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1.
Rev. cuba. pediatr ; 91(4): e871, oct.-dic. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas), CUMED | ID: biblio-1093728

ABSTRACT

Introducción: En la detección temprana de los problemas del desarrollo resulta importante emplear instrumentos de pesquisa. Objetivo: Describir el diseño de un instrumento para la pesquisa de los problemas del desarrollo psicomotor en niños menores de seis años. Métodos: Investigación de desarrollo realizada en La Habana, en niños sanos menores de seis años (n=1 333). El instrumento se diseñó a partir de la estimación de las edades de cumplimiento de un conjunto de pautas de desarrollo. Se estimaron los percentiles 25, 50, 75 y 90 (± IC95 por ciento) de la edad de cumplimiento de 80 pautas del desarrollo psicomotor mediante una regresión logística con transformación inversa. Se comparó el percentil 50 con el de las pautas de otras pruebas similares. El instrumento se diseñó con un método gráfico con el programa Microsoft Excel 2010. Resultados: Se estimaron todos los percentiles en 93,8 por ciento de las pautas seleccionadas; en tres de ellas no fue posible obtener el percentil 25, el 50 o ambos y en dos casos fueron cumplidas por todos los niños, por lo que su comportamiento no fue acorde a un modelo madurativo. En las comparaciones respecto a pruebas foráneas predominaron las pautas cumplidas a edades similares y adelantadas. Conclusiones: El instrumento diseñado constituye una herramienta útil para la pesquisa de los problemas del desarrollo psicomotor en la primera infancia, tanto en la práctica asistencial como en estudios epidemiológicos. Su aplicación en estos escenarios contribuye a elevar la calidad de la atención pediátrica(AU)


Introduction: In the early detection of development problems, it is important to use screening instruments. Objective: To describe the design of an instrument for the screening of psychomotor development's problems in children under six years old. Methods: Development research conducted in Havana, in healthy children under six years old (n= 1 333). The design of instrument was based on the estimation of the ages of compliance related to a set of development guidelines. The 25th, 50th, 75th and 90th percentiles (± 95 percent CI) of the compliance age of 80 psychomotor development patterns were estimated by means of a logistic regression with inverse transformation. The 50th percentile was compared with that of other similar tests. The instrument was designed with a graphical method with Microsoft Excel 2010 program. Results: All percentiles were estimated in 93.8 percent of the selected guidelines; in three of them it was not possible to obtain the 25th percentile, the 50th or both, and in two cases they were fulfilled by all the children, so their behavior was not according to a maturational model. In the comparisons with respect to foreign tests, the patterns fulfilled at similar and advanced ages prevailed. Conclusions: The instrument designed is a useful tool for the investigation of psychomotor development problems in early childhood, both in care practice and epidemiological studies, and their application in these scenarios contributes to raising the quality of pediatric care(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Psychomotor Performance/physiology , Child Development/physiology , Determination/methods , Research Design
2.
Dement. neuropsychol ; 13(4): 427-435, Oct.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1056007

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The Mini-Mental Examination for Children (MMC) is a widely used tool for assessing global cognitive deficits, however,is still unknown whether MMC is sensitive for investigating cognitive profiles associated with learning difficulties (LD). Objective: Here we investigate the feasibility of using the MMC for screening school-aged children with learning difficulties in spelling and math. Methods: The MMC and other neurophysiological tests were administered to a sample of 168 children, aged 7 to 12 years. The sample was subdivided into a Control group and LD group (Math Difficulties, Spelling Difficulties, Math and Spelling Difficulties). Diagnostic accuracy was assessed with ROC analysis. Convergent and divergent validity was assessed using correlation analysis. Results: Performance on the MMC was associated with nonverbal intelligence, age and school achievement. The LD group had significantly lower performance on the MMC than the Control group. Performance on the MMC discriminated LD children with a global accuracy of around 0.80. Associations between the MMC and the other neuropsychological variables were higher for finger gnosis (r=0.40) and generally higher for early elementary school grades. The MMC proved satisfactory for identifying LD children with good accuracy. Nonverbal intelligence, and perceptual/motor abilities play an important role in MMC performance. Conclusion: The MMC could be a useful instrument for screening children with LD.


RESUMO Mini-exame mental para crianças (MMC) é uma ferramenta amplamente utilizada para avaliar déficits cognitivos globais, no entanto, ainda é desconhecido se a MMC é sensível para investigar perfis cognitivos associados a dificuldades de aprendizagem. Objetivo: Aqui nós investigamos a viabilidade de usar MMC para triagem de crianças em idade escolar com dificuldades de aprendizagem em ortografia e matemática. Métodos: MMC e outros testes neuropsicológicos foram administrados em uma amostra de 168 crianças de 7 a 12 anos de idade. A amostra foi subdividida em um Grupo Controle e um grupo LD (dificuldade na matemática, na escrita, ou na escrita e na matemática). A acurácia diagnóstica foi analisada através de uma análise de curva ROC. A validade convergente e divergente foi investigada através de análises de correlações. Resultados: A performance no MMC foi associada com a inteligência não verbal, idade e desempenho escolar. O grupo LD apresentou desempenho significativamente inferior ao Grupo Controle no MMC. A performance no MMC pôde identificar crianças LD com uma acurácia global em torno de 0.80. As associações entre MMC e outras variáveis neuropsicológicas foram maiores para gnosias digitais (r=0.40) e em geral, mais altas nas séries iniciais. O MMC se mostrou satisfatório para identificar crianças LD com uma boa acurácia. A inteligência não verbal, habilidades perceptivas/motoras tem um importante papel na performance no MMC. Conclusão: O MMC pode ser um instrumento útil para o rastreamento de crianças com LD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Psychomotor Performance , Spatial Processing , Specific Learning Disorder , Intelligence , Neuropsychological Tests
3.
MHSalud ; 16(2): 17-28, jul.-dic. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1012652

ABSTRACT

Resumen Objetivo: evaluar el efecto de un programa de educación física adaptado en escolares con discapacidad auditiva sobre el cociente motor. Método: el diseño del estudio fue cuasiexperimental, con muestreo por conveniencia, participando treinta y ocho niños con una edad promedio de 7.4±0.9 años, diagnosticados con debilidad o pérdida auditiva, de dos escuelas de la ciudad de Mexicali, Baja California. México. Los participantes fueron divididos aleatoriamente en un grupo experimental (n=23) y otro control (n=15), a los cuales se les evaluó el cociente motor mediante el test de coordinación corporal para niños KTK (Körperkoordinationstest für Kinder de Kiphard y Schiling), por sus siglas en alemán, mediante las pruebas: desplazamientos en equilibrio de espaldas, saltos monopódales, saltos laterales y transposición sobre plataforma. El programa se realizó durante 4 meses, 5 veces por semana, con una duración de 50 minutos por sesión, comunicándose con los alumnos mediante el lenguaje de señas mexicano y realizando una serie de tareas que enfatizaran la coordinación motora. Resultados: al comparar los resultados entre grupos de la variable cociente motor, con el análisis de varianza (ANOVA) mixtas 2 x 2 se observó una interacción doblemente significativa entre los grupos y las mediciones (p = 0.01), los porcentajes de cambio (Δ %) fueron 26 % del grupo experimental y 6.5 %. del grupo control (Δ %). Conclusión: se establece que la aplicación de un programa de educación física adaptado durante cuatro meses, mejora la coordinación motora en niños con discapacidad auditiva.


Abstract Aim: To evaluate the effect of an adapted physical education program on students with hearing impairment on the motor quotient. Method: The design of the study was quasi-experimental, with convenience sampling, involving thirty-eight children with an average age of 7.4 ± 0.9 years, diagnosed with weakness or hearing loss, from two schools of the city of Mexicali, Baja California. Mexico. The participants were randomly divided into an experimental group (n = 23) and a control group (n = 15). The motor quotient was evaluated using the KTK children's body coordination test (Kiphard Körperkoordinationstest für Kindergarten and Schiling, as per the German acronym), through the tests, balancing movements of backs, jumps on one foot, lateral jumps and transposition on a platform. The program was carried out for four months, five times a week, with a duration of 50 minutes per session. The communication with the students was through the Mexican sign language, and the tasks performed emphasized motor coordination. Results: When comparing the results between groups of the motor quotient variable, with the mixed analysis of variance (ANOVA) 2 x 2, a doubly significant interaction between the groups and the measurements was observed (p = 0.01); the percentages of change (Δ %) were 26% for the experimental group, and 6.5% for the control group (Δ%). Conclusion: It is established that the application of a physical education program adapted for four months improves the motor coordination in children with hearing disabilities.


Resumo Objetivo: Avaliar o efeito de um programa de educação física adaptado a crianças em idade escolar com deficiência auditiva no quociente motor. Métodos: O desenho do estudo foi quase-experimental, com amostragem por conveniência, envolvendo trinta e oito crianças com idade média de 7,4±0,9 anos, com diagnóstico de fraqueza ou perda auditiva, de duas escolas da cidade de Mexicali, Baja California. México. Os participantes foram divididos aleatoriamente em um grupo experimental (n=23) e um grupo controle (n=15), para os quais o quociente motor foi avaliado pelo teste de coordenação corporal de crianças KTK (Körperkoordinationstest für Kinder de Kiphard y Schiling), pela sigla alemã, por meio de testes, movimentos em contrapeso, saltos monopedais, saltos laterais e transposição em plataforma. O programa foi realizado durante 4 meses, 5 vezes por semana, com duração de 50 minutos por sessão, comunicando-se com os alunos através da linguagem de sinais mexicana e realizando uma série de tarefas que enfatizavam a coordenação motora. Resultados: Ao comparar os resultados entre os grupos da variável quociente motor, com a análise de variância (ANOVA) mista 2 x 2 foi observada uma interação duplamente significativa entre os grupos e as medidas (p = 0,01), os percentuais de variação (Δ%) foram de 26% do grupo experimental e 6,5% do grupo controle (Δ%). Conclusão: Estabelece-se que a aplicação de um programa de educação física adaptado durante quatro meses melhora a coordenação motora de crianças com deficiência auditiva.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Physical Education and Training , Psychomotor Performance , Child , Disabled Children , Education of Hearing Disabled
4.
Fisioter. Pesqui. (Online) ; 26(3): 311-321, jul.-set. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1039895

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The objective of this study is to evaluate the effects of physical therapy on the cognitive and functional capacity of patients with Alzheimer's Disease (AD). This is a systematic review of randomized or quasi-randomized clinical trials, using the descriptors: AD, dementia and physical therapy. Two studies were included with a total of 207 participants. In study 1, no statistically significant difference was found on the mini-mental state examination (MMSE) (MD 0.0, 95%CI −5.76 to 5.76), neuropsychiatric inventory (MD −4.50, 95%CI −21.24 to 12.24) and Pfeffer instrumental activities questionnaire (MD 0.0 95%CI −6.48 to 6.48). In study 2, there was no statistically significant difference on the MMSE (MD −1.60, 95% CI −3.57 to 0.37), clock-drawing test (MD −0.20, 95%CI −0.61 to 0.21) and Alzheimer's Disease Assessment Scale - cognitive subscale (MD 1.0, 95%CI −2.21 to 4.21) after 12 months. There was no consistent evidence on the effectiveness of physiotherapeutic intervention in improving cognitive function and functional capacity of patients with AD. More studies should be conducted for better evidence.


RESUMO O objetivo do estudo é avaliar os efeitos da fisioterapia na capacidade cognitiva e funcional de pacientes com doença de Alzheimer (DA). Trata-se de revisão sistemática de ensaios clínicos randomizados ou quasi-randomizados utilizando os descritores: DA, demência e fisioterapia. Dois estudos foram incluídos, com um total de 207 participantes. No Estudo 1, não houve diferença estatisticamente significativa no miniexame do estado mental (MEEM) (MD 0,0, IC 95% 5,76−5,76), inventário neuropsiquiátrico (MD −4,50, IC 95% 12,24−21,24) e questionário de atividades instrumentais Pfeffer (MD 0,0 IC 95% −6,48 a 6,48). No Estudo 2, não houve diferença estatisticamente significativa no MEEM (MD −1,60, IC 95% −3,57 a 0,37), teste do desenho do relógio (MD −0,20, IC95% −0,61 a 0,21) e escala de avaliação da doença de Alzheimer - subitem cognição (MD 1,0, IC95% −2,21 a 4,21) após 12 meses. Não houve evidência consistente da eficácia da intervenção fisioterapêutica na melhora da função cognitiva e capacidade funcional na DA. Recomenda-se a produção de mais estudos para encontrar possíveis evidências.


RESUMEN El presente estudio tiene como objetivo evaluar los efectos de la fisioterapia en la capacidad cognitiva y funcional de pacientes con enfermedad de Alzheimer (EA). Se trata de una revisión sistemática de ensayos clínicos aleatorizados o casi-aleatorizados, en que se utilizó los descriptores: EA, demencia y fisioterapia. Se incluyeron dos estudios, con un total de 207 participantes. En el Estudio 1, no hubo diferencias estadísticamente significativas en el Miniexamen del estado mental (MEEM) (MD 0,0, IC 95%: 5,6 -5,76), en el inventario neuropsiquiátrico (MD -4,50, IC 95%: 12,24 -21,24) y en el cuestionario de actividades instrumentales de Pfeffer (MD: 0,0 IC 95% IC: -6,48 a 6,48). En el Estudio 2, no hubo diferencias estadísticamente significativas en el MEEM (MD −1,60, IC 95% −3,57 a 0,37), el test de diseño del reloj (MD −0,20, IC 95% −0,61 a 0,21) y la escala de evaluación de la enfermedad de Alzheimer: subítem de cognición (MD 1,0, IC 95% −2,21 a 4,21) tras 12 meses. No hubo evidencia consistente de la eficacia de la intervención fisioterapéutica en la mejora de la función cognitiva y de la capacidad funcional en la EA. Se recomienda realizar estudios adicionales para encontrar posibles evidencias.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Physical Therapy Modalities , Alzheimer Disease/psychology , Alzheimer Disease/therapy , Psychomotor Performance , Activities of Daily Living , Treatment Outcome , Cognition
5.
Licere (Online) ; 22(3): 579-602, set.2019. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1046739

ABSTRACT

Intervenções com a Realidade Virtual (RV) tem sido descritas como alternativas para o tratamento de pessoas com lesão da medula espinal (LME). O presente estudo buscou oferecer uma visão geral das intervenções que utilizaram a RV na reabilitação e como estratégia de lazer destes indivíduos. Foi realizada uma revisão sistemática, nas bases de dados PubMed (Medline), Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde (BVS), Scielo e Lilacs nos últimos cinco anos. Um total de 13 artigos foram identificados. A RV foi utilizada para diversos objetivos como: verificar a melhora da função dos membros superiores; associar com estímulos sensoriais durante a marcha; identificar os efeitos da caminhada virtual sobre o grau de dor. Assim, percebe-se que a RV pode ser usada para diversas finalidades, além de fornecer um meio mais envolvente de tratamento para pessoas com LME, adicionando uma dimensão de prazer e um momento para o lazer.


Interventions with Virtual Reality (VR) have been described as alternatives for the treatment of people with spinal cord injury (LME). The present study sought to provide an overview of the interventions that used VR in the rehabilitation of these individuals. A systematic review was performed in the PubMed (Medline), Virtual Health Library (VHL), Scielo and Lilacs databases in the last 5 years. A total of 13 articles have been identified. VR was used for several purposes such as: to verify the improvement of upper limb function; associated with sensory stimuli during gait; to identify the effects of virtual walking on the degree of pain. Thus, it can be seen that RV can be used for different purposes, as well as providing a more involving means of treatment for people with LME, adding a dimension of pleasure and a moment for leisure.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Psychomotor Performance , Quality of Life , Rehabilitation , Socialization , Spinal Cord Injuries , Chronic Pain/therapy , Pain Management , Virtual Reality , Health Promotion , Leisure Activities
6.
Univ. salud ; 21(2): 176-187, mayo-ago. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas), COLNAL | ID: biblio-1004856

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: La Evaluación de Desempeño (ED) permite el desarrollo personal-profesional y contribuye al mejoramiento de la Calidad de Vida Laboral (CVL) del trabajador. Posibilita la identificación de fortalezas, genera procesos de autoevaluación y mejoramiento en el desarrollo organizacional y su competitividad. Objetivo: Definir el concepto de evaluación de desempeño y evaluar sus efectos en la calidad de vida laboral del trabajador en algunos sectores durante los últimos 10 años. Materiales y métodos: Revisión sistemática de la literatura, como estudio integrativo, observacional y retrospectivo, en el cual se combinaron investigaciones que examinan la misma temática. Se revisaron 55 artículos publicados en las bases de datos Redalyc, SciELO, ScienceDirect y Dialnet. Resultados: Se presentan los criterios de selección, definición, relación entre CVL y ED abordados en los sectores de salud, educación y organizacional. Conclusiones: La ED reconoce el aporte del trabajador al logro de los objetivos organizacionales, teniendo en cuenta la productividad, el desarrollo y la CVL de los colaboradores.


Abstract Introduction: A Performance evaluations (PE) promotes personal-professional development and contributes to the improvement of the Quality of Work Life (QWL) of employees. A PE also enables the identification of strengths, generates self-evaluation processes and improves organizational development and competitiveness. Objective: To define the concept of performance evaluation and evaluate its effects on the quality of work life of employees from some sectors, during the last 10 years. Materials and methods: A systematic literature review using an integrative, observational and retrospective approach that included research studies sharing the same scope. We reviewed 55 articles published in databases such as Redalyc, SciELO, ScienceDirect and Dialnet. Results: We present and discuss the selection criteria, definition, and association between QWL and PE related to health, education and organizational sectors. Conclusions: The PE recognizes the contribution of the employee to the achievement of the organizational objectives and it takes into consideration the productivity, development and maintenance of the QWL of coworkers.


Subject(s)
Quality of Life , Psychomotor Performance , Educational Measurement , Job Description
7.
Rev. cuba. pediatr ; 91(2): e763, abr.-jun. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas), CUMED | ID: biblio-1003956

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La aplicación de pruebas de pesquisa en los controles de salud de los niños permite la detección temprana de problemas del desarrollo psicomotor. Objetivo: Describir el diseño y los métodos empleados para obtener un instrumento para la pesquisa de problemas del desarrollo psicomotor en niños menores de seis años. Métodos: Investigación de desarrollo realizada entre 2014-2018 y en la que se aplicó un diseño muestral estratificado, trietápico y equiprobabilístico por cada grupo de edad y sexo. Incluyó nueve áreas de salud en igual número de municipios y 256 consultorios. Los criterios de inclusión fueron: niños dispensarizados como sanos, edad entre 15 días y 6,5 años, residencia permanente en el área de atención de los consultorios seleccionados y consentimiento informado de los padres o tutores; se excluyeron aquellos con enfermedades agudas en el momento de la evaluación. Resultados: Se seleccionaron 80 pautas de desarrollo distribuidas en 4 áreas y 25 grupos de edad. Se estudiaron 1 333 niños, el 96,8 por ciento de la muestra estimada. Se evaluaron, como promedio, 53 niños por grupo de edad, el promedio de pautas evaluadas por niño fue de 22. El nivel de educación materna fue elevado. Conclusiones: El diseño y los métodos empleados constituyen una base fiable para el propósito de obtener un instrumento válido para la pesquisa de problemas del desarrollo psicomotor en niños menores de seis años, que permite además, obtener información útil desde el punto de vista asistencial y epidemiológico(AU)


Introduction: The application of screening tests in the health controls of children allows the early detection of psychomotor development's problems. Objective: To describe the design and methods used to obtain an instrument for the detection of psychomotor developmental problems in children under six years old. Methods: A development research was carried out between 2014 and 2018, in which a stratified, three-phase and equiprobabilistic sample design was applied by age group and sex. It included nine health areas (polyclinics) in the same number of municipalities and 256 Family doctor-and-nurse's offices. The inclusion criteria were: children classified as healthy, between 15 days and 6.5 years, with permanent residence in the care area of the selected family doctor-and-nurse's offices and with the consent of parents or guardians; those with acute diseases at the time of evaluation were excluded. Results: 80 developmental guidelines were selected, and those were distributed in 4 areas and 25 age groups. A total of 1 333 children were studied representing the 96.8 percent of the estimated sample. On average, 53 children were evaluated by age group; the average of guidelines evaluated per child was 22. The level of maternal education was high. Conclusions: The design and methods used constitute a reliable base with the purpose of obtaining a valid instrument for the research of psychomotor development's problems in children under six years, which also it allows obtaining useful information from the assistance and epidemiological point of view(AU)


Subject(s)
Psychomotor Performance/physiology , Research/education , Surveys and Questionnaires/standards
9.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 22-32, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-777213

ABSTRACT

Bipedalism (using only two legs for walking) and having the capability to use tools have long been considered characteristic features that differentiate human beings from animals. Being able to walk upright freed up human hands, allowing us to reach, grasp, carry food, make and use tools, which greatly increased the survivability of our ancestors. Hand actions not only involve muscles and joints to execute actions but also require computations in the brain to analyze the visual environment and select the appropriate action, as well as formulate the action before execution and correct it in real-time during execution. Here, we review the behavioral and brain imaging research of human hand actions from a perspective of cognitive neuroscience. The review includes the research contents and methods of visually-guided action, existing theories, current debates, new evidence of existing theories, and the applications of action research in robotics and artificial intelligence.


Subject(s)
Brain , Diagnostic Imaging , Physiology , Hand , Humans , Neuroimaging , Psychomotor Performance
10.
Rev. bras. geriatr. gerontol. (Online) ; 22(2): e180120, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1020591

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: The objective of this study was to compare the cognitive performance of elderly who are enrolled in a physical activity (PA) program with those who are not, considering some sociodemographic variables that are related to the practice of cognitive activities. Method: 59 elderly people participated in this study divided into control group (CG) and gymnastics group (GG). The Vienna Test System® was used to estimate the attention and concentration capacities, simple reaction time and peripheral perception. To test the normality of the data it was used the Shapiro Wilk Test. The association between PA and socioeconomic variables was verified by Chi-Square Test and Fisher Exact Test. To compare of differences between groups the Mann Whitney U-test for variables with non-parametric distribution and the Student T-test for independent samples for other variables were used. Result: There were no significant differences in the performance of the groups, except in the capacity of attention and concentration in which CG presented best performance (p=0.01). Factors as schooling (p=0.02), income (p=0.001) and regular practice of handcrafts (p=0.06) can explain the best performance of CG. Conclusion: This study found no evidence that the practice of physical activity can generate some cognitive benefit in the elderly when compared to the elderly who did not practice regular physical activity. However, we perceive the existence of other aspects that influence on the cognition, such as schooling, sociocultural level and the reading habit, that have a significant importance degree in the analysis.


Resumo Objetivo: Comparar o desempenho cognitivo de idosos praticantes e não praticantes de exercícios físicos (EF), considerando algumas variáveis sociodemográficas e relacionadas à prática de atividades cognitivas. Método: Participaram deste estudo 59 idosos divididos em grupo controle (GC) e grupo ginástica (GG). Utilizou-se oVienna Test System ® para estimar atenção e concentração, tempo de reação simples e percepção periférica dos participantes. Para testar a normalidade dos resultados utilizou-se o teste de Shapiro Wilk. A associação entre EF e as variáveis socioeconômicas foi verificada através do teste qui-quadrado e o teste exato de Fisher. Na comparação das diferenças entre grupos utilizou-se o teste U de Mann- Whitney para variáveis com distribuição não paramétrica, e o teste T de Student para amostras independentes para demais variáveis. Resultados: Não houve diferenças significativas no desempenho dos grupos, exceto na variável capacidade de atenção e concentração a qual o GC apresentou melhor desempenho (p=0,01). Fatores como nível de escolaridade (p=0,02), renda (p=0,001) e prática de trabalhos manuais (0,06) associaram-se ao melhor desempenho do GC. Conclusão: Este estudo não encontrou evidências de que a prática do EF possa gerar algum benefício cognitivo em idosos quando comparados a idosos que não praticavam EF regularmente. No entanto percebe-se a existência de outros aspectos influenciadores da cognição, como a escolaridade, nível sociocultural e o hábito da leitura, que possuem um grau de importância significativo na análise.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Psychomotor Performance , Reaction Time , Attention , Aging , Visual Acuity
11.
Rev. ABENO ; 19(1): 40-48, 2019. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), BBO | ID: biblio-1022149

ABSTRACT

Relata-se a experiência de um Curso de Odontologia no desenvolvimento de habilidades psicomotoras, cognitivas e sociais dos discentes a partir da atuação interprofissional entre as áreas de Odontologia, Psicologia e Terapia Ocupacional. Descreve-se o diagnóstico e o acompanhamento do desenvolvimento dessas habilidades em atividades curriculares obrigatórias (unidades curriculares) e não obrigatórias (Projeto de Acompanhamento de Competências Técnicas de Odontologia ­ PACTO). Verificou-se que, além do pioneirismo da inserção curricular da Psicologia e da Terapia Ocupacional no desenvolvimento de habilidades para a práxis odontológica, essa experiência visibiliza aos docentes e discentes e à comunidade acadêmica a importância dos aspectos psicomotores, cognitivos e sociais no processo de ensino-aprendizagem em Odontologia(AU).


This paper reports the experience of a School of Dentistry in the development of psychomotor, cognitive, and social skills of students, based on the interprofessional collaborative practice between the areas of dentistry, psychology and occupational therapy. It describes the diagnosis and follow-up of the development of these skills in compulsory curricular activities (curricular units) and non-compulsory ones (Project for Follow-up of Dentistry Technical Competences, known as PACTO). It was verified that, in addition to the pioneering curricular insertion of psychology and occupational therapy in the development of skills for dental praxis, this experience renders the psychomotor, cognitive, and social aspects of the teaching-learning process in Dentistry noticeable for teachers, students, and the academic community (AU).


Subject(s)
Psychomotor Performance , Students, Dental , Occupational Therapy , Problem-Based Learning/methods , Education, Dental , Brazil , Competency-Based Education/methods , Educational Measurement/methods
12.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 24(5): 382-385, Sept.-Oct. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-977836

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: ADHD probably affects more than 50% of schoolchildren, yet although characteristics such as inattention and/or hyperactivity and impulsiveness are clear, electrophysiological brain behavior during motor activity is not fully understood. OBJECTIVE: To investigate alpha, beta, and SMR band patterns on the EEG in children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) during attention-demanding motor skills tasks. METHODS: Fourteen children with a mean age of 9.64±1.74 years divided into diagnosed and undiagnosed with ADHD underwent an EEG at rest and during task performance with attentional demand. Alpha, SMR and beta waves were observed on the EEG. Data were evaluated using the Shapiro-Wilk test in order to determine data normality. ONE WAY ANOVA and Tukey's post hoc tests were used to determine intragroup and intergroup differences, and the Pearson (r) and Spearman (p) correlations were used to determine correlations. All treatments had a significance of 5%. RESULTS: The ADHD and N-ADHD groups showed no difference in cortical alpha, beta and SMR bands at rest, but there were differences in cortical behavior during activity. The cortical activity correlation coefficient (0.30) differed from undiagnosed children (0.70). CONCLUSION: The ADHD group had a low correlation coefficient between rest and activity, contrary to the N-ADHD group. In the intergroup comparison, ADHD had higher alpha, beta and SMR band output power during the same high attentional task when compared with N-ADHD. Level of Evidence III.


INTRODUÇÃO: O TDAH afeta, provavelmente, mais de 50% crianças em idade escolar, porém, embora características como falta de atenção e/ou hiperatividade e impulsividade sejam claras, o comportamento eletrofisiológico do cérebro durante atividades motoras não é bem entendido. OBJETIVO: Investigar o padrão das bandas Alfa, Beta e SMR no EEG de crianças com transtorno do déficit de atenção com hiperatividade (TDAH), durante tarefas motrizes com alta demanda de atenção. MÉTODOS: Catorze crianças com média de idade de 9,64 ± 1,74 anos, divididas nos grupos diagnosticadas e não diagnosticadas com TDAH, realizaram EEG em repouso e durante o desempenho de tarefa com demanda de atenção. As ondas Alfa, SMR e Beta foram observadas no EEG. Os dados foram avaliados pelo teste de Shapiro-Wilk para determinar a normalidade dos dados. Os teste ANOVA one-way e post hoc de Tukey foram usados para determinar as diferenças intragrupo e intergrupo, e a correlação de Pearson (r) e Spearman (p) foram usadas para determinar as correlações. Todos os tratamentos tiveram significância de 5%. RESULTADOS: Os grupos TDAH e N-TDAH não apresentaram diferença na banda cortical Alfa, Beta e SMR em repouso, porém, durante a atividade, constataram-se diferenças do comportamento cortical. O índice de correlação da atividade cortical (0,30) foi diferente nas crianças não diagnosticadas (0,70). CONCLUSÃO: O grupo TDAH apresentou baixo índice de correlação entre repouso e atividade, diferentemente do grupo N-TDAH. Na comparação intergrupos, o TDAH apresentou maior potência de saída da banda Alfa, Beta e SMR durante a mesma tarefa de alta atenção em comparação com o N-TDAH. Nível de Evidência III.


INTRODUCCIÓN: El TDAH afecta probablemente a más del 50% de los escolares, pero aunque las características como la falta de atención y/o la hiperactividad e impulsividad sean entendidas como comportamiento electrofisiológico del cerebro durante las actividades motoras, esto no es bien entendido. OBJETIVO: investigar el patrón de las franjas de Alfa, Beta y SMR en el EEG en niños con trastorno de déficit de atención y de Hiperactividad (TDAH), durante tareas motrices con altas demandas de atención. MÉTODOS: catorce niños con promedio de edad de 9,64 ± 1,74 años, divididos en diagnosticados y no diagnosticados con TDAH, realizaron EEG durante el reposo y desempeño de la tarea motriz con alta demanda de atención. Las ondas Alfa, SMR y Beta se observaron en el EEG. Los datos fueron evaluados por el test de Shapiro-Wilk para determinar la normalidad. ANOVA ONE WAY y el test de Tukey fueron utilizados para determinar las diferencias intragrupo e intergrupo, así como también la correlación de Pearson (r) y Spearman (p) fueron usadas para determinar las correlaciones. Todos los tratamientos tuvieron un nivel de significancia del 5%. RESULTADOS: El TDAH y el N-TDAH no presentaron diferencias en la Franja Cortical Alfa, Beta y SMR durante el reposo, no obstante, al estar en actividad, el comportamiento cortical presentó diferencias. El índice de correlación de la actividad cortical (0,30) fue diferente de niños no diagnosticados (0,70). CONCLUSIONES: El TDAH presentó un bajo índice de correlación entre reposo y actividad, a diferencia del N-TDAH. En la comparación intergrupos, el TDAH presentó mayor potencia de salida de la franja Alfa, Beta y SMR durante la misma tarea de alta atención, en comparación con el N-TDAH. Nivel de Evidencia III.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Psychomotor Performance , Attention/physiology , Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity/diagnosis , Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity/psychology , Electroencephalography/methods , Brain Waves , Motor Activity/physiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Analysis of Variance
13.
Geriatr., Gerontol. Aging (Impr.) ; 12(2): 96-101, abr.-jun.2018.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-914968

ABSTRACT

Este trabalho objetivou investigar a associação de variáveis representativas do perfil sociodemográfico, da jornada de trabalho e das condições gerais de saúde de profissionais do transporte de cargas em rodovias com o regime de sono relatado. Tratou-se de um estudo transversal com análise de questionários cedidos pelo Serviço Social do Transporte e pelo Serviço Nacional de Aprendizagem do Transporte, em que foram averiguados dados relativos aos profissionais com idade ≥ 45 anos. Os resultados encontrados permitem inferir que o perfil de sono exibido pelos profissionais de transporte de cargas parece correlacionar-se negativamente com a condição geral de saúde (ocorrência de hipertensão arterial sistêmica e consumo de medicamentos) e a extensão da jornada de trabalho.


This cross-sectional study aimed to investigate the association of variables representative of the sociodemographic profile, working hours, and general health status of long-haul truck drivers with their reported sleep regimen. Questionnaires provided by the Transportation Social Service and the National Transportation Learning Service, in which data were collected from professional truckers aged ≥ 45 years, were analyzed. The results found allow us to infer that the sleep profile of these ground freight transportation workers seems to correlate negatively with general health (prevalence of arterial hypertension and drug use) and the number of working hours per day.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Aged , Sleep/physiology , Automobile Driving , Roads , Work Hours , Psychomotor Performance/physiology , Socioeconomic Factors , Accidents, Traffic/prevention & control , Cross-Sectional Studies , Occupational Health , Life Style
14.
Rev. Paul. Pediatr. (Ed. Port., Online) ; 36(3): 337-344, jul.-set. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-977061

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: A proposta deste estudo foi comparar o desenvolvimento motor de crianças que praticaram dança educativa com o desenvolvimento motor de crianças que não a praticaram e verificar a permanência dos resultados obtidos, após seis a oito meses do término da intervenção. Métodos: O estudo foi realizado com 85 crianças matriculadas no 1º ano do ensino fundamental de duas escolas da zona sul de São Paulo (SP), randomizadas por sorteio em dois grupos (intervenção e controle). Foram excluídas da análise as crianças com deficiência intelectual e/ou física e as prematuras. Os dois grupos tiveram seu desenvolvimento motor avaliado em três momentos: antes da intervenção, após a intervenção e depois de seis a oito meses do término da intervenção. O grupo intervenção participou de um programa de aulas de dança educativa por sete meses. Os grupos controle e intervenção foram comparados por teste qui-quadrado e teste t. Resultados: Os resultados indicaram que as crianças que participaram do programa de dança educativa obtiveram ganhos significativos em seu desenvolvimento motor geral e nas bases: equilíbrio, praxia fina e praxia global, em comparação às crianças que não participaram desse programa. Conclusões: A dança educativa auxiliou na evolução do desenvolvimento motor de crianças, e seus resultados mantiveram-se parcialmente meses após o término da intervenção.


ABSTRACT Objective: The purpose of this study was to compare the motor development of children who practiced educational dance with the motor development of children who did not practice it and to verify the results obtained after six to eight months after the end of the intervention. Methods: The study was carried out with 85 children enrolled in the first year of elementary school in two schools located in the south of São Paulo city (São Paulo, Brazil). Children were randomized by lot in two groups (intervention and control). Children with intellectual and/or physical disabilities and the premature ones were excluded from the analysis. The two groups had their motor development evaluated in three moments: before the intervention, after the intervention and six to eight months after the end of the intervention. The intervention group participated in an educational dance class program for seven months. Control and intervention groups were compared by chi-square and t-test. Results: Children who participated in the educational dance program, compared to children who did not, achieved significant gains in their general motor development and on the following bases: balance, fine motor and overall praxis. Conclusions: Educational dance helped the children's motor development, and the results were partially maintained months after the end of the intervention.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Psychomotor Performance , Child Development , Motor Activity , Dancing/education
15.
Rev. bras. ter. intensiva ; 30(2): 174-180, abr.-jun. 2018. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-959331

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: Comparar o desenvolvimento neuropsicomotor de lactentes nascidos prematuramente, com e sem displasia broncopulmonar, no primeiro ano de vida. Métodos: Estudo retrospectivo, do tipo transversal, realizado no período de 1º de janeiro de 2014 a 30 de dezembro de 2015, com lactentes prematuros, com peso < 1.500g ao nascer e diagnóstico de displasia broncopulmonar, na idade corrigida de 6 e 9 meses, avaliados pelo Teste de Triagem do Desenvolvimento DENVER II. As variáveis quantitativas foram descritas em médias, medianas e desvio padrão. Para as variáveis que apresentaram distribuição normal, aplicou-se o teste t de Student; do contrário, foi aplicado o teste de Mann-Whitney, considerando significância o valor de p < 0,05. As variáveis qualitativas foram descritas em frequências e porcentagens. Utilizou-se a regressão logística com análise da razão de chances para avaliar os efeitos das outras variáveis, como fatores de risco para alterações no desenvolvimento neuropsicomotor. Resultados: Os lactentes com displasia broncopulmonar apresentaram maior atraso no desenvolvimento neuropsicomotor quando comparados àqueles sem displasia broncopulmonar (p = 0,001). Os fatores associados com maior incidência para alterações no desenvolvimento neuropsicomotor, além da displasia broncopulmonar, foram: esteroide antenatal, sexo, peso ao nascimento, escore de Apgar no quinto minuto, Score for Neonatal Acute Physiology with Perinatal Extension, tempo de oxigenoterapia, ventilação mecânica e internação. Outras variáveis também podem ter influenciado o resultado, como uso de drogas pelas mães dos lactentes com displasia broncopulmonar. Conclusão: A displasia broncopulmonar associada a outros fatores pré e pós-natais pode ser considerada fator de risco para o atraso do desenvolvimento neuropsicomotor em lactentes nascidos prematuramente e com peso inferior a 1.500g, no primeiro ano de vida.


ABSTRACT Objective: To compare the neuropsychomotor development in the first year of life of premature infants with and without bronchopulmonary dysplasia. Methods: A cross-sectional retrospective study was conducted between January 1, 2014, and December 30, 2015, with premature infants weighing < 1,500g at birth and diagnosed with bronchopulmonary dysplasia at the corrected ages of 6 and 9 months, assessed using the DENVER II Developmental Screening Test. Quantitative variables were described as the means, medians and standard deviations. Variables with normal distribution were tested using Student's t test; otherwise, the Mann-Whitney test was used, considering significance at p-value < 0.05. Qualitative variables were expressed as frequencies and percentages. Logistic regression was used with odds ratio analysis to evaluate the effects of other variables as risk factors for changes in neuropsychomotor development. Results: Infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia showed greater developmental delay compared with those without bronchopulmonary dysplasia (p-value = 0.001). The factors associated with a higher incidence of changes in neuropsychomotor development, in addition to bronchopulmonary dysplasia, were antenatal steroid, gender, birth weight, 5-minute Apgar score, Score for Neonatal Acute Physiology-Perinatal Extension, duration of oxygen therapy, duration of mechanical ventilation and length of hospital stay. Other variables may also have influenced the result, such as drug use by mothers of infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia. Conclusion: Bronchopulmonary dysplasia associated with other pre- and postnatal factors may be considered a risk factor for delayed neuropsychomotor development in the first year of life in premature infants born weighing less than 1,500g.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Adult , Young Adult , Psychomotor Performance/physiology , Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia/complications , Infant, Premature , Developmental Disabilities/epidemiology , Oxygen Inhalation Therapy/statistics & numerical data , Respiration, Artificial/statistics & numerical data , Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia/physiopathology , Case-Control Studies , Logistic Models , Developmental Disabilities/etiology , Incidence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Infant, Very Low Birth Weight , Length of Stay
16.
Rev. Pesqui. Fisioter ; 8(2): 147-154, maio, 2018. tab, ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-912858

ABSTRACT

Introdução: No Brasil, a epidemia ocasionada pelo Zika Vírus gerou aumento de casos de microcefalia, caracterizando que mulheres infectadas durante o período gestacional transmitiram o vírus ao feto. As consequências da infecção pelo vírus são caracterizadas como síndrome pós Zika, evidenciadas através da microcefalia associada, ou não, às alterações visuais, auditivas e osteomioarticulares, podendo ser reversíveis ou permanentes. Objetivo: Detectar atrasos no desenvolvimento neuropsicomotor em crianças acometidas no período pré-natal pelo Zika Vírus através da infecção materna. Materiais e Métodos: Estudo observacional, de corte transversal e análise descritiva, com crianças que foram infectadas pelo Zika Vírus através da genitora durante período gestacional, pertencentes à Associação de Pais de Anjos da Bahia, sendo os participantes submetidos à avaliação com o teste de Denver II e seus responsáveis entrevistados por meio de um questionário semiestruturado. Estudo aprovado sob CAAE: Faculdade de Tecnologia e Ciências da cidade de Salvador, Bahia, com parecer de número 2.064.548 sob CAAE 64655616.2.0000.5032, aprovado em 15 de maio de 2017. Resultados: Foram avaliadas 8 crianças, 5(62,5%) do sexo feminino, com uma média de idade de 1,8±0,11 anos e perímetro cefálico de 29,5±1,5 centímetros. Houve predomínio de diagnóstico de Zika das gestantes no primeiro trimestre (37,5%). Das comorbidades associadas 7 (87,5%) alteração osteomioarticular, 5(62,5%) história prévia de convulsão. Disfunções: 5(62,5%) comprometimento visual e 1(12,5%) déficit auditiva. Conclusão: É possível constatar que crianças com síndrome pós-Zika apresentam atrasos no desenvolvimento neuropsicomotor com preponderância no aspecto motor grosseiro do teste de Denver II. [AU]


Introduction: In Brazil, an epidemic caused by Zika Virus generated an increase in cases of microcephaly in live births, characterizing that women infected during the period of gestation transmitted the virus to the fetus. The consequences of virus infection are characterized as congenital Zika syndrome and can be evidenced through microcephaly associated with or not, to visual, auditory and osteomioarticular, may be reversible or permanent. Objective: To detect delays in neuropsychomotor development in children affected in the prenatal period by Zika Virus through maternal infection. Materials and Methods: Observational study, cross-sectional with descriptive analysis in children diagnosed with Zika Vírus belonging to the Associação de Pais de Anjos da Bahia, the participants were submitted to the Denver II test and their responsible interviews through a semi-structured questionnaire. Study approved, CAAE: Faculdade de Tecnologia e Ciências da cidade de Salvador, Bahia, com parecer de número 2.064.548 sob CAAE 64655616.2.0000.5032, aprovado em 15 de maio de 2017. Results: Eight children were evaluated, 5 (62.5%) female, with a mean age of 1.8 ± 0.11 years and cephalic perimeter of 29.5±1.5 centimeters. There was a predominance of Zika's diagnosis of pregnant women in the first trimester (37.5%). Of the associated comorbidities, all children had microcephaly, 7(87.5%) osteomioarticular alterations, 5(62.5%) had previous convulsion. Disorders: 5(62.5%) impairment visual and 1(12.5%) had a hearing loss. All children presented repercussion in the neuropsychomotor development, with preponderance in aspect gross motor of the test of Denver II. Conclusion: It is possible to verify that children with congenital Zika syndrome present delays in neuropsicomotor development with preponderance in aspect gross motor of the test of Denver II. [AU]


Subject(s)
Child , Psychomotor Performance , Zika Virus , Zika Virus Infection
17.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 116(2): 210-215, abr. 2018. graf, tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS (Americas), BINACIS | ID: biblio-887462

ABSTRACT

Objetivo. Describir la dinámica del desarrollo en los primeros años en niños que viven bajo condiciones socioeconómicas desfavorables. Población y métodos. En 5401 niños menores de 6 años de zonas con alta proporción de población con necesidades básicas insatisfechas de Florencio Varela y de la Cuenca Matanza-Riachuelo (Matanza, Villa 21-24, Wilde, Villa Inflamable y Acuba), se estimó, por regresión logística, la edad mediana de cumplimiento de 13 pautas de desarrollo psicomotor y se graficaron, en el eje de las "y", las diferencias entre esas edades y las de la referencia nacional, y, en el eje de las "x", la edad mediana según la referencia nacional. Resultados. Se observaron tres fases: una primera entre 0 y 270 días con desarrollo normal, en que la edad mediana de cumplimiento fue similar a la de la referencia nacional; una segunda de retraso progresivo del desarrollo; y una tercera de recuperación a partir de los 1260 días. Las pendientes de las splines lineales ajustadas fueron 0,06 (no significativo), -0,26 (p < 0,0001) y 0,26 (p < 0,01) para las fases 1, 2 y 3, respectivamente. Las tres pendientes fueron estadísticamente diferentes entre sí. La fase de desarrollo normal (fase 1) se atribuyó al efecto protector de la madre y el medio familiar; la fase 2 de retraso progresivo, a la influencia desfavorable del ambiente, y la fase 3 de recuperación parcial, a la concurrencia a guardería. Estos hallazgos permiten intervenciones eficaces en cada fase. Conclusión. Se identificaron tres períodos con diferente tempo de desarrollo.


Objective. To describe the dynamics of development along the early years of life among children living under unfavorable socioeconomic conditions. Population and Methods. In 5401 children younger than 6 years old living in Florencio Varela and in the Matanza-Riachuelo River Basin (Matanza, Villa 21-24, Wilde, Villa Inflamable and Acuba), areas with a high proportion of families with unmet basic needs, a logistic regression analysis was used to estimate the median age at attainment of 13 psychomotor developmental milestones; differences between these ages and median age at attainment of milestones as per the national reference were plotted on the y-axis, while the median age as per the national reference was plotted on the x-axis. Results. Three stages were observed: the first one between 0 and 270 days with normal development, in which the median age at attainment was similar to that of the national reference; a second one of progressive development delay; and a third one of recovery at 1260 days. Adjusted linear spline slopes were 0.06 (not significant), -0.26 (p < 0.0001) and 0.26 (p < 0.01) for stages 1, 2 and 3, respectively. The three slopes were statistically different from each other. The stage of normal development (stage 1) was attributed to the protective effect of the mother and the family environment; stage 2 of progressive delay, to the unfavorable impact of the environment, and stage 3 of partial recovery was attributed to attending a daycare center. These findings allow the implementation of effective interventions at each stage. Conclusion. Three periods with different developmental tempos were identified.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child Development , Psychomotor Performance , Socioeconomic Factors , Time Factors , Age Factors
18.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 116(2): 251-256, abr. 2018. graf, tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS (Americas), BINACIS | ID: biblio-887467

ABSTRACT

Objetivo. Obtener el índice de desarrollo psicomotor (IDP) de cada provincia argentina. Población y Métodos. En una muestra nacional probabilística y estratificada de 13 323 niños y niñas menores de seis años seleccionada para la encuesta Nacional de Nutrición y Salud (ENNyS 2004) se calculó el IDP por provincia en base al cumplimiento de diez pautas de desarrollo. Se estimó la mediana de la edad de cumplimiento (edad mediana) de cada pauta ajustando una regresión logística. El IDP fue calculado como 100* (1 + b), siendo b el coeficiente de regresión de y= a + b x, donde y es: la edad mediana para la Referencia Nacional (x) menos la edad mediana de una pauta. El valor teórico esperable del IDP es 100. Resultados. Los valores obtenidos del IDP por provincia se encuentran en el rango de 72.1 a 106.4. En la mayoría de las provincias los coeficientes de regresión fueron negativos, indicando un aumento progresivo del retraso en la edad de cumplimiento de pautas con la edad de los niños. El coeficiente de correlación entre el IDP por provincia y la mortalidad infantil en 2005 fue extremadamente alto: -0.85, lo que sugiere que ambos indicadores comparten similares determinantes bio- sociales. El signo es negativo porque cuanto mayor es la mortalidad, menor es el IDP. Conclusión. El país dispone ahora de un indicador positivo de salud: el Índice de Desarrollo Psicomotor, simple de recoger, confiable y de bajo costo para ser incorporado a las estadísticas nacionales de salud.


Objective. To obtain a psychomotor development index (PDI) for each Argentine province. Population and methods. Using a national, probabilistic, and stratified sample of 13 323 male and female children younger than 6 years selected for the National Survey on Nutrition and Health (Encuesta Nacional de Nutrición y Salud, ENNyS 2004), we estimated the PDI per province based on compliance with 10 developmental milestones. The median age at attainment (median age) of each milestone was estimated adjusting a logistic regression. The PDI was estimated as 100* (1 + b), where "b" is the regression coefficient of y= a + b x, where "y" is the median age as per the national reference (x) minus the median age at attainment of a milestone. The theoretical value expected for the PDI was 100. Results. The PDI per province ranged between 72.1 and 106.4. Most provinces showed a negative regression coefficient, which indicated a progressive increase of the delay in the age at attainment of milestones. The correlation coefficient between the PDI per province and infant mortality in 2005was extremely high: -0.85, suggesting that both indicators share similar biological and social determinants. The PDI was negative because the higher the mortality, the lower the PDI. Conclusion. We have now a positive health indicator available in Argentina: the psychomotor development index, which is a low-cost, easy to collect, and reliable tool that may be used in national health statistics.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Psychomotor Performance , Child Development , Argentina , Reference Values , Cross-Sectional Studies
19.
Acta cir. bras ; 33(1): 75-85, Jan. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-886253

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To develop and test a model of teaching by means of an abdominal cavity simulator. Methods: This study had two stages: development of a teaching model and an experimental prospective study that aimed to evaluate the residents' competence. The participants were divided into 3 groups: first-year resident, second-year resident, and senior surgeon. The two groups of resident physicians received training in the simulator, under instructor supervision for skill acquisition, according to the model proposed in first stage. The surgeons did not receive this intervention. The correlations and associations were verified through simple and multiple linear regressions. The learning curves were analysed using Cox regression models. The impact of the epidemiological characteristics was tested. Results: All residents reached the maximum score at the end of 16 steps and were comparable to the experimental (p<0.001). Conclusion: Residents who underwent training using the methodology of the proposed teaching model, which is based on realistic simulation, acquired proficiency in the accomplishment of endosutures in up to 16 hours of training in the laboratory.


Subject(s)
Humans , Suture Techniques/education , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic/education , Abdominal Cavity/surgery , Education, Medical, Undergraduate/methods , Simulation Training/methods , Psychomotor Performance , Reference Values , Time Factors , Brazil , Linear Models , Proportional Hazards Models , Prospective Studies , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Clinical Competence , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic/methods , Learning Curve , Internship and Residency
20.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 951-962, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-777021

ABSTRACT

Fluoxetine, an anti-depressant drug, has recently been shown to provide neuroprotection in central nervous system injury, but its roles in subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) remain unclear. In this study, we aimed to evaluate whether fluoxetine attenuates early brain injury (EBI) after SAH. We demonstrated that intraperitoneal injection of fluoxetine (10 mg/kg per day) significantly attenuated brain edema and blood-brain barrier (BBB) disruption, microglial activation, and neuronal apoptosis in EBI after experimental SAH, as evidenced by the reduction of brain water content and Evans blue dye extravasation, prevention of disruption of the tight junction proteins zonula occludens-1, claudin-5, and occludin, a decrease of cells staining positive for Iba-1, ED-1, and TUNEL and a decline in IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-α, MDA, 3-nitrotyrosine, and 8-OHDG levels. Moreover, fluoxetine significantly improved the neurological deficits of EBI and long-term sensorimotor behavioral deficits following SAH in a rat model. These results indicated that fluoxetine has a neuroprotective effect after experimental SAH.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Blood-Brain Barrier , Brain Edema , Drug Therapy , Cytokines , Genetics , Metabolism , Disease Models, Animal , Fluoxetine , Pharmacology , In Situ Nick-End Labeling , Male , Neuroprotective Agents , Pharmacology , Pain Measurement , Psychomotor Performance , RNA, Messenger , Metabolism , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Subarachnoid Hemorrhage , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Time Factors , Vasospasm, Intracranial , Drug Therapy
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