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1.
An. bras. dermatol ; 97(1): 63-74, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360091

ABSTRACT

Abstract Generalized pustular psoriasis (von Zumbusch) is a rare and acute eruption characterized by multiple sterile pustules over an erythematous and edematous background, eventually associated with psoriasis vulgaris. Classically, it manifests as a potentially severe systemic picture and demands prompt diagnosis and intervention. The duration of each flare-up and intervals between the pustular episodes is extremely variable. Recently, genetic abnormalities have been identified mainly in the familial and early variants of this disease. The therapeutic arsenal is limited; however, new drugs being evaluated aim to control both pustular flare-ups and disease recurrences.


Subject(s)
Humans , Psoriasis/diagnosis , Psoriasis/drug therapy , Skin Diseases, Vesiculobullous , Exanthema , Acute Disease , Chronic Disease
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927436

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION@#Nail psoriasis treatment is challenging due to difficult drug delivery and systemic therapy toxicities. Self-dissolvable microneedle patches embedded with corticosteroids offers a potentially rapid, minimally invasive drug delivery platform with good efficacy and minimal adverse side effects.@*METHODS@#We conducted a 4-month prospective randomised controlled trial. Subjects with psoriatic nails were randomised to receive microneedle device delivered topical steroids on one hand and control treatment (topical Daivobet gel) on the other. Two independent dermatologists blinded to the treatment assignment scored their Nail Psoriasis Severity Index (NAPSI) during visits at baseline, 2 and 4 months. All treatment was discontinued after 2 months. Average NAPSI score on each hand was analysed.@*RESULTS@#A total of 25 participants were recruited, aged 22 to 73 years. Majority were Chinese (72%), followed by Indian and Malay. There was equal randomisation of treatment to the left and right nail. While there was a rapid significant improvement in average NAPSI score for the control arm at 2 months, the treatment arm had a greater, more sustained improvement of the NAPSI score at 4 months. The average NAPSI score improved for both treatment and control group at 4 months compared to baseline. However, only the NAPSI value improvement in the controls at 2 months compared to baseline was statistically significant (P=0.0039). No severe adverse effects were reported.@*CONCLUSION@#To the best of our knowledge, this is the first prospective randomised control trial comparing microneedle technology against conventional topical steroids in nail psoriasis treatment. Our findings demonstrate microneedle technology is as efficacious as topical therapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Nail Diseases/drug therapy , Nails , Prospective Studies , Psoriasis/drug therapy , Triamcinolone
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927420

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of fire needling on psoriasis-like lesion and the signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) pathway in mice and compare the therapeutic effect between different interventions of fire needling therapy (surrounding technique of fire needling, fire needling at "Dazhui" [GV 14] and "Zusanli" [ST 36]).@*METHODS@#Thirty male BALB/c mice were randomized into a blank group, a model group, a dexamthasone group, a surrounding technique group and an acupoint group, 6 mice in each one. Except the blank group, the mice in the rest groups were established as psoriasis-like lesion model by topical application with imiquimod cream, once daily, consecutively for 8 days. From day 4 to day 8, in the dexamthasone group, gastric infusion with 0.2 mL dexamthasone was administered, once daily. On day 4, 6 and 8, in the surrounding technique group, fire needling was exerted around the skin lesion; and fire needling was applied to "Dazhui" (GV 14) and "Zusanli" (ST 36) in the acupoint group, once a day. The changes in skin lesion on the dorsal parts of mice were observed in each group to score the psoriasis area and severity index (PASI). Using HE staining, the dermal morphological changes and epidermal thickness were observed in the mice of each group. The positive expression of proliferating cell-associated antigen Ki-67 was determined by immunofluorescence. Immunohistochemistry method was used to determine the expressions of , and T cells of skin tissue in each group. Using real-time PCR, the expressions of interleukin (IL)-17, IL-22, tumor necrosis factor α(TNF-α) mRNA were determined. Western blot method was adopted to determine the protein expressions of STAT3 and p-STAT3 in skin tissue in each group.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the blank group, the scores of each item and the total scores of PASI, as well as the epidermal thickness were all increased in the mice of the model group (P<0.01). Except for the erythema scores of the dexamethasone group and the surrounding technique group, the scores of each item and the total scores of PASI, as well as the epidermal thickness were all decreased in each intervention group as compared with the model group (P<0.01). The infiltration scores and the total scores in the dexamethasone group and the acupoint group were lower than those in the surrounding technique group respectively (P<0.01, P<0.05). In comparison with the blank group, Ki-67 positive cell numbers and the numbers of , and T cells in skin tissue were increased in the mice of the model group (P<0.01). Ki-67 positive cell numbers and the numbers of , and T cells were reduced in each intervention group as compared with the model group (P<0.01), and the numbers of and T cells in the acupoint group were less than the surrounding technique group (P<0.01). Compared with the blank group, the mRNA expressions of IL-17, IL-22 and TNF-α and the ratio of p-STAT3 to STAT3 were all increased in the model group (P<0.01). The mRNA expressions of IL-17, IL-22 and TNF-α and the ratio of p-STAT3 to STAT3 were all decreased in each intervention group as compared with the model group (P<0.01, P<0.05). The mRNA expressions of IL-17, IL-22 and TNF-α in the acupoint group, as well as mRNA expression of IL-17 in the surrounding technique group were all lower than the dexamethasone group (P<0.01), while, the mRNA expression of IL-22 in the acupoint group was lower than the surrounding technique group (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#Fire needling therapy improves skin lesion severity in imiquimod induced psoriasis-like lesion of the mice, which is probably related to the inhibition of STAT3 pathway activation and the decrease of Th17 inflammatory factors expression. The systemic regulation of fire needling at "Dazhui" (GV 14) and "Zusanli" (ST 36) is superior to the local treatment.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dexamethasone/therapeutic use , Imiquimod/metabolism , Interleukin-17/metabolism , Ki-67 Antigen/metabolism , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Psoriasis/drug therapy , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , STAT3 Transcription Factor/pharmacology , Skin/pathology , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928952

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the efficacy and safety of Zhuang medicine medicated thread moxibustion (ZMTM) on psoriasis vulgaris.@*METHODS@#A multicenter, randomized, parallel controlled clinical trial was designed. A total of 241 outpatients with psoriasis vulgaris were randomly divided into a control group (120 cases) and a treatment group (121 cases) using a central block randomization from June 2015 to May 2018. The control group was treated with Western medicines alone including pidotimod dispersible tablets, vitamin B compound tablets, and compound cod liver oil-zinc oxide ointment. The treatment group was treated with ZMTM every 2 days combined with Western medicines. The two groups received continuous intervention for 30 days. The primary outcome was Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI), and the secondary outcomes included Itch Rating Scale, Dermatology Quality of Life Index (DLQI), Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAMA), as well as PASI response rate. Meanwhile, adverse events were evaluated during the whole clinical trial. Follow-up was carried out 30 days after treatment.@*RESULTS@#There were 5 cases of shedding in this trial. In intention-to-treat analysis, 236 cases were included and each group contained 118 cases. On the 30th and 60th days, PASI scores of patients in each group were significantly lower than that at baseline (P<0.01) and the PASI score reduction of the treatment group was greater than that of the control group (P<0.01). Itch Rating Scale, DLQI, and HAMA scale were decreased in both groups after treatment, and the treatment group showed a better therapeutic effect (P<0.01). The response rates of PASI 50 and 75 were significantly higher than those in the control group [81.4% (96/118), 43.2% (51/118) vs. 41.5% (49/118), 11.0% (13/118), respectively, P<0.05]. During follow-up, the improvements in scores of PASI, Itch Rating Scale, DLQI, and HAMA of the treatment group were significantly greater than those of the control group (P<0.01). The response rates of PASI 50 and 75 in the treatment group were significantly higher than those in the control group, respectively (both P<0.05). No obvious adverse reaction was found in either group.@*CONCLUSION@#ZMTM combined with Western medicines showed a better therapeutic effect in the treatment of psoriasis vulgaris without obvious adverse reaction. (Trial Registration No. ChiCTR-IOR-16008159).


Subject(s)
Humans , Moxibustion/adverse effects , Psoriasis/drug therapy , Quality of Life , Severity of Illness Index , Treatment Outcome
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928949

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To elucidate the mechanisms of 4 effective components from a Chinese medicine formula, namely Qingre Huoxue Jiedu Formula (QHJ heat- and toxin-clearing and blood-activating formula), in the treatment of nerve growth factor (NGF)-induced psoriasis.@*METHODS@#Keratinocyte proliferation and T cell proliferation models were developed using NGF. An NGF solution (NGF+DMEM, 100 ng/mL) was added to all induced groups and treated groups and were cultured for 24 h, while a solution with NTRK1 antagonist (K252a+DEME, 300 nmol/L) was added and cultured for 1 h. The models were used to evaluate the effects of the treatment with each of the 4 components of QHJ, namely shikonin, paeonol, astilbin and ursolic acid. Cell apoptosis and proliferation were measured by flow cytometry analysis and CCK8 assay, respectively. The mRNA expression levels of Bax, Bcl-xl, and NGF receptor (NGFR) were assessed by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) and Western blot analysis, respectively.@*RESULTS@#(1) All QHJ-treated groups showed significantly increased cell apoptosis and inhibition of cell proliferation compared with the NGF-induced groups (P<0.05). In addition, treatment with QHJ plus NTRK1 significantly enhanced cell apoptosis and inhibition of cell proliferation compared with cells treated with QHJ only (P<0.05), particularly in cells treated with ursolic acid. (2) QHJ-treated groups showed higher protein expression levels of Bax, Bcl-xl compared with other groups (P<0.05). Additionally, treatment with QHJ plus NTRK1 significantly increased the protein expression levels of Bax, Bcl-xl and NGFR compared with those treated with QHJ only (all P<0.05), especially in those treated with shikonin.@*CONCLUSION@#The action mechanism of QHJ on psoriasis might be through enhancing cell apoptosis and inhibition of cell proliferation, and upregulating the expression level of Bax, Bcl-xl and NGFR.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Humans , Nerve Growth Factor/metabolism , Psoriasis/drug therapy
10.
An. bras. dermatol ; 96(4): 447-450, July-Aug. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285096

ABSTRACT

Abstract Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory disease that affects the skin variably, according to genetic and environmental factors. Some patients may benefit from systemic treatment with immunobiological agents, drugs that can be accompanied by several adverse effects. A case of a 58-year-old patient undergoing treatment for psoriasis with adalimumab for five years is reported. Alterations compatible with interstitial pneumonia were detected with important regression after adalimumab discontinuation. This case is relevant due to the scarcity of reports on late pulmonary adverse effect of anti-TNF treatment of psoriasis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Psoriasis/chemically induced , Psoriasis/drug therapy , Lung Diseases, Interstitial/chemically induced , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Adalimumab/adverse effects , Tumor Necrosis Factor Inhibitors , Middle Aged
11.
An. bras. dermatol ; 96(4): 477-481, July-Aug. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285095

ABSTRACT

Abstract Herpetic whitlow is a viral infection of the fingers caused by the herpes simplex virus. The disease has a bimodal age distribution, affecting children under 10 years of age and young adults between 20 and 30 years old. It can be easily mistaken for panaritium or bacterial cellulitis. In patients with AIDS, atypical, chronic and recurrent ulcerated lesions occur. The Tzanck test allows a quick and low-cost diagnosis of herpes simplex virus infection. The authors report the case of a child with AIDS with painful finger ulcers in which the diagnosis was confirmed by the Tzanck test.


Subject(s)
Humans , Psoriasis/chemically induced , Psoriasis/drug therapy , Lung Diseases, Interstitial/chemically induced , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Adalimumab/adverse effects , Tumor Necrosis Factor Inhibitors , Middle Aged
12.
Dermatol. argent ; 27(2): 78-80, abr-jun 2021. il, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1367373

ABSTRACT

Los anticuerpos anti-TNF-a (tumor necrosis factor alpha) se utilizan para tratar tanto la psoriasis como la enfermedad inflamatoria intestinal (EII). Sin embargo, estos fármacos han sido implicados en la ocurrencia de la psoriasis paradójica en los pacientes sin antecedentes de psoriasis que reciben tratamiento por una colitis ulcerosa (CU) y otras enfermedades autoinmunes. Se presenta el caso de un paciente de 29 años, sin antecedentes de dermatosis, que desarrolló una psoriasis palmoplantar paradójica por el uso del adalimumab que recibía por un diagnóstico de CU. El cuadro remitió al suspender el medicamento y recurrió al reiniciarlo, motivo por el cual se rotó al ustekinumab. La CU respondió satisfactoriamente, sin nuevas lesiones dermatológicas.


Anti TNF-a (tumor necrosis factor alpha) antibodies are used to treat both psoriasis and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). However, these drugs have been implicated in the occurrence of the so-called paradoxical psoriasis in patients with no previous history of psoriasis, who receive treatment for ulcerative colitis and other autoimmune diseases. We present a 29-year-old male patient, with no previous history of dermatosis, who developed paradoxical palmar-plantar psoriasis due to the use of adalimumab that he was receiving for a diagnosis of ulcerative colitis. The condition remitted when the drug was suspended and recurred when it was restarted, and for that reason, treatment was rotated to ustekinumab. Ulcerative colitis responded satisfactorily, with no new dermatological lesions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Psoriasis/chemically induced , Colitis, Ulcerative/drug therapy , Adalimumab/adverse effects , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/adverse effects , Psoriasis/pathology , Psoriasis/drug therapy , Dermatologic Agents/therapeutic use , Ustekinumab/therapeutic use
13.
Dermatol. argent ; 27(2): 72-74, abr-jun 2021. il, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1367275

ABSTRACT

La fibrosis pulmonar a causa del metotrexato es un efecto adverso infrecuente, observado principalmente en los pacientes con artritis reumatoide, aunque también se vio, de manera escasa, en el tratamiento de la psoriasis. Se presenta el caso de un paciente con psoriasis que desarrolló fibrosis pulmonar por metotrexato.


Pulmonary fibrosis due to methotrexate is an infrequent adverse event, observed mainly in patients with rheumatoid arthritis, although it has also been poorly described in the treatment of psoriasis. We present the case of a patient with psoriasis who developed pulmonary fibrosis due to methotrexate.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Psoriasis/drug therapy , Pulmonary Fibrosis/chemically induced , Methotrexate/adverse effects , Dermatologic Agents/adverse effects , Phototherapy , Pulmonary Fibrosis/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Interleukin-17/therapeutic use , Adalimumab/therapeutic use , Interleukin Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/therapeutic use
15.
Dermatol. argent ; 27(1): 28-30, ene.-mar. 2021. il
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1361644

ABSTRACT

El apremilast es un fármaco inhibidor de la fosfodiesterasa-4 que modula, a nivel intracelular, la expresión de citoquinas involucradas en la patogenia inflamatoria de la psoriasis. Su uso está indicado en la psoriasis en placas moderada y severa, con buenos resultados clínicos. Los principales efectos adversos son gastrointestinales y, en menos del 2% de los pacientes, dermatológicos, con exantema y foliculitis. Se presenta el caso de un paciente de 42 años que, luego de tomar el apremilast, desarrolló lesiones faciales que correspondieron clínica e histopatológicamente a una reacción acneiforme, con evolución favorable y resolución total del cuadro posterior a la suspensión del medicamento.


Apremilast is a phosphodiesterase-4 inhibitor that modulates the intracellular expression of cytokines, which are involved in the pathogenesis of psoriasis. Apremilast is indicated in moderate to severe plaque psoriasis, and it has shown good clinical results. The main adverse effects occur at a gastrointestinal level, and in less than 2% at the dermatologic level with exanthema and folliculitis. We present a 42-year-old patient that developed facial lesions after taking apremilast. The facial lesions were clinically and histopathologically correspond to an acneiform eruption. The patient evolved favorably and fully recovered after suspending apremilast.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Psoriasis/drug therapy , Thalidomide/adverse effects , Thalidomide/analogs & derivatives , Acneiform Eruptions , Diarrhea , Minocycline/administration & dosage
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887479

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the short-term and long-term effects of moxibustion on plaque psoriasis of blood stasis, and to compare the curative effect between moxibustion and calcipotriol ointment.@*METHODS@#A total of 80 patients with plaque psoriasis of blood stasis were randomly divided into an observation group (40 cases, 2 cases dropped off) and a control group (40 cases, 4 cases dropped off). Both groups were given routine medical vaseline topical emollient basic treatment. In the observation group, moxibustion was applied to @*RESULTS@#After treatment, the PASI scores in the both groups were lower than before treatment (@*CONCLUSION@#Both moxibustion and calcipotriol ointment have good short-term effects on plaque psoriasis of blood stasis. Moxibustion has more advantages in reducing the recurrence rate of psoriasis, improving the main clinical symptoms of TCM and quality of life.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Humans , Moxibustion , Psoriasis/drug therapy , Quality of Life , Treatment Outcome
17.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 3828-3835, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921469

ABSTRACT

Psoriasis is considered as an inflammatory disease driven by T cells, and its pathogenesis is closely related to the imbalance of intestinal bacteria flora. It has been reported that Bacteroides fragilis could play an anti-inflammatory role by regulating the expression of cytokines in T cells. To date, there is no report using B. fragilis to treat psoriasis. In this study, we explored the therapeutic effect of B. fragilis BF839 on psoriasis. We selected 27 psoriasis patients who were treated in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University from April to October 2019. The patients were given B. fragilis BF839 orally for 12 weeks while maintaining the original treatment. The psoriasis area and severity index (PASI) score was evaluated before and after the treatment. The rate of drug withdrawal and reduction after 12 weeks of treatment were calculated. Our results showed that the rate of 12-week trial completion was 96.3% (26/27). We used PASIN to define the proportion of people whose PASI score decreased more than or equal to N% after treatment. At 12 weeks, PASI30, PASI50, and PASI75 were 65.4%, 42.3%, and 19.2%, respectively. The PASI score was 9.1±5.9 and 5.8±4.9 before and after 12 weeks of treatment respectively, and the difference was statistically significant (P0.05). The adverse reaction rate of patients was 3.8% (1/26) within 12 weeks of treatment, including 1 case of constipation, and the rate of drug withdrawal and reduction was 60.0%. The above results suggest that B. fragilis BF839 may be functional on the treatment of psoriasis by reducing the PASI score and the drug usage rate with few side effect, which deserves further study.


Subject(s)
Anti-Inflammatory Agents , Bacteroides fragilis , Cytokines , Humans , Psoriasis/drug therapy , Severity of Illness Index , Treatment Outcome
18.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 11-19, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921245

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Psoriasis is a common, chronic, immune-mediated inflammatory skin disease with increased epidermal proliferation. The objective of this review was to systematically identify the evidence and perform a network meta-analysis (NMA) to estimate the relative efficacy of secukinumab (SEC) against adalimumab (ADA) and infliximab (INF) for the treatment of moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis.@*METHODS@#A systematic literature review (SLR) was conducted according to a pre-specified protocol to identify relevant studies. Initially, the databases were searched from database inception till June 2013, and the SLR was updated in April 2020. The eligibility criteria included adult patients (≥18 years old) with moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis, and the SLR included randomized controlled trials (RCTs). The comparators of interest were SEC, ADA, INF, and placebo (PLA), while outcomes of interest were Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI) (50, 75, and 90) at weeks 12, 16, and 24. A Bayesian NMA for PASI was utilized with a framework that evaluated the probability of PASI responses in different categories of PASI thresholds within a single model.@*RESULTS@#A total of 23 RCTs that assessed the efficacy of SEC, ADA, and INF in patients with moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis were identified. At 12 weeks, SEC was associated with a significantly better response compared with PLA and ADA for PASI 75 and 90, while response results were comparable against INF. At 12 weeks, risk ratio (95% confidence interval) derived from NMA for SEC vs. ADA and INF for PASI 75 was 1.35 (1.19, 1.57) and 1.01 (0.90, 1.18), respectively. At the 16-week and 24-week time interval, SEC was significantly better than PLA, ADA, and INF for PASI 75 and 90.@*CONCLUSION@#Efficacy of SEC in the treatment of patient populations with moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis is well demonstrated through NMA.


Subject(s)
Adalimumab/therapeutic use , Adolescent , Adult , Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized , Humans , Infliximab/therapeutic use , Psoriasis/drug therapy , Severity of Illness Index , Treatment Outcome
19.
Clinics ; 76: e3015, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1339711

ABSTRACT

Monoclonal antibodies or fusion proteins, defined as biological drugs, have modified the natural history of numerous immune-mediated disorders, allowing the development of therapies aimed at blocking the pathophysiological pathways of the disease, providing greater efficacy and safety than conventional treatment strategies. Virtually all therapeutic proteins elicit an immune response, producing anti-drug antibodies (ADAs) against hypervariable regions of immunoglobulins. Immunogenicity against biological drugs can alter their pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic properties, thereby reducing the efficacy of these drugs. In more severe cases, ADAs can neutralize the therapeutic effects of the drug or cause serious adverse effects, mainly hypersensitivity reactions. The prevalence of ADAs varies widely depending on the type of test used, occurrence of false-negative results, and non-specific binding to the drug, making it difficult to accurately assess their clinical impact. Concomitant use of immunosuppressors efficiently reduces the immunogenicity in a dose-dependent manner, either by decreasing the frequency of detectable ADAs or by delaying their appearance, thereby enhancing the effectiveness of biological therapies. Among the new therapeutic strategies for the management of psoriasis, biological agents have gained increasing importance in recent years as they interrupt key inflammation pathways involved in the physiopathology of the disease. Reports regarding ADA in new biologics are still scarce, but the most recent evidence tends to show little impact on the clinical response to the drug, even with prolonged treatment. It is therefore essential to standardize laboratory tests to determine the presence and titles of ADAs to establish their administration and management guidelines that allow the determination of the real clinical impact of these drugs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Psoriasis/drug therapy , Biological Products/therapeutic use , Arthritis, Psoriatic/drug therapy , Antibodies, Monoclonal
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