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1.
Acta cir. bras ; 32(5): 350-358, May 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-837705

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To investigate the mechanisms by which PD98059 and LY294002 interfere with the abnormal deposition of extracellular matrix regulated by connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) of rat pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMCs). Methods: Rat PASMCs were cultured and separated into a control group. Real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR was performed to detect the expression of collagen III and fibronectin mRNA. Immunohistochemistry and western blot analyses were performed to detect the expression of collagen III protein. Results: The expression of collagen III and fibronectin mRNA was greater in PASMCs stimulated with CTGF for 48 h, than in the control group. After 72h of stimulation, the expression of collagen III protein in the PASMCs was greater than in the control. The equivalent gene and protein expression of the CPL group were much more significant. Conclusions: CTGF can stimulate the gene expression of collagen III and fibronectin in PASMCs, which may be one of the factors that promote pulmonary vascular remodeling (PVR) under the conditions of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). PD98059 and LY294002 can inhibit the ERK1/2 and PI3K/PKB signaling pathways, respectively, thus interfering with the biological effects of CTGF. This may be a new way to reduce PAH-PVR.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Flavonoids/pharmacology , Chromones/pharmacology , Fibronectins/metabolism , MAP Kinase Signaling System/drug effects , Collagen Type III/metabolism , Connective Tissue Growth Factor/pharmacology , Pulmonary Artery/cytology , Gene Expression/drug effects , Cells, Cultured , Gene Expression Regulation , Fibronectins/genetics , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/metabolism , Models, Animal , Collagen Type III/genetics , Myocytes, Smooth Muscle/cytology , Myocytes, Smooth Muscle/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , Connective Tissue Growth Factor/metabolism
2.
Ciênc. saúde coletiva ; 20(1): 193-198, 01/2015. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-733154

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to applythe Health Belief Model to explain the adherence to the recommendation not to recap needles by dentists and dental assistants of the public health system in a municipality in the State of São Paulo. A questionnaire validated and adapted for the oral health area was used, which included variables related to the frequency of recapping and health beliefs using Likert-type scales. The relationship between beliefs and adherence to the recommendation not to recap needles was obtained by regression analysis. Of all the professionals in this study (n=79), the majority (83.5%) reported recapping needles at least once in the last month. Through regression analysis, it was observed that the relationship between the beliefs described by the model and the attitude whether or not to follow the recommendation not to recap needles was explained by a lower perception of psychological barriers and a greater perception of stimuli not to recap needles. The conclusion reached is that the acceptance of recommendations to prevent working accidents with biological material was explained by some dimensions of the Health Belief Model, enabling discussion about reformulation of training offered to professionals of the public health system.


Objetivou-se neste estudo aplicar o Modelo de Crenças em Saúde a fim de explicar a adesão à recomendação de não reencapar agulhas por cirurgiões-dentistas e auxiliares de saúde bucal da rede pública de um município paulista. Utilizou-se um questionário validado e adaptado para a área de saúde bucal, que contemplava variáveis relativas à frequência do reencape e crenças em saúde, por meio de escalas tipo Likert. A relação entre as crenças e a adesão à recomendação de não reencapar agulhas foi obtida por meio da análise de regressão. Da amostra de profissionais obtida por adesão ao estudo (n = 79), a maioria (83,5%) relatou ter reencapado agulhas pelo menos alguma vez no último mês. Por meio da análise de regressão, foi observado que a relação entre as crenças descritas pelo modelo e a atitude de aderir ou não à recomendação de não reencapar agulhas foi explicada por uma menor percepção de barreiras psicológicas e por uma maior percepção de estímulos para não reencapar agulhas. Conclui-se que a aceitação das recomendações para prevenir acidentes do trabalho com material biológico foi explicado por algumas dimensões do Modelo de Crenças em Saúde, possibilitando a discussão sobre a reformulação de capacitações oferecidas para profissionais do sistema público de saúde.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Electron Transport Complex I/metabolism , Endothelial Cells/enzymology , Hyperoxia/metabolism , Mitochondria/enzymology , Pulmonary Artery/cytology , Pulmonary Artery/enzymology , Ubiquinone/metabolism , Aerobiosis/drug effects , Benzoquinones/pharmacology , Cells, Cultured , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Culture Media , Cell Survival/drug effects , Electron Transport Complex I/antagonists & inhibitors , Endothelial Cells/drug effects , Enzyme Inhibitors/pharmacology , Ferricyanides/pharmacology , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase/metabolism , Mitochondria/drug effects , Mitochondria/metabolism , Oxidation-Reduction/drug effects , Oxygen Consumption/drug effects , Pulmonary Artery/drug effects , Spectrophotometry , Tolonium Chloride/pharmacology , Ubiquinone/analysis , Ubiquinone/pharmacology
3.
Indian J Biochem Biophys ; 2013 Oct; 50(5): 419-427
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-150251

ABSTRACT

There is growing evidence that ouabain, a cardiotonic steroid may promote growth of cardiac and vascular myocytes, indicating its novel role in cell growth and proliferation, without appreciable inhibition of the sodium pump. The mechanism(s) by which low dose of ouabain produces pulmonary artery smooth muscle cell proliferation, a prerequisite for right ventricular hypertrophy, is currently unknown. Here, we analyzed the effects of low dose of ouabain (10 nM) on increase in [Ca2+]i, m-calpain and protein kinase C (PKC) activities on pulmonary artery smooth muscle cell proliferation and determined their sequential involvement in this scenario. We treated bovine pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells with a low dose of ouabain (10 nM) and determined [Ca2+]i in the cells by fluorometric assay using fura2-AM, m-calpain activity by fluorometric assay using SLLVY-AMC as the substrate, PKC activity using an assay kit and assay of Na+/K+ATPase activity spectrophotometrically. We purified m-calpain and PKCα by standard chromatographic procedure by HPLC and then studied cleavage of the purified PKCα by m-calpain using Western immunoblot method. Subsequently, we performed cell proliferation assay utilizing the redox dye resazunin. We used selective inhibitors of [Ca2+]i (BAPTA-AM), m-calpain (MDL28170), PKCα (Go6976) and determined their involvement in ouabain (10 nM)-mediated smooth muscle cell proliferation. Our results suggested that treatment of bovine pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells with a low dose of ouabain (10 nM) increased [Ca2+]i and subsequently stimulated m-calpain activity and proteolytically activated PKCα in caveolae (signaling microdomain also known as signalosomes) of the cells. Upon activation, PKCα increased the smooth muscle cell proliferation via Go/G1 to S/G2-M phase transition. Thus, [Ca2+]i-mCalpain-PKCα signaling axis plays a crucial role during low dose of ouabain-mediated pulmonary artery smooth muscle cell proliferation.


Subject(s)
Amino Acid Sequence , Animals , Calpain/metabolism , Cattle , Caveolae/drug effects , Caveolae/metabolism , Cell Cycle/drug effects , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Cell Survival/drug effects , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Enzyme Activation/drug effects , Molecular Sequence Data , Myocytes, Smooth Muscle/cytology , Myocytes, Smooth Muscle/drug effects , Myocytes, Smooth Muscle/metabolism , Ouabain/pharmacology , Protein Kinase C-alpha/chemistry , Protein Kinase C-alpha/metabolism , Proteolysis/drug effects , Pulmonary Artery/cytology , Sodium-Potassium-Exchanging ATPase/metabolism
4.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 842-848, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-93569

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Pulmonary Kv channels are thought to play a crucial role in the regulation of cell proliferation and apoptosis. Previous studies have shown that fluoxetine upregulated the expression of Kv1.5 and prevented pulmonary arterial hypertension in monocrotaline-induced or hypoxia-induced rats and mice. The current study was designed to test how fluoxetine regulates Kv1.5 channels, subsequently promoting apoptosis in human PASMCs cultured in vitro. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Human PASMCs were incubated with low-serum DMEM, ET-1, and fluoxetine with and without ET-1 separately for 72 h. Then the proliferation, apoptosis, and expression of TRPC1 and Kv1.5 were detected. RESULTS: In the ET-1 induced group, the upregulation of TRPC1 and down regulation of Kv1.5 enhanced proliferation and anti-apoptosis, which was reversed when treated with fluoxetine. The decreased expression of TRPC1 increased the expression of Kv1.5, subsequently inhibiting proliferation while promoting apoptosis. CONCLUSION: The results from the present study suggested that fluoxetine protects against big endothelin-1 induced anti-apoptosis and rescues Kv1.5 channels in human pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cells, potentially by decreasing intracellular concentrations of Ca2+.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis/drug effects , Blotting, Western , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Cells, Cultured , Endothelin-1/pharmacology , Flow Cytometry , Fluoxetine/pharmacology , Humans , /genetics , Muscle, Smooth, Vascular/cytology , Pulmonary Artery/cytology , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-634576

ABSTRACT

In order to investigate the effects of puerarin on pulmonary vascular remodeling and protein kinase C-alpha (PKC-alpha) in chronic exposure smoke rats, 54 male Wistar rats were randomly divided into 7 groups: control group (C group), smoke exposure groups (S(4w) group, S(8w) group), puerarin groups (P(4w) group, P(8w) group), propylene glycol control groups (PC(4w) group, PC(8w) group). Rats were exposed to cigarette smoke or air for 4 to 8 weeks. Rats in puerarin groups also received puerarin. To evaluate vascular remodeling, alpha-smooth muscle actin (alpha-SM-actin) staining was used to count the percentage of completely muscularised vessels to intraacinar pulmonary arteries (CMA/IAPA) which was determined by morphometric analysis of histological sections. Pulmonary artery smooth muscle cell (PASMC) apoptosis was detected by in situ end labeling technique (TUNEL), and proliferation by proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) staining. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), immunofluorescence staining and Western blot analysis were done to detect the PKC-alpha mRNA and protein expression in pulmonary arteries. The results showed that in cigarette smoke-exposed rats the percentage of CMA/IAPA and alpha-SM-actin expression were increased greatly, PASMC apoptosis was increased and proliferation was markedly increased; Apoptosis indices (AI) and proliferation indices (PI) were higher than in C group; AI and PI were correlated with vascular remodeling indices; The expression of PKC-alpha mRNA and protein in pulmonary arteries was significantly higher than in C group. In rats treated with puerarin, the percentage of CMA/IAPA and cell proliferation was reduced, whereas PASMC apoptosis was increased; The expression levels of PKC-alpha mRNA and protein were lower than in smoke exposure rats. There was no difference among all these data between S groups and PC groups. These findings suggested that cigarette smoke-induced pulmonary vascular remodeling was most likely an effect of the imbalance of PASMC proliferation and apoptosis. Puerarin appears to be able to reduce cell proliferation and vascular remodeling possibly through PKC signaling transduction pathway.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Proliferation , Endothelium, Vascular/drug effects , Isoflavones/pharmacology , Lung/drug effects , Myocytes, Smooth Muscle/cytology , Myocytes, Smooth Muscle/drug effects , Protein Kinase C-alpha/metabolism , Pulmonary Artery/cytology , Pulmonary Artery/drug effects , Rats, Wistar , Smoking , Tobacco Smoke Pollution , Vasodilator Agents/pharmacology
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-18134

ABSTRACT

Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is characterized by structural and functional changes in the lung including proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) and excessive collagen synthesis. Although connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) is known to promote cell proliferation, migration, adhesion, and extracellular matrix production in various tissues, studies on the role of CTGF in pulmonary hypertension have been limited. Here, we examined CTGF expression in the lung tissues of male Sprague Dawley rats treated with monocrotaline (MCT, 60 microgram/kg), a pneumotoxic agent known to induce PH in animals. Establishment of PH was verified by the significantly increased right ventricular systolic pressure and right ventricle/left ventricle weight ratio in the MCT-treated rats. Histological examination of the lung revealed profound muscular hypertrophy in the media of pulmonary artery and arterioles in MCT-treated group. Lung parenchyma, vein, and bronchiole did not appear to be affected. RT-PCR analysis of the lung tissue at 5 weeks indicated significantly increased expression of CTGF in the MCT-treated group. In situ hybridization studies also confirmed abundant CTGF mRNA expression in VSMCs of the arteries and arterioles, clustered pneumocytes, and infiltrated macrophages. Interestingly, CTGF mRNA was not detected in VSMCs of vein or bronchiole. In saline-injected control, basal expression of CTGF was seen in bronchial epithelial cells, alveolar lining cells, and endothelial cells. Taken together, our results suggest that CTGF upregulation in arterial VSMC of the lung might be important in the pathogenesis of pulmonary hypertension. Antagonizing the role of CTGF could thus be one of the potential approaches for the treatment of PH.


Subject(s)
Animals , Blood Pressure/drug effects , Bronchi/cytology , Endothelial Cells/cytology , Epithelial Cells/cytology , Hypertension, Pulmonary/chemically induced , Immediate-Early Proteins/genetics , Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins/genetics , Lung/cytology , Male , Monocrotaline/toxicity , Pulmonary Alveoli/cytology , Pulmonary Artery/cytology , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Up-Regulation
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-634186

ABSTRACT

The effects of 3, 4-Dihydroxyacetophenone (3, 4-DHAP) on cytosolic free calcium [Ca2+]i in pulmonary artery endothelia (PAECs) and smooth muscle cells (PASMCs) during acute hypoxia were studied. Porcine pulmonary artery endothelial and smooth muscle cells (PASMCs) were cultured primarily, and they were divided into 4 groups: groups incubated under normoxia or hypoxia and those with or without treatment with 3,4-DHAP. The [Ca2+]i of both PAECs and PASMCs was measured by determining the fluorescence of fura 2 AM on spetrofluorometer. Our results showed that hypoxia caused significant elevation of [Ca2+]i, in both PAECs and PASMCs, 3,4-DHAP could attenuate the hypoxic elevation of [Ca2+]i only in PASMCs but not in PAECs. It is concluded that 3,4-DHAP decreases the hypoxic elevation of [Ca2+]i in PASMCs. This might contribute to its inhibitory effect on hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction.


Subject(s)
Acetophenones/pharmacology , Calcium/metabolism , Cell Hypoxia , Cells, Cultured , Endothelium, Vascular/cytology , Endothelium, Vascular/metabolism , Muscle, Smooth, Vascular/cytology , Muscle, Smooth, Vascular/metabolism , Pulmonary Artery/cytology , Pulmonary Artery/metabolism , Swine
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-134587

ABSTRACT

Vibrio vulnificus cytolysin forms transmembrane pores that are permeable to calcium ions in pulmonary endothelial cells, and has been suggested as an important virulence factor that sequestrate neutrophils primarily in the lung. To elucidate the mechanism we investigated whether the cytolysin affect the expression of endothelial P-selectin and adhesiveness of pulmonary endothelial cells for neutrophils. The cytolysin increased the adhesiveness of CPAE cell, a pulmonary endothelial cell line, for neutrophils in a concentrationand time-dependent manner. The increase of adhesiveness occurred within several minutes after the cytolysin exposure, persisted up to 90 min, and was not affected by cycloheximide. Furthermore, flow cytometric analyses showed that cytolysin enhanced the level of P-selectin on CPAE cell surface. Therefore, these results suggest that the cytolysin-induced hyperadhesiveness of pulmonary endothelial cells for neutrophils is mediated by the mobilization of endothelial P-selectin to the cell surface.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Cell Adhesion/drug effects , Cell Line , Cycloheximide/pharmacology , Cytotoxins/toxicity , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Endothelium, Vascular/cytology , Kinetics , Neutrophils/drug effects , P-Selectin/metabolism , Protein Synthesis Inhibitors/pharmacology , Pulmonary Artery/cytology , Rats , Vibrio Infections/etiology , Vibrio vulnificus/pathogenicity
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-134586

ABSTRACT

Vibrio vulnificus cytolysin forms transmembrane pores that are permeable to calcium ions in pulmonary endothelial cells, and has been suggested as an important virulence factor that sequestrate neutrophils primarily in the lung. To elucidate the mechanism we investigated whether the cytolysin affect the expression of endothelial P-selectin and adhesiveness of pulmonary endothelial cells for neutrophils. The cytolysin increased the adhesiveness of CPAE cell, a pulmonary endothelial cell line, for neutrophils in a concentrationand time-dependent manner. The increase of adhesiveness occurred within several minutes after the cytolysin exposure, persisted up to 90 min, and was not affected by cycloheximide. Furthermore, flow cytometric analyses showed that cytolysin enhanced the level of P-selectin on CPAE cell surface. Therefore, these results suggest that the cytolysin-induced hyperadhesiveness of pulmonary endothelial cells for neutrophils is mediated by the mobilization of endothelial P-selectin to the cell surface.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Cell Adhesion/drug effects , Cell Line , Cycloheximide/pharmacology , Cytotoxins/toxicity , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Endothelium, Vascular/cytology , Kinetics , Neutrophils/drug effects , P-Selectin/metabolism , Protein Synthesis Inhibitors/pharmacology , Pulmonary Artery/cytology , Rats , Vibrio Infections/etiology , Vibrio vulnificus/pathogenicity
10.
Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health ; 1992 ; 23 Suppl 2(): 120-6
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-34420

ABSTRACT

The effect of dilazep and dimethyl thiourea (DMTU) on the hydrogen peroxide-derived injury of culture pulmonary artery epithelial cells (CPAEC) was assessed by colorimetric assay of MTT formazan (MTT formazan assay). When CPAEC were treated with hydrogen peroxide, neither cell lysis nor detachment of the cells from surface of the well was observed. However, the MTT formazan formation was decreased in a time and dose dependent manner. The decrease in the formation was significantly suppressed in the presence of dilazep (0.1 to 10 microM) or DMTU (0.01 to 0.3 microM). CPAEC treated with hydrogen peroxide in the same way enhanced an activation of prothrombin, and this enhancement was significantly inhibited in the presence of dilazep (1 to 3 microM). These data indicate that dilazep exerts a cytoprotective effect against challenges of intracellular oxidant produced by hydrogen peroxide and suppresses augmented procoagulant activity of injured cells.


Subject(s)
Animals , Hypoxia/drug therapy , Cattle , Cell Survival/drug effects , Cells, Cultured , Colorimetry , Dilazep/administration & dosage , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Drug Evaluation, Preclinical , Endothelium, Vascular/drug effects , Hydrogen Peroxide/administration & dosage , Prothrombin/drug effects , Pulmonary Artery/cytology , Tetrazolium Salts/analysis , Thiazoles/analysis , Thiourea/administration & dosage , Time Factors
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