Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 111
Filter
2.
Article in Portuguese | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS, CONASS, SES-GO | ID: biblio-1363165

ABSTRACT

Tecnologia: Riociguate e outros medicamentos de controle da hipertensão pulmonar. Indicação: Tratamento de Hipertensão Pulmonar Tomboembólica Crônica (HPTEC). Pergunta: Há superioridade em eficácia e segurança do riociguate, comparado a medicamentos disponíveis no SUS, no tratamento de HPTEC inoperável ou operada com hipertensão pulmonar residual? Métodos: Revisão rápida de evidências (overview) de revisões sistemáticas, com levantamento bibliográfico realizado na base de dados PUBMED, utilizando estratégia estruturada de busca. A qualidade metodológica das revisões sistemáticas foi avaliada com AMSTAR-2 (Assessing the Methodological Quality of Systematic Reviews). Resultados: Foram selecionadas 4 e incluídas 2 revisões sistemáticas. Conclusão: Comparado ao placebo, em tratamento de curto prazo de HPTEC, riociguate melhora a tolerância ao exercício, aumenta a chance de melhora da classificação funcional e tem similar risco de eventos adversos sérios, porém não reduz a mortalidade. Treprostinil tem efeitos similares a riociguate. Entretanto, ambrisentana, bosentana, macitentana ou sildenafila não diferem do placebo no tratamento de HPTEC


Technology: Riociguat and other drugs to control pulmonary hypertension. Indication: Treatment of chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH). Question: Is riociguat more effective and safe than other drugs available in the Brazilian Public Health System for the treatment of inoperable or recurrent CTEPH? Methods: Rapid review of evidence (overview) from systematic reviews, with a bibliographic search in the PUBMED database, using a structured strategy. The methodological quality of systematic reviews was assessed with AMSTAR-2 (Methodological Quality Assessment of Systematic Reviews). Results: Four systematic reviews were selected and two included in this study. Conclusion: Compared to placebo, in the short-term treatment of CTEPH, riociguat improves exercise tolerance, increases the chance of improving functional classification, and has a similar risk of serious adverse events, but does not reduce mortality. Treprostinil has similar effects to riociguat. However, ambrisentan, bosentan, macitentan or sildenafil do not differ from placebo in the treatment of CTEPH


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Pulmonary Embolism/drug therapy , Guanylate Cyclase/therapeutic use , Hypertension, Pulmonary/drug therapy , Placebos , Evidence-Informed Policy
3.
Rev. urug. cardiol ; 36(2): e402, ago. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1289998

ABSTRACT

El tromboembolismo pulmonar tiene una presentación clínica variada. Es fundamental tener un alto índice de sospecha para arribar al diagnóstico oportuno. El síncope se asocia a casos graves y tiene importancia pronóstica. El tratamiento trombolítico es la piedra angular en el subgrupo de pacientes de alto riesgo. Se presentan tres casos clínicos de tromboembolia pulmonar de alto riesgo con el fin de discutir el escenario clínico de presentación y el tratamiento instaurado.


Pulmonary thromboembolism has a varied clinical presentation. It is essential to have a high index of suspicion to arrive at a timely diagnosis. Syncope is associated with severe cases and is of prognostic significance. Thrombolytic treatment is the cornerstone in the subgroup of high-risk patients. Three clinical cases of high-risk pulmonary thromboembolism are presented in order to discuss the clinical presentation scenario and the established treatment.


O tromboembolismo pulmonar tem a presentação clínica variada. É essencial ter um alto índice de suspeita para chegar a um diagnóstico oportuno. A síncope está associada a casos graves e tem significado prognóstico. O tratamento trombolítico é a pedra angular no subgrupo de pacientes de alto risco. São apresentados três casos clínicos de tromboembolismo pulmonar de alto risco para discutir o quadro clínico e o tratamento instituído.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Pulmonary Embolism/diagnosis , Syncope/complications , Heart Arrest/complications , Pulmonary Embolism/etiology , Pulmonary Embolism/drug therapy , Radiography, Thoracic , Catastrophic Illness , Electrocardiography
4.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 81(3): 382-388, jun. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346473

ABSTRACT

Resumen Se realizó un estudio unicéntrico retrospectivo para evaluar la eficacia y seguridad de trombolisis dirigida por catéter (TDC) en pacientes con tromboembolismo pulmonar agudo (TEP) de 2014 a 2020. Se analizó la efectividad (mejoría de presión pulmonar), y seguridad (sangrado intracraneal y grave definido por compromiso hemodinámico). Se incluyeron 43 pacientes, de 67(56-79) años, 5 (12%) con shock, 41 (95%) con dilatación del ventrículo derecho y TEP bilateral. La decis ión de TDC fue: tratamiento inicial (53%), escalada de anticoagulación (42%) y rescate de trombolisis sistémica (5%). Se utilizó TDC facilitada por ultrasonido en 40 casos (93%), utilizándose 30 (25-35) mg de activador tisular del plasminógeno recombinante (rtPA) durante 20 h. Se administró un bolo de rtPA en 38 (89%) casos, que fue 5 mg (95%) o 1 mg (5%). Se utilizó un solo catéter por paciente. En 4 (9%) se decidió recolocación (mismo pulmón) para continuar infusión en otro sector. Se observó una disminución significativa de la presión media pulmonar (pre 35 [29-41] mmHg vs. post 24 [20-34] mmHg, p<0.001). No se observó ningún caso de hemorragia intracraneal, y un caso (2%) de sangrado grave. Se observó hematoma del sitio de punción en 5 (12%) (incluyendo el sangrado grave), y requirió transfusiones en 3 (7%). La mortalidad intrahospitalaria fue 12%, siendo un solo c aso (2%) atribuido al TEP. El tratamiento con TDC fue efectivo asociándose a una reducción significativa de la presión pulmonar, sin observarse ningún sangrado intracraneal y con un sangrado grave. Nuestros resultados se asemejan a lo publicado en otros estudios.


Abstract We performed a single center retrospective study in patients with pulmonary embolism (PE) undergoing catheter directed thrombolysis (CDT) from 2014 to 2020. Efficacy was defined by mean pulmonary pressure drop, and safety was assessed by intracranial and severe bleeding (defined by GUSTO). Forty-three patients were included, aged 64 (56-79) years old, 5 (12%) with shock, most with right ventricle dilation (95%) and bilateral PE (95%) or unilateral (5%) in patients with only one functional lung. CDT was used as first treatment (53%), upscale after anticoagulation alone (42%), or after failed systemic thrombolytics (5%). Median recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rtPA) dose was 30 (25-35) mg over 20 (20-20) hours, and rtPA bolus was used after catheter placement in 38 cases (89%), consisting of 5 mg (95%) or 1 mg (5%). Only one lung was treated for technical reasons, and 4 (9%) were repositioned in the same lung for continuation of infusion. A significant reduction in mean pulmonary pressure was observed (pre 35 [29-41] mmHg vs. post 24 [20-34] mmHg, p<0.001) with no intracranial bleeding. One patient (2%) experienced severe bleeding, while 5 (12%) presented access site bleeding, and 3 (7%) required blood transfusions. In-hospital mortality was 12% but only one case (2%) due to PE. Our results are similar to previously reported studies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Pulmonary Embolism/drug therapy , Plasminogen Activators/therapeutic use , Thrombolytic Therapy , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Catheters , Fibrinolytic Agents/therapeutic use
5.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(12): 1657-1665, Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1143675

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: Different parameters on electrocardiograms (ECG) have been investigated to predict arrhythmia and mortality in patients with acute pulmonary embolism (APE). The acute effect of thrombolytic therapy (TT) on these parameters has not been investigated yet. METHODS: We examined the data of 83 patients who were evaluated as high-risk APE and discharged from the hospital after TT. First, the high-risk APE patients' ECGs were compared with healthy control subjects (n = 55). After their admission and 24 hours later, the ECGs of patients with APE were compared. Heart rate, P-wave morphology, QRS duration, QT distance, Tp-e, and the index of cardiac electrophysiological balance (iCEB) were analyzed. RESULTS: Although P maximum was not different between the groups' ECGs, heart rate, QT, QTc (corrected QT) interval, Tp-e intervals, Tp-e/QT ratio, and P wave dispersion were significantly higher in the APE group ( P values < 0.031). iCEB or iCEBc (corrected iCEB) values were lower in APE group ( P < 0.001). After TT, we determined a decrease in heart rate, Tp-e interval, and Tp-e/QT ratio ( P < 0.001). Although we detected a decrease in the QT and QTc interval and QT dispersion (QTd), QTd had no statistical significance (respectively P -value 0.013, 0.029, and 0.096). The iCEB and iCEBc levels were lower after TT ( P -value was 0.035 and 0.044 respectively). CONCLUSION: The QT, QTc, Tp-e interval, Tp-e/QTc ratio, iCEB, and iCEBc values significantly decreased after TT. It may be thought that effective TT causes partial improvement in ventricular repolarization in an early period.


RESUMO OBJETIVO: Diferentes parâmetros de eletrocardiograma (ECG) têm sido investigados para predizer mortalidade e arritmia em pacientes com embolia pulmonar aguda (EPA). O efeito agudo da terapia trombolítica (TT) nesses parâmetros ainda não foi investigado. MÉTODOS: Examinamos os dados de 83 pacientes avaliados com EPA de alto risco e que receberam alta hospitalar após TT. Primeiramente, comparamos os ECGs dos pacientes com EPA de alto risco com os de indivíduos saudáveis (n = 55). Os ECGs dos pacientes com EPA foram comparados logo após a internação e 24 horas mais tarde. A frequência cardíaca, a morfologia da onda P, a duração do QRS, o intervalo QT, Tp-e e o índice de equilíbrio eletrofisiológico cardíaco (iCEB) foram analisados. RESULTADOS: Embora o valor máximo de P não tenha sido diferente entre os grupos no ECG, a frequência cardíaca, QT, intervalo QTc (QT corrigido), intervalos Tpe, razão TP-e/QT e dispersão da onda P foram significativamente mais elevados no grupo de EPA (valores de P < 0,031). Os valores do iCEB ou iCEBc (iCEB corrigido) foram inferiores no grupo de APE (P < 0,001). Após a TT, observamos uma diminuição da frequência cardíaca, do intervalo TP-e e da razão TP-e/QT ( P < 0,001). Apesar de termos observado uma diminuição do intervalo QT e QTc e da dispersão do QT (QTd), o valor de QTd não apresentou uma diferença estatisticamente significativa (respectivamente, valor de P 0,013, 0,029 e 0,096). Os níveis do iCEB e iCEBc foram menores após a TT (valor de P 0,035 e 0,044, respectivamente). CONCLUSÃO: Os valores de QT, QTc, intervalo Tp-e, razão Tp-e/QTc, iCEB e iCEBc diminuíram significativamente após TT. Pode-se concluir que a TT eficaz causa uma melhora parcial da repolarização ventricular no período inicial.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pulmonary Embolism/drug therapy , Electrocardiography , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/drug therapy , Thrombolytic Therapy , Heart Rate
9.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(3): 263-267, Mar. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136213

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVES Acute pulmonary embolism (APE) is an important cause of cardiovascular mortality, due mainly to hemodynamic instability. In these cases, the recommendation is to perform some reperfusion procedure, with systemic thrombolysis being the main therapy used. However, national data evaluating the efficacy and safety of thrombolysis are scarce. METHODS Retrospective analysis of a case series. We included 13 patients diagnosed with high-risk APE and 4 patients with intermediate-high risk from a single-center, who were treated with alteplase 100mg. RESULTS The mean age of the patients was 55 years, most of them female (76.4%). Among the risk factors for VTE were immobilization (41.17%), contraceptive use (35.29%), cancer (17.63%), and previous history of DVT (11.76%). The most frequent clinical manifestations of APE were dyspnea (88.23%), hypoxia (82.35%), hypotension (82.35%), and tachycardia (64.70%). 82.35% of the patients had echocardiographic signs of right ventricular dysfunction, and 52.94% had increased troponin and BNP. Severe bleeding associated with thrombolysis occurred in 17.54% of cases. No patient died due to bleeding. There were 8 deaths from right ventricular failure (47%), 6 in the cases of patients presenting as high-risk APE (35.3%), and 2 in the cases of intermediate-high risk (11.8%). CONCLUSION Thrombolysis in patients with high-risk APE or intermediate-high risk had a severe bleeding rate of 17.6%. However, the high mortality of this population (47%) due to right ventricular failure justifies the use of this therapeutic modality.


RESUMO OBJETIVOS A embolia pulmonar aguda (EAP) é uma causa importante de mortalidade cardiovascular ao causar instabilidade hemodinâmica. Nesses casos, a recomendação é a realização de algum procedimento de reperfusão, sendo a trombólise sistêmica a principal terapia utilizada. No entanto, dados nacionais avaliando a eficácia e a segurança da trombólise são escassos. MÉTODO Análise retrospectiva de uma série de casos. Foram incluídos 13 pacientes com o diagnóstico de EAP de alto risco e quatro pacientes de risco intermediário-alto, de um único centro, e que foram tratados com alteplase 100 mg. RESULTADOS A média de idade dos pacientes foi 55 anos, sendo a maioria do gênero feminino (76,4%). Dos fatores de risco para TEV, estavam presentes a imobilização (41,17%), o uso de anticonceptivos (35,29%), câncer (17,63%) e história prévia de TVP (11,76%). As manifestações clínicas mais frequentes da EAP foram dispneia (88,23%), hipóxia (82,35%), hipotensão (82,35%) e taquicardia (64,70%); 82,35% dos pacientes apresentaram sinais ecocardiográficos de disfunção ventricular direita e 52,94% apresentaram aumento da troponina e BNP. Sangramento grave associado à trombólise ocorreu em 17,54% dos casos. Nenhum paciente faleceu em decorrência de sangramento. Houve oito mortes por insuficiência ventricular direita (47%): seis nos casos de paciente que se apresentaram como EAP de alto risco (35,3%) e duas nos casos de risco intermediário-alto (11,8%). CONCLUSÃO A trombólise nos pacientes com EAP de alto risco ou risco intermediário-alto apresentou uma taxa de sangramento grave de 17,6%. No entanto, a alta mortalidade dessa população (47%) por insuficiência ventricular direita justifica o uso desta modalidade terapêutica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Pulmonary Embolism/drug therapy , Thrombolytic Therapy/methods , Ventricular Dysfunction, Right/drug therapy , Fibrinolytic Agents/therapeutic use , Antifibrinolytic Agents/therapeutic use , Pulmonary Embolism/complications , Pulmonary Embolism/diagnostic imaging , Acute Disease , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome , Tissue Plasminogen Activator/therapeutic use , Ventricular Dysfunction, Right/complications , Ventricular Dysfunction, Right/etiology , Ventricular Dysfunction, Right/mortality , Risk Assessment , Fibrinolytic Agents/adverse effects , Hemorrhage/chemically induced , Middle Aged , Antifibrinolytic Agents/adverse effects
10.
Neumol. pediátr. (En línea) ; 15(1): 267-269, Mar. 2020. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1088095

ABSTRACT

Presenting the case of a previously healthy eleven-year-old girl, diagnosed with septic arthritis of the left knee as a result of stabbing trauma, which subsequently develops respiratory distress and fever. Septic pulmonary embolism is diagnosed radiologically and by pathological study. Receive adequate antibiotic treatment, recovering completely. Septic pulmonary embolism, although frequently described in the adult population, is a condition rarely described in pediatric literature.


Se presenta el caso de una niña de once años previamente sana, con diagnóstico de artritis séptica de rodilla izquierda como resultado de un traumatismo punzante, que posteriormente desarrolla dificultad respiratoria y fiebre. Se diagnostica embolia pulmonar séptica documentada radiológicamente y por estudio anatomopatológico. Recibe tratamiento antibiótico adecuado, recuperándose completamente. La embolia pulmonar séptica, aunque frecuentemente descrita en población adulta, es una condición raramente descrita en la literatura pediátrica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Pulmonary Embolism/etiology , Arthritis, Infectious/complications , Pulmonary Embolism/drug therapy , Pulmonary Embolism/diagnostic imaging , Radiography, Thoracic , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Sepsis , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use
11.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 53: e20200267, 2020. graf
Article in English | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136848

ABSTRACT

Abstract The full spectrum of COVID-19 is still emerging, although several studies have highlighted that patients infected with the novel coronavirus can potentially develop a hypercoagulable state. However, several aspects related to the incidence and pathophysiology of the association between COVID-19 and pulmonary embolism are not well established. Here, we present a case of a patient with COVID-19 who developed acute pulmonary embolism. Clinical and laboratory data and findings of non-enhanced CT indicate possibility of acute pulmonary embolism, and support the decision to proceed with computed tomography pulmonary angiography that can objectively identify filling defects in pulmonary arterial branches.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Pulmonary Embolism/virology , Pulmonary Embolism/diagnostic imaging , Betacoronavirus , Pulmonary Embolism/drug therapy , Acute Disease , Rivaroxaban/therapeutic use , Computed Tomography Angiography , Middle Aged
13.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 78(4): 265-271, ago. 2018. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-954993

ABSTRACT

El uso de fibrinolíticos en el tromboembolismo de pulmón (TEP) es un tema de debate que ha sufrido idas y venidas desde su primera descripción en la década del 60. Esta terapia que puede liberar rápidamente la obstrucción mecánica en la arteria pulmonar, tiene la limitante del alto riesgo hemorrágico. Justamente por la incidencia prohibitiva de sangrado mayor y cerebral, y por la falta de beneficio en la supervivencia, es que solo está indicado el uso de fibrinolíticos sistémicos en el reducido número de pacientes con TEP grave y descompensación hemodinámica. En el TEP de moderado riesgo, aun con sufrimiento del ventículo derecho (VD), no están indicados. En los últimos años ha surgido la alternativa de combinar bajas dosis de fibrinolíticos liberados localmente en la arteria pulmonar mediante un catéter que puede adjuntarse o no a ultrasonidos en el sitio de la trombosis. Esta forma de administrar los trombolíticos permite corregir la hipertensión pulmonar aguda y liberar el trombo prácticamente sin sangrados mayores o del SNC. Los estudios publicados son muy alentadores, pero la evidencia aún es muy escasa, se requiere un laboratorio de hemodinamia disponible en todo momento y no está exento de riesgos, con un costo considerable. Por el momento solo un reducido número de pacientes con TEP moderado y parámetros de mal pronóstico parece tener indicación para esta alternativa.


The use of fibrinolytics in lung thromboembolism (PTE) is a subject under debate since its first description in the 1960s. This therapy, which can rapidly resolve the mechanical obstruction in the pulmonary artery, has the limiting of a high hemorrhagic risk. Precisely because of the prohibitive incidence of major and cerebral bleeding and the lack of benefit in survival, the use of systemic thrombolytics is only indicated in the small number of patients with severe PE and hemodynamic instability. In moderate-risk PE, even with right ventricular (RV) dysfunction, they are not indicated. In recent years, an alternative has arisen, by combining low doses of fibrinolytics released locally into the pulmonary artery through a catheter that may, or may not, be attached to ultrasound at the site of thrombosis. This way of administering thrombolytics can correct acute pulmonary hypertension and eliminate the thrombus without major or CNS bleeds. Although the published studies are very encouraging, the evidence is still poor, a laboratory of hemodynamics is required at all times and this procedure is not free of risks, with a considerable cost. At the moment, only a small number of patients with moderate PE and poor prognosis seem to have an indication for this new alternative.


Subject(s)
Humans , Thrombolytic Therapy/methods , Fibrinolytic Agents/administration & dosage , Prognosis , Pulmonary Embolism/mortality , Pulmonary Embolism/drug therapy , Severity of Illness Index , Thrombolytic Therapy/adverse effects , Fibrinolytic Agents/adverse effects
14.
Acta cir. bras ; 33(8): 664-672, Aug. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-949374

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To investigate the correlation of inhaled nitric oxide (NO) on plasma levels of cardiac troponin I (cTnI) and von Willebrand factor (vWF), glycoprotein (GP) IIb/IIIa, granule membrane protein 140 (GMP-140) in rabbits with acute massive pulmonary embolism (PE). Methods: Thirty apanese white rabbits were divided into 3 groups, thrombus were injected in model group (n = 10), NO were inhalated for 24 h after massive PE in NO group (n = 10), saline were injected in control group (n = 10). The concentrations of vWF, GP IIb/IIIa, GMP-140 and cTnI were tested at 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, and 24 h, Correlation analyses were conducted between cTnI and vWF, GP IIb/IIIa, and GMP-140 by Pearson's correlation. Results: The concentration of cTnI and vWF, GP IIb/IIIa, and GMP-140 was increased in the model group, compared to control group. In the inhaled group, the concentrations of cTnI, vWF, GP IIb/IIIa, and GMP-140 were reduced compared to model group. There was a positive correlation between cTnI and vWF, GP IIb/IIIa, and GMP-140. Conclusion: Inhaled nitric oxide can lead to a decrease in levels of cardiac troponin I, von Willebrand factor, glycoprotein, and granule membrane protein 140, after an established myocardial damage, provoked by acute massive pulmonary embolism.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rabbits , Pulmonary Embolism/blood , von Willebrand Factor/analysis , Platelet Glycoprotein GPIIb-IIIa Complex/analysis , Platelet Glycoprotein GPIIb-IIIa Complex/drug effects , P-Selectin/blood , Troponin I/blood , Nitric Oxide/administration & dosage , Pulmonary Embolism/pathology , Pulmonary Embolism/drug therapy , Reference Values , Time Factors , Administration, Inhalation , von Willebrand Factor/drug effects , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , P-Selectin/drug effects , Troponin I/drug effects , Disease Models, Animal , X-Ray Microtomography , Heart Ventricles/pathology , Myocardium/pathology
15.
Acta cir. bras ; 33(7): 577-587, July 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-949362

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To investigate changes in the plasma concentrations of cardiac troponin I (CTnI), thromboxane A2 (TXA2), prostaglandin I2 (PGI2) and endothelin-1 (ET-1) in rabbits with massive pulmonary embolism (AMPE) and the impact of nitric oxide inhalation (NOI) on these indices. Methods: A total of 30 Japanese rabbits were used to construct an MPE model and were divided into 3 groups equally (n=10), including an EXP group (undergoing modeling alone), an NOI group (receiving NOI 2 h post-modeling) and a CON group (receiving intravenous physiological saline). Results: In the model group, plasma concentration of CTnI peaked at 16 h following modeling (0.46±0.10 µg/ml) and significantly decreased following NOI. Plasma levels of TXB2, PGI2 and ET-1 peaked at 12, 16 and 8 h following modeling, respectively, and significantly decreased at different time points (0, 2, 4, 8, 12, 16, 20 and 24 h) following NOI. A significant correlation was observed between the peak plasma CTnI concentration and peak TXB2, 6-keto prostaglandin F1α and ET-1 concentrations in the model and NOI groups. Conclusion: Increases in plasma TXA2, PGI2 and ET-1 levels causes myocardial damage in a rabbit model of AMPE; however, NOI effectively down regulates the plasma concentration of these molecules to produce a myocardial-protective effect.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Rabbits , Pulmonary Embolism/drug therapy , Pulmonary Embolism/blood , Thromboxane A2/blood , Bronchodilator Agents/pharmacology , Epoprostenol/blood , Endothelin-1/blood , Troponin I/blood , Nitric Oxide/pharmacology , Pulmonary Embolism/pathology , Reference Values , Time Factors , Administration, Inhalation , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Random Allocation , Down-Regulation , Acute Disease , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome
16.
Clinics ; 73: e216, 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-890747

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension is one of the most prevalent forms of pulmonary hypertension and is a major complication of acute pulmonary embolism. One mainstay of chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension treatment is lifelong anticoagulation. The recent advent of direct oral anticoagulants for acute pulmonary embolism treatment has provided a viable and effective alternative for treating this condition. However, little is known about the efficacy of this new class of drugs for treating chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension. We aimed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of direct oral anticoagulants in the treatment of chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension. METHODS: A cohort of chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension patients who initiated treatment with direct oral anticoagulants between June 2015 and November 2016 were enrolled in this study. RESULTS: Sixteen patients used rivaroxaban, three used dabigatran and one used apixaban for a mean follow-up of 20.9 months. The mean age was 51 years, and eighteen patients were classified as functional class II/III. Eight patients underwent a pulmonary endarterectomy and exhibited clinical, hemodynamic and functional improvement and currently continue to use direct oral anticoagulants. No episode of venous thromboembolism recurrence was identified during the follow-up period, but there was one episode of major bleeding after a traumatic fall. CONCLUSIONS: Although direct oral anticoagulants appear to be a safe and effective alternative for treating chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension, larger studies are needed to support their routine use.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Pulmonary Embolism/drug therapy , Pyrazoles/administration & dosage , Pyridones/administration & dosage , Antithrombins/administration & dosage , Dabigatran/administration & dosage , Hypertension, Pulmonary/drug therapy , Vitamin K/antagonists & inhibitors , Chronic Disease , Administration, Oral , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome
17.
Arch. cardiol. Méx ; 87(2): 155-166, Apr.-Jun. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-887509

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Objective: Rationale for non-routine use of inferior venous cava filters (IVCF) in pulmonary embolism (PE) patients. Methods: Thrombosis mechanisms involved with IVCF placement and removal, the blood-contacting medical device inducing clotting, and the inorganic polyphosphate in the contact activation pathway were analyzed. In addition, we analyzed clinical evidence from randomized trials, including patients with and without cancer. Furthermore, we estimated the absolute risk reduction (ARR), the relative risk reduction (RRR), and the number needed to treat (NNT) based on the results of each study using a frequency table. Finally, we analyzed the outcome of our PE patients that were submitted to thrombolysis with short and long term follow-up. Results: IVCF induces thrombosis by several mechanisms including placement and removal, rapid protein adsorption, and simultaneous surface-induced activation via the contact activation pathway. Also, inorganic polyphosphate has an important role as a procoagulant, reversing the effect of anticoagulants. Randomized control trials included 904 cancer and non-cancer PE patients. In terms of ARR, RRR, and NNT, there is no evidence for routine use of IVCF. In 290 patients with proved PE, extensive thrombotic burden and right ventricular dysfunction under thrombolysis and oral anticoagulation, we observed a favorable outcome in a short- and long-term follow-up; additionally, IVCF was only used in 5% of these patients. Conclusion: Considering the complex mechanisms of thrombosis related with IVCF, the evidence from randomized control trials and ARR, RRR, and NNT obtained from venous thromboembolism patients with and without cancer, non-routine use of IVCF is recommended.


Resumen: Objetivo: Racionalidad para no utilizar en forma rutinaria filtros de vena cava inferior (FVCI) en pacientes con tromboembolia pulmonar (TEP). Métodos: Analizamos mecanismos de trombosis relacionados con la colocación o retiro de estos dispositivos médicos, incluyendo la importancia del polifosfato inorgánico en la vía de activación de contacto. Analizamos evidencia clínica de estudios aleatorizados controlados en pacientes con y sin cáncer. Mediante tablas de frecuencia estimamos de cada estudio reducción del riesgo absoluto (RRA) y relativo (RRR) y el número necesario a tratar (NNT). Finalmente, examinamos la evolución de nuestros pacientes con TEP llevados a trombolisis con seguimientos a corto y largo plazo. Resultados: FVCI inducen trombosis por diferentes mecanismos: colocación y retiro, adsorción rápida de proteínas y activación de superficie inducida en la vía de activación de contacto. El polifosfato inorgánico es un procoagulante importante para la anticoagulación. Estudios aleatorizados controlados incluyeron 904 pacientes con TEP con y sin cáncer. En términos de RRA, RRR y NNT no existe evidencia para el uso rutinario. En 290 pacientes con TEP probada, importante carga de trombo y disfunción del ventrículo derecho llevados a trombolisis y anticoagulación observamos una evolución favorable en seguimientos a corto y largo plazo. En estos pacientes los FVCI se utilizaron solo en el 5%. Conclusión: Considerando los mecanismos complejos de trombosis relacionados con los FVCI, la evidencia obtenida de los estudios aleatorizados y controlados, así como la RRA, RRR y NNT en pacientes con tromboembolismo venoso con y sin cáncer, no recomendamos el uso rutinario de FVCI.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pulmonary Embolism/surgery , Vena Cava Filters/adverse effects , Pulmonary Embolism/drug therapy , Thrombosis/etiology , Thrombosis/epidemiology , Thrombolytic Therapy , Risk , Practice Guidelines as Topic
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-8638

ABSTRACT

Pharmacogenetic testing for clinical applications is steadily increasing. Correct and adequate use of pharmacogenetic tests is important to reduce unnecessary medical costs and adverse patient outcomes. This document contains recommended pharmacogenetic testing guidelines for clinical application, interpretation, and result reporting through a literature review and evidence-based expert opinions for the clinical pharmacogenetic testing covered by public medical insurance in Korea. This document aims to improve the utility of pharmacogenetic testing in routine clinical settings.


Subject(s)
Anticoagulants/therapeutic use , Antidepressive Agents/therapeutic use , Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic/therapeutic use , Antitubercular Agents/therapeutic use , Arylamine N-Acetyltransferase/genetics , Coronary Artery Disease/drug therapy , Cytochrome P-450 CYP2C19/genetics , Cytochrome P-450 CYP2C9/genetics , Cytochrome P-450 CYP2D6/genetics , Depressive Disorder/drug therapy , Genotype , Isoniazid/therapeutic use , Laboratories, Hospital/standards , Methyltransferases/genetics , Pharmacogenomic Testing/methods , Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Pulmonary Embolism/drug therapy , Ticlopidine/analogs & derivatives , Tuberculosis/drug therapy , Vitamin K Epoxide Reductases/genetics , Warfarin/therapeutic use
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL