant growth. However, there are still gaps regarding the action of the combined effect of these two microorganisms. Therefore, the objective of this study was to evaluate the combined effect of Pseudomonas sp. UAGF14 and Trichoderma aureoviride URM5158 on the development of lettuce plants. The experimental design was completely randomized, with five treatments: CONT (control), CM (soil with organic fertilization), CMB (soil withorganic fertilization and Pseudomonas sp.), CMF (soil with organic fertilization and T. aureoviride), and CMFB (soil with organic fertilization, Pseudomonas sp. and T. aureoviride), with ten repetitions. At 30, 40 and 60 days after sowing, the following parameters were analyzed: plant and canopy height and number of leaves. At 60 days after emergence, shoot dry matter, leaf area, root dry matter, root length and chlorophyll were analyzed. Catalase, peroxidase and polyphenol oxidase enzymatic activity were determined. The CMFB treatment had the highest means of lettuce growth promotion, confirming the synergistic effect of the combination of the two microorganism types, as it increased height, canopy, shoot and root dry matter, and chlorophyll levels compared to CONT, although did not differ from CM in some variables. Enzymatic activity was also influenced by the action of these microorganisms combined, evidencing by polyphenol oxidase increase. The CMFB or CM were efficient in promoting lettuce growth, showing positive response to the plant morphological and physiological characteristics. However, few responses were observed in lettuce plant growth in the first cycle evaluated after 60 days, compared CM and CMFB treatments, but both treatments showed superiority in lettuce plant growth submitted to CONT treatment. Therefore, further studies are needed to estimate the long-term effects of combined effect of Pseudomonas sp. UAGF14 and T. aureoviride URM5158 on crop productivity in field conditions.


A promoção do crescimento das plantas por micro-organismos pode ser uma alternativa viável para aumentar a produção de alface através de controle de patógenos e aumento da absorção de nutrientes. O gênero fúngico Trichoderma e o gênero bacteriano Pseudomonas são exemplos de micro-organismos amplamente estudados com capacidade para promover o crescimento da planta. No entanto, ainda existem lacunas quanto à ação do efeito combinado desses dois micro-organismos. Portanto, o objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o efeito combinado de Pseudomonas UAGF14 e Trichoderma aureoviride URM5158 sobre o desenvolvimento de plantas de alface. O delineamento experimental foi completamente casualizados, com cinco tratamentos: CONT (controle, sem fertilização orgânica), CM (solo com fertilização orgânica), CMB (solo com fertilização orgânicae Pseudomonas sp.), CMF (solo com fertilização orgânica e T. aureoviride) e CMFB (solo com fertilização orgânica, Pseudomonas sp. e T. aureoviride), com dez repetições. Aos 30, 40 e 60 dias após a semeadura, foram analisados os seguintes parâmetros: altura da planta e dossel e número de folhas. Aos 60 dias após a emergência, a matéria seca da parte aérea, a área foliar, a massa seca das raízes, o comprimento radicular e a clorofila foram analisados. Catalase, peroxidase e atividade enzimática da polifenol oxidase foram determinadas. O CMFB apresentou o maior crescimento de alface, confirmando o efeito benéfico da combinação dos dois tipos de micro-organismos com a planta, na medida em que aumentou a altura, o dossel, a matéria seca da parte aérea e da raiz, e os níveis de clorofila em relação ao CONT, embora não tenha diferido do CM em algumas variáveis. As atividades enzimáticas também foram influenciadas pela ação desses micro-organismos combinados, evidenciada pelo aumento de polifenol oxidase. O CMFB ou CM foram eficientes na promoção do crescimento da alface, mostrando respostas positivas às características morfológicas e fisiológicas. Entretanto, poucas respostas foram observadas no crescimento da alface noprimeiro ciclo da planta avaliado depois de 60 dias, comparando os tratamentos CM e CMFB, mas ambos tratamentos mostraram superioridade em relação ao crescimento das plantas de alface submetidas ao tratamento controle. Por isso, são necessários futuros estudos para estimar à longo prazo o efeito combinado de Pseudomonas sp. UAGF14 e Trichoderma aureoviride URM5158 na produção de cultura em condições de campo.


Subject(s)
Catalase , Lettuce , Pseudomonas , Trichoderma
15.
CorSalud ; 11(1): 79-83, ene.-mar. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089714

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Las infecciones por los dispositivos cardiovasculares son cada vez más frecuentes. Se presenta el caso de un hombre de 62 años edad con fiebre y toma del estado general, que había sido intervenido hacía siete años para la implantación de un marcapasos. En los complementarios se observaron leucocitosis y hemoglobina por debajo de 10 g/L; y en el ecocardiograma, un electrodo de marcapaso en cavidades derechas con múltiples masas ecodensas que indicaban endocarditis infecciosa. Se realizó extracción quirúrgica del dispositivo y cultivo de muestras de las vegetaciones, con aislamiento de Pseudomonas spp. Se administró terapia antimicrobiana sobre la base del antibiograma y el paciente evolucionó satisfactoriamente. Se debe pensar en esta enfermedad ante todo paciente con marcapasos que presente fiebre y sintomatología general, una vez que se han descartado otros posibles focos de infección; además, se debe actuar rápido para lograr un tratamiento adecuado.


ABSTRACT Infections due to cardiovascular devices are becoming more frequent. Here is presented the case of a 62-year-old male patient with fever and poor general condition, who had been intervened seven years ago for the implantation of a pacemaker. In the blood tests, leukocytosis and hemoglobin below 10 g/L were observed. The echocardiogram showed a pacemaker electrode in the right cavities with multiple echo-dense masses indicating infectious endocarditis. A surgical extraction of the device was performed as well as culture of vegetation samples with the isolation of Pseudomonas spp. An antimicrobial therapy was provided on the basis of the antibiogram, and the patient progressed satisfactorily. This clinical entity should be considered in any patient with a pacemaker who presents fever and general symptoms, once other possible sources of infection are ruled out; in addition to acting quickly in order to achieve an adequate treatment.


Subject(s)
Pacemaker, Artificial , Pseudomonas , Endocarditis, Non-Infective
16.
Rev. chil. infectol ; 36(1): 9-15, feb. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003651

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: Ertapenem ha demostrado eficacia frente a Enterobacteriaceae productoras de β-lactamasas de espectro extendido, pero carece de actividad contra bacterias no fermentadoras; el desescalamiento a este antimicrobiano cuando no existe la presencia de P. aeruginosa podría reducir la presión selectiva contra esta bacteria y mejorar los resultados clínicos. Objetivo: Evaluar el impacto clínico del desescalamiento de antimicrobianos con cobertura anti-pseudomonas a ertapenem, un agente sin este espectro, en pacientes críticos con infecciones por Enterobacteriaceae. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio de cohorte prospectivo en adultos admitidos a Unidades de Cuidado Intensivo (UCI) con infecciones por Enterobacteriaceae, que habían sido desescalados de una cobertura anti-pseudomonas, a un antimicrobiano sin la misma (ertapenem). Se realizó un modelo de riesgo proporcional de Cox comparando mortalidad por cualquier causa y duración de estancia hospitalaria entre aquellos pacientes que permanecieron con cobertura anti-pseudomonas versus aquellos que fueron desescalados a ertapenem. Resultados: 105 pacientes en el grupo anti-pseudomonas fueron comparados con 148 pacientes del grupo de desescalamiento a ertapenem. El desescalamiento estuvo asociado con una menor mortalidad por cualquier causa comparado con los pacientes que permanecieron con cobertura anti-pseudomonas (hazard ratio ajustado 0,24; IC 95%: 0,12-0,46). La estancia hospitalaria en UCI fue similar en ambos grupos. Discusión: Los pacientes de UCI con infecciones por Enterobacteriaceae desescalados a terapia con ertapenem, tuvieron mejores resultados clínicos comparados con aquellos que permanecieron en terapia anti-pseudomonas, sugiriendo que el desescalamiento es una práctica segura en esta población.


Background: Ertapenem has proven to be effective for extended-spectrum beta-lactamases-producing Enterobacteriaceae but lacks activity against non-fermenters; de-escalation to this antibiotic may reduce the selection of resistance to Pseudomonas aeruginosa and improve clinical outcomes. Aim: To evaluate the clinical impact of de-escalation from broad-spectrum anti-pseudomonal agents to ertapenem, a non-pseudomonal antibiotics for Enterobacteriaceae infections in critically-ill patients. Methods: We conducted a prospective cohort study in adult patients admitted to intensive care units (ICUs) who had Enterobacteriaceae infections and were de-escalated from empiric anti-pseudomonal coverage to non-pseudomonal antibiotics. Cox proportional hazards models were performed comparing all-cause mortality and length of hospital stay between patients who remained on anti-pseudomonal coverage versus those who were de-escalated to ertapenem. Results: 105 patients in the anti-pseudomonal group were compared to 148 patients in the ertapenem de-escalation group. De-escalation was associated with lower all-cause mortality compared to patients who remained on anti-pseudomonal coverage (adjusted Hazard Ratio 0.24; 95% CI: 0.12-0.46). The length of ICU stay was similar between the groups. Discussion: ICU patients with Enterobacteriaceae infections de-escalated to ertapenem therapy had better outcomes compared to patients who remained on broad-spectrum, anti-pseudomonal therapy, suggesting that de-escalation is a safe approach amongst ICU patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Enterobacteriaceae Infections/drug therapy , Ertapenem/administration & dosage , Intensive Care Units , Anti-Bacterial Agents/administration & dosage , Pseudomonas/drug effects , Time Factors , Proportional Hazards Models , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome , Critical Illness , Colombia , Statistics, Nonparametric , Enterobacteriaceae Infections/mortality , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Length of Stay
17.
Braz. j. biol ; 79(1): 29-37, Jan.-Mar 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-984009

ABSTRACT

Abstract Three phosphate solubilizing bacteria were isolated and identified by 16S rRNA sequencing as Pseudomonas putida, Pseudomonas sp and Pseudomonas fulva . The strains were subjected to plant biochemical testing and all the PGPR attributes were checked in the presence of pesticides (chlorpyrifos and pyriproxyfen). The phosphate solubilizing index of strain Ros2 was highest in NBRIP medium i.e 2.23 mm. All the strains showed acidic pH (ranges from 2.5-5) on both medium i.e PVK and NBRIP. Strain Ros2 was highly positive for ammonia production as well as siderophore production while strain Rad2 was positive for HCN production. The results obtained by the strains Rad1, Rad2 and Ros2 for auxin production were 33.1, 30.67 and 15.38 µg ml-1, respectively. Strain Rad1 showed 16% increase in percentage germination in comparison to control in the presence of pesticide stress. Most promising results for chlorophyll content estimation were obtained in the presence of carotenoids upto 6 mgg-1 without stress by both strains Rad1 and Rad2. Study suggests that especially strain Ros2 can enhance plant growth parameters in the pesticide stress.


Resumo Três bactérias solubilizantes de fosfato foram isoladas e identificadas por seqüenciamento de rRNA 16S como Pseudomonas putida, Pseudomonas sp e Pseudomonas fulva. As estirpes foram submetidas a testes bioquímicos de plantas e todos os atributos PGPR foram verificados na presença de pesticidas (clorpirifos e piriproxifeno). O índice de solubilização de fosfato da estirpe Ros2 foi mais elevado no meio NBRIP, isto é, 2,23 mm. Todas as estirpes apresentaram um pH ácido (varia de 2,5-5) em ambos os meios, isto é PVK e NBRIP. A estirpe Ros2 foi altamente positiva para a produção de amoníaco, bem como a produção de sideróforos enquanto a estirpe Rad2 foi positiva para a produção de HCN. Os resultados obtidos pelas estirpes Rad1, Rad2 e Ros2 para a produção de auxina foram 33,1, 30,67 e 15,38 μg ml-1 , respectivamente. A deformação Rad1 mostrou aumento de 16% na germinação percentual em comparação com o controlo na presença de stress de pesticida. Os resultados mais promissores para a estimativa do teor de clorofila foram obtidos na presença de carotenóides até 6 mgg-1 sem estresse por ambas as cepas Rad1 e Rad2. Estudo sugere que especialmente a estirpe Ros2 pode melhorar parâmetros de crescimento de plantas no estresse de pesticidas.


Subject(s)
Phosphates/metabolism , Pseudomonas/physiology , Pyridines/administration & dosage , Triticum/growth & development , Chlorpyrifos/administration & dosage , Insecticides/administration & dosage , Pakistan , Pseudomonas/drug effects , Triticum/metabolism , Triticum/microbiology , RNA, Bacterial/analysis , RNA, Ribosomal, 16S/analysis , Pseudomonas putida/drug effects , Pseudomonas putida/physiology , Sequence Analysis, RNA
18.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-738628

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To report polymicrobial keratitis involving Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Acinetobacter baumannii, and Ochrobactrum anthropi. CASE SUMMARY: A 53-year-old female complained of pain and secretion in her right eye, which started 6 weeks before her visit. She applied steroid ointment, which was received from the dermatologist, to her eyelid 7 days prior to her visit but this treatment worsened her symptoms. At the initial visit, the visual acuity of the right eye was light perception, and purulent secretions were observed. Using a slit lamp, severe conjunctival hyperemia, hypopyon, and a ring-shaped central corneal ulcer were observed. The anterior chamber and fundus were not observed due to corneal lesions but ultrasonography showed no intraocular inflammation. Infectious keratitis was suspected and cultured by corneal scraping. During the incubation period, 0.5% moxifloxacin, 2% voriconazole, and 1% cyclopentolate were administered. A total of 400 mg of moxifloxacin and 100 mg of doxycycline were given orally. In the primary culture, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Acinetobacter baumannii were identified so 5% ceftazidime, which was sensitive for the antibiotic susceptibility results was further instilled. Thereafter, the keratitis improved but the keratitis again worsened while maintaining the topical treatment. A secondary culture was positive for Ochrobactrum anthropi. Treatment with 1.4% gentamicin, which was sensitive for the antibiotic susceptibility test was added and the keratitis improved. A conjunctival flap was performed because of the increased risk of perforation. CONCLUSIONS: We report polymicrobial keratitis involving Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Acinetobacter baumannii, and Ochrobactrum anthropi for the first time in the Republic of Korea.


Subject(s)
Acinetobacter baumannii , Acinetobacter , Anterior Chamber , Ceftazidime , Corneal Ulcer , Cyclopentolate , Doxycycline , Eyelids , Female , Gentamicins , Humans , Hyperemia , Inflammation , Keratitis , Middle Aged , Ochrobactrum anthropi , Ochrobactrum , Pseudomonas aeruginosa , Pseudomonas , Republic of Korea , Slit Lamp , Ultrasonography , Visual Acuity , Voriconazole
19.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766855

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical aspects of inpatients with bacterial keratitis according to culture positivity. METHODS: This was a retrospective review of 98 cases of inpatients with bacterial keratitis who were treated between January 2011 and December 2016 in Yeungnam University Hospital. Epidemiology, predisposing factors, clinical characteristics, and treatment outcomes were compared between culture positive (CP, 39 eyes) and culture negative (CN, 59 eyes) groups. Risk factors for poor clinical outcome were evaluated in the total cohort and analyzed using multivariate logistic regression. RESULTS: Pseudomonas spp. (31%) and Staphylococcus spp. (24%) were common in the CP group. There were no significant differences in previous ocular surface disease, contact lens wear, or hypopyon between the two groups. Epithelial defect size ≥5 mm² (51%:31%, p = 0.04) and initial visual acuity <0.1 (Snellen) (51%:31%, p = 0.04) were significantly higher in the CP group than in the CN group. Epithelial healing time ≥14 days (18%:5%, p = 0.08) and poor clinical outcome (28%:20%, p = 0.37) were more common in the CP group than in the CN group. Risk factors for poor clinical outcome were previous ocular surface disease (odds ratio [OR] = 11.29, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 2.01–63.41, p = 0.006) and previous ocular surgery (OR = 6.98, 95% CI = 1.51–32.20, p = 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: The CP group showed relatively worse initial clinical characteristics than the CN group. Treatment outcomes were slightly worse in the CP group than in the CN group; however, this difference was not statistically significant. Previous ocular surface disease and previous ocular surgery were associated with poor clinical outcome.


Subject(s)
Bacterial Infections , Causality , Cohort Studies , Corneal Ulcer , Epidemiology , Humans , Inpatients , Keratitis , Logistic Models , Pseudomonas , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Staphylococcus , Visual Acuity
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-758896

ABSTRACT

Mammary lesions in sows can prevent suckling piglets from consuming colostrum that provides fundamental nutrients and protective immunity. Although mammary gross lesions are frequently found in sows at farms or slaughterhouses, with the exception of mastitis, they have received little research attention. In this study, we investigated mammary lesions observed in South Korean sows between 2015 and 2016. Mammary tissue samples of 82 sows showing gross lesions during meat inspection were histologically classified and immunohistochemical analysis was conducted to assess the expression of estrogen receptor (ER)-α, ER-β, and progesterone receptor (PR) for mammary hyperplastic lesions as well as that of cluster of differentiation (CD) 3, CD79a, interleukin (IL)-1α, IL-1β, IL-6, and IL-8 for mastitis. Furthermore, 20 swab samples were cultured, and the isolated bacteria were identified using polymerase chain reactions for 16S ribosomal RNA genes. The lesions were classified as hyperplasia, mastitis, or hyperplasia with mastitis. Immunohistochemistry results revealed that there was neither expression of ER-α nor of ER-β, but all examined hyperplastic samples expressed PR. In addition, there was a significant correlation between CD3 and IL-1β expressions, as well as between IL-1β and IL-6 expressions. Regarding the identity of the isolated bacteria, Pseudomonas spp. were most frequently detected. The results of this study have revealed the incidence and characteristics of porcine mammary lesions.


Subject(s)
Abattoirs , Agriculture , Bacteria , Bacterial Infections , Classification , Colostrum , Cytokines , Estrogens , Female , Hyperplasia , Immunohistochemistry , Incidence , Interleukin-6 , Interleukin-8 , Interleukins , Mammary Glands, Human , Mastitis , Meat , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Pseudomonas , Receptors, Progesterone , RNA, Ribosomal, 16S , Swine
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