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Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 654-658, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980775


OBJECTIVE@#To observe the short-term efficacy, long-term efficacy and safety of acupuncture for chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS).@*METHODS@#Forty-two patients with CP/CPPS were randomly divided into an acupuncture group (21 cases, 1 case dropped off) and a sham acupuncture group (21 cases). The patients in the acupuncture group were treated with acupuncture at bilateral Zhongliao (BL 33), Huiyang (BL 35), Shenshu (BL 23) and Sanyinjiao (SP 6); the needling depth of Zhongliao (BL 33) and Huiyang (BL 35) was 60 to 80 mm, while Shenshu (BL 23) and Sanyinjiao (SP 6) was directly punctured of 30 mm. The patients in the sham acupuncture group were treated with acupuncture at non-acupoints, including points 2 cm next to Shenshu (BL 23), Zhongliao (BL 33) and Huiyang (BL 35), and the midpoint of the connecting line between the spleen meridian and the kidney meridian. All the non-acupoints were treated with directly puncture of 2 to 3 mm. The needles were left for 30 min in both groups, once every other day in the first four weeks, three times a week, and twice a week in the next four weeks, totally 20 treatments. Before treatment, after treatment and in follow-up of 24 weeks after treatment completion, the National Institutes of Health-chronic prostatitis symptom index (NIH-CPSI) score and urinary flow rate were observed in both groups; the clinical efficacy and safety were evaluated.@*RESULTS@#Compared with those before treatment, the pain and discomfort scores, urination symptoms scores, quality of life scores and total scores of NIH-CPSI in both groups were reduced after treatment in the two groups (P<0.01), while each item score and total score of NIH-CPSI in the acupuncture group were reduced in follow-up (P<0.01, P<0.05). After treatment and in follow-up, each item score and total score of NIH-CPSI in the acupuncture group were lower than those in the sham acupuncture group (P<0.05, P<0.01). After treatment, the maximum and average urinary flow rates in the acupuncture group were higher than those before treatment (P<0.05), and the average urinary flow rate in the acupuncture group was higher than that in the sham acupuncture group (P<0.05). The total effective rate was 75.0% (15/20) in the acupuncture group, which was higher than 42.9% (9/21) in the sham acupuncture group (P<0.05). No significant adverse reactions were observed in the two groups, and there was no significant difference in the incidence of adverse reactions between the two groups (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture could effectively alleviate the clinical symptoms, improve quality of life, and has a sustained, safe and reliable therapeutic effect in patients with CP/CPPS.

Male , Humans , United States , Prostatitis/therapy , Quality of Life , Acupuncture Therapy , Punctures , Meridians
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 463-468, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980745


The difficulties such as how to accurately locate acupoints and safely insert needles are presented in acupuncture robot. The puncture robot with high technological similarity to acupuncture robot is getting mature, and a large number of human trials and animal experiments have been conducted for the development of puncture robot. Through comparing the similarities and differences between puncture robot and acupuncture robot in the aspects of through-skin puncture, needle insertion and needle removal, the valuable technology of puncture robot is analyzed for the development of acupuncture robot, and the crucial direction of technology migration is determined. ①Integrating the mechanical feedback and medical imaging technology and utilizing the multi-modal perception to achieve the safety of acupuncture operation. ②Emphasizing the integration of the existing designs of chest puncture robot to realize the acupuncture operation with inhalation and exhalation involved. ③Focusing on the development of relevant technology of automatic needle removal through conducting the actual scenario of treatment with acupuncture robot in patients under non-anaesthetic condition.

Animals , Humans , Robotics , Feasibility Studies , Acupuncture Therapy , Punctures , Acupuncture , Needles
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 39-41, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970943


It is difficult to insert long-term dialysis catheters after severe stenosis or occlusion of the internal jugular vein and innominate vein. We used REcanalisation and balloon-oriented puncture for Re-insertion of dialysis catheter in nonpatent central veins (REBORN) in seven patients with severe central venous lesions, and all patients were inserted with long-term dialysis catheters successfully. None had severe complications such as pneumothorax, hemothorax, or pulmonary embolism during operation. All catheters functioned well after postoperative follow-up of 2 months. REBORN provides a novel approach to establish difficult dialysis pathways.

Humans , Catheterization, Central Venous/adverse effects , Catheters, Indwelling , Renal Dialysis , Jugular Veins , Punctures
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 86-91, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970825


OBJECTIVE@#To study the application of different puncture techniques to inject bone cement in osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCFs).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 282 patients with OVCFs treated from January 2017 to December 2019 were collected for a retrospective study. According to the surgical plan the patients were divided into group A and B, with 141 cases in each group. In group A, extreme lateral puncture was used to inject bone cement through unilateral puncture and bilateral puncture. In group B, bone cement was injected through unilateral pedicle puncture through pedicle approach. The operation status(operation time, radiation exposure time, bone cement injection volume, hospital stay) and complications were observed between two groups. Before operation and 6, 12 months after operation, the pain mediators such as serotonin 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT), prostaglandin E2(PGE2), substance P(SP) were compared, bone mineral density, anatomical parameters of the injured vertebrae (height of the anterior edge of the vertebral body, height of the posterior edge of the vertebral body, Cobb angle), visual analogue scale (VAS) and Oswestry disability index (ODI) were evaluated between two groups.@*RESULTS@#There were no significant difference in operation time, radiation exposure time, hospital stay between two groups (P>0.05). The amount of bone cement injected in group A was greater than that in group B (P<0.05). The serum 5-HT, SP and PGE2 levels of group A were lower than those of group B at 12 months after operation (P<0.05). The height of anterior edge and height of the posterior edge of vertebral body in group A were greater than those of group B at 12 months after operation, Cobb angle of group A was smaller than that of group B, VAS and ODI were lower than those of group B(P<0.05). There was no significant difference in bone mineral density between two groups at 6 and 12 months postoperatively(P<0.05). There was no significant difference between two groups in postoperative complications (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with unilateral puncture of the pedicle approach, unilateral puncture and bilateral cement injection technique is more conducive to the recovery of the injured vertebral anatomy and function, and do not prolong operation time, radiation exposure time, hospital stay, nor do increase the risk of nerve damage and bone cement leakage, and postoperative bone metabolism and bone mineral density are improved well, which is a safe and reliable surgical method for the treatment of OVCFs.

Humans , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Fractures, Compression/surgery , Bone Cements , Vertebroplasty/methods , Retrospective Studies , Dinoprostone , Serotonin , Treatment Outcome , Osteoporotic Fractures/surgery , Kyphoplasty , Punctures
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 88-95, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970036


BACKGROUND@#No convincing modalities have been shown to completely prevent postdural puncture headache (PDPH) after accidental dural puncture (ADP) during obstetric epidural procedures. We aimed to evaluate the role of epidural administration of hydroxyethyl starch (HES) in preventing PDPH following ADP, regarding the prophylactic efficacy and side effects.@*METHODS@#Between January 2019 and February 2021, patients with a recognized ADP during epidural procedures for labor or cesarean delivery were retrospectively reviewed to evaluate the prophylactic strategies for the development of PDPH at a single tertiary hospital. The development of PDPH, severity and duration of headache, adverse events associated with prophylactic strategies, and hospital length of stay postpartum were reported.@*RESULTS@#A total of 105 patients experiencing ADP received a re-sited epidural catheter. For PDPH prophylaxis, 46 patients solely received epidural analgesia, 25 patients were administered epidural HES on epidural analgesia, and 34 patients received two doses of epidural HES on and after epidural analgesia, respectively. A significant difference was observed in the incidence of PDPH across the groups (epidural analgesia alone, 31 [67.4%]; HES-Epidural analgesia, ten [40.0%]; HES-Epidural analgesia-HES, five [14.7%]; P <0.001). No neurologic deficits, including paresthesias and motor deficits related to prophylactic strategies, were reported from at least 2 months to up to more than 2 years after delivery. An overall backache rate related to HES administration was 10%. The multivariable regression analysis revealed that the HES-Epidural analgesia-HES strategy was significantly associated with reduced risk of PDPH following ADP (OR = 0.030, 95% confidence interval: 0.006-0.143; P < 0.001).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The incorporated prophylactic strategy was associated with a great decrease in the risk of PDPH following obstetric ADP. This strategy consisted of re-siting an epidural catheter with continuous epidural analgesia and two doses of epidural HES, respectively, on and after epidural analgesia. The efficacy and safety profiles of this strategy have to be investigated further.

Pregnancy , Female , Humans , Post-Dural Puncture Headache/epidemiology , Anesthesia, Obstetrical/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies , Punctures , Starch , Blood Patch, Epidural
Horiz. enferm ; 34(1): 5-21, 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1427978


INTRODUCCIÓN: El catéter midline o de línea media (CM) es un dispositivo de acceso vascular que mide de 6 a 20cm, con la punta del dispositivo ubicado en venas basílica, braquial o cefálica debajo del pliegue axilar. El catéter de línea media se caracteriza por ser un acceso confiable y proporcionar menores complicaciones que un catéter intravenoso periférico corto. Este tipo de dispositivo vascular se ha utilizado ampliamente en adultos, pero faltan estudios desarrollados en el área neonatal. OBJETIVO: fue describir las características de la utilización de catéter midline con técnica adaptada en recién nacidos hospitalizados con necesidad de terapia intravascular en un hospital público de Chile, durante 2 años de seguimiento. METODOLOGÍA: Investigación descriptiva y retrospectiva, estuvo orientada a la identificación de las variables relacionadas a: tiempo de permanencia, características de la terapia intravascular, sitio de inserción, complicaciones y causa de retiro. RESULTADOS: La muestra estuvo conformada por 163 usuarios entre 24 y 41 semanas de edad gestacional, peso de nacimiento en un rango de 500 y 4880 gramos. El 87,7% se retiró por término de tratamiento intravascular, mientras que el 12,3% del total de los CM presentó complicaciones. El promedio de rendimiento del CM fue de 7,99 días, el sitio de inserción más frecuente correspondió a extremidad superior derecha, mientras que su utilización estuvo dada principalmente para fleboterapia, antibióticos y nutrición parenteral periférica. CONCLUSIÓN: Se concluye que el CM con técnica adaptada en usuarios neonatales presenta una alta tasa de éxito para completar la terapia intravascular periférica y bajo porcentaje de complicaciones.

INTRODUCTION: The midline catheter (MC) is a vascular access device measuring 6 to 20cm, with the tip of the device located in the basilic, brachial or cephalic veins below the axillary crease. The midline catheter is characterized as a reliable access and provides fewer complications than a short peripheral intravenous catheter. This type of vascular device has been widely used in adults, but studies developed in the neonatal area are lacking. OBJECTIVE: to describe the characteristics of the use of midline catheter with adapted technique in hospitalized newborns in need of intravascular therapy in a public hospital in Chile, during 2 years of follow-up. METHODOLOGY: Descriptive and retrospective research was oriented to the identification of variables related to: length of stay, characteristics of intravascular therapy, site of insertion, complications and cause of withdrawal. RESULTS: The sample consisted of 163 users between 24 and 41 weeks of gestational age, birth weight in the range of 500 and 4880 grams. Eighty-seven point seven percent were withdrawn due to the end of intravascular treatment, while 12.3% of the total MC presented complications. The average MC performance was 7.99 days, the most frequent insertion site corresponded to the right upper extremity, while its use was mainly for phlebotherapy, antibiotics and peripheral parenteral parenteral nutrition. CONCLUSION: The MC with adapted technique in neonatal users presents a high success rate to complete peripheral intravascular therapy and a low percentage of complications.

Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Newborn/physiology , Catheterization, Peripheral/nursing , Neonatal Nursing/methods , Catheters/adverse effects , Neonatology/methods , Punctures/methods , Chile
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 42(3): 135-138, sept. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1396307


Árnica es una planta medicinal de la especie Arnica montana, endémica en Europa Central y Meridional, perteneciente a la familia Asteracae; rica en flavonoides y compuestos fenólicos, lactonas, helenalina y ácido hexurónico que le dan propiedades cicatrizantes, antiinflamatorias, analgésicas, antimicrobianas y anticoagulantes. Se utiliza en casos de contusiones, dolores musculares, reumáticos y hematomas profundos. El artículo describe ocho casos, que presentaron hematoma profundo por punción infructuosa, en pacientes con insuficiencia renal crónica terminal con esquema de hemodiálisis, donde se aplicó árnica en gel. Por medio de fotografías se registró cómo los hematomas revirtieron a partir del tercer día, mientras que el dolor disminuyó en un 50% al tercer día. (AU)

Arnica is a medicinal plant of the species Arnica Montana, endemic in Central and Southern Europe, it belongs to the Asteracae family, rich in flavonoids and phenolic compounds, lactones, helenalin and hexuronic acid that give it healing, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, antimicrobial and anticoagulant properties. It is used in cases of bruises, muscle pain, rheumatic pain and deep bruises. The article describes eight patients with terminal chronic renal failure under hemodialysis, who presented deep hematoma due to unsuccessful puncture of their dialysis fistula. All patients were treated with local gel arnica. Verbal analogue scale (VAS) and qualitative visual image analysis (photography) on how the hematomas reverted on the third day was analyzed. (AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Arnica , Pain Management/methods , Hematoma/therapy , Homeopathy , Pain Measurement , Punctures/adverse effects , Renal Dialysis , Kidney Failure, Chronic/complications
Alerta (San Salvador) ; 5(2): 146-152, jul. 22, 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1380071


El dolor en pediatría es un problema de salud pública que afecta al 78 % de pacientes hospitalizados y está frecuentemente asociado a punciones, por lo que es necesario un control rápido y efectivo. Existen en la actualidad estrategias psicológicas y físicas de estimulación sensorial para abordarlo. Se pretende describir el uso de estas como coadyuvantes en el manejo del dolor agudo por punción en pediatría. Se realizó una revisión narrativa de artículos originales y revisiones bibliográficas. El mecanismo del dolor involucra a las fibras C y a las fibras Aδ, que responden al dolor por punción. Entre las estrategias innovadoras se encuentra el dispositivo Buzzy®, que actúa mediante la teoría de compuerta del dolor, desviando la atención del dolor hacia un estímulo sensorial placentero (frío y vibración) que disminuye la intensidad en comparación con anestésicos locales (p < 0,001); así mismo, la realidad virtual desvía la atención del niño hacia un estímulo placentero, visual o auditivo, creando un ambiente tridimensional y produciendo analgesia por distracción en comparación al control (p < 0,05). El uso de estrategias no farmacológicas como coadyuvantes para el manejo de dolor por punción son efectivas para disminuir el dolor en el paciente pediátrico, así como el estrés y la ansiedad, tanto en los padres como en el personal de salud

Pediatric pain is a public healthcare problem present in 78 % of hospitalized patients and it is frequently associated to needles. Fast and effective controls are needed, therefore, sensory stimulation and psychological strategies have been developed. The aim of this study was to describe the use of non-pharmacological strategies as adjuvants in needle associated children pain management. A review was made searching through original articles and other reviews. Pain mechanism involves C fibers and Aδ fibers, which respond to short term needle pain. Buzzy® device is among the innovative physical strategies to relieve pain, which acts according to the pain threshold theory, diverting attention from pain to a pleasurable sensory stimulus (cold and vibration) decreasing its intensity when compared to topical anesthesia (p < 0,001). Meanwhile psychological strategies such as virtual reality divert the child's attention to a pleasant visual and auditory stimulus. It creates a tridimensional environment with an electronic device, decreasing pain while distracting the child when compared to the control group (p < 0,05). The use of innovative non-pharmacological strategies as adjuvants for needle pain management is effective decreasing children pain and reducing stress and anxiety in parents and healthcare workers

Pediatrics , Punctures , Public Health , Pain Management , Parents , Health Personnel , Needles
Online braz. j. nurs. (Online) ; 21: e20226588, 01 jan 2022. ilus, tab
Article in English, Spanish, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1412027


OBJETIVO: Descrever o uso da realidade virtual durante a punção venosa em crianças hospitalizadas. MÉTODO: Estudo descritivo, de abordagem quantitativa, realizado por meio de observação da punção venosa em crianças em uso de óculos de realidade virtual, em uma unidade de internação pediátrica de um hospital da região noroeste do Paraná. Os dados foram coletados no período de agosto a setembro de 2019. RESULTADOS: Foram observadas 16 crianças com idades entre quatro e oito anos que receberam o procedimento concomitante ao uso dos óculos. Os escores de dor foram predominantemente leves em ambas as faixas etárias e o comportamento psicotomotor mais evidenciado foi um desconforto pequeno. CONCLUSÃO: O estudo demonstrou que as punções realizadas com o uso da realidade virtual apresentaram escores de dor leves e no tangente ao manejo da dor, seu uso pode ser uma alternativa benéfica dentro da assistência pediátrica na realização de procedimentos dolorosos.

OBJECTIVE: To describe the use of Virtual Reality during venipuncture procedures in hospitalized children. METHOD: A descriptive study with a quantitative approach, carried out through observation of venipuncture procedures in children using Virtual Reality glasses at a pediatric inpatient unit of a hospital in the Northwest region of Paraná. The data were collected from August to September 2019. RESULTS: A total of 16 children were observed, aged between four and eight years old and who were subjected to the procedure along with use of the glasses. The pain scores were predominantly mild in both age groups and the most evident psychomotor behavior was minor discomfort. CONCLUSION: The study showed that the punctures performed using Virtual Reality presented mild pain scores and that, in terms of pain management, its use can be a beneficial alternative within pediatric care in the performance of painful procedures.

OBJETIVO: Describir el uso de la realidad virtual durante la venopunción en niños hospitalizados. MÉTODO: Estudio descriptivo, con enfoque cuantitativo, realizado mediante la observación de la venopunción en niños que usaban lentes de realidad virtual, en una unidad de hospitalización pediátrica de un hospital en la región noroeste de Paraná. Los datos se recolectaron de agosto a septiembre de 2019. RESULTADOS: se observaron 16 niños de cuatro a ocho años que recibieron el procedimiento concomitantemente con el uso de lentes. En ambas franjas etarias predominaron los puntajes de dolor leves y el comportamiento psicomotor más evidente fue el malestar leve. CONCLUSIÓN: El estudio demostró que las punciones realizadas durante el uso de realidad virtual presentaron puntajes de dolor leve y en lo que respecta al manejo del dolor, su uso puede ser una alternativa beneficiosa dentro de la atención pediátrica en la realización de procedimientos dolorosos.

Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Punctures , Child, Hospitalized , Virtual Reality , Pain Management , Hospitalization , Injections, Intravenous
Acta Paul. Enferm. (Online) ; 35: eAPE02386, 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1393716


Resumo Objetivo Mensurar o custo dos materiais desperdiçados em dois procedimentos de enfermagem; identificar o desperdício como evitável e não evitável; classificar esses materiais de acordo com a classificação ABC e estimar o custo anual com o desperdício desses materiais. Métodos Estudo quantitativo, exploratório-descritivo, do tipo estudo de caso único. Os dados foram coletados de março de 2016 a fevereiro de 2017 em duas unidades de um Hospital Universitário na cidade de São Paulo. Fizeram parte da amostra os procedimentos de enfermagem: Punção Venosa Periférica e Banho no Leito. O desperdício de materiais foi calculado pela soma do custo de cada item de material desperdiçado. Os dados foram analisados descritivamente quanto às frequências absolutas e relativas, por média e desvio padrão. Resultados O total com desperdício de materiais na Punção venosa periférica foi R$ 27,20 (US$ 7.31), sendo o custo "evitável" de R$ 3,50 (US$ 0.94) e R$ 23,70 (US$ 6.37) para o "não evitável". O total com desperdício de materiais no Banho no leito foi R$ 214,63 (US$ 57.73), sendo o custo de R$ 149,59 (US$ 40.24) para os materiais com classificação "evitável" e R$ 65,04 (US$ 17.49) para os "não evitável". A maioria dos materiais desperdiçados, acima de 70%, foram da classe A nos dois procedimentos. A projeção do custo anual com desperdício de materiais foi R$ 83.858,53 (US$ 22,557.94). Conclusão O desperdício de materiais mostrou comportamento distinto nos procedimentos observados, sinalizando a necessidade de serem identificados, analisados e calculados para que os enfermeiros tomem decisões com eficiência.

Resumen Objetivo Medir el costo de los materiales desperdiciados en dos procedimientos de enfermería, identificar el desperdicio evitable y no evitable, clasificar esos materiales de acuerdo con la clasificación ABC y estimar el costo anual del desperdicio de esos materiales. Métodos Estudio cuantitativo, exploratorio-descriptivo, tipo estudio de caso único. Los datos fueron recopilados de marzo de 2016 a febrero de 2017 en dos unidades de un hospital universitario en la ciudad de São Paulo. Los procedimientos de enfermería que formaron parte de la muestra fueron: venopunción periférica y baño en cama, El desperdicio de materiales fue calculado por la suma del costo de cada ítem de material desperdiciado. Los datos fueron analizados descriptivamente con relación a las frecuencias absolutas y relativas por promedio y desviación típica. Resultados El total del desperdicio de materiales en la venopunción periférica fue de R$ 27,20 (USD 7,31), del cual el costo "evitable" fue de R$ 3,50 (USD 6,37) y el "no evitable" de R$ 23,70 (USD 6,37). El total del desperdicio de materiales en el baño en cama fue de R$ 214,63 (USD 57,73), del cual el costo de R$ 149,59 (USD 40,24) fue de material clasificado como "evitable" y R$ 65,04 (USD 17,49) de "no evitable". La mayoría del material desperdiciado, más del 70 %, fue de clase A en los dos procedimientos. La proyección del costo anual del desperdicio de materiales fue de R$ 83.858,53 (USD 22.557,94). Conclusión El desperdicio de materiales mostró diferentes comportamientos en los procedimientos observados, lo que indicó la necesidad de que sean identificados, analizados y calculados para que los enfermeros tomen decisiones con eficiencia.

Abstract Objective To measure the costs of medical supply waste in two nursing procedures; to define waste into avoidable and unavoidable; to classify these materials according to the ABC classification and estimate the annual cost of these types of medical supply waste. Methods This was a quantitative, exploratory-descriptive single case study. Data were collected between March 2016 and February 2017 in two units of a university hospital in the city of São Paulo, Brazil. The following nursing procedures composed the sample: peripheral venipuncture and bed baths. Medical supply waste was calculated as the sum of the cost of each item of wasted materials. The data were analyzed descriptively in terms of absolute and relative frequencies, average, and standard deviation. Result The total of medical supply waste of peripheral venipuncture was R$ 27.20 (US$ 7.31) of which R$ 3.50 (US$ 0.94) were "avoidable", R$ 23.70 (US$ 6.37), "unavoidable". The total volume of waste for bed baths was R$ 214,63 (US$ 57.73), of which R$ 149.59 (US$ 40.24) were "avoidable" and R$ 65.04 (US$ 17.49) "unavoidable". More than 70% of the wasted supplies were class A materials in both procedures. The projected annual cost of medical supply waste was R$ 83,858.53 (US$ 22,557.94). Conclusion Medical supply waste presented a distinct behavior in the observed procedures, which points to the need for it to be identified, analyzed and calculated for nurses to make decisions efficiently.

Humans , Male , Female , Baths/nursing , Catheterization, Peripheral , Punctures , Costs and Cost Analysis , Material Resources in Health , Nursing Care , Hospital Care , Hospital Bed Capacity
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 30: e3623, 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1389118


Resumo Objetivo: identificar as ocorrências relacionadas à punção venosa periférica e à hipodermóclise entre pacientes internados em um hospital geral e em um hospital exclusivo de assistência a pacientes em cuidados paliativos oncológicos. Método: estudo observacional, descritivo e multicêntrico. A amostra do tipo consecutiva e não probabilística foi constituída por 160 pacientes oncológicos internados sob cuidados paliativos. A variável desfecho correspondeu às ocorrências e complicações relacionadas a cada tipo de punção. Utilizou-se um questionário contendo as variáveis sociodemográficas e clínicas e um roteiro estruturado para acompanhamento e avaliação diária da punção. Foram utilizadas estatísticas descritivas para a análise dos dados. Resultados: as ocorrências relacionadas à punção venosa no hospital geral foram sujidade de sangue na inserção do cateter (17,4 %) e prazo de uso expirado (15,8%), enquanto no serviço específico para atendimento a pacientes sob cuidados paliativos foram prazo de uso expirado (32%) seguido de infiltração (18,9%). Quanto à hipodermóclise, foram duas punções subcutâneas com sinais flogísticos (1,0%) no hospital geral e um hematoma no local de inserção do cateter (0,5%). No serviço específico para atendimento a pacientes sob cuidados paliativos foram três punções subcutâneas com sinais flogísticos (5,7%). Conclusão: as ocorrências relacionadas à punção venosa periférica foram superiores às relacionadas à hipodermóclise.

Abstract Objective: to identify the occurrences related to peripheral venipuncture and hypodermoclysis among patients hospitalized in a general hospital and in an exclusive hospital institution for the care of patients in palliative cancer care. Method: an observational, descriptive and multicenter study. The consecutive and non-probabilistic sample consisted of 160 cancer patients hospitalized in Palliative Care. The outcome variable corresponded to the occurrences and complications related to each type of puncture. A questionnaire containing the sociodemographic and clinical variables and a structured script for monitoring and daily evaluation of the puncture were used. Descriptive statistics were employed for data analysis. Results: the occurrences related to venipuncture at a general hospital were blood soiling at catheter insertion (17.4%) and expired use period (15.8%), while at a specific service for the care of patients under palliative care they were expired use period (32%) followed by infiltration (18.9%). As for hypodermoclysis, there were two subcutaneous punctures with phlogistic signs (1.0%) at the general hospital and a hematoma at the catheter insertion site (0.5%). At the specific service for the care of patients under palliative care there were three subcutaneous punctures with phlogistic signs (5.7%). Conclusion: the number of occurrences related to peripheral venipuncture was higher than those related to hypodermoclysis.

Resumen Objetivo: identificar los eventos relacionados con la venopunción periférica y la hipodermoclisis en pacientes hospitalizados en un hospital general y en un hospital que atiende exclusivamente a pacientes en cuidados paliativos oncológicos. Método: estudio observacional, descriptivo y multicéntrico. La muestra consecutiva y no probabilística estuvo compuesta por 160 pacientes oncológicos hospitalizados que reciben cuidados paliativos. La variable resultado correspondió a los eventos y complicaciones relacionados con cada tipo de punción. Se utilizó un cuestionario con variables sociodemográficas y clínicas y una guía estructurada para el seguimiento diario y la evaluación de la punción. Se utilizó estadística descriptiva para el análisis de datos. Resultados: los eventos relacionados con la venopunción en un hospital general fueron contaminación de sangre en la inserción del catéter (17,4%) y catéter vencido (15,8%), mientras que en un hospital específico que atiende exclusivamente a pacientes en cuidados paliativos oncológicos fueron catéter vencido (32%) seguido de infiltración (18,9%). En cuanto a la hipodermoclisis, hubo dos punciones subcutáneas con signos flogísticos (1,0%) en hospital general y un hematoma en el lugar de inserción del catéter (0,5%). En el hospital en un hospital que atiende exclusivamente a pacientes en cuidados paliativos oncológicos hubo tres punciones subcutáneas con signos flogísticos (5,7%). Conclusión: los eventos relacionados con la venopunción periférica fueron mayores que los relacionados con la hipodermoclisis.

Humans , Palliative Care , Punctures/adverse effects , Phlebotomy/adverse effects , Inpatients , Neoplasms/therapy
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 462-470, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939613


Percutaneous pulmonary puncture guided by computed tomography (CT) is one of the most effective tools for obtaining lung tissue and diagnosing lung cancer. Path planning is an important procedure to avoid puncture complications and reduce patient pain and puncture mortality. In this work, a path planning method for lung puncture is proposed based on multi-level constraints. A digital model of the chest is firstly established using patient's CT image. A Fibonacci lattice sampling is secondly conducted on an ideal sphere centered on the tumor lesion in order to obtain a set of candidate paths. Finally, by considering clinical puncture guidelines, an optimal path can be obtained by a proposed multi-level constraint strategy, which is combined with oriented bounding box tree (OBBTree) algorithm and Pareto optimization algorithm. Results of simulation experiments demonstrated the effectiveness of the proposed method, which has good performance for avoiding physical and physiological barriers. Hence, the method could be used as an aid for physicians to select the puncture path.

Humans , Lung/diagnostic imaging , Lung Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Punctures , Thorax , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 561-567, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936348


OBJECTIVE@#To assess the effect of early abdominal puncture drainage (APD) on autophagy and Nrf-2/HO-1 pathway in rats with severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) and explore the possibile mechanism.@*METHODS@#Thirty-two male SD rats were randomly divided into sham-operated (SO) group, SAP group with retrograde injection of 4% sodium taurocholate, APD group with insertion of a drainage tube into the lower right abdomen after SAP induction, and APD + ZnPP group with intraperitoneal injection of 30 mg/kg ZnPP 12 h before APD modeling. Blood samples were collected from the rats 12 h after modeling for analysis of amylase and lipase levels and serum inflammatory factors. The pathological changes of the pancreatic tissue were observed with HE staining. Oxidative stress in the pancreatic tissue was detected with colorimetry, and sub-organelle structure and autophagy in pancreatic acinar cells were observed by transmission electron microscopy. The expressions of autophagy-related proteins and Nrf-2/HO-1 pathway were detected using RT-PCR and Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#Compared with those in SAP group, the rats with APD treatment showed significantly alleviated pathologies in the pancreas, reduced serum levels of lipase, amylase and inflammatory factors, lowered levels of oxidative stress, and activated expressions of Nrf-2/HO-1 pathway in the pancreas. The ameliorating effect of ADP was significantly inhibited by ZnPP treatment before modeling. APD obviously reversed mitochondrial and endoplasmic reticulum damages and p62 accumulation induced by SAP.@*CONCLUSION@#APD treatment can suppress oxidative stress and repair impaired autophagy in rats with SAP by activating the Nrf-2/HO-1 pathway, thereby reducing the severity of SAP.

Animals , Male , Rats , Acute Disease , Amylases/blood , Autophagy , Drainage , Heme Oxygenase (Decyclizing) , Lipase/blood , NF-E2-Related Factor 2 , Oxidative Stress , Pancreas/pathology , Pancreatitis/surgery , Punctures , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 26: e20220181, 2022. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1421420


RESUMO Objetivo descrever o processo de construção e estratégias de implementação de um bundle para alívio da dor durante a punção arterial do bebê hospitalizado. Métodos estudo de abordagem qualitativa feito em uma unidade de terapia intensiva neonatal, por meio de rodas de conversa realizadas com a equipe de enfermagem. A coleta dos dados ocorreu de fevereiro a maio de 2019. Resultados os encontros levaram à construção de um bundle composto por quatro itens, formatado ludicamente e que deveria ser anexado à incubadora, previamente à realização da punção. Conclusões e Implicações para a prática o processo estimulou a reflexão crítica acerca da própria prática e os profissionais referiram ao uso do bundle como algo possível dentro da unidade, mediante um planejamento para sua inclusão na rotina assistencial. O estudo é pioneiro e apresenta caráter de inovação ao utilizar o bundle para aliviar algo multifacetado como a dor no período neonatal. Apesar de ser algo criado especificamente para a punção arterial, o mesmo pode ser aplicado em demais procedimentos que potencialmente geram dor aguda, uma vez que o foco principal é sempre minimizar o desconforto sentido pelo bebê.

RESUMEN Objetivo describir el proceso de elaboración y las estrategias de implementación de un paquete de atención para aliviar el dolor durante la punción arterial de bebés internados. Métodos estudio de enfoque cualitativo realizado en una unidad de cuidados intensivos neonatales a través de rondas de conversación realizadas con el equipo de Enfermería. La recolección de datos tuvo lugar de febrero a mayo de 2019. Resultados las reuniones derivaron en la elaboración de un paquete de atención que consta de cuatro elementos, formateados en forma lúdica y que deben adjuntarse a la incubadora antes de la punción. Conclusiones e Implicaciones para la práctica El proceso estimuló la reflexión crítica sobre la propia práctica y los profesionales mencionaron el uso del paquete de atención como algo viable dentro de la unidad, a través de la planificación para su inclusión en la rutina de atención. El estudio es pionero y presenta un carácter innovador al utilizar el paquete de atención para aliviar algo multifacético como el dolor en el período neonatal. A pesar de haber sido creado específicamente para la punción arterial, también puede aplicarse en otros procedimientos con potencial para generar dolor agudo, ya que el enfoque principal siempre es minimizar las molestias que siente el bebé.

ABSTRACT Objective to describe the elaboration process and implementation strategies of a bundle for pain relief during arterial puncture in hospitalized infants. Methods a qualitative approach study carried out in a neonatal intensive care unit, through conversation circles held with the Nursing team. Data collection took place from February to May 2019. Results the meetings led to the elaboration of a bundle consisting of four items, in a playful format, and which should be attached to the incubator prior to the puncture. Conclusion and Implications for the practice The process stimulated critical reflection about the practice itself and the professionals mentioned use of the bundle as something feasible within the unit, through planning for its inclusion in the care routine. The study is pioneering and presents an innovative character when using the bundle to relieve a multifaceted issue such as pain in the neonatal period. Despite having been specifically created for arterial puncture, it can also be applied in other procedures that potentially generate acute pain, as the main focus is always to minimize the discomfort felt by the infant.

Humans , Female , Infant, Newborn , Adult , Infant, Premature/blood , Punctures/nursing , Pain Management/nursing , Patient Care Bundles/nursing , Nursing, Team , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal , Qualitative Research , Evidence-Based Nursing , Infant Care
HU rev ; 48: 1-6, 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1397601


Introdução: A punção venosa central é um procedimento médico tradicionalmente realizado seguindo os marcadores anatômicos como referência para atingir o vaso, às cegas. No entanto, nem sempre o sucesso nessa técnica é alcançado, fato que se deve principalmente às variações anatômicas. A ultrassonografia point of care (US-POC) é utilizada para auxiliar a cateterização central por visualização direta do vaso, aumentando a segurança do procedimento. Objetivo: Avaliar a prevalência das variações anatômicas de vasos femorais através da utilização da US-POC por estudantes de medicina submetidos a curto período de treinamento. Material e Métodos: Cinco estudantes de medicina, sem experiência prévia em US-POC, foram submetidos a oito horas de treinamento teórico-prático. Foram avaliados os vasos femorais de cem voluntários. Resultados: A veia femoral direita foi encontrada mais frequentemente na posição medial (43%) em relação à artéria femoral direita. À esquerda, a posição posteromedial foi a mais observada (45%).Conclusão: A técnica tradicional de punção de acesso central se baseia em marcadores anatômicos e não leva em consideração as variações anatômicas existentes. Um treinamento de curto período para uso da US-POC é capaz de capacitar o profissional para reconhecer o posicionamento real dos vasos e evitar punções inadvertidas.

Introduction: Central vein puncture is a medical procedure traditionally done following anatomical landmarks as a reference to successfully achieving the vessel. However, this traditional technique is commonly unsuccessful due to anatomical variations that may be found. Point of care ultrasonography (POC-US) is used to assist central catheterization by directly visualizing the vessel, increasing procedure security and minimizing risks. Objective: Evaluate anatomical variations prevalence in femoral vessels, utilizing POC-US, done by medical students submitted to a short period of time training in ultrasonography. Material and Methods: Five medical students, without previous experience on the use of ultrasonography, were submitted to an eight-hour theorical practical training in POC-US. The students evaluated one hundred femoral vessels of volunteers. Results: The right limb femoral vein was found more frequently in the medial position (43%) in comparison to the right limb femoral artery. On the left limb, the posteromedial position was the most found (45%). Conclusion: The insertion of a central catheter following the traditional technique is based on anatomical landmarks, and does not take into account existing anatomical variations. With a short period of training, POC-US is capable of qualifying professionals to acknowledge the real location of the vessel and avoid inadvertent punctures and complications.

Ultrasonography , Femoral Vein , Students, Medical , Blood Vessels , Punctures
Rev. enferm. UERJ ; 29: e62858, jan.-dez. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1365822


RESUMO Objetivo descrever as medidas de alívio da dor aplicadas pela equipe de enfermagem durante a punção arterial no neonato e os escores de dor no momento do procedimento. Método estudo descritivo, quantitativo, realizado entre outubro de 2018 e janeiro de 2019, em uma unidade de terapia intensiva neonatal no Noroeste do Paraná, por meio da observação não participantes de 192 punções arteriais, com respectiva mensuração dos escores de dor. O estudo foi aprovado pelo Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa com Seres Humanos. Resultados das 192 punções somente 34 foram analisadas quanto às medidas de alívio e escores de dor, os quais se mostraram elevados. As demais punções foram excluídas, devido perda da monitorização durante o procedimento. Conclusão evidenciou-se pouco uso de intervenções relacionadas ao alívio da dor por parte da equipe. O processo de observação constatou a presença de dor intensa.

RESUMEN Objetivo describir las medidas de alivio del dolor aplicadas por el equipo de enfermería durante la punción arterial en neonatos y las escalas de puntuación de dolor en el momento del procedimiento. Método estudio descriptivo, cuantitativo, realizado entre octubre de 2018 y enero de 2019, en una unidad de cuidados intensivos neonatales del noroeste de Paraná, mediante observación no participante de 192 punciones arteriales, con medición respectiva de puntuaciones de dolor. El estudio fue aprobado por el Comité de Ética para la Investigación con Seres Humanos. Resultados de las 192 punciones, solo 34 fueron analizadas en cuanto a las medidas de alivio y puntuaciones de dolor que fueron elevadas. Se excluyeron las otras punciones debido a la pérdida del monitoreo durante el procedimiento. Conclusión el equipo utilizó poco las intervenciones relacionadas con el alivio del dolor. El proceso de observación verificó la presencia de dolor intenso.

ABSTRACT Objective to describe pain relief measures applied by the nursing team during arterial puncture in neonates, and pain scores during the procedure. Method this descriptive, quantitative study was conducted between October 2018 and January 2019 at a neonatal intensive care unit in northwestern Paraná, by non-participant observation of 192 arterial punctures and measurement of the respective pain scores. The study was approved by the human research ethics committee. Results of the 192 punctures, only 34 were examined for relief measures and pain scores; the latter were found to be high. The other punctures were excluded for loss of monitoring during the procedure. Conclusion pain-relief interventions were little used by the team. The observation process found intense pain.

Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Punctures/nursing , Pain Management/nursing , Pain Management/psychology , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Neonatal Nursing , Nursing Care
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 49(3): e202, July-Sept. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1280178


Abstract Introduction: In-line positioning of an ultrasound image provides higher success rates and less time to completion for radial arterial cannulation. But preferable size and distance of ultrasound display has not been previously discussed. Objective: To assess the ideal visual distance and display size when using a smart phone or tablet as the ultrasound image display. Methods: Four smart phones or tablets were used as ultrasound displays in six different configurations in a simulated radial artery puncture. In a questionnaire, 116 anaesthesiologists working in Ibaraki Prefecture, Japan, were asked which of the six configurations was preferable for radial artery cannulation. Results: Sixty anaesthesiologists answered the questionnaire. About half (53%) preferred the smaller display (4- or 5.5-inch) fixed at a distance of 30 to 40 cm, and most of the rest (44%) preferred the larger display (7.9- or 9.7-inch) placed posterior to the probe with a visual distance of 45 to 60 cm. Conclusions: Among the anaesthesiologists, the preferable size and visual distance for ultrasound-guided radial artery cannulation varied using a smart phone or tablet for in-line display.

Resumen Introducción: El posicionamiento en línea con una imagen ecográfica permite mayores tasas de éxito y reduce el tiempo para realizar la canalización de la arteria radial. Sin embargo, no se ha hablado sobre cuál es el tamaño y la distancia preferibles para la imagen en pantalla. Objetivo: Evaluar la distancia visual y el tamaño de la imagen en pantalla cuando se utiliza un teléfono inteligente o una tableta para visualizar la imagen ecográfica. Métodos: Se utilizaron cuatro teléfonos inteligentes o tabletas como pantalla para visualizar las imágenes ecográficas en seis configuraciones distintas, en una simulación de la canalización de la arteria radial. Mediante un cuestionario se preguntó a 116 anestesiólogos que trabajan para la Prefectura de Ibaraki, Japón, cuál de las seis configuraciones era preferible para la canalización de la arteria radial. Resultados: Sesenta anestesiólogos respondieron el cuestionario. Aproximadamente la mitad (53%) prefirieron la imagen más pequeña (4 o 5,5 pulgadas), fija a una distancia de 30 a 40 cm, y la mayoría de los otros (44%) prefirieron la imagen más grande (7,9- o 9,7 pulgadas), colocada en la parte posterior al transductor, con una distancia visual de 45 a 60 cm. Conclusiones: Entre los anestesiólogos, el tamaño preferido y la distancia visual para la canalización de la arteria radial guiada por ecografía, varió utilizando un teléfono inteligente o una tableta para su visualización en línea.

Humans , Catheterization , Ultrasonography , Radial Artery , Anesthesiologists , Punctures , Prospecting Probe , Smartphone , Methods
Rev. bras. ter. intensiva ; 33(3): 434-439, jul.-set. 2021. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1347291


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar a intensidade de dor durante a punção arterial realizada em recém-nascidos internados em uma unidade de cuidados progressivos neonatais e avaliar a percepção do profissional em relação à dor neonatal. Métodos: Estudo observacional analítico, em que foram observadas 62 punções arteriais realizadas em 35 neonatos. Avaliou-se a dor durante a coleta pela escala Premature Infant Pain Profile. Os profissionais responsáveis pela coleta avaliaram a dor pela escala numérica verbal de zero a dez. Os dados foram submetidos à análise estatística descritiva por meio do programa Statistical Package for the Social Science. Resultados: Entre os recém-nascidos, 30,6% (n = 19) não tiveram dor ou tiveram dor leve (0 - 6), 24,2% (n = 15) apresentaram dor leve a moderada (7 - 11) e 45,2% (28) dor intensa (12 - 21). Constatou-se que os profissionais identificam a dor durante o procedimento. Conclusão: A punção arterial é considerada um procedimento doloroso e pode resultar em dor leve a intensa, sendo necessária a adoção de estratégias sistematizadas de avaliação, possibilitando a intervenção terapêutica adequada.

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate pain intensity during arterial puncture performed in newborns admitted to a neonatal progressive care unit and to evaluate the perception of health professionals regarding neonatal pain. Methods: This was an observational analytical study in which 62 arterial punctures were performed in 35 neonates. Pain was assessed during collection using the Premature Infant Pain Profile scale. The health professionals responsible for collection evaluated pain using a verbal numerical scale ranging from zero to ten. The data were subjected to descriptive statistical analysis using the Statistical Package for the Social Science software. Results: Among the newborns, 30.6% (n = 19) had no pain or mild pain (0 - 6), 24.2% (n = 15) had mild to moderate pain (7 - 11) and 45.2% (28) had severe pain (12 - 21). It was found that health professionals identified pain during the procedure. Conclusion: Arterial puncture is considered a painful procedure that can result in mild to severe pain. The adoption of systematic evaluation strategies is necessary to enable appropriate therapeutic intervention.

Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Pain/etiology , Punctures/adverse effects , Infant, Premature , Health Personnel , Hospitalization
Prensa méd. argent ; 107(5): 245-251, 20210000. tab, fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1359179


Antecedentes: Los quistes hidatídicos primarios pancreáticos son raros por no decir excepcional, siendo en las grandes series su incidencia apenas entre el 0,2 % al 0,3%. Lugar de Aplicación: Servicio de Cirugía General "Pablo Luis Mirizzi" del Hospital Nacional de Clínicas, Sanatorio Allende y Clínica Privada Caraffa de Córdoba. Diseño: Cooperativo, retrospectivo. Material y Método: Entre diciembre de 2000 y diciembre del 2019 han sido tratados quirúrgicamente 9 pacientes con hidatidosis primaria de páncreas, siendo 5 del sexo masculino y los cuatro restantes del sexo femenino, con una edad promedio de 39,4 años. En relación con la clínica, todos los pacientes tenían dolor abdominal, acompañado de vómitos, distensión abdominal y fiebre. En tres presentaban una masa abdominal palpable. A todos se les solicito laboratorio y pruebas de hidatidosis, destacándose en 6 de los 9 pacientes dieron positivo. Resultados: Se estudiaron a todos los pacientes con una ecografía abdominal, TC de abdomen y en un paciente una CPRMN más RMN de abdomen. Se realizaron previamente el tratamiento con abendazol antes del tratamiento quirúrgico en todos los casos. En relación con el tratamiento quirúrgico, se llevó a cabo el destechamiento y drenaje del quiste con la técnica de Mabit-Lagrot en 6 oportunidades y en 3 con la Técnica de Goinard. Conclusión: La localización de los quistes hidatídicos en el páncreas es rara. El diagnóstico se basa fundamentalmente en los estudios por imágenes, además si se correlacionan con la epidemiología y la serología hidatídica positiva. El tratamiento del quiste hidatídico de páncreas es quirúrgico.

Background: Pancreatic primary hydatic cysts are rare not to say exceptional, with their incidence in large series being only 0.2% to 0.3%. Setting: General Surgery Service "Pablo Luis Mirizzi" of the National Hospital of Clinics, Allende Sanatorium and Caraffa Clinic of Córdoba. Design: Retrospective and cooperative. Methods: Between December 2000 and December 2019, 9 patients with primary pancreatic hydatic have been treated surgically, with 5 of the male sex and the remaining four of the female sex, with an average age of 39.4 years. In relation to the clinic, all patients had abdominal pain, accompanied by vomiting, bloating and fever. In three they had a palpable abdominal mass. All were asked for laboratory and hydatic tests, highlighting in 6 of the 9 patients tested positive. Results: All patients with abdominal ultrasound, abdominal CT and a patient were studied for CPRMN plus MRI of the abdomen. Abendazole was previously treated prior to surgical treatment in all cases. In relation to surgical treatment, the traditional unroofing and drainage of the cyst was carried out with the Mabit-Lagrot technique in 6 opportunities and in 3 with the Goinard Technique. Conclusions: The location of hydatic cysts in the pancreas is rare. Diagnosis is based primarily on imaging studies, in addition if they correlate with epidemiology and positive hydatic serology. Treatment of the pancreas hydatic cyst is surgical

Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Pancreas/pathology , Pancreatic Cyst/surgery , Attitude , Punctures , Ultrasonography , Echinococcosis/therapy