Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 1.328
Filter
1.
Acta Medica Philippina ; : 1-13, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006390

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#This study aims to determine the prevalence of psychiatric disorders in the sample population in a barangay in the City of Balanga, Bataan using the MINI International and Neuropsychiatric Interview and to describe the profile of those with psychiatric disorders based on sociodemographic and health characteristics.@*Methods@#This is a cross sectional study from Barangay Tenejero, City of Balanga, Bataan done in 2019. Systematic random sampling was done where all zones were included. Sample size was 432 households (with at least one adult per household) based on a level of significance of 5%. Data were obtained using the sociodemographic profile, health profile, MINI International Neuropsychiatric Interview Screen and MINI International Neuropsychiatric Interview 6 done through face-to-face interview. Descriptive statistics were used in analysis. @*Results@#Forty-four of the participants have a diagnosis of at least one psychiatric disorder (10.50%). Of these, the most common psychiatric disorders were major depressive disorder (3.58%) followed by any psychotic disorder (1.91%) and generalized anxiety disorder (1.91%). Among the population, 3.10% have suicidal behavior. Psychiatric disorders are more common among women and people with low incomes. Among those with psychiatric disorders, mental health service utilization is low with only 4.55-6.82%. @*Conclusion@#This study reports for the first time the prevalence of psychiatric condition in a barangay in the City of Balanga, Bataan. Though the prevalence rate (10.50%) is low compared to other community data, the findings emphasize the need for strategies to promote mental disorder diagnosis and treatment. This study will influence and guide contextualized community mental health services and policies.


Subject(s)
Cross-Sectional Studies , Mental Disorders , Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
2.
Notas enferm. (Córdoba) ; 24(41): 4-15, jun. 2023.
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1437841

ABSTRACT

Existe un riesgo estadísticamente mayor de desarrollar comorbilidades mentales en el período perinatal. Existe un vacío científico en el análisis de la ocurrencia de problemas de salud mental en el período perinatal entre países de ingresos medios y bajos en el contexto de la Atención Primaria de Salud. Así, el objetivo de este estudio fue revisar la ocurrencia de trastornos mentales comunes en el período perinatal en la Atención Primaria de Salud en América Latina. Se identificó una estimación global del 37 % (IC 95 %: 32 %-43 %) de trastornos mentales comunes durante todo el período perinatal. A pesar de las altas frecuencias identificadas para los síntomas de comorbilidad mental, no hubo estudios en otros países de América Latina con excepción de Brasil, lo que impide un análisis sobre la salud mental de las mujeres latinas en el período perinatal[AU]


Existe um risco estatisticamente maior de desenvolver comorbidades mentais no período perinatal. Existe uma lacuna científica na análise da ocorrência de problemas de saúde mental no período perinatal entre famílias de média e baixa renda países no contexto da Atenção Primária à Saúde. Assim, o objetivo deste estudo foi revisar a ocorrência de transtornos mentais comuns no período perinatal em Atenção Primária à Saúde na América Latina. Uma estimativa geral de 37% (95% CI:32%-43%) de transtornos mentais comuns foram identificados durante todo o período perinatal período. Apesar das altas frequências identificadas para sintomas de comorbidade mental, não houve estudos em outros países latino-americanos com exceção de Brasil, impossibilitando uma análise sobre a saúde mental das mulheres latinas no período perinatal[AU]


There is a statistically higher risk for developing mental comorbidities in the perinatal period. There is a scientific gap in the analysis of the occurrence of mental health problems in the perinatal period among middle and low-income countries in the context of Primary Healthcare. Thus, the objective of this study was to review the occurrence of common mental disorders in the perinatal period in Primary Healthcare in Latin America. An overall estimate of 37% (95%CI: 32%-43%) of common mental disorders was identified for the entire perinatal period. Despite the high frequencies identified for mental comorbidity symptoms, there were no studies in other Latin American countries with the exception of Brazil, preventing an analysis on the mental health of Latino women in the perinatal period[AU]


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Psychiatric Status Rating Scales , Women's Health , Meta-Analysis , Mental Disorders
3.
Investig. enferm ; 25: 1-14, 20230000.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1552007

ABSTRACT

Introducción: una de las bases de la atención en cuidados paliativos es la valoración regular e integral de síntomas en pacientes y familias. Al respecto, es importante reconocer las escalas usadas en cuidados paliativos en idioma español y sus propiedades psicométricas. Objetivo: identificar las escalas en español para la valoración del paciente en cuidados paliativos y su familia, evaluar sus propiedades psicométricas y calidad metodológica de sus propiedades basados en los estándares Cosmin. Método: revisión sistemática psicométrica. Se realizó una búsqueda de literatura de las escalas de valoración en cuidados paliativos en español y sus propiedades psicométricas de acuerdo con la propuesta Prisma. Se utilizaron los estándares propuestos por Cosmin para la evaluación de propiedades psicométricas. Resultados: se evaluaron 21 escalas de valoración. La escala de calidad de vida EORTC-QLQ fue la que mayor número de propiedades reportó. La consistencia interna, validez de constructo, contenido y fiabilidad fueron las pruebas más reportadas. Ningún estudio reportó pruebas de validez transcultural. Conclusión: los resultados de este estudio indican una gran variedad de instrumentos disponibles en español para valorar al paciente y al cuidador familiar en cuidados paliativos. Sin embargo, un gran número de propiedades psicométricas de los instrumentos aún se encuentran incompletas. Los resultados muestran la necesidad de seguir investigando las propiedades psicométricas de dichas escalas para garantizar la confiabilidad de estos instrumentos, así como su uso en la práctica e investigación.


Introduction: One of the bases of palliative care is the regular and comprehensive assessment of symptoms in patients and families. In this regard, it is important to recognize the scales used in palliative care in Spanish and their psychometric properties. Objective: Identify the scales in Spanish for the assessment of palliative care patients and their families, evaluate their psychometric properties, and the methodological quality of their properties based on the Cosmin standards. Method: Psychometric systematic review. A literature search of the assessment scales in palliative care in Spanish and its psychometric properties was carried out according to the Prisma proposal. The standards proposed by Cosmin for the evaluation of psychometric properties were used. Results: 21 rating scales were evaluated. The EORTC-QLQ quality of life scale was the one that reported the highest number of properties. Internal consistency, construct validity, content and reliability were the most reported tests. No study reported evidence of cross-cultural validity. Conclusion: The results of this study indicate a wide variety of instruments available in Spanish to assess the patient and the family caregiver in palliative care. However, a large number of psychometric properties of the instruments are still incomplete. The results show the need to continue investigating the psychometric properties of these scales to guarantee the reliability of these instruments, as well as their use in practice and research.


Introdução: uma das bases dos cuidados paliativos é a avaliação regular e abrangente dos sicomet em pacientes e familiares. Nesse sentido, é importante reconhecer as escalas utilizadas em cuidados paliativos em sicome e suas propriedades psicométricas. Objectivo: identificar as escalas em sicome para a avaliação de pacientes em cuidados paliativos e suas famílias, avaliar suas propriedades psicométricas e a qualidade metodológica de suas propriedades com base nos sicom Cosmin. Método: revisão sistemática psicométrica. Foi realizada uma pesquisa bibliográfica para escalas de avaliação de cuidados paliativos em sicome e as suas propriedades psicométricas de sicom com a proposta do Prisma. Foram utilizadas as normas propostas pelo Cosmin para a avaliação das propriedades psicométricas. Resultados: Vinte e uma escalas de classificação foram avaliadas. A escala de qualidade de vida EORTC-QLQ relatou o maior número de propriedades. A sicometría interna, validade da construção, conteúdo e fiabilidade foram os testes mais relatados. Nenhum estudo relatou provas de validade transcultural. Conclusão: os resultados deste estudo sicome uma grande variedade de instrumentos disponíveis em sicome para avaliar o paciente e o cuidador familiar em cuidados paliativos. No entanto, um grande número de propriedades psicométricas dos instrumentos estão ainda incompletas. Os resultados mostram a necessidade de mais investigação sobre as propriedades psicométricas destas escalas para sicomet a fiabilidade destes instrumentos, bem como a sua utilização na prática e na investigação.


Subject(s)
Humans , Psychiatric Status Rating Scales , Palliative Care
4.
Rev. chil. neuro-psiquiatr ; 60(4): 422-432, dic. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1423705

ABSTRACT

El suicidio como problema de salud pública mundial muestra tasas fluctuantes con tendencia a elevarse. Las estrategias en salud pública encaminadas a la reducción del intento y del reintento suicida son la principal alternativa. Objetivo: establecer la incidencia de reintento suicida, oportunidad de atención y adherencia al seguimiento de pacientes atendidos por intento suicida en el servicio de urgencias de un hospital universitario privado. Métodos y participantes: estudio de tipo cohorte prospectiva descriptiva en pacientes ≥18 años con intento suicida de riesgo bajo asignados a tratamiento psiquiátrico ambulatorio y seguido mediante la aplicación WhatsApp durante un año después del egreso. Resultados: la prevalencia de intento suicida de los pacientes que consultaron al servicio de urgencias fue de 0,38%. De 164 pacientes con intento suicida 33 ingresaron al estudio. Tenían una mediana de edad de 23 RI (25-75): 19-33 años, el 87,8% (n: 29) fueron mujeres, 42,4% (n: 22) tenía escolaridad secundaria y 63,6% (n: 21) eran del estrato socioeconómico medio. La incidencia acumulada de reintento suicida fue del 36,3% (n: 12), más frecuente al primer mes. La atención por psiquiatría más temprana fue a las dos semanas del egreso. La adherencia al seguimiento fue del 45,4%. Conclusiones: la incidencia acumulada del reintento suicida fue elevada. La oportunidad de atención y la adherencia al seguimiento fueron bajas. A pesar de los diferentes métodos hasta ahora utilizados, el seguimiento de la conducta suicida sigue siendo difícil. Se necesitan investigaciones que exploren alternativas de intervención de tipo social y comunitario.


Suicide as a global public health issue shows fluctuating rates with a tendency to increase. Public health strategies aimed to reduce suicide attempt and retry are the main alternative. Objective: establish the incidence of suicidal retry, opportunity for care and adherence to treatment in the follow-up of patients treated for suicide attempt in the emergency room of a private University hospital. Methods and participants: a descriptive prospective cohort study in patients ≥18 years of age with a low-risk suicide attempt assigned to outpatient psychiatric treatment and followed up through WhatsApp application for one year after discharge. Results: the prevalence of suicide attempt in patients who consulted the emergency room was 0.38%. Of 164 patients with a suicide attempt, 33 were low risk. With a median age of 23 IR (25-75): 19-33 years, 87.8% (n: 29) were women, 42.4% (n: 22) with secondary school level and 63.6% (n: 21) with middle socioeconomic stratum. 24.2% (n: 8). The accumulate incidence of retry was 36,3% (n: 12), more frequently in the first month. The earlier attention by psychiatry was after two weeks of discharge. The follow-up adherence was of 45,4%. Conclusions: the accumulated incidence for retry was high. The opportunity for outpatient psychiatric care and adherence to follow up were low. Despite the different methods used until now, monitoring suicidal behavior remains difficult. It is necessary research that explore alternatives for community and social intervention.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Suicide, Attempted/prevention & control , Suicide, Attempted/statistics & numerical data , Mobile Applications , Psychiatric Status Rating Scales , Incidence , Prospective Studies , Emergency Service, Hospital , Sociodemographic Factors
5.
Rev. chil. neuro-psiquiatr ; 60(4): 444-453, dic. 2022. tab, ilus, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1423707

ABSTRACT

Introducción: el Trastorno por Déficit de Atención con Hiperactividad, también conocido por sus siglas TDAH, es considerado como un trastorno del neurodesarrollo. Diversos estudios reportan que la persistencia de los síntomas durante la adultez se da en el 50-70% de niños con TDAH. Respecto del área académica, la literatura menciona que esta patología en la población universitaria oscila entre un 10 a 25% de estudiantes, en particular los de Medicina Humana. Materiales y métodos: estudio piloto con diseño Cross-sectional, para explorar las variables mencionadas en los estudiantes de todo el territorio peruano se agruparon los departamentos en cinco macro regiones, se utilizaron los cuestionarios ASRS V1.1 y DASS-21. Resultados: se contó muestra total de 250 participantes para la prueba piloto (50 por cada macro región), respecto del TDAH, 33,6% presentó resultados sugestivos. La prevalencia de trastornos del estado anímico fue del 81,6%, dentro de ellos la ansiedad fue más prevalente (70,4%), seguido por la depresión (62,8%) y el estrés (57,6%). Se encontró asociación entre el TDAH y los siguientes: trastorno anímico (PR=1,3 IC(95%) ), depresión (PR=1,51 IC(95%) ), ansiedad (PR=1,47 IC(95%) ) y estrés (PR=1,87 IC(95%) ). Conclusiones: el presente estudio piloto nos ha permitido probar satisfactoriamente el desempeño del instrumento y la técnica propuesta por el diseño metodológico en el estudio primario, confirmado con la obtención de cifras estimadas coherentes con lo descrito por la literatura, y confirmando la asociación entre las variables de interés.


Introduction: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, also known by its acronym ADHD, is considered a neurodevelopmental disorder. Several studies report that the persistence of symptoms during adulthood occurs in 50-70% of children with ADHD. Regarding the academic area, the literature mentions that this pathology in the university population ranges from 10 to 25% of students, in particular those of human medicine. Materials and methods: pilot study with Cross-sectional design, to explore the variables mentioned in students from all over the Peruvian territory, the departments were grouped into 5 macro regions, the ASRS V1.1 and DASS-21 questionnaires were used. Results: a total sample of 250 participants was counted for the pilot test (50 for each macro region), regarding ADHD, 33.6% presented suggestive results. The prevalence of mood disorders was 81.6%, among them, anxiety was more prevalent (70.4%), followed by depression (62.8%) and stress (57.6%). An association was found between ADHD and the following: Mood disorder (PR=1.3 CI (95%) ). Depression (PR=1.51 CI (95%) ). Anxiety (PR=1.47 CI (95%) ). and Stress (PR=1.87 CI (95%) ). Conclusions: the present pilot study has allowed us to satisfactorily test the performance of the instrument and the technique proposed by the methodological design in the primary study, confirmed by obtaining estimated figures consistent with what is described in the literature, and confirming the association between the variables of interest.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity/psychology , Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity/epidemiology , Students, Medical/psychology , Mood Disorders/epidemiology , Anxiety Disorders/epidemiology , Peru/epidemiology , Psychiatric Status Rating Scales , Stress, Psychological/epidemiology , Pilot Projects , Cross-Sectional Studies , Depressive Disorder/epidemiology
6.
Ter. psicol ; 40(3): 417-434, dic. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1424675

ABSTRACT

Objetivo Comparar las características socio-demográficas, la calidad de vida, el malestar psicológico y los niveles de estigma internalizado en una muestra de pacientes con Esquizofrenia pertenecientes a la región de Arica y Parinacota que reciben tratamiento en el mismo sistema de salud mental. Método Participaron 209 pacientes con un diagnóstico de Esquizofrenia usuarios de los servicios públicos ambulatorios de salud mental. Resultados La pertenencia a la etnia Aymara no determinó diferencias en las características sociodemográficas. Por otra parte, el grupo de pacientes Aymara presentó mayores niveles de Alienación en la escala de Estigma Internalizado en comparación al grupo de pacientes No-Aymara. La necesidad de apoyo psicológico es convergente a los niveles de malestar psicológico, la calidad de vida y el estigma internalizado. Conclusiones Los hallazgos refuerzan la adecuada capacidad de los usuarios con Esquizofrenia para valorar sus necesidades de apoyo psicológico durante el tratamiento en función de sus niveles de calidad de vida y malestar psicológico.


Objective The aim of this study was to compare the socio-demographic characteristics, quality of life, psychological distress and levels of internalized stigma in a sample of patients with Schizophrenia belonging to the region of Arica and Parinacota who receive treatment in the same mental health system. Methods 209 patients with a diagnosis of schizophrenia, users of public outpatient mental health services, participated in the study. Results Aymara ethnicity did not determine differences in sociodemographic characteristics. On the other hand, the group of Aymara patients had higher levels of Alienation on the Internalized Stigma Scale compared to the group of Non-Aymara patients. Need for psychological support are convergent to levels of psychological distress, quality of life and internalized stigma. Conclusions The findings emphasize the adequate capacity of users with schizophrenia to assess their psychological support needs during treatment based on their levels of quality of life and psychological distress.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Schizophrenic Psychology , Social Support , Social Stigma , Psychiatric Status Rating Scales , Chile , Sociodemographic Factors
7.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 87(5): 325-332, oct. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1423735

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Describir y analizar si el apoyo social percibido modera la relación entre antecedente de depresión (AD) o síntomas de trastorno de estrés postraumático (TEPT) y desarrollo de síntomas de depresión posparto (SDPP), evaluado prospectivamente. Método: Diseño longitudinal de tres tiempos: antes del parto (n = 458), primer mes posparto (n = 406) y tercer mes posparto (n = 426). Se utilizaron la Escala de Depresión Posparto de Edimburgo (EPDS), la Escala de Síntomas de Estrés Postraumático (PCL-C) y la Escala de Apoyo Social Percibido (MOS). Se realizó un análisis de ocho modelos jerárquicos de regresión lineal múltiple, por cada tiempo de evaluación en el estudio. Resultados: Se encontró una asociación significativa entre síntomas de TEPT y puntaje de SDPP en los tres tiempos. El apoyo social percibido es un factor protector significativo para los SDPP en los tiempos 1 y 2, mientras que el AD es un factor de riesgo significativo en los tiempos 2 y 3. Los resultados no apoyan las hipótesis de interacción. Conclusiones: El apoyo social es un factor protector significativo, que puede disminuir los SDPP; sin embargo, disminuye con el tiempo. El apoyo social no logra revertir la asociación de los síntomas de TEPT con el puntaje en SDPP.


Objective: Describe and analyze if the perceived social support moderates the relationship between depression history or post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms and the development of symptoms of postpartum depression, prospectively evaluated. Method: Longitudinal design of three times: before partum (n = 458), one month (n = 458) and 3 months postpartum (n = 458). The version of the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS), the version of the PTSD Checklist-Civilian Version (PCL-C), and the version of the Medical Outcomes Study Social Support Survey (MOS) were used. Analysis of eight hierarchical multiple linear regression models. Results: A significant association was found between symptoms of post-traumatic stress and postpartum depression, in the three times measured. The perceived social support variable was found to be a significant protective factor for perinatal depression in times 1 and 2, and history of depression was significant in times 2 and 3. The results do not support the interaction hypothesis. Conclusions: Social support is a significant protective factor, which can reduce the symptoms of postpartum depression, nevertheless the significance decreases over time. However, social support fails to reverse the association of post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms with symptoms of postpartum depression score.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Social Support , Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic/diagnosis , Depression, Postpartum/diagnosis , Depression/diagnosis , Perception , Psychiatric Status Rating Scales , Time Factors , Regression Analysis , Longitudinal Studies , Depression, Postpartum/psychology , Parturition/psychology , Depression/psychology , Checklist
8.
Rev. chil. neuro-psiquiatr ; 60(3): 251-261, sept. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1407824

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: Introducción: la mayoría de las escalas empleadas en la evaluación de los trastornos psiquiátricos se centran en el estado clínico del paciente. Sin embargo, es importante medir cuantitativamente dimensiones específicas, como el funcionamiento cognitivo, afectivo o social, y registrar su evolución en el ámbito clínico o de investigación. La batería EMOTICOM incluye cuatro dominios de cognición afectiva, procesamiento de emociones, motivación, impulsividad y cognición social. Aquí presentamos datos psicométricos de una versión en español abreviada (VEA-EMOTICOM). Metodología: la muestra incluyó doscientos voluntarios sanos (31,68 años ± 8,38; 111 hombres). Cuarenta y dos sujetos fueron re-evaluados para determinar la fiabilidad test-retest. La VEA-EMOTICOM comprende 9 tareas programadas en una computadora portátil a completar en una hora. La batería se administró en una secuencia aleatoria y se permitió períodos de descanso. Resultados: se observaron efectos de piso pequeños para 3 resultados y moderados para 1 resultado, además de efectos de techo pequeño para 3 resultados y moderado para 1 resultado. Dos tareas exhibieron una excelente confiabilidad prueba-reprueba, cuatro una buena confiabilidad, siete confiabilidad moderada, y, dos mostraron una confiabilidad de prueba-reprueba deficiente. Los resultados de la mayoría de las tareas no se correlacionaron con la edad ni con el género. No se pudo confirmar una estructura subyacente de 4 factores. Conclusiones: La VEA-EMOTICOM parece ser una batería práctica y adecuada para evaluar cognición afectiva en población hispano parlante.


ABSTRACT Introduction: Most scales used in the assessment of psychiatric disorders focus on the clinical status of the patient. However, it is important to quantitatively measure specific dimensions, such as cognitive, affective or social functioning, and to record their evolution in the clinical or research setting. The EMOTICOM battery includes four domains of affective cognition; processing of emotions; motivation; impulsivity; and social cognition. Here we present psychometric data from an abbreviated Spanish version (VEA-EMOTICOM). Methodology: The sample included two hundred healthy volunteers (31.68 years ± 8.38; 111 men). Forty-two subjects were re-evaluated, to determine test-retest reliability. The VEA-EMOTICOM comprises 9 tasks programmed on a laptop computer to be completed in one hour. The battery was administered in a random sequence and rest periods were allowed. Results: Small floor effects were observed for 3 outcomes and moderate for 1 outcome, as well as small ceiling effects for 3 outcomes and moderate for 1 outcome. Two tasks showed excellent test-retest reliability; four showed good reliability; seven showed moderate reliability; and two showed poor test-retest reliability. The results of most of the tasks were not correlated with age or gender. An underlying four-factor structure could not be confirmed. Conclusions: The VEA-EMOTICOM seems to be a practical and adequate battery to evaluate affective cognition in Spanish-speaking population


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Psychiatric Status Rating Scales , Psychometrics , Translations , Reproducibility of Results , Factor Analysis, Statistical , Emotions , Social Cognition , Impulsive Behavior , Motivation , Neuropsychological Tests
9.
Rev. med. Chile ; 150(9): 1239-1247, sept. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1431889

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: COVID-19 pandemic disturbed mental health of healthcare personnel. Residents of the specialization programs could be at risk, since they were reassigned in their functions. Aim: To describe the impact of COVID-19 pandemic on symptoms of depression, stress, anxiety and resilient coping in residents of Anesthesiology, Internal Medicine and Emergency Medicine MATERIAL AND METHODS: Residents were invited to answer an online survey containing the DASS-21 scale for anxiety, stress and depression symptoms and the Brief Resilient Coping Scale (BRCS) for resilience skills. RESULTS: Fifty four out of 90 residents answered the survey. Eighteen to 24% of respondents had symptoms of depression, anxiety and stress at severe and extremely severe levels. Those with severe and extremely severe symptoms had also the lowest score on the BRCS resilience scale. We did not find an association between severity of symptoms and gender. Discussion: A proportion of respondent residents had severe psychological symptoms and lower resilience scores during the COVID-19 pandemic.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Health Personnel/psychology , Health Personnel/statistics & numerical data , Pandemics , COVID-19/psychology , COVID-19/epidemiology , Internship and Residency , Mental Disorders/psychology , Mental Disorders/epidemiology , Anxiety/psychology , Anxiety/epidemiology , Psychiatric Status Rating Scales , Stress, Psychological/psychology , Stress, Psychological/epidemiology , Severity of Illness Index , Surveys and Questionnaires , Depression/psychology , Depression/epidemiology , Resilience, Psychological
10.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1408667

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Con el aumento del nivel de vida y la mejora de los sistemas de salud no es raro alcanzar edades extremas de la vida. A inicios del año 2019, en la provincia Pinar del Río, se declararon 109 centenarios; de ellos, 9 correspondían al municipio Los Palacios, donde se mostró un incremento de 3 individuos en comparación con el año precedente. Objetivo: Caracterizar clínica y funcionalmente a los adultos mayores centenarios del territorio. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional descriptivo de corte transversal en el municipio Los Palacios en el período enero-marzo de 2019. Población objeto de estudio: 9 centenarios, a quienes se les aplicó una encuesta estructurada, el índice de Katz y el test de calidad de vida MGH. Se respetaron los criterios de inclusión y los principios de la ética médica. Resultados: Predominó la edad entre 100 y 104 años, el sexo masculino, el color de la piel blanca, la viudez, la convivencia con los hijos, el consumo de café y el déficit sensorial. Todos realizaron actividad física y sus hábitos alimenticios fueron saludables a lo largo de la vida. La mayoría no tuvo criterio de polifarmacia. En la evaluación funcional se analizó la calidad de vida y las alteraciones en las actividades básicas de la vida diaria. Conclusiones: El envejecimiento exitoso en las personas centenarias se caracterizó por tener buena salud percibida y cognitiva, mantener una actitud optimista ante la vida, buena red de apoyo social familiar, antecedentes de familiares longevos y estilos de vida saludables(AU)


Introduction: With the increase in living standards and the improvement of health systems, it is not unusual to reach extreme ages of life. At the beginning of 2019, in Pinar del Río Province, 109 centenarians were reported; of them, 9 belonged to Los Palacios Municipality, where there was an increase of 3 individuals compared to the previous year. Objective: To characterize clinically and functionally the centenarian adults from the territory. Methods: A cross-sectional, descriptive and observational study was carried out in Los Palacios Municipality, in the period from January to March 2019. The study population consisted of 9 centenarians, to whom a structured survey was applied: Katz index and MGH quality of life test. The inclusion criteria and the principles of medical ethics were respected. Results: There was a predominance of ages 100-104 years, the male sex, white skin color, widowhood, the condition of sharing house with children, coffee consumption and sensory deficit. All the patients did physical activity and their eating habits were healthy throughout life. Most of them did not have polypharmacy criteria. Regarding their functional assessment, quality of life and alterations in basic activities of daily life were analyzed. Conclusions: Successful aging in centenarians showed that they have good health, both cognitive and perceived, maintain an optimistic attitude towards life, have a good family social support network, a history of long-lived family members, and healthy lifestyles(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged, 80 and over , Psychiatric Status Rating Scales , Quality of Life , Aging/physiology , Healthy Lifestyle , Centenarians , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Observational Study
11.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 58-64, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935350

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the depression status of pregnant and perinatal women in early, medium-term, late pregnancy and postpartum period in China and the outcomes of depression in each period, analyze the influential factors of depression status. Methods: By using the pregnant and perinatal women mental health cohort established by National Center for Women and Children's Health of Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Haidian District Maternal and Child Health Hospital of Beijing, Women Health Center of Shanxi, Jilin Women and Children Health Hospital, Zhuhai Center for Maternal and Child Health Care and Shenzhen Maternity and Child Healthcare Hospital of Guangdong province, a follow up study was conducted at 7 time points during pregnancy and perinatal period in pregnant and perinatal women in Beijing, Shanxi, Jilin and Guangdong from August 1, 2015 to October 31, 2016. The self-filled questionnaire and Edinburgh Postpartum Depression Scale (EPDS) were used to obtain the general demographic information and depression status of the pregnant and perinatal women, and the depression status and natural outcomes of the pregnant and perinatal women were analyzed. Results: A total of 1 284 pregnant and perinatal women were recruited. In this study, a total of 1 210 subjects who completed follow-up at least 6 times and postpartum 42 day follow up were included in the final analysis. The EPDS depression score at the gestation week 13 was used to indicate the depression status in early pregnancy, the average EPDS score of gestation week 17 and 24 were used to indicate the depression status in medium-term pregnancy, and the average EPDS score of gestation week 31 and 37 were used to indicate depression in late pregnancy. The average EPDS score of postpartum day 3 and 42 were used to indicate postpartum depression status. A total of 321 (26.5%), 218 (18.0%), 189 (15.6%) and 219 (18.1%) pregnant and perinatal women were found to have depression, respectively, in early, medium-term and late pregnancy and in postpartum period. The depression status in early, medium-term and late pregnancy and postpartum period were positively correlated (P<0.001), the correlation between early and middle pregnancy was strong (r=0.678), the correlation between medium-term and late pregnancy was strong (r=0.771), and the correlation between postpartum period and late pregnancy was strong (r=0.706). Among the pregnant women with depression in early pregnancy, 26.2% were depressed during the whole study period, 42.7% were depressed during postpartum period, and the results of multifactorial analysis showed that the education level of college or above of the pregnant and perinatal women (OR=0.437, 95%CI: 0.212-0.900, P=0.025), exercise during pregnancy (OR=0.586, 95%CI: 0.348-0.987, P = 0.044), high marital satisfaction (OR = 0.370, 95%CI: 0.221-0.620, P<0.001), normal body mass index (BMI) (OR=0.516, 95%CI: 0.270-0.985, P=0.045) reduced the risk for depression. Unsatisfactory living environment (OR=1.807, 95%CI: 1.074-3.040, P=0.026) increased the risk for depression. Conclusions: In pregnant and perinatal women in China, the detection rate of depression in early pregnancy was highest compared with those in medium-term and late pregnancy. The detection rate of depression increased again in postpartum period. The depression status detected in the early pregnancy remained in the medium-term and late pregnancy and postpartum period. Exercise, BMI, educational level, living environment satisfaction and marital satisfaction can affect the incidence of depression in pregnant and perinatal women.


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Depression/epidemiology , Depression, Postpartum/epidemiology , Follow-Up Studies , Postpartum Period , Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
12.
Estud. interdiscip. envelhec ; 26(1): 101-115, nov.2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1416942

ABSTRACT

Este artigo tem por objetivo avaliar a funcionalidade dos idosos que estão cadastrados em um Centro de Convivência da Terceira Idade. Trata-se de uma pesquisa descritiva, do tipo quantitativa e transversal, realizada com 51 idosos. O instrumento de avaliação foi constituído da investigação das características sociodemográficas, da funcionalidade através do Índice de Katz, escala de Lawton e nível de Atividade e Participação, de acordo com a Classificação Internacional de Funcionalidade, Incapacidade e Saúde (CIF). A análise estatística foi realizada no software BioState versão 5.4, utilizando a média, desvio-padrão, o teste de correlação de Pearson para dados paramétricos e o de associação do Qui-quadrado e Spearman para os dados não paramétricos. Na avaliação das características sociodemográficas, verificou-se que 80,4% dos idosos eram do sexo feminino, com média de idade de 70.8 (±5,5) anos, viúvos (n=20) e recebiam aposentadoria (n=31). Em relação à funcionalidade, 100% dos idosos apresentaram independência para a maioria das Atividades Básicas de Vida Diária (ABVD ́s),porém observou-se prevalência importante (9,8%) de incontinência urinária presente nas idosas do estudo. Para a realização das Atividades Instrumentais de Vida Diária (AIVD ́s), a maioria dos idosos apresentaram independência, contudo foi identificada prevalência considerável de idosos com alguma dependência (parcial ou total) para sua execução. No que se refere à classificação da funcionalidade pela CIF, a maioria dos códigos utilizados para classificação da funcionalidade dos idosos apresentou em comum o qualificador 0. Constatou-se que a participação dos idosos em um Centro de Convivência promove maior independência e autonomia aos idosos, demonstrando a sua importância.(AU)


This article aims to evaluate the functionality of the elderly who are registered in a Community Center for the Elderly. This is a descriptive, quantitative and cross-sectional study conducted with 51 elderly people. The evaluation instrument consisted of the investigation of sociodemographic characteristics, functionality through the Katz Index, Lawton scale and level of Activity and Participation, according to the International Classification of Functionality, Disability and Health (CIF). Statistical analysis was performed using the BioState software version 5.4, using the mean, standard deviation, Pearson's correlation test for parametric data and the Chi-square and Spearman association test for nonparametric data. In the assessment of sociodemographic characteristics, it was found that 80.4% of the elderly were female, with an average age of 70.8 (± 5.5) years, widowed (n = 20) and receiving retirement (n = 31). Regarding functionality, 100% of the elderly were independent for most of the Basic Activities of Daily Living (BADLs), but there was an important prevalence (9.8%) of urinary incontinence present in the elderly of the study. For the performance of Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADLs), the majority of the elderly showed independence, however a considerable prevalence of elderly people with some dependence (partial or total) for their execution was identified. Regarding the classification of functionality by the ICF, most of the codes used to classify the functionality of the elderly had the qualifier 0 in common. It was found that the participation of the elderly in Community Center promotes greater independence and autonomy for the elderly, demonstrating its importance.(AU)


Subject(s)
Psychiatric Status Rating Scales , Aged , Aging , International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health
13.
Gac. méd. Méx ; 157(3): 228-233, may.-jun. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346101

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: La pandemia de COVID-19 también ha afectado la salud mental. Objetivo: Evaluar la salud mental de la población mexicana durante la pandemia de COVID-19 mediante la medición de síntomas de estrés, depresión, ansiedad, insomnio y resiliencia. Métodos: Estudio observacional, descriptivo y transversal. Con una encuesta se recabaron datos sociodemográficos y se aplicaron la Depression Anxiety and Stress Scale 21 (DASS 21), la Escala Atenas de Insomnio y la Escala de Resiliencia 14 Ítems (RS-14). Se obtuvieron medidas de tendencia central y de dispersión en las variables cuantitativas, así como frecuencias en las cualitativas. En el análisis bivariado se utilizó la prueba de χ2; el nivel alpha fue 0.05. Resultados: Se analizaron 1667 individuos con edad media de 33.78 ± 10.79 años. En la DASS 21 se encontró una media de 9.7 puntos (normal), 7.10 para ansiedad (normal) y 6.73 para depresión (normal). La Escala Atenas de Insomnio presentó una media de 9.33 puntos (alteración moderada) y la RS-14, 69.13 (resiliencia alta). Conclusiones: La intensidad de la sintomatología fue menor a la esperada en comparación con la registrada en otras poblaciones, probablemente por la alta resiliencia de la población mexicana.


Abstract Introduction: The COVID-19 pandemic has also affected mental health. Objective: To evaluate Mexican population mental health during the COVID-19 pandemic by measuring symptoms of stress, depression, anxiety and insomnia, as well as resilience. Methods: Cross-sectional, descriptive, observational study. A survey was carried out to collect sociodemographic data, and the Depression Anxiety and Stress Scale 21 (DASS 21), Athens Insomnia Scale and the 14-item Resilience Scale (RS-14) were applied. Central tendency and dispersion measures were obtained for quantitative variables and frequencies for qualitative variables. The chi-square test was used for bivariate analysis; alpha level was 0.05. Results: 1,667 individuals with a mean age of 33.78 ± 10.79 years were analyzed. On DASS 21, a mean of 9.7 points (normal) was found, as well as 7.10 for anxiety (normal) and 6.73 for depression (normal). In the Athens Insomnia Scale, a mean of 9.33 points (moderate alteration), and in the RS-14 scale, 69.13 points (high resilience) were obtained. Conclusions: Symptoms' intensity was lower than expected in comparison with that recorded in other populations, probably due to the high levels of resilience of the Mexican population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Mental Health , Resilience, Psychological , COVID-19/psychology , Anxiety/epidemiology , Psychiatric Status Rating Scales , Stress, Psychological/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Depression/epidemiology , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders/epidemiology , Mexico/epidemiology
14.
Cambios rev. méd ; 20(1): 44-52, 30 junio 2021. tabs.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1292808

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN. La depresión es frecuente y variada en el adulto mayor. Se asocia a varias condiciones sociales, económicas y físicas. OBJETIVO. Determinar la asociación e interacción entre la depresión y las condiciones sociales, familiares y dependencia física en adultos ma-yores. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS. Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, transversal. Población de 474 adultos mayores deprimidos y muestra de 390 que acudieron a la consulta externa del Hospital de Especialidades Carlos Andrade Marín de Quito en el año 2018. Se utilizó la MINI Entrevista Neuropsiquiátrica Internacional para el diagnóstico de depresión y las escalas de Katz, Socio-familiar de Gijón y datos demográficos. La asociación se estableció mediante chi cuadrado de homogeneidad, cálculo de Odds de prevalencia y, para la interacción de variables, modelos de regresión logística binaria. Los cálculos estadísticos se realizaron en el programa estadístico International Business Machines Statistical Package for the Social Sciences. RE-SULTADOS. La prevalencia de depresión fue de 26,4% (103; 390) con 58,0% (60; 103) de episodio depresivo leve. La depresión guardó relación con la pertenencia a grupos sociales, dependencia y situación de riesgo social. En la regresión logística binomial con las variables socio-familiares el mayor peso cayó sobre las malas relaciones sociales (Exp B: 1,8); en el modelo con las variables significativas, en la dependencia (Exp B: 2,6). Los modelos clasifica-ron de manera correcta a los deprimidos. Las variables se tornaron significativas (p<0,05) al interactuar con riesgo y problema social. CONCLUSIÓN. Existió asociación entre depresión y dependencia, riesgo social y pertenencia a grupos sociales. El perfil de las personas deprimidas fue de personas dependientes, en riesgo social y que no pertenecían a grupos sociales.


INTRODUCTION. Depression is frequent and diverse in the elderly. It is associated with se-veral social, economic and physical conditions. OBJECTIVE. Determine the association and interaction between depression, social and family conditions and physical dependence in the elderly. MATERIALS AND METHODS. A descriptive, cross-sectional study was carried out. Population of 474 depressed older adults and a sample of 390 who attended the outpatient clinic of the Hospital de Especialidades Carlos Andrade Marín de Quito in 2018. The MINI was used International Neuropsychiatric Interview for the diagnosis of depression and the scales of Katz, Socio-familiar of Gijón and demographic data. The association was established using chi square of homogeneity, calculation of prevalence Odds and, for the interaction of variables, binary logistic regression models. Statistical calculations were performed in the program Statis-tical International Business Machines Statistical Package for the Social Sciences. RESULTS. The prevalence of depression was 26.4% (103; 390) with 58.0% (60; 103) of mild depressive episode. Depression was related to belonging to social groups, dependency and social risk situation. In the binomial logistic regression with the variables socio-family, the greatest weight fell on bad social relationships (Exp B: 1.8); at model with significant variables, in dependence (Exp B: 2.6). The models correctly classified the depressed. The variables became significant (p <0.05) when interact with risk and social problem. CONCLUSION. There was an association between depression and dependency; social risk and belonging to social groups. The profile of depressed people was of dependent people, at social risk who did not belong to social groups.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Psychiatric Status Rating Scales , Social Conditions , Activities of Daily Living , Depression , Functional Status , Interpersonal Relations , Aged , Aging , Dementia , Family Relations , Loneliness
15.
J. health med. sci. (Print) ; 7(2): 83-90, abr.-jun. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1391575

ABSTRACT

Los estudiantes universitarios, pueden presentar cambios de salud mental compatibles con estrés, ansiedad o depresión, causadas por la evolución propia de la edad y las exigencias académicas, especialmente en carreras de salud, como enfermería. La última Encuesta Nacional de Salud, indicó que el 78 % de los universitarios sufren algún síntoma de depresión. El objetivo del estudio fue determinar características psicométricas de depresión, ansiedad y estrés, en estudiantes de enfermería de la Universidad Mayor, sede Temuco, Chile. El enfoque fue cuantitativo, diseño no experimental, corte transversal, en una muestra de 244 estudiantes de primer a quinto año. Se aplicó la escala de Depresión, Ansiedad y Estrés (DASS-21), validado en Chile por Vinet, Rehbein, Román y Saiz (Antúnez, 2012; Román, 2016). Los aspectos éticos fueron aprobados por el Comité Ético Científico de Universidad Mayor. El análisis y presentación de resultados fueron por estadística descriptiva e inferencial con Software STATA®15. Los resultados indicaron que el 42,6 % de la muestra obtuvo características compatibles con depresión, 48,0 % con ansiedad y 61,1 % con estrés. El rango de edad más afectado fue entre 19 y 21 años, correspondientes a los niveles académicos de primero a tercero. Las tres variables estudiadas, se asociaron significativamente en segundo año académico de la carrera, destacando las características de estrés, y la menor predominancia de las tres variables fue en quinto año. Se concluyó que los estudiantes de enfermería de la Universidad Mayor sede Temuco, mostraron altos porcentajes de estas variables compatibles con alteraciones de la salud mental en los primeros años de estudio, específicamente en estrés y ansiedad por sobre la depresión, con diferencias significativas entre los niveles académicos de ingreso y egreso, lo que abre la oportunidad de apoyo estudiantil por parte de las entidades universitarias involucradas en estos aspectos.


University students can present mental health changes compatible with stress, anxiety or depression, due to the evolution of age and academic demands, especially in health careers, such as nursing. The latest National Health Survey indicated that 78% of university students suffer from some symptoms of depression. The objective of the study was to determine psychometric characteristics of depression, anxiety and stress, in nursing students of the Universidad Mayor, Temuco, Chile. The approach was quantitative, nonexperimental design, cross-sectional, in a sample of 244 students from first to fifth year. The Depression, Anxiety and Stress scale (DASS-21), validated in Chile by Vinet, Rehbein, Román and Saiz (Antúnez, 2012; Román, 2016), and was applied. The ethical aspects were approved by the Scientific Ethics Committee of Universidad Mayor campus Temuco. The analysis and presentation of results were by descriptive and inferential statistics with STATA®15 Software. The results indicated that 42.6% of the sample obtained characteristics compatible with depression, 48.0% with anxiety and 61.1% with stress. The most affected age range was between 19 and 21 years, corresponding to the academic levels from first to third. The three variables studied were significantly associated in the second year of the degree, highlighting the stress characteristics, and the lowest predominance of the three variables was in the fifth year. It was concluded that nursing students from the Universidad Mayor showed high percentages of these variables compatible with alterations in mental health in the first years of study, specifically in stress and anxiety over depression, with significant differences between the academic levels of entry and exit, which opens the opportunity for student support from the university entities involved in these aspects.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Anxiety/diagnosis , Anxiety/epidemiology , Stress, Psychological/diagnosis , Stress, Psychological/epidemiology , Students, Nursing/psychology , Depression/diagnosis , Depression/epidemiology , Psychiatric Status Rating Scales , Psychometrics , Mental Health , Cross-Sectional Studies
16.
Braz. J. Psychiatry (São Paulo, 1999, Impr.) ; 43(3): 285-288, May-June 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249191

ABSTRACT

Objective: To assess the influence of migration on the psychopathological presentation of individuals at ultra-high risk for psychosis (UHR) in São Paulo, Brazil. Methods: This study is part of the Subclinical Symptoms and Prodromal Psychosis (SSAPP) project, a cohort study in São Paulo, Brazil, designed to follow individuals at UHR. After screening with the Prodromal Questionnaire (PQ) and a clinical interview, the Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF) was administered, a neuropsychological assessment was performed, sociodemographic and migration data were obtained. We then analyzed UHR individuals who had migration data to see if migration had any effect on their cognition and psychopathology. Chi-square tests were used for categorical variables, and Student's t test or analysis of variance (ANOVA) were used for nonparametric and parametric distributions, respectively. Results: The sample was composed of 42 at-risk subjects, of whom 5 had a migration history in the past two generations. Those with migration history showed significantly more formal thought disturbances (p = 0.012) and sleeping problems (p = 0.033) compared to those without. Conclusions: Our data reinforce migration as a risk factor for psychosis in developing countries as well, and highlights the importance of studying the specific effect of this factor in UHR psychopathology.


Subject(s)
Humans , Psychotic Disorders/diagnosis , Psychotic Disorders/epidemiology , Schizophrenia , Psychiatric Status Rating Scales , Brazil/epidemiology , Risk Factors , Cohort Studies , Prodromal Symptoms , Neuropsychological Tests
18.
Trends psychiatry psychother. (Impr.) ; 43(1): 23-29, Jan.-Mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1156990

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Anhedonia is defined as the reduced ability to feel pleasure and is a core symptom of various psychiatric disorders such as depression and schizophrenia. The Snaith-Hamilton Pleasure Scale (SHAPS) was developed to assess the presence of anhedonia. The objective of this study was to assess the psychometric properties of the Brazilian Portuguese version of the SHAPS. Methods In this study, the SHAPS (14 items) was translated into Brazilian Portuguese and validated using data obtained from 228 subjects within a clinical sample. Psychometric properties were assessed using item response theory (logistic models) and classical test theory (Cronbach's alpha). We checked for external validity using a non-parametric correlation with an independent scale: Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale - Depression subscale (HAD-D). Results The SHAPS presented good internal consistency, with a Cronbach's α coefficient of 0.759 and adequacy to an IRT 1 parameter logistic (Rasch) model. The SHAPS presented significant correlation with the external measure HAD-D, with Spearman's ρ = 0.249 (S = 1368914; p < 0.001). Conclusion These results suggest that the Brazilian Portuguese version of the SHAPS is a reliable and valid instrument to assess hedonic tone.


Subject(s)
Humans , Depressive Disorder, Major , Pleasure , Psychiatric Status Rating Scales , Psychometrics , Brazil , Reproducibility of Results
19.
Braz. J. Psychiatry (São Paulo, 1999, Impr.) ; 43(1): 29-34, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153264

ABSTRACT

Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the lifetime suicide attempt rate, clinical characteristics and cognitive function of Chinese patients with chronic schizophrenia who had attempted suicide. Methods: We collected data from 908 schizophrenia inpatients about suicide attempts through interviews with the patients and their families, as well as through medical records. All patients were assessed with the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale, the Rating Scale for Extrapyramidal Side Effects, the Abnormal Involuntary Movement Scale, and the Repeated Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status. Results: Of this sample, 97 (10.68%) had attempted suicide. Patients who had attempted suicide were younger, had longer illness duration, and more severe general psychopathology and depressive symptoms than those who had not. Logistic regression analysis confirmed that suicide attempts were correlated with age, smoking, and depression. No cognitive performance differences were observed between patients who had and had not attempted suicide. Conclusions: In China, patients with chronic schizophrenia may have a higher prevalence of lifetime suicide attempts than the general population. Some demographic and clinical variables were related to suicide attempts in patients with chronic schizophrenia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Schizophrenia/epidemiology , Suicide, Attempted , Psychiatric Status Rating Scales , Schizophrenic Psychology , China/epidemiology , Risk Factors , Cognition
20.
Psicol. reflex. crit ; 34: 21, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1340487

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Background: The Kessler Distress Scale (K10) is a self-report scale for the assessment of non-specific psychological distress in the general and clinical population. Because of its ease of application and good psychometric properties, the K10 has been adapted to several cultures. The present study seeks to adapt the K10 to Brazilian Portuguese and estimate its validity evidence and reliability. Methods: A total of 1914 individuals from the general population participated in the study (age = 34.88, SD = 13.61, 77.7% female). The adjustment indices were compared among three different measurement models proposed for the K10 through confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). The items' properties were analyzed by Andrich's Rating Scale Model (RSM). Furthermore, evidence based on relations to other variables (depression, stress, anxiety, positive and negative affects, and satisfaction with life) was estimated. Results: CFA indicated the adequacy of the bifactor model (CFI= 0.985; TLI= 0.973; SMR= 0.019; RMSEA= 0.050), composed of two specific factors (depression and anxiety) and one general factor (psychological distress), corresponding to the theoretical hypothesis. Additionally, it was observed multiple-group invariance by gender and age range. The RSM provided an understanding of the organization of the continuum represented by the psychological distress construct (items difficulty), which varied from -0.89 to 1.00; good adjustment indexes; infit between 0.67 and 1.32; outfit between 0.68 and 1.34; and desirable reliability, α= 0.87. Lastly, theoretically coherent associations with the external variables were observed. Conclusions: It is concluded that the Brazilian version of the K10 is a suitable measure of psychological distress for the Brazilian population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Anxiety/diagnosis , Translations , Surveys and Questionnaires , Reproducibility of Results , Depression/diagnosis , Psychiatric Status Rating Scales , Brazil , Cross-Cultural Comparison , Psychological Distress
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL