Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 292
Filter
1.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 117(6): 1126-1133, dez. 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1350039

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento: A rigidez arterial é um importante preditor de aortopatia e remodelamento miocárdico em pacientes com válvula aórtica bicúspide, podendo estar aumentada na infância. Objetivo: Avaliar a rigidez arterial e a função miocárdica do ventrículo esquerdo em crianças com válvula aórtica bicúspide funcional. Métodos: Quarenta e quatro crianças com válvula aórtica bicúspide e 41 pares saudáveis com válvula aórtica tricúspide foram incluídos neste estudo caso-controle. Foram obtidos os diâmetros e os escores-z relacionados da raiz aórtica e da aorta ascendente. Quanto à função miocárdica do ventrículo esquerdo, juntamente com as velocidades de fluxo mitral e parâmetros do Modo M, as velocidades miocárdicas e os intervalos de tempo foram avaliados com Doppler tecidual. A análise da onda de pulso foi realizada por aparelho oscilométrico (Mobil-o-Graph). Um valor de p<0,05 foi considerado significativo. Resultados: O índice da massa ventricular esquerda, a velocidade A do fluxo mitral, o diâmetro e o escore z da aorta ascendente e o índice de desempenho miocárdico estavam significativamente maiores nos pacientes (p = 0,04, p = 0,02, p = 0,04, p <0,001 e p <0,001 respectivamente). O índice de desempenho miocárdico correlacionou-se positivamente com o diâmetro da aorta ascendente e a velocidade A (r=0,272; p=0,01, r=356; p=0,001, respectivamente). A análise multivariada revelou que o índice de desempenho miocárdico estava relacionado ao diâmetro da aorta ascendente (p = 0,01). O índice de aumento e a velocidade da onda de pulso foram semelhantes entre os grupos (p> 0,05). Conclusão: De acordo com a análise da onda de pulso oscilométrico, as crianças com válvula aórtica bicúspide funcional apresentam rigidez arterial semelhante a seus pares saudáveis. O diâmetro da aorta ascendente foi estabelecido como preditor independente da função miocárdica do ventrículo esquerdo. A rigidez arterial pode não ser um fator de risco grave em pacientes pediátricos sem dilatação acentuada da aorta ascendente.


Abstract Background: Arterial stiffness is an important predictor factor of aortopathy and myocardial remodeling in patients with a bicuspid aortic valve and it might be increased in childhood. Objective: To assess the arterial stiffness and left ventricular myocardial function in children with a well-functioning bicuspid aortic valve. Methods: Forty-four children with a bicuspid aortic valve and 41 healthy peers with a tricuspid aortic valve were included in this case-control study. Diameters and the related z-scores of the aortic root and ascending aorta were obtained. As for the left ventricular myocardial function, along with the mitral inflow velocities and M-Mode parameters, myocardial velocities and time intervals were assessed with tissue Doppler imaging. A pulse wave analysis was performed by oscillometric device (Mobil-o-Graph). A p value <0.05 was considered significant. Results: The left ventricular mass index, mitral inflow A velocity, diameter and z-score of the ascending aorta, and myocardial performance index were significantly higher in patients (p=0.04, p=0.02,p=0.04, p<0.001,and p<0.001 respectively). The myocardial performance index was positively correlated with the diameter of the ascending aorta and A velocity (r=0.272;p=0.01, r=356;p=0.001, respectively). The multivariate analysis revealed that the myocardial performance index was related to the ascending aorta diameter (p=0.01). The augmentation index and pulse wave velocity were similar between the groups (p>0.05). Conclusion: According to the oscillometric pulse wave analysis, the children with a well-functioning bicuspid aortic valve had similar arterial stiffness to that of the healthy peers. The ascending aorta diameter was established as an independent predictor of left ventricular myocardial function. Arterial stiffness may not be a severe risk factor in pediatric patients without marked ascending aorta dilation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Vascular Stiffness , Bicuspid Aortic Valve Disease , Heart Valve Diseases , Case-Control Studies , Pulse Wave Analysis
2.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 117(3): 457-462, Sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1339194

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento Pouco se conhece sobre a relação entre sarcopenia e hemodinâmica central em idosos longevos. Objetivo Estudar a relação da rigidez arterial com a composição corporal em idosos longevos. Métodos A composição corporal foi avaliada por meio da absortometria de Raio X de dupla energia (DEXA) e dos parâmetros de circulação central (PCC) obtidos por método oscilométrico não invasivo, com o Mobil-O-Graph 24h PWA Monitor®. Os parâmetros centrais avaliados foram: velocidade da onda de pulso (VOP), augmentation index (AIx), índice de amplificação da pressão de pulso (iAPP) e pressão de pulso central (PPc). Estes foram correlacionados com massa magra total (MM) e apendicular (MA), percentual de gordura corporal e índice de Baumgartner (IB). Aceitou-se nível de significância de 5%. Resultados Participaram 124 longevos, com idade média de 87,1 anos (DP±4,3 anos), sendo 74,2% mulheres e 57,3% brancos. Houve correlação inversa do AIx com as variáveis MM (r = - 0,391, p < 0,001), MA (r= -0,378, p< 0,001) e IB (r = -0,258, p 0,004). A PPc apresentou associação inversa com MM (r= -0,268, p =0,003), MA (r=-0,288, p= 0,001) e IB (r= -0,265, p = 0,003). Houve relação direta apenas entre AIx e percentual de gordura corporal (r= 0,197, p= 0,029). Conclusão Em idosos longevos, o percentual de gordura corporal se associa diretamente com a rigidez arterial e tem associação inversa com a quantidade de MM. Esses achados podem estar associados ao maior risco cardiovascular.


Abstract Background Arterial stiffness, obesity and sarcopenia correlate with each other and with cardiac outcomes in younger adults. However, there is little evidence of the association between body composition and markers of central arteries stiffness in long-lived people. Objective To evaluate the relationship between arterial stiffness and body composition in functionally independent long-lived individuals. Methods This is a cross-sectional analysis of the association between markers of arterial stiffness and body composition among participants in a longitudinal cohort of elderly individuals aged 80 years or older who were functionally independent and lived in the community . Body composition measurements were performed using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) and central circulation parameters (CCP) obtained by a non-invasive oscillometric method through the Mobil-O-Graph 24h PWA Monitor® device. The central parameters evaluated were: pulse wave velocity (PWV), augmentation Index (AIx), pulse pressure amplification index (PPAi) and central pulse pressure (cPP). These were correlated to total lean mass (LM) and appendicular lean mass (aLM), body fat percentage, and Baumgartner's Index (BI). The level of significance was set at 5% for all tests. Results Data from 124 elderly people with a mean age of 87.1 years (SD ± 4.3 years) were analyzed, with 74.2% of women and 57.3% of white. There was a statistically significant inverse correlation of AIx with LM (r = -0.391, p <0.001), aLM (r = -0.378, p <0.001), and BI (r = -0.258, p = 0.004). Also, cPP had an inversely proportional association with LM (r = -0.268, p = 0.003), aLM (r = -0.288, p = 0.001), and BI (r = -0.265, p = 0.003). When assessing the relationship between fat mass and CCP, a statistically significant direct relationship was observed only between AIx and body fat percentage (r = 0.197, p = 0.029). Conclusion In long-lived people, body fat percentage is directly associated with arterial stiffness and inversely associated with the amount of LM. These findings may be associated with increased cardiovascular risk.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Vascular Stiffness , Blood Pressure , Body Composition , Cross-Sectional Studies , Pulse Wave Analysis
3.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 139(2): 123-126, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1181009

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Despite widespread usage of central blood pressure assessment its predictive value among elderly people remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: To ascertain the capacity of central hemodynamic indices for predicting future all-cause and cardiovascular hard outcomes among elderly people. DESIGN AND SETTING: Systematic review and meta-analysis developed at the Del Cuore cardiology clinic, in Antonio Prado, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. METHODS: 312 full-text articles were analyzed, from which 35 studies were included for systematic review. The studies included needed to report at least one central hemodynamic index among patients aged 60 years or over. RESULTS: For all-cause mortality, aortic pulse wave velocity (aPWV) and central systolic blood pressure (SBP) were significant, respectively with standardized mean difference (SMD) 0.85 (95% confidence interval, CI 0.69-1.01; I2 96%; P < 0.001); and SMD 0.27 (95% CI 0.15-0.39; I2 77%; P 0.012). For cardiovascular mortality brachial-ankle PWV (baPWV), central SBP and carotid-femoral PWV (cfPWV) were significant, respectively SMD 0.67 (95% CI 0.40-0.93; I2 0%; P 0.610); SMD 0.65 (95% CI 0.48- 0.82; I2 80%; P 0.023); and SMD 0.51 (95% CI 0.32-0.69; I2 85%; P 0.010). CONCLUSIONS: The meta-analysis results showed that aPWV was promising for predicting all-cause mortality, while baPWV and central SBP demonstrated consistent results in evaluating cardiovascular mortality outcomes. Thus, the findings support usage of central blood pressure as a risk predictor for hard outcomes among elderly people. REGISTRATION NUMBER IN PROSPERO: RD42018085264


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Cardiovascular Diseases , Pulse Wave Analysis , Blood Pressure , Brachial Artery , Brazil/epidemiology
4.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 116(3): 475-482, Mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1248871

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento: Pouco se sabe sobre o impacto da estenose aórtica (EA) grave na rigidez aórtica e se ocorre alguma alteração após a remoção da barreira de EA com a cirurgia de substituição da válvula aórtica (SVA). Objetivo: Estimar as mudanças na velocidade de onda de pulso carotídeo-femoral (VOP) após a cirurgia de SVA e definir os preditores de VOP alta em pacientes com EA grave. Métodos: Estudo de coorte retrospectivo unicêntrico, incluindo pacientes com EA grave submetidos à cirurgia de SVA com bioprótese, entre fevereiro de 2017 e janeiro de 2019, e medições da VOP (Complior®) antes e depois do procedimento (2±1 meses). Antes e depois da SVA, os valores da VOP foram comparados por meio de testes pareados. foram analisadas as associações de VOP com dados clínicos, bem como aplicados modelos de regressão linear multivariada para estimar os preditores independentes da VOP pré- e pós-operatória. O nível de significância foi estabelecido em 5%. Resultados: Foram incluídos na amostra 150 pacientes, com média de idade de 72±8 anos, sendo 51% deles do sexo masculino. Identificamos um aumento estatisticamente significativo nos valores de VOP após a cirurgia (9,0 ± 2,1 m/s vs. 9,9 ± 2,2, p<0,001, antes e depois da SVA, respectivamente) e uma associação inversa com as variáveis de gravidade da EA. No modelo de regressão linear multivariada, idade e pressão arterial sistólica (PAS) foram estabelecidas como preditores independentes da VOP pré- e pós-operatória mais alta, enquanto o gradiente valvar médio mais alto foi considerado um determinante da VOP pré-SVA mais baixa. Conclusão: Identificamos uma correlação inversa da rigidez arterial com a gravidade da EA em pacientes acometidos, e um aumento significativo nos valores da VOP após a cirurgia de SVA. Idade avançada e PAS elevada foram associadas a valores mais altos da VOP, embora as medidas de função arterial estivessem dentro da normalidade. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2021; 116(3):475-476)


Abstract Background: Little is known about the impact of severe aortic stenosis (AS) in aortic stiffness and if there is any change after removing AS barrier with aortic valve replacement (AVR) surgery. Objective: To estimate carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (PWV) changes after AVR surgery and to define PWV predictors in severe AS patients. Methods: Single-center retrospective cohort, including patients with severe AS who underwent AVR surgery with bioprostheses, between February 2017 and January 2019 and performed PWV measurements (Complior®) before and after the procedure (2±1 months). Before and after AVR, PWV values were compared through paired tests. The associations of PWV with clinical data were studied and linear regression models were applied to estimate pre and postoperative PWV independent predictors. The significance level was set at 5%. Results: We included 150 patients in the sample, with mean age of 72±8 years, and 51% being males. We found a statistically significant increase in PWV values after surgery (9.0±2.1 m/s vs. 9.9±2.2, p<0.001, before and after AVR, respectively) and an inverse association with AS severity variables. In the linear regression model, age and systolic blood pressure (SBP) were established as independent predictors of higher pre- and postoperative PWV, while higher mean valvular gradient emerged as a determinant of lower pre-AVR PWV. Conclusion: We documented an inverse correlation of arterial stiffness with the severity of AS in patients with AS, and a significant increase in PWV values after AVR surgery. Advanced age and higher SBP were associated with higher PWV values, although arterial function measurements were within the normal range. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2021; 116(3):475-482)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aortic Valve Stenosis/surgery , Vascular Stiffness , Aortic Valve/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Pulse Wave Analysis , Middle Aged
6.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 116(2): 295-302, fev. 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152994

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento O padrão pressórico não-dipper é definido por uma redução inferior a 10% na pressão arterial noturna e está associado a doenças cardiovasculares. Acredita-se que a inflamação desempenhe um papel na patogênese da doença pulmonar obstrutiva crônica (DPOC) e no padrão pressórico não-dipper e ambas as doenças estão associadas a uma qualidade de vida mais baixa. Objetivo O objetivo deste estudo foi o de investigar os efeitos do padrão pressórico não-dipper em pacientes com DPOC. Métodos Foi realizado um estudo transversal incluindo 142 pacientes com DPOC. O Questionário Respiratório de Saint George e a Escala de Qualidade de Vida Euro foram utilizados para a coleta de dados. Para entender a rigidez arterial, o índice de aumento e a velocidade da onda de pulso foram medidos; subsequentemente, foi realizada a monitorização ambulatorial da pressão arterial de 24 horas. Foi aplicado um modelo de regressão logística multivariável para entender a relação entre as diferentes variáveis independentes e o padrão pressórico. Foram considerados estatisticamente significativos valores de p inferiores a 0,05. Resultados Como resultado, 76,1% (n = 108) dos pacientes apresentaram o padrão pressórico não-dipper. Os pacientes com padrão não-dipper apresentaram valores mais altos de proteína C reativa (OR: 1,123; IC 95%: 1,016;1,242), índice de aumento (OR: 1,057; IC 95%: 1,011;1,105) e pontuação total no Questionário Respiratório de Saint George (OR: 1,021; IC 95%: 1,001;1,042), em comparação com os pacientes com padrão dipper. Adicionalmente, com o aumento do número de pessoas que habitavam o domicílio, verificou-se que o padrão pressórico não-dipper era mais frequente (OR: 1,339; IC 95%:1,009;1,777). Conclusão O padrão pressórico não-dipper pode aumentar o risco cardiovascular ao desencadear a inflamação e pode afetar adversamente o prognóstico da DPOC diminuindo a qualidade de vida relacionada à doença. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2020; [online].ahead print, PP.0-0)


Abstract Background Non-dipper blood pressure is defined by less than a 10% reduction in nighttime blood pressure, and it is associated with cardiovascular disease. Inflammation is thought to play a role in the pathogenesis of both chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and non-dipper blood pressure pattern, and both diseases are associated with lower quality of life. Objective The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of non-dipper blood pressure pattern in patients with COPD. Methods A cross-sectional study was carried out with 142 patients with COPD. The Saint George Respiratory Questionnaire and the Euro Quality of Life Scale were used to collect data. To understand arterial stiffness, the augmentation index and pulse wave velocity were measured, and 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring was subsequently performed. A multivariable logistic regression model was used to understand the relationship between different independent variables and blood pressure pattern. P values lower than 0.05 were considered statistically significant. Results As a result, 76.1% (n = 108) of the patients had non-dipper blood pressure pattern. Non-dipper patients had higher C-reactive protein (OR:1.123; 95% CI:1.016;1.242), augmentation index (OR: 1.057; 95% CI: 1.011;1.105) and Saint George Respiratory Questionnaire total score (OR: 1.021; 95% CI: 1.001;1.042) than dipper patients. Also, as the number of people living at home increased, non-dipper blood pressure pattern was found to be more frequent (OR: 1.339; 95% CI: 1.009;1.777). Conclusion Non-dipper blood pressure pattern may increase cardiovascular risk by triggering inflammation and may adversely affect the prognosis of COPD by lowering the disease-related quality of life. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2020; [online].ahead print, PP.0-0)


Subject(s)
Humans , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive , Hypertension , Quality of Life , Blood Pressure , Cross-Sectional Studies , Circadian Rhythm , Blood Pressure Monitoring, Ambulatory , Pulse Wave Analysis
7.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 27(1): 26-29, Jan.-Mar. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1156110

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective The purpose of this study was to examine arterial stiffness in elite basketball and soccer athletes by pulse wave velocity. Methods The cohort comprised 35 healthy male volunteers aged 17 to 26 years. All the subjects were either basketball players (n=9), soccer players (n=12) or sedentary controls (n=14). Arterial stiffness was measured by the Pulse Trace System (Micro Medical Ltd., Rochester, UK) and echocardiographic images were taken using a commercially available machine (Vivid 7 GE-Vingmed, Horten, Norway) with a 2.5 MHz transducer. Results The basketball players had significantly higher heights and body weights as compared to both the soccer players and the controls. The aortic elastic properties derived from the echocardiographic measurements did not differ between the groups. The peripheral pulse wave velocity measurements showed significantly lower values both in the basketball and soccer players compared to the controls, whereas the central pulse wave velocity measurement was significantly lower only in the basketball players as compared to the controls. No significant difference was seen between the basketball and soccer players. Conclusions The results of this study show that football and basketball exercises comprised of aerobic, anaerobic, endurance balance-coordination and sport-specific training play a role in reducing arterial stiffness. Level of evidence I; type of study: prognostic study.


RESUMO Objetivo O propósito deste estudo foi examinar a rigidez arterial em atletas de basquetebol e futebol medindo a velocidade da onda do pulso. Métodos A coorte foi composta por 35 voluntários saudáveis do sexo masculino, com idade entre 17 a 26 anos. Os participantes eram jogadores de basquetebol (n = 9), jogadores de futebol (n = 12) e controles sedentários (n = 14). A rigidez arterial foi medida com o Pulse Trace System (Micro Medical Ltd., Rochester, Reino Unido) e as imagens ecocardiográficas foram obtidas com um aparelho disponível no mercado, com transdutor de 2,5 MHz (Vivid 7 GE-Vingmed, Horten, Noruega). Resultados Os jogadores de basquetebol tinham estatura e peso corporal consideravelmente superiores aos dos jogadores de futebol e aos controles. As propriedades elásticas aórticas derivadas das medicas ecocardiográficas não diferiram entre os grupos. A velocidade da onda de pulso periférico foi significativamente menor nos jogadores de basquetebol e futebol em comparação com os controles, enquanto os jogadores de basquetebol tiveram velocidade da onda do pulso central consideravelmente menor que os controles. Não se observou diferença significativa entre os jogadores de basquetebol e os de futebol. Conclusões Os resultados deste estudo mostram que os exercícios de treinamento de futebol e basquetebol: aeróbicos, anaeróbicos, de resistência, de coordenação e equilíbrio e os treinamentos específicos de cada esporte têm um papel importante na redução da rigidez arterial. Nível de Evidência I, Estudo prognóstico.


RESUMEN Objetivo El propósito de este estudio fue examinar la rigidez arterial en atletas de básquetbol y fútbol midiendo la velocidad de onda de pulso. Métodos La cohorte fue compuesta por 35 voluntarios saludables del sexo masculino, con edad entre 17 y 26 años. Los participantes eran jugadores de básquetbol (n=9), jugadores de fútbol (n=12) y controles sedentarios (n=14). La rigidez arterial fue medida con Pulse Trace System (Micro Medical Ltd., Rochester, Reino Unido) y las imágenes ecocardiográficas fueron obtenidas con un aparato disponible en el mercado, con transductor de 2,5 MHz (Vivid 7 GE-Vingmed, Horten, Noruega). Resultados Los jugadores de básquetbol tenían estatura y peso corporal considerablemente superiores a los de los jugadores de fútbol y a los de los controles. Las propiedades elásticas aórticas derivadas de las medidas ecocardiográficas no difirieron entre los grupos. La velocidad de onda de pulso periférico fue significativamente menor en los jugadores de básquetbol y fútbol en comparación con los controles, mientras que los jugadores de básquetbol tuvieron velocidad de onda de pulso central considerablemente menor que los controles. No se observó diferencia significativa entre los jugadores de básquetbol y los de fútbol. Conclusiones Los resultados de este estudio muestran que los ejercicios de entrenamiento de fútbol y básquetbol: aeróbicos, anaeróbicos, de resistencia, de coordinación y equilibrio y los entrenamientos específicos de cada deporte tienen un papel importante en la reducción de la rigidez arterial. Nivel de Evidencia I, Estudio pronóstico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Soccer/physiology , Basketball/physiology , Vascular Stiffness/physiology , Pulse Wave Analysis/methods , Cohort Studies
8.
Clinics ; 76: e2350, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153985

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: To investigate predictors and propose reference equations for the augmentation index normalized to 75 bpm heart rate (AIx@75) in healthy children and adolescents. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional, observational study involving 134 healthy children and adolescents aged 9 to 19 years old. Participants were categorized into child (n=53) and adolescent (n=81) groups, as well as into male (n=69) and female (n=65) groups. We evaluated AIx@75, vascular and hemodynamic parameters, anthropometric data, physical activity profile, and quality of life (Peds-QL4.0; physical, emotional, social and school domains). RESULTS: The predictors of AIx@75 in the whole sample were age, peripheral diastolic blood pressure (pDBP), mean arterial pressure, pulse pressure amplification (PPA), systolic volume (SV), cardiac index (CI), and pulse wave velocity (PWV; R2=80.47%). In the male group, the predictors of AIx@75 were SV, CI, total vascular resistence (TVR), and PWV (R2=78.56%), while in the female group, they were pDBP, PPA, SV, and PWV (R2=82.45%). In the children, they were pDBP, PPA, SV, and PWV (R2=79.17%), while in the adolescents, they were body mass index, pDBP, PPA, SV, TVR, and PWV (R2=81.57%). CONCLUSION: In the present study, we used a representative sample from Belo Horizonte to establish normality values of AIx@75. We also identified, for the first time, independent predictors of AIx@75 in healthy children and adolescents categorized by sex and age. Determining AIx@75 reference equations may facilitate the early diagnosis of preclinical atherosclerosis and allow an objective measure of the vascular effects of therapeutic interventions aimed at modifying cardiovascular risk factors.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Vascular Stiffness , Quality of Life , Blood Pressure , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Pulse Wave Analysis
9.
Clinics ; 76: e2172, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153940

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: To identify the clinical discriminative value and determinants of arterial stiffness in individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS: This prospective cohort study included 51 individuals (53.57±9.35 years) diagnosed with T2DM (stage glucose≥126 mg/dL; diagnostic time: 87.4±69.8 months). All participants underwent an initial evaluation of personal habits, medications, and history; arterial stiffness assessment by carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cfPWV) using SphygmoCor; and blood laboratory analysis. A statistical analysis was performed using SPSS software, and values of p≤0.05 were considered significant. RESULTS: A cut-off cfPWV value of 7.9 m/s was identified for T2DM [Sensitivity (SE): 90% and Specificity (SP): 80%]. A subgroup analysis revealed higher glycated hemoglobin (Hb1Ac) (p=0.006), obesity (p=0.036), and dyslipidemia (p=0.013) than those with cfPWV ≥7.9 m/s. Multivariate analysis identified higher stage glucose (p=0.04), Hb1Ac (p=0.04), hypertension (p=0.001), and dyslipidemia (p=0.01) as determinant factors of cfPWV; positive and significant correlation between cfPWV and glucose (r=0.62; p=0.0003) and Hb1Ac (r=0.55; p=0.0031). CONCLUSIONS: In T2DM, an indicator of the discriminative value of arterial stiffness was cfPWV of 7.9 m/s. Clinical findings and comorbidities, such as hypertension, glucose, poor glycemic control, and dyslipidemia, were associated with and were determinants of arterial stiffness in T2DM. Reinforcement of monitoring risk factors, such as hypertension, dyslipidemia, and glycemic control, seems to be essential to the process of arterial stiffening. Confirmation of this discriminative value in larger populations is recommended.


Subject(s)
Humans , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Vascular Stiffness , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Pulse Wave Analysis
10.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(12): 1707-1711, Dec. 2020. tab
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1143673

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between intraocular pressure (IOP) and premature atherosclerotic coronary artery disease (PACAD) by comparing central corneal thicknesses (CCTs) measurements. METHODS: One hundred-eighty-six subjects were enrolled in this cross-sectional study, 100 in the PACAD group and 86 in the control group. All participants underwent a physical examination and routine biochemical tests. Ophthalmological examinations, including IOP and CCTs measurements, were performed for each subject. Additionally, pulse wave velocity measurements were obtained and recorded. RESULTS: Participants with PACAD showed significantly higher IOP values than those without atherosclerosis (p = 0.001), and there was no statistically significant difference between the groups in terms of CCT (p = 0.343). Also, pulse wave velocity (PWV) values were statistically significantly higher in the PACAD group (p = 0.001). High IOP was not significantly associated with metabolic syndrome parameters (p > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: A relationship was found between PACAD and IOP, but CCTs were not associated with PACAD. The IOP measurement is affected by CCT; therefore, CCT is used to correct IOP values. To our knowledge, this is the first study to report a positive relationship between PACAD and IOP based on CCTs measurements.


RESUMO OBJETIVO: O objetivo deste estudo é investigar a associação entre a pressão intra-ocular (PIO) e a doença aterosclerótica arterial coronariana prematura (DAACP) compar ando as medidas das espessuras corneanas centrais (ECCs). MÉTODOS: Cento e oitenta e seis indivíduos foram incluídos no presente estudo transversal, 100 no grupo DAACP e 86 no grupo de controle. Todos os participantes foram submetidos a um exame físico e exames bioquímicos de rotina. Exames oftalmológicos, incluindo PIO e medições das ECCs, foram realizados em cada participante. Além disso, medições de velocidade da onda de pulso foram obtidas e registradas. RESULTADOS: Os participantes com DAACP apresentaram valores de PIO significativamente maiores do que os daqueles sem aterosclerose (p = 0,001) e não houve diferença estatisticamente significativa entre os grupos em relação ECC (p = 0,343). Além disso, os valores das velocidades da onda de pulso (VOP) foram estatisticamente significativamente maiores no grupo DAACP (p = 0,001). Um valor elevado de PIO não estava significativamente associado com os parâmetros de síndrome metabólica (p > 0,05). CONCLUSÃO: Encontramos uma relação entre DAACP e PIO, mas as ECCs não estavam associadas com DAACP. A medição da PIO é afetada pela ECC; portanto, a ECC é utilizada para corrigir os valores da PIO. Até onde sabemos, este é o primeiro estudo a relatar uma relação positiva entre DAACP e a PIO com base em medições da ECC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Coronary Artery Disease , Cross-Sectional Studies , Cornea , Pulse Wave Analysis , Intraocular Pressure
12.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 115(6): 1125-1132, dez. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152943

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento A relação entre velocidade de onda de pulso (VOP) e biomarcadores de mudanças estruturais do ventrículo esquerdo e artérias carótidas ainda é pouco elucidada. Objetivo Investigar a relação entre VOP e esses biomarcadores. Métodos Estudo transversal, retrospectivo e analítico. Revisamos prontuários médicos de pacientes com diabetes mellitus, dislipidemia, e pré-hipertensão ou hipertensão, que realizaram medida de pressão arterial central (PAC) utilizando o Mobil-O-Graph®, e doppler de carótida ou ecocardiografia três meses antes ou após a medida da PAC. Análise estatística realizada por correlação de Pearson ou de Spearman, análise de regressão múltipla e de regressão bivariada, e teste t (independente) ou de Mann-Whitney. Um p<0,05 indicou significância estatística. Resultados Prontuários de 355 pacientes foram avaliados, 56,1 ±14,8 anos, 51% homens. A VOP correlacionou-se com espessuras da íntima média (EIM) das carótidas (r=0,310) do septo do ventrículo esquerdo (r=0,191) e da parede posterior do ventrículo esquerdo (r=0.215), e com diâmetro do átrio esquerdo (r=0,181). A EIM associou-se com VOP ajustada por idade e pressão sistólica periférica (p=0,0004); uma EIM maior que 1mm aumentou em 3,94 vezes a chance de se apresentar VOP acima de 10m/s. A VOP foi significativamente maior em indivíduos com hipertrofia do ventrículo esquerdo (p=0,0001), EIM > 1 mm (p=0,006), placa de carótida (p=0,0001), estenose ≥ 50% (p=0,003), e lesões de órgãos-alvo (p=0,0001). Conclusões A VOP correlacionou-se com a EIM e com parâmetros ecocardiográficos, e se associou independentemente com EIM. Essa associação foi mais forte em pacientes com hipertrofia do ventrículo esquerdo, EIM aumentada, placa de carótida, estenose ≥ 50%, e lesões de órgãos-alvo. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2020; 115(6):1125-1132)


Abstract Background The relationship between pulse wave velocity (PWV) and biomarkers of structural changes of the left ventricle and carotid arteries remains poorly understood. Objective To investigate the relationship between PWV and these biomarkers. Methods This was an analytical, retrospective, cross-sectional study. Medical records of patients with diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia, and pre-hypertension or hypertension, who underwent central blood pressure (CBP) measurement using Mobil-O-Graph®, and carotid doppler or echocardiography three months before and after the CBPM were analyzed. Statistical analysis was performed using Pearson or Spearman correlation, linear bivariate and multiple regression analysis, and the t test (independent) or Mann-Whitney test. A p <0.05 indicated statistical significance. Results Medical records of 355 patients were analyzed, mean age 56.1 (±14.8) years, 51% male. PWV was correlated with intima-media thickness (IMT) of carotids (r=0.310) and left ventricular septal thickness (r=0.191), left ventricular posterior wall thickness (r=0.215), and left atrial diameter (r=0.181). IMT was associated with PWV adjusted by age and peripheral systolic pressure (p=0.0004); IMT greater than 1 mm increased the chance of having PWV above 10 m/s by 3.94 times. PWV was significantly higher in individuals with left ventricular hypertrophy (p=0.0001), IMT > 1 mm (p=0.006), carotid plaque (p=0.0001), stenosis ≥ 50% (p=0.003), and target-organ damage (p=0.0001). Conclusion PWV was correlated with IMT and echocardiographic parameters, and independently associated with IMT. This association was stronger in individuals with left ventricular hypertrophy, increased IMT, carotid plaque, stenosis ≥ 50%, and target organ damage. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2020; 115(6):1125-1132)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Carotid Intima-Media Thickness , Pulse Wave Analysis , Biomarkers , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Middle Aged
13.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 115(5): 896-904, nov. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1142246

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento: Diversos índices antropométricos têm sido propostos para determinar a associação entre excesso de peso e fatores de risco cardiovascular. Objetivo: Avaliar a relação entre adiposidade corporal e reatividade microvascular em pacientes hipertensos sob terapia anti-hipertensiva. Métodos: Pacientes hipertensos tratados de 40 a 70 anos foram submetidos à avaliação de índices antropométricos: conicidade (IC), adiposidade corporal (IAC), adiposidade visceral (IAV) e relação cintura-estatura (RCE). Os participantes foram divididos pelos tercis de percentual de gordura (%G) obtido pela bioimpedância elétrica (BIA) e submetidos a teste de reatividade microvascular (laser speckle contrast image), medida da velocidade da onda de pulso (VOP). O valor de p < 0,05 foi considerado estatisticamente significativo. Resultados: A variação da área sob a curva (ASC) da perfusão cutânea foi inferior no tercil superior (97 ± 57% vs. 67 ± 36%; p = 0,027). O %G apresentou correlação significativa com RCE (r = 0,77; p < 0,001), IAV (r = 0,41; p = 0,018), IC (r = 0,60; p < 0,001) e IAC (r = 0,65; p < 0,001) nos homens e somente com RCE (r = 0,55; p < 0,001) e IAC (r = 0,60; p < 0,001) nas mulheres. Na regressão linear, a ASC mostrou associação independente com o %G (β =-3,15; p = 0,04) nas mulheres e com a glicemia (β = -1,15; p = 0,02) nos homens. Não houve diferença nas medidas de VOP. Conclusão: Os índices antropométricos de obesidade foram mais associados ao %G nos homens. A maior adiposidade corporal foi relacionada com menor reatividade microvascular, o que foi mais evidente nas mulheres. Não houve diferença na rigidez arterial, o que pode ter sido influenciado pelo tratamento anti-hipertensivo.


Abstract Background: Several anthropometric indexes have been proposed to determine the association between overweight and cardiovascular risk factors. Objective: To evaluate the relationship between body adiposity and microvascular reactivity in hypertensive patients under antihypertensive therapy. Methods: Treated hypertensive patients aged 40 to 70 were submitted to evaluation of anthropometric indexes: conicity (CI), body adiposity (BAI), visceral adiposity (VAI) and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR). Participants were divided by the terciles of fat percentage (%F) obtained by bioelectrical impedance. The patients underwent microvascular reactivity test (Laser Speckle Contrast Image) and pulse wave velocity (PWV) measurement. The p value <0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: The variation of the area under the curve (AUC) of the skin perfusion was lower in the upper tercile (97±57% vs. 67±36%; p=0.027). %F showed significant correlation with WHtR (r=0.77; p<0.001), VAI (r=0.41; p=0.018), CI (r=0.60; p<0.001), BAI (r=0.65; p<0.001) in men and only with WHtR (r=0.55; p<0.001) and BAI (r=0.60; p<0.001) in women. In linear regression, AUC was independently associated with %F (β=−3.15; p=0.04) in women and with blood glucose (β=−1.15; p=0.02) in men. There was no difference in PWV measurements. Conclusion: Anthropometric indices were more associated with %F in men. Higher body adiposity was associated with lower microvascular reactivity, which was more evident in women. There was no difference in arterial stiffness, which may have been influenced by antihypertensive treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Adiposity , Pulse Wave Analysis , Body Mass Index , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Waist Circumference
14.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(4): 504-511, July-Aug. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1137287

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Recently, the clinical significance of mild paravalvular aortic regurgitation (PAR) has been evaluated and suggested that it can be predictor of clinical outcomes. In our study, we aimed to investigate the interaction of aortic pulse wave velocity (PWV) and mild PAR and their effects on the functional status of patients after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). Methods: A total of 109 consecutive patients with symptomatic severe aortic stenosis were enrolled prospectively. After TAVI procedure, they were divided in to three groups according to PAR and PWV measurements. Patients without PAR were defined as the NonePAR group (n=60), patients with mild PAR and normal PWV were defined as the MildPAR-nPWV group (n=23), and patients with mild PAR and high PWV were defined as the MildPAR-hPWV group (n=26). Results: Compared with other groups, the MildPAR-hPWV group was older (P<0.001), hypertensive (P=0.015), and had a higher pulse pressure (P=0.018). In addition to PWV, this group had lower aortic regurgitation index (ARI) (P=0.010) and higher rate of New York Heart Association (NYHA) class II (at least) patients (P<0.001) in 30-day follow-up period. On multivariate regression analysis, the MildPARhPWV group (odds ratio=1.364, 95% confidence interval 1.221-1.843; P=0.011) as well as N-terminal-pro-brain natriuretic peptide levels and ARI were independently related with 30-day functional NYHA classification. However, NonePAR or MildPAR-nPWV group was not an independent predictor of early functional status. Conclusion: It was concluded that high PWV may adversely affect early functional status in patients with mild PAR in contrast to normal values following TAVI.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Heart Valve Prosthesis , Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement/adverse effects , Aortic Valve/surgery , Aortic Valve Stenosis/surgery , Severity of Illness Index , Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors , Treatment Outcome , Angiotensin Receptor Antagonists , Pulse Wave Analysis
15.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 148(4): 496-499, abr. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1127090

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background The ambulatory arterial stiffness index (AASI), derived from 24 h ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) can be a good indicator of arterial stiffness. Aim To assess the correlation between AASI and brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV), ankle-brachial index (ABI) and cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus without hypertension. Material and Methods Cross sectional study in 28 diabetic patients aged 49 ± 7 years (40% women). AASI was calculated as 1 minus the regression slope of diastolic on systolic blood pressure, using ABPM data. ABPM was measured in the arm using an oscillometric device. ABI was calculated as the ratio between ankle and brachial systolic blood pressure. CAVI was derived from pulse wave velocity using the Vasera VS-1000 device. Correlations were calculated using a bivariate Spearman correlation. Results The mean values for AASI, ABI, baPWV and CAVI were 0.39 ± 0.14, 1.14 ± 0.09, 15.15 ± 2.71 m/s and 7.60 ± 1.90, respectively. There was a significant negative correlation between AASI and ABI (r = -0.491, p < 0.01). Conclusions In these diabetic patients, there was an association between AASI, an arterial stiffness marker and ABI, an indicator for the presence of atherosclerosis.


Antecedentes El índice de rigidez arterial ambulatorio (AASI), derivado del monitoreo ambulatorio de presión arterial de 24 h (MAPA), puede ser un buen indicador de rigidez arterial. Objetivo Evaluar la correlación entre el AASI y la velocidad de onda de pulso braquial (VOP), el índice tobillo-brazo (ITB) y el índice vascular cardio-tobillo (CAVI) en pacientes con diabetes mellitus tipo 2 sin hipertensión arterial. Material y Métodos Estudio transversal en 28 pacientes con diabetes de 49 ± 7 años (40% mujeres). El AASI se calculó como 1 menos la pendiente de regresión de la presión arterial diastólica sobre la sistólica, usando datos del MAPA de 24 h, el cual se midió en el brazo, usando un dispositivo oscilométrico. El ITB se calculó como la razón entre la presión arterial sistólica del tobillo sobre la del brazo. El CAVI se derivó de la velocidad de onda de pulso medida con el dispositivo Vasera VS-1000. Para el análisis estadístico se utilizó el coeficiente de correlación bivariada de Spearman. Resultados Los valores de AASI, VOP, ITB y CAVI fueron 0.39 ± 0.14, 1.14 ± 0.09, 15.15 ± 2.71 m/s y 7.60 ± 1.90, respectivamente. Hubo una correlación negativa significativa entre AASI e ITB (r = -0.491, p < 0.01). Conclusiones Hay una asociación entre AASI, un marcador de rigidez arterial e ITB, un indicador de aterosclerosis, en estos pacientes con diabetes mellitus tipo 2.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Arteries/physiopathology , Blood Pressure/physiology , Brachial Artery/physiopathology , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Vascular Stiffness/physiology , Ankle/blood supply , Carotid Arteries/diagnostic imaging , Cross-Sectional Studies , Predictive Value of Tests , Blood Pressure Monitoring, Ambulatory , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/blood , Ankle Brachial Index , Pulse Wave Analysis
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828198

ABSTRACT

This paper describes how to develop a practical new type of atherosclerosis detection device, which can realize real-time measurement and analysis of human atherosclerosis. According to the mechanism of human atherosclerosis, the design objectives of the system are formulated to determine the construction of the platform. The system calculates the pulse wave velocity by measuring the pulse wave of human fingers and toes, adds four blood pressure measurements to the system design, calculates the ankle-brachial index, and comprehensively measures and analyses the degree of human arteriosclerosis.


Subject(s)
Ankle , Atherosclerosis , Blood Flow Velocity , Blood Pressure , Brachial Artery , Humans , Pulse Wave Analysis
17.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 113(6): 1072-1081, Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055073

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Arterial compliance reduction has been associated with aging and hypertension in supine position. However, the dynamic effects of orthostatism on aortic distensibility has not been defined. Objective: We sought to determine the orthostatic influence and the interference of age, blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) on the great arteries during gravitational stress. Methods: Ninety-three healthy volunteers (age 42 ± 16 years). Carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (PWV) assumed as aortic stiffness was assessed in supine position (basal phase), during tilt test (TT) (orthostatic phase) and after return to supine position (recovery phase). Simultaneously with PWV acquisition, measures of BP and HR rate were recorded. Results: PWV during TT increased significantly compared to the basal and recovery phases (11.7 ± 2.5 m/s vs. 10.1 ± 2.3 m/s and 9.5 ± 2.0 m/s). Systolic BP (r = 0.55, r = 0.46 and r = 0.39) and age (r = 0.59, r = 0.63 and r = 0.39) correlated with PWV in all phases. The significance level for all tests was established as α = 0.05. Conclusion: We conclude that there is a permanent increase in PWV during orthostatic position that was returned to basal level at the recovery phase. This dynamic pattern of PWV response, during postural changes, can be explained by an increase in hydrostatic pressure at the level of abdominal aorta which with smaller radius and an increased elastic modulus, propagates the pulse in a faster way. Considering that it could increase central pulse reflection during the orthostatic position, we speculate that this mechanism may play a role in the overall adaptation of humans to gravitational stress.


Resumo Fundamento: A redução da complacência arterial tem sido associada ao envelhecimento e à hipertensão na postura supina. Entretanto, os efeitos dinâmicos do ortostatismo na distensibilidade aórtica não foram definidos. Objetivo: Determinar a influência ortostática e a interferência da idade, pressão arterial (PA) e frequência cardíaca (FC) sobre as grandes artérias durante o estresse gravitacional. Métodos: Noventa e três voluntários saudáveis (idade de 42 ± 16 anos). A velocidade da onda de pulso carotídeo-femoral (VOP), assumida como rigidez aórtica, foi avaliada na posição supina (fase basal) durante o teste de inclinação (TT) (fase ortostática) e após o retorno à posição supina (fase de recuperação). Simultaneamente à aquisição da PWV, registrou-se as medidas de PA e FC. Resultados: A VOP durante o TT aumentou significativamente em comparação com as fases basal e de recuperação (11,7 ± 2,5 m/s vs. 10,1 ± 2,3 m/se 9,5 ± 2,0 m/s). PA sistólica (r = 0,55, r = 0,46 e r = 0,39) e idade (r = 0,59, r = 0,63 e r = 0,39) correlacionaram-se com a VOP em todas as fases. O nível de significância para todos os testes foi estabelecido como = 0,05. Conclusão: Observou-se um aumento permanente da VOP durante a postura ortostática, que retornou ao nível basal na fase de recuperação. Esse padrão dinâmico de resposta da VOP, durante as alterações posturais, pode ser explicado pelo aumento da pressão hidrostática no nível da aorta abdominal que, com raio menor e aumento do módulo de elasticidade, propaga o pulso de maneira mais rápida. Considerando-se que poderia aumentar a reflexão do pulso central durante a posição ortostática, podemos especular que esse mecanismo pode desempenhar um papel na adaptação global do humano ao estresse gravitacional.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Arteries/physiology , Baroreflex/physiology , Vascular Stiffness/physiology , Pulse Wave Analysis , Heart Rate/physiology , Hypotension, Orthostatic , Posture , Stress, Physiological , Blood Flow Velocity , Adaptation, Physiological , Cardiovascular Physiological Phenomena , Body Mass Index , Gravitation
18.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 113(2): 242-249, Aug. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019386

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Psoriasis correlates with metabolic disorders, early atheromatosis and increased cardiovascular risk. Objectives: To assess markers of cardiovascular disease in psoriatic patients. Methods: Cross-sectional, observational study involving 11 psoriatic participants and 33 controls. Anthropometric, biochemical, hemodynamic and imaging parameters were evaluated. Arterial stiffness was assessed by oscillometric measurement of the brachial artery. Intima-media thickness (IMT) and left ventricular diastolic function were assessed by Doppler echography and echocardiography. Between-group comparisons of numerical variables were performed by the Student's t-test or Wilcoxon Mann-Whitney test for independent samples. Significance level was set at 5%. Results: Psoriatic patients showed increased pulse wave velocity (PWV) (9.1 ± 1.8 vs 8.0 ± 2 m/s, p = 0.033), IMT of the left common carotid artery (p = 0.018) and a higher percentage of patients above the 75th percentile according to the ELSA table when compared with controls (54.5 vs 18.2%, p = 0.045). Psoriatic patients also showed an increase in peripheral/central systolic blood pressure (137.1 ± 13.2 vs 122.3 ± 11.6 mmHg, p = 0.004)/(127 ± 13 vs 112.5 ± 10.4 mmHg, p = 0.005), peripheral/central diastolic blood pressure (89.9 ± 8.9 vs 82.2 ± 8, p = 0.022)/(91 ± 9.3 vs 82.2 ± 8.3, p = 0.014), total cholesterol (252 ± 43.5 vs 198 ± 39.8 mg/dL, p < 0.001), LDL cholesterol (167 ± 24 vs 118 ± 40.8 mg/dL, p < 0.001) and C-reactive protein (7.6 ± 35.4 vs 1 ± 1.2 mg/L p < 0.001) compared with controls. Conclusion: Psoriasis patients show increased PWV, IMT, peripheral and central blood pressures, and serum cholesterol and C-reactive protein levels, denoting a higher cardiovascular risk.


Resumo Fundamento: A psoríase correlaciona-se a distúrbios metabólicos, ateromatose precoce e aumento do risco cardiovascular. Objetivos: Avaliar marcadores de doença cardiovascular na população psoriásica. Métodos: Estudo observacional transversal, envolvendo 11 participantes psoriásicos e 33 controles. Foram avaliados parâmetros antropométricos, laboratoriais, hemodinâmicos e de imagem. A rigidez arterial foi avaliada por oscilometria da artéria braquial. A espessura médio-intimal (EMI) e a função diastólica do ventrículo esquerdo foram avaliadas por meio da ecografia e ecocardiografia Doppler. As comparações de variáveis numéricas entre grupos foram realizadas por teste t-Student e Wilcoxon Mann-Whitney para amostras independentes, adotando-se o nível de significância de 5%. Resultados: Os pacientes psoriásicos apresentaram aumento de VOP (9,1 ± 1,8 e 8 ± 2 m/s, p = 0,033), EMI da artéria carótida comum esquerda (p = 0,018) e maior proporção de percentil > 75 pela tabela ELSA (54,5 e 18,2%, p = 0,045) e) quando comparados aos controles. Pacientes psoriásicos também mostraram aumento nos seguintes parâmetros em relação ao grupo controle, respectivamente: pressão arterial sistólica periférica/central (137,1 ± 13,2 e 122,3 ± 11,6 mmHg, p = 0,004)/(127 ± 13 e 112,5 ± 10,4 mmHg, p = 0,005), pressão arterial diastólica periférica/central (89,9 ± 8,9 e 82,2 ± 8 mmHg, p = 0,022) / (91 ± 9,3 e 82,2 ± 8,3 mmHg, p = 0,014), colesterol total (252 ± 43,5 e 198 ± 39,8 mg/dL, p < 0,001), colesterol LDL (167 ± 24 e 118 ± 40,8 mg/dL, p < 0,001) e proteína C reativa (7,6 ± 35,4 e 1 ± 1,2 mg/L, p<0,001). Conclusão: Pacientes psoriásicos apresentam elevações de VOP e EMI, além de maiores pressões arteriais periféricas e centrais, níveis séricos de colesterol e de proteína C reativa, denotando maior risco cardiovascular.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Psoriasis/complications , Psoriasis/physiopathology , Cardiovascular Diseases/etiology , Cardiovascular Diseases/physiopathology , Oscillometry/methods , Reference Values , Severity of Illness Index , Blood Pressure/physiology , Brachial Artery/physiopathology , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Echocardiography, Doppler , Case-Control Studies , Cholesterol/blood , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Statistics, Nonparametric , Risk Assessment , Carotid Intima-Media Thickness , Vascular Stiffness , Pulse Wave Analysis
19.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 63(3): 235-240, May-June 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011173

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To evaluate whether hormonal profile, arterial function, and physical capacity are predictors of fatigue in patients with acromegaly. Subjects and methods: This is a cross-sectional study including 23 patients. The subjects underwent a Modified Fatigue Impact Scale (MFIS) assessment; serum growth hormones (GH) and IGF-1 measurements; pulse wave analysis comprising pulse wave velocity (PWV), arterial compliance (AC), and the reflection index (IR1,2); dominant upper limb dynamometry (DYN); and the six-minute walking distance test (6MWT). Multiple linear regression models were used to identify predictors for MFIS. The coefficient of determination R2 was used to assess the quality of the models' fit. The best model was further analyzed using a calibration plot and a limits of agreement (LOA) plot. Results The mean ± SD values for the participants' age, MFIS, PWV, AC, IR1,2, DYN, and the distance in the 6MWT were 49.4 ± 11.2 years, 31.2 ± 18.9 score, 10.19 ± 2.34 m/s, 1.08 ± 0.46 x106 cm5/din, 85.3 ± 29.7%, 33.9 ± 9.3 kgf, and 603.0 ± 106.1 m, respectively. The best predictive model (R2 = 0.378, R2 adjusted = 0.280, standard error = 16.1, and P = 0.026) comprised the following regression equation: MFIS = 48.85 - (7.913 × IGF-I) + (1.483 × AC) - (23.281 × DYN). Conclusion Hormonal, vascular, and functional variables can predict general fatigue in patients with acromegaly.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Acromegaly/complications , Fatigue/diagnosis , Fatigue/etiology , Brazil , Insulin-Like Growth Factor I/analysis , Cross-Sectional Studies , Multivariate Analysis , Predictive Value of Tests , Exercise Tolerance , Pulse Wave Analysis , Walk Test
20.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 63(3): 258-264, May-June 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011162

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective The aim of this study is to evaluate and compare arterial stiffness, which is an independent risk indicator for cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), between patients with overt hyperthyroidism, subclinical hyperthyroidism, euthyroidism by antithyroid therapy and healthy volunteers with pulse wave analysis (PWA). Subjects and methods A total of 102 volunteers were included in the study (30 in the overt hyperthyroid group, 28 in the subclinical hyperthyroid group and 14 with euthyroidism by antithyroid therapy and 30 healthy). The arterial stiffness measurements of the participants in the study were performed with the Mobil-O-Graph PWA device (I.E.M. GmBH, Stolberg, Germany), which makes cuff based oscillometric measurement from the brachial artery. Results Systolic blood pressure, pulse rate, central systolic blood pressure, cardiac output, heart rate-corrected augmentation index (Aix@75) and pulse wave velocity (PWV) measurements were significantly higher in the hyperthyroid group than in the control group. The heart rate and PWV in the subclinical hyperthyroid group were significantly higher than the control group. In the euthyroid group, systolic blood pressure, central systolic blood pressure, cardiac output, cardiac index and PWV were found significantly higher than the control group. There was also a negative correlation between Aix@75 and thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), and a positive correlation between Aix@75 and free thyroid hormones. Conclusion In our study, we observed that the arterial stiffness was adversely affected by an overt or subclinical increase in thyroid hormones and this correlated with thyroid hormone levels. We recommend that PWV measurement, which is a simple method for detecting CVD risk, can be used in these patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Thyrotropin/adverse effects , Cardiovascular Diseases/etiology , Vascular Stiffness/physiology , Hyperthyroidism/physiopathology , Turkey , Blood Pressure/physiology , Cardiovascular Diseases/diagnosis , Cardiovascular Diseases/physiopathology , Case-Control Studies , Risk Factors , Pulse Wave Analysis , Hyperthyroidism/blood
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL