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1.
Rev. colomb. reumatol ; 28(1): 57-63, ene.-mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1341361

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La púrpura de Henoch-Schönlein en el adulto es un reto diagnóstico. Su baja incidencia y su sintomatología poco específica configuran un cuadro clínico que puede pasar desapercibido en diversas ocasiones o solaparse bajo el peso de diferentes sospechas diagnósticas. La púrpura de Henoch-Schönlein no es un cuadro de espectro único. Se considera un grupo de enfermedades de manifestación heterogénea con un eje patogénico común dado por el hallazgo de inflamación de la pared en vasos de pequeño calibre mediada por complejos inmunes. Este es el caso de un paciente de 70 arios quien cursa con un cuadro compatible con púrpura de Henoch-Schönlein, de inicio tardío, caracterizada por su difícil manejo y constantes recaídas. a pesar del uso cuidadoso de las pautas terapéuticas establecidas por los consensos actuales. En este paciente se documentó, de forma concomitante, una infección por citomegalovirus que al recibir tratamiento permitió el control adecuado de síntomas. Adicionalmente, este paciente presentaba una linfocitopenia que parecía ser secundaria a la infección viral.


ABSTRACT Henoch-Schönlein purpura in the adult is a diagnostic challenge. Its low incidence and its unspecific symptomatology in this age group, establish a clinical chart that can be ignored on several occasions. Henoch-Schönlein purpura is considered a group of diseases of heterogeneous manifestation with a common pathogenic axis: the finding of inflammation of the wall of the small calibre vessels, mediated by immune complexes. The case is presented of a 70-year-old patient with a difficult to treat Henoch-Schönlein purpura, with constant relapses despite the use of the therapeutic guidelines established in the current guidelines. In this patient, a concomitant cytomegalovirus infection was documented that, after receiving treatment, allowed adequate control of symptoms. Additionally, this patient also had a lymphocytopenia that was secondary to cytomegalovirus.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Purpura, Schoenlein-Henoch , Cytomegalovirus , Diagnosis , Therapeutics , Cytomegalovirus Infections
2.
Medisur ; 19(1): 175-181, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1180842

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La vasculitis IgA, también conocida como púrpura de Schönlein-Henoch, es una vasculitis leucocitoclástica que involucra pequeños vasos con depósito de inmunocomplejos IgA. Puede abarcar piel, articulaciones, riñones y tracto gastrointestinal. Su presentación en adultos es rara, y las formas clínicas suelen ser más agresivas. Es objetivo del presente trabajo describir el curso y evolución de vasculitis IgA, en un paciente de 59 años, con púrpuras en miembros inferiores y tronco, hematuria macroscópica, y edema de miembros inferiores. Los complementarios mostraron creatininas elevadas, proteinuria de rango nefrótico, elevación de la IgA y anticuerpos contra el citoplasma de los neutrófilos negativos. Se descartaron causas neoplásicas. El estudio anatomo-patológico del riñón concluyó una vasculitis IgA.


ABSTRACT IgA vasculitis, also known as Henoch-Schönlein purpura, is a leukocytoclastic vasculitis that involves small vessels with deposition of IgA immune complexes. It can include skin, joints, kidneys, and gastrointestinal tract. Its presentation in adults is rare, and the clinical forms are usually more aggressive. The objective of this study is to describe the course and evolution of IgA vasculitis, in a 59-years-old patient, with purples in the lower limbs and trunk, macroscopic hematuria, and lower limb edema. The complementary ones showed elevated creatinines, nephrotic range proteinuria, elevated IgA and negative antibodies against the cytoplasm of neutrophils. Neoplastic causes were dismissed. The anatomical-pathological study of the kidney concluded IgA vasculitis.


Subject(s)
Male , Middle Aged , Purpura, Schoenlein-Henoch/physiopathology , Purpura, Schoenlein-Henoch/diagnostic imaging
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888484

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the effects of alfacalcidol on serum 25-(OH)D@*METHODS@#A total of 200 children with HSP were prospectively enrolled from June 2018 to June 2020. According to the random number table method, they were divided into an observation group and a control group (@*RESULTS@#After treatment, the observation group showed a significantly higher serum 25-(OH)D@*CONCLUSIONS@#Alfacalcidol can increase the serum 25-(OH)D


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Hydroxycholecalciferols , Interleukin-6 , Prospective Studies , Purpura, Schoenlein-Henoch/drug therapy
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879857

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the efficacy and safety of mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) versus cyclophosphamide (CTX) in the treatment of children with Henoch-Schönlein purpura nephritis (HSPN) and nephrotic-range proteinuria.@*METHODS@#A prospective clinical trial was conducted in 68 pediatric patients who were admitted to the Department of Nephrology, Children's Hospital Affiliated to Capital Institute of Pediatrics and who were diagnosed with HSPN and nephrotic-range proteinuria from August 2016 to November 2019. The patients were randomly divided into two groups:MMF treatment (@*RESULTS@#At months 3, 6, and 12 of treatment, there was no significant difference in the complete remission rate and the response rate between the MMF treament and CTX treatment groups (@*CONCLUSIONS@#MMF and CTX have similar efficacy and safety in the treatment of HSPN children with nephrotic-range proteinuria.


Subject(s)
Child , Cyclophosphamide/adverse effects , Humans , Immunosuppressive Agents/adverse effects , Mycophenolic Acid/adverse effects , Nephritis/drug therapy , Prospective Studies , Proteinuria/etiology , Purpura, Schoenlein-Henoch/drug therapy , Retrospective Studies
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879818

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the reasonable and effective enteral nutrition regimen for children with abdominal Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP).@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of children with abdominal HSP who were hospitalized from August 2013 to August 2018. According to the starting time of enteral nutrition after abdominal pain relief, the children were divided into three groups: < 24 hours (@*RESULTS@#The retrospective analysis showed that the children who were given extensively hydrolyzed lactoprotein formula for enteral nutrition at 24-48 hours after abdominal pain relief had a lower recurrence rate of clinical symptoms and the highest degree of satisfaction among their family members (@*CONCLUSIONS@#It is reasonable and effective to start the feeding with extensively hydrolyzed lactoprotein formula at 24-48 hours after abdominal pain relief in children with abdominal HSP.


Subject(s)
Child , Enteral Nutrition , Humans , Parenteral Nutrition , Prospective Studies , Purpura, Schoenlein-Henoch/therapy , Retrospective Studies
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879808

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the clinical effect and mechanism of total glucosides of paeony (TGP) in the adjuvant therapy for children with Henoch-Schönlein purpura nephritis (HSPN).@*METHODS@#Sixty-four HSPN children with moderate proteinuria were divided into a TGP treatment group (@*RESULTS@#Compared with the healthy children before treatment, the children with HSPN had higher proportion of Tfh cells and expression levels of IL-21 and IL-4 (@*CONCLUSIONS@#TGP has a marked clinical effect in the treatment of HSPN and can reduce the inflammatory response of the kidney and exert a protective effect on the kidney by inhibiting the proliferation of Tfh cells and downregulating the expression of IL-21 and IL-4 in plasma.


Subject(s)
Child , Glucosides/therapeutic use , Humans , Nephritis , Paeonia , Prospective Studies , Purpura, Schoenlein-Henoch/drug therapy
7.
Med. lab ; 25(3): 569-580, 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1343146

ABSTRACT

La glomerulonefritis rápidamente progresiva mediada por complejos inmunes (GMNRP II) es un síndrome clínico caracterizado por el rápido deterioro de la función renal asociado a hematuria, edemas y oliguria. Histológicamente se manifiesta como una glomerulonefritis crescéntica, con la presencia de depósitos granulares en la inmunofluorescencia. Aunque es una enfermedad rara, es grave y puede evolucionar a una enfermedad renal crónica, por lo cual es fundamental su identificación temprana. A continuación, se presenta una revisión sobre este tipo de glomerulonefritis, con énfasis en su etiología y en las opciones terapéuticas existentes en la actualidad


Rapidly progressive immune complex-mediated glomerulonephritis (RPGNMN II) is a clinical syndrome characterized by severe deterioration of renal function associated with hematuria, edema, and oliguria. It is histologically characterized as a crescentic glomerulonephritis, with the presence of granular deposits on immunofluorescence. Although it is a rare condition, it is a potentially serious disease that may progress to chronic renal disease, therefore its early identification is essential. Here we present a review of this form of glomerulonephritis, with emphasis on its etiology and the currently available therapeutic options


Subject(s)
Glomerulonephritis , Purpura , Purpura, Schoenlein-Henoch , Steroids , Biopsy , ISCOMs , Glomerulonephritis, IGA , Kidney Failure, Chronic
8.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 118(2): 139-142, abr. 2020. tab, ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1100250

ABSTRACT

Antecedentes: La púrpura de Henoch-Schönlein (PHS) es una vasculitis sistémica de vasos pequeños. El objetivo fue evaluar el índice de neutrófilos/linfocitos (INL) en sangre y el volumen plaquetario medio (VPM) en la PHS e investigar la relación con el compromiso renal y gastrointestinal.Métodos: Se incluyeron niños con PHS y controles sanos. Se evaluaron concentración de hemoglobina, recuento de leucocitos, recuento de trombocitos, INL, VPM, velocidad de sedimentación globular y proteína C-reactiva.Resultados: El INL fue significativamente mayor en los pacientes con PHS con hemorragia gastrointestinal (p < 0,001). El valor ideal de corte del INL para predecir la hemorragia gastrointestinal fue 2,05, con 93 % de sensibilidad y 62 % de especificidad. El VPM fue significativamente mayor en los pacientes con PHS con compromiso renal (p = 0,027).Conclusiones: El INL en sangre y el VPM podrían ser útiles para identificar el compromiso renal y gastrointestinal en la PHS


Background: Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) is a systemic small-vessel vasculitis that occurs mainly in children. The aim was to evaluate the blood neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and mean platelet volume (MPV) in patients with HSP and to investigate the relationship with gastrointestinal and renal involvement.Methods: Children with HSP and healthy individuals as controls were included. Hemoglobin level, white blood cell count, platelet count, NLR, MPV erythrocyte sedimentation rate and C-reactive protein were evaluated.Results: There were 71 HSP children and 74 controls. NLR was significantly higher in HSP patients with gastrointestinal bleeding than without gastrointestinal bleeding (p < 0,001). The optimal cutoff value of NLR for predicting gastrointestinal bleeding was 2.05, with 93 % sensitivity and 62 % specificity. MPV was significantly higher in HSP patients with renal involvement than without renal involvement (p = 0,027).Conclusions:Blood NLR and MPV may be useful markers to identify gastrointestinal and renal involvement in HSP patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Purpura, Schoenlein-Henoch/blood , Lymphocytes/pathology , Mean Platelet Volume , Neutrophils/pathology , Purpura, Schoenlein-Henoch/diagnosis , Retrospective Studies , Lymphocyte Count , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage , Kidney Diseases
9.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 118(1): 31-37, 2020-02-00. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1095338

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La púrpura de Schönlein-Henoch (PSH) es la vasculitis leucocitoclástica de pequeños vasos más común en la infancia. Se caracteriza por púrpura palpable y/o compromiso articular, abdominal o renal. Objetivo: Describir las características epidemiológicas, clínicas, de laboratorio y evolutivas en pacientes con PSH. Población y métodos. Estudio observacional, descriptivo, retrospectivo. Se incluyeron pacientes menores de 15 años durante el período 1/1/2008 al 31/12/2017 que cumplían con los criterios de Ankara para el diagnóstico de PSH. Resultados. Se incluyeron 339 pacientes con PSH; la distribución fue similar en ambos sexos; edad promedio de presentación: 7,02 años (± 3,02). El 78 % presentó forma típica y el 22 %, atípica, con compromiso articular previo a la aparición de la púrpura. Manifestaciones articulares: el 82 %; compromiso abdominal: el 54 %; manifestaciones renales: el 19 %. El 68 % de los pacientes que tuvieron compromiso renal lo manifestaron dentro del primer mes desde el debut. El síntoma más frecuente fue la hematuria aislada y el 22 % de los pacientes con compromiso renal presentó formas moderadas-graves de nefritis. El 15 % de los pacientes presentó recurrencia/s. Conclusión. Las manifestaciones articulares fueron más frecuentes de lo descrito en otras series y el compromiso renal fue menor. Si bien este compromiso suele manifestarse en los primeros meses de evolución, se destaca la necesidad del seguimiento de estos pacientes con controles urinarios y de tensión arterial en la evaluación pediátrica.


Introduction. Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) is the most common small vessel leukocytoclastic vasculitis during childhood. It is characterized by palpable purpura and/or joint, abdominal or renal involvement. Objective. To describe the epidemiological, clinical, laboratory, and evolutionary characteristics of patients with HSP. Population and methods. Observational, descriptive, and retrospective study. Patients younger than 15 years who met the Ankara criteria for HSP diagnosis were included in the period between 1/1/2008 and 12/31/2017.Results. A total of 339 patients with HSP were included; the male/female distribution was similar; their average age at onset was 7.02 years (± 3.02). The typical form was observed in 78 % and the atypical form, in 22 %, with joint involvement prior to purpura onset. Joint manifestations: 82 %; abdominal involvement: 54 %; renal manifestations: 19 %. Among patients with renal involvement, 68 % experienced it in the first month after onset. The most common symptom was isolated hematuria, and 22 % of patients with renal involvement had moderate to severe nephritis. Recurrences were observed in 15 % of patients. Conclusion. Joint manifestations were more common than what has been described in other series, whereas renal involvement was less common. Although it usually occurs in the first months of disease onset, it is worth noting that these patients need follow-up with urinary and blood pressure controls as part of their pediatric assessment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Purpura, Schoenlein-Henoch/epidemiology , Purpura, Schoenlein-Henoch/diagnosis , Purpura, Schoenlein-Henoch/drug therapy , Recurrence , Abdominal Pain , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Renal Insufficiency
10.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 2051-2055, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880014

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of IL-27 on Th17 cells in patients with henoch-schönlein purpura(HSP) in order to further elucidate the pathogenesis.@*METHODS@#Fifty patients with HSP treated in our hospital from April 2019 to July 2019 were selected as HSP group, and 30 volunteers underwent physical examination at the same time were selected as control group. The proportion of Th17 cells in peripheral blood of HSP group and healthy control group was determined by flow cytometry (FCM). A total of 27 HSP patients were selected, and candidate peripheral blood mononuclear lymphocytes (PBMC) were co-cultured with exogenous rhIL-27, and the ratio of Th17 cells was detected by flow cytometry.@*RESULTS@#The proportion of Th17 cells in the peripheral blood of HSP patients with acute phase was (1.57±0.54)%, which was significantly higher than that of the control group (0.86±0.40)% (t=-6.298, P<0.001), and the proportion of Th17 cells was decreased significantly after rhIL-27 co-culture (1.39%±0.52% vs 0.98%±0.44%)(P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#IL-27 can reduce the level of Th17 cells in patients with HSP, which may be involved in the pathogenic process of HSP and play a protective role in the development of the disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Interleukin-27 , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , Patients , Purpura, Schoenlein-Henoch , Th17 Cells
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828720

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the role of follicular helper T (Tfh) cells and galactose-deficient IgA1 (Gd-IgA1) in the pathogenesis of childhood Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) and the correlation between them.@*METHODS@#A total of 36 children with newly-diagnosed HSP were enrolled. They were divided into two groups: HSP nephritis (HSPN) group with 11 children and non-HSPN group with 25 children according to the presence or absence of HSPN. Another 15 children who underwent physical examination at the outpatient service were enrolled as the healthy control group. Flow cytometry was used to measure the proportion of Tfh cells (CD4CXCR5ICOS) in peripheral blood. ELISA was used to measure the levels of interleukin-21 (IL-21) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) in peripheral blood and the serum levels of IgA1 and Gd-IgA1. A Pearson correlation analysis was used to investigate the correlation of serum Gd-IgA1 concentration with Tfh cells and related factors expression in the children with HSP.@*RESULTS@#Both the HSPN and non-HSPN groups had significantly higher proportion of Tfh cells and expression levels of IL-21 and IL-6 in peripheral blood than the healthy control group (P<0.05). The HSPN group had significant increases in the above indices compared with the non-HSPN group (P<0.05). Both the HSPN and non-HSPN groups had significantly higher serum levels of IgA1 and Gd-IgA1 than the healthy control group (P<0.05). The HSPN group had significantly higher serum levels of IgA1 and Gd-IgA1 than the non-HSPN group (P<0.05). In the children with HSP, serum Gd-IgA1 level was positively correlated with Tfh cells proportion and IL-21 and IL-6 levels (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Tfh cells and related cytokines and serum Gd-IgA1 are involved in the development of HSP/HSPN. Tfh cells may mediate the increased production of Gd-IgA1.


Subject(s)
Child , Galactose , Humans , Immunoglobulin A , Purpura, Schoenlein-Henoch , Receptors, CXCR5 , T-Lymphocytes, Helper-Inducer
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774108

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the clinical effect of alanyl-glutamine-enriched nutritional support in the treatment of children with abdominal Henoch-Schönlein purpura.@*METHODS@#Children with abdominal Henoch-Schönlein purpura who needed nutritional support were enrolled and stratified according to age, sex and the severity of disease, and were randomly divided into a control group (n=118) and an enriched nutritional support group (n=107). The control group was given nutritional support without using alanyl-glutamine, while the enriched nutritional support group was given alanyl-glutamine-enriched nutritional support. Intravenous steroids were used according to the severity of disease in both groups. Other therapies were the same in the two groups. The two groups were compared in terms of the length of hospital stay, the rate and duration of use of intravenous steroids, the recurrence rate of symptoms during hospitalization, the rate of total parenteral nutrition (TPN), the rate of weight loss and the rate of fasting for more than 5 days. All patients were followed up for 3 months after discharge to monitor the recurrence of symptoms.@*RESULTS@#There were no significant differences in the length of hospital stay, the rate of TPN and the rate of fasting for more than 5 days between the two groups (P>0.05). Compared with the enriched nutritional support group, the control group showed significant increases in the rate and duration of use of intravenous steroids, the recurrence rate of symptoms and the rate of weight loss (P<0.05). After the 3-month follow-up, all the children resumed normal diet, and the recurrence rate of digestive symptoms was less than 20% in each group. Abdominal pain was the most common symptom (83.33%, 30/36), followed by vomiting and abdominal distention. No digestive hemorrhage was observed. All the symptoms were relieved after symptomatic treatment. No significant difference was found between the two groups in the recurrence rate of digestive symptoms (P=0.693).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Alanyl-glutamine-enriched nutritional support in the treatment of children with abdominal Henoch-Schönlein purpura can reduce the use of intravenous steroids and weight loss, but without impact on the length of hospital stay and post-discharge recurrence.


Subject(s)
Child , Dipeptides , Humans , Parenteral Nutrition, Total , Purpura, Schoenlein-Henoch , Recurrence
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774107

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the value of galactose-deficient IgA1 (Gd-IgA1) in the early diagnosis of Henoch-Schönlein purpura nephritis (HSPN) in children.@*METHODS@#A total of 67 hospitalized children who were definitely diagnosed with HSPN between January and April 2018 and 58 hospitalized children with Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) were enrolled in the study. Twenty children undergoing routine physical examinations served as controls. The levels of serum and urine Gd-IgA1 were determined using ELISA. The receiver operating characteristic curve was used to analyze the value of serum Gd-IgA1 and urine Gd-IgA1/urine creatinine ratio in the diagnosis of HSPN.@*RESULTS@#The level of serum Gd-IgA1 and urine Gd-IgA1/urine creatinine ratio in children with HSP or HSPN were significantly higher than those in healthy control group (P<0.01), with a significantly greater increase observed in children with HSPN (P<0.01). Serum Gd-IgA1 ≥1 485.57 U/mL and/or urine Gd-IgA1/urine creatinine ratio ≥105.74 were of favorable value in the diagnosis of HSPN. During the six-month follow-up of the 49 children with HSP, the incidence of HSPN was 47% (23/49), which included a 100% incidence in children with serum Gd-IgA1 ≥1 485.57 U/mL and a 73% incidence in children with urine Gd-IgA1/urine creatinine ratio ≥105.74.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Serum and urine Gd-IgA1 is of favorable clinical value in the early diagnosis of HSPN.


Subject(s)
Child , Early Diagnosis , Galactose , Glomerulonephritis, IGA , Humans , Immunoglobulin A , Purpura, Schoenlein-Henoch
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773683

ABSTRACT

To preliminarily investigate the effect of Tripterygium Glycosides Tablets( TGT) combined with traditional Chinese medicine( TCM) on the fertility and female menstruation on persons who have took during childhood. The children with henoch-schonlein purpura( HSP) or henoch-schonlein purpura nephritis( HSPN) who treated with TGT under 18 years old and now older than 18 years old( including 18 years old) during January 1998 to December 2010 were selected in our research. The content of follow-up visit included marriage,marriage age,fertility and child health; and unmarried female patients were asked whether they had menstrual abnormalities. The data of the unmarried female patients,including age,clinical classification,TCM syndrome type,initial dose and other related factors that may affect menstrual cycle,was analyzed by using binary logistic regression analysis. A total of 195 patients who met the criteria were followed up in this study,and 26 patients married for more than 1 year. Among the 26 married patients,1 HSP patient had no birth planning due to rheumatoid arthritis,and the remaining 25 patients all had given birth or were pregnant. The 169 unmarried patients included 89 female patients. Among the 89 female patients,4 cases refused to tell the menstrual situations,72 cases had normal menstruation( 84. 7%),13 cases had abnormal menstruation( 15. 3%),and there was no case of amenorrhea. Logistic regression analysis results showed that the age,clinical classification,TCM syndrome type and initial dose had no correlation with abnormal menstruation. Our results demonstrated that TGT has no effect on adulthood fertility among patients who took TGT combined with traditional Chinese medicine during childhood.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Female , Fertility , Glycosides , Pharmacology , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Purpura, Schoenlein-Henoch , Drug Therapy , Tablets , Tripterygium , Chemistry
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771873

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the efficacy of disease control, survival time and safely in treatment of newly diagnosed multiple mycloma patients with different dose of tenalidomide regimens.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 116 patients with multiple myeloma from June 2011 to June 2015 were collected and analyzed retrospectively. According to doses of used lenalidomide based on dexamethasone plus lenalidomide regimen 116 patients were divided into 2 groups: conventional dose group (58 cases) and low dose group (58 cases). The ORR, PFS rate and OS rate during followed-up for 3 years, KPS score, RNS score and immunophenotypic index before and after treatment and drug toxicity incidence were compared between 2 groups.@*RESULTS@#The ORR for 2 treatment courses of low dose group was significantly lower than that in conventienal dose group (P<0.05). The ORR for 4 and 6 treatment courses was not significantly different between 2 groups (P>0.05). The PFS rate and OS rate during followed-up for 3 years was no significantly different between 2 groups (P>0.05). The KPS score and RNS score after treatment of low dose group were significantly better than those in conventional dose group and before treatment (P<0.05). The levels of immunophenotypic index after treatment of both groups were significantly better than those before treatment (P<0.05). The incidence of III-IV grade hematological toxicity, pulmonary infection and herpes were not significantly different between 2 groups (P>0.05). The incidence of peripheral neuropathy and gastrointestinal reactions in the low dose group were significantly lower than that in conventional dose group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Conventional and low doses of lenalidomide possess the same control effects and survival time for treatment of newly dingnosed patients with multiple myeloma; Despite, the initiation of effects from the low dose lenalidomide is relatively slower, it contributes to raise the overall quality of life and reduce the risk of drug toxicity.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Blood Coagulation , Child , Dexamethasone , Humans , Multiple Myeloma , Purpura, Schoenlein-Henoch , Quality of Life , Retrospective Studies , Thalidomide , Thrombelastography , Treatment Outcome
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771868

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the coagulation function of children with Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) by thromboelastography (TEG) and conventional coagulation tests (CCTs), and to explore the correlation and consistency of the 2 test methods.@*METHODS@#A total of 468 children with HSP were selected from January 2017 to December 2017 in Beijing Children's Hospital, Capital Medical University. The TEG and CCTs data were analyzed to evaluate coagulation function of children with HSP, meanwhile, the coagulation results were analysed the superiority of the 2 test methods was compared by Pearson correlation and Kappa consistency analysis.@*RESULTS@#There were no clinically significant abnormalities practically in HSP children by TEG and CCTs analysis, except for D-dimer level was elevated (t=9.15, P<0.001). There were no significant changes for coagulation data from, sex comparison of HSP children (P>0.05 all), but the coagulation reaction time (R), blood clot formation time (K), α-Angle, CI value, fibrinogen, D-dimer and anti-thrombin III in HSP children with different age groups showed difference (P<0.05 all), and the blood in children aged 0-2 years old tended to be hypercoagulable. The TEG indexes demonstrated no significant difference in coagulation function of children with HSP each other (P>0.05). However, CCTs data showed that the blood in children with severe kidney involvement were hypercoagulable. Comparision results of the correlation and consistency of TEG and CCTs in detecting coagulation function of HSP children showed that R was weakly correlated with prothrombin time (PT), International Normalized Ratio (INR) and activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT). There were weak correlation between K, α-Angle and Fib (0.1<|r|<0.4 all). There was no obvious consistency between them each other (kappa<0.4 all).@*CONCLUSION@#The overall changes in coagulation function in children with HSP are not obvious, but the hyperfibrinolysis in hypercoagulable state may exists. Furthermore, younger age and severe kidney involvement may cause hypercoagulation in HSP children. The weakly correlation and consistency of TEG and CCTs in detecting coagulation function of HSP children are furtherly confirmation, and the 2 test methods may be irreplaceable.


Subject(s)
Blood Coagulation , Blood Coagulation Tests , Child, Preschool , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Purpura, Schoenlein-Henoch , Retrospective Studies , Thrombelastography
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776656

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the association between suppressor of cytokine signaling (SOCS) hypomethylation and T helper 17 (Th17) cell/regulatory T (Treg) cell imbalance in children with Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) and the immune pathogenesis of HSP.@*METHODS@#A total of 32 children in the acute stage of HSP who were hospitalized from May 2014 to January 2015 were enrolled as subjects, and 28 children who underwent physical examination were enrolled as normal control group. ELISA was used to measure the plasma level of interleukin-6 (IL-6). Flow cytometry was used to measure the percentages of CD4 IL-17A T cells (Th17 cells) and CD4CD25 Treg cells (Treg cells) in peripheral blood and mean fluorescence intensity (MFI) for phosphorylated-STAT3 (pSTAT3) protein in CD4 T cells. Quantitative real-time PCR was used to measure the mRNA expression of suppressor of cytokine signaling-1 (SOCS1) and suppressor of cytokine signaling-3 (SOCS3) in CD4 T cells. High-resolution melting (HRM) was used to evaluate the methylation level of the CpG islands in SOCS1 exon 2 and the CpG islands of the potential bind sites for STAT3 in the 5'-untranslated region (5'-UTR) of SOCS3 in peripheral blood mononucleated cells.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the normal control group, the HSP group had significant increases in plasma IL-6 concentration and MFI for pSTAT3 in CD4 T cells, as well as a significant increase in the percentage of Th17 cells and a significant reduction in the percentage of Treg cells (P<0.05). The HSP group had significantly higher mRNA expression of SOCS1 and SOCS3 in peripheral blood mononucleated cells than the normal control group (P<0.05). In the HSP group, the mRNA expression of SOCS1 and SOCS3 was negatively correlated with Th17/Treg ratio (P<0.05). The HSP group had hypomethylation of the CpG islands in SOCS1 exon 2 and the potential binding site for STAT3 in SOCS3 5'-UTR, while the normal control group had complete demethylation.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Low relative expression of SOCS1 and SOCS3 caused by hypomethylation may be a factor for Th17/Treg imbalance in children with HSP.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Interleukin-6 , Lymphocyte Count , Purpura, Schoenlein-Henoch , Suppressor of Cytokine Signaling Proteins , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory , Th17 Cells
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775075

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the clinical effect and safety of double filtration plasmapheresis (DFPP) combined with double pulse therapy with methylprednisolone (MP) and cyclophosphamide (CTX) in the treatment of children with severe Henoch-Schönlein purpura nephritis (HSPN).@*METHODS@#A total of 60 children with severe HSPN who were admitted to the hospital from January 2014 to March 2018 were enrolled and were randomly divided into an observation group and a control group (n=30 each). In addition to routine treatment, the children in the control group were given MP+CTX pulse therapy. Those in the observation group were given DFPP treatment in addition to the treatment in the control group, with three courses of treatment in total. After three courses of treatment, the two groups were compared in terms of 24-hour urinary protein, urinary microproteins, renal function parameters, adverse reactions, and clinical outcome.@*RESULTS@#After three courses of treatment, the observation group had significantly greater reductions in 24-hour urinary protein, urinary albumin, urinary immunoglobulin G, urinary β2-microglobulin, serum creatinine, and blood urea nitrogen than the control group (P0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Compared with MP+CTX pulse therapy alone in the treatment of severe HSPN in children, DFPP combined with MP+CTX pulse therapy can further alleviate renal injury and improve clinical outcome and does not increase the incidence rate of adverse reactions.


Subject(s)
Child , Glucocorticoids , Humans , Immunosuppressive Agents , Nephritis , Plasmapheresis , Purpura, Schoenlein-Henoch
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775074

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the role of gamma-delta T (γδ T) cells and its subsets in the immunopathogenesis of Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) in children, and to provide new ideas for the treatment of HSP in children from the aspect of γδ T cell regulation.@*METHODS@#A total of 33 children with HSP were enrolled as the HSP group, and 21 healthy children were enrolled as the healthy control group. The percentages of γδ T cells and its subsets Vδ1 T and Vδ2 T cells among peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were measured, as well as the apoptosis rate of γδ T cell and plasma level of interleukin-17 (IL-17).@*RESULTS@#Compared with the healthy control group, the HSP group had significantly lower percentages of lymphocytes in PBMCs and Vδ2 T cells in γδ T cells (P<0.05). The HSP group had significantly higher percentage of Vδ1 T cells in γδ T cells and plasma level of IL-17 than the healthy control group. The HSP group had a significantly higher overall apoptosis rate of γδ T cells than the healthy control group (P<0.05), especially early apoptosis. The percentage of Vδ2 T cells was positively correlated with overall apoptosis rate (r=0.615, P<0.05) and was negatively correlated with IL-17 level (r=-0.398, P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Vδ1/Vδ2 T cell immune imbalance mediated by γδ T cells and over-activation of IL-17 may be involved in the development of HSP, among which the disturbance of immune tolerance induced by Vδ2 T cells plays an important role in the pathophysiology of the disease.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , Purpura, Schoenlein-Henoch , Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell, gamma-delta , T-Lymphocytes
20.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 52(7): e8222, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011591

ABSTRACT

Monoclonal gammopathy of renal significance (MGRS) can present with different morphologic features and lead to kidney failure. The Henoch-Schönlein purpura nephritis (HSPN) that cannot be relieved by treatment with glucocorticoid and immunosuppressive agents suggests the presence of monoclonal gammopathy in adult patients. The present study reports on a single case of HSPN associated with IgA-κMGRS. The patient who suffered from recurrent skin purpura for 6 months and nephrotic syndrome for 2 months was admitted to our hospital. Bone marrow biopsy showed monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance. Kidney biopsy indicated a Henoch-Schönlein purpura nephritis (HSPN, ISKDC classified as type III) with positive staining with κ-light chain in the glomeruli and renal tubular epithelial cells. Furthermore, skin biopsy showed leukocytoclastic vasculitis and negative staining for Congo red and light chain. Given both the renal and cutaneous involvement, the patient was considered to have HSPN associated with IgA-κMGRS. The patient experienced an exacerbation in his purpura-like lesions and clinical status after treatment with glucocorticoid and immunosuppressive agents. Consequently, the patient was put on a regimen that included dexamethasone (20 mg on the 1st, 4th, 8th, and 11th days of each month, iv) and bortezomib (2.4 mg on the 1st, 4th, 8th, and 11th days of each month, iv). Eight weeks after treatment, he had complete resolution of his cutaneous purpura and his biochemical parameters improved. The latent presence of MGRS in cases of HSPN should be considered in adult patients. Increased cognizance and correct treatment options could improve patient outcomes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Paraproteinemias/etiology , Purpura, Schoenlein-Henoch/complications , Nephritis/complications , Paraproteinemias/pathology , Paraproteinemias/drug therapy , Purpura, Schoenlein-Henoch/pathology , Purpura, Schoenlein-Henoch/drug therapy , Glucocorticoids/administration & dosage , Immunosuppressive Agents/administration & dosage , Nephritis/pathology , Nephritis/drug therapy
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