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1.
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 49(4): e400, Oct.-Dec. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1341243

ABSTRACT

The accompanying images demonstrate giant pulmonary artery aneurysms in a patient with idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (Image 1). In addition to the main pulmonary artery, both the left and right pulmonary arteries are aneurysmal and are compressing the lung parenchyma (Image 2).


Las imágenes adjuntas muestran aneurismas gigantes de la arteria pulmonar en un paciente con hipertensión arterial pulmonar idiopática (Imagen 1). Además de la arteria pulmonar principal, tanto la arteria pulmonar izquierda como la derecha son aneurismáticas y están comprimiendo el parénquima pulmonar (Imagen 2).


Subject(s)
Humans , Pulmonary Artery , Radiology , Aneurysm , Familial Primary Pulmonary Hypertension , Parenchymal Tissue , Heart Defects, Congenital
2.
Rev. colomb. cardiol ; 28(4): 383-388, jul.-ago. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1351937

ABSTRACT

Resumen En el siguiente reporte se expone un caso complejo en el que coexisten malformaciones cardiacas congénitas de presentación atípica con un doble tracto de salida del ventrículo derecho, en un paciente con múltiples anomalías menores en la exploración física y un cariotipo normal. La atipia de cada una de estas y su coexistencia hacen pensar en posibles alteraciones genéticas que aún son desconocidas. Lo anterior supone un reto terapéutico con el fin de restaurar una fisiología cardiaca compatible con la vida, lo cual se logra en este caso mediante un cerclaje exitoso de la arteria pulmonar.


Abstract The following report presents a complex case in which congenital cardiac malformations of atypical presentation coexist with a double outlet right ventricle, in a patient with multiple minor abnormalities on the physical examination and a normal karyotype. The atypia of these and their coexistence suggest possible genetic alterations that are still unknown. Therefore, a therapeutic challenge in order to restore a cardiac physiology compatible with life is proposed, which is achieved in this case through a successful banding of the pulmonary artery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Double Outlet Right Ventricle , Dextrocardia , Pulmonary Artery , Congenital Abnormalities , Hypertension, Pulmonary
3.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(2): 406-410, Mar.-Apr. 2021. ilus
Article in English | ID: biblio-1248953

ABSTRACT

The anomalous origin of the pulmonary trunk in the ascending aorta, defined as arterious hemitruncus, is a rare congenital malformation in dogs, caused by a defect in the spiral septum. Thus, given the unusual occurrence in the canine species, the systemic severity and the high lethality, the aim of this study was to describe this heart disease in a three-month-old male German Spitz puppy, emphasizing clinical changes of the necropsy and microscopics. The animal had cyanosis, dyspnea and weakness and was forwarded for necropsy after sudden death. Numerous changes were detected in the post-mortem examination, including in the heart, as cardiomegaly and absence of the arterial ligament, which was replaced by the complete fusion between the ascending aorta and the pulmonary trunk, after leaving both the left and right ventricles, respectively and, among the microscopic findings, cardiomyocyte hypertrophy stood out. The association of these findings with the history indicated the diagnosis of arterious hemitruncus followed by cardiorespiratory failure, emphasizing the importance of out complementary cardiological exams in young symptomatic patients for the survival of those affected. Arterious hemitruncus, although rare, must be added in the differential diagnosis of other heart diseases that cause similar clinical signs.(AU)


A origem anômala do tronco pulmonar em aorta ascendente, definida como hemitruncus arterioso, é uma malformação congênita rara em cães, causada por defeito no septo espiral. Assim, diante da ocorrência incomum na espécie canina, da gravidade sistêmica e da alta letalidade, o objetivo deste trabalho foi descrever essa doença cardíaca em um filhote de três meses de idade, macho, Spitz Alemão, enfatizando as alterações clínicas, de necropsia e microscópicas. O animal apresentava cianose, dispneia e fraqueza e foi encaminhado para necropsia após morte súbita. Inúmeras alterações foram detectadas no exame post-mortem, inclusive no coração, como cardiomegalia e ausência do ligamento arterioso, o qual foi substituído pela fusão completa entre aorta ascendente e tronco pulmonar, após a saída de ambas dos ventrículos esquerdo e direito, respectivamente, e, dentre os achados microscópicos, destacou-se a hipertrofia de cardiomiócitos. A associação desses achados com o histórico indicou o diagnóstico de hemitruncus arterioso seguido de insuficiência cardiorrespiratória, ressaltando-se a importância de exames complementares cardiológicos em pacientes jovens sintomáticos na sobrevida dos acometidos. O hemitruncus arterioso, apesar de raro, deve ser acrescido no diagnóstico diferencial de outras cardiopatias que causam sinais clínicos similares.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Aorta/abnormalities , Pulmonary Artery/abnormalities , Heart Septal Defects/pathology , Heart Septal Defects/veterinary , Congenital Abnormalities/veterinary
4.
Neumol. pediátr. (En línea) ; 16(1): 48-52, 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284224

ABSTRACT

Unilateral agenesis of the pulmonary artery is a rare malformation, sometimes asymptomatic and underdiagnosed. Right agenesis is usually isolated, while the left agenesis is more frequently associated with cardiovascular malformations. Some patients have recurrent respiratory infections, exercise limitation, hemoptysis, and/or pulmonary hypertension. The diagnosis is suspected by chest radiograph showing a hypoplastic lung ipsilateral to the agenesis. It is confirmed with contrast-enhanced chest computed tomography. In asymptomatic patients, management should be conservative, however, the search for collateral vessels should be started from adolescence, because they can bleed. In symptomatic patients or those with serious complications, the treatment must be interventional. The objective of this article is to present two patients with right and left pulmonary artery agenesis respectively and review the literature.


La agenesia unilateral de la arteria pulmonar es una malformación poco frecuente, en ocasiones asintomática y subdiagnosticada. La agenesia derecha suele ser aislada, en cambio la izquierda se asocia más frecuentemente a malformaciones cardiovasculares. Algunos pacientes presentan infecciones respiratorias recurrentes, limitación al ejercicio, hemoptisis y/o hipertensión pulmonar. El diagnóstico se sospecha al solicitar una radiografía de tórax que muestra un pulmón hipoplásico ipsilateral a la agenesia. Se confirma con tomografía computada de tórax con contraste. En pacientes asintomáticos el manejo debe ser conservador, sin embargo, se debe iniciar la búsqueda de vasos colaterales especialmente durante la adolescencia, los que pueden sangrar. En cambio, en los pacientes sintomáticos o que presentan complicaciones graves, el tratamiento debe ser intervencional. El objetivo de este trabajo es presentar a dos pacientes con agenesia de la arteria pulmonar derecha e izquierda respectivamente y hacer una revisión de la literatura.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Pulmonary Artery/abnormalities , Pulmonary Artery/diagnostic imaging , Radiography, Thoracic , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Hemoptysis/etiology
8.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1254158

ABSTRACT

Mulher de 18 anos com histórico de síncope, angina e palpitações há um ano. Uma indicação crucial era artéria coronária direita dilatada na ecocardiografia transtorácica. Os achados da tomografia computadorizada resultaram no diagnóstico da origem anômala da artéria coronariana esquerda proveniente da síndrome da artéria pulmonar.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Pulmonary Artery/physiopathology , Coronary Artery Disease/surgery , Coronary Vessels/diagnostic imaging , Bland White Garland Syndrome/pathology , Bland White Garland Syndrome/diagnostic imaging , X-Rays , Echocardiography , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy/methods , Electrocardiography, Ambulatory/methods , Creatine Kinase/blood , Electrocardiography , Computed Tomography Angiography/methods
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879848

ABSTRACT

A girl, aged 15 years, was admitted due to sudden convulsion once and multiple pulmonary nodules on lung CT. Acrocyanosis or acropachy/toe deformity was not observed. Laboratory examinations showed an increase in hemoglobin (162 g/L) and a reduction in arterial partial pressure of oxygen (61.5 mm Hg). Lung CT showed irregular slightly high-density nodules in the middle lobe of the right lung, and contrast-enhanced CT scan showed obvious enhancement with thick vascular shadow locally. An investigation of medical history revealed that the girl's mother had a history of epistaxis and resection of pulmonary mass and the girl presented with tongue telangiectasia. The girl was diagnosed with hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia and pulmonary arteriovenous malformation. she was given interventional embolization therapy. Transcutaneous oxygen saturation reached 98% without oxygen inhalation on the day after surgery. Pulmonary angiography at 3 months after surgery showed the recurrence of pulmonary vascular malformation, and embolization of pulmonary arterial fistula was not performed since the guide wire could not enter the branch artery. There was still a need for long-term follow-up.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Arteriovenous Fistula , Arteriovenous Malformations , Female , Humans , Multiple Pulmonary Nodules , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Pulmonary Artery/diagnostic imaging , Seizures
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879817

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the role of vascular endothelial growth factor-A (VEGF-A) in pulmonary vascular remodeling in neonatal rats with hypoxic pulmonary hypertension (HPH) by regulating survivin (SVV).@*METHODS@#A total of 96 neonatal rats were randomly divided into three groups: HPH+VEGF-A group, HPH group, and control group. Each group was further randomly divided into 3-, 7-, 10-, and 14-day subgroups (@*RESULTS@#The HPH group had a significantly higher mean RVSP than the control and HPH+VEGF-A groups at each time point (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Prophylactic intratracheal administration of exogenous VEGF-A in neonatal rats with HPH can inhibit pulmonary vascular remodeling and reduce pulmonary arterial pressure by upregulating the expression of SVV in the early stage of hypoxia. This provides a basis for the interventional treatment of pulmonary vascular remodeling in neonatal HPH.


Subject(s)
Animals , Animals, Newborn , Hypertension, Pulmonary/etiology , Hypoxia , Pulmonary Artery , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Vascular Remodeling
11.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(6): 1013-1016, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1143994

ABSTRACT

Abstract We presented a case of a 56-year-old man with giant pulmonary artery aneurysm caused by a misdiagnosed patent ductus arteriosus, severe multivalvular disease and active aortic valve endocarditis successfully treated by surgery. The correct diagnosis was missed despite preoperative diagnostics because the small patent ductus arteriosus was located at the distal part of common pulmonary trunk and a huge regurgitant signal overlapped its Doppler signal. Thorough evaluation of every patient, regardless of age, is necessary to recognize and treat this congenital anomaly.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Aged , Ductus Arteriosus, Patent/diagnosis , Pulmonary Artery , Echocardiography , Ductus Arteriosus , Ductus Arteriosus, Patent/surgery , Ductus Arteriosus, Patent/diagnostic imaging
12.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 80(6): 640-648, dic. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1250286

ABSTRACT

Resumen Se presentan los resultados de 105 pacientes con hemoptisis amenazante tratados mediante embolización arterial por cateterismo percutáneo por vía arterial sistémica y/o arterial pulmonar. Se describe la técnica del procedimiento y los hallazgos angiográficos. Se muestra la utilidad de la fibrobroncoscopía y de la radiografía de tórax para identificar la zona sangrante como diagnóstico previo al procedimiento. Entre mayo 2000 y septiembre 2015 se admitieron en el Servicio de Hemodinamia 105 pacientes con diagnóstico de hemoptisis amenazante, 76 masculinos (72.4%); edad media: 41 (±18.65 DS) años. El 93% (98/105) fue tratado con éxito. En el 90% (88/98) se efectuó embolización por arterias bronquiales y/o no bronquiales sistémicas y en el 10% (10/98) por vía arterial pulmonar. Cuando la afección era bilateral la angiografía sola no posibilitó identificar el sitio de sangrado. Al 60% (63/98) se le hizo fibrobroncoscopía flexible y se pudo ubicar el pulmón sangrante en el 84% (56/63). Cuando la afección era unilateral, la radiografía de tórax previa al procedimiento facilitó la ubicación del área de sangrado en el 47%. No se observaron complicaciones graves ni muertes vinculadas al procedimiento. El tratamiento de la hemoptisis masiva por vía percutánea tiene alto porcentaje de éxito primario con muy baja tasa de complicaciones. El tratamiento por vía arterial pulmonar es un abordaje alternativo. La fibrobroncoscopía flexible es un importante complemento en esta entidad.


Abstract We present the results of 105 patients with life-threatening hemoptysis who were treated with the systemic arterial and/or pulmonary artery routes. We also describe the procedure techniques and the angiographic findings. We show the usefulness of the flexible fiberoptic bronchoscopy and chest radiography to identify the bleeding zone previous to the procedure. From May 2000 to September 2015, a total of 105 patients were admitted to the Catheterization Laboratory with a diagnosis of life-threatening hemoptysis; 76 were male (72.4%) and mean age was 41 ± 18.65 years. Treatment was successful in 93% (98/105). In 90% (88/98) the approach was via the bronchial arteries and/or non-bronchial systemic arteries, and in 10% (10/98) the approach was via the pulmonary artery. In bilateral affection angiographic images alone could not identify accurately the site of the lung bleeding. Flexible fibrobronchoscopy was performed in 60% (63/98) and located the bleeding area in 84% (56/63). In unilateral affection, chest radiography previous to the procedure located the bleeding area in 47%. No complications or death were related to the procedure. The treatment of life threatening hemoptysis by a percutaneous way has a high percentage of primary success with a very low incidence of complications. Pulmonary arterial route treatment is an alternative approach. Flexible fibrobronchoscopy is an important complement to this entity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Embolization, Therapeutic , Hemoptysis/etiology , Hemoptysis/therapy , Pulmonary Artery/diagnostic imaging , Bronchial Arteries/diagnostic imaging , Angiography
13.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 115(5): 809-818, nov. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1142259

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento: A embolia pulmonar aguda (EPA) tem desfecho clínico variável. A angiotomografia computadorizada (angio-CT) é considerada o padrão-ouro para o diagnóstico. Objetivo: Avaliar se o volume vascular pulmonar (VVP) quantificado por software automatizado é um preditor de mortalidade após EPA. Métodos: Estudo de coorte retrospectivo no qual a imagem da angio-CT de 61 pacientes com EPA foi reanalisada. O VVP e o volume pulmonar (VP) foram estimados automaticamente pelo software Yacta. Calculamos o VVP ajustado pela razão: VVP(cm3)/VP(litros). Parâmetros prognósticos clássicos da angio-CT (carga embólica; razão do diâmetro do ventrículo direito/ventrículo esquerdo; razão do diâmetro da artéria pulmonar/aorta; desvio do septo interventricular; infarto pulmonar e refluxo de contraste na veia hepática) foram avaliados. A mortalidade em 1 mês foi o desfecho analisado. Consideramos um valor de p <0,05 como estatisticamente significativo. Resultados: Sete mortes (11%) ocorreram entre os 61 pacientes durante 1 mês de seguimento. O VVP ajustado <23cm3/L foi um preditor independente de mortalidade na análise univariada (odds ratio [OR]: 26; intervalo de confiança de 95% [IC95%]: 3-244; p=0,004) e na análise multivariada (OR ajustado: 19 [IC95%: 1,3-270]; p=0,03). Os parâmetros clássicos da angio-CT não foram associados à mortalidade em 1 mês nesta amostra. O VVP ajustado <23cm3/L apresentou sensibilidade de 86%, especificidade de 82%, valor preditivo negativo de 94% e valor preditivo positivo de 64% para identificação dos pacientes que morreram. Conclusão: VVP ajustado <23cm3/L foi um preditor independente de mortalidade após EPA. Esse parâmetro mostrou melhor desempenho prognóstico do que os outros achados clássicos da angio-CT. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2020; 115(5):809-818)


Abstract Background: Acute pulmonary embolism (APE) has a variable clinical outcome. Computed tomography pulmonary angiography (CTPA) is the gold standard for this diagnosis. Objective: To evaluate if the pulmonary vascular volume (PVV) quantified by automated software is a mortality predictor after APE. Methods: Retrospective cohort study where the CTPA imaging of 61 patients with APE was reanalyzed. Pulmonary vascular volume (PVV) and pulmonary volume (PV) were automatically estimated using the Yacta software. We calculated the adjusted PVV by the ratio: PVV(cm3)/PV(liters). Classical prognostic CTPA parameters (clot load index, right ventricle/left ventricle diameter ratio, pulmonary artery/aorta diameter ratio, ventricular septal bowing, pulmonary infarction and reflux of contrast into the hepatic vein) were assessed. The outcome assessed was one-month mortality. We considered a p-value <0.05 as statistically significant. Results: Seven deaths (11%) occurred at one month among these 61 patients. PVV<23cm3/L was an independent predictor of one-month mortality in the univariate [odds ratio (OR): 26; 95% confidence interval (CI): 3-244; p=0.004] and multivariate analyses [adjusted OR: 19; 95%CI: 1.3-270; p=0.03]. The classical CTPA parameters were not associated with one-month mortality in this sample. The PVV<23cm3/L showed a sensitivity of 86%, a specificity of 82%, a negative predictive value of 94% and a positive predictive value of 64% to identify the patients who died. Conclusion: PVV<23cm3/L was an independent predictor of one-month mortality after APE. This parameter showed better prognostic performance than other classical CTPA findings. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2020; 115(5):809-818)


Subject(s)
Humans , Pulmonary Embolism/diagnostic imaging , Pulmonary Artery/diagnostic imaging , Software , Angiography , Acute Disease , Retrospective Studies
14.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(4): 445-451, July-Aug. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1137300

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To evaluate surgical management and results of patients with pulmonary atresia and ventricular septal defect with major aortopulmonary collateral arteries (PA/VSD/MAPCAs). Methods: We reviewed a consecutive series of patients with PA/VSD/MAPCAs between January 2012 and October 2018. Study patients were separated into Group A, efficient MAPCAs; Group B, hypoplastic MAPCAs; Group C, severe hypoplastic MAPCAs at all divisions; and Group D, distal stenosis at most MAPCAs divisions. Results: Thirty-six patients were included in the study. Median age at operation time was 5.5 months (2-110 months), median weight was 8 kg (2.5-21 kg), and median number of MAPCAs was three (1-6). In Group A, 14 patients underwent single-stage total correction (TC); in Group B, 18 patients underwent unifocalization and central shunting; and in Group C, four patients had aortopulmonary window creation and collateral ligation. No patient was placed in Group D. Seventy percent of patients (n=25) had the TC operation. Early mortality was not seen in Group A, but the other two groups had a 13.6% mortality rate. At the follow-up, three patients had reintervention, two had new conduit replacement, and one had right ventricular outflow tract reconstruction. Conclusion: Evaluating patients with PA/VSD/MAPCAs in detail and subdividing them is quite useful in determining the appropriate surgical approach. With this strategy, TC can be achieved in most patients. Single-stage TC is better than other surgical methods due to its lower mortality and reintervention rates. Care should be taken in terms of early postoperative intensive care complications and reintervention indications during follow-ups.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Pulmonary Atresia/surgery , Heart Septal Defects/surgery , Cardiac Surgical Procedures , Pulmonary Artery/surgery , Pulmonary Artery/diagnostic imaging , Retrospective Studies , Collateral Circulation
15.
Rev. chil. cardiol ; 39(2): 133-146, ago. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138526

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: El tromboembolismo pulmonar (TEP) es una causa frecuente de morbimortalidad cardiovascular y la trombolisis local asistida por ultrasonido (TLUS) constituye una alternativa de tratamiento validada para pacientes de riesgo intermedio. No existen reportes del uso de esta tecnología en el ámbito nacional. MÉTODOS: Análisis descriptivo, prospectivo, sobre una serie de pacientes con TEP agudo, de riesgo intermedio, tratados en forma percutánea con trombolisis local asistida por catéter de ultrasonido terapéutico (EKOSonic®). Se analiza la eficacia y seguridad del procedimiento mediante variables clínicas, hemodinámicas y radiológicas, así como desenlaces intra hospitalarios. Se reporta, además, el seguimiento a 30 días. RESULTADOS: Entre Junio de 2019 y Marzo de 2020, 4 pacientes con TEP de riesgo intermedio fueron tratados con esta técnica. El score PESI (Pulmonary Embolism severity Index) promedio era de 79,5 + 6,1. Dos pacientes requirieron la instalación de 2 catéteres para efectuar terapia bilateral. Se observó una reducción promedio en la presión sistólica de arteria pulmonar de 29% y en 3 de los 4 enfermos se logró revertir la dilatación ventricular derecha presente al ingreso. La carga trombótica se redujo en un 20% medido por score CTOI. No hubo complicaciones intraoperatorias ni intrahospitalarias asociadas a la intervención. CONCLUSIONES: En esta serie inicial, el uso de la trombolisis local con catéter de ultrasonido en pacientes con TEP de riesgo intermedio fue segura y efectiva. Los resultados perioperatorios y a 30 días fueron comparables a los descritos en experiencias internacionales; sin embargo, aún se requieren de estudios con mayor número de pacientes para confirmar los beneficios de esta técnica en nuestro medio.


BACKGROUND: Pulmonary thromboembolism (PE) is a common cause of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality and local ultrasound-assisted thrombolysis (USAT) is a validated alternative treatment for intermediate-risk patients. There are no reports on the use of this technology in our country. METHODS: Prospective series of patients with acute, intermediate-risk PE treated percutaneously with therapeutic ultrasound catheter-assisted local thrombolysis (EKOSonic®). The efficacy and safety of the procedure were analyzed using clinical, hemodynamic, and radiological variables, as well as intra-hospital outcomes. The 30-day follow-up is also reported. RESULTS: between June 2019 and March 2020, a total of 4 patients with intermediate-risk PE were treated with this technique. The average PESI score was 79.5 + 6.1. Two out of 4 patients required the use of 2 catheters for bilateral therapy. The average reduction in systolic pressure of the pulmonary artery was 29% and 3 patients reversed the right ventricular dilation present at admission. The thrombotic burden was reduced by 20% according to the Computed Tomography Obstruction Index (CTOI). There were no intraoperative or in hospital complications associated with the intervention. CONCLUSION: In this initial series, the use of local thrombolysis with an ultrasound catheter in patients with intermediate-risk PE was safe and effective. The perioperative and 30-day outcomes were similar to those previously reported in international series. However, larger randomized trials are needed to confirm this potential benefit.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Pulmonary Embolism/therapy , Ultrasonic Therapy , Catheters , Mechanical Thrombolysis , Pulmonary Artery , Pulmonary Embolism/physiopathology , Pulmonary Embolism/diagnostic imaging , Safety , Severity of Illness Index , Acute Disease , Prospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Ventricular Function , Treatment Outcome , Ultrasonography, Interventional , Hemodynamics , Length of Stay
16.
Rev. chil. cardiol ; 39(2): 165-167, ago. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138530

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Right ventricular restrictive physiology (RVRP) occurs in diverse clinical scenarios, most frequently after repair of Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF). Cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) can comprehensively evaluate RVRP using 4D flow along with anatomical and fibrosis characterization. Also, RVRP is associated with less pulmonary regurgitation and fewer right ventricle enlargement; its long term protective role is debated. RVRP is a challenging and relevant diagnosis, which hallmark is the presence of antegrade pulmonary arterial Flow in late diastole throughout the respiratory cycle. Also, other hemodynamic findings could aid such us flow in; caval veins, suprahepatic, coronary sinus and tricuspid valve. Obtaining all these flow curves is virtually impossible by echocardiography. CMR with 4DF is a unique and powerful technique enabling this comprehensive hemodynamic evaluation as depicted in this case.


Subject(s)
Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Ventricular Dysfunction, Right/diagnostic imaging , Imaging, Three-Dimensional/methods , Pulmonary Artery/pathology , Regional Blood Flow , Tetralogy of Fallot/complications , Ventricular Dysfunction, Right/etiology , Ventricular Dysfunction, Right/physiopathology , Hemodynamics
17.
Rev. Fac. Cienc. Méd. Univ. Cuenca ; 38(2): 29-38, ago.2020. ^c21 cm.ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1178356

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la flujometría de la arteria pulmonar en fetos sanos puede ser un estudio predictor de la madurez pulmonar, lo que conlleva a un impacto en la disminución de la mortalidad perinatal.Objetivo: establecer el índice de tiempo de aceleración/tiempo de eyección de la arteria pulmonar (TA/TE) como un indicador de madurez pulmonar fetal en gestantes entre 26 y 40 semanas de gestación (SG), usuarias del Hospital Especializado Fundación Humanitaria Pablo Jaramillo Crespo, periodo 2017.Métodos: estudio de validación de prueba diagnóstica. Se evaluó la flujometría de la arteria pulmonar por ecografía doppler en 300 fetos sanos de gestantes entre 15 y 45 años de edad. Para la recolección de datos se utilizó encuestas y para la determinación de la validez se usó los estadísticos sensibilidad (S), especificidad (E), valor predictivo positivo (VPP) y valor predictivo negativo (VPN). Resultados: el valor del índice TA/TE de la arteria pulmonar fue 0.216 para las gestantes entre 26-28 SG; de 0.253 entre 29-31 SG; de 0.279 entre 32-34 SG; de 0.315 para las gestantes entre 35-37 SG y de 0.349 entre 38-40 SG. Las 37 SG en punto de corte fue de 0.320; el área ROC fue 0.98 con una S: 95.2%, E: 97.2%. VPP 93.0% y VPN 98.1%.Conclusiones: el índice TA/TE de la arteria pulmonar demostró correlación con la edad gestacional. Un índice TA/TE de 0.320, como punto de corte, predice madurez pulmonar fetal (AU);


Introduction: pulmonary artery flow metric in healthy fetuses can be a predictive study of lung maturity, which leads to an impact on the decrease in perinatal mortality.Objective: to establish the ratio of pulmonary artery acceleration time to ejection time (AT/ET) as an indicator of fetal lung maturity in pregnant women from 26 to 40 weeks of gestation (WG), users of the "Hospital Especializado Fundación Humanitaria Pablo Jaramillo Crespo", period 2017.Methods: A validity study of diagnostic tests was carried out. Pulmonary artery flow metric was evaluated by Doppler ultrasound in 300 healthy fetuses of pregnant women between 15 to 45 years old. Surveys were used to collect data. Sensitivity (S), specificity (E), positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV) were used to determine validity.Results: the value of the TA / TE index of the pulmonary artery was 0.216 for pregnant women between 26-28 WG; of 0.253 between 29-31 WG; 0.279 between 32-34 WG; 0.315 for pregnant women between 35-37 WG and 0.349 between 38-40 WG. The 37 WG at the cut-off point was 0.320; the ROC area was 0.98 with a S: 95.2%, E: 97.2%. The PPV 93.0% and NPV 98.1%.Conclusions: the AT/ET ratio of pulmonary artery showed correlation with gestational age. An AT/ET ratio of 0.320, as a cut-off point, predicts fetal lung maturity (AU);


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Gestational Age , Ultrasonography, Doppler , Pulmonary Artery , Data Collection , Sensitivity and Specificity , Methods
18.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(3): 392-395, May-June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1137260

ABSTRACT

Abstract Coronary fistulas are rare anomalies that can affect approximately 1% of the population, presenting few specific symptoms, and are often found occasionally in coronary angiography. Here we describe the case of a 61-year-old patient with complaints of precordialgia and dyspnea since adolescence, with late diagnosis of coronary fistulas with drainage to the pulmonary artery, and with unsuccessful percutaneous treatment. Therefore, she underwent open surgery for the correction of the already known fistulas, in addition to the hemangioma involving such vessels, which made the understanding and resolution of this case more complex.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Arterio-Arterial Fistula/surgery , Arterio-Arterial Fistula/diagnostic imaging , Pulmonary Artery/surgery , Pulmonary Artery/diagnostic imaging , Coronary Angiography
19.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(3): 402-405, May-June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1137255

ABSTRACT

Abstract Type II Aortopulmonary window (APW) accounts for only 10% of total cases of APW, which by itself is a rare congenital anomaly. Various cardiac malformations have been reported to be associated with this rare anomaly. We report one such association of origin of left subclavian artery (LSCA) from left pulmonary artery (LPA) via ductus arteriosus that was surgically repaired.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aortopulmonary Septal Defect/surgery , Aortopulmonary Septal Defect/complications , Aortopulmonary Septal Defect/diagnostic imaging , Subclavian Artery/surgery , Subclavian Artery/diagnostic imaging , Aorta, Thoracic/surgery , Aorta, Thoracic/diagnostic imaging , Pulmonary Artery/surgery , Pulmonary Artery/diagnostic imaging , Lung
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