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1.
Hematol., Transfus. Cell Ther. (Impr.) ; 45(1): 83-89, Jan.-Mar. 2023. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1421561

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate the efficacy and safety of romiplostim (thrombopoietin-receptor agonist) in the treatment of pediatric immune thrombocytopenia (ITP). Methods Searches were conducted in MEDLINE, EMBASE, LILACS, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials and ClinicalTrials.gov (from January 2011 to August 2021). Randomized controlled trials (RCTs), double-blind, comparing romiplostim with a placebo in pediatric persistent or chronic ITP were included. The primary outcome was the overall response rate (platelets ≥ 50 × 109/L) in the absence of rescue therapy for at least two consecutive weeks. The secondary endpoints were the minimization of clinically significant bleeding and the necessity for rescue treatments and the maximization of safety (incidence of overall adverse events) and durable response (maintaining platelet counts for at least twelve weeks). Results Two double-blind randomized placebo-controlled trials (84 participants) were included in this systematic review. Our data showed that, compared to the placebo group, the proportion of patients achieving durable platelet response was significantly higher in the romiplostim group (p= 0.003, RR = 6.34, 95%CI = 1.89 - 21.23), as was the overall response in the romiplostim group (p= 0.002, RR = 3.62, 95%CI = 1.63 - 8.03). Significant bleeding incidents (p= 0.49), overall adverse events (p= 0.71) and the need for rescue treatment (p= 0.13) were not statistically different between the romiplostim and placebo groups. Conclusions Romiplostim might improve both durable and overall platelet response in children and adolescents with ITP, compared to a placebo. More clinical trials are needed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of romiplostim and to compare it with other second-line treatments that are being used in pediatric ITP.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic , Receptors, Thrombopoietin , Child , Adolescent
2.
Hematol., Transfus. Cell Ther. (Impr.) ; 45(1): 58-65, Jan.-Mar. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1421566

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Phagocytosis of autoantibody-sensitized coated platelets through Fc gamma receptors on phagocytic cells is an important mechanism of thrombocytopenia in primary immune thrombocytopenia (ITP). Objective We aimed to investigate the contribution of the FcγRIIa and FcγRIIIa genes polymorphism to the risk of ITP and their association with disease characteristics in Egyptian children. Methods A case control study was conducted on eighty children with primary ITP and eighty age and sex healthy matched subjects as a control group. The FcγRIIa and FcγRIIIa genes polymorphism was detected using the polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP). Results We found that the FcγRIIa‐131H and ‐131R allele frequencies were 51.3 % and 48.7%, respectively, in children with ITP, versus 75% and 25%, respectively, in controls (p= 0.002). The compound heterozygous HR genotype was significantly higher in ITP patients (p < 0.05). The FcγRIIIa-158F and ‐158V allele frequencies were 46.3% and 53.7%, respectively, in children with ITP, versus 70% and 30%, respectively, in controls (p= 0.002). The compound heterozygous VF genotype was significantly higher in ITP patients (p < 0.05). The combined HR/FV genotype was 47.5% in ITP patients, versus 10% in controls (p < 0.001). No significant difference was found between children with newly diagnosed ITP and those who developed chronic ITP, regarding the frequency distribution of the FcγRIIa and FcγRIIIa alleles and genotypes (p > 0.05). Conclusion There is a possible association of the FcγRIIa and FcγRIIIa genes polymorphism with the risk for, and genetic susceptibility to ITP in Egyptian children, but large-scale studies are still needed to support our findings.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Thrombocytopenia , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic , Phagocytes , Polymorphism, Genetic , Receptors, IgG
3.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 616-620, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982106

ABSTRACT

Immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) is an immune-mediated acquired hemorrhagic autoimmune disease. At present, the first-line therapeutic drugs for ITP include glucocorticoids and intravenous immunoglobulins. However, about 1/3 of the patients had no response to the first-line treatment, or relapsed after dose reduction or withdrawal of glucocorticoids. In recent years, with the gradual deepening of the understanding on the pathogenesis of ITP, the drugs targeting different pathogenesis continually emerge, including immunomodulators, demethylating agents, spleen tyrosine kinase (SYK) inhibitors and neonatal Fc receptor (FcRn) antagonist. However, most of these drugs are in clinical trials. This review summarized briefly the recent advances in the treatment of glucocorticoids resistance and relapsed ITP, so as to provide reference for the clinical treatments.


Subject(s)
Infant, Newborn , Humans , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic/drug therapy , Glucocorticoids/therapeutic use , Thrombocytopenia , Immunoglobulins, Intravenous/therapeutic use , Immunologic Factors/therapeutic use
4.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 593-597, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982101

ABSTRACT

SARS-CoV-2-induced immune thrombocytopenia (SARS-CoV-2-induced ITP) is an autoimmune disease secondary to virus infections. Its diagnosis is often based on exclusion of other possible causes of thrombocytopenia in COVID-19 patients. Common laboratory examinations include coagulation function, thrombopoietin and drug-dependent antibodies. Since both bleeding and thrombosis risks are seen in SARS-CoV-2-induced ITP patients, individual remedy is essential for the treatment of this disease. Because thrombopoietin receptor agonist(TPO-RA) has the side effect of accelerating thrombosis and may aggravate the pulmonary embolism symptoms of patients, it should be used for refractory SARS-CoV-2-induced ITP patients only. This review briefly summarizes the recent research progress in the pathogenesis, diagnosis and treatment of SARS-CoV-2-induced ITP.


Subject(s)
Humans , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic/drug therapy , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19/complications , Thrombocytopenia , Thrombosis/drug therapy , Thrombopoietin/therapeutic use , Recombinant Fusion Proteins/therapeutic use
5.
Hematol., Transfus. Cell Ther. (Impr.) ; 45(2): 196-203, Apr.-June 2023. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1448348

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction The Evans syndrome (ES) is a rare, often chronic, relapsing and treatment-refractory hematological disorder. We described the clinical features, diagnostic workup, treatment and outcome in patients with ES. Method We performed a retrospective chart review of patients aged < 18 years with ES admitted to a tertiary center in Brazil from 2001 to 2021. The analysis of the data was primarily descriptive, using median, interquartile range and categorical variables presented in absolute frequencies. Main results Twenty patients (12 female, 8 male) were evaluated in this study. The median age at the initial cytopenia was 4.98 years (1.30-12.57). The ES was secondary in nine cases (45%), of which six patients (30%) showed autoimmune disease (AID) or primary immunodeficiencies (PID) and one presented a spontaneous recovery. Steroids and intravenous immunoglobulin were first-line therapy in 19 cases. Twelve patients (63%) required second-line treatments (rituximab, cyclosporine, splenectomy, sirolimus, cyclophosphamide, mycophenolate mofetil, azathioprine and eltrombopag). The median follow-up period was 2.41 years (1.4 -7.52). One patient (5%) died of underlying neuroblastoma, one case (5%) was lost to follow-up and four patients (20%) received a medical discharge. The median age for the 14 remaining cases was 12.6 years. Twelve patients (85.7%) were in complete response (CR) with no therapies. Two patients (14.3%) were in CR with chronic therapy. Conclusion As ES may be a symptom of AID and PID, a thorough rheumatological, immunologic and genetic workup and a careful follow-up are essential. The second-line treatment remains a dilemma. Further prospective studies are needed to address the optimal therapeutic combinations, morbidity and mortality in this disorder.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic , Anemia, Hemolytic, Autoimmune , Pediatrics , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic
6.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 43-47, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969706

ABSTRACT

Objective: To report the clinical manifestations and laboratory features of five patients with congenital thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (cTTP) and explore its standardized clinical diagnosis and treatment along with a review of literature. Methods: Clinical data of patients, such as age of onset, disease manifestation, personal history, family history, and misdiagnosed disease, were collected. Treatment outcomes, therapeutic effects of plasma infusion, and organ function evaluation were observed. The relationship among the clinical manifestations, treatment outcomes, and ADAMTS13 gene mutation of patients with cTTP was analyzed. Additionally, detection of ADAMTS13 activity and analysis of ADAMTS13 gene mutation were explored. Results: The age of onset of cTTP was either in childhood or adulthood except in one case, which was at the age of 1. The primary manifestations were obvious thrombocytopenia, anemia, and different degrees of nervous system involvement. Most of the patients were initially suspected of having immune thrombocytopenia. Acute cTTP was induced by pregnancy and infection in two and one case, respectively. ADAMTS13 gene mutation was detected in all cases, and there was an inherent relationship between the mutation site, clinical manifestations, and degree of organ injury. Therapeutic or prophylactic plasma transfusion was effective for treating cTTP. Conclusions: The clinical manifestations of cTTP vary among individuals, resulting in frequent misdiagnosis that delays treatment. ADAMTS13 activity detection in plasma and ADAMTS13 gene mutation analysis are important bases to diagnose cTTP. Prophylactic plasma transfusion is vital to prevent the onset of the disease.


Subject(s)
Female , Pregnancy , Humans , Adult , Blood Component Transfusion , Plasma , Purpura, Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic/therapy , Mutation , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic , ADAMTS13 Protein/therapeutic use
7.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 32-37, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969704

ABSTRACT

Objective: To determine the efficacy of eltrombopag for primary immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) in adults and the predictive factors for treatment-free response (TFR) . Methods: Clinical data of adults with ITP who received eltrombopag from June 14, 2013 to May 31, 2021 in the Hematology Department of Ruijin Hospital affiliated with Shanghai Jiao Tong University Medical College were retrospectively analyzed. The initial dose of eltrombopag was 25 mg/d, and the maximum dose was 75 mg/d; the dose was adjusted to maintain the platelet count to within 50-150×10(9)/L. Treatment was discontinued according either to the protocol, on the patient's wishes or doctor's judgment (prescription medication), or based on clinical trials. The efficacy of eltrombopag and factors for TFR among patients who achieved complete response and those who discontinued treatment were analyzed. Results: Overall, 106 patients with ITP (33 men and 73 women) were included in the study. The median age of patients was 50 (18-89) years. There were 2, 10, and 94 cases of newly diagnosed, persistent, and chronic ITP, respectively. The complete response rate was 44.3% (47/106), the response rate was 34.0% (36/106), and the overall response rate was 78.3% (83/106). Meanwhile, 83 patients who responded to treatment discontinued eltrombopag; of these, 81 patients were evaluated. Additionally, 17 patients (21.0%) achieved TFR. The median follow-up duration of patients who achieved TFR was 126 (30-170) weeks. The recurrence rate was 17.6% (3/17), and the relapse-free survival rate was 76.5%. The results of univariate analysis revealed that non-recurrence after discontinuation of other treatments for ITP (P=0.001), and platelet count and eltrombopag dose of ≥100×10(9)/L (P=0.007) and ≤25 mg/d (P=0.031), respectively, upon discontinuation of eltrombopag were predictors of TFR; these effects were attributed to prolonged effective duration of eltrombopag. Multivariate analysis showed that there was a correlation between non-recurrence and prolonged effective duration after discontinuation of other treatments for ITP (P=0.002) . Conclusion: Eltrombopag is effective for patients with ITP as it can result in TFR. Predictors for TFR include non-recurrence after discontinuation of concomitant ITP treatment, and platelet count and eltrombopag dose of ≥100 × 10(9)/L and ≤25 mg/d upon discontinuation of treatment, respectively.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Adult , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic/diagnosis , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , China/epidemiology , Benzoates/therapeutic use
8.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 413-417, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984638

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the efficacy and adverse reactions of a combination therapy regimen based on bortezomib and glucocorticoids in recurrent/refractory immune thrombocytopenic purpura (iTTP) . Methods: Six patients with recurrent/refractory TTP were included and treated with a glucocorticoid and two courses of bortezomib-based regimen. The clinical remission status of patients, changes in ADAMTS13 activity/ADAMTS13 inhibitor, and the occurrence of treatment-related adverse reactions were observed. Results: Of the 6 patients, 2 were males and 4 were females, with a median age of 21.5 (18-68) years. Refractory TTP was found in 1 case and recurrent TTP in 5 cases. Glucocorticoids were administered with reference to prednisone at 1 mg·kg(-1)·d(-1), and gradually reduced in dosage after achieving clinical remission. Bortezomib is subcutaneously administered at 1.3 mg/m(2) on days 1, 4, 8, and 11 with a 28-day treatment course consisting of 2 courses. Six patients achieved clinical remission after receiving bortezomib as the main treatment. ADMATS13 activity returned to normal in all patients with TTP after treatment, and the ADAMTS13 inhibitor turned negative. Thrombocytopenia is the most common adverse reaction after treatment, with other adverse reactions, including peripheral neuritis and abdominal pain, but ultimately all patients returned to normal. In a median follow-up of 26 (9-41) months, 5 patients maintained sustained remission, and 1 patient relapsed after 16 months of bortezomib treatment. Conclusion: Combination therapy of bortezomib and glucocorticoids has a satisfactory therapeutic effect and controllable adverse reactions for recurrent/refractory iTTP.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Bortezomib/therapeutic use , Glucocorticoids/therapeutic use , Rituximab/therapeutic use , Purpura, Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic/drug therapy , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic/drug therapy , ADAMTS13 Protein/therapeutic use
9.
Rev. peru. med. exp. salud publica ; 39(1): 111-114, ene.-mar. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1389936

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Durante la infección aguda por el SARVS-CoV-2 se produce una desregulación del sistema inmune que puede durar hasta ocho meses después de controlado el cuadro agudo. Esto, sumado a otros factores, posiblemente este asociado con un aumento del riesgo de aparición y concurrencia de enfermedades autoinmunes. La aparición simultanea del síndrome de Guillain-Barré (SGB) y púrpura trombocitopénica (PTI) se ha reportado poco en la literatura, y el SGB raramente se asocia con otra enfermedad autoinmune. Presentamos el caso de un varón que luego de un mes de tener un cuadro agudo de COVID-19 moderado, presentó concurrentemente SGB y PTI con respuesta adecuada al tratamiento.


ABSTRACT During acute SARS-CoV-2 infection, there is persistent deregulation of the immune system that can last up to 8 months after the acute condition is controlled. This, added to other factors, is possibly associated with an increased risk of the appearance and concurrence of autoimmune diseases. The simultaneous occurrence of GBS and ITP has been rarely reported in the literature, and GBS is rarely associated with another autoimmune disease. We present the case of a man who, one month after his recovery from acute moderate COVID-19, presented concurrent GBS and ITP with an adequate response to treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic , Guillain-Barre Syndrome , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19 , Autoimmune Diseases , Thrombocytopenia , Autoimmunity , Autoimmune Diseases of the Nervous System , Demyelinating Autoimmune Diseases, CNS
10.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 237-243, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928700

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the role of relationship between the expression of miRNA181a-5p and imbalance of Treg/Th17 in the pathogenesis of primary immune thrombocytopenia(ITP), which contributes to clarify the mechanism of T cell immune imbalance in ITP patients.@*METHODS@#Peripheral blood was collected from 37 ITP patients, concluding 21 untreated patients and 16 effectively treated patients, and 19 healthy controls; Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) were isolated and the expression of miRNA181a-5p and Notch1 was analyzed by RT-PCR. The proportion of Th17 subsets and Treg cells in the peripheral circulation was detected by flow cytometer (FCM). Clinical data of ITP group was collected, including age, platelet count and disease course.@*RESULTS@#The expression of miR-181a-5p was significantly decreased in ITP group than that of healthy control group (P<0.01). After effective treatment, the expression of miR-181a-5p was significantly higher than that of ITP group (P<0.05), but still significantly lower than that of healthy control group (P<0.01); The expression of Notch1 was significantly increased in ITP group and effectively treated group than that of healthy control group (P<0.01). There was no significant difference in proportion of Treg cells in ITP group, effectively treated group and healthy control group (P>0.05). The proportion of Th17 subsets in ITP group was significantly increased than that of healthy control group (P<0.05), while the ratio of Treg/Th17 was significantly decreased (P<0.05). There was a positive correlation between the expression of miR-181a-5p and ratio of Treg/Th17 in ITP group (r=0.555).@*CONCLUSION@#The expression of miR-181a-5p is significantly decreased in ITP patients, which is closely related to the imbalance of Treg/Th17 cells. After effective treatment, the expression of miR-181a-5p can be significantly corrected, but still failed to reach the level of healthy people. While the expression of Notch1 is significantly increased in ITP patients, and could not reach the level of healthy people after effective treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , Platelet Count , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory , Th17 Cells
11.
Clin. biomed. res ; 42(4): 407-409, 2022.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1516685

ABSTRACT

Immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP), an autoimmune disorder, has been documented as a result of SARS-CoV-2 infection and a vaccination side effect. The COVID-19 pandemic has led to the creation of CoronaVac vaccine and has been widely administered in Brazil.Patient, in the case, is an 82-years-old female who received the vaccine two days before an acute episode of gingivorrhagia and diffuse cutaneous petechiae. Other exams were made to look for other causes of secondary thrombocytopenia and all the results were normal. The patient showed improvement on the platelet levels three day after the beginning of the treatment with high dosage methylprednisolone.Knowing that other kinds of vaccine can generate ITP, the SARS-CoV-2 vaccine could be related to the symptoms.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged, 80 and over , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic/diagnosis , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic/therapy , COVID-19 Vaccines/adverse effects , Methylprednisolone/therapeutic use , COVID-19/prevention & control
12.
Clin. biomed. res ; 42(2): 176-185, 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1391647

ABSTRACT

Helicobacter pylori, uma bactéria gram-negativa, desde 1984 vem sendo associada às doenças gástricas. A partir da década de 1990, surgiram crescentes relatos indicando a relação da infecção com manifestações extragástricas. Nesse sentido, o objetivo do estudo foi investigar, através de uma revisão integrativa, as evidências relacionadas à H. pylori e a presença de doenças hematológicas, focando na anemia por deficiência de ferro (ADF) e na púrpura trombocitopênica idiopática (PTI). Bases de dados foram consultadas com as palavras-chave e descritores Helicobacter pylori, Doenças extragástricas, Doenças hematológicas, Anemia ferropriva e Púrpura Trombocitopênica Idiopática, nos idiomas inglês, português e espanhol, combinados com o operador booleano "AND". Após a leitura de 1.964 títulos, 85 artigos atendiam aos critérios de inclusão. Com a exclusão dos artigos duplicados e pela análise dos resumos, 62 trabalhos foram selecionados e lidos na íntegra. Por fim, 27 estudos foram incluídos: 13 relacionados à ADF e 77% deles encontraram associação com H. pylori, e 14 relacionados à PTI, nos quais a relação com a bactéria foi encontrada em 93%. As evidências que associam essas doenças hematológicas com H. pylori são expressivas, portanto, mais estudos são necessários para elucidar os mecanismos relacionados e contribuir para prevenção, diagnóstico e tratamento mais eficazes.


Helicobacter pylori is a gram-negative bacterium that has been associated with gastric diseases since 1984. Since the 1990s, there have been increasing reports indicating that the infection may also be associated with extragastric manifestations. This integrative review aimed to investigate the evidence on the relationship between H. pylori and hematological diseases, specifically iron deficiency anemia (IDA) and idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP). Databases were searched for the keywords "Helicobacter pylori," "extragastric diseases," "hematologic diseases," "iron deficiency anemia," and "idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura" in English, Portuguese, and Spanish, combined with the boolean operator "AND." The search yielded 1,964 studies. After reading the titles, only 85 met the inclusion criteria. Sixty-two studies were selected for full-text reading after exclusion of duplicates and abstract analysis. Finally, 27 studies were included in this review. Thirteen studies addressed IDA, among which 77% found an association with H. pylori; whereas 14 studies addressed ITP, among which 93% found a relationship with H. pylori. There is strong evidence supporting the association between hematologic diseases and H. pylori. Further studies are needed to elucidate the mechanisms involved in this relationship, contributing to more effective prevention, diagnosis, and treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Helicobacter pylori , Helicobacter Infections/complications , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic/virology , Anemia, Iron-Deficiency/virology
13.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 832-835, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939696

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the efficacy and safety of recombinant human thrombopoietin (rhTPO) combined with glucocorticoid in treatment of newly diagnosed adult primary immune thrombocytopenia (ITP).@*METHODS@#Eleven male and 23 female patients with the diagnosis of primary ITP in our hospital from November 2018 to October 2019 were enrolled and randomly divided into test group (17 cases) and control group (17 cases), the median age was 52 years old (range: 20-76 years old). The patients in test group were treated with rhTPO 300 IU/(kg·d) combined with glucocorticoid , while the patients in control group were treated with rhTPO (15 000 IU/d) combined with glucocorticoid. Platelet count, platelet increase, as well as the overall response rate were compared. At the same time, the drug tolerance and any adverse drug reactions were observed.@*RESULTS@#The platelet counts and platelet increase of the patients in the test group were significantly higher than those in control group (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in platelet counts and platelet increase between the patients in the test group and control group at day 3, 7 after treatment. There was no significant difference in overall response rates and complete response rates at day 7, 14 between the two groups either. In test group, there were 13 cases received platelet transfusion, while 12 cases in control group. The muscle aches occurred in one patient, and mild aminotransferase increased in another patient in test group which was self-recovery without treatment.@*CONCLUSION@#RhTPO 300 U/(kg·d) combined with glucocorticoid could rapidly increase the platelet count with a low incidence of tolerable adverse events compared with conventional dose rhTPO with glucocorticoid.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Glucocorticoids/therapeutic use , Platelet Count , Platelet Transfusion , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic/drug therapy , Recombinant Proteins/therapeutic use , Thrombopoietin/therapeutic use
14.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 687-692, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939649

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To examine the expression of serum thyroglobulin antibody (TGAb) and thyroid peroxidase antibody (TPOAb) in children with immune thrombocytopenia (ITP).@*METHODS@#A total of 120 children with ITP who were admitted from October 2019 to October 2021 were enrolled as the ITP group. A total of 60 children without ITP were enrolled as the non-ITP group. According to the clinical classification of ITP, the children in the ITP group were further divided into a newly diagnosed ITP group, a persistent ITP group, and a chronic ITP group. The clinical data were compared between the ITP group and the non-ITP group and between the children with different clinical classifications of ITP. The expression levels of serum TGAb and TPOAb in children with ITP were measured and their association with the clinical classification of ITP was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the non-ITP group, the ITP group had significantly lower levels of CD3+, CD4+, and platelet count (PLT) and significantly higher levels of CD8+, TGAb, and TPOAb (P<0.05). The children with chronic ITP had significantly lower levels of CD3+, CD4+, and PLT and significantly higher levels of CD8+, TGAb, and TPOAb than those with newly diagnosed ITP or persistent ITP (P<0.05). The logistic regression analysis showed that CD3+, CD4+, CD8+, TGAb, and TPOAb were the influencing factors for chronic ITP (P<0.05). A decision curve was plotted, and the results showed that TGAb combined with TPOAb within the high-risk threshold range of 0.0-1.0 had a net benefit rate of >0 in evaluating the clinical classification of ITP in children.@*CONCLUSIONS@#TGAb and TPOAb are abnormally expressed in children with ITP and are associated with the clinical classification of ITP in children.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Autoantibodies , Iodide Peroxidase , Platelet Count , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic , Thrombocytopenia , Thyroglobulin
15.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 411-416, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928623

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the expression level of plasma miR-106b-5p in primary immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) and its correlation with the levels of T helper 17 cell (Th17) and regulatory T cell (Treg) and the Th17/Treg ratio.@*METHODS@#A total of 79 children with ITP (ITP group) and 40 healthy children (control group) were selected as subjects. According to the treatment response, the 79 children with ITP were divided into three groups: complete response (n=40), partial response (n=18), and non-response (n=21). Quantitative real-time PCR was used to measure the expression level of miR-106b-5p. Flow cytometry was used to measure the frequencies of Th17 and Treg, and the Th17/Treg ratio was calculated. The correlation of the expression level of plasma miR-106b-5p with the frequencies of Th17 and Treg and the Th17/Treg ratio was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, the ITP group had significantly higher levels of miR-106b-5p, Th17, and Th17/Treg ratio (P<0.05) and a significantly lower level of Treg (P<0.05). After treatment, the ITP group had significant reductions in the levels of miR-106b-5p, Th17, and Th17/Treg ratio (P<0.05) and a significant increase in the level of Treg (P<0.05). Compared with the partial response and non-response groups, the complete response group had significantly lower levels of miR-106b-5p, Th17, and Th17/Treg ratio (P<0.05) and a significantly higher level of Treg (P<0.05). The correlation analysis showed that in the children with ITP, the expression level of plasma miR-106b-5p was positively correlated with the Th17 level and the Th17/Treg ratio (r=0.730 and 0.816 respectively; P<0.001) and was negatively correlated with the Treg level (r=-0.774, P<0.001).@*CONCLUSIONS@#A higher expression level of miR-106b-5p and Th17/Treg imbalance may be observed in children with ITP. The measurement of miR-106b-5p, Th17, Treg, and Th17/Treg ratio during treatment may be useful to the evaluation of treatment outcome in children with ITP.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Lymphocyte Count , MicroRNAs/genetics , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic/genetics , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory , Th17 Cells
16.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1408403

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El síndrome de Evans se define como la presencia de citopenias inmunes que afectan dos o más líneas celulares simultánea o secuencialmente. Generalmente se refiere a la combinación de anemia hemolítica autoinmune con trombocitopenia inmune primaria, pero puede incluir también neutropenia autoinmune. Su etiología se atribuye a la producción de autoanticuerpos patológicos contra las células sanguíneas pero su causa real se desconoce. Objetivo: Explicar la relación del síndrome de Evans con la desregulación del sistema inmune. Método: Se realizó una revisión de la literatura en inglés y español a través del sitio web PubMed y el motor de búsqueda Google académico, de artículos publicados sobre el tema. El 69,73 por ciento correspondieron a los últimos 5 años. Conclusiones: La inmunopatología del síndrome de Evans se puede atribuir a una alteración en el desarrollo o la función de los linfocitos, de manera que el equilibrio inmunológico se inclina hacia la autorreactividad(AU)


Introduction: Evans syndrome is defined as the presence of autoimmune cytopenias affecting two or more blood cell lines, either simultaneously or sequentially. Most often, this refers to the combination of autoimmune hemolytic anemia and immune thrombocytopenia but can include autoimmune neutropenia as well. The etiology of Evans syndrome has been attributed to pathologic autoantibody production against the blood cells, but the true underlying cause remaining unknown. Objective: to explain the relationship of Evans syndrome with dysregulation of the immune system. Method: a review of the literature in English and Spanish was carried out through the PubMed website and the academic Google search engine for articles published on the subject. 69,73 percent corresponded to the last 5 years. Conclusions: the immunopathology of Evans syndrome can be attributed to an alteration in the development or function of lymphocytes, such that the immune balance is inclined towards self-reactivity(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Autoantibodies , Thrombocytopenia , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic , Anemia, Hemolytic, Autoimmune , Neutropenia
17.
Rev. Círc. Argent. Odontol ; 79(230): 21-23, dic. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1358320

ABSTRACT

La PTI es una alteración hemorrágica de instalación súbdita, adquirida, que se manifiesta inicialmente con petequias, equimosis o hematomas en piel y mucosas, sangrado nasal y gingival, sin causa aparente. La mucosa bucal puede ser el sitio donde las lesiones se observen con frecuencia y por primera vez. Se reporta el caso de un paciente masculino de 28 años de edad, con manifestaciones clínicas de un cuadro purpúrico, se describen signos, síntomas, terapéutica y manejo estomatológico (AU)


PTI is a hemorrhagic alteration of sudden installation, acquired, which manifests initially with petechiae, esquimosis or bruises on skin and mucosae, nasal and gingival bleeding without apparent cause. Bucal mucosae can be the site where lesions are observed with frequency, and for the first time. The case of a male patient with 28 years of age with clinical manifestationsofpurpuric syndrome is reported, signs, symptoms, therapeutic and stomatological handling are described (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Gingival Hemorrhage , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic , Mouth Mucosa/injuries , Signs and Symptoms , Immunoglobulins , Ecchymosis , Rituximab , Glucocorticoids
20.
Infectio ; 25(1): 28-32, ene.-mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1154398

ABSTRACT

Summary The Human T-lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1), a retrovirus with oncogenic properties, affects around ten to twenty million people worldwide. The most common disorders associated with HTLV-1 infection are T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ALT) and HTLV-1-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP). Studies have reported other clinical manifestations in HTLV-1 seropositive patients, including inflammatory disorders, co-infections with opportunistic agents, and pulmonary diseases. Objective: Here, we aim to describe a cohort of juvenile patients with confirmed HTLV-1 infection that showed clinical manifestations other than neurological symptoms. Methodology and patients: Retrospective analysis of clinical data describing background and clinical findings of 12 juvenile patients with confirmed HTLV-1 infection, attended during January 2018 to February 2020 in a pediatric referral hospital in Cali, Colombia. Results: 11 out 12 patients were from Colombia´s Pacific coast, 10 suffered from significant nutritional deficiencies. Six exhibited dermatological findings, 3 compatible with infective dermatitis. None of the cases exhibited clinical or laboratory findings suggesting ALT or HAM/TPS. Eight patients had structural lung disease assessed by chest Computed Tomography (CT) scans; 4 of them tested positive for galactomannan antigen in bronchoalveolar fluid suggesting pulmonary aspergillosis, and 2 others exhibited a positive PCR testing for tuberculosis. Three patients were diagnosed with autoimmune disorders; 1 patient with Crohn´s Diseases, 1 case of autoimmune thrombocytopenic purpura, and a patient with Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada syndrome (non-granulomatous uveitis). Conclusions: There is a broad range of clinical manifestations in pediatric HTLV-1 patients, and the clinician should consider structural pulmonary disease, opportunistic co-infections and autoimmune disorders in the diagnostic algorithm.


Resumen El Virus Linfotrópico de células T humanas tipo 1 (HTLV-1), retrovirus con propiedades oncogénicas, afecta alrededor de 10-20 millones de personas mundialmente. Las manifestaciónes más comúnmente asociadas a HTLV-1 incluyen leucemia/linfoma de células T (ALT) y mielopatía asociada a HTLV-1/ paraparesia espástica tropical (HAM/TSP). Estudios han reportado otras manifestaciones clínicas en pacientes positivos para HTLV-1, incluyendo enfermedades inflamatorias, coinfecciones con gérmenes oportunistas y enfermedad pulmonar. Objetivo: es describir clínicamente una cohorte de pacientes pediátricos con infección por HTLV-1 confirmada que presentan manifestaciones clínicas diferentes a síntomas neurológicos. Metogolodía y pacientes: Análisis retrospectivo de historia clínica describiendo procedencia y hallazgos clínicos en 12 pacientes con infección por HTLV-1 confirmada, atendidos durante el periodo de Enero de 2018 a Febrero de 2020 en un hospital pediátrico de referencia en Cali, Colombia. Resultados: Once de 12 pacientes procedían de la costa Pacífica Colombiana, 10 con deficiencias nutricionales significativas. Seis mostraron compromiso dermatológico, 3 compatibles con dermatitis infectiva. Ningún paciente presentó hallazgos clínicos o paraclínicos sugestivos de ALT o HAM/TPS. Ocho pacientes presentaron enfermedad pulmonar estructural evidenciada por TAC de tórax; 4 de ellos con antígeno galactomanan positivo en lavado broncoalveolar, sugiriendo aspergilosis pulmonar, y otros 2 resultaron con PCR positiva para tuberculosis. Tres pacientes presentaron enfermedades autoinmunes concomitantes: uno con Enfermedad de Crohn, uno con Púrpura Trombocitopénica Autoinmune, y un paciente con Síndrome de Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada. Conclusiones: Existe un amplio rango de manifestaciones clínicas en pacientes pediátricos con HTLV-1, considerando enfermedad pulmonar estructural, coinfecciones oportunistas y enfermedades autoinmunes dentro del algoritmo diagnóstico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Viruses , Human T-lymphotropic virus 1 , Infections , Paraparesis, Tropical Spastic , Leukemia , Crohn Disease , Coasts , Concurrent Symptoms , Uveomeningoencephalitic Syndrome , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic , Malnutrition , Dermatitis , Pulmonary Aspergillosis , Lung Diseases
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