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1.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(2): 268-270, Apr.-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251343

ABSTRACT

Abstract Septic arthritis of the pubic symphysis is a rare condition. Risk factors include trauma, low-grade infection, urological or gynecological procedures, malignant tumors of the pelvis, sports, and intravenous drug abuse. This report describes a case of septic arthritis of the pubic symphysis in a 23-year-old male patient with no history of pelvic surgery, previous infections, or intense physical activity. Arthritis was diagnosed by blood culture positive for Enterococcus spp. and yeasts, and the patient was treated with antibiotics. This case emphasizes the importance of complementary exams to aid the treatment of septic arthritis of the pubic symphysis and shows that an invasive procedure, such as pubic symphysis puncture biopsy, may not be required.


Resumo A artrite séptica da sínfise púbica é uma condição rara. Os fatores de risco são trauma, infecção de baixo grau, procedimentos urológicos ou ginecológicos, tumores malignos da pelve, prática de esportes e uso de drogas intravenosas. O presente relato descreve um caso de artrite séptica da sínfise púbica em um paciente do sexo masculino, de 23 anos, sem história de cirurgias pélvicas, infecções prévias ou atividade física intensa. A artrite foi diagnosticada pela hemocultura que revelou crescimento de Enterococcus sp + leveduras, e o paciente foi tratado com antibioticoterapia. Este caso enfatiza a importância de exames complementares no auxílio do tratamento da artrite séptica da sínfise púbica, e demonstra que procedimentos invasivos, tais como a punção da sínfise púbica, podem não ser necessários.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Osteitis , Pubic Symphysis , Arthritis, Infectious , Enterococcus , Anti-Bacterial Agents
2.
Rev. bras. epidemiol ; 23: e200037, 2020. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1101597

ABSTRACT

RESUMO: Objetivos: Estimar a prevalência e caracterizar a ocorrência de dor lombar gestacional (DLG), dor na cintura pélvica posterior (DCPP) e dor na sínfise púbica (DSP) entre gestantes residentes em Rio Grande, RS. Métodos: Estudo transversal realizado com todas as puérperas com parto em 2016. Foram utilizadas duas figuras para investigar a presença de DLG, DCPP e DSP de forma isolada ou combinada. Regressão logística multinomial foi usada para avaliar os fatores associados a cada sintoma. Resultados: DLG foi referida por 42,2% das entrevistadas, DSP por 4,9%, e DCPP por 2%, enquanto DLG + DSP por 9%, DLG + DCPP por 2,8%, DCPP + DSP por 1,1% e dor nas três regiões por 3,9% delas. Quanto maior era a idade da gestante, menor foi o risco de DLG e de DLG combinada a uma das regiões da cintura pélvica e maior o risco de DCPP + DSP. Depressão na gestação aumentou o risco de todas as combinações dos sintomas. Conclusão: Este estudo realizou uma descrição mais detalhada da ocorrência dos desfechos avaliados e de seus fatores associados. Estudos como este são raros no país, sobretudo com baixas taxas de perdas e recusas. A elevada prevalência dos sintomas avaliados sugere que sua investigação seja rotineira nas consultas de pré-natal, atendo-se a idade das gestantes, sintomas depressivos e a dores combinadas e intensas.


ABSTRACT: Objectives: To estimate the prevalence and characterize the occurrence of low back pain (LBP), posterior pelvic girdle pain (PPGP) and pubic symphysis pain (PSP) among pregnant women resident in Rio Grande, RS. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study of all postpartum women who gave birth in 2016. Two pictures were used to investigate the presence of LBP, PPGP and PSP, both isolated and combined. Multinomial logistic regression was used to evaluate the factors associated with each symptom. Results: LBP was reported by 42.2%, PSP by 4.9%, and PPGP by 2%, while LBP + PSP was reported by 9%, LBP and PPGP by 2.8% and PPGP + PSP by 1.1%, and pain in all three regions was reported by 3.9% of the sample. The more advanced the age of the pregnant women, the risk for LBP and of LBP combined with one of the pelvic girdle regions was reduced, while the risk for PPGP + PSP was increased. Depression during pregnancy increased the risk for all symptom combinations. Conclusion: This study provided a detailed description of the occurrence of the evaluated outcomes and its associated factors. Studies like this are rare in Brazil, especially a census with low rates of losses and refusals. The high prevalence of the evaluated symptoms suggests that it should be investigated routinely in prenatal care, taking into account the age of the pregnant women, depressive symptoms and those experiencing combined or intense pain.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Pregnancy Complications/epidemiology , Pubic Symphysis , Low Back Pain/epidemiology , Arthralgia/epidemiology , Pelvic Girdle Pain/epidemiology , Lumbar Vertebrae , Pregnancy Complications/etiology , Pain Measurement , Brazil/epidemiology , Logistic Models , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Risk Factors , Age Factors , Gestational Age , Low Back Pain/etiology , Arthralgia/etiology , Depression/complications , Depression/epidemiology , Pelvic Girdle Pain/etiology
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-782214

ABSTRACT

14 cm, and HOB >7.8 cm were 10.80 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.57–74.94), 5.26 (95% CI, 1.06–26.19), and 10.50 (95% CI, 1.03–107.12), respectively. Areas under the curve (AUCs) for AFI, HOB, and parity were 0.66 (95% CI, 0.54–0.78), 0.74 (95% CI, 0.64–0.85), and 0.69 (95% CI, 0.62–0.76), respectively. HOB had the largest AUC, but there were no significant differences among the AUCs of other factors. The cut-off value of HOB was 6 cm.CONCLUSION: This study showed that the AUC of HOB was greater than that of parity and AFI, although it was not statistically significant. As HOB is a noninvasive and comprehensive marker to predict successful ECV, consideration of HOB would be helpful before conducting ECV. Further studies are needed.


Subject(s)
Amniotic Fluid , Area Under Curve , Breech Presentation , Buttocks , Female , Humans , Odds Ratio , Parity , Pregnancy , Pregnant Women , Prospective Studies , Pubic Symphysis , Ultrasonography , Version, Fetal
4.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 54(2): 118-127, Mar.-Apr. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1013693

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To compare the accuracy of ultrasound (US) with that of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the detection of aponeurosis lesions of the rectus abdominis/adductor longus muscles, to study the characteristics of the athletes and imaging findings associated with pubalgia, and to demonstrate the importance of each method in evaluating this condition. Materials and methods The present study was conducted from 2011 to 2016 with 39 professional soccer players: 15 with pubalgia and 24 without pubalgia. Age, field position, bodymass index (BMI), weekly training load, career length, and history of thigh/knee injury and lower back pain were recorded. The following tests were performed: radiographs (anteroposterior view of the pelvis in standing and flamingo positions) to evaluate hip impingement, sacroiliac joint, and pubic symphysis instability; US to analyze the common aponeurosis of the rectus abdominis/adductor longus muscles and inguinal hernias; and MRI for pubic bone degenerative alterations and edema, and lesions in the adductor and rectus abdominis muscles and their aponeurosis. Results There was an association between pubalgia, high BMI (p = 0.032) andmuscle alterations (p < 0.001). Two patients with pubalgia had inguinal hernias and one patient with pubalgia and two controls had sports hernias. Pubic degenerative changes were frequent in both groups. Aponeurosis lesions weremore frequent in patients with pain. The US detection had 44.4% sensitivity and 100% specificity. Conclusion The evaluation of athletic pubalgia should be performed with radiography, US, and MRI. High BMI, muscle injuries, geodes, and osteophytes are findings associated with pubalgia; US has low sensitivity to detect injuries of the common aponeurosis of the rectus abdominis/adductor longus muscles.


Resumo Objetivo Comparar a acurácia da ultrassonografia em relação à ressonância magnética na detecção de lesões da aponeurose do reto abdominal/adutor longo, estudar características dos jogadores e achados de imagem associados à pubalgia e demonstrar a importância de cada método. Materiais e métodos Estudo realizado de 2011 a 2016 com 39 jogadores profissionais de futebol, 15 deles com e 24 sem pubalgia. Foram registrados idade, posição, índice de massa corporal (IMC), carga de treino semanal, tempo de profissão e lesão prévia na coxa/joelho e lombalgia. Os seguintes exames de imagem foram realizados: radiografias (anteroposterior da bacia e flamingo) para avaliar sinais de impacto do quadril, articulações sacroilíacas e instabilidade da sínfise púbica; ultrassonografia para analisar a aponeurose comum do reto abdominal/adutor longo e hérnias inguinais e do esporte; ressonância magnética buscando alterações degenerativas e edema no púbis, lesões musculares dos adutores e retos abdominais e na sua aponeurose. Resultados Observou-se uma associação entre pubalgia e IMC elevado (p = 0,032) e alterações musculares (p < 0,001). Hérnia inguinal foi encontrada em dois casos e hérnia do esporte, em um caso e dois controles. Alterações degenerativas do púbis foram frequentes nos dois grupos. Lesões da aponeurose foram mais comuns nos pacientes com dor e a ultrassonografia teve sensibilidade de 44,4% e especificidade de 100% na detecção. Conclusão A avaliação da pubalgia atlética deve ser realizada com radiografias, ultrassonografia e ressonância magnética. Índice de massa corporal elevado, lesões musculares, geodos e osteófitos são achados associados à pubalgia; a ultrassonografia tem baixa sensibilidade para detectar lesões da aponeurose comum do reto abdominal/ adutor longo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Pubic Symphysis , Pubic Symphysis/injuries , Athletic Injuries , Diagnostic Imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Ultrasonography , Groin/diagnostic imaging
5.
Repert. med. cir ; 28(2): 137-140, 2019. ilus.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1010228

ABSTRACT

La separación de la sínfisis púbica después del parto vaginal normal es rara. La etiología no es clara y se asocia con multiparidad, macrosomía, debilitamiento fisiológico de la articulación y fuerza excesiva en el área púbica. Los síntomas incluyen dolor cerca de la articulación púbica, caderas, ingle, región inferior del abdomen y parte interna de los muslos, acompañado de sensibilidad del área. Los estudios con imágenes muestran la distancia entre los huesos púbicos. El manejo médico es variable y los resultados potenciales todavía son poco comprendidos. El retraso en el diagnóstico tiene graves consecuencias para la salud de la mujer en forma aguda y a largo plazo. Se presenta una paciente de 18 años con dolor lacerante en el área púbica durante el segundo día del puerperio. Tenía antecedentes de embarazo de evolución normal y parto vaginal espontáneo, a término, con recién nacido vivo y sin complicaciones. En el examen físico había dolor moderado en la región del pubis que interfería con la marcha y los movimientos activos de ambos miembros inferiores. La radiografía pélvica anteroposterior en posición supina mostró separación anormal de la sínfisis púbica de aproximadamente 25 milímetros de extensión, sin otras anomalías óseas o congénitas. Se recomendó tratamiento conservador con recuperación a los 3 meses


Pubic symphysis separation following normal vaginal delivery is uncommon. The etiology has not been fully elucidated and is associated with multiparity, macrosomia, physiological weakening of the joint or excessive force applied to the pelvic ring. Symptoms include pain around the symphysis pubis joint, hips, groin, lower abdomen and inner thigh associated with tenderness in the affected area. Imaging studies show the distance between the pubic bones. Medical management is variable and the potential results are yet poorly understood. Delay in diagnosis carries severe acute or long-term health consequences in patients. We present a case in an 18-year-old patient who complained of shearing pain in the pubic area on postnatal day 2. Past history included a normal full term pregnancy, normal spontaneous uncomplicated vaginal delivery and live-born infant. On physical examination patient had moderate pain over the pubic region associated with difficulty in walking and active leg movements. An anteroposterior radiograph of the pelvis in a supine position revealed a pubic symphyseal separation of 25 mm, with no other bone or congenital anomalies. She was treated conservatively with complete resolution of symptoms after 3 months.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adolescent , Pubic Symphysis , Pubic Bone , Pregnancy
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-716779

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The umbilicus makes an important contribution to the natural appearance of the abdomen. To date, studies on its position in Korean women are lacking, and no standards have been established. The purpose of this study was to investigate the position of umbilicus in Korean women and to review changes in its position after ipsilateral pedicled rectus abdominis musculocutaneous (IP-RAM) flap. METHODS: This research consisted of two studies. In first study, 100 females who visited the emergency department with gastroenteritis between 2007 and 2011 were included. In second study, 40 women who underwent IP-RAM flap in the same period were included. Using abdominal computed tomography, we measured the distance between xiphoid process and umbilicus, represented by value a, and the distance between umbilicus and symphysis pubis, represented by value b. Thus, the location of the umbilicus was represented by the ratio a/b. The data were analyzed using Pearson correlation test and paired t-test. RESULTS: In study 1, the mean value of a/b was 1.07. Pearson correlation test revealed a significant correlation between age and a/b. In study 2, the mean value of a/b was 1.16 in preoperative measurements and 1.01 in postoperative measurements. The paired t-test showed a significant difference between preoperative and postoperative measurements, indicating cephalic migration of the umbilicus after surgery. CONCLUSIONS: The natural position of the umbilicus showed caudal migration with aging. Additionally, in a comparison of preoperative and postoperative measurements in patients who underwent IP-RAM flap, cephalic migration of the umbilicus was observed after surgery.


Subject(s)
Abdomen , Aging , Breast , Emergency Service, Hospital , Female , Gastroenteritis , Humans , Mammaplasty , Myocutaneous Flap , Pubic Bone , Pubic Symphysis , Rectus Abdominis , Umbilicus , Xiphoid Bone
7.
Ultrasonography ; : 211-216, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-731145

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: First, to describe a new method of assessing cephalopelvic disproportion by measuring the retropubic tissue thickness (RTT), and second, to determine whether RTT was associated with an eventual delivery by cesarean section. METHODS: Three-dimensional transperineal ultrasound scans were performed on 129 laboring nulliparous women to obtain 3-dimensional volume datasets for assessing RTT. RTT was measured off-line by three operators (A, B, and C) as the shortest distance between the capsule of the pubic symphysis and the outer border of the fetal skull. The intraoperator repeatability of operator A and the interoperator reproducibility among A, B, and C were determined. The RTT in women who were delivered by cesarean section due to failure to progress was compared to that of women who had a vaginal delivery. RESULTS: The intraoperator repeatability for RTT was 1.2 mm. The overall RTT interoperator interclass correlation was 0.97 (0.95-0.98). The RTT in women who had a spontaneous, instrumental, or cesarean delivery was 1.16±0.32 cm, 1.12±0.25 cm, and 0.94±0.25 cm, respectively. Women who were delivered by cesarean section had a significantly smaller RTT than women who had a spontaneous delivery (P=0.008). There was no statistically significant difference in RTT between patients who had a normal vaginal delivery and patients who had an instrumental delivery (P=0.990), or between those who had an instrumental delivery and those who had a cesarean delivery after the Bonferroni correction (P=0.120). CONCLUSION: RTT can be measured with satisfactory intraoperator repeatability and interoperator reproducibility. RTT was significantly smaller in women who eventually had a cesarean delivery than in those who had a vaginal delivery.


Subject(s)
Cephalopelvic Disproportion , Cesarean Section , Dataset , Female , Humans , Methods , Pregnancy , Pubic Symphysis , Skull , Ultrasonography
8.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 32(3): 383-390, jul.-set. 2017.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-868250

ABSTRACT

INTRODUÇÃO: O tratamento da região pubiana é parte integrante do reajuste corporal inferior nos pacientes pós-bariátricos, tendo em vista a fisiopatologia e o caráter generalizado das deformidades de contorno após grandes emagrecimentos. O objetivo é apresentar nossa experiência no tratamento de pacientes pós-bariátricos, exclusivamente pela marcação baixa da abdominoplastia com vetores adequados de mobilização tecidual, sem a necessidade de cicatrizes verticais ou oblíquas na região do púbis. MÉTODOS: Foram avaliados retrospectivamente prontuários médicos e registros fotográficos de pacientes submetidos a diferentes abordagens abdominais, com aplicação dos princípios descritos acima no tratamento associado da região pubiana. Incisão cutânea anterior baixa, descolamento cranial angulado em direção ao plano aponeurótico (bisel preservando gordura profunda superior), e manutenção um excedente gorduroso nos bordos superiores para a facilitar a fixação dos retalhos através do Sistema Fascial Superficial. Uma avaliação subjetiva da qualidade dos resultados foi caracterizada por observador único. RESULTADOS: Numa casuística de 126 pacientes consecutivos, a tática empregada possibilitou restabelecer a melhor posição, tônus e formato do púbis em 100% dos casos, cujos resultados foram subjetivamente classificados como bom (40%) ou ótimo (60%). As intercorrências mais frequentemente encontradas na evolução pós-operatória foram pequenas deiscências da sutura (23,8%) e seromas (19%), com boa evolução pelos curativos e punções seriadas. CONCLUSÃO: A tática cirúrgica apresentada, com posicionamento baixo da incisão anterior e aproximação dos retalhos por fixação no sistema fascial superficial e pele, possibilita o tratamento adequado da região pubiana durante as abdominoplastias pós-bariátricas, sem a necessidade de ressecções e cicatrizes adicionais.


INTRODUCTION: The treatment of the pubic region is an integral part of lower body readjustment in post-bariatric patients, considering the pathophysiology and generalized characteristics of contour deformities after a considerable weight loss. The objective is to present our experience in the treatment of post-bariatric patients, exclusively by low marking of abdominoplasty with appropriate tissue mobilization vectors, without the necessity to leave vertical or oblique scars in the pubic region. METHODS: The medical and photographic records of patients subjected to different abdominal approaches were retrospectively evaluated, applying the principles described above in the combined treatment of the pubic region. A low anterior skin incision was created, and angled cranial detachment towards the aponeurotic plane (with the bevel preserving the deep upper fat) and maintenance of excess fat on the upper edges to facilitate the fixation of the flaps through the superficial fascial system were performed. The outcomes' quality was subjectively evaluated by a single observer. RESULTS: In the case series of 126 consecutive patients, the strategy used restored the best position, tone, and shape of the pubis in 100% of the cases; the results were subjectively classified as good (40%) or very good (60%). The complications more frequently found in the post-operative period were small suture dehiscence (23.8%) and seroma formation (19%), with good evolution provided by dressings and serial punctures. CONCLUSION: The surgical strategy presented involving low positioning of the anterior incision and flap alignment in the superficial fascial system and skin by fixation allows the proper treatment of the pubic region during post-bariatric abdominoplasty procedures, without the need for additional resections and scars.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , History, 21st Century , Pubic Symphysis/abnormalities , Pubic Symphysis/surgery , Body Weight , Body Weight Changes , Obesity, Morbid , Medical Records , Retrospective Studies , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures , Bariatric Surgery , Pubic Symphysis , Obesity, Morbid/surgery , Obesity, Morbid/complications , Medical Records/standards , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures/methods , Bariatric Surgery/adverse effects , Bariatric Surgery/methods
9.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 51(6): 692-696, Nov.-Dec. 2016. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-830021

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical and epidemiological characteristics of pubalgia in patients from a Sports Medicine Center. METHODS: Data analysis from medical records of patients with athletic pubalgia attended to from January 2007 to January 2015. The diagnosis was made by an experienced hip surgeon, complemented with pelvic X-ray, abdominal wall ultrasound, and magnetic resonance imaging of the pelvis. RESULTS: Among 43 patients, 42 were men, with mean age of 33 years. As for sports, 25 (58.1%) athletes were soccer players and 13 (30.2%) were runners; 37.2% were professional athletes. Inguinal hernia was diagnosed in 20.9% of patients, showing the importance of its routine search in these patients. Treatment duration ranged from 1 to 12 months and 95.2% of the patients returned to sport. CONCLUSION: This study presented the epidemiological characteristics of patients diagnosed with athletic pubalgia attended to in a reference medical center and demonstrated the prevalence of this lesion in male patients, soccer players and runners. It also disclosed a high success rate of the nonoperative treatment, and high rate of return to sport after treatment.


RESUMO OBJETIVO: Avaliar as características clínico-epidemiológicas da pubalgia do atleta nos pacientes de um centro de referência no atendimento a esportistas. MÉTODOS: Avaliação dos prontuários de pacientes com pubalgia do atleta atendidos entre janeiro de 2007 e janeiro de 2015. O diagnóstico foi feito pelo exame clínico feito por ortopedista pós-graduado em quadril, complementado com radiografia de bacia, ultrassonografia de parede abdominal e ressonância magnética da pelve. RESULTADOS: Dos 43 pacientes avaliados, 42 eram homens, com média de 33 anos. Quanto aos esportes, 25 (58,1%) atletas praticavam futebol e 13 (30,2%) eram corredores; 37,2% eram atletas profissionais. Foi diagnosticada hérnia inguinal em 20,9% dos pacientes, o que demonstra a importância de sua pesquisa rotineira nesses pacientes. A duração do tratamento variou de um a 12 meses e 95,2% dos pacientes retornaram ao esporte. CONCLUSÃO: O presente estudo apresenta as características epidemiológicas dos pacientes com diagnóstico de pubalgia do atleta atendidos num centro de referência e demonstra o predomínio dessa lesão nos pacientes do sexo masculino praticantes de futebol e de corrida. Mostra também alta taxa de sucesso do tratamento não operatório, bem como elevado índice de retorno à prática esportiva após tratamento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Athletic Injuries , Hernia , Pubic Symphysis , Sports
10.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 251-254, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-235734

ABSTRACT

<p><b>PURPOSE</b>The obturator artery and its accessory (aberrant) arising from different origins and crossing the pubic rami are vascular variations. The internal iliac artery usually provides the obturator artery which may communicates with the external iliac artery through either the accessory obturator or inferior epigastric artery. A collateral circulation between the external and internal iliac system is known as corona mortis. The aim of current study is to provide sufficient data of vascular variability crossing the pubic rami for clinical field.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Present study includes 208 hemipelvises dissected in the Institution of Anatomy, Medical University of Graz. During dissection, the obturator artery and its accessory crossing the superior rami of pubic bone were found to have different origins.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The obturator artery arising from the external iliac artery and from the femoral artery accounts for 9.8% and 1.1% respectively. Therefore, it passes over the superior pubic rami in 10.9%. Further, the accessory (aberrant) artery arises only from the femoral artery in 1.1%. In present study, the vascular variation crossing the superior pubic rami with or without collateral circulation between external and internal iliac system referred as corona mortis is addressed. This study includes new classification of obturator and accessory obturator arteries as well as the corona mortis. It includes a comparison of corona mortis incidence in Austria population and other populations. The corona mortis found to be in 12% of Austrian population.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>A great attention of clinicians, radiologists, surgeons, orthopedic surgeons, obstetricians and gynecologists has to be considered before pubic surgical procedures such as internal fixation of pubic fracture, an inguinal hernia repair. Further, traumatic pubic rami fracture may lead to massive hemor- rhage due to laceration of the obturator artery.</p>


Subject(s)
Collateral Circulation , Epigastric Arteries , Female , Femoral Artery , Humans , Iliac Artery , Male , Pubic Symphysis
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-32090

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To investigate the significance of slowly rising abdominal pressure (SRAP), which is often observed in nonneurogenic children during bladder filling in video urodynamic studies (VUDSs). METHODS: The records of patients who underwent VUDS from July 2011 to June 2013 were reviewed. SRAP was defined as a rising curve over 5 cm H2O from the baseline abdominal pressure during the filling phase in VUDS. Bladder descent was defined when the base of the bladder was below the upper line of the pubic symphysis. An open bladder neck was defined as the opening of the bladder neck during the filling phase. RESULTS: Of the 488 patients, 285 were male patients. The mean age at VUDS was 3.7 years (range, 0.2-17.6 years). The VUDS findings were as follows: SRAP, 20.7% (101 of 488); descending bladder, 14.8% (72 of 488); and bladder neck opening, 4.3% (21 of 488). Of the 72 patients with a descending bladder, 84.7% had SRAP. A significant difference in the presence of SRAP was found between the descending bladder and the normal bladder (P<0.001). Of the 101 patients with SRAP, 40 (39.6%) did not have a descending bladder. Of the 40 patients, 14 (35.0%) had a bladder neck opening, which was a high incidence compared with the 4.3% in all subjects (P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: SRAP was associated with a descending bladder or a bladder neck opening, suggesting that SRAP is a compensatory response to urinary incontinence. SRAP may also predict decreased function of the bladder neck or pelvic floor muscle.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Incidence , Male , Neck , Pelvic Floor , Pubic Symphysis , Urinary Bladder , Urinary Incontinence , Urodynamics
13.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 49(3): 233-239, May-June/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-712781

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: to evaluate the return to sport after surgical treatment for pubalgia among 30 professional soccer players and describe the surgical technique used. METHOD: this case series was evaluated by means of a questionnaire and physical examination on 30 male professional soccer players of mean age 24.4 years (range: 18-30). The mean duration of the symptoms was 18.6 months (range: 13-28). The diagnosis was made through clinical investigation, special maneuvers and complementary examinations, by the same examiner. All the patients underwent surgical treatment after conservative treatment failed; all procedures were performed by the same surgeon using the same technique. Nonparametric comparisons were made to investigate the time taken to recover after the surgery, for the patients to return to their sport. RESULTS: five patients evolved with hematoma, with the need to remove the stitches three weeks after the operation because of a small dehiscence at the site of the operative wound. The wound healed completely in all these cases by five weeks after the surgery. Four patients presented dysuria in the first week, but improved in the second postoperative week. The mean time taken to return to training was around eight weeks (range: seven-nine). All the players returned to competitive soccer practice within 16 weeks. When asked about their degree of satisfaction after the operation (satisfied or dissatisfied), taking into consideration their return to the sport, there was 100% satisfaction, and they returned to professional practice at the same competitive level as before the injury. This degree of satisfaction continued to the last assessment, which was made after 36 months of postoperative follow-up. CONCLUSION: the surgical technique presented in this case series, with trapezoidal resection of the pubic symphysis in association with bilateral partial tenotomy of the long adductor, was a fast and effective procedure with...


OBJETIVO: avaliar o retorno ao esporte após tratamento cirúrgico da pubeíte em 30 jogadores de futebol profissional e descrever a técnica cirúrgica empregada. MÉTODO: série de casos por meio de questionário e exame físico em 30 jogadores de futebol profissional. Atletas masculinos, com idade média de 24,4 anos (18 a 30). A duração média dos sintomas foi de 18,6 meses (13 a 28). O diagnóstico foi feito por meio de investigação clínica, manobras especiais e exames complementares por um mesmo examinador. Todos os pacientes foram submetidos ao tratamento cirúrgico após falha do tratamento conservador, pelo mesmo cirurgião e com a mesma técnica. A comparação não paramétrica foi efetuada para investigar o tempo de recuperação após a cirurgia para retorno ao esporte. RESULTADOS: cinco pacientes evoluíram com hematoma e foi necessária a retirada dos pontos com três semanas por causa de pequena deiscência no local da ferida operatória. Houve cicatrização completa da ferida em todos esses casos após cinco semanas. Quatro pacientes apresentaram disúria na primeira semana, porém melhoraram na segunda semana pós-operatória. O tempo médio para retorno aos treinos ocorreu em torno de oito semanas (sete a nove). Todos os atletas retornaram à prática de futebol competitivo em até 16 semanas. Quando interrogados sobre o grau de satisfação no pós-operatório (satisfeito ou insatisfeito), levando em consideração o retorno ao esporte, houve 100% de satisfação e retorno à prática profissional no mesmo nível competitivo prévio à lesão. Esse grau de satisfação persistiu até a última avaliação após 36 meses de seguimento...


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Young Adult , Athletic Injuries , Return to Work , Soccer , Sports , Pubic Symphysis/surgery , Postoperative Period
14.
Anatomy & Cell Biology ; : 40-43, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-121386

ABSTRACT

The pelvic ring is stressed by external forces: by partial body weight, by ligament tension, and by muscles forces stabilizing the hip joints. For the symphysis ossis pubis there exist data concerning the type and magnitude of stresses. In one-leg-standing pressure, shear forces are predominant, and in both-leg-standing tensile forces are acting on the pelvic ring. Rupture of the symphysis is problematic due to the variety of its movements. Most literature descriptions of stress in the symphysis reflect only the frontal plane. Our intention was to make morphological as well as experimental investigations on the symphysis ossis pubis to delineate how it will be stressed in the horizontal plane. Twenty pubic bones taken from embalmed adult human cadavers (12 male, 8 female) were used. Horizontal and frontal slices (3 mm thick) of the symphyseal part of the os pubis were made. X-rays and densitometric analysis were performed. The width of the symphysis cartilage in the dorsal and the ventral regions was measured on 15 whole skeleton specimens coming from adult human cadavers. For experimental study an embalmed pelvic ring which had no abnormality was used. The symphysis pubis was cut completely in the midsagittal plane and then the ring was stressed via the cranial sacrum. Our results demonstrate that the symphysis is stressed by bending in the horizontal plane in one-leg-standing. In both-leg-standing the symphysis is stressed by tensile forces.


Subject(s)
Adult , Body Weight , Cadaver , Cartilage , Hip Joint , Humans , Intention , Ligaments , Male , Muscles , Pubic Bone , Pubic Symphysis , Rupture , Sacrum , Skeleton
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-180429

ABSTRACT

This study was undertaken to determine incidence, associated risk factors, and clinical outcomes of a diastasis of pubic symphysis. Among 4,151 women, who delivered 4,554 babies at the Department of Obstetrics of Seoul National University Bundang hospital from January 2004 to December 2006, eleven women were diagnosed as having a symptomatic diastasis of pubic symphysis. We estimated the incidence of the diastasis and identified the associated risk factors. To evaluate the pain relief and reduction of diastasis we followed up the 11 diastatic patients. The incidence of the diastasis was 1/385. Primiparity (P = 0.010) and twin gestation (P = 0.016) appeared as risk factors for diastasis by univairable analysis; and twin gestation appeared to be the only risk factor (P = 0.006) by logistic analysis. Two patients were operated due to intractable pain; and the remaining nine patients were treated conservatively. The diastatic gap decreased to less than 1.5 cm by 2 to 6 weeks after the diagnosis and then remained stationary. At a mean follow-up of 22.1 months (range, 12 to 47 months), five of 11 patients had persistent symphysis pubis dysfunction. Diastasis is more frequent than generally acknowledged. Pregnant women with multiple gestations should be informed about the potential risk of pubic symphysis diastasis.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Birth Weight , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Gestational Age , Humans , Incidence , Logistic Models , Male , Middle Aged , Peripartum Period , Pregnancy , Pregnancy, Twin , Pubic Symphysis/diagnostic imaging , Pubic Symphysis Diastasis/diagnosis , Risk Factors , Young Adult
16.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 39(2): 288-290, Mar-Apr/2013. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-676253

ABSTRACT

Pubic complications following radical prostatectomy are rare. Osteitis pubis typically presents with symptoms related to irritation of the pubic rami including pain with ambulation and adduction of the leg. A 60-year-old male with prostatic adenocarcinoma underwent uneventful robotic assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy. The patient noted the onset of severe pubic pain exacerbated by ambulation approximately one month post-surgery. An abdominal/pelvic CT scan was negative for acute pathology. Due to continued discomfort, a multiplanar MRI of the pelvis was performed with and without intravenous contrast material (20 ml Omniscan). The MRI demonstrated irregularity of the bladder base and proximal urethra with a fistulous tract extending anteriorly in direct communication with the pubic symphysis joint space. Vague periarticular marrow edema-like signal and enhancement at the pubic symphysis was thought to represent osteitis pubis. The patient's symptoms resolved after one month of urethral catheter drainage, intravenous antibiotics, and anti-inflammatory therapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Bone Diseases/diagnosis , Fistula/diagnosis , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Pubic Symphysis , Prostatectomy/adverse effects , Urinary Bladder Fistula/diagnosis , Prostatectomy/methods , Reproducibility of Results , Robotics
18.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 72(3): 247-250, jun. 2012. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-657511

ABSTRACT

La artritis séptica de pubis u osteomielitis púbica es la infección que compromete la sínfisis pubiana y su articulación. Es poco frecuente, representando menos del 1% de las osteomielitis. Afecta más a menudo a atletas jóvenes y a mujeres que se someten a cirugía ginecológica o urológica. Se presenta con fiebre y dolor púbico, irradiado a genitales, que aumenta con la movilización de la cadera lo que produce claudicación de la marcha. Debe hacerse el diagnóstico diferencial con la osteítis del pubis que es una condición inflamatoria estéril. La punción guiada por imagen suele ser necesaria para el diagnóstico diferencial con la osteítis del pubis. El diagnóstico se basa en la clínica apoyada en el aislamiento microbiológico, métodos por imágenes e incremento de las proteínas de fase aguda. Los agentes etiológicos más comúnmente encontrados son Staphylococcus aureus, seguidos de bacilos gram negativos, o pueden ser polimicrobianos en posquirúrgicos. El tratamiento antibiótico se ajusta al germen aislado por cultivo, además de antiinflamatorios y reposo. El desbridamiento quirúrgico se requiere hasta en el 55% de los casos. Se recomiendan antibióticos por 6 semanas. Se presentan dos casos de osteomielitis del pubis por S. aureus, con buena respuesta al tratamiento. Ambos pacientes eran jóvenes y deportistas.


Septic arthritis of the pubic symphysis, so called osteomyelitis pubis is the infection which involves pubic symphysis and its joint. It is a rare condition, representing less than one percent of all cases of osteomyelitis. It affects most frequently young athletes and women undergoing gynecologic or urologic surgery. It presents itself with fever and pubic pain which irradiates to the genitals and increases when hip is mobilized, and this fact produces gait claudication. Differential diagnosis should be made with pubic osteitis, which is a sterile inflammatory condition. Diagnosis is based on clinic supported by microbiologic culture results, image methods, and proteins augment during acute phase. Image guided puncture is often necessary for the differential diagnosis with pubic osteitis. The etiologic agents most commonly found are Staphylococcus aureus, followed by gram-negative bacilli, and polymicrobial infection in recent pelvis surgery. The antibiotic treatment is adjusted depending on the microbiological diagnosis, adding NSAIDs, and bed rest. Surgical debridement is required up to 55% of the cases. Two cases of osteomyelitis of the pubis by S. aureus, with good outcome to treatment with antibiotics, NSAIDs and rest are here described. Both patients were healthy relevant athletes.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Arthritis, Infectious , Pubic Symphysis , Staphylococcal Infections , Staphylococcus aureus , Athletes , Arthritis, Infectious/microbiology , Arthritis, Infectious/pathology , Diagnosis, Differential , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Pubic Symphysis/microbiology , Pubic Symphysis/pathology , Treatment Outcome
19.
Braz. j. vet. res. anim. sci ; 48(5): 361-369, 2011.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-687007

ABSTRACT

O objetivo desse estudo foi avaliar as diferenças existentes na sínfise púbica de camundongos e ratos fêmeas, grávidas e não grávidas, descrevendo as alterações morfológicas ocorridas na articulação com a finalidade de entender os movimentos apresentados pela articulação ao longo da gestação. Para tal, as sínfises foram coletadas de camundongos fêmeas grávidas no 6º, 12º e 18º dias de gestação, e nas ratas com 18 dias de gestação. Foram fixadas em paraformoldeído e a seguir descalcificadas em solução de Morse. Na sequência, as peças foram incluídas em parafina. Cortes de 7 micrômetros foram realizados e corados em Picrosirius e Resorcina-Fucsina. A coloração com Picrosirius evidenciou em camundongos fêmeas virgens a presença de fibras grossas de colágeno diferente dos outros grupos de camundongos, os quais apresentaram fibras finas. A análise de fibras elásticas mostrou que, com o decorrer da gestação, estas aumentam em espessura e número. Em ratas com 18 dias de gestação foi observado o aparecimento de tecido conjuntivo fibroso no disco de cartilagem hialina, aumentando assim, o espaço inter-púbico e modificando a estrutura de sincondrose encontrada nos animais virgens. Observou-se também aumento no diâmetro e quantidade de fibras elásticas em relação às ratas virgens. Podemos concluir que a articulação de camundongos fêmeas grávidas passam por transformações estruturais qualitativas e quantitativas ao longo da gravidez. Em ratas prenhas, além do aumento de fibras elásticas e da distância entre os ossos do quadril, a articulação diferenciou-se pelo aparecimento de tecido conjuntivo fibroso para facilitar o parto.


The objective of this study was to assess the existing differences in the pubic symphysis of female rats and mice, pregnant and non pregnant, describing the morphological alterations occurred in the joint and understanding the movements shown during pregnancy. The pubic symphysis were collected from female pregnant mice on the 6th, 12th and 18th days of pregnancy, and from rats with 18 days of pregnancy. They were fixed in paraformoldehyde and following decalcificated with Morse’s solution. The samples were then, included in paraffin. Seven micrometers slices were made and stained with Picrosirius and Resorcin-Fuchsin. The Picrosirius staining had shown, in virgin female mice, the presence of thick collagen fibers different from the other groups of mice, which presented thin fibers. The analysis of elastic fibers showed that, with the progress of pregnancy there is an increase in their thickness and number. In rats with 18 days of pregnancy, an appearance of fibrous conjunctive tissue on the hyaline cartilage disc was observed, enlarging the inter-pubic space and modifying the synchondrosis structure found in the virgin animals. It was also observed an increase in diameter and amount of elastic fibers comparing to virgin rats. We conclude that the pregnant female mice’s joint undergoes transformations in structure, quality and amount during the pregnancy. In pregnant rats, besides the increase of elastic fibers and the distance between the hip’s bone, the joint had differred by the appearance of fibrous conjunctive tissue, thus making the birth easier.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice/classification , Pregnancy/physiology , Pubic Symphysis , Rats/classification , Collagen , Elastic Tissue/anatomy & histology
20.
Infection and Chemotherapy ; : 279-283, 2011.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-9924

ABSTRACT

Osteomyelitis of the pubic symphysis or pubic osteomyelitis is a rare disease entity. Predisposing factors include trauma, pelvic or urologic surgery, intravenous drug abuse, pelvic malignancy, parturition and cardiac catheterization. Pathogens vary depending on the risk factors. The most frequent causative organism is Staphylococcus aureus . Gram-negative bacteria such as Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Escherichia coli are also common pathogens. However, pubic osteomyelitis due to community-onset extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Escherichia coli has not previously been described. We present a patient with pubic osteomyelitis caused by ESBL-producing Escherichia coli without known predisposing factors except for diabetes.


Subject(s)
Bacteria , beta-Lactamases , Cardiac Catheterization , Cardiac Catheters , Drug Resistance , Escherichia , Escherichia coli , Gram-Negative Bacteria , Humans , Osteomyelitis , Parturition , Pseudomonas aeruginosa , Pubic Symphysis , Rare Diseases , Risk Factors , Staphylococcus aureus , Substance Abuse, Intravenous
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