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1.
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 49(3): e202, July-Sept. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1280178

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: In-line positioning of an ultrasound image provides higher success rates and less time to completion for radial arterial cannulation. But preferable size and distance of ultrasound display has not been previously discussed. Objective: To assess the ideal visual distance and display size when using a smart phone or tablet as the ultrasound image display. Methods: Four smart phones or tablets were used as ultrasound displays in six different configurations in a simulated radial artery puncture. In a questionnaire, 116 anaesthesiologists working in Ibaraki Prefecture, Japan, were asked which of the six configurations was preferable for radial artery cannulation. Results: Sixty anaesthesiologists answered the questionnaire. About half (53%) preferred the smaller display (4- or 5.5-inch) fixed at a distance of 30 to 40 cm, and most of the rest (44%) preferred the larger display (7.9- or 9.7-inch) placed posterior to the probe with a visual distance of 45 to 60 cm. Conclusions: Among the anaesthesiologists, the preferable size and visual distance for ultrasound-guided radial artery cannulation varied using a smart phone or tablet for in-line display.


Resumen Introducción: El posicionamiento en línea con una imagen ecográfica permite mayores tasas de éxito y reduce el tiempo para realizar la canalización de la arteria radial. Sin embargo, no se ha hablado sobre cuál es el tamaño y la distancia preferibles para la imagen en pantalla. Objetivo: Evaluar la distancia visual y el tamaño de la imagen en pantalla cuando se utiliza un teléfono inteligente o una tableta para visualizar la imagen ecográfica. Métodos: Se utilizaron cuatro teléfonos inteligentes o tabletas como pantalla para visualizar las imágenes ecográficas en seis configuraciones distintas, en una simulación de la canalización de la arteria radial. Mediante un cuestionario se preguntó a 116 anestesiólogos que trabajan para la Prefectura de Ibaraki, Japón, cuál de las seis configuraciones era preferible para la canalización de la arteria radial. Resultados: Sesenta anestesiólogos respondieron el cuestionario. Aproximadamente la mitad (53%) prefirieron la imagen más pequeña (4 o 5,5 pulgadas), fija a una distancia de 30 a 40 cm, y la mayoría de los otros (44%) prefirieron la imagen más grande (7,9- o 9,7 pulgadas), colocada en la parte posterior al transductor, con una distancia visual de 45 a 60 cm. Conclusiones: Entre los anestesiólogos, el tamaño preferido y la distancia visual para la canalización de la arteria radial guiada por ecografía, varió utilizando un teléfono inteligente o una tableta para su visualización en línea.


Subject(s)
Humans , Catheterization , Ultrasonography , Radial Artery , Anesthesiologists , Punctures , Probe , Smartphone , Methods
3.
Rev. argent. mastología ; 40(146): 11-21, mar. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1337785

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: determinar la calidad y efectividad del trabajo realizado en el Centro Mamario del Hospital Universitario Austral, mediante la correlación entre las diferentes categorizaciones del BI-RADS, el resultado de la anatomía patológica y el cálculo del respectivo VPP. Correlacionar los resultados con los obtenidos a nivel internacional. Material y método: se realizó una revisión de todas las biopsias guiadas por ultrasonido, se seleccionaron aquellas pacientes estudiadas con algún método de diagnóstico por imágenes en el Centro Mamario del Hospital Universitario Austral y cuya categorización final de BI-RADS fuera de 4 o 5, entre junio de 2014 y mayo de 2017. Los resultados de la anatomía patológica fueron divididos en 3 categorías (benigno, maligno y alto riesgo) Resultados: de una total de 491 pacientes 223 correspondieron a la subcategoría 4a, 69 pacientes a la subcategoría 4b, 85 pacientes a la subcategoría 4c y 114 pacientes a la categoría 5. En las subcategorías 4a y 4b predominaron las lesiones benignas y en la subcategoría 4c y categoría 5 predominaron las lesiones malignas. Los VPP para cáncer de mama obtenidos fueron de 7%, 48%, 84% y 98% para las subcategorías 4a, 4b, 4c y categoría 5 respectivamente. Conclusiones: la investigación demostró que los resultados de los VPP, la calidad y efectividad del trabajo realizado en el Centro Mamario del Hospital Universitario Austral se encuentran dentro de los parámetros internacionales.


Objetive: to determine the quality and effectiveness of the work carried out in the Breast Center of the Austral University Hospital, through the correlation between the different categorizations of the BI-RADS, the result of the pathological anatomy and the calculation of the respective VPP. Correlate the results with those obtained internationally. Material and method: a review of al ultasound-guided biopsies was performed, those patients studied with some diagnostic imaging method were selected in the Breast Center of the Austral University Hospital and whose final categorization of BI-RADS was 4 or 5, between june 2014 and may 2017. The results of the pathological anatomy were divided into 3 categories (bening, malignant and high risk). Results: from a total of 491 patients, 223 corresponded to subcategory 4a, 69 patients to subcategory 4b, 85 patiens to subcategory 4c and 114 patients to category 5. In subcategories 4a and 4b benign lesions predominated and in subcategory 4c and category 5, malignant lesions predominated. The VPP for breast cáncer obtained were 7%, 48%, 84% and 98% for subcategories 4a, 4b, 4c y category 5 respectively. Conclusions: the investigation showed that the results of the PPV, the quality and effectiveness of the work carried out in the Breast Center of the Autral University Hospital are within the international parameters.


Subject(s)
Female , Breast Neoplasms , Biopsy , Punctures , Predictive Value of Tests
4.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(6): e10032, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249307

ABSTRACT

The objective of this study was to examine the safety of multiple repeated percutaneous punctures of cisterna magna for collecting cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and preliminarily determine the optimal time interval and volume at each collection. Sixty Wistar rats were randomly assigned to six groups: 10 d-0 μL, 10 d-100 μL (100 μL CSF collected at an interval of 10 days), 10 d-150 μL, 15 d-0 μL, 15 d-100 μL, and 15 d-150 μL. CSF was collected by percutaneous puncture of the cisterna magna at four time-points. Simultaneously, locomotor activity, cisterna magna pressure, and acetylcholine levels in the CSF were monitored. Compared with the 10 d-0 μL group, the escape latency by Morris water maze was significantly prolonged in the 10 d-100 μL and 10 d-150 μL groups (P<0.05). Compared with the 15 d-0 μL group, the indices of 15 d-100 μL and 15 d-150 μL groups had no significant differences. When compared with that at the first training, the exception of the 10 d-150 μL and 15 d-150 μL groups, significant differences in escape latency were found at the 6th attempt (P<0.05). Compared with baseline readings for each group, the cisterna magna pressure in the 10 d-150 μL group began to decrease significantly from the third measurement (P<0.05). The optimal time interval during four CSF collections (100 μL per collection) via cisterna magna percutaneous puncture was determined to be 15 days. The procedure did not significantly affect learning processes, performance, or other related indices.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Punctures , Cisterna Magna , Rats, Wistar , Locomotion
5.
Rev. Esc. Enferm. USP ; 55: e03732, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1250747

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo Comparar o efeito da sucção não nutritiva, glicose oral 25% e glicose oral 25% combinada com a sucção não nutritiva no alívio da dor de recém-nascidos prematuros submetidos à punção do calcanhar para monitorização da glicemia. Método Ensaio clínico randomizado crossover, com 34 prematuros que, randomicamente, receberam as intervenções: sucção não nutritiva, glicose oral 25% e as duas intervenções combinadas durante três dias consecutivos na punção do calcanhar para monitorização da glicemia. Avaliação pelo Premature Infant Pain Profile por 30 segundos antes da intervenção, denominado período basal e por 5 minutos após a punção. Resultados A combinação das intervenções fez com que os prematuros retornassem ao período basal, com 1 minuto e 30 segundos após a punção do calcanhar, promovendo uma redução percentual de 2,2% na escala. Conclusão A comparação do efeito das intervenções isoladas e combinadas mostrou que, quando oferecidas de forma combinada, os prematuros conseguiram retornar aos parâmetros do período basal mais rapidamente. Registro Brasileiro de Ensaios Clínicos: RBR-3gm6w5.


RESUMEN Objetivo Comparar el efecto de la succión no nutritiva, glucosa oral 25% y glucosa oral 25% combinada con succión no nutritiva para aliviar el dolor en recién nacidos prematuros sometidos a punción de talón para monitorización de glucosa en sangre. Método Ensayo clínico cruzado aleatorizado, con 34 prematuros que recibieron aleatoriamente las intervenciones: succión no nutritiva, glucosa oral al 25% y las dos intervenciones combinadas durante tres días consecutivos en la punción del talón para monitorizar la glucemia. La evaluación por el Premature Infant Pain Profile se realizó durante 30 segundos antes de la intervención, llamado período de línea base y durante 5 minutos después de la punción. Resultados La combinación de intervenciones hizo que los prematuros volvieran a la basal, 1 minuto y 30 segundos después de la punción del talón, promoviendo una reducción porcentual de la escala del 2,2%. Conclusión La comparación del efecto de las intervenciones aisladas y combinadas mostró que, cuando se ofrecían en combinación, los recién nacidos prematuros podían volver a los parámetros iniciales más rápidamente. Registro Brasileño de Ensayos Clínicos: RBR-3gm6w5.


ABSTRACT Objective To compare the effect of non-nutritive sucking, 25% oral glucose and 25% oral glucose combined with non-nutritive sucking in pain relief in premature infants submitted to heel puncture for blood glucose monitoring. Method This is a randomized crossover clinical trial with 34 preterm infants who randomly received interventions: non-nutritive sucking, 25% oral glucose and the two interventions combined for three consecutive days in heel puncture for blood glucose monitoring. Assessment by the Premature Infant Pain Profile for 30 seconds before the intervention, called the baseline period and for 5 minutes after puncture. Results The combination of interventions made the premature infants return to baseline, with 1 minute and 30 seconds after heel puncture, promoting a 2.2% percentage reduction in the scale. Conclusion Comparing the effect of isolated and combined interventions showed that, when offered in combination, preterm infants were able to return to baseline parameters more quickly. Brazilian Clinical Trials Registry: RBR-3gm6w5.


Subject(s)
Pain , Sucking Behavior , Neonatal Nursing , Infant, Premature , Punctures , Glucose
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877664

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of conventional acupuncture combined with row-like puncture at sternocleidomastoid on peripheral facial palsy at recovery stage.@*METHODS@#A total of 60 patients with peripheral facial palsy at recovery stage were randomized into an observation group and a control group, 30 cases in each one. Acupuncture was applied at affected Cuanzhu (BL 2), Yangbai (GB 14), Sibai (ST 2), Quanliao (SI 18), Jiache (ST 6), Dicang (ST 4), Hegu (LI 4), Taichong (LR 3) and Zusanli (ST 36) in the control group. On the basis of the treatment in the control group, row-like puncture was applied at sternocleidomastoid (1 needle was punctured at muscle origin and insertion respectively, 3 to 4 needles were row-like punctured at the connection line of muscle origin and insertion). The treatment was given once a day, 5 times were as one course, with 2-day interval, totally 4 courses were required in the both groups. The house-brackmann (H-B) facial nerve function grade, facial nerve function rating system-dynamic view rating scale score and facial disability index (FDI) scale score [including scores of FDI physical function (FDIp) and FDI social life function (FDIs)] before and after treatment were observed, and the clinical efficacy was evaluated in the two groups.@*RESULTS@#After treatment, the H-B facial nerve function grades were improved compared before treatment in the both groups (@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with conventional acupuncture, combination therapy with row-like puncture at sternocleidomastoid can improve the therapeutic effect of peripheral facial palsy at recovery stage.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Facial Paralysis/therapy , Humans , Needles , Punctures , Treatment Outcome
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877547

ABSTRACT

Regarding the existing questions of the understanding and application of lateral needling technique in the Chapter 7 of


Subject(s)
Acupuncture , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Needles , Punctures , Vascular Surgical Procedures
8.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(6): 891-896, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1144012

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To compare the efficacy of blind axillary vein puncture utilizing the new surface landmarks for the subclavian method. Methods: This prospective and randomized study was performed at two cardiology medical centers in East China. Five hundred thirty-eight patients indicated to undergo left-sided pacemaker or implantable cardioverter defibrillator implantation were enrolled, 272 patients under the axillary access and 266 patients under the subclavian approach. A new superficial landmark was used for the axillary venous approach, whereas conventional landmarks were used for the subclavian venous approach. We measured lead placement time and X-ray time from vein puncture until all leads were placed in superior vena cava. Meanwhile, the rate of success of lead placement and the type and incidence of complications were compared between the two groups. Results: There were no significant differences between the two groups in baseline characteristics or number of leads implanted. There were high success rates for both strategies (98.6% [494/501] vs. 98.4% [479/487], P=0.752) and similar complication rates (14% [38/272] vs. 15% [40/266], P=0.702). Six cases in the control group developed subclavian venous crush syndrome and five had pneumothorax, while neither pneumothorax nor subclavian venous crush syndrome was observed in the experimental group. Conclusion: We have developed a new blind approach to cannulate the axillary vein, which is as effective as the subclavian access, safer than that, and also allows to get this vein without the guidance of fluoroscopy, contrast, or echography.


Subject(s)
Humans , Axillary Vein/surgery , Axillary Vein/diagnostic imaging , Vena Cava, Superior , Punctures , China , Prospective Studies , Defibrillators, Implantable
9.
Enferm. foco (Brasília) ; 11(6): 21-27, dez. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1222424

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: identificar fatores relacionados à retirada do cateter venoso periférico em crianças hospitalizadas em uma Unidade de Internação Pediátrica. Métodos: Coorte prospectiva realizada com crianças com cateter venoso periférico, internadas em uma Unidade de Internação Pediátrica. A amostra foi consecutiva, não probabilística, os dados foram coletados, por um período de 90 dias. Na análise estatística foram utilizados os testes Qui-quadrado, Mann-Whitney e modelos de riscos proporcionais de Cox. Considerou-se nível de significância igual a 5%. Resultados: Amostra composta por 134 crianças, com média de idade de 4,27 anos (DP 3,45). Os motivos de retirada dos cateteres venosos periféricos foram causas planejadas em aproximadamente 56% dos casos, como alta hospitalar, término da terapia intravenosa e transferência. Em 44% dos cateteres venosos periféricos retirados, as causas foram não planejadas, com predomínio de infiltração/extravasamento (16,42%) e flebite (11,94%). O uso de anti-infecciosos (OR=7,03; p=0,0001), punções venosas em membros inferiores (OR=5,12; p=0,0070), punções anteriores (OR=3,24; p=0,0014) e sexo masculino (OR= 2,70; p=0,0092) aumentaram o risco de retirada dos cateteres venosos periféricos por causas não planejadas. Conclusão: os resultados sugerem, principalmente, revisão dos locais para punção venosa em Pediatria, bem como, diluição e infusão criteriosa de anti-infecciosos. (AU)


Objective: To identify factors related to the withdrawal of peripheral venous catheter in hospitalized children in a Pediatric Inpatient Unit. Methods: Prospective cohort study conducted with children with peripheral venous catheter admitted to a Pediatric Inpatient Unit. The sample was consecutive, non-probability, data were collected for a period of 90 days. Statistical analysis Chi-square, Mann-Whitney and models of Cox proportional hazards were used. A significance level of 5% was considered. Results: A sample was composed of 134 children, mean age of 4.27 years (SD 3.45). The reasons for withdrawal peripheral venous catheters were planned causes approximately 56% of cases, such as hospital discharge, end of the intravenous therapy and transfer. At 44% of the removed peripheral venous catheters, the causes were not planned, with infiltration / extravasation (16.42%) and phlebitis (11.94%) predominating. The use of anti-infectives (OR = 7.03; p = 0.0001), venous punctures in the lower limbs (OR = 5.12; p = 0.0070), anterior punctures (OR = 3.24; p = 0.0014) and male gender (OR = 2.70; p = 0.0092) increased the risk of catheters withdrawal for unplanned causes. Conclusion: The results suggest, principally, reviewing sites for venipuncture in pediatrics, as well as dilution and judicious infusion of anti-infective. (AU)


Objetivo: Identificar los factores relacionados con la perdida del catéter venoso periférico en niños hospitalizados en una unidad de hospitalización pediátrica. Métodos: Estudio de corte prospectiva realizada con niños con catéter venoso periférico, hospitalizadas en una unidad de hospitalización pediátrica. La muestra fue consecutiva, no probabilística, los datos se recopilaron durante un período de 90 días. En el análisis estadístico, se realizaron las pruebas de chi-cuadrados, Mann-Whitney y modelos de riesgo de Cox. El nivel de significancia fue 5%. Resultados: Muestra que consta de 134 niños, con una edad media de 4.27 años (DE 3.45). Entre las razones del retiro de los catéteres venosos periféricos están: planificados en aproximadamente el 56% de los casos, como al momento del alta hospitalaria, termino de la terapia intravenosa y la transferencia. En el 44% de los catéteres venosos periféricos perdidos, las causas no se planificaron, con predominio de infiltración / extravasación (16,42%) y flebitis (11.94%). El uso de terapia anti-infecciosa (OR = 7,03, p = 0,0001), punciones venosas en las extremidades inferiores (OR = 5,12, p = 0.0070), punciones anteriores (OR = 3.24; p = 0.0014) y género masculino (OR = 2.70, p = 0.0092) aumentó el riesgo de retiro de los catéteres venosos periféricos mediante causas no planificadas. Conclusión: Los resultados sugieren que, principalmente, una revisión de sitios de punción venosa en pediatría, así como dilución e infusión criteriosa de terapias anti-infecciosas. (AU)


Subject(s)
Pediatric Nursing , Phlebitis , Catheterization, Peripheral , Punctures , Anti-Infective Agents
10.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 40(3): 158-164, Mar. 2020. tab
Article in English | ID: biblio-1135602

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to evaluate the appropriate sites of abdominocentesis for peritoneal fluid collection in cattle and to investigate the time of cell viability in vitro, comparing three methods of sample conservation. Twenty-one healthy cattle (19 females and 2 males) were subjected to a laparocentesis procedure to obtain peritoneal fluid, with punctures in three defined sites: left cranial, right cranial, and right caudal. The total peritoneal fluid collected was divided into three aliquots and maintained under three preservation conditions: room temperature (26°C), refrigeration (4°C), and room temperature (26°C) with the addition of 1µL of 10% formaldehyde per 1mL of peritoneal fluid. The peritoneal fluid analysis performed immediately after collection consisted of: physical examination (color, appearance, volume, and specific gravity), biochemical measures (pH, total protein, fibrinogen, creatinine, and glucose), and cellularity (total and differential counts). The determination of proteins and the examination of cells were repeated in each separate aliquot at two, four, six, and eight hours after harvest. Data were analyzed through repeated measures ANOVA or Friedman test. The harvest was productive in 67% of cattle. The left cranial and the right cranial puncture sites were the most appropriate. Peritoneal fluid analyzed after collection, the total protein concentration ranged from 1.4 to 3.6g/dL, and number of leukocytes ranged from 54 to 1,322 cells/µL; 60 to 95% of leukocytes were lymphocytes. The protein concentration decreased, but the absolute values of leukocytes, lymphocytes, and segmented neutrophils did not change up to eight hours after collection, independent of the maintenance method. Cell lysis was delayed by cooling, and the addition of formaldehyde did not help preserve the integrity of cellular morphology. Laparocentesis is a safe and secure procedure in cattle and maybe more productive when performed in specific sites on the left or right sides of the cranial abdominal wall. Peritoneal fluid samples may be analyzed with reliable results for up to eight hours after collection when kept refrigerated and for up to six hours when kept at room temperature.(AU)


O estudo teve como objetivo avaliar os locais adequados de laparocentese para a colheita de fluido peritoneal de bovinos e estabelecer o tempo de viabilidade celular in vitro, comparando três métodos de conservação. Vinte e um bovinos hígidos (19 fêmeas e 2 machos) foram submetidos ao procedimento de laparocentese para obtenção de fluido peritoneal, com punção em três pontos definidos: cranial esquerdo, cranial direito e caudal direito. O volume total do líquido peritoneal foi dividido em três alíquotas mantidas sob três métodos de conservação: temperatura ambiente (26°C); refrigeração (4°C); e temperatura ambiente (26°C) com adição de 1µL de formol 10% para cada 1mL de líquido peritonial. A análise do líquido peritoneal realizada imediatamente após sua obtenção consistiu em: exames físico (cor, aspecto, volume e densidade); bioquímicos (pH, proteína total, fibrinogênio, creatinina e glicose); e da celularidade (contagens total e diferencial). A determinação de proteínas e o exame da celularidade foram repetidos, em cada alíquota separada, as duas, quatro, seis e oito horas após a colheita. Análise de variâncias de medidas repetidas ou teste de Friedman foram empregados para avaliação ao longo do tempo. A colheita foi produtiva em 67% dos bovinos e os locais de punção craniais esquerdo e direito foram os mais adequados. A concentração de proteína total variou de 1,4 a 3,6g/dL e o número de leucócitos de 54 a 1.322 células/µL, com predomínio de linfócitos (60 a 95% das células) no fluido peritoneal analisado logo após a colheita. A concentração de proteínas diminuiu, mas os valores absolutos de leucócitos, de linfócitos e de neutrófilos segmentados não se modificaram até oito horas após a colheita, independente do método de manutenção das amostras. A lise celular foi retardada pela refrigeração e a adição de formol não contribuiu para preservar a integridade da morfologia celular. A laparocentese é um procedimento seguro e de execução fácil em bovinos sendo mais produtiva quando realizada em locais específicos à esquerda ou à direita craniais da parede abdominal. Amostras de fluido peritoneal podem ser analisadas com resultados confiáveis quando mantidas refrigeradas por até oito horas após a colheita e quando mantidas à temperatura ambiente por até seis horas.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Ascitic Fluid/cytology , Ascitic Fluid/chemistry , Punctures/methods , Abdominal Cavity/pathology , Peritonitis/diagnosis
11.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 78(3): 176-178, Mar. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1098073

ABSTRACT

Abstract At the beginning of the 20th century, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) collection and analysis emerged as a promising aid in the diagnosis of diseases of the central nervous system. It was obtained through the established procedure of lumbar puncture, described by Heinrich Quinke in 1891. The search for an alternative way to gather the CSF emerged in animal research, highlighting the cisterna magna as a promising source, with relative safety when performed by someone trained. Described initially and in detail by James Ayer in 1920, the procedure was widely adopted by neurologists and psychiatrists at the time, featuring its multiple advantages and clinical applications. After a period of great procedure use and exponential data collection, its complications and risks relegated the puncture of the cisterna magna as an alternative route that causes fear and fascination in modern Neurology.


Resumo No início do século XX, a coleta e análise do líquido cefalorraquidiano (LCR) despontavam como um promissor auxílio no diagnóstico das doenças do sistema nervoso central. Sua obtenção se dava através do consagrado procedimento de punção lombar, descrito por Heinrich Quinke em 1891. A busca por uma via alternativa na obtenção do LCR ganhou destaque nas pesquisas animais, destacando-se na cisterna magna promissora fonte, com relativa segurança quando executada por alguém treinado. Descrito inicialmente e de maneira pormenorizada por James Ayer em 1920, o procedimento foi amplamente adotado por neurologistas e psiquiatras à época, com destaque para suas múltiplas vantagens e aplicações clínicas. Após um período de grande uso do procedimento e exponencial obtenção de dados, suas complicações e riscos relegaram a punção da cisterna magna como via alternativa que causa medo e fascínio na Neurologia moderna.


Subject(s)
Animals , History, 19th Century , History, 20th Century , Spinal Puncture/history , Cerebrospinal Fluid , Cisterna Magna/surgery , Spinal Puncture/methods , Punctures
12.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(1): 109-113, Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056406

ABSTRACT

Se estudió el arco venoso dorsal de la mano (AVD) en una muestra de la población de Bucaramanga en 54 mujeres y 50 hombres. Las variables estudiadas en el AVD fueron: número de venas que lo forman, número de venas que recorren su interior, presencia de una vena que forme su parte lateral y medial, conformación cerrada o discontinua del AVD, si la vena metacarpiana del primer dedo se unía al AVD y contribuía a la formación de la vena cefálica, si la vena metacarpiana del quinto dedo se unía al AVD y contribuía a la formación de la vena basílica. También se revisó la concordancia entre la vena que escogían dos observadores independientes, como la más adecuada para venopunción. La comparación con los textos clásicos de anatomía evidenció concordancia en que cerca de la cabeza de los metacarpianos se forman venas metacarpianas dorsales, pero, no siempre estas venas se unen de forma completa para formar un "arco venoso cerrado" como lo describen los esquemas de la mayoría de los autores. Sólo un 41,8 % fueron AVD cerrados. Las venas metacarpianas del primer y del quinto dedo se unieron al AVD en un 44,23 % y un 89,42 % respectivamente. Este dato, sumado al hecho de que en el primer y quinto dedos pueden existir más de una vena que drene su sangre, las cuales no siempre se unen al AVD, ayudan a explicar la razón de porqué en otros estudios se describe ausencia de venas cefálica o basílica o presencia de varias venas cefálicas que permiten la formación de ciertos patrones de la fosa cubital. Se encontró concordancia del 78,85 % en cuanto a la vena escogida para posible venopunción y en el análisis bivariado, hubo asociación estadística de esta concordancia al cruzarla con el número de venas que recorren el interior del AVD.


The dorsal venous arch of the hand (AVD) was studied in a sample of the Bucaramanga population of 54 women and 50 men. The variables studied in the AVD were: Number of veins that form it, number of veins that run through its interior, presence of a vein that forms its lateral and medial part, closed or discontinuous conformation of the AVD, if the metacarpal vein of the first finger joined the AVD and contributed to the formation of the cephalic vein, if the metacarpal vein of the fifth finger joined the ADL and contributed to the formation of the basilic vein. The concordance between the vein chosen by two independent observers was also reviewed, as the most suitable for venipuncture. The comparison with the classic anatomy texts showed concordance in which dorsal metacarpal veins are formed near the metacarpal head, but these veins do not always unite completely to form a "closed venous arch" as described in metacarpal diagrams by most authors. Only 41.8 % were closed AVD. The metacarpal veins of the first and fifth toes joined the AVD in 44.23 % and 89.42 % respectively. This fact, in addition that in the first and fifth fingers, there may be more than one vein draining the blood, which do not always bind to the AVD, helps explain the reason other studies describe absence of cephalic veins, basilica or presence of several cephalic veins that allow the formation of certain patterns of the cubital fossa. There was 78.85 % agreement regarding the vein chosen for possible venipuncture and in the bivariate analysis, there was a statistical association of this concordance when crossing it with the number of veins that run through the interior of the AVD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Veins/anatomy & histology , Hand/blood supply , Punctures , Cross-Sectional Studies , Colombia
13.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 12: 6-11, jan.-dez. 2020. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1047826

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: compreender a utilização da técnica broken needle de punção venosa periférica na prática profissional de assistência a neonatos prematuros. Método: estudo qualitativo realizado por meio de entrevista a profissionais da assistência neonatal submetida à Análise de Conteúdo segundo Bardin. Resultados: foram identificadas as categorias: percepções dos profissionais quanto aos benefícios da técnica broken needle para o neonato; e aprendizado e vivência profissional da técnica broken needle. Conclusão: a transferência do conhecimento de um profissional ao outro favoreceu a incorporação da técnica na instituição. A equipe se preocupa em realizar técnicas que sejam menos agressivas ao neonato e, portanto, realizam a broken needle porque acreditam que seja mais vantajosa e benéfica e não tenha efeitos adversos ao neonato. Os profissionais decidem qual técnica utilizar, levando em consideração as características anatômicas e clínicas do neonato, a sua habilidade e a segurança na execução


Objective: to understand the use of the broken needle technique peripheral venous puncture in the professional practice of assistance to preterm infants. Method: qualitative study conducted through interviews with neonatal care professionals submitted to Content Analysis to Bardin. Results: the following categories were identified: Professional perceptions regarding the benefits of the broken needle technique for the neonate; Learning and professional experience of broken needle technique. Conclusion: the transfer of knowledge from one professional to another favored the incorporation of the technique in the institution. The team is concerned with performing techniques that are less aggressive to the newborn and therefore perform the broken needle because they believe it is more advantageous and beneficial and has no adverse effects on the neonate. The professionals decide which technique to use taking into account the anatomical and clinical characteristics of the neonate, their ability and safety in the execution


Objetivo: comprender el uso de la técnica broken needle de punción venosa periférica en la práctica profesional de asistencia a neonatos prematuros. Método: estudio cualitativo realizado por medio de entrevista a profesionales de la asistencia neonatal sometida al Análisis de Contenido según Bardin. Resultados: se identificaron las categorías: Percepciones de los profesionales en cuanto a los beneficios de la técnica broken needle para el neonato; Aprendizaje y vivencia profesional de la técnica broken needle. Conclusión: la transferencia del conocimiento de un profesional al otro favoreció la incorporación de la técnica en la institución. El equipo se preocupa de realizar técnicas que sean menos agresivas al neonato y, por lo tanto, realizan la técnica porque creen que es más ventajosa y benéfica y no tiene efectos adversos al neonato. Los profesionales deciden qué técnica utilizar teniendo en cuenta las características anatómicas y clínicas del neonato, su habilidad y seguridad en la ejecución


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Blood Specimen Collection , Punctures , Brazil , Neonatal Nursing
14.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 35(1): 33-42, 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1115599

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción y objetivo: la realización de pruebas para el diagnóstico de lesiones sólidas de páncreas conduce frecuentemente a resultados discordantes, lo que genera confusión y retraso en las decisiones terapéuticas. La concordancia entre los resultados de la tomografía axial computarizada de abdomen con contraste (TAC), la ultrasonografía endoscópica (USE) biliopancreática y la punción por aspiración con aguja fina guiada por ultrasonografía endoscópica (PAAF-USE) no ha sido evaluada en nuestro medio. Materiales y métodos: se evaluó una serie de pacientes adultos con masas sólidas del páncreas sospechosas de malignidad, atendidos en el Hospital Universitario San Ignacio (HUSI) de Bogotá (Colombia), en los cuales se realizaron, por lo menos, dos de las siguientes pruebas: TAC, USE o PAAF-USE. Se evaluó la concordancia de los resultados, definidos como compatibles con neoplasia, no compatibles con neoplasia o resultado no conclusivo. Resultados: se incluyeron 57 pacientes. Un alto porcentaje de estos, con USE compatible con neoplasia, tuvieron resultados discordantes con la TAC (33,3 %) y con la PAAF-USE (52,5 %). La concordancia entre imágenes y PAAF-USE fue mínima (kappa = 0,02; intervalo de confianza [IC] 95 %, 0,04-0,08). La probabilidad de detectar un compromiso vascular fue significativamente mayor en la USE (42,1 % frente a 23,8 %, p = 0,06) a diferencia del compromiso ganglionar, que fue detectado más frecuentemente por imágenes (TAC/resonancia magnética nuclear [RMN]) (23,8 % frente a 7,1 %, p = 0,01). Conclusiones: los resultados de este estudio sugieren un pobre acuerdo entre los diferentes métodos diagnósticos y advierten que es necesario implementar mejoras como la elastografía y medios de contraste, nuevas modalidades de aguja para la toma de muestras o la presencia de un citopatólogo in situ.


Abstract Introduction and objective: Diagnostic tests for solid pancreatic lesions frequently produce discordant results which lead to confusion and delays of therapeutic decisions. Concordance among abdominal computed tomography with contrast, endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) pancreatobiliary and EUS guided fine needle aspiration had not previously been evaluated in Colombia. Materials and methods: We evaluated a series of adult patients with solid pancreatic masses suspected of malignancy treated at the San Ignacio University Hospital in Bogotá, Colombia. At least two of the following tests were performed: CT scans, EUS, and EUS guided fine needle aspiration. Results were defined as compatible with neoplasia, not compatible with neoplasia or inconclusive. Concordance of results was then evaluated. Results: Fifty-seven patients were included. A high percentage EUS results compatible with neoplasia were discordant with CT scan results and with EUS guided fine needle aspiration results (33.3% and 52.5%, respectively). Agreement between imaging and EUS guided fine needle aspiration results was minimal (Kappa 0.02; 95% CI:-0.04 to 0.08). The probability of detecting vascular compromises was significantly higher for EUS (42.1% vs. 23.8%, p: 0.06), but lymph node compromises were detected more frequently by imaging (CT or MRI) (23.8% vs. 7.1%, p: 0.01). Conclusions: The results of this study suggest poor agreement between these diagnostic methods implying a need for improvements such as elastography and contrast media, new needle modalities for sampling, and/or the an on-site cytopathologist.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pancreas , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Tomography , Punctures , Neoplasms , Biopsy, Fine-Needle
15.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 47: e20202558, 2020. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1136582

ABSTRACT

RESUMO A infecção pelo coronavírus determinante da doença COVID-19, também conhecida como SARS-COV2 foi classificada nos últimos meses como pandemia. Essa é potencialmente fatal, representando enorme problema de saúde mundial. A disseminação, após provável origem zoonótica na cidade de Wuhan, China, resultou em colapso do sistema de saúde de diversos países, alguns com enorme impacto social e número grande de mortes descritas na Itália e Espanha. Medidas extremas intra e extra-hospitalares têm sido implementadas a fim de conter a transmissão e disseminação da COVID-19. No âmbito cirúrgico, enorme quantidade de procedimentos considerados não essenciais ou eletivos foram prorrogados ou suspensos até resolução da pandemia. No entanto, cirurgias de urgência e oncológicas não permitem que o paciente espere. Nesta publicação, sugerimos e ensinamos adaptação a ser feita com materiais de uso corriqueiro em laparoscopias para evitar a contaminação ou a disseminação entre as equipes assistenciais e os pacientes.


ABSTRACT The coronavirus infection, also known as SARS-COV2, has proven to be potentially fatal, representing a major global health problem. Its spread after its origin in the city of Wuhan, China has resulted in a pandemic with the collapse of the health system in several countries, some with enormous social impact and expressive number of deaths as seen in Italy and Spain. Extreme intra and extra-hospital measures have been implemented to decrease the transmission and dissemination of the COVID-19. Regarding the surgical practice, a huge number of procedures considered non-essential or elective were cancelled and postponed until the pandemic is resolved. However, urgent and oncological procedures have been carried out. In this publication, we highlight and teach adaptations to be made with commonly used materials in laparoscopy to help prevent the spread and contamination of the healthcare team assisting surgical patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/prevention & control , Surgical Procedures, Operative/standards , Laparoscopy/methods , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Aerosols/adverse effects , Pandemics/prevention & control , Robotic Surgical Procedures/methods , Operating Rooms/methods , Pneumoperitoneum, Artificial/standards , Protective Devices/standards , Surgical Instruments/standards , Punctures/methods , Disease Transmission, Infectious/prevention & control , Betacoronavirus , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19 , Intraoperative Period
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810984

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the technical feasibility of intranodal lymphangiography and thoracic duct (TD) access in a canine model.MATERIALS AND METHODS: Five male mongrel dogs were studied. The dog was placed in the supine position, and the most prominent lymph node in the groin was accessed using a 26-gauge spinal needle under ultrasonography (US) guidance. If the cisterna chyli (CC) was not opacified by bilateral lymphangiography, the medial iliac lymph nodes were directly punctured and Lipiodol was injected. After opacification, the CC was directly punctured with a 22-gauge needle. A 0.018-in microguidewire was advanced through the CC and TD. A 4-Fr introducer and dilator were then advanced over the wire. The microguidewire was changed to a 0.035-in guidewire, and this was advanced into the left subclavian vein through the terminal valve of the TD. Retrograde TD access was performed using a snare kit.RESULTS: US-guided lymphangiography (including intranodal injection of Lipiodol [Guerbet]) was successful in all five dogs. However, in three of the five dogs (60%), the medial iliac lymph nodes were not fully opacified due to overt Lipiodol extravasation at the initial injection site. In these dogs, contralateral superficial inguinal intranodal injection was performed. However, two of these three dogs subsequently underwent direct medial iliac lymph node puncture under fluoroscopy guidance to deliver additional Lipiodol into the lymphatic system. Transabdominal CC puncture and cannulation with a 4-Fr introducer was successful in all five dogs. Transvenous retrograde catheterization of the TD (performed using a snare kit) was also successful in all five dogs.CONCLUSION: A canine model may be appropriate for intranodal lymphangiography and TD access. Most lymphatic intervention techniques can be performed in a canine using the same instruments that are employed in a clinical setting.


Subject(s)
Animals , Catheterization , Catheters , Dogs , Ethiodized Oil , Fluoroscopy , Groin , Humans , Lymph Nodes , Lymphatic System , Lymphography , Male , Needles , Punctures , SNARE Proteins , Subclavian Vein , Supine Position , Thoracic Duct , Ultrasonography
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826338

ABSTRACT

To establish an improved animal model of sepsis induced by cecal ligation and puncture(CLP). Ninety-six male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into sham operation group(=24),intubation group(=24),CLP group(=24),and CLP+intubation group(=24).The mortality rate,abdominal cavity condition,pathological changes and pathological scores of heart,lungs,liver,and kidneys of rats in each group were observed after modeling.Blood samples were obtained from the inferior vena cava for measuring the whole blood cells(WBC)and platelets(PLT)counts and analyzing serum interleukin(IL)-6,tumor necrosis factor(TNF)-α,serum troponin T(cTnT),creatine kinase-MB(CK-MB),alanine aminotransferase(ALT),aspartate aminotransferase(AST),total bilirubin(TBIL),creatinine(CREA),and blood urea nitrogen(BUN)levels.Blood gas analysis of the aorta was also performed. The mortality rates 24 h after modeling were 0 in sham operation group and intubation group,20.8% in CLP group,and 54.2% in CLP+intubation group.Pathologically,swelling and inflammatory cell infiltration in the heart,lungs,liver,and kidneys were seen in the CLP+intubation group,inflammatory cell infiltration in a single organ was seen in most rats in the CLP group,and no obvious swelling and infiltration of inflammatory cells was observed in the sham-operation group and intubation group.The myocardial histopathology score,lung tissue injury pathology score,and kidney tissue injury pathology score in both the sham-operation group and the intubation group were significantly lower than those in the CLP group and the CLP+intubation group(all =0.000).TNF-α,PaO,CK-MB,cTnT,AST,TBIL,BUN,and CREA were significantly different between sham-operation group and intubation group/CLP group/CLP+intubation group and between intubation group and CLP group/CLP+intubation group(all =0.000).The pH level was significantly different between sham operation group and intubation group/CLP group,between intubation group and CLP group/CLP+intubate group(all =0.000). Although both CLP and CLP+intubation can well mimic the pathophysiological mechanism of sepsis in rats,multiple organ dysfunction occurs in the latter.Thus,CLP+intubation can establish animal models of multiple organ dysfunction caused by sepsis induced by clinically effective abdominal infection.


Subject(s)
Animals , Aspartate Aminotransferases , Disease Models, Animal , Ligation , Male , Punctures , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Sepsis , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
18.
Online braz. j. nurs. (Online) ; 18(4)dez. 2019. tab
Article in English, Spanish, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1123575

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Analisar a influência do tempo de atuação de enfermeiros em unidade de terapia intensiva neonatal ou pediátrica no conhecimento sobre inserção e manuseio do cateter central de inserção periférica. MÉTODO: Estudo transversal, com 22 enfermeiros de terapia intensiva neonatal e pediátrica. Utilizou-se instrumento estruturado, produzido com base nas Diretrizes Práticas para Terapia Infusional. RESULTADOS: A mediana do tempo de formação foi de 9 anos e a do tempo de atuação em neonatologia ou pediatria foi de 8 anos. O tempo de atuação mostrou diferença significativa quanto ao conhecimento sobre "posicionamento do paciente para mensuração do comprimento do cateter" (p=0,010) e "Equipamentos de Proteção Individual preconizados para a troca de curativos" (p=0,004), sendo a maior proporção de acertos pelos enfermeiros com menor tempo de atuação. CONCLUSÃO: O tempo de atuação mostrou pouca influência no conhecimento dos profissionais. É relevante investir na educação continuada visando uma assistência mais segura.


OBJECTIVE: To analyze the influence of nurses' working time in a neonatal or pediatric intensive care unit on the knowledge about insertion and handling of the peripheral insertion central catheter. METHOD: A cross-sectional study conducted with 22 neonatal and pediatric intensive care nurses. A structured instrument was used, produced based on the Practice Guidelines for Infusional Therapy. RESULTS: The median of training time was 9 years and that of working time in neonatology or pediatrics was 8 years. The length of practice showed a significant difference regarding knowledge about "patient positioning for catheter length measurement" (p=0.010) and "Personal Protective Equipment recommended for dressing changes" (p=0.004), the largest proportion of correct answers being by nurses with shorter working time. CONCLUSION: Time of work showed little influence on the knowledge of the professionals. It is important to invest in continuing education for a safer care.


OBJETIVO: Analizar la influencia del tiempo de trabajo de las enfermeras en una unidad de cuidados intensivos neonatales o pediátricos en el conocimiento sobre la inserción y el manejo del catéter central de inserción periférica. MÉTODO: Estudio transversal realizado con 22 enfermeras de cuidados intensivos neonatales y pediátricos. Se utilizó un instrumento estructurado, elaborado en base a las Directrices prácticas para la Terapia de infusión. RESULTADOS: El tiempo medio de formación fue de 9 años y el de trabajo en neonatología o pediatría fue de 8 años. La duración de la práctica evidenció una diferencia significativa con respecto al conocimiento sobre "posicionamiento del paciente para medir la longitud del catéter" (p=0,010) y "Equipo de Protección Personal recomendado para los cambios de apósito" (p=0,004), con la mayor proporción de respuestas correctas en enfermeros con menor tiempo de trabajo. CONCLUSIÓN: El tiempo de trabajo evidenció escasa influencia en el conocimiento de los profesionales. Es importante invertir en educación continua para una atención más segura.


Subject(s)
Humans , Professional Practice , Catheterization, Peripheral/nursing , Intensive Care Units, Pediatric , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal , Catheters , Nurses , Catheterization, Peripheral/adverse effects , Catheterization, Peripheral/methods , Punctures , Cross-Sectional Studies , Education, Nursing, Continuing , Catheters/adverse effects
19.
J. bras. nefrol ; 41(3): 423-426, July-Sept. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040256

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Vascular access and renal biopsy are common procedures in nephrology. In this study, two artisanal simulators of very low cost and excelent image quality are (prented) presented to guide, by ultrasound, the venous access and renal biopsy. Methods: The simulators are constructed using chicken breast slices, Penrose drain, plastic milk shake straw and pig kidney. Results: Both simulators enable immediate identification of the anatomical structures of interest, vessels and kidney, and enable spatial orientation and hand-eye coordination, essential for the development of the necessary skills to safely carry out invasive procedures. Conclusion: The simulators described, were extremely useful for simulating venous access and renal biopsy guided by ultrasonography, enabling training to reduce the failure rate in punctures and the potential complications associated with the described procedures.


RESUMO Introdução: O acesso vascular e a biópsia renal são procedimentos comuns na prática nefrológica. Neste estudo, são apresentados dois simuladores artesanais de baixo custo e excelente qualidade de imagem para guiar, ultrassonograficamente, o acesso venoso e a biópsia renal. Métodos: Os simuladores são construídos utilizando fatias de peito de frango, dreno de Penrose, canudo plástico milk shake e rim de porco. Resultados: Ambos os simuladores permitem a identificação imediata das estruturas anatômicas de interesse, vasos e rim, e possibilitam a orientação espacial e coordenação olho-mão, essenciais para o desenvolvimento das habilidades necessárias para realizar seguramente procedimentos invasivos. Conclusão: Os simuladores descritos, extremamente úteis para as simulações do acesso venoso e a biópsia renal guiados por ultrassonografia, possibilitam o treinamento objetivando a redução do insucesso das punções e das complicações potenciais associadas aos procedimentos descritos.


Subject(s)
Animals , Ultrasonography/methods , Simulation Training/methods , Nephrologists/education , Kidney/pathology , Nephrology/education , Swine , Blood Vessels , Punctures , Chickens , Clinical Competence , Muscle, Skeletal , Image-Guided Biopsy
20.
Neonatal Medicine ; : 213-217, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786439

ABSTRACT

Chyle only occurs in the peritoneal cavity or around the pericardium through damage to the lymph nodes or improper drainage of the lymph and is characterized by a colostrum-like color and being rich in triglyceride. We encountered a case of a newborn infant with abdominal distention and further diagnosed chylous ascites and hydrocele by inspecting and analyzing the fluid obtained from the abdominal cavity and scrotum. Additionally, a lymphoscintigraphy was performed, which showed a decrease in the uptake of radioactive isotopes in the left iliac nodes and a delayed appearance. Here, we report a case of chyle diagnosed through puncture analysis and its subsequent successful treatment.


Subject(s)
Abdominal Cavity , Chyle , Chylous Ascites , Drainage , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Lymph Nodes , Lymphoscintigraphy , Pericardium , Peritoneal Cavity , Punctures , Radioisotopes , Scrotum , Triglycerides
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