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1.
In. Castillo Pino, Edgardo A. Manual de ginecología y obstetricia para pregrados y médicos generales. Montevideo, Oficina del Libro-FEFMUR, 2 ed; 2021. p.289-293.
Monography in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1372570
2.
Rev. medica electron ; 42(4): 2130-2139, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1139303

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La pielonefritis enfisematosa se considerada una entidad clínica inusual. Constituye una infección necrotizante aguda, con formación de gas en el parénquima renal, sistema colector y/o espacio perirrenal. La población diabética es más propensa a este tipo de pielonefritis, pero se han descrito casos de pielonefritis enfisematosa recurrente en pacientes con obstrucción de la vía urinaria en ausencia de diabetes mellitus. Del 69 al 97 % de los casos, el germen implicado en la génesis de la enfermedad es la Escherichia coli, seguido por la klebsiella pneumoniae; responsable de una enfermedad con alto impacto en la morbimortalidad de los pacientes diabéticos. El conocer esta entidad clínica, permite realizar un diagnóstico precoz con el fin de establecer el tratamiento más adecuado que contribuya a una mejor sobrevida en el paciente. Los estudios tomográficos orientan en el diagnóstico, facilitan tener la opción de un tratamiento conservador y cuando lo requiera un correcto tratamiento invasivo, que debe ser individualizado según la posible causa que lo genera (AU).


ABSTRACT Emphysematous pyelonephritis is considered an unusual clinical entity. It is an acute necrotizing infection, with gas formation in the renal parenchyma, the collector system and/or perinephric space. Diabetic population is more prone to this kind of pyelonephritis, but cases of emphysematous pyelonephritis have been described in patients with urinary tract obstruction in absence of Diabetes mellitus. On 69 to 97 % of the cases, the germ implied in the disease genesis is Escherichia coli, followed by Klebsiella pneumonia, that are responsible for a disease having a high impact on the diabetic patients´ morbidity and mortality. Knowing this clinical entity allows arriving to a precocious diagnosis with the aim of establishing the most suitable treatment contributing to a better patients´ survival. Tomographic studies guide in the diagnosis, facilitate the option of a conserving treatment, and when it is required a correct invasive treatment individualized according to the possible cause generating it (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pyelonephritis/diagnosis , Infections/diagnosis , Pyelonephritis/complications , Pyelonephritis/epidemiology , Signs and Symptoms , Therapeutics , Sepsis/diagnosis , Diabetes Mellitus/pathology
3.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 80(3): 229-240, jun. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1125074

ABSTRACT

La Sociedad Argentina de Infectología y otras sociedades científicas han actualizado estas recomendaciones utilizando, además de información internacional, la de un estudio multicéntrico prospectivo sobre infecciones del tracto urinario del adulto realizado en Argentina durante 2016-2017. La bacteriuria asintomática debe ser tratada solo en embarazadas, a quienes también se las debe investigar sistemáticamente; los antibióticos de elección son nitrofurantoína, amoxicilina, amoxicilina-clavulánico, cefalexina y trimetoprima-sulfametoxazol. Ante procedimientos que impliquen lesión con sangrado del tracto urinario se recomienda solicitar urocultivo para pesquisar bacteriuria asintomática, y, si resultara positivo, administrar antimicrobianos según sensibilidad desde inmediatamente antes hasta 24 horas luego de la intervención. En mujeres, la cistitis puede ser tratada con nitrofurantoina, cefalexina, o fosfomicina y no se recomienda usar trimetoprima-sulfametoxazol o fluoroquinolonas; en pielonefritis puede emplearse ciprofloxacina, cefixima o cefalexina si el tratamiento es ambulatorio o ceftriaxona, cefazolina o amikacina si es hospitalario. En los hombres, las infecciones del tracto urinario se consideran siempre complicadas. Se recomienda tratamiento con nitrofurantoina o cefalexina por 7 días, o bien monodosis con fosfomicina. Para la pielonefritis en hombres se sugiere ciprofloxacina, ceftriaxona o cefixima si el tratamiento es ambulatorio y ceftriaxona o amikacina si es hospitalario. Se sugiere tratar las prostatitis bacterianas agudas con ceftriaxona o gentamicina. En cuanto a las prostatitis bacterianas crónicas, si bien su tratamiento de elección hasta hace poco fueron las fluoroquinolonas, la creciente resistencia y ciertas dudas sobre la seguridad de estas drogas obligan a considerar el uso de alternativas como fosfomicina.


The Argentine Society of Infectious Diseases and other scientific societies have updated these recommendations based on data on urinary tract infections in adults obtained from a prospective multicenter study conducted in Argentina during 2016-2017. Asymptomatic bacteriuria should be treated only in pregnant women, who should also be systematically investigated; the antibiotics of choice are nitrofurantoin, amoxicillin, clavulanic/amoxicillin, cephalexin and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole. In procedures involving injury to the urinary tract with bleeding, it is recommended to request urine culture and, in the presence of bacteriuria, antimicrobial treatment according to sensitivity should be prescribed from immediately before up to 24 hours after the intervention. In women, cystitis can be treated with nitrofurantoin, cephalexin or fosfomycin, while trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole and fluoroquinolones are not recommended; pyelonephritis can be treated with ciprofloxacin, cefixime or cephalexin in ambulatory women or ceftriaxone, cefazolin or amikacin in those who are hospitalized. In men, urinary tract infections are always considered complicated; nitrofurantoin or cephalexin are recommended for 7 days, alternatively fosfomycin should be given in a single dose. In men, ciprofloxacin, ceftriaxone or cefixime are suggested for pyelonephritis on ambulatory treatment whereas ceftriaxone or amikacin are recommended for hospitalized patients. Acute bacterial prostatitis can be treated with ceftriaxone or gentamicin. Fluoroquinolones were the choice treatment for chronic bacterial prostatitis until recently; they are no longer recommended due to the increasing resistance and recent concerns regarding the safety of these drugs; alternative antibiotics such as fosfomycin are to be considered.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pregnancy , Argentina , Urinary Tract Infections/drug therapy , Consensus , Anti-Infective Agents, Urinary/therapeutic use , Prostatitis/diagnosis , Prostatitis/drug therapy , Pyelonephritis/diagnosis , Pyelonephritis/drug therapy , Urinary Tract Infections/diagnosis , Prospective Studies , Cystitis/diagnosis , Cystitis/drug therapy
4.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 39(1): 19-21, mar. 2019. ilus., graf.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1022121

ABSTRACT

La policitemia primaria es producida por una mutación adquirida o heredada en las células progenitoras de los glóbulos rojos, mientras que la poliglobulia secundaria está relacionada con un aumento de la eritropoyetina sérica como respuesta a la hipoxia tisular o a la producción autónoma tumoral. Hace más de medio siglo que se conoce que la hidronefrosis puede actuar como una rara causa de eritrocitosis debido al aumento de producción de eritropoyetina por un riñón que censa una disminución de oxígeno, mecanismo también observado en la estenosis de la arteria renal y en los quistes renales. Se describe a continuación el caso de un paciente de 38 años con poliglobulia atendido en el Hospital Italiano de San Justo (Argentina), que presenta como hallazgo una hidronefrosis unilateral severa y cuya resolución quirúrgica a través de una nefrectomía revierte el cuadro hematológico de base. (AU)


Primary polycythemia is produced by an acquired or inherited mutation in progenitor cells of red blood cells, while secondary polyglobulia is related to an increase in serum erythropoietin in response to tissue hypoxia or autonomous tumor production. Since the middle of the twentieth century, the hydronephrosis is known to be a rare etiology of secondary polycythemia, with increased erythropoietin production caused by diminished oxygen sensing by the kidney, also seen in renal artery stenosis and kidney cysts. We describe a case of a 38 year old patient with polycythemia studied in the "Hospital Italiano de San Justo" (Argentina) that presented an incidental severe unilateral hydronephrosis, and nephrectomy was carried out as a final resolution of the hematological disorder. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Polycythemia/diagnosis , Pyelonephritis/diagnosis , Urinary Tract Infections/complications , Erythropoietin/blood , Hydronephrosis/diagnosis , Nephrectomy/trends , Polycythemia/complications , Polycythemia/etiology , Pyelonephritis/blood , Renal Artery Obstruction/pathology , Low Back Pain , Hypoxia-Ischemia, Brain/pathology , Erythrocytes/physiology , Kidney Diseases, Cystic/pathology , Dysuria , Fever , Hydronephrosis/surgery , Hydronephrosis/complications , Anemia , Nephrectomy/methods
5.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 116(4): 542-547, ago. 2018. ilus, tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-950047

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El objetivo del estudio fue investigar la relación entre reflujo vesicoureteral (RVU) y daño renal en pacientes con infección urinaria (IU) sin fiebre, primera IU febril e IU recurrente. El objetivo secundario, determinar si la proteína C-reactiva (PCR) actuaría como predictor de nefroesclerosis en las IU febriles. Población y métodos. Estudio prospectivo; pacientes pediátricos con IU sin fiebre, primera IU febril e IU recurrente. Los análisis de laboratorio de rutina incluyeron hemograma completo, urea, creatinina, análisis de orina completamente automatizado, urocultivo y PCR. Se realizó ecografía urológica luego del diagnóstico de IU, cistouretrografía miccional tras seis semanas y gammagrafía renal estática con ácido dimercaptosuccínico marcado con 99mTc tras seis meses a todos los participantes. Resultados. Participaron 47 niños con IU sin fiebre, 48 con primera IU febril y 61 con IU recurrente. Hubo una diferencia estadísticamente significativa entre los grupos respecto de RVU y nefroesclerosis (p= 0,001 y p= 0,011, respectivamente). También hubo una diferencia estadísticamente significativa respecto de nefroesclerosis entre los pacientes con y sin RVU (p= 0,001). Además, se estableció una diferencia estadísticamente significativa respecto de nefroesclerosis (p < 0,05) en los pacientes con PCR cinco veces mayor o menor que el valor de corte aceptado (5 mg/dl). Conclusión. La proporción de nefroesclerosis fue paralela a la frecuencia de RVU. Cuanto mayor era el grado de RVU, mayor era el daño renal. Se determinó una correlación positiva entre PCR elevada y nefroesclerosis, lo que señala esclerosis durante el diagnóstico de pielonefritis.


Introduction. The aim was to investigate the relationship between vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) and renal damage in non-febrile, febrile for the first time and recurrent urinary tract infection (UTI) patients. The secondary aim was to determine whether C-reactive protein (CRP) in febrile UTIs could be a predictor of renal scarring. Population and methods. This prospective study included non-febrile, febrile for the first time and recurrent pediatric UTI cases. The routine lab analyses comprised a complete blood count, urea, creatinine, fully automated urinalysis, urine culture and CRP analyses. All the participants were examined using urine ultrasonography subsequent to their UTI diagnosis, voiding cystourethrography (VCUG) after six weeks and Tc-99m dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA) static renal scintigraphy after six months. Results. There were included 47 children with non-febrile UTIs, 48 with first febrile UTIs and 61 with recurrent UTIs. A statistically significant difference was found among the groups in terms of VUR and renal scarring (p= 0.001 and p= 0.011, respectively). A statistically significant difference was also found in terms of renal scarring between patients with and without VUR (p= 0.001). Moreover, a statistically significant difference was also present in relation to renal scarring (p <0.05) in patients with five-fold lower or higher CRP values than the accepted cut-off value (5mg/dl). Conclusion. The ratio of renal scars detected was found to be parallel to the VUR frequency. The higher the VUR grade, the more renal damage was found. A positive correlation between elevated CRP and renal scarring was determined, indicating the presence of scarring during the diagnosis of pyelonephritis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Urinary Tract Infections/complications , Vesico-Ureteral Reflux/epidemiology , Cicatrix/epidemiology , Kidney/pathology , Pyelonephritis/complications , Pyelonephritis/diagnosis , Recurrence , Urinary Tract Infections/epidemiology , Vesico-Ureteral Reflux/etiology , C-Reactive Protein/metabolism , Prospective Studies , Ultrasonography/methods , Cicatrix/etiology , Technetium Tc 99m Dimercaptosuccinic Acid/administration & dosage , Fever/etiology , Fever/epidemiology , Kidney/diagnostic imaging
6.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 39(12): 653-658, Dec. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-898852

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To identify the prevalence of pyelonephritis during pregnancy and to analyze the clinical and laboratorial aspects, perinatal results and complications. Methods A transversal study of 203 pregnant women who had pyelonephritis during pregnancy and whose labor took place between 2010 and 2016 at a hospital in the state of Santa Catarina, Brazil. The analysis was based on medical records as well as on the hospital's database. Clinical and laboratory conditions, antibiotics, bacterial resistance, perinatal outcomes and complications were all taken into account. The data was compared using the Mann-Whitney test and the Chi-square test. Results A prevalence of 1.97% with pyelonephritis was evidenced, with most patients having it during the second trimester of gestation. The bacteriamost commonly found in the urine cultures was Escherichia coli, in 76.6% of cases, followed by Klebsiella pneumoniae (8.7%). Ceftriaxone had the lowest bacterial resistance (only 3.5% of the cases). On the other hand, ampicillin and cephalothin presented higher bacterial resistance, 52% and 36.2%, respectively. The risk of very premature delivery was more than 50% higher in patients with pyelonephritis. Conclusion Ampicillin and first-generation cephalosporins are associated with a higher bacterial resistance while ceftriaxone proved to have a high efficacy for the treatment of pyelonephritis due to low bacterial resistance. Patients with pyelonephritis showed a higher risk for very premature delivery (< 32 weeks). In this casuistry, there were no others significant differences in the overall perinatal outcomes when compared with the routine service series.


Resumo Objetivo Identificar a prevalência da pielonefrite durante a gestação, analisar seus aspectos clínicos e laboratoriais, resultados perinatais e complicações. Métodos Estudo transversal que incluiu 203 gestantes com pielonefrite durante a gestação e cujos partos aconteceram entre 2010 e 2016 em um hospital no estado de Santa Catarina, no Brasil. A análise foi feita através de informações coletadas de prontuários e da base de dados do hospital. Foram levados em consideração aspectos received Resultados Foi evidenciada uma prevalência de 1,97%, sendo que a maioria das pacientes se encontrava no segundo trimestre de gestação. A bactériamais encontrada nas uroculturas foi a Escherichia coli, em 76,6% dos casos, seguido pela Klebsiella pneumoniae (8,7%). A ceftriaxona, usada como primeira escolha, demonstrou ser o antibiótico commenor resistência bacteriana (apenas 3,5% dos casos). A ampicilina e a cefalotina apresentaram maiores resistências bacterianas, 52% e 36,2%, respectivamente. O risco de parto prematuro extremo (<32 semanas) foimais que 50% maior em pacientes com pielonefrite. Conclusão A ampicilina e cefalosporinas de primeira geração estão associadas à maior resistência bacteriana enquanto a ceftriaxona provou ter uma alta eficácia para o tratamento da pielonefrite devido à baixa resistência bacteriana. Pacientes com pielonefrite têm maior risco para parto prematuro extremo (< 32 semanas). Nesta casuística, não houveram outras diferenças significativas nos resultados perinatais gerais quando comparados com a série de serviços de rotina.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious/diagnosis , Pyelonephritis/diagnosis , Pyelonephritis/microbiology , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious/epidemiology , Pyelonephritis/epidemiology , Pregnancy Outcome , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies
8.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 103-110, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-186116

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: We investigated whether C-reactive protein (CRP) levels, urine protein-creatinine ratio (uProt/Cr), and urine electrolytes can be useful for discriminating acute pyelonephritis (APN) from other febrile illnesses or the presence of a cortical defect on 99mTc dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA) scanning (true APN) from its absence in infants with febrile urinary tract infection (UTI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We examined 150 infants experiencing their first febrile UTI and 100 controls with other febrile illnesses consecutively admitted to our hospital from January 2010 to December 2012. Blood (CRP, electrolytes, Cr) and urine tests [uProt/Cr, electrolytes, and sodium-potassium ratio (uNa/K)] were performed upon admission. All infants with UTI underwent DMSA scans during admission. All data were compared between infants with UTI and controls and between infants with or without a cortical defect on DMSA scans. Using multiple logistic regression analysis, the ability of the parameters to predict true APN was analyzed. RESULTS: CRP levels and uProt/Cr were significantly higher in infants with true APN than in controls. uNa levels and uNa/K were significantly lower in infants with true APN than in controls. CRP levels and uNa/K were relevant factors for predicting true APN. The method using CRP levels, u-Prot/Cr, u-Na levels, and uNa/K had a sensitivity of 94%, specificity of 65%, positive predictive value of 60%, and negative predictive value of 95% for predicting true APN. CONCLUSION: We conclude that these parameters are useful for discriminating APN from other febrile illnesses or discriminating true APN in infants with febrile UTI.


Subject(s)
Acute Disease , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Case-Control Studies , Fever/microbiology , Humans , Infant , Male , Potassium/urine , Predictive Value of Tests , Prospective Studies , Proteinuria/diagnosis , Pyelonephritis/diagnosis , Sensitivity and Specificity , Sodium/urine , Technetium Tc 99m Dimercaptosuccinic Acid , Urinary Tract Infections/drug therapy
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-220492

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Efforts to decrease the use of extended-spectrum cephalosporins are required to prevent the selection and transmission of multi-drug resistant pathogens, such as extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Enterobacteriaceae. The objectives of this study were to assess the clinical efficacy of intravenous cefuroxime as an empirical antibiotic for the treatment of hospitalized women with acute pyelonephritis (APN) caused by Escherichia coli. METHODS: We analyzed the clinical and microbiologic database of 328 hospitalized women with community-onset APN. RESULTS: Of 328 women with APN, 22 patients had cefuroxime-resistant E. coli APN, and 306 patients had cefuroxime-susceptible E. coli APN. The early clinical success rates were significantly higher (p = 0.001) in the cefuroxime-susceptible group (90.8%, 278/306) than in the cefuroxime-resistant group (68.2%, 15/22) at 72 hours. The clinical cure rates at 4 to 14 days after completing antimicrobial therapy were not significantly different in the cefuroxime-resistant or -susceptible groups, with 88.2% (15/17) and 97.8% (223/228; p = 0.078), respectively. The microbiological cure rates were not significantly different and were 90.9% (10/11) and 93.4% (128/137), respectively (p =0.550). The median duration of hospitalization in the cefuroxime-resistant and -susceptible groups was 10 days (interquartile range [IQR], 8 to 13) and 10 days (IQR, 8 to 14), respectively (p =0.319). CONCLUSIONS: Cefuroxime, a second-generation cephalosporin, can be used for the initial empirical therapy of community-onset APN if tailored according to uropathogen identification and susceptibility results, especially in areas where the prevalence rate of ESBL-producing uropathogens is low.


Subject(s)
Administration, Intravenous , Aged , Anti-Bacterial Agents/administration & dosage , Cefuroxime/administration & dosage , Community-Acquired Infections/diagnosis , Databases, Factual , Drug Resistance, Bacterial , Escherichia coli/drug effects , Escherichia coli Infections/diagnosis , Female , Hospitalization , Humans , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Middle Aged , Pyelonephritis/diagnosis , Remission Induction , Retrospective Studies , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome , Urinalysis , Urinary Tract Infections/diagnosis , Urine/microbiology
10.
Rev. cuba. pediatr ; 87(4): 413-422, oct.-dic. 2015. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: lil-765777

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: los pacientes con infección del tracto urinario febril pueden desarrollar daño renal permanente y complicaciones futuras. OBJETIVO: determinar los factores asociados a daño renal permanente en pacientes con primera infección febril del tracto urinario. MÉTODOS: estudio prospectivo y longitudinal en 235 pacientes pediátricos ingresados con primera infección febril del tracto urinario, en el período de mayo de 2007 a diciembre de 2011. Las variables estudiadas fueron: edad, sexo, duración e intensidad de la fiebre, conteo global de leucocitos sanguíneos, velocidad de sedimentación globular, proteína C reactiva, ultrasonido renal y vesical, reflujo vesicoureteral, agente etiológico, gammagrafía renal con Tc99m DMSA en fase aguda y evolutiva. Se analizó la asociación entre el daño renal permanente y las variables antes expuestas. RESULTADOS: de los 125 pacientes con alteraciones gammagráficas en la fase aguda de la infección, 50 mostraron hallazgos compatibles con daño renal permanente, constatados en gammagrafía evolutiva, lo que representa el 21,3 % de los pacientes estudiados y el 40 % de los casos con pielonefritis aguda, 40 fueron menores de 1 año. No se demostró asociación estadísticamente significativa con la edad, el sexo, y la duración e intensidad de la fiebre. Se encontró asociación muy significativa (p= 0,009) entre leucocitosis superior a 15 000/mL y daño renal permanente. El reflujo vesicoureteral se constató en el 65,6 %, y el riesgo de presentar daño renal permanente fue mayor en aquellos en los cuales se aisló un microorganismo diferente de E. coli. CONCLUSIONES: la leucocitosis ≥ 15 000/mL, el reflujo vesicoureteral y la infección por un microorganismo diferente de E. coli, se asocian de forma independiente con la presencia de cicatrices renales al aplicar la regresión logística.


INTRODUCTION: the patients with febrile urinary tract infection may develop permanent renal damage and face future complications. OBJECTIVE: to determine the factors associated to permanent renal damage in patients with first febrile urinary tract infection METHODS: prospective longitudinal study of 235 pediatric patients admitted to hospital with first febrile urinary tract infection in the period of May 2007 through December 2011. The study variables were age, sex, duration and intensity of fever, global blood leukocyte count, globular sedimentation velocity, C-reactive protein, renal and vessical ultrasound, vesicoureteral reflux, etiological agent, DMSA Tc99m renal scintigraphy at acute and evolutionary stage. The association of permanent renal damage and the study variables was analyzed. RESULTS: of 125 patients with scintigraphic alterations at acute phase of infection, 50 showed findings compatible with permanent renal damage and confirmed in the evolutionary scintigraphy, which accounted for 21.3 % of studied patients and 40 % of cases with acute pyelonephritis; 40 were younger than one year-old. No statistical significant association of this disease with age, sex, duration and intensity of fever was confirmed. Leukocyte count over 15 000/mL and permanent renal damage were significantly associated (p= 0,009). Vesicoureteral reflux was present in 65.6 % of cases and the risk of permanent renal damage was greater in those patients in whom a microorganism other than E.coli was isolated. CONCLUSIONS: leukocyte count of 15 000/mL or higher, vesicoureteral reflux and infection caused by microorganisms other than E.coli are independently associated with the presence of renal scarring when applying the logistic regression.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Pyelonephritis , Pyelonephritis/diagnosis , Prospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies
11.
Rev. cuba. pediatr ; 87(3): 311-320, jul.-set. 2015. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: lil-756367

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: el estudio de los pacientes con primera infección febril del tracto urinario es un aspecto controversial en la actualidad. OBJETIVO: proponer una estrategia de estudio de los pacientes con primera infección febril del tracto urinario. MÉTODOS: se realizó un estudio prospectivo, longitudinal de 235 pacientes ingresados en la sala de Nefrología, en el período comprendido de mayo 2007 a diciembre 2011. Las variables de estudio fueron: edad, sexo, duración de la fiebre y su intensidad, conteo global de leucocitos sanguíneos, velocidad de sedimentación globular, proteína C reactiva, ultrasonido renal y vesical, reflujo vesicoureteral, agente etiológico, primera y segunda gammagrafía renal y condición clínica. Para la asociación entre variables cualitativas se utilizó la prueba de X2 y el test exacto de Fisher, y para las cuantitativas continuas se utilizó la prueba t de Student. RESULTADOS: del total de los casos estudiados, 125 presentaron alteraciones gammagráficas en la fase aguda de la infección, lo que representó el 53,2 %. A través de receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC), se analizó la capacidad predictiva de las variables clínicas y de laboratorio. La condición clínica fue el mejor predictor de la presencia de pielonefritis. A partir de todos estos resultados, se diseñó un flujograma de tratamiento de pacientes pediátricos con una primera infección febril del tracto urinario. CONCLUSIONES: la condición clínica fue el mejor predictor para el diagnóstico de pielonefritis aguda, lo cual, unido al conocimiento del microorganismo infectante, ayuda en la propuesta de estudio del paciente con primera infección febril del tracto urinario, y se limita la realización de estudios radiológicos.


INTRODUCTION: the study of patients with first febrile urinary tract infection is a controversial issue at present. OBJECTIVE: to submit a research study strategy for patients with first febrile urinary tract infection. METHODS: prospective longitudinal study of 235 patients admitted to the nephrology service from May 2007 to December 2011. The study variables were age, sex, duration and intensity of febrile condition, blood leukocyte count, globular sedimentation velocity, reactive C protein, renal and bladder ultrasound, vesicoureteral reflux, etiological agent, first and second renal scintigraphies and the clinical condition. For the association of qualitative variables, the Chi-square test and Fisher's exact test were used whereas Student's t test was the choice for continuous quantitative variables. RESULTS: of the total number of cases under study, 125 presented with scintigraphic alterations in the acute phase of infection, which accounted for 53.2 %. By means of the receiver operating characteristic curve, the predictive capacity of clinical and laboratory variables were analyzed. The clinical condition was the best predictor of pyelonephritis. On the basis of these results, it was possible to design treatment flow diagram of pediatric patients with first febrile urinary tract infection. CONCLUSIONS: the clinical condition was the best predictor of the acute pyelonephritis diagnosis which, along with determination of the infective microorganism, supports the proposal of the study strategy for patients with first febrile urinary tract infection, thus the performance of radiological studies is restricted.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Pyelonephritis/diagnosis , Fever/diagnosis , Prospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-62997

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Acute pyelonephritis (APN) is the most common cause of community-onset bacteremia in hospitalized elderly patients. The objectives of this study were to investigate the differences in the clinical and microbiological data of hospitalized elderly and non-elderly women with community-onset APN. METHODS: Women with community-onset APN as a discharge diagnosis were identified from January 2004 to December 2013 using an electronic medical records system. We compared the clinical and microbiologic data in elderly and non-elderly women with community-onset APN due to Enterobacteriaceae. RESULTS: Of the 1,134 women with community-onset APN caused by Enterobacteriaceae, 443 were elderly and 691 were non-elderly women. The elderly group had a lower frequency of upper and lower urinary tract symptoms/signs than the non-elderly. The incidence of bacteremia, extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Enterobacteriaceae, patients with a C-reactive protein (CRP) level > or = 15 mg/dL, and patients with a leukocyte count > or = 15,000/mm3 in the blood, were significantly higher in the elderly group than in the non-elderly group. The proportion of patients requiring hospitalization for 10 days or more was significantly higher in the elderly group compared to the non-elderly group (51.5% vs. 26.2%, p < 0.001). The clinical cure rates at 4 to 14 days after the end of therapy were 98.3% (338/344) and 97.4% (519/533) in the elderly and non-elderly groups, respectively (p = 0.393). CONCLUSIONS: Elderly women with APN exhibit higher serum CRP levels, a higher frequency of bacteremia, a higher proportion of ESBL-producing uropathogens, and require a longer hospitalization than non-elderly women, although these patients may not complain of typical urinary symptoms.


Subject(s)
Acute Disease , Adult , Age Factors , Aged , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Community-Acquired Infections/diagnosis , Electronic Health Records , Enterobacteriaceae Infections/diagnosis , Female , Hospitalization , Hospitals, University , Humans , Middle Aged , Pyelonephritis/diagnosis , Remission Induction , Republic of Korea , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Sex Factors , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome , Urinary Tract Infections/diagnosis
16.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-159362

ABSTRACT

Renal replacement lipomatosis (RRL) is a rare benign condition of the kidney in which there is proliferation of fat within renal sinus, hilum and peri-renalspace, thus replacing the renal parenchyma. The pathogenesis of RRL is unknown, although it is generally associated with aging, renal atrophy, long-standing chronic urinary infections. We report two cases of RRL, one of right kidney and other left, both of them associated with kidney stones. The patients were 45 and 65 years old respectively andwere admitted with fever and pain in abdomen. Autopsy performed showed right RRL associated with staghorn calculus and pulmonary tuberculosis in the first patient and left RRL with renal calculus in the pelvis and left pyelonephritis with perinephric abscess and right sided pyelonephritis in the second patient.


Subject(s)
Autopsy , Aged , Female , Granuloma, Plasma Cell/diagnosis , Humans , Kidney Calculi/diagnosis , Kidney Calculi/diagnosis , Kidney Diseases/diagnosis , Lipomatosis/diagnosis , Male , Middle Aged , Pyelonephritis/diagnosis , Tuberculosis, Pulmonary/diagnosis
17.
Rev. cuba. med ; 52(3): 161-172, jul.-set. 2013.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-686485

ABSTRACT

Se realizó un estudio descriptivo transversal para describir el comportamiento de la pielonefritis aguda recurrente en mujeres de 18 y más años de edad, que ingresaron en el Hospital Mártires del 9 de Abril de Sagua la Grande, de enero de 2004 a junio de 2007. El universo estuvo constituido por las 593 pacientes ingresadas con ese diagnóstico. Se realizó un muestreo no probabilístico por criterios y la muestra quedó constituida por 67 pacientes. Las edades fluctuaron entre 18 y 85 años. Las manifestaciones clínicas más comunes fueron: dolor lumbar, fiebre y síntomas urinarios bajos. En el examen físico se halló dolor a la palpación profunda de las fosas lumbares, prácticamente, en todos los casos. El diagnóstico de certeza se realizó por el urocultivo, en 104 ocasiones. Los gérmenes que con mayor frecuencia infectaron las vías urinarias altas fueron bacilos gramnegativos y E. Coli fue el más común. La mayor sensibilidad fue a la amikacina y la mayor resistencia, a ampicillina, ciprofloxacilo y ácido nalidíxico. Muchas de las pacientes con mayor cantidad de ingresos tenían anomalías estructurales de las vías urinarias. La enfermedad subyacente más frecuentemente asociada fue la diabetes mellitus


A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted to describe the behavior of recurrent acute pyelonephritis in women of 18 years of age and older who were admitted to Mártires del 9 de Abril Hospital in Sagua La Grande, from January 2004 to June 2007. The universe was composed of the 593 patients who were admitted with this diagnosis. A non-probabilistic sampling criterion was performed and then, the sample was composed of 67 patients. The ages ranged from 18 to 85 years. The most common clinical manifestations were low back pain, fever and low urinary symptoms. On physical examination, pain on deep palpation of the lumbar fosses was found, practically, in all cases. The diagnosis of certainty was made by urine culture in 104 occasions. The most common germs that infected the upper urinary tracts were gram-negative bacilli, and E. coli was the most common. The greatest sensitivity was seen for Amikacin and the resistance was greater to Ampicillin, Ciprofloxacin and Nalidixic Acid. Many of the patients with the majority of admissions presented structural anomalies of the urinary tract. The most frequently associated underlying disease was diabetes mellitus


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Young Adult , Middle Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Diagnostic Techniques, Urological , Pyelonephritis/diagnosis , Urine Specimen Collection/methods , Cross-Sectional Studies , Epidemiology, Descriptive
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