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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986869


OBJECTIVE@#To test the reliability and validity of the Chinese version of adverse childhood experiences international questionnaire (ACE-IQ) in Chinese parents of preschool children.@*METHODS@#The parents of preschool children in 6 kindergartens in Tongzhou District of Beijing were selected by stratified random cluster sampling, and the Chinese version of ACE-IQ after translation and adaptation was used for survey online. The collected data were randomly divided into two parts. One part of the data (n=602) was used for exploratory factor analysis (EFA), to screen items and evaluate structural validity, and then form the final Chinese version of ACE-IQ. The other part of the data (n=700) was used for confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), criterion validity analysis and reliability analysis. At the same time, experts investigation method was used to evaluate the content validity of the final Chinese version of ACE-IQ.@*RESULTS@#After deleting four items of collective violence, the Chinese version of ACE-IQ with twenty-five items indicated good structural, criterion and content validity. Analysis results showed that the Chinese version of ACE-IQ presented a seven-factor model dimension, namely emotional neglect, physical neglect, family dysfunction, family violence, emotional and physical abuse, sexual abuse and violence outside the home, and the total score of the binary version of ACE-IQ Chinese version was positively correlated with the total score of childhood trauma questionaire-28 item short form (CTQ-SF, r=0.354, P < 0.001) and the center for epidemiological studies depression scale (CES-D, r=0.313, P < 0.001) respectively. Results from five experts showed that the item-level content validity index (I-CVI) of 25 items was between 0.80 and 1.00, and the average of all I-CVIs on the scale (S-CVI/Ave) of the scale was 0.984. At the same time, the internal consistency (Cronbach's α coefficient) of the whole scale was 0.818, and the split-half reliability (Spearman-Brown coefficient) was 0.621, which demonstrated good reliability.@*CONCLUSION@#This study has formed a Chinese version of ACE-IQ with 25 items and 7 dimensions, which has good reliability and validity among the parents of preschool children in China. It can be used as an evaluation instrument for measuring the minimum threshold of the adverse childhood experiences in the parents of preschool children in the cultural background of China.

Humans , Child, Preschool , Adverse Childhood Experiences , Reproducibility of Results , Parents/psychology , Surveys and Questionnaires , China , Psychometrics/methods
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969844


To develop a caregiver parenting behavior scale for children aged 2 to 6 years, and to verify its reliability and validity. This study recruited 1 350 caregivers of children aged 2 to 6 years. The item discrimination analysis and exploratory factor analysis were used to analyze the structure, dimensions and items of the scale. Homogeneity reliability, split-half reliability and test-retest reliability were used to analyze the reliability of the scale. Content validity and construct validity were used to analyze the validity of the scale. The results showed that the final scale contained 7 dimensions and 45 items. Cronbach's α coefficient of the total scale was 0.945; the coefficient of split half was 0.899; the test-retest reliability analysis showed that the correlation coefficients between the two tests were 0.893 (total score), 0.854 (social), 0.832 (language), 0.871 (gross motor), 0.893 (fine motor), 0.862 (cognitive), 0.832 (self-care), and 0.872 (sensory). The content validity analysis was carried out by two rounds of expert argumentation using Delphi expert consultation method. The Kendall coefficient of the items score in two rounds of Delphi expert consultation was 0.813 (P<0.01). The structure validity analysis showed that there were significant correlations between each dimension and the total scale, also between each dimension of the scale, and the extracted average variance values of each dimension was greater than the correlation coefficients between this dimension and other dimensions. In conclusion, the reliability and validity of the scale are qualified. It can be used as a tool to evaluate and guide the parenting behavior of caregivers of children aged 2 to 6 years.

Humans , Child , Caregivers/psychology , Reproducibility of Results , Parenting , Surveys and Questionnaires , Factor Analysis, Statistical , Psychometrics/methods
Psico USF ; 28(2): 347-359, Apr.-June 2023. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1448906


As últimas duas décadas trouxeram mudanças para o campo da Avaliação Psicológica (AP) no Brasil. Considerando que historicamente o desenvolvimento da Psicologia foi desigual entre as regiões do país, este estudo teve como objetivo investigar as práticas, a formação e o conhecimento de psicólogos maranhenses sobre avaliação psicológica. Participaram 124 psicólogos com registro ativo no Conselho Regional de Psicologia do Maranhão, que responderam a um roteiro estruturado de entrevista elaborado para este estudo. Os resultados mostraram que a maioria afirma realizar AP na sua prática profissional, que entrevista é a técnica mais usada e considerada mais importante para o processo, que há indícios de avanço na formação em AP no estado do Maranhão, mas que permanecem dificuldades em relação à compreensão de conceitos psicométricos e na inserção das práticas de AP no dia a dia do trabalho dos psicólogos. (AU)

The field of Psychological Assessment (PA) in Brazil faced changes in the last two decades. Since the development of Psychology has been historically uneven between the regions of the country, this study aimed to assess the practices, academic training, and knowledge of psychologists from the state of Maranhão on psychological assessment. 124 psychologists with active registration in the Regional Council of Psychology of Maranhão participated responding to a structured interview script prepared for this study. The results show that most claim to perform PA in their professional practice; that interview is the most used technique and it is considered the most important for the process; that there are indications of progress in PA training in the state of Maranhão, but some difficulties remain regarding the comprehension of psychometric concepts and the insertion of PA practices in the daily work of psychologists. (AU)

Las ultimas dos décadas trajeron cambios para el campo de la Evaluación Psicológica (EP) en Brasil. Considerando que históricamente el desarrollo de la Psicología fue desigual entre las regiones del país, este estudio tuvo como objetivo investigar las prácticas, la formación y el conocimiento de psicólogos del estado de Maranhão sobre evaluación psicológica. Participaron 124 psicólogos con matrícula activa en el Consejo Regional de Psicología de Maranhão, que respondieron a un guión estructurado de entrevista elaborado para este estudio. Los resultados mostraron que: la mayoría afirma realizar EP en su práctica professional; la entrevista es la técnica mas usada y considerada mas importante para el processo; hay indicios de avances en la formación en EP en el estado de Maranhão, pero permanecen dificultades en relación a la comprensión de conceptos psicométricos y en la inserción de las prácticas de EP en el día a día del trabajo de los psicólogos. (AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Psychological Tests , Psychometrics/methods , Interviews as Topic , Surveys and Questionnaires , Evaluation Studies as Topic , Correlation of Data , Sociodemographic Factors
Braz. j. anesth ; 72(5): 614-621, Sept.-Oct. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1420597


Abstract Objectives The Pain Catastrophizing Scale-Child version (PCS-C) allows to identify children who are prone to catastrophic thinking. We aimed to adapt the Brazilian version of PCS-C (BPCS-C) to examine scale psychometric properties and factorial structure in children with and without chronic pain. Also, we assessed its correlation with salivary levels of Brain-Derived Neurotrophic factor (BDNF). Methods The Brazilian version of PCS-C was modified to adjust it for 7-12 years old children. To assess psychometric properties, 100 children (44 with chronic pain from a tertiary hospital and 56 healthy children from a public school) answered the BPCS-C, the visual analogue pain scale, and questions about pain interference in daily activities. We also collected a salivary sample to measure BDNF. Results We observed good internal consistency (Cronbach's value = 0.81). Parallel analysis retained 2 factors. Confirmatory factor analysis of our 2-factor model revealed consistent goodness-of-fit (IFI = 0.946) when compared to other models. There was no correlation between visual analogue pain scale and the total BPCS-C score; however, there was an association between pain catastrophizing and difficulty in doing physical activities in school (p= 0.01). BPCS-C total scores were not different between groups. We found a marginal association with BPCS-C (r= 0.27, p= 0.01) and salivary BDNF levels. Discussion BPCS-C is a valid instrument with consistent psychometric properties. The revised 2-dimension proposed can be used for this population. Children catastrophism is well correlated with physical limitation, but the absence of BPCS-C score differences between groups highlights the necessity of a better understanding about catastrophic thinking in children.

Humans , Child , Catastrophization/diagnosis , Chronic Pain , Psychometrics/methods , Brazil , Reproducibility of Results , Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor , Central Nervous System Sensitization
Subj. procesos cogn ; 26(1): 53-72, ago. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1392522


El presente trabajo se ocupa de evaluar las propiedades psicométricas de la Escala de florecimiento (EF) en Argentina, para ello se realizó un proceso de traducción/adaptación para el contexto local. Participaron del estudio 363 adultos con edades comprendidas entre 18 y 68 años y de ambos sexos (Mujeres = 73%, Hombres= 27%). El CFA del modelo (NNFI= .9; CFI= .95; RMSEA= .053)y la consistencia interna(α=.89; ω=.91)arrojaron resultados aceptables para la EF. Por otro lado, la validación externa se realizó estudiando la correlación con los instrumentos MHC-SF y SWLS, obteniendo valores significativos. A su vez, la validación cruzada se realizó dividiendo la muestra en mujeres y hombres, hallándose resultados que confirman la validez del instrumento. En conclusión, se considera a partir de los resultados que la escala EF es un instrumento fiable para el estudio del bienestar en población argentina AU

The present work deals with evaluating the psychometric properties of the Flourishing Scale (EF) in Argentina, for which a translation/adaptation process was carried out for the local context. The study included 363 adults aged between 18 and 68 years and of both sexes (Women = 73%, Men = 27%). The CFA of the model (NNFI= .9; CFI= .95; RMSEA= .053) and internal consistency (α =.89; ω=.91) showed acceptable results for the EF. On the other hand, the external validation was carried out studying the connection with the MHC-SF and SWLS instruments, obtaining significant values. In turn, the cross-validation was carried out by dividing the sample into women and men, finding results that confirm the validity of the instrument. In conclusion, it is considered from the results that the EF scale is a reliable instrument for the study of well-being in the Argentine population AU

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Social Welfare/psychology , Psychometrics/methods , Surveys and Questionnaires/statistics & numerical data
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928971


OBJECTIVES@#Adolescents are at high risk of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI). Currently, there is no clinical assessment tool for adolescent NSSI behaviors measurement with global consistency. The Ottawa Self-injury Inventory (OSI) is considered as a relatively comprehensive assessment tool for NSSI, but the questionnaire is discussed with excessive content and timecostly, which may affect the reliability of the measurement results for adolescent.Thus, this study, based on OSI, aims to revise the assessment tool for adolescent with NSSI that is suitable for both clinically and scientifically, referring to the diagnostic criteria for NSSI in the 5th Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorder (DSM-5).@*METHODS@#This study was led by the Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University and collaborated with 6 mental health service institutions in China from August to December 2020. Adolescent aged from 12 to 24 years old who had self-injury behavior and met the DSM-5 diagnostic criteria for NSSI were continuously recruited in the psychiatric outpatient department or ward. After clinical diagnosis by an experienced attending psychiatrist or above, the general information and OSI were collected by questionnaires. SPSS 24.0 and AMOS structural equation model statistical softwares were used to conduct item analysis and exploratory factor analysis on the obtained data to complete the revision of the scale. Cronbach's alpha coefficient, split-half reliability, test-retest reliability, and content validity and structure validity were performed to analyze the reliability and validity and confirmatory factor analysis was carried out to test the structure validity for the revised scale.@*RESULTS@#A total of 234 adolescent with NSSI were enrolled, including 33 (14.1%) males and 201 (85.9%) females with the mean age of (16.2±2.6) years old. The most common clinical diagnoses were depression disorder (57.4%), bipolar disorder (20.9%), adolescent mood disorder (17.1%), etc. Nine items (item 2, 7, 11, 13, 23, 24, 10, 17, 18) in the functional scale of OSI were deleted according to extreme grouping method, correlation analysis, and principal component analysis in exploratory factor analysis. The revised functional scale for NSSI consisted of 15 items. The reliability analysis showed that the Cronbach's alpha coefficients of NSSI thought and behavior frequency, addiction characteristics, and function scales were 0.799, 0.798, and 0.835, respectively, and the split-half coefficients were 0.714, 0.727, and 0.852, respectively. The test-retest coefficients of the latter 2 scales were 0.466 and 0.560, respectively. The correlation coefficient between sub-items and total scores in each part of the scale showed good content validity. The exploratory factor analysis showed that a component was extracted from the frequency of thoughts and behaviors of NSSI, one component was extracted from the addictive characteristics, and three components were extracted from the functional part. The three functional subscales were social influence, external emotion regulation, and internal emotion regulation. The factor load of each item was >0.400.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The revised Chinese version OSI targeted the adolescent patients with mental disorders has relatively ideal reliability and validity. The scale shows high stability, dependability, and a reasonable degree of fit. It is a suitable assessment tool for clinical and scientific research on adolescent with NSSI.

Adolescent , Adult , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Factor Analysis, Statistical , Mental Disorders/diagnosis , Psychometrics/methods , Reproducibility of Results , Self-Injurious Behavior/psychology , Surveys and Questionnaires
Audiol., Commun. res ; 27: e2577, 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364379


RESUMO Objetivo validar um questionário autorreferido para avaliação do processamento auditivo central para adultos. Métodos o instrumento foi testado e validado com 123 estudantes universitários de 18 a 59 anos, sem alteração auditiva e sem histórico de tratamento para transtorno do processamento auditivo central. Os participantes realizaram os testes Gaps in Noise e Fala com Ruído. Por meio da análise estatística, foi definido o ponto de corte para alterações, a sensibilidade e a especificidade. Resultados o instrumento foi elaborado contendo 21 questões relacionadas ao histórico de saúde, aos hábitos de vida, às queixas auditivas e de aprendizagem. Após a análise fatorial, as questões relacionadas ao hábito de vida e condições de saúde foram retiradas por apresentarem carga fatorial baixa. Assim, a versão final da escala foi composta por 13 questões. Os constructos de primeira ordem e o indicador diagnóstico apresentaram níveis de confiabilidade exigidos. Foram definidos os pontos de corte 6 e 5 que indicassem alteração nos testes Gaps in Noise e Fala com Ruído branco, respectivamente. Conclusão a escala apresentou resultados válidos, confiáveis e consistentes e foi capaz de realizar inferências sobre o processamento auditivo.

ABSTRACT Purpose To validate a self-report questionnaire to assess the central auditory processing in adults. Methods The instrument was tested and validated with 123 university students aged 18 to 59 years, without hearing changes or history of treatment for central auditory processing disorder. The participants were submitted to the Gaps-in-Noise and speech-in-white-noise tests. The cutoff scores for changes, sensitivity, and specificity were defined with statistical analysis. Results The instrument was developed with 21 questions related to health history, life habits, and hearing and learning complaints. After factor analysis, the questions related to life habits and health conditions were removed because they had a low factor loading. Thus, the final version of the scale comprised 13 questions. The first-order constructs and the diagnostic indicator achieved the required levels of reliability. The cutoff scores to indicate abnormal results in the Gaps-in- Noise and speech-in-white-noise tests were defined respectively as 6 and 5. Conclusion The scale obtained valid, reliable, and consistent results and enabled professionals to make inferences about auditory processing.

Humans , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Psychometrics/methods , Reproducibility of Results , Risk Factors , Language Development Disorders/diagnosis , Brazil
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 22: e200240, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1422271


Abstract Objective: To estimate and compare the levels of empathy between undergraduate dentistry students and professors at a university in the Dominican Republic. Material and Methods: Cross-sectional and descriptive study. The studied population consisted of two groups. The first: students of the Dentistry Career (N=520; n=335: 64.42% of total students) were distributed in two areas, basic-preclinical and clinical, while the second group corresponded of teachers who work in both areas (N=92; n=56; 60.87% of all teachers). The total sample was n = 391. The Jefferson Scale of Physician Empathy (S-Version) was used. Reliability was estimated using Cronbach's α and intraclass correlation coefficient, descriptive statistics, two-way analysis of variance, Tukey's test, effect size, and power of the test. Significance level: α≤0.05 and β≤0.20. Results: The empathy and dimension values were, in general, higher in the professors of the clinical area in relation to the other areas studied, with the exception of the compassionate care dimension. Conclusion: The finding that clinical teachers have a greater value of empathy is potentially an advantage for training students, especially in the clinical area (AU).

Humans , Male , Female , Students, Dental , Dentistry , Empathy , Faculty, Dental/psychology , Psychometrics/methods , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Analysis of Variance , Factor Analysis, Statistical , Dominican Republic
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1386818


Abstract Objective: To translate Oral Health Literacy - Adult Questionnaire from English to Odia language and test its psychometric properties and assess its influence on oral health status of school teachers. Material and Methods: A cross-sectional survey was performed among 400; 116 (29%) males and 284 (71%) female school teachers of Bhubaneswar. OHL-AQ questionnaire subsequent to being translated to Odia language utilizing World Health Organization recommended translation back translation protocol was then tested for the establishment of its psychometric properties with assistance from the selected expert panel of academicians. The oral health status of participants was assessed using the WHO oral health assessment form-2013. Chi-square, t-tests, one-way ANOVA, and linear regression were used for statistical analysis. Results: Internal consistency of OHL-AQ-O was acceptable with an alpha value of 0.70. Test-retest reliability showed almost perfect agreement (ICC=0.90, CI=0.85-0.93) indicating highly reliable translated scale (p=0.001). Overall mean oral health literacy scores were 13.02±1.86, with about 80% belonging to the high oral health literacy level group. Caries prevalence was 78%, with a mean DMFT of 3.04±2.55. Shallow pockets were absent majorly in teachers belonging to the high oral health literacy group (p=0.01). The multiple linear regression model depicted that only the teaching experience variable added significantly to the prediction (p=0.008). Conclusion: OHL-AQ-O questionnaire was found valid and reliable to measure OHL. Further application of the instrument in other communities and populations will support establishing the external validity of the OHL-AQ-O.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Psychometrics/methods , Oral Health , Health Education, Dental , Health Literacy , Translating , Chi-Square Distribution , Linear Models , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Surveys and Questionnaires , Analysis of Variance , India/epidemiology
Acta Paul. Enferm. (Online) ; 35: eAPE02076, 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1393737


Resumo Objetivo Objetivou-se validar o conteúdo dos marcadores de vulnerabilidade à inatividade física em adultos. Métodos Estudo metodológico, fundamentado na Psicometria, que visa à elaboração das definições constitutivas e operacionais dos marcadores de vulnerabilidade à inatividade física em adultos e sua validação de conteúdo por especialistas. Os dados foram analisados mediante cálculo do Índice de Validade de Conteúdo (IVC) e Teste Binomial. Resultados Participaram da validação 13 juízes, profissionais da área da saúde, pesquisadores com publicações sobre o tema, provenientes de sete Estados brasileiros (Ceará, Pernambuco, Piauí, Bahia, Amazonas, Santa Catarina e Rio de Janeiro). Foram validados 40 marcadores, com 40 definições constitutivas e 133 definições operacionais. Esses foram agrupados em duas dimensões inter-relacionadas (Sujeito e Social) e 12 subdimensões (Situação Física, Situação Psicoemocional, Comportamento, Letramento Funcional, Relações Interpessoais, Perfil Socidemográfico, Ambiente, Políticas, Contexto Institucional, Cultura, Direitos Fundamentais). Todos apresentaram IVC excelentes (≥ 0,78). Conclusão Os marcadores propostos apresentaram parâmetros adequados de validade e podem ser usados para operacionalizar a mensuração do fenômeno vulnerabilidade à inatividade física na construção de instrumentos e estratégias para o cuidado de pacientes e enfrentamento da inatividade física.

Resumen Objetivo Validar el contenido de los marcadores de vulnerabilidad a la inactividad física en adultos. Métodos Estudio metodológico, fundamentado en la psicometría, que busca elaborar las definiciones constitutivas y operativas de los marcadores de vulnerabilidad a la inactividad física en adultos y su validación de contenido por especialistas. Los datos fueron analizados mediante cálculo del Índice de Validez de Contenido (IVC) y prueba binominal. Resultados Participaron de la validación 13 jueces, profesionales del área de la salud, investigadores con publicaciones sobre el tema, provenientes de siete estados brasileños (Ceará, Pernambuco, Piauí, Bahia, Amazonas, Santa Catarina y Rio de Janeiro). Fueron validados 40 marcadores, con 40 definiciones constitutivas y 133 definiciones operativas. Fueron agrupados en dos dimensiones interrelacionadas (Sujeto y Social) y 12 subdimensiones (Situación física, Situación psicosocial, Comportamiento, Alfabetización funcional, Relaciones interpersonales, Perfil sociodemográfico, Ambiente, Políticas, Contexto institucional, Cultura, Derechos fundamentales). Todos presentaron IVC excelente (≥ 0,78). Conclusión Los marcadores propuestos presentan parámetros adecuados de validez y pueden ser usados para operacionalizar la medición del fenómeno vulnerabilidad a la inactividad física en la elaboración de instrumentos y estrategias para el cuidado de pacientes y afrontamiento de la inactividad física.

Abstract Objective To validate the content of markers of vulnerability to physical inactivity in adults. Methods This is a methodological study, based on psychometrics, which aims to develop constitutive and operational definitions of markers of vulnerability to physical inactivity in adults and content validation by experts. Data were analyzed by calculating Content Validity Index (CVI) and binomial test. Results Thirteen judges, health professionals, researchers with publications on the subject, from seven Brazilian states (Ceará, Pernambuco, Piauí, Bahia, Amazonas, Santa Catarina and Rio de Janeiro), participated in the validation. A total of 40 markers were validated, with 40 constitutive definitions and 133 operational definitions. These were grouped into two interrelated dimensions (subject and social) and 12 subdimensions (physical situation, psycho-emotional situation, behavior, functional literacy, interpersonal relationships, sociodemographic profile, environment, policies, institutional context, culture, fundamental rights). All had excellent CVI (≥ 0.78). Conclusion The proposed markers presented adequate parameters of validity and can be used to operationalize the measurement of vulnerability to physical inactivity phenomenon in the construction of instruments and strategies for patient care and coping with physical inactivity.

Humans , Adult , Psychometrics/methods , Exercise , Health Behavior , Health Vulnerability , Sedentary Behavior , Reproducibility of Results , Validation Study , Validation Studies as Topic
Rev. chil. neuro-psiquiatr ; 59(4): 269-279, dic. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388407


INTRODUCCIÓN: Tomando en consideración el concepto de Susceptibilidad al Castigo de la teoría de Sensibilidad al Refuerzo de Gray y la actividad lingüística-verbal interna propia del ser humano, se propone el concepto Susceptibilidad al Castigo Anticipado (SCA) debido a que no existe ningún instrumento para evaluarlo. El Objetivo: es diseñar y estudiar la bondad de los ítems, la estructura interna y la confiabilidad la Escala de Susceptibilidad al Castigo Anticipado (ESCA). Además, se presentan datos descriptivos de la ESCA. MÉTODO: Primero se elaboraron los ítems en función de la definición del concepto, después fueron valorados por expertos. En la fase piloto se administró la versión inicial de la ESCA a 240 personas adultas con las que se realizó la depuración y primer estudio de la consistencia a partir de un Análisis Factorial Exploratorio. Posteriormente, se realizó un Análisis Factorial Confirmatorio con la versión final en una muestra de 960 estudiantes universitarios, se corroboró la bondad de los ítems y se estudió la confiabilidad de la ESCA. RESULTADOS: Todos los ítems de la versión final resultaron adecuados. Se observó y corroboró en la fase final una estructura interna de tres factores (y uno de segundo orden). Los factores y la escala total mostraron adecuados valores de consistencia interna. CONCLUSIONES: La ESCA, a pesar de las limitaciones derivadas en gran parte al tratarse de un nuevo constructo, es un instrumento adecuado para evaluar la susceptibilidad al castigo anticipado en población universitaria de Michoacán (México).

INTRODUCTION: Taking into consideration the concept of Susceptibility to Punishment of Gray's Reinforcement Sensitivity theory and the internal linguistic-verbal activity of the human being, the concept of Susceptibility to Early Punishment (SEP) is proposed, because there is no instrument to evaluate it. The Objective: To Design and study the goodness of the items, the internal structure and the reliability of the Susceptibility to Early Punishment Scale (SEPS). In addition, descriptive data from SEPS are presented. METHOD: The items were first elaborated based on the definition of the concept, and were valued by experts. In the pilot phase, the initial version of the SEPS was administered to 240 adult people where information was filtered and the first study of consistency was done based on an Exploratory Factor Analysis. Subsequently, a Confirmatory Factor Analysis was performed with the final versión of the scale, in a sample of 960 university students. The goodness of the items was corroborated, and the reliability of the SEPS was studied. RESULTS: All the items of the final version were adequate; an internal structure of three factors (and one of the second order) was observed and corroborated in the final phase. The factors and the full scale revealed adequate internal consistency values. CONCLUSIONS: The SEPS, despite the limitations derived largely from being a new construct, is an adequate instrument to assess the susceptibility to early punishment in the university population of Michoacan (Mexico).

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Psychometrics/methods , Punishment , Surveys and Questionnaires , Reproducibility of Results , Factor Analysis, Statistical , Mexico
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(4): e286-e297, agosto 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1280995


Objetivo: Evaluar las propiedades psicométricas del Cuestionario pediátrico de calidad de vida (PedsQLTM 3.0) Módulo Neuromuscular, versión en español para Argentina, en niños entre 2 y 18 años con enfermedades neuromusculares. Población y métodos: Estudio observacional, analítico, prospectivo, de validación, realizado en el Hospital Garrahan entre el 19 de marzo de 2019 y el 9 de marzo de 2020. A los 10-15 días se realizó el retest del cuestionario para validar en los pacientes que reportaron estabilidad. Resultados: Participaron 185 niños y sus padres. Sobre la factibilidad de la herramienta, los participantes comprendieron fácilmente su contenido. La confiabilidad resultó aceptable, con una consistencia interna de 0,82 en niños y 0,87 en padres y un coeficiente de correlación intraclase en el retest de 0,70 en niños y 0,82 en familiares. Sobre la validez del constructo se confirmaron 8 de 11 hipótesis establecidas (72,7 %). Conclusión: El cuestionario fue validado en sus propiedades psicométricas

Objective: To assess the psychometric properties of the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory™ (PedsQL™ 3.0), Neuromuscular Module, version in Spanish for Argentina, for children aged 2-18 years with neuromuscular disease. Population and methods: Observational, analytical, prospective validation study conducted in Hospital Garrahan between March 19th, 2019 and March 9th, 2020. The retest questionnaire was administered 10-15 days later to validate it among patients who reported a stable condition. Results: A total of 185 children and their parents participated. In terms of the questionnaire's feasibility, its content was easily understood by participants. Its reliability was acceptable, with an internal consistency of 0.82 among children and 0.87 among parents and a retest intraclass correlation coefficient of 0.70 among children and 0.82 among parents. In relation to the construct validity, 8 of the 11 hypotheses established (72.7 %) were confirmed. Conclusion: The questionnaire's psychometric properties were validated.

Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Quality of Life , Surveys and Questionnaires , Neuromuscular Diseases , Argentina , Psychometrics/methods , Prospective Studies , Reproducibility of Results , Neuromuscular Diseases/psychology
Rev. Bras. Saúde Mater. Infant. (Online) ; 21(2): 559-566, Apr.-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1340649


Abstract Objectives: to develop and analyze the psychometric properties of a questionnaire to assess community health workers' knowledge on breastfeeding. Methods: this is a methodological study for the development of an instrument and analysis of validity and reliability. For the elaboration of items and identification of dimensions, a literature review was conducted. The items were submitted to the evaluation of a committee of judges, for apparent and content analysis. Construct validation was conducted through hypothesis test, with the participation of 282 community health workers and 19 pediatricians and obstetric nurses. For analysis and comparison of scores, the Mann-Whitney U test was used, assuming a significance level of 5%. Reliability was assessed using Cronbach's alpha coefficient and temporal consistency of the instrument was assessed using test-retest and Kappa analysis. Results: the final instrument presented a favorable opinion from the committee of judges. The hypothesis test showed that the questionnaire has discriminatory power to assess professionals with a higher level of knowledge (p<0.001). The Kappa test revealed that 63% of the items showed substantive to almost perfect agreement. The 32-item questionnaire showed a Cronbach's alpha of 0.794. Conclusion: the instrument developed was valid and reliable, allowing effective measurement of community health workers' knowledge on breastfeeding.

Resumo Objetivos: elaborar e analisar propriedades psicométricas de um questionário para avaliação do conhecimento de agentes comunitários de saúde sobre amamentação. Métodos: trata-se de estudo metodológico de elaboração de instrumento e análise de validade e confiabilidade. Para a elaboração dos itens e identificação das dimensões, realizou-se revisão da literatura. Os itens foram submetidos à apreciação de comitê de juízes, para análise aparente e de conteúdo. A validação de construto foi conduzida pelo teste de hipóteses, com participação de 282 agentes comunitários de saúde e 19 pediatras e enfermeiras obstetras. Para comparação dos escores, utilizou-se o teste U de Mann-Whitney, assumindo-se um nível de significância de 5%. A confiabilidade foi aferida por meio do coeficiente alfa de Cronbach e a consistência temporal do instrumento por meio do teste-reteste e análise de Kappa. Resultados: o instrumento final apresentou parecer favorável do comitê de juízes. O teste de hipóteses evidenciou que o instrumento tem poder discriminatório para aferir profissionais com maior nível de conhecimento (p<0,001). O teste Kappa revelou que 63% dos itens apresentaram concordância de substantiva a quase perfeita. O questionário, com 32 itens, apresentou um alfa de Cronbach de 0,794. Conclusão: o instrumento apresentou-se válido e confiável que permitirá mensurar de forma eficaz o conhecimento de agentes comunitários de saúde sobre amamentação.

Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Primary Health Care , Psychometrics/methods , Breast Feeding , Hypothesis-Testing , Community Health Workers/psychology , Brazil , Surveys and Questionnaires , Statistics, Nonparametric , Maternal-Child Health Services , Health Promotion
Aval. psicol ; 20(2): 191-200, abr.-jun. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1285436


Diante da necessidade de reflexão sobre processos de adaptação transcultural de instrumentos avaliativos utilizados no contexto de Cuidados Paliativos, este estudo teve por objetivo realizar uma revisão integrativa da literatura e analisar estratégias metodológicas e cuidados técnicos para sua implementação à luz das diretrizes propostas pela International Test Commission. Foi realizada busca eletrônica nas bases indexadoras PubMed, BVS e SciELO, cruzando-se palavras-chave/descritores: cross-cultural adaptation, translation, validation, palliative care, end-of-life, no período entre 2006 e 2019. Foram selecionados artigos publicados em português, espanhol ou inglês, voltados à adaptação para o Brasil de instrumentos avaliativos em Cuidados Paliativos, totalizando 12 artigos para análise na íntegra. As etapas de adaptação transcultural foram apresentadas, porém poucos estudos descreveram o conjunto de categorias internacionalmente recomendadas. Essa baixa adesão às diretrizes internacionais sugere necessidade de maior sistematização metodológica e detalhamento dos resultados das pesquisas. (AU)

Considering the need for reflection on the processes of cross-cultural adaptation of assessment instruments used in the context of Palliative Care, this study aimed to conduct an integrative literature review and analyze methodological strategies and technical care for their implementation, considering the guidelines proposed by the International Test Commission. An electronic search was performed in the PubMed, BVS and SciELO indexing databases, crossing the keywords/descriptors: cross-cultural adaptation, translation, validation, palliative care, and end-of-life, for publications between 2006 and 2019. Articles published in Portuguese, Spanish or English, which focused on adapting Palliative Care assessment instruments to Brazil were selected, retrieving 12 articles for full analysis. The steps of cross-cultural adaptation were presented, however few studies described the set of internationally recommended categories. This low adherence to international guidelines suggests the need for greater methodological systematization and detailing of research results. (AU)

Ante la necesidad de reflexionar sobre los procesos de adaptación transcultural de los instrumentos de evaluación utilizados en el contexto de los Cuidados Paliativos, este estudio tuvo como objetivo realizar una revisión integradora de la literatura y analizar estrategias metodológicas y cuidados técnicos para su implementación a la luz de las directrices propuestas por la Internacional Test Commission. Se realizó una búsqueda electrónica en las bases de datos de indexación PubMed, BVS y SciELO, vinculando palabras clave/descriptores: cross-cultural adaptation, translation, validation, palliative care, end-of-life, entre 2006 y 2019. Fueron seleccionados artículos publicados en portugués, español o inglés, orientados a la adecuación de instrumentos de evaluación en Cuidados Paliativos a Brasil, recuperando a 12 artículos para análisis completo. Se presentaron etapas de adaptación transcultural, pero pocos estudios describieron el conjunto de categorías recomendadas internacionalmente. Esta baja adherencia a las directrices internacionales sugiere la necesidad de mayor sistematización metodológica y pormenorización de los resultados de investigación. (AU)

Palliative Care/psychology , Cross-Cultural Comparison , Psychometrics/methods , Emotional Adjustment
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 21: e210037, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1351214


ABSTRACT Objective: To translate, perform a cross-cultural adaptation and reliability analysis of the Survey of Anxiety and Information for Dentists (SAID) for use with Brazilian adolescents. Material and Methods: The SAID was translated into Brazilian Portuguese and back-translated to English. An expert committee compared both versions and examined their equivalence. Then, a face validation was performed with 10 adolescents. The SAID was applied in printed format with 25 questions. Participants answered and commented on the questions with a researcher to confirm the understanding and provide suggestions. The suggestions were implemented, and the expert committee approved the final version of the SAID in Brazilian Portuguese. The psychometric properties were tested with 60 adolescents aged 10 to 19 years. Participants answered the Brazilian version of the SAID before their first dental appointment and two weeks later to determine test-retest reliability. Reliability was analyzed by internal consistency analysis (Cronbach's alpha) and test-retest (ICC). Results: The instrument presented excellent reliability according to internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha = 0.77) and test-retest coefficients (ICC = 0.88; 95% CI: 0.81-0.93). The Kappa coefficients and the degree of agreement of the dichotomous questions indicated good reproducibility of the new version. Conclusion: The SAID translation, cross-cultural adaptation and reliability analysis were completed successfully. Thus, the Brazilian version of the SAID can be a useful survey tool for dental care of adolescent patients.

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Brazil/epidemiology , Cross-Cultural Comparison , Dental Care , Dental Anxiety , Dentist-Patient Relations/ethics , Health Communication , Psychometrics/methods , Surveys and Questionnaires , Reproducibility of Results , Data Interpretation, Statistical
Motriz (Online) ; 27: e10200149, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154895


Abstract Aims: This study investigated the psychometric properties of the Brazilian version of the Athlete Burnout Questionnaire (ABQ). Methods: Participants were five hundred and nineteen young and adult athletes who responded to the ABQ and Competitive State Anxiety Inventory-2R. Data analysis was conducted through Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA), Cronbach's alpha, Composite reliability, average variance extracted, multigroup analysis, and Pearson's correlation (p<0.05). Results: The results of the CFA confirmed the structure with three dimensions (Physical and emotional exhaustion (PEE), reduced sense of sports accomplishment (RSSA), and sports devaluation (SD) [χ²/gl=2.92; CFI=.92; TLI=.91; RMSEA=.06]. Internal consistency was satisfactory (>.70). External validity revealed a positive correlation between PEE (r=.14) and RSSA (r=.23) with somatic anxiety and a positive correlation of PEE (r=.15), RSSA (r=.30), and SD (r=.14) with cognitive anxiety. Further, all dimensions of burnout had negative correlations with the self-confidence (r=.17-.23). In the factor invariance analysis, satisfactory data were found in the model's fit, establishing good factor loadings, variance/covariance, and residuals in both age groups (up to 18 years and over 18 years) and genders (men and women). Conclusion: It was concluded that the Brazilian version of the ABQ is satisfactory for the application of possible studies involving burnout syndrome in the Brazilian sports context in different group extracts.

Humans , Adult , Psychometrics/methods , Athletes , Psychology, Sports/methods , Test Anxiety Scale , Factor Analysis, Statistical
Rev. Paul. Pediatr. (Ed. Port., Online) ; 39: e2019377, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155466


ABSTRACT Objective: To cross-culturally adapt and validate the Montreal Children's Hospital Feeding Scale (MCH-FS) into Brazilian Portuguese. Methods: The MCH-FS, originally validated in Canada, was validated in Brazil as Escala Brasileira de Alimentação Infantil (EBAI) and developed according to the following steps: translation, production of the Brazilian Portuguese version, testing of the original and the Brazilian Portuguese versions, back-translation, analysis by experts and by the developer of the original questionnaire, and application of the final version. The EBAI was applied to 242 parents/caregivers responsible for feeding children from 6 months to 6 years and 11 months of age between February and May 2018, with 174 subjects in the control group and 68 ones in the case group. The psychometric properties evaluated were validity and reliability. Results: In the case group, 79% of children were reported to have feeding difficulties, against 13% in the control group. The EBAI had good internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha=0.79). Using the suggested cutoff point of 45, the raw score discriminated between cases and controls with a sensitivity of 79.4% and specificity of 86.8% (area under the ROC curve=0.87). Conclusions: The results obtained in the validation process of the EBAI demonstrate that the questionnaire has adequate psychometric properties and, thus, can be used to identify feeding difficulties in Brazilian children from 6 months to 6 years and 11 months of age.

RESUMO Objetivo: Realizar a adaptação transcultural e a validação da escala Montreal Children's Hospital Feeding Scale (MCH-FS) para a língua portuguesa falada no Brasil. Métodos: A MCH-FS, originalmente validada no Canadá, foi validada no Brasil como Escala Brasileira de Alimentação Infantil (EBAI) e desenvolvida a partir das seguintes etapas: tradução, montagem da versão em português brasileiro, teste da versão em inglês e da versão em português brasileiro, retrotradução, análise por experts e autora do questionário original e aplicação da versão final em estudo. A EBAI foi aplicada em 242 pais/cuidadores responsáveis pela alimentação de crianças de seis meses a seis anos e 11 meses de idade no período de fevereiro a maio de 2018, sendo 174 no grupo controle e 68 no grupo dos casos. As propriedades psicométricas avaliadas foram validade e confiabilidade. Resultados: No grupo dos casos, 79% dos pais/cuidadores relataram dificuldades alimentares, e no grupo controle, 13%. A EBAI apresentou boa consistência interna (alfa de Cronbach=0,79). Utilizando-se o ponto de corte sugerido de 45, o escore bruto (raw score) diferenciou casos de controles com sensibilidade de 79,4% e especificidade de 86,8% (área sob a curva ROC=0,87). Conclusões: Os resultados obtidos na validação da EBAI evidenciaram medidas psicométricas adequadas. Portanto, a escala pode ser utilizada na identificação de dificuldades alimentares em crianças brasileiras de seis meses a seis anos e 11 meses idade.

Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adult , Psychometrics/methods , Feeding and Eating Disorders of Childhood/diagnosis , Feeding Behavior/psychology , Hospitals, Pediatric/standards , Parents/education , Translations , Brazil/epidemiology , Canada , Case-Control Studies , Cross-Cultural Comparison , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires/statistics & numerical data , Reproducibility of Results , Sensitivity and Specificity , Caregivers/statistics & numerical data , Feeding and Eating Disorders of Childhood/etiology , Feeding and Eating Disorders of Childhood/therapy
Trends psychiatry psychother. (Impr.) ; 42(4): 291-301, Oct.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1145186


Abstract Introduction The Personality Inventory for the DSM-5 - Brief Form (PID-5-BF) - is an instrument for assessment of the five pathological personality traits from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM-5) alternative model of personality disorders. Objectives To determine the psychometric properties of the version of the PID-5-BF translated and adapted to Brazilian Portuguese. Methods The process of translating and cross-culturally adapting the text was carried out by independent translators and the resulting version was administered to 176 patients in two hospitals in Rio Grande do Sul. The internal structure was tested by means of confirmatory factor analysis. Evidence of reliability was tested by examining the internal consistency of the scales and their convergent and concurrent validity with other methods of psychopathology. Results The five factors were replicated in the present sample with adequate indicators of fit of the data to the model. Appropriate reliability coefficients for the scales and evidence of validity were observed, indicating the clinical usefulness of the PID-5-BF in the Brazilian context. Conclusion The psychometric properties of PID-5-BF proved satisfactory in an initial sample of Brazilians.

Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Personality Disorders/diagnosis , Personality Inventory/standards , Psychiatric Status Rating Scales/standards , Psychometrics/standards , Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders , Psychometrics/instrumentation , Psychometrics/methods , Translating , Brazil , Cultural Characteristics