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1.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 27(3): 282-285, July-Sept. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288581

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a typical neurological development disorder of the brain, exhibiting social communication and communication disorders, narrow interests, and repetitive, stereotyped behaviors. Movement development is an important evaluation index for the development of early motor function in children, so exercise intervention in children with ASD is of great significance. Objective This article conducts exercise intervention on children with ASD to stimulate their exercise ability and improve their self-care ability. Methods The article randomly grouped 24 children with an autism spectrum disorder. The experimental group received exercise intervention, and the control group had regular classes. After the experiment is completed, the influence of exercise intervention on children with autism is analyzed. Results The motor skills of the two groups of children were different after the intervention. The motor skills of the experimental group improved more significantly. Conclusion Exercise intervention can significantly improve the motor skills of children with an autism spectrum disorder. To evaluate whether the large-muscle motor skill learning of children with ASD and its influence on basic motor skills can be transferred to provide a reference for related motor intervention. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment results.


RESUMO Introdução O transtorno do espectro do autismo (TEA) é um transtorno do neurodesenvolvimento típico do cérebro, que apresenta transtornos de comunicação e comunicação social, interesses estreitos e comportamentos repetitivos e estereotipados. O desenvolvimento do movimento é um índice de avaliação importante para o desenvolvimento da função motora precoce em crianças, portanto, a intervenção com exercícios em crianças com TEA é de grande importância. Objetivo Este artigo realiza uma intervenção de exercícios em crianças com TEA para estimular sua capacidade de exercício e melhorar sua capacidade de autocuidado. Métodos O artigo agrupou aleatoriamente 24 crianças com transtorno do espectro do autismo. O grupo experimental recebeu intervenção de exercícios e o grupo controle teve aulas regulares. Após a conclusão do experimento, a influência da intervenção do exercício em crianças com autismo é analisada. Resultados As habilidades motoras dos dois grupos de crianças foram diferentes após a intervenção. As habilidades motoras do grupo experimental melhoraram mais significativamente. Conclusão A intervenção com exercícios pode melhorar significativamente as habilidades motoras de crianças com transtorno do espectro do autismo. Avaliar se a aprendizagem de grandes habilidades motoras musculares de crianças com TEA e sua influência nas habilidades motoras básicas podem ser transferidos para fornecer uma referência para a intervenção motora relacionada. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos: investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción El trastorno del espectro autista (TEA) es un trastorno del desarrollo neurológico típico del cerebro, que presenta trastornos de comunicación y comunicación social, intereses estrechos y comportamientos repetitivos y estereotipados. El desarrollo del movimiento es un índice de evaluación importante para el desarrollo de la función motora temprana en los niños, por lo que la intervención con ejercicios en niños con TEA es de gran importancia. Objetivo Este artículo realiza una intervención de ejercicio en niños con TEA para estimular su capacidad de ejercicio y mejorar su capacidad de autocuidado. Métodos El artículo agrupó aleatoriamente a 24 niños con un trastorno del espectro autista. El grupo experimental recibió intervención con ejercicios y el grupo de control tuvo clases regulares. Una vez completado el experimento, se analiza la influencia de la intervención del ejercicio en los niños con autismo. Resultados Las habilidades motoras de los dos grupos de niños fueron diferentes después de la intervención. Las habilidades motoras del grupo experimental mejoraron de manera más significativa. Conclusión La intervención con ejercicios puede mejorar significativamente las habilidades motoras de los niños con un trastorno del espectro autista. Evaluar si el aprendizaje de las habilidades motoras de los músculos grandes de los niños con TEA y su influencia en las habilidades motoras básicas se puede transferir para proporcionar una referencia para la intervención motora relacionada. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos: investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Psychomotor Performance/physiology , Autistic Disorder/rehabilitation , Exercise Therapy/methods
2.
Fisioter. Bras ; 22(1): 25-36, Mar 19, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284010

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Crianças com paralisia cerebral hemiplégica (PCH) exibem dificuldades funcionais na utilização do membro superior hemiparético, repercutindo negativamente no desempenho em realizar atividades de vida diária. Atualmente, os déficits motores nessa população são acompanhados por distúrbios sensoriais, dificuldades na aprendizagem, alterações de comportamento e comunicação e défices cognitivos gerais. Objetivo: Investigar a possível associação entre os déficits motores e cognitivos de crianças com PCH, verificando ainda a influência da lateralidade da hemiplegia. Métodos: Participaram do estudo 30 crianças com PCH (idade média = 10,48 ± 2,46 anos). Os participantes foram submetidos aos seguintes testes: Assisting Hand Assessment (AHA), Matrizes Progressivas Coloridas de Raven, o Subteste cubos do Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children fourth Edition - WISC IV e a fluência verbal semântica de animais. Resultados: Os grupos foram homogêneos em relação ao sexo e idade (p > 0.05). Os grupos não diferiram em relação ao nível de desempenho motor, memória de trabalho, inteligência e fluência verbal (p > 0,05). O desempenho motor correlacionou com todas as variáveis cognitivas. Conclusão: Em crianças com PCH o desempenho motor correlacionou fortemente com funções cognitivas. Além disso, a lateralidade da lesão cerebral não influenciou o desempenho em tarefas motoras e cognitivas. (AU)


Introduction: Children with hemiplegic cerebral palsy (HCP) exhibit functional difficulties in using the hemiparetic upper limb, negatively impacting their performance in carrying out activities of daily living. Currently, motor deficits in this population are accompanied by sensory disorders, learning difficulties, changes in behavior and communication and general cognitive deficits. Objective: To investigate the possible association between motor and cognitive deficits in children with PCH, also verifying the influence of laterality in hemiplegia. Methods: Thirty children with PCH participated in the study (mean age = 10.48 ± 2.46 years). Participants were subjected to the following tests: Assisting Hand Assessment (AHA), Raven's Colorful Progressive Matrices, the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children fourth Edition - WISC IV Subtest and the semantic verbal fluency of animals. Results: The groups were homogeneous in relation to sex and age (p > 0.05). The groups did not differ in relation to the level of motor performance, working memory, intelligence and verbal fluency (p> 0.05). Motor performance correlated with all cognitive variables. Conclusion: In children with PCH, motor performance correlated strongly with cognitive functions. In addition, the laterality of the brain injury did not influence performance in motor and cognitive tasks. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Psychomotor Performance/physiology , Cerebral Palsy/physiopathology , Cognition/physiology , Hemiplegia/physiopathology , Functional Laterality/physiology , Cross-Sectional Studies
3.
Rev. cuba. pediatr ; 92(4): e1288, oct.-dic. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1144521

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El programa de estimulación temprana en la primera infancia, está diseñado para promover y mejorar el neurodesarrollo. El cuerpo calloso es una masa arqueada de sustancia blanca, compuesta por un haz de fibras transversales, situada al fondo del surco longitudinal que conecta a ambos hemisferios cerebrales. Se asocia con prematuridad y edad materna avanzada. Objetivo: Demostrar la validez de un programa de intervención temprana en la evolución de un paciente con agenesia de cuerpo calloso en las etapas del neurodesarrollo. Presentación del caso: Lactante venezolano, masculino de 4 meses de edad, blanco, producto de un segundo embarazo. Padres jóvenes, no consanguíneos. A las 19 semanas le realizan ecografía fetal: imagen quística cerebral interhemisférica, sugestivo de agenesia del cuerpo calloso. Parto por cesárea de urgencia: 34 semanas por: CIUR, oligoamnios severo, sufrimiento fetal agudo y preeclampsia, con Apgar 7-9, peso: 1800 g. Es traído al Centro Internacional de Salud La Pradera, con el diagnóstico de agenesia de cuerpo calloso más retardo del desarrollo psicomotor. Se inicia programa de intervención temprana cinco veces por semana con evaluaciones cuatrimestrales. Se involucra a los familiares. A los 18 meses de edad alcanza los hitos longitudinales propios de la edad Conclusiones: La intervención temprana favorece los mecanismos de neuroplasticidad cerebral y proporciona una evolución satisfactoria en las etapas del neurodesarrollo independiente de la agenesia de cuerpo calloso. La participación intensiva de la madre del niño es crucial para el éxito de la intervención(AU)


Introduction: The program of early stimulation in the early childhood is designed to foster and improve neurodevelopment. The callused body is a curved mass of a white substance composed by a beam of transverse fibers located in the back of the longitudinal track that connects both brain hemispheres. It is associated to prematurity and advanced maternal age. Objective: To prove the validity of an early intervention program in the evolution of a patient with agenesis of corpus callosum in the stages of neurodevelopment. Case presentation: Venezuelan newborn, 4 months old, masculine, white skin, product of a second pregnancy. Young parents, no blood relation. At 19 weeks of pregnancy, it is conducted a fetal echography: interhemispheric cystic image, suggestive to agenesis of the corpus callosum. Emergency cesarean section at 34 weeks of pregnancy due to: IUGR, severe oligoamnios; acute fetal distress and preeclampsia, with 7-9 Agar, weight: 1800 g. The newborn was admitted in La Pradera International Health Center with a diagnosis of agenesis of the corpus callosum, and delay in the psychomotor development. It was started a program of early intervention five times in the week with four-monthly assessments. Relatives were involved in the program. At 18 months old, the patient achieved the longitudinal milestones of that age. Conclusions: Early interventions favour brain neuroplasticity mechanisms, and provide a satisfactorily evolution in the stages of neurodevelopment, obviating the agenesis of the corpus callosum. Intensive participation of the child's mother is essential for the success of the intervention(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Infant , Agenesis of Corpus Callosum/diagnostic imaging , Early Medical Intervention/methods , Psychomotor Performance/physiology
4.
Rev. cuba. pediatr ; 92(3): e925, jul.-set. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126772

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La terapia física intensiva en enfermedades huérfanas, es un método para el tratamiento a pacientes con diferentes trastornos neurológicos, especialmente en la disfunción neuromuscular y musculo esquelética, como secuelas de las crisis metabólicas padecidas por una enfermedad neurodegenerativa que se caracteriza porque los afectados presentan un olor particular en la orina, semejante al jarabe de arce usado como alimento. Objetivo: Describir los resultados obtenidos a través de la aplicación de la terapia física intensiva en enfermedades huérfanas en un paciente. Presentación del caso: Niño de 9 años, con secuelas secundarias a la enfermedad neurodegenerativa citada. La evaluación inicial se realizó a través del índice de función motora GMFM 88-66, aplicado antes y después de cada intervención. El tratamiento consistió en el desarrollo del programa basado en la terapia física intensiva, en cuatro sesiones, durante cuatro semanas, cuatro horas por día, sin interrupción, con un total de 80 horas por cada intervención. Conclusiones: La terapia física intensiva en enfermedades huérfanas, proporciona cambios significativos en comparación con la fisioterapia tradicional. Combina varias técnicas fundamentadas en la base fisiológica del ejercicio, aumenta la posibilidad de mejoras en las secuelas a nivel motor en el caso de enfermedad neurodegenerativa y mejora la función motora gruesa en el niño. En general, se aprecian cambios en la evolución del paciente e impacto en el sistema musculo esquelético, disfunción neuromuscular y mejoría en su calidad de vida y clínica. Puede ser aplicable en otros niños con alteraciones motoras secundarias a enfermedades huérfanas o raras(AU)


Introduction: Intensive physical therapy in orphan diseases is a method for the treatment of patients with different neurological disorders, especially neuromuscular and skeletal muscle dysfunction as a consequence of metabolic crisis suffered due to a neurodegenerative disease which has as a characteristic that the patients present a particular smell in the urine, similar to the maple syrup used as food. Objective: To describe the results obtained through the use of intensive physical therapy in patients with orphan diseases. Case presentation: Nine years old boy with secondary sequelae of the above mentioned neurodegenerative disease. The initial evaluation was made with the index of motor function called GMFM 88-66 used before and after each intervention. The treatment involves the development of a program based in the intensive physical therapy in 4 sessions during 4 weeks and 4 hours each day, without stops and with a total of 80 hours per each intervention. Conclusions: Intensive physical therapy in orphan diseases provides significant changes in comparison with the traditional physiotherapy. It combines different techniques focused in the physiologic base of the exercises; in the case of neurodegenerative diseases, it increased the chances of improvement in the sequelaes of the motor level, and it improved the gross motor function in the boy. In general terms, there is evidence of changes in the evolution of the patient and impact in the skeletal muscle system, in the neuromuscular dysfunction and improvement in the clinical and life quality. This technique can be used in other children with motor disruptions secondary to orphan or rare diseases(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Exercise , Physical Therapy Modalities/standards , Rare Diseases/therapy , Psychomotor Performance/physiology
5.
Medwave ; 20(4): e7904, 2020.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1103950

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: El objetivo de este estudio es describir el desarrollo psicomotor en niños y niñas de padres chilenos y haitianos de tres a 24 meses, pertenecientes a jardines infantiles. MÉTODO: El diseño del estudio fue descriptivo y transversal. Se evaluaron niños y niñas de tres a 24 meses de edad pertenecientes a jardines infantiles, mediante la Escala de Evaluación del Desarrollo Psicomotor (EEDP) y su perfil de desarrollo psicomotor para las áreas de lenguaje, social, coordinación y motor. Además, se administró un cuestionario dirigido a los padres para conocer su nivel socioeconómico, nivel educacional y aspectos de crianza. RESULTADOS: Se evaluaron un total de 24 infantes, 12 niños y niñas de padres chilenos y 12 de padres haitianos. La clasificación Escala de Evaluación del Desarrollo Psicomotor no mostró diferencias significativas entre ambos grupos (p = 0,299). En los párvulos de padres chilenos, 25% (3/12) clasificó como retraso, mientras que 75% (9/12) lo resultó normal. Por otro lado, en niños y niñas de padres haitianos, 8,3% (1/12) clasificó como riesgo, mientras que 91,7% (11/12) como normal. Existen diferencias significativas en el área de coordinación (p = 0,006), en la cual las y los menores de etnia haitiana lograron un mejor desempeño. CONCLUSIONES: Es necesario reforzar en cada una de las áreas del desarrollo psicomotor del infante y las múltiples variables socioculturales que pueden influir en este, debido a que los métodos de evaluación que se utilizan actualmente no presentan un carácter intercultural.


INTRODUCTION: This study aims to describe the psychomotor development of children, the offspring of Chilean and Haitian parents, and who attend the local kindergartens. METHODS: The design of this study was a descriptive and cross-sectional study. The study population was children 3 to 24 months-old, belonging to kindergartens, evaluated with the Psychomotor Development Assessment Scale (EEDP) regarding psychomotor development profile for the domains of language, socialization, coordination, and motor skills. A questionnaire was administered to the parents to determine the socioeconomic level, educational level, and parenting skills. RESULTS: Twenty-four infants, 12 children of Chilean parents, and 12 children of Haitian parents were evaluated. The EEDP classification (p = 0.299) did not show significant differences between both groups. In children of Chilean parents, 25% (3/12) classified as delay, while 75% (9/12) as normal. On the other hand, for children of Haitian parents, 8.3% (1/12) classified as risk, while 91.7% (11/12) as normal. There are significant differences in coordination (p = 0.006), in which Haitian children achieved better performance compared to the Chilean. CONCLUSIONS: It is necessary to emphasize every domain of infant psychomotor development and the multiple sociocultural variables that can influence this. Current evaluation methods do not presently have an intercultural character.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Parents , Psychomotor Performance/physiology , Child Development/physiology , Cross-Cultural Comparison , Chile , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Haiti/ethnology
6.
Rev. cuba. pediatr ; 91(4): e871, oct.-dic. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1093728

ABSTRACT

Introducción: En la detección temprana de los problemas del desarrollo resulta importante emplear instrumentos de pesquisa. Objetivo: Describir el diseño de un instrumento para la pesquisa de los problemas del desarrollo psicomotor en niños menores de seis años. Métodos: Investigación de desarrollo realizada en La Habana, en niños sanos menores de seis años (n=1 333). El instrumento se diseñó a partir de la estimación de las edades de cumplimiento de un conjunto de pautas de desarrollo. Se estimaron los percentiles 25, 50, 75 y 90 (± IC95 por ciento) de la edad de cumplimiento de 80 pautas del desarrollo psicomotor mediante una regresión logística con transformación inversa. Se comparó el percentil 50 con el de las pautas de otras pruebas similares. El instrumento se diseñó con un método gráfico con el programa Microsoft Excel 2010. Resultados: Se estimaron todos los percentiles en 93,8 por ciento de las pautas seleccionadas; en tres de ellas no fue posible obtener el percentil 25, el 50 o ambos y en dos casos fueron cumplidas por todos los niños, por lo que su comportamiento no fue acorde a un modelo madurativo. En las comparaciones respecto a pruebas foráneas predominaron las pautas cumplidas a edades similares y adelantadas. Conclusiones: El instrumento diseñado constituye una herramienta útil para la pesquisa de los problemas del desarrollo psicomotor en la primera infancia, tanto en la práctica asistencial como en estudios epidemiológicos. Su aplicación en estos escenarios contribuye a elevar la calidad de la atención pediátrica(AU)


Introduction: In the early detection of development problems, it is important to use screening instruments. Objective: To describe the design of an instrument for the screening of psychomotor development's problems in children under six years old. Methods: Development research conducted in Havana, in healthy children under six years old (n= 1 333). The design of instrument was based on the estimation of the ages of compliance related to a set of development guidelines. The 25th, 50th, 75th and 90th percentiles (± 95 percent CI) of the compliance age of 80 psychomotor development patterns were estimated by means of a logistic regression with inverse transformation. The 50th percentile was compared with that of other similar tests. The instrument was designed with a graphical method with Microsoft Excel 2010 program. Results: All percentiles were estimated in 93.8 percent of the selected guidelines; in three of them it was not possible to obtain the 25th percentile, the 50th or both, and in two cases they were fulfilled by all the children, so their behavior was not according to a maturational model. In the comparisons with respect to foreign tests, the patterns fulfilled at similar and advanced ages prevailed. Conclusions: The instrument designed is a useful tool for the investigation of psychomotor development problems in early childhood, both in care practice and epidemiological studies, and their application in these scenarios contributes to raising the quality of pediatric care(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Psychomotor Performance/physiology , Child Development/physiology , Diagnosis/methods , Research Design
7.
Rev. cuba. pediatr ; 91(2): e763, abr.-jun. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1003956

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La aplicación de pruebas de pesquisa en los controles de salud de los niños permite la detección temprana de problemas del desarrollo psicomotor. Objetivo: Describir el diseño y los métodos empleados para obtener un instrumento para la pesquisa de problemas del desarrollo psicomotor en niños menores de seis años. Métodos: Investigación de desarrollo realizada entre 2014-2018 y en la que se aplicó un diseño muestral estratificado, trietápico y equiprobabilístico por cada grupo de edad y sexo. Incluyó nueve áreas de salud en igual número de municipios y 256 consultorios. Los criterios de inclusión fueron: niños dispensarizados como sanos, edad entre 15 días y 6,5 años, residencia permanente en el área de atención de los consultorios seleccionados y consentimiento informado de los padres o tutores; se excluyeron aquellos con enfermedades agudas en el momento de la evaluación. Resultados: Se seleccionaron 80 pautas de desarrollo distribuidas en 4 áreas y 25 grupos de edad. Se estudiaron 1 333 niños, el 96,8 por ciento de la muestra estimada. Se evaluaron, como promedio, 53 niños por grupo de edad, el promedio de pautas evaluadas por niño fue de 22. El nivel de educación materna fue elevado. Conclusiones: El diseño y los métodos empleados constituyen una base fiable para el propósito de obtener un instrumento válido para la pesquisa de problemas del desarrollo psicomotor en niños menores de seis años, que permite además, obtener información útil desde el punto de vista asistencial y epidemiológico(AU)


Introduction: The application of screening tests in the health controls of children allows the early detection of psychomotor development's problems. Objective: To describe the design and methods used to obtain an instrument for the detection of psychomotor developmental problems in children under six years old. Methods: A development research was carried out between 2014 and 2018, in which a stratified, three-phase and equiprobabilistic sample design was applied by age group and sex. It included nine health areas (polyclinics) in the same number of municipalities and 256 Family doctor-and-nurse's offices. The inclusion criteria were: children classified as healthy, between 15 days and 6.5 years, with permanent residence in the care area of the selected family doctor-and-nurse's offices and with the consent of parents or guardians; those with acute diseases at the time of evaluation were excluded. Results: 80 developmental guidelines were selected, and those were distributed in 4 areas and 25 age groups. A total of 1 333 children were studied representing the 96.8 percent of the estimated sample. On average, 53 children were evaluated by age group; the average of guidelines evaluated per child was 22. The level of maternal education was high. Conclusions: The design and methods used constitute a reliable base with the purpose of obtaining a valid instrument for the research of psychomotor development's problems in children under six years, which also it allows obtaining useful information from the assistance and epidemiological point of view(AU)


Subject(s)
Psychomotor Performance/physiology , Research/education , Surveys and Questionnaires/standards
8.
Clinics ; 74: e840, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-989631

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to characterize and compare the handwriting performance of Brazilian students from the 3rd to the 5th grade level of elementary school I with a computerized instrument that allowed the real performance to be observed during the execution of the handwriting. METHODS: Ninety-five students, aged 8 years to 11 years and 11 months, were assigned the production tasks of handwriting letters and pseudocharacters to assess the variables of latency, letter duration production and movement fluency. The stimulus presentation and the analysis of the movements were analyzed by Ductus software. RESULTS: In relation to the writing duration, latency and fluency of the alphabet letters, there was a diminution of values from the 3rd to 5th grade. For the comparison between alphabet and pseudocharacter latency, the results indicated a difference between the alphabet letter and its corresponding pseudocharacter, with greater latency for the pseudocharacter. This finding suggests that a motor sequence has not been established, so it cannot be assumed that the production of the alphabet letters was automatic. CONCLUSION: The results of this study make it possible to verify the interaction failures between the central and peripheral processes, with progression between the 3rd and 5th grade. It also highlights the influence of the lack of systematized teaching of the tracing of letters for Brazilian students since proficiency in calligraphy is critically linked to academic performance. These findings provide a great contribution to Brazilian educational psychology and reflect both educational and clinical practices.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Students/statistics & numerical data , Educational Technology/methods , Handwriting , Practice, Psychological , Psychomotor Performance/physiology , Reaction Time/physiology , Brazil , Correspondence as Topic , Movement/physiology
9.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 17(3): eAO4607, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011998

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To determine associations between sex and neurodevelopmental outcomes in human milk-fed very preterm infants, adjusted to early measured nutrient intakes and other neonatal cofactors. Methods: Consecutive inborn human milk-fed infants, with gestational age <33 weeks, were eligible. In-hospital energy and protein intakes have relied on measured human milk composition. The Bayley Scales of Infant Development II mental and psychomotor developmental indexes were used to assess neurodevelopment at 20 months' corrected age. After univariate analysis, some covariables were used for linear multiple regression. Results: Thirty-two infants were included, with a mean (standard deviation) gestational age of 29.8 (1.8) weeks, and a median birth weight of 1168g (interquartile range 990-1419g). Minimum recommended intakes were achieved in 63.6% and 15.2% of infants for protein and energy, respectively. The mental and psychomotor developmental indexes were within normal limits in 93.8% of infants. The mean mental and psychomotor developmental indexes were significantly lower in males. Only male sex negatively and significantly affected the mental and psychomotor developmental indexes (B=-9.44; 95%CI: -17.64- -1.23; adjusted r2=0.17; p=0.026), adjusted to gestational age and measured energy intake. Conclusion: In human milk-fed very preterm infants, males had a significantly lower mental and psychomotor developmental indexes score at 20 months' corrected age, adjusted for gestational age and measured energy intake.


RESUMO Objetivo: Determinar a associação entre sexo e desfechos relativos ao neurodesenvolvimento em lactentes muito prematuros e alimentados com leite humano, ajustada para a ingestão de nutrientes medida nos primeiros dias de vida e outros cofatores neonatais. Métodos: Consideramos, para este estudo, lactentes alimentados com leite humano, consecutivamente nascidos em um centro especializado, com idade gestacional <33 semanas. A ingestão intra-hospitalar de energia e proteínas baseou-se na composição medida do leite humano. Os índices de desenvolvimento mental e psicomotor das Bayley Scales of Infant Development II foram usados para avaliar o neurodesenvolvimento na idade corrigida de 20 meses. Após a análise univariada, algumas covariáveis foram usadas para a regressão múltipla linear. Resultados: Incluímos 32 lactentes, com idade gestacional média (desvio padrão) de 29,8 (1,8) semanas e mediana de peso ao nascimento de 1168g (intervalo interquartil: 990-1419g). A ingestão mínima recomendada foi atingida em 63,6% e 15,2% dos lactentes, para proteínas e energia, respectivamente. Os índices de desenvolvimento mental e psicomotor ficaram dentro dos limites normais em 93,8% dos lactentes. A pontuação média nos índices de desenvolvimento mental e psicomotor foi significativamente menor no bebês do sexo masculino. Somente o sexo masculino afetou negativa e significativamente os índices de desenvolvimento mental e psicomotor (B=-9,44; IC95%: -17,64- -1,23; r2 ajustado=0,17; p=0,026), ajustados para idade gestacional e ingestão de energia medida. Conclusão: Em lactentes muito prematuros e alimentados com leite humano, o sexo masculino teve pontuação significativamente mais baixa nos índices de desenvolvimento mental e psicomotor na idade corrigida de 20 meses, ajustada para idade gestacional e ingestão de energia medida.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Premature , Neurodevelopmental Disorders/etiology , Infant, Premature, Diseases/etiology , Milk, Human , Psychomotor Performance/physiology , Time Factors , Birth Weight/physiology , Energy Intake/physiology , Sex Factors , Risk Factors , Cohort Studies , Age Factors , Gestational Age , Statistics, Nonparametric , Neurodevelopmental Disorders/physiopathology , Infant, Premature, Diseases/physiopathology , Neuropsychological Tests
10.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 52: e20180263, 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-977112

ABSTRACT

Abstract INTRODUCTION: Exposure to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 during pregnancy is a major risk factor for neurodevelopmental delay and deleterious effects in children. However, limited information about these conditions exists in poor geographical areas in Brazil. Prevention of vertical transmission of HIV-1 is dealt differently in different regions of the country and in poorer areas it is more difficult to evaluate the impact of the prevention methods. The outcomes of the exposure to HIV-1 and the impact of vertical HIV-1 transmission on neuropsychomotor development was evaluated for the first time in children born to HIV-infected mothers in the North region of Brazil, where the majority of the population has poor access to health services. METHODS: Sixty children born to HIV-1-infected mothers (case group) and 58 born to non-infected mothers (control group) were followed for the first 12 months of life in a prospective case-control study. Neuropsychomotor development was assessed using the Denver II test. RESULTS: Suspected neuropsychomotor developmental delays were more frequent in the case group (33.3%), namely in language (38.9%) and gross motor skills (27.8%). These delays were reversed in most children after 12 months of life due to therapeutic intervention. The delays were not reversed in three children, all of whom belonged to the case group. Only one of these was infected with HIV-1, and this child had the poorest neuropsychomotor outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: Maternal HIV-1 infection negatively affected the neuropsychomotor development in children, although other factors may have played a role.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pregnancy , Infant , Adolescent , Young Adult , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious , HIV Infections/complications , Developmental Disabilities/etiology , Infectious Disease Transmission, Vertical , Psychomotor Performance/physiology , Socioeconomic Factors , Case-Control Studies , HIV Infections/physiopathology , HIV Infections/transmission , Child Development/physiology , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors
11.
Geriatr., Gerontol. Aging (Impr.) ; 12(2): 96-101, abr.-jun.2018.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-914968

ABSTRACT

Este trabalho objetivou investigar a associação de variáveis representativas do perfil sociodemográfico, da jornada de trabalho e das condições gerais de saúde de profissionais do transporte de cargas em rodovias com o regime de sono relatado. Tratou-se de um estudo transversal com análise de questionários cedidos pelo Serviço Social do Transporte e pelo Serviço Nacional de Aprendizagem do Transporte, em que foram averiguados dados relativos aos profissionais com idade ≥ 45 anos. Os resultados encontrados permitem inferir que o perfil de sono exibido pelos profissionais de transporte de cargas parece correlacionar-se negativamente com a condição geral de saúde (ocorrência de hipertensão arterial sistêmica e consumo de medicamentos) e a extensão da jornada de trabalho.


This cross-sectional study aimed to investigate the association of variables representative of the sociodemographic profile, working hours, and general health status of long-haul truck drivers with their reported sleep regimen. Questionnaires provided by the Transportation Social Service and the National Transportation Learning Service, in which data were collected from professional truckers aged ≥ 45 years, were analyzed. The results found allow us to infer that the sleep profile of these ground freight transportation workers seems to correlate negatively with general health (prevalence of arterial hypertension and drug use) and the number of working hours per day.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Aged , Sleep/physiology , Automobile Driving , Roads , Work Hours , Psychomotor Performance/physiology , Socioeconomic Factors , Accidents, Traffic/prevention & control , Cross-Sectional Studies , Occupational Health , Life Style
12.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 23(8): 2721-2730, Aug. 2018. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-952736

ABSTRACT

Resumo Este estudo objetivou analisar o desempenho neuropsicomotor de crianças a partir da realização do Teste de Triagem de Desenvolvimento de Denver II (TTDD-II). Foram avaliadas 318 crianças, com idade entre 36 a 48 meses. Os resultados indicaram que as meninas obtiveram melhor desempenho em três das quatro áreas pesquisadas: Pessoal Social (p < 0,001), Motor Fino (p = 0,020) e Linguagem (p = 0,028). Na área Motor Amplo não foi observada diferença significativa entre os gêneros. Ao se analisar o desempenho das crianças na execução das tarefas previstas no teste, constatou-se diferença significativa nos seguintes itens: na área Pessoal Social, o item mais falho foi "escova os dentes sem ajuda"; na área Motor fino, o item "indica a linha mais longa" apresentou mais falhas; na área da Linguagem, os itens mais falhos foram "conhece 2 adjetivos", "conhece 4 ações" e "compreende 4 preposições"; na área Motor Amplo foi o item mais falho "pula num pé só". A análise dos resultados aponta que padrões socialmente impostos, baseados em diferenças de gênero, podem interferir nos comportamentos neuropsicomotores de crianças. Além disso, conhecer tal perfil de desenvolvimento é de fundamental importância na formulação de políticas públicas e de ações capazes de contribuir para o desenvolvimento infantil.


Abstract This study aimed to analyze the neuropsychomotor performance of children by implementing the Denver Developmental Screening Test-II (DDST-II). We evaluated a sample of 318 children aged 36 to 48 months. Results indicated that girls performed better in three of the four areas analyzed in the test: Personal-Social (p < 0.001), Fine Motor-adaptive (p = 0.020) and Language (p = 0.028). No significant difference was observed between genders in the Gross Motor skills area. Analyzing the performance of children in implementing the tasks expected in the test, we found significant differences in the following items: in the Personal-Social area, the worst-performing item was "Brushes teeth without help"; in the Fine Motor area, the worst-performing item was "shows the longest line"; in the Language area, the worst-performing items were "Knows two adjectives", "Knows four actions" and "Understands four prepositions"; and in the Gross Motor area, the worst-performing item was "Hops on one foot". The results suggest that socially-imposed standards, based on gender differences, may interfere with the neuropsychomotor behavior of children. Furthermore, knowing such development profile is crucial in the formulation of public policies and actions that can contribute to child development.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Psychomotor Performance/physiology , Child Development/physiology , Language Development , Motor Skills/physiology , Public Policy , Brazil , Sex Factors , Cross-Sectional Studies
13.
Rev. bras. ter. intensiva ; 30(2): 174-180, abr.-jun. 2018. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-959331

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: Comparar o desenvolvimento neuropsicomotor de lactentes nascidos prematuramente, com e sem displasia broncopulmonar, no primeiro ano de vida. Métodos: Estudo retrospectivo, do tipo transversal, realizado no período de 1º de janeiro de 2014 a 30 de dezembro de 2015, com lactentes prematuros, com peso < 1.500g ao nascer e diagnóstico de displasia broncopulmonar, na idade corrigida de 6 e 9 meses, avaliados pelo Teste de Triagem do Desenvolvimento DENVER II. As variáveis quantitativas foram descritas em médias, medianas e desvio padrão. Para as variáveis que apresentaram distribuição normal, aplicou-se o teste t de Student; do contrário, foi aplicado o teste de Mann-Whitney, considerando significância o valor de p < 0,05. As variáveis qualitativas foram descritas em frequências e porcentagens. Utilizou-se a regressão logística com análise da razão de chances para avaliar os efeitos das outras variáveis, como fatores de risco para alterações no desenvolvimento neuropsicomotor. Resultados: Os lactentes com displasia broncopulmonar apresentaram maior atraso no desenvolvimento neuropsicomotor quando comparados àqueles sem displasia broncopulmonar (p = 0,001). Os fatores associados com maior incidência para alterações no desenvolvimento neuropsicomotor, além da displasia broncopulmonar, foram: esteroide antenatal, sexo, peso ao nascimento, escore de Apgar no quinto minuto, Score for Neonatal Acute Physiology with Perinatal Extension, tempo de oxigenoterapia, ventilação mecânica e internação. Outras variáveis também podem ter influenciado o resultado, como uso de drogas pelas mães dos lactentes com displasia broncopulmonar. Conclusão: A displasia broncopulmonar associada a outros fatores pré e pós-natais pode ser considerada fator de risco para o atraso do desenvolvimento neuropsicomotor em lactentes nascidos prematuramente e com peso inferior a 1.500g, no primeiro ano de vida.


ABSTRACT Objective: To compare the neuropsychomotor development in the first year of life of premature infants with and without bronchopulmonary dysplasia. Methods: A cross-sectional retrospective study was conducted between January 1, 2014, and December 30, 2015, with premature infants weighing < 1,500g at birth and diagnosed with bronchopulmonary dysplasia at the corrected ages of 6 and 9 months, assessed using the DENVER II Developmental Screening Test. Quantitative variables were described as the means, medians and standard deviations. Variables with normal distribution were tested using Student's t test; otherwise, the Mann-Whitney test was used, considering significance at p-value < 0.05. Qualitative variables were expressed as frequencies and percentages. Logistic regression was used with odds ratio analysis to evaluate the effects of other variables as risk factors for changes in neuropsychomotor development. Results: Infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia showed greater developmental delay compared with those without bronchopulmonary dysplasia (p-value = 0.001). The factors associated with a higher incidence of changes in neuropsychomotor development, in addition to bronchopulmonary dysplasia, were antenatal steroid, gender, birth weight, 5-minute Apgar score, Score for Neonatal Acute Physiology-Perinatal Extension, duration of oxygen therapy, duration of mechanical ventilation and length of hospital stay. Other variables may also have influenced the result, such as drug use by mothers of infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia. Conclusion: Bronchopulmonary dysplasia associated with other pre- and postnatal factors may be considered a risk factor for delayed neuropsychomotor development in the first year of life in premature infants born weighing less than 1,500g.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Adult , Young Adult , Psychomotor Performance/physiology , Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia/complications , Infant, Premature , Developmental Disabilities/epidemiology , Oxygen Inhalation Therapy/statistics & numerical data , Respiration, Artificial/statistics & numerical data , Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia/physiopathology , Case-Control Studies , Logistic Models , Developmental Disabilities/etiology , Incidence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Infant, Very Low Birth Weight , Length of Stay
14.
Motriz (Online) ; 24(3): e015017, 2018. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-955146

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to investigate how different age groups of older adults perform and control movements in a goal-directed aiming task and the importance of visual feedback during these movements. Methods: Participants included 22 old adults, divided in two age groups: younger (60-70 yr) and older (80-90 yr). Subjects performed the task in a condition with vision and in a condition where vision was deprived. Results: In the vision condition, younger subjects showed smaller movement and reaction times, smaller radial errors, higher peak velocities, lower relative times to reach peak velocity than older subjects. In the vision-deprived condition the same results were found, except for radial error measure, where no significant effect for age groups was found. Conclusion: Younger subjects seemed to rely more on visual online feedback than older subjects and older subjects use other sensory sources to meet the possible deficits of information obtained by vision.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Psychomotor Performance/physiology , Aged , Feedback, Sensory/physiology , Movement
15.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 63(9): 779-786, 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-896405

ABSTRACT

Summary Objective: According to data from the World Health Organization (WHO), anemia is a prevalent health problem that leads to increased morbidity and mortality, especially in preschool children. Anemia is recognized as a major health problem due to its negative effects on the mental and physical development during childhood. The aim of our study was to determine the levels of anemia of children in a kindergarten affiliated to the Directorate of National Education using a non-invasive method, and to investigate the effects of anemia on the physical, mental and neuromotor development of children. Method: The levels of anemia was evaluated by using a non-invasive measurement device. Data collection was performed by means of a questionnaire to evaluate the children's physical development and set Denver Developmental Screening Test II scores. Results: Our findings show that 21% of non-anemic and 15% of anemic children are in the suspected abnormal group according to their DDST II total score. Furthermore, it has been identified that mild anemia has a positive effect on neuromotor development, while overweight and obesity affect neuromotor development in a negative way. Conclusion: According to the results obtained from the study, mild anemia may have a positive effect on the children's neuromotor development, while malnutrition could have a negative impact.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Psychomotor Performance/physiology , Body Mass Index , Child Development/physiology , Anemia/complications , Obesity/etiology , Severity of Illness Index , Developmental Disabilities/diagnosis , Anemia/physiopathology , Obesity/physiopathology
16.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 75(12): 843-849, Dec. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-888287

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To investigate if middle-aged and older adults with a higher education would differ from those with an average education in cognitive-motor tasks involving lower limb function. Methods: A walking version of the Trail Making Test (Walking Executive Function Task, [WEFT]) was used. Eighty volunteers (40: 50-65 years; 40: 66-80 years) were subdivided into average (6-11years of education) and higher education (12-17 years). They received two training sessions (session 1: eight repetitions, session 2: four repetitions), with a one week-interval between them. The Timed Up and Go (TUG) test was performed before and after the training. Results: Volunteers with an average education showed longer times on the WEFT than those with a higher education. Older adults showed lower retention than middle-aged adults (p < 0.001). The TUG was faster after the WEFT training (p < 0.001). Conclusion: The impact of education was observed when locomotion was associated with cognitive tasks. Average education resulted in poorer performance and learning than higher education, mainly in older adults. Gait speed increased after training.


RESUMO Objetivo: Investigar se adultos e idosos com escolaridade alta teriam aprendizagem diferente de adultos e idosos com escolaridade média em uma tarefa cognitivo-motora envolvendo função de membros inferiores. Método: A tarefa foi baseada no Trail Making Test (Tarefa de Deambulação Funcional, TDF). Oitenta voluntários (40:50-65 anos; 40:66-80 anos) foram subdivididos em escolaridade média (6-11 anos) e alta (12-17 anos) e realizaram duas sessões de treinamento (1: oito repetições, 2: quatro repetições), com intervalo de uma semana. O Timed Up and Go (TUG) foi realizado antes e após o treinamento. Resultados: Voluntários com escolaridade média levaram mais tempo para concluir a TDF do que voluntários com escolaridade alta (p < 0.001). Idosos apresentaram menor retenção do que adultos (p < 0.001). TUG foi mais rápido após o treinamento. Conclusão: O impacto da escolaridade foi observado quando a locomoção foi associada com tarefas cognitivas. Voluntários com escolaridade média apresentaram menor aprendizagem do que com escolaridade alta, principalmente idosos. A velocidade da marcha aumentou com o treinamento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Psychomotor Performance/physiology , Geriatric Assessment/methods , Educational Status , Executive Function/physiology , Learning/physiology , Task Performance and Analysis , Walking/physiology
17.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 135(4): 383-390, July-Aug. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-904096

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Children born prematurely often have worse cognitive performance than those born at term regarding skills such as memory, attention and processing speed. Bronchopulmonary dysplasia may compromise cognitive development. The aims here were: a) To describe the cognitive performance of preterm infants with very low birth weight; b) To investigate its association with bronchopul-monary dysplasia adjusted for sociodemographic, neonatal and post-neonatal factors. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study developed in a public tertiary-care hospital. METHODS: To evaluate cognition among 112 children, we applied an intelligence scale (Wechsler scale). The average scores for children with and without bronchopulmonary dysplasia were compared across the fve domains of the scale. Associations with bronchopulmonary dysplasia were investigated for domains that showed signifcant diferences between the two groups. Associations between exposure and outcome were estimated via multivariate logistic regression. RESULTS: There were no diferences in averages for the full-scale intelligence quotient, verbal intelligence quotient, performance intelligence quotient and general language composite domains. The processing speed quotient was the only domain that presented a signifcant diference between the two groups (P = 0.02). Among the children with bronchopulmonary dysplasia, low full-scale intelligence quotient was observed in 28.1%. In the multivariate analysis, bronchopulmonary dysplasia (odds ratio: 3.1; 95conf-dence interval: 1.1-8.7) remained associated with the outcome of processing speed quotient. CONCLUSION: Bronchopulmonary dysplasia was an independent risk factor for alteration of the processing speed quotient.


RESUMO CONTEXTO E OBJETIVO: Crianças nascidas prematuras com frequência apresentam pior desempenho cognitivoque as nascidas a termo em habilidades como memória, atenção, velocidade de processamento. A displasia broncopulmonar pode comprometer o desenvolvimento cognitivo. Os objetivos aqui foram: a) Descrever o desempenho cognitivo de crianças nascidas prematuras com muito baixo peso; b) Investigar sua associação com a displasia broncopulmonar ajustada para fatores sócio-demográfcos, neonatais e pós-neonatais. TIPO DE ESTUDO E LOCAL: Estudo transversal desenvolvido em hospital público de cuidados terciários. MÉTODOS: Para a avaliação cognitiva de 112 crianças, aplicamos a escala de inteligência (Wechsler scale). Foram comparadas as médias dos escores das crianças com e sem displasia broncopulmonar nos cinco domínios da escala. A associação com a displasia broncopulmonar foi investigada para os domínios que apresentaram diferença signifcativa entre os dois grupos. A associação entre a exposição e o desfecho foi estimada por regressão logística multivariada. RESULTADOS: Não houve diferença entre as médias dos domínios do quociente de inteligência total, quociente de inteligência verbal, quociente de inteligência de execução e composto de linguagem geral. O quociente de velocidade de processamento foi o único domínio que apresentou diferença signifcativa entre os dois grupos (P = 0,02). Entre as crianças com displasia broncopulmonar, quociente de inteligência total baixo ocorreu em 28,1%. Na análise multivariada, a displasia broncopulmonar (odds ratio: 3,1; intervalo de confança: 1,1-8,7) permaneceu associada ao desfecho quociente de velocidade de processamento. CONCLUSÃO: A displasia broncopulmonar foi um fator de risco independente para alteração no quociente de velocidade de processamento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Psychomotor Performance/physiology , Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia/complications , Infant, Premature/physiology , Cognition Disorders/complications , Infant, Very Low Birth Weight/physiology , Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia/physiopathology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Cognition Disorders/physiopathology , Neuropsychological Tests
18.
Rev. salud pública ; 19(3): 297-303, mayo-jun. 2017. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-903107

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Objetivo Establecer la prevalência del perfil psicomotriz en niños de cuatro a ocho años de edad de los colegios de la localidad Norte Centro Histórico de la ciudad de Barranquilla. Método Estudio descriptivo de corte transversal realizado en 755 estudiantes de cuatro a ocho años de edad de colegios oficiales y privados. El perfil motriz se midió mediante la Batería Psicomotora (BPM) de Da Fonseca. Resultados Existe mayor riesgo para un desempeño apráxico-dispráxico del subfactor praxia global para los escolares de cuatro a cinco años [OR 4,8; IC 95 %; 3,3-7,1] que estudian en colegios oficiales [OR 4,4; IC 95 %; 2,7-7,3]; los que viven en estrato 1, 2 y 3 [OR 2,4; IC 95 %; 1,5-3,9] y quienes tienen un peso aumentado [OR 2; IC 95 %; 1,2-3,3]. El mayor riesgo para un desempeño apráxico-dispráxico en praxia fina fue los participantes de cuatro a cinco años de edad [OR 3,7; IC 95 %; 2,7-5,3], para los estudiantes de colegios oficiales [OR 1,9; IC 95 %; 1,3-2,]. Un desempeño apráxico-dispráxico en el subfactor estructuración espacio temporal es mayor en las niñas [OR 1,6; IC 95 %; 1,12,2], para los escolares de cuatro a cinco [OR 4,8; IC 95 %; 3,3-7,1]; en los que estudian en el sector oficial [OR 1,9; IC 95 %; 2,7-5,3]; para los que residen en estratos socioeconómicos 1, 2 y 3 [OR 1,6; IC 95 %; 1,1-2,7]. Conclusiones Los determinantes como estudiar en colegios del sector oficial, estado nutricional, género y estrato socioeconómico están relacionados con el desempeño motor de los estudiantes.(AU)


ABSTRACT Objective To establish the prevalence of the psychomotor profile in children aged four to eight years attending the schools of the North Historical Center of Barranquilla, Colombia. Method A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted in 755 students from public and private schools aged between 4 and 8 years. The motor profile was measured by Da Fonseca Psychomotor Battery. Results An increased risk for apraxic-dyspraxic performance of the global praxis subfactor was observed in schoolchildren aged four to five years [OR 4.8; 95 % CI; 3.3-7.1] who study in public schools [OR 4.4; 95 % CI; 2.7-7.3], in those classified in the socioeconomic in strata 1, 2 and 3 [OR 2.4; 95 % CI; 1.5-3.9], and in those with an increased weight [OR 2; 95 % CI; 1.2-3.3]. The highest risk for apraxic-dyspraxic performance correlated to public school students [OR 1.9; 95% CI; 1.3-2.8] aged between four and five [OR 3.7; 95 % CI; 2.7-5.3]. The apraxic-dyspraxic performance in the structuring of the temporal space subfactor was higher in girls [OR 1.6; 95 % CI; 1.1- 2.2], in schoolchildren aged four to five [OR 4.8; 95 % CI; 3.3-7.1], in students of public schools [OR 1.9; 95 % CI; 2.7- 5.3], and in children classified in the socioeconomic strata 1, 2 and 3 [OR 1.6; 95 % CI; 1.1-2.7]. Conclusions Determinants such as studying in public schools, nutritional status, gender and socioeconomic stratum are related to motor performance in students.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Child , Psychomotor Performance/physiology , Socioeconomic Factors , Nutritional Status/physiology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies/instrumentation , Colombia
19.
Colomb. med ; 48(1): 19-24, Jan.-March 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-890848

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To analyse the metric properties of the Timed Get up and Go-Modified Version Test (TGUGM), in risk assessment of falls in a group of physically active women. Methods: A sample was constituted by 202 women over 55 years of age, were assessed through a crosssectional study. The TGUGM was applied to assess their fall risk. The test was analysed by comparison of the qualitative and quantitative information and by factor analysis. The development of a logistic regression model explained the risk of falls according to the test components. Results: The TGUGM was useful for assessing the risk of falls in the studied group. The test revealed two factors: the Get Up and the Gait with dual task. Less than twelve points in the evaluation or runtimes higher than 35 seconds was associated with high risk of falling. More than 35 seconds in the test indicated a risk fall probability greater than 0.50. Also, scores less than 12 points were associated with a delay of 7 seconds more in the execution of the test (p= 0.0016). Conclusions: Factor analysis of TGUGM revealed two dimensions that can be independent predictors of risk of falling: The Get up that explains between 64% and 87% of the risk of falling, and the Gait with dual task, that explains between 77% and 95% of risk of falling.


Resumen Objetivo: Analizar las propiedades métricas del Test Timed Get Up and Go - modificado (TGUGM) midiendo el riesgo de caídas a un grupo de mujeres colombianas físicamente activas. Métodos: Estudio, transversal con 202 mujeres mayores de 55 años realizado en Chía, Colombia. Se aplicó el TGUGM para conocer su riesgo de caídas. La prueba comparó la información cualitativa y cuantitativa mediante un análisis factorial. El desarrollo de un modelo de regresión logístico explicó el riesgo de caídas según los componentes de la prueba. Resultados: El TGUGM permitió valorar el riesgo de caídas en el grupo estudiado. La prueba muestra dos factores: el Get up (levantarse) y el Gait with dual task (Marchar con doble tarea). Calificaciones inferiores a doce puntos y tiempos de ejecución superiores a 35 segundos reflejaron alto riesgo de caída. Un tiempo mayor a 35 segundos indica probabilidad de caída mayor a 0.50 y calificaciones menores a 12 puntos se asociaron con una demora de 7 segundos más en la ejecución del test (p <0.001). Conclusiones: El riesgo de caídas del grupo de mujeres colombianas fue alto en el 22%. El análisis factorial del TGUGM reflejó dos dimensiones que pueden ser predictoras independientes del riesgo de caída: El Get up que puede explicar entre el 64% y 87% del mismo y el Gait with dual task, que explica entre el 77% y el 95% de dicho riesgo.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Psychomotor Performance/physiology , Accidental Falls/statistics & numerical data , Risk Assessment/methods , Gait , Task Performance and Analysis , Time Factors , Logistic Models , Cross-Sectional Studies , Probability , Risk Factors , Factor Analysis, Statistical
20.
Motriz (Online) ; 23(3): e1017562, 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-895009

ABSTRACT

AIMS: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of the combination of constant and variable practice when both, motor program and parameters on absolute and relative dimensions of a task, are manipulated. METHOD: Twenty undergraduate students, aged between 19 and 24 years, participated in this study. Two groups practiced the task of pressing four keys of a numeric keyboard with total and relative times specified under constant conditions in the first part of the acquisition phase and under block conditions in the second part when one group varied parameters and another varied motor programs. RESULTS: Both groups improved parameters and motor program measures during the acquisition phase. In the retention test, the parameters variation resulted in higher accuracy on motor program measure that the variation of motor programs. CONCLUSION: Both combinations improve parameters and motor program accuracy. Moreover, the maintenance of GMP during the variation phase contributes to strengthening it.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Young Adult , Psychomotor Performance/physiology , Motor Skills/physiology , Learning
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